The Causes of Toe Nail Discoloration and Thickening Beyond Fungus

Many people assume that all toenails that are discolored, thick, or otherwise abnormal in appearance are infected with toe nail fungus. While in many instances this is true, there are numerous other conditions that can cause discoloration and surface changes to the toenails. These conditions are not treatable by the popular medications used to combat toenail fungus, leading many to believe the medications are not as effective as the research claims against what was assumed to be a fungus infection. This article will cover a few of the most common conditions that can cause toenail changes, so that the difference between fungus and a completely different nail condition can be appreciated.

The most common reason a nail becomes discolored, thickened, oddly shaped, or otherwise abnormal has nothing to do with disease or infection. Most of the time, nail changes are simply due to basic mechanical pressure. The tissue that grows the nail outward (the nail matrix) is quite fragile, and even mild amounts of pressure over time can cause this tissue to grow nail abnormally. This tissue sits over the bone under the base of the nail behind what is commonly called the cuticle. Toes deal with pressure at the top of the toe and at the tip of the toe all day. The pressure can take the form of a single quick event, like a heavy weight dropping on the toe, or gradually, as when someone with a long second toe wears tight fitting shoes frequently. Injuries either directly damage the nail matrix, or cause lifting of the nail from the skin underneath due to pressure from bleeding which in turn harms the nail matrix or the skin under the nail itself. Pressure from shoes due to a poor fit or from toes that are positioned too far upward into the top of the shoe (due to birth position or slowly developing deformities like hammertoes) can lead to thickened, discolored nails. This is due to a build up of the nail itself, or to the hard tissue underneath. This process is irreversible, as the nail matrix is usually permanently damaged, although nail softeners can help dissolve some of the extra keratin (nail and skin material) that builds up in this area. It is also not uncommon for toenails to become more thickened the older we get. This is perhaps due to a combination of all the factors discussed above, or simply due to declining circulation or skin tissue quality in general.

Another common reason nails become discolored or oddly shaped is due to diseases elsewhere in the body. There are numerous conditions that will cause discoloration in the nails. Conditions like heart and kidney disease can cause nails to have red and brown color changes respectively. Liver disease and malnutrition can cause thin white lines to form across the nail from side to side, as can various types of chemical poisoning, such as arsenic and carbon monoxide. Completely white nails can also indicate liver disease, thyroid disease, malnutrition, and diabetes. Blue-grey nails are most often due to simple bleeding under the nail from an injury, but can also indicate silver poisoning. Splinter-like red streaks can be the results of heart infection, cancers elsewhere in the body, pregnancy, as well as various autoimmune-type arthritic and connective tissue diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Chemotherapy can also discolor nails in various degrees, and even cause them to become brittle and loose.

Various skin conditions can also change one’s nail appearance. For example, psoriasis can cause pitting of the nail and an oil spot like staining under the nail. Pitting can also be caused by a wide variety of allergic and autoimmune/rheumatological conditions.

The most important nail change that is mistaken for fungus or a bruise appears as a dark streak in the nail. This streak begins at the base of the nail and can run out the end of the nail. Unlike nail bruising, this discoloration is somewhat well contained lengthwise, looking more like a streak and less like a spot. In dark skinned individuals, this is a common finding and usually is benign. In fair skinned individuals, especially those with pigment changes to the skin surrounding the nail streak, this could indicate melanoma. This is a diagnosis that has to be made quickly and accurately, as melanoma can be deadly. Prompt evaluation by a doctor of any new dark streaks in the nail and surrounding skin needs to be made, as assuming it is fungus or a bruise can be a lethal mistake. Symptoms of higher risk factors for melanoma of the nail include a new streak in a light skinned individual, a sudden change (widening, darker etc.) in an existing streak, involvement of only one nail, pigmentation of the skin around the nail, a new streak in an older person (age 60-79), a streak width of more than 3 millimeters, as well as a family history of melanoma.

As one can see, numerous conditions can cause toenail changes. In all fairness, on should not assume every little change to their nail could indicate a significant disease. These types of nail changes are not common, but the underlying point is that not everything is related to fungus when considering the causes of abnormal nails.

Russian National Flower – Chamomile

Apart from expressing affection and feelings, flowers have gone a step ahead to act as a national emblem for a specific nation. Flowers signify specific nation like national flower of the US, the UK and the Maldives is Rose, while Lotus is the symbol flower of India, flower of Holland is Tulip, Russian National flower is Chamomile and so on. Every country has its own national flower and a national flower is not chosen only for its magnificence and splendor but there is a deep significance when any country selects any flower as its national flower.

Chamomile, a bright, fragrant and fruity flower belongs to daisy family, is Russia’s National Flower. This flower is found all over in Russia and different areas of the world. Chamomile flower appears beautiful with dazzling yellow colored core that is surrounded with long fragile white petals. The scent is as gratifying as its looks. You will surely adore to gift this wonderful flower to your loved ones. Most of the public in Russia present flowers as a token of love, respect and gratitude. Apart from its splendor, Chamomile has many health benefits too!

  • Chamomile is used to treat Hysteria and few nervous disorders,
  • It works incredibly to break typhoid,
  • Chamomile is used to heal bruises and sprains.
  • It effectively heals calluses and corns.
  • Oil taken out from blue Chamomile acts as an outstanding calmer.
  • You can receive short time respite from acute toothache if you keep some Chamomile flowers in your mouth for some time.
  • The haze of Chamomile flowers help cure cold and cough and relieve asthma problems in children.
  • Dried Chamomile flowers {create a soothing concoction.
  • Chamomile tea assists you to settle in a better sleeping pattern. It is considered as an effective soothing herb.
  • It is an excellent hair tonic and can be used as a nourishment to get the lustrous shine in your hair.
  • You can feel a comfortable and relaxing effect if you regularly use Chamomile flower bags throughout bathing.
  • You need to tie Chamomile flowers in a bag while using it for bathing otherwise you feel like as if you are bathing in grass tops.

Therefore, Chamomile is used as a natural remedy to cure different health disorders in European countries from the ancient times.

The distinctive continental climate is fine and appropriate for farming of these flowers and Chamomiles are abundantly found in this country. These beautiful flowers are developed locally and in other foreign countries too, but the former are moderately low-priced. Rather than a flower, Chamomile is considered as a herb that can cure many health disorders. These flowers are not only considerably important in a person’s life but also quite essential to the nation, perhaps the whole globe!

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Performing CPR

Learning and understanding the fundamentals of CPR could one day help you save someone’s life. Performing CPR requires training, but it also depends on the person to confidently step up and recognize when a situation needs CPR. In the event of an emergency, the stress and severity of the situation can cause people to make some fairly basic mistakes. Being aware of the most common mistakes will help you avoid them and hopefully prevent loss of life.

Forgetting to Tilt The Head Back

Tilting the head back to the correct angle as shown in training is an essential part of CPR. Rescuers jumping into action and starting compression and respiration before placing victim into the correct position is a big mistake. Mouth to mouth will not be effective when the head is not correctly tilted back as the airways become constricted; hence, restricting the flow of oxygen to the lungs.

Not Counting Out Loud

Counting out loud is always demonstrated and emphasized during CPR training classes and it is one of the most common mistakes made when it comes to real life situations. Delivering effective compressions is physically draining and therefore the average person can typically only perform consistently and effectively for 2-3 minutes. If the victim still requires CPR after this time, it is going to be necessary for someone else to step in and take over. By counting out loud, you increase the chances of a successful switch, as the next person already knows which stage of CPR you are at and is able to continue from exactly where you stop.

Failing to Apply Adequate Pressure

Another common mistake is failing to apply adequate pressure while performing potentially life saving compressions. Generally this is out of fear of hurting the victim by causing bruising or a broken rib. Proper CPR training will ensure that you know how to apply the necessary pressure and will teach you the specific methods and positions that must be adopted in order to perform effective compressions.

Failing to Call for Help

Seeking help should be amongst the first action that you take because you need someone standing by, ready to step in and assist as soon as you become too tired to continue. This doesn’t mean leaving the victim while you run around searching for someone but instead you should physically call out for help while you start performing CPR. Also make sure to phone the emergency services immediately so that you have medical assistance as soon as possible and the victim can receive any follow-up attention that they require.

Prioritizing Respiration

Rescuers tend to prioritize mouth-to-mouth over compressions but in reality it is the compressions that tend to do the most good. Follow the exact CPR procedure that you have been taught and never skip stages or prioritize certain aspects.

Forgetting to Assess Response

Another common mistake is forgetting or not properly assessing the victim’s response. Both before and during CPR, is it essential to take the time to properly check the carotid neck vessel for signs of a pulse. Remember that unlike in the movies the victim is not going to gasp into consciousness and jump up feeling normal.

Don’t Let Sinus Problems Ruin Your Day

Sinus problems affect millions of people on a daily basis. Many people face these problems from the time they wake up in the morning until they go to bed at night. These problems affect them at work, school, play, and during relaxation times. It’s a drag to be constantly pulled down with sinus infections and sinus headaches. Life can seem unbearable at times from sinus problems and better off just to sleep the day away.

Sinus Headaches

Once in a while I’ll battle a sinus headache. At those times my head really feels like it’s going to explode. All day long all that I feel like doing is staying in bed and sleeping. When I have sinus headaches, I can’t think straight and don’t feel like being around anyone. My thoughts jumble together and life is pretty darn miserable. Sinus headache days are days that I’d like to erase from my memory all together.

Sinus Problems

A few days ago my friend and I started talking about sinus problems. He told me he constantly has to deal with sinus problems from the time he wakes up until he goes to bed at night. This friend of mine described a usual day for him and how sinus problems make most days a terrible experience. He says that upon waking up he can already feel the pressure surrounding his eyes. If he doesn’t take measures to relieve the pressure in the morning, it remains with him throughout the day at work and at school. The pressure constantly builds and irritates. By mid afternoon, he feels like taking a nap to rid himself of the pressure. He says he’ll try methods get rid of the pain but nothing usually works. Caffeine doesn’t make him any less sleepy and definitely doesn’t get rid of the pain. His sinus problems affect him during his classes as well. He can’t concentrate during class as he focuses on the immense pressure and pain surrounding his sinuses. At work, he had more troubles focusing and getting his tasks done. To me that doesn’t seem like a fun way to start off each day, let alone spend the whole day.

My friend’s not the only one who experiences sinus problems to such a degree. There are many more people out there, young and old, that suffer from the same kinds of symptoms that make it hard to get out of the bed in the morning. Sinus problems cause major problems for all those who wish to live healthy, active lives. Steps can be made and medicine taken to improve these sinus problems.

Take Care of the Problem

Nobody wants to walk around in a daze and feeling constant pressure from sinus problems. It’s time to make life easier for yourself and get you looking forward to waking up in the morning as well taking on the tasks of the day. Nowadays, there are many ways to better your situation and tackle your sinus problems rather than just relying on antibiotics. Natural forms of medicine, like xylitol, offer new and healthier ways of taking care of sinus pain. Remember to always consult a physician so that you know the severity of your sinus problem and get the best treatment that suits your sinus condition.

Scalp Infections – Symptoms, Causes & Natural Options For Fast Relief & Treatment

There are many definitions and symptoms commonly described as “scalp infections”. There are in fact quite a few quite different reasons why your scalp may be sore, itchy, inflamed burning red or infected. If you are like many people with chronic scalp issues – it may be driving you completely up the wall and not knowing what it is or how to treat the problem effectively after many unsuccessful attempts to eliminate it can make it seem far worse – like you are never going to get to the bottom of the problem. Well that need no longer be so! It can be simple to diagnose and treat it now and for good.

So if you are dealing with any of these symptoms lets first identify the problem and then some of the underlying causes.

Firstly, if you want to get to the root of your problems, so to speak, you need to be able to identify what your problem actually is. Of course, many scalp infections & conditions look alike, so here is a brief description of some of the most common scalp conditions:

  • Red Burning Itchy Scalp
  • Dandruff
  • Ringworm
  • Dry Scalp
  • Scalp Dermatitis
  • Eczema of the Scalp
  • Scalp Psoriasis
  • Folliculitis
  • Stress Related Itching
  • Red burning itchy scalp can be characterized as any tingling,burning, prickly, and sensitive to the touch or a fiery hot sensation. Often associated with an allergy, sunburn, chemical burn (sensitization of the scalp),or fungal infection.

    Dandruff as most of us know is the process of continual shedding of skin cells on our scalps. Often the cause of dandruff is simply the result of toxins, pollutants and products that have built up on the scalp particularly products like silicone- a cheap commonly used artificial shine enhancer in conditioners sold in supermarkets.

    When the natural balance of our scalps is disturbed, this creates the perfect environment for the yeast fungus Melassezia Globbosa to move in and thrive. This is when the natural process of shedding our cells gets a little out of hand resulting in an unsightly condition known as “Seborrhoeic Dermatitis” (fancy name for dandruff) and we see the highly visible tell-tale signs of flaking and crusting.

    The accompanying itch and urge to scratch are often made worse by the multiplication of the fungal yeast pityrosporum-ovale (having one big party on your scalp). Another follow on effect of this is that the relentless scratching by the sufferer can cause small lesions which weep and ooze or become infected resulting in scalp infections.

    Lumps bumps and sores are also common when the scalp is highly irritated or sensitivity has been aggravated. Candida can be an underlying cause of yeast infections of the scalp.

    Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitols) is a superficial fungal infection of the scalp. Scalp ringworm is caused by mold-like fungi called dermatophytes. Ringworm infection occurs when a particular type of fungus grows and multiplies anywhere on your skin, scalp, or nails. It is far more common in children and symptoms include red, itchy patches on the scalp, leaving bald areas. The skin might itch and be red and peel or be scaly, have swollen blisters or a rash (that can spread) and looks like black dots. The rash is highly contagious. It is normally treated with over the counter products containing miconazole, clotrimazole, or similar. Sometimes prescription anti fungal skin medications, such as ketoconazole are needed to clear it up. There are also products direct from nature’s factories that can aid the healing process and act as natural antibiotics, although it must be said that ringworm is an aggressive fungus which needs to be monitored closely and treated accordingly.

    Dry scalp can feel “tight”, a sensation that is sometimes accompanied by flakiness. It is often the result of natural oils being stripped from our scalps by the frequent use of shampoos, hair dyes and or other hair products.

    Dermatitis of the scalp (Seborrheic dermatitis) is an inflammatory disorder affecting areas of the head and body where sebaceous glands are most prominent. It can vary from mild dandruff to dense flakey and greasy scale. Once again it is often an accumulation of toxins and products built up on our scalps that our body is trying to rid itself of.

    Eczema of the scalp similar in appearance to Seborrheic dermatitis but instead has the name Atopic dermatitis.

    Scalp Psoriasis commonly occurs on the back of the head however multiple areas of the scalp or the whole scalp may be affected. Scalp psoriasis is characterized by thick silvery white scales on patches of very red skin and can extend slightly beyond the hairline. Scalp psoriasis, despite being partially hidden by the hair is often a source of social embarrassment due to flaking of the scale and severe ‘dandruff’. Scalp psoriasis may be extremely itchy or on occasion have no itch symptoms. It can also cause temporary baldness on the affected areas. It is a common, chronic, inflammatory skin disease and is associated with increased risk of melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma.

    Folliculitis of the scalp is a superficial bacterial infection of the hair follicles. It is characterized by pustules around the hair follicles and symptoms include painful brushing of hair and tenderness when rubbing your scalp around the hair follicle sites. Treating with antibiotics for the particular bacteria is the usual course of action but can eventually cause resistance to the antibiotic used. Options include applying Evoclin Foam which is topical. Folliculitis is commonly caused by staph bacteria which also reside inside the nose and sinus cavity. Natural oils such as tea tree and lavender have good antibacterial properties and can also be used to treat this condition.

    If you have a bump or lump under the skin (commonly a lump behind the ears with no broken skin or rash developing, then this could be a cyst. Cysts are liquid filled pustules which can be painful when they become infected. If you have such symptoms I recommend seeing a doctor to be safe. Doctors can also treat cysts with antibiotics if they have become infected or incise them as a further but uncommon procedure if the antibiotics are not sufficient.

    Stress Related Itching Stress can contribute to or worsen scalp itching as it plays havoc with our immune system and hormones which have an effect on production of sebum from your sebaceous glands. Although it can contribute to the problem it is still somewhat of a myth. It may appear that you have a”stress rash”, but it is more likely that the problem was already there in a less noticeable way, then aggravated by increased stress levels making it harder for your body to deal with the problem on its own and eliminate the problem. Many of the treatments below include stress relieving properties – like Lavender oil for example which calms the mind and soothes the body.

    Solutions – what YOU can do about it

    Going to your doctor may be the best way to get an accurate answer to diagnosing your problem, but I understand that many of you may have already done this, been prescribed some form of medication of cream (even “heavy duty” cortisone based ones where the cortisone potency may need to be increased after time).

    Often the problem either doesn’t go away from the start – or seems to subside but comes back with full a vengeance later leaving you wondering with more unanswered questions and a VERY unhappy scalp! Well the good news is if you don’t like using these expensive and often impotent products- or even want to help them along you can use natural remedies and essential oils known to be super effective anti-bacterial busters such as tea tree oil for instance to inhibit or stop the growth of the infection and assist healing/re balancing of the scalp.

    Something that is also important to understand in curing scalp conditions and scalp infections – a factor that is missed by so many doctors, and something not disclosed by companies who sell hair products and treatments is the number of people who are allergic or sensitive to commonly used ingredients in shampoos, dandruff treatments and other hair products. In fact MOST hair products (as many as 90%) contain at least one ingredient that is used in engine degreasers, another is a common ingredient in antifreeze.

    These ingredients are cheap to produce foaming agents that make shampoo foam up, and do a fantastic job of stripping dirt and oily build up from hair. Problem is that they sometimes do SUCH a good job that they remove all of the natural oils and sebum from the scalp thus removing the scalps natural against bacteria etc. Another little known fact is that the most common ingredient (Sodium laureth sulphate) is used to induce skin irritation in test patients by drug companies to test the effectiveness of their itch relief skin creams. When first produced and for year’s afterwards manufacturers did not know that skin was not a barrier but an absorber of ingredients & that they caused skin irritation in so many people.

    So sometimes the beginning of a scalp condition can have originated from something as simple as an imbalance to the skins (scalps) sebum or an allergy to an ingredient that can easily be rectified.

    Like your immune system, if your skin has an opportunity to rebalance itself and not be subjected to “incoming foreign matter” and the daily stripping of its natural oils that further aggravates the problem you can allow your body to re balance and heal itself. Obviously buying products that do not strip your hair and scalp is an obvious step in the right direction.

    Fortunately there are a lot of manufacturers such as Aveda and Akin (Purist Company) who know what consumers are suffering from these issues so have addressed this problem. They have applied this knowledge to produce some amazing products with all of the benefits of natural ingredients, with none of the side effects at a price we can afford (Akin especially). It need not be difficult, nor expensive to make these choices and a move to healthy hair and scalp long term.

    So yes you can eliminate harsh shampoos containing sodium sulphates and go for natural Sulphate and paraben free shampoos that contain ingredients such as macadamia, wheat germ or jojoba oils. These oils mimic our natural sebum to some extent to help to re moisturize and nourish our scalp.

    Then there are lavender, rosemary and tea tree oils which contain antibacterial, healing properties. Neem oil great for its antiquing and stops itching. You can apply these topically to your skin for fast relief, to assist healing as well as looking out for shampoos with these natural ingredients in them.

    Lavender calms the skin (as does chamomile tea cooled and used as hair rinse).

    As well as buying quality shampoos containing these ingredients, you can

    create your own combinations of remedy or remedies to soothe your scalp.

    You can also help it along by using natural remedies to treat your scalp such as this scalp treatment containing natural oils to assist healing, detoxify and stimulate hair growth: (Add to

    water (4 parts water 1part oil) and spray onto scalp and you can add to your shampoo and conditioners also).

    Oils To Relieve Itching: Lavender, German Chamomile and Eucalyptus Oils

    (Mixed together and dabbed locally on effected areas has a soothing effect).

    Neem oil is also a very good dandruff preventative which can be added to any of the formulas detailed below and is excellent for psoriasis and eczema & scalp infections.

    Scalp massage with lavender oil (not scented – the real oil) is another

    wonderful way to relieve the tension from a sore scalp as well as treat the

    issue. It also helps to re grow hair and repair the damage done to your

    follicles by chemicals in shampoos causing thinning hair. (Lavender is known to stimulate hair growth too).

    There are many more powerful scalp remedies you can use to treat your scalp as well as many shampoos that are excellent value, contain no nasties to aggravate your scalp and hair follicles. It can be really simple to treat scalp problems by treating yourself to your own pampering session using natural oils to help heal your scalp infection. And then be kind to your hair and scalp by using only products that nourish your hair and scalp such as Aveda or Akin brand shampoos. You can assist the healing process and help restore balance back to your scalp and you hair will appreciate and reward you for it too by becoming less brittle, stronger and shinier.

    As with all natural remedies please patch test first. It is not intended for this information to replace a doctors medical advice, so please see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. The responsibility of obtaining doctors diagnosis and using remedies is yours.

    Vaginal Thrush Symptoms – How to Know If You Have a Yeast Infection

    Candida Albicans

    Candida albicans is the name of a type of yeast. This yeast lives in your digestive system, and helps your body to break down food so that you can digest it more easily. But if you have a Candida overgrowth, this can lead to the yeast traveling to parts of your body where it doesn’t belong. When this happens, it can cause an infection, and this can lead to vaginal thrush symptoms. Vaginal thrush is more commonly referred to as a vaginal yeast infection. But no matter what you call it, it’s not a pleasant condition.

    Causes of Candida

    The causes of Candida vary. You can get it from direct contact of the infected area with the yeast. You can get vaginal thrush symptoms from taking antibiotics, since your body’s natural Candida levels are maintained by bacteria in your gastrointestinal tract. You could also get it from eating too much of the foods that yeast likes to feast on:

    – Alcohol sugars

    – Refined sugar

    – Refined flour, such as bread

    – Dried or candied fruits

    – Energy drinks

    – Soda

    If you eat too much of these foods, Candida could abound, leading to a yeast infection in your body.

    Symptoms of Vaginal Thrush

    The symptoms of vaginal thrush are pretty straightforward. It’s hard to mistake it for another kind of infection, since these vaginal thrush symptoms are so distinct. These Candida symptoms include:

    – Pain, soreness, redness, swelling, itching or burning in the vagina or vulva

    – Pain with urination

    – Pain during sexual intercourse

    – Vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese and is white or off-white

    – Vaginal discharge odor that smells of yeast

    These symptoms can range from mildly annoying to extremely painful, depending on the severity of your infection. And many women are also prone to recurring infections once they’ve experienced one. This makes them all the more eager to start addressing the problem as soon as they start seeing the signs of a yeast infection.

    Natural Remedies for Vaginal Thrush

    There are several natural remedies for vaginal thrush. Alleviating the symptoms of vaginal thrush could be as simple as changing your diet so that the Candida in your body doesn’t have as much to feed on, thus limiting its growth. Minimizing vaginal contact to chemicals, dyes and perfumes, and a daily regimen of probiotics, can further help restore and maintain natural balance.*

    Probiotics for Candida introduce more beneficial bacteria into your system, so you can help support your body’s natural defense.* Research studies have shown that probiotics may help alleviate occasional vaginal thrush symptoms.* Some examples of probiotics for women include Nutraelle FemCare, Fem-Dophilus, and Ultimate Flora Vaginal Support (

    Disclaimer: Under Section 5 of DSHEA, the content material within this article or webpage is for consumer and educational purposes only. *These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

    STD Positive Singles Are a High Risk For Suicide Attempts

    Many STD positive singles are a high risk for suicide attempts. Out of these HIV positive singles are the highest risk group, since that is the most deadly sexually transmitted disease. But other STDs that have permanent effects can also lead to suicide attempts. This includes STDs such as Syphilis, Herpes, Gonorrhea(since it can cause sterility and death) and Chlamydia(can cause sterility). Even something as simple as genital STD itching can increase the risk of an suicide. Because it can be a sign of STD Trichomoniases which can often lead to HIV if it’s left untreated and can lead to low birth weight in children(less than 5.5 pounds at birth).

    The reason STD positive singles are at risk is because being an STD positive single they feel like they can’t date anyone without infecting them with an STD and those with STD infertility may attempt suicide because they can no longer have children.

    The threat of suicide is much more prevalent in teens or younger adults, since they feel like getting an STD is literally the end of their life, since they can no longer have a sexual relationship with the majority of potential partners. Women who have STD infertility symptoms face additional risk when it comes to suicide.

    If you think suicide is nothing to worry about…consider this. More than 1.1 million Americans attempt killing themselves every single year in United States. In fact, 1 out of 14 Americans knows someone who killed themselves last year. The key factor for suicide is depression…and being STD positive and single is a huge red flag for a major case of depression, which will usually get followed up by a suicide attempt.

    If you know someone who is positive for an STD and is single, make sure you learn all the potential suicide warning signs, so that you’ll be able to prevent the person from killing themselves. If you are the person who is STD positive and single, and you feel depressed by that fact, make sure you provide a suicide warning signs guide to someone who you see every day so that they can step in and save your live when you are feeling down. You may also want to sign up for one of those STD positive dating sites so that you can at least date someone who is also positive for the same STD as you.

    Copper Sulphate – Guidelines to Safety and First Aid Procedures

    Copper sulphate is a very useful compound. However, needless to say, this chemical becomes an irritant to highly toxic depending on how it is handled. Well, all substances, even water becomes toxic. Toxicity depends upon the amount and proper usage.

    Copper sulphate is a fairly stable compound which means it does not readily react with other substances. It is not flammable or combustible. But it is an environmental pollutant and must be carefully incorporated when used in its varied applications.

    Initial exposure to Copper Sulphate causes irritation of eyes, nasal passages, and skin. The skin irritation involves itchiness and redness. Upon initial inhalation coughing and difficulty in breathing occurs. The substance is also a gastrointestinal tract irritant. It causes vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain and cramps, loose bowel movement, and a metallic taste. At large doses of accidental intake renal failure, comatose and even death can occur. Long term exposure to Copper Sulphate may lead to liver damage, lung diseases, and decreased female fertility.

    Copper occurs naturally in the soil and water. Its presence in minute concentrations is necessary for plant and animal growth. But at high concentrations copper and its compounds may pose some threat. Decreased lifespan, problems in reproduction, decreased fertility, and alteration of behavior and appearance are seen in animals, birds, fishes, and plants that are exposed to Copper Sulphate. This environmental pollutant may find its course from one organism to another in what is called bioaccumulation or biomagnification.

    Proper handling of Copper Sulphate is therefore required to avoid negative effects that may accompany otherwise.

    1. The storage must be in cool, dry area with sufficient ventilation. Alkalis, magnesium, ammonia, acetylene, and sodium hypobromite are some of the substances Copper Sulphate cannot be kept with. The container must be kept tightly closed. Carefully wash hands after using the compound and most especially before eating or drinking.

    2. Wear protective clothing, impermeable gloves, and rubber boots to avoid skin contact. Eye protectors like goggles should be worn too.

    3. Working areas must be well aerated. This avoids fumes or mists of Copper Sulphate to accumulate in one area.

    4. If possible protective masks should be worn to avoid inhalation.

    5. Disposal of copper wastes into waterways is a violation. High concentrations of copper in rivers and streams are toxic to aquatic ecosystems.

    The following measures may be done in case of contact:

    1. In case of eye contact, flush the affected eye right away with gently running lukewarm water for about 20 minutes. Hold the eyelids open. Make sure the water is clean. If the affected person wears a contact lens, do not hesitate removing it. Seek medical help.

    2. In case of contact with skin, the contaminated clothes, pants, shoes, etc. must be removed. Gently wash the area in clean, lukewarm running water for five minutes. Get medical help fast.

    3. In case of accidental inhalation, remove the victim from the area into open air and then seek medical assistance.

    4. If a person has ingested Copper Sulphate, allow the victim to drink 60 to 240ml of water. The victim may vomit. This is the natural way of the body to eliminate the foreign substance. Rinse his mouth with water. However, never force the victim to drink water if unconscious.

    Spillages of Copper Sulphate are health hazards. The area must be isolated and any attempt of entry by unauthorized and unprotected persons should not be permitted. Small spills may be mopped and wiped off. Large volumes of spilled Copper Sulphate can be neutralized with sodium carbonate or soda ash. Properly dispose the waste materials after. Contamination of this substance in the ground, streams, and sewers must be prevented. The substance is a known pollutant at certain levels.

    4 Misleading Signs Of Pregnancy

    To become a mother is the dream for all the ladies and the nature has adorned the female body with a mechanism to know whether she has become pregnant or not.

    While the human body is always a confusing network of signs and symptoms, pregnancy can often be the most confusing one of all. Some of the earliest signs of pregnancy can often be misinterpreted for pre-menstrual cycle symptoms. When some of the signs occur, it’s important to think with a straight head and realize that some signs that may point to pregnancy could in fact be signs of something else going on in the body.

    1. One symptom often misinterpreted for pregnancy is morning sickness. Experienced in conjunction with other symptoms, nausea can sometimes be an indicator of pregnancy, but sometimes it’s just plain nausea. Morning sickness due to pregnancy can be attributed to increased levels of hormones throughout the body present in a woman’s blood. But if conception has not occurred, nausea can be the cause of any number of things, including a virus, food poisoning, or any other number of medical conditions. While in itself nausea isn’t serious, if it lasts for more than a few days a doctor should be seen to determine the cause.

    2. Another common symptom of pregnant women is food cravings. While the reason this occurs in pregnant women is not known, there are any number of reasons it could occur otherwise. Poor nutrition, pre-menstruation, and a coping mechanism for stress are a few reasons for cravings.

    3. Another sign of pregnancy can be swollen or tender breasts; this occurs because of the increased levels of hormones in the system. This symptom can, however, occur during pre-menstruation.

    4. Another sign of pregnancy some women experience is vaginal spotting. This happens just after conception has occurred when the egg attaches itself to the uterine wall. The blood will often be pink or brown; for a woman who is not pregnant, however, bleeding can occur as a sign of menstruation, or if taking birth control pills.

    These signs of pregnancy are just a few that a woman can experience, both if conception has occurred and if it hasn’t. The body can always be a confusing thing to attempt to diagnose, but if any of these symptoms are present together, a pregnancy test should be taken. Prenatal care is essential to both mom and baby, also it’s important for mom to know all of the facts about vitamins and diet.

    What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Herbal Remedies?

    Herbal remedies are fast becoming popular even in our generation where everything seems to be governed by science. Herbal remedies or herbal medicine can be the first thing we try whenever we notice something wrong with our system, such as cough and colds. There are also times when we use herbs as our last resort, for example after we haven taken too many fat-burning pills.

    We also use different herbal remedies for more serious ailments from ulcer and kidney stones to reproductive problems and even as a cure for cancer. Some doctors even encourage the use of herbal medicines – medically tested herbal medicines that is. Not all herbal remedies are advantageous and beneficial to our health. Some have no effect at all, while some may even cause greater damage.

    It is better if you consult your doctor first before you randomly pluck leaves out of your backyard and brew it into tea. As I have said, some may not help you improve your health and may even get you sick. There are also a lot of herbal plants which are not safe for human beings to use. Anyway, in this article, we will list down the advantages and disadvantages of using herbal medicines or remedies.


    They have all-natural ingredients

    Not all herbal remedies you pluck outside your backyard yes, but most herbal products, even those sold commercially, are made with all natural ingredients. These herbal medicines in the form of pills or tablets are guaranteed to contain ingredients which are extracted from the plant itself, or from any of its parts which contain the most essential components.

    Since an herbal medicine is made from nature, it is very likely that it will not cause any drastic negative effects on your body. There might be a few pharmaceutical companies though that will mix some synthetic chemicals in the herbal pills but they are added to increase the effect. Otherwise, research before you buy an herbal medicine and make sure it has been approved by the government health agencies.

    They give minimal side effects

    Most herbal medicines do not give off unwanted side effects because they do not contain harmful chemicals. Instead, as what is stated above, they mostly contain harmless compounds found in nature. Herbal medicines are also less strong as compared to chemical drugs.

    There is also less chance that you would develop an allergy reaction to an herbal medicine. Just make sure the herbal medicine you are using is made of one hundred percent natural ingredients and you are safe. However, if allergies have always been a problem no matter what you take in, it is wiser to consult your doctor first before going to the health store.

    They cost significantly lower

    This is one of the most obvious advantage of using herbal remedies. They are a lot cheaper (and I mean, a lot!) compared to their synthetic and man-made counterparts. The reason why they cost lower is because herbal medicines use natural ingredients and do not have to incorporate chemicals which cost higher than herbs.

    Herbal remedies are also very readily available. You can plant a particular medicinal plant in your own garden and backyard so in case you will have to use it, you just have to prepare it in your kitchen. Why, you even saved yourself a trip to the health store!


    Their effects may take a while for you to see and feel

    However, just like everything else we have in this world, herbal medicines also come with some negative aspects. Regular users of herbal remedies and medicines may have to agree with me on this, that most herbal treatments need a longer time for them to take effect fully. A person who is waiting for an herbal medicine to take its effect must possess great patience!

    Then again, this is not because the herb or any of its ingredients are ineffective. They are just as effective but, especially if you bought a hundred percent natural medicine, they do not contain synthetic chemicals that are sometimes added to hasten the effect of the herb.

    Some are not safe to use

    Just as what I have said earlier, some herbs are not as safe to be taken and used by humans. Some herbs may not have any effect on our health while some may even cause diseases and sickness due to their poison content. Some of the herbs that are toxic and should be taken under professional supervision are borage, calamus, comfrey, chaparral and even the relatively innocent licorice.

    How Water Can Reduce Your Cholesterol

    You wash your clothes with it, you cook your meals with it, you make your hot beverages with it, and you bathe in it. Water is life’s most essential element; no human, animal or plant can live without it. People can go weeks even months with food depending on the situation, but rarely can anyone go without water for more than a few days and live. In most survival situations the need to find a source of drinkable water takes priority over the search for food. But water is much more than something that you use to quench your thirst. Water consists of up 70% of your body weight and is vital to the normal function or your internal organs. Also water has many health benefits as well one being the maintenance of your cholesterol levels.

    The recommended daily consumption of water is 8 to 9, 8 ounce cups. Other sources of water are found in the foods you eat such as fruits and vegetables, fruit juices and other non caffeinated beverages. But the best source of your water allowance is water. Why is water essential? By not drinking enough water you can increase your body fat, you can develop poor muscle tone, you will experience decreased digestive efficiency and organ function, and you run the risk of increasing the toxicity levels in your body. Oddly enough by not drinking enough water you will also experience water retention, this is caused by your body compensating for the lack of water intake by building up fluids within the body. In fact fluid retention can sometimes be eliminated by drinking more water, not less. In addition, water is crucial for the removal of waste products through the formation of urine by the kidneys. For example development of kidney stones is directly associated with not drinking enough water, millions of Americans suffer from this condition because they go through the day subsisting on sodas, alcohol or coffee without drinking water to flush out the toxins found in these beverages. Like other nutrients, the benefits of drinking clean water can be diluted by other elements such as caffeine and carbonation. Most importantly, water is used to maintain blood volume, which is imperative for regulating body temperature and delivering oxygen and nutrients to the rest of the body.

    You can also maintain your cholesterol levels by drinking water. When having high cholesterol the first thing you should do is consume more water. Water will keep your cells hydrated which in turn will keep the blood from thickening due to excessive amounts of cholesterol. It’s recommended that you show drink water at least 30 minutes prior to each meal because eating tends to take water from the blood to be used for digestion so drinking a glass or two of water will assure enough water for digestion. Dehydration is a result of loss of water from all systems in the body, including blood. It also causes loss of water from the inside of cells. As dehydration progresses, the body produces more cholesterol to firm up cell walls so more water will not exit its interior. This prevents further dehydration which contributes to increased cholesterol in our bodies. By drinking pure water as opposed to beverages high in sugar, sodium or caffeine certain studies have noted that coffee and caffeinated beverages can contribute to slightly higher levels of cholesterol, along with the cream or milk products many people add to their coffee. In addition to helping lower cholesterol, a 2002 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology showed that drinking a good amount of water will lower the risk of a heart attack.

    Of course every effort to manage your cholesterol levels should include a diet and exercise program and the inclusion of water should be added as well. Also high levels of sodium combined with excessive cholesterol levels also contribute to heart disease. Drinking the recommended amounts of water on a daily basis will help flush out excess salt from your body. Additionally, cholesterol problems often come from overeating or eating improper foods. By drinking plenty of water, you won’t feel as hungry and will be less likely to overeat. As you all know a healthy diet can significantly reduce high levels of cholesterol. In addition to eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits, grains and vegetables, drinking 6 to 10 glasses of water per day can help keep the blood clean and keep the body from becoming dehydrated. When you exercise you need more water. This makes sense because our bodies lose a great deal of water due to perspiration. We need to drink 2 cups of water for each pound lost through working out. Even when we sleep our bodies lose water. Drinking a glass of water before we go to sleep and when we wake up helps to offset this loss and keep our bodies functioning optimally. We should also learn to substitute sodas with water you typically go through the day consuming, as mentioned earlier this will also reduce the risk of developing kidney stones.

    Without water all life dies, whether it comes from the ground, from pipes, or falls out of the sky; every living thing on this planet relies on water to survive. Americans take for granted that clean drinking is readily available for all of your needs. But you need to realize and understand the health benefits water has in keeping your body healthy. Make it a habit to drink water daily. Keep a bottle with you at all times and drink it throughout the day. Drink water daily and watch yourself become healthier and happier.

    The Difference Between HDL and LDL Cholesterol Can Help You Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke

    The media is constantly showering us with the messages about the evils of high cholesterol. We’re told that we should lower our cholesterol to reduce the risk of heart attack. The real story is a bit more complicated than the sound bites would suggest. It’s not the total cholesterol in our blood that matters, but the ratio of LDL to HDL cholesterol. Knowing the difference between HDL and LDL cholesterol is essential if we want to take steps to improve our health.

    Cholesterol performs several vital functions within our bodies. It is necessary for growth and development, forms the basis for important hormones and is a vital component of the nervous system. Most cholesterol is synthesized in the liver. Body cells require a constant stream of cholesterol to build and repair their membranes.

    Lipoproteins are wrappers that surround cholesterol making it soluble in the blood so it can be transported around the body. Low-density lipoprotein, LDL, carries cholesterol toward the tissues. High-density lipoprotein, HDL gathers it from the tissues and takes it to the liver cells.

    LDL cholesterol is deposited around the body to be used by tissues that require it. Unfortunately it can also be deposited in the coronary arteries. When this occurs, LDL cholesterol, along with other substances, can form a hard deposit called plaque. Heart attack or stroke may occur if a blood clot forms and blocks an artery narrowed by plaque build-up.

    HDL scavenges cholesterol from the tissues and carries it back to the liver. It can remove cholesterol deposits from the linings of the coronary arteries before they build up to the point where they cause problems.

    Medical research has shown that the higher the level of LDL, the greater the risk of heart disease and the higher the level of HDL, the lower the risk. This is why LDL has been labelled ‘bad cholesterol’ and HDL has been labelled ‘good cholesterol’.

    Even though LDL has been dubbed ‘bad’, it still plays an important role in maintaining our health by supplying cells with essential cholesterol. We only become at risk for heart disease and stroke when there is not enough HDL to remove the excess cholesterol from our blood. That’s why it’s important to know the ratio of your LDL to HDL.

    Doctors advise that your LDL divided by HDL should be below 3. For example, if your LDL cholesterol is 111 mg/dl and your HDL cholesterol is 32 mg/dl then LDL divided by HDL is an unhealthy 3.47. In order to reduce the risk of health problems, you would need to either raise your HDL levels or lower your LDL levels. Lowering your total cholesterol level won’t necessarily change the ratio.

    FAT, FERTILE and FORTY – 3 Fs Making a Female Prone to Gall Bladder Stones

    3 Fs making a female prone to gall bladder stones

    You must be amazed to know that more than 60% Indian women are with 3Fs i.e. they are fat, fertile and are in their early or late forties.

    “Being a woman is the most important risk factor that makes a woman prone to gall bladder stones”

    Let us discuss factors in brief that is making your gall bladder home to stones:

    It is believed that stones (made up of cholesterol majorly) are formed when bile in gall bladder contains too much of cholesterol or less bile salts, or the gall bladder doesn’t get empty completely. The etiology for such imbalances is still unknown.

    The reason of the formation of the pigment stones is not fully understood. The pebbles tend to form in persons who have chronic liver disease, biliary tract infections or hereditary blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia.

    Even the mere presence of gall stones may accelerate the gallstone formation. Other factors that contribute to the formation of cholesterol gall stones are:

    1. Gender: women are more prone to develop gall stones. In the US, nearly 25% of females by the age 60 and 50% of females by the age 75 develop gallstones. In a majority of cases, the patient is asymptomatic. In females, increased level of estrogen during pregnancy, HRT and contraceptive pills raise the cholesterol levels in bile and slows down the movements and contractions of the gall bladder eventually leading to gall bladder stones.
    2. Pregnancy: Pregnancy period favors the gallstone formation and are usually symptomatic. The surgery cannot be done until the delivery of the baby and if necessary then laparoscopy is the safest approach.
    3. Hormone Replacement Therapy: Numerous researches have shown that the use of HRT not only increases the risk for gallstones but also rate of hospitalization for gallbladder disease/ surgery. Estrogen imbalances the triglycerides to a higher side which in turn causes the formation of cholesterol stones. The mode of drug delivery may make a difference in the risk; woman who uses HRT in form of a patch or gel faces is at a lesser risk than those who take a pill.
    4. Family history: there exists a genetic link.
    5. Weight: it has been proved in various studies that obesity and even moderately overweight increases the risk for formation of gallstones. Obesity is one of the major risk factor especially in females.
    6. Diet: diets rich in saturated fat and cholesterol and poor in fiber make a person more prone to gall stones due to increased levels of cholesterol in the bile and decreased motility of the gallbladder and delayed emptying.
    7. Crash diets or dieting: due to prolonged fasting and rapid weight loss the liver secretes more cholesterol into bile; hence leading to gallstone formation.
    8. Age: as the age advances the people are more likely to develop gallstones than younger persons.
    9. Race: American Indians have a genetic predisposition to produce cholesterols in a high quantity in bile. In fact they have the highest rate of gallstones in the US.
    10. Cholesterol– lowering drugs: these drugs lower the cholesterol levels in the blood but increases the amount of cholesterol secreted into bile and thereby raises the risk of gallstones.
    11. Diabetes: persons with diabetes usually have abnormal or increased levels of triglycerides making them more prone to gallstones.

    Symptoms of gallstones

    In a majority of cases the gallstones remain silent called as ‘silent stones’ which are asymptomatic and do not cause any interference with gallbladder, liver or pancreas and hence do not need treatment. They are usually diagnosed accidentally during health screenings or ultrasound.

    Gallbladder attack

    If the gallstone creates some blockage in the bile ducts, the pressure is increased in the gallbladder and one or more of the following symptoms may occur. The symptoms may occur suddenly due to the obstruction and often follow fatty meals and usually occur during the night. A typical attack cause:

    • constant pain in the right upper abdomen that increases and lasts from half an hour to several hours

    • pain in the back between the shoulder blades

    • pain under right shoulder

    Note: people with any of the mentioned below symptoms should consult the physician immediately.

    • prolonged pain-more than 5 hours

    • nausea and vomiting

    • fever-even low-grade-or chills

    • yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes

    • clay-colored stools

    Prevention of gallstone formation

    Some measures that can be taken by yourself:

    • Drinking coffee regularly prevents gallstones

    • No to junk food

    • Eat nuts which contain unsaturated fats

    • Eat a healthy diet

    • Minimum intake of carbohydrates and more of vegetables

    • Exercise regularly

    • Take calcium phosphates

    • Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day

    How Can I Get Fair Skin? – 6 Incredible Home Remedies You Can Make Yourself!

    We are often asked the question “How can I get fair skin?” There are several popular ways to regain the fair skin you had as a child, it can be done simply enough if you take the necessary precautions and avoid some of the potentially harmful techniques that can damage your skin. As we age, our skin naturally produces darkening pigments in response to sun exposure. When we are young and our skin is undamaged & supple, bronze skin can be desirable and beautiful. But overexposure that causes sunburn can create undesirable pigmentation over time. Some of the most popular and surprisingly effective natural ingredients include:

    • Lemon Juice
    • Vitamin C
    • Cucumber juice
    • Grapefruit juice
    • Orange Juice
    • Lime Juice

    These ingredients are natural exfoliants which remove old skin cells and stimulate new growth and are also potent antioxidents that protect the skin from oxidation. A mixture of these combined with several teaspoons of salt & sugar and applied to your thoroughly cleansed face & neck every day for two to three months can have a significant brightening & protective effect on your skin. This mixture can be surprisingly effective over time. You may speed up the process if you leave the mixture on overnight, however it is a bit uncomfortable for most people as it is sticky and may end up on your sheets by morning. For some, this is too much of an investment in time and so they prefer to try some of the faster chemical treatments even though they can be more toxic & have potentially serious side effects. These include:

    • hydroquinone – An inhibitor of Melanin – Never use more than 4% – can cause skin damage
    • Tretinoin – An inhibitor of Melanin – effective but causes skin to sun burn easily
    • Alpha Hydroxy Acids – Removes top layers of skin including pigmentation – Physician applied only
    • Monobensone – A depigmenting agent – can destroy Melanin producing cells – use with care.
    • Laser treatments – can remove pigmentation – results tend to be inconsistent
    • Cryosurgery – uses liquid nitrogen – kills skin cells, mellanin comes to surface,flakes off- Tends to be expensive

    Our experience tells us that natural methods tend to produce much more consistent results and most people are much happier in the end. In fact there is an easy and very fast way to Get Fair Skin, whiten Skin Pigmentations, Freckles, Age Spots, Acne Marks, Dark Underarms, Melasma, or Lighten Your Overall Skin Color. Plus You can save literally thousands of dollars by making natural skin lightening preparations at home.

    Aromatherapy For Uterine Fibroids Treatment

    Uterine fibroids treatment essentially depends upon the size of your fibroid tumors and the number. In case your tumors are large in size and big in numbers your fibroids symptoms will be severe.The pain and bleeding caused due to fibroids can often become unbearable in such cases. However in case of small tumors that are less in numbers natural fibroids treatment would be worth a try. Natural fibroids treatment methods concentrate on a number of aspects like dietary changes, liver detoxification, herbal medicines, meditation and aromatherapy.

    In this article I am going to share information on how aromatherapy can help in uterine fibroids treatment.

    Essential oils help in increasing the blood circulation to the pelvic organs. It relaxes the tense uterine muscles, eases cramps, and encourages a state of total relaxation that is essential for healing. You can make use of the following essential oils in sitz baths, massage oils, and abdominal compresses.

    a) Ginger is a potent circulatory stimulant with warming properties. In addition it improves the functioning of the liver. With a mild spicy scent it is great to relax the body in general.

    b) Marjoram has potent sedative properties. This too helps in relaxing tense muscles and eases uterine cramps. Marjoram has a spicy,

    herbaceous, sweet fragrance.

    c) Rose oil is very gentle and pleasant with mild hormone balancing properties. It is therefore considered to be a tonic for the uterus.

    Aromatherapy is very useful in assisting and supporting the reproductive organs. It basically helps to rebalance the hormones in our system in a gentle manner.

    Aromatherapy is popularly used by herbalists in uterine fibroids treatment. It is one of the components of herbal treatment which is normally combined with a number of other measures like dietary changes, physical exercise and herbal medicines for total fibroid cure. If you are really looking to treat fibroids naturally, it would be worthwhile to consult a qualified herbalist.

    While making use of aromatherapy for fibroid cure it is advisable to adopt the following measures which will reduce your exposure to bad estrogen mimicking substances in everyday life:

    – Practice yoga and meditation to reduce your stress levels, remain calm and tension free.

    – Avoid taking birth control pills and switch over to other forms of contraception after consulting your doctor.

    – Do not make use of cosmetics which contain paraben, methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl.

    – Completely cut down your meat intake, particularly red meat.