What Is Helicobacter Pylori and How to Test for It?

What is Helicobacter pylori?

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that can survive in the stomach and cause inflammation (gastritis). It causes a gnawing upper abdominal pain that is often described as indigestion. It used to be thought that bacteria could not survive in the stomach because of the highly acidic environment (the pH in the stomach is around 2.0). Helicobacter is able to not only survive but it can multiply and cause an infection, an inflammation of the stomach. Helicobacter attach to the lining of the stomach hiding in the mucus secreted by stomach cells. Not unexpectedly, people who do not produce much stomach acid (a condition called achlorhydria) are more susceptible to Helicobacter infection.

What are the symptoms?

Gnawing upper abdominal pain or discomfort that tends not to go away but is fairly constant is the most common symptom. Sometimes a bloating feeling is noticed and yet some people have no symptoms at all.

How is Helicobacter spread?

It is difficult to be certain but it appears likely that Helicobacter is not generally spread from person to person. The reason we can be fairly certain of this is that when a person is found to be infected there is a very low risk of their partner or other family members becoming infected. If Helicobacter was easily spread from person to person this would not be the case.

It is much more likely that spread of Helicobacter occurs after contamination of surfaces that we touch. For example, if a person with Helicobacter uses a public toilet and does not wash their hands properly if tiny pieces of faeces are present on their fingers it can be transferred to taps, door handles etc. In the stool there will be very many Helicobacter that have been washed out of the stomach with food and drink. The next person to use the tap or door handle can pick up the bacteria and when they eat they may transfer the bacteria to their mouth. Another person has become infected. This commonly happens abroad in less developed countries where standards of hygiene may be quite poor. We have found people returning from foreign holidays having contracted this disease.

If an infected person is careful about their hygiene it will definitely pass the infection on.

What are the risks?

Helicobacter causes inflammation and that can lead to an ulcer forming. Ulcers can bleed if they erode into blood vessels. Bleeding can cause anemia, fatigue and fainting. Longstanding inflammation of the stomach is a risk factor for the development of stomach cancer.

What tests are available?

Helicobacter Stool test – recommended

A very convenient test and accurate also, the Helicobacter stool test identifies the bacteria directly by an immunological reaction. This means that the test is specific for Helicobacter, that is to say that the test will only be positive when Helicobacter is present and other bacteria will not make this test positive. Helicobacter bacteria pass into the stool from the stomach as they are washed from the stomach with food and drink.

This test comes highly recommended yet it is not generally used in hospitals or General Practice. The accuracy of the test can be adversely affected if antibiotics or proton pump inhibitors such as Omeprazole, have been taken within 2-4 weeks of the test.

Helicobacter Blood test – not recommended

This test is no longer recommended because it tests for the antibodies the body's immune system makes when Helicobacter is present. This test does not detect the bacteria itself. Antibodies to Helicobacter can remain in the blood long after the infection has gone and antibodies may not be present in the blood in the early phase of the infection. This test should be avoided.

Helicobacter Breath test – recommended

A widely used and highly effective test equivalent in accuracy to the stool test, this test is suitable for people who prefer not to handle their stool. The test detects 'urease-producing bacteria.' Helicobacter bacterium produce the enzyme urease. The infected person takes a tablet containing urea labeled with C13 or C14. If urease (Helicobacter) is present the urea is split into ammonia and carbon dioxide that then carries the C13 or C14 label. The carbon dioxide is absorbed into the blood and is then breathed out. A sample of breath is collected and tested for C13 or C14. This test is said to be appropriate even during the prescribing of Omeprazole and related drugs.

Gastroscopy – biopsy and CLO test – only if recommended by your doctor

Gastroscopy is commonly carried out for people with symptoms of a stomach problem to see if there is an ulcer or a tumor in the stomach. At the time of the endoscopy a tissue sample (biopsy) can be taken and tested for Helicobacter using the CLO test or it can be examined under the microscope to visualize the bacteria directly. These tests are very accurate but require endoscopy and sedation so it is an expensive and time-consuming procedure.

Who should be tested?

Anyone with the primary symptom of upper abdominal gnawing pain should be tested. Anyone concerned about the risk of stomach cancer with or without symptoms and anyone who has finished a course of treatment for a Helicobacter infection more than one month ago should be tested.

What is the treatment?

Bacterial infections are usually treated with antibiotics and Helicobacter infection is no exception. A combination of antibiotics is prescribed along with some medication to help the symptoms.

Are there alternative treatments?

Many alternative treatments have been discovered but few have been shown to actively kill Helicobacter. Some alternative treatments probably work by suppressing Helicobacter rather than killing it. Treatments that I have come across include manuka honey, matula tea and herbal treatments.

How effective is treatment?

About 90% of infections are successfully treated with one course of antibiotics (triple therapy). The 10% of patients who suffer a relapse can be treated with a second course of different antibiotics. It is best to have a Helicobacter test one month after treatment to check if eradication of the bacteria has been successful.

Early Menopause and Lupus

Early menopause occurs most often in women who are 30 to 40 years of age. It may occur in women younger than that with underlying causes. It is important that if you are suffering the signs of early menopause that you consult a doctor to rule out anything else that may be happening or a consequence of other health conditions. This is especially important if you have lupus and are experiencing signs of early menopause.

Lupus Symptoms

There are a few types of lupus including Discoid Lupus and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Discoid Lupus most often affects the skin. It will present as a red rash that could have raised edges. It commonly occurs on the face and scalp. The rash is not itchy but scarring on the scalp can cause irreversible hair loss. Up to approximately 10% of those who have Discoid Lupus will develop Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

The most common complaints of those who suffer with systemic lupus erythematosus include fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle pain, arthritis and mouth / nose ulcerations.

A facial rash (butterfly rash), photosensitivity and inflammation of the lining that surrounds the heart-pleuritis and the heart-pericarditis are also symptoms of lupus. Problems with circulation to the fingers and toes when it is really cold are also called Raynaud's phenomenon. Inflammation of the brain, liver, and kidneys also occurs in SLE. There may be a decrease in white blood cells and clotting factors. This increases the risk of infections and bleeding.

More than 50% of those with SLE will develop the flat red butterfly rash. Most SLE sufferers will develop a type of arthritis that is very similar to rheumatoid arthritis. The small joints of the hands, the wrists, and feet may swell, become painful, stiff and sometimes deformed. Inflammation of the blood vessels especially those that supply oxygen to tissues can cause nerve injury, injury to the skin, or injury to an internal organ.

These are some of the major and most common symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus. Within each symptom is a set of sub-symptoms that result from the main symptoms. Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can be very treatable. It may also cause death depending on which body organs are affected.

The diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus is determined if a patient has four or more of eleven criteria. They are: malar-butterfly rash, discoid rash with patchy redness, photosensitivity (sensitivity to light), mucus membrane ulcers, arthritis, pleuritis and pericaridits-inflammations of the linings of the heart lungs along with pain when breathing, kidney abnormalities including an abnormal quantity of urine protein or clusters of cellular elements (casts), brain irritation, blood count abnormalities, immunological disorders-abnormal results of such tests as Anti-DNA, or anti-Sm, testing positive for antinuclear antibody.

Other tests could include a Sedimentation Rate, blood chemistry and evaluation of body fluids, as well as tissue biopsies. SLE can also cause one to enter early menopause

Treatments of systemic lupus erythematosus include get more rest during the active phases of the disease. Inadequate sleep is key in the progress of fatigue in SLE patients. A doctor must focus on poor sleep and the effects of depression, insufficient exercise and patient's personal care coping abilities on their over-all health. Drugs that are used to relieve symptoms of SLE include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that help muscle, joint and other body tissue pain.

Corticosteroids are stronger in lessening inflammation and restoring the ability to function when SLE is active and they are helpful when internal organs are involved. They can be delivered in a number of forms but they have some serious side effects in long-term use at high doses. Thinning skin and bones, weight gain, infections, diabetes, facial puffiness, cataracts and even death (necrosis) of large joints are also possible. There is a wide variety of types of drugs used to treat mild to severe cases of SLE.

Symptoms of Early Menopause

Lupus and early menopause have some common symptoms. Sleep problems, heart palpitations, headaches and hot flashes that can occur in lupus and the patient not are menopausal. Irregular periods and bleeding are classic signs of beginning menopause. If you are a woman with lupus menstruation can continue but as has been mentioned become irregular and cease altogether catapulting you into early menopause. Other symptoms of it include appetite changes, weight gain, body aches, and mood swings all of which can also occur in lupus.

Early menopause in lupus can occur as a result of the disease itself. It can also be a result of the medications used to treat lupus. It can also be a result of heredity as opposed to disease or treatments of the disease.

Treatment of these symptoms can be HRT- hormone replacement therapy, anti-depressants, and anti-inflammatories. These treatments can have some very serious side effects such as increased risk for heart attack and some cancers. Most women seek to avoid these side effects and turn to natural treatments such as herbal supplementation.

Herbal supplements may also include vitamins such as B-complex and C vitamins and minerals such as magnesium and zinc. In order to get the highest quality supplement there should be no fillers or preservatives. The ingredients will have had the molecular path tested at the molecular level and their interactions evaluated as well. Only standardized herbal extracts are used and they are made to meet pharmaceutical grade standards. This all helps to guarantee top quality and consistent dosing from capsule to capsule.


Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can attack the skin discoid lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus that affects the joints and internal organs. It is a connective tissue disease. Either the disease itself or the treatments that are used to treat lupus can put a woman into early menopause. A doctor's examination will help to determine the best course of treatment including the possible benefits of herbal supplementation .

Causes of Swollen Legs and Ankles – 8 Proven Reasons For Edema

In this article we're going to discuss some of the main causes of swollen legs and ankles. The swelling, also called Edema and formerly known as dropsy or hydropsy, is an abnormal retention of fluid underneath the skin or in one more parts of the body. Let's take a look at some of the reasons on why you are having the swelling in your legs and ankles.

Congestive Heart Failure

The degree of the swelling in the legs and ankles rely on the heart's capacity to pump blood, when the individual is standing or sitting. If your job requires you to stand or sit for a very long period of time then the gravity will act on your body. The heart must work hard to pump more blood to make up for the blood that's flowing to the legs. If your heart is having a hard time pumping more blood, then the swapping can be seen in the legs and ankles.


Cirrhosis is an enduring disease that hinders the normal functions of a liver. In cirrhosis, the kidney stores salts and water. These results to the gathering of these fluids in the tissues underneath the skin of the legs and ankles, thus the reason behind the swapping of legs and ankles.

Kidney Disease

My mother has complications in her kidney and most of the time her legs and ankles can really swell up. The kidney filters out the salt that gets into your body and if it's not functioning properly, salts are stored in the body which will retain water now. Excessive water retention will definitely cause the swelling.


This is the swelling that generally takes place in one of your arms and legs. Most of the time this only affects just one leg but there are also cases which both arms and legs may be swollen. This is caused when your lymphatic system is clogged which advances lymph fluid from draining effectively. As the fluid builds up, the swilling will continue.

Lung Diseases

Extreme chronic lung diseases like bronchitis can also cause swelling in the legs. The blood flow is constricted in the lungs which causes swelling in other parts of the body including the legs and ankles.

Hormone Changes

During menstruation, the swapping can be seen in the pelvic area and the legs because of the hormonal changes the body goes through. Take note that not all women can have this symptom.


Most of the time pregnancy can cause swapping in the legs. The fluids are being contained in the tissues because of changes in the blood's chemistry. Also the uterus is getting bigger and it adds pressure to the pelvis veins, which can lead to swelling. The swapping can be seen in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy.


One of the obvious reasons for the swapping is being overweight. Because of gravity, the swelling in your lower leg increases after long periods of standing or sitting. You can tell if the condition is worse when you try pushing your finger into the swollen area and leave a mark when you remove the finger.

5 Reasons Why Thyroid Disease Must Prevented Or Treated Immediately

Thyroid disease arises from the malfunctioning of the thyroid glands. The thyroid gland secretes a valuable hormone called thyroxine and any thyroid disorder that causes an imbalance in the secretion of this hormone that can be very harmful to health. Here are 5 very important reasons why thyroid disease should be preceded and treated immediately when diagnosed.

1. The reduction in secretion of thyroxin leads to hypothyroidism which has far reaching consequences in the body. This condition affects almost every part of the body manifesting symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, forgetfulness, depression, hoarseness, hair loss, low sex drive, irregular menses, and depression. Some other serious health conditions that can arise out of hypothyroidism are chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, carpal tunnel syndrome, recurrent miscarriages, PMS and mitral valve prolapse.

2. The reduction in thyroxin released by the thyroid gland reduces body metabolism thusby reducing the rate of production of energy in the cells. This causes sluggishness and fatigue and can easily affect the individual's performance ..

3. Thyroid disease lowers the body's immunity putting it to increased risk of infection. Frequent infections can lower the immunity further leading to a continuously deteriorating state of health.

4. As thyroid disease decreases the metabolic rate in the body it often leads to weight problems including obesity. An individual's weight loss goals are also sabotaged by thyroid disorders. In extreme cases when the body starves of energy and the cells are unable to sustain even the minimum levels of metabolism it can lead to a life threatening situation.

5. Thyroid disease can lead to a host of degenerative diseases such as arthritis, heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

What Causes Heart Attacks – Causes and Risk Factors

What Causes Heart Attacks? They occur when there is low blood flow in the body especially in the section of heart muscles that causes to starve for oxygen. If the blood flow is not restored quickly it can lead to damage of the heart muscle from lack of oxygen and the process of dying begins. It is also known as Myocardial Infarction. There are different causes of attack, that's why it makes a leading killer for both men in women. But nowdays, there are excellent treatments that can save lives and present disabilities. The question is what causes heart attacks? And how can we avoid it? Is there any special procedure that we can do to avoid it?

Cholesterol plays a big role in having this condition; This is because cholesterol buildup can occur in these blood vessels in the form of plaque. This plaque is one of the causes of attacks as it narrows the artery and can restrict the amount of blood that can flow through it. When the artery becomes too narrow, there is no enough blood that will supply the heart muscle when it becomes stressed. Like for example when we lift or carry too much or when we run too fast, our muscle in the arm and legs will ache because there is no adequate blood supply in this area. This is the same thing happening in our heart when there is lack of blood supply in the heart muscle this pain is referred as angina.

From the plaque formation, another cause can happen. This is when the plaque ruptures; a small blood cloth can form within the blood vessels and accurately block the blood flow or blood supply. When completely loss of blood supply happens the muscle dies. This is what we called heart attack or MI- a myocardial infarction (from the word myo = muscle + cardial = heart and infarction = death due to lack of oxygen).

Narrowing of the arteries by means of cholesterol plaque and the ruptures that occur are most often causes of attacks. This is what we called atherosclerotic heart disease (AHSD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). Aside from causes of heart attack, there are also risk factors that contribute to having or experiencing it. For the ASHD it is almost the same risk factor as what we have in stroke (cerebrovascular disease) or peripheral vascular disease like: family history (hereditary), smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Causes of heart attacks may also include to the non-coronary artery disease which includes:

Cocaine use-this drug can cause the coronary to go into enough spasm

Prinzmetal angina (coronary artery vasospasm) -it can go into spasm and cause angina without specific cause.

Anomalous coronary artery- it occurs occasionally when the course of part the artery can move into the heart muscle itself. What will happen is when the muscles contracts, it can lead to kinking of the artery and cause angina.

Inadequate oxygenation-this occurs when there is inadequate oxygen supply to the heart.

We need to be familiar also to the symptoms of heart attack. Chest pain (described as tightness, fullness, a pressure, or an ache) usually associated with shortness of breath, profuse sweating and nausea.

We need to seek the doctor when we experience those symptoms this is a very serious condition that can lead to death if we will not give importance to it. Awareness in signs and symptoms and what causes of heart attacks is very important, it will help us to avoid it and to live healthy.

Anxiety After A Heart Attack – Be Aware Of The Signs That May Cause Depression After A Heart Attack

Anxiety after a heart attack is a natural reaction. You have been through a sudden traumatic experience, which may take longer to recover from emotionally and mentally than it does to recover from physically.

It is normal that in the early days after a heart attack you may have nightmares, however after a couple of weeks they should start to less and less less frequent.

Some people will find that passing a hospital (even if it is not the one where they were a patient) will bring on feelings of distress or anxiety. Other people will find that reading or hearing about someone else having a heart attack fills them with dread or fear. Films and television can have an even stronger impact due the way they dramatize the event.

However there are many indications of anxiety and possible depression that are not brought on by an actual association to a heart attack. For example you may have lost interest in your hobbies or become irritable; you may have difficulty making decisions or your memory may have become poor; you may be experiencing feelings of helplessness, pessimism or sadness.

You may not directly associate these changes to being angry or depressed after a heart attack, but they are all signs that you should take note of especially if they continue for any length of time.

Anxiety usually diminishes over time, however it can sometimes lead to depression. Counseling can quickly and easily prevent this, but you need to be aware of the signs that you need to take notice of. Everyone deals with traumatic situations differently and it is not a sign of weakness to see a counselor or a therapist. On the contrary, dealing with your emotional and mental reactions rather than ignoring them, will help with your physical recovery and also help to reduce the risk of a future heart attack.

How Is a Heart Attack Diagnosed?

A heart attack may be caused by a sudden blockage of the coronary artery. A heart attack can be deadly, but prevented. Knowing the risk factors and detecting the early warning signs can greatly impact survival. Another name for a heart attack is a myocardial infarction.

Physical Examination

A cardiologist will assess the symptoms and conduct a thorough evaluation. The skin color will be examined, pulse and heart rate checked, heart rhythm and regularity assessed, and blood pressure monitored. Your doctor will collect all of the pertinent information and move forward with blood tests.

Lab Tests

A blood analysis is needed to identify risk factors related to coronary artery disease. If there is a presence of particular proteins that affect clotting, precautionary measures are taken. Lipid blood tests and enzyme and protein tests are conducted in the lab. Your doctor will receive the result of your blood tests for review and diagnosis.

Imaging Tests

Imaging tests may be required so that the doctor can get a clear view of the heart and electrical impulses affecting the heart rate. Echocardiograms reveal images of the heart valves and chambers to show the pumping activity. Electrocardiograms measure the electrical activity of the heart through the use of electrodes attached to various parts of the body. Blood flow is assessed as well as any heat abnormalities associated with a heart attack.

Other imaging tests may include a stress test or exercise stress test, radiographic tests of the heart and nuclear imaging as needed.

Invasive Exams

Cardiac catheterization can be used to capture images of the heart and blood stream activities when a material is injected into the circulatory system. The current situation of the heart can be assessed and future treatment determined.

In some cases an intravascular ultrasound may be required for assessment of the heart. High frequency sound waves are used to reveal a cross section of the artery walls, including the interior layers. A sound probe is used, as it is placed through the coronary arteries for assessment.

If you suspect a heart attack or are at risk of having a heart attack, you should see your heart doctor right away for assessment. A timely diagnosis can save your life. Your cardiologist can determine the most effective treatment based on the symptoms you report and the diagnosis of the problem. In some cases, a heart attack may be brought on by heart problems and conditions that can be prevented.

Dietary Recommendations For Obesity, Diabetes, Heart Diseases, Tuberculosis and Acute Infection

The afore-mentioned diseases are very common and rampant diseases in this present world of today. So therefore, besides the medicinal aspect of their treatment, the dietary aspect is equally as important. What are patients to eat and not to eat in these clinical situations?

Should eat foods which influence the energetic and fat metabolism to prevent development of excessive weight. Low-caloric diet, low carbohydrate diet with high levels of protein and vitamins should be administered. Food boiled, baked or steamed should be recommended / Take 5 to 6 times daily with small portions. Eliminate from the diet sugar products. fried foods, cakes and sweets. Fresh fruits and vegetables are recommended.

Diabetes mellitus
Diets for the normalization of carbohydrate metabolism, prevention of impairment of different types of metabolism: fat, protein and water, should be given. Strongly avoid fats and carbohydrates and give only low energetic value of food diets. Avoid sweets, cakes and honey. Boiled and naked foods without spices are good. Eliminate from the diet sugar products, fried foods, cakes and sweets. Fresh fruits and vegetables are recommended.

Diseases of the heart in the stage of compensation, rheumatic fever, high blood pressure
The aim of diet here should be to improve the function of cardiovascular system, kidney and liver functions. And hence such diets should have great limitation of fats, free fluid, salt, increasing potassium and magnesium. Fish, red meat, vegetables, average caloric carbohydrates, apples, bananas should be given. Boiled, steamed and baked food stuffs, peas, white rice, corn should be recommended 5 times daily.

Tuberculosis of the lungs and bones, anemia, children after infectious diseases, surgical treatment
The main aim of recommended diet here is to increase immune defense, resistance organism against infections. Should have very high caloric intake, increased proteins and minerals. Wide range of foods (Different types of foods 5 times daily) should be issued. Fish, rice, tubers, carrots, vegetables, red meat, potatoes, peas, beans, millet, wheat, grains etc.

Acute infectious diseases
The main aim of the recommended diet is to pass out endotoxins, to increase immune defense. Such food stuff should be rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. Restriction of heavy fats and fatty meat is highly recommended. Food should be taken in a boiled form like a pure, in liquid and semi liquid form.

In the treatment of diseases, drugs alone does not count much. It needs to be supplemented by adjustment of lifestyle as well in which one of the main factors of this is specific or selected diet targeted on the recovery of also specific illnesses.

The Real Cost of Fast Fashion

Fast fashion is a term that is regularly used and connected with the negative environmental and ethical aspects of the fashion industry. Recently, there has been an increased interest on the environmental impacts of our consumer behaviour. What is fast fashion and what are its environmental impacts?

Fast Fashion is term used to describe the cheap high fashion clothing, usually sold by high street retailers. Traditionally retailers would tend to stock new trends or lines each season, with fast fashion, they stock new trends each or even week. This change is consumer buying behaviour is driven by both the reduction in the price of clothing and increased marketing of new trends and fashions. Fast fashion clothes are generally only worn a few times before being replaced by the latest trend.

The environmental impacts of fast fashion are well reported with the green house gas emissions, chemical pollution and landfill waste all being key issues. The growth of cotton, the most widely used natural fibre uses huge amounts of chemicals that are damaging to the health of the workers, the surrounding environment. Synthetic fibres like polyester which are regularly used for making ‘fast fashion’ clothes, require the use of vast amounts of petro chemicals and releasing all sorts of polluting chemicals that also present health risks for workers in the industry and those living in the vicinity. The manufacture of most textiles is an energy intensive process, this combined with the transport of textiles of products around the world produces even more green house gas emissions.

As if that wasn’t enough, there is also the problem of disposing of unwanted clothing. Landfill in the UK is a huge problem with textiles accounting for an estimated 30% of UK landfill waste each year. Synthetic textiles simply stay in the system and do not break down naturally. Even natural textiles pollute water systems with chemicals and dyes that are washed out by rain water. They also produce methane, a powerful greenhouse gas as they breakdown.

Recycling of clothing is a great idea but the quality of many fast fashion items makes them less desirable second hand. In March last year Allan Wheeler of the textile recycling association reported in the House of Lords on how “the quality of the clothing that is coming through to our members is on the decline, which makes it harder to reuse”.

Whilst there are a variety of eco textiles and brands with excellent environmental credentials now available, it is consumer behaviour that will need to change in order to reduce the impact of fashion and clothing on the environment. Fashion retailers are primarily led by customer demand and will change their products and marketing strategies in response to a change in consumer behaviour. We are starting to see a move in the right direction with key retailers such as Marks and Spencer’s and Next all stocking organic and eco lines.

How to change from fast fashion to sustainable style

– Choose clothes in classic styles that will last more than one season

– Store clothes carefully to make them last, where possible, mend and repair instead of replacing them.

– Swap your second hand clothing at a swishing party or on a clothes swapping website

– Develop your own style, instead of following the latest trends.

– Buy vintage or second hand clothes

– Read fashion and style blogs for inspiration on timeless style

– Update last years look by adding a few accessories to your existing wardrobe rather than replacing everything.

Naturally Shrink Fibroid Tumors – How to Reduce Fibroids

Many women believe that it is not possible to naturally shrink fibroid tumors and this is a perfectly understandable view as many medical professionals do not indicate that it is possible.

If you have suffered from fibroids for any length of time, you have probably been led to believe that very little can be done other than having surgery. Indeed common advice from doctors is to simply leave fibroids alone and try to ignore them as when the menopause approaches, the fibroids will naturally reduce in size. This advice is perfectly fine if your fibroids are causing you no problems and as the vast majority of fibroids are completely benign, this advice can be sensible in certain circumstances.

However, for most women with larger fibroids this is not acceptable advice. Fibroids can cause very unpleasant symptoms such as bleeding between periods, heavy bleeding during periods leading to anemia, urinary and bowel problems, bloating, breathlessness and sexual difficulties.

There are a few alternative practitioners who will give advice on how to naturally shrink fibroid tumors. However, it can be very difficult to locate one who specializes in fibroids and if you manage to do so, the charges can be very expensive and waiting lists can be very long as the demand is great.

Many women are surprised to learn that surgical treatment (with the exception of a hysterectomy) can not be considered a permanent cure. This means that you can go through 3-6 months of dangerous hormone treatment to shrink the fibroids making surgery less risky, then a painful operation, requiring length recovery times, only too find that within a few months, the fibroids will start to regrow . This is because surgery does nothing to treat the causes of fibroids – even though you get rid of the fibroids, whatever caused them in the first place is still there so it is logical that they will return.

Doctors are not in complete agreement as to the causes of fibroids. However, they do agree that there are factors which predispose women towards them. It is known that high estrogen levels can contribute to fibroid formation and that if you are in your thirties, you are more likely to have fibroids. In addition, Afro-Caribbean women are more likely to suffer. Hereditary factors also play a part, with the daughters of women who had fibroids having an increased risk themselves.

To be successful, advice to naturally shrink fibroid tumors must look at all possible causes and systematically eliminate and treat them by using methods that have been proven to work. For example, if excess estrogen is clearly a problem, you will need to concentrate on ways of reducing levels within the body. This can be done partly by maintaining a healthy weight and by eliminating all possible pollutants from the liver which can mimic estrogen.

What is important to understand is that there is no one easy way to shrink fibroids naturally and anyone who tells you otherwise is being economic with the truth! However, there is light at the end of the tunnel and with perseverance and the correct strategies it is absolutely possible. Increasingly, women are finding that natural methods of reducing fibroids is indeed a viable option and that there is no need to suffer endlessly from those terrible symptoms or to undergo unnecessary and often pointless surgery. The very fact that fibroids are quite dangerous means that you have the option of using natural treatments without jeopardizing your health.

Bronchopneumonia – Treatment and Causes

Bronchopneumonia can be explained as a respiratory condition, which is connected with the lung. It commonly refers to people who firstly have pneumonia and what situation wasn`t so bad and they have been treated at home. However, in the progress of the illness, bronchopneumonia should be treated in hospital. It affects millions of people every year all over the world and more especially in the Third World.

Bronchopneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. The bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia is mostly common seen in adults. If you have a broken immune system, you might get attacked by the Legionella pneumophila bacteria. In the most criticizes organisms Tuberculosis is the most frequent cause of bronchopneumonia. In the past Tuberculosis had lead to dead.

There are a lot of risks, which may drive you to bronchopneumonia. Smokers and the people who have been suffering long time from diseases related to heart, have liver cirrhosis or are diabetics, are in the most risky group. Also, if you have already been operated or you have a lung disease, there is an about 70% more chance to catch bronchopneumonia. The best vaccinen is to have a healthy lifestyle, without any cigarettes, alcohol and a regular sport activity.

The difficulties in breathing are the first signs that you have pneumonia. As above mentioned, the pneumonia is the first stage of bronchopneumonia. The crackles in your chest are the first symptom of Bronchopneumonia. In some cases and only after a decision of your doctor, you may be obliged to make some more tests, including CBC-checking of your white blood cell counts, also checking your arterials to see if there is enough oxygen, getting into the blood via the lungs and etc.

The treatment of bronchopneumonia is quite individually. After a consultation with a doctor, there is even a possibility of going into a hospital. Of course, despite the diagnosis, there are some factors, which can not be neglected. If you are over 65 years or a small kid, your doctor will be obliged to send you to a hospital. Tomorrowmore, if you have other serious illness or there is no effect from the treatment at home, you will have to go to a hospital, because of your situation.

The regular treatment is about 2 weeks. If there are some complications, there is a possibility to protract the stay in the hospital. In most cases these are people, who have problems with heart or are diabetics.

Dirty hands, smoking cigarettes and the bad lifestyle at all are one of the largest agents of the illness.

Butterfly Milkweed

The scientific name of Butterfly Milkweed is Asclepias tuberose. This native perennial plant has several other common names, such as Fluxroot, Pleurisy Root, Orange Milkweed, Indian Posy, Canada Root, Indian Paintbrush, Chiggerflower, Orange Swallow-wort, Chigger flower, Silky Swallow-wort, Yellow Milkweed, White-root , Tuber Root and Windroot.

This member of the Milkweed family can be found in New England, Utah, south Arizona, Mississippi and Texas. It is a unique plant because it does not have any milky sap like other members of the same genus.


The Butterfly Milkweed is a plant that can grow to be heights of three inches. It may develop with a single central stem, mainly when it is young, and then branch outwards from the taproot, which can be quite large, to form a small bush. Older plants have multiple stems that emerge from the same large taproot.

The leaves are alternate and range in color from yellowish green to green. They are slightly shiny even though they have tiny hairs on them. They are broadly linear or linear in shape and have smooth margins.

Flowers and fruits

Butterfly Milkweed flowers have quite a complex structure. Each flower is divided into five equal parts that have unique hoods that project upwards and the conventional petals are below this. The hoods are in the shape of small scoops and the nectar is released towards the inner bottom surface of each hood. These flowers bloom from around early to late summer based on the level of moisture there is and the blooming period is quite long lasting. The flowers do not have a floral scent.

These flowers produce pods that are filled with small, brown seeds that have a papery texture and silky white hairs on them. These pods split open on one side once the seeds reach maturity. The hair help wind pollination of these seeds.


Many of these shrubs spread using lateral roots, or rhizomes. This shrub grows as a single clump from woody rootstock. It is not invasive, which makes it a good candidate to have in home yards and gardens, as opposed to other milkweeds which are mainly invasive types.

This shrub is grown commonly in prairies and roadside habitat, usually during early summer. They are beautiful and a treat for the eye, and they also attract a large variety of insects such as butterflies, beetles and caterpillars.

Care Tips

If you're thinking of growing this plant then you need to know that it is very sun-loving, so choose a full sun location in which to plant it, with preferably a sandy, slightly acidic soil. This shrub has the ability to grow in other types of soils as well, including rocky soil or those that contain clay, just so long as it is well drained.

You can know if there is too much moisture in the soil by keeping an eye on the color of the leaves. If there is too much moisture, the lower leaves will become a yellow color, and the tap root will also start to rot.

This Butterfly Milkweed shrub is quite easy to care of, and is resistant to many diseases and does not have many pests or other threads. It is a plant that is quite slow to develop, so do not be alarmed if the growth is slow because it is completely normal.

The Squat – The One Best Exercise

If you had to choose 1 and only 1 exercise to do, which one would it be? The bench press, curls, shoulder presses? To get the most bang for your time, the one exercise that you can not ignore is the squat.

The squat is the one exercise that will work your entire body and by working your whole body at one time you can accomplish much more in a shorter time period. Also, the main muscles that the squats work, quadriceps, glutes, and hamstrings, are the largest in your body and release the most hormones that help you gain muscle in the other areas of your body.

The squat also helps you tone your body. One of the main benefits of the squat is that it is a compound full body movement which helps to engage just about every muscle group in your body. Squats help you to fully use the most muscles per exercise and is the # 1 exercise for toning and tightening your entire body.

Another benefit of the squat is that it aids in injury prevention. It strengthens the connective tissues, ligation, and the many stabilizing muscles.

When performing squats you have to know the proper technique. Using poor technique can be very dangerous because you are using such a heavy weight. Serious back and knee injuries can happen if you are using poor form.

The Squat Setup

• Approach the rack with the bar at approximately mid-chest height.

• Move under the bar and place it on your back. Hold the bar in place with your hands.

• Stand with and even stance. Your feet should be shoulder width apart with your feet facing out at a 30 degree angle.

• Lift the bar out of the rack and take ONLY one step back. Take a big breath. Tense your entire body. Squat.

Squatting Down

• Start from the hips – Bend at your hips and sit back into the squat. Imagine you are sitting down on a seat. The hips joint should always bend before your knees.

• Check your knees – Keep your knees out. Your knee joints should be pointing in the same direction as your feet all the way down. If your knee buckle in it normally means that the weight is too heavy.

• Keep your weight back – Keep your weight distributed toward your heel.

• Go all the way down – You should always aim to squat to at least parallel. Meaning, your hip joint needs to be at least parallel with your hip joint. This is incredibly difficult to judge yourself, even with the aid of a mirror. Ask someone else to assess your depth either in the gym or by video taping.

• Think about squatting up – On the way down think about squatting up. This will help to prepare your brain and make the upward movement easier.

Squatting Up

• Bounce off the bottom – At the bottom position of the squat your hip muscles should be tight – storing energy. Use this energy to help you bounce out of the bottom of the squat. Ensure that you are bouncing off the hips – not the knees.

• Focus on your glutes – When powering up out of the squat concentrate on squeezing your glutes together.

• Drive your hips up – Most of the power for the squat comes from the hips. Drive the hips in an upward motion.

Racking the bar

• Step forward. Ensure that your bar is over the pins before lowering the weight.

That's It.

Contagious Nature Of Bronchitis – How True Is It?

To know whether bronchitis is contagious or not, you need to know something about the types, causes, and symptoms of the disorder.

What is Chronic Bronchitis?

In chronic bronchitis, there is inflammation of the mucosal membranes of the bronchial tubes due to infection, a condition that leads to an excess in the production of mucus. This extra mucus disruptions the normal breathing processes by blocking the air passes and preventing the entry of sufficient quantity of air into the lungs.

Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis

The symptoms of chronic bronchitis includes difficulty in breathing, breathlessness, wheezing, pain in the chest, productive cough, and discomfort. The typical chronic bronchitis cough, intense and persistent, is also known as "smoker's cough." These symptoms are persistent and intensify as the disease progresses. During the initial stages of bronchitis, patients notice its symptoms either in the evening or in the morning.

Chronic bronchitis is usually accompanied by pulmonary problems such as pneumonia and emphysema. With the passage of time, chronic bronchitis patients suffer from poor oxygenation and hypoventilation. Lack of oxygen results in cyanosis, a condition characterized by a bluish tinge on the skin that suggests the presence of pneumonia or emphysema.

Difficulties of Treating Chronic Bronchitis

Medical science has still not found appropriate medicines to cure this condition. It focuses on relieving the symptoms of this condition in order to prevent it from proceeding to more complicated stages. The disease can last for three months a year for two consecutive years, and there can always be a relapse.

People suffering from chronic bronchitis are more susceptible to all sorts of infection and do not respond easily to medication. The condition does not respond to antibiotics as well as acute bronchitis does. This is because the excess mucus produced by the bronchial tubes is an excellent ground for the rapid multiplication of bacteria and other infection-causing organizations.

Causes of Bronchitis

Smoking is not the only major cause of chronic bronchitis despite the ailment is commonly seen among regular smokers. Smoking in itself does not cause the disease; but it facilitates the multiplication of bacteria and thereby slows the healing process in the respiratory tissues. Continuous exposure to pollutants such as hazardous chemicals, smoke, or dust is responsible for chronic bronchitis.

When acute bronchitis is neglected or wrongly treated, it often progresses to chronic bronchitis or some other pulmonary disorder. On the other hand, infection of the lungs is responsible for acute bronchitis. About ten percent of acute bronchitis is bacterial while ninety percent is viral. When a person is continuously affected by acute bronchitis, his or her bronchial tubes are weakened, and this paves the way for chronic bronchitis.

Factors such as industrial pollution are also liable for chronic bronchitis. Most patients of chronic bronchitis are coal miners, metal molders, and grain handler. Many of them work in the mid of dust. Atmospheres high in sulfur dioxide can also aggravate the symptoms of chronic bronchitis.

How Contagious is Bronchitis?

Certain types of bronchitis such as asthmatic bronchitis is not contagious because virus or bacteria have no role to play here. This condition is contagious only when bacteria or virus are transferred from person to person by direct or indirect contact. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, fluid from his or her nose or mouth can spread to others around him or her.

Bronchitis can also spread when common vessels and drinking glasses are shared or when handkerchiefs or tissues used by an infected person are touched.

Since viruses complete their life cycle in a few days, bronchitis that follows a viral cold is not contagious. However, the condition is contagious if the patient still displays symptoms of cold.

If the person has been suffering from the condition for more than ten days, there is no danger of the condition being contagious; this is the aftermath of bronchitis.

Healthy people only need to take care to prevent getting infected. Beware of infectious particles when a person suffering from bronchitis coughs; you could then catch the infection.

What Does It REALLY Take to Be Making 6-Figures as a Service Professional?

Over the past 30 years, I’ve read so much on how to make money that I know I can write a series of books on the topic, books that would cut through the junk and you don’t have to buy 101 things for each area.

Most of the information repeats itself — same author, different title and packaging or different author repeating someone else’s list. All the how-this and how-that was driving me crazy as to what is REALLY required to make $100,000 or more in revenue.

A few months ago, I decided to go on a pilgrimage to create a quick and easy-to-see, all-in-one-place list of what does it REALLY take to generate a six-figure income as a service professional — accountant, coach, consultant, and other solopreneurs? Of course, the list is easy to read, but takes conscious awareness and consistency to achieve.

What this list did for me — it freed up valuable time that I was chasing for what I could possibly need in the future, it kept me focused, it increased clarity, and best of all I was able to narrow down my reading time. I also had a plan. Here’s the list of what I consider the top 50 — the list was actually 350 — but I chose the top ones and removed the repetitions.

1. Get up early and start early.

2. Take time to reflect on the day every evening for at least 30 to 60 minutes.

3. Create a vision before getting out of bed every morning on how you see the day progressing. See clients coming to you, see meetings going perfect, see your planning, etc.

4. Start and diligently use a business journal to record ideas, thoughts, suggestions, and reading/learning.

5. Dress so that you feel comfortable and powerful with your energy. It radiates and attracts.

6. Work more hours. (Don’t shoot the messenger.)

7. Schedule your time.

8. Always ask yourself every night, “What can I do better tomorrow from what I learned today?”

9. Complete a one-page SMART business plan with a professional so that they can have an aerial view, because you’re too close, and because you are paying them, they have an investment in your success.

10. Complete a one-page SMART marketing plan — ditto the above.

11. Complete a one-page SMART sales plan – ditto the above.

12. Complete a one-page SMART project plan – ditto the above.

13. Complete a one-page SMART service product plan – ditto the above.

14. Complete a one-page SMART product plan for every product BEFORE starting.

15. Always know your BE point (break even point) for every project/service/product you do.

16. Separate your learning time out from the time you think you are marketing.

17. The best sales call hours and days are Tuesday – Thursday between 10 am and 4 PM.

18. When you want to reach the business owner, try calling them before 8 am or after 5 PM.

19. Passive revenue generation products are required.

20. Have a strong business support system.

21. Either be a writer or speaker to promote.

22. Become technically proficient at the software you use (not expert, proficient).

23. Post to-do lists daily.

24. Monitor your time as if it’s gold.

25. Have back up plans, alternative solutions, to everything.

26. Learn to say no and say it quickly when it isn’t currently in your focus.

27. Have a twice-a-year planning vacation with yourself.

28. Outsource anything that can be completed by less hourly than you.

29. Leverage all your resources as much as possible.

30. Drop networking groups if you aren’t getting leads, don’t hang on.

31. Leave the volunteering alone until you have made the 6-figures, people will not listen to you anyway until you are making that level or more anyway.

32. Don’t allow technology to steal your time.

33. Sleeping in.

34. Spending your energy talking about X instead of taking action on it.

35. Write your goal dollar amount on the biggest piece of paper you can find and take it to the wall in front of you and ask this questions to every to-do on your list, How will this make me that figure? Is it short-term, mid-term, or long-term money generating project.

36. The percentage of time you spend on short-term projects will determine how much money will arrive sooner. Percentage of time = when the money comes in.

37. Keeping irregular office hours doesn’t help.

38. You can grow only as big as the fish bowl you are currently in. If you want to grow, move to a pond, then a lake, and then an ocean. The fish will get bigger as you go until you are the whale in the ocean.

39. Only read and learn what you need now, all else is a waste because it will change to quickly by the time you need it.

40. Work with a good coach, one with years of experience in what you want to accomplish.

41. Become proficient at creating revenue-generating products.

42. Have a system or process for everything.

43. Work with a Virtual Assistant as soon as possible, even before you think you can afford to. In actuality, you can’t afford not to.

44. Create strategic alliances — people that you are very aware of what they do, how they do it, how good they are, how you can send them referrals, you them yours, how you work together on joint products to creating something that is powerful and can’t be found anywhere else.

45. It is a numbers game. If you want 10 new clients a month, you have to speak to 100 to 300 prospects a month and you have to have the means for doing this set up in a process that works smoothly (otherwise overwhelm will be your partner).

46. Set mind-boundaries. When you’re working, your mind is 100% there, when you’re home, 100% there. The more they cross, productivity drops 50% or more.

47. Finish what you start — always. Half finished to-dos at the end of the day creates an energy debt that carries into the night. The payment for this is very great. Don’t write on-going goals on your list. Create a to-do list that only fits into the time you have for that day. The to-do can be mini for a larger project (that is listed in the one-page project plan mentioned earlier).

48. Create an R&D team for every project.

49. Don’t buy anything unless you have use for it now. Be in the now with your buying and not the “some day I’m sure to use it.”

50. Go on a 30-day information diet to reprogram your focus, learn to listen and get in touch with your higher self and knowledge, and to increase clarity of your life, business, career, and self-path.