Track Spikes and Sports Injuries

Track spikes are worn by runners to maximize their grip during competition and training. The spikes screw into the sole of the shoe and the length and configuration of the spikes depends on the running surface and event. Track shoes are extremely light and have very thin soles and low heels to maximize your running performance. Although track spikes are an essential part of most runner’s equipment, they can also be the cause of injury. Below are some of the common injuries:

• ACHILLES TENDON INJURIES: Regular running shoes have a raised heel, whereas track spikes have a much lower or even nonexistent heel. When you change from running in the basic running shoes to track spikes, it can cause Achilles tendon problems. Your Achilles tendon connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. Achilles’ tendon injuries are slow to heel and, in the case of ruptures, can even require surgery. To avoid Achilles tendon injuries, gradually increase the duration and intensity of your workouts when first using track spikes.

• FOOT INJURIES: Because track spikes are much less cushioned than regular running shoes, this keeps the weight of the shoe as low as possible to enhance your feel for the ground. This lack of cushioning can cause a variety of injuries including bruised feet, plantar fasciitis, and heel spur growth. To minimize the risk of foot injury, only wear your track spikes for competitions or the most important training sessions. There is also the option of customizing your track spikes by adding padded shoe inserts and/or heel pads that will protect your feet.

• SHIN SPLINTS: The most common running injury is shin splints. Shin splints are caused by an excess of impact to the lower legs, created by heel striking. In the mildest cases, shin splints are the inflammation of the fascia (connective tissue) that covers and connects muscles of the lower to the bone (the tibia). In worst cases, the fascia is under such stress that it actually separates from the tibia, which can be very painful and can involve a rather slow healing process.

• LACERATIONS: The spikes in track shoes are very sharp and can cause injury to you or anyone you accidentally come into physical contact with. This injury is more common when runners bunch close together during long distance races.

• BONE BRUISES: Bone bruises occur when someone is injured through falls, accidents, sports and blows from hard objects. They may be accompanied by bleeding and painful swelling and last from several days to months, depending on the severity. Custom orthotics may be fitted to be worn inside the racing spikes to prevent further irritation.

Essentially, many injuries can be avoided with warming up, careful stretching before and after workouts, massage, proper footwear and avoiding over-use. Athletes should notify their podiatrist at the first sign of foot pain.

Podiatrists can help athletes address injuries and help prevent them from becoming more serious.

Pet Jellyfish Facts: Upside Down Jellyfish (Cassiopeia Xamachana)

Upside down jellyfish (Cassiopeia xamachana) are another member of the order Rhizostomae. The species name, xamachana, means Jamaican although their natural habitat is in no way exclusive to Jamaican waters. Populations exist throughout the Gulf of Mexico andCaribbean as well as along the coats of Florida. They are also present half way across the globe in the Pacific Ocean. Although not native to these waters, upside down jellyfish were introduced to the Hawaiian Islands during World War II most probably from jellyfish polyps attaching themselves to the underbellies of war ships coming back from the Philippines.

This species is prevalent in shallow, warm tropical waters such as mangrove swamps. They are often called mangrove jellyfish because they are frequently found in large aggregations in these swampy regions. Unlike many species of jellyfish, upside down jellies are completely marine. None have been found in brackish or fresh waters.

These jellies spend their lives completely differently than most jellyfish. Jellyfish typically spend much of their time drifting freely on the ocean’s currents. Upside down jellyfish are free swimming until they reach about 2 cm. Then their bell inverts and they sink to the bottom of the ocean floor. From there they will spend the majority of their adult life upside down on the muddy substrate with their tentacles pointed up to capture the ever present zooplankton from water columns.

Much like blue jellies, upside down jellyfish have a symbiotic relationship with zooxanthellae. This is the same symbiosis that occurs with many jellyfish and coral species. In addition to providing essential nutrients, these golden algae also produce oxygen to help support respiratory metabolic functions the jellyfish needs to survive in oxygen poor environments. This is of particular importance to upside down jellyfish because they spend the vast majority of their life nestled in muddy substrate and must rely on their food to come to them. Because of their specialized eating habits, upside down jellyfish are usually found in nutrient rich waters with high concentrations of decaying matter to support the zooplankton teaming within these swampy, saltwater environments.

Upside down jellies have flat, saucer shaped bells. Their umbrellas are typically greenish grey or blue in color. They have a central depression or exumbrella in their bell. The exumbrella acts as a suction device to help them stay anchored to the ocean floor. Rather than a single mouth opening, they have 4 elaborately branched oral arms. These arms have a frilly, lace-like appearance similar to many green, leafy vegetables. They are often referred to as cabbage-head jellyfish because of these appendages. It isbelieved that this species a filter feeder and also relies on some form of absorption of dissolved nutrients directly from the water to supplement its nutritional needs.

Upside down jellyfish do not directly inject their prey like most jellyfish do. Their nematocysts (stinging cells) are controlled by the cnidocil. This is the equivalent to a mechanically or chemically triggered grenade launcher. The stinging cells launched from the cnidocil produce a cnidoblast that will stun or paralyze prey in the immediate vicinity. The jellyfish then begin ingesting their prey with their primary mouth openings. Once the prey is reduced to food fragments, these nutrient particles are passed on to secondary mouths for further digestion.

The jellyfish’s cnidoblasts also function as a self-defense mechanism. If abruptly disturbed, large groups of these jellies will launch themselves upward from the ocean floor and release their nematocysts. This massive venom release into the water is usually sufficient to ward off potential predators. The toxic compound is generally inconsequential to human beings. It may result in an itchy or tingling sensation of the skin or a rash on individuals more sensitive to the venom.

Upside down jellyfish can reach up to 14 inches in diameter in the wild. In captivity a maximum growth potential of 8 inches is more realistic. Depending on their size in captivity, upside down jellyfish can be fed zooplankton, or small invertebrates and fish. In order to allow their symbiotic algae to properly photosynthesize, a lighting system conducive to a marine reef tank is highly recommended. These jellies have a higher temperature tolerance than most scyphozoan medusa. Medusae or adult jellyfish can be found year round. However the optimum temperature for these adult jellies is between 75-78 F. This simulates the height of the adult season. Upside down jellyfish typically strobilate during summer or early fall. Whereas most scyphozoans strobilate during the winter months.

Cystic Acne – Is It Causing You Grief? Look No Further, Help Is At Hand

Cystic acne is the severest form of acne and is hard to control. It can have big emotional costs and unpleasant long-term consequences. If there are bumps under your skin, say on your face or shoulders, then you could have cystic acne. If you owe it to yourself to find a cure then read on.

Cystic acne sometimes flares up when blocked oil glands in the skin burst. Bacteria in the pus seep into the surrounding tissue and breed rapidly. More pus is produced as the infection spreads and quickly forms into cysts, which are usually found in the deepest layers of the skin, especially on the face, back, and shoulders.

The accumulated pus can be painful and makes the skin tender and itchy. But you should never scratch or squeeze cysts because the infection will spread into nearby tissue if they rupture. Swollen, pustules and cysts typically appear on the skin of sufferers and are unsightly. The red, inflamed scars may be visible for years before slowly fading away. In some people, they become permanent.

Genetics largely determines whether or not you get cystic acne. For instance, your sebaceous glands may have a genetic tendency to manufacture extra oil if you have a hormonal imbalance. That excess oil clogs up pores in the skin, producing perfect conditions for bacteria. An imbalance of hormones can be caused by:

  • Toxins made by bacteria in the body
  • Stress brought on by things like a lack of sleep or fear (stress causes the adrenal glands to produce a hormone called cortisol that stimulates the sebaceous glands).
  • Allergic reactions to chemicals in various drugs and cosmetics
  • Alcohol, beverages containing caffeine, and foods with lots of histamines (e.g. cheese, red wine, bacon, and yogurt).
  • Life cycle changes such as the onset of puberty when the body starts manufacturing male sex hormones.

Your internal acne environment is clearly a very complicated place. An effective cure for cystic acne therefore has to be comprehensive and versatile. It needs to:

  1. Be capable of neutralizing all the underlying causes of your acne
  2. Quickly restore and permanently maintain your body’s natural internal balance
  3. Work on all parts of the body, especially the face and shoulders where acne can be particularly severe
  4. Be realistic, and easy to incorporate in your current lifestyle
  5. Be straightforward and follow a logical, well-organized format
  6. Be easily customized into a strategy that satisfies your body’s unique requirements.
  7. Provide ongoing counseling and support from knowledgeable health experts

The holistic approach is the best way to get rid of cystic acne. A safe, natural alternative, it has cured many people of stubborn acne. It doesn’t resort to costly drugs or creams, and will make you look better, feel better, and give back your self-esteem and confidence. Most important, you can adapt it to fit your body’s unique requirements. This last characteristic of the holistic approach makes it truly effective against all types of acne on all parts of your body.

Beating Candida With Colon Hydrotherapy

How well aware are you of candida? Have you been having chronic migraines, sore throat, anxiety, low sex drives, and rectal itching? Have you been unusually craving for sweets? These are only few of the symptoms of having candidiasis or yeast overgrowth. Candida Albicans is a form of yeast that is naturally present in the human body. However, with the invasion of bad bacteria, Candida Albicans can turn into a fungal form. The excessive growth of the fungus can then cause many forms of infection that could be lethal to a person whose immune system is weakening. However, with proper diet and a series of colon hydrotherapy sessions could alleviate the abnormal spread of the fungus.

The largest concentration of healthy bacteria which helps in the production of B-vitamins, folic acid, and vitamin K is found in the colon. But then, the colon is also the pathway in the removal the excesses of what we eat. And although these toxic wastes are naturally expelled, some may stick within the walls of the colon. Overtime, these wastes could pile up and eventually produce toxins and become the breeding ground for unhealthy bacteria which could kill the healthy bacteria.

One such example is the occurrence candidiasis. With the rapid spread of the fungus it tends to penetrate through the intestinal walls, enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. As a reaction, the organs of the body work overtime trying to fight off the invasion. Consequently, the body is weighed down resulting to a number of illnesses. Moreover, people who have candidiasis experience chronic prostatitis, rage disorders, vaginitis, muscle aches, thrush, depression, and anxiety to name but a few.

Eventually, if left untreated candidiasis can lead to infertility, respiratory disorders, heart conditions, multiple sclerosis and even death to immunocompromised patients. Candidiasis is not a widely recognized ailment but one that is almost prevalent in our society.

Getting the colon back to its healthy state employing effective cleansing and fasting programs, coupled with a healthy diet and probiotic supplements is most effective in alleviating the spread of the fungus. One of the most popular naturopathic treatments for candida is colon hydrotherapy. By relieving the body of the harmful toxins and stacked up wastes, one not only regains his vigor but could also loses weight in the process.

Did you know that an average person can actually accumulate up to 20 pounds of waste in his mid-years? And one can actually shed these pounds by undergoing thorough colon cleansing. So you see, colon hydrotherapy has immense long-term benefits, enabling you to live a longer, happier life. And what could be more appropriate than getting a holistic cleansing in places such as Maui, Hawaii where you can be soothed by the natural beauty of the surroundings free of pollution.

Michael Moore: It is Your Prescription for America that is "Sicko"

Occasionally, someone of influence brings forth an idea that is so moronic that I have to deviate from the discussion of pure finance, economics or market movements and just rant. Based on his recent antics and promotion of his upcoming socialist agenda train wreck titled “Sicko”, we’d be better off living in Cuba and letting the government manage our healthcare.

Of the themes Michael Moore has espoused during his recent promotional tours, the most egregious is that “America’s health care system should be regulated like fire and police departments because it’s that important”.

At a press conference before the California Senate Health Committee, Moore said “I’m pushing for three simple things”:

1. Health care for every American and person residing in this country,

2. Remove the profit making insurance companies from the equation,


3. I want the pharmaceutical companies strictly regulated like a public utility.

Regarding point #1 – Michael Moore rightly highlights the plights of everyday people who don’t have adequate access to healthcare. This is certainly unfortunate; I can’t imagine not being able to get my children the health care they need. But nothing is free in this world, someone pays. In this free market that is America, citizens strive to work for a renowned company with solid health benefits. If their employer doesn’t offer adequate health benefits, they’re free to seek employment with a company that does. If their skills are not commensurate with this type of accoutrement, they have opportunities to improve their skill sets via the best secondary eduction system in the world. This is perhaps an oversimplification, but moves to FORCE employers to fund health care are inappropriate intrusions on free market forces, especially on small and mid-size businesses. A fair number of these uninsured at the Walmarts and other low-cost employers of the world are younger workers covered under their parents’ plans or are adults under a spouse’s plan. I’m a shareholder in a lot of companies that may not offer health benefits that their employees find to be suitable. Should I have to fund their healthcare through my investment holdings in broad market index funds? I don’t see how this is a government mandate that is appropriate, whereas worker safety and harassment policies, etc. are appropriate.

There are safety nets in this country for the disabled, infirmed and impoverished. I’m sure gaps exist that will appear in the movie and my heart goes out to those people who can’t get the same care that is available to my family, but the system is working for the vast majority of legal citizens. In fact, it services a substantial population of illigal residents; I will be interested to see how Mr. Moore proposes the “government” services the current 12-20 million illegal residents (with hundreds of thousands per year still crossing the Mexican border each year – and accelerating with talk of amnesty). As it stands now, any citizen is generally provided emergency service without having to provide insurance or personal identification. Again, there are exceptions, and I’m sure they’re highlighted in the movie, like when a man has to chose between which severed finger to keep based on the additional cost to bring in a special surgical team from another locale.

Regarding some other countries Mr. Moore praises, France may supply their constituents with guaranteed 35-hour workweeks, lifelong employment and free access to healthcare, but their unemployment rate is double what it is in America. Do you know how hard it is to start a business in France? Do you know how much sleep an employer loses over hiring an employee there? No matter how bad they are, it will be next to impossible to dismiss them. As evidenced by the recent riots throughout the countryside, France isn’t exactly paradise either – class distinctions exist there. There is no perfect solution that will satisfy everyone.

Cuba…that’s an entirely different world. Without delving into the obvious, the pristine hospitals and convenient Rxs dispensed for pennies were certainly not representative of the type of treatment available to routine citizens in Cuba. Cuban dissident groups and journalists that have been to Cuba have reported horrid conditions in hospitals and sub-par health care in general. Was the visit to the locale in the film completely random? Would it have made the cut for the movie if the conditions weren’t so immaculate? I don’t know; perhaps after the movie, more will surface on this detail like some past documentaries.

Regarding Mr. Moore’s affinity for Cuba, attached are some sentiments from the CIA Factbook:

“Current situation: Cuba is a source country for women and children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced child labor; Cuba is a major destination for sex tourism, which largely caters to European, Canadian, and Latin American tourists and involves large numbers of minors; there are reports that Cuban women have been trafficked to Mexico for sexual exploitation; forced labor victims also include children coerced into working in commercial agriculture.

Tier rating: Tier 3 – Cuba does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.”

Way to go, Mr. Moore, in glorifying this wonderful Utopia!

Regarding point #2 – The insurance companies are an easy target in today’s world of denied claims, Katrina stories and the like. The current health insurance system isn’t perfect, but to suggest turning it over to the government is like forcing UPS and FedEx to yield to the U.S. Postal Service. While these entrepreneurial services are able to deliver our packages quickly, inexpensively and intact, the U.S. postal service continues to raise costs annually, use tax-payer dollars to advertise their services to compete, and still come up with abysmal performance. I see the man in brown running, literally, running back and forth to his truck with packages. I like our local postal delivery guy, but come on, have you ever seen a postal worker hustle like that? The amount of corruption, theft, bureaucracy and ineptitude routinely exhibited and tolerated within the ranks of government agencies is no panacea. Ever hear the phrase “good enough for government work”? Lifelong employment and full pensions by government run institutions are no match for the public sector in terms of competitive performance. Nothing against government workers individually; I have several in my family, but as a system, the performance of government agencies is abhorrent. Talk about special interests? How about the earmarks and pork spending that our government engages in? In my company, people are shown the door for unethical behavior and conflicts of interest. What happens in government? I’ll take free market competition and industry any day.

Point #3 is especially concerning – When I hear people start talking about usurping free market principles, it’s on par with altering the Constitution to me. Free market competition, the risk of failure and allure of rewards for risk-taking innovative behaviors is what made this country great.

The age-old cliche call for selling drugs at cost is juvenile and wrongheaded, but surprisingly, it piques the interest of politicians and populous alike because it sounds like something for free. What I don’t hear is that Microsoft should have to sell versions of Vista for the dollar it costs to transfer the code to a CD or for your local cable company to offer you programming, internet and phone for the pennies it costs to transmit the data now that their infrastructure has been deployed. These are Multi-BILLION dollar investments in capital expenditures and human resources that are developed and deployed AT RISK. The only reason corporations assume this level of catastrophic level of risk is that the net present value of all their portfolio investments is positive, inclusive of research, development, and failures.

Consider Pfizer: It spent around $800 million to develop torcetrapib, only to drop it due to safety issues that arose in late stage clinical trials. This is the nature of the pharmaceutical business. This $800 million dollar loss and the hundreds of other new drug entities that are dropped along the way need to be offset by significant profit margins for the few drugs that actually do make it through the increasingly complex regulatory regiment. Does Mr. Moore actually expect that these companies should first assume these losses ad naseum and then for the few drugs that make it through, sell them at cost?

What is the assured outcome of this arrangement? The end of innovation. This is a recipe for perennial negative earnings and the eventual demise of the industry. The development of new cures and vaccines for new therapeutic categories will cease, for there is no profit motive. My lineage has particular maladies that I’d like to see my children avoid. If the innovation engine in this country (and hence, world) is ceased and new, innovative medicines are no longer sought and developed, my children will suffer same ailments as my ancestors. Mr. Moore will have us kill the next cure for Alzheimers, Parkinsons, Malaria, Hepatitis C…for HIV.

Consider what happened to the worldwide vaccine business over the past few decades. In 1988, there were 25 manufacturers. Currently, there are 4 primary ones left. Following years of litigation, misplaced injury claims and a general lack of profit motive (making one dose for life per patient vs. a lifetime of daily tablet treatments for chronic patients is a no-brainer from a profit margin standpoint, especially when considering the litigation environment), the vast majority of the existing companies exited the business to pursue higher margin new drug entities. Only now that some stability has set in, are companies returning to the business. If the same were to happen for all pharmaceuticals and biologics, innovation as we know it is over.

What concerns me about Mr. Moore taking a wrecking ball to the industry (disclosure – I work in the industry incidentally) is that this intellectual property and innovation is one of the last bastions of hope for our economy. Most low-complexity manufacturing has left our borders. Not only are these jobs being outsourced to areas that can perform the functions more efficiently, but our service industries will continue to fall prey to outsourcing as well. India has amassed X-Ray technicians to read charts throughout the night and accountants to process tax returns. Korean schools are teaching 3rd graders English at night after their full day of U.S.-beating Korean curriculum. The cultures have young, ambitious people that want what we have and they’re willing to work harder for it! In the future, will we really need U.S. based financial analysts, consultants and other service industries we take for granted here? The day we give up on innovating new products here in the U.S., we continue an alarming trend that we will not be able to reverse.

What is likely omitted from the movie is the patient assistance programs whereby most pharmaceuticals provide free or cheap drugs to U.S. citizens without the means to pay for them. I’ve seen multiple pharmaceutical companies actually advertise this in print and on television. Of course, there are the tax and public relations benefits, but certainly, it’s not improving the bottom line by giving away your product.

Tony Blair put it best when he said a good measure of a country is how many people want in compared to how many want out. The last time I checked, Floridian natives weren’t risking their lives to sail to Cuba. Countless Cubans have lost their lives attempting to reach our shores. Mr. Moore, everyone in the world wants to come to America!

I have relatives in Canada that are ashamed of their socialist leadership and lifestyle. Is it worth having free health care when you have to wait weeks to see a doctor (the doctor prescribed to you, not the one you pick)?

So, where is Mr. Moore on other worldly issues:

The genocide in Darfur? 500,000 and counting.

The MILLIONS of children that die annually from vaccine-preventable diseases? 2.5 Million per year and counting.

Our legal system that mandates three-strike sentencing for a man stealing a bike or peddling some pot to spend life in prison, while child molesters with excessively high rates of recidivism simply have to voluntarily register for a list with an unacceptably low rate of compliance?

Drunk Drivers – True Story – A few years back, a drunk driver travelling at an excessive rate of speed slammed into my wife’s car at a stop sign from behind with our son in the back. Both cars were totalled and my wife and son were ushered to the emergency room (ironically, the drunk driver is almost never injured in such accidents). We soon learned from the responding officer that this driver had another DWI accident within the same month but was still driving legally; this had been his 5th such incident! He hit them at NOON on the way to test-drive a motorcycle of all things. It gets better. Months later, in order to perform her civic duty, my wife went to a hearing to testify about the accident and help ensure he was sentenced appropriately. Following the hearing, we watched him get in a different car and drive away. Incredulous, we asked the corresponding officer how he could possibly be driving legally. She said she ran his plates and confirmed that at that time, he was in fact still driving legally. This is how slow the system was. In 2006, about 18,000 people were killed in alcohol related accidents. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children 2 to 14 years old. Enough is enough! Where is Mr. Moore on this?

On the left: The lack of diversity of thought within America’s universities where only liberal views are espoused to impressionable college students? Professors (especially non-tenured) best not vocalize a conservative thought in public, while the liberal treatises abound. Some statistics from a recent study by George Mason University: “72 percent of those teaching at American universities and colleges are liberal and 15 percent are conservative…the disparity is even more pronounced at the most elite schools, where, according to the study, 87 percent of faculty are liberal and 13 percent are conservative.” Where is Mr. Moore on this disparity?

On the right: The chokehold that that religious right has on the Republican party. What does religion have to do with the governing of this great country? I’m concerned about the influence a faith has on the power structure in this country. Some of Bush’s statements interweaving faith and the invasion of Iraq didn’t sit well with me as I’m sure they didn’t overseas. At least we know where Mr. Moore was on Iraq, but how about religion and politics in this country as a movie?

I have to say this about Michael Moore. I was listening to him on Howard Stern the other day. He is actually an affable guy in interviews and I think he really believes in what he’s doing. I do think he loves America and wants to see it do better. I just think he’s wrong. He did anonymously contribute $12,000 to an anti-Moore blogger whose wife couldn’t afford her insurance premiums. I’m not the first person to say this, but Americans need to take more personal responsibility for their own health, Mr. Moore included, by the looks of him (Congratulations on losing 30 pounds recently though). We live in a country where people are eating themselves to death while a large portion of the world is malnourished. Regarding his proposals, what he has prescribed for our country’s healthcare system is simply Un-American.


Michael Moore Statements from Recent Interviews Promoting “Sicko”:


France – Riots, Unemployment Rate:

Cuba CIA Factbook:

Pharma Patient Assistance Program:

Illegal Immigration:

Drunk Driving Statistics:


Party Affiliation of Professors at U.S. Colleges:

Darfur Death Toll:

Vaccine-Preventable Deaths in Children Worldwide:

What Happened In The UK In 1996?

Breaking 1996 down into the biggest news, sports and entertainment events; here’s what happened…

Two tragedies hit the hearts of Britons in 1996, the nation’s sympathies going out to the people of Dunblane and Manchester. In Dunblane, a crazed gunman went on a shooting spree in at a local infant school, killing an entire class and their teacher. Later in the year, as a direct response to those ill-fated events, the Government announced that it would be outlawing almost all handguns in the UK.

In Manchester, a huge bomb devastated its busy central shopping area just as it was filling up with eager Saturday shoppers. Police managed to start an evacuation before it blew up but scores of people were still killed or injured in the blast. Such was the damage caused, that the episode led to a total regeneration of Manchester city centre.

Also hitting the news in ’96 was the introduction of the first genetically modified (or GM) food to go on sale in British supermarkets. Modified tomato puree was the cause of all the fuss with some critics dubbing it a “Frankenstein food”.

The world of sport was dominated by England’s hosting of the European football championships (Euro ’96). The England v Scotland group stage match drew much attention with Gazza’s wonder goal eventually stealing the win for the home team. Cheered on by home support, the ‘Three Lions’ made it all the way to the semi-finals, the nation going football crazy as it looked as if England were really going to win a major tournament for the first time since ’66, then, as really should have been expected, they lost on penalties to Germany.

Entertainment wise, carrot topped Chris Evans re-invented the chat show format with his hit show ‘TFI Friday’.Presenting celebrity gossip, the hippest bands and lad friendly guests, this unscripted, chaotic program briefly made Evans the most sought after man on TV. Over on the BBC, a group of thirty-something lawyers were gaining huge ratings; ‘This Life’ being a bit like the American ‘Friends’ but with much more ‘bad’ behaviour and saucy goings on.

The big screen was blessed with one of the jewels of the British film-making crown, ‘Trainspotting’. Despite featuring heroin, needles, vomit and disgusting toilet bowls, this was the coolest thing of the year and took Ewan McGregor from nowhere to ‘Star Wars’. The more family friendly film of 1996 was ‘Toy Story’; it being the first feature length movie ever to be animated entirely by computer. The results were quite stunning and people flocked to see ‘Woody’ (a pull-string cowboy) and ‘Buzz Lightyear’ (a high-tech space ranger) battle it out to become little Andy’s favourite toy.

Bromide Poisoning May Be the Cause of Your Headaches, Bad Mood and Thyroid Problems!

The Symptoms of Bromide poisoning

Bromide poisoning can put you in a bad mental space with dark thoughts, depression, brain fog and general lassitude. Don’t we all, from time to time? Before you reach for tonics, adaptogens, immune boosters and smart drinks let us get to grips with some of the other symptoms of bromide poisoning. Neurodevelopment is adversely affected by bromide as it dominates iodine receptors, causing behavioural problems like attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, (ADD and ADHD) schizophrenia and unexplained headaches.

We treat these symptoms with Rtalin, painkillers and mind altering drugs and expensive supplements out of the top drawer. But do we recognise the underlying causative factors? Along with an impaired emotional and intellectual status quo, bromide poisoning can result in adult acne, mouth ulcers and a bad metallic taste in the mouth. Iodine deficiencies also creep up in direct proportion to bromide toxicity. Because fluoride also displaces iodine, modern “hygienic” mouthwashes only make it worse.

Bromide Poisoning and Thyroid Problems

Elevated bromide levels have been implicated in every thyroid disease, from simple hypothyroidism to auto-immune diseases to thyroid cancer. Bromide levels are found to be 50 times higher in thethyroid tissue of thyroid cancer patients. By now we all know that iodine has something to do with the thyroid function and in many cases all it takes is a little iodine to correct hypothyroidism. But bromide competes with iodine and will not give up that easily! Auto-immune diseases like Hashimoto’s and Graves’ disease will flare up when the resident iodine reserves have been ousted by bromide. Initially, adding iodine to the equation will make matters worse as it will move the bromide into the bloodstream.

The Battle of the Halogens

Chlorine, fluoride, bromide and iodine belong to a group of elements we call halogens. They have a pecking order and iodine is subject to displacement by the other three halogens in this family. Thus if chlorine, fluoride or bromide levels are too high, they usurp iodine receptors. We experience familiar symptoms of iodine deficiencies even when we top up on kelp, seafood or Lugol’s iodine. The bromide bully interferes with our iodine reserves. Chlorine and fluoride affect our thyroid glands and also displace iodine. We filter our water and use fluoride free oral hygiene products, yet we unwittingly saturate ourselves with bromide.

Where Does the Bromide Come From?

Where is bromide coming from? Bread! The staff of life, they call it. Prior to 1960, iodine was used as a dough improver but then it was replaced with bromide. You will not see bromide listed under ingredients on the packaging. All you see is a large, fluffy slice of bread. You will ingest the bromide and it will compete with your iodine reserves. A low iodine status will be the result. Investigative studies showed that when bromide was used by the baking industry instead of iodine, people became increasingly iodine deficient. A double whammy!

Other sources of bromide include all grains that are treated with the pesticide: methyl bromide. That includes mealies, rice, beans, lentils and other pulses. We don’t like eating weevils, mould, fungus or creepy crawlies in our food so all too often they get zapped with methyl bromide and we consume it. Some countries refuse to import such produce but for now, South Africa seems to be turning a blind eye, preferring toxins to “goggas”. Some of our dried fruit is also treated with bromide to sustain its shelf life. We also breathe in the bromide-rich fumes coming from carpets, mattresses and other household items that have been chemically treated.

Modern “Medicine” and Bromide Vaccines

We know that mercury poisoning can be caused by vaccines, but who would want to be vaccinated with bromide? During the Gulf War, soldiers were inoculated with bromide. Some of them were totally unaware of what was going on, let alone the reason for the jab. Emotionally, they went to pieces until the true cause was tracked down. It was not war -induced trauma as much as the bromide poisoning! Bromide that invades the system gets stored as bromine in the tissues and fat cells and this is a very dangerous substance. The antidote is iodine, but not without a toxic backlash. The protocol is exacting, because the bromide needs to be flushed away as soon as the iodine is taken.

Half a Spoonful of Salt Makes the Bromide Go Away!

The Gulf war troops suffering from emotional issues were treated by orthomolecular physicians who guided them through an iodine-based detoxification protocol. To treat the bromide poisoning a supervised iodine supplementation was given to them. It was chased down with a good pinch of salt! Yes, salt contains chloride, another of the halogens that kicks out bromide. The salt loading technique is the brainchild of Dr William Shevin. a natural form of salt is best to use. Half a teaspoon of sea salt was mixed with cup of water for the treatment. As soon as an adverse effect was experienced from taking the dose of iodine, they drank the mixture. (Eating more salt does not work the same.)

Over time, the iodine once again engage with its own receptors and restore full functionality once more. We do not realise how iodine contributes to so many aspects of our physical and emotional wellbeing. It is only when we lose it that we notice how terrible we feel both emotionally and physically. A few drops of the famous Lugol’s iodine will not even out the score until the bromide factor is addressed. So, take it with a pinch of salt!

Recognizable Symptoms of Cocaine Use

There are several recognizable symptoms of cocaine use and also several symptoms which are not visible and only show up as health and mental problems. Many often wonder if their loved one or friend is using cocaine. These symptoms will give you clues as to the possibility that they might be using.

Runny or stuffy nose is common from snorting cocaine and is often followed by coke nose. Coke nose is a deterioration (ulcer) of the mucous membrane of the nose. Often coke nose even shows up years after a person quits cocaine when nose problems arise, the doctor often says “you used to snort cocaine, I can tell by the tissue deterioration”. It will show up as scar tissue on the membrane of the nose.

Muscle tightening or muscle spasms (shakes) are common because cocaine attacks the nervous system immediately upon use. Cocaine reduces the flow of oxygenated blood which naturally affects the brain functions.

High energy spurts, the inability to sleep and loss of appetite are other visible signs that a person could be on cocaine. Amphetamines also give a burst of energy. Energy spurts are one of the biggest reasons many try cocaine, either for the energy or for the creativity sometimes caused by the spike in blood pressure to the brain. Many do not realize the risk of stroke or heart attack by using.

Withdrawal from others as a change in attitude evolves, often mood swings accompany cocaine use and the user withdraws from others. Accompanying this, is also a loss of feelings towards others thoughts and opinions. Their main desire is the next high and forget about friends and family.

Loss of personal hygiene and degradation in personal appearance often accompany cocaine use. As the user becomes focused on the next hit, they lose track of personal needs.

Depression, let-down feeling, edginess and dullness are all symptoms that someone has problems of some kind. In-between highs the user will feel these symptoms, and it will become a roller coaster of feelings as the user goes up and down through cocaine use.

Lying to friends and family comes not only from the guilty feeling but the need to cover up the moods and the loss of money associated with using cocaine. This is the symptom which often kills the relationship with family and friends. Most can put up with other problems but when the lying starts, the trust is lost.

Loss of job or missing work is another sign that there is a problem, and often cocaine or another drug is the culprit. When the user becomes dependent on cocaine, nothing else matters and jobs are usually the first lost. The user often becomes so moody that no one can work with them, they become dangerous and have lost the inability to care.

These are just a few of the many symptoms which accompany cocaine use. Please do not take these as positive indications that a person is on cocaine. You need to definitely know before you approach them on the matter, as any of these could also come from other sources. If you feel they are using cocaine, find out more about cocaine addiction first.

Why Your Acid Reflux And Sinus Problems May Be Connected

Acid reflux symptoms are hard to miss. The burning and discomfort can sometimes be mistaken for other things, but for the most part, those who suffer know exactly what is going on, and usually why it is happening. However, they may be experiencing secondary conditions that are painful and irritating, but what they don’t know is that these conditions can be a result of leaving GERD unchecked and untreated. Few realize that acid reflux and sinus problems can be related.

Most people know that acid reflux is where acid from the stomach splashes back up into the esophagus and eats away at the delicate tissues. That leads to pain and damage in the area.

What isn’t so well known is that this acid can reach up as far as the sinus cavities in the head. When that happens, sinus problems will ensue.

The most common symptoms are pain and pressure in the sinus cavities. When this happens, sufferers usually have no idea that their GERD is the cause, and that by getting it under control, they may lessen the severity of sinus problems, if not eliminate them all together.

The most obvious way to relieve sinus problems associated with GERD is to get the acid reflux under control. There are a number of medications your doctor can prescribe that can help, and the ones that usually work the best are proton pump inhibitors (PPI’s).

PPI’s stop acid from being produced within the stomach. Some will still be there to help digest foods, but the excess will be stopped. The idea is to allow the esophagus a chance to heal and greatly lowers the possibility of acid seeping up into the throat and sinuses. PPI’s can be bought over-the-counter, but doctors can prescribe a stronger version for those with really bad GERD symptoms.

If you’re not keen on taking medication then relief might be found for acid reflux and sinus problems simply by changing the way you sleep at night. Even when taking medications, you can still have some problems in this area.

Try sleeping with your head and chest elevated at least six inches from the bottom half of your body. Stacking pillows can work, but using a dedicated ‘wedge pillow’ or lifting the mattress so the entire top half of the torso is elevated is generally more comfortable. You could also try putting blocks under the head end of the bed, but make sure whatever you use is secure. Elevating you head and chest possibly won’t stop acid reflux entirely, but gravity can do wonders for keeping acid down and in the stomach where it belongs.

Along with medications and changing your sleeping position, you can also alter your diet to avoid foods that seem to give you the most problem. Common triggers are spicy foods, fatty foods, and foods that are slow to digest.

After having acid reflux for a while, most people become aware of what foods do them the most harm and which ones leave them feeling relatively good. By focusing on the foods that cause the least pain and discomfort, the sinuses might feel some relief from the erosion and pain.

Even when acid is under control, damage already done to the sinuses can cause problems. This is why you should seek simple treatments for acid reflux and sinus problems. Some relief can be found with humidifiers and saline nasal sprays. These can calm and soothe by adding moisture back into the damaged areas of the sinuses. If nothing seems to help and your sinus problems seem to be getting worse rather than better, it might be time to talk with your doctor about more aggressive treatment. In the meantime, see if the small changes listed above offer you at least some measure of relief.

Acid Reflux Disease Could Lead To Severe Complications If Left Unattended

There are times that after a splurge on a large pizzas and a couple of beer mugs, with you get this burning sensation in your chest and throat. You got heartburn, a sign of acid reflux disease. Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is commonly referred to as acid reflux or heartburn (which is actually its symptom). This affliction attacks almost everyone regardless of age and gender. In fact, as you are reading this now, millions of Americans are suffering heartburn or several other symptoms of acid reflux disease.

GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs to millions of Americans as a chronic condition that some even suffer this attack at an average of three times a week, while some have it almost daily. Symptoms of acid reflux disease could differ from one sufferer to another while others do not even know they are having it. There is this interesting article that wrote about cases where the patient was totally clueless about his condition until his dentist told him about it. What gave his dentist the idea was the way the patient’s teeth erode due to acid that were apparently refluxed or regurgitated from his stomach.

While some would say that the patient in the above case is luckier he does not have to suffer the discomfort and pain associated with heartburn, the clueless patient may be more susceptible to a later surprise of more severe complications. Remember, detection is important as the first step towards resolving a problem or ailment. Chronic acid reflux disease that goes on for more than four years could lead to severe complications.

The sensitive cells lining the esophagus could be irritated and damaged due to constant exposure to stomach acid that flows back from the stomach. Failure to detect and resolve this condition could lead to a more serious problem that could become a precursor to cancer.

There are a lot of factors and triggers that lead to the development of acid reflux disease. This includes physiological conditions like hiatal hernia, inability of the stomach to empty itself, etc. One of the primary triggers of a heartburn episode is the foods ingested. For several reasons, some people are just more sensitive to acidic foods that after eating them, heartburn occurs. Alcoholic and carbonated beverages, spicy foods and foods with high fat content are also major triggers of heartburn.

There are a lot of talks about stress contributing to the development of acid reflux disease by it has not been really directly linked to it in purely medical terms. However, stress is usually ascribed to as a secondary factor in the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The best way to fully ascertain your triggers is to try to maintain a dairy diary of what you ate, what you did, etc. and along the same row, you can indicate if you had an episode of heartburn. Better yet, discuss this plan with your doctor who would be more than glad to help you better understand your acid reflux disease.

Using Lymphedema Pumps

There is no known cure for lymphedema, although the condition can largely be kept in check with a few treatment methods. One of them is Manual Lymph Drainage or MLD, a part of the complete decongestive therapy. MLD is a light massaging procedure where the flow of fluids is stimulated in the right direction. Lymphedema pumps are sometimes used to direct the pooled fluids to the blood stream. Massage therapists may sometimes use the pump, but it is an essential aid for people who cannot avail of the services of a massage therapist.

Using a lymphedema pump involves two stages, which are: Preparatory Phase and Drainage Phase. The lymph vessels need to be prepared to receive the fluid that the pump stimulates. This is the preparatory stage, which has to be done properly. If not, the lymph will enter the surrounding tissues, causing complications instead. The therapist always prepares the patient first by giving a gentle massage. While using the pump at home, the patient must perform a self-massage to prepare the body for the therapy.

The lymphedema pump is used at the drainage stage. While using the pump, it needs to be adjusted for the right pressure level. The patient is then required to wear the garment and position the limb correctly before starting the pump. The pump’s action pushes the fluid accumulated in the limb towards the blood stream thus reducing the swelling. To keep up the flow in the right direction the patient must wear the compression garment after the MLD session is completed. This will prevent the fluids from entering the tissues and promote a smooth flow of the lymphatic fluids.

Lymphedema pumps come in two varieties. One is the Sequential Gradient Pump where the air is automatically pushed into the inbuilt channels of the garment. It is an imitation of how the natural lymph flow moves from the limbs towards the trunk of the body. Here the preparatory phase, that is the massage, has to be performed manually. The second variant of the pump is the FlexiTouch Pump wherein the whole process of MLD is fully automated. All that is required is to adjust the setting to the necessary level and activate the pump. Here the complete process may take a good part of the hour. However, the whole process needs to be completed in one sitting.

The pneumatic lymphedema pump has been used for a long time to treat lymphedema. It has been a proven method of treatment with positive results. Buying a pump may turn out to be quite expensive as a good quality pump might cost anything between 5000 to 6000 dollars. Insurance firms include it in Durable medical Equipment hence the patient may be reimbursed for the expense. There is also the option of renting out the pump from a supply store. Lymphedema pumps are a great help for people who have no access to a therapist. They could easily learn the techniques of using it to manage lymphedema.

GERD – The Disease, the Doctor, and the Little-Known Discovery

Will you or someone you love be one of the 250,000 Americans diagnosed with GERD this year?

A survey on hospital patients revealed that digestive disorders such as GERD, Acid Reflux, and Heartburn are the #1 reason people visit their doctors today. Not just in America, but worldwide.

If you are like me, you know the feeling. Do you remember what it felt like the first time you were rushed to the emergency room, believing you had a heart attack, surrounded by emergency nurses, and having no idea what will happen next?

I’m sure you felt relieved when you found out it was “just reflux”. Sooner or later of course, you found out that dealing with this condition is a lot tougher than you thought.

The Disease – Acid Reflux or GERD (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease) occurs when stomach acid backs up into the lower esophagus up to your throat and causes irritation. Oftentimes, it is the result of a weak sphincter muscle that’s supposed to keep the acid at bay in your stomach.

If you’ve been in and out of the doctor’s office for quite a long time already, it’s obvious that they gave you a list of foods and drinks to avoid (e.g. fats, chocolate, tomato products, citrus juices and products, spicy foods, menthol candy, alcohol, soft drinks and caffeine) because it can cause Heartburn, a condition that is similar to heart attack but in reality is caused by your reflux.

The Doctor – It is likely that the one handling your case is a digestive specialist known as a Gastro-Enterologist. GERD is often diagnosed after a series of tests (e.g. ECG, ultrasound, endoscopy) that rule out other possible diseases. Medical therapy usually follows which often includes one or a combination of the following medications:

1. Medicines to improve stomach muscle action (e.g. Plasil, Motilium)

2. Medicines to reduce stomach muscle action (e.g. Prevacid, Losec, Nexium, Zantac)

3. Liquid or regular antacids to relieve stomach acidity (e.g. Maalox, Tums, Kremil S)

These are usually taken within a period of 1-2 weeks, and patients are requested to report back to their doctor if they experience any complications or if they have any trouble swallowing, have repeated vomiting, experience shortness of breath, fever, sweat, or pain that radiates into the arm or neck.

The Discovery – It’s a little-known truth backed up by nutritionists and natural medicinal experts claiming that GERD is not really a disease, but a condition that can be treated and cured without the use of drugs or any kind of prescriptive medication.

And for good reason. Drugs according to them, do nothing but manage the symptoms and rarely focus on the root cause. It can be accepted as a form of emergency treatment but in the long run, it serves more as a “band-aid” approach, with the high risk of causing side effects or creating other diseases in the long run.

Blocked Arteries in the Neck – Symptoms of Severe Arterial Plaque Deposits

The carotid arteries are 2 blood vessels, one either side of the neck, that each transport blood to the brain from the heart. These arteries can become partly or totally blocked resulting in the decrease of blood flow to the brain. This condition in turn is caused by atherosclerosis, also known as hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is the outcome of a build up of cholesterol and calcium on the inner lining of the arteries. These deposits are referred to as plaques, which might eventually become so thick that they totally prevent the blood flow through the arteries. Those with untreated blocked carotid arteries are statistically likely to have a stroke.

Carotid artery occlusive disease is a permanent but treatable condition. Treatment is designed to stop further blockage and stroke. If there is some blockage devoid of symptoms, treatment will probably be limited to regular checkups, with ultrasound being used to monitor the condition along with medication that will cause the blood to thin to prevent the blood cells from clotting. Even if the arteries are severely narrowed, there is no guarantee of symptoms. If the blockage is severe, surgery might be recommended to reduce the possibility of stroke.

The most usual method of surgery, carotid endarterectomy, seeks to remove the plaque from the artery. For some patients, a balloon angioplasty (the inflating of a balloon to press the plaque to the artery wall), with the placement of a stent, may be recommended. If a carotid artery is 100% blocked, then it is unlikely anything would done to clear it because the risk of stroke is too high during or post operation.

Efforts are then concentrated on keeping the opposite carotid as open as possible. A person can live a good life with only one open carotid artery. The body is smart enough to reroute blood via a complex network to the side of the brain that would normally get blood via the blocked carotid. A dietitian (check with her MD) could help you devise an eating plan that is healthy &

If the brain is deprived of oxygen, it stops working — with potentially catastrophic effects. If the resulting impairment is permanent, we call the event a stroke. If it is temporary, it’s called a transient ischemic attack (TIA).

Every human has 4 carotid arteries through which blood moves from heart to brain. TIAs and strokes normally begin with an increase of cholesterol plaque in the carotid arteries — the large blood vessels on either side of the neck which supply blood to the head and brain.

HIV and AIDS Synopsis


Acquired Immune Deficiency (Aids) is a chronic and life threatening disease of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that damages the immune system by killing off vital CD4+T cells. Genetic Research states that the disease originated in West Central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century but was not recognized by the U.S. Center for Disease Control Prevention until 1981. HIV is spread through sexual contact, contaminated shared needles, pregnant women spread it to their unborn child and contact with infected blood. Knowledge of the disease can potentially save lives.

HIV is a lent virus which is a member of the retrovirus family that causes AIDS. When first infected with the virus, mild symptoms occur. These symptoms may or may not be recognizable but includes fever, headaches, sore throat, rash and swollen lymph glands. Swollen lymph glands/nodes are often the first sign of HIV infection but the best way to know if the virus has infected the bloodstream is to get tested. These symptoms usually last about two to four weeks at the initial stage of the virus into the bloodstream and typically go away until years later as the virus multiplies and begin to destroy the immune cells further if treatment is not sought after. That’s the significant reason of being tested regularly because early detection can help a person live a healthier life with the medication that’s on the market oppose to a person who has no knowledge that their living with the disease. If no treatment for the HIV infection is received, the disease will develop into AIDS in about ten years. This is solely due to the HIV process of eating away or destroying the CD4+T cells which are specific types of white blood cells that plays an important role in helping the body fight diseases. The more CD4+T cells that are killed, the weaker the immune system becomes. The normal CD4 cell count for a healthy immune is between 500 and 1000. Once the CD4+T cells drop below a life-threatening 200 per microliter, the diagnosis of HIV becomes a diagnosis of AIDS which then is the final stage of the virus and soon becomes the fatal state of the virus.

In the AIDS status of the virus, the immune system is severely damaged making the body vulnerable to what are called opportunistic diseases and certain types of cancers. Opportunistic diseases are diseases that wouldn’t normally affect a person with a healthy immune system only that of a compromised immune system presents an opportunity for the pathogen to infect. These diseases include but are not limited to Tuberculosis, fungal infections, CMV, Salmonellosis, Toxoplasmosis, Pneumonia and Candidiasis just to name a few, seeing that each case is different. As the AIDS virus begins, the symptoms are considerably noticeable ranging from chronic night sweats, severe diarrhea, persistent unexplained fatigue, skin rashes and rapid weight loss. Pneumonia is said to be the fatal stage of the AIDS virus and is when life expectancy is right around the corner.

Although there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, there are a variety of drugs that can be used in combination to help keep the virus at bay. Each of the classes of the anti-HIV drugs blocks the virus in different ways reducing the viral load to the point that it is undetectable. Preventative measures are essential to avoid being a victim of this terrible disease.

How to Prevent Hair Loss and MPB and Regrow Hair With a Radical New Theory and Simple Treatment

There are many hair loss treatments out there including transplant surgery, laser lamps, massage, and drugs which inhibit dihydrotestosterone or dilate the blood vessels. They all seem to work to a degree but none of them provides very satisfactory results, and none of them has grown new hair on a completely bald scalp.

That’s because they treat only one half of the true genetic cause of hair loss.

The conventional wisdom is that hair loss is caused by dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is the form of testosterone after it is acted on by 5 alpha reductase. The DHT gets into the follicles and puts them into a dormant state, causing them to produce finer and finer hair until they eventually die and stop producing hair altogether, and these follicles can supposedly never be re-activated. Although DHT plays an important role, it cannot be the only cause of hair loss because no man goes bald on the sides or back of the scalp, but only on top. These different areas are also exposed to DHT, so it makes no sense to say that DHT is the only explanation. There had to be some other unknown factor at work,.

There is in fact something unique about the anatomy of the top of the scalp and this is the missing piece of the puzzle.

It’s in the third layer of skin at the top of the scalp and it’s called the GALEA APONEUROTICA.

It is a tendon-like tissue which exists only on the top of the scalp. This GALEA looks like a helmet and its shape matches exactly the worst cases of male pattern baldness, all this makes all the pieces of the puzzle fit into place and one must conclude that it plays a role in hair loss. This GALEA is attached to muscles all around the perimeter of the head and these muscles pull on it and stretch it in all directions. That’s why all bald men look like they have a stretched, shiny scalp. This tightened GALEA chokes off the blood flow and this causes the DHT to have a greater damaging effect on the top of the scalp than anywhere else. In fact, we only go bald in those areas where this GALEA exists and nowhere else on the scalp.

The idea that this GALEA is involved in hair loss has been debated for years but its role was controversial. This new theory explains how this tight GALEA interacts with DHT to cause hair loss and MPB. It says hair loss is caused by two things; firstly, a tight GALEA, which blocks blood flow to the follicles, and only secondly, by DHT, which becomes trapped in the follicles due to this restricted blood flow, and which makes hair follicles go dormant and unable to grow new hair. Normally DHT is essential for proper hair growth but when it is trapped and clogs the follicles, it has negative effects.

But theories are useless if they do not lead to some practical benefits and practical solutions, so more importantly, this theory leads to a new method to stop hair loss and stimulate dormant follicles to grow hair again.

So to summarize, this new theory says:

“The true genetic cause of male pattern baldness and hair loss is a tight GALEA which exists only on the top of the head. This tight GALEA interferes with normal blood flow to the top of the scalp and prevents DHT from circulating as freely as it does on the sides and back of the scalp, where there is no GALEA. The DHT, which is normally beneficial to hair growth, now becomes trapped in receptors in the hair follicles at the top of the scalp, and now has negative consequences which eventually stops the follicles from making normal looking, terminal new hair.

Based on this theory, the treatment method first relaxes this GALEA and then uses ta special electrical device to stimulate the follicles into growing hair again. It is not a laser comb. This particular device has been used in other cosmetic applications and is an old established science.

ThIs method uses now drugs, no lotions and no surgery.

For younger men this method should work even faster and better because their follicles have not been formant for as long and are not as clogged with DHT as in older men.

Women also have a GALEA and it is logical to conclude that it gets tight just as it does in men, either because of genetics or because of stress. However, it’s obvious that the vast majority of women do not normally lose their hair. Based on this new two factor theory about the cause of hair loss it is logical toI conclude that most women do not lose their hair even if they have a tight GALEA because they do not have the second problem, which is elevated levels of testosterone or its by product DHT.

However, it is well known that many women do develop higher than normal testosterone levels, or their relative ratios of testosterone and estrogens changes at some point in their lives, whether after menopause or after childbirth, and that this causes them all kinds of other health problems.

For such women, if they lose their hair or their hair becomes thin, and it is not due to illness or chemotherapy, then it is logical to conclude that it is probably also due to the combined effects of this tight GALEA and their newly elevated levels of testosterone or DHT, in the same way as it causes hair loss in men.