What Are The Reasons For Shoulder Pain When Lifting Arm?

Are you one of the thousands of people each year that suffer from shoulder pain when lifting your arm? If you are you are certainly not alone. The shoulder joint is one of the most injured joints in the human body second only to the lower back. This article will summarize some of the common causes of shoulder pain.

Shoulder Dislocation – this is an obvious source of shoulder pain and if this occurs it is extremely illegally you will not recognize what happened. Dislocation means that the shoulder joint has come apart. The joint may stay apart until a doctor "puts in back in place" or it may go back into place by itself. It is usually very painful and can leave your arm feeling "dead." In many cases once you dislocate you will dislocate again and again as the ligaments and shoulder capsule become loose and overstretched. A less severe form of dislocation is called subluxation and this means that the shoulder joint does not fully separate but slips in and out with certain movements (like raising your arm overhead).

Rotator Cuff Injury – this is the most common cause of shoulder pain when lifting arm. The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles that help move and stabilize the shoulder joint. These muscles can be injured in the form of a tendonitis or tearing. Both of these problems can cause shoulder pain when lifting arm, weakness or both. The rotator cuff can be injured as easily in common people as it is in athletes.

Shoulder Bursitis – this is another common form of pain in the shoulder and can be caused from trauma, poor mechanics in the shoulder or repetitive overuse. The symptoms from this problem can be quite intense and severely limit the motion, strength and use of the affected arm. The symptoms here are very similar to a rotator cuff injury.

Acromioclavicular Joint Injury – this is a small joint on the top of the shoulder and can be injured or cause pain as a result of a trauma, overuse, or arthritis. When this joint is affected pain will usually be felt on the top of the shoulder. Lifting the arm can be painful as well. This joint is small which is why it is sentenced to injury.

As you can see there are several causes of shoulder pain lifting arm. Anyone can experience these types of problems whenever you are active or sedentary. Do any of these problems sound familiar to you?

Incontinence Issues for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Bowel and bladder control is an important part of any child's learning and development, and a child with cerebral palsy is no different. CP children in particular often have difficulty with bowel and bladder control, since these functions require well developed muscle tone and coordination. Conquering these issues can be a monumental occasion for children with cerebral palsy.

Children with developmental disorders receive toilet training by age five, whereas most children can achieve occupation before age three, according to a study conducted in 2006. The study went on to discuss how resistance is unlawfully to occur after a child with developmental disorders reaches age 8 Thankfully, there are a variety of products to help children with incontinence, including collection devices. In fact, some studies suggest that medication combined with a collection device can prove successful for older children with incontinence issues.

Different types of incontinence

Incontinence can be broken down into many different categories. Stress incontinence refers to incontinence thought on by physical activity, or by involuntary actions such as coughing or sneezing. Urge incontinence describes spontaneous urination that follows the urge to urinate. Fecal / bowel incontinence , as the name suggests, occurs to involuntary or otherwise uncontrolled release of stool. Overflow incontinence is the inability to completely empty the bladder. In addition, some adults and children are affected by multiple forms of incontinence. This is known as mixed incontinence .

Bladder incontinence , also called neurogenic bladder, refers to a condition that causes uncontrollable urination. Urine control is the function of both the bladder and the sphincter muscles. The sphincter surrounds the bladder and contracts in order to prevent urine from leaking out. In turn, the bladder's wall muscles need to be able to relax to allow the bladder to expand. For some children with cerebral palsy, these muscle groups are weakened, which can lead to bladder incontinence.

Some children may also suffer from constipation, especially children with cerebral palsy. If stool blocks the rectal passageway, the muscle walls surrounding the anus and sphincter can become damaged or weakened. When dealing with constipation, it is best to take your child to a specialist, such as a proctologist or gastroenterologist, who can perform a full medical evaluation of your child's digestive and bowel systems. Physical therapy programs or special devices can further assist your child with his or her bowel movements, if necessary.

How to test for incontinence

A trip to your child's doctor should help address any concerns you may have about incontinence. Preferably, you should visit a doctor who specializes in issues related to the bladder, who are known as urologists. They can give your child a full assessment based on their daily diet, activities and stress factors they may encounter. Urologists can also perform urine tests, an EMG, uroflowmetry or cystometry to determine if your child has any incontinence issues.

Incontinence treatment options

There are a variety of treatment options and therapies for CP children with incontinence. The most basic form of treatment is maintaining proper toilet posture. Special devices, such as potty chairs, can be helpful in getting a child accredited to the proper way to sit on a toilet. In other cases, muscle re-education therapists can teach a child comfortable hip abduction and foot / buttocks support. If the child is relaxed while sitting, the pelvic floor muscles and abdominal muscles should be triggered from activating. Other treatments include medications, surgical implants, exercises and biofeedback.

Another option is urotherapy, which is a bladder rehabilitation program. Usually, the therapy involves muscle re-education, regularly scheduled hydration, pelvic floor muscle exercise and other techniques, barring medication and surgery. It is a good idea to sit down with your child and the therapist who will be working with them to discuss such topics as fluid intake, hygiene issues (such as soiled clothes), bowel dysfunctions, and anger management before starting and beginning the therapy program .

A third option is drug therapy. There are a variety of medicines available that are designed to target the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles. However, all of these drugs are known to have side effects and some may not be approved for use in children. The International Children's Continence Society recommends the use of 69 medicines only after other treatment options have failed to show positive results.

Finally, you may opt to have your child undergoing surgery in order to correct his or her incontinence. Many different surgery options are available, including a procedure known as neuromodulation, which has shown specific potential for helping children with cerebral palsy combat incontinence.

Techniques for Toilet Training

In Southern California, The Diagnostic Center has been performing tests on a recent training technique, which they call "habit training." The process involves training your child's mind to void based on a visual cue, signal or sound effect. For more information on this technique, you can read a six-page hand-out that The Center has put together on their website.

Other methods include having your child use a wristwatch programmed to go off at particular moments during the day, which can help them with managing bowel control. A study published in 2010 indicated that scheduled trips to the restroom through the day can significant help a child with cerebral palsy with incontinence.

Newbie Surfers at Risk of Paralysis

As the schools empty and the beaches fill now is the time when a lot of people try surfing for the first time. But be warned, there is a little known medical condition called surfer's myelopathy that targets new surfers and can lead to permanent paralysis.

Surfer's myelopathy affects newbies who are unaccustomed to paddling out to catch some sets and is believed to be caused by the frequent repetition of hyperextension of the spinal cord resulting in soft-tissue injury.

As paddling puts stress on the back, newbies are advised to leave the water at the first sign of back pain. Novice surfers are also advised to paddle out in a sitting position to lessen the stress and prevent the hyperextension of the back. In addition to the afternoon of back pain, symptoms include a decreased sensation in the legs and beyond that an ability to move your legs.

While the effects of surfer's myelopathy are temporary in most incidences permanent paralysis has been the outcome in some cases. The Surfer's Myelopathy Foundation states that, "Due to this scarcity in knowledge, especially in the medical community and general population, SM is under-diagnosed and under-reported. The need to fill gaps in knowledge is critical."

Most first time surfers do not understand that the reward of riding in on a nice set is the result of a lot of paddling out to sea to catch them and therefore their musculature is not suited to surfing. Like most any other physical activity you must make sure that you are in good shape before started on any new adventure. The Foundation's tips for first time surfers can be summed up in one easy mnemonic – SPINE.

S – Sit on your board while waiting for the waves.
P – Pace your time in the water. Limit it to 30 minutes.
I – Insist on a knowledgeable surfing instructor.
N – Notice signs of pain and discomfort in your back.
E – Exit the water and seek medical attention if you experience pain or weakness.

Turn your friends on to surfing but tune them into the risks first. Surfing goes beyond the physical, it goes to the spiritual as well and you can only surf the Internet from a wheelchair.

What Exactly Does B50 Life Mean?

In the Towing Equipment industry many tow truck dealers use B50 calculations to estimate the expected life before an engine requires overhaul, replacement or other rotating equipment. In the car carrier and wrecker world it is usually described in terms of “miles of operation” in the trucking community.

B50 is the calculated estimate of when 50% of the engines of a certain type will require major repair (repairs requiring dropping of the oil pan or removal of cylinder heads – it does not refer to rotating components attached to the engine) and is often referred to as “average life to overhaul”. These values are indicators of the strength of a design. They are good comparison figures when evaluating the purchase of several different power units.

It is of the utmost importance to just use these numbers as guidelines based on the generalization of the machine at hand. Many factors may disrupt the accuracy of these numbers. As calculated figures, you need to be careful not to require too much of these figures – they are estimates generated using a set of assumptions about operating conditions. As such, B50 values should be seen as indicators rather than guarantees or actual test results.

B50 estimates are typically rounded figures like 400,000 and 500,000 miles — that makes sense when you consider that these estimates are comprised of half a dozen assumptions.

These vehicles typically travel 30,000 to 35,000 miles per year. The B50 rating of 400,000 miles, therefore, suggests that 50% of the specified units would run at least 11 to 13 years before requiring major engine work. The B50 rating is 100,000 miles higher, which suggests a 10 to 14+ year life to overhaul.

Although many start up tow truck companies are unsure how to read into buying older vehicles. The B50 life is a great place to start in addition to bringing a trusted towing equipment mechanic with you to pick up your first used tow truck. A regular mechanic would be able to verify everything under the hood, but a tow truck mechanic will be able to see what needs to be addressed aside from the cab and chassis. This may include hose lines; wear pads, Jerr-Dan cylinders, headboards or placards.

So what are the advantages of making sure to use the right B life when comparing apples to oranges. Four years of customer experience and production with the existing continuing design of engine and fuel system, 24% more displacement for better response and low speed performance. The HEUI fuel system is the most modern advanced electronic control system in the diesel engine field; which has electronic engine control system tailored to work with new tow trucks

Hopefully this information allows the purchase of towing equipment to a pleasant experience that produces the anticipated results that are needed to be a successful operator. It is important to do due diligence when it comes to researching an investment in an industry such as this to prevent possible shortfalls.

Shingles: Get Immediate Treatment for Sudden Severe Pain

If you suddenly develop severe pain in a limited area on one side of your body, you may have shingles and need treatment immediately to prevent that pain from thinking for the rest of your life. Shingles is Chicken Pox the second time around. It's called postherpetic neuralgia and when you have severe pain that is not caused by an injury and your doctor can not find a cause, you should get a blood test for herpes zoster and start taking Famvir or Valtrex immediately to prevent the pain from becoming permanent.

The first time you get chicken pox, blisters form over most of your body. After a week, your immunity drives the chicken pox virus from your bloodstream, but it remains in your nerve roots for the rest of your life. One of every in six people who get chicken pox will have the virus escape from nerves many years later to cause painful grouped blisters on the skin over the infected nerve on one side of the body.

If you wait for characteristic blisters to form, it may be too late to prevent the pain from taking the rest of your life. Fifty percent of people over 60 who develop shingles, and are not grateful, will suffer from post-herpetic neuralgia and have severe pain in that nerve for the rest of their lives, while fewer than seven percent treated with acyclovir will suffer permanent pain. Cortisones offer little protection. If you develop postherpetic neuralgia, your pain can be treated with a .025% capsaicin (pepper) cream and tegretol or gabapentin anticonvulsant pills. A report in the New England Journal of Medicine offers a more effective treatment for post-herpetic neuralgia: 60 mg of methyl prednisone, injected directly into the spinal fluid, once a week for four weeks, lessens and even cures the pain.

5 Natural Ways To Cure Eczema For The Long Term

If you're sick and tired of the continual itching from your eczema rash, then you will find this article useful. In it, you will find some tips for how to get rid of eczema at home using only natural methods and no medication. When your eczema condition is not severe, you can treat it with these eczema home remedies that do not involve using any medically prescribed drugs.

Moisturize Your Dry Eczema Skin

When you suffer with eczema, you have a dry skin condition. This means that your skin does not provide an adequate barrier and so is open to irritations when allergens come into contact with it. The skin of an eczema sufferer does not retain moisture as well as someone who does not have the condition. This means your eczema skin needs far more attention and care. Moisturize with a natural eczema cream as often as you can to lock in moisture and improve the barrier to irritants.

Moisturizing after your bath is one of the best eczema treatments you can use. Take a warm, short bath or shower. Long hot baths and showers have a drying effect on your skin. Use a non-soap based cleanser as normal soap is very drying and can contain chemicals that will further irritate your skin. Add a natural oil like olive or tea tree oil to your bath. When drying with your towel use a patting motion rather than voracious rubbing.

Make It A Habit To Read The Labels

When you have eczema you will need to become more aware of what ingredients are in the products you use in your home. Aim to use cleaning products which have fewer ingredients in them as these are more likely to be natural. Avoid products which contain known eczema irritants. Things like washing up detergent, laundry liquid, fabric softeners and any other ordinary household products can cause eczema rashes. You will need to keep trying different products until you find one that does not irritate your eczema rash.

Minimize Scratching

If your child has eczema and is scratching at night causing sores and bleeding, try getting them to wear gloves or mittens at night. All-in-one pyjamas will also stop them from scratching their skin directly. When they start scratching, try to distract them with an activity to take their minds off their itchy skin. Applying a moisturizer can also soothe the itching feeling too. Get your child to apply their own eczema emollient and reward them when they do.

Choose Clothing and Bed Linen Made From Natural Fibers

Some materials used to make our clothes and bed sheets can irritate skin that is concrete to eczema. For this reason you need to choose materials made from natural fibers like pure cotton or silk.

Keep Your Home Free From Pet Dander

Some people can react to pet dander which collects in the home. Vacuum carpets and furniture regularly to remove as much dander as possible. It would be a good idea to remove all carpets from your home as well. Keeping your home dust free can help too.

Get started by putting these 5 tips into your daily routine and you'll soon see how much more manageable your eczema rashes become. Simple lifestyle changes like these will enable you to get rid of eczema for the long-term without using medication.

Tonsils Stones – How to Treat This Condition?

If you've noticed a white bump or several white bumps on the back of your throat then you have most likely immediately called the doctor or jumped onto a diagnose-yourself website.

And, more often than not, the doctor will think you have a tonsil infection or inflammation called tonsillitis. They will take a swab, start you on antibiotics and send you on your way- though there is a medical term for condition and it is called Tonsils Stones.

It's important to understand that antibiotics can only cure bacterial infections. This means that tonsillitis that is caused by the bacteria streptococcus, or strep, is the only tonsil-related problem that can be cured by a dose of pills. Any other infections or inflammations, viral or otherwise, can not be treated with antibiotics.

This includes treating tonsils stones.

Tonsil stones or tonsilloliths are little white balls located on your tonsils. They may look like tonsilitis but they are actually not an infection at all. Instead they are caused by bacteria, debris and food gathering in your mouth and making a home in your tonsil crevices.

If you do not feel sick but have enlarged white balls on your tonsils, then it is most likely tonsilloliths. Other symptoms include bad breath, a sore or scratchy throat and a feeling that there is something worn in the back of your throat.

There are several natural ways to treat tonsils stones. Many people are able to simply cough them up by squeezing their throat. This will pop the stones out of place. However, if you are unable to do this you may be able to pick them loose. Grab a bobby pin, a toothpick, a toothbrush, a cotton swap or any other poking device and see if you can not force them loose. Just be careful not to go too deep or poke the inside of your mouth.

If you have a clean syringe you can fill it up with salt and warm water and try to flood the stones loose. Alternately, you can gargle them loose with salt water. Sometimes the stones will break off. It's up to you to dispose of the disgusting little balls and ensure they never see the light of your mouth again.

Tonsils stones are not serious and, in most cases, they are not dangerous either. However, they are annoying. This is why it's important to maintain a regular oral routine including regular brushing, flossing and rinsing with mouthwash. You also might consider using a syringe to clean out your tonsils before the bacteria and food can even begin to build up.

Bearded Dragon Diet Explained

A bearded dragons diet will be made up of two types of foods. The first will be vegetation and the second will be insects. Below are the main foods you will be wanting to feed to your bearded dragon as staple foods. Staple foods are types of foods that are acceptable to be fed on a daily basis. Everything else that’s not on this list is probably not a good choice and should not be fed.

Vegetation: Butternut Squash, Cactus Pads, Collard Greens, Dandelion Greens, Green Acorn Squash, Mustard Greens, Kabocha Squash, Tunip Greens (not the root), and Yuca Root.

Insects: Silkworms, Phoenix worms, Crickets, Roaches, Superworms, and Mealworms.

The most common insect that pet stores sell regularly are waxworms. Waxworms are very high in fat and should not be fed to reptiles. Only feed waxworms on holidays and birthdays as a treat.

The amount to feed your bearded dragon varies depending on the age and size of your beardie. But normally you would want to follow this rule:

Baby/Juvenile: 20% Vegetation and 80% Insects

Adult: 80% Vegetation and 20% Insects

The amount of insects to feed should be what your lizard can consume within 15 minutes. After the 15 minutes, take out the insects that your lizard did not eat. And that’s all there is to it. If you leave the insects in the enclosure after the 15 minute interval, the odds are the insects will just bother your pet dragon.

Don’t forget to gutload and supplement your insects before you feed them to your bearded dragon. Gutloading simply means to feed your insects properly to make sure your bearded dragon is getting all the nutrition it needs through them. A good insect diet can be bought at any pet store. Now, before you feed the insects to your lizard, you should always dust them with supplements. The rule is:

  • Calcium with no D3: once every other day.
  • Calcium with D3: 4 times a month.
  • Multivitamins: 4 times a month.

If you see that your reptile has not been eating lately, you should check the temperatures to make sure the enclosures temperatures are correct. You want to make sure the basking side is around 105 degrees Fahrenheit with an ambient temperature of 75 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The reason why I mention temperature is because temperature plays a huge role in digestion and appetite. Incorrect temperatures can cause a loss of appetite. If you notice that your bearded dragon is still not eating, you may want to schedule an appointment with the vet. Your bearded dragon may have an illness that may be fatal like metabolic bone disease. Another reason for not eating may be because your lizard is going into brumation. Brumation usually only occurs during colder months of the year and is absolutely normal. During this time, expect a loss of appetite and a lot of sleeping.

Not sure if your beardie can eat something? Check this article out… Can Bearded Dragons Eat

Can Tea Help With Diabetes?

Type II diabetes is one of today's most common health conditions. As the rate of obesity has increased in this country, so has the incidence of diabetes. It's becoming more and more important to understand how to prevent diabetes, as well as the best ways to treat it if we discover that we've already affected.

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, the hormone that converts sugars and other food into energy. The most common type of diabetes seen today is Type II, where insulin is produced (although sometimes not in a high enough quantity), but is not used properly. This results in a higher than normal level of blood glucose in the body. Type I diabetes is diagnosed in childhood, and results from an inability to produce insulin.

Doctors are not entirely sure what causes diabetes, but we do know that family history plays a part. In addition, we know that people who are obese and who do not get regular exercise are at much greater risk of developing Type II diabetes than those who exercise and maintain a healthy weight.
Today, there are about 20.8 million people in the US with diabetes.

Nearly one third of these people do not realize they have the disease. In addition, about 54 million people in the US are pre-diabetic, meaning their blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Complications from diabetes include blindness, kidney problems, heart disease, stroke, nerve damage and foot and skin problems.

Prevention is critical when it comes to diabetes, and even many people who are already pre-diabetic can reduce their blood glucose levels naturally to prevent their pre-diabetic state from turning into diabetes. In addition, some patients who already have Type II diabetes are able to control their condition with lifestyle changes.

To protect yourself from diabetes, it's critical to maintain a healthy weight. Eat natural unprocessed foods that are rich in fiber and nutrients. Avoid sugar and white flour, because both of these foods tend to leave us with an excess of insulin.

Exercise every day. Not only can exercise help you keep your weight in check, but it can help your body more effectively use the food you consume, helping to prevent your blood sugar levels constant.
Exercising and maintaining a healthy weight are the two most important ways to prevent diabetes, and to help control your insulin even if you've already been diagnosed. But, scientists are also discovering that there might be a secret weapon in the fight against diabetes, and it's safe and simple.

Drink tea. Both green and black teas have been shown to help control blood sugar levels. One study, in particular, performed by the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology in Calcutta, India, showed that tea had a significant effect on the blood glucose levels of diabetic mice. When the mice were given tea, their blood sugar levels stayed consistent and did not rise above normal levels.

Tea, particularly green tea, has been shown to be effective in preventing, and even treating, many forms of disease. It has been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and even cancer. And, some studies have shown green tea to even be an effective adjunct to traditional cancer therapies.

Some researchers have found that traditional cancer treatments, like chemotherapy, are more effective when green tea is used in conjunction with the treatment.

Tea helps keep insulin levels constant in the blood, helping to regulate it naturally. Although most studies showing tea as an effective health protector have recommended green tea over black, this study on diabetes found no difference between the two. So, whether your preference is green tea or black, it may be helpful in the fight against diabetes.

For some pre-diabetics who are trying to ensure that their problems do not progress, adding tea to your diet may be an easy way to help get your blood sugar levels back to normal. Of course, you will need to continue with your healthy diet and exercise routine, as well.

And, even for those who already have Type II diabetes, a regular regimen of tea may help you keep your blood sugar regulated with less medication, when used along with proper diet and exercise.
Of course, as with any other alternative therapy, talk with your doctor. Tea is not designed to replace any medications you're already taking, and should not be used as a substitute for diet and exercise.

And, beware of drinking highly sweetened tea. Adding sugar to the tea may negate any benefits the tea offers. Use a doctor approved artificial sweetener if you like your tea sweetened.

So, add some tea to your diet. Whether hot or cold, black or green, tea is good for you. And, particularly if one of your health goals is to prevent or treat Type II diabetes, tea may be a simple and effective way to help meet those goals.

Fighting Obesity Through the Centuries – A Weight Loss Doctor Reveals Some Old Secrets

Without A Plan Permanent Weight Loss is Impossible.

The top resolution for 2010, just like it has been for every year is shedding weight and becoming physically fit. It also can become the hardest to do: changing the way we eat and exercise in a few days or even in a few months can overwhelm just about anyone. The first step is always to prepare a plan, weight loss without a definite plan is impossible. Whether you try low carb, count calories, points or eat specifically prepared meals, you still need a plan. Before you jump on the first plan you hear about, take a long look and see that the task of losing weight is nothing new. It goes back to 5000 years to early Egypt. Take a look through the centuries and find a plan that is best for you.

Obesity and Dieting is Nothing New

The earliest indications of obesity can be traced back to the first modern humans in Europe about 35,000 years ago. In those days, efficient storage of energy (ie, fat) in times of plenty was paramount to surviving the next famine. Times have changed and famine does not exist in our part of the world any longer. Therefore, our once lifesaving ability to store energy (ie, fat) efficiently has since turned against us. It now shows up in our society as the constant concern of too much weight and extremely, as obesity. For thousands of years, being overweight and obesity were exceptionally rare phenomena and were almost never studied.

The perception of obesity varied among cultures.

In ancient Egypt, obesity was considered a disease. Egyptians depicted their enemies as obese individuals. Obesity was certainly not the Egyptian beauty ideal, which instead featured long, slender legs, narrow hips with high breasts, and golden skin. Concerned that diet maintained their health, the ancients recognized that the quantity and quality of food were equally important. Their method of portion control was rather primitive. They

Vomited and purged themselves three times a month.

Ancient China was aware of obesity and the dangers that come with it. The texts tolled Gobi berries for strengthening the liver, preventing obesity, and fortifying the-Qi- (chi) or life force. The Aztecs believed that obesity was supernatural, an affliction of the Gods. They had a revised vocabulary for obesity and locations of specific fat deposits, including a double chin and a -beer belly.

The ancient Greeks first recognized the dangers of obesity. Hippocrates, considered the Father of Medicine, believed that obesity led to infertility and even death.

  • Hippocrates was aware of sudden deaths being more common among obese men than lean ones. He correctly identified the energy balance equation:
  • Energy can not be created or destroyed.
  • Energy is either used or stored.
  • When -calories in- are greater than -calories out- then body weight increases.
  • When -calories in-are less than -calories out-then body weight decreases.

After Hippocrates laid the foundation for understanding energy and weight management within the human body, another two thousand years went by before the general public in Europe, in the early 1600s, began to recognize diet and exercise as means to preserving one's health.

Around the 17th century, links between diet, disease, and health were clearly acknowledged.

Study after study emphasized the benefits of leanness and the dangers of corpulence. beginning in the 17 the century. The term obesity was first used in 1650 by the English physician and medical writer, Dr. Tobias Venner. With the industrial revolution of the 19th century, England saw a growing abundance of food coupled with an incremental sedentary lifestyle. The result was a vast increase in obesity among the middle and upper classes.

Unfortunately, as the medical society and the public in general began to look at obesity and its complications as serious health problems, knowledge on how to reverse it, especially permanently, remained unclear! Surprisingly, most 19th century doctors had no idea about its cause. Many thought obesity was due to sin or diseases.

Physicians of the time did not believe that what you ate had a direct impact on your body and on your general health. People typically ate bread, potatoes, pastry, puddings and cakes, and served their meat with thick gravies. Alcohol was part of daily life. Basically, people of that time ate as much as they could afford! After all, a big belly was a sign of prosperity.

Lights Begins to Shine in the early 1800's with Graham Crackers in America

During the early 1830s, Reverend Sylvester Graham was the first American to relate food choices to health. He condemned the sin of gluttony, advocating a bland, vegetarian diet as the cure. Dr. Graham developed a recipe and encouraged people to eat flat bread made of coarse whole wheat flour. However, people who ate his Graham Cracker were described as -pale and sickly. Reverend Graham became known as Dr. Sawdust-not a very good start to reversing obesity, but these were the first efforts made to remade the condition

Revelations Appear in early 19th Century London:

Across the Atlantic Ocean, in the early 19th century Dr William Wadd, a physician of the English Court, finally touched the heart of the matter. He connected overindulgence at the table with the dangerous conditions that resulted from an excess of fat deposits in the body.

Dr. Wadd's first principle of treatment was taking food that has little nutrition in it.Was he describing eating food with less fat or carbs? He pointed out that many doctors refused to treat obese patients because they did not recognize the growing obesity epidemic of the early 1800s as a real and dangerous disease. That was in 1800. Sounds familiar?

In 1850, the medical profession in Europe had accepted the theory of German chemist Baron Justus von Liebig that carbohydrate and fat supplied the carbon which, combined with oxygen in the lungs, produced body heat. In terms of this theory, carbohydrates and fat were respiratory foods and the cause of obesity was believed to be an overindulgence of them.

Dr. Liebig's patients were cut off from food for as long as possible and almost starved themselves to death. He exhorted establishing an hourly watch over the instinctive desires of his patients. Although this was only the first organized attempt to reverse obesity, a more humane treatment was needed. Neverheless, the importance of limiting food intake to treat obesity became fairly well accepted by the mid 1800s. The challenge was then, as it still is today, the unbearable hunger that always accompanies the reduction of food consumption.

4 London Doctors Uncover the Secrets of Weight Loss: (Much of which we then forgot)

During the 19th century, three English doctors-Horace Dobell (1826-1916), Isaac Burney Yeo (1835-1914) and John Ayrton Paris (1785-1856) -turned their attention to the growing problem of obesity, researching methods and assisting obese individuals in increasing their weight-related issues. They concluded that the excess food and increasingly sedentary lifestyle of 19th century England conflicted with the body's biological need to efficiently store energy (ie, fat) in times of plenty to survive the next famine. They recognized that quick fixes and miracle solutions offered no answer to this problem.

Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, alerted his readers in 1825 to the dangers of fad diets. He warned against the common use of so called venagar to lose weight and was one of the first advocates of limiting carbs. His book, The Physiology of Taste is one of the first important books on food.

Dr Burney in 1842 Unravels the Secret to Successful Weight Loss:

Humans-like animals-are motivated by four basic drives: hunger, thirst, sex, and the need for security. Hunger and sex are the strongest, being necessary for the survival of our species. Dr. Burney-famous for his Yeo's Treatment (treatment of obesity by giving large amounts of hot drinks and withholding carbohydrates) -noted that the sensation of hunger, although involving mainly the stomach, originates in the brain. Furthermore, as this sensation is one of the most basic of the human emotions, its regulation must occur slowly and with the greatest care.

Hunger that is not satisfied creates morbid cravings, as Dr. Burney wrote. Probably the main reason why so many diets fail is that they ignore what Dr. Dr. Burney calls-our most basic of all drives-hunger.

Before we even started to count calories, points, fat, carbs or protein, and other metrics we use to help us regulate our food intake, Drs. Dobell and Burney had already concluded that all of these methods were too complicated. Both doctors noted that dietary changes should be based on the individual's unique requirements relating age, gender, and activity level. However, 1865 was the age of vapors, elixirs, potions, and liniments. Telling an upper class, overweight lawyer that his excessive eating caused the fat around his belly and that he had to physically exercise-like a farm hand-was problematic and almost drove Dr. Burney out of practice.

Diet is related to age, sex, occupation … and should correspond to what a person likes. Avoid any unnecessary changes in the number or variety of food and always give a patient what he likes, unless there is an unquestionably good reason for not doing so, writes Dr Burney in 1842.

You might think recognizing that overeating will make us fat is pretty obvious and was not at all a significant discovery. In reality, most weight loss plans today fail to take into consideration that not everyone can eat the same food, the same amounts of food, or react the same way to foods. This is why none of these generic diet concepts work. We are all different and every person requires personalized plans of action to achieve long-term success in managing sustainable and healthy weight levels.

How many diet plans even consider what the individual actually likes to eat? Drs. Dobell and Burney stressed that a successful weight loss plan depends on making as few changes as possible and then tailoring the food to the individual's age, sex and occupation and, especially, to personal likings. This advice is even more relevant today than it was 175 years ago. Finding the real causes for your weight problems and then selecting foods based on these personal factors-including what you like to eat-was fundamental back then and is just as important today.

Keeping Weight Loss Plans Simple is Nothing New:

-Interference with a diet, like all good things, is particularly open to abuse for nothing is so easier than to lay down a complicated code of restriction and rules as to what to eat and what to drink and the patient is very apt to think that the skill of the doctor increases with the number and variety of the orders. But those who understand the principle of a diet know that the reverse is true … instead of meddling with unimportant details, seize the few essential points for which a diet generally will be found to turn. Those that are best off are those that abstain from all attempts to meddle-writes Dr Horace Dobell in 1865.

William Bunting, a London Undertaker Writes About His Experiences Fighting Obesity, Some Practical

Ideas from the First Celebrity Dieter:

In 1860, in what is considered one of the first diet books, a famous London undertaker and coffin maker William Banting, revealed how to lose and most importantly-maintain, weight loss for years. At 5 feet 5 inches in height and weighing more than 202 lbs., Banting experienced rapid gain gain beginning at age 30. He was so overweight that he had to walk down the stairs backwards to avoid jarring his knee. He was unable to ties his shoes or pull up his pants. Permanent vigor exercise, spa treatments, self-induced vomiting, drinking gallons of water, low-calorie and starvation diets, he only kept gaining weight.

For many years, he went from one doctor to another in vain-They took my money but they failed to make me thinner. He was hospitalized twenty hours for weight reduction, only to fail again. One of his doctors noted that putting on weight was perfectly-natural-; the physician himself had been gaining a pound a year for years. Fed up with doctors and failures, he created his own plan, bearing many similarities with the findings of Drs. Dobell, Burney and Paris and described it in his famous Letter of Corpulence, first published in 1864.

Amount of Food: People of larger frame and build require a proportionally larger quantity of … food … and foods that are beneficial in youth are prejudicial in aged.

  • Kind of Food: Starch, sugar and fatty meats tend to create fat and should be avoided all together. Experimentation is needed, to establish which foods cause weight gain for that individual and which do not. No attempt to restrict all carbohydrates – but sugar, potatoes, and some exports … Vegetables and fruits of all kinds are freely permitted.
  • Food Changes have to be gradual and kept to a minimum so as not to cause feelings of loss and … return to former habits.
  • Number of Meals -Four meals a day are preferred. (The fourth is a late evening snack.) –
  • Exercise- The rules of diet you found so beneficial have been long forced upon men who are under training for running or prize fights … most overweight people are unhealthy or missing time and are unable to exercise and sweat-

Mr. Banting successfully lost more than 50 lbs. and kept it off until he died at age 80. Inadvertently, he incorporated the basic findings of the English doctors, including tailoring the amount of food for his age and activity level. He made only a few important and gradual dietary changes and ate three meals a day, along with a bedtime snack. His emphasis on eliminating starch, sugars, and fatty meats in his diet preceded Dr. Atkins by more than 100 years. Banting concluded that exercise was not as important as changing the food that he ate. As successful as it was, Banting's plan seemed too obvious and simple. As much as his name became harmonious with slimming, he was ridiculed and denounced as a charlatan. The British Medical Society vilified his diet system as -humbug- and the basic principles on which it was based were ignored for another century.

Basic structure of daily foods revealed by Dr Paris in 1826 !

Despite all controversial, some head against obesity was made when Dr. John Ayrton Paris revealed the basic framework for moderate food distribution throughout the day in his book, Treatise on Diet (1826). His daily food framework includes the importance of breakfast, light lunches, and small evening meals. Dr. Paris also emphasized the importance of snacks and was the first to introduce the idea that eating a larger dinner after a day's work may be more advantageous than eating large lunches.

–Everyone's diet depends … upon the lessons of exercise, age and rapidity of growth. Usually, one large meal a day, the other light and small in bulk … again depends upon occupation. A light lunch is preferred to two large meals a day. Often a patient arises in the morning without inclination for breakfast but because of his occupation, he is compelled to force down food in order to protect himself against exhaustion latter in the day from lack of food. At least have a biscuit, eggs or toast for breakfast. Snacks become necessary in civilized life. Dinner, the large meal of the day, in this manner may be postponed to 7 PM- writes Dr Paris in 1826.

Obese Individualss Turn to Quackery beginning in the 1890's

In the last half of the 19th century, both obese people and their doctors turned away from the newly discovered -secret– a big belly was the consequence of excessive eating. Instead, they unfortunately turned to the use of all kinds of medical quackery, including water, vibration and massage therapy, laxatives, purgatives, electrical and non-electrical corsets and belts, Epsom salts, various tonics, creams, liniments, and pills.

What We Can Lean From The Past:

During the 20th century, science revealed more and greater details about the human body, but some of the most fundamental and simple truths about weight management appeared to have been lost or have faded into oblivion. Instead, modern-day weight loss methods such as calorie counting, weighing and measuring portions, points, phases, only protein, no carbs, as much fat as desired, no fat at all, whole wheat, natural, light, organic, pre- portioned, frozen meals– along with complicated recipes, diet schemes and specialty foods– took the place of common sense. Diets become restrictive, fundamentalist, ideological, and sometimes even contradictory. Clichés and myths do not help to clear up the issues related to obesity and what to do about it.

Maybe the ideas of the early 19th century London doctors can help you design a successful weight loss plan for 2010. Give their ideas a try. They Work!

Garlic – A Universal Health Remedy of Steadily Greater Scientific Interest

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a member of the onion genus and a near relative to the common onions. The plant originates from central Asia, but has been cultivated in the Mediterranean area and Africa for several thousand years. It has a history of use as spice and as a medicine plant for at least 7000 years.

The plant has a bulb at the base from which the stalk with leaves and flowers grows up. The plant will eventually grow several new bulbs around the base of the stalk. If let alone these new bulbs will separate and grow to new plants. When maturing these bulbs divide themselves into several number of sections called cloves that can easily be separated. All of the plant can be eaten, but the new developed bulbs are most used as spice and medicine, most often in mature stage with cloves. The bulbs are used in fresh form or let to age and one also makes watery or oily extracts to use from them.

When used fresh, one or a few cloves is a typical dose. Each clove can be chopped in small pieces or crushed and blended in water or some mossy food and then consumed, or used as spice in your food so that you get both the medical and culinary use of it at the same time.

Much of the taste in the garlic originates from the substance allicine. This substance and a lot of other present substances, especially organosulfuric compounds, are commonly thought to carry the medical effects. New research seems however to indicate that allicine after all is not necessary for the medical benefits to occur. The effective substances from fresh garlic are however volatile, but by aging these substances are converted to less volatile ingredients which still have a medical effect, but somewhat different from those in the fresh garlic. Garlic is used for several medical benefits, of which some are well documented, some supposed to be true by medical professionals and some anecdotal:

Garlic is beneficial for the health of the heart and blood circulation, but the specific effects are not all well studied yet. It is thought to help prevent or reduce atherosclerosis in the blood vessels, reduce the amount of the bad LDL lipoproteins, increase the good HDL lipoprotein amount, and help to reduce the amount of fat around the heart which can induce inflammation in the heart tissue. Manufacturers of products based on extracts from aged garlic claim that all these effects are well documented for that type of product.

Garlic seems to help reduce a too high blood pressure. Garlic reduces the tendency for the blood to coagulate within the blood vessels, and also otherwise supports good blood flow. Thereby it reduces the risk for blood cloths, heart infarction and stroke. Garlic may also help the body to manage blood sugar better and will then reduce the severity of diabetes, especially diabetes type II.

Garlic has a well documented preventive effect upon the growth of bacteria. It has since long been used as a means to prevent and cure infections, also viral infections, for example cold, influenza, lung infections, infections around the teeth, skin infections and ailments which often have an infection as a base like stomach ulcer and diarrhea. A piece of garlic can be used as a preliminary remedy against infection in a tooth with caries until you can get to the dentist. Sliced garlic can also be applied on sores to prevent and combat infections.

Research indicate that components in garlic can kill slugs and snails, and thus be used as a non-polluting pesticide against attacks on crops from these animals, which actually seems to be more effective than conventional pesticides.

Regular consume of garlic seems to reduce the incidence of cancer in the lungs, stomach, liver, breast, brain, prostate and possibly other types of cancers, and steadily new scientific findings support claims for strong cancer-preventing effects. Some people claim that they have been able to get a manifest cancer stagnate or go away with a treatment regime where garlic is a main component. Scientific investigation has shown that sulfuric components in garlic help to kill several types of cancer cells, but the therapeutic value of garlic against manifest cancer has not been investigated well yet.

Garlic can help to prevent osteoarthritis in the hip joints. Osteoarthritis is caused by wearing in the joints without adequate repair activities, so garlic may increase the general ability of the joints to regain from damages.

Garlic in the amounts usually used as medicine do not have any serious complications for most people, but more than one clove of fresh garlic can irritate the stomach. Great amount of garlic may reduce too much the ability of the blood to coagulate and cause bleedings. Persons with bleeding tendencies should be careful about the amount used, and so also persons taking blood thinning medications. Some persons are allergic for garlic.

Fear of Driving on Freeways – Overcome Driving Fear

You may feel overwhelming feelings of dread and fear because of a phobia of driving. This condition is quite serious and it can have significant ramifications on your life. The first step is to recognize your problem by exploring how the fear of driving manifests itself.

Hodophobia is the technical term for this debilitating condition. There is a wide spectrum of severity of the symptoms of this phobia ranging from feeling apprehensive to extreme panic.

Symptoms of Driving Phobia

You may have constant, uncontrollable thoughts about having a car accident. These thoughts lead to feelings of great anxiety each time you even think about getting in the car. Your body responds with telltale signs of panic. You may sweat and feel your heart beating out of your chest.

You may shake while you are driving which makes matters worse. You feel as if you are going to lose control of the vehicle and any confidence you have in yourself as a driver flies out the window. The sounds of other vehicles on the road cause you to become anxious and even nauseous.

Dizzy spells threaten you as you make your way down the road. Your mouth becomes dry and your legs shake uncontrollably. Focus is impossible and your thoughts and feeling seems to be working against you.


Hodophobia can be compartmentalized, focusing on certain aspects of operating a vehicle. One of the most problematic places for people who have phobia of driving is the freeway. This type of road is very intimidating to many drivers.

Freeways are troublesome because traffic moves very fast. There are large vehicles on the road that seem as if they are going to overtake your car. Other vehicles are whizzing past and the feeling of motion is burdensome as you begin to feel overwhelming fear and apprehension.

Fear of Driving Over Bridges

You may have great feelings of dread at the very awareness of passing over a bridge in your car. This irrational fright sees as if it is beyond your control. You plan your routes to avoid bridges at any cost and some bridges are completely off your list. If there is an activity across the river, you stay home.

Thoughts of bridges collapsing overwhelm you and you can not bear the idea of ​​waiting for traffic to move when you are on a bridge. Gradually, the fear forces you to avoid driving completely.

Help for Phobia of Driving

Your phobia of driving is a learned reaction to your inner thoughts and feelings. Fortunately, you do have control over your thoughts and emotions. However, there are times when fear overpowers your mind.

Self-hypnosis helps you regain control of your thoughts and emotions. You can relearn how to experience operating a vehicle no matter if you are traveling on the freeway or over a bridge. Your phobia of driving is manageable and you can triumph over it with the proper treatment.

The Edge Of Finding The Best Joinery To Achieve Flawless Interior Designs For Your Business

Today, most business establishments really have nice interior designs. If you would carefully inspect some of the most important commercial structures in progressive cities, you will likely be amazed by the ingenious techniques employed to achieve their beautiful appearance. Both the exterior and interior aspects display superior workmanship.

And if you will concentrate on the interior environment, you will notice that a lot of bespoke features, especially wood ones, were created with perfect precision. The bespoke fittings’ most remarkable feature is usually not visible, for the best wooden joinery, most contracting companies say, does not show nails or other metal “joiners,” and this is what they practice.

Masters of the craft who create these fittings go back to basics and use a tradition of joinery that only demonstrates the highest quality output. With its 30 basic types of joint, each intended to join wood pieces in specific shapes and orientations, these joinery professionals masterfully align vertical and horizontal boards across the joint to easily preserve and enhance the beauty of the raw material, showing off the pattern of wood grain to the best effect.

The natural beauty of the base material shows through traditional precision workmanship. Joinery companies create a flawless interior environment for business centres not just by assembling parts seamlessly that none of the joints are visible; they also apply superior techniques that manage to create optical illusions. They can make wood fittings and stand-alone furniture look slimmer and straighter by expertly rounding or bevelling corners of the wood. It would seem like the material has been thinned to maximize space, but the thickest point of the treated wood remains the same, especially when compared side by side to the original or raw form.

Another treatment that top joinery companies use for the most visually pleasing result is painstakingly smoothing wood surfaces that they take on a mirror-like sheen even without the application of laminate covering or paint. An expert joinery works company also adds that it’s imperative for them to incorporate ingenious and practical features. Typically, the bespoke shelving, tables and compartments they create, especially for commercial buildings, do not only look incredibly sleek but also possess multiple functions.

The techniques for this are known to date back centuries and were initially used to address limitations of space and the need for furnishings that can double as secret hiding places for confidential items. With this brand of work delivered by top joinery companies in the land, commercial buildings easily achieve the impressive appearance that the highly competitive local business scene demands. Know more about this by clicking here.

Types of Equine Infections

Like people, horses become infected when their immune system gets compromised and when they are exposed to infectious agents thought about by carriers, vectors and even other infected animals. There are many common and uncommon equine infections and most of them, if not detected and treated early, will most likely lead to death or the development of more serious diseases. However, if proper diagnosis and management have been implemented, a horse suffering from infection will easily recover and will even be able to have immune defense against previous viral or bacterial infections the next time the same disease is encountered.

Equine infections are primarily caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites and even fungus. Moreover, the modes of transmission for these causative agents vary. There are infections that are transmitted via droplets and some may even be airborne, like respiratory infections. On the other hand, skin infections are usually transmitted by direct contact from an infected animal, while other infections are caused by ingesting contaminated feces. Some of the more serious equine infections are caused by vectors like mosquitoes and flies. Listed below are some types of equine infections classified according to whether the infection is found in the respiratory, urinary, nervous or other systems of the body.

Integument or Skin Infections

Equine infections found on the skin are typically characterized by constant itching and rubbing of the affected area, swinging of the horse's head from side to side, as well as flicking their ears. These infections are usually caused by parasites like lice and ticks, which feed on the horse's blood by biting or even burrowing on the skin surface, causing intestinal itching. Other skin equine infections are caused by fungus like ringworms. These are usually treated by special shampoos as well as other topical insecticidal agents. Moreover, keeping the stable clean and disinfected is important to kill all the parasitic and fungal causative agents.

Respiratory Infections

These common equine infections are found on the throat, lungs and even lymph nodes. Coughing thick, yellow nasal discharges should give you clues that your horse is suffering from a respiratory infection. In some infections, such as strangles, lymph nodes are also enlarged and they cause the horse's breath to sound like it is being strangled. The management for this is incision and drainage of the affected nodes as performed by a qualified equine veterinarian. Antibiotic therapy is a must for bacterial infections, except for strangles where lymph nodes are already enlarged, while anti-viral agents are given for those caused by viruses. An example of viral infection of the respiratory system is the Equine Herpes Virus, which has two types, the EHV-1 and EHV-4. EHV-4 is less severe because it is limited to the respiratory system, where the EHV-1 causes problems outside the respiratory system like abortion and paralysis. These respiratory system equine infections are usually preceded by vaccination.

Nervous System Infections

In this type of equine infections, the brain is affected by viral or bacterial agents that may have been transmitted via inhalation and droplet or even thought about by vectors such as insects. One example of a nervous equine infection that is caused by a certain type of mosquito is encephalomyelitis. The symptoms are depression, high grade fever, uncoordinated gait, which advances to tremors and muscle weakness until the horse becomes completely paralyzed. The preventive management for this is vaccination and mosquito control. Another serious infection under this type is the West Nile Viral Infection. This is also transmitted by mosquitoes and could lead to coma in worst cases. Other horses do not show symptoms and recover on their own. Tetanus is also another infection under this type and it is preventable.

Blood Infections

An example of this type is equine infectious anemia. Unfortunately, this is a fatal condition that is also vector-transmitted by mosquitoes and horse flies. The symptoms are sudden weight loss and fever, sweating, anemia, swelling of the limbs and generalized weakness. The sunset of this equine infection is fast and equine infectious anemia will only be suspected when the horse suddenly dies. Again, only preventive management is available for this condition, by vaccination and insect control.

Other Infections

Other infections include urinary tract infections as well as internal parasitic infections which involve worms and could be very common.

Treat Serious Ankle Sprains With the Air-Stirrup

Ankle sprains are very common injuries, especially among athletes, but also among non-athletes. Around 25,000 people sprain their ankles every day. There are countless ways that a sprained ankle can occur. This injury can happen when you fall during a sporting activity or while running down steps, step the wrong way on your ankle, roll your ankle or jump and land in the wrong position. A sprain actually occurs when a ligament, which is the elastic structure holding the ankle together and protecting it from unusual movement, stretches too far beyond its natural limits. Some ankle sprains are severe. These occur when the ligament overstretches and then actually tears. There are three different degrees of ankle sprain, the first being mild and easily treated with some rest, and the second two being more serious, requiring splinting and maybe even physical therapy. Rarely, a bad ankle sprain requires reconstructive surgery to repair the elastic ankle ligaments, but most sprains can be treated with splints, rest and temporary therapy.

The medical community usually raises ankles sprains with air splints or air casts. The Aircast Air-Stirrup is one of the most common models used to heal sprained ankles. Severe ankle sprain recovery is made easier with the Air-Stirrup because its design allows it to be worn over socks and inside shoes, so that patients recovering from serious ankle sprains can continue their daily lives almost completely uninterrupted while still healing themselves.

Cited in over 100 medical journals, the Aircast Air-Stirrup has the perfect design to treat serious ankle sprains. This is large because of the model's incorporation of the Duplex air cell system. This system produces support and compression while the patient is walking through the use of two over-laying air-filled cells, providing unparallel support on both the distal and proximal sides of the ankle, allowing the ankle injury to heal. The pressure provided by the Air-Stirrup's unique design speeds up the healing process by reducing edema, which is the swilling that companies ankle injuries. The semi-rigid exterior of the Air-Stirrup is ideal for protecting your recovering ankle against inversion and eversion, so that your healing process will not be stunted by unwanted twists and turns of your ankle.

The best thing about the Aircast Air-Stirrup is that it can stay with you through your entitlement recovery process. Whether you suffer from acute ankle instability or a grade 3 ankle sprain, the Air-Stirrup is appropriate for all levels of ankle treatment. After the initial injury, the ankle brace can be used as a cast for simple stability while resting and icing, and gradually as you recover enough to begin putting weight on your ankle once again, the Air-Stirrup can come with you. Its design even allows for it to fit inside a shoe or sneaker, so as swelling decreases, the Air-Stirrup can still be worn while you finish your recovery. After the brace has helped with your full recovery from a serious ankle sprain, it can still come in handy if you experience any residual ankle instability or future minor sprains. It is great to have on hand for those occasional bad falls, and having it prevented you from getting another sever sprain.