How To "Read" Your Fingernails To Prevent Heart Disease, Lung Cancer And Liver Damage

You’ve heard of reading palms and reading tarot cards… but reading fingernails? This may sound like a really weird gypsy sideshow at a carnival, but reading your fingernails is a scientifically proven way to detect certain illnesses that may be brewing in your body. And if you can develop your eye and spot the signs, you could save yourself a whole lot of trouble.

You see, a variety of diseases produce telltale changes in the nails. In the most extreme cases these can include heart disease, respiratory problems including lung cancer and liver damage. Doctors should check your nails as part of a physical examination but in reality few of them do so. So we’ve compiled a quick checklist to help you keep an eye out for abnormalities yourself…

Clubbing: This is where the nail and skin around the nail bed becomes rounded and bulbous. This can indicate respiratory problems such as lung cancer and emphysema, or heart disease.Try this self-test: place your index fingers together so that the surface of each nail is pressed against the surface of the other nail and the first joint of each finger are touching. When viewed from the side, normal nails leave a small diamond-shaped gap at the nail base. Clubbed nails leave little or no gap at all.

Spoon-shaped nails: A healthy nail has a convex shape to it, curving over the nail bed. If the nail dips in the other direction, concave, then it is possible that there is an iron deficiency or anaemia. Nails that are very pale can also indicate anaemia.

Oncholysis: In this condition, the nail separates from the underlying nail bed and can be evidence of an over or under active thyroid.

Red cuticles: Bright red coloration of the skin around the cuticles can be evidence of lupus or other connective tissue disease. Red nails, on the other hand, can be another sign of heart disease.

White spots: White spots on the nails often reveal zinc or vitamin A deficiency. Whiteness all over the nails, however, can be a sign of cirrhosis of the liver.

Dark splinters: The appearance of dark specks in the nails that look like splinters can be a sign of endocarditis – an infection of the heart valves.

Yellowing: Yellow nails that occur in conjunction with swelling of the face and legs can be evidence of chronic sinusitis or persistent lung disease.

Horizontal or vertical ridges

After injury or infection, nails can develop horizontal ridges. Vertical ridges are most often related to old age, possible due to the mal-absorption of vitamins A, B complex and C, calcium, magnesium, zinc and essential fatty acids.

What else can your nails tell you?

Modern palmists believe that as well as the length and course of lines on the hand, knuckles and nails can also be an additional source of information for hand reading. By studying the nails, palmists and chiromancers predict health and future events in a person’s life. According to them, different nail types can give us an indication of personality or even determine your fate! Use this guide to see what your future holds (and, more importantly, judge how people you meet are likely to behave).

  • People with short nails… lack patience, are obstinate and can be narrow-minded. On the flip side they can be exciting to be around too!
  • People with large nails… equal in length and width… are serious by nature. They plan their work perfectly and achieve success in any field.
  • People with nails wider than their length are analytical as well as highly successful in literature, music and academically. Unfortunately, they also enjoy arguing with others…
  • People with long, thin nails… are cheats to the core. They are liars and gamblers and are always dogged by poverty.
  • People with round nails… are kind, frank and well-mannered. They are diligent and prudent people who are self-reliant.

The discoloration and marks on the nails we analysed from a medical stand point above are also interpreted entirely differently by pal readers…

Index finger

A white crescent on the nail of the index finger indicates progress and profit. If there is a black spot on this nail it indicates a sudden loss of wealth and possible a business loss. If the opposite occurs and a white spot appears then the person will have a financial windfall and command increased respect.

Middle finger

A white spot and crescent on the nail of the middle finger means that the person is going to travel, as well as become prosperous. If there is a black spot somebody close to the person will help you in times of trouble.

Ring finger

If there is a white spot on this finger then the person may take an interest in religious activities or study. If there is a black spot the person may suffer harmful allegations.

The Bottom Line: Learning how to read your nails could help you spot early health warning signs… it could even help you spot how people are likely to behave towards you! So keep this guide to hand.

Prayer Requests – Which of These 11 Troubles Would You Like to End?

Everyone faces unique set of challenges. The good news is that for every challenge, there is a spiritual solution.

So I thought I should share a few things from the experiences

of some of my readers.

* Some have written to me asking for specific prayer points to release abundance and prosperity.

* Others would like to know why they are not having good dreams as I said they would.

* Still others have dreams and would like to know how to pray those good things they saw in the dream into physical manifestation.

Here’s how to pray if you are facing any of these challenges.

if you’ve been experiencing some bad dreams, here’s how you pray

as soon as you wake up:

(Laying one hand on your chest)

“I fire back every arrow of the enemy in my dream in the name of Jesus”

If you feel that success has been eluding you, pray like this:

“Every power that has padlocked my success, release the key by fire in the name of Jesus”

“Every power that has swallowed my destiny, vomit it now in the name of Jesus”

If you are having the fear of death, or the feeling that something bad is about to happen, pray like this:

“Every power sending the arrow of death to me, receive your arrow back in the name of Jesus”

If you feel that you’re very close to a miracle but the enemy is fighting you with discouragement and all, pray like this:

“Every battle at the edge of my breakthrough, die die die in the name of Jesus”

If you have a sneaking feeling that where you are presently in life is NOT where you’re supposed to be, pray like this:

“I fire back every arrow of backwardness in the name of Jesus”

“Every Goliath and Pharaoh working against my moving forward, die die die in the name of Jesus”

“I release myself from the bondage of profitless hard work in the name of Jesus”

If you or a loved one is suffering from any type of sickness or disease, start praying like this:

“Arrow of infirmity, come out of my body and go back to where you came from in the name of Jesus”

If good things do not last in your hands, here’s how you should be praying:

“Every pursuing Pharaoh, release my life and die in the name of Jesus”

If you discover that you have to fight too hard to achieve success, here’s how you pray:

“Every power strengthening problems in mylife, die and be buried in the name of Jesus”

“I decree that as from today I shall have sweatless victory in Jesus name”

If you are poor and find it hard to pay your bills, pray like this:

“Every inherited poverty in my life die in the mighty name of Jesus”

“My God shall arise and every poverty shall scatter in the name of Jesus”

If you have a godly desire that you’ve asked the LORD for and you want it to manifest quickly, hold that thing in your mind and

pray like this:

“The GOD that answers by fire, answer me by fire in the name of Jesus”

If you’ve ever felt something moving around in your body, here’s the prayer point for it (with one hand on your chest):

“Arrows programmed into my body, come out now and enter no more in the name of Jesus”

Finally, if you want to rule over your enemies (spiritual enemies that is, not human beings), you raise one hand to the heavens and decree like this:

“O you that troubles my Israel, my GOD shall trouble you today in the name of Jesus”

You see, if you learn to pray like this, you don’t have to scour around in the dark feeling lost.

What’s more, if you are consistent in praying sharp shooting prayer points like these, many of your problems will soon be a thing of the past.

Be blessed.

Eight Foods Your Cat Should Never, Ever Eat

Most of us know that there are some human foods our pets shouldn’t eat. Keeping our cats away from alcohol, for example, is a no-brainer. But did you know that onion powder can cause anemia in cats and dogs? Because of their different metabolisms, many common foods that are safe for human consumption are not safe for your cat. Reactions can range from upset stomachs to severe illness or death.

To help keep your kitty safe you need to know which foods to avoid. The following list spotlights eight common foods your cat should never eat:

Baby Food

It’s hard to imagine that a food that’s safe enough for a baby’s tender tummy would hurt our fur-kids. But what makes baby food so dangerous for cats is that it might contain onion powder (see below) which could lead to anemia. Also, baby food doesn’t meet your cat’s nutritional needs, and could result in malnutrition if she eats too much of it.


Most people know that chocolate is bad for dogs, but many of us don’t realize that it’s harmful for cats as well. Chocolate contains theobromine, a chemical compound that humans can eat safely. But cats and dogs metabolize theobromine more slowly; as a result, even small amounts of the compound can lead to theobromine poisoning, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea, excitability, panting, abnormal heart rate, tremors, seizures – and even death. Theobromine poisoning is treatable if caught early enough. But to be safe, keep chocolate away from your kitty.

Coffee and Tea

Caffeine is toxic to both cats and dogs, and there’s no antidote. According to ProVet Healthcare, it only takes about 8 teaspoons of coffee to potentially fatally poison a cat that weighs 3 kilograms (that’s about 6.6 lbs). Signs of caffeine poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, panting, hyperactivity, restlessness, muscle tremors, increased or decreased heart rate, irregular heart rhythm, increased body temperature. But most scary of all: caffeine poisoning can lead to seizures, coma and death.

Grapes and Raisins

Scientists aren’t sure exactly just what substance is in grapes and raisins that make them so toxic for our pets, but according to the ASPCA Poison Control Center, dogs who’ve eaten large amounts of grapes and raisins have suffered renal (kidney) failure. Although it’s unclear what effect grapes have on cats, to be on the safe side the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center “advises not giving grapes or raisins to any pets in any amount.”

Onions and Garlic

Raw, powdered and uncooked onions and garlic are especially harmful to cats because they damage red blood cells, which could cause anemia. Not only does anemia make your kitty pale and lethargic, it can be a life threatening illness.


The jury’s still out on whether or not spinach is bad for cats, but scientists do know that spinach leaves contain a small amount of calcium oxalates (a chemical compound that makes needle-shaped crystals), which is a major component in kidney stones. If your cat eats enough spinach, it could lead to crystals in her urine. Cats with a history of urinary problems such as infections, crystaluria and kidney disease, should definitely avoid eating spinach.

Unripe Tomato

Everyone knows that tomatoes are good for humans. But did you know that they can be toxic to cats? Tomatoes are a member of the deadly nightshade plant family and contain a poisonous alkaloid called, solanine. Solanine is toxic to humans too. But you have to eat it in large amounts for it to hurt you. That’s why you shouldn’t eat green potatoes – a potato that has gone green has higher levels of solanine inside it. And it can make you sick, causing a bevy of symptoms that range from nausea, diarrhea and vomiting to hallucinations, paralysis and in the worst cases, death. Unlike humans, however, only a small amount of solanine can hurt your cat. According to, “traces of Solanin, like those found in just a 100g of cherry tomatoes, can be fatal!”

Yeast Dough

Raw or uncooked yeast dough should never be fed to your cat. What makes it so dangerous? Yeast (the single-celled fungi that causes bread to rise) isn’t toxic per se, but if your cat eats the raw dough, it might continue to rise inside your kitty’s stomach. And you can imagine what that could lead to: painful bloating, gas, and in the worst-case-scenario, possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

Remember, the information in this article is for informative purposes only. If you suspect your cat has eaten something that is harmful, or needs medical attention, contact your veterinarian immediately! For more information about other harmful foods or toxins found in your home, check out these great references: ASPCA Animal Control Archives and

Cost Effectiveness of DermaWound Original for Hard to Heal Wound Care

Compared to alternative or any other conventional product, the Dermawound Original Formula works around 65-90 percent quicker and more effectively. Its excellence surpasses that of vacuum systems, pricey growth hormone based salves, electrical stimulators, grafts, hyperbaric oxygen chambers, hydro-gels, lasers, silver, zinc oxide, fly larvae, and honey or carbon products. It is definitely well worth your money and effort.

Let us face the distressing yet inevitable truth: conventional standard wound care and its costly machines and products are cash cows for businesses that reap billions from Medicare, insurances, and from you. It has even happened that one has paid over $350,000 just to treat a stage 4 pressure sore for more than three years. On the other hand, the Dermawound Original Formula can treat the same problem for just $704 in nine weeks. It has been months or even years now that surgical procedures, dressing changes, and assisted care go on and on with the expenses stacking up higher and higher. Now that’s not right, isn’t it?

It is very odd for any persistent non-healing wound to require more than $300 worth of Dermawound, except for a huge Venous Stasis Ulcer of long duration. The mean expense to treat wounds using Dermawound is only $135.75. As for all other methods of practical clinical treatment, the national mean expense to treat a chronic non-healing wound in America is now $6,350 and up. And that is a really big difference. If you wish to do the smarter way, choose the Dermawound Original Formula over all other alternatives!

Consider the following tips when using Dermawound Original Formula:

* Make sure you keep away from Silvadene and Neosporin as a day or activity ointment or salve. Neosporin can irritate your wound and Silvadene can cease the Dermawound’s healing process.

* When you are working at day, or while doing activities such as cleaning the house or exercising, you should remove the product from the wound. Replace it with Generic Triple Antibiotic, Bactroban, Polysporin or Bacitracin and nonstick gauze. This is to keep a humid setting for your wound until the product may be reapplied once you are done with your activities.

* As for your toes, ankles, feet or legs, it is highly suggested that you remove the product. Even if they feel comfortable and the pain is relieved, you should still do so as long as you are working or active.

* For both men and women, if you have active Venous Stasis Ulcers, you should always use knee-high mild compression stockings while working or during the day. Even when you are totally healed, you should still wear them in order to keep away from future breakdown. They need to be comfortable. So, be certain that they are not too tight on your skin or else you may not like wearing it.

* Do not use higher pressure stockings as they are not so comfortable and are much more expensive. Thus, there isn’t really a good reason to choose them over the mild pressure ones.

Acid Reflux Remedies – Natural Ways That Really Work

Acid reflux, also known as “Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease” (GERD) or as “reflux esophagitis” is the leaking or reflux of the stomach contents and digestive acids from the stomach, up into the esophagus, due to the loosening of the lower esophageal sphincter muscle, which is present right at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach and guards the passage, allowing the food contents to pass only in one direction, that is, from the mouth towards the stomach. This gives rise to several different symptoms, the most painful and distressing of them all being the heartburn. Heartburn cures are possible through the use of antacids and acid suppressants. However, in some people, acid reflux becomes a severe and frequent experience with little or no relief at all, in spite of the use of several different prescription medicines. In such cases, natural acid reflux remedies are found to be extremely effective.

Adopting a natural remedy for GERD is considered much better than the proton pump inhibitors (such as “Prilosec” and “Prevacid”), and the histamine antagonists (such as “Zantac”, “Pepcid” and “Tagament”) in terms of reliability and effectiveness because these drugs drastically cut down on the production of digestive acids in your stomach, which is very dangerous in the long run because the digestive capability of your stomach gets hampered. The diminished levels of digestive juices in your stomach also increase the risk of developing infections from the food we eat. These complications can be avoided altogether with the use of an effective natural remedy for GERD. Home remedies for heartburn not only ease and soothe the symptoms of heartburn, but they also reach the root cause of the problem and treat it completely to give a permanent cure from acid reflux disease. This is the reason why more and more population suffering from acid reflux is shifting to these viable heartburn cures. Some of the best herbal acid reflux remedies include drinking apple cider vinegar, licking the juice of ginger sweetened with a little honey, taking papaya enzymes, clove oil, fennel tea, eating almonds, apples, bananas, using turmeric in cooking, eating garlic, etc.

Some people also use gluten-free cornmeal diet to reduce the frequency of acid reflux episodes. However, the relationship between acid reflux and cornmeal is still not clear, but in some people, it has been noted that the symptoms of acid reflux and heartburn tend to recur on consuming a diet containing cornmeal. Studies are in progress to assess the relationship between acid reflux and cornmeal but meanwhile, such patients must best avoid taking cornmeal lest the acid reflux symptoms get aggravated.

There are several other acid reflux remedies such as drinking cold milk or water, eating a cupful of yogurt, standing or sitting upright, instead of lying down, as soon as you begin experiencing the reflux symptoms. Simultaneously, people with heartburn problem should always avoid eating spicy, oily and high calorie greasy foods, because such type of foods tend to aggravate the acid reflux problem.

Home Remedies and Herbs For Acid Reflux

Acid Reflux or Gastro esophageal Reflux disease is characterized by long term (two or more than two weeks) heart burn. Prolonged acid reflux grinds down delicate cells of esophageal lining. This continuous destruction of cell lining leads to the formation of scar tissues which results in difficulty in swallowing. If it is left untreated it can also converted in to esophageal cancer. Other symptoms reflux include chest pain, roughness in throat, breathing problem, bitter taste in mouth, dry cough, bad breath, interrupted sleep and tightness in throat. It is caused by poor eating habits such as over eating, frequent eating of greasy and spicy foods, stress, smoking, excess use of alcohol and carbonated beverages and raised level of hormones during pregnancy.

Home Remedies for Acid Reflux

Many treatments are available to treat and reduce acid reflux or GERD. It has observed that medicines available to treat acid reflux sometimes have undesirable side effects that can worsen patient’s condition. To avoid using medicines with terrible side effects researchers have developed certain home remedies and natural therapies to treat Acid Reflux. Some of the home remedies for acid reflux are as follows.

Alterations in Eating Habits

Acid Reflux patients are advised to eat low fat meals frequently. They also have to quit fatty foods such as chocolates and dairy products. Use of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and spinach can also provoke acid reflux. Patient must avoid eating just before going to bed.

Self Hypnosis

Patients suffering from acid reflux are subjected to clear his/her mind, relax completely and psychologist repeats specific mantra that leads to self improvement and self healing. Psychologists help patients through self hypnosis to fight stress and over come disease caused due to stress.

Positional Therapy

It has also suggested avoiding sleeping on left side because stomach is at left side. Sleeping on left side causes stomach to move acid back in to esophagus. It is also noticed that elevating upper part of body also gives relief in acid reflux. Bad postures during walking, sitting and lying can also intensify acid reflux. Several parishioners are suggested to improve body postures during working and resting. Erect posture is found helpful to treat acid reflux.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider vinegar is very good to treat acid reflux. Apple Cider Vinegar is used with water. It is suggested to mix half teaspoon Apple Acid Vinegar in half glass of water. Patients are advised to take sips during eating meals.

Ginger Root

Ginger root is commercially available in the form of ginger root capsules. Ginger is known to absorb stomach acids and also relax nerves. You can use one capsule just after having meal/dinner.

Fennel Seeds

Fennel seeds are aromatic powerful herbs. It improves digestive conditions. Fennel seeds contain Anethol. Anethol reduce cramps of stomach and gastrointestinal tract. Chewing of half teat spoon of fennel seeds after meals can reduce stomach cramps.


Bananas work well on GERD patients and also give relief from diarrhea.


Apples and yogurt provide immediate relief in heart burns. One apple bite and one spoon full of cold yogurt is used to treat acute heart burn.

Aloe Vera

One glass of Aloe Vera juice is the best home remedy for acid reflux and heart burn.

Chamomile Tea

One cup of Chamomile Tea after meals is also used as home remedy to treat acidic conditions. It provides relief from esophageal irritation.


Juice of one potato with its peel is also used as home remedy for acid reflux. You can mix juice with some other juice for taste.

Licorice Root

Water extract of licorice root is considered as best home remedy to treat heart burns and esophageal ulcers. You can prepare this extract at home by boiling licorice root in water.

Baking Soda

Baking soda is also a good home remedy for acid reflux.


A glass of water can also reduce heartburn in case of mild acid reflux.

Cumin seeds/black peeper/ Caraway seeds

Cumin seeds, black peeper and caraway seeds are also beneficial to treat acid reflux.

Cumin seeds are grind and mix with equal amounts of coriander seed and sugar candy and advised to take two tea spoons with cold water twice in a day at morning and evening. Black peeper is used with rock salt after meals in morning and evening. Caraway seeds are used in powder form with one glass of lemon juice in water.

Tear Gas Chloroacetophenone

Early records reveal that German scientists discovered CN (Chloroacetophenone) about 1870. This is a chemical compound that was first prepared for use in 1877 but was not subsequently used to any great extent. The French were the first to use it successfully in the late 1920s to break up civil disorders in their colonies. It was then adopted practically all over the world for use by law enforcement agencies around 1930. During World War II (1941-45) CN was further developed and it was discovered that micro-pulverized CN (talc-sized particles) produced a longer lasting and greater irritation effect.

In 1923, the United States Government financed the development of chemical agents at Edgewood Arsenal. A great deal of time and expense went into the research of non-lethal irritants that could be successfully used in law enforcement. CN was successfully developed in a form very similar to what we have today in canisters. CN was the active ingredient of Chemical MaceĀ®, an aerosol irritant acquired by many U.S. police agencies in 1965.

CN in its pure form is a white crystalline solid resembling ordinary granulated sugar or salt. Since it is made of solid particles, it must be carried through the air by an agent or expelled in a fine dust. CN has an odor similar to apple blossoms.

CN causes tearing and irritation of the eyes, and a burning sensation on the skin. The primary effect of CN on the eyes is lachrymation (tearing) and photophobia (sensitivity to light). There are certain subjects on which CN will have little effect. CN has little or no effect on animals. Tests reveal that if a dog is tied up where he cannot move freely, he will make very little attempt to get away from CN when it is present or sprayed on him. Any individual who is under the influence of narcotics or alcohol to the extent that he has lost his sense of feeling will not be affected by CN.

Decontamination of CN requires a soda ash solution or alcoholic caustic soda. An individual subjected to CN should be taken out into the fresh air; he should not rub his face or eyes and should immediately proceed to wash his eyes and face. Most soap contains oil and should not be used to wash the area. Oil traps CN in the skin and can cause a severe rash or burn. Affected clothing should be changed.

CN, the active ingredient in Chemical Mace, when applied directly to the skin produces extreme irritation with erythema and vesicles (a small sac or cyst filled with fluid such as a blister). The higher the degree of humidity, the more severe the lesions. In animals and in man, CN behaves as potential allergens on repeated exposures. CN may have two effects: it usually produces irritant dermatitis, but can also sometimes produce a genuine eczema (a disease of the skin attended with itching and secretion).

In subjects exposed to CN sprays, lesions develop in two stages: first, redness and burning sensation on the face. Then, on the following day, there appears an edema (secretion of fluid into cell tissues) with swelling of the eyelids. Oozing rapidly turns to crusts, and in the absence of treatment, infection is the rule. Cure requires as many as 10 to 15 days of treatment. Eczema may also affect those factory workers who become sensitized and develop an allergy. Therefore, CN causes dermatitis and is a sensitizer that may cause very serious allergic reactions upon repeated exposure.

CN as an aerosol, or at higher dosages, may cause more damage to the eyes and skin than either DM or CS (Ortho-chlorobenzalmalononitrile). The American Journal of Ophthalmology report’s findings from a study of 14 eyes enucleated (removing the eye) following injury by CN tear gas weaponry. Five of the eyes were removed shortly after injury, revealing necrosis (death of a cell) of the anterior segment, an intense necrotizing keratitis (death of the tissue of the cornea) of varying degree, and an associated suppurative iridocyclitis (inflammation of the iris). Undoubtedly these changes represented the acute chemical damage of tear gas. The remaining nine eyes were enucleated up to 15 years following injury, and the findings in these chronic cases can be best attributed to the sequelae of neuroparalytic keratopathy (abnormal condition of nerve paralysis resulting in the degeneration of the eye), probably related to the neurotoxic effects of tear gas.

CN has also been implicated as a cancer promoter or co-carcinogen. The tumors observed were benign papillomas of the skin. In these experiments a 1% solution of CN was painted on the skin of mice that had been pretreated with the known carcinogen 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene 1.

Edgewood Arsenal reports that deaths associated with inhalation of CN reveal signs of rales, rhonchi (a coarse rattling noise in the bronchial tubes), dyspnea (difficult or labored breathing), chest pains, and shortness of breath. The pathological lesions were listed as edema, congestion, hemorrhage of lungs, pseudomembrane (falty tissue) formation, and pneumonia. All signs and lesions can be related to damage to the air passages and lungs.

Glycolipids and Their Classification


Glycolipids are membrane components in species which range from bacteria to man especially in those organisms which live in uncommon severe conditions. The most probable function of glycolipids in membrane is based on their capability to go through extensive interlipid hydrogen bonding via glycosyl head groups; therefore they provide architectural reliability to the membranes of the organisms. Besides, being architectural components of the cell membrane, they play a vital role in cellular functions such as in cell-cell communication, as receptor components, as anchors for proteins and as regulators of signal transduction.

Main Idea:

The term glycolipid represents any compound containing one or more monosaccharide residues limited by a glycosidic linkage to a hydrophobic moiety such as an acylglycerol, a sphingoid, a ceramide (N-acylsphingoid) or a prenyl phosphate. Their role is to provide energy and also serve as markers for cellular identification.

Moreover, glycolipids offer a molecular foundation for clustering of signal transducers. The limited relationships between cholesterol and glycolipids in the tissue layer are the power that segregates them from phospholipids that remain liquid in characteristics.

Classification of Glycolopids:

Glycolipids are categorized as follows:

  1. Glycoglycerolipids: The term glycoglycerolipid is used to assign glycolipids containing mono, di or trisaccharides attached glycosidically to the hydroxyl band of diglycerides. Monogalactosyl-diacylglycerols and digalactosyldiacylglycerols are the primary glycolipid elements of the various walls of chloroplasts and also these are the most abundant fats in all photosynthetic cells, such as those of higher plants, plankton and certain bacteria.
  2. Glycosphingolipids:The term glycosphingolipid represents fats containing at least one monosaccharide residue linked to ceramide moiety. Ceramides are amides of fatty acids with long chain di or trihydroxy bases. The acyl group of ceramides is usually a long chain saturated or monounsaturated fatty acids. Glycosphingolipids are subdivided as follows:
    • Neutral glycosphingolipids: These glycolipids constitute one or more glycosyl moieties that come with ceramide e.g. cerebrosides: Cerebrosides are monoglycosylceramides in which glucose or galactose sugar residue is connected by O-ester linkage to the main alcohol of the ceramide. Galactosylceramides are found in all nervous tissues, but they can amount to 2% of the dry bodyweight of brain and 12% of white matter. Glucosylceramide (Glcs1-1’Cer) is found at low stages in animal tissues, such as spleen and erythrocytes, as well as in nervous tissues.
    • Oligoglycosylceramides: Glycosphingolipids containing more than one glucose moiety is supposed to be the oligoglycosylceramide group. They are essential components of cellular membranes of most eukaryotic organisms and some viruses. The most essential and abundant of the oligosylceramides is β-D-galactosyl-(1-4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1-1′)-ceramide, also known as lactosylceramide (LacCer).
  3. Acidic glycosphingolipids: They are separated into two groups:
    • Sulfoglycosphingolipids: They are sometimes called as “sulfatides” or “sulfatoglycosphingolipids” also. These are glycosphingolipids holding a sulfate ester group connected to the carbohydrate moiety. Sulfated is mainly produced of 3-sulfate esters of galactosylcerebrosides (galactosyl-3-sulfate esters). They are mainly found in cells that are very dynamic in sodium transport such as kidneys, sodium glands and gills.
    • Gangliosides: This group of glycosphingolipids comprises of molecules consisting of ceramide connected by a glycosidic bond to an oligosaccharide cycle containing hexose and sialic acid units. These fats can amount to 6% of the body weight of lipids from brain. One of the typical monosialo-gangliosides is ganglioside GM1.


Glycolipids in the cell membranes play a vital role in recognition and signaling activities in a variety of biological phenomena. Recently, studies regarding the natural features of glycolipids and cell surface microdomains (caveolae, lipid rafts, or glycolipid-enriched microdomains) in stem cells are emerging.

Death by Stress – The Top 7 Ways in Which Too Much Stress Can Kill You

Maybe this sounds a little overdramatic, but unfortunately the reality is that excessive, untreated stress can actually kill you. When you’re stressed, your body produces the hormone cortisol, which is designed to get your rear in gear as part of the fight-or-flight mechanism. However, this hormone is meant to be released only occasionally in small doses – when stress causes it to be secreted for long periods of time, the body reacts with a variety of different health consequences.

The following are seven of the major health effects caused by stress. If you’re experiencing any of these conditions and believe they may be linked to stress, seek medical counseling as soon as possible:

1. Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when the body produces too little insulin to process all the sugars in your body. As these sugars build up, you may experience a number of health problems including thirst, headaches and weight loss. Over time, the condition can cause complications ranging from heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye damage, nerve damage, diabetic neuropathy, skin conditions, and gastrointestinal problems.

2. High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is often referred to as a “silent killer” because there are few actual symptoms that present with the disease. High levels of stress can bring on this condition, which can result in an aneurysm,

coronary heart disease, enlarged heart, damage to the brain and even heart attack. If that isn’t a good enough reason to learn to manage your stress – I don’t know what is!

3. Weight Gain

People under high levels of stress often experience fluctuations in weight – as anyone who’s ever taken comfort in candy bars knows all to well. However, if your weight gain gets out of control, you could be putting yourself at risk for developing cancer, heart problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, sleep apnea, liver disease and gallbladder disease. If you notice that you’ve put on a few pounds, try hitting the gym – exercise is also a natural stress reliever.

4. Susceptibility to Disease

Your body can only do so much – when you’re under constant pressure, its resources are being diverted to help respond to stress. This leaves the immune system compromised and susceptible to infection by viruses and bacteria. If you’ve ever noticed yourself coming down with a bug when you’re at your most stressed, it isn’t just a coincidence – it’s your body letting you know that you’re under too much stress to handle safely.

5. Depression

Constant stress can make you feel like there’s no way out of your predicament, which can eventually lead to feelings of hopelessness and depression. Depression is a serious disease – it’s nothing to take lightly. If you find yourself feeling trapped by feelings of despair and despondency, seek professional help immediately.

6. Heart Disease

Type A people beware – stress can and does cause heart disease and heart attacks. Stress contributes to the buildup of plaque in the arteries. As the arteries narrow, the heart has to push the blood even harder to distribute it throughout the body. Over time, this extra stress on the heart can have devastating effects.

7. Cancer

While there’s no proven link between stress and cancer, it’s widely accepted that excessive stress is a risk factor for developing a type of this deadly disease. Overall, stress weakens the immune system which may allow cancerous tissues to develop and flourish. If you feel that excessive negative stress is causing your immune system to break down, seek help to learn effective stress management techniques that allow you to cope properly.

Our Misunderstanding of Fat

Movement diversity and a consistent exercise program are a big part of health and fitness, but they’re not enough. In order to really get in shape and achieve optimal health, nutrition has to become a focus as well. I’d like to provide a more thorough understanding of the different types of fat that are actually beneficial (at healthy levels) to the human diet. Let’s take a deeper look:

Saturated Fat:

The fact is, all saturated fats are not created equally. Some saturated fats occur naturally, while others are artificially manipulated into a saturated state through the man-made process of hydrogenation. Maybe you’ve heard of hydrogenation: the word “hydrogenated” can be found on a lot of household food labels in pantries and refrigerators all across America.

Hydrogenation manipulates vegetable and seed oils by adding hydrogen atoms while heating the oil, producing a rancid substance that only prolongs the product’s shelf life and thereby increases corporate profits. These manipulated saturated fats are also known as trans-fats. Trans-fats are a major health concern because they elevate our bad LDL cholesterol, and decrease our good HDL cholesterol. High LDL cholesterol levels are associated with heart disease, stroke, and an increased risk of developing type II diabetes.

Naturally occurring saturated fat is an essential nutrient; we need it for proper digestion function, growth, and a host of other processes. In fact, it is a component of every single cell in our bodies. It is so important to proper function and good health that nature has incorporated saturated fat into almost all forms of the foods we eat, of both animal and plant origin.

Unsaturated Fat:

Polyunsaturated fats are special because they can help lower cholesterol by reducing the amount of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL’s) in the blood. Where polyunsaturated fats differ from monounsaturated fats is that they contain both omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. These are good for hair, skin, cell function, regulating body temperature, increasing energy, and absorbing certain vitamins. Common food sources of polyunsaturated fats are walnuts, flaxseed oil, fish, eggs, safflower oil, and sunflower seeds and oil.

Monounsaturated fats reduce cholesterol levels, lower the risk for heart disease and stroke, promote weight loss, help with pain from joint stiffness and rheumatoid arthritis, reduce belly fat, and decrease your risk for cancer. Monounsaturated fat can be found in olive oil, avocados, almonds, cashews, pecans, and macadamia nuts, just to name a few.

Omega Fatty Acids:

You’ve probably heard a lot of buzz about omega fatty acids, and that’s because omega-3 and omega-6 are essential for the growth and wellbeing of our bodies, due to the fact that the body cannot produce them itself. These omega fats, especially omega-3, are renowned for helping our hearts stay healthy and aiding in the reduction of cancer risk. As with anything, the key to healthy omega fat consumption is moderation.

The ideal ratio for maximum health benefits is 3:1 of omega-6 to omega-3. Too much omega-6 can interfere with the health benefits of omega-3, potentially contributing to disease and depression. Both of the omegas compete to be converted in the body. The omega 3 conversion of n-3 ALA to long chain n-3 EPA and DHA is the desirable process which delivers protection from illnesses such as cancer and heart disease. Omega 6 can promote inflammation when levels are too high, which may contribute to other health problems, and prevent the beneficial conversion of omega 3.

CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid):

CLA is a slightly modified form of omega-6. It is known to upregulate tumor suppressor genes and may have anti-cancer properties. It has been linked to a 50% reduction in cancers of the breast, colon, lung, skin, and stomach, as well as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides, osteoporosis, inflammation, immune system invaders, and food-induced allergic reactions. CLA also improves body composition and preserves muscle tissue. CLA can be found in the healthier versions of some of our main dietary staples, such as grass-fed meats, grass-fed butter, and organic, pastured eggs.

Grass-Fed Meat:

Grass-fed meat contains two to four times more omega-3 (than non-grass fed meat), it’s higher in good saturated fat, contains three to five times more CLA, and is loaded with over 400% more vitamin A (beta carotene) and vitamin E.

Grass-Fed Butter:

Loaded with cancer-fighting CLA, vitamin A, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and omega-3, grass-fed butter is significantly more healthy for you than margarine.

Grain Free, Organic, Pastured Eggs:

These eggs are a whole food; they contain protein, iodine, vitamins B12, B6, B2, and B5, Vitamin D, phosphorus, selenium, tryptophan, lutein, and beta-carotene! Such nutrients are proven to boost brain and heart health, promote weight loss, improve cholesterol, help prevent blood clots, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts, while protecting eyesight.

The standard eggs most people buy from the grocery store come from chickens that are doomed from the start because of the conditions in which they’re raised. They almost never see the light of day; they live in extremely crowded and unsanitary conditions. They feed on nothing but grains and corn, which are loaded with omega 6 and pesticides. Because of all this, the chickens are given antibiotics and growth hormones their entire lives. An unhealthy animal will lead to an unhealthy human – you are what you eat!

And now a look at two nutritious products that I consider to be super foods because of their enormous health benefits and multiple uses:

Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil is good for skin, hair, stress relief, maintaining cholesterol levels, weight loss, increased immunity, proper digestion, and metabolism relief from kidney problems, as well as reduced risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, HIV, and cancer! It also promotes dental health and bone strength. Coconut oil is an antioxidant with strong antifungal, antimicrobial, and antibacterial properties.


Avocado is considered to be the world’s healthiest fruit. It contains vitamin K, vitamin E, vitamin B6, fiber, potassium, folic acid, and copper. It helps lower cholesterol, regulate blood pressure, kill cancer cells, prevent oral and breast cancer, improve eye health, aids in stroke prevention, and provides better nutrient absorption. Plus, it’s the only fruit source of vitamin E!

Now that you’ve learned about healthy sources of fat and where they can be found in your diet, it’s also important that you know what to stop doing in order to really make a positive change.

What To Avoid Cooking With:

Cooking your food in vegetable oils which are high in omega-6 produces a variety of very toxic chemicals, as well as forming trans-fats. Frying food in vegetable oil destroys the antioxidants in the oil, actually oxidizing the oil, which causes even worse problems for your body. Scientists have discovered that heating vegetable oil triggers the release of high concentrations of compounds called aldehydes. These dangerous compounds are directly associated with heart disease, dementia, and cancer. Healthier substitutes include tallow, lard, ghee, or cooking with chicken or bone broth. Just make sure the products you use are all from organic, pasture raised, grass fed sources.

Other Commonly Problematic Dietary Staples

When I’m consulting with clients on their diets and meal plans, I typically discuss the effects of things like grains, corn, soy, and vegetable oils on omega fatty acid imbalance and insulin spikes, which are both known to trigger disease and weight gain. But for now I’ll elaborate more on the science of what actually happens inside the body when humans eat meals that are high in carbohydrates:

When humans eat a high carbohydrate meal it triggers a major spike in blood sugar, which then signals the body (through various enzymatic reactions) to turn on triacylglycerol (fat) synthesis and cholesterol synthesis, and thus the body derives all of its energy from the sugar ingested. Now, don’t get me wrong – there can be certain cases where insulin (when properly regulated) is beneficial. Athletes, for example, can use insulin release when timed properly for enhanced anabolic benefits. But that’s a whole different discussion.

The average person is vastly unaware of their detrimental relationship with insulin, all because of the standard American diet. When we eat a high-carb meal, our blood sugar spikes and our bodies begin to produce insulin. This article from Healthline talks about the role of insulin and another hormone, called glucagon, in regulating healthy blood sugar levels. Too much of one can suppress the other, causing our bodies to become resistant, leading to diseases like type II diabetes.

The key to proper hormone regulation is not to flood the bloodstream with sugar by eating a high-carb, high-sugar diet. When we eat mostly fat and protein while limiting carbohydrate intake, our bodies actually start to break down fat stores and find healthier, more natural sources of blood sugar. Fat is where it’s at.

Buy Chaulmoogra Oil For Eczema, Bruises and Other Benefits

Chaulmoogra Essential Oil

Hydnocarpus kurzii


Leprosy is a disease that, in its most extreme form, erodes the bones, causing deformities, particularly of the fingers and toes. It dates back to antiquity, and signs of it have been found in Egyptian mummies. “To drive away leprous spots on the skin,” a medical papyrus suggests, a person “cooked some onions in a mixture of sea-salt and urine and applied it to the spots.” Vedic texts mention leprosy, as does the Bible, which includes elaborate purification rituals and sacrifices. In the New Testament Jesus touches a leper and, in the Gospel according to Matthew, “immediately the man’s leprosy disappeared.”

There are two basic types of leprosy. The milder form, in which the human body’s immune response encases the disease-causing bacteria, is not contagious. The more serious form, in which the bacteria move more freely throughout the body, can be spread through the air and via skin-to-skin contact. But until fairly recently, perhaps in response to the grotesque deformities they sometimes saw, people had an exaggerated sense of how contagious leprosy was. Most societies have myths about how families, including royalty, took loved ones to a forest, placed provisions in a cave, and left them. Until modern times, leper colonies for those suffering from this “living death” existed throughout Europe. Funeral services were held for living lepers, who often had to ring a bell as they walked near other people. If lepers came to church to pray, they frequently had to view services through a special leper’s slot,

A 20th-century cure for leprosy came from traditional Chinese medicine, whose other remedies might involve such ingredients as arsenic, snakes, and scorpions. The Chinese cure derived from the chaulmoogra tree, which is native to Thailand and is also found in Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and eastern India. The tree grows from 50 to 65 feet-high and has a thick trunk, drooping branches, and long leaves that turn yellow. Animals eat the fruit of the chaulmoogra, but it can be toxic to humans, According to one legend that describes the discovery of chaulmoogra’s anti-leprosy powers, the King of Burma suffered from the disease. Because his doctors could do nothing for him, he turned his throne over to his son and retreated into the jungle, where he lived like a hermit. There, the gods advised him to eat the leaves and fruit of a tall tree with yellow leaves. Cured, he returned to his family. An alternative version of this myth says that the hermit king ate the leaves and fruit on his own, without specific instructions from the gods.

The remedy that comes from the chaulmoogra tree is its oil, which probably arrived in China sometime in the 14th century along with the knowledge of how to use it. Purchasing chaulmoogra oil had been one of the tasks assigned to the 15th-century treasure ships. According to traditional Chinese teachings, chaulmoogra oil was most effective in the early stages of the disease, This could make scientific sense, The bacterium that causes leprosy has a long incubation period and can lie dormant for three to five years before major symptoms appear. The bacteria may have been most susceptible to chemicals in the oil during this dormant period.

Chaulmoogra oil also had a reputation in Asia for working on wounds, ulcers, early stages of tuberculosis, and rheumatism and other causes of pain. In 1853 a physician in the British Indian Medical Service came upon Hindu and Chinese writings that discussed this treatment: Take 10 to 20 chaulmoogra drops after meals, and apply the oil directly to skin sores; continue this procedure for three months, The doctor tried this procedure on leprosy patients, found the results encouraging, and by the late 19th century Europeans had adopted chaulmoogra oil treatment. It was taken orally or injected.

The oil did not cure advanced leprosy. It provided great relief from the symptoms and often seemed to be a cure, but the disease returned 80 percent of the time. Taking the oil, furthermore, was such a hardship that many people decided to forgo treatment. When taken orally, it can cause great nausea and stomach irritation. Injection is very painful because the oil is so thick. Large abscesses can form where the needle enters.

In 1873 a Norwegian researcher, Armauer Hansen, isolated the bacterium that causes leprosy. (In the 1940s, some people began calling the illness Hansen’s disease to avoid the stigma associated with the word “leper.”) This discovery did little to change treatment, which continued to rely on chaulmoogra oil. But the oil was often unavailable because chaulmoogra seeds were difficult to cultivate outside the plant’s natural habitat. In the 1930s chaulmoogra trees were grown around leper colonies to obtain oils of constant strength and quality. The plant was also cultivated in Africa. No alkaloid or other active element has ever been found in chaulmoogra oil, which is 49 percent hydnocarpic acid. This acid is probably what kills the leprosy-causing bacteria, although about a half dozen other acids are also present. Use of chaulmoogra oil was discontinued in the 1940s, when the antibacterial chemical drug dapsone proved effective against leprosy.

Dapsone kept leprosy-causing bacteria from growing but did not kill them. It continues to be used in combination with rifampin and other antibiotics. Today, multidrug therapy is used against leprosy. Such reliance on more than one drug is becoming much more common (see Chapter 8) as disease-causing organisms develop resistance to modern drugs built around a single active agent. Chaulmoogra trees, once threatened when valued for their oil, still grow in the wild.

Pros and Cons of the Vampire Facelift

Did you see Kim Kardashian’s vampire facelift? It looked horrendous and frightening as she cried out with obvious discomfort. In the end, she indicated that it was all worth it. Would you go through anything like this if you knew more about the procedure? Why do they call it vampire face lift anyway? I guess, it probably is because of all the blood involved. This type of facelift is a bit misleading because it uses facial fillers like Restylane and Juverderm does.

The result of the Vampire Facelift is a thicker collagen that fills out the face; expunging wrinkles and reducing thinness. Many cosmetic surgeons believe that human plasma injections stimulate new growth of the cells to develop a more youthful appearance, virtually in no time!


Experts will tell you that the vampire facelift is a very safe technique. It is not life threatening. Upon completing the preparation process, the surgeon will get rid of the red blood cells and inject the remaining yellow serum along with the platelets. New blood vessels will be created, which is good for the skin.

Over a period of time after the injection, volume and glow will be added to the patient’s facial features. It may take as much as eight weeks to visibly see results. You will have healthier skin and eliminate much of your facial blemishes. Sephyl is your own tissue, so the procedure removes any allergic reaction that you may have previously had with other cosmetic procedures.


There are a wide range of methods that you can use to improve your facial features. In fact, there are many beauty products on the market that have already been proven to work. So if something is already working for you, why try something different?

Even though, surgical facelifts have their place, such processes are not essentially a remedy or solution to the trepidations of an aged face.

Cosmetic surgery, when necessary can get rid of excess skin and create a whole younger YOU. Nevertheless, a surgical facelift can be a contributory factor to a face flop as the skin expands snugly against the bone, making the individual appear skeletonized.

Although experts believe that these fillers shouldn’t be used around the eye area, many are still doing so – pushing the gun! The injections can also cause the person to look like he or she is from a different planet. Moreover, it does not improve the skin tone or the texture of the skin.


The Vampire facelift should be a personal decision; depending on what you are trying to accomplish. If you want to rejuvenate your facial features and look young again, there is a price to pay. The procedure when done can be painful, but you may get the look you want afterwards.

Fibroids – Dissolving Uterine Wall Tumors

Fibroids are tumors and generally attack the inside portion of the uterine wall which is generally muscular in nature. Fibroids, however, also occur on the outside portion of the uterus. Fibroid ulcers can develop in all female body irrespective of age. Fibroids can vary in size. Though fibroids are not painful at the initial stages, yet with time as they gain in size these fibroid tumors can be really painful.

The main culprit giving birth to fibroids is our food habit. Cut down on all types of dairy items like milk, cheese, sour cream, yogurt, ice cream, and also meat especially red meat. Researches have also found out that refined grains also lead to the fibroid sacks.

Actually, the human body forms the fibroids as sacks to contain the liquid toxic wastes produced by the female body. Most of the women know that their bodies do contain fibroids only when their doctor tells them so. More often than not, patients having large fibroid tumors are advised to go for abortions instead for the sake of their general health. Love making can also become problematic due to these fibroid tumors particularly because of the post-sex bleeding and excruciating pain during the intercourse.

Moreover, fibroid tumors can also lead to menstruation periods rather frequently and which may be quite heavy. As a natural consequence, the patients can feel weak and also experience frequent bouts of fatigue and lethargy.

These fibroid sacks are carry bags additional to the natural organs — like the skin, lungs, liver, colon and the kidneys — whose functions are to eliminate toxic materials from the body. Simply because these five organs fail to measure up to the pace at which the liquid toxic substances are produced, the body forms the fibroid sacks to ensure that the toxic liquid cannot pass on to the body. Such a fibroid tumor contains waste materials like worms, toxins, parasites and mucus, among others.

But, don’t worry! Fibroid tumors can be cured. Just change your diet and start using herbal alternative to dissolve the sacks. Once these fibroid sacks are melted, the aforementioned waste materials get excreted through the natural processes of menstruation (clotting) defecation and urination. These are time consuming but sure methods, though.

Studies have shown that as many as 45 per cent of the American fairer sex have the tendency to develop such fibroid tumors and the danger zone commences right from their teenage stages.

The market is flooded with herbal medications that not only dissolve the fibroid tumors but also have no side effects. These oral herbal medications cleanse the blood channel of the patient. Such fibroid treating medications are manufactured from the extractions of Rhatany, Comfrey, Cayenne, Squawvine, Dong Quai, Goldenseal, Manjistha, Yucca, Carbon, Burdock, Red Clover, Musta, Ashoka, as well as, the bark of Witch Hazel and White Oak.

How Dangerous is Chlamydia?

If you’ve been diagnosed or exposed to chlamydia, you may be wondering, just how dangerous is it?

Will it keep coming back, like herpes? Can it cause brain damage, like syphilis? Is there any chance you’ll die, like with AIDS?

Most women, about 75% of those infected, have no symptoms and therefore don’t even know they’ve been infected with chlamydia. If symptoms do occur they may be confused with a urinary tract infection or vaginal yeast infection. Burning on urination or vaginal discharge are among the more common symptoms, but when the infection reaches higher into the cervix or fallopian tubes, abdominal pain may occur, along with fever, nausea, back pain, pain with intercourse, or abnormal menstrual bleeding. It’s important to see your physician if you experience these symptoms.

Because many women have no warning symptoms, and because the infection is sometimes mistaken for something else, damage may occur even before a women knows she’s infected. Up to 40% of untreated women eventually develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which may cause chronic pelvic pain, infertility, or blockage of the fallopian tubes.

Usually the damage is not life-threatening. However, if the fallopian tubes become sufficiently scarred, an ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy) may occur. If this isn’t detected in time, the tube may burst, causing internal bleeding, which may be fatal.

Another scary fact: if you already have chlamydia and are then exposed to HIV, you’re 4-5 times as likely to become infected with HIV than if you don’t have chlamydia. STDs run in pairs. A person infected with one sexually transmitted disease is at high risk of having contracted a second as well.

Premature birth is a possible complication for pregnant women infected with chlamydia. Infected mothers may pass the disease to their babies, who may suffer from infection in their eyes or lungs, even pneumonia.

As for men, up to half of infected men don’t have symptoms and therefore can pass the disease on without even knowing it. Those who do have symptoms usually exhibit burning on urination, and so may confuse this STD with a urinary tract infection. Occasionally the infection spreads up through the urethra and bladder to the epididymis, causing pain behind the testicles, sometimes fever, and occasionally sterility.

If you have any of the above symptoms see your doctor promptly before irreversible damage sets in. If you don’t have symptoms but worry you may have been exposed, see your doctor as well. Any sexually active person (anyone having sex) should be tested yearly for chlamydia, especially those 25 years of age and younger (except for those in a long-term totally monogamous relationship who have never been at risk for contracting chlamydia). All pregnant women should be tested as well.

Antibiotic treatment is effective but may not be able to reverse scarring from a prolonged infection, so don’t put off seeing a doctor for this potentially serious infection.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J. Koelker, M.D.

Aromatherapy Teas – The Scent of Healing

Few scents are more enticing than those produced by freshly brewed herbal teas. The herbal teas used in aromatherapy contain hundreds of active ingredients. They’re so powerful that just breathing in their aromas can have a major impact on your physical and emotional health.

Herbs contain concentrated oils called essential oils. When you brew a cup of tea, some of them drift upward in the steam. As you breathe the steam, individual scent molecules enter special “docks,” or receptors, in cells throughout your body. This triggers many changes that may benefit your health. The scent of lavender tea, for example, slows nerve impulses, encouraging relaxation. Aromatherapists often use concentrated oils stored in tightly sealed vials. These oils are very effective, but they can also be expensive. Aromatherapeutic teas, on the other hand, are perfectly safe to use at home and can have some impressive benefits.

Approximately 40 different herbs are used in aromatherapy, either singly or in combination. Aromatherapists often put the essential oils in atomizers or special nasal inhalers. Homemade aromatherapy teas, however, may be just as effective and are made in much the same way as other herbal teas. Pour 1 cup boiling water over 1 to 2 tsp. dried or fresh herb. Let the tea steep 10 minutes, lean over the cup and breathe deeply, letting the steam enter your mouth and nose. The most popular aromatherapy teas have pleasant tastes as well as important healing benefits. These include:

Chamomile. – With its delicate taste and apple-like aroma, chamomile is among the most popular herbal teas. It contains oils that have a sedating effect on the central nervous system. It’s often used to relieve stress and anxiety as well as insomnia. It also aids digestion.

Jasmine. – This fragrant tea has the opposite effect of chamomile. It increases brain waves called beta waves, which are associated with alertness. When feeling fatigued or moody, inhale jasmine tea to perk yourself up.

Eucalyptus. – This is a very popular tea for treating cold and flu symptoms. It contains a chemical called eucalyptol, which helps reduce inflammation in the airways. It also loosens mucus in the chest and sinuses, which relieves congestion and make it easier to breathe.

Rosemary and Sage. – Each of these strong-smelling herbs is reputed to improve memory and stimulate the senses. Rosemary tea is often used for depression. Sage has historically been used for easing grief as well as a mild case of the blues. It’s also a “cooling” herb, which may help relieve hot flashes.

Thyme. – This herb belongs in the medicine chest as well as in the spice-cabinet. It contains two oils, thymol and carvacol, that help relax muscles in the stomach and intestine. Thyme may be helpful when you’re experiencing gas, cramping, or other digestive discomfort and can ease coughs and congestion.

Teas aren’t the only way to get the full benefit of aromatherapeutic herbs. For example:

  • Add a drop or two of essential oil to simmering water. Allow the steam to fill the air.
  • Put fresh or dried herbs in bath water.
  • Put a drop of oil in an atomizer, dilute it with a little water, and mist the air around you.
  • Dilute a drop of essential oil with 1 oz. vegetable oil and apply it to the pulse points of your wrists.

Bear in mind it’s fine to use herbal extracts when making aromatherapeutic teas. Just be sure you don’t confuse extracts with essential oils–they’re quite different. Herbal extracts are made for internal use, and many people find them more convenient than dried herbs for making tea. Essential oils, on the other hand, are only meant for external use and can be toxic if taken internally.