Eye Doctors Treat Soft Contact Lens Patients With Corneal Neovascularization Using New Technology

The cornea is the thin, clear watch glass like tissue on the front of the eye. It vaults over the iris, the colored tissue inside your eye. The cornea has very high needs for oxygen. Since it has no blood vessels supplying it, oxygen diffuses in from the air through the tear film and is supplied at the edge by blood vessels that normally end at its margin. Contact lenses act as a barrier to the flow of oxygen.

While normal contact lens wear supplies enough oxygen to keep this tissue healthy, there are a few exceptions. Lenses that become coated with tear proteins and oils do not allow adequate air to pass through. All lenses become significantly coated within several months, often sooner. Regular lens replacement is vital for long-term contact lens success. Sleeping in lenses adds the eyelid as another barrier to air flow in conjunction with the contact lens. In the majority of contact lens materials this is inadequate for normal corneal health.

The cornea normally swells 3-4% overnight just from your eyelid blocking air transmission. With the exception of the silicone hydrogel contact lenses, most lenses will increase this swelling to 7-8%. At 7-8% swelling the tissue is metabolically unable to compensate in a large number of patients. The new generation of super permeable contact lenses supply enough oxygen permeability that the increase in swelling compared to not wearing a contact lens in insignificant. The response of the cornea to inadequate oxygen is to allow the growth of new blood vessels into the tissue starting from the margins progressing inward. This is an effort to have another supply of oxygen to keep the cornea alive. Neovascularization (new vessel growth) is the name applied to this phenomenon whether it occurs in the cornea or anyplace else in the body. Neovascularization occurs inside the eye on the retina as a complication of long-term diabetes.

A small amount of neovascularization in the cornea is tolerable as long as the problem is addressed, and it is not observed to be progressing. A large amount can allow more rapid infections of the cornea and in some cases cause permanent clouding of the tissue and loss of sight. A number of treatment options are available today. You can discontinue overnight wear if you have been sleeping in your lenses. This may be enough to stop progression but not always. Sometimes changing to a daily disposable soft contact lens will halt progression. With the advent of super permeable soft contact lens materials this option is now a second tier choice in our office. Switch to a super permeable material if it is available for your prescription- these materials are made by blending the traditional soft hydrogel material with silicone. Because silicone is hydrophobic (water hating) it does not wet well. Contact Lens manufacturers have developed different types of plasma treatments for soft contact lenses and altered the polymer structures to overcome this problem. The result is a new generation of soft contact lenses that wet even better that the previous generation and most have much higher resistance to deposits.

The oxygen transmission will typically be increased by 400% to 600% compared to the contact lenses you have worn in the past. All soft contact lenses develop deposits and with time this coating becomes significant enough to reduce the oxygen permeability below safe levels for corneal metabolism. Changing lenses on the schedule you Eye Doctor recommends is vital, even in the new generation of soft contact lenses if you want to avoid progression of neovascularization. I have not seen a single case of soft contact lens induced corneal neovascularization progress with silicone hydrogel lenses that have been replaced as directed. This is a remarkable phenomenon and leap in contact lens material technology. See your Optometrist to monitor for any changes of the neovascularization with regular eye exam visits. Rigid gas permeable lenses now come in super oxygen permeable materials also.

If you can comfortably wear a rigid gas permeable lens, a well fitting design may prevent progression. Optometrists now have the option of plasma treatment of rigid gas permeable contact lenses, which markedly helps comfort. With the advent of the silicone hydrogel super permeable soft contact lenses there is no reason for neovascularization to be an issue for future eye patients. Ask your Eye Doctor about these contact lens materials. There are a growing number of vision correction options including the Bausch & Lomb Purevision soft contact lenses that now come in eye prescriptions that correct for astigmatism (toric) and Presbyopia (bifocal). Update to today’s contact lens technology to let your cornea breathe better and breathe a sigh of relief for your future eye health

A General Introduction to Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that men can acquire. It can be described as being a malignant growth or tumor that is made up of cells that affect the prostate gland. In most cases, the tumor will grow at a slow rate and will not spread any further than the gland for a number of years. During this span of time, the growth may not show any outward symptoms. Even upon a physical examination, it may not be obvious that a problem exists.

Not every form of prostate cancer is exactly the same however. Some are more aggressive than others. Some forms grow and spread rapidly, while others may take much longer to materialize into anything serious. The aggressive types can shorten the life expectancy of the males that are affected by them. The measure of the aggressiveness of this disease is known as the Gleason score. This score is calculated by a trained pathologist when he examines biopsy specimens under a microscope in a laboratory.

As the disease advances, it can spread beyond the gland into the surrounding tissues. This is known as a local spread. The disease can also spread even further into other areas of the body. This is referred to as metastasizing. It can go into the bones, liver and lungs. Many of the signs that are associated with prostate cancer do not make themselves known until the disease is in its advanced stages.

This disease is the most common malignancy found in men living in the United States. It is the second leading cause of deaths due to cancer (lung cancer is the first). Every year thousands of new cases of this disease are diagnosed. The estimated risk of being diagnosed with this condition is in the range of 17.6 to 20.6 percent. The risk of death from it is in the range of 2.8 to 4.7 percent. Prostate cancer impacts the lives of a significant percentage of the male population across the country.

The good news is that over the course of the past number of years, the death rate from this malignancy has shown a steady decline. At the present time, there are more than two million males in America who are living healthy lives after being diagnosed with the disease.

Medical experts in the field of cancer prevention recommend that starting at the age of 40, all men undergo a screening for this disease. Early detection is the key to receiving the treatment you need as soon as possible.

The cause of this disease is presently unknown. It is not believed to be connected to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The predisposing factors for it include heredity, advancing age and hormonal influences. Environmental factors such as chemicals, toxins and industrial products are also risk factors. Prostate cancer is extremely rare in men younger than 40 years of age. On the other hand, it is common in men older than 65. In men over the age of 80, it has been hypothesized that 50 to 80 percent of them may have the condition.

The Incredible Benefits of Using an Essential Oil Diffuser in Your Home and Office

A cold essential oil diffuser release oils into the air in a very, very fine mist. Because no heat is involved, the whole oil molecule stays intact, and you’re breathing essential oils into the lungs, the air around is ionized and cleansed, odors and mold are neutralized, and the room smells great.

If you have a lot of lung problems, are dealing with asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, allergies, coughing, sore throat or a stuffy head, consider using a diffuser around the house and at the office. It is one of the easiest ways to be introduced to essential oils and incredibly effective for cleaning the environment.

With the use of therapeutic grade essential oils like cinnamon and tea tree, in your diffuser you can combat mold spores, mildew, pet dander, allergens, pollen and many airborne bacteria. Use lemon or peppermint to lift up everyone’s mood, or lavender to help you sleep at night. The uses are endless.

Be aware of oil diffusers that HEAT up your oils – think tea candle warmers, aroma lamp rings, and wall plug-ins. All these DESTROY the therapeutic value of your oil. Molecules are broken up and never make it into the air, let alone your lungs.

Sure, it may smell nice in the room but you will not benefit a whole lot physically from their use and you are basically pooring oils down the drain. These warmers are best used for heating up potpourri.

Or actually, an even better idea, I use frankincense resin in the warmers. Great for meditating and around Christmas time.

How to Find A Good Essential Oil Diffuser

Always go for a quality diffuser even if you must spend a little bit more money. You will have your diffuser for a long time so it should be easy to operate and easy to clean.

Do not get contraptions (and that’s what they’ll truly look like) where you have to screw a glass nebulizer onto an oil bottle. The nozzles plug up all the time and you can’t use different size bottles.

Some of the best essential oil diffusers are the steel base diffusers that hold a glass nebulizer and have a small well that can hold an essential oil bottle upside down.

A separate airpump with tubing provides the power to nebulize the contents of the bottle, and the stainless steel base will be very easy to clean with some alcohol or hot soapy water.

It’s important that you have a quiet airpump supplied with the unit preferably with a built in timer, as this is the only drawback of a cold air diffuser. They can be a little bit noisy. It helps to have a long airtube so you can display your beautiful diffuser on a table, but put the pump under the desk or couch.

Only last year the ultrasonic diffuser was introduced. A state-of-the-art atomizer that can diffuse every essential oil out there, even the thicker oils like myrrh and sandalwood. You add both water and essential oils to this diffuser, And with an optimal frequency, the molecules are broken up into a microscopic mist.

This awesome diffuser extends the use of your oils, does not use heat, and comes with a soothing light system (great for children’s bedrooms), different power settings and several timer settings.

Take an Essential Oil Diffuser With You On The Road

There are several travel fan diffusers on the market. Be sure you use one that has a fan to get oils into the air. Generally they have insertable pads to apply your oils to. A travel diffuser is not as effective as using a nebulizer because some of the oil will stay on the pad. But they will sure make your hotel room smell fresh and kill odors.

What can you put into your diffuser?

You can add almost any oil to a diffuser with the exception of viscous ones like vetiver, sandalwood and myrrh (the ultrasonic will take any oil). You can blend up to three single oils together. But never add a blend to a blend and certainly don’t use essential oils that have been mixed with olive oil or almond oil to your diffuser.

As a general rule, diffuse a room for approximately ten minutes every hour to saturate the air. But if you need immediate relief, for instance for bronchitis, diffuse at a low power for an hour.

With an essential oil diffuser in your home you won’t need those synthetic scented wall plug-ins anymore!

What exactly are those little units spraying out anyway? I personally believe they highly contribute to your allergies and headaches. Save money by getting rid of them, and start using a diffuser!

A quality essential oil diffuser will cost between $75 -$100. Make sure you keep them clean so they will last a long time.

How to Deal With Anxiety Using Your Vagus Nerve

How often do you have to deal with anxiety in your everyday life?

If you find yourself worrying too much or getting caught into non-stopping irrational thoughts or even feeling nausea, chest pain and heart palpitations then this article is for you.

You are about to learn a simple yet very effective technique to deal with anxiety naturally by stimulating your vagus nerve. This powerful technique can be used to relieve stress and anxiety anywhere and anytime; at home, when commuting and of course at those horrible work meetings.

Did you know that the FDA approved a surgically implanted device that is successfully treating depression by periodically stimulating the vagus nerve?

But hopefully you won’t need surgery. You can enjoy the benefits of vagus nerve stimulation by adopting some simple breathing techniques.

So what is that vagus nerve?

The vagus nerve is the most important element of the parasympathetic nervous system (the one that calms you down by controlling your relaxation response).

It originates from the brainstem and it is “wandering” all the way down, into the belly, spreading fibers to the tongue, pharynx, vocal chords, lungs, heart, stomach, intestines and glands that produce anti-stress enzymes and hormones (like Acetylcholine, Prolactin, Vasopressin, Oxytocin), influencing digestion, metabolism and of course the relaxation response.

Vagus nerve acts as the mind-body connection, and it is the cabling behind your heart’s emotions and gut instincts. The key to manage your mind state and your anxiety levels lies on being able to activate the calming nervous pathways of your parasympathetic system.

You cannot control this part of the nervous system on demand, but you can indirectly stimulate your vagus nerve by:

  • Immersing your face in cold water (diving reflex)
  • Attempting to exhale against a closed airway (Valsalva maneuver).
  • This can be done by keeping the mouth closed and pinching the nose while trying to breathe out. This greatly increases pressures inside the chest cavity stimulating the vagus nerve and increasing vagal tone
  • Singing
  • And of course, diaphragmatic breathing techniques

Strengthening this living nervous system can pay great dividends, and the best tool to achieve that is by training your breath.

Breathe with your diaphragm

Now it’s time to put this concept into practice. The first thing you need to do is breathe using your diaphragm (abdominal breathing). This is the foundation of proper breathing and anxiety relief.

The diaphragm is your primary breathing muscle. It is belled shaped and when you inhale it patterns out (or should flatten out), acting as piston and creating vacuum on you thoracic cavity, so your lungs can expand and air gets in.

On the other side it creates pressure, pushing the viscera down and out, expanding your belly. That’s why good breathing practice is described as abdominal breathing or belly breathing.

Breathe with the glottis partially closed

Glottis is at the back of your tongue and it is closed when you are holding your breath. Here we want have it partially closed. It is that feeling you have in your throat while you exhale and make a “Hhhhh” sound in order to clean your glasses, but without actually making the sound.

It also resembles the way you breathe when you are in the verge of sleep and you are about to snore a little bit.

By controlling the glottis you are:

  • Controlling the air flow, both during inhale and during exhale
  • Stimulating your vagus nerve.

Try it right now

Now it’s time to put all this theory into action by practicing this 7 – 11 diaphragmatic breathing technique.

  • Inhale diaphragmatically through your nose, with your glottis partially closed, like almost making a “Hhhhh” sound for a count of 7
  • Hold your breath for a moment
  • Exhale through your nose (or you mouth), with your glottis partially closed, like almost making a “Hhhhh” sound for a count of 11

This is one breath cycle; go for 6 – 12 cycles and observe the results.

Practice, Practice, Practice

The more you practice the more effective this technique will be.

Eventually, when your newly acquired breathing skill is established and abdominal breathing becomes a habit, you’ll find your body constantly operating at a much lower stress level.

You will also notice (or sometimes you will not even notice it) how your breath responses to stressful situations; your body will be conditioned to automatically control your breath and by this, your stress and anxiety.


One of the keys to deal with anxiety is to learn how to stimulate your vagus nerve through proper breathing. The vagus nerve acts as the mind-body connection and controls your relaxation response. You can stimulate your vagus nerve by practicing diaphragmatic breathing with the glottis partially closed. Use your dead time to practice this technique consistently, turn it to a habit and you’ll be amazed by the results.

The Wonderful Benefits of Bacopa Monnieri

Bacopa monnieri or Brahmi is an Indian herb that has been in use for a very long time for its wonderful benefits. It is known for its ability to improve brain function, boost memory, and aid in the management of several diseases.

It is a tiny, creeping herb that is distinguishable by its light purple flowers. It grows well in wet soil, shallow water, and marshes. It is considered to be a neurotonic due to its value in increasing memory and concentration. It can also be used as an alternative treatment to several disorders like epilepsy, depression, anxiety, and ADHD. It has long been a part of the Ayurveda, the Indian folk medicine system.

Bacopa monnieri contains apigenin and luteolin, two flavonoids that make good antioxidants. It also contains two saponins called bacopaside I and II.

Saponins are known to lower blood cholesterol levels, decrease the risk of cancer, and also strengthen the immune system. Flavonoids and saponins are essential to deliver the health benefits associated with bacopa monnieri and helps give the body nutrients.

When it comes to the memory enhancing property of bacopa monnieri, it can actually be attributable to the two active molecules called bacopasides. Bacopasides contain properties known to improve memory, enhance focus and concentration, and aids with learning new tasks.

In fact, regular intake of bacopa increases protein kinase activity as well as protein production in the brain cells, which play a role in learning and memory. Bacopa also helps with the repair of damaged neurons in the brain, helping enhance brain function and boosting memory.

Bacopa is also of benefit to those with Alzheimer’s. It inhibits breakdown of cholinesterase, a neurotransmitter that is primarily affected in the disorder. For those with asthma and bronchitis, bacopa is also valuable because of its relaxing effect on constricted bronchioles.

It also has a potential to control allergies and asthma because of its ability to stabilize mast cells. Some studies also suggest that bacopa may have anti-cancer properties due to its ability to hinder DNA replication of cancer cells.

This herb may also be helpful for sufferers of irritable bowel syndrome or other conditions with intestinal spasms. It may also be of benefit for those with thyroid problems like hypothyroidism due to its stimulating effect on thyroid function.

You can take bacopa monnieri alone as an herbal extract but a better way is to take multivitamins that has bacopa as part of the ingredients. That way, you can be sure that you get health benefits from other vitamins and minerals as well. Just make sure that the brand of vitamins you will buy is made from all natural ingredients like green tea extracts and CoQ10 to help give you a healthy body.

A Few Words About Silica Micro Plant Powder and Its Benefits!

Besides the oxygen, silica is the most common element in nature. Silica mineral is also, after the carbon, the most common element in the earth’s crust. It is used in alloys, in preparing silicone and ceramic industry. Because it is a semiconductor material, it has a use in electronics and microelectronics industry. Before humans learned how to use silica oxide, nature would have it introduced in plants, animals and human bodies. In order not to fall when the wind blows, the plants need strong stalks. This is very important and is due to collection of silica in large quantities within the plants’ stalks. Some marine algae and sponges have silica in the skeleton.

In the human body, this mineral is found in silica dioxide form (a natural compound of silica and oxygen) within tissues, thymus, vascular, renal glands, liver, spleen and pancreas. A high quantity of silica is in the composition of our hair.

Organic and mineral silica dioxide form occurs naturally in the human body. But in nature it can be found in raw vegetables, herbs and grains such as rice, barley and unrefined oats. But we need an extra contribution from silica supplements if we want to keep our body strong and healthy. A significant decrease of the silica dioxide in the muscles, skin and connective tissues was found, especially on the people dependent on diets based on processed foods, or those who live in big cities, or those preferring meat instead of vegetables.

The role of silica dioxide in keeping our health can be understood by looking at the research applications made overtime. In the past, this element has been used to heal wounds and to stop both internal and external bleeding. It is also sometimes applied as a poultice to heal inflammatory lesions. It was considered useful as a diuretic and as a kidney stones remover. It works on all the inflammatory processes, so most of those who use it renounce at the use of cortisone. When it comes to rheumatism, its action is amazing and especially fast. All the inflammations are justified by the lack of organic silica and all the skin problems have in this mineral an appropriate solution. More, we can say that it is useful for children to ensure the health of the new teeth growing and to treat gingivitis.

It is useful in preventing osteoporosis, coronary problems and cases of femoral fracture. Also for any type of contusions, hematoma, burns, sunburns, colds and sinusitis, viral hepatitis and cirrhosis, asthma and allergies, healing wounds and fractures, demineralization areas decalcification, mastoze and fibrosis, varicose veins, wrinkles and skin elasticity, cataract. It is useful for protection against radioactive radiation, x rays and their outcomes, as well as cellular regeneration and so many others.

Normally, children wouldn’t need an ample supply of silica, which is already present in their bodies. Only small doses from food extracts would be just enough for them. But in exceptional cases, such as during teeth growth, bone fractures, serious illness, children younger than three years may take a certain quantity of silica once a day. There is no danger in these cases, mainly because the body removes the excess.

Debate On The Effectiveness Of Chemotherapy

The shock of being diagnosed with cancer is something none of us wish to think about. Over 1 million Americans will be diagnosed this year with this deadly disease and over one half million will die from it. It is the second leading cause of death and has devastating impacts on human life and society at large. The prescribed course of treatment that oncologists administer is chemotherapy. Just how effective chemotherapy is has been debatable. Numerous studies have been conducted assessing its actual effectiveness in treating cancer and destroying cancer cells.

When a person is diagnosed with cancer, his or her oncologist will prescribe chemotherapy treatments. Chemotherapy can be administered in various ways. The objective of chemotherapy is to control the spread of the cancer cells and to destroy any existing tumors. It is often used in conjunction with surgery or radiation if the oncologist feels that is necessary. Most oncologist offices have chemotherapy treatment rooms where patients are given their treatments. It is usually dosed through an intravenous method but can be given in a pill form as well.

There is a set schedule of treatments a patient will receive. It depends entirely on the cancer, the diagnosis and the health of the patient. Chemotherapy can be given daily, weekly or monthly depending on individual circumstances. There are several cancers that have been shown to respond better to chemotherapy than others. Two such cancers include Hodgkin’s Lymphomas and Lymphocytic Leukemia which is a childhood cancer. And to a lesser extent there are other cancers that also respond to chemotherapy treatments. Tumors can be diminished or completely dissolved. In the case of bulky tumors this can make a patient more comfortable and experience less pain. The more advanced staged cancers are often more difficult to treat. There is no guaranteed cure using chemotherapy although many people have increased their life spans and lived cancer free depending on their own unique circumstances. Oncologists do create personalized treatments to maximize the effectiveness of chemotherapy for their patients.

There are two separate issues to assess. Does chemotherapy cure cancer? The answer is no. The second issue is whether chemotherapy prolongs life for a cancer patient. The answer to that depends on many factors including diagnosis, age and stage of the cancer.

The Statistics: A now well known study was conducted in 2004 which assessed the actual effectiveness of chemotherapy on all types of cancer. This study was published in the Australian Journal, “Clinical Oncology”. Some important details include the fact that all of the researchers involved were oncologists themselves who were very familiar with chemotherapy. They reviewed the results of clinical trials that took place over 14 years, from 1990 through 2004. The researchers looked at a five year survival chart post chemotherapy treatment. The average result was a 2.1% increase in the chance of being alive in five years time. The total number of patients studied was 227,874. Of that group, 4,996 actually survived five additional years after receiving treatment. The highest five year survival rates were for people diagnosed with lymphomas and testicular cancers.

Although the study remains controversial it is certainly worth taking a critical look at. Perhaps studies such as these can help the medical establishment find newer and more innovative ways to improve outcomes. Cancer is such a complex disease and as such there are no clear cut answers. However, as a society we try to find answers to what causes disease and how disease can be prevented. Many very qualified and caring medical professionals help people every day who are diagnosed with cancer. More research is being conducted on chemotherapy drugs that will not harm healthy cells. If this emerges it will change the outcomes for many diseased patients.

There are targeted therapy drugs available now that are prescribed to cancer patients depending on their particular needs. You should always have a healthy dialogue with your health care provider regardless of what health concern you may be experiencing. The majority of doctors and in this case, oncologists, are kind and concerned about the well being of their patients. It is their goal as well to heal the patient and to utilize the most effective course of treatment. Unfortunately however, many oncologists are unfamiliar with the role that integrative medicine could play in a better outcome for their patients. More focus needs to be put on prevention of cancer. It is important for the medical community as well as the public to look at prevention of disease rather than waiting until one is facing a health crisis such as cancer.

Integrative Approach: There is also a growing trend toward integrating traditional treatments such as chemotherapy with alternative treatments. For example, we now understand the importance of keeping a strong immune system. When a person is treated with chemotherapy one of the unfortunate results is the destruction of healthy cells. The immune system can become very weakened and comprised in many patients. Finding ways to strengthen immunity can be very important and perhaps life saving in many instances. The integrative approach would focus on not only shrinking tumors but rebuilding immunity. Also there would be an emphasis on trying to minimize damage to healthy cells. Many integrative medical doctors are using this approach in helping patients to stay healthier and stronger while undergoing chemotherapy. The medical community is gaining a growing acceptance of integrative approaches and hopefully in time this type of treatment protocol will become more main stream.

Nutritional Approach: Research data shows a strong link between a diet high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and a lower incidence of cancer. Diets that are nutritionally dense can only improve the health of an individual. These foods contain phytochemicals that may have the ability to destroy carcinogenic substances in the body that could lead to cancer. Nutritionists suggest moderate animal protein intake, limiting sugar consumption and consuming only healthy fats such as olive oil. Immune systems will become stronger and more resilient to developing disease. What we eat and how we treat ourselves physically and mentally can have a huge impact on our health.

Chemoprevention: There is a novel approach known as “chemoprevention”. The concept is similar to the efforts made in the field of cardiology to prevent heart disease from occurring in the first place. Doctors assess a patients risk for developing heart disease based on numerous factors and then prescribe a course of treatment that will reduce the risk of developing it. Alternative practitioners have been using this approach of preventative therapy for decades. In a similar vein, chemoprevention looks at factors that may influence the development of cancer. They assess high risk individuals by various factors such family history and genetic testing methods. The goal is to prevent further damage to cells in an effort to suppress cancer from developing in the first place. Obviously nutritional approaches are part of the protocol with chemoprevention. Over 400 chemoprevention compounds have been researched and numerous clinical studies have been conducted. This is a great example of thinking outside of the box in the medical community. Hopefully preventative measure such as “chemoprevention” is a growing trend. It is a strategy that can have far reaching effects for the future of disease control and management.

Lifestyle Factors in Prevention: There are numerous other positive things you can do to help reduce your risk of cancer.

Smoking: Smoking is obviously something you should not do. Smoking has a carcinogenic effect in the body and is very unhealthy.

Medical History: Know your personal family history and speak to your doctor about it. Together you can create a plan to maximize your health and reduce your health risks.

Alcohol Consumption: Consume alcohol in moderation. Excessive drinking has been shown to increase the risk factor for developing cancer.

Exercise: Exercise does not have to be an overwhelming obstacle to fit into your lifestyle. In fact, studies have shown moderate, low impact exercise such as walking, swimming or using a stationary bike for 30 minutes, 5 times per week can reduce your risk of developing cancer. Remember whenever beginning any dietary or lifestyle changes, always consult with a medical professional, particularly if you are taking prescription drugs or suffer from any disease or ailment.

Intracranial Space Occupying Lesions (ICSOL)

The term “ICSOL” includes lesions which expand in volume to displace normal neural structures and lead to increase in intracranial tension. These lesions give rise to the following three groups of symptoms in general.

1. Neurological phenomena caused by irritation or destruction of brain tissue, e.g, focal seizures (Jacksonian epilepsy) and paralysis.

2. Features of raised intracranial tension (ICT): The rate of increase of tension and its level depend upon the nature of the lesion and its location. For example, rapidly growing tumors and multiple secondaries give rise to rapid rise in ICT whereas slow growing tumors and cysts may be accommodated within the cranium for considerable periods without symptoms. Moreover, in general, posterior fossa lesions lead to more rapid rise in tension than supratentorial lesions.

3. False localizing signs:

(a) These are neurological phenomena arising from secondary effects of the lesions. As a result of herniation of neural tissue under the falx cerebri or downward herniation through the tentorium cerebrlli and foramen magnum, pressure effects on other parts of the brain develop.

(b) Contre-Cup effect: This is pressure effect caused on the side opposite to the side of lesion when a space occupying lesion expands. The midline structures such as brainstem may be pushed towards the opposite free margin of the tentorum cerebelli to give rise to compression of the normal side as well. In addition to these genera features different lesions may produce symptoms specific to their nature. For example, brain abscess may be associated with fever and other signs of infection. Subarachnoid hemorrhage may be associated with signs or meningeal irritation.

Clinical features: Around 50-60% or neurological disorders in India are constituted by space occupying lesions. Persistent headaches not due to any other detectable cause and unresponsive to simple medication should suggest to possibility of ICSOL. The headache may be felt in the midline over the head of at times it may be referred over the site of lesion, e.g meningioma. It may be continuous and progressive, paroxysmal (as in migraine), or aggravated by coughing, stooping forward or changing postures.

Vomiting and visual loss: In many cases, protracted vomiting is a usual symptom. Projectile vomiting may be moistaken for gastrointestinal or psychiatric disturbances. Failure of vision due to papilliedema is a late phenomenon in most cases. Recent onset of behavioral changes and sudden onset of neurological deficits are also clinical features.

Late onset of seizures: Any type of seizure occurring for the first time after the age of 15 years should suggest the possibility of ICSOL.

The Assessment of Muscle Strength by Physiotherapists

We depend on our muscles to allow us to do all the functional activities we want to perform, from walking to climbing stairs to typing and doing precise work. Our muscles can deliver huge amounts of power and endurance as well as highly coordinated and skilled manipulations. Loss of feeling may be more important in a limb but loss of sufficient muscle power compromises our independence particularly as we get older and find difficulty performing routine actions for ourselves. Muscle power can be reduced by a large number of causes including not using them when ill and forced to rest, pain from injury or operations, stroke or other neurological condition, disease and illness. The assessment and treatment of muscle weakness is a routine skill in physiotherapy.

The Oxford Scale is the rating system used by physiotherapists for the assessment and recording of muscle power when required. Knowledge of muscle anatomy is vital so that the joint can be positioned correctly and the tendon and muscle palpated so whether there is any muscle action can be judged. The muscle is rated on the Oxford Scale from one to five and written down as 2/5 or 4/5, at times with a plus or minus sign to show the muscle has more or less strength but not enough to go down or up the scale. The physiotherapist ensures the joint is in the optimal position to enable the muscle to function easily and for easy visualisation of the tendon and muscle.

Grade 0 is no action discernible in the muscle at all, with the physiotherapist palpating the muscle belly or tendon as the patient attempts to perform the activity several times. Grade 1 is a twitch as the muscle undergoes a small contraction but is not strong enough to perform any of its specified joint movement. Grade 2 indicates a muscle strong enough to perform its designated joint movement when the force of gravity is eliminated, making it much easier to perform. The joint must be accurately positioned for this to be tested correctly. Grade 3 is a muscle strong enough to perform the joint action to the full range against gravity but with no resistance applied. An example here would be lifting the arm above the head.

If the muscle can move the joint through the full movement both against gravity and against some resistance such as body weight then the Oxford Scale grading is 4/5. It is a professional judgment as to the resistance to be applied for the test, and the physiotherapist will have in mind the health, age, activity and weight of the patient. If a muscle is to be graded 5/5 it must be of normal power, but as this will vary greatly between individuals the physiotherapist must make an estimation of the expected full muscle power for that particular patient. Grade 5 for a frail sick person will be very different from grade 5 for a young, fit sports person.

If the patient can raise their arm up above the head to some extent but not very strongly nor to full range, the physiotherapist might grade that as 3/5 for the deltoid muscle but because it is not full it might be rated 3-/5. If the muscle will take good manual resistance but does not appear to be normal for that patient then the grading could be 4+/5. This grading scale allows the physiotherapist to test all the appropriate muscles and record them in the patient’s notes, enabling progress to be charted against time as the strength improves. This can be very useful in tracking the progress of patients recoveries or recording their neurological status such as in spinal cord injury.

Muscle strengthening begins with encouraging muscle activity with gravity counterbalanced if the muscle is weak. Once a functional level of muscle activity is reached the patient can be encouraged to perform normal daily activities to power up their muscles. At a higher level resistance must be added as it is the intensity of work which develops muscle strength. This causes a breakdown of muscle fibres which regenerate with increased strength, a cycle which can be repeated with increased levels of applied intensity of resistance. Once simple resistance has been managed, the patient is taught to perform dynamic exercises using their bodyweight as this is the ultimate expression of muscle strength.

Treating Mononucleosis Naturally

In the majority of mono infections, drugs will be of little use. Doctors may prescribe drugs that mask your symptoms temporarily but do nothing to get rid of the virus. Fortunately treating mononucleosis naturally can have excellent results in relieving symptoms and stopping the virus from relapsing.

Let’s have a look at the most popular ways of treating mononucleosis naturally.

Quality sleep

For optimal recovery from mono it is essential that you get at least 8 – 10 hours of deep, unbroken sleep a night. Children and teenagers need even more. It is when you get quality sleep that your body produces growth hormone – your body’s repair hormone.

Vitamins and minerals

Sensible supplementation in the form of vitamins and minerals can give you the edge in treating mononucleosis naturally.

During recovery from mono it’s essential to bolster your immune system with nutrients like vitamin A, C, E, zinc and selenium. The B complex vitamins and magnesium help support the adrenal glands, which help the body cope with stress. They’re also involved in energy production which makes them essential for treating mononucleosis naturally.


Popular herbs for mono include echinacea, garlic, olive leaf extract, astragalus and milk thistle. Herbs are useful for treating mononucleosis naturally as they can boost immunity, cleanse the liver and support the body’s adrenal glands.


Fresh vegetables and low carb fruit should make up the bulk of your diet – about 80% is ideal. Fresh vegetables and fruit are very alkalising and will help cleanse toxins from your system.

If you are having trouble eating lots of vegetables and fruit, then a freshly squeezed juice may be the easy answer. You can also make up healthy vegetable soups or broths which are easy to get down if you still get a sore throat or poor appetite. Adding some anti-inflammatory foods like ginger, turmeric, cayenne and fresh pineapple or pawpaw, will make your diet even more effective.

Your immune-boosting diet should also include some good quality protein foods like chicken, fish, lean red meat, cheese, eggs and whey powder. If you’re vegetarian, go for alternatives like legumes, tofu and tempeh. Healthy fats like avocado, fish oil, raw nuts and seeds and flaxseed oil are a vital part of treating mononucleosis naturally.

Liver cleansing

Liver cleansing is a cornerstone of treating mononucleosis naturally.

The first step to eliminating unhealthy toxins in the body is to do some gentle liver and bowel cleansing. Just starting with half a lemon squeezed into warm water on rising in the morning every day is a good bowel and liver tonic. Drinking at least 2-3 litres a day of pure water will help flush the virus and toxins from your system.

When you are a bit stronger you can do a more thorough liver cleanse with a liver tonic or cleansing kit. These are available from your health food shop or naturopath.

These treatments are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to mono treatment. There are many more effective natural therapies available.

Good Vibrations For Thyroid Problems – The Link Between Your Thyroid and Your Voice

What you are about to read is a new theory about the cause, and prevention, of thyroid disease. We believe a simple lifestyle issue that characterizes modern life is leading to thyroid dysfunction. It’s something you can test for yourself, on yourself. And the concept itself will change the way science thinks about thyroid function.

If correct, this theory has the potential of significantly reducing the need for thyroid medication, and may help prevent thyroid disease, potentially causing significant loss of revenue for the multi-billion dollar thyroid treatment industry. This information is therefore being shared directly with the public without peer review, since the peer reviewers are part of that treatment industry.

The issue has to do with a commonly known feature of the thyroid, something which everyone knows about the thyroid, but has failed to recognize as a significant feature. It has to do with the location of the organ.

The thyroid is located directly beneath and partly around the thyroid cartilage, or the Adam’s apple, in the throat. Tilt your head back and feel for the most prominent cartilage sticking out. That’s the Adam’s apple. Underneath it is your thyroid gland, shaped like a butterfly.

While the thyroid is on the outside of the Adam’s apple, on the inside is the larynx, or voice box. You can tell this by placing your hand on your thyroid and humming. Try this. Hum by saying, “MMMMMMMMM”. Then say it louder and louder, until you are yelling. You will feel your thyroid vibrating. The louder you hum, the more it vibrates.

What happens to the thyroid when it vibrates? The thyroid is filled with a gel-like material that is the storage form of thyroid hormone. The gel releases hormone when the thyroid is massaged, which is why massage therapists avoid throat massages for hyperthyroid patients. There have also been medical studies that show certain types of occupational vibrations cause injury to the thyroid. The thyroid is clearly affected by vibration.

It is logical, then, to conclude that the vibration of the thyroid by using your voice also stimulates the release of thyroid hormone. This is a natural mechanism the body has for thyroid stimulation. This would also explain why Nature has designed the thyroid to be surrounding the voice box. In its wisdom, Nature developed a way that our activity level can influence our thyroid function.

That makes sense when you consider the function of thyroid hormone. This hormone is responsible for overall metabolic rate. Too much thyroid hormone, and you essentially burn up. Too low, and you can’t get your fire started. So when your life is full of excitement and stimulation, and you talk, sing, or yell a great deal, your thyroid gets stimulated to release more hormone, stoking your fires and keeping your energy up. When you have times of being restful and quiet, your voice gets a rest and your fire gets turned down.

The throat is essentially functioning as an activity indicator, since activity is usually associated with using one’s voice. We are social animals, and our activities usually involve other people with whom we communicate by using our voice. And this is true for other social animals, as well. Groups of social animals keep in constant vocal contact with one another, whether it is geese honking, chickens clucking, dogs barking, or humans chatting. In all mammals and most vertibrates, the thyroid gland is associated with vocal structures.

Which raises a question regarding mute humans. If the thyroid is stimulated by vocalizing, and if the person is mute, then you would expect that person to have an understimulated thyroid. Indeed, that is the case. One of the common problems mute children face as they grow up is their thyroid gland does not function properly, and they soon are put on lifetime thyroid medication.

But what if these mute children had their throats vibrated for them, perhaps by some voice simulator? Or what if they had their thyroids massaged? Surely, something could be done to replace the lost stimulation caused by mutism. Unfortunately, the link between vocalization and thyroid function is not considered, so these therapeutic alternatives to drugs are not tried.

Of course, mutism is the extreme case of underutilization of the voice. What about the millions of speaking people, mostly women, who are being told they have low thyroid and need lifetime medication and doctor visits? Could some of these people be underutilizing their voices, too? Are people these days not speaking as much as they used to?

When you think about the reality of modern life, that could certainly be the case. For example, people used to talk to each other in person or over the telephone. Now, they email instead of using the phone. We can communicate with people all over the world, but that communication is electronic, not vocal. Then there were the evenings, not long ago, when people used to sit together and read books aloud, tell stories, and sing songs. People made their own entertainment, and this usually involved using their voices. Now, people silently listen to iPods, watch videos, or surf the Internet. We now consume entertainment, instead of making our own.

We also have less exposure to other people in our daily lives. Many jobs today involve little contact with other people, except over the computer. And more people are working at home, further reducing interpersonal contact. More people are living alone, too, due to record divorce rates and a general trend towards single living. For many people, there’s just nobody to talk to.

These people may be suffering from their silence by having an understiomulated thyroid. They may benefit from singing, huming, massaging their throats, or even letting a purring cat caress their throats. They need throat stimulation to keep their fires burning.

On the other hand, there are those who overuse their voices, and overstimulate their thyroids. Hyperthyroidism is associated with stress, and many people who have stress in their lives yell. Yelling really vibrates the thyroid, and could cause vibrational injury. This could cause too much hormone to be released, resulting in temporary hyperthyroidism until the vibrational injury can heal. In fact, most cases of high thyroid get better by themselves, assuming the doctor hasn’t already destroyed the thyroid with radioactive iodine or surgery. We have already recorded several case histories of people who developed hyperthyroidism after experiencing months of stress that included intense fits of yelling.

So that’s the great discovery. The thyroid vibrates when you use your voice, and this stimulates the thyroid to secrete hormone. It is another axis for thyroid hormone control, along with the well recognized feedback mechanism from the brain’s hypothalmus and pituitary. It is something that is obvious, and yet has gone unrecognized by medicine. Perhaps telling a patient to talk or sing more is not something that fits well into the medical pharmacopeia.

Of course, this theory still needs more research. Despite its sensibility and the supporting evidence briefly mentioned above, there need to be biochemical studies. But these studies will have to be funded, and drug companies, and the government agencies they influence, will probably not be interested in funding them (and if they are, beware of the results!) Fortunately, you do not have to wait for the medical industry to considers these comments, (and the potential impact of this information on drug revenues and professional fees.) You can start singing right now, unless, of course, you have high thyroid, in which case you may want to whisper for a while.

And tell your friends, especially those who are depressed, quiet, and told they have low thyroid. This is something they can shout about.

Diabetic Food Exchange


Diabetic food exchange is a food categorizing system to make meal planning easier for people with diabetes. The system groups foods according to their nutritional values, helping diabetic individuals eat carbohydrate-consistent, nutritionally balanced meals to achieve glucose (blood sugar) control and overall heath.

The American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association devised the method. It categorizes foods into three groups based on carbohydrate content:

  • Carbohydrate group
  • Meat and meat substitute group
  • Fat group

In addition, foods can be categorized into six groups based on their nutritional value:

  • Starch/bread
  • Fruit
  • Milk
  • Vegetables
  • Meat and meat substitutes
  • Fat

Each exchange (serving) of food within a food group has roughly the same amount of carbohydrates. The amounts of protein, fat and calories can vary. Patients on special diets can use these food groups to swap foods within the same list knowing that each food will have roughly the same effect on their glucose level.

About diabetic food exchange

Diabetic food exchange is a method of categorizing foods into groups that share similar carbohydrate content. Calories, protein content and fat content can vary. This can aid people with diabetes in planning a variety of well-balanced meals that help keep glucose (blood sugar) levels in the normal range.

Established by the American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association, the system categorizes foods into the following groups according to their carbohydrate content:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Starches/breads
  • Fruits
  • Milk
  • Other carbohydrates
  • Nonstarchy vegetables

  • Meat and meat substitutes
    • Very lean
    • Lean
    • Medium fat
    • High fat
    • Fat (includes monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated)

    Patients with diabetes can choose items on a food list knowing they are consuming a specific amount of carbohydrates, protein, fat and calories. In this way, patients may substitute certain foods in their diet for other foods from the same list.

    Most foods are permitted as part of the exchange diet, as long as they are consumed within certain portion limitations and servings per day. Patients should work with their physician and a registered dietitian to design their meal plan. The ideal plan incorporates a variety of foods from the various food groups and lists an appropriate number of exchanges for three meals and two or three snacks each day.

    Types and differences

    Diabetic food exchange lists allow patients to build a well-balanced diet that offers a variety of choices. The foods that make up these lists are divided into several categories, and any item within a category can be substituted for another food on that list.

    The number and kind of exchanges that people can have at each meal will be determined by their physician and registered dietitian. The patient’s age, sex, weight, height, consistent activity levels and personal eating styles will all be considered.

    Exchanges vs. carb counting

    People with diabetes should plan their diet in consultation with a physician and a registered dietitian. Once a meal plan has been established, the primary methods that patients use to keep track of their carbohydrates are diabetic food exchange lists or carbohydrate (“carb”) counting.

    There are pros and cons to each method. Diabetic food exchanges offer patients a simple way to plan a balanced diet with a variety of choices, while at the same time ensuring proper consumption of carbohydrates. They are likely to appeal to patients who like structure built into their meal planning.

    On the other hand, some may find the range of choices in exchange lists to be too limiting. This is especially true for those who like to experiment with cooking, although many diabetic cookbooks break recipes down into the number of exchanges in a portion.

    The method of carb counting is used to calculate the amount of insulin needed to convert a meal to energy. This is done by adding the amount of carbohydrates – in grams – within the meal a patient is preparing to eat. The numbers added come from the carbohydrate column of the list of diabetic exchanges.

    Meanwhile, people who use carbohydrate counting can experiment with more varied food types and often find it more flexible than diabetic exchanges. However, patients who use this method instead of diabetic food exchange need to be more vigilant in planning well-balanced meals. Carbohydrate counting also involves math, which may be a drawback for some. For more information on carb counting, see carbohydrates.

    Other methods that some people use include the glycemic index and load, the diabetes food pyramid and the “rate your plate” system.

    Questions for your doctor

    Preparing questions in advance can help patients have more meaningful discussions with their healthcare providers regarding their conditions. Patients may wish to ask their doctor the following questions about diabetic food exchange:

    Which method is best for me to use: the exchange list or carb counting?

    Can either method be used with my favorite recipes?

    Does carb counting have more flexibility for me as compared to exchange lists?

    If I incorrectly use the carb counting method and accidentally take too much insulin, what should I do?

    What should I do if I take too little insulin?

    I notice all meats are grouped into one category. Does that mean that they are all equal?

    I notice three forms of milk are grouped into one category. Does that mean they are all equivalent to each other?

    How are “natural” sugars like those found in fruits different than the refined sugar that is added to desserts?

    Should I include or avoid the other carbohydrates category?

    Will you help me find a qualified dietitian to help explain my diet guidelines?

    What other resources are available for me to learn about diabetes exchanges?

    Stretchercise for Health and Weight Loss

    I never used to stretch. Then I lost over 186 pounds. Now I stretch.

    If you do not exercise, you probably are not going to, so do what you can easily do for your health. If you do exercise, and you are going to continue, you can easily add stretching for your health. Take a lesson from cats.

    Cats don’t exercise. They stretch a lot; cats stretch immediately in several directions when waking from sleep or a nap, and will most often stretch almost any time they go from lying or sitting to standing. They even stop to stretch just because as they’re walking somewhere.

    Stretch your way to better health. Stretching has previously been considered a program for seniors or those recuperating; however, if you are overweight stretching may be a life saver for you. Stretching promotes elasticity in our muscles and joints and keeps us limber. How limber you are determines how you react to a slip and fall; it makes the difference between being injured and being able to catch yourself to prevent or minimize injury.

    Stretching is also an excellent aid to diet and weight loss for the overweight or obese, and particularly for the morbidly obese; it is even appropriate for childhood adolescent obesity. The more overweight we are, the harder it is for us to exercise even if we want to: stretching lets us keep our muscles working and is the perfect way to enter the exercise arena as you lose weight.

    Overweight and out of shape, or fit trim and in shape, any stretching program should start with care and caution. Consult your doctor before beginning any exercise program. Stretchercise as a program is done in multiple small doses many times during the day. If you do not exercise and get little physical motion, you should stretch for 2-5 minutes every hour.

    One of the great things I discovered about stretching is that you can do it at length, with or without music, as an exercise program. Or you can do it for 30 seconds to a minute once an hour. In fact, much of it you can do while you’re working, as a stress reducing little multi-task. You can do it watching TV, you can do it when you cook: you can actually make any movement you make a stretch.

    And it feels good. And it increases circulation. And it reduces stress, muscle tension and fatigue. And it gives the muscles in your back that have been supporting you a much needed periodic respite. And it gives you energy.

    As we age, flexibility decreases: it’s use it or lose it. Stretching is an important factor in keeping muscles and joints flexible. The more flexible we are as we age, the fewer number of things become too hard for us to do, and the fewer aches and pains we have. Irrespective of health, it certainly extends our ability to maintain a satisfying quality of life. Stretchercising also helps if you have any weight control issues.

    When stretching, you can use the corner of a wall as a stabilizing factor, which allows you to lean and stretch without fear of losing your balance. Whether you are doing your stretching on the floor, bed, in a chair, or standing, stretching to your favorite music tape will make time fly if you’re stretching to exercise. (Minimum time to call it stretchercise should be 3 minutes to start, and as you become accustomed to it gradually continue to increase the amount of time.)

    Stretching at your computer, be it your arms or just easily leaning side to side is good for you. You can tighten and loosen muscles of the arms, legs, and derrière any place, most any time. You can roll your neck; this is a great tension buster and helps prevent headaches.

    Be sure when you stretch that you only go as far as is comfortable. Stretching should never hurt. You will probably find that, over time, you will begin to be able to do each stretch a little further comfortably. You may want to do a little research at your local bookstore, library, or on the Internet about yoga; it will provide many ideas and much helpful information about healthy stretching.

    One last great thing I discovered about stretching: there are so many ways, places, and times to do it and so many muscles that can, and should, be stretched, anybody can become a master stretcher by trial and stretchercise.

    Everything You Need to Know About Dog Tag Chains

    The dog tag chain that is used today is the same one that the Civil War soldiers used to bring along with them. Together with the ball chain is a tag which displayed the individual credentials of a soldier.

    Ball Chain Essence

    A single chain used to be one particular item that the Civil War soldiers wore along with the authentic dog tags which added the individual verification of a soldier. In this specific way, the tag seen around the neck of a casualty can serve as a credentials tag. Consequently, a ball chain (as they are also known) has at all times been associated with the heroic Civil War servants.

    In our day, personalized dog tags are used as a necklace for guys. Wearing a chain, together with any kind of pendant or tag, tend to make far more manly appearance for men because it is a symbol of bravery and confidence. Usually, a necklace is worn by women. A ball chain is the masculine counterpart to a necklace.

    This chain, the same as almost every other necklace, seems to be necessary for an accessory to look impressively fantastic. If perhaps the chain does not look good, consequently the pendant or tag won’t be appear nice. Having a great quality chain does intensify the look of your pendant or tag thus, make certain to select the right chain to match up the type that you want.

    Features For A Ball Chain

    The popular style used nowadays as an accessory is a dog tag chain. A tag set usually has two chains. A longer chain – 27 inches – has one tag while a shorter one – 4.5 inches – holds the other. A second version of the 4.5 inch chain is the 5.5 inch, which is popular by customers. If you want to have another chain on top of what is provided in the package, you can get as many as you want.

    Often, generally there are two key materials used to make a ball chain – stainless steel and nickel. The black ball chain is also available, however in limited stocks only. In most conditions, a black chain is definitely not purchased independently, rather is offered for free of charge with a pair of black tags. Obtaining these styles will broaden your alternatives in customizing your tag.

    Stainless steel or a nickel ball chain are good materials to use since they are tough and do not react when worn on the neck. If a chain is not made of genuine stainless steel or nickel, you body’s heat and perspiration can have a chemical reaction on it which might lead to rashes and allergies. The same goes with the black chain, but in this situation, the black epoxy shade may be the main reason. So, in purchasing a ball chain, be certain to get it from a reputable store.

    In purchasing a ball chain, you might normally get it in a set. The set features your customized single tag or two tags, two free silencers along with the color of your choice and a ball chain. If you want quality, cost-effective dog tags with free shipping, then go ahead and browse for online dog tag stores that give such a package.

    These online stores give you instant access to the available dog tag packages available. Also, be sure to buy dog tags from a reliable online store that lives up to the terms mentioned on its site.

    Black Mold – How To Tell The Symptoms Of Toxicity

    Mold is common in all our homes and doesn’t usually cause any severe health problems. It stuffs you up, makes your eyes red, gives you a cough or a headache; it’s a pain and should be got rid of, but it’s not lethal.

    However, there are some varieties of black mold that have toxicity. Prolonged exposure to toxic mold can lead to serious, life-threatening problems. This is why you need to be aware of the symptoms of black mold toxicity.

    – Sinus trouble. The most common symptom of exposure to black mold is sinus trouble. This includes nasal congestion, runny nose and sinus headaches. These sinus symptoms are caused by both non-toxic and toxic mold, so with this symptom alone it may be difficult to tell for sure.

    – Skin rashes and hives. Your skin doesn’t like toxic mold and will do anything it can to resist it. This is why some people experience rashes and other skin problems when they are exposed to toxic mold. It is a natural reaction to the black mold’s toxicity, and you should see a doctor immediately.

    – Cough and sore throat – If you have a cough or sore throat that just won’t go away, you may be suffering from black mold exposure. Regular mold is hazardous to health and can cause some coughing and throat irritation, but if it is ongoing, that is a sign that the black mold contains some toxicity.

    – Asthma. The exact causes of asthma are unknown, but studies have shown that exposure to toxic mold, especially in youth, can lead to the development of asthma. If you find yourself developing asthma-like symptoms, it may be an indication that there is toxic black mold present.

    – Dizziness or light-headedness. This often goes with the sinus symptoms, and is an indication that the mold in your home contains some toxicity. It means that the mold spores that have entered your body have released toxins that are disturbing your whole system.

    – Nausea – Regular mold produces cold or sinus symptoms, but toxic mold may affect your stomach and digestive system. This is because the toxicity can affect any part of your body. If you are experiencing flu-like symptoms, you have been poisoned by toxic black mold and should seek medical help.

    – Fatigue – Toxic black mold can make you feel tired and lethargic all the time, even when you’ve had a good night’s sleep. Black mold’s toxicity has an effect on your immune system, breaking down your body’s natural defenses, and this can lead to excessive fatigue.

    – Memory loss or trouble hearing. If spores enter your respiratory system, the toxicity of the mold can work on your brain. Once the toxins are in the bloodstream, they can go to any part of your body. This is why some people who have been poisoned by black mold lose their memory or hearing.

    – Bleeding Lungs – In severe cases of toxic black mold poisoning, you may suffer bleeding in the lungs. This is very severe and will require hospitalization. At this point, the toxicity is well inside your system.

    If you suffer any of these symptoms, or suspect that you may have toxic black mold, you should hire an inspector to test your home. They can take samples from the mold itself, or test the air for spores. They will send these samples to a lab for analysis and tell you what they find. If you find any mold at all in your house, you should remove it as quickly as possible and remove the conditions that allow it to grow.