High Dose Vitamin D – Are 5,000 IUs of Vitamin D Too Much?

The Vitamin D Council advises that most healthy people can receive 5,000-10,000 IU of vitamin D3 a day without harm. But high dose vitamin D must be accompanied by sufficient calcium and magnesium…and people with certain diseases should only take supplements under the supervision of a knowledgeable doctor. Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium and the prevention of osteoporosis. Recent studies have shown that it may also boost the immune system and help to prevent cancer.

Our body will automatically regulate how much vitamin D it produces from sunshine. Studies show that sunbathing in the summer for about 30 minutes can result in the production of over 10,000 IU of vitamin D and that once our skin makes about 20,000 IU, the ultraviolet light begins to degrade the vitamin so that we do not “overdose” on the sun. Vitamin D expert Dr. Vieth reports that there is no practical difference between vitamin D acquired from the sun and that acquired from food and supplements.

The Vitamin D Council reports that doses of 5,000 IU per day from all sources (sun, diet and supplements) are safe for most healthy people and that there are no reports of toxicity up to 10,000 IU per day. But the Council also warns that without calcium and magnesium in sufficient quantities, vitamin D supplementation will withdraw calcium from the bone and will allow the uptake of toxic minerals. As everyone metabolizes vitamin D differently, the best way to identify the optimal level of supplementation is to adjust the dosage to maintain target blood levels. The Vitamin D Council recommends that optimal health is supported by blood levels of 50-80 ng/mL (125-200nmol/L) as identified in a 25(OH)D vitamin D blood test.


High dose vitamin D treatment is broadly accepted in the medical community for people who are suffering from a severe deficiency but are otherwise in good health. There are two views on the best way to receive high dose vitamin D. The most common form of high dose vitamin D in the US is a prescription form of ergocalciferal also known as vitamin D2. But as vitamin D2 is less potent than vitamin D3, many doctors now recommend high dose vitamin D3 which can be purchased in a health food store or on-line.

VITAMIN D2 (50,000 IU/week)

Dr. Michael Holick of the Boston University School of Medicine recommends high dose vitamin D2 treatment for people whose 25(OH) blood levels are below 10 ng/mL (25 nmol/L). He proposes an oral dose of 50,000 IU/wk of vitamin D2 for 8 weeks followed by another blood test to check serum levels. If the levels are still inadequate, another 8-week course of 50,000 IU/week may be prescribed until blood levels reach 30 to 50 ng/mL (75-125 nmol/L). Once these target blood levels have been attained, patients prone to developing vitamin D deficiency may be encouraged to take 50,000 IU of D2 every 2 weeks to sustain their blood levels…or 1,000 IU a day of vitamin D3. He also suggests that exposure to direct sunlight for 5-10 minutes on the arms and legs between 10am-3pm during the spring, summer and fall can prevent further deficiency.

Ergocalciferol is available to U.S. doctors in prescription strength of 50,000 units in the brand names of Drisdol and Calciferol. As it is derived from plants rather than animals, ergocalciferol is considered Kosher.

VITAMIN D3 (4,000 IU/day)

Dr. Vieth (Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto Canada) recommends that vitamin D3 is the preferred choice for supplementation. In 2001, a study involving 61 healthy men and women resulted in healthy increases in blood levels following daily intake of 4,000 IU of vitamin D 3-without an increase in blood calcium or urinary calcium excretion. After 2-5 months, the blood levels of participants increased to a range of 28-50ng/ml (69-125 nmol/L). Dr. Vieth has proposed a rule of thumb, that 4,000 IU of vitamin D3/day will increase 25(OH)D blood levels by 100nmol/L (40ng/ml) after 8 months of use and that any surplus vitamin D will remain in the body for approximately 2 months.

Dr. Vieth recommends a daily dose of 4,000 IU/day in order to maintain blood levels above 100nmol/L. He also clarifies that published cases of vitamin D causing elevated blood calcium (hypercalcaemia) have involved daily intake of 40,000 IU. Hypercalcaemia due to excessive vitamin D is generally accompanied by blood concentrations greater than 88ng/ml (220 nmol/L).

Dr. Vieth also suggests that high and infrequent dosing may result in blood level fluctuations without producing sustainable improvements in blood levels. Intake of lower doses of 2,000-4,000 IU daily rather than 100,000 IU once a month are more likely to produce the desired results.


Calcitriol is a steroid that is produced after vitamin D passes through the liver and kidneys. The Vitamin D Council warns against treating vitamin D deficiency with calcitriol (or its analogs) as it poses risks of hypercalcaemia (high blood calcium) and fails to replenish the body’s stores of vitamin D.


Non-compliance (failure to take medications) is common both with prescription drugs and vitamins. Pharmaceutical companies and researchers often seek to address this problem with a “one shot a year” approach to osteoporosis medication and occasionally with vitamins.

In 2010, professors at the University of Melbourne reported results of a study involving 2,256 women (aged 70 years or older and considered to be at high risk of fracture) who received an annual dose of 500,000IUs of D3 supplements for three to five years. They were surprised that the recipients of this high dose vitamin D regime had 26% more fractures and 15% more falls than the placebo group. Treatment of non-compliant people with mega doses of vitamin D does not seem to be the solution….as suggested by earlier research that lower doses ingested daily produce the best results.

There are a number of diseases for which vitamin D supplements can cause elevated blood calcium and possibly compromise the immune system. In these cases, supplements should only be taken under the supervision of a knowledgeable doctor.

For information on calcium and magnesium supplements that support high dose vitamin D treatment while also preventing osteoporosis, visit http://www.osteoporosis-vitamins.com/best-calcium-for-osteoporosis.html

Thyroid and Pregnancy – How the Thyroid Affect Your Pregnancy

Many pregnant mothers do see any correlation between thyroid and pregnancy and so don’t think it is necessarily important to undergo thyroid diagnostic check before or during pregnancy. Experienced obstetricians will always ask for blood test because there’s almost no clear difference between the symptoms of early pregnancy like; insomnia, fatigue, weight gain, lethargy and constipation and that of a thyroid disease, like hypothyroidism whose symptoms in women include; insomnia, nervousness, weight gain, breast milk formation, constipation, sleeping more, loss of energy, severe fatigue, and depression just to name but few. Although, thyroid disease in pregnancy is not too prevalent- about 2-4% of the US population, however, that is still a significant number of the population.

The truth is that it is absolutely necessary to undergo a thyroid test before and during pregnancy. It is every pregnant mother’s dream to have a healthy baby, because the health of the baby must always be prioritized. Apart from other possible diseases, a thyroid disease that is not seriously dealt with in pregnancy could have very serious ramifications on the unborn child. For example, a thyroid disease like hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) that is untreated could result in prematurity, placental abruption- a situation where the lining of the placental separate from the mother’s uterus, pre-eclampsia-this refers to a pregnancy induced hypertension. The child may also develop deafness, mental retardation and muteness. That’s why the relationship between thyroid and pregnancy cannot be ignored or treated with triviality.

A proper diagnosis is as much very important, either before or during pregnancy-even if your doctor fails to mention it; you have to discuss it with him/her as the case maybe. Oftentimes, women with hyperthyroidism experience difficulty getting pregnant as ovulation can be problematic. However, if discovered early and treated well, fetal pregnancy complications can be avoided. In a case where a woman has thyroid disease before pregnancy- close monitoring by a qualified doctor or endocrinologist should be followed while adjustments is made to treatment and medication throughout the pregnancy. Some women with thyroid problems during pregnancy can develop diabetes later in life.

There are cases where pregnant mothers with mild to moderate hypothyroidism are treated fairly easily and if properly managed; their babies would not experience any significant problems. At the end of these therapies, most mothers feel well and even much better than before. A mother diagnosed with hypothyroid disease during her pregnancy should undergo therapy as soon as possible because it is imperative to restore her thyroid hormone levels back for the health of mother and baby.

In some cases of thyroid and pregnancy, it could be Hyperthyroidism during Pregnancy. This is a condition when thyroid gland over produce hormones (T4 or thyroxine and T3 or triiodothyroine) usually caused by overactive tissue within the thyroid. Symptoms among others include morning sickness. Normally, pregnant women with hyperthyroidism are given anti-thyroid medication as part of treatment at the initial stage. The patient is monitored constantly and treatments changes depending on the reaction and condition of the pregnancy.

There are various ways that hyperthyroidism can be treated during pregnancy; however, this is outside the scope of this article. In any case it’s always better you see your doctor or other professional advice. If you want more information on treatment you may visit the website below.

Bearded Dragon Health: How to Remedy Impaction

One of the most common issues with bearded dragon health is the risk of impaction. Impaction is caused when your lizard cannot fully digest their food, thus causing a blockage of the intestines. This is usually caused by substandard living conditions and an improper diet. Before you run off to the vet, there are a few home remedies that have proven to be very effective in minor cases.

Although poor husbandry is the leading cause of impaction within beardies, this problem can arise in even the most ideal of settings. For instance, if you have rescued a lizard that had a serious digestive issue in the past, their intestines are more prone to becoming impacted later on down the line, regardless of the current conditions it is living in.

“But how do I know if my lizard is impacted?”

The first thing you will notice in an impacted dragon is a lack of bowel movements. If you spend time daily with your pet, then you will notice when things become “irregular”. Younger beardies should pass stool almost daily due to the large amount of insects they eat. Adults on the other hand, may only go once every 7-10 days. Again, this depends on your specific dragon and what is “regular” to them. If your adult gets to around 2 weeks with no movements, then you may have an issue.

Another good sign of impaction is to feel the stomach of your pet. Feel for any abnormal bulges or hard spots. Again, if you regularly handle your pet, it will be easier for you to determine how their stomach should feel when healthy. You must also consider the amount of food they are eating. A brumating dragon will not eat much at all, thus not requiring them to pass a stool as often.

A more serious case would actually hinder your pet’s movement. Hind leg paralysis is a common symptom of an impacted dragon. If you notice your beardie’s back legs aren’t moving, or working, get them straight to the vet.

“I think my bearded dragon is impacted. What should I do?”

Here is the process I have used to help pass several impacted lizards over the years:

  1. Stop feeding them insects
  2. Give the lizard a few drops of vegetable or olive oil through an eye dropper. If you can’t get them to swallow the oil by itself, try mixing it with unsweetened applesauce.
  3. Run a lukewarm bath and allow them to soak for around 30 minutes.
  4. While soaking, gently rub the stomach from snout to vent repeatedly.
  5. Remove them from the bath and put them under the basking light.
  6. Repeat a few times daily until the impaction passes.

This method has worked great for me in the past. However, if your beardies still hasn’t passed the impaction within a couple days of this treatment, then get them to a vet ASAP. What this procedure does is help hydrate your pet while loosening the impaction via the abdomen massage and oil. You may want to keep away from solid veggies during this time as well. Offer baby food in place of the normal salad, and be sure they are getting plenty of fluids. Pedialyte and Gatorade works great for this purpose.

Bearded dragon health is a fairly easy thing to keep in check if you know what to look out for. But even the most experienced keepers run into the occasional issue from time to time. It is then that having a few tricks up your sleeve will come in handy. These tips won’t just prevent another vet bill, but keep your pet healthy and happy by enabling you to take action immediately. The very best thing you can do is to spend time with your pet daily, this way you will immediately notice when something isn’t quite right with your lizard.

Girdles For Men – Why Would a Man Wear a Girdle?

Girdles aren’t just for women! These days, girdles for men are available too. But why would a man wear a girdle? Whether it’s for vanity purposes or for a medical need, here’s a look at why men would wear a girdle and what benefits these girdles for men offer.

Men’s girdles come in a few shapewear varieties — t-shirt compression, stomach compression, and traditional underwear. An item such as men’s compression t-shirt looks just like a regular t-shirt, except it’s tighter and a little more challenging to put on. So why would a man wear a girdle? There’s a few benefits and reasons for a man wanting to wear what’s typically considered a ladies’ garment:

Athletic performance: Compression garments and girdles can improve performance in sporting activities by energizing the body, wicking away moisture, and making a body more streamlined. Many professional athletes, including football players and baseball stars, wear t-shirt compression garments. Most male long distance runners also wear compression shirts to prevent skin rawness from their chest rubbing against a regular t-shirt.

Conceals a belly and love handles: Girdles for men serve the same vain purposes as a women’s girdle – to look nicer in more form-fitting clothes. By wearing a girdle, you can instantly look like you’ve lost 10 to 20 pounds! Compression t-shirts also hide the embarrassing gynecomastia (better known as “man boobs”) problem some men face.

Corrects posture: Wearing a waist-cinching men’s girdle can improve posture.

Back support: Girdles for men offer incredible back support. Often times, medical professionals suggest wearing a girdle for male patients with minor back problems. Some girdles for men look like regular clothing: Items such as a compression t-shirt or compression tank look just like normal men’s attire, except tighter. No one will be the wiser that you’re wearing a girdle!

Keeps you cool: Men’s girdles are made with moisture-wicking fabric that draws wetness away from the body, keeping you cool all day.

Hernia surgery support: Many men wear compression garments before and after having hernia surgery. The additional support male girdles provide is needed for comfort, especially after having hernia surgery.

In today’s world, many options are available in girdles for men. As male girdles become more mainstream, even more choices will become available. Whether it’s to look 10 pounds thinner, have a sleek silhouette, to improve athletic performance, or for medical reasons, wearing a girdle is nothing to be ashamed of.

Decongestants And Antihistamines To Stop Snoring

What About Over the Counter Medications?

If you can’t breathe, you struggle for air. Oxygen is essential for all body functions. Labored breathing during your sleep causes snoring. Over-the-counter and prescription decongestants or antihistamines help you breathe better to stop snoring.

Decongestants to Stop Snoring:

Congestion means your nose is stuffy. This can clog your ears, give you a sore throat and make you snore in your sleep. Congestion might occur when you have allergies or other breathing problems. Decongestants offer quick, temporary relief of nasal and sinus congestion. Talk to your physician about over-the-counter and prescription decongestants.

Decongestants can be administered orally or in a nasal spray. You may choose take a pill or capsule decongestant with a glass of water. Oral decongestants include over-the-counter Claritin-D. Nasal sprays such as over-the-counter Afrin provide instant relief from sinus congestion. Just squirt the nasal spray in each nostril according to the directions to breathe better right away. Usually nasal decongestants are not used for longer than a week. Possible side effects of decongestants include anxiety, irregular heartbeat, insomnia, dizziness, headache, tremors and increased blood pressure. If you experience any side effects, contact your doctor immediately.

Antihistamines to Stop Snoring:

Antihistamines resemble decongestants because they are administered the same way. Antihistamines are given orally and in nasal sprays. However, antihistamines work differently than decongestants. Histamine is the inflammatory chemical released by your immune system when you have an allergic reaction. Antihistamines block histamine to minimize allergy symptoms.

Antihistamines relieve congestion, labored breathing and related snoring. Antihistamines are available over-the-counter and by prescription. Discuss antihistamines with your doctors before you take them. Examples of antihistamines include Zyrtec, Tavist, Allegra and Astelin. Possible side effects of antihistamines include fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, sore throat and nosebleeds. Taking decongestants or antihistamines (you do not take both at one time) can relieve congestion to help you stop snoring.

Slippery Elm – Your Pet’s Best Holistic Friend

Slippery Elm (Ulmus fulva) is an exception to the fears and cautions surrounding the use of herbs in animals. It is very safe and non-toxic. The part of the tree used is the inner bark, which is soft and stringy. Simplest to use is the powdered form, which can be purchased in bulk, or pre-packed in capsules, at most health food stores. It is readily available over the Internet from herb suppliers.

Herbalists attribute many wonderful healing properties to Slippery Elm: demulcent (soothing, mucilage-forming), emollient (soothing and protective for skin), nutritive (providing specific food nutrients), tonic (promoting healthy function of one or more body systems), and astringent (constricting, binding or drying effect). It can be used both internally and externally. Slippery Elm is one of the herbs used in the original formulation of “Essiac,” an herbal brew widely promoted as a cancer-fighter.

In the gastro-intestinal tract, Slippery Elm acts directly. It can be thought of as a sort of natural  “Pepto-Bismol.” (Pepto-Bismol itself should not be used because it contains salicylate, a.k.a. aspirin). Its mucilage content coats, soothes, and lubricates the mucus membranes lining the digestive tract. Slippery Elm is an excellent treatment for ulcers, gastritis, colitis, and other inflammatory bowel problems. It is high in fiber, and so helps normalize intestinal action; it can be used to relieve both diarrhea and constipation. It may also help alleviate nausea and vomiting in pets suffering from non-GI illnesses, such as kidney disease. A syrup made from Slippery Elm Bark can be used to help heal mouth ulcers from all causes (see recipe below).

Slippery Elm is said to relieve inflammation of virtually any mucus membrane, and has been used in the treatment of inflammatory conditions of the lungs (bronchitis, asthma), kidneys, bladder (cystitis, FLUTD symptoms), throat (tonsillitis), and joints (arthritis).

Slippery Elm contains many nutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fat, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene,  calcium, and several trace minerals) that can be beneficial for recuperating pets, and it may stay down when other foods are not tolerated. It is known as a “survival” food; George Washington and his troops survived for days during the bitter winter at Valley Forge eating nothing but gruel made from Slippery Elm bark. However, Slippery Elm may interfere with the absorption of certain minerals and pharmaceuticals, so is best given separately from any concurrent drug therapy.

In the case of cystitis (bladder inflammation), Slippery Elm is thought to soothe the bladder lining. However, it is somewhat high in magnesium, so may be contraindicated in dogs who have an active infection with an elevated urinary pH, where struvite crystal formation may be a risk. (In cats, urinary tract infections are very rarely bacterial.) Slippery Elm bark contains natural pentosans, a class of complex sugars that contains the same compound found in the drug “Elmiron®,”the major pain-relieving treatment for interstitial cystitis (IC) in women. Pentosan has been used by the pharmaceutical industry as an anti-coagulant and anti-inflammatory for more than 40 years. (Anti-coagulant effects are not seen with normal oral administration.) Since bladder disease in cats is very similar to that in women, slippery elm may be especially beneficial for our feline friends. Small, frequent dosages of pentosan has been shown in humans to be more effective than single large doses.

Externally, a soothing paste of Slippery Elm powder (mix the powder with a little cold water) can be used as a poultice for hot spots, insect burns, rashes, scratches, ulcerated areas, or other shallow wounds. Native Americans used Slippery Elm bark to stop bleeding. It forms a natural “bandage” that can be left in place for several hours, if you can convince your dog to leave it alone! Moisten with water to remove it.

To give internally, mix about 1/4 teaspoon of Slippery Elm bark powder with cold water for every 10 pounds of body weight. For very small dogs, it is fine to use the same 1/4 teaspoon dose. The bulk powder may be very fluffy, so pack it down as much as possible to measure it. Alternatively, use 1/2 capsule (per 10 pounds), opened and the contents mixed with water. Slippery Elm powder will absorb many times its own weight in water, so be sure to add enough to make a moderately thick gruel. This gruel can be given before meals by syringe or eyedropper, or added to baby food, canned food, or a homemade diet. It has a slightly sweet taste and is usually well-tolerated by cats and dogs when mixed with food. Give a dose 5 minutes before meals for sore throat, and before or with meals for digestive tract problems, such as inflammatory bowel disease, until symptoms resolve.

Slippery Elm bark is inexpensive and easy to use; it would be a great addition to your holistic medicine chest!

Hypertrichosis – Causes and Treatments

Hypertrichosis is an excessive hair disorder featuring abnormal hair density and length as compared to normal growth expected for the individuals’s age, ethnicity and sex. A diagnosis of hypertrichosis does not imply any particular hair distribution. Except in very rare cases there is no androgen hormone involvement in cases of hypertrichosis. In contrast, excessive hair growth diagnosed as hirsutism in women involves androgen hormone activity and a male pattern of hair growth on the chin, upper lip, and other areas where men have terminal hair growth.

Causes Of Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis is the term used to describe excess hair growth in any part of the body as compared to that of a normal person of the same race, age or sex excluding androgen induced growth.

Hypertrichosis is usually categorized as either generalized or localized but age of onset and the site of growth can also be a basis of classification. Each of the generalized and localized types is further sub-divided into congenital and acquired sub-types. Hypertrichosis involves lanugo, vellus and terminal hairs.

Hypertrichosis is the term used to describe excess hair growth in any part of the body as compared to that of a normal person of the same race, age or sex excluding androgen induced growth.

Hypertrichosis is usually categorized as either generalized or localized but age of onset and the site of growth can also be a basis of classification. Each of the generalized and localized types is further sub-divided into congenital and acquired sub-types. Hypertrichosis involves lanugo, vellus and terminal hairs.

Generalized Acquired Hypertrichosis / GAH

Generalized acquired hypertrichosis (GAH) conditions are caused by drug intake and by underlying abnormalities. GAH induced by drugs is more common and needs to be separated from other forms of generalized hypertrichosis.

Drug induced GAH

Phenytoin, cyclosporine and minoxidil are the better known among the several drugs that cause significant generalized hypertrichosis.

Phenytoin induces hypertrichosis three months or so after its intake. Hypertrichosis induced by phenytoin affects women more than men and is more prominent on the extensor aspects of the limbs and less on the face and trunk.

60% of patients treated with cyclosporine develop hypertrichosis within six months. Thick pigmented hairs appear on the face, trunk and limbs.

Oral minoxidil and, to a lesser extent, topical minoxidil cause hypertrichosis after a few weeks of therapy. Face and extremities are the affected areas.

The hair growth disappears within a year on discontinuation of these drugs. Time for the condition to resolve depends on the hair cycling characteristics of the affected area.

GAH caused by underlying abnormalities

Exposure to chemicals, such as hexachlorobenzene induces hepatic porphyria and associated hypertrichosis.

Head injuries often result in hypertrichosis. Earlier the condition was attributed to phenytoin drug intake by the patient but later hypertrichosis was found even in those with head injuries but who were not on the drug. This explains why some lose their hair and some do not after discontinuation of this drug.

Malnutrition and anorexia nervosa causes hypertrichosis on the limbs and trunks of some people. Hypertrichosis may also occur in children with celiac disease and in dieting women when carbohydrates are omitted for prolonged periods of time.

Quite often, AIDS infection causes localized hypertrichosis, but a generalized form has also been observed. The mechanism for the development of hypertrichosis is unknown, but probably there are several contributing factors related to malnutrition, metabolic changes, immunological deregulation and drug intake.

Hair Removal Treatments Of Hypertrichosis

Excessive hair disorders like hypertrichosis give affected people a very repulsive appearance. This ugly appearance makes people shun those affected producing serious emotional problems in them.

Cosmetic treatments

Currently the common cosmetic treatments available are shaving, plucking, epilation, chemical depilation, electrolysis and laser application.

Shaving: Shaving is the simplest but most tedious since to retain the cosmetic appearance shaving has to be done frequently, perhaps daily. Moreover, women oppose such masculine rituals. There is also the risk of getting pseudofolliculitis due to shaving of kinky hairs.

Plucking: Plucking involves uprooting the hairs by tweezers. It produces a more attractive appearance but is slow and painful and impractical for large areas. Also, plucking encourages hair growth by changing telogen to anagen. Repeated plucking can produce disorders, such as, erythema, pigmentation, folliculitis and scarring. It is suitable for small sites

Epilation: Epilation, or waxing, is glorified plucking, where large numbers of hairs are uprooted at one go. The site is covered with low melting wax, allowed to solidify and then swiftly pulled off plucking the hairs sticking to it. The cosmetic effect lasts longer for about a month but the treatment is painful. Also, breaking of anagen hairs may cause folliculitis. Sometimes patients have allergic reactions to the wax or whatever adhesive is used. Plucking is best when the hairs are at least 1mm. long. It is too painful for children.

Depilation: Chemical depilatories are easy to use and produce excellent results that can last more than two weeks. They are mostly variants of thioglycolates used for perming hair and work in the same way to reduce the hair mass to a soft jelly.

Laser Hair Removal

Laser hair removal systems are currently widely used for long-term hair removal. The need to have a fast and non-invasive treatment method led to the development of this treatment.

All laser treatment systems use the principle of selective photothermolysis where a selected chromophore is targeted by the laser to produce the heat that destroys the follicle. Therefore deep penetrating wavelengths in the range of 600 – 1100 nano meters (nm) are used. Care is taken to limit skin damage by restricting damage to the target area. This is done by ensuring enough laser absorption by the target and using a pulse rate shorter than the thermal relaxation time of the target.

The systems differ in the parameters like wavelength, pulse duration, fluence, spot size and repetition rate and in the cooling system used. The cooling device reduces heat conduction limiting skin damage and pain. The selection of these parameters is important for getting the ideal laser for an individual.

Diabetes Mellitus (High Blood Sugar) – Highlights on Types and Symptoms

Diabetes mellitus occurs when you have a problem with your pancreas which is the organ that controls your blood glucose. It either stops manufacturing insulin or does not produce enough amounts that satisfy your body’s needs. This deficiency of insulin results in poor absorption of glucose by your body’s cells, which use it for energy production, as well as by your liver, which stores it. The final result of this poor absorption is a high blood sugar or glucose level.

There are two main forms of diabetes mellitus. They are Type I (also called juvenile onset or insulin-dependent) diabetes and Type II (also known as maturity onset or insulin-independent) diabetes.

In Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes; which usually affects young people, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. The defect is caused by damage to the insulin-producing cells. Your body, unable to use glucose because of the lack of insulin, is forced to obtain energy from fat instead. This can lead to a dangerous condition called diabetic coma.

In Type II (insulin-independent) diabetes; which attacks people commonly around their forties, the cells which produce insulin are still functioning, but the amount of insulin is insufficient for your body’s needs. Patients who suffer from this type of the disorder usually eat too much and are overweight. Their over-eating causes an excess of glucose in their blood, and the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to cope with it. Genetics and hereditary factors are key players in this type. In one third of cases, there is always a family member or members suffering from the disorder. Another factor is your age, because the function of your pancreas is reduced as a part of the normal aging process.

All forms of diabetes cause the same main symptoms. You urinate much more than usual, sometimes as often as every hour or so, throughout the day and night. You may notice white spots, which consist of dried splashes of glucose filled urine, on your underwear or shoes. Microorganisms are attracted to the sugary urine and these can cause various complications, such as bladder infections. The excessive loss of fluid can make you perpetually thirsty, and drinking sweetened beverages increases the amount of urination and makes your thirst worse. Your cells do not get enough glucose, so you feel extremely tired, weak, and apathetic; so much so that you may be unable to get up in the morning.

If you are diabetic or the father/mother of a diabetic child, you might notice excess loss of weight. This is explained by the inability of the body to use glucose as a source of energy and instead your body starts burning your fat and muscle. Other symptoms that you may experience include tingling in the hands and feet, decreased immunity (small abscesses and burning urination due to infection may be the first symptoms of diabetes. ), blurred vision due to excess glucose in the fluid of the eye, and loss of erection in men or the absence of monthly periods in women.

The symptoms of Type I (insulin dependent) diabetes usually develop rapidly, within weeks or months. Those of the Type II (insulin independent) form often do not appear until many years after the actual onset of the disease. Sometimes the disorder is detected by chance at a routine medical examination, before any symptoms appear.

Ayurveda for Weight Loss: The Traditional Medicine

Ayurveda for weight loss is a tradition in the Indian subcontinent, every household knows and uses several ayurvedic remedies for losing excess fat. In the recent years the western world also has become aware of how effective ayurveda for weight loss. Ayurveda is not just a system of medicine, it’s a way of life in the Indian subcontinent. It just doesn’t prescribe medicines for treating various diseases, it also tells how to lead a healthy lifestyle, what to eat and what not to eat etc.

Household ayurvedic remedies

People use several household remedies,passed on by one generation to the next, to get rid of excess fat that have been found effective and cause no health risks. These remedies are cheap and can be prepared and used conveniently as the ingredients are articles of everyday use and readily available.

Some of these remedies are:

Lemon juice and honey:

Mixture of four tablespoon lemon juice and one tablespoon honey, with or without a little quantity of black pepper, taken regularly on empty stomach with warm water helps you lose weight. It has no side effects.

Pepper and Ginger:

Mixture of powdered long pepper, black pepper and dried ginger root in equal quantities taken with lukewarm water twice a day is effective in weight loss.

Mint and honey:

Mixture of honey and black pepper taken with cooled boiled mint water is also considered to help you lose fat.


Cabbage is very effective in burning body fat. It can be taken in any form, raw, boiled or cooked. Consumption of one bowl of cabbage everyday helps reduce weight.

Herbs for treating obesity:

However, ayurveda for weight loss is not just about home remedies, ancient ayurvedic scriptures like Charaksamhita and Shushrutasamhita have described several herbs for treating obesity, which have been used with great effect by the practitioners of this system of medicine.

Nagarmotha (CyperusRotundus):

Nagarmotha is a very popular and effective herb found and known by different names all over the Indian subcontinent. It’s considered the best natural ama-pachak, or the corrective and remover of endo-toxins. It has a Lipolytic action to mobilize fats from the Adipose tissues, thus helping reduce weight.

Kali Mirchi (Piper Nigrum):

Kali Mirchi, or black pepper, is so effective and common, it’s found in kitchens the world over. It’s carminative, stimulant, digestive, diuretic, aromatic, tonic, and anti-coagulating agent.It is a good resolvent and helps alienating fat from the body.


Triphala, literally meaning mixture of three different fruits in Sanskrit, is regarded very highly. It’s a mixture of TerminaliaChebula, TerminaliaBellirica, and PhyllanthusEmbelica. It’s ideally absorbed by the body to seek out and destroy the harmful free radicals and toxins that cause a number of problems. It’s considered the gentlest, yet most effective laxative. It is rich in antioxidants that boost metabolism and speed up fat burning.

Several other herbs like Baibidang and Tagaretc have also been described by the ancient scriptures as effective in treating obesity.

Obesity may cause several life-threatening and debilitating diseases, but the modern day strenuous lifestyle doesn’t often allow enough time to spend hours exercising in a gym or running on lonely roads. Experience has shown that weight loss pills do more harm than good, so it’s best if one can find natural ways to lose fat and stay in shape.

Ringworm is a Fungal Infection

It is not always easy to know whether a rash on your skin is fungal or bacterial. It could be neither. Fungal or bacterial infection is just one type of rash. There are others not caused by infection, like eczema or dermatitis. Eczema could be hereditary or caused by contact with a skin irritant, and they are not contagious. When you are having an outbreak, it could be an allergy or caused by a virus.

Knowing the difference is important because what it is determines the type of treatment required.

Ringworm is a fungal infection caused by dermatophytes. It usually occurs on the feet (Athlete’s foot), around the inner thighs or the groin (jock itch), on the nails (tinea unguium or onychomycosis), other parts like the back, arms and legs (tinea corporis), and on the scalp (tinea capitis). Women are also susceptible to yeast infection, which is caused by an overgrowth of the fungus known as Candida albicans.

Ringworm is a highly contagious disease. It passes easily from humans to humans, humans to animals and vice versa. Skin fungi can also be acquired from the soil. It takes about 10 days from exposure to the fungus before rashes appear. By the third to fifth day, it becomes unbearably itchy, causing one to involuntarily scratch the rash which then spreads it to other parts of the body.

Rashes like ringworm caused by fungus are usually treated by over-the-counter medicine that contain 1% clotrimazole like Lotrimin and Mycelex, and 1% terbinafine like Lamisil. These are commonly sold as creams, though some antifungal medicine is made into lotion, shampoo and pills.

Bacterial infection is caused by streptococci or staphylococci germs. These types of rashes are usually treated with antibiotics. Bacitracin and Neosporin to treat bacterial infection are also available at the drugstore without prescription.

The most common bacterial infection is impetigo, which affects children more than adults. Impetigo usually appears as blisters on the face, arms or legs. Another form of bacterial infection is cellulitis, which tend to be swollen and tender blisters appearing on the legs. Fever and headache are also symptoms of cellulitis.

Erythrasma is a bacterial infection that can look like jock itch. It appears on skin folds, but unlike jock itch can be found not just on the groin but also under the breasts or around the armpits. They manifest as pale pink or brown skin patches that tend to grow larger if left untreated.

Paronychia is a bacterial skin infection that could develop when there is a fungal infection on the fingernail or toenail. They appear as pus-filled abscesses that are painful. This sort of infection also requires antibiotics along with antifungal treatment for the nail.

Though self care can work, it is always best to consult a doctor when dealing with rashes. If your choice of over-the-counter treatment is not working within two weeks, it is time to stop guessing and get a skin biopsy. This is the safest way to treat your skin infection because bombarding your skin with a succession of medicine is not only expensive but more importantly, could lead to complications that only worsen if not treated properly.

Calluses – To Trim Or Not to Trim

A callus on the heel or the big toe can causes a lot of pain for a runner. It can develop an even more painful blister underneath and can limit a runner’s performance or simply decrease the enjoyment of run. Many runners want to take a razor blade to the callus tissue and trim it down until the skin is raw. Some rub the callus with a pumice stone until their hand goes numb and others apply expensive creams and lotions. But, no matter what you do, somehow, the callus always comes back.

Callus tissue is a build of dead skin in response to pressure or friction. The medical term for callus is hyperkeratosis (hi – per – care – uh – toe – sis). A callus is actually a bone problem and a foot mechanics problem, not a skin problem. A foot deformity will cause excess pressure to that area from the shoe or the ground. The body’s natural defense mechanism will kick in and start building up the top layer of skin in response to the excess pressure. This is a protective response from the body in an attempt to prevent the pressure from wearing down the skin layers and resulting in an open sore. The problem is that as long as there is pressure, the body will continue to build up the skin. The continual build up of dead skin can become excessive and painful.

In runners, the most common places for callus buildup are at the inside of the heel, the area around the big toe and the ball of the foot. Calluses can appear on top of the toes or in between the toes. In these cases, the callus tissue is called a corn. The calluses can be thickened, dry, scaly, yellow, red, tender and even flakey. Runners are much more susceptible to the development of callus tissue because of the amount of stress, pressure and repetitive micro-trauma their feet endure.

The first step to treatment is finding out the cause of the callus. Do you have a foot deformity? Do you have a bunion or a hammertoe? Any type of deformity that rubs on the shoe will result in callus formation. Do you have abnormal mechanics? For example, pronation. If your feet roll in excessively, it is common to have callus development at the inside of the heel and at the big toe. Do you have ill-fitting shoes? Without abnormal mechanics or a foot deformity, an ill-fitting shoe can cause rubbing and irritation. A shoe too tight at the toe area will cause callus formation on the little toe and the big toe. If the heel area of the shoe is too loose and the heel is slipping, callus development can occur at the back of the heel.

Once the problem is identified, the first step is to treat the cause. This is not always possible. It is not recommended to surgically correct a bunion because of an annoying callus. You should find shoes to accommodate any foot deformities, and make sure all running shoes fit correctly. Most people wear shoes which are a half of a size too small, make sure your shoes are the proper size. Also, place your hand in your running shoe and look for lumps and bumps, areas of thickened stitching or gluing. Any of these things could cause excess pressure and callus development. Avoid cotton socks and make sure you have socks which wick moisture. Consider buying socks made of acrylic, polypropylene or small fiber wool. Cotton socks lose their shape when moist and tend to fold and bunch easily, contributing to both callus and blister development. If you think your have abnormal rotation in your feet, visit a podiatrist and see if you need a pair of custom made orthotics. Can’t afford custom orthotics? Try a pair of sport orthotics from your local sporting goods store. These pre-fabricated sport orthotics can help control motion and decrease callus development.

Once the problem is identified and either accommodated or eliminated, it is time to direct attention to the callus itself. It is not recommended to trim calluses yourself. Very large, hard calluses or calluses with painful cores (termed intractable plantar keratosis – IPK) should be trimmed by a podiatrist. It is not necessary to have all calluses trimmed. A small amount of callus is protective to the skin and the bony areas it is covering. Cutting, trimming and shaving this tissue is only recommended when there is tenderness, surrounding redness, a core or a history of blister formation in the area. Even then, the callus should not be trimmed down completely, a small layer should be left for protection. If the callus does not cause pain, is not red, is not tender and doesn’t hinder performance, leave it alone. Remember, the callus is there due to excess pressure or friction and if this pressure isn’t identified and dealt with, even after trimming, the callus will return.

To keep callus tissue down, try creams with salicyclic acid or exfoliators specifically for callus tissue. If you do use a pumice stone, use it daily. A monthly, aggressive pumicing may just irritate the surrounding tissue and you will most likely not make much progress or decrease the callus thickness.

Identifying the cause and minimizing the pressure, in combination with the use of a pumice stone and callus reducing cream on a regular basis, will give the best results.

The Essential Oil of Helichrysum – A Valuable Anticoagulant

Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum) also known as Everlasting, is in the daisy family (Asteraceae or Compositae) and the oil today comes from Yugoslavia, Corsica, Utah and Ecuador. Helichrysum is an aromatic shrub with silvery-grey lance like leaves and clusters of small bright yellow flowers. When dried, the plant keeps its shape and the flower heads their yellow color-hence the name “everlasting.” It is also known as the Italian straw flower.

Traditionally in Europe it was used for asthma, whooping cough, arthritis, headaches, liver ailments and skin conditions including burns, allergies and psoriasis. Usually it was taken in the form of an infusion and the herb was taken to help expel worms.

Today helichrysum is an extremely valuable oil for healing. It is one of the few known oils that can stop hemorrhaging. It has been found to be anticoagulant, anesthetic, antispasmodic, antiviral, a liver protectant, detoxifier and stimulant, it chelates chemicals and toxins and regenerates nerves. It is used for the Herpes virus, arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, hypertension, blood clots, liver disorders, circulatory disorders, skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, scar tissue and varicose veins. What makes helichrysum unique is its ability to regulate the blood. Among its chemical constituents are a group of ketone-like compounds called beta-diones. It is this group of molecules within the oil that contribute mainly to its anticoagulant action, making it applicable in the treatment of any severe bruising that results in hematomas. The fragrance opens hearts to the unseen energies that affect our lives here in earth. For emotional healing, it is used to encourage calm, acceptance, dreams, patience, perseverance, inner strength, and awareness.

Helichrysum mixes well with bergamot, cedarwood, German chamomile, clary sage, cypress, frankincense, geranium, grapefruit, juniper, lavender, lemon, palmarosa, pine, rosemary, sage, thyme linalool, rose, and ylang ylang. You can apply 2-4 drops on location, temple, forehead, back of neck or outside of ear. For cuts or more sever hemorrhaging, apply the oil directly to the wound to coagulate the blood. For bruises, rub the oil over the bruise area to help re-absorb the blood in the tissues. It can be directly inhaled, diffused or taken as a dietary supplement. As for safety, helichrysum is non-toxic, non-irritant, and non-sensitizing. Want to learn more about the healing properties of helichrysum and other essential oils? Consider becoming a certified aromatherapist. Educational courses in healing energy and aromatherapy can help you understand how essential oils heal the body/mind/spirit.

Is Your Baby Affected by Eczema?

Baby’s skin is very sensitive, prone to irritation or infection. If not careful, he could suffer from eczema.

Skin condition is a “mirror” the body’s health. Person’s overall appearance will be interesting if her skin healthy, fresh, and clean. So also with the appearance of your child.

Disorders that arise can include skin rash, with marked redness and itching of skin, which showed inflammation has occurred. In more severe conditions, break out in pimples and sometimes blisters.

Such skin disorders is actually eczema. And these skin disorders are common in children. In addition to hereditary factors, particularly the problem of allergies, cleanliness factor could be the cause of eczema.


Eczema (dermatitis) is the process of inflammation of the skin. This disorder occurs in the cuticle layer (epidermis) and hides the layer (dermis). For information, human skin consists of three layers, namely epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. In addition, other parts of the skin are the nails and hair.

Another thing that should be known to the parents, the production of sweat glands and skin oils relatively fewer babies than adult skin. As a result more easily distracted changes in temperature and humidity in the vicinity. “Baby’s skin is also more susceptible to irritant materials, as well as to infection,” said Ary, a graduate of this Faculty of medicine.

As a newborn, baby smooth skin covered by fat (vernix caseosa) that serves as protector. This fat will peel off by itself, such as a bath. Therefore, no need to forcibly exfoliated. Many, right, in between we are trying to rid the area with rubbing excessively? Well, you should refrain from the habit.

Baby skin care should be taken into account as part of overall health care. The goal, of course, to keep skin clean and healthy so they can function as a protector of the body.

Skin disorder that we call the eczema is classified into two stages, namely the still new (acute) and chronic (chronic). In the acute stage, the skin looks red and moist. When compared with the bleeding under the skin, such as dengue fever, the redness may disappear when pressed but appears again when the pressure is removed. Also arise as a pimple and it will turn into a kind of bubble which if broken will remove fluid such as sap.

While in the chronic stage, the skin looks dry. Thickening occurs along the lines that a clear skin and the skin looks black because of interference with the pigment (hyperpigmentation).

The exact cause of eczema is not known with certainty. Allegedly eczema appears in children who have the talent / descent allergy. For example, a history of asthma or frequent sneezing on his family. Also who are allergic to certain foods, such as cow’s milk and eggs.

Various disorders

Any abnormality that usually arise on the baby’s skin? Among others:

* Diaper Eczema

From the name, this disease can certainly occur in areas covered diaper. Among the area, genitals, groin, and buttocks. Most attacking children aged under one year. But it can also be experienced by children over that age.

Symptoms appear as reddish-looking skin can be accompanied by a pimple. “Eczema is a form of diaper dermatitis, contact dermatitis. In general, occur because too often and long skin contact with urine or feces,” said Ary. Urine or feces contains various chemicals which stimulates the skin and cause severe inflammation. Friction between the skin with the skin on the groin area can cause blisters or sores. As a result, little susceptible to fungal or bacterial infections, eg Candida fungus that comes from feces.

In a baby boy diaper eczema can be wound on the tip of the penis. Dermatitis or a simple rash is usually not infectious. While a diaper rash caused by microorganisms can sometimes spread to other body parts. In fact, it could also spread to other children.

Appropriate action is to prevent the occurrence of diaper rash. One immediate way to change diapers so she wet herself. But, if the diaper rash condition extends to other places or your baby seems in pain, immediately take it to the doctor.

* Seborrheic Dermatitis

Parents often mention the term Seborrheic Dermatitis on newborn skin abnormalities few weeks. Most often attacks the scalp area. Therefore, breakfast is closely related to the insolvent glands numerous in the area the baby’s scalp. This ointment gland function remove sebum or oil.

In the newborn, found in many insolvent glands that emit large amounts of sebum. If appearance is not too bad, breakfast is not something to be feared. Because in general, this disease will heal by itself after the baby is a bit large (8-12 months). And usually did not ever recur again.

This skin disorder is characterized by redness on the scalp with yellowish crust. Can be coupled or without itching. If disease is severe, the entire surface of the scalp with hair will be closed yellowish crusts are thick, dirty, and issued a bad smell.

This disease may be widespread in the forehead, outer ear canal, behind the ear, around the nose and mouth, eyebrows, chest, back, groin area, armpits, buttocks, anus, and genitals. This skin disorder is usually in the form of patches of round or oval, coupled with yellowish scales, and oily. With the condition of skin disorders such as this, the baby will be susceptible to fungal or bacterial infection.

If your child does get breakfast on the scalp, hair should be cut short or shaved. If the scab thick, spread with plant oils and keep shampooing twice a week using baby shampoo.

* Atopic Dermatitis

Although milk is known as eczema that usually affects the cheeks, the cause is not the milk consumed by infants. This skin disorder associated with innate sensitivity baby called atopy.

Atopic dermatitis usually occurs in children who come from families who have a history of eczema, asthma and allergies in the nose is marked by frequent sneezing (rhinitis). These disorders arise begins with intense itching, a baby crying / fussing in the middle of the night, and rubbing the itchy areas of another object (in toddlers). Usually if you can not stand the itch, the child will scratch it until the redness and crusty.

Eczema is most often attacked despite the facial area may also extend into the folds of the elbow and knee regions. Often thick and black skin (hyperpigmentation). Although most cases will disappear, this disorder resulting in skin will be sensitive as adults and at risk of asthma or rhinitis.

Treatment provided by smearing cream steroids for inflammation or if necessary, oral medication plus an antihistamine for itching (and can help your baby to sleep) and antibiotics if infection occurs. “It should be stressed that the antihistamine cream should not be used to avoid sensitization,” said dr. Ary.

For the time being, avoid child soak for too long, do not use soap in the affected areas, use traditional soft soap for other areas that are not affected, or add liquid colloidal oatmeal in a water bath immersion.

* Prickly Heat

Prickly heat comes from hot air. Experienced by most babies, toddlers and young children but also not impossible to experience it.

This rash usually occurs on the neck and shoulders, but can spread to the chest area, back, or face that is much sweat glands. Appearance characterized by small red rash on reddened area on the skin. Usually peel then dried.

Treatment is done by cooling the skin with starch, corn flour, or powder baby-powder that is widely available in stores. Be careful when sprinkled powder / flour on the child’s body. Try not to be inhaled so as not to interfere with breathing. Another way could be done by adding flour in water bath.

Most important for the prevention, avoid the small of excessive heat and use a loose-fitting clothing made of materials that absorb sweat. Except that, try to cool the air inside the house with proper ventilation.

* Fungal infections

Fungal infections (tinea corporis) started with the symptoms of skin feels itchy and scaly. The area of red skin that later develop into a ring of round or oval around the center of the slick.

The reason, as the name suggests, the fungus. Fungal infections are easily transmitted. Anyone can be exposed. Not only small children, even adults can have it if the contacts with an infected person or animal fungal or through objects that have been touched by the person / animal is infected.

Tips on How to Treat a Pores and Skin Allergy

Considering that the epidermis is known as the major organ inside the body, it really is popular for several allergens to lead to a negative reaction to the skin. A skin color allergy is one of by far the most prevalent difficulties reported by allergists, but it remains one of essentially the most confusing diseases to diagnose. From inflammation to hives and drug-related rashes to eczema, epidermis allergies come in various forms and give out unique signs and symptoms.

The symptoms of skin allergy might involve one or additional on the following physical signs – rashes, hives, swelling, itching and skin color dryness that results to cracking with the skin. By far the most frequent areas affected by epidermis allergies are the arms, hands, face and neck because they’re exposed most of the time each day. However, no part of the epidermis is immune from these allergens.

When your pores and skin become irritated with an object mainly because of direct contact with an allergen or the source of allergy, you might be experiencing a problem called “allergic get in touch with dermatitis”. About the other hand, if a pores and skin irritation is brought on by make contact with with a harsh substance without allergies and affecting the immune system, this problem is known as “irritant speak to dermatitis”.

Speak to dermatitis is by far the most frequent sort of skin tone allergies mainly because the allergens exist anywhere – ranging from your bathroom cabinets to rubber latex gloves, cosmetics, nickel and chrome in jewelries, toiletries, hair items, fabric softeners and quite a few much more. Just being outdoors can expose you from distinct kinds of skin allergies, including allergen sources from poison ivy, poison oaks and poison sumac.

Eczema, on the other hand, is another kind of epidermis allergy with unknown origins. Signs and symptoms of eczema incorporate red, scaly, itchy and dry patches generally affecting the arms, legs, scalp and face. Just like other allergies, eczema has no regarded cure. Instead, you have to treat this skin allergy by regularly moisturizing the epidermis to avoid irritations, prevent itching and promote a healthier pores and skin.

Despite the fact that it can be important to identify the most accurate lead to of allergic contract dermatitis and eczema, epidermis allergy could be brought on by numerous allergens that you happen to be exposed to every single day. For this reason, it truly is challenging to point out the exact culprits of your issue.

Although a doctor can help you with temporary remedies for your skin color allergy, the key to determining the result in and giving appropriate treatment to pores and skin allergies would be to observe and take note of where you may have caught the negative reactions. The location of the hives, rashes, swelling and itch could assist you to figure out the cause of one’s condition.

Top Ten Uses of Sandalwood Essential Oil

Scientific name: Santalum album. Sandalwood has been used for thousands of years for everything from incense and perfume, to building temples and embalming the dead. A Sandalwood tree has to be at least thirty years old before it begins to produce essential oil. Sandalwood oil is very thick and comes out of the bottle slowly. It is a rich, luxurious oil.

1. Reduce stress and anxiety, soothe the emotions, ease depression, calm irritability and aggression, and promote compassion. Sandalwood has long been used as an aphrodisiac. Diffuse or apply topically.

2. Use as a perfume. Simply apply a drop to your pulse points, just like you would perfume. Sandalwood has been used as perfume or in perfume blends for at least 4,000 years!

3. Add 1-2 drops to 1 teaspoon to 1 tablespoon of carrier oil and use for a facial or to replace lotion. Sandalwood prevents dryness, rashes, flakiness, and other common skin problems.

4. Apply a drop daily to a scar or skin spot. You can watch as it gradually disappears.

5. Do you have a child who is experiencing growing pains (either emotionally or physically)? Have them apply a drop to the bottom of each foot (starting with the right foot) each day. The constituents in Sandalwood work together to balance all of the body systems and encourage cellular communication. This creates harmony within the body both physically and mentally helping the child find balance as they deal with the changes in their bodies and life. Its anti-inflammatory action will assist in reducing the physical growing pains as well. Works great for adults, too!

6. Apply a drop to your hair after showering. Not only will this make it so the scent stays with you, it will also be pulled into your body through the hair follicles.

7. Sandalwood is marvelous for the respiratory system. Diffuse it or apply a drop to the chest. It will ease a cough, soothe a sore throat, assist with laryngitis, and assist with respiratory infections.

8. Use as an aftershave lotion (add 1-2 drops to 1 teaspoon of carrier oil or water) to avoid a shaving rash.

9. Sandalwood contains the constituent Epi-beta-santalol which interrupts the communication system of a virus. Because of this the use of Sandalwood can assist your body in ridding itself of a viral infection. (A virus cannot reproduce if it cannot communicate.)

10. Sandalwood contains several constituents that specifically target the urinary tract system and reproductive areas. It not only tones, but it also can assist with virus based or induced tumors (these often affect the reproductive areas). It can provide the body with the tools to combat cystitis and urinary tract infections as well.

Only use essential oils that are truly 100% pure, such as Be Young oils. Oils that are cut or synthetic can have dangerous side effects. Always error on the side of caution and use common sense.