The Causes of Buttocks (Butt) Pain

There are various causes of buttocks or butt pain, depending on what you are talking about.

Pain in the Buttock/Butt muscle – Do you have pain in the big muscle of your butt while sitting, standing, walking, or during sex or other physical exercise? If you push on the center of your butt muscle does it hurt worse? How about during massage when they rub you hard in that area – do you just about jump off the table in pain? Does the pain radiate down either or both legs? Is it sharp, dull, burning, or aching, there all the time? Does it keep you from sleeping? Is it crampy? All of these could be describing butt pain caused by your sciatic nerve.

What is the sciatic nerve? – The sciatic nerve is a big nerve that comes out of your spine at the lower back, runs through your butt muscle and down your legs. It can easily be aggravated by stress. When stressed, your muscles become more tense and squeeze down on that nerve, causing all sorts of symptoms and generally making your life pretty miserable.

Pain in low back/butt – The lower back and buttocks are closely connected, so often if you have pain in one area you will also have pain in the other. The sciatic nerve runs through both your lower back and your buttock. Some people have pain only in the lower back, some only the butt or just one butt cheek, some people have pain in the low back radiating down one butt cheek all the way down the leg. All of these describe a typical sciatic nerve issue.

Pain in your anus (or butthole) – This is more than likely hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are veins in your anus, or right outside of it, that become swollen, hard, and very sensitive. Sometimes you can even see the hemorrhoids if you aim your butt toward a mirror, bend over, and spread your butt cheeks. They may look like little, round purple balls (that is the vein,) or they might be red and swollen. (Google ‘hemorrhoids’ and select images.) Hemorrhoids are caused by sitting (truck drivers often suffer from them,) constipation (straining while trying to crap will create hemorrhoids over time,) pregnancy can cause hemorrhoids due to constipation and pressure from the growing baby, and dehydration. Being chronically dehydrated is one of the main causes of constipation, and therefore, hemorrhoids. You should be drinking 2 quarts of water, minimum, each day. Coffee, tea, and soft drinks don’t count. You can get Preparation H at your local drug store which will provide temporary relief of the itching, burning, and swelling. But to really get rid of them for good you have to add more water to your diet, and more fiber. I like to drink 2-3 quarts of water per day PLUS eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. I don’t get hemorrhoids any longer because of these changes. If you think it is hemorrhoids, but it doesn’t go away after a couple weeks of hydrating yourself and curing your constipation, please see your doctor. P.S. the toilet is NOT a library. Don’t sit there for hours and read – that is one of the main causes of hemorrhoids.

Pain or burning in the top of the butt crack – If you have soreness, redness, itching, burning, and/or mild bleeding at the top of your butt crack, you could have a pilonidal cyst.

From Wikipedia:Pilonidal cysts are quite painful, afflict men more frequently than women, and typically occur between the ages of 15 and 24. Although usually found near the coccyx, the condition can also affect the navel, armpit or penis”

These cysts often get bacterial or fungal infections. If you want to try treating it yourself, get an over-the-counter anti-bacterial cream and treat yourself twice a day after showering. If you still have the issue after a couple weeks, you might want to see your doctor. I know, embarrassing. I had to go to the doctor once for an extremely painful hemorrhoid.

Three Most Essential Uses of Potassium Permanganate

Are you familiar with the deep purple solution your mother applies to your skin when you had a bad case of athlete’s foot? It did a great, didn’t it?

That solution is made by dissolving potassium permanganate crystals in water. Potassium permanganate is an inorganic but water soluble compound. It is also known as Condy’s crystals and permanganate of potash.

This chemical has a strong oxidizing property that is why it is very useful in many applications. However, one of its more popular uses is in medicine, as an antiseptic and fungicide. It has also been used in water treatment by the army to render potable water. But this practice has been discontinued because it causes stains on the teeth.

Medicinal Uses

Potassium permanganate is dissolved in warm water to come up with a nice pink colored solution which is then ideal for treatment of skin conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, and fungal infections of the hands and feet.

Immersion in potassium permanganate has been proven to be effective for skin conditions but this is largely unpopular because of the stains and discolorations it leaves on the bathing materials such as towels and the bath tub. This can be addressed, however, with dissolving the right amount of crystals. A concentration of 1:10,000 will result to a pink color. Using too much and the water goes black and results to a rather nice but fake tan.

A weak solution of potassium permanganate has been formerly used as an antiseptic wash for vaginal thrush, vulvovaginitis as well as persistent urine infection in both children and adults. It has also been applied as a vaginal douche after childbirth way before the use of antibiotics.

Treatment of Fish Diseases

Potassium permanganate is an effective treatment for various fish diseases and parasites. It is helpful in treating bacterial gill infection and skin ulcers. It dramatically improves water quality by reducing the biological oxygen demand as a result of the oxidation of the dissolved organic matter in the water.

It is commercially used as an oxidizing agent in fish ponds to react with organic matter including bacteria, algae, particulates as well as organic sediments. It is very important to calculate the exact amount of needed chemical for the volume of water since it can cause extensive damage or even death of your fish. It can be used as a pest control for parasitic nudibranches in your aquarium.

However, frequent treatment can harm your fish so wait for a reasonable period before repeating treatment. Disperse the solution evenly throughout the pond and aerate your pond properly after treatment.

Water Treatment

Having a strong oxidizing capacity, potassium permanganate is ideal for use in water treatment. It removes from the water, iron and magnesium which give water its unpleasant color and unpalatable taste. It is added to the water for treatment especially those which come from sources deep into the ground. It also reduces rust in the pipes and other water equipment.

To prevent cholera and other water-borne diseases, wash fruits and vegetables with diluted potassium permanganate solution as well as your cooking utensils such as the chopping board.

There are other uses and applications for potassium permanganate primarily because of its excellent oxidizing property. And also as a result of this, proper handling and storage must be practiced. Always use gloves when handling this chemical since it quickly reacts with the skin leaving a dark brown stain.

It is a strong oxidizer therefore proper storage is necessary and must be kept away from other highly oxidizable substances. It should be separated well away from concentrated sulfuric acid because reaction with these two chemicals can be explosive.

Controllable Risk Factors Of Infectious Diseases

There are hundreds of pathogens present in the environment capable of causing infectious diseases in humans. Some of these diseases such as HIV/AIDS and Ebola are highly dreaded where death is the only way of getting rid of the infection. Most of these diseases occur as a result of certain risk factors that can be categorized into controllable and uncontrollable risk factors.

Some of the risk factors that can cause disease are highly ignored and not attended to properly. These sorts of risk factors are known as controllable risk factors. It is possible to control the spread of infectious diseases and prevent an outbreak by managing these factors in a proper way. Some of the risk factors of infectious diseases are explained below.

1. Unprotected sex: Sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS occur mainly due to unhealthy or unprotected sexual practices. It is always better to use condoms while having sexual intercourse. Apart from that, one should always avoid performing oral sex with a stranger. It is always better if one remains faithful to his/her better-half.

2. Untreated open wounds: This factor poses the biggest risk to getting infected with pathogens. Open wounds should always be treated with immediate affect.

3. Poor hygiene: Soil contaminants such as nematodes spread into the system when people consume food with unwashed hands. It is always good to maintain good hygiene. One should wash hands before and after consuming food. Clothes including innerwear should be changed regularly. They should be thoroughly cleaned using a good detergent.

4. Spoiled food: Several food borne infections such as Brucellosis spread through consumption of spoiled food that is already contaminated with pathogens. Even pathogens such as nematodes spread through uncooked food. Hence, it is important to cook food thoroughly and consume it before it gets spoiled.

5. Unhealthy diet: Diet that lacks important ingredients such as proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins and carbohydrates can lead to decreased immunity. Individuals with unhealthy diet are highly vulnerable to infectious diseases.

Dog Training Tips – Pooping in the Car


How to Stop Dogs from Pooping in the Car

Travelling with dogs should be an enjoyable experience, but it’s messy and stressful when the dog is prone to carsickness or has a habit of using the backseat as a bathroom. The messes need not be an inevitable part of car rides, though. A few precautions and training techniques can stop your dog from soiling the upholstery.

Basic Precautions

1. Take your dog for a long walk before taking her for a car ride. This gives her an opportunity to relieve herself, and it helps her relax for the journey.

2. Cover the car seat in an old blanket, and put a few of her favorite toys on it. If your dog vomits in the car as well, she probably has carsickness and may benefit from travelling in a crate instead.

3. Maintain a comfortable temperature in the car with proper ventilation, and make frequent stops so she can walk around outdoors.

Desensitize the Dog to Car Rides

If not from motion sickness, inappropriate elimination in the car usually stems from anxiety or excitement. Is your dog reluctant to get in the car, or does she become uncontrollably ecstatic about going for a ride?

Reducing Fear and Anxiety

1. Vigorously exercise your dog before her next introduction to the car.

2. Tell her to “get in” to the car or place her in it, and then sit down in the driver’s seat. Ignore her if she cries or whines about being in the car, because coddling her will reinforce the unwanted behavior. Reward or praise her when she is calm and quiet. Then, take her back out of the car without driving anywhere.

3. Repeat the first two steps for a few days or until she calmly accepts being in the car. Then, drive around the block or even your own driveway with her, and praise her after the short ride.

4. Gradually increase the distance that you travel with her, and take her to places that she enjoys. A trip to the park shows her that car rides lead to reward, whereas a trip to the veterinarian may worsen her anxiety.

Accidents may occasionally happen as you increase her exposure to longer car rides. Refrain from punishing or scolding her for it; instead, reward her for good behaviors.

Calming an Overly Excited Dog

1. Walk your dog for 30 to 60 minutes before each car ride, and provide her with ample exercise each day.

2. Command her to “sit” beside the car, and do not open the car door until she is calm and relaxed. Do this often, regardless of whether you are actually taking her for a ride.

3. Sit in the car but tell her to “stay” beside it. Then, when she obeys, invite her into the car. Do this each time you travel with her.

A combination of exercise, desensitization, and leadership will usually stop dogs from pooping in the car. In the case of carsickness, however, some dogs need time to “outgrow” it or need additional help from a veterinarian.


Am I Pregnant Quiz – 99.9% Guaranteed Pregnancy Signs That Detect Conception Before Missing Period

Were you sexually active in the previous month? If your answer is yes, then there are around 20% chances that you can get pregnant. Yes! You are free to feel safer if you have been using any birth control method. However you must keep in view that so far no contraceptive method is 100% safe. The “am I pregnant” quiz below will enable you and your other sexually active friends to detect pregnancy with the help of pregnancy symptoms even before missing the periods.

You only have to answer these questions either no or yes.

Are You Suffering From Morning Sickness? You must have heard this term before. This pregnancy sign start to show before you miss your periods. However it is good to note that these nauseated and queasy feelings may not confined to mornings and can be experienced at any part of the day.

Sometimes a woman is pregnant and does not experience morning sickness; still sometimes a woman can experience nausea because of stress, virus or food poisoning.

Craving For Non Food Items: If suddenly you experience some change in your appetite then this could be another pregnancy symptom. The strange craving of non food items is a sure sign of pregnancy.

Are You Experiencing Any Mood Swings: The pregnancy causes drastic changes in the hormonal levels. These drastic changes cause the women to feel stressed and depressed.

Feeling Pains and Aches: Another symptom of pregnancy is aches. Woman experiences backaches, headaches and tender breasts.

Excessive Urination: If you feel yourself making recurrent trips to the washroom, then this is another sign of pregnancy.

Is Cholesterol Healthy or Unhealthy?

‘Bad’ LDL cholesterol and ‘good’ HDL cholesterol – the former kills while the latter is beneficial to health. Some people are extremely fit and lead healthy lifestyles, yet have high levels of LDL and very low HDL levels. What is going on?

The truth is that no one knows everything about the workings of cholesterol in the body.

Cholesterol is an insoluble lipid – a fat. That means this compound must travel in the blood by binding to and being carried by protein molecules.

Combinations of fat and protein are unsurprisingly called lipoproteins. There are two types: low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL). The former is ‘bad’ because it is a risk factor for atherosclerosis – furring up of the arteries, which can cause heart attack or stroke.

However, there are many other factors involved with atherosclerosis that add to the confusion, such as immune responses and inflammation.

Cholesterol levels are affected by how much dietary fat is absorbed into the bloodstream from the gut, and how the liver makes ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol.

There are also genetic factors involved with an individual’s cholesterol levels. These are linked to levels in parents and siblings. They might be perfectly healthy, but have elevated levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol.

While high levels of ‘good’ HDL cholesterol are known to be protective, there is no evidence that low levels of HDL are in any way harmful. All the blame for atherosclerosis therefore appears to lie with ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol.

The advice from medical practitioners is to do all we can to reduce ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol levels to below 3 mmol per litre, and for total cholesterol levels to 5 mmol per litre or less.

In order to do this they suggest having a diet based on plants, fruit and vegetables. They suggest minimizing animal fat intake, and obtaining proteins and fats as much as possible from oily fish. In addition they suggest to lose weight if overweight, and not to smoke.

However, in the light of the new health idea to reverse obesity and heart disease by severely cutting down on sugar, and increasing healthy saturated fats in the diet, these recommendations now seem rather simplistic.

Could it be that today’s widespread sugar-filled, carbohydrate-rich diets that are clearly the root cause of obesity might have something to do with high levels of bad cholesterol?

Perhaps excessive sugar consumption interferes with cholesterol metabolism?

That there is a global obesity crisis, and concern over the levels of ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol in many people, it seems that there may be a link between these two diseases.

Or perhaps is it because too much polyunsaturated man-made vegetable oils are consumed? The current recommendations are to ‘avoid’ natural fats in foods such as butter, whole fat milk, and cheese. Perhaps this ‘abnormal’ way of being told what to eat is actually causing high levels of ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol?

The results of studies on these ideas should be rather interesting.

Cause of Heart Palpitations May Not Be What You Think

I occasionally see patients complaining of a fluttering heart, a sense of fullness in the chest, a pounding heart or skipped heartbeats. These sensations, also called heart palpitations, occur when the electrical system in the heart malfunctions. This malfunction disrupts the natural rhythm of the heart (arrhythmia).

Usually, irregular beats are harmless. As a matter of fact, most people at some time in their lives, have occasional irregular heartbeats and never know it. The heart goes right back into rhythm and you don’t feel a thing.

But some people do feel these irregularities; their daily activities may even be disrupted. And, palpitations could signal an underlying heart disease. So if you have them, it’s important to be evaluated, especially if your palpitations are prolonged and recurrent or accompanied by other symptoms such as chest pain, sweating or dizziness. But many times, the cause is less serious.

I remember one middle-aged patient who was sure his palpitations signaled heart failure. I referred him to a cardiologist for a stress test and an ultrasound of his heart. Both tests revealed good heart function. I also ordered thorough blood tests, which showed no problems. Back in my office, I evaluated his daily activities, food and drink. Right away, I suspected that his high consumption of caffeine might be causing his problem, and he followed my suggestion to eliminate it from his diet. Sure enough, after a week or so, his palpitations disappeared.

Causes and Remedies

When your doctor rules out heart disease, you’ll be relieved, of course. But since there are many causes of palpitations, it might take patience to discover what triggers your symptoms. The good news is that, in many cases, you can find remedies.

Nutritional deficiencies. Electrolytes in your body-particularly potassium, calcium, and magnesium-keep the electrical signals in your heart firing regularly. An imbalance can cause irregular beats and simple supplementation may correct them.

Caffeine, tobacco and alcohol. Too much stimulation from ingested chemicals may affect your heart. If you have recurring palpitations, you may find that reducing or perhaps eliminating one or more of these stimulants will solve the problem.

Medications. Many prescription and over-the-counter drugs can cause heart palpitations, particularly cold medications which contain pseudoephedrine. It’s a good idea for anyone to avoid these. Opt for natural and homeopathic remedies when you have a cold.

Stress. If you do not handle stress well, palpitations may be your body’s way of responding. Identify your stressors and learn how to deal with them. Simplify your life, try yoga or meditation, listen to music, practice deep breathing. Even adding moderate exercise to your routine can relieve stress. Do what works for you.

Food allergies or sensitivities. Just because you’ve never had allergies, don’t assume that food could not be the culprit. Even adults can develop food allergies for the first time or develop new food allergies. An estimated 9 million adults in the US have them. If you suspect food allergy, try keeping a food journal, noting when palpitations occur. You might also need to follow an elimination diet, which will help you to pinpoint the offending foods.

Food additives and preservatives. These are substances which you should avoid anyway. But if you’re particularly sensitive to them, they might be causing your symptoms. Watch out particularly for artificial sweeteners.

Anemia and hyperthyroidism may cause palpitations. Both of these conditions require particular treatment and, if suspected, can be confirmed with blood tests.

Helpful supplements

When an obvious diagnosis cannot be made, some doctors prescribe drugs to control heart palpitations. Beta-blockers help the heart slow down. Calcium channel blockers relax blood vessels. However, these drugs often bring with them unpleasant side effects, including sexual dysfunction and sluggishness. It makes sense to try natural supplements first.

When supplementing with minerals, calcium and magnesium seem especially important. Calcium supports the cardiac muscle, and magnesium can regulate some types of arrhythmia.

An amino acid called taurine keeps your heart from losing potassium and helps it use calcium and magnesium more effectively. A taurine supplement can regulate heartbeats by actually correcting the arrhythmia. It should be taken along with vitamins B6 and C to ensure proper absorption.

When the heart beats too fast, a Chinese herb called Cordyceps, may help slow the rate. It also increases the blood supply to the heart and may lower blood pressure.

A Heart-Healthy Diet

With any heart-related issue, I recommend a general heart-healthy diet. In addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, don’t forget beans and legumes, fish, dark leafy greens (such as spinach and arugula), whole grains, nuts, spices, herbs, wheat germ and flax meal. And specifically for palpitations, eat avocados, a great source of potassium, which helps to regulate heart rhythm.

If you are experiencing heart palpitations, don’t assume the worst. Do get evaluated for heart disease.

But don’t panic! Remember that, in many cases, the problem is less serious and can be solved through natural methods.

Excitotoxins – The Link Between MSG and Huntington’s, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s Diseases

Dr. Russell L. Blaylock, the author of Excitotoxins: The Taste that Kills, (Health Press, 1997) continues to draw the link between special amino acids he calls “excitotoxins” (such as Monosodium Glutamate or MSG) and various slow developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases in chapter 5.

Originally, Dr. Blaylock points out, scientists believed that genetic programming of neurons called for a naturally shorter life span of neurons. However, evidence is pointing to extreme variances in the life span of neurons. For example, Parkinson’s disease symptoms don’t manifest until 80 to 90% of the brain nuclei called substantia nigra have died. These neurons couldn’t have died all at the same time.

Another theory was a neuron killing virus but again the scientific research has failed to make the connection. The same is true with the immune system failure theory. Dr. Blaylock points out that the “environmental toxin as the causative factor” theory (namely aluminum) was the most impressive but still wasn’t the answer. He points out that the presence of aluminum in the brain is not the cause of the neurodegenerative diseases but a result of a susceptibility to aluminum absorption already created.

Dr. Blaylock reports on several curious neurodegenerative cases. One which was that of the Chamorro Indians living on the Mariana Islands who were dying at an alarming rate from a disease similar to Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). After extensive research it was finally concluded that the safeguards for processing the normally poisonous cycad plant (or False Sago Palm) into flour were slowly abandoned due to food scarcity. This created a long term exposure to a neurotoxin which eventually killed enough neurons to reveal ALS-like symptoms of hand (and then limb) immobility and death. Some of the Chamorro Indians were more sensitive to the toxin than others. Other similar stories were reported with the same symptoms in the Auyu and Jakai people of West New Guinea and people in Kii Peninsula of Honshu Island of Japan.

From these studies Dr. Blaylock concluded that our resistance to these food based neurotoxins depends on several points. First, it depends on the condition of our brain’s protective blood-brain barrier. A compromised blood-brain barrier may allow too many neurotoxins (in the form of glutamates) into the brain causing damage. Second, it depends on the amount of dietary exposure to excitotoxins (such as exposure to MSG and to hydrolyzed vegetable protein). Excessive consumption of glutamates may have a tendency to overwhelm the body’s ability to deal with them. Third, it depends on the metabolic efficiency and the continuous availability of energy for normal cellular pumps to move glutamate from within cells to surrounding glial cells, which encase and supply energy to the neurons. Finally it depends on the presence of free radical scavengers (to remove the free radicals in the brain).

Dr. Blaylock then reports on the research of the effects of amphetamines (also known as “uppers”) on the nervous system, specifically on the similarity of the destruction of the same neurons as with Parkinson’s disease and in the same manner (overworking the neurons to death). He remarks that the ingestion of amphetamines and even the Parkinson’s drug L-DOPA (which is actually a mild excitotoxins and speeds up the disease) shows how the neurons can be chemically forced “on” until they die.

Dr. Blaylock concludes this chapter by presenting replies to a couple major objections presented in regards to the connection of the ingestion of excitotoxins and neurodegenerative diseases. The first objection is that if food toxins and additives were the cause of Parkinson’s disease why wouldn’t all of us eventually develop the disease? Dr. Blaylock’s reply is that first he is not suggesting that food additives are the “primary cause” of Parkinson’s disease or any other neurodegenerative disease. He points out that there is varying sensitivity to any toxin within any species of the same size and sex. He also states that the individual’s ability to pump out the glutamate varies with long term cellular pump condition and consistently available energy. He also points out that rate of Alzheimer’s disease between the ages of 65 and 74 is 3%, between the ages of 75 and 84 it rises to 18.7% and then soars to 47.2% after 85. This shows an age related vulnerability.

The second objection is that if large amounts of glutamate are consumed, the blood-brain barrier will keep the glutamate from entering the brain. His reply is that normally this is true. However, there are numerous conditions in which this barrier may be compromised allowing glutamate to enter such as with head injuries, viral and bacteria infections, hypertension, heavy metal exposure and elevated core body temperature. Dr. Blaylock points out that the most common reason for a breakdown in the barrier is a stroke.

What can one do to avoid this type of neural damage? Dr. Blaylock says that much of the damage is due to the release of free radicals. The most success comes from antioxidants such as vitamin E. L-leucine has been shown to improve neurological function also. Magnesium and zinc intake have also been shown to slow the progress of neurological diseases. However, the best benefit is gained when one avoids consuming “excitotoxins.” Dr. Blaylock points out in Appendix 1 other common food additives which have hidden sources of MSG. These include: Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein, Hydrolyzed Plant Protein, Hydrolyzed Protein, Sodium Caseinate, Calcium Caseinate, Yeast Extract, Textured Protein, Autolyzed Yeast and Hydrolyzed Oat Flour. Some food additives may have MSG include: Malt Extract, Malt Flavoring, Bouillon, Broth, Stock, Flavoring, Natural Flavoring, Natural Beef or Chicken Flavorings and seasoning.

Bowflex Revolution Review – Is it Good For Bodybuilding?

Having seen all those Bowflex infomercials, I wondered whether the Bowflex Revolution FT would help me get bigger and better. With 90 exercises and 400 variations, I was instantly attracted to the possibilities. Finally, I could work out at home, when I want, and get in the best shape of my life. Unfortunately, reality started to sink in when I saw the price. With a MSRP of $2,000 the Bowflex was not going to be cheap. The only way I could justify the purchase was if it truly gave me the results I wanted in the convenience of my home. After careful consideration, I decided to take the 6-week trial. Basically, I could return the Revolution in 6 weeks if I wasn’t happy for a full refund.

This review is of my personal opinion and will hopefully enable you to make the right decision when selecting a home.

SpiraFlex Technology

The thing I like about traditional weights is the ability to completely tax your muscles to failure and spurt new growth. I’ve used some of the older Bowflex models with the power rods and felt they couldn’t match the feel of real weights. Spiraflex is certainly a big leap forward. By using an elastic strap that wraps around a coil, consistent weight resistance is applied throughout the exercise motion. The feel is comparable to free weights and cable machines. The mechanics of the coil offer greater control and efficiency on par with best equipment.

My Bowflex Results

It took me a few days to get used to working out on the Revolution. The controlled cable movements forced me to keep my form in check. I consider this a good thing because the greater control allowed me to isolate individual muscle groups. This is perfect for weightlifters that want to etch more detail into problematic areas such as the lower back. In addition, having this level of control minimizes the risk of injury – something that older folks may be prone to. Switching between exercises was fast and easy due to the interlocking weight plates.

After two months of working out, I did notice a lot of improvement in my upper body. I added 5 lbs of muscle spread evenly across my shoulders and chest and a slight decrease in my waist size. Surprisingly, I packed on some size in my arms – a problem area of mine. I attribute this to the refined movements of the Bowflex. My this looked fuller and my arms picked up extra girth. I also developed a nice split along my brachialis. I wasn’t expecting an overnight miracle but the changes I did observe were comparable to the way I looked when I used to have a gym membership. Unfortunately, I am naturally strong and felt the maximum weight of 280lbs is something I could quickly surpass with continued training. Therefore, if you’re a strongman or serious bodybuilder you may need to train at a gym, as you will soon surpass the FT. Another solution, if your an advanced athlete, is to use the Revolution at home when they can’t make it to the gym due to a lack of time or a changing schedule. At the very least, you will maintain your overall fitness level. For the majority of people, the Revolution will challenge you for years to come as you build up your health and overall fitness level. If you’re looking to sculpt and be reasonably strong, then the FT is a great solution.

Below are some of the key benefits I observed ...

Offers 200 lbs of weight resistance which is plenty for beginners and intermediates (upgradeable to 280 lbs)

Each side works independently allowing two people to work out at once

Switching between exercises is fast and easy for more productive workouts

Small space requirements make it suitable for apartments or small homes

A good match for fitness enthusiasts who can’t make it to a gym or prefer the convenience of working out at home

Performs 90 exercises and 400 variations


The Bowflex Revolution FT is a good match for fitness enthusiasts and bodybuilders at a beginner or intermediate level of fitness – or who just want to work out at home. Although not cheap, the Revolution offers 90 high quality exercises without all the bulky and heavy weights of the gym.

Melanoma – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer and develops from the cells producing the skin pigment called melanin. Melanoma usually manifests as a change in an existing mole or as a new, unusual looking growth on the skin. Excessive exposure to sunlight or to ultraviolet radiation; a history of sunburn; fair skin; irregular-shaped or large- sized moles; a family history of melanoma; a weakened immune system; exposure to carcinogens, and the presence of a genetic pigmentation disorder, are all risk factors for this condition. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and biological therapy form the main stay of modern treatment for this condition.

The Ayurvedic treatment of melanoma is aimed at treating the cancer and preventing its spread to other parts of the body. Treatment is initiated after removal of the original growth or tumor. Medicines like Mahamanjishthadi-Qadha, Gandhak-Rasayan, Chandraprabha-Vati, Kanchnaar-Guggulu and Triphala-Guggulu are used to treat the remnant of the local tumor. Herbal medicines which can be used for this purpose are: Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Behada (Terminalia bellerica), Sunthi (Zinziber officinalis), Marich (Piper nigrum), Pippali (Piper longum), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus) and Mandukparni (Centella asiatica). In addition, local applications can be used for small growths or tumors. An ointment containing Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Manjishtha, Saariva, Chandan (Santalum album) and Mandukparni can be used for this purpose.

In order to prevent or minimize the spread of the cancer cells to other parts of the body, medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Mahamanjishthadi-Qadha, Guduchyadi-Qadha, Punarnavadi-Guggulu and Gokshuradi-Guggulu are used. Herbal medicines which act on the ‘Ras’ and ‘Rakta’ dhatus (tissues) of the body are useful for this purpose. These include Kutaj (Holarrhina antidysentrica), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia).

In order to maximize the therapeutic response of the above mentioned medicines, it is also essential to boost the immune system of the body. Medicines like Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Suvarna-Parpati, Trivang-Bhasma, Tamra-Bhasma, Abhrak-Bhasma, Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Bala (Sida cordifolia) and Naagbala (Grewia hirsuta) are used for this purpose.

Ayurvedic medicines can be used as additional therapy in the treatment of melanoma, which is the most serious and deadly type of skin cancer. Prevention of this condition is very important by avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight, wearing protective clothing, and checking the skin regularly for suspicious growths or changes.

C4 C5 Bulging Disc

A C4 C5 bulging disc can be a very stubborn health condition to correct. This article will discuss what a C4 C5 bulging disc is, what causes it, common symptoms associated with it, as well as the most common treatment options available for your condition.

In order to understand what a bulging disc is, we must first understand what a spinal disc is, how it’s put together, and what it does.

The discs of the spine are special types of ligaments that are found between each set of vertebrae (bones of the spine). Their purpose is to hold the spine together, and to act as a cushion or shock absorber with movement.

Each disc of the spine is made up of a firm outer covering (called the annulus), and a jelly center (called the nucleus). They almost look like jelly doughnuts.

If something occurs to damage the annulus (the outer covering of the disc), the jelly can begin to shift to the weak area, which causes the disc to bulge. This is why this condition is referred to as a bulging disc. You may also hear it referred to as a herniated disc, slipped disc, etc.

What’s interesting about the disc is that it doesn’t have the ability to feel pain sensations. I realize this sounds a bit odd, but think about it – if the main purpose of the spinal discs is to absorb shock from movement, wouldn’t it be wise if we didn’t feel them? I don’t know about you, but I’m thankful I don’t feel pain with every movement I make.

At this point, you’re probably wondering why a C4 C5 bulging disc can be so painful if it doesn’t feel pain. The reason is because of where the bulge usually occurs. The disc usually bulges at the back of the disc, which is right next to the spinal cord and nerves of the spine.

The nerves of the spine control everything in the body. If there is any pressure applied to them, they become very aggravated and can cause incredible pain.

Even more significant, though, is the disability that can occur because of the pressure on these nerves. For example, a C4 C5 bulging disc will affect the nerves that control the arms, hands, shoulders, neck, head, chest, eyes, ears, and many other parts of the body.

Because of this, it is very common for a person with this condition to experience other symptoms besides neck pain. Symptoms such as pain, burning, weakness, or numbness in the shoulder, arm or hand, blurred vision, headaches, ringing in the ears, chest pain, difficulty breathing, etc.

The cause of a C4 C5 bulging disc is different for everyone, but in general, the most common cause is some type of injury or trauma. Car accidents, falls, sports injuries, etc. are all common causes of a bulging disc.

Although this may be the case for most, a bulging disc can also occur from deterioration that occurs in the disc over time. As we use our spine (which is pretty much all the time), the discs can deteriorate due to normal wear and tear. This creates a weakness in the outer layer of the disc, which can also lead to a bulging disc over time.

Let’s discuss some of the most common treatment options available for healing a C4 C5 bulging disc. Most doctors will recommend medications (usually a combination of pain relievers and muscle relaxers), pain injections (such as cortisone or epidurals), physical therapy, and surgery (as a last resort).

Although these treatments will often provide relief, it is important to realize that they do not generally provide long-term results. This is because most of these treatments are designed to numb the involved nerves (which provides relief), but they do not actually address the cause of the problem, which is the injured disc.

I’ve actually found that a combination of treatments is most effective for this condition, and there are about 30 steps a person needs to take in order to help the disc heal completely, which provides lasting relief.

Let’s discuss just 3 things you can do at home right now to start the healing process.

First, I would recommend that you use ice on your neck if you are experiencing pain. Ice is usually the fastest way to experience relief, and although this sounds pretty simple, I can’t tell you the number of times I’ve had people tell me they use heat with this condition.

Heat is really one of the worst things you can do if you are experiencing pain, because the body is going through an inflammatory process, which is where the body will send blood to the injured area to try and fix it. This will cause swelling and excessive heat in the area, so what do you think will happen if you apply heat to it? That’s right – it will get more inflamed and aggravated.

Apply the ice over the middle of the back of your neck for 15 minutes or until the area becomes numb. Then repeat this every hour. If you do this consistently, you should start to notice some improvement in the pain levels within 3 to 4 treatments, and it should calm down considerably in about 3 days.

The second tip I would recommend is that you watch the way you are sleeping. Make sure you are only using one pillow, and that you are not sleeping on your stomach. Sleeping with extra pillows under your head will cause the neck to bend excessively which puts a lot of strain on the discs of the neck. Sleeping on your stomach forces you to turn your head to the side, and this excessive rotation can also be hard on the disc.

Finally, I would recommend that you bounce on a therapy ball. Therapy balls are those large balls you see at health clubs. Simply sit on the ball and bounce gently up and down for about 5 minutes every day. This will pump the discs of the spine (even in the neck), which pumps new oxygen and nutrition into the disc for faster healing.

If you would like more information about the essential steps you can take to heal a C4 C5 bulging disc, please visit

Indoor Air Quality – 10 Ways to Keep Your Home’s Air Clean

Nitric acid, carcinogenic formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, gaseous radioactive isotopes, toxigenic mold spores; they might sound like items from some Bond villain’s shopping list, but in actuality they’re just a handful of the common airborne pollutants found in high levels throughout American households. In fact, the Environmental Protection Agency estimates air quality in the average American home or workplace contains 2 to 5 times the levels of pollutants found outdoors. Couple this with the EPA estimate that Americans spend 90% of their lives inside and you can see why they rank indoor air quality(IAQ) among the top 5 environmental health risks. But unlike many threats to our health and livelihood, the presence of pollutants in our home’s air is something we have quite a bit of control over. With some easy fixes you can drastically increase your home’s IAQ. Here are ten of the best ways to do so:

1. Ventilate Your Living Space

Since the energy crisis of the ’70s, American building and HVAC guidelines have pushed for tightly sealed, high-efficiency homes that preserve resources by keeping conditioned air inside the residences. Unfortunately, as we seal in air, we also seal in harmful air pollutants. The only fix for this problem? Ventilation.

And this can mean more than just opening a window. Many experts recommend a mechanical ventilation system that allows for.35 air changes per hour and that incorporates both general ventilation for the whole house and spot ventilation for problem areas such as the kitchen and bathrooms. Those looking to minimize energy loss can look into an Energy Recovery Ventilation System (ERV), a whole house solution that, as the name would suggest, recovers up to 80% of energy lost through ventilation.

2. Eliminate Second(and third)hand Tobacco Smoke in the House

Everyone knows that secondhand tobacco smoke contains more than 40 carcinogens, kills thousands of non-smokers each year and wreaks havoc on the lung development of children, but if for some reason you still aren’t convinced to take those cigarettes outside, let’s touch on the dangers of third-hand smoke.

Third-hand tobacco smoke refers to the residue that tobacco smoke leaves on walls, upholstery, clothing, skin, and other surfaces with which it comes in contact. This residue reacts with nitric acid, a common home air pollutant, to form tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs). TSNA’s caused by smoke residue find their way into people’s bodies through dust inhalation, absorption through the skin, and ingestion. And because this pollutant is largely the result of tobacco residue, it isn’t effectively eliminated through ventilation. Bottom line: don’t smoke, but if you do, keep it outside.

3. Minimize Radon Exposure Within your Home

This invisible, radioactive gas is a natural product of uranium decay occurring underground and seeps from the earth into buildings. It’s harmful when humans are exposed to even low levels of it over extended periods of time and is ranked the number 2 cause of lung cancer after tobacco. The worst affected are smokers who have up to 9 times the chance of developing lung cancer when they live in a house with high radon levels. But regardless of whether you smoke or not, protecting yourself from this invisible killer is essential.

The first step is to determine whether your home contains problem levels of the substance. Purchase a radon testing kit and when testing, remember that the EPA recommends residences maintain levels below 4 pCi/L, with 1.3 pCi/L being the average. If you do have high radon levels, hire a qualified professional to install a radon mitigation system ($800-$1200). These systems vent the gas directly from the ground to the air outside and can eliminate the majority of your home’s radon.

4. Cut Down on Airborn Combustion Products Through Proper Maintenance of Heat Producing Appliances

Stoves, furnaces, fireplaces, automobiles, and anything that generates heat through combustion, puts off harmful pollutants that negatively affect indoor air quality. Of these pollutants, two of the worst include:

  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) – This scentless, invisible gas causes acute symptoms that include fatigue, disorientation, heart palpitations and even death.
  • Nitrous Dioxide (NO2) – Symptoms resulting from NO2 inhalation include eye and lung irritation, asthma attacks, bronchitis and abnormal lung development in children.

Reduce levels of these two toxic gasses by keeping your furnace and all gas burning appliances properly maintained and having a technician inspect them once a year. Use mechanical spot ventilation around kitchen stoves, vent clothes driers to the outside, and avoid idling your car for long periods in the garage. To guard against Carbon Monoxide spikes in your home consider installing a CO detector($35-$85).

5. Clear Home of Unneeded Paints and Cleaners

Volatile Organic Compounds(VOC’s) are an unfortunate by-product of modern life and are found in everything from plastics to pressed wood products to synthetic fabrics. Some of the worst come from paints, cleaning products and other chemicals commonly found in the house. Aside from ventilation, the easiest way to limit exposure to VOC’s is to avoid keeping large amounts of cleaners and paints indoors. Throw out old, half-empty bottles of cleaning products and store your paints safely in an outdoor area.

6. Maintain Proper Humidity Levels

High levels of humidity in the home effect can play a major role in the spread of indoor pollutants. Mold and mildew thrive in humid climates and will fill your home’s air with allergy causing spores. Additionally volatile organic compounds are more quickly emitted in higher humidity levels. Keep humidity levels should be kept between 30% and 50% in order to ensure optimal air quality. Purchase a hygrometer to check your home’s humidity levels and consider purchasing a dehumidifier if levels are too high.

7. Eliminate and Prevent Mold Growth

As previously mentioned, mold grows anywhere there’s moisture. And with mold growth comes airborne mold spores, and when it comes to indoor air quality, mold spores are bad news. When inhaled, mold spores can irritate lungs, cause allergic reactions and exacerbate asthma. Keep surfaces in your home dry whenever possible and use detergent to clean any mold growth you find.

8. Keep your HVAC System in Working Order

Have heating and cooling systems checked annually to ensure they’re operating properly. Also have ducts checked for mold growth or leaks that could let in dangerous pollutants. Additionally, change your systems air filter every several months.

9. Be Aware of Unsafe Substances in Older Homes

Homes, built before 1960 often contain harmful substances once thought safe for use in residences. Two of the more notorious pollutants found in old homes include:

  • Lead – Named by the Department of Health and Human Services in 1991 as “the number one environmental health threat to children in the United States.” As such it can cause impaired mental development, learning disability and damage to the central nervous system. Airborn lead particles come primarily from old, flaking paint.
  • Asbestos – This potent carcinogen was once commonly used as insulation in American households and has been linked to serious conditions such as lung scarring and Mesothelioma. Asbestos in residences is most often found in the form of insulation.

So what should you do if you find these in your home? Well if they’re in good condition, you might not need to do anything. In fact it can sometimes be more dangerous to actually remove them as the disturbance can fill the air with high levels of the dangerous particles. But if they’re already in a state of deterioration or you’re planning on remodeling, clearing them from your house might actually be the safest bet. Just make sure to get professional help for the removal.

10. Avoid Ozone-Based Air Purifiers

Residential air purification systems using ozone gas to trap airborne pollutants are likely to be both ineffective and harmful. Studies have refuted claims that ozone removes significant amounts of indoor air pollutants. Even worse, the gas is the main component of smog and can cause respiratory issues when inhaled. When shopping for an air purifier, opt for models that don’t emit significant amounts of ozone.

And for the eleventh and arguably most important tip: get out of the house; or the office, or the mall, or the car, or wherever it is you choose to spend that EPA estimated 90% of your life. Maybe this technically isn’t a tip for improving indoor air quality, but nonetheless we stand by it. In addition to benefiting your lungs, time spent outdoors has been shown to reduce stress, boost mood, improve sleep quality, and fix a host of other health problems. So get out there and enjoy some fresh air, open space and sunlight…

…but remember to wear sunscreen, because we all know the EPA has something to say on that subject as well.

Discover How One Powerful Antioxidant OPC Takes Out Gout Naturally and Completely

People are discovering that they have healthier alternatives available to them than prescription drugs for getting rid of the painful effects of Gout. I know I’ve experienced the painful effects of arthritis and gout in my joints (especially my feet and knees) for years, and was just about ready to give up, take a visit to the scooter store, and stop walking altogether. If you’ve ever been woken up in the middle of the night with searing cramps in your toes and feet from gout or been unable to walk because of the pain you experienced like I have, you’ll know what I’m talking about. Doctors contributing to WebMD describe Gout as a form of arthritis — an inflammation of the joints — that causes sudden, severe attacks of pain, tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling in some joints. It usually affects one joint at a time although it can be in several joints at once. The large toe is most often affected, but gout can also affect other joints in the leg — such as the knee, ankle, and foot — and, less often, joints in the arm including the hand, wrist, fingers, and elbow.

Gout can be simply defined as an unusually high level of uric acid build up in the blood. Most of the time, having too much uric acid is not harmful. Many people with high levels in their blood never get gout. But when uric acid levels in the blood are too high in some people, the uric acid may form hard crystals in the joints. These crystals, act much like pieces of glass that collect around and rub up against our joints causing inflammation and pain. Gout is often seen in people who have a digestive disorder. In a normally functioning digestive system, fats and proteins are ingested into the body and the remaining impurities pass through the kidneys and out of the body. In a non-functioning digestive system, undigested food particles stay in the blood and become a source for uric acid, leading to a Gout or Arthritis condition

There are really two approaches for treating Gout. Traditional doctors typically recommend prescription drugs like Corticosteroids (Prednisone) that attacks and reduces inflammation in the joints. But while this approach is effective in relieving pain, and almost immediately, there are side effects that result from Prednisone. For example, for one, Prednisone causes a steroid induced Osteoporosis, a weakening of the bones, causing them to lose their density and become more brittle and acceptable to fracture. Usually this condition is found in post-menopausal women, but it could happen to women of any age or even to men who are taking this drug. Prednisone also decreases the formation of new bone and decreases the absorption of calcium from food by the body. Severe joint pain is a major and almost universal complaint experienced by many people taking Prednisone, due probably to the fact that it steals the body’s natural calcium needed to maintain healthy and inflammation free joints. Other doctors may prescribe indomethancine (Indocine), ibuprofen (Advil) or naproxen sodium (Aleve), which can help relieve pain and inflammation within 24 hours after a gout attack. But these medicines can have side effects as well, sometimes causing upset stomach, development of ulcers or increase heart attack risks. It is also advised that people with gastrointestinal, kidney or heart problems should not take these drugs. drugs are generally successful in stopping pain symptom s, in the long run they can be harmful to the body with prolonged use and never really affect the root cause of Gout. Doctors often recommend return visits

The alternative to prescription drugs in treating Gout relies on a more homeopathic or natural approach to the disease. Holistic doctors examine the condition of the blood, the vehicle that carries nutrients or impurities to all parts of the body. A simple blood test will show if you have unusually high levels of uric acid in your blood. The goal of alternative medicine is to improve the health of the blood using nutritional supplementation and therefore get to the cause of Gout, not just treating the symptoms. One such remedy is the use of powerful antioxidants that help purify the blood from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals impair the body’s ability to filter out impurities from undigested food particles leading to high concentrations of proteins and fats left in the blood that ultimately lead to higher concentrations of Uric acid crystals. Free radicals come from both inside and outside our bodies in the form of disease, infections, or outside toxins like pesticides, air pollution from exhaust fumes from automobiles, food preservatives, cigarette smoke, drugs, growth hormones, and ultra -violet light from the sun. Holistic doctors have discovered that one of the most natural and effective ways to regulate free radical damage is in the use of antioxidants derived from plant nutrients called Phytonutrients. Within this group is an even more specialized class called Bioflavonoids. One especially powerful Bioflavonoid in particular, called OPC or (Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins) is an extremely effective phytonutrient that is 50 times more powerful than Vitamin E and 20 times more powerful than Vitamin C. Actually OPC heightens Vitamin C’s effectiveness when used together. OPC consists of fruits, like grape seed extract, citrus extract, bilberry and wine extract, and pine bark. Together in harmony, these natural ingredients have been proven to be very effective in controlling Gout in many sufferers. One former Gout patient said he had been suffering from extreme Gout in his feet for over a year.

So bad in fact that every few months he had to have special boots made, that would allow him to walk without experiencing much pain. He said that his gout condition had extremely compromised his life and what he was able to do. After being exposed to OPC on a rather incidental basis and trying it, he experienced relief in a matter of four days. With continued use for the next 6 months this gentleman became completely free of joint pain. He even commented that since he has used OPC, he has not felt this good (overall health wise) for ten years. In my own individual case, I have been using OPC, a specific brand called OPC-3 for the last three years. I have found that when I have elected not to take it routinely, and stopped taking it altogether, my joint pain and gout returned with a vengeance. When I go back on OPC-3, the pain goes away and I feel great again and am able to do the sports I love to do like biking, skating, weight lifting and walking. Needless to say, I don’t plan on any more experimentation. I urge you to look into this powerful phytonutrient and you too may be able get back to doing what you love to do!

Pullup Injuries – What To Do If You Hurt Yourself Doing Pullups Or Chinups

Are you suffering from a pullup injury? Pullups (and the related exercise, the chin-up) are important and useful for anyone who wants to incorporate resistance training into their fitness workouts. After all, few movements are as natural as the pull-up. And since it’s primarily a bodyweight exercise, it gives you a good metric with which to judge your own progress (or lack thereof).

However, unless you have an advanced level of strength, pullups and chins are high intensity exercises. If you’re able to bang out a quick set of 20, you probably won’t get injured during chinups or pull-ups. But if you’re like most people (who do sub-10 repetition sets), you really have to push yourself on the last rep or two. It’s this high intensity that causes problems.

The first thing you should do to combat painful damage caused by pull-up problems is to stop and allow your body a chance to rest. Once you are completely pain-free, give it another week to make sure, then slowly build back up to where you were before the injury. It is essential to avoid jumping right back into the high-intensity workout; you need to ease gradually into your routine or you risk reaggravating the injury.

Make sure your pullup technique is correct. If you move in an unaccustomed way during the execution of the exercise, you run a high risk of pulling something out of whack and causing problems for yourself. Good form isn’t just for gymnasts, it’s for everyone who needs to remain pain-free.

Change Your Paradigms Change Your Life!

Paradigms are the way we see life: they are our governing belief systems. They are the driving forces behind every decision we make and are responsible for the persona we all currently portray. There are many different interpretations of the actual meaning of a paradigm. Basically a paradigm is “…a constellation of concepts, values, perceptions and practices held by an individual or shared by a community which forms a particular vision of reality that is the basis of the way an individual or community organises itself.”

Webster’s Dictionary defines it as: A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.

Paradigms are an effort to make things explainable and understandable, they drive all behavior, and behavior drives results. Paradigms are mental models or ways of thinking about something,they define what we view as important and how we approach problems and activities. They focus our attention, they concentrate our efforts on what we have deemed to be important, they give us the confidence to solve problems.

Ideally shifting your paradigms will allow you to change from who you think you are, to who you truly are. It is a movement from the accepted paradigm, to a new one, a restructuring of the patterns we rely on for decision-making, and is the only way to achieve a better outcome.The problem with a paradigm shift is that you do not know you are in it, until the new paradigm becomes the ‘conventional wisdom’ (rarely do people like Einstein come along and write a small book and shatter a paradigm, as he did overturning Newtonian physics which had dominated for hundreds of years and, within the scientific community, was the prevailing paradigm of thought). The process the mind goes through during a paradigm shift is, to many, fascinating.

Paradigm shifts can be shaped by the choices we make, by forces beyond our control, or a combination of the two.They are not just ideas that are used by scientists, they are a part of the way our brains work and we all rely upon them.They are one way of creating an instant belief change, and can take place only after a sudden and opposite change in our perceptions, which is normally different from reality. Perhaps the greatest barrier to shifting our paradigms, in some cases, is the reality of paradigm paralysis, the inability or refusal to see beyond the current models of thinking. This is similar to what Psychologists term Confirmation Bias which is usually defined as when as humans we seek out information that confirms our held beliefs and ignore facts that run counter to those beliefs.

Historically, one such shift is the Copernican revolution in which a belief in the world being flat was first challenged by the invention of the telescope, and then with the progression of science, discarded. Also consider the Swiss who failed to patent or market the quartz watch, even though they invented it, because they couldn’t shift paradigms. They couldn’t shift paradigms because they couldn’t see that there would be a market for another kind of watch besides the kind they had already been successfully making and selling for generations.

Essentially, a paradigm shift is a complete change in thinking or belief systems that allow the creation of a new condition previously thought impossible or unacceptable. Paradigm shifting is the movement from one paradigm to another. Paradigms are unquestioned convictions, unquestioned because almost everyone has accepted and bought into that same view of life, and are beliefs about life albeit not necessarily true or accurate.They are the mental models that each of us carries in our minds. When anomalies or inconsistencies arise within a given paradigm and present problems that we are unable to solve, our view of reality must change, as must the way we perceive, think, and value the world. A paradigm shift is the only way to achieve a better outcome.