If You Have Surgery for a Torn Meniscus: What to Expect

What procedure will be performed?

It is likely that you will undergo arthroscopic knee surgery, in which the surgeon shaves or cuts away flaps or tears on the meniscus, and may suture parts of meniscus back together. You will be under general anesthetic. The surgeon makes three very tiny incisions, and uses a “scope” or arthroscopic camera, inserted into the knee, to view the meniscus during the surgery. These operations are considered minor, and you are likely to be able to go home from the hospital on the same day.


Arthroscopic knee surgery can cost from $3,000 to $20,000. If you have limited health insurance or are planning to self-pay, it can be a good idea to ask the doctor, or call the hospital to ask in advance about costs of the surgery. If you are willing to pay cash up front because you are self-paying, your hospital may even give you a discount.

What to expect at the hospital

You will not be allowed to eat or drink anything on the day of the surgery. You will be asked to report to the hospital in the morning and will move through a series of checkups and waiting rooms.

Don’t be afraid to ask questions! Remember, surgery costs thousands of dollars, so you might as well take an active approach and get better value for your healthcare dollars.

You may be asked a lot of questions, and may even be required to answer the same questions several times. Try to relax and take things lightly, as it won’t make things any better to get frustrated and stressed. You will also be asked to provide any medication allergy information for your anesthetist and nurses, and to confirm that you haven’t had anything to eat or drink.

You will likely be given a gas to make you fall asleep, and then an IV for the anesthetic.

The next thing you know, you will be awakened in a recovery room. You may or may not experience some pain at this point, and you might feel very thirsty. Nurses will make sure that your vital signs are OK, but usually are not yet allowed to give you water. Your knee will be bandaged, so you won’t be able to see what happened.

The doctor will talk with you and whoever you brought with you about what she found, and may show you pictures of the inside of your knee from the arthroscopy. You will have a chance to ask hospital staff any questions you might have.

Questions to ask:

  • What should I plan to do for pain management? How long should I take these prescriptions?
  • What restrictions are there on my movement? How long should I follow these restrictions?
  • When will you see me for a follow up appointment?
  • What is the direct number I can call if I have any problems or issues arise in the next few days? What is your dedicated nurse’s direct line?
  • Will I be doing physical therapy?
  • Is there anything I should know about how to properly use crutches?
  • How long do I need to keep this bandage on? What do I need to do to take care of the wound?

Tips for Recovery

If you do have surgery, you can prevent infection at the site of the surgery by using an anti-bacterial oil such as DoTerra “OnGuard” as soon as you can around the area of the incision after the surgery. If you cannot get near the incision because of bandages, you can also apply several drops of the oil to the bottoms of your feet, where it will be absorbed into your bloodstream. This oil is thought to prevent MRSA, the drug-resistant form of staph bacteria that 1 in 20 patients contract in hospitals, and that has been show to be present in 3 out of 4 hospital rooms.

During your recovery, take some time to mentally reconnect with your knee. Many people experience fear of seeing the wound or fear of putting weight on their knee once it has gone through the trauma of surgery. By bringing your attention to sensations in the knee you can help it to recover faster.

It is likely that you will be encouraged by a physical therapist to move your knee to soften the scar tissue that will form at the incision sites. This is painful at first, but will get easier and easier as you go.

You can expect to need to rest after your surgery for at least two weeks. After that, your doctor and physical therapist will work out a program, probably of about six weeks in length, that you should undertake. This will involve strength and flexibility exercises and manipulations of the physical therapist.

Epstein Barr Virus – How Long Does It Last?

A common question many doctors hear is “How long does Epstein Barr virus last?”.

Typically symptoms of Epstein Barr virus last from 1 – 4 weeks. Studies amongst university populations have estimated that 20% of EBV patients return to work within one week, 50% within 2 weeks of becoming ill.

In some cases, Epstein Barr virus can last for months or years. It is estimated that about half of those who initially experience symptoms have ongoing symptoms two months after infection. At three months, about one in three sufferers reports symptoms, and at six months the figure is about one in ten. Twenty-four months after infection a small percentage of people still report symptoms, predominantly ongoing fatigue.

In about 6% of people, Epstein Barr virus lasts for months or years after they initially contact the virus. EBV is a latent virus that can relapse when the body is under stress or run down.

Recurrent EBV relapses can be a sign of immunological abnormalities. Usually the longer symptoms are experienced for, the more the infection weakens the person’s immune system and the longer they will need to recover.

The bottom line is “how long Epstein Barr virus lasts” depends on how healthy your immune system is. If you have had EBV and still get recurrent sore throats, swollen glands or fatigue, it is nature’s way of telling you that something is wrong with your immune system.

Your immune system may be suppressed from poor eating habits, nutritional deficiency, stress, unresolved emotional problems, smoking or a chronic underlying disease like mycoplasma or Chlamydia pneumonia infection. Your genes can also make you more susceptible to disease.

How long your Epstein Barr virus lasts is closely linked to nutrition. A deficiency of even a single nutrient can impair your immune defences. Numerous studies have linked weakened immune function and subsequent diseases to deficiencies of vitamins A, C, E, zinc and selenium. The other nutrients crucial for immune function are iron, vitamin D and the B complex vitamins – they help your body make T- cells, B- cells, antibodies and other immune proteins. Today’s modern Western diet of sugar-rich, processed and fatty foods does nothing to support the immune system to fight off infections like EBV.

Fortunately, through general lifestyle practices like a healthy diet, stress reduction, regular exercise and taking some immune boosting supplements, you can strengthen your immunity to help shorten how long Epstein Barr virus lasts in your body.

The Four Broncos – The Story of the Tragic Bus Crash That Killed Four Hockey Players

It sent a deafening silence throughout the hockey world and beyond.

On December 30, 1986 at 3:45 PM, the unthinkable happened. Two days after the Christmas break, the Western Hockey League Swift Current Broncos were embarking on a two and a half-hour drive to Regina, Saskatchewan when their team-owned bus, a 1968 Western Flyer, skidded off the highway overpass, hit a sign then slid down an embankment nose first. It flew approximately 50 feet in the air, landing on its side when it skidded to a halt.

Four players were dead: Scott Kruger, Trent Kresse, Brent Ruff, and Chris Mantyka.

The scene was chaotic. The ditch was strewn with sleeping bags, blankets, pillows, and personal items. Two ambulances drove back and forth to the Swift Current Union Hospital, and passing motorists were flagged down by police to help transport the less seriously injured for medical attention.

The day before, temperatures were unseasonably warm – almost t-shirt weather, but there was a weather advisory in effect at the time of the crash – cold and blizzard conditions. The club’s regular trainer, Gord Hahn, was in Winnipeg with Team Western, a pre-Olympic scouting program with player Dan Lambert. Ryan McGill also missed the trip due to a bout with tonsillitis.

The plan was to have the bus loaded and ready to go by 3:00 PM in order to arrive at the rink in Regina by 6:45. However, Scotty Kruger forgot his dress clothes and was ordered to go home and get them. (The players often traveled in comfortable clothes then changed on the bus when they reached their destination.)

The bus itself was likely in need of repair. It still had the old green and blue from when it served the Lethbridge, Alberta team. There was no bathroom on board, some of the windows were taped together, and the seats had tears and many stains.

Dave Archibald (who was cleared of any negligence) had just pulled the bus onto turn for the overpass onto the highway, when it hit a patch of black ice. In the aftermath, inside the bus was a scene out of a horror movie.

One of the players, wearing shorts, a t-shirt, and no shoes, was knocked out and woke up on top of another. The bus was on its side. In searching for his shoes, he went back to where he was sitting, lifted up a seat that had been torn off, and saw the legs of a teammate, whose torso had been buried underneath the bus. He then discovered another player, whose upper body was pinned inside with his legs under the bus – his arms reaching out for help as he died in front of him.

Kruger and Kresse played on the same line, had adjacent lockers, were friends and always together. They were found two feet apart from each other. At the time, the two were both were tied for second in team scoring, behind Joe Sakic.

Sakic got out of the bus by climbing through the shattered windshield.

“I was sitting at the front of the bus. Sheldon Kennedy and I were probably talking about the Christmas holidays we just had.”

The four players were playing a card game at the back of the bus. The coroner said they died of trauma to the spinal cord.

The Regina game was cancelled, as were three more.

“It was halfway through the year, so it was tough getting back into the season,” adds Sakic. “That was difficult – the first game back. The season after, we did real well. I think we finished second or third and got knocked out in the second round.

“It pulled the whole city even closer. Everybody, right from day one, was so good to all the players. It was our first year there. They tried to make us feel at home. Even after that, they pulled together even more.”

The Memorial Service

Close to 4,000 attended the service held at the Swift Current Centennial Civic Centre on January 4, 1987. Every division and WHL team was represented by players and officials. Each player was buried in his home town.

Sadly, the Krugers’ uncle, Herman Kruger (67), suffered a fatal heart attack on the way to the funeral.

The Aftermath

In the next two seasons, the Broncos set several team and league records and won the Memorial Cup in 1988-89.

According to one of the parents, there was no insurance and no psychological help.

A lot of players had a difficult time. Some became reckless and ran wild through the town, quit hockey, were depressed, or suppressed their emotions. All remain haunted by the experience.

Joe Sakic kept it to himself. He will rarely talk about it. “The best thing was during practices and games – that was the best time to get away. You just focused on hockey.

“It was the first time a tragedy happened in my life. Kind of reality checks in. You’re a little more careful about the things you decide to do. You weigh the options, I guess.”

This incident was the first fatal crash in WHL history but not the first close call. Freezing rain caused the Kamloops Chiefs’ bus to crash in the mid-1970s and the Victoria Cougars’ bus to roll near Butte, Montana in 1980. Another bus carrying a group of Canadian Pacific rail workers crashed and claimed 22 lives near Swift Current just six years before the Bronco crash.

Fortunately, today, teams exercise more caution. Calgary Hitmen public relations director and play-by-play man Brad Curle has actually talked to a few drivers about it. “The weight of the bus has almost increased to the point where it’s virtually impossible for it to skid off the highway. I guess in the way it’s crafted and structured, it just hugs the highway.”

Teams, for the most part, charter. Of the few teams that own busses, they’re newer models – 2000 plus and refurbished.

Since the Bronco incident, the Western Hockey League has placed a strong emphasis on safety. “If the road is not good, games are cancelled,” adds Curle. “No longer do you absolutely have to trudge through the snow. Teams are more willing to cancel games.”

The Crash Victims

# 9 Scott Kruger: center, born March 31, 1967 in Swift Current, Saskatchewan … played one year with the Prince Albert Raiders … in 36 games, scored 19 goals, 37 assists for 56 points and 32 penalty minutes

# 11 Brent Ruff: left wing, born Feb 17, 1970 in Warburg, Alberta … rookie season, in 33 games, scored three goals, three assists for six points and two penalty minutes … might have had the best shot at a pro contract

# 22 Chris Mantyka: left wing, born November 9, 1967 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan … rookie season, three goals, two assists for five points and 101 penalty minutes … had the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League penalty record for 502 minutes … had just returned from a 3-game suspension

# 8 Trent Kresse: left wing, born April 1, 1967 in Kindersley, Saskatchewan … was engaged to be married, played all star caliber baseball for the Swift Current Indians … first year with Swift Current but second in WHL, in 30 games, scored 28 goals, 28 assists for 56 points and 27 penalty minutes

Genetic Defects in Babies in India

Globally almost 8 million children are born with genetic disorders and 90% of them are born in low and mid-income countries, and my country, India is one of them. Genetic disorders are relatively very high in India, it occurs with a prevalence of 50-60 per 1000 births. Genetic defects are the second most cause of infant and childhood mortality. The population of India is almost one-sixth of the world population and India consists of ethnically and genetically diverse populations with thousands of endogamous groups. Perhaps that is the main reason for a maximum number of permutation and combination in between different types of genes, which causes the higher rate of mutation and more abnormalities in the genome including congenital disorders.

There are two types of genes: dominant and recessive and wrong combinations of these genes are liable Autosomal Dominant disorders and Autosomal Recessive Disorders.

Current Situation in India:

Birth defects are mainly defined as functional, structural and metabolic disorders, which are present from birth. In India, there are mainly four disorders found in babies, which are:

1. Down Syndrome: It is a very common abnormality which affects approximately 1 in 1000 newborn babies. It basically shows-development delay, decreased muscle tone and heart defects.

2. Thalassemia: When hemoglobin can not become synthesized by red blood corpuscle in blood. It leads to an anemia and causes fatigue, bone pain, loss of appetite etc.

3. Sickle Cell Anemia: It occurs when red blood corpuscles are unable to carry enough oxygen throughout the human body due to their deformation. It causes extremely abdominal & bone pain and fatigue.

4. Duchenne Muscular dystrophy: Symptoms typically show themselves before the age of 6. It causes fatigue and weakness in muscles. It starts from leg and gradually progresses towards the upper body.

Rather than that there are various reasons like: Turner syndrome, Neural tube defects, Cystic fibrosis, Huntignton’s diseases, Duchenne, Thalassemia, Bloom’s Syndrome, Noonan Syndrome etc.

Risk Factors For the Occurrence in India:

1. Maternal age: Fertility status of older women (age> 35 years) is directly related to down syndrome. Annual birth of down syndrome babies is almost 35000 in India

2. Health and medical condition of mother: Chronic diseases during pregnancy is another reason of genetic defects in India.

3. Unplanned pregnancies: No antenatal care and unplanned pregnancies are also a reason. According to National Family Health Survey, 23% Indian women are not taking any antenatal care.

4. Nutritional Status of mother: Folic acid, Iodine and other Macro & micro element deficiencies are associated with genetic birth defects.

5. Parent’s Genetic carrier Status: carrier frequencies of various types of genetic disorders like Sickle cell Anemia, thalassemia is very common among Indians

Strategies for prevention in India:

According to March of Dimes (MOD) and the World Health Organization (WHO) 70% genetic defects in Babies are preventable. There are Community Genetic Services in India to diagnose, care and prevent genetic diseases. Their goal is to maximize the chances of having healthy babies.

Currently, it is very important to prevent the birth of a child with a genetic defect so that socioeconomic burden can be reduced in India.

Type 2 Diabetes – Which Drugs Do You Think Affect Your Blood Sugar Levels?

The number of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has really skyrocketed over the past twenty years.  Add to that the number who are prediabetic and those walking around who have no idea they will be diagnosed in the years to come.  At least 50% remain undiagnosed!  Research shows one in four has a disturbance in how their body metabolizes sugar.

Whilst we are aware that genetics and obesity plays a big role in the rise of diabetes some drugs including prescripton drugs, can actually induce this condition in otherwise normal people.

Known offenders include:

  • steroids
  • birth control pill
  • diuretics
  • beta blockers

It is not unusual for impaired glucose tolerance to develop during the treatment of hypertension, and the condition does not go away when treatment is discontinued. Other drugs can either increase blood sugar levels or decrease them.  Leading offenders that diabetics should avoid include:

Drugs that lower blood-sugars:

  • Salicylates (Aspirin), and acetaminophen (paracetamol) or Panadol, can both lower your levels, especially if taken in large doses
  • Phenylbutazone (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory)
  • Ethanol (in alcoholic drinks) especially when taken without food
  • Sulfonamide antibiotics
  • Coumarin anticoagulant
  • Trimethoprim (used for urinary tract infections)

Drugs that increase your blood-sugars:

  • Caffeine in large quantities
  • Corticosteroids such as prednisone, are used to block autoimmune conditions.  Even when applied topically it increases your levels
  • Ephedrine
  • Estrogen when the dose is high, modern oral contraceptives are usually not a problem
  • Frusemide and thiazide diuretics often raise the glucose by causing a loss of potassium
  • Lithium
  • Nicotinic acid in large doses.  Used to lower cholesterol can bring out a hyperglycemic reaction
  • Phenytoin or Dilantin, a drug used for seizures, blocks insulin release
  • Rifampin (used in the treatment of tuberculosis)
  • Sugar containing medications
  • Thyroid hormone in elevated levels, raises blood glucose by reducing insulin from the pancreas

If you find a sudden change in your blood sugar levels and you have started a new medication, don’t hesitate to check with your health care provider.

Looking after yourself and your type 2 diabetes is your show, so know which drugs affect your blood sugars levels, find a diet that works for you, lose weight, and increase your physical activity.  You are the CEO of your body!

Weird Belly Fat Tip – Acai Berry Exposed

There are a lot of strange and weird tips regarding weight loss that are out there. They somehow victimize people into the belief that there is a very easy and fast way to lose weight. According to various sources around, the latest weight losing craze has been centered on the Acai berries! However, one must not be victimized by the lies that are surrounding such a weird belly fat tip. This is a weird tip about losing your belly fat by just drinking the Acai berry juice alone without doing any other thing!

They have made many claims that a person will observe drastic results in just a matter of weeks. Many retailers explained that the Acai berry juice serves as a sort of cleanser for the body, allowing the body to naturally lose the fat, while the person is passive! The problem with this weird belly fat tip is that the Acai berry juice only tends to lose our body’s water content and not the actual fat that is stored. With Acai berry, our body will immediately gain back the water weight that is initially lost. So, eventually you will realize that this is not exactly the way to go if you intend to lose weight and the all important belly fat.

The Acai berries itself is not the problem. It is a fruit that is high in fiber, antioxidants, omega fatty acids and body-healthy fats. Primarily, they grow in flood plains and swamps of Central and South America. The craze has been greatly hype up with all the hoax advertisements going around. There are many fruits and vegetables with high fiber content that are comparable to or exceed that of the Acai and can include Avocado, beans and carrots. The second over marketed hype is on the antioxidants powers of Acai berries. Antioxidant capacity is always measured in Orac value, the higher the number the more potent it is. The number one super antioxidant food is unprocessed Cocoa Powder with a whopping 26,000 Orac value per 100 grams. Acai berry comes in second at 18,500 Orac. As for omega fatty acids and body-health fats you can take fish oil capsules recommended by our family doctors.

As you can see, Acai berry itself is not a miracle food. It will not do what all the fake ads promised it will do for you and that is to lose a lot of weight in a very short time, often advertised as in weeks. The fake ads are the problem and not Acai berries.

What then, can we do instead of trusting in this weird belly fat tip to eventually lose our belly fat and weight more effectively? Well, you can start by not taking in too much carbohydrate for lunch and after lunch. The problem with carbohydrates is that it potentially adds on to the stored fat of our body. You ought to limit your diet to those carbohydrates, which are easily digestible. Instead you can choose to eat foods that are high in fiber, such as lean meats, vegetables and green tea. Even dairy products may help in weight loss.

It is important that you also get enough sleep. Sleep is actually associated with a higher metabolism and greater calorie loss! What many people actually do not know is that calories are actually lost in sleep! This comes as a shock for most people and therefore, you must definitely take advantage of sleep, and not a lack of it. You could also gain a lot by taking a stroll or walk around the town every day. This will not only potentially reduce stress it also burns your fat. It is a type of simple cardiovascular exercise, which increases the heart rate, and therefore increases the metabolism in the body.

Eventually you will lose your stored calories in the process. Start on an endeavor to doing these realistic procedures and do not follow any weird belly fat tip suggestions. With the right amount of patience and perseverance, you will no doubt realistically fulfill your desired weight goals.

John Richly

Weight Loss Author, Health & Fitness Enthusiast

Coping With an Itchy Penis – Could It Be an Allergic Reaction?

Men who have allergies – whether to nuts, insect bites, plant materials, or any other substance found in their environment – are often at risk for allergic skin reactions which can result in an itchy penis, swelling, and a world of pain and misery. Avoiding these substances is, of course, the first line of defense in dealing with a penis allergy, but this is not always possible. When an allergic reaction occurs, some penis care tips can help to soothe the pain; and being aware of some common culprits when it comes to allergies can help men to steer clear as often as possible.

Latex – the top contender in the penile skin allergy category is latex, which is found not only in condoms, but also in many articles of clothing; latex and similar substances are often added to other material to help prevent stretching and loss of shape of a particular garment. Even men who have not previously experienced allergic reactions to latex may develop an immune reaction to this material. For those who experience itching, redness, swelling and irritation of the skin, an alternative condom material such as polyurethane may be a better choice.

Fabrics – Aside from fabrics containing latex, other materials used in clothing manufacture may cause symptoms such as an itchy penis, redness and swelling. Synthetic materials such as nylon, Spandex, and other petroleum derivatives are often irritating to delicate skin; and aside from the fabrics themselves, many men experience reactions to dyes and other chemicals added to the material. Furthermore, natural fabrics such as wool can be highly irritating, even if the reaction does not constitute an allergy, and should never be worn directly against the penis.

Personal Care Products – Personal hygiene products like shampoos, conditioners, soaps and deodorants often contain combinations of chemicals that can cause severe reactions with sensitive skin. Men who experience symptoms such as rash, itchy penis, dry skin, swelling and burning on the skin following use of a personal care item may consider switching to a hypoallergenic formula.

Environmental Irritants – Plants, household dust, pet dander, insects and other things found in the environment can cause immune reactions in sensitive individuals that can lead to severe discomfort and irritation. Avoiding toxic plants such as poison ivy and poison oak, using a home air filter, cleaning frequently and avoiding areas where insects swarm may help to prevent painful allergic reactions.

Vaginal Fluids – Although it is highly uncommon, there have been cases reported where men experience allergic-type reactions following contact with a partner’s bodily fluids. Fluctuations in a woman’s hormone levels can create an environment that is harsh on highly sensitive skin. It is important when such a reaction occurs to see a doctor for skin testing, in order to rule out any other substances that might be causing the problem. In some instances, men may need to avoid contact with a partner during certain times of the month.

Soothing an itchy, inflamed penis

The first step in coping with a penis allergy is to remove the offending material. When an allergic-type reaction occurs, the affected skin should be rinsed carefully and thoroughly with lukewarm water in order to wash away all traces of the allergen. A hypoallergenic cleanser may be used on sensitive skin, but ordinary soaps and shower gels should be avoided, because they often contain chemicals that can exacerbate the problem.

Afterward, a cool compress may be applied to help reduce swelling. At this point, it is good idea to consult a doctor about what to do to relieve the aftereffects and prevent further occurrences. Some physicians will recommend an antihistamine or a cortisone cream; while a doctor’s directions should be followed, it is worth noting that long-term use of cortisone creams may result in thinner, more fragile dermal tissue. No creams should be applied to affected skin without the recommendation of a trained medical professional.

After the skin has been restored to normal, many men find that applying a penis health cream (most health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) fortified with targeted vitamins and other nutrients for penis health helps to improve the tone and texture of the penile skin, leaving it feeling smooth, supple and responsive.

Quickly Find Out If You Have Genital Herpes or Not

DID YOU KNOW THAT 1 in 4 adults have genital herpes and among them 80-90% of people who have this STD don’t know they have it?

The reason they do not know they are infected is because their partner who gave them the disease did not know themselves or did not inform them. Also most individuals who have HSV-2 herpes do not know because they have no or only minimal signs or symptoms from the infection; their first outbreak of blisters may contain only one blister which they can mistake for insect bites or another skin condition. It is possible that a person becomes aware of the “first episode” years after the infection is acquired.

Due to the these facts every 30 seconds, another person gets genital herpes. If the number of people infected continues to grow at the present rate, it is predicted that in time nearly half the US adult population will have genital herpes.

This is why, I wanted to answer today, this very common question: What are the symptoms of genital herpes?

I first assume that you already know what this common STD is, for those of you who do not I will write an article on that specific topic soon.

The first outbreak usually occurs within two weeks after the virus is transmitted; and we call outbreak one or several blisters or sores in the genital area. Before the herpes sore is visible, the skin or the mucous membrane becomes extremely sensitive to the touch and there will be an almost unbearable itch exactly where the sore will appear. After a few days the actual blister appears pushing out from under the skin and looking like it is filled with fluid.

The herpes sores are different from other infections. Unlike yeast infection the itch is not felt throughout the entire vagina and labia are; while vaginal impetigo does NOT hurt. Ingrown hairs which can actually look like herpes outbreaks but feel much more like a skin blemish and are most often easily burst.

So, besides these blisters, other genital herpes symptoms may include a second crop of sores, and flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands.

If you do not have these symptoms but you have found out that you had sex with a person who had genital herpes, best thing to do is to visit your doctor and take a blood test to be sure.

Amazing Health Benefits – Omege-3 (Essential Fatty Acid)

Cold-water salmon oil is rich in alpha- linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentanoic (EPA) and docosahexanoic (DHA), These are all fatty acids that are essential for the functions of the human body. Cold-water salmon oil is a precursor of the prostaglandin E 1 (PGE1) and E3 (PGE3) series.

There has been a great deal of research over the past 15 years which shown promising positive results from the use of cold-water salmon oil (omega-3) in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive airways disease, symptoms associated with menopause, symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome, non-insulin dependent diabetes, psoriasis and other skin conditions. It also has a positive influence on hair, skin and nails.

PGE1 and PGE3 (which omega-3 is converted into) reduces or inhibits:

  • inflammation
  • platelet stickiness (making the blood thinner)
  • thrombosis (blood clotting)
  • synthesis of bad LDL cholesterol
  • tightness of the arterial walls (thereby lowering blood pressure)
  • formation of cancer cells

The essential fatty acids are also able to protect the liver from the effects of too much alcohol and irritating drugs. Prostaglandins also help to maintain water and electrolyte balance, insulin secretion by the pancreas, transmission of messages along the nerve cells and digestive function.

The functions of essential fatty acids means that non-contaminated Omega-3 fish oil supplements can be used with benefit in the following situations.

Cardiovascular disease

    • Anti-inflammatory effect
    • Reduces platelet stickiness
    • Reducing blood clotting
    • Lowers blood pressure by decreasing smooth muscle tone in the arterial wall
    • Lowers bad LDL cholesterol while increasing good HDL cholesterol

    Arthritis (osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis)

      • Anit-inflammatory effect
      • Immune system support
      • Corrects possible Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), eicosapentanoic (EPA) and docosahexanoic (DHA) deficiencies

      Skin disorders such as eczema, acne, allergic dermatitis, psoriasis

        • Anti-inflammatory
        • Immune system support

        Allergies such as asthma, hay fever, food allergies, contact dermatitis

          • Anti-inflammatory

          Immune system support

            • Antibacterial and antiviral – viruses are known to decrease the efficiency of delta-6-desaturase, leading to an imbalance of EFA and prostaglandin synthesis. Treating post viral fatigue (chronic fatigue syndrome, myalgic encephalitis, fibromyalgia) with a combination of omega-3 and omega-6 normalises the balance.

            Weight loss

              • Improves cellular metabolism, electrolyte and water balance
              • May ease craving for sugar and help to decrease appetite

              Pre-menstrual syndrome and menopause

                • Electrolyte and water balance – reduces water retention
                • Corrects possible deficiencies
                • Anti-inflammatory

                Benign (fibrocystic) breast disease

                  • Anti-inflammatory
                  • Corrects possible deficiencies in GLA, EPA and PAG1

                  Multiple sclerosis

                    • Improves nerve transmission – helps restore the protective sheath around the nerve fiber
                    • Corrects possible deficiencies
                    • Immune system support
                    • Decreases platelet clumping
                    • Balances prostaglandins

                    Hyperactivity in children

                      • Corrects possible deficiencies
                      • Reduces allergies
                      • Improves nerve transmission in memory and concentration areas of the brain
                      • Immune system support
                      • Balances low blood sugar levels


                        • Corrects possible deficiencies and imbalance of low PGE1 and high PGE2

                        Protects against alcohol

                          • Alleviates withdrawal symptoms
                          • Reduces liver toxicity
                          • Reduces nervous system depression

                          Depression and anxiety

                            • Corrects possible EFA deficiency
                            • Improves nerve transmission in the brain and nervous system
                            • Balances low blood sugar levels

                            Cancer – GLA of the omega-6 and EPA of the omega-3 suppress tumor growth and metastasis (spread), particularly in colon cancer, breast cancer and melanoma. While GLA, EPA and DHA are not necessarily curative they do alleviate symptoms, prevent further complications, support the immune system and help to restore function.

                            Diabetes Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may assist nerve function and help to prevent nerve disease (neuropathy)

                            Is there anyone who wouldn’t benefit – there are many functions that essential fatty acids perform. Omega 3 supplements from a non-contaminated source help in many diseases. Side effects are practically non-existent although transient nausea may sometimes be experienced because of the oil content of the capsules. This can generally be avoided by taking the capsules with food. Transient mild skin rashes or acne have also been reported to occur occasionally.

                            Things You Should Know About Sinus Infection Symptoms

                            Sinus infection or sinusitis is an inflammation that occurs in the sinus because allergies or infection viruses, bacteria and fungi.

                            Cavity around the nose, there are four sinus is sinus maksilaris (located in the cheek), sinus etmoidalis (both eyes), sinus frontalis (located in the forehead) and sinus sfenoidalis (located behind the forehead).

                            Sinusitis may occur in acute and chronic.

                            The cause of acute sinusitis:
                            Virus infection.
                            Acute sinusitis can occur after a virus infection on the top of the respiratory tract (such as a runny nose).

                            If the body’s defense system decreases from sinus drainage or stopped due to a cold or other viral infections, the bacteria that were not dangerous will proliferate and penetrate into the sinus, so that acute sinus infection occurs.

                            Fungus infection.
                            Sometimes fungus infection can cause acute sinusitis.
                            Aspergillus is a fungus that can cause sinusitis in the patient’s immune system disruption.

                            The cause of chronic sinusitis:
                            # Asma.
                            # Allergic disease.
                            # Crashes immune system.


                            The typical symptoms of the sinus is headache that felt when people wake up in the morning. In the main symptoms of sinus allergies are sneezing, the nose feels heat and itchy. Acute and chronic sinusitis have similar symptoms, including pain and swelling in the press affected sinus.

                            There are certain symptoms that arise based on the type of sinus affected:
                            Maksilaris sinusitis cause painful cheek just below the eyes, toothache and headaches.

                            Sinusitis frontalis cause headaches in the forehead.

                            Etmoidalis sinusitis cause pain in the back and between the eyes and headache in the forehead. Etmoidalis sinus infection can also cause pain when you press on the fringe of the nose, reduced sense smell and nasal congestion.

                            Sfenoidalis sinusitis cause pain that can not be located and can be felt in the front of the crown of the head or back, or sometimes cause ear pain and neck pain.

                            Other symptoms are:
                            – Does not feel well.
                            – Fever.
                            – Tired, listless
                            – Cough, which may worsen in the night.
                            – Nasal congestion.

                            Although sinusitis can not be prevented but that does not become chronic sinusitis, the infection of virus and bacteria should be avoided by increasing the resistance body such as rest and adequate nutrition and a regular sports. Also avoid the dust, cigarette smoke, pollution, drugs and certain types of food that can cause allergies.

                            The Real Cause of Celiac Disease (Gluten Allergy) Is Said to Be Unknown – It is Not, and Here is Why

                            The information at the end of this article relates to the current known physiology of how people ‘acquire’ the celiac disease (CD). The two sources clearly indicate that while specialists know that gluten causes the disease and the effects of the disease, there is no consensus on WHY celiac diseases exists in the first place.

                            One of the best speculation that I have found is from a book called The Gluten Connection by Dr Shari Lieberman. While this book is a fantastic source of technical medical information it also bravely attempts to uncover the origins of the disease. Although the statistics are often US based, they translate well to other countries. The book states that: “In general populations of Western Europe CD ranges from 0.5 to 1.26%. A 2001 report showed that in the UK the rate of CD was 1 in 112 people, in Finland 1 in 130, in Italy 1 in 184 and the Sahara had 1 in 70!”

                            Dr Shari talks of a time before celiac disease (symptoms of) seemed to exist. A time when meat, vegetables and grain were predominantly free from man-made toxins, preservatives and the like. She discusses how many of our foods have been modified with the result that while the general population has a CD rate of 1%, that up to 29% may be gluten sensitive . The genetic predisposition of the disease is such that having a first degree relative with CD increases your odds of having CD to 1 out of 22, and a second degree relative to 1 in 39.

                            Essentially it is suggested that while the human genome has remained unchanged for hundreds of thousands of years, the Industrial Revolution massively accelerated the amount of grain in our diet (as opposed to the traditional carbohydrate load from nuts and berries). Of course this was necessary to feed to rapidly increasing population that were gathering in high density cities, but we did not evolve as swiftly to cope with the gluten overload.

                            Add to the change in lifestyle the change in grain ‘roller milling’ process (invented in 1873) which changed our diet from whole grains to refined flour, add the convenience of packaged food with increased grains products, the rise of cereal breakfasts and our overload was well under way. Consider that even since 1967 the US per capita gluten grains consumption has increased from 115 pounds to 139 pounds. “Gluten is used in the manufacturing of virtually all boxed, packaged and canned processed foods to created textures that are more palatable to our taste buds, or it is used as binders, thickeners, and coatings. It is even used as glue on envelopes and stamps.” So maybe there is more to the George Costanza story than meets the eye … but I digress.

                            WHAT you really need to think about is the next paragraph:

                            ” … bioengineers continually work to improve gluten and make it a larger and more potent part of edible grains. It is estimated that today’s wheat contains nearly 90 percent more gluten than wheat did from a century ago!”

                            In my general diet readings I have seen how many experts believe the increased use of processed food components such as refined sugars and even the overuse of salt has cause many health issues. Imagine if over refined grains were removed from the majority of manufactured foods and wild seed banks were used to grow grains with their original levels of gluten. Imagine if wholemeal flours were used more often and a non toxic replacement for gluten (with glutens binding properties) was found and used in our foods? Would we then see a fall in CD rates amongst our youth?

                            The point is that conspiracy theories aside, large food corporations are profit driven and look for the most cost effective solution. This is often at the expense of long term health effects, assuming they have this knowledge in the first place. If you are reading this and you have celiac disease, it probably means that you were predisposed towards it, have acquired it and can’t go back to eating any form of gluten. But at least now maybe you have one possible view as to how and why you got it. While the conclusions drawn above are completely speculative it makes intuitive sense that too much of anything, particularly things you don’t know you are ingesting, can be a bad thing. Natural is almost always better and if you have CD but your child doesn’t have it yet, perhaps you could consider letting them eat low gluten grains rather than ‘eating just anything or abstaining completely’. Its worth a try?

                            SCIENTIFIC CAUSES OF CD – SOURCE 1 “The exact cause of celiac disease is not known; however, inheriting or developing certain irregular genes increases your susceptibility. You are more likely to have these abnormal genes and develop celiac disease if you have a first-degree relative (mother, father, brother, sister, son, or daughter) with the condition. In some genetically predisposed people, environmental factors, such as bacteria, viruses, or surgery, may cause changes in the small intestine; then, eating gluten can trigger an irregular immune system response, resulting in celiac disease.”

                            SCIENTIFIC CAUSES OF CD – SOURCE 2 “In celiac disease, an intramucosal enzyme defect produces an inability to digest gluten. Resulting tissue toxicity produces rapid cell turnover, increases epithelial lymphocytes, and damages surface epithelium of the small bowel. Celiac disease affects 1 of every 133 people in the United States and results from environmental factors and a genetic predisposition, but the exact mechanism is unknown. A strong association exists between the disease and two human leukocyte antigen haplotypes, DR3 and DQw2. It may also be autoimmune in nature. It affects twice as many females as males and occurs more commonly among relatives, especially siblings. This disease primarily affects whites and those of European ancestry.”

                            Why Stress Balls Can Help Battle Stress And Relieve Tension

                            Physical Stress – this occurs when the body starts to suffer as a result of a stressful situation. Symptoms can come in a variety of ways and vary in its seriousness. The most common physical symptom is headaches. Stress causes people to unconsciously tense their neck, forehead and shoulder muscles. However long-term stress can lead to digestive problems including ulcers, insomnia, fatigue, high blood pressure, nervousness and excessive sweating, heart disease, strokes and even hair loss.

                            Emotional Stress – these responses are due to stress affecting the mind and include anxiety, anger, depression, irritability, frustration, over-reaction to everyday issues, memory loss and a lack of concentration for any task. These symptoms if not treated can lead to serious consequences.

                            Anxiety is normally shown as a response to loss, failure, danger or a fear of what can happen in situations. Anger is a common response to frustration or social stress and can become a danger to other individuals if not kept in check. Depression is frequently seen as an emotional response to upsetting situations such as the death of a loved one, illness and failure. Do not dwell on a certain problem to long, you need to learn to let things go. If you don’t then you may miss something that is happening now.

                            Psychological – long-term stress can cause psychological problems in some individuals. Symptoms include withdrawal from society, phobias, compulsive behaviors, eating disorders and night terrors. If you have serious stress symptoms call your doctor.

                            Stress balls can have a positive effect on your health. They can help with the physical aspect of stress by creating blood flow to the hands. This helps people with arthritis and can strengthen their muscles. The stress relief ball is an easy alternative from medication, that can be is very effective for stress relief. It is a simple ball that you squeeze and it works wonders to help you reduce stress. All you have to do to benefit from a stress relief ball is hold it in the palm and squeeze it repeatedly with your fingers.

                            You will find that the repeated squeezing of the stress relief ball gives you a feeling of relief from all the emotional and physical stress that you may be going through. This ball is also used for exercising hand and forearm muscles.

                            The stress relief ball may not always be shaped like a ball. It can sometimes be found in other interesting and neat shapes. It is usually filled with foam rubber, but the ones that are meant for therapeutic use contains gel of different densities. Another type of stress relief ball contains fine powder that has a rubber coating.

                            You may wonder how stress relief ball actually helps in relieving stress. You generally experience muscle tension when your hand is turned into a fist, even if there is nothing in the palm. Once you release your grip, muscle tension is also released. It is this gripping and releasing that work your muscles and helps you reduce stress.

                            The reason you use a ball is that it is provides something for you to grip (It’s there). This gives a better meaning and effect to stress relieving exercises. In fact, stress relief balls are mostly used by computer professionals who often spend long hours working in a fixed position and help with relieving pain from typing to long.

                            Other than spherical stress relief balls, there are also creative balls that look like a car, the shape of a person. They even have a pack of cigarettes that is a great option for those who are trying to quit smoking. There are also imprinted stress balls that have smiley faces printed on them.

                            Ballet Dancer Health, Blood Sugar Balance, Depression And Hypoglycemia

                            Young ballet dancers often drop comments in a casual way, referring to their self esteem problems. Whether it is a body image issue, a perfection issue, a weight control problem, or a slightly depressed lack of energy issue, they either don’t come out and say it, or they really cannot articulate what the problem is. Recently when I started reading about hypoglycemia, and blood sugar balance, I began to relate its symptoms to many of the statements I have heard.

                            I became more interested in hypoglycemia and its sometimes subtle symptoms, due to a conversation I had with a non-dancer, a talented performer, in another field. This person has performed in many countries, is pushed forward by all her teachers, and yet cannot accept the accolades from teachers or peers, or the enthusiasm of fans, because – she just can’t.

                            The lack of self-esteem in this person confuses me. A person who won the number one state award for acting while still in high school? That’s like winning the ballet competition performing the Blue Bird or Swan Lake pas de deux.

                            Disorder eating is most broadly defined as, the behavior that results in an emotional outcome by controlling what you eat. This does not necessarily mean anorexia or bulimia, but may refer to a practice of self control or self approval in regards to the food you eat, the caloric content, and this does not only apply to dancers.

                            It may involve an extreme situation like a teenager who insists on being a vegan, in which I have personally witnessed the result causing stress fractures in this dancer who still thought that she was going to be able to get stronger on pointe and have a professional career in ballet, while she looked at her x-rays.

                            Recently I took a look at hypoglycemia and its symptoms. Now this is tricky. Symptoms are almost unique to the individual. But the dominating symptoms, according to what I have read, are:

                            • sadness
                            • self criticism
                            • hopelessness
                            • feelings of absolutely no self worth
                            • periodic complete failure of energy, dizziness, mental confusion
                            • thoughts of suicide, though not enough energy to think further than that

                            Hypoglycemia is…drum roll…too low blood sugar!

                            It is caused by a nutritional deficiency of protein, or just lack of food.

                            Hypoglycemia does not mean you are diabetic, or almost diabetic. More concisely called Reactive Hypoglycemia, this is a condition that results from a poor diet, or not eating often enough for whatever reason. Or eating too many carbohydrates with not enough protein.

                            The most common recommendation for hypoglycemics, is to eat some protein every two hours.

                            Also, I would like to mention the rule of nutritionists, that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Why? Proteins set your brain chemicals for the day. Skip those, and your brain chemicals will not be properly functioning until the next day IF you happen to eat protein for breakfast.

                            Dance parents reading this – how often does your dancing daughter or dancing son run out of the house and skip breakfast because they slept late?

                            And what will they eat when they get to the food dispensers at school? Or will they go hungry until they get to the school cafeteria for lunch? This is a miserable situation for a non-athlete student, not to mention a ballet dancer or any other athlete.

                            And later when they run off to their ballet academy? Are you one of those ballet parents who have to suffer hearing “I’m not that good”…”I’m not good enough”… and worse? While the ballet teacher is telling you your child should be aiming higher – auditioning for professional summer intensives?

                            Confused yet? Let me give you some relief. Hypoglycemia-without-Diabetes at http://benjimester.hubpages.com is an eye-opening discussion. It is worth reading the entire thread.

                            Personally, I believe that hypoglycemia is caused by:

                            • lack of education about nutrition
                            • processed, fast-food, frozen food products
                            • not enough time to serve fresh food indicating what nutritious food is
                            • addiction to sugar (nutritional ignorance)
                            • ignorance about grains, GMO grains, glutin and GMO sugars

                            And, sadly much more I cannot cover here. BUT please, if your dancing child or anyone in your family has any energy or depression issues – but not severe enough to consult your physician (who probably will not have any nutritional education) or therapist, please investigate hypoglycemia. It is an insidious condition – but can be reversed with a good diet!

                            It is not that difficult. I would love to never hear from again, a ballet dancer, or any other kind of performing artist, who feels morose, depressed, sad, or hopeless about their talent or potential, when they have no idea where all this negativity comes from. And they skip meals, eat nutrition-free snacks, and have low blood sugar…

                            I would love to never hear from again, a sad, depressed ballet parent, whose amazing talented child is failing, sinking, not even treading water, suffering from body image problems, or self esteem problems, and contemplating quitting ballet, or even suicide. For the want of nutritional balance.

                            This may take a lot of extra food preparation for ballet parents! If you’re still reading this post, I bet you’re O.K. with that.

                            Driving Fear Program Review – Pros and Cons

                            The Driving Fear Program by Rich Presta is becoming increasingly popular as more experts recommend it and more people provide enthusiastic testimonials about how it changed their life for the better. And indeed, having read this program, I can say that it does provide value for people who suffer from driving phobia. However, this doesn’t mean that this is a perfect program, and indeed, I’d be derelict in my duty if this Driving Fear Program review didn’t include the pros and cons of this guide. In this way you won’t be trying out a cat in a bag but have a clear vision of what this program is all about.

                            Driving Fear Program Pros and Cons


                            1. This is a program which is specifically dedicated to curing fear of driving. While there are a number of general phobia self-help guides on the market, they try to cover every phobia in the world. This guide focuses on driving phobia and so delivers the material in a pinpointed, laser-sharp way.

                            2. Has positive reviews – As this program helped other people cure their fear of driving, there’s a good chance it will also be your way out of the mud, so to speak. Of course, no program is 100% foolproof, but if it worked before you may expect good results for you as well.

                            3. Much more affordable and guaranteed – Getting this guide is a much more affordable option than going to therapy or taking a bunch of pills which may or may not work. It also has a money back guarantee, so if your problem isn’t cured, you can get your money back.

                            4. Can be downloaded – Instead of waiting endlessly for the mail to deliver this guide, you can get it as an eBook and download it in minutes to your computer. This means you get an early start on overcoming your driving phobia and anxiety.


                            1. Requires some reading – The driving fear program comes in the form of an eBook so you are required to do some reading. For a slightly higher price you can get this entire guide in audio format, but that’s up to you.

                            2. Only cures driving phobia – If you suffer from multiple phobias you should know that this guide deals only with fear of driving.

                            I hope this Fear of Driving program review has proved helpful for you.

                            Engagement Anxiety Dismantled – Do I Love My Fiance Enough?

                            They usually speak in low tones, as if they’re violating some unwritten law of an engaged person. I can hear the fear, doubt, confusion, and anxiety wrapped in each word, as well as the relief that they’ve finally found a safe place where they can discuss their real feelings. The story and subsequent questions are some version of the following (written as a woman but could just as easily be spoken by a man about his wife-to-be):

                            “My fiance is a great guy. He’s honest, responsible, loyal, good-looking, funny. My parents and friends love him. I’ve never felt so safe with anyone. We have the same values about kids, family, money, religion. I know I love him and he’s my best friend but… I’m not sure that I’m in love with him. Do I love him enough to marry him? How do I know that I’m not making a mistake?”

                            I usually know within the first fifteen minutes of a counseling session whether or not the person is making a mistake. But it often takes much longer than that for my clients to assimilate the information I offer them, work through the exercises I prescribe, and begin to dismantle their engagement anxiety so that they can transform what we think of as “cold feet” and begin to feel excited about their wedding and marriage. We typically address three key areas to facilitate this process:

                            1. We distinguish between red-flag relationship issues and normal engagement anxiety:

                            There are two kinds of fear that arise during engagements: the first is a signal that there’s a serious red-flag issue in the relationship and the second is a signal that you’re about to make the biggest commitment of your life and, yes, it’s scary. What are the red-flag issues I’m referring to? Some are very obvious: your partner has an addiction issue (alcohol, drugs, work, gambling), there are betrayal or trust issues that haven’t been healed, there are incompatibilities regarding core values like having children or religion. Other red-flag issues might be less blatant: your partner has serious control issues that he’s not willing to address, you’re young (early twenties) and aren’t ready to commit to one person, you have the feeling that your partner doesn’t really love you but is more in love with the fantasy or idea of you. There are certainly other red-flag issues, but these are the most common I encounter in my practice.

                            The second kind of fear is what we commonly think of as “cold feet”. Personally, I don’t like the expression cold feet because it doesn’t accurately describe what people experience during their engagement, which is a real fear. I’m not one to mince words; I call a spade a spade and when people are in transition, they’re scared. They’re scared of the unknown. They’re scared of jumping off the cliff of the familiar life and landing in new and unfamiliar territory. They’re scared of committing to one person forever. Getting married is enormously scary and to say otherwise is to avoid a basic truth about this significant life transition. So once we determine that there are no serious red-flag issues in the relationship, we work to normalize the fear and learn how to make room for it during the engagement without letting it running the show.

                            2. We redefine love:

                            Our culture has a lot of misconceptions about love, and no where do they appear more prominently than around engagements and weddings. Prior to getting engaged, my clients share that they felt positive about their partner and excited about the prospect of marrying him. But once he popped the question, suddenly she puts him, and their relationship, under a microscope and wonders: Do I love him enough? I know I love him, but am I really in love with him? And then the waterfall of buzzwords around love and marriage cascade down her brain night and day: Is he my soul mate? What if I’m settling? Do we have enough passion? Is he (my all-time favorite and the one that gets most women) the one?

                            Oh, dear one, if these words and phrases are causing you to question, you’re not alone! It only means it’s time to redefine what it means to love someone, to choose to marry someone, to make the conscious, daily choice to love and commit. As one of my clients astutely said: “I had to fall out of love with my fiance so I could learn about what love is and then fall in love with him all over again — this time from a healthy place. I learned that love is not a feeling but a choice.” During our bridal counseling sessions, we spend a lot of time discussing the truth about love, romance, and marriage until the fantasy is cracked open and my client is grounded in real love.

                            3. We explore the underlying causes of the anxiety:

                            The word anxiety is somewhat of a catch-all phrase that encompasses a wide spectrum of emotions from fear and terror to depression, grief and uncertainty. The crux of the Conscious Weddings Counseling Sessions – and the impetus for pioneering bridal counseling over a decade ago – is to shed light on the thoughts and feelings that typically create what we think of as wedding cold feet and engagement anxiety. These include:

                            o Grief about letting go of the single identity and lifestyle

                            o Fears about making the commitment of marrying one person

                            o Confusion about how to separate from family of origin

                            o Uncertainty about walking toward the unknown of marriage

                            o A recurring sense of loss about: deceased relatives, past relationships, previous transitions

                            In other words, oftentimes the anxiety that arises during an engagement has nothing to do with one’s partner. Once we make sure there are no red-flag issue and redefine what real love is, I help my client to remove the projection from her fiance then guide her through the underlying causes until the anxiety dissipates and she’s able to have the joyous wedding and healthy marriage of her dreams.