Parrot Cages – Metal Toxicity in Parrots

Bellow listed common and not so common metals and their alloys that can be found in cage materials (wires, frame), hardware (screws, padlocks, hinges), parrot toys and common stuff around your house. Some of them if ingested may have adverse affect on your parrot’s health.

All birds are very sensitive to toxins because of fast metabolism, delicate skin and respiratory system, small size, and digestive system with gizzard (pH 2.0, and 42C) that allows some non-food items sit there for prolong time releasing toxins or causing obstruction, impaction, bleeding and death. Natural curiosity and cleverness that pushes parrots to reach for, to chew and taste any usual and unusual objects and strength of its’ beaks put parrots even at greater risk of being exposed to toxins not only when ingested, but through skin contact or when inhaled. Toxins (like heavy metals) get usually deposited in brain, bones, feathers and some in muscle tissue; and may damage many different organs causing non-specific signs of illness.

Paint used on your bird’s cage is the main concern. Powder coating is much stronger than regularly applied paint that easily flakes and can be ingested and let the cage rust.

In short – ingesting any paint or any kind of metal is never a good thing – doesn’t matter how safe it is, especially there are no standards for safe levels of toxic metals established for birds.

Lead and Zinc – highly poisonous for parrots. Exposure to paint or alloys in cage wires containing metals, as Lead and Zinc is the most dangerous to parrots since they naturally not only chew on everything but also use their beaks to climb. If your cage material or hardware contains these metals it more likely will cause heavy metal poisoning in your parrot. Also your family could be exposed to lead in a dust from your parrot’s activity around the cage. The most common signs of poisoning in birds besides subdued behavior and shutting down – with lead poisoning – seizures and falls from the perch, with Zinc – falls from the perch. If you have any suspicion – contact your bird avian vet immediately. The bigger the parrot the bigger the danger – the large birds can easily scratch, shave or detach by chewing up some pieces of softer metals or paint.

Beside paint Lead may be used in paint primers, in soldering metal – soldered joints in cage (distinguished from welded joints), foil on wine bottles, champagne wire, fishing weights, curtain weights, rifle bullets and pellets, stained glass, in PVC and caulk.

Industry standards for Lead refer for the safe standards established by federal government that currently allow less then 600 ppm (parts per million parts or 0.06 % by weight) of Lead in household paint.

Check with manufacturers regarding Zinc, as there are no federal regulations for its content in paint.

Zinc is essential trace element, playing important role in enzymatic activity, but if ingested in uncontrolled amounts from non-food items may lead to high accumulation and toxicity. Zinc is not only used in paint but also may be used in plating – galvanization of cage wires, hardware and some metal parts of bird’s toys (galvanization is term used only for zinc coatings to protect cage metal or hardware from oxidation and make it look better). This is extremely toxic for parrots as described above.

Not to mention Zinc galvanized wire or mesh in outdoor aviaries. Don’t treat outdoor aviaries with vinegar to guard your parrot against zinc poisoning – what it actually does it will etch upper very accessible oxidized zinc layer (dull whitish coat – zinc rust) and zinc coating underneath oxidized layer to some point – not necessarily remove all of it but thin it enough to make underlying metal prone to oxidation and rusting which is also not good. This procedure may be sufficient to protect small birds from zinc poisoning but it seems as the best bet to avoid zinc around parrots altogether. Other zinc and its’ compounds applications: UV protection in plastics, Sun protective creams and lotions, fire retardants, wood preservatives and agricultural fungicides.

Copper is an essential trace element required for hemoglobin formation and is a component of several enzyme systems. Copper is soft metal usually used for plating (not only US Mint cent coins – copper 2.5% plated zinc 97.5%, but also hardware and decorative elements on your cage), kitchen utensils, copper wire, welding. Copper can be potentially poisonous to birds – usually oxidized copper causes troubles – storing acidic food in copper containers or slightly acidic water from copper piping may contribute to elevated levels of this metal in your bird’s diet and it’s easy to avoid. Copper is a popular algaecide and fungicide (used in commercial and residential pools as well as to spray vegetables and grains to prevent fungus and algae growth).

Brass is alloy of copper and zinc and usually used in padlocks – it’s probably OK for small birds that are unlikely to chew the padlock, but should be avoided around parrots. You can find few documented cases of metal toxicity in parrots that chew brass padlocks.

Nickel could be potentially toxic to your bird. Even though there are little documented evidence could be found clarifying nickel toxicity for pet-birds and parrots in particular, few articles clearly show that nickel is moderately toxic to wild birds as well as poultry (especially in young actively growing birds – in experiments growth of chicks to 4 weeks of age was significantly depressed at 700 ppm nickel and above). Nickel is commonly known as human allergen (causing dermatitis upon skin contact) and its insoluble salts and soluble aerosols are highly toxic to everything live. Nickel commonly used for plating as it prevents metal corrosion (on iron and copper usually). So even if you decided that it’s OK to have nickel-plated stuff around your parrot check it frequently, as it may chip and expose underlying metal to oxidation.

Tin is soft metal considered by many experts as not toxic for birds unless it’s “galvanized tin” (which is misused term for galvanized sheet metal (galvanized steel) or some small galvanized iron containers) – if in doubt – consult manufacturer. According to Wikipedia metal tin itself is non-toxic but most tin salts are, as well as some organic tin compounds – TBT (tributyltin) for example. TBT is very toxic – thin layer of this polymer may serve as a protective coating on non-food glass and ceramics. Tin resists corrosion from distilled, sea and soft tap water, but can be attacked by strong acids, alkalis and acid salts. Tin is present in various alloys, such as soldering tin & bronze, pewter, bell metal, Babbitt metal and dental amalgams. Organotin compounds are used as fungicides, insecticides and bactericides and they are well known for animal and human toxicity. Additionally, these are applied as PVC and PCB heat stabilizers.

Steel /a.k.a. Wrought Iron is hard metal nontoxic (mostly because it’s hard and very difficult for parrot to detach and ingest piece of it) to birds, but rust – is, so be careful as cage coating wears off and corrosion starts – consider powder coated cages versus pained. Powder coating is much stronger and structured surface of this coating provides better grip for birds.

Stainless Steel (SS)- is very hard material, that will not shave or scrape easily, will not rust under normal indoor conditions. It doesn’t require any coating, plating or paint, very easy to take care for – you can power wash (just remove your beloved bird!:) and wipe the cage dry – basically nothing to worry about. Couple comments on Stainless Steel:

Some stainless steels may stain and rust if left in humid acidic environment for prolong time or if bird’s droppings accumulate in some places that also keep moisture;

You can find many references saying that SS is not magnetic – this is not exactly correct. Stainless steel is any alloy that contains 10.5% or more of chromium and iron in excess of 50% and other components. Its magnetic property depends on what other components of this alloy are – nickel, magnesium, carbon, nitrogen, molybdenum…Any steel alloy with nickel is not magnetic (nickel strengthen stainless characteristic of iron and chromium alloy). Medical grade SS usually uses nickel and chromium so it’s not magnetic. Alloys only with chromium (no nickel) are magnetic. Different combinations of components define magnetic power of alloy.

Some parrot’s owners say that bright super glossy SS cages (shiny almost mirror-like looking surfaces) made their parrots very exited (even agitated) – it may make sense to look for SS cages that have less lustrous finish – polished surface with subdued mat tone – electro-polishing usually does just that.

Aluminum is a soft metal and by many considered as safe for birds. However few studies indicated that some birds’ species in aluminum-laden habitats with high Aluminum diet have elevated aluminum level in bones and laid deformed eggs with soft shells leading to reduced hatchability. Other studies bring concerns with bone grows and body weight gain in growing chicks with elevated aluminum in the diet. So it’s probably more safe not to let your parrot put his beak on aluminum stuff around your house and to avoid it in bird’s toys (just as mere precaution – you never know what reaction your particular bird will have)

Most of parrot aluminum toxicity cases that were documented connected to heated aluminum foil – which is mostly attributed to fumes from its non-stick polymer additives.

Selenium, mercury, cadmium, arsenic, thallium and cobalt are potentially toxic to birds. Poisoning causes by these elements have been well documented in wild birds due to environmental exposure and infrequently diagnosed in pet birds but it seems prudent to know main sources of household exposure to these elements.

Selenium is another required dietary element that can be toxic if ingested in high amounts. Selenium used in electronic industry, glass and rubber production, photographic processing, pesticides and shampoos – avoid your parrot contact with these chemicals. Interpretation of selenium toxicity is complicated by its interaction with other metals, particularly with mercury and arsenic that may reduce selenium toxicity.

Mercury is nonessential very toxic heavy metal. It affects the immune system, alters genetic and enzyme systems, and damages the nervous system, including coordination and the senses of touch, taste, and sight. Since most of the household hazards associated with mercury were recognized and eliminated while ago – until you are feeding your parrot fish and mercury containing thermometers it’s highly unlikely that your bird will have exposure to the most toxic mercury form – Methyl-mercury or elemental mercury.

Cadmium – is found in some batteries, pigments, used in electroplating, soldering, alloy manufacturing and plastic production. Cadmium and its compounds are extremely toxic even in low concentration. If ingested, bird will accumulate it in liver and kidney causing kidney damage, reduced egg production and altered behavior.

Cadmium is long known as carcinogen. Besides possible cadmium exposure through food (most of the plants have high level of absorption and accumulation of environmental cadmium – one more reason to feed your parrot organic food), burning fossil fuels such as coal and oil and smoking are other dangerous sources of cadmium exposure – since lungs absorb cadmium much more effective then guts. Do not smoke around your parrot and never let it to reach for you cigarette butts, don’t burn coal or use oil lamps. Keep your artist paints (if it applies to you) out of reach of your parrot. Cadmium Yellow, Orange & Red pigments used in artistic colors, in coloring plastics and some specialty paints, in color glass and ceramic glazes (Tiffany lamps, red stoplights) also contain cadmium.

Arsenic has been used to control agricultural pests, to pressure treat wood for outdoor use (until 2003) and in chemotherapeutics. If ingested different organic and inorganic arsenic compounds accumulate in kidney and liver and may cause anemia, nervous disorders and immune system suppression. Hopefully your parrot exposure to this hazard is very limited.

Thallium sulfate (salt of heavy metal Thallium) used as rodenticide (to control rats) and household insecticide (ants and cockroaches) – is highly toxic to mammals, birds and insects used only by professional exterminators – very unlikely your parrot will be exposed to any of this unless you store and use this chemicals in your house.

Cobalt and its salts are used in nuclear medicine, enamels and semiconductors, grinding wheels, painting on glass and porcelain, hygrometers and electroplating, in vitamin B12 manufacture, as a drier for lacquers, varnishes, and paints, and as a catalyst for organic chemical reactions.

According to Wikipedia although cobalt is an essential element for life in minute amounts, at higher levels of exposure it shows mutagenic and carcinogenic effects similar to nickel. After nickel and hexavalent chromium (VI), cobalt is a major cause of contact dermatitis in people.

Play it safe – check all metals in your bird cage and on your birds toys regularly for chipping, peeling, rust & oxidation.

Veinish – An Ayurvedic Herbal Supplement to Cure Varicose Veins, Skin Diseases and Brain Conditions

Veinish is an Ayurvedic herbal supplement, which works on several levels, protecting your body against several diseases. From painful varicose veins to serious brain conditions, Venish works in tandem with Vasko, another herbal supplement.

Veinish is prepared as a herbal remedy based on Ayurvedic knowledge. This herbal supplement is 100% vegetarian – prepared from medicinal herbs only. This herbal product works in several levels. The benefits of this capsule appears too good to be true. However, they are true. We have several real life testimonials to show you.

Veinish for Varicose Veins

Varicose vein is a painful condition. It is shockingly common among older people, especially women. Modern medicine has a few invasive techniques to cure this condition. None of the treatments are effective. Physicians recommend surgical removing of the veins, laser surgery, catheter procedures, etc. They recommend these procedures even when they know the procedure is not going to be a permanent solution for the condition.

Blood pools in both legs because of gravitational pull. This causes stress on the veins, ultimately damaging the blood vessels. Damages to the walls of the blood vessels cause pain. It can lead to inflammation inside the veins, which further amplifies the pain.

How Veinish Helps in Reversing Varicose Veins

Venish has active herbal components, which reverses the inflammations and damages inside the veins. It can cure venous thrombosis or deep vein thrombosis – painful blood clots formed inside the vein. It can also reverse edema – swellings in the legs. The edemas disappear once the venous condition is treated.

This herbal remedy can also cure and reverse venous ulcer and scar formation. Another advantage is, Venish also helps in faster wound healing.

It is recommended you take Veinish with another herbal supplement named Vasko. This gives best results. Veinish and Vasko together form a potent alternative treatment for painful conditions. Physicians and patients can try this combination as an alternative to surgery, laser procedure and catheter insertion. While those medical procedures have the risks of side effects, this herbal remedy guarantees holistic health.

The patients don’t have to get their veins surgically removed. The patients get a healthy and safe alternative to a risky procedure.

Other Benefits of Venish

Venish enhances brain functioning. It enhances blood circulation to the brain, promotes neural activities and sharpens memory. This Ayurvedic herbal remedy can also prevent or reverse conditions like dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy and more. This is made possible because of enhanced neuronal metabolism, balanced neurotransmission and prevention of brain degenerative conditions.

Veinish improves skin tone. Veinish promotes blood perfusion to the skin layers. The skin layers get more blood circulation. It thus can reverse the conditions like eczema.

The herbal components of Veinish are:

– Centella Asiatica

– Sida Cardifolia

– Embellica Officinalis

– Hemidesmus Indicus

– Curcuma Longa

These herbal components promote neural activity and blood circulation. They have anti-oxidant properties and a good supply of Vitamins and essential trace minerals like zinc, iron, phosphorous, etc. They are all 100% herbal and completely safe for everyone.

How to use Veinish and Vasko

Take a capsule each of Veinish and Vasko at intervals of 12 hours in empty stomach. Take food 45 minutes after taking the capsules. Drink enough water to facilitate speedy removal of metabolic toxins from the body.

Healing Crisis

Veinish has healing crisis. It is characterized by aggravation of nausea, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, etc. It can last for up to one week. Your body flushes out toxins accumulated in different parts of your body. Don’t stop Veinish and Vasko during this stage. It is the crisis before healing.

Ballerina Tea – What You Should Know About It

Ballerina tea is a terrific colon cleanse. Although it is normally sold as a diet tea the ingredients are used as a laxative and a diuretic. The pounds that you will drop are the result of this. But if you are searching for the perfect detoxifying tea you have found it.

There are two herbs in Ballerina tea one is Senna which is the stimulant laxative ingredient. Used the correct way this is good for anyone who suffers with constipation, bloating or gas. The other herb is Chinese Mallow which is the diuretic herb. You might be surprised to hear that it is also an anti inflammatory. It is commonly used for excessive mucous, gastritis or urinary tract infections. So I bet this is different than what you thought. This tea can do many things when used correctly. See more of the wonders of Ballerina Tea below.

Two thousand five hundred years ago a Chinese herbalist put together the Senna herb and the Chinese Mallow and made this herbal tea. The Chinese Mallow leaves were put into teas in China to settle the digestive system, soothe sore throats and relieve bronchitis. When the two were combined it began to be used as a tea that would clean out the urinary tract and the intestines. There you have it the first colon cleansing tea.

Because Ballerina tea is an herbal tea it also has naturally occurring antioxidants that are well known to break down free radicals that hurt are bodies and increase the aging process. Frequently referred to as 3 Ballerina tea you can drink this and know that you naturally helping your body to slow the aging process, help with constipation, and relieve gas and bloating. All with no chemicals added like the diet aids or detox items you find in your pharmacy.

If you drink too much Ballerina tea you will lose weight because you will be going to the bathroom a lot. That will be how you shed pounds. The drawback is that you will also be losing any vitamins that you may receive from the foods you eat. The Senna in this tea works quickly and your body cannot absorb any benefits of what you eat is it comes back out too fast. If you use this as a regular tea you will see the benefits of its real purpose. If you are going to do a colon cleanse this is perfect for you.

Be careful about making a too strong tea if you are skinny. Peoples’ systems are different depending on the person and their weight. When having this tea for its intended reasons you need to consider if you’re are heavier or thinner and the strength of the tea. If you make it too strong be close to a bathroom because you will need it.

You will find this tea more in health food or herbal stores than in your pharmacy. Remember Ballerina tea is also sold as 3 Ballerina tea, but they are the same thing. You will also find it online at any herbal tea site. If you are on any medications talk to your doctor to make sure the tea will not have a negative effect on any other medications.

Bruce Lee Workout – Steroids and Drugs the Secrets of the Bruce Lee Workout?

Bruce Lee emerged on the scene in 1959, here in the United States.

He was not a huge man when he arrived in Seattle. Weighing just under 130 pounds.

In fact, he was born a sickly boy with an undescended testicle and a female name. His mother… a very superstitious woman gave him the name of Li Jun Fan so that evil spirits would not snatch him away. (In the Chinese culture male children are more valued than the female ones.)

With all this going against him it’s almost impossible to believe that later on he would become the proverbial — Charles Atlas cartoon character.

You know the one, he gets sand kicked in his face, starts training, working out hard and before you know it…he’s got muscles and he’s taking care of himself on the beach!

Lee spent his entire life turning his small frail body into a large weapon but he did more than that. You see, most people did not view the Chinese as a physically strong people, in fact they were perceived to be house workers and day laborers. A small and weak race was the American perception of the Chinese at that time. Most martial arts were still unknown including the Chinese style of boxing which Bruce was about to introduce to Westerners

Kung fu was up until this point unknown to Americans. So when Bruce Lee burst on the scene with this fast punches and high kicks — every nerd and underweight male had a new hero!

Many people wanted to learn kung fu and so the Bruce Lee workout and training program started. Some of the more famous of the Bruce Lee students were, Steve McQueen, James Coburn, and many others. Soon every Westerner was learning — Jeet Kune Do. This is the name that Bruce Lee gave his martial art, translated it means — “the Way of the intercepting fist.”

He loved to train and he was constantly trying to improve the Bruce Lee workout program. He was what you could call a fitness freak. He involved himself in running, lifting weights, using isometrics exercise and electrical impulse to stimulate his muscles while he slept. (Bruce Lee even wanted to add speed and power during his sleep.)

Bruce Lee was also very much into proper nutrition and the Bruce Lee diet consisted of taking vitamins, ginseng, royal jelly, steroids and even liquid steaks (prior to 1980s steroids were actually legal to be to take in the United States.)

Although the Bruce Lee workout was never intended to make him look like Arnold Schwarzenegger or even a pro bodybuilder, it is easy to see that it was effective in developing a ripped muscularity that most people today would love to have.

Unfortunately Bruce Lee died at the age of 32 under strange circumstances and controversy in his mistresses house of a supposed brain edema. The autopsy revealed that the cause of death was a strange reaction to a prescription painkiller called — Equagesic. What really stands out about the Bruce Lee workout and training is that through all his many obstacles he was still able to overcome them and achieve his goal of becoming a martial arts legend and movie star.

Does Clogged Arteries Mean Veins Popping Out in the Neck?

Does clogged arteries mean veins popping out in the neck? You might be wondering why if you have no idea what clog arteries are to begin with. Clog arteries are very dangerous to the body. They may cause several symptoms that could lead to some very fatal conditions. Yes, if worse comes to worst, clog arteries can spell your untimely death.

An artery gets blocked when there is plaque accumulation and build-up within the walls of the artery. The plaque starts when there is a scar formation on a part of the arterial wall. How the scar is formed there is because of inflammation, and there could be several reasons. Needless to say, because of the scar, white blood cells migrate to the damaged portion together with calcium and other substances. These then cause the artery to harden, making it less elastic, thus prone to breakage. This also adds to the decreased blood circulation in the body.

When neck veins are clogged, they tend to bulge due to the pressure of the blood. Due to the blockage and due to the pressure of the blood flow, either the plaque formation would turn into an embolus and travel to the different parts of the body or it would predispose the artery to develop into an aneurysm. Thus, this is even more dangerous as the aneurysm could rupture anytime and it could cause massive internal bleeding. A person could die instantly from this condition. In order to prevent having an aneurysm, you have to avoid developing clogged arteries.

So, does clogged arteries mean veins popping out in the neck? Well, technically, veins are different from arteries. Veins are the blood vessels of the body that carry deoxygenated blood from the different parts of the body to the heart, while arteries carry oxygenated blood to the different parts of the body. Another difference is that veins have valves to keep the blood from flowing backwards; arteries don’t because the pressure of blood is high.

Clogged arteries in the neck may lead you to manifest symptoms like dizziness, headaches, blurry vision and even transient ischemic attacks. A majority of the symptoms associated with clogged neck arteries are related to brain function. Thus, it means that when the neck arteries get blocked, the brain is most likely to be damaged due to the deoxygenated blood. The brain’s function gets altered because of the blockage. These symptoms manifest either while there is blockage or after a long time after the clog accumulated. This could be treated if it is addressed immediately. One of the commonly prescribed medications for this is a low dose of aspirin to help the blood thin and to further prevent the clotting of blood. If this does not treat it, then your physician might suggest other medications or he might advise you to get some surgical procedures done. These might help in getting rid of the plaques in the body.

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy-Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) relates to sudden vision loss which can be complete or partial, and resulting from an interrupted blood supply to the optic nerve. This condition can be either anterior or posterior. The anterior type is more common and relates to disease confined to the retina and the adjacent part of the optic nerve. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy relates to pathology which can affect the distal part of the optic nerve, usually a distance away from the eyeball.

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) can be classified into two types — arteritis and non-arteritis. Inflammation of arteries, usually associated with giant cell arteritis forms the arteritis type of AION, which is more common in women, especially over the age of 55. Generalised symptoms are usually associated with this condition and include fever, fatigue, bodyache, and localized pain. The condition usually starts with a temporary blurring of vision after which gradual permanent vision loss occurs. Flourescein angiography can be used to diagnose this condition, which is usually treated with steroids, in order to protect the unaffected eye.

Then non-arteritis type of ischemic optic neuropathy is more common than the arteritis type and is usually seen in both sexes. A sudden reduction in blood pressure causes reduced blood flow to the optic nerve, causing this type of optic neuropathy. Medical conditions which can cause this include diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, herpes zoster, anemia, sickle-cell disease, sudden high or low changes in blood pressure, gastrointestinal ulcers, heart disease, vasculitis, and migraine. The presentation of non-arteritis AION is characterized by a sudden, painless vision loss in one eye, usually noticed on waking up from sleep. Underlying cardiovascular disease usually needs to be treated aggressively while managing this condition.

Ayurvedic herbal treatment for ischemic optic neuropathy depends upon the known cause for the condition. Inflammation of arteries can cause swelling within the lumen of the arteries, leading to blockage and interrupted blood supply, thereby causing partial or permanent damage to the retina and optic nerve. Ayurvedic herbal medicines which have a strong anti-inflammatory action and which also have a specific affinity for arteries and capillaries are used in the management of the arteritis type of AION, in conjunction with medicines which have a specific affinity for the eyes. In addition, medicines are also given to remove toxic components from inflamed arteries so as to normalise the circulation, provide nutrients to the damaged retina and optic nerve and reverse the damage to the maximum extent possible. Other associated conditions of the non- arteritis type of AION also need to be treated symptomatically.

Depending upon the severity of the condition, ION needs to be treated with herbal medicines for periods ranging from six to nine months or possibly even longer, in order to provide the maximum possible benefit and stabilise and improve vision to the maximum extent possible. It is important to commence aggressive Ayurvedic treatment at the earliest in order to salvage optimum level of vision. Ayurvedic herbal treatment can play a significant role in the management, treatment and possible cure of ischemic optic neuropathy.

What Is Impetigo and How is it Treated?

Impetigo is a condition where the skin gets affected due to a bacterial infection. Impetigo is highly infectious and usually affects children between 3 to 6 years of age. The onset of the infection can be diagnosed by the appearance of small red blisters around the mouth and nose which later break out and form a crusty yellowish layer on the affected area. In some cases (Bullous Impetigo) the fluid filled blisters may be larger in size and may take a longer time to break open. Impetigo can be classified into three types based on the observed symptoms. They are Bullous Impetigo, Non Bullous Impetigo and Ecthyma.

An Impetigo infection normally occurs when staph bacteria such as Staphylococcus Aureus penetrates into the system through a breakage in the skin. The breakage can be due to wounds or insect bites or anything that punctures or weakens the skin. The bacteria then tries to damage the protein binding between the skin cells and eventually spreads to other parts of the body. One can also acquire Impetigo by coming into a person with the condition or by touching or holding an infected person’s personal things.

In some extreme cases Impetigo can lead to severe complications such as PSGN or lead to other staph infections such as Cellulitis and MRSA. PSGN is a condition in which the impetigo infection causes a kidney inflammation. PSGN occurs when the tiny structures that help filter waste out of the kidney get damaged due to the infection.

To treat impetigo either oral antibiotics or bacterial ointments may be used depending on the condition and severity of the infection. Usually if the infection is mild and not serious or life threatening doctors would recommend certain bactericidal ointments to be applied on the affected areas. However if the infection is severe or deadly oral antibiotics may be recommended instead.

Taking care of cuts and wounds properly , keeping nails trim and clean, not mixing an infected person’s linen with other family members clothes, and covering skin sores of an infected person properly are some ways in which one can prevent an impetigo infection.

Future Prospects of the Indian Economy

The Indian economy is growing at a fast pace. It is officially the world’s second fastest growing economy. The Indian economy is likely to change a lot in the developing country.

Since the beginning of the economic reform in India in early 1990s, the country has gone through a lot of drastic changes. There have been lots of job creation in the country after the economic reforms. Young people are getting job opportunities like never before. New industries like information technology (IT) and business process outsourcing (BPO) have also offered more jobs for the educated youth. In fact now a days anyone with workable knowledge of computer and English speaking can find a job in India. All industries are growing at a fast pace. The auto industry has seen record growth in recent times. Even the manufacturing industry has posted a great rate of growth.

In coming years India is expected to go through some more drastic changes economy wise. The growth of the economy at double digit rate will make the country a developed nation in a couple of decades.

However, the path of economic progress is not easy. There are some problems in the country than can make the whole progress go for vein. Population explosion is one such problem. The fast growing population of the country ensures that majority of the work done for improving the life standard of the common people are going to the naught. The country has limited resources and it can sustain only a limited number of people living in the country. The basic need for supporting the additional population is urgent, which is bound to take more resources. The government of India is yet to come up with some policy to curb the growing population.

Another threat to the Indian economic growth story is terrorism. The threat of terror can derail the whole positive sentiments generated by the economic growth. As economic activities happen mostly in an environment of security, any act of terrorism in any major economic hub can be a major blue to foreign investment in the country, affecting the overall economic growth of the country. For example, bomb blasts in Mumbai had a negative impact on the economic scenario of the city.

Religious intolerance is growing in India. As some politicians can always play politics to garner votes in elections, they may divide people and cause communal riots. As seen in the case of Gujarat, some politicians are likely to exploit religious sentiments when pushed to the brink. Any major incident of religious riot can derail economic activities of a particular region. For example, after the communal violence in Gujarat, many industries of the state, especially of Ahmadabad, were affected.

Any other internal threat can also put a spanner in the economic growth story any time. As social unrest in the country is existing, it can be a bad omen for the overall economy. The rich-poor divide is also bad for the economic growth of the country. Keeping abreast with business news is good for keeping tabs on happenings in the economy.

However, all the bad news should not affect us much and we should not forget to have fun in our lives.

Did You Know a Sinus Infection Can Be Life Threatening?

Everyone at one time or another has a sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, or knows someone that has a sinus infection. There are two types of sinus infections; acute and chronic.

Usually an acute sinusitis is caused by the harmless bacteria that live in most peoples upper respiratory tracts. If you catch a cold and get the sniffles and then you nose clogs up and your face hurts, then most likely the cold has gone into a sinusitis. It can last up to two weeks and responds quite nicely to medical therapy.

You may not know that the chronic form of sinusitis is the most common form. Hard to believe but estimates show that almost 40 million people will suffer with chronic sinus infection this year and it will last each of them up to 3 months and even when they think it is gone it might flare back up and last another 3 months.

Of course for both acute and chronic sinusitis the symptoms are the same:

  • Facial pain
  • Teeth hurt
  • Bad breath
  • Nasal congestion
  • Nausea
  • Erythema
  • Hard to breath through your nose
  • Fever
  • Tenderness and pain in the eyes, cheeks, nose and forehead
  • Sore throat

It is important at this point to talk about the complications of sinusitis. First off if you get a bad sinus infection you should see your doctor. He is the only one that can really tell you if everything is alright and to help you get better. The days of staying home and self medicating should be over when it comes to this illness. If left undiagnosed and untreated sinus infections can create severe medical problems and even death.

Complications

Pott’s Puffy Tumor– If you have fever, headache and soft tissue swelling over the frontal sinus you just may have this disease. Pott’s puffy tumor is a serious complication of bacterial frontal sinusitis and consists of a subperiosteal abscess and Osteomylitis of the frontal bone and can lead to death

Ethmoid sinusitis-Ethmoid sinuses are between the eye sockets and above the nose and drain into the nose. Symptoms of Ethmoiditis are: Pain inside of the eye, pain down one side of the nose, headache by eye or temple, fever, drooping eyelid, loss of eye movement, bad breath, and changes in vision, fixed or dilated pupils

Brain Infection-A sinus infection can become so bad that the infection leaks through the barrier into the brain. If you notice personality changes or altered awareness, then see a doctor immediately, because a brain infection that started out as a sinus infection is one thing that can lead to coma or death.

If you have any concerns or worries when you get a sinus infection then see your doctor. He will then have the time to diagnose the problem and get you started on the right treatment. Given that there is always the outside chance of something going badly without having treatment, what do you have to lose?

Lewis & Clark Expedition – Hardships and Dangers Faced Routinely

Much more is said about the huge success of Lewis and Clark’s Corps-of-Discovery westward expedition than about the hardships and dangers they faced daily without a second thought. Actually, because of these constant hardships and dangers, they were lucky to make it to the Pacific coast and back alive.

Some the hardships they endured were lack of privacy, routine sickness, poor hygienic and medical treatments, boils/sores, accidental injuries, knife/gunshot wounds, falls/spills, biting insects (galore), poisonous snakes, thorny plants, bad weather, extreme temperatures, violent storms, hail, flooding, getting lost, stress, starvation, lack of sleep, exhaustion, aches, pains, encounters with wild carnivorous animals (bears), depletion of trade goods, and potential deaths.

Ten Hardships and Dangers Summarized

1. No privacy. Camping and living in the open. Also, cramped quarters in the boats, canoes, and stockades. Finding the time and place for personal needs when not encamped: e.g., for rest, sleep, down time, healing, making or mending their clothing/shoes, nursing oneself back to health, trimming hair, whiskers, finger/toenails, and having adequate places to bathe and use the latrine if one existed.

2. Sickness. Sores, boils, dysentery, gastric distress, flatus, sunburn, dehydration, colds, flu, frost bite, constipation, blockage of menses, headaches, appendicitis, tooth aches, mouth sores, dental problems, potential pneumonia, cholera, venereal disease, and smallpox. Also, poor hygienic practices, like, having no personal toothbrushes or prophylactics, which can cause health problems. Additionally, certain medical treatments, like, bleeding, did not cure illnesses. Furthermore, their water wasn’t always sterile, and Sacagawea had no pampers for her baby.

3. Human conflict. Disagreements brought on by stressful conditions: e.g., by not doing one’s share of work, by meddling in a crew member’s personal affairs, by meddling in disagreements among the natives themselves, by not understanding differing cultures and their ways of living, by lengthy, strained, or failed bargaining with the tribes, or by being overly competitive with them.

4. Getting lost. By taking a wrong trail or tributary, by having a guide get confused from the ever changing terrain, or by straying too far from camp alone or without adequate arms or backup. Note: one young crewman got lost for two weeks while retrieving two strayed horses.

5. Bad Weather. Heavy rains, high winds, heat, sun, thunder storms, hail, lightning, flash floods, river snags, weather-induced boat spills, freezing rain/temperatures (-45 oF in North Dakota), ice/sleet/snow. Note: Clark along with his slave and the hired interpreter and his wife, Sacagawea, and their baby boy narrowly escaped a flash flood. They had sought storm shelter under overhanging rocks, but encountered a fast-rising flood instead. Clark lost his compass, shot pouch, and tomahawk. Sacagawea lost her son’s cradle board (back carrier).

6. Poor Choices (only a few). By making poor choices under the high pressure or unfavorable circumstances: e.g., by not avoiding known unfriendly tribes, by openly taking anger out on others for many reasons, e.g., missing or stolen goods, by being jealous over friendships/relationships, by feeling insulted, or by being distracted from the necessary routine tasks or purpose of journey.

7. Exhaustion. From heatstroke or gruelling labor (pulling the keelboat upstream or portaging boats/supplies around falls or rapids), from carrying cargo or game, from hiking on slick/muddy/rocky river bank, from climbing hill/trees, from doing heavy work, like, building and mud-sealing stockades, or making underground caches and dugout canoes, and from loss of sleep.

8. Starvation. Lack of food in the mountains (ate candles and colts there), lack of grass/tree-bark for the horses, getting lost without food, getting weak from low food supply when/where game was not available. Note: each crew member could eat about nine pounds of meat a day. Sacagawea helped the corps with this predicament by finding and gathering many wild edibles.

9. Injury. Cuts, bruises, scrapes, scratches, cactus pricks, leg/arm sprains, broken bones, insect/mosquito bites (at times the mosquitoes were so thick they got into their eyes, ears, and mouths), falling off horses, the horses falling/tripping themselves with the pack or rider, potential snake bites, prickly plant stings, pierced moccasins, sore bleeding feet/legs, body aches/pains (feet/back/shoulders), bites/claw-injuries from wild animals, and wounds from knives or gunfire.

10. Potential death (accidental, injury, or sickness). Falling from high bluffs and horses, from illnesses, flash floods, river drowning, boat spills, sudden storms, or wild animals, e.g., snake, cougar, wolf, buffalo, grizzly bear (numerous close calls occurred during the journey). Notes: one tribe wanted to kill the corps for its plunder, but didn’t. Several other tribes could have overcome the corps at different times if they had really wanted to. One corps member did die on the westward leg of the trip, apparently of appendicitis. Everyone else made the entire trip alive.

Although much of the corps success can be attributed to 1) their careful preparation beforehand, 2) their vast supplies to start with, and 3) their well-trained, diverse, self-sufficient members, many historians claim they could not have made that lengthy journey successfully without the generous help from the Native-American tribes they met along the way. The historians are right. The corps couldn’t have made that dangerous exploratory trip without the help from the Indians. Still, the corps did overcome numerous hardships and dangers on their own.

Do You Have These Panic Attack Symptoms?

A panic attack is a one of those things that literally grabs you by the throat and doesn’t let go. A sufferer can virtually find himself or herself running around in circles trying to “escape” the feeling of dread. However, that’s the extreme case. What about those times when you’re quite not sure what it is you’re suffering from? Not all panic symptoms hit you over the head with a sledge hammer.

So the question is, how can you tell if you’re having a panic? If you’re having any of the following symptoms, you just might be. One of the most common symptoms of a panic is a racing heart. It can almost feel like it’s trying to jump out of your body. If you put your hand to your chest, you can feel it pounding.

Another common symptom of panic attacks is feeling weak or dizzy. You may lose your balance or feel like you’re going to pass out. Of course these symptoms can also be caused by high blood pressure or even low blood sugar. That’s why it’s important to make note of all your symptoms and not just one or two.

You may also feel a tingling or numbing sensation in the fingers. However, and most people don’t know this, sinus problems can also cause the same sensation. If you’re prone to sinus problems or have allergies (see your allergist) that tingling sensation doesn’t have to be caused by panic.

A common symptom is a feeling of dread or death. At times this can almost feel like a premonition. I’m not suggesting that people having panic attacks can actually predict the future (that’s a topic for another time) but in their minds, the person having the attack is sure that something terrible is going to happen.

In addition to the above, you may also feel sweaty or might be having chills. Of course this could also be caused by having the flue or a severe cold. Again, you need to look at all the symptoms in order to make a proper self diagnosis.

A serious symptom is one of chest pains. The reason this is serious is because what may appear to be a panic attack could very well be the onset of a heart episode. If you are having chest pains, don’t guess. See a doctor immediately, especially if the pains worsen.

You may also have trouble breathing or feel like you are losing control of yourself. That sense of loss of control is usually when the panic attack begins to worsen. If you are having several of the above symptoms, it is quite possible that you’re having a panic attack. Once you’ve determined that much, the question is…what next?

Treating panic attacks, outside of traditional medicine which can have serious side effects, is your safest and best option. And yes, there are natural treatments for panic attacks. For more information on that subject, please see the link below.

In the meantime, please make a note of these symptoms any time that you feel that you’re having a panic attack. Proper diagnosis is the first step to finding a cure.

Weight Loss Foods: Reduce Your Cholesterol Levels and Lose Weight With Capsicum

Heart disease is the Western World’s biggest killer, and it is high cholesterol (high levels of LDL Cholesterol (bad cholesterol)), that is the primary cause. High levels of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) that circulate in the blood can develop into plaque, which leads to clogged arteries.

This occurs when LDL Cholesterol that circulates in the blood, develops into plaque. The body also requires HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol), which carries the LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) to the liver to be flushed out of the body. However, when LDL cholesterol levels are high, HDL levels are low, this results in a build up of LDL cholesterol in the body, and therefore the risk of blocked arteries.

Weight gain is also a world wide epidemic, and combined with high cholesterol levels in your blood, you are a time bomb just waiting to go off, at risk from serious and fatal illness.

For centuries, the humble chilli has been used as a health tonic in many countries, in addition to its common use in food across the globe. However, it is only now, that the Capsicum, also known as the red pepper or chilli is really coming to the fore for its healthcare benefits. It is a great solution to lowering your cholesterol, whilst also being highly beneficial for weight loss.

Until very recently we were unable to take this superfood in a supplement form, due to it aggravating the digestive tract. However, due to a recent technology launch, we are now able to take a concentrated form of this incredible weight loss food in tablet form.

So How Can Chilli Lower My Cholesterol and Weight At The Same Time?

The capsicum, when taken in high doses, acts by considerably speeding up the metabolism and burning fat before it is able to be absorbed by the body and stored as fat. It also helps to suppress the appetite, making you much less likely to overeat, snack or binge throughout the day. Calories that are eaten during a meal and not used immediately, are converted to triglycerides and transported to fat cells to be stored. The Capsaicin stops the fat being absorbed, by raising the metabolic rate which means the fat is better mobilised around the body. The higher your metabolic rate is the more fat you will lose.

The chilli also increases blood circulation, so more oxygen and nutrients are carried through the body at a faster and more efficient rate. This promotes a healthier body and ensures ongoing weight loss.

The Capsicum contains vitamin C and vitamin A, which contain beta-carotenoids, which are both powerful anti-oxidants. These antioxidants eliminate free radicals and other toxins from our bodies and clear the metabolic pathways, therefore helping our body to run more efficiently. The supply of nutrients to the tissues is also increased. If free radicals are left unchecked in the body, a build up of harmful chemicals and toxins can incur, dramatically increasing our chances of serious illness and disease. The antioxidants in the Capsicum wipe out free radicals that can also increase cholesterol levels, which can also go on to cause heart disease.

The capsicum also contains vitamin B6 and folic acid. Vitamin B reduces high homocysteine level, which has been shown to cause damage to blood vessels and is associated with a greatly increased risk of heart attack and stroke. It also converts homocysteine into other molecules which is beneficial to lower cholesterol levels.

Capsaicin, the compound in the chilli that is responsible for its heat, also helps to reduce bad cholesterol and triglyceride (the chemical form in which most fat exists in food as well as in the body) levels. When Capsaicin is ingested, the typical increase in liver and blood serum cholesterol levels are significantly reduced.

Capsicum has also been found to help regulate blood pressure, encourage better blood circulation, and reduce common respiratory illness such as asthma, the common cold, sinusitis and bronchitis, as it also dilates the airways of the lungs.

Black Diamonds – What Makes a Diamond Black?

Diamonds are found naturally in over 300 different hues in colors ranging from red, orange, yellow, blue, pink, green, brown, white and of course, black. In fact diamonds are found in the greatest number of hues of any gemstone. All natural fancy colored ones are incredibly rare compared to the normally colorless, or white gemstone. And this makes them substantially more expensive.

Like all the colored fancies, a natural black diamond has the same crystalline structure and chemical properties as a white one. It is made from crystalline carbon and is the hardest natural substance known to mankind. This means that it cannot be cut or scratched except by a harder diamond. However, the inclusions and impurities contained within the structure of a black diamond make it more likely to fracture and splinter during the cutting process than its white counterpart, although blacks tend to be harder once cut.

The color of natural blacks comes from countless microscopic particles of smoky carbon graphite, hematite and magnetite which were trapped within the crystal lattice of the gemstone structure during its formation. Because they are integral to the lattice structure, these particles are known as inclusions, not impurities. High concentrations of the inclusions cloud the forming diamond. They absorb light and give the gemstone its rich black metallic look and intense brilliance.

Because their deep color comes from inclusions, rather than impurities, which would produce highly localised color distortions, just about all black diamonds are opaque. However semi-transparent and translucent gemstones do form and when found, they are considered very valuable indeed.

Natural blacks have been discovered and mined in Australia, parts of Africa and in Venezuela and Brazil. Surprisingly, though, they are thought to be well over 3 billion years old! This is odd because it means black diamonds are significantly older than white ones, which are only about 1 billion years old! How this happened is unclear. But meteor impacts are now thought to have played a role in the formation of natural blacks, which were subsequently brought to the surface of the Earth during volcanic eruptions!

Because of their rarity, most black diamonds used in contemporary jewelry have been enhanced. The enhancement process, which mimics the natural formation of the gemstone, exposes genuine, mined specimens to intense heat and radiation. This intensifies and darkens their natural hues and produces elegant black diamonds!

With their elegant appearance, rarity and air of mystery, black diamond pieces make a sensational addition to any jewelry wardrobe, especially if you are looking for a diamond ring which is a little bit different!

DonJoy’s Drytex Knee Braces Vs Neoprene Knee Braces

Neoprene is a synthetic rubber material designed to be flexible, durable, and to resist breakdown by water. Neoprene has been used for over 75 years. In its application to braces and supports, it is very form fitting and resilient to the stresses placed on it.

Neoprene is a very popular material for cold weather sports such as skiing and snowboarding, and is used extensively in water sports.

Neoprene braces are ideal supports to provide uniform compression over an extremity such as the knee or elbow. Neoprene’s heat retention properties is preferred by some to help ease the pain of a joint due to arthritis and muscle strain.

The disadvantage of Neoprene is know to many parents who pick up their child’s brace, with an odor that is hard to describe and tolerate. Neoprene is not a breathable material, and therefore retains the sweat and perspiration of the skin at the surface. Many people have allergies to Neoprene, causing skin rashes, blistering, itching and more severe allergic reactions.

Elastic material is not a good alternative as it does not stretch like neoprene, nor does it have the compressive qualities and durability of neoprene.

DonJoy developed a material referred to as “Drytex” as an alternative to Neoprene.

Drytex is a material made of a Nylon core and Polyester Lycra fabric, which retains the durability and compressive advantages of Neoprene, but is breathable and non-allergenic.

Drytex braces are more comfortable to wear compared to Neoprene, with the absence of the foul odor usually associated with its counterpart.

So how do I tell the difference between the two materials?

Simply lift the material up to light and stretch the material. If light shines through, it is a breathable material. If there is no light seen, it is probably neoprene.

If you are in a warm weather climate, and participate in sports such as Basketball, Football, Soccer, Tennis and Golf, then Drytex is an alternative to Neoprene. If you have allergies to Latex and Neoprene, Drytex is an excellent choice for support.

This material is only found in select manufacturers like DonJoy. It usually is not found in retail stores.

It is important to consult with your treating doctor prior to purchasing any orthopedic brace. There are many choices to be made when deciding which knee brace to purchase.

Little Known Facts About 2 Lucid Dreaming Pills Exposed

One cannot deny that lucid dreaming pills give you the experience you long for-a lucid dream. However, seasoned practitioners would not actually recommend such pills. They would recommend the safer and lasting techniques of meditation, relaxation, enhanced dream recall, and others.

Pills such as Galantamine and Choline can actually give you some real-as-life dreams or lucid dreams. At the same time, you cannot simply take lucid dreaming pills and expect to get an LD. These pills can be compared to weight loss pills. The weight loss pills alone don’t work; they function only in combination with healthy eating and an exercise regime. Similarly, lucid dreaming pills in combination with meditation, relaxation, and better dream recall will give you a faster LD experience.

Choline

Choline is an amino acid that is commonly found in potatoes and bananas. When ingested, the brain converts Choline into Acetylcholine; and this leads to enhanced dream recall and lucid dreaming.

Choline, however, has a few side effects such as increased body temperature, profuse sweating, loss of appetite, and nausea.

Take a Choline pill before going to bed or at midnight. Here is a word of warning-never take it continuously. You can take it for a few days to satiate your desire for a lucid dream, but not more than that.

Galantamine

Galantamine is commonly used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative disease that wrecks long-term as well as short-term memory.

The ancient Greeks first discovered this wonder drug more than 30 centuries back. The Chinese used it to enhance memory too. Galantamine not only improves memory during the day, but also enhances dream recall at night.

A number of brands now offer lucid dreaming pills containing Galantamine, which has been extracted from Daffodils and Red Spider Lilies.

Although Galantamine is a natural medication for enhancing dream recall, it does give some nasty side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, lack of appetite, weight loss, sleep paralysis, and micro awakenings.

Some lucid dreaming pills contain a combination of Choline and Galantamine. But never take these pills continuously. Take them only as and when you need them.

LD pills do work. But owing to their side effects, they are not really recommended. If you are in a hurry and want to get a lucid dreaming experience in the shortest possible time, take these pills. But don’t take them before having a chat with your medical advisor. Even if you take them, don’t take them for long periods of time. The best lucid dreaming techniques are the age-old, proven, tested, safe, and drug-free methods.