What Is A Yeast Infection?

Candida albicans yeast is a tiny fungus that can cause the common symptoms of a yeast infection. These infections can show up anywhere on the body, including the vagina, the mouth, male genitals, under the breasts and in the armpits, and even under your nails. Many diaper rashes are also caused by yeast.

People with compromised immune systems, like AIDS patients and chemotherapy patients, can also get yeast infections that attack the blood cells and internal organs, including the brain. These patients must be treated very aggressively to get rid of the yeast, because a yeast infection can be fatal for these patients.

For most of us, a yeast infection is a bothersome, irritating, itchy condition that soon goes away. Sometimes it even goes away by itself, without any treatment at all. When the infection is more severe, but still manageable, home remedies such as yogurt or honey may alleviate the symptoms.

And when mild natural remedies fail, non-prescription medications are available in the drugstore for vaginal yeast infections, and your doctor can give you a prescription for oral thrush, skin infections, and male yeast infections.

Vaginal yeast infections are the most common. Most women will experience at least one infection during their lifetime. Unfortunately, many women get chronic infections because so many things can trigger the yeast to become infectious.

The symptoms of vaginal yeast infections are "nonspecific." This means that it is not possible to use the symptoms alone to make a diagnosis, because all these symptoms can also be caused by other organizations.

The most common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection (yeast vaginitis) are:

o Itching and burning in the vagina and vulva.

o Soreness, swelling and pain around the vulva.

o Pain during intercourse or urination.

o Vaginal discharge. This discharge is not always present, but if there is a discharge it will be odorless or smell like baker's yeast, and usually has a whitish, thick appearance.

It seems as though these symptoms are pretty obvious, so many women self-diagnose their own infections and either use natural remedies or purchase antifungal medication at their drugstore.

Unfortunately, studies have shown that as much as two-thirds of the non-prescription medications for yeast infections are being used by women who do not have yeast infections. Most of the symptoms can also be caused by bacteria and parasites, which must be treated by a doctor.

A male yeast infection is caused by the same organism that causes vaginal yeast infections in women, oral thrush, and diaper rash – Candida albicans.

Skin infections , including male yeast infections, look red and flat, with sharp scalloped edges. You may see small pustules around the edges of the rash, the area may itch or burn, and it may be painful. There are usually smaller patches nearby. A rash around the anus may be white or red, and will itch.

While the infection is occasionally shared among sexual partners, it is not considered a sexually transmitted disease.

A yeast infection in the mouth of infants and adults is called "thrush." It appears as thick white lacy patches that can form anywhere inside the mouth, including the tongue or palate. If the white patches are scraped away, the area underneath will be red and may bleed. Occidentally, an oral yeast infection can cause the tongue to be red without a white coating.

Many different things can trigger a yeast infection, including antibiotics, a change in the natural hormone cycle, birth control pills, too much sugar in the diet, and many more.

Some chronic yeast infections can be symptoms of a serious underlying illness that has affected the endocrine system or the immune system. Anyone who has chronic yeast infections that are not caused by any of the "usual suspects" should ask their doctor for a complete checkup to rule out the possibility of a serious illness.

Hepatitis C – A Quick Guide

This disorder is a disease of the liver, which is caused by the hepatitis C virus, also known as HCV. The early symptoms of this disease may be extreme fatigue, which the patient may ignore until they develop other symptoms. These later symptoms include abdominal pain, clay colored stools, darker colored urine and the skin turning yellow, which is called jaundice. Of the patients who have acute hepatitis C about 25% will be able to make a complete recovery. Unfortunately the remaining percentage will be stuck with it permanently. This is termed as chronic hepatitis C. Several years ago, the most common way that hepatitis C was transferred to other patients was thought to be tainted blood used in transfusions, but nowdays the blood testing procedures have improved considerably, and the risk is now very small.

These days the highest risk group is illegal drug users. The sharing of any equipment or appliance which has any blood or bodily fluids on it when taking drugs is a simple way of transferring this disease. The puzzling aspect of chronic hepatitis C is that a percentage of people can have the disease but not be bothered by it at all, as it can lie dormant for several years. In fact, these people may only find out about it when they need to have a blood test for some reason. Any patient who has chronic hepatitis C will eventually develop cirrhosis of the liver. This will do irreparable damage and cause scarring which stops the liver functioning correctly. Fortunately this can take a long time to occur, as long as 20 years from when the disease first appears.

A number of these patients can go on to develop liver cancer, but again this can take a very long time to appear. Because there is no vaccine to hepatitis C, trying to prevent it occurring in the first place is the only thing that an individual can do to lessen the risk factors. The easiest way to avoid contracting hepatitis is basic cleanliness and vaccinations. Contracting any disease is frightening, but hepatitis can be more traumatic because of its confusing nature and also because you might not show any symptoms of having it.

The Basics of Liver Cirrhosis

Sometimes the liver is damaged and can not be treated and bought back to it original normal healthy condition. This condition affects the liver is known as cirrhosis of liver. There are many reasons behind liver cirrhosis condition; Some of the main ones are extreme alcohol intake, hepatitis B and C infections, and fatty liver, exposure to insecticides.

Some main physical indications of liver cirrhosis are jaundice and yellow discoloration of the skin. However, patients do display some other symptoms such as itching, which is medically termed as pruitus and fatigue.

Liver cirrhosis is a progressive disease. This condition does not develop immediately but develops over a period of time. Liver cirrhosis develops when our liver is continuously subjected to damage and the healthy tissues are scarred permanently. This may lead to blockage of blood flow to liver. In worst conditions, it may lead to the failure of liver as the healthy tissues in liver are replaced by scarred tissues, which does not allow the liver to function.

There are many important functions of liver in our body. it stores lots of minerals and vitamins, makes bile to help digest food, detoxifies poisonous toxins, manufactures new proteins, purifies our blood, stores energy and makes clotting factors to stop blood flow. All these functions of liver makes it a very essential organ for the body.

Liver might be able to function properly if the damage is not severe. In case of severe damage, the healthy tissue are scared beyond repair and this will hamper the normal functioning of liver.

There are many symptoms of liver cirrhosis. The most common ones are loss of appetite, loss of body weight, nausea, pain in abdominal area in the location of liver, weakness in body and itchy skin. Severe conditions include yellow discoloration of skin, cramps, mental imbalance and confusion and difficulty in absorption of alcohol and drugs

The best way to prevent liver cirrhosis is to not overload the liver with alcohol and drugs. It is recommended that you bring about a drastic change in your lifestyle and take on physical activities to avoid alcohol dependence.

Kidney Stones – Are Natural Remedies Effective?

Kidney stones can cause excruciating pain as they move down the kidney tubes (ureters) toward the bladder. Although they will pass out of the body in the urine surgery or destruction by ultrasound is sometimes necessary. As they can recur in 75% of cases you could benefit from a natural remedy for kidney stones.

Stones are formed in the kidney from unprocessed minerals in the renal system. Most of them consist of calcium oxalate but they may consist of phosphates or uric acid. Their formation has been linked with a high fat and protein, high sugar and low fiber diet. There is evidence that a deficiency of Vitamin B6 and Magnesium is linked with the formation of stones. Men are four times as likely to get them as women

It is possible to have them without notice, because many will pass when very small. You might have a pain when urinating but you probably would not notice that you had passed something that could be as tiny as a grain of sand. Kidney stones can be as big as golf balls.

If you have symptoms it is very important to call your doctor as larger stones can block the urethra. Waves of extreme back and abdominal pain radiating into the groin are not uncommon. You may also see blood or pus in the urine. This comes from the lining of the organs being damaged by the uneven surface of the stone. You may get a fever and and frequent need to urinate.

Even in cases where the stone is large enough to cause pain, the majority of them do pass naturally. There are certain things you can do to help this happen, or make it happen faster and treat the pain.

Natural Remedies for Kidney Stones

Lobelia Tincture

Lobelia is a powerful antispasmodic which can relax the ureter and treat pain. It does not taste very good but 3 -4 drops in a glass of warm water every 10 – 20 minutes can help with the elimination of the stone.

Wild Yam Tincture

Wild Yam is an ancient remedy that was used by the Aztec and Myan peoples for a wide range of ailments including the relief of pain during childbirth. Take 15 drops in warm water every 20 minutes. Can be taken as well as Lobelia in an acute attack.


Cleavers has a diuretic action increasing the elimination of fluid so it can help with washing out stones and gravel. It can also help prevent recurrence.Take 10 -15 drops 2 or 3 times a day.

Increase Fluids

Drink plenty of water and fresh vegetable soups. A diet with too much salt, processed food lacking in potassium, and low in fruit and vegetables can leave the urine too alkaline causing minerals to deposit as stones. Aim for 2 -3 liters spread through the day.

Avoid oxalate foods

Although there is some debate about whether foods high in oxalates can contribute to kidney stones you could reduce the following foods to a minimum: beets, spinach, nuts, cage, rhubarb and sesame seeds.

General Diet

Avoid foods high in fat, protein, sugar, caffeine, soft drinks that contain phosphoric acid, alcohol.

These foods can cause your body to lose calcium in the urine.


Supplements of Vitamin B 6 50 mg and Magnesium 400 mg a day can lower oxalate and may help prevent recurrence of oxalate stones.

Natural Remedies can be very effective but a doctor should always be involved in treatment of renal calculus because of the possibility of infection and complications. A natural remedy for kidney stones should only be used in conjunction with medical advice. A medical herbalist can advise on the best remedies for your symptoms.

Eating Disorder Recovery – How to Gain Weight After Anorexia

It is estimated that over eight million people in the United States are suffering from some form of anorexia with a ratio of 7: 1 of women being diagnosed versus men. Anorexia carries the highest death rate among people who suffer from mental illness. This disorder is prevalent among females between the ages of 12-25 and 20% of all anorexic people die a premature death. One reason for the high rate rate is because only 1 out of 10 people seek treatment for the disease.

Although an exact cause for the disorder is unclear, one possible reason may be due to someone's genetic predisposition that makes them more likely to develop the disease. People with the disorder may suffer from psychological problems such as low self-esteem, susceptibility to control their temper, problems with impulse control and conflicts in their relationships. Our modern-day culture puts undue pressure on people to be thin, especially young people.

There are many types of eating disorders that varies with each patient. Some common ones are listed below:

Anorexia nervosa : A person with this disorder may be obsessed with being thin, refuses to eat, may deny being hungry, has a distorted image of themselves with an extreme fear of gaining weight, may exercise to excess, is socially withdrawn, becomes excessively thin , develops medical maladies such as dry skin, a low heart rate and low blood pressure.

Bulimia nervosa : When a person sufferers from this disorder, they have an unhealthy body image and are afraid of gaining weight. They suffer from episodes of binging and purging. They stuff themselves with food and then vomit it up by sticking their finger down their throat to elicit the gag reflex which causes them to throw up the food they have just ateen. They do this immediately after eating before the food can circulate in their bloodstream and set in motion the process of adding fat to their cells. Laxatives and excessive exercise are also utilized to lose or maintain their weight. This practice may cause the person to be dehydrated, develop menstrual irregularities, plus the acid in the food that is thrown up may damage their teeth and create sores in the throat and mouth.

Binge-eating disorder: This disorder affects males almost as much as it affects females. This disorder is similar to bulimia nervosa where they gorge themselvesselves on food but they do not vomit it up; therefore, they usually become obese. They may overeat even when they are not hungry. If they become obese, it puts them at a higher risk of developing medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure and more. They are usually plagued by guilty feelings and shame which causes them to do more binge-eating.

While eating disorders are difficult to treat, it is estimated that 30-40% of people afflicted are successfully treated with psychotherapy, medications, nutritional education and family counseling.

Synthetic or Whole Food Supplements?

I’m a healthcare professional and I’m passionate about health and nutrition. With that being said, let me start off by saying the supplement industry is completely unregulated and you need to educate yourself as much as possible about the supplements out there. If you’ve ever read a bottle of vitamins or the backside of some a supplement or diet product you’ve seen, “These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.” While I’m not a huge fan of the FDA, I do believe there needs to be some sort of regulation with supplements. Considering most drugs are derived from substances found in plants, it only makes sense that eating plants, or plant-based supplements, will improve your health.

So, why eat whole food supplements instead of synthetic vitamins? Well, the quick answer is that synthetic vitamins are made from coal tar derivatives, which are known carcinogens. An easy way to tell you have synthetic vitamins is to look at the label and look for the parenthesis after the vitamin in question. For example, if it says Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), then it’s synthetic. Not only is it synthetic, but it’s also incomplete!!! Ascorbic acid is only one component of vitamin C. It’s an important one that makes up the outer shell of the vitamin molecule, but there are many other necessary for the vitamin to function properly. Real vitamin C also has phytonutrients, enzymes, co-enzymes and bioflavonoids. Without them, ascorbic acid is ineffective and creates more deficiencies in the body.

There have been many dangers linked to synthetic supplements and vitamins. Without a regulating body, it will take some time to see all the problems these vitamins are causing, but the truth will come out. In the meantime, I highly recommend throwing out all your synthetic vitamins and switching to whole food organic supplements. Thee typical American diet lacks the proper intake of fruits and vegetables. Also, the nutritional value of mass-produced vegetables is typically 10% of what it used to have 50 years ago, it’s practically a necessity to supplement with a whole food organic product to get vital nutrients into your body. I do believe having these vital nutrients can dramatically improve your health and fight disease. Many diseases can be directly linked to poor diet and malnutrition. Just because you eat until your full, doesn’t mean your body is properly fueled.

Learn Ulcer Symptoms and How to Detect an Ulcer Early

As time passes and the world evolves towards a better future more and more people are having health problems and are suffering from one of the modern-day diseases, caused by today's lifestyle. Among these diseases, one of them affects more than 25 million people only in the United States and millions throughout the world find out that they are suffering from it each year. This common disease is ulcer. It's not a new illness but the modern lifestyle makes the ulcer's victims number grow each year.

Therefore it's important that as many people as possible know the facts about ulcer and know how to discover if they are suffering from it as fast as possible, because the sooner it's discovered the easier the treatment is and furthermore, the chances that complications appear close to zero when ulcer is in it's early stage.

Ulcer is mainly caused by a bacteria called H. pylori that millions of us are infected with because it is transmitted very easy from one person to another. But this bacteria alone is not enough to get someone ill with ulcer. The bacteria very slowly deteriorates the protective membrane inside the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. When someone that carries H pylori alo drinks alcohol and coffee, and smokes, the substances inside these products quicken the eating of the membrane. Stress, spicy food and anti-inflammatory medication such as aspirin also contribute to the membrane's deterioration. Once the lining is ate a hurt appears. This wound is the ulcer itself and if it's left untreated it will evolve and cause serious trouble in the organism.

So everyone should know what are the signs of ulcer and how it manifests so that they treat and cure it fast.
These are the most encountered ulcer symptoms:

As soon as it appears it causes heartburn, a burning sensation of pain in the middle and upper areas of the stomach. This pain is light in the beginning and as ulcer advances it grows and eventually it will become quite disturbing. This pain often occurs when the stomach is empty, so many times it will make itself felt in the middle of the night.

After a good meal, people suffering from ulcer often experience indigestion and a feeling of discomfort that is relieved by taking antiacids.

Other encountered symptoms caused by ulcer are vomiting, fatigue and nausea.

If ulcer is left untreated the wound gets worse and reaches blood vessels. In this case the ulcer is called bleeding ulcer. Bleeding ulcer's symptoms include vomiting a vomit that contains blood, and stool that is black and also contains blood.

These are the symptoms that most patients suffering from ulcer have experienced. If you've felt any of the things above quickly visit a doctor and ask for his advice. Remember, do not delay the visit because it will only get worse and you may regret it afterwards.

Acupuncture and Infertility – The Little Known Chinese Method Of Boosting Your Pregnancy Hopes

Acupuncture is an alternative medical treatment that has been around for more than 2000 years. Originating from the Chinese, the practice of acupuncture is based on the belief that a block in the vital energy flow in the body can cause chi imbalances, which is believed to be the root cause of most of the ailments suffered by human animals. These blockages can be cleared and the energy flow of the body can be restored by the insertion of thin needles into specific acupoints of the body. There are more than 2000 different acupuncture insertion points on the human body and the ailment determinations which insertion points should be used. Acupuncture is now used throughout the world to treat a variety of conditions, such as infertility, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, gastric hyperacidity, tonsillitis, intercostal neuralgia and paralytic ileus.

How Can Acupuncture Cure Infertility?

The use of acupuncture to treat infertility is a comparatively new concept for western societies. The theory behind acupuncture for infertility is that acupuncture will increase the amount of blood flow to the reproductive organisms and harmonize the hormones present in the body. This practice is recognized to be effective by increasing ovarian effectiveness in women and aid in sperm creation for men.

Using acupuncture for infertility treatment is most commonly applied when a couple is having functional issues, such as fluctuating ovulation or erectile dysfunction. In some situations, acupuncture is used as supplementary procedure for in vitro fertilization, helping women to relax their uteruses during the embryo transfer process. A study conducted in 2002 by German researchers found that acupuncture improved the success rate of in vitro fertilization by up to 16% and reduced the amount of miscarriages in women receiving in vitro fertilization by 12%.

What's It Like To Go Through An Acupuncture Treatment?

Acupuncture is a pretty painless procedure and side effects are very uncommon. The most common negative events reported include the transmission of infectious agents, minor bleeding at the insertion point and needles broken benefit the skin. These risks will be greatly reduced if the acupuncturist is a licensed and accomplished professional that has undergone the required 2000 to 3000 hours of training and has passed the required board exam.

Acupuncture for infertility treatment can be a long-winded process. On average, acupuncture therapy requires 12 individual consultations, each about an hour in length and occurring weekly. During this hour long appointment, a physical examination will be given and any complications or issues that have arisen since the last appointment will be discussed.

Using acupuncture to treat infertility is rapidly gaining acceptance in the USA. Although whatever the procedure is effective is fiercely argued among the doctors, the fact of the matter is that it seems to work and it certainly doesnt hurt to try. For couples who have been trying to conceive a child without success, using acupuncture therapy to aid in infertility treatment may give them the boost they need to finally be blessed with a bundle of joy.

Acai Berry Experiment

For centuries, the Acai Berry is known as a valuable source of vitamins and minerals. It was first known in the area of ​​the Amazon rain forests before it transported in the neighboring locales because of its health benefits. Because of trade, its popularity reached distant locations. However, because of its short shelf life, the locals found a way to reserve it. People learned to mix it with other juices right after it was harvested. Some people even turned it into a puree before shipping them to other areas. Its benefits are remembered until now. Currently, there are different Acai Berry products available in the market.

Acai Berry's main benefit is being able to provide generous levels of natural antioxidants. Antioxidants are our strongest defense against toxins or free radicals in our body. Since all of us are generally exposed to toxins, pollution, and other impurities caused by many human activities, we need antioxidants to stay healthy. When ingested, they chemically bind with the toxins and carry them out of our systems. The Acai Berry is composed of 500% more antioxidants than its variant blueberry, which has been considered as the ultimate source of antioxidants by many people.

Another great benefit the Acai Berry provides is its ability to help you lose weight. With regular consumption, Acai Berry helps you suppress your food appetite likewise reducing your food intake. It also aids faster metabolism, helping you add more muscle tone to your body. All these processes take place naturally. It means that there are no side effects from consuming the weight-reducing Acai Berry unlike the other diet pills. Unfortunately, many companies have come up with their own Acai Berry products and make outlandish claims about them. Still, fresh Acai Berry or natural Acai Berry products are the ones that cause effective weight loss and provide you with your antioxidant needs.

In addition, Berry is an excellent tool to fight many diseases. It has huge amounts of Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and phyto nutrients. These are the main components that boost your immune system and prevent you from incurring different types of diseases. Moreover, since it has antioxidants, there is a huge possibility that certain cancers are prevented. In several laboratory experiments, the antioxidant components of Berry have destroyed cancer cells. It may not be an ultimate cure for cancer, but taking them on a regular basis will certainly help you prevent the worst.

The best way to utilize the goodness of Berry is to take sufficient quantities of the fruit daily. You may mix it with your other fruits as a pure or fruit shake to lessen the sourness. Consume Acai Berries in moderation. Consuming a lot of this fruit may cause side effects such as loose bowel movement and hyperacidity.

If there are no Berries in your location, you can always acquire real Acai Berry products from trusted manufacturers. They produce Acai Berry and other natural fruit products without diminishing their components or adding unhealthy ones.

What Are The Diseases Related To Vitamin B12 Deficiency?

Vitamin B12 is one of the B complex vitamins and is needed for various processes in the body, including production of energy, DNA, synthesis, formation of new and healthy red blood cells, and maintenance of the nervous system. While the body produces the vitamin naturally and the liver is able to store it for a long period of time, certain factors can cause people to be deficient from it. These factors include certain diseases that cause the body to not be able to absorb it. Furthermore, this deficiency can lead to certain diseases.

Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia is one of the diseases usually associated with Vitamin B12 deficiency. This is due to the autoimmune disease leads to the failure in the production of intrinsic factor, a glycoprotein the stomach releases and is required in the absorption of the vitamin.

Atrophic Gastritis

Another disease that can cause deficiency of the vitamin is atrophic gastritis. Usually associated with the bacterium Helibactor pylori, it is characterized by an inflammation and thinning of the lining of the stomach. This inflammation decrees the ability of the stomach to produce acid, and this causes malabsorption of the vitamin. Why do we need sufficient levels of stomach acid to absorb the vitamin? This is because the vitamin is protein-bound – sufficient levels of stomach acid are required for it to be released and absorbed by the stomach. Furthermore, the disease is common among the elderly – up to 30 percent of individuals 50 years old and above are affected by the disease.

Nervous System Disorders

Perhaps some of the most serious effects of Vitamin B12 deficiency are nervous system disorders. Insufficient levels of the vitamin in the body may lead to prion diseases. Described by the CDC as rapidly progressive and always fatal, prion diseases are neurodegenerative diseases that are thought about by prions, misshapen proteins that may cause healthy proteins to be misshapen as well. Prions can damage tissues in the nervous system, resulting to prion diseases. Moreover, deficiency of the vitamin may also lead to permanent nerve damage, which is typically characterized by mental confusion, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, loss of balance, and depression.

With all these diseases related to Vitamin B12 deficiency , supplementation of the Vitamin can not be overstated, especially for those who are more prone to it. The elderly and vegans are the two groups of people who are more prone to developing deficiency of the vitamin – the elderly because they may not have enough stomach acid to absorb the vitamin and vegans because the food sources of the vitamin are generally animal products.

How to Detect Cancer in Your Heart

Heart cancer (primary cardiac tumor) is cancer that arises in the heart. Primary cancers of the heart, in which the cancer starts and develops in the heart, are very rare. Although still rare, most cancers found in the heart have come from elsewhere in the body. These include lymphomas that originate in the chest near the heart. Other cancers that can spread to the heart include melanomas and sarcomas. Another rare type of cancer known as carcinoid tumor produces hormones that can damage cardiac valves.

Cardiac cancers can develop from any part of the heart. When these cells become cancerous, they multiply and create irregular blood vessel that can bulge into the atrium and spread to adjacent structures. These tumors originate from muscle cells that have become cancerous.

The most common primary cardiac tumor is the myxoma. Myxomas have their origin in connective tissue. A cardiac myxoma may create an extra heart sound, and it can often be detected in an echo cardiogram. Most primary cardiac tumors are rare to metastasize and spread; as such they are often called benign. These tumors can can obstruct the heart’s flow as well as disrupt its electrical system, which can lead to sudden death.

The cause of cardiac cancer is not known. As with any cancer, changes occur inside the cells, which lead to alteration of their function and uncontrollable growth. These types of changes can occur in any of the cardiac cells. Cardiac cancer is fairly rare, as the muscle cells of the heart do not typically form cancers. Heart cancer can be either primary or secondary. Primary cardiac tumors are not malignant, but can still be very serious. Cancer treatments also can affect the heart. Certain chemotherapy drugs can cause damage to the heart. Radiation therapy directed at or near the heart also can cause damage to the cardiac muscle and increase the risk of coronary artery disease later in life.


Initially, cardiac cancer may not have any symptoms. When symptoms develop, they often resemble those of heart disease. The sudden onset of cardiac failure may be the first symptom of cardiac cancer. Symptoms of cardiac cancer are almost the same as those of heart disease, such as chest pain, irregular heart rhythms, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Heart can be detected from the following symptoms:

• Heart attack

• Heart failure

• Angina

• Valve dysfunction

• Irregular heart beat

• Heart murmurs

• Abnormal rhythms of heart (Arrhythmias)

• Shortness of breath owing to heart disease (Dyspnea)

• A rapid heart rate above 100 beats per minute (Tachycardia)

• Pain in a sac-like structure surrounding the heart (Pleural pericardial pain)

• Enlargement of heart (Cardiomegaly)

• Swelling in a major blood vessel called pericardium (Pericarditis)

• Loss of appetite

• Weight loss


Cardiac cancer isn’t something that can be cured by home remedies. Instead, proper medication and regular check ups are to be done. Radiation and chemotherapy can be used to help manage symptoms. Seek immediate medical care for serious symptoms, such as chest pain or pressure, rapid or irregular heart rate, rapid breathing, excessive sweating, shortness of breath, changes in level of consciousness, loss of consciousness, or anxiety. Consult your doctor for sudden unexpected weight gain, fatigue, or swelling in the feet and ankles.

Lymphedema and Swimming

Swimming to reduce leg lymphedema…

For years I’ve been telling people with Leg Lymphedema that the best exercise to reduce the swelling is swimming. Why? There are a few reasons swimming is the best exercise.

One, because you are horizontal when swimming rather than vertical and your leg below your torso. This is similar to when you are lying down or elevating your leg to reduce the swelling.

Two, when swimming your bodily fluids are circulating. The movement of the limbs and muscles are creating a force to move the fluids throughout your body. The movement of kicking while swimming is helping to push the fluids out of your leg. Your blood and lymphatic fluid are being moved more rapidly when swimming rather than sitting or lying down.

Three, the water itself offers a gentle compression when in a pool. It is more gentle than a compression stocking, but it is still helpful for when you stand in the pool in between swimming. Swimming is great, but even standing and moving your leg through the water is helpful.

And four, swimming is non-impact. That means, your foot is not striking the floor with each step as it is with walking or running. Walking and running actually cause leg lymphedema to become worse because of all of the pounding/impact and gravity. Yes, they help circulation a little, but the impact causes the fluids to be packed down into the leg rather than pushing the fluids out of the leg. Your body is vertical and the fluids run down. Swimming is very gentle and effective for those of us with leg lymphedema compared to any other aerobic exercise.

I’ve been dealing with leg lymphedema since my 1991 cancer surgery. At the time, I already had a physical therapy degree, was a fitness trainer, and a gymnastics coach. I knew how the body functioned.

I had malignant melanoma in my right thigh. I was told that I would be bed-ridden for the rest of my life by many doctors after cancer surgery. The surgery was the only way to save my life. That was if it wasn’t already too late. The doctor was not sure if the cancer had already spread to my lymph nodes and throughout my body. If it had, it would have been too late. Going into the surgery I did not know whether I had weeks to live or a lifetime of being in bed.

The doctors removed the malignant tumor and the lymph nodes from my groin area during the surgery. It was two surgeries combined that lasted many hours. Immediately after the surgery, my leg was as wide as my waist. I had a tree trunk and a long way to go to reduce it to normal size. My life was saved, but my leg and life were forever changed. It took nearly one year to reduce my leg to almost normal size. I have maintained my leg lymphedema extremely well because I am so disciplined.

A few quick tips for reducing the swelling… elevate, compression, circulation/light exercise, and a very healthy diet of various fruits and vegetables – that’s the secret to reducing the swelling and keeping it down. Eat foods such as fruits and vegetables. Stay away from processed foods, fast-foods, junk foods, alcohol, soda, and other unhealthy foods.

I studied physical therapy in college and have been a CSCS for many years. I know how to maintain health and recover from illness and injury. I admit, my knowledge has made it easier for me to maintain my leg lymphedema, but you can do it too.

What prompted me to write this today? I go all winter long wishing I had access to a pool so I can maintain my lymphedema better. This week the pool opened and I paid for my pool pass. I’ll be able to keep my leg looking and feeling good, hardly any swelling on non-working days. YAY!

I swam for the first time this summer yesterday and my leg felt and looked great afterward. Elevating today and it feels good. I can’t wait to go to my ballroom dance social later this evening!

Sudden Cardiac Death in Sports – Pre-Participation Screening of Athletes


Sudden death in sport (SD) is defined as natural death that occurs within one hour of sunset of symptoms in a fit individual participation in, typically, an elite level sport. Sudden cardiac death contributions to 93% of all sudden deaths in sport. This apparently occurs in a person without previously recognized predisposing cardiovascular conditions. In some instances, pre-existing symptoms may already have been present, but the time and mode of death are unexpected. This excludes cerebrovascular, respiratory, traumatic and drug related causes which are the origin of the other 7% of sudden deaths. "A significant cause of death in contact sports is commotio cordis, which is referred to in one of my other articles.


The incidence of SD is estimated to be about one death in 1 in 200000 per year with an average of 300 deaths per year, but the incidence could be higher according to some European studies. An Italian study suggested an incidence of 1.6 – 2.3 per 100000 athletes per year (2.1 per 100000 per year due to cardiovascular causes) and 0.8. This clearly reflects an increased incidence in athletes.


– most of the cases are asymptomatic
– in the rest, symptoms occurring prior to SD are
i. angina (chest pain)
ii. dyspnoea (breathlessness)
iii. palpitations (awareness of one's heart beating)
iv. pre syncope or syncope (light headedness or fainting)


Cardiovascular causes

– Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) non obstructive, obstructive, ischemic, etc – Valvular disease: Aortic stenosis, Mitral Valve Prolapse
Coronary artery disease
– Congenital anomalies of coronary arteries
– Idiopathic concentric left ventricular hypertrophy
– Aortic rupture
– Right ventricular dysplasia (ARVC)
– Myocarditis: viral, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis
– Arrhythmias and conduct defects Congenital heart disease: Marfan's, WPW syndrome
– Pulmonary embolisation


– QT interval increasing: cisapride, domperidone, chlorpromazine, haloperidol, pimozide, erythromycin and clarithomycin
– epinephrine, ephedrine, cocaine, etc.
– performance enhancing: erythropoietin (hyperviscocity & thrombogenesis) anabolics

Commotio cordis (CC)

Is sudden impact on the precordium, during a vulnerable period of the cardiac cycle cause ventricular fibrillation and sudden death without any visible injury to the sternum or ribs, eg contact sport. In 80% of cases of sudden cardiovascular disease in athletes, the cause has been identified to be either hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or arrthymogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy.

Age Considerations

In general, in athletes> 35 years of age, atherosclerotic coronary arterial disease is the leading cause while in those <35, it is often caused by HCM, a silent cardiac condition which gets unmasked during performance.

Geographical Considerations in Etiology

In the US, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the major cause of SD. In contrast, in Europe, cardiac arrhythmias and abnormal cardiac arterial anatomy is supposed to be the leading cause. An interesting statistic is that of all the sudden deaths in the US, 50% were found to be among athletes of Afro-American origin. In Asia, on the contrary, (the Philippines, Thailand, Japan), Brugada syndrome looks to be the most common cause of natural death in men younger than 50 years of age. This refers to cardiac arrest occurring during sleep or at rest and not during a sport performance. An importance observation is these cases had been the reports episodes of nightmares occurring prior to the event. This may suggest a role of the sympathetic nervous system.

Risk Stratification of Sudden Cardiovascular Death

• Clinical
a. Double apical impulse with each ventricular contraction
b. Carotid jerky double pulsation, called pulses bisferiens
c. Ejection systolic murmur

• Laboratory Investigations

a. ECG: suggestive of LVH, in addition, there is ST segment depression, gross T wave inversions, pathologic Q waves, and suggestion of LBBB, left axis deviation
b. 2D Echocardiography: to measure the thickness of the Left ventricular wall, and the anatomical variations of the Mitral valve
c. Angio-CT
d. MRI
e. Doppler Study: to access the blood flow through the chambers
f. Ambulatory Holter monitoring Invasive Cardiac catheterization: to assess the pressure gradient between the LV and the ascending aorta, in normal heart there being no such difference

Pre-participation Screening / Exercise Testing of Athletes

Overwhelm majorities of sports researchers agree on the need for preparticipation screening in sports. It is mandatory in the US and Italy. In Australia, it has been made compulsory in some sports. The American Heart Association has laid down specific recommendations for the screening of athletes. These state that 'some form of pre-participation cardiovascular screening for high school and college athletes is justifiable and compelling, based on ethical, legal and medical grounds'. Noninvasive testing can enhance the diagnostic potential of the standard history and physical examination; however it is not prudent to carry out routine use of tests as 12-lead ECG, echocardiography, or graded exercise for detection of CV disease in large populations of athletes. The Laussane recommendations have also laid down specific guidelines for pre-screening. However, guidelines by different bodies have given rise to a lot of debt and no single guideline can be considered satisfactory.


Typically, the underlying mechanism of sudden cardiovascular disease is ventricular fibrillation; hence, as such can be treated with defibrillation. Thus in elite sport, up gradation of sport first aid infrastructure, with routine employment of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) is the need of the hour. Keeping in mind the ABC of resuscitation, the surviving sports person is then transported to a referral hell unit for investigation into the causes of the event. Admission to an ICU for observation or management is usually warranted.


In general, a lot of research has been done and a lot written about sudden cardiovascular death related to sport, but thanks to different results of various studies, confusion still prevails about the exact definition of the condition, and indeed, what exactly causes it. Although, we know of conditions which may predispose to sudden death, we can not as yet, on the basis of screening tests or procedures available, say for sure what condition (s) will inevitably lead to sudden death. Here, the major dilemma surrounding banner athletes from competition. On the one hand, there is the ethical issue of preventing risks that can lead to death, while on the other, there is the thought of banning the athlete when you are not sure if his / her heart condition is indeed a pathologic state. One may appeal that taking risks is an inherent part of sports, esp. boxing, car racing, etc but life threatening risks should be a strict 'no-no'. To conclude, exercise or sport may lead to sudden death but the benefits of exercise far outweigh the risks involved. Even in elite athletes, the risk-benefit ratio is to be taken into consideration when disqualifying him or her from competition. It is of paramount importance to judge whether the left ventricular wall thickness is a measure of physiologic adaptation to exercise or relates to a cardiac pathologic state. Physical exercise per say does not cause cardiovascular disease. Does it, then, unmask a cardiac condition to cause a heart attack which otherwise would not have occurred the person not being exercising or playing sport? That is the question for the medical community to answer. With a society dealing with ever increasing medical conditions associated with a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet habits, humanity can ill afford to be discouraged from participation in sport or exercising under any pretext without irrefutable proof of exercise causing death exists.

Know the Details About a Cocaine Heart Attack and All Related Things

Cardiac arrest is the most popular name for a disruption of the regular availability of blood flowing to any given portion of the heart muscle; doctors and scientists refer to the condition more formally as a myocardial infarction. Without its required availability of oxygen-bearing blood, the heart muscular will die off easily, producing a situation that can cause serious heart damage or rapid death. Those who use cocaine build a variety of issues in their regular cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) health that contribute greatly to their heart attack risks. These issues occur in the aftermath of both short- and long-term cocaine use and affect even casual consumers of the drug.

Cocaine is a hunger controller and powerful stimulant drug that comes from the coca plant, from which it derives its name. It is used for a variety of instantaneous results that it makes, including delusions of supremacy, euphoria, improved energy, and performance. As these results wear off, uneasiness, pressure, and paranoia can set in, as well as higher body temperatures, an elevated pulse rate and blood pressure levels, and difficulty breathing. The increase in blood pressure levels alone can cause cardiac arrest in some cases; however, it can also cause unequal heart beat, the issue known as arrhythmia, which can also be deadly. Long-term usage of cocaine can not only cause to habit but also dehydration and a dry mouth, which can cause to damage being done to the teeth. Kidney failure, autoimmune illnesses like lupus, and heart attacks are other risks that come with the prolonged use of cocaine. Cocaine is especially damaging to the heart because it carries with it the possibility of occasional small heart attacks, plus it interferes with cocaine such as try out blockers that doctors use to treat heart attacks.

Cocaine's Effects on the Heart

Cocaine use triggers a significant boost in the body's availability of a chemical known as norepinephrine, which acts as a neurotransmitter and boosts the frequency of certain types of communication between nerve cells known as nerves. Specifically, norepinephrine generates improving levels of activity in the nerves of a process known as the supportive neurological system, which partitions through the body and helps provide unconscious control of the heart muscle and blood vessels, as well as a variety of additional vital organs. When cocaine enters the bloodstream, activation of the supportive neurological system generates heart-related changes in regular body function including blood pressure increases, heartbeat acceleration, and an improve in the amount of blood pumped by the heart in any given minute.

Signs of Cocaine Abuse

· Cocaine is a highly addictive substance. What starts off as seemingly harmless experiment can easily become a potentially life-threatening habit.

· By recognizing the symptoms of cocaine misuse, you can get your loved one the help they need before a habit takes hold.

· According to the scientists, cocaine may damage in stomach area, difficulty breathing, pressure, palpitations, dizziness, nausea and heavy sweating and without a doctor knows what they are dealing with, the standard therapy for heart attacks such as beta-blockers and clot -busting cocaine, could be given with tragic results if the individual has been using cocaine.

· Cocaine improvements blood pressure levels which in turn can improve the possibility of bleeding into the brain if the individual is given clot-busting drugs; beta-blockers can cause greater blood pressure levels and constricted arteries in individuals who have used cocaine.

· Experts say in a portion of customer's cocaine can actually cause cardiac arrest.

· Cocaine-related chest pain in stomach area typically occurs within three-times of using the cocaine, but the cocaine can stay in the body for at least 18 times and proceed to cause issues.

· The new guidelines say cocaine customers with chest pain in stomach area should be monitored in an observation unit for nine to 12 hours.

While only about 1% to 6% of patients with cocaine-associated chest pain actually have a cardiac arrest, doctors maintain it is important for anyone with chest pain in stomach area to get checked out.

Cocaine Abuse Treatment and House Remedies

· First and foremost, the cocaine abuser must quit using the cocaine and other cocaine that itscompany use. Not many problems of cocaine use may possibly be treatable at your home. The most frequent problems are psychological in nature.

· Anxiety, light agitation, hunger loss, insomnia, irritability, light panic disorder, light depression, and light headaches could probably be handled at your home by avoiding the use of the cocaine and observing the user.

· Runny noses, nose blockage, and brief nosebleeds can also be cared for you at your home by avoiding the cocaine, helping the humidity of the air breathed in with hookahs and humidifiers, and direct nose pressure for 10 minutes to end the nosebleed. Implement a topical antibiotic such as bacitracin or petroleum jelly to help with the drying and crusting. Avoid nose picking.

· The chronic coughing pain of black non-bloody phlegm may possibly be treatable again by cessation of cocaine smoking and other cocaine such as cigarettes or marijuana. Over-the-counter coughing medicines containing the ingredient guaifenesin, the active compound in Robitussin, plus improved water drinking may help.

· IV cocaine customers who proceed to use cocaine may lower their exposure to communicable illnesses and disease by not reusing or sharing needles. Cleansing the skin properly prior to the injection also decrees the possibility of disease.

How to Avoid Cocaine Abuse

Prevention should start early in the preadolescent years for all kids but particularly for those who are in danger. This consists of kids in families with a history of any addiction such as alcohol addiction and cocaine misuse. However simplistic the concept, teaching youngsters to say "no" to using cigarettes, liquor, and cocaine is an excellent protection tool. If we can keep your kids and our generations to come from the gateway drugs of nicotine, liquor, and marijuana, then we may be able to avoid the escalation to harder drugs such as cocaine and other

People between the ages of 18 and 45 are particularly susceptible to a cocaine-induced heart attack, according to a study published in 2007 in the journal "Clinical Medicine & Research." These hazards connect with all cocaine customers in this age group, whether or not they have a previous record of heart- or blood vessel-related health issues.

Some Causes of a Heart Attack

Causes of Heart Attack

The causes of heart attack are worth knowing because it enhances you of the prevention of heart attack and treatment of heart disease measures to be adopted.

1) Elevated Cholesterol: Cholesterol is simply tiny fat molecules. Fat taking into the body is used by the cells for energy in the form of cholesterol. There are two forms of cholesterol; low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein.

Low density lipoprotein is called bad cholesterol because it can cause blockage of blood vessels (arteriosclerosis) while high level cholesterol is called good cholesterol because it carries excess cholesterol from the cells and blood vessel to the liver for metabolism.

In overweight or obese individuals, the cholesterol level is also high, so the reason for high prevalence of heart disease among the group. Interestingly, the level of the cholesterol can be detected through simple laboratory test and treated, if need be.

2) Lack of exercise: As one of the causes of heart attack, physical inactivity results in doubled risk of heart attack. Studies show that regular exercise can reduce the risk of heart disease by 40%. Mild to moderate exercise has been found to increase blood circulation, strengthen the heart, inhibit blood clotting, help control blood sugar and also increase the good cholesterol which is high density lipoprotein.

3) Stress: Stress and particular repressed anger have been found to increase blood pressure and heart rate since it is one of the causes of heart attacks. Stress puts more demand on the heart and in the presence of other risk factors making the heart vulnerable to sudden attack.