Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is a mild but highly contagious viral infection common in young children, which spreads from person to person because of unwashed hands or contaminated surfaces. Common symptoms include fever; sore throat; rash and blisters on the tongue, mouth, palms of the hand and soles of the feet; headache; fatigue; irritability; and loss of appetite. Infection most commonly occurs because of coxsackievirus and is commonly seen in child care settings. Infected adults may not exhibit any signs and symptoms of the disease.

The Ayurvedic treatment of hand-foot-and-mouth disease is aimed at treating the symptoms and preventing complications like viral meningitis and encephalitis. Medicines like Tribhuvan-Kirti, Laxmi-Narayan-Ras and Maha-Sudarshan-Churna are used to treat fever. Headache and sore throat can be treated using medicines like Sitopaladi-Churna, Talisadi-Churna, Triphala-Guggulu and Sukshma-Triphala. Fatigue can be treated using medicines like Arjunarishta, Dashmoolarishta, Shrung-Bhasma and Laxmi-Vilas-Ras. Irritability can be treated using Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Khurasani ova (Hyoscyamus niger) and Jayphal (Myristica fragrans). Loss of appetite can be treated using medicines like Shankh-Vati, Laghu-Sutshekhar, Vishwa (Zinziber officinalis), Pippali (Piper longum) and Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica).

Rash and blisters in the mouth and on the hands and feet can be treated using medicines like Maha-Manjishthadi-Qadha, Saarivadi-Churna, Gandhak-Rasayan, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Rakta-Chandan (Pterocarpus santalinus), Usheer (Vetiveria zizanioidis), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Patha (Cissampelos pareira) and Nimba (Azadirachta indica). These are more effective when combined with a local application containing Manjishtha, Saariva, Haridra, Chandan (Santalum album) and Mandukparni (Centella asiatica). Other medicines like Panch-Tikta-Ghrut, Yashtimadhuk-Ghrut and Shatadhout-Ghrut can also be used for local application. Medicines like Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani can be used to prevent and treat meningitis and encephalitis.

Most patients suffering from this condition usually recover in 7 to 10 days. It is important to maintain adequate oral rehydration of the affected children. Prevention of this disease is equally important, with the adoption of good hygienic measures and the temporary isolation of infected and contagious people.

Thyroid Hormone Physiology Primer

Many of you report to my office with a complaint of being hypothyroid only to have been told by your primary care provider that you are normal on testing. Guess what? They are correct!! But, so are you. However, they have not gone far enough to document what you know to be true. Your thyroid gland most of the time is producing adequate amounts of thyroid. However, after it leaves the gland, the brain takes over and it responds to environmental cues, sleep, stress, exercise, etc. This response changes the activity of enzymes that control the conversion of your thyroid hormone to its more active form known as T3. This has to be assessed to adequately determine your true thyroid activity. I have included a feedback chart below of this physiology.

The following is a review of the thyroid axis:

HYPOTHALAMUS-> TRH(thyrotropin releasing hormone-this is decreased in times of stress) –>PITUITARY ———> TSH(thyroid stimulating hormone – also decreased under times of stress) –>THYROID (the gland produces 4 types of thyroid hormone, T1-4– 90% of output as T4, 10% of output as T3. T2 andT1 are < 1% of output).

T3 is 5 times more potent than T4. As such 50-80% of T4 is converted to its more potent counterpart, T3. The conversion occurs via the activity of enzymes called DEIODINASES. They are known as the D1-3 enzymes. This is how the brain controls thyroid activity and why in times of stress, the activity of the thyroid is reduced.

D1 and D2 control the conversion in muscle and nerve. When stress occurs, however, the D3 enzyme is activated converting T4–> rT3- reverseT3. Reverse T3 is not able to bind the thyroid receptor and acts as a “thyroid brake” limiting the metabolic effects of thyroid.

The primary stress hormone that controls all of this is CRH(corticotropin releasing hormone). This is also released by the hypothalamus in the brain. It stimulates the release of ACTH(adrenocorticotropin hormone). It stimulates the adrenal gland to release adrenaline and cortisone, the primary stress hormones. When CRHis released, TRH and subsequently TSH are reduced. Think of it this way. The thyroid’s main function is to set the metabolic rate and oxygen consumption in the body. When the thyroid is reduced, fatigue, body temperature decline, weight management problems, constipation, hair loss, etc. ensue. This happens under stress because the brain thinks it must prioritize fueling to supply the stress response that may entail running or fighting to escape danger. Reducing metabolic rate by reducing thyroid activity will help the body maintain adequate fuel for the stress response/escape. When your primary care providers assess your thyroid, they generally only measure TSH and perhaps T4. They do not look at the rest of the chemistry.

So, when they tell you your thyroid is producing normally, technically they are correct, but they are not accounting for the environmental influences that we all endure these days. Not to mention, there are micronutrient issues/deficiencies in our food supply that deny us adequate micronutrient support that supports the normal conversion of thyroid. Without assessing T3 and rT3 levels, there is no acknowledgment of environment / nutritional issues and the source of hypothyroid symptoms may be missed. But, here is the KEY POINT! If your brain is not allowing conversion to T3 and shunting to rT3 instead, it is doing so as compensation to your lifestyle and stressors in an effort to protect you. In many cases, trying to supply T3 to compensate for altered conversion will not solve the problem as the brain will see this as going against its programming. In my experience, most of the time, some improvement in this chemistry can be obtained. However, you may not be able to achieve the complete rebalancing without some homage being paid to your stressors. Sorry, this is just the reality of how this works. This is a very complex chemistry that demands a more thorough evaluation when symptoms of low activity present. More and more physicians are starting to look at this more in depth. Hopefully, this primer will educate you a bit on what you should be looking for and asking your doctor about. You may not get a favorable response to your inquiry, unfortunately. Take heart, there are more of us out there that will listen.

Hope this helps…..

Diabetes Disease and Fatigue

Your body can experience being tired and worn-down for numerous reasons: stress, pregnancy, medications, and inactivity, just to name a few. After expressing there is pain, tiredness is the second most mentioned general symptom by patients in the doctors’ offices. But fatigue can also be a sign of the diabetes disease.

If you find yourself nodding off repeatedly and used up through your day these signs could be a warning that the diabetes disease is present. If this fatigue is combined with any of the other classic symptoms of diabetes – including excessive thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss even with an increased appetite, blurred vision, irritability, or skin problems – you need to pay a trip to your doctor to have a diabetes screening test.

An imbalance in blood sugar is the main reason for diabetes disease – related fatigue. Your cells make use of glucose – sugar – for fuel. The hormone insulin controls the allocation and use of glucose in the body. In diabetics, due to poor production of insulin, the glucose is not appropriately utilized by the cells; instead, it’s floating around in the bloodstream, where it can’t be used as power.

As a result, you may feel constantly drained. Just like a car that has no gas your body needs the sugar (like gas) to keep it moving. Returning the blood sugar to its normal, healthy levels with proper treatment can alleviate your fatigue. If you’ve discovered your diabetes in its earlier stages, and it’s still considered mild, treatment usually consists of dropping excess body fat, and lowering blood pressure and cholesterol through improvement of your diet and exercise habits. Just being more careful with your health in general will focus you in on what to do to address your tiredness. If your diabetes is a more complicated type or at a more advanced stage, it will be treated through oral medication, alternative remedies or injections of insulin.

What else can I do?

Place yourself on a program. This way you can start to train your body when to feel tired. Eat your meals, go to sleep and wake up at the same times each day. By waking and retiring on your schedule your body will know when to get tired. To further address this tired issue do some moderate exercise and get enough sleep every day. And most importantly maintain stable blood sugar levels to stay away from energy crashes.

Practice relaxation techniques such as positive visualization, meditation, or deep breathing exercises to help lower stress and keep your blood pressure on an even keel. This could be an exciting new page in your life. You are taking responsibility for your condition.

Take a refreshing power nap to re-energize yourself. Twenty to thirty minutes is a good block of time to let your body get a rest. I like doing this because of my late work schedule. Avoid the temporary fix of coffee or over the counter energy boosters. These quicker fixer uppers will quite often make you feel extremely wasted after they wear off. You may also become dependent on the item after using it for a while. Like coffee.

Taking care of your tiredness in a natural way is going to be your best course of action. Fight fatigue with the help of some natural herbs like cinnamon or seek help from your dietician or health care provider.

Resource – Online Diabetes Symptoms

Addressing fatigue is part of the diabetes issue. Go grab a well rounded diabetes wellness program from the resource box. This seven part ecourse is yours free.

Aerobic Exercise and the FITT Principle

Cardiorespiratory fitness best describes the health and function of the heart, lungs and circulatory system. Cardiorespiratory fitness also describes the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide with the blood, and the transportation of nutrients and waste products to and from the body’s active tissues. Other terms used and applied to the exercise environment are cardiovascular fitness, aerobic endurance and aerobic capacity. These terms are synonymous.

Cardiorespiratory exercise has proved to have many benefits, such as reducing cardiovascular disease by increasing fat utilization and therefore reducing obesity, and the reduction and management of hypertension and cholesterol. Other reported benefits include improved heart function and oxygen consumption, the ability to perform every day tasks more easily, decreased resting heart rate, body fat stores, anxiety and stress and management of diabetes.

A cardiorespiratory program needs to follow general guidelines to ensure maximum safety and effectiveness. These characteristics are essential for measurable improvements. We call this the FITT principle.

Frequency 3-5 times per week

Intensity 60-90% of predicted MHR

Time Duration 15-60 minutes of aerobic exercise

Type Activities; walking, cycling, jogging, swimming, roller blading, cross training, rowing etc.

Exercise FREQUENCY refers to the number of exercise sessions per week that are performed. The ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) recommends 3-5 sessions per week to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and to achieve or maintain optimal body fat levels.

Exercise INTENSITY refers to the amount of effort you put into your training session. There are many methods for monitoring exercise intensity, some have been standardized, and are suitable for application to the general population and for those of different fitness levels.

Heart rate (MHR)

Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE)

The ‘talk test’ method

Maximum Heart Rate (MHR) is determined by:

Men 220 – age

Women 226 – age

A 34 year old male, would therefore have a MHR of 186 beats per minute (bpm). Your exercise intensity is then put into the equation to give an exercise intensity that is specific to experience, fitness level, capabilities and relative to your fitness goals. Those just starting an exercise regime, or having a low level of fitness can benefit from intensities as low as 50-60% of MHR. Higher intensities as much as 90% of MHR are better suited to the more physically fit. As a general guideline, 60-80% of MHR is sufficient for the average population with no contra-indications to exercise.

RPE The ‘Rate of Perceived Exertion’ scale considers all factors that influence exercise intensity and how we perceive that exercise including fatigue and environmental conditions. A twenty-point scale has been devised that corresponds with Heart Rate intensities and allows the participant to determine their perceived effort. This method teaches us to listen to our bodies instead of ‘zoning out’ and can be used in conjunction with Heart Rate.

The ‘talk test’: This is an easy method that anyone can use. The talk test is based on the principle that if you cannot hold a regular conversation while exercising, your exercise intensity is too high. The intensity should however, be enough to increase core body temperature and promote perspiration.

Exercise TIME is the duration of the exercise and is dependent on the intensity of the session. The ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine) suggests a minimum of 15 minutes of continuous exercise to elicit any improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness. More deconditioned individuals may require multiple shorter sessions until they develop a base from which improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness can be made.

Your capabilities, interests, available time, equipment, facilities and personal goals determine exercise TYPE. The options are endless and can include any movement that uses large muscle groups, is continuous in nature (for a minimum of 15 minutes) and utilizes the aerobic energy system.

When beginning an exercise program, it is best to take a conservative approach and start at suggested minimums i.e. 3 times per week for 15-20 minutes at no more than 55-65% of MHR.

This intensity should be gradually increased over the forthcoming weeks and months to elicit changes and improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness and endurance.

The health professionals at Fitcorp Asia can design a program specific to your needs and goals, and help you reach your potential in health, mind and body.

Contact us at http://www.fitcorpasia.com or http://www.personaltrainingbangkok.com for more information.

How To Take Care Of A Newborn Baby

Bringing forth a kid is a indeed a dream come true for most couples. But, it is also one big responsibility. The fetus is naturally protected in the womb. The moment it rises out of this protective casing, it is upon you, as parents, to keep it safe, healthy and comfortable.

There is a lot on how to take care of a newborn baby. Know well what will be the infant needs in terms of food and rest. It does require some learning and it can be intense at times, but not something you won’t be able to manage.

Steps to take care of a newborn baby

Baby skin care: Skin care is crucial since baby’s skin is very sensitive and gets easily inflamed. There are some common skin conditions in infants such as baby acne, sunburn and rash. The skin is red to the point that it is painful to touch.

Wash your baby’s clothes with detergents meant for their delicate skin. Your little one’s skin loses moisture rapidly. Hence, it is not advised that you give them a bath everyday. You can wash areas such as the bottom and genitals when your child messes up. You can use baby wipes; they are gentle yet good at fighting bacteria. When moving out in the sun, cover your baby’s skin.

Umbilical cord: Until the umbilical cord falls off, this area must be kept clean. Make sure it is dried thoroughly after a bath. Fold the diaper below the umbilical cord to avoid rubbing. After it falls off, there will be a small wound. Blood is normal, but if you see pus, contact your doctor.

Heat rash and sunburn: It is advised that children below the age of 6 months should not be exposed to direct sunlight. It could cause severe rash and sunburn. If you must take them out, make sure you cover as much skin as possible with long sleeve tops and pants. For children above 6 months, you can rub a little child-friendly sunscreen on the exposed skin areas.

Baby acne and cradle caps: Baby acne is common in newborn infants. As much as it is common, it is temporary. You will notice it on the cheeks, forehead and nose. After a bath, dry the skin well by patting gently. Don’t rub. Use a mild baby soap to wash the face. Avoid using any kind of lotion or cream to clear up the acne. It could aggravate the problem.

Love Your Liver And Live a Longer Life!

When working well, your liver receives and filters 3 pints of blood a minute! A healthy liver removes these things from your bloodstream:

  • Dead and unhealthy cells
  • Micro-organisms such as bacteria, fungi and parasites
  • Toxic environmental chemicals
  • Cancer cells
  • Globules of fat known as chylomicrons

Filtered blood from your liver flows to the right side of your heart, ready to be pumped all over your body. Poorly filtered blood full of unhealthy fats and toxins can damage your heart and your immune system and cause you to age more rapidly.

When your liver malfunctions, the consequences can range from mild symptoms of sluggish liver, to life threatening conditions.

Symptoms Of Sluggish Liver Function

These are many and varied.

· Hormonal disturbances, menstrual problems, testicular problems, breast swelling.

· Food allergies and sensitivities

· Digestive problems such as burping, gas, bloating, pain.

· Skin problems such as itchiness, rashes, eczema, psoriasis.

· Chemical sensitivities (such as reactions to soaps, detergents, cosmetics etc)

· Sleep difficulties

· Eye problems ( sore, gritty eyes, vision difficulties, eye twitches)

· Problems with tendons and muscles (delayed healing, frequent injury)

· Headaches – especially pain at the top of your head and headaches that throb. Gall bladder related headaches are usually over your right eye, at your temples or on one side of your head.

· Irritability, anger, aggression, depression

Meet Your Gall Bladder!

When healthy, your liver produces 1 to 1.5 quarts of bile every day. The bile travels through ducts in your liver and collects in a muscular sac – your gall bladder – ready to be squirted into your small intestine after you have eaten fat or protein containing food. When stones, fats and cholesterol clog your liver and/or gall bladder you can produce less than a cup of bile daily. If the gall bladder becomes full of stones/gravel, you start to develop symptoms of gall bladder disease and even feel pain (gall bladder colic).

Bile Flow and Your Health

Bile is a viscous yellow, brown or green fluid and has three main functions in your body.

  • It acts as a strong antioxidant that helps to remove toxins from the liver.
  • It emulsifies fats that you eat so that they can be digested.
  • It de-acidifies and cleanses your small intestine.

Insufficient bile output means that many foods you eat remain partially or completely un-digested. Poor fat absorption can lead to poor calcium and fat soluble vitamin absorption. Deficiencies in these nutrients can lead to nervous system disorders, dry skin, peeling skin on the soles of your feet and weak flaky nails.

A bile-deficient stool is tan, orange-yellow or pale clay instead of the normal greenish-brown colour. Un-digested fat causes your stool to float.

Healthy bile that flows easily is a sign of healthy liver and gall bladder activity. Good bile production and flow is critical to your body’s detoxification process.

Fatty Liver – An Emerging Epidemic

In the Medical Observer Journal, July 2004, is an article titled “Non alcoholic fatty liver disease is the new epidemic of liver disease facing the western world”. Before the 1990’s fatty liver disease was mainly seen in alcoholics and was rare in children.

Today fatty liver is recognized as the most common cause of abnormal liver function tests in the UK, US and Australia. It is easily diagnosed with an ultrasound scan and blood tests to check liver enzymes. The enzyme alanine amino transferase (ALT) is usually too high, which indicates liver inflammation.

A fatty liver is far from healthy – the liver cells and spaces that form the structure of the liver filter becomes swollen with fat so that they cannot function efficiently. These days it is not generally caused by alcohol but instead is the result of abnormal dietary and lifestyle factors such as

  • Eating too much refined carbohydrate from sugar and refined grains
  • Eating too much processed food containing hydrogenated vegetable oils or deep fried foods
  • Lack of good quality protein
  • Diets low in antioxidants especially vitamin C and selenium
  • Diets low in unprocessed plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, peas, nuts, seeds, sprouts
  • Lack of exercise, especially with a high carbohydrate diet

Fatty liver often leads to obesity, diabetes and heart disease. In the USA, 2.6% of children have fatty liver, and some children need liver transplants because their fatty liver is so severe. 52% of obese children have some degree of fatty liver.

A healthy liver helps you to lose weight

If your liver is clogged and fatty, weight loss is difficult and slow even on a good eating plan. Your body needs to remove fat from your liver before it can break down other fat deposits. Once your liver is rejuvenated and detoxified, weight loss is easier and better still – the weight stays off!

Proven strategies to protect and repair your liver.

It’s not hard to make slight changes to your diet and lifestyle – the liver responds well to nutritional medicine. Central to your liver regeneration program would be your diet.

  • Reduce carbohydrate intake – eat only un-processed carbohydrates such as brown rice, millet, whole grain pasta especially amaranth and quinoa pasta, natural whole grain bread that is dense and heavy (not the fluffy multi grain breads found in most supermarkets.
  • Avoid ALL sugar and refined grains and all processed foods containing sugar
  • Increase your intake of fresh fruit and vegetables, legumes and raw nuts and seeds.
  • Eat good quality protein regularly such as eggs, legumes, raw nuts and seeds – protein does not raise your blood sugar
  • Learn to like and drink fresh vegetable juices – such as a tasty mix of carrot, beetroot, celery, spinach, parsley, apple, ginger and lemon.
  • Take rice bran/psyllium husk daily to help reduce high cholesterol levels
  • Take good quality liver tonic supplements such as St Mary’s Thistle, B vitamins, taurine, dandelion root, globe artichoke, lecithin, green barley and wheat grass powders, beetroot powder, vitamin C and selenium

Your liver can and will repair itself and grow new healthy liver cells and you can reverse fatty damage to your liver – and enjoy a longer, healthier life!

Recommended reading: The Liver Cleansing Diet by Dr Sandra Cabot

http://www.liverdoctor.com

My Penis Skin Is Kind of Itchy – Please Help

An itchy penis is embarrassing, especially when it is constant. This can not only be frustrating and intrusive on life; it can also slowly erode sexual confidence and the prowess of the sufferer. It’s important to find out what is causing the problem and treat it before it becomes a major issue and sex stops being fun.

What Causes an Itchy Penis?

There are many reasons why a penis itches. Some of the most common causes are as follows and account for the bulk of penis skin issues caused by itching.

Skin Irritations

Factors such as poor hygiene, washing with a harsh soap or shampoo, using concentrated clothing washing powder or detergent, or even using latex condoms may be causing an irritation to the skin of the penis.

To rectify the problem consider bathing more frequently, using a milder soap, shampoo or clothing detergent, and changing the brand of condom used. This may reduce the irritation and the penile itch should cease. If this is not the case, it is advised that the condition may be more serious and it is recommended that medical advice is sought.

Skin Conditions

There are a number of skin conditions, such as dermatitis, eczema, and psoriasis that can cause penis itch. These conditions can cause the penis to become inflamed, red, swollen, and/or itchy, with flaky skin or take on one of numerous red and itchy skin symptoms..

Dermatitis and eczema are frequent culprits as a cause of penis skin itching and are typically caused by a compromised immune system, stress or exposure to skin irritants. Psoriasis is caused by the skin’s over-production of cells. This means that the skin is reproducing new cells faster than the penis is shedding old cells. Over time the cells build up on the skin of the penis which results in the skin’s irritation and penile itch.

Treatment for these conditions entails lifestyle changes: diet, emotional wellbeing and exposure to irritants are considered and altered to reduce inflammation of the penis skin. In addition, a doctor may prescribe medications and creams to reduce the itchiness and inflammation of the penis.

Penile Infections

Candida, scabies, pubic lice, trichomoniasis and tinea are each either fungal or parasitic in nature and can cause extreme penile itch and discomfort if not treated.

Candida is a fungal condition that is caused by an overgrowth of yeast, which then causes inflammation, itchiness, and a yellowish discharge. The best way to treat candida is to cleanse the infected area with water (no soap) and apply an antifungal skin cream for candida (thrush). In extreme cases, a doctor may prescribe an antibiotic, which can be taken to eliminate the yeast infection. Tinea is another fungal infection which causes irritation, inflammation, and itchiness. It can usually be treated with topical antifungaams. In severe or resistant cases, physicians may prescribe antibiotics.

Scabies, pubic lice, and trichomonasis are all parasitic infections in which a micro-organism invades the penile skin and causes irritation. These conditions are typically treated with lotions and specific topical solutions that kill the micro-organisms and allow the skin to heal. For more information about these conditions, please visit a health care professional or their website.

Once the penile itch ceases and the skin of the penis begins to heal the regular use of a penis specific creme(health professionals often recommend Man1 Man Oil) should occur daily. A penis skin creme enables the skin of the penis to repair itself faster and more efficiently, as it is rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. In addition, a good penis skin product also increases skin appearance and the function of capillaries so that the penis sensation and performance are improved.

A Guide to Bearded Dragon Diseases

When properly fed and with appropriate UV light, the bearded dragon is a robust and healthy creature, typically living 8-12 years, occasionally even 15. However, like many reptiles, they will try to hide illness or injury. The first danger to deal with is substrate. Impaction is an issue where some indigestible substance is trapped in the intestines and prevents proper flow through the digestive system. The best substrate is a matter of some controversy, but all will agree that the following are bad. Corncob can cause impaction and grow fungus and bacteria. Walnut shell is sharp and also can cause impaction. Calcisand and Vita-Sand taste good to bearded dragons, especially those needing more calcium, but cannot be digested and leads to impaction. Repti Bark, wood shavings and Original Lizard Litter can lead to impaction. There are brands that claim to be biodegradable and safe to consume, but these should be viewed with suspicion. Bearded Dragons have very short intestinal tracts, and thus have a great deal of trouble metabolizing their food. Solid surfaces are often best, and easiest to clean. Do not use heated rocks to keep the enclosure warm, as dragons have trouble detecting heat under their bodies, leading to burns.

When suffering from ingestion, they will often straighten and extend their hind legs and act as if paralyzed. This is not the same as basking, if the lizard can walk, it is just acting normally. Increasing the heat or soaking in hot water might induce a bowel movement, but it is unlikely to save the creature. The best treatment is to limit the size of the food and avoid dangerous substrates.

The next step is proper feeding. Insects fed to bearded dragons should be gut loaded or well-fed before feeding them to the lizards. Mealworms are a poor choice for dragon feed, and only the white, freshly molted larvae are appropriate. At least one meal every two days should include a calcium supplement, sprayed or dusted on the food. Some recommend a multivitamin weekly, but excess vitamin A can be fatal, so this should not be overdone. You want the proper amount of nutrients, not as much as possible.

Vegetables should be sprayed with water before feeding to supply moisture, and the animals should be misted on their faces periodically: Hatchlings twice a day, adults several times a week. If they lick all of the water off, reapply until they stop. Some can learn to use a shallow pan, but it will need cleaning daily and immediately if defecated on.

The animals will need sunlight, a UV light or diet supplementation to provide D3. Sunlight through a window will not work. If bulbs are used, keep them very close to the enclosure, within inches, and replace them twice a year even if they do not burn out.

Do not house dragons with other reptiles, and all new reptiles should be quarantined. Wash your hands before and after handling each reptile, and between handling reptiles kept in different enclosures. Keeping the enclosure clean is also important to your pet’s health.

Remember, you should always consult a veterinarian before treating an animal, and many issues are simply not within the normal owner’s ability to handle.

Coccidiosis is an infection commonly and incorrectly spoken of as a worm infestation. Coccidia are single cell organisms that live in the intestinal walls and can cause diarrhea. Most dragons are normally infected, but only when the lizards are weak does this become a danger. Smelly or loose bowels instead of hard pellets are typical symptoms. Treatment normally involves a sulfa type antibiotic. Quarantine the animal and ensure it is well hydrated. Do not allow it to refuse food or water. A typical method is to use a syringe or dropper to feed the animal, but another method is to drip food or water onto the animal’s nose. It will lick the substance off of the “dirty” nose, consuming it. Many vets recommend a pre-emptive de-worming once or twice a year, much as you would do with a dog. However, others are coming to believe that this can harm the health of the dragon and treatment should only take place when symptoms are detected. This may be a contributing factor to “yellow fungus.”

What is called the “yellow fungus” is believed to be more than one type of infection. The current belief is that many of the infected animals were treated with Albon, a common antibiotic. This is believed to have killed good bacteria in the digestive tract, allowing yeast and fungus growth to survive in the feces, which then gets on the skin of the lizard. Whatever the cause, it is infectious and lethal. It is recommended that a priobiotic treatment follow any antibiotic regimen. Some known cases were in animals never treated with antibiotics but kept on natural soil. The treatment regimen currently believed to be the best treatment is topical Nolvosan, keep it away from the eyes, then a rinsing followed by a treatment with lamisil. This should cover the infected area and surrounding areas, with another lamisil treatment in each 24-hour period. Acidophiliz+ is a well-regarded priobiotic, though others exist. Oral treatments must be supervised by the veterinarian and during the treatment period, do not feed the lizard fruits. Treatment should be extended two weeks after the last symptoms are seen. Use a solid substrate during treatment and clean it daily. A complicating factor is that it takes more than ten days for the infection to be cultured, and this often delays treatment until it is too late.

We know little about adenovirus. Quarantine any reptile suspected of infection as this can kill an entire collection. Unfortunately, the only sure way to determine if the creature has an adenovirus is autopsy. Most infected dragons had a history of lethargy, poor appetites and diarrhea. They are more likely young than old. The symptoms are frustratingly vague. Some infected reptiles recover, others die. The mechanism the virus uses to reach the host is unknown, and treatments have not yet been developed.

Bearded Dragons can be infested with mites. Mites are extremely difficult to remove and require a two-pronged attack. The animal and habitat must be treated. The animal should be given a dilute betadine bath. Allow the lizard to drink its fill before adding the betadine. If the animal defecates, drain the tub, clean it and repeat. The area around the eyes and nose should be treated with mineral oil after the bath. Dispose of all substrate, bagging it for removal, and scrape the corners and edges of the enclosure to remove all mites, eggs and mite feces. Wipe or spray the enclosure with soapy water, and remove the soap. Then use a 1/30 mixture of bleach for 10 minutes. Bake wooden furnishings for 2-3 hours at 250 degrees, longer for thicker pieces. Boil rocks for a half hour. Anything too large for these treatments should be treated with the bleach solution for 8 hours. Wipe down or clean anything else using these treatments as is appropriate to the substance. Use No-Pest strips or cat flea collars in the enclosures and seal the tank or enclosure as close to air tight as is possible. Leave this at least three hours. Bag and remove all cleaning materials for disposal, and let the enclosure sit for at least 8 hours before returning the dragons.

Egg binding is a potentially lethal problem. This most often occurs with a first clutch with infertile eggs. Discuss this with your veterinarian, as there are several possible causes. To prevent this, the best plan is to make sure the female is old enough, big enough and healthy enough to breed and has been fed the best possible diet with any needed supplementation. Protect the animal from stress and ensure a proper egg laying area is available.

Bearded Dragons are vulnerable to respiratory problems. This can include clogged nostrils due to mucus, raspy breathing through the mouth but not venting due to heat. The usual causes are excess humidity and cold. Contact your vet for treatment.

Too little vitamin D3 and Calcium can lead to Metabolic Bone Disease. The symptoms include shaking, twitching, or stiffness of limbs (especially rear legs), separation of the mouth, and difficulty chewing food. If caught early, sunlight and supplements can handle the situation.

Note that it is also possible to hurt your dragons with over supplementation, as some nutrients are dangerous if the supply is too large for the body to handle. Vitamin A toxicity usually produces swelling of the throat and eyes, followed by bloating of the body and lethargy.

Hibernation occurs naturally. In December to February, begin to reduce the length of the day by controlling the lighted enclosure. Gradually reduce the lighted period to 8-10 hours, and decrease the temperature to about 75-85 degrees in the day and 60 degrees at night. Provide material to dig a nest. Make sure the dragon is healthy and has no undigested food. If the dragon is up during the hibernation period, it is safe to provide small amounts of food. After about two months, begin increasing the temperature and light period back to normal.

Keratosis Pilaris a Possible Allergy Symptom

Keratosis pilaris is a skin condition, where the skin on the back and outer sides of the upper arms are rough and bumpy. It can also appear almost anywhere else on the body, especially on the thighs and tops of legs. It does not generally occur on palms or soles of feet.

It can be related to an allergy, including a gluten allergy.

It is also called chicken skin because it resembles goose bumps. Many people are unaware they have this condition, confusing it with acne, especially when it appears on the face.

There are several types of this skin condition:

Keratosis pilaris rubra red, inflamed bumps.

Keratosis pilaris alba rough, bumpy skin with no irritation.

Keratosis pilaris rubra faceii reddish rash on the cheeks.

The condition can become more of an irritated rash. Scratching it can make is spread.

It affects an estimated 40% of the adult population, and up to 80% of adolescents.

It is causes by an excess of keratin (a skin pigment) in the body. The excess keratin a cream coloured substance, collects in the hair follicles, blocking them and forming hard plugs. You can feel this as hard bumps.

Dry conditions make it worse, which is why it is often worse in the winter.

No medically accepted cause is known, but anecdotal evidence suggests that it can be related to diet and allergies in some cases.

Some people find that gluten may be a trigger, caused by a gluten allergy or by celiac. In this case, a gluten-free diet will clear up this problem, along with many other symptoms.

Today’s Young Athletes Under-Train and Over-Compete!

True story. Yesterday, a gentleman who had called me a few days earlier brought in his pre-teenaged son for his first training session. He told me that his son is a baseball player, and that he just received his son’s baseball schedule from January through July of 2013. His son will play in over 70 games in 6 months!

Are you kidding me, I laughingly asked? But no, he was serious.

A pre-teen playing that many games in 6 months is laughable to me. But, more and more, I’m hearing about these kids especially in baseball, but also in soccer, lacrosse, and swimming who are playing more games, than actually training for the game. And as a result, I am training more kids today whos parents come to me tell me about the surgeries and various injuries their kids have or had, that were a rarity years ago.

Now, I know someone out there will say, “Well professional baseball players play 182 games. And they don’t practice much once the season starts.”

My answer to that is… Exactly! They are professionals! Your kid is not.

Professional baseball players also get complete days off. They have professional message therapist on staff. They have treatment rooms equipped with ice baths, and heating packs. They have athletic trainers to tend to nagging injuries and a strength coach like me to work on making sure they are in tip top shape for that long season.

Parents have to be mindful of the amount of Repetitive Stress being placed upon their kid’s young bones, muscles and nervous systems. Carefully monitor your kids for nagging injuries that seem not to go away. Look for signs of stress, irritability, pain in the shoulders, arms, and legs, as these can be signs of overuse and fatigue.

I have written past articles on parents having their kids specialize in one sport. I firmly believe the best athletes in many sports tend to be the ones who have played multiple sports. Playing multiple sports forces the athlete to train multiple muscle groups in all three planes of movement, instead of using the same muscles over and over again. Playing multiple sports also trains the body to perform aerobically and anaerobically.

If your athlete only enjoys playing one sport, then I recommend that they find a good sports performance coach asap, to work on balancing out those overused muscle groups. We can create strength in the underused muscles, and help the overused muscles recover.

Yours in Sports Performance,

Paul

Depression and Mental Illness – 7 Foods That Heal Depression and Mental Illness

It is basically boils down to what you put in your body. Depression and Mental Illness is, among other things, a disorder of chemicals inside the brain. If you not nourishing that body of yours it will be sick. it will not cope any more. It will be depressed. Think about it this way – if you do not water a plant and give it some compost it will not function properly and not yield fruits.

During the big depression (not the one that might be coming on us now, the one in the 30s) a lot of people in southern United States ate a lot of corn which is very low in tryptophan. Tryptophan is converted in the body to niacin. Niacin has been proven many times to treat people with serious cases of depression and mental illnesses. Most of those people suffered pallegra which is lack of vitamin B3. Among other things they suffered dementia, schizophrenia and psychosis. They all had been seriously affected by it and it was discovered at some stage that vitamin B3 niacin is the answer. Once a little niacin was added to their diet – 90% of them were cured. This is just one example of what the right nutrition can do to chronic illnesses. Here are 7 more:

  1. Eat raw! Here is an exercise. Take a whole month and eat fresh raw food in that month. That is not to say you should make it a vegetarian month, by all means take your protein from meat but do not cook your vegetables. Eat lots of fresh salad that is made of fresh uncooked tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots, lettuces, capsicums,brown button mushrooms, avocadoes, sprouts, red onion, garlic, salt, pepper, lemon juice and tons of extra virgin olive oil. And in the end of the month see if you feel better.
  2. Consume lots of fruit. And organic is better.
  3. Swallow niacin. If you are depressed and consume 250-500mg of niacin you will probably feel better within 15 minutes. Niacin has been proven time and again to treat depression. You will have a flush, but that is OK, do not worry about it. And if you do not feel better after 15 minutes – then take more niacin.
  4. Immerse your body with lots of vitamin C. Vitamin C will help create some chemicals, i.e. brain chemicals (see beginning of article) that will improve your mood.
  5. Eat food with tryptophan. Cashew, chicken and turkey and generally nuts are all high in tryptophen. A couple of handful of cashew nuts will treat the body for depression, naturally, the same as a prescription dose of prozac. Cashew nuts are fattening, I know, but cashew nuts are a meal by themselves, you will not be hungry after eating two handfuls of cashews. And besides, who cares about getting fat if you can get rid of depression. And that leads me to nutrition number 6:
  6. Exercise. Exercise and exercise. Do not abuse the body, 3-4 hours of exercise per week will do wonders to your body and workout all those cashew nuts.
  7. Combine all the above. There is a way to heal depression, and you have to work for it, nothing is instant and there is no magic pill. In fact all those pills you are taking for depression will magically kill you. Depression is a serious illness and it has to be treated naturally to have high chance of success.

Hematophobia – Overcome Your Blood Fear With Hypnosis & Hypnotherapy

The fear of blood is a quite common phobia and one we see fairly frequently in our hypnotherapy practice here in the UK.

Like all other phobias, blood phobia is essentially an anxiety disorder.

The person suffering from a phobia of blood may very well sense that it is illogical, but this does nothing to help him or her to deal with it.

The thought or the sight of blood automatically triggers an irrational fear that seems to overpower the individual, psychologically and even physically.

It can produce a host of worrying symptoms such as dizziness, feelings of faintness, a sudden and rapid decrease in blood pressure, palpitations, dry mouth and nausea.

Blood phobia is known by several different medical names and spellings: hemophobia, haemophobia, hemaphobia and hematophobia being the most common.

The actual causes of this phobia usually lie in the individual’s past.

At some period in the past, the subconscious has linked or paired the thought or the sight of blood with feelings of extreme anxiety.

Very often this has happened in childhood or in the teenage years, though in some instances it may have happened later in life.

This may have happened directly – as a result of a traumatic experience involving blood such as an accident or medical procedure in which blood was drawn, an injection, blood transfusion or the like.

It also may have happened in an indirect manner – through someone else’s negative experience that was witnessed by the individual him or herself. Or it may have been modelled on someone else’s fear and anxiety and so learned vicariously.

There is also the possibility that in some individuals there is a genetic component or predisposition to this phobia, since it can be prevalent in other members of the family.

In my own clinical practice and professional opinion, however, this can also be ascribed to the child’s ability to model this fear on the anxiety of parents and relevant others.

Whatever the cause, the fact is that this phobia can greatly affect and even jeopardise the person’s health.

Often the blood phobic individual will go to great lengths to avoid any situation or procedure that may cause blood to flow.

Doctors, nurses, hospitals, injections and other essential medical procedures may all be avoided, even when there is a real need for them.

In certain instances, hemophobia is also linked with a phobia of needles (trypnophobia) and/or a fear of death (thanatophobia).

Any treatment for the fear of blood also needs to take this into account. This is why when treating this fear, you need to work with a practitioner who has experience with this particular phobia.

The good news is that help is available.

Working with a suitably qualified and experienced advanced transformational hypnotherapist, it is possible to look back and to uncover the origins and causes of his phobia.

Having done this, we can neutralize the false belief that has been embedded into the subconscious mind that blood needs to trigger anxiety.

In its place we can help the individual to experience feelings of calm and relaxation when thinking about or experiencing any circumstance that involves blood.

If you or someone you care about suffers from the fear of blood, blood phobia, also know as hemaphobia, hematophobia, hemophobia and haemophobia, then there really is something you can do about it.

Consult with a fully trained professional advanced transformational hypnotherapist who has experience in dealing with this phobia and begin the process of freeing yourself now.

Through modern advanced hypnotherapy techniques you can live your life as you were intended to live it – free from anxiety and upset when it comes to blood.

Beat Separation Anxiety Disorder Once and For All!

Separation anxiety disorder is defined as a developmental abnormality that causes excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from those to whom the individual is emotionally attached. It is a condition that is more common in children, but can also be present in adults. Children who suffer from separation anxiety disorder, which manifests when the child is separated from the primary caregiver (parents being the most common example), are usually more likely to go through other psychological problems, such as ADHD, bipolar disorder, panic disorder, and other disorders, later in life.

Some of the symptoms of separation anxiety disorder are recurring distress when separation to the object of attachment takes place; persistent and excessive worrying about the imminent loss of the subject of attachment; refusing to sleep or go to any place without the person attached to; and having nightmares about being separated from the subject of attachment.

As infants age, their learned idea of trust, safety, and comfort depend on familiarity and consistency. Children experience fear when they are suddenly taken away from familiar places and cannot recognize familiar faces. Not seeing their parents makes them feel threatened and unsafe. Separation anxiety is a normal development stage; when toddlers begin to understand that parents may be out of sight but will return eventually, their level of distress is alleviated.

In adults, on the other hand, separation anxiety is associated with personal impairment and social inadequacy. An example of identifiable syndrome is when an adult depend on his family members too much that he cannot function normally without them. When the problem is pathological, it often occurs with other psychiatric illnesses and other anxiety conditions and mood disorders. When the distress from being separated from a loved one, for any reason that may range from relocation, estrangement, or death, causes significant impairment in the social, physical, and psychological functioning of an individual, then help of a mental health professional may be warranted.

Some studies are concerned with finding the link between separation anxiety disorder in children and its subsequent onset in adulthood. Treatments for this disorder usually involve one or more types of psychotherapy. Such therapies are focused on teaching children to recognize thoughts that provoke the anxiety and ultimately developing a plan to help them cope with situations that may cause separation.

Making the experience an enjoyable one for children also helps: behavioral strategies such as role-playing, relaxation training, and giving them due praise and recognition when improvements are noticed are some of the exercises that can be employed. For younger children, incorporating the parents into the training may also be beneficial. Family therapy and intervention may also be appropriate to address issues that affect the family dynamics.

Treatment in adult may be a little more comprehensive. Adults that develop this disorder have difficulty in functioning in normal situations without the object of their dependency. Altering such lifelong behavior may require several visits to the psychotherapist to correct. That’s why as early as possible, the onset of separation anxiety disorder must be identified to enable proper and prompt solution to the problem.

The Stages of Sleep Deprivation, & How it Affects Your Life

In this article, we are going to look at the stages of sleep deprivation, and the effects it can have.

Studies have shown that the early stages of sleep deprivation (that being the first two or three days that you go without sleep) are associated with the feeling of being tired, having sore eyes, slower response times, feeling irritable, and possibly feeling unusual physical sensations. Things like tingling, numbness or the feeling that you are floating. The longer you go without sleep, the worse these feelings will become.

In the middle stages of sleep deprivation (which is day 3 to day 5), the insomniac may experience illusions and “microsleep”, which is naps that last for just a few seconds. After you have gone four or five days without sleep, your grip on reality might loosen. You may hallucinate, be paranoid, and act in a psychotic manner. Also, going without sleep lessens your immune system, so your chances of getting sick increase.

The question is, why are you sleep deprived? Are you a college student who is staying up all night studying? Or do you have serious sleep troubles? In other words, do you try to get sleep but seem to have no luck? If so, you are suffering from insomnia, and you need to examine why this is happening. Sometimes it can have to do with your lifestyle, like staying out late and night and drinking alcohol, while in other instances it is some other physical problem, such as the pain from arthritis.

What Doctors Won’t Tell You About Scoliosis Rib Hump Deformity

Scoliosis comes generally in two forms “S” or “C” type curve patterns. “S” curves commonly referred to as double majors have a curve in the thoracic spine and a curve in the lumbar spine which are similar in size. The typical pattern for an “S” curve scoliosis is a right thoracic and a left lumbar meaning the concave side in a left lumbar curve is to the right. This would look like an S from the front or a backward S from the back. “S” curves will typically demonstrate a posture presentation that is fairly centered on the midline when viewed from the front or back where their head, torso, and pelvis line up but their eyeline, shoulder line, and hip line will be tilted. The double curve type will lead to two noticeable bumps that form as a “S” scoliosis progresses beyond 30 degrees. When a bending test is performed and the patient is viewed from behind while they bend down to touch their toes the examiner will notice a protrusion by the shoulder blade and a protrusion by in the lower back muscles.

This protrusion is due to the natural adaptation of the postural muscles to the scoliosis and is not causing the scoliosis. The smaller intrinsic or deep smaller muscles that connect each individual bone of the spine are influenced by the brain and the signal from the brain to the deeper smaller muscles is most likely the cause where these protruding muscles along the outside of the curvatures are secondary adaptations. So the brain tells the spine what position to be in and the posture muscle set the tone to stabilize this position as neutral. Since the spine becomes curved the muscles of posture on the outside of the curve will increase in mass,called hypertrophy, due to constant use for stabilization whereas the inside posture muscles will no longer be needed to stabilize the spine and will atrophy, decrease in mass, due to disuse. Think of the posture muscles as a light switch with a dimmer attached, the dimmer switch can be changed to either allow more current or less current to the bulb making it brighter or dimmer where the outside of the scoliosis curvature is given a lot of current and gets brighter (hypertrophy) and the inside of the curvature gets very little current and is dim(atrophy). The larger the scoliosis becomes the more noticeable the difference in brightness or muscle tone. It is not a case of weak or strong but rather how much current is being supplied due to need to remain stable in gravity.

Secondary adaptations to the “S” curve will involve disc wedge deformation and eventually bone wedge deformation. These secondary adaptations occur due to cellular remodeling. Direct pressure on the cartilaginous discs and the individual vertebrae will stimulate or inhibit growth creating an actual difference in the height of the disc or bone. Ribcage deformation will become noticeable with much larger curves in this type of pattern and will be somewhat limited due to the smaller size of thoracic curvature. The ribcage and individual ribs will also deform due to direct pressure since bone remodels based on its stress demands (Heuter- Volkmann principle) when ribs are placed under excessive pressure they will change shape. As the spinal column bends and rotates in the thoracic region this will then create direct forces upon the ribs since they are attached to each individual thoracic vertebrae. The further the spine pushes laterally to the side the more forces will affect the entire cage adding to the ribcage deformation. If we go back to the bending test and notice the two protrusions that appear in an “S” pattern scoliosis the protrusion in the thoracic region will eventually become structural deformation because of the ribs becoming bent. Since the lumbar spine does not have ribs attached the bulging protrusion in this region is limited to the muscle and remains purely soft tissue even in adulthood whereas the individual vertebrae regardless of location will become structural adaptation with time.

“C” curves are a bit misunderstood and can probably be defined differently depending on who you ask. “C” curves generally refer to a scoliosis which has a single major curve in the shape of the letter “C” in either the thoracic spine or the lumbar spine. The real distinguishing factor between “S” pattern and “C” pattern scoliosis is whether or not the compensation curves cross the midline by at least half the distance of the primary curve giving it the S shape. “C” curves generally will demonstrate an awkward posture, meaning the patients neutral stance will appear like they are favoring one leg. “C” curves formed in the thoracic spine will demonstrate much larger ribcage deformity based on the sheer number of thoracic vertebrae involved in this type of curve pattern. C type thoracic curves will have noticeable body disfigurement not easily hidden by clothing especially in curves approaching 40 degrees or higher. The soft tissue adaptations are less prominent and generally deeper due to the structural integrity of the ribcage compared to the lumbar spine where a “C” curve located in this region will demonstrate very large protruding muscle growth.

The ribcage deformity is not corrected by any form of bracing or scoliosis fusion surgery. The only way to reduce or eliminate the larger more angulated rib deformations is to perform a rib resection surgery where they shave it off like a side of beef. The moral of this story is that scoliosis is a very complex organized deformity that presents very young and if not attacked head on in the early stages of the game will lead to an enormous amount of tissue adaptations that become irreversible. So waiting around for this process to unfold is obviously a bad decision.