Avoiding a Red Penis: Steps for Preventing Balanitis

Guys take great pride in the appearance of their rods, so an inflamed, red penis is something most men prefer to avoid. Penile redness is often the result of balanitis, and employing routines that ensure proper penis health is an excellent way to prevent this condition.

What is it?

Simply put, balanitis occurs when the glans of the penis becomes inflamed. In addition to redness, there is usually significant soreness, swelling and itchiness. An unpleasant odor may also develop.

Balanitis is more common in men who are intact than in men who are circumcised, but men who are cut do sometimes get balanitis. There can be several things that cause the condition, including STIs. However, a man shouldn’t jump to the conclusion that his red penis means he has an STI; there are many less worrisome causes, and a doctor can determine what is at the root of the problem.


Among the possible causes of balanitis are phimosis (a situation in which the foreskin is too tight) and diabetes, as well as eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, lichen planus and thrush. Bacteria and allergic reactions to items such as soap or detergent can also bring it about.

Most of these causes can be addressed through proper penis care. Phimosis and diabetes are the exceptions. Balanitis caused by phimosis may be helped by gradually loosening the skin; cases caused by diabetes can be addressed through proper management of that condition.

Penis health

Far too many men assume that a quick rinse in the shower is all that is required to keep the penis in proper health. In fact, a bit more preventive care is necessary.

For example, a doctor’s advice may be necessary if skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis are chronic. Various ointments or medications may be prescribed to treat the underlying cause that makes the penis skin more likely to suffer.

Once the underlying cause of balanitis can be determined and treated, a man needs to make guided penis care a part of his daily routine. This includes:

– Washing the penis regularly. If the man is intact, he needs to take a little extra time to make sure that he is cleaning underneath the foreskin. Dirt and bacteria can build up under the foreskin, and that can exacerbate existing balanitis or create conditions for a recurrence of the problem. Also, men who are prone to balanitis should wash the penis soon after engaging in sexual activity.

– Using an appropriate cleanser. For individuals with skin conditions, a doctor may recommend a special hypoallergenic soap for use on the penis. Those using “everyday” cleanser should look for a soap that has natural ingredients and does not include unwanted chemicals or fragrances; these can cause irritation to the sensitive skin of the penis. Whatever cleanser is used, it should be washed completely off of the penis.

– Drying carefully. Because the glans is so sensitive, men should use a soft towel and gently dry the equipment after washing. Rubbing too vigorously and/or with a rough towel can cause extra irritation.

– Applying an appropriate crème. Regularly using a top-notch penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) on a red penis can help keep the tool healthy and strong and can deliver soothing relief when balanitis is present. It’s important to select a crème that is infused with potent but natural hydrating ingredients. Shea butter, a high-end emollient, should definitely be listed in the crème’s ingredients, as should vitamin E. This powerful combination will help create a moisturizing seal that provides significant protection. Another combination to look for: acetyl L-carnitine and alpha lipoic acid. This dynamic duo reverses damage to cell mitochondria and restores penile cell health, aiding in the fight against balanitis.

Tattoo Safety – Making Sure Your New Tattoo is Safe

If you came of age in the 1960s and decided to get a tattoo, you probably did it to show that you didn’t want to belong to the rich trendy establishment.

But if you came of age in the past ten years and got a tattoo, you probably did it to show that you did belong to the rich trendy establishment.

Tattooing as a form of self-expression has moved from the domain of heavy metal “bad boy” rock stars, military lifers, and Harley-Davidson road hogs in the 1970s to being common among film stars, athletes, and pop stars. From Sir Ian McKellen to Angelina Jolie, Mike Tyson to David Beckham, and Eminem to Brittany Spears, tattoos have become mainstream.

Dating back to King Harold II, who died in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings, and whose disfigured corpse was identified, legend has it, by the “Edith and England” tattooed on his chest, even members of the various royal houses of Europe have indulged themselves in the colorful art. Princess Stephanie of Monaco is only the most recent in a long line of them.

Life Magazine, in 1936, estimated that about 6%, or ten million, of all Americans had tattoos; in 2003, according to a Harris Poll, nearly one in six, or about fifty million, given today’s population of three hundred million, are sporting them.

And only last year, in 2006, the American Academy of Dermatology reported that almost one in four of all Americans between the ages of 18 and 50, and more than one in three of those between 18 and 29, have a tattoo.

Tattoos, in other words, are hot. And with the burgeoning demand for them, there is a burgeoning demand for tattoo parlors. But anytime there’s money to be made, there will be those who want to make it in the easiest way possible. So if you are considering getting a tattoo of you own, you need to watch your own, possibly soon to be decorated, back.

Tattooing is not without its risks. If it is done in sanitary conditions by an experienced tattoo artist, it usually will not result in any lasting health problems. But tattoo safety relies on the person injecting a foreign substance permanently into one’s skin. And it’s only natural that some people who get tattoos will experience adverse reactions, ranging from skin irritation to allergies to infection, even when the parlors they use practice the highest standards of tattoo safety.

Even the FDA, as the watchdog of the cosmetics industry, has weighed in on the dyes used in tattooing ink. It has given them the all clear for use in lipsticks, but has remained silent as to their suitability for permanent skin injections. On the other hand, it has not yet tried to regulate their use.

You should know, however, that some red tattoo inks contain mercuric sulfide and ferric hydrate, and mercuric sulfide, present in cinnabar and vermilion inks, is associated with increased allergic reactions sometimes to the forming of granular lesions. These lesions are little nodules which appear because the body’s immune system sees the tattoo dyes as a foreign substance. The nodules reaction can occur with any colored tattoo inks.

Dubbed the “red reaction”, the sensitivity to red tattoo inks may lead to swelling, itching, and inflammation around the tattoo. But the reaction may also lie dormant for many years.

You don’t have to have a medical degree to know that, when you allow yourself to be tattooed, you are allowing thousands of minuscule openings to be made in your skin. And you know that with every breach of your skin there is a chance that bacteria will find their way in.

You can minimize the chances of a bacterial invasion, however, by doing a little pre-tattoo safety investigating. Verify that your tattoo artist uses brand-new sterile needles; that he or she does the equivalent of a brain surgeon’s hand scrubbing before getting to work; and that he or she puts those thoroughly clean hands inside some even cleaner gloves. Skin infection is uncomfortable, but blood infections can be deadly.

If you find yourself in a tattoo parlor where the artist wants to use a deodorant stick to transfer the tattoo design from the paper to you skin, make sure that the deodorant applied to a fresh piece of paper, and then transferred from the paper to your skin. Directly Sharing a community deodorant stick goes against all the rules of tattoo safety, and is one great way of loading your skin with germs before the tattoo needle gets anywhere near it.

If you are someone with a compromised immune system, for instance, if you’re diabetic, you are at greater risk than the general population for infections, and may have an extended healing period following your tattoo.

And while tattoo parties may sound like just the sort of thing wild and crazy people love to do, they are in reality no different from sharing a needle to mainline heroin. Whatever is on that needle when it makes it way to you is going to be yours to keep. That includes things like the Hepatitis B and C viruses, or even HIV. There is, where tattoo parties are concerned, no such thing as tattoo safety .

Even if you get your tattoo in spotless circumstances, you’ll need to take care of it properly during the healing process. The tattoo artist will get you started by applying some a topical anti-bacterial and bandaging it. So you need to know, and tell the artist, if you are allergic to any particular antibiotics.

Once you get your new tattoo home, just follow common sense tattoo safety precautions in keeping it clean.

Leave the bandage on for about an hour, and when you remove it, wash you tattoo with an antibacterial soap and cool water. Then cover it with an ointment to prevent your skin from chapping, and repeat the routine every four to six hours for about a week.

Keep your tattoo out of the sun, keep it from drying our, do not scratch at it, and when you do touch it to clean it, wash you hands with antibacterial soap first.

Don’t expose your healing tattoo to any “community” water with a dip in the swimming pool or shared splash in the tub. And, if you want to maintain the strength of its colors, keep it away from chlorinated or salt water.

And even when it looks healed, keep using an alcohol-free moisturizer on it several times a day for another month.

A tattoo, applied according to tattoo safety standards, and allowed to properly heal, is a great way to make you feel special, and maybe just a touch “naughty”. So don’t settle for any but the cleanest parlor and most careful artist, and you will be treating yourself to a bit of color which will last the rest of your life!

Is Your Urine Color Warning You?

Every now and then a patient will tell me that their urine looks “funny” sometimes. When I ask them what they mean by that, they invariably tell me that it seems to change colors. They’re concerned if these color changes are anything to worry about. Here’s what I tell them:

What Color Is Your Urine?

Urine can be different colors throughout the day depending on the amount of urochrome, a natural pigment, formed by the breakdown of red blood cells, which is present in urine.

Urine is the end-product of a complex filtration system that takes place in your kidneys constantly. What you drink, what medications/vitamins you take, what food you eat, how much water you drink, how hot or cold it is outdoors, can all affect urine color daily.

Usually, urine is much darker and concentrated on the first void, or urination, of the day. This is because it has collected in your bladder for several hours overnight. It’s not unusual, then, to see dark yellow, dense-looking urine in the morning.

As the day goes on, however, if you’re not on medications or vitamins that contain coloring pigments, the color and density of your urine should lighten to pale yellow. If it does not, this may indicate infection or kidney problems that require medical attention.

Urine Color and Its Varied Meanings

As I reassure my patients, usually urine color changes are temporary from things we’ve eaten or drank and usually are just a good sign that our kidneys are filtering “foreign” substances out of our bodies. A little more water intake will help flush those substances out and return your normal urine color. Here are some examples of things that can sometimes turn your urine an unusual, but harmless, color:

Medications – some Rx drugs and over-the-counter constipation preparations can contain ingredients that turn the urine red, blue, orange, or green but will wash out with urination. These dyes can show up a few hours after taking the medication.

Vitamins – like medications, certain vitamins, like C and beta carotene, can turn urine bright orange, green, orange, or blue!

Foods – asparagus can turn urine greenish. Rhubarb, aloe, dark red berries can make urine darker, brown/red color. Yellow vegetables like carrots, squash, can turn your urine yellowish-orange.

When Urine Color Is An Alarm

As I said earlier, most urine color changes are harmless and temporary. However, there are some instances where urine color can alert you to a medical condition that you need to have checked immediately. Here are some warning symptoms and conditions that can be present with urine color changes:

Dehydration – the most common urine “alarm” may be from lack of adequate water intake, too hot or too cold outdoor temperatures, or excessive sweating from sports. These conditions can dehydrate you and make urine darker than normal. Don’t ignore this as it is an alert that your body needs more water! Drink at least eight, 8 oz glasses per day, more if you’re sweating.

Diabetes – darker urine later in the day, frequent urination, strong “hay” smell to urine, can all be “urine” warning signs of diabetes.

Bladder/Kidney Infection – strong smelling urine, pain on urination, darker, heavier, pink or red-tinged urine (from blood that may be present), may include “foam”, fever, chills, pain on urination, could indicate a bladder, or even a kidney infection.

Liver disease – dark brown, heavy, urine, with light stools and yellowed whites of eyes could indicate hepatitis or cirrhosis.

Mercury or lead poisoning – urine can turn red from these conditions.

Kidney/bladder stones – urine can be very cloudy or “murky” from the calcium in the stones that washes into the urine.

High calcium levels – sometimes called “blue diaper” in children because the urine can turn blue from the presence of calcium. This usually alerts to a condition called hypercalcemia, or too much calcium.

Kidney problem – urine amount can decrease and be very dark amber to brown in color. This can indicate that the kidneys are not filtering correctly and not producing much urine.

Who Is At Risk For Urine Alerts?

As I explain to my patients, as you get older, you become more at risk for certain age-related urine color changes and the conditions they may be alerting you to. In general, those risks are:

Men over 50 – tend to get blood showing up in urine from enlarged prostates and perhaps passing a kidney or bladder stone. Urine clarity changes can also be a signal.

Women – women tend to get more bladder infections especially as they approach menopause. Very heavy, darkish, burning urine, that can have blood in it, is almost always a warning sign of infection.

Remember, most urine color changes are not something you need to be concerned about and are a variation of how your urine filters throughout the day. However, if you cannot determine that your urine color changes are from medications, vitamins, foods, water intake, or if you have any of the warning signs listed here, please see a doctor immediately.

What Are The Signs My Ex Girlfriend Still Loves Me?

Mixed signals – they’re everywhere.

First she breaks up with you, then she ignores you, and now… now she’s throwing off a bunch of signs? Or is she?

What will an ex girlfriend do and say when she wants to get back together with you? Do you know what body language is giving you the green light? Which signals are telling you to back off? Getting back together is complicated… to be successful, you need to know what these signs are, and exactly what they mean.

Your Ex Starts Hanging Out in Your Circle of Friends

A girl who dumped you and wants nothing more to do with you is going to pretty much avoid you at all costs. She knows that any contact or communication between you can be misconstrued, and she doesn’t want to lead you on or give you false hope.

This is why, when she starts hanging out with your friends? Your ex girlfriend is certainly sending out some interesting signals. She could be doing this to get closer to you again, or even to spy on your activities. Make sure your buddies don’t get her too much information; even if you’re not seeing other girls or going out on dates, you still want your ex to worry about this type of thing. Getting her back is all about making yourself desirable again, and as human beings, we always seem to want what we can’t have.

Your Ex Girlfriend Calls for her ‘Stuff’ Back

If you just broke up, as in yesterday or the day before, this phone call might not mean so much. It’s possible she’s looking to sever ties with you, and she’s getting everything she owns out of your place so that she doesn’t have to deal with you anymore.

But if this call comes a week or more later? It’s a good sign your ex might be making up an excuse to see you. The value of the item she’s trying to get back from you is also important. If your ex is showing up to pick up her TV or laptop computer, that’s not so much of a signal. But if she’s coming by because she forgot a phone charger or some lame DVD movie? That’s a clue she’s not coming by just for that one, tiny thing.

Your Ex Girlfriend is Flirting With You Again

Do you go to school with your ex? See her at work, or share the same circle of friends? This situation can be difficult, obviously, but it’s also a good vantage point to judge how she treats you.

In this kind of scenario you want to limit contact with your ex to a simple ‘hello’ or friendly smile. Anything else should be instigated by her. Watch for signs that your exgirfriend comes around you a lot, spends extra time near you, or even starts flirting with you again. If she’s always happy around you, looks her best, or touches your arm when she talks to you? She’s showing obvious signs of interest. These aren’t things an ex girlfriend would do when she doesn’t want anything to do with you anymore.

She’s Always at Places She Knows You’ll Show Up

You dated, and you know each other. You’re familiar with her habits, and she knows yours. So if your ex is showing up at all the same places you usually frequent? It’s because she wants to run into you.

Again, a girl who is not interested will avoid her ex boyfriend as much as possible. The fact that she keeps coming around and making herself visible is a sign that she’s at least still curious about where you are and what you’re doing. And probably, about who you’re doing it with.

Your Ex Hasn’t Unfriended You on Facebook

There are lines of communication that stay open even after breaking up, and Facebook or Instagram are two big ones. Losing someone usually means losing that person as a friend or follower, so when your girlfriend still hasn’t unfriended you? It’s because she’s still interested enough that she’s using social media to keep tabs on you.

Now don’t take this as a ‘great’ sign or anything like that. It could even mean very little. But the good thing here is that the channels are still open. You can control what your exgirlfriend sees (or doesn’t see) on your social media page, which is why you need to be very careful about what you put up there.

Don’t go for pity. Don’t vomit lame ‘breakup’ song lyrics all over your page, thinking it’ll send some deep, meaningful message to her. Do those things, and your ex is going to laugh at you. You’ll look weak and desperate and very much like a jilted, rejected ex.

What You Can Do To Make Your Ex Show These Signs

If you still don’t have contact with your ex girlfriend, there are ways you can make her start showing these signs. Select reconnection techniques can influence how she sees you, turning her feelings around and re-creating the atmosphere you both felt when you first started dating each other.

The Diarrhea

Signs or symptoms of looseness of the bowels are an elevated stool frequency, increased stool volume, along with a decrease in stool consistency. Any procedure that increases the frequency of defecation or volume of stool makes it looser, because time-dependent assimilation of drinking water is responsible for the normal soft but formed consistency of stool.

Patients’ subjective assessments of bowel movements are colored by their baseline bowel habits. An person with chronic constipation, with bowel movements as soon as every three days or so, may regard three soft stools inside a day as looseness of the bowels. In contrast, an individual on a high-fiber diet plan might usually have bowel movements twice as well as 3 times each day.

Diarrhea can be acute (less than 2 weeks’ duration) or chronic (over 4 weeks). Acute looseness of the bowels is generally because of to an infectious trigger. One of the most typical noninfectious brings about are side results of medications. The simplest concept is that looseness of the bowels is because of to as well significantly secretion or not enough absorption.

Osmotic (malabsorptive) looseness of the bowels is due to malabsorbed nutrition or poorly absorbed electrolytes that retain water in the lumen. Malabsorption occurs when the ability to digest or absorb a specific nutrient is defective and can be due to disordered mixing (altered motility), pancreatic insufficiency (altered digestion), or harm to enterocytes or their surface transporters (altered assimilation).

This kind of looseness of the bowels stops when the patient fasts. Secretory looseness of the bowels outcomes when secretagogues maintain elevated rates of fluid transport out of epithelial cells into the GI tract lumen. This kind of looseness of the bowels doesn’t stop when the patient fasts. These physiologic distinctions are helpful in both diagnosis and therapy of diarrheal disorders.

In transport capacity, the little intestine far exceeds the colon (owing to the enormous area area from the brush border). Thus, infectious, toxic, or other brings about of heightened secretion within the little intestine can overwhelm absorptive mechanisms within the colon, resulting in diarrhea. Flow in the GI tract is a steady state involving massive fluid secretion into and absorption from the GI lumen.

Each procedure is controlled by both extrinsic and intrinsic elements. Subtle aberrations in input or output at any of several levels can result in diarrhea with or without having nutrient malabsorption. Therefore, an excessive osmotic load, increased secretion, or diminished fluid resorption might outcome in looseness of the bowels.

An excessive osmotic load within the GI tract might arrive about in three various ways: by direct oral ingestion of excessive osmoles, by ingestion of the substrate that might be converted into excessive osmoles (eg, when bacterial action about the nondigestible carbohydrate lactulose generates a diarrhea-causing osmotic load within the colon), and being a manifestation of a genetic disease this kind of as an enzyme deficiency within the setting of the specific diet (eg, milk consumption by a lactase-deficient person).

Secretion is elevated by either blood-borne or intraluminal secretagogues. These consist of endogenous endocrine items (eg, overproduction of VIP by a tumor), exotoxins resulting from immediate ingestion (eg, acute food poisoning) or infection (eg, cholera), or GI luminal substances (eg, bile acids) that stimulate secretion.

Assimilation of fluid, electrolytes, and nutrients can be diminished by numerous elements, including the toxic effects of alcohol and mucosal harm from infectious real estate agents and from cytokines and prokinetic real estate agents. Cytokines are released by immune and other cells (eg, in response to infection).

Prokinetic real estate agents speed up GI motility, thereby diminishing the time available for absorption of any given nutrient, fluid, or electrolyte load. Finally, inflammatory and other problems resulting in reduction of mucus, blood, or protein from the GI tract may be manifested as looseness of the bowels. Recognition of pathophysiologic subtypes of secretory and osmotic diarrheas offers a means of approaching diagnosis and therapy of diarrheal problems.

For example, nonbloody diarrhea that continues in the absence of oral intake should be because of to a secretory mechanism, whereas looseness of the bowels that diminishes as oral consumption is curtailed (eg, inside a patient receiving intravenous hydration) suggests an osmotic/malabsorptive trigger. Likewise, the presence of white blood cells within the stool suggests an infectious or inflammatory origin of diarrhea, although their absence does not rule out this kind of brings about.

From the many causes of looseness of the bowels, infectious agents are among the most essential simply because they trigger acute, occasionally life-threatening illnesses whose pathogenesis is fairly nicely understood and simply because they’re usually treatable. The signs or symptoms of diarrhea triggered by infectious agents are because of to either toxins that alter little bowel secretion and assimilation or immediate mucosal invasion.

The noninvasive toxin-producing bacteria are usually little bowel pathogens, whereas the invasive organisms are localized usually to the colon. Evidence suggests that infectious causes of diarrhea can interface more intimately with regular mechanisms of secretory manage than had been previously realized.

Thus, in addition to its direct impact on the G protein controlling Cl- ion secretion in the crypts of the small intestinal epithelium, cholera activates the enteric nervous system to cause fluid and electrolyte secretion in the colon.

Dehydration, malnutrition, weight loss, and particular vitamin deficiency syndromes (eg, glossitis, cheilosis, and stomatitis) are typical signs in looseness of the bowels based on its cause, severity, and chronicity. In particular circumstances (eg, in young children), viral gastroenteritis is connected having a higher mortality rate from dehydration when supportive measures (ie, oral or intravenous rehydration) are not promptly provided.

Some people with diarrhea from parasitic infections remain fairly asymptomatic, whereas others may develop more severe signs or symptoms and complications, such as intestinal perforation.

What Are the Most Common Ibuprofen Side Effects?

Ibuprofen is a popular over the counter medication. It is an anti-inflammatory medication which is commonly used for pain and swelling caused by arthritis and injuries such as breaks and sprains. Many times a higher dose is prescribed by a physician. Usually, this is on a short term basis.

The most common Ibuprofen side effects are in the digestive system. Many people have nausea, heartburn or indigestion after taking ibuprofen. Consumption of ibuprofen can also lead to instances of gas or cramps. But it can also have either extreme effect of constipation or diarrhea. Usually, if there are any ibuprofen side effects they fall into this category.

If symptoms persist, an ulcer and bleeding internally can occur. Older people tend to be more likely to develop these types of ibuprofen side effects. Taking food with a dose of ibuprofen seems to help alleviate the milder gastrointestinal issues. Eating food with ibuprofen protects the wall of the stomach. Ibuprofen tends to tear down the lining of the stomach.

Other common ibuprofen side effects include ringing in the ears, itching, nervousness or headaches. Some people may experience fluid retention and even loss of appetite. It is possible that ingesting ibuprofen can cause drowsiness, dizziness or a general light headed feeling. A few cases are reported where a person experienced confusion after taking ibuprofen.

A few less common ibuprofen side effects are insomnia, depression or sores in the mouth. Some have reported symptoms such as hair loss and anemia. Other effects of taking ibuprofen include heart palpitations and meningitis. These are not frequently observed, but have been reported in cases by those taking ibuprofen.

Long term use of ibuprofen can have harmful effects on the body. It is hard on both the liver and the kidney. There are also cardiovascular issues that can develop from long term use. These can be very serious ibuprofen side effects.

Ibuprofen cannot be taken by people who are allergic to the drug. There are several symptoms of allergic reactions. Commonly the first one that begins is difficulty in breathing. It may feel like some one is sitting on your chest, or like you cannot take a deep breath. Your body may react to ibuprofen by breaking out with a rash or with an elevator fever. Less noticeable is a sudden drop in your blood pressure. If you think you may be having an allergic reaction to ibuprofen stop taking it immediately and consult a doctor.
If you experience any of the ibuprofen side effects described above it is always best to consult with your doctor or health care professional. Most of the time ibuprofen side effects are not present, but paying careful attention to your body’s warning signs can prevent serious conditions.

Acid Reflux Treatments – An Overview

What is Acid Reflux?

Acid Reflux or Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is not a disease rather it is a condition. Over stuffing and under eating, excess use of spicy foods, regular drinking of alcohol and smoking accompanied with no exercise are considered as primary causes for acid reflux. In acid reflux the food in the stomach starts coming back to the esophagus. Food that is rising in the esophagus is not the simple food. It also contains strong acids and digestive enzymes. This acidified food burn the protective mucosal lining of the lower esophagus due to this burning mucosal lining becomes weak and even it is destroyed completely. This burning and destruction makes mucosal lining more sensitive to have ulcers and cancers. Most prominent sign and symptoms include burning sensation behind rib cage and stabbing pain in chest. Other symptoms include frequent coughing, difficulty in swallowing, sinusitis, voice changes due to damage of voice box and nausea. In case of improper treatments and ignorance acid reflux will be converted in to serious diseases like ulcers, strictures, inflammation of throat, larynx and lungs and even cancers.

Acid Reflux Treatments

Acid Reflux can be treated in two ways. One is proper medication and other is simple alteration in life style and eating habits. Whatever you use as acid reflux treatment it is highly recommended to consult with doctor. This is because of the fact that medicines used to treat other diseases can inhibit drugs used to treat Acid Reflux. Acid Reflux Treatments can be classified in to three broad categories.

– Changes and Alteration in Life Styles

– Medication

– Surgery or Laparoscopic Surgery

Changes and Alteration in Life Styles

In this treatment patients are advised to change their life style from eating habits to sleeping habits and even body postures during physical workouts. If we talk about eating habits patients will have to quit spicy foods, coffee, alcohol. It is also suggested to reduce the consumption of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower. It is also recommended to have smaller meal but more than 3 times. Avoid having meal just before going to bed. This will reduce stomach expansion during digestion. Chewing gum just after having meal will increase the production of saliva that in turns neutralize the acid in esophagus and in turn give relief in acid reflux. Patients are advised to follow the following guidelines

– Give up smoking.

– Cut down caffeine intake.

– Bring down stress

– Try to maintain ideal body weight.

– Try to avoid wearing waist fitted clothes.

– Do not do physical workouts after having meal.

Bad body postures such as bending or slumping that causes contraction of stomach can increase the chances of GRED. Patients are recommended to try to keep their body in straight and comfortable posture. Don’t sleep without pillow. Keep your upper body elevated this will not let the fluid come in esophagus.


Proton Pump Inhibitor Drugs

Specific drugs are also designed to use as acid reflux treatments. Some drugs lower down the acid production by deactivating cell surface molecules (proton pumps) in gastric lining. Proton pumps work with positively charged Hydrogen ions and increase acid production. Proton pump inhibiting drugs have serious side effects.


Mild cases are treated with Antacids. Aluminum hydroxide, Magnesium hydroxide, Calcium hydroxide and Sodium bicarbonate are common antacids used as acid reflux treatments. Antacids increase the pH of stomach and decrease acidity by neutralizing acid in stomach. Antacids must be taken after one hour of having meal. Because antacid can not stay longer in the empty stomach and leave the stomach with in the hour. Meal increases the retention time of antacid in stomach. Other than lowering pH antacids have certain undesirable side effects. Aluminum containing antacids can cause constipation while magnesium containing antacids can cause diarrhea. Liquid antacids are preferred over tablets. Strongest liquid antacids available are Maalox II, Mylanta II, Gelusil II and Extra Strength Riopan

Alginic Acids

Alginic acid is the active component of foam barrier tablets. Foam barrier tablets contain Alginic acid in combination with aluminum hydroxide gel and magnesium trisilicate. Alginic acid in tablet form protective coating on stomach and lower esophageal mucosal lining. This allows cells to regenerate and repaired. Foam barrier tablets forms foam in stomach. This foam starts floating on the top of the liquid content of stomach. Foam act as physical barrier and does not let liquid to rise in esophagus. Two foaming barriers Gaviscon and Algicon are commercially available. It is recommended to chew well after 30 to 60 minutes of having meal or before going to bed.


Antihistamines are also used to treat acid reflux. Stomach walls produce histamine. Histamine accelerates acid production by binding specific receptors present on acid producing cells of stomach. Antihistamine drugs bind to these receptors and block histamine binding that in turn reduces the acid production. Ranitidine, Famotidine, Cimetidine and Nizatidine are commonly used antihistamines or histamine antagonists. They are available without prescription as over-the-counter (OTC) but the dose of OTC is lower than those available by prescription. Antihistamine drugs are taken 30 minutes earlier than meal. This will make antihistamine available in higher concentration when stomach is actively producing acids to digest food. Antihistamine gives fast relief from primary heartburn and inflammation of esophagus.


Prokinetics drugs act on lower esophagus muscles. As a result muscles become tough and accelerate the departure of food from stomach. Due to this food does not get the chance to return to lower esophagus. Due to dangerous side effects it is not recommended to use. Drugs have been withdrawn from the market.


Sucralfate are used for proper functioning of digestive muscles. They improve the healing of esophageal muscles. It protects the sensitive mucosal lining. It is normally used in combination with anti GERD drugs.

Surgery or Laparoscopic Surgery

Severe Acid reflux can be treated through surgery. Surgical procedures are use to support lower esophagus. This will stop the rising of acidified food in esophagus. Surgical procedure used to accomplish this is called as Fundoplication. In this method stomach is wrapped over esophageal sphincter. Surgical treatment of acid reflux is very complicated. Before surgery extensive investigation has carried out to check the patient condition. These investigations include combine pH-impedance, testing assessing non acid, and acid reflux. Surgery is invasive procedure and must perform with extreme care. In contrast laparoscopic surgery is less invasive method. In this method tiny holes are made in belly button and upper abdomen. Patients get fast recovery. Laparoscopic surgery must performed by qualified and experienced surgeons.

Home Heartburn Remedies – 14 Heartburn Cures That Will Cost You Less Than Two Tall Lattes

Home heartburn remedies can be a great alternative to alleviate your heartburn or acid reflux discomfort instead of shelling out cash for medical treatments. If you’re not sure what to do for heartburn I’ve provided 14 of the best home heartburn remedies you can purchase for under $10 for heartburn relief.

  1. Apples – An apple a day keeps the heartburn away. Some experts say that Granny Smith and Braeburn apples work wonders for neutralizing stomach acid. Apples contain malic and tartaric acids which are known to naturally neutralize the acid produced in your stomach. This also reduces stomach pressure, which decreases the likelihood of heartburn. The best part is since apples are natural you can eat them to your heart’s content without worrying about adverse effects.
  2. Drink Aloe Vera Juice – The juice from the aloe vera plant is another natural home remedy that is used to soothe an irritated esophagus. Although there isn’t any scientific evidence that it might help, aloe vera juice has a long history of use in Europe as a natural home remedy to relive heartburn. It is suggested to drink approximately cup of aloe vera juice 20 minutes before a meal.
  3. Vinegar – Vinegar for heartburn is actually a popular home remedy, especially apple cider vinegar. You can swallow a couple of teaspoonful of this vinegar in a cup of water or in applesauce to experience an immediate healing effect. Using vinegar for heartburn adds to the bulk of the acid in the digestive system and aids in the digestion process.
  4. Honey – Consuming a spoonful of honey is helpful for any form of indigestion – regardless of if it’s stomach problems, acidity or heartburn.
  5. Lemon Juice – To prevent acidic indigestion mix a tablespoon of lemon juice or cider vinegar into a cup of hot water and have it before your meal.
  6. Pineapples – Eat a small amount of fresh pineapples after meals. Pineapples have a natural enzyme that will help break down the acid causing your heartburn, thus relieving your symptoms.
  7. Herbal Teas – You can receive heartburn relief by drinking hot tea – however, it is important to drink the right kind. Caffeine stimulates acid production and therefore encourages acid reflux which causes heartburn. Drink decaffeinated teas or caffeine-free herbal teas to relieve or prevent symptoms. Some of these teas get rid of heartburn and also promote normal digestion to avoid stomach acid buildup. The added benefit is that herbal teas may even relieve anxiety, which often contributes to heartburn.
  8. Cloves – After eating a meal, grab one piece of clove and suck on it slowly. This not only can provide instantaneous relief to some heartburn sufferers, but it also helps in reducing the onslaught of diseases that can arise out of acidity.
  9. Bananas – Eating a banana daily can help with heartburn because they serve as a natural antacid to neutralize stomach acid.
  10. Gum – If you’re not sure what to do for heartburn, chewing gum or sucking on a lozenge for 30 minutes after meals increases the production of saliva which can help neutralize the acid. Saliva can also relieve heartburn by bathing the esophagus and lessening the effects of acid refluxed into the esophagus by washing it back down to the stomach.
  11. Potatoes – I know this is a head scratcher… but some people swear by this heartburn home remedy. Take some raw potatoes and extract juice by putting it in a grinder. Don’t peel the potatoes – grind them and add them in some other juice for taste. Drink the mixture once you have the first signs of heartburn. Potatoes have soothing qualities and can help you treat esophageal ulcers and alleviate burning sensations in your esophagus. Drink the juice made from potatoes at least twice a day.
  12. Marshmallow – We’re not talking about your sit- around-the-campfire marshmallows. This is referring to the herb marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) which contains mucilage, and is thought to coat and soothe the lining of the esophagus. Herbalists recommend marshmallow root tea which is made by adding one tablespoon of the dried root to a cup of boiling water, steeping it covered for at least 10 minutes, and then straining. It’s suggested to drink 3 cups of this a day.
  13. Slippery Elm – If you have constant heartburn a daily mixture of nutmeg, mace and slippery elm reduces indigestion, heartburn, acid reflux, stomach gas, and vomiting.
  14. Romaine Lettuce – I saved the oddest heartburn home remedy for last! Romaine lettuce can be used to eliminate acid reflux or heartburn conditions. This lettuce is high in minerals and is highly alkaline. So here’s what you do – (a) Buy an organic romaine lettuce head (b) Wash it in distilled water (c) Cut up the leaves and place them in a blender (d) Add cold distilled water to make a slurry (e) Add a slight amount of honey to give it taste.

Do You Know That Women Are More Prone to Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a significant childhood problem, probably second only to infection of the respiratory tract. Although its exact incidence is not known, it is suggested that from 1% to 2% of school-age children have Urinary tract Infection as demonstrated by significant bacteriuria. The peak incidence of UTI not caused by structural anomalies occurs between 2 and 6 years of age, Except for the neonatal period, females have a 10 to 30 times greater risk for developing UTI than males. It has been estimated that approximately 5% of school-age females will develop bacteriuria by 18 years of age. Such statistics attest to the importance of preventing, diagnosing, and treating this problem to prevent recurrent infections and possible renal damage in later years.

Predisposing factors

A number of factors predispose to the development of UTI. The major ones included here relate to anatomic, physical, and chemical causes. These factors seem to account for the increased incidence of bacteriuria in females. The short urethra, which measures about 2cm in young females and 4 cm in mature women, provides a ready pathway for invasion of organisms, The longer male Urethra (as long as 20cm in an adult) and the antibacterial properties of porstatic secretions inhibit the entry and growth of pathogens.

Introduction of bacteria can occur in females during tub baths. Soap or water softeners decrease the surface tension of the water, increasing the possibility of fluid entry into the short urethra. Tight clothing or diapers, poor hygiene, and local inflammation, such as from vaginitis or pinworm infestation, may also increase the risk of ascending infection.

Physical factors relating to the functioning of the bladder are of major importance in the occurrence and spread of infection. Ordinarily, Urine is sterile, but at 37 degrees Celsius it is an excellent culture medium. Under normal conditions the act of completely and repeatedly emptying the bladder flushes away any organisms before they have an opportunity to multiply and invade surrounding tissue. However, Urine that remains in the bladder allows bacteria from the Urethra to rapidly become established in the rich medium.

Incomplete bladder emptying may result from reflux, anatomic abnormalities, especially involving the ureters, or dysfunction of the voiding mechanism, Vesicoureteral; reflux (VUR) refers to the retrograde flow of bladder Urine into the ureters. Reflux increases the chance for and perpetuates infection, since with each void urine is swept up the Ureters and then allowed to empty after voiding. Therefore, the residual Urine in the ureters remains in the bladder until next void. Primary reflux results from the congenitally abnormal insertion of the ureters into the bladder and predisposes to development of infection. Secondary reflux occurs as a result of infection. Normally the Ureters enter the bladder wall in such a manner that the accumulating Urine compresses the submucosal segment of the Ureter, preventing reflux. However, the edema caused by bladder infection renders this mechanism at the Ureterovesicula junction incompetent. In addition, in infants and young children the shortness of the submucosal portion of the Ureter decreases the effectiveness of this antireflux mechanism, Other causes of secondary reflux are neurogenic bladder from either chronic obstruction or neural dysfunction or as an iatrogenic result from progressive dilation of the ureters following surgical urinary diversion.

Reflux with infection can lead to kidney damage, since refluxed Urine ascending into the collecting tubules of the nephrons allows the microorganism to gain access to the renal parenchyma, initiating renal scarring.

Prevention of Urinary tract infection

One major risk factor is short females having Urethra close to the Vagina and Anus. Measures of prevention could be Perinea hygiene-wipe from front t back. Avoid tub baths, especially with bubble bath water softener; use showers.

Incomplete emptying (reflux) and over-distention of bladder are another sets of risk factors to UTI. Control measures are; avoid “holding” urine. Encourage child to void frequently, especially before a long trip or other circumstances when toilet facilities are not available. Empty bladder completely with each void and avoid staining at stool.

Concentrated and alkaline Urine can cause UTI too. Measures of prevention are: Encourage generous fluid intake. Acidify Urine with Juices such as apple or cranberry and a diet high in animal protein.

Urinary tract infection could be prevented as much as possible, if only we want to.

What Is Malignant Hypertension: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention

High blood pressure or more commonly known as hypertension is an incredibly common condition that is known to affect as many as one in three Americans each year. Hypertension can easily be diagnosed simply by checking if your BP is above 120 systolic or 80 diastolic. Hypertension is often easily managed, as long as you make an effort to follow the advice from your family’s doctor’s. Although not as common as hypertension, some individuals with high blood pressure may suddenly experience a sudden increase in BP that is recorded above 180 systolic or 120 diastolic. This sudden increase in BP is known as malignant hypertension. This particular condition may also be referred to as arteriolar nephrosclerosis. If an individual suffers from the condition, it’s advised that they seek immediate medical attention. If emergency treatment is not received, the individual runs the risk of developing much more serious health problems, as a result, such as kidney failure, heart attack or even brain damage.

What is known to cause malignant hypertension?

Throughout many individuals, high blood pressure is known to be one of the primary causes. If these individuals also rely on some form of BP medication, missing a dose can also cause the condition to occur. Malignant hypertension is mostly discovered in patients who possess some form of history of high blood pressure. According to the official National Institutes of Health, approximately one percent of individuals who suffer from high blood pressure will eventually begin to develop malignant hypertension. Furthermore, there are also certain medical conditions that are also responsible for malignant hypertension. Some health conditions can significantly increase an individual’s chances of developing malignant hypertension such as:

– Forgetting or not taking medication for treating high blood pressure.

– Narrowing of the main blood vessel from the heart, aorta, or aortic dissection (a form of bleeding from the wall of the aorta).

– Narrowing of the arteries found in the kidneys (known as renal stenosis).

– A result of a spinal cord injury causing over-activity in parts of a patient’s nervous system.

– Autoimmune diseases (antibodies produced in a patient’s body to fight against its own tissues).

– Preeclampsia and pregnancy.

– Drug use such as anti-depressants, oral contraceptives, amphetamines and even cocaine.

– Kidney failure or disorders.

Who is at risk for developing malignant hypertension?

Approximately 1% of individual’s who have some form of history related to high blood pressure will develop this life-threatening condition. Studies have shown that you may be at greater risk of developing this disease if you are male or African-American origin. Unlike high blood pressure, the serious condition that is malignant hypertension is capable of producing very noticeable symptoms, some of which include:

– Reduced level of urination.

– Frequent headaches.

– Shortness of breath.

– Weakness or a level of numbness in the face, legs or arms.

– Vomiting and nausea.

– Increased level of anxiety.

– Frequent coughing.

– Regular chest pains.

– Changes in vision such as blurred vision.

Malignant hypertension can also lead to another condition which is referred to as hypertensive encephalopathy. Symptoms of this condition can include:

– Seizures.

– Lack of energy.

– Increased level of confusion.

– Blurred vision.

– Headaches.

This variety of symptoms may not be caused specifically by malignant hypertension, however, they may be linked to a variety of less serious health conditions. Nevertheless, this disease is incredibly serious and life threatening, which means if you experience any form of symptoms related to this condition you should seek immediate emergency treatment. Your family doctor will also be capable of providing you with a wide variety of information and important advice surrounding the condition. Hypertension, is known to really take its toll on our kidneys. It can make it exceptionally difficult for our kidneys to filter out toxins and unnecessary waste from our blood. Which is why malignant hypertension is one of the leading causes of kidney failure. Malignant hypertension is also capable of causing your kidneys to eventually and suddenly stop working altogether.

I have been diagnosed with malignant hypertension, what should I expect?

In the past decades malignant hypertension was known to be a fatal condition. Nevertheless, through modern medicine and the latest techniques, treatment is readily available for successfully treating this condition. Nevertheless, it’s known that during treatment of malignant hypertension, kidney function may become worse or decrease significantly. However, kidney function will often improve throughout the duration of the treatment as the condition is resolved, although this cannot always be guaranteed if the kidneys have received severe levels of damage prior to treatment. Typically a patient will begin to see forms of improvement within a week to 4 weeks respectively, even after receiving dialysis. Approximately 1 in 5 individuals who have suffered from the malignant hypertension condition will ultimately require long-term dialysis. Some individuals may experience some form of permanent damage to the eyes or brain.

How is the malignant hypertension condition treated?

Malignant hypertension is a serious medical emergency that requires sufficient levels of treatment in a hospital, which usually involves some form of intensive care unit. Individuals diagnosed with the condition will receive advice from a doctor who will be able to consider their symptoms and health upon deciding what form of medical treatment is the best solution for their personal case. The result of the treatment should be to carefully and steadily lower the patient’s BP. BP medication is received through an IV which is one of the quickest methods in order to treat extremely high levels of BP. Once the patient’s BP returns to an acceptable and safe level, the medications received via the IV will often be switched to a form of oral medication. If the patient develops kidney failure throughout their condition, they may need to receive kidney dialysis.

How can I prevent malignant hypertension?

Thankfully, some forms of malignant hypertension can easily be prevented. If you are known to have a high blood pressure, it’s essential that you receive regular BP checks with your doctor to make sure it’s safe and not increasing. If you have high blood pressure, you will no doubt be provided with a form of medication, which must be taken as instructed without missing any doses. Always remember to take your medication and follow the advice given by your doctor. Other ways that you can help to keep your BP down can be:

– Limit salt intake.

– Lose weight.

– Reduce stress levels.

– Change your diet to include more fresh fruit and vegetables.

– Reduce alcohol intake.

– Quit smoking.

7 Health Benefits of Cyanidin 3-Glucoside

Cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) is a water-soluble plant compound that is part of the anthocyanins category. It plays an active role in producing the dark color pigments in a variety of fruits and flowers. This natural substance is primarily sourced from fruits and vegetable with dark skins such as purple potatoes, blueberries, plums, blackcurrants, and black rice.

Most people already get a certain amount of cyanidin 3-glucoside in their diet, but this is usually at a negligible amount. It is possible to increase the intake of this substance by making a change in the diet or taking it in supplement form.

Here are seven of the potential health benefits for increasing the intake of cyanidin 3-glucoside:


The rich antioxidant content of this compound helps the body neutralize the build up of free radicals. Free radicals develop when oxygen is able to interact with specific molecules. By neutralizing the free radical damage, it is possible to minimize the risk of serious disease such as certain cancers (skin, prostate, lung, and colon) and heart disease.


The risk of atherosclerosis is lowered with an increased intake of cyanidin 3-glucoside. Atherosclerosis is a condition that relates to the build up of plaque on the artery wall which prevents the proper blood flow throughout the system. If the artery walls are restricted too much because of the hard plaque this can increase the risk of suffering from a heart attack.


It has the ability to help suffers of type-2 diabetes because of its ability to increase insulin sensitivity and reduce glucose levels.


Foods rich in cyanidin 3-glucoside can help to increase the body’s ability to fight-off inflammation, which has the negative effect of causing serious health conditions.

Eye health

This plant compound has the ability to regenerate rhodopsin, which is essential to let the retina absorb light. A benefit of this is the ability to improve night vision. Plus, the rich antioxidant content is believed to have a positive effect of slowing the development of age related eye diseases such as macular degeneration.


The powerful antioxidant properties in cyanidin 3-glucoside make it useful to tissues by slowing the aging process, fighting off DNA damage, and preventing the formation of cancerous cells by encouraging apoptosis, which is the programmed death of diseased cells.

Fat loss

For the bodybuilder there is the potential to increase muscle gain and reduce fat gain because this compound has the ability to improve insulin sensitivity, which is useful for providing more carbohydrate calories and protein to muscle cells.

Some Reasons Why Incarceration Does Not Work Very Well

There is no satisfactory answer to why people become criminals. Theft crimes, for example, rise and fall with unemployment, but that’s only one of many factors. Trouble sometimes begins with birth into environments of physical, sexual, or substance abuse, criminal activity, divorce, head injuries, poverty and ignorance. But none of those precursors causes crime. Most people with those disadvantages do not become criminals. Criminals also come from the better side of the tracks. In his book Inside the Criminal Mind, Dr. Stanton E. Samenow, a clinical psychologist, powerfully demolishes much of the conventional wisdom portraying criminals as victims of their parents, poverty, mental illnesses and life circumstances. Instead, Dr. Samenow found that criminals are defined by how they think; and they definitely think differently than law-abiding people. Most criminals are manipulative, use people as they please, fancy themselves in control, con others successfully, posture as tough guys and do not like to work hard at school or regular jobs. They thrive on intimidation and stealth. Crooks dish it out, but cannot take criticism. A minority pity their victims. Most have little remorse until caught. Crime progresses when these profoundly selfish young people bully others, get high, sell drugs, steal, gamble, rob stores, join gangs, rape and participate in violence, thrill seeking, intimidation and depravity. Drugs, intoxicants, theft, gangs, sex, violence or some combination of them help create new age slaves. People decide to disobey the law for their own self-centered reasons.

Prisons are supposed to act as a deterrent to criminal activity. Being unpleasant, potential offenders should be so afraid of going to prison that they do not commit crimes. But it doesn’t work that way. That’s how law-abiding citizens think. The criminal mind works differently, with less foresight and conscience. Criminals enjoy the excitement and risks, do not anticipate capture, and instead focus on what they want. By one computation, only 1.2% of burglaries result in the burglar going to prison. A low risk of punishment increases crime. Successful burglars celebrate their accomplishments. Good deterrents are certain, severe and swift. Prison is not certain, probation or youthful offender status often being granted or crimes are not even prosecuted. Prison is not always perceived as severe. Many never see a prison until they arrive. Inmates often sleep or just sit in their cells. When Mike Tyson first went to juvenile detention, it was like a reunion for him, because so many of his friends and acquaintances were already there – of course he was one of the few who did not worry about being attacked. Confinement is definitely not swift, either in the judicial process or in the sentence itself. Prisons are usually very bad places to be, but the prospect of going there fails to deter massive numbers of crimes and criminals. Out of sight, out of mind. Criminals do not always know or compute the number of years they are likely to serve for a given crime. They do not usually believe they will be caught. When they arrive behind bars, offenders often think they are the victims, that they got a raw deal in life, that they would plan better next time, that prison is a mark of accomplishment for a gangster like them, etc.

Youth, gender, and lack of education, more than other factors, explain violent crime. Well over half of all prisoners in America are high school dropouts. The vast majority are males. Males between the ages of 16 and 28 commit an overwhelming percentage of violent crimes, including first-degree murder. The very basic leading cause of violent crime in America is young male aggression in one form or another. Younger offenders are more likely to fail at probation or parole than are older convicts. In 2008, 45% of all murder victims were 20 to 34 years old. Studies show the human brain does not fully develop until age 28.

Prisons are revolving doors for recidivists. The number released is about equal to the number imprisoned. Every year, a large and poorly disciplined American army of released prisoners – over 700,000 ex-cons – goes back to the streets, many to make the world worse. Released prisoners carry extremely high rates of communicable diseases, AIDS, HIV infection, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and tuberculosis, often undiagnosed, into their communities, families and neighborhoods. Released convicts face many re-entry obstacles, most do not make the transition successfully, and huge numbers are recycled back into prison. Instead of making people less prone to commit crimes, prisons increase the likelihood that convicts will commit more crimes upon the completion of their sentences. Prisons, especially overcrowded ones where different levels of offenders are mixed together, are “criminogenic,” they cause more crime. Prisons are, as Jens Soering’s 2004 book title reveals, An Expensive Way to Make Bad People Worse.

Possessions are removed, family excluded, sexual desire frustrated. The sex ratio is at its most forbidding for normal sex, 100% of one sex versus zero of the opposite sex. Sexual deviancy increases. Life is unpleasant. Sanity depends upon mental toughness. Worries remain. Most prisoners are unhappy, many all of the time. Pagan, satanic, racist and occult religious texts are much more popular in prison than outside. Many contemplate, attempt or commit suicide or self-mutilation. The suicide rate for American prisoners is five to 15 times greater than it is for the general American population. Fewer chaplains and programs for inmates exist than in prior years.

We take every prisoner away from spouses, friends and family, constantly replicating the awful fate of many antebellum slaves. The free world isolates and abandons prisoners with long sentences. Many prisoners do not receive any visits from friends or family. Solid barriers separate the prisoner and any visitors during visits. Social isolation harms the prisoner’s self-esteem, as rejection often does, including the isolation we start with, suspending and expelling students from school. Gangs then successfully recruit members in prison from among the isolates, metastasizing their anti-social ideas and breeding virulent racism and religious bigotry. Prisonization occurs, which is the process whereby prisoners take on the penitentiary’s sick underclass values, codes and dogma. The longer the prison sentence, the more prisonization affects the prisoner.

The closed environment of prison is kept from view because prisons severely restrict the media’s access, routinely prohibit press interviews, and monitor and censor mail and telephone communications. Dreadful things often do not receive investigation or publicity. Through the centuries, lack of communication between prison and the outside world allowed abuses to grow undetected inside the closed prison environment.

Prisons harm people in several ways, but do not make enough of them “penitent.” Incarceration teaches depravity, affects minds adversely, and then releases its damaged products into the free world on their mandatory release date or on parole. Prisons are warehouses for criminal minds. Criminals learn better how to commit crimes, but not how to be productive in the free world or how to abandon their selfishness. Solid evidence proves that returning parolees increase crime rates in their neighborhoods.

In the last 20 years, the use of segregation or solitary confinement has increased markedly, far more than the already skyrocketing prison population as a whole, worsening outcomes and significantly increasing expense to the prison system. Solitary confinement – known as isolation, punitive segregation, disciplinary segregation, segregated housing, and other names – causes psychiatric harm in manifold ways, especially to those with previous mental illnesses. Solitary confinement can cause psychotic disorganization, self-destructive behavior, delusions, panic attacks, paranoia and an inability to adapt to the general prison population. Hypersensitivity, rage, aggression, plus memory, concentration and impulse-control problems also can stem from segregated housing units. Intolerance of social interaction is one of the more common results. America’s Super-Max Prisons improve safety for correctional staff and are essentially jails within prisons, increasingly concentrating dangerous inmates in solitary confinement instead of dispersing troublemakers throughout the system. Prisoners typically receive only one hour per day outside their Super-Max cell, often alone. Nelson Mandela knew men in prison who preferred half a dozen lashes with a whip to solitary confinement. Mandela wrote that the absence of human companionship is most dehumanizing. Modern psychiatrists agree with Charles Dickens and Nelson Mandela. Speaking of the ill effects of solitary confinement, Harvard psychiatrist Stuart Grassian, M.D. said our systems of solitary confinement, “deeply offend any sense of common human decency.” When one reads the names of a few famous criminals housed in Super-Max, sympathy declines, which is probably why our society permits this clean version of hell.

Our society does a poor job of punishing someone’s first few crimes. We most often opt for probation, juvenile court or youthful offender status. Very inconsistent aspects of the criminal justice system involve the decision whether to grant probation or send someone to prison at each of several junctures. Fines are meaningless for criminals without money or property, so only one hard punishment now exists. Convicted felons either go to the misery of prison or receive a very light punishment: probation. Probation often sets them up for a prison sentence. Many receive probation, do not learn their lesson, offend again, and eventually go to prison. The need for intermediate punishments was highlighted in Graham v. Florida, a recent Supreme Court decision, where a juvenile received probation for his first offense of armed burglary with assault or battery, and for his second offense of home invasion robbery, got life-without-parole. Juvenile court may shield their first few crimes from scrutiny, because juvenile records often don’t count in adult courts. Young offenders sometimes have to rack up one or two felonies as an adult before they go to prison. Convicts regret committing that very last crime, the one that sends them to prison. Deciding whether to punish with a feather or a sledgehammer does not give criminal judges much flexibility.

We built massive corrections systems without any scientific proof they were effective as deterrence or rehabilitation and with no recent effort to make them profitable. It’s as if we put a toxic chemical in consumer products without any toxicity studies. Modern researchers – along with the rest of us – tend to ignore and forget prisons and prisoners. Scientific research is still woefully lacking given the enormity of the current crisis. Incredibly, there are no rigorous studies or statistics about people who change their thought patterns, behavior and criminal lifestyle after soul-searching in prison. We do not know how to succeed. The architecture of prisons is impressive from the outside, but the way to successfully deal with their inhabitants has always been uncertain and unproven.

Idealists originally thought penitentiaries would make prisoners penitent, leading to religious conversions and rehabilitation. To accomplish this, they did the worst thing they could do: they isolated prisoners in a very bad environment. Sometimes prisoners had to keep silent, another form of solitary confinement. Cutting off prisoners from society made it difficult for inmates to keep their sanity or cope on the outside. Isolation from normal society made it that much easier to learn criminal ways inside the prison. Prisoners lost feelings of self-worth. While appropriate punishment promotes pro-social cooperation in normal human society, punishment that completely removes individuals from cooperative society also deprives normal society of any pro-social behavior brought about by that punishment.

Idealists and vindictive people who did not understand the effects of confinement wanted others, beneath themselves, to go there, just as non-drinkers obtained passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to initiate Prohibition: another failed social experiment. The public agreed to the idea of prisons because it got rid of the problem temporarily and seemed better than capital and corporal punishment. Imprisonment was considered civilized and modern. Prisons were out of sight, so slumbering humanity could ignore them. Idealists gave birth to a monster, just as those who sought to create a workers’ paradise had done. Few of the great ideals and theories about penitentiaries produced a system that worked as anticipated. Most reform efforts merely made an impractical institution better for several years in certain locations.

Abandonment of corporal punishment in favor of incarceration turned out to be a change from an emphasis on rehabilitation within normal society to one on incapacitation outside it. Reformers thought they would isolate prisoners and shape their behavior. They placed prisoners in the equivalent of Skinner boxes, but then provided very few rewards or punishments inside those cells. The all-powerful pro-social forces of school, family, church, employment and community were abandoned, subtracted from the process. Prisons rewarded inactivity with food, clothing and shelter, but pro-social activity was nearly impossible to have or reward inside the cell. Concentration on specific prisoner behavior became logistically and financially prohibitive. Altruistic punishment and the cooperation it supports work best in smaller groups, but those small groups were abandoned in favor of huge groups.

In addition to keeping prisoners in, prisons made it tough for free people to enter them for purposes of assistance or monitoring. Monitoring prison conditions over the course of many years became even more difficult for outsiders to accomplish. The inability to shape prisoner behavior was obvious well before we built a million cells. Regular attention to individual behavior only comes about when a financial incentive exists for those in control to monitor individuals.

Crime victims are not satisfied, society and taxpayers pay an enormous price, massive amounts of time and money are wasted, correctional professionals are frustrated and overworked, and prisoners come out of prison in worse shape after years of bullying, violence and isolation. In a land rightly concerned about the declining percentage of younger workers who have to support increasing numbers of retirees, we cage millions of young, able-bodied people and keep them inactive most of the time. When the Thirteenth Amendment specifically allowed involuntary servitude as punishment for crime, we halted almost all of it decades ago. Only a tiny fraction work hard behind bars. Former Chief Justice Warren Burger called for making prisons “factories behind fences,” but special interests thwarted most attempts to expand prison labor.

By taking over two million workers out of the economy, we create labor shortages. Foreign workers, many of them illegal aliens, are then enticed to work in the United States. If we counted prisoners in the national unemployment calculations, the unemployment rate would rise significantly, because about 1.5% of the entire U.S. civilian labor force is sitting behind bars. Every prisoner requires direct financial subsidy and we suffer lost production, a true cost of inactivity. Our current system preserves “often intolerably stupid and unjust practices,” just as one prison historian noted early in the twentieth century. During incarceration, the social support network prisoners need to survive on the outside is destroyed or damaged. Mass imprisonment hurts the entire American economy and the families who are without family members at home. Prisons deprive American families of family members, and the American sex ratio is unbalanced as a result. Poorer communities and families suffer. Kids grow up without parents. Over half of male prisoners are fathers; many female inmates are mothers. Without doubt, children with parents in prison are far more likely to go there themselves.

By no means does this short article spell out all the reasons modern mass incarceration is a disaster. But you get the general idea: change is needed.

Sustainable and Disruptive Technologies – Tips to Differentiate in Order to Improve the Innovation

Innovation is a very important stage for any type of business nowadays, we are kind of fed up to hear everywhere innovate or else die, innovation is closely related to technology, there is a time when we face somewhat like a dilemma in the innovation curve. no matter if it is a product, service, marketing, application, potential or lateral.

What is really hidden in the very core of this concept? we must answer several questions, of course many questions arise when we are talking about this, however we can summarize these: How can you make an economic decision about technologies? How to transfer a technology into an innovation? What distinguishes sustainable from disruptive technologies? Which factors decide about the innovations to pursue? What is characteristic for successful innovations? How can you successfully design the process of innovation? How can you accelerate the product development process successfully (within an innovation cooperation)? What determines the change from closed to open innovation? How to enhance the creativity of a company and include knowledge from the outside? Once we have asked ourselves these questions we have to understand what stage are we into now? where are we focusing our efforts, are we using peacemaker technology, key technology, basic technology, or a former technology?

Sustainable technologies improve the performance of established products, along the dimensions of performance that mainstream customers in major markets have historically valued in the other hand Disruptive technologies bring to market a very different value proposition than had been available previously. They have features that a few fringe (and generally new) customers value, based on this we can say that Disruptive technologies are typically cheaper, simpler, smaller, and, frequently, more convenient to use, by introducing a new performance dimension to the product and therefore creating a new market among non-consumers or by providing a clearly less expensive solution – often in trade off for reduced performance, say, targeting customers who do not value the extra features/high performance of the existing product or simply cannot afford it (low-end disruptive innovation).

Disruptive technologies are only applicable in insignificant or new existing markets result in worse product performance, at least near-term under-perform established products in mainstream markets, are afflicted with a high level of uncertainty and risk.The result of this is the incumbents abide by the established technology and avoid to cannibalize their income by disruptive technologies or respectively to enter unprofitable markets. Thus, they block themselves the access to new growth markets or miss the development (incumbent inertia), this bring forth what is called the innovator dilemma.

Advices for innovation management goes to three very important levels, first from the Executive level, there hast to be an adjustment of the organizational structure, second, application of the Discovery Based Planning, and preparatory management of the portfolio with strategic options. After we set up the Executive level, we should strive our attention to the Disruptive Technology Scanning, what we mainly do here is a definition and analysis of the value chain competition industry cost structure, an Evaluation of a new technology towards disruptive characteristics and a Trajectories mapping Evaluation relating the existing value chain.

And the third level is Developing the Opportunities and Business Models and this consist on Mapping of the new value networks, Identification of opportunities and development of adequate business models and the Formulation of a portfolio with strategic options. Doing so our innovation curve will not experience damage or critical alteration which will result on many problems.

Natural Fibroid Treatment – 3 Powerful Herbs That Shrink Your Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that develop in the muscle layer of the womb. They can cause infertility by disturbing the the lining of the womb or compressing the fallopian tubes. If conception does occur they may cause miscarriage. Many women have successfully shrunk their fibroids with natural fibroid treatment using herbal remedies. We will discuss 3 well known herbs that you can try before resorting to surgery.

Modern treatment of fibroids uses laser or ultrasound that shrinks the tumor but they can recur. Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) blocks the blood supply to a fibroid, causing it to shrink. In some cases the fibroid has to be removed from the muscle layer of the womb by surgery. In severe cases removal of the entire womb (hysterectomy) may be necessary.

The cause of fibroids is thought to be hormonal and they tend to shrink or disappear after the menopause unless a woman takes hormone replacement therapy. Fibroids are usually caused by excessive levels of estrogen caused by a hormone imbalance. Taking the contraceptive pill may be a factor. But, it is thought that exposure to environmental estrogens known as xenoestrogens may play a part.

Xenoestrogens come from chemicals such as pesticides and those used in the plastic industry. They also get into the food chain and are present in dairy products and the fat of meat. Some gynecologists have linked a diet high in meat, sugar and milk products especially cheese and ice-cream to the development of fibroids.

Some women may have them without knowing until they are examined for infertility, miscarriage or heavy and painful periods. In some cases they can grow to a size where they cause pain and a swollen abdomen which may make a woman look pregnant.

Natural fibroid treatment can help reduce their size or at least prevent them growing. They can also reduce the heavy bleeding that is often associated with uterine fibroids. It is also important that natural fibroid treatment balances the hormones and detoxifies the environmental estrogen.

Agnus Castus

Agnus Castus, also known and Chaste Tree, helps to balance hormones by reducing estrogen levels while increasing progesterone. Its effect is on the pituitary gland which governs hormones.It is often used in the herbal treatment of pre-mentrual syndrome. The herb has strong anti-inflammatory effect which helps to shrink the fibroids.

Burdock Root

Burdock Root is a blood purifier. It helps the liver detoxify excess estrogen and xenoestrogens. It has diuretic properties which assists the body to get rid of retained water reducing bloating and swelling. It contains a natural substance that inhibits the growth of fibroids and it’s anti-inflammatory properties shrink them.

Red Clover

Red Clover is another blood cleansing herbal remedy and helps the body eliminate the excess estrogen through liver detoxification. It’s well known for it’s phytoestrogen content which helps balance the body’s natural estrogen and regulate the menstrual cycle. Two phytoestrogens daidzein and genistein are known to have anti-tumor qualities. Red Clover has antispasmodic and sedative qualities, calming the womb.

Herbal treatment works better when combined with a healthy diet and the avoidance of environmental estrogens. If you decide to try natural fibroid treatment it is best to see a qualified herbalist who can combine the herbal remedies for you according to your symptoms.

Asthma, "Hidden" Asthma, And Allergies

During the winter months, colds, flu, sore throats, and respiratory illnesses become more prevalent, outdoor activities decline, family members are in closer contact with one another, and our homes are sealed up against the wintry elements. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) declines as indoor airborne pollutants and indoor allergens increase. The accumulation of built-up antigens (allergens) within a home, typically cause family members to suffer adverse health effects. Recent research confirms the EPA’s claim that indoor air quality can be 100 times, or even in some cases, 500 times worse, than the outdoor air quality. Those persons prone to allergies and asthma suffer severely at this time of the year. Until the general public becomes aware of the dangers of polluted indoor air and then begins to demand the services, Home Indoor Allergen Control services, specializing in improving indoor air quality, will remain limited in numbers. The EPA, utilizing public service announcements, is presently promoting campaigns to educate the public on the dangers to health from poor indoor air quality.

Coinciding with the energy conservation practices initiated in the late 1970’s, including better insulated home-building construction methods, asthma (and asthma related deaths) among children has continued to increase, year after year, since 1980. Asthma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled through;

  • patient/parent education
  • allergy injections
  • medications, and
  • avoidance of “triggers”

Symptoms of Allergies

Symptoms ranging from itchy skin, stuffed up nasal cavities, runny noses, head or sinus aches, bouts of sneezing, sinusitis, irritated, watery and reddish eyes, puffy, swollen or discolored eyelids, wheezing, a “tight” chest, scratchy throats, raspy voices, dry unproductive coughs, feelings of lethargy, mental fatigue and even depression are not uncommon. These symptoms may only result in temporary, or day to day, discomforts for some. Yet these discomforts, even if minimal, can now be controlled, at a low cost and without over-the-counter allergy medications, a huge revenue source for the pharmaceutical companies.

More importantly, without utilizing the benefits of home indoor allergen control, the nearly 50 to 60 million American’s (one in five) who suffer from allergies are at great risk of becoming afflicted with even more permanent, life long, ill-health effects including; asthma, bronchitis, perennial rhinitis (hay fever), eczema, dermatitis, sinus infections and other serious health issues, looming in their future.

Asthma and the Differing Types of Asthma

By overlooking the need for home indoor allergen control, children, the elderly, and persons with weak immune systems (even if just temporary) are at a high risk of developing long term medical afflictions. Although 4 to 5 million children, knowingly suffer asthma attacks yearly, asthma remains one of the more common chronic diseases of childhood and is often undiagnosed amongst children. There are as many types of asthma as there are “triggers” that can cause asthma attacks, but basically asthma is classified as either “intermittent or “persistent” asthma.

What is very important for parents to realize is the possibility of your child having “hidden” asthma a condition that exists before wheezing, coughing and rapid breathing become noticeable. Since infants and toddlers cannot verbalize how, or what, they are feeling, “hidden” asthma may be very hard to diagnose, even by your family physician. Irritability in very young children can mean many different things but, like a guttural cough or rapid breathing, could also be a sign of respiratory difficulties.

So how do you know if your child has signs of developing asthma or “hidden” asthma?

Pay attention! Become knowledgeable of the symptoms and alert to the possible triggers. Although it may be difficult to notice any tell-tale signs with children under the age of 18 or 24 months, there are definitive symptoms to look for in older children. Wheezing, for one you may think…but not necessarily so, is a prime characteristic found in asthmatics, yet it’s not necessarily the most common symptom. Coughing is a particularly prominent indicator and wheezing may not be readily noticeable to parents or the family physician, even through a stethoscope. Children with a history of bronchitis, pneumonia, respiratory infections, numerous and constant bouts of coughing (particularly at night or in cold weather when asthma conditions tend to worsen) should be thoroughly checked for asthma. Coughing immediately after vigorous activities such as running, or even a long-lasting spell of crying, are also signs that should be noted and may require a physician’s evaluation for asthma. Family history, especially a history of allergies or asthma, genetics, the child’s moods and actions, responses to foods and possible allergy triggers, must all be communicated to a physician in assisting to determine whether a child may be susceptibility to asthma.

Infants and toddlers with a past histories that include chest colds, bronchitis, pneumonia, chronic coughing or unusual breathing patterns, either shortness of breath or rapid breathing, should be tested for asthma as well as other respiratory diseases. Keep in mind, as active as toddlers and pre-schooler’s tend to be, it may be very difficult to discern the limitations of physical activities. Pulmonologist’s, performing lung function tests on very young children, still find it difficult to ascertain an asthma diagnosis, but these tests may still reveal airway obstructions. Asthma, brought under control, allows children to live more active lives without frequent asthma attacks.

Common Home Indoor Air Pollutants Resulting in Asthma and Allergies

Through education and knowledge, basic common sense, and recent technological innovations, the removal, reduction, and control of the following worst pollutants and allergens, will greatly improve Home Indoor Air Quality and the health of the home occupants. Of the nearly 50 – 60 million American’s suffering from allergies, 20 million or so, are allergic to household dust and/or the particulates that make up household dust. Guanine, a potent and harmful allergen produced by dust mites and found in their fecal pellets and exoskeletons, is a major contributor. The most common indoor allergens include:

  • Dust and Dust mite allergens
  • Second-hand cigarette smoke
  • Pet dander
  • Cockroaches
  • Molds and mildew

Education will allow homeowners to gain the knowledge of just how these allergens accumulate. By simply changing practices and habits, methods can be easily integrated into the present home lifestyle to minimize the amount of unhealthy allergens and thereby improving the quality of health for the home occupants. To a degree, housekeeping practices have evolved over the past generation or two. Kitchen areas have tested to be the most bacteria ridden parts of a home.

Our bedrooms, especially within the mattresses that we sleep upon one-third of our life, are the dirtiest and nastiest. Mattresses and the micro-climatic ecosystem within them, provide all the creature comforts that allow dust mites to live, thrive and breed while producing the antigen guanine, the worst offender and most harmful of all indoor allergens. Our grandparents can recall the days when mattresses were carried outside to have the “dust” literally beaten out of them and then placed in the sunlight for a naturally cleansing. Nowadays, aside from both parents working full-time jobs, mattress technology has evolved to the point that mattresses are too heavy or too bulky, to tote outside even if there is an area that exists where the mattress can be placed for “cleansing”. Carpeting accumulates many allergens as well, however carpeting does not provide the micro-climatic ecosystem that dust mites require. Regular vacuuming assists in controlling built-up allergens in carpeting, but only if the proper vacuum is used.

Home Indoor Allergen Control Technicians

Mattress cleaning technicians, trained in the removal, reduction, and control of home indoor allergens are in an excellent position to not only offer their much needed services, but to also help educate the general public on methods of improving and sustaining healthier lives by simply improving home indoor air quality.

The above information is not intended as medical advice. If you or your family members experience any of the above symptoms, please see a medical professional. Excellent information is available from either the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI) or the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI).