The Erect Penis and Varicose Veins

A guy tends to focus a lot of attention on his erect penis, whether in the interest of pleasing a partner or pleasing himself. Yet despite the considerable attention a man gives it, it’s the rare man that knows that the penis can develop varicose veins. Getting older means extra attention to penis care is necessary, and a regular check for signs penile varicose veins should be part of this effort.

Not just in the legs

When most people hear “varicose veins,” they picture an older person’s leg with lumpy lines running all over it. But the fact is that varicose veins can present themselves in other parts of the body as well – including the penis.


It’s simply any vein that has become enlarged and twisted. But how does that come about?

Veins are equipped with a series of “valves” that basically shut off to keep blood flowing in one direction – forward. Without the valves, blood flow could reverse and start moving in the wrong direction. However, these valves can malfunction, creating this reverse flow for portions of the vein. This enlarges the vessel and creates a lump or, more often, a long series of lumps along the affected area. These lumps are often caused by clots, which can be dangerous, and eventually may lead to fibrosis in the area.

Varicose veins tend to be hereditary, and while they are more common in women, men do get them as well.


A penile varicose vein is often mistaken for a bruise, which it resembles, although it tends to be closer to the color of the skin than the typical blue of the bruise. It is often also mistaken for lymphangisclerosis, a thickening of the lymphatic vessel. Hardness and lumpiness are the physicals signs that present in the most obvious fashion.

If a man develops a penile varicose vein, it is most likely to occur in the dorsal penile vein. This is the blue line that runs prominently along the top of the penis. However, varicosity can occur in other veins in the body part as well. Varicose veins are easier to find in an erect penis, as the tautness of the skin in the erect state makes the lumpiness more obvious to see and feel.

Issues and treatments

Penile varicose veins have not been extensively studied and so there is little information about their health effects. It is generally considered a benign situation, but it may cause some minor pain or discomfort. A urologist should be consulted, especially if pain is an issue.

Most men with penile varicose veins find it beneficial to use lubricant when masturbating or engaging in partner sex. Vigorous sex can sometime cause irritation, which can be lessened through the use of a condom.

Fortunately, for most men, penile varicose veins are a minor annoyance and don’t generally affect the all-important enjoyment that comes with a happily erect penis. When soreness does result, using a top drawer penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) can help. All men experience penile soreness at some point, whether due to vein irritation or not, and using a crème that can maintain suppleness of the skin diminishes that pain. For that reason, the selected crème needs to contain both a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E) and a high end emollient (such as Shea butter) in order to preserve skin elasticity. The ideal crème also should include L-arginine, an enzyme which is involved in the production of nitrous oxide. This allows the penile blood vessels to relax and open, improving blood flow through the veins and oxygenating the areas properly.

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst Treatment – Are You Afraid That Your Ovarian Cyst Has Ruptured?

Will you or someone you love be one of the many women who suffer needlessly from a ruptured ovarian cyst? You probably already know that 75% of pre-menopausal women will suffer from painful ovarian cyst at one point in their lives. In addition, many of these women will sooner or later have to inquire about options for ruptured ovarian cyst treatment.

If you are afraid that your cyst has ruptured, don’t freak out too much because most of the time this condition doesn’t pose serious health problems, although it is extremely painful. It should also give you some peace of mind to know that 95% of ovarian cysts are not cancerous. Most of these growths don’t present serious complications and usually resolve themselves by bursting.

It is unfortunate that some women experience a cyst rupturing every month. Functional cysts are the most common type and develop and rupture when you ovulate. As a cyst enlarges, the walls weaken and tear resulting in fluid leaking out and bursting which causes internal irritation.

Nausea, tenderness, unusually heavy bleeding and extreme abdominal pain are some of the symptoms you can experience when a cyst ruptures. The symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst are very similar to ovarian cyst in general: the major difference is in the severity and frequency of the pain.

Ruptured cyst treatment is directly related to the intensity of an individuals situation. Most doctors will order a CS (cat scan), and/or an ultrasound to properly diagnose the problem. It is important to note that if you have a fever with abdominal pain, then you should go to the emergency room or doctor as soon as possible, because this could be an indication of something more serious.

Usually women that have experienced a ruptured ovarian cyst are prescribed pain pills, bed rest and have to “play the waiting game” while they are monitored by their doctor to see if the cyst will eventually dissolve on its own.

Another option is to take prescribed birth control pills to shrink and eliminate ovarian cysts that have already formed. Most experts however disagree about the effectiveness of this option. Some studies show that cyst shrink at the same rate with or without birth control pill use.

In extreme cases a woman may have to undergo an operation to remove a ruptured cyst. There are two types of procedures that can be performed. A laparoscopy, which requires that a doctor make a small incision or a lapartotomy, which is a more invasive type of surgery. These are usually recommended as a last resort after all other options have been exhausted.

You can probably sense by now that traditional medicine is limited when it comes to options for ruptured ovarian cyst treatment. On top of this realization, a lot of women struggling with this monthly also have to put up with insensitive medical practitioners that don’t have much empathy for this excruciating problem.

OH NO, My Bottom Itches!

Like bloating and gas, anal itching may be just an annoyance or it can take center light and be a real pain in the ….neck. It can become overwhelming and dominate your life. The skin about the anal opening is wrinkled and ridged and easily becomes irritated and inflamed.

Again there are many reasons why this is so. It is hard to keep the area clean and dry. The little wrinkles trap moisture from sweat and particles of feces. For women it may also remain moist because of vaginal lubrication or discharged.

Unfortunately when it becomes irritated we scratch. But in doing that we cause further problems and we get on the itch/scratch merry-go-round. Putting ointments or creams onto the irritation may only cause more dampness and more irritation.

The good news is, that though the problem is unpleasant and usually embarrassing it seldom means anything serious.

Causes of Anal Itching

Anal Fissure-or Fistula-An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus) that causes pain during bowel movements.

Dry skin. As you age, skin in and around your anus is more prone to dryness. Dry skin can cause persistent, intense anal itching.

Too much moisture. Moisture around your anus from excessive sweating or from moist, sticky stools can be irritating.

Frequent diarrhea or the escape of small amounts of stool (fecal incontinence).

Pre-moistened feminine tissues can cause anal itching. It is believed the reason is either the preservative,the perfume or the alcohol in the wipe.

Hemorrhoids are engorged veins located just under the membrane that lines the lowest part of your rectum and anus. can sometimes be itchy, partly because of the slimy discharge they produce.

Overuse of laxatives. Excessive or improper use of laxatives can lead to chronic diarrhea and the risk of anal irritation and itching.

Anal tumors. Rarely, benign or cancerous tumors in or around the anus may be a cause of anal itching.

Anal Papillae (Abnormal local growth of anal skin)

Antibiotics can cause diarrhea and thus anal itching.

Fungal infections, yeast infections, (candida) similar to thrush or athlete’s foot and diaper rash are another common cause. Fungi love warm, damp and damaged skin, so if you have an itchy anus for any reason and then damage the skin by scratching, fungi can take hold and make it worse.

Washing too much or not enough. Poor hygiene can be responsible for anal itching, but so can excessive cleaning.

You may be sensitive or allergic to something you are using. The culprit may be soap, bubble bath, ointments(never use more for more than one week)creams or even scented toilet paper

Chemical irritants. Certain laundry soaps, colognes, douches and birth control products contain chemicals that can irritate skin in and around your anus.

Skin conditions, such as psoriasis or eczema, can affect the skin round the anus and cause itching.


Sexually transmitted infections can cause itching, though they are rarely the cause. Genital warts (vulva or penis), caused by papillomavirus, thrive in warm, moist conditions such as the skin near the anus and can be very itchy. Genital herpes (caused by herpes virus) can also infect the anus, and causes itching just before the sores appear and also during the healing stage.

Thread worms or better known as pin worms can truly irritate and cause amazing anal itching. They are however very common-it is estimated that in the USA alone there are 40 million cases. They are small at 13 mm long and live in the lower part of your bowel. The female worms creep out of the anus at night – how they know it is night, and why they come out only at night, is a mystery. They lay thousands of eggs on the skin of the anus, which even while sleeping causes severe itching at night. When you scratch, the eggs lodge under your fingernails, and it is easy to transfer them to your mouth and reinfect your gut by swallowing the eggs.

Certain foods can irritate the anus during defecation. Beer and curry are obvious examples. Some people find that citrus fruits, grapes, tomatoes, salsa, peppers, coffee or tea can cause problems.

Some foods may directly or indirectly irritate your anus as they exit your colon. Common culprits include chocolate, fruits, tomatoes, nuts and popcorn.

Being anxious makes your brain and body hyper alert to sensations and therefore the symptom of itching that did not bother you yesterday now seems magnified and it makes the problem worse.

The last cause of anal itching may seem odd to you, but some people without really knowing it, enjoy the pleasure of it. They get an erotic reaction to the act of scratching and thus keeps the problem going.

Acid Reflux And Indigestion: What Is The Difference?

Many construe the conditions of both acid reflux and indigestion to mean the same thing. In reality, there are a number of differences between the two conditions. While it is true that acid reflux symptoms are very similar to those of indigestion, they are a lot more severe and tend to persist for more than a few hours.

Acid reflux can be a serious condition if you do nothing about it. When series, acid reflux is known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). You experience pain in the oesophagus and throat as the acid from the stomach causes damage to the lining. If you do not treat your condition, the acid reflux symptoms can become unbearable as the lining of the oesophagus is slowly eroded away by the stomach acid. In the worst case scenario, you may develop oesophageal cancer or any of the other serious and potentially life-threatening throat conditions. These will be a lot harder to treat than the initial acid reflux symptoms. Hence it is important to seek early medical attention especially if your acid reflux symptoms do not go away.

Acid reflux is not curable. However, you can make changes to your diet and lifestyle for pain relief and to control your symptoms. Only if these solutions fail, should you consider consuming prescription medications.

Indigestion is often thought to be a milder version of acid reflux. But this is not really true. Only some of the symptoms are similar. For example, one of the most common symptoms of indigestion is gassy episodes and often these episodes are felt by sufferers of true acid reflux. Indigestion sufferers may also have an uncomfortable feeling around the chest and shoulder area that you are unable to relieve by burping.

Indigestion is commonly caused by over-eating or eating too quickly. Your stomach is bombarded with food and it produces acid in extreme amounts. Acid reflux however is caused when the sphincter at the top of the stomach is weakened and the stomach acid is allowed to travel up the oesophagus and then into the throat. Because of this dissimilarity, you often experience the major symptoms of the two conditions in different parts of the body; that is the chest for indigestion and the throat/oesophagus for acid reflux.

7 Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes

No doubt, mosquitoes are such bothersome insects plaguing mankind today. With just one bite, this tiny pest can cause you trouble for a period of time.

On most cases, a mosquito bite can be harmless. Small bumps may emerge on the bitten skin, which may itch for a while and then disappear and disregarded.

However, there are times when a simple mosquito bite can result into something life-threatening. These tiny insects consume the blood of their hosts and as they fly from one victim to another, they can transmit mosquito-borne diseases. Various types of diseases can be acquired from a mosquito bite that can range from merely an annoyance to grave and alarming illnesses. Exterminating mosquitoes can be tough, but there are certain actions that you can take to protect yourself from getting bitten and refrain from having a mosquito-borne illness.

Below is a list of mosquito-borne diseases and symptoms that you should watch out for:

Zika Virus

Symptoms of Zika virus include fever, rash, pain in the joints and redness in the eyes. This disease is highly dangerous to pregnant women as it can cause birth defects such as microcephaly, which affects the head and brain.

Brazil and other South American countries are the areas where Zika virus is endemic. Up to date, there is still no known vaccine for Zika. Pregnant women should stay away from these areas to avoid coming into contact with the virus or mosquitoes carrying it.

Dengue Virus

This virus is found in many tourist spots in South America, the Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia but is rare in the United States. Rash, fever, headache, abnormal bruising and bleeding gums are the typical symptoms of this virus. There is no vaccine for Dengue and if neglected and not treated properly, this virus can cause a hemorrhagic fever that can be very fatal. It’s best to take measures to prevent mosquito bites, especially in areas frequented by the Dengue virus.

West Nile Virus

Most of the time, people do not experience symptoms from this virus. However, there are cases when this virus causes fever, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash. On some occasion, this virus can lead to serious complications such as encephalitis and meningitis. Prevalent in almost every U.S. states, this virus, again, has no available vaccine.


Commonly found in African countries, Malaria has symptoms like headache, fever, chills and vomiting. It is rarely found in the U.S. but if you travel a lot especially in African countries, you may get infected with the disease too. If you are in a place where this virus is prevalent, it is highly recommended to sleep under a mosquito net, apply insect repellent spray or lotion and spray insecticides in the area to keep the mosquitoes away.

Yellow Fever

Jaundice is caused by yellow fever, which can make one’s skin and eyes look yellowish. In addition, symptoms like headache, backache, chills and vomiting may also be experienced. Mosquitoes carrying this disease are prevalent in South America or Africa. There is a vaccine available to fight off this disease.


Strong joint pain that in most cases may be severe that can affect one’s movement is the main symptom of Chikungunya. Rash, headache, nausea, and fatigue are other symptoms included in this disease. As there are many cases of Chikungunya in Europe and the Americas, this disease is found in Asia and India too. While many people recover from this disease, there is no known cure for Chikungunya. This disease may last for months or even years.

La Crosse Encephalitis

Most of the time, symptoms of this illness are not noticeable, but it may cause fever, headache, and nausea. There are around 100 cases of La Crosse Encephalitis reported in the US each year, mainly in the upper mid-west, mid-Atlantic and southwest.

Stay Safe

If mosquitoes are chronic in your area, guard yourself from being bitten. You should avoid areas where there’s stagnant water in which mosquitoes may breed. Try to stay indoors during the times when these insects are out the most. If you need to go out, make sure to use repellents for your protection.

When you are faced with symptoms other than the itchiness and redness from a mosquito bite, consult a doctor immediately to prevent any further complications.

Pet Rats: Understanding Common Rat Behavior and Body Language – A Rat /People dictionary

I’m about to take you” behind the scenes” into the rat mind. You could say this is a Rat /People dictionary on Rat behavior.

If you pay careful attention to the things I’m about to reveal to you, you’ll definitely have more success with your pet rat.

Firstly…what’s a Rat Stare?

What’s a Rat Stare I hear you ask?

Do your rats have a disturbing habit? Do they stare straight ahead for long periods of time?

Is it rather unnerving to see them staring, unmoving, with their eyes wide open for hours on end.

Do your ratties see dead people? Is it a sixth sense thing?

Don’t fret your not the only one. For anyone that’s owns(ed) a rat this is this normal rat behavior.

The Rat Stare and other rat behavior’s and body language are explained in this issue.

Pet owners often speak to their “babies” in human baby talk, but as with any animal (as smart as they are!) you’re probably better off understanding your rats’ behavior by their body language. With rats in particular, there are telltale signs that they will demonstrate, and that you will be able to interpret successfully.

The following are some of the typical things that owners of pet rats have witnessed their buddies doing from time to time. Some are funny, some may be a little frightening…but rest assured that most of it is just your usual rattie’s behavior!

Note: these rat behaviors are generally perfectly normal of rats that are healthy and well socialized, with no current, apparent medical problems (they are active and their diets and bowel movements are normal). If your rat isn’t eating right, has improper bowel movements or is demonstrating other unusual or destructive behavior – consult a small animal vet or your rats’ breeder immediately.

Body Language –

Your one rat curls up its tail (while your other rat doesn’t)

Possible Reasons:

Your rat is simply balancing itself. A rat’s tail is for balance – even if one rat seems to use their tail more. Watch and you’ll see both rats keep their tails ½” off the ground, particularly when they are balancing on your shoulder or climbing up to a higher space.

Body Language –

Your rat stands up and ‘swings’ its nose in the air Your rat sways its head from side to side.

Possible Reasons:

Your rat is catching a whiff! Rats have incredible senses of smell, and they are just identifying something in the air that is intriguing to them.

Rats don’t have superior vision. Never fear, your rat can see – but sight isn’t it’s strongest sense, making this normal behavior part of your rat’s vision process.

Body Language –

Your rat is licking you all the time.

Your rat is grinding their teeth in your ear!

Your rat’s eyeballs are bugging out of their head!

Possible Reasons:

Face it – you’re one big rat to them!

That’s actually a big compliment to you, and all of those behaviors (teeth “bruxing” and eye ‘boggling’) mean that your rat loves you and will try to groom you like a true companion (they probably also like the taste of salt of your skin!).

These are some common rat behaviors and rat body language people have questions about, and experienced with their pet rat. These explanations I have provided will guarantee to help you understand your little buddy(s) and ensure you are a successful rat owner.

Homeopathic Health Secrets of Cayenne Pepper – Part 1

The homeopathic uses for cayenne pepper are literally almost unlimited. It truly is one of the most potent herbs in the world. In fact, if you learn about any one herb, learn about his one. It should be in the home of every person who is a homeopathic practitioner or to those who believe in it. It is not, though. If it is in someone’s kitchen cabinet it is for its culinary uses only.

So, what are some of the homeopathic uses for cayenne pepper? Cayenne has been used for everything from heart ailments to prostate cancer to use as a topical agent. Let me suggest some simple ones that you can use literally use today.

Homeopathic Uses of Cayenne

1) It is tremendous for curing sore throats. Gargle with it every 10 to 15 minutes and it’ll eliminate the viral agents causing the soreness and itchiness. If it persists after three hours, use it a couple of times an hour and it’ll work. Needless to say, it’ll be hot, but your body can acclimate very quickly.

2) Use it to stop bleeding in open wounds. It is perfectly safe to put cayenne into an open wound as it will not only disinfect the wound of unwanted microbes but it’ll stop bleeding as well — even severe cuts or wounds.

3) Have a chill that you can’t quite get over? Drink a glass of warm water

4) Having an heart attack or heart pains? If you have it available, drop some cayenne pepper drops under the tongue and it will stop the attack. If you can, have the sufferer drink a glass of warm water mixed with at least a quarter teaspoon of cayenne pepper. This will literally immediately strengthen the heart. Plus, if you are suffering from a severe wound, cayenne will actually cause the blood to clump and stop the bleeding within a minute. This goes along with point #2, but it’s worth mentioning here.

5) Suffering from arthritis? When used as the core ingredient in various topical lineaments, it helps soothe and alleviate the pain.

6) Have a toothache? Use cayenne. It can east toothaches and even preserve the teeth from rotting. When rubbed on the gums, cayenne pepper stimulates them, helping to prevent pyorrhea. One of the main qualities of cayenne is that it is a “rubefacient” meaning it brings blood up to the surface.

7) Have an ulcer? Notwithstanding its heat, it actually helps to heal, not just soothe, but heal stomach and intestinal ulcers. You have to take it in liquid form for this is preferable to the capsules.

8) When rubbed on the skin where it is the main ingredient in an ointment, it will soothe and give a wonderful warm sensation, eliminating cramps.

Sounds too good to be true, doesn’t it? Don’t take my word for it, or anyone else’s for that matter. Test it out for your self.

In the next installment of this article, I’ll give you more homeopathic uses some of which you’ll find truly incredible. If you think this article strains credibility, wait until the next one.

End Stage Liver Disease Complications

Liver disease and it’s complications are quite surprising. Who would even begin to imagine all that a liver patient has to deal with!

Liver disease can come on quickly due to drugs, Tylenol abuse, and many other reasons such as a fatty liver.

Other times liver disease is brought on from drinking too much, as in alcoholism, or by doing drugs, whether street or prescription. It depends on so many factors and the person’s biological makeup.

Some liver patients do not experience any symptoms until it is too late. When the late stage symptoms appear, liver disease can kill quickly and painfully.

One very common symptom is ascites, swelling of the abdomen, feet and legs.Blood that normally would go through the liver backs up and affects the kidneys and other organs, causing extreme water retention.

Liver failure causes heart failure, kidney failure, enlarged spleen, portal hypertension, Barrett’s esophagus, swelling on the brain from ammonia and other toxins. Blood platelet counts can become dangerously low causing the patient to bleed uncontrollably through the stomach, bowels, esophagus, and even causes strokes or heart attacks in some patients.

Complications from liver disease can cause the portal area around the lungs to fill with fluid and become dangerously infected, or also in the abdomen.

The disease can cause the brain to swell from fluid and toxins, as I have mentioned, to the degree that one is out of their head or becomes comatose.

There are medications to control some of the symptoms, but at the point of no return the damaged liver is destroyed, and, without a transplant, the patient will die.

The liver patient becomes jaundiced, loses all muscle mass, is gaunt, can no longer eat. The quality of life is very limited to waiting on the next doctor visit, or hospital stay. Doctors will do this test and this procedure to keep the patient alive until transplant if they even qualify for one. A liver patient has to be close to death before than can receive a transplant. It is a very precarious process.

Further investigation of this subject can be found in the many articles online for End Stage Liver Disease.

My husband is a patient with this disease. It has been a real learning experience. I hope you will warn others of the dangers of alcohol or drug use as a self inflicting cause for liver disease. It can happen to anyone!

Are Your Nursing Assistants in the Know About COPD?

Did you know that COPD is predicted to be the third leading cause of death by 2030? Because chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is so prevalent, your nursing assistants are bound to care for clients with this condition. They need to know how to help clients deal with the changes that come with a diagnosis of COPD. Here is some information–and a few practical tips–that you can share with your CNAs:

What Is COPD?

You probably know that the term COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. And, you may know that the lung damage that results from COPD makes the vital act of breathing extremely difficult, sometimes painful and completely inefficient. But, did you know that COPD develops gradually over a long period of time? For example, it usually takes years of cigarette smoking before symptoms become noticeable. While the progression of COPD is different for everyone, it might develop something like this:

Jim started smoking cigarettes when he was 19. Now, he’s 27. His wife wants him to quit smoking, but Jim hasn’t noticed any symptoms of lung damage, so he keeps on smoking. When he turns 31, Jim starts to develop a chronic cough. Sometimes he coughs up a small amount of mucus.

By age 40, Jim begins to notice some occasional shortness of breath. As the years go by, his shortness of breath gets worse and worse. When he turns 47, Jim finally sees a doctor who diagnoses COPD and starts Jim on some treatments. He notices a little bit of improvement at first-less coughing and fewer episodes of shortness of breath. Jim decides it’s okay to continue smoking-just a few cigarettes a day.

In his early 50’s, Jim starts to slowly get worse. His COPD is progressing-in spite of medical treatments. Jim has repeated coughing attacks and constant shortness of breath. He loses his job and can no longer support his family. Now, each time Jim has a coughing attack, it takes longer and longer for him to feel better. (Unfortunately, his lungs suffered a lot of damage before he finally went to a doctor. This makes it harder to manage the COPD.) By age 55, Jim’s damaged lungs barely work. He has to gasp for every breath of air. Jim dies at the young age of 56-leaving a wife and two teenaged children.

Facts about COPD

COPD is a chronic disease, which means that it continues over a long period of time. And it’s obstructive, because it blocks the passage of air, making it hard to breathe. COPD is a pulmonary disease, which means that it affects the lungs.

COPD is also a progressive and irreversible disease. This means that it gets worse over time and that a person with COPD won’t get better (once there has been damage in the lungs).

Early symptoms of COPD often start out mild and do not cause much concern. Over time, as the symptoms worsen and fail to resolve, lung damage begins to occur. There are four main symptoms of COPD:

  1. Chronic cough that may produce mucus. This is usually the earliest symptom. It can start out mild, then gradually increase in frequency and produce more and more mucus.

  2. Shortness of breath with minimal exertion. This usually develops later on and continues to get worse as COPD progresses.
  3. Chest tightness. As lung damage progresses, breathing becomes more difficult. There may be a feeling of painful tightness in the chest.
  4. Wheezing or a whistling sound that occurs while breathing is common if the airways become swollen or blocked.

Other symptoms of COPD may include:

  • Fatigue, depression and anxiety.
  • Weight loss.
  • Enlarged chest (also called “barrel chest”).
  • Too little oxygen can cause COPD clients to have a bluish color to their skin, lips, and nails.
  • Headache, irritability, and problems thinking and learning.

10 Client Care Tips

There is no cure for COPD. But, there are some things you can do to help. Here are a few tips for improving the quality of life of your clients with COPD.

1. Watch your clients when they use their inhalers. It’s important that they know how to use them properly. Using an inhaler seems simple, but you would be surprised at how may people forget to take off the cap! Let your supervisor know if you think they may be using them wrong.

2. Ask to see your client’s inhaler. If you notice a “powder” around the hole where the medicine comes out, the inhaler needs to be cleaned. Clean the canister by removing the medication canister from the mouthpiece and rinsing the mouthpiece and cap in warm water. It’s best to do this in the evening so the mouthpiece can “air dry” overnight.

3. If your clients have portable oxygen units, make sure they know exactly how much oxygen they have so that they don’t run short during an outing. It’s very important not to smoke near oxygen. Encourage your clients and their family members not to smoke at all.

4. Try not to let your clients with COPD do too much in one day. Help your clients do their most important chores or activities first-when they have the most energy. And, suggest that your clients sit for as many activities as possible. Believe it or not, sitting uses 25% less energy than standing.

5. Remind your clients to avoid air pollution. Encourage them to remain indoors if the air quality is poor. Even low amounts of ozone can worsen respiratory diseases.

6. If your clients experience shortness of breath during mealtimes, you can suggest that they: eat several small meals instead of three big ones; rest before eating; eat slowly and chew foods well; breathe evenly when chewing; take plenty of time to eat; and avoid hard to eat foods.

7. Staying hydrated is important, too. Encourage your clients to drink plenty of fluids. This is a good way to keep the mucus loose so that it can be brought up by coughing.

8. Avoid wearing strong perfumes or using strong-smelling cleaning fluids around clients with COPD.

9. Many people with COPD also have allergies or asthma. If your clients suffer from allergies, try to be aware of the things that bother them-such as house dust, pollen, strong odors, cigarette smoke and pets. Help them avoid these allergy “triggers”.

10. Remember…encourage your clients and their family members not to smoke. Tell them that over one million smokers successfully quit the habit each year. Of course, it isn’t easy to quit. Most smokers make five attempts to stop before they actually do it. But, there are plenty of products on the market to help, such as nicotine patches, nicotine gum, nicotine nasal spray, and nicotine inhalers. Offer praise and support when your clients quit smoking. (And be a good example yourself by not smoking!)

Global Trends For the Financial Service Industry

As the economic crisis continues to unfold, the financial service industry faces serious challenges. The crisis is rooted in continuous imbalances, including long periods of low interest rates, rapidly rising asset prices, and massive credit and savings imbalances. The 2007 and 2008 Reports from the World Economic Forum predicted these changes as continuous risk to the market.

Earlier decades of exceptional growth and capitalism at its best have now caused the market to adapt to tighter credit, growing government intervention, slowing pace of globalization, and no economic growth. With increasing regulations in the United States and decreasing availability of credit, the industry faces a significant risk of stunted growth. The global recession is also affecting the financial sector because of capital markets and decreased aggregate demand, according to Max von Bismarck, Director and Head of Investor Industries.

This article will provide leaders, employees and investors in the financial service industry with five unique and timely trends to keep in the forefront of their growth strategies for the next five years. These five key trends will shape the post financial crisis in a holistic and systematic manner.


GLOBAL BANKING. According to the World Bank, although many banks such as American Express, Citibank and JPMorgan Chase conduct business in multiple countries, they are relatively regional in the United States. In order to grow, the financial industry will have to infiltrate emerging markets. For companies that have a more aggressive growth strategy, the spread to emerging markets such as Africa and Asia presents unparalleled opportunities for profit and increased market share.

IT PLATFORM SHARING. Network World confirms that financial service firms’ business strategies must be altered for the new dynamics and intricacies of today’s market. Immediate access to information and integration along product lines and geography are a must for future success. With the need to supply information to a global market, firms must decrease cost. One cost effective initiative is the use of platform sharing; like cell phone companies that collaborate with local companies in order to decrease cost and increase access, financial firms can do the same.

E-BANKING. A special report from The Economist sees that with 3.5 billion people with cell phones and an expected 10-20% year over year growth, personal and business banking transactions are conducted through cell phones more and more. Thus, E-banking capability is quickly becoming an increasing requirement in order to compete in the marketplace. E-banking capabilities provide companies with essential flexibility and differentiation in the market through Internet-based service applications.

MOBILE MONEY. The increase of mobile phone usage in emerging markets makes mobile money a safe, low cost initiative for the financial sector. It is an easier way to transfer money to family and friends, money is sent, and payments and withdrawals can be made without ever going to a physical bank or payment center. M-Pesa, an early developer of mobile money, concluded that mobile money “has enormous social and economic benefits.”

SELF-SERVICE. Self-service and the customer should be a primary focus for firms in this new financial service world, according to IBM. AppViewXS is a self-service portal firms can purchase, so customers can check the status of their account and gain instant access to available services. Customer questions and concerns are addressed more quickly, states an IBM representative. This technology automates many processes; the result is that staff workload is reduced while representatives operate faster and more efficiently.

Financial service firms need to have sustainable, steady expansion in the emerging markets in order to grow in the future. Deloitte and Touche Research reports that financial service firms have not positioned themselves to capitalize on more geographically dispersed opportunities. More than 93 percent of the executives interviewed for this report acknowledged that their firms “are not operating in a globally integrated fashion.”

The same report states that financial firms need to invest away from veteran or mature markets and toward emerging markets because “by 2025, veteran markets will be rivaled by other markets with faster growing economies and increasingly sophisticated financial product appetites.” USA based firms can look toward Japanese and African markets for expansion opportunities. Kennedy Consulting analysts believe that the market will rebound from the global financial crisis in 2011, but there will not be any return to the robust levels prior to 2007 until much later in the decade; hopefully, the five key trends in this report will help the leaders, employees and investors in the financial service industry to look toward a robust sound future.

In addition to growth strategies, in the 2002 Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, Henson and Wilson discuss the extreme changes that have occurred in the financial service industry and how many firms are trying to develop and execute successful strategies based on innovative technology and customers. Aside from the regular ups and downs of the financial world, technology and innovation will always prevail as the win-win for the financial service industry. Because online banking has become the norm for most customers, technology will be very important in these firms’ strategies.

With the customer at the center of most trends in financial service firms, creating new values for their current and potential clients beyond current expectations will be a top priority. The need for convenience mixed with technology makes mobile money a great initiative in the emerging as well as the developed markets. Many firms have speed pay, the ability to pay without swiping the card, as part of their credit card services. An embedded chip in the credit card enables payments to be made by putting the card close to the payment processor. Mobile money will be an expansion of payment and money transfers without the need for a card, the need to go to a physical bank, or to use Internet banking. Payments, transfers, deposits and withdrawals can be made with a cell phone.

The World Bank concurs that innovative technology and an increase in e-business strategies will lead to much lower costs and greater competition in financial services. Internet and related technologies, the World Bank affirms, are more than just new delivery channels; they are an inexpensive, different, and very effective way to provide the same services. Since financial service firms must grow organically, build customer loyalty, and accommodate the customers’ expanding needs for services and convenience, partnerships with new technology businesses will allow them to lower their expenses and be competitive.

Established firms such as Amex, Citibank, and others can partner with groups such as the wired tech savvy Google Alumni who are not averse to risk and who own fledgling technology businesses that are reshaping the industry with a new wave of innovative products, write Spencer Ante and Kimberly Weisul of Business Week. Mobile Money Ventures is one such fledgling company that is a provider on the forefront of alternative financial service products. Small companies such as these are able to provide well-known financial firms the wherewithal to open in emerging markets where there is a need for cooperation with other firms in order to attain then obtain the local customer base.

Today’s competition is fueled not just by profitable customers, but also by the firms that are the most efficient and cost effective. Procedural and cultural clash will result from expanding into unknown markets as seen by the history of Citibank in Asia Minor. But in the long run, tighter regulations, new technology and improved business processes will cause expanding in emerging markets not only to change the demographics of the clients (both geographically and core clients), but also to better the global economy and the future of the financial services industry. Keeping the previous trends at the forefront of managers’ strategic plans, financial firms will rebound bigger and better than ever.

What You Should Know About High White Blood Cell Count

Elevated white blood cell count (also known as leukocytosis) indicates that there is an increase in the production of white blood cells (WBC or leukocytes) in the body. It is the opposite of leukopenia, which is the decrease in the number of WBC. The main function of leukocytes is to fight infections within the body, which can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses. High white blood cell count in the body can indicate an underlying health issue, such as anemia, bone marrow tumor, inflammatory disease, emotional or physical anxiety, tissue damage, infectious diseases, or even leukemia. However, further examination must be done to figure out the exact cause of the condition.

The tests performed may vary from one patient to another, depending on their medical history. If you have leukocytosis, your doctor will most likely do a blood test called complete blood test (CBC). He or she will be able to determine the cause and the suitable treatment options through the test results. Your doctor may even go through the list of medications that you are currently taking. If the test shows that the condition is very serious, you may have to undergo a bone marrow biopsy since the high WBC might be a sign of a bone marrow disease.

High WBC can also lead to infertility in both women. A woman who has leukocytosis might be allergic to her partner’s semen. Her body may misrecognize sperm as an invasive object and thus develops antibodies that can damage or even kill sperm. In order to overcome this problem, her doctor will prescribe her antibiotics so that her allergic reaction level to semen can be reduced, or even eliminated. However, you shouldn’t worry too much because this condition is very rare.

Leukocytosis can also occur during pregnancy. Commonly, when a woman is pregnant, the WBC in the uterus produce antibodies. The leukocytes can misidentify the fetus as an invasive object and attack it, causing miscarriage. The baby can also carry high white blood cells and therefore a pregnant woman must avoid several kinds of meats that can increase the production of WBC, such as sausages and salamis. With a healthy diet, the risk of miscarriage and high WBC in the baby can be reduced.

Symptoms include fever, bleeding or bruising, difficulty breathing, sudden weight loss, fatigue, dizziness, and pain or tingling in the arms, legs, or abdomen. If you suspect that you might have high WBC, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Acne Vulgaries

Acne vulgaries is a skin disease and found in men and women equally. Acne includes whiteheads, blackheads, zits, pimples, outbreaks of lesions and deeper lumps. It appears on face, shoulders, back, upper arms and chest.

Types of acne vulgaries


  • Pustules
  • Cysts papules
  • Scars


  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads

Secondary lesions

  • Scratched spots
  • Pigmented macules
  • Erythematous macules
  • Scars
  • Nodules

Causes of acne vulgaris

Levels of hormones increase and skin glands produce more oil during puberty. These oils help to keep the skin moist. When oil mixes with dead skin cells, acne vulgaris gets start. The mixture becomes infected with bacteria and result is redness, pus-acne and swelling. Sometimes, it can be developed by specific medications. In some cases, hormones pass by mother to newborn baby, and baby gets acne.

Symptoms of acne vulgaris

It can be associated mild to severe. Mild acne may cause blackheads and whiteheads, but severe acne may cause various pimples on the skin. These lesions can leave scars after the treatment and this acne are painful. Acne can lead to depression and low self-esteem.


Physical examination will be performed by the doctor to diagnose the acne vulgaris. Health care provider will ask some questions about medical history from patients to determine the type of acne. There is no need of any special tests to diagnose acne.


The types of treatment depend on form of acne such as mild, moderate or severe. Treatment can include gels or specific lotions to remove the acne from the skin. Sometimes, oral medications or topical medications are prescribed by the doctor.

Mild acne

The treatment for mild acne such as blackheads, pimples or whiteheads may include benzoyl peroxide such as Benzac, Clearsil or Benoxyl or salicylic acid such as Stri-Dex, Clearsil or Propa pH or gentle cleansing with a mild soap such as Neutrogena or Dove.

Sometimes, topical lotions containing antibiotics or another medication for killing bacteria will be prescribed by the doctor to get better result.

Moderate to severe acne

Combinations of medications or therapies will be needed to treat acne vulgaris. Oral antibiotics can be given by the doctor to begin the healing process. There is a need a combination of various therapies for inflammatory acne. Treatment may include:

  • Draining of cysts and pimples by a trained health professional.
  • Applying prescription retinoids.
  • Taking prescription oral retinoids.
  • Applying benzoyl peroxide.
  • Laser treatment.
  • High-intensity light wave therapy.
  • Applying azelaic acid.

Home treatment

Wash the affected skin twice a day.

Do not squeeze acne and touch it.

Avoid products such as cold creams, lip glosses, milky cleansers, that contain oils.

Use always nonprescription medicated soaps, gels, creams and lotions to remove the acne.

Use only water-based skin care products.

Nonprescription products include the following to treat acne:

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Salicylic acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Tea tree oil


  • Avoid heavy sweating.
  • Wash the face regularly with mild soap and water.
  • Avoid hair care products such as mousses, gels and cream.
  • Avoid touching the affected skin.
  • Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals and oils.
  • Avoid excessive exposure to sun rays.

What Are The End Stage COPD Symptoms

COPD is the condition or disease when the patient experience obstruction of airways. This results to difficulty in breathing and other symptoms that come with this disease. The problem with COPD is it’s a condition that lasts for a lifetime. Since it lasts for a long time, a number of patients are just dealing with end stage COPD symptoms as they age. typically, it can be difficult for people to know if they’re already experiencing some end stage symptoms of COPD but there are still some indications that may describe it. With COPD, people will experience difficulty in breathing and result being deprived of its needed supply. Without the right oxygen supply, patients will feel they’re weaker and even keep themselves from doing as much work as possible.

The feeling of weakness would cause them to just stay on bed or at home where they can rest. Even simple household chores without strenuous lifting may be too much for them. these chores include dishwashing, washing their clothes and even bringing themselves to the bathroom would take a lot of their small amount of energy. The problem with generalized weakness as among the end stage COPD symptoms is it will cause people to choose resting instead of eating. As the disease progress, people would provide assistance to COPD patients in making them more comfortable. Providing oxygen through tanks and equipment may be prescribed by physicians to give them more comfort than he usual.

In the process, patients with COPD would just end up being bedridden in the end. Simple activities will cause them to be short of breath and do lots of effort in order to grasp air. Confusion is also among the end stage COPD symptoms. Oxygen is needed in the brain in order for its processes to work properly so the lack of it would cause people to be confused and less focus. It’s very simple for people to be frustrated and irritated at this point so physicians may need to prescribe anti-anxiety treatments. The patient may be needed to be on ventilation tubes to get relief from difficulty breathing and getting the right oxygen supply.

Penis Injury of the Suspensory Ligament: What Men Need to Know

A painful penis injury is just about every guy’s worst nightmare, and one of the primary motivating factors for keeping a close eye on one’s penis health. Although many men know about the rare but painful penis fracture, very few are aware that damage to the suspensory ligament of the penis can also be a cause for serious pain and discomfort – as well as an impediment to positive erectile function.

The suspensory ligament

The name “suspensory ligament” is a mouthful, which may be one reason most non-physicians are not familiar with it. A ligament is fibrous connective tissue that generally connects one bone to another. Ligaments are found throughout the body, including in the pelvis. The suspensory ligament is basically what connects the penis to the left and right pubic bones. It also plays a big role in providing maximum support for the penis when it is erect, helping it to stretch up and out as the blood flows in and fills up the penis during times of sexual excitement.

Penis injury

It’s easy to see the important role that the suspensory ligament plays in proper penis functioning and why it is important to avoid injury to this connective tissue. Fortunately, damage to the suspensory ligament is not an everyday occurrence in humans. (Interestingly, it does happen rather more frequently in animals, especially horses.)

The most common cause of a problem with the suspensory ligament is trauma to the penis, especially if it occurs when the organ is engorged. For example, if the erect penis is pushed down hard, it may cause the ligament to tear, either partially or fully. This can cause a significant degree of pain in the moment, and lingering lesser amounts of pain. The pain is likely to increase during periods of excitement. Because of the role that the ligament plays in supporting erection, it also means that a man’s erection may not be as full or as intense as is normal.

This “pushing down” on the erect penis may occur when a partner accidentally handles the penis incorrectly, or if a man is thrusting during intercourse at an incorrect angle. Sometimes this can occur during sleep, when a man is experiencing an erection and rolls over on it. It can also be the result of an object, such as a baseball, hitting the erect penis with great force.


If a man sustains a penis injury, he should contact a doctor as soon as possible; seeing a urologist is generally a better first step than seeing a general practitioner, who is likely to recommend a visit to a urologist anyway.

If the damage to the suspensory ligament is minor – meaning, the ligament has been strained but not actually torn or detached – the doctor is likely to recommend pain relievers, application of soothing compresses and rest. However, in cases in which there is tearing or detachment, surgery is often recommended. Ligaments do not have the same propensity to heal naturally as many other parts of the body, and so “re-sewing” the suspensory ligament is often necessary in order to correct the penis injury.

Treating damage to the suspensory ligament, or any type of penis injury, is easier if the manhood is already in its best possible health. Regular use of a top drawer penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) can help in this area. Vitamin C is well known for its role in collagen production and the resulting penile tissue firmness, so most men will wisely gravitate toward a crème that includes this all-important vitamin. Since trauma can also result in de-sensitization of the penis, a crème that also contains acetyl L carnitine is recommended. Why? Because acetyl L carnitine is neuroprotective; it helps prevent peripheral nerve damage to the penis due to rough handling, thereby protecting the degree of pleasurable sensitivity which men associate with the penis.

How Hypnotherapy, Massage, TfT, EFT and Acupuncture Can Benefit You

These techniques are all used to great effect to promote health, physical and mental, to improve your thought processes, immune system and general well being. When used in conjunction with each other the benefits to you can be great. Many practitioners only offer one service so by offering you all of these, you will be so much healthier and happier too.

Therapies explained:


Well this can have a profound effect on your persona, it can be used to treat almost every condition known with the exception of Clinical depression, for everything else, its very good and extensive studies have shown that its the ONLY cure for IBS and is currently being taken up by medical staff in many hospitals to treat and cure a great number of conditions.

Any experience you have ever had can be recreated in your subconscious mind, the good parts can be enhanced and the unpleasant ones can be reduced or eliminated altogether, so for the likes of sexual problems, its a wonderful tool that has great results for both men and women.

The same can be said of pain, in cases of cancer for instance, or chronic diseases, pain can be totally eliminated, to give better quality of life, this can also be used in pregnancy and child birth, imagine giving birth with no pain or stress on you or the baby.

Elimination of addictions and fears/phobias, can be quickly undertaken and in the case of alcohol abuse, imagine being in control of what you drink rather than being out of control. Weight loss and smoking are 2 things which can be helped enormously by Hypnosis, in addition to dietary advice and exercise, great results can be felt in only a few weeks, think how that would make you feel.

EFT (Emotional Freedom Therapy) and TfT (Thought field Therapy)

Although these therapies are similar to each other, TfT is more specific and is used to treat many common ailments and conditions such as fear, addictions, grief, panic, fatigue and eyesight to name but a few. The fact is that both of these interfere with the body`s magnetic field in a specific way there by causing changes in the body`s chemistry and change is effected that way, you don`t go into a trance, you are wide awake and its self administered too so you are always in control, you can choose how much or how little you do. Obviously the more you do, the better the results will be.


This is also a great tool to help you overcome unpleasant sensations in the body, whether it be pain or simply to relax and have some downtime, its a wonderful feeling to have a good massage from time to time and is great for couples too to learn as it allows you to stay intimate with your partner for a very long time indeed.

Electro acupuncture

A modern take on an ancient Chinese tool that’s been used for thousands of years to treat effectively many conditions and ailments but unlike traditional acupuncture, it`s non invasive, ie there is no penetration of the skin, instead it seeks out the body`s meridians and focuses on the specific acupuncture points and delivers a tiny electrical charge into the nerve, thereby causing a change to the nerve associated with that point and hence the therapy works and has exactly the same results, without the discomfort and the other risks that needles pose.

Are these treatments something for you?

You owe it to yourself to get the best possible care and attention that you deserve in life. For those who require relaxation or help with their busy lives, tiredness from a journey, sleep disorders or jet lag. Then these treatments can give you that boost of energy that will see you through your busy life and let you overcome tiredness.