Hydras Are Interesting Animals

Hydra as an Animal

Hydras are interesting creatures. They do not have a brain, but have a nerve net distributed over their whole body. After this they have a range of behaviors.

Collecting Hydra

Hydras of various species are very widespread in freshwater habitats. Some of them are so small that they are likely to be overlooked unless you are looking very carefully. Another thing that can make them difficult to see is the fact that they contract to what looks like a small blob of jelly if they are disturbed. Hydra viridis can be small enough to live on the underside of the "leaves" of Lemna Minor, the Lesser Duckweed. Since this species is typically bright green from the algae in its cells it is extremely difficult to see in this situation.

Many people have hydra in their aquariums, with the aquarium owner being completely unaware of the Hydra, and the hydra causing no problems.

To collect Hydra, the simplest way is to go to a lake or similar body of freshwater and gently pass a fine net through plants growing in the water of the lake. With reasonable luck you will have to learn more than one type of Hydra in your net.

Animal

A Hydra is a carnivorous animal. It feeds on small living things. However some hydras especially, Hydra viridis, have zoochlorellae algae cells in their bodies. These algae photosynthesize; producing sugars and other things which are used both by the algae and by the Hydra. The species of Hydra with algae can live for a reasonable time without catching any prey. Presumably the Hydra also supplies the Algae with its mineral requirements. Some of these things like nitrates would actually be waste products of the Hydra's metabolism.

This arrangement is similar to the marine corals, which are related to hydra.

Food

Hydras catch small animals. In many cases they are eating microscopic creatures like ciliates, but a large Hydra can eat adult Daphnia.

The tentacles at the top of a Hydra touch something in the water and stinging cells called nematocysts are triggered, shooting out tiny darts at the thing that touched the hydra. These darts are attached to the hydra polyp by very fine threads. The darts are barbed and attach themselves to the potential prey, injecting poison. This is the same mechanism used by jellyfish in the sea. Many jellyfish have stains that are painful to Humans and some can be fatal. As far as I know, Humans can not feel the strings of Hydras.

The food item is then reeled in and transferred to the hydra's "mouth" at the top, surrounded by the tentacles. The food is then digested as much as the Hydra is capable of and the nutrients adsorbed. The undigested portions of the Hydra's meal are expelled through the "mouth".

Respiration

Hydras do not have specialized organs for absorbing the dissolved Oxygen from the water. This is done through the skin. Almost the movement of Oxygen into the Hydra and of carbon dioxide out of it is by diffusion although active transport of the gasses can not easily be ruled out.

The Hydras which have algae in them would also get Oxygen as a waste product of the photosynthesis carried out by the algae. In turn the algae would use carbon dioxide which is a waste product of Hydra metabolism.

Movement

Hydras are sessile. That is, they are attached to surfaces rather than being free floating like jellyfish. But they do have ways of moving around. They can move slowly by the base flowing as if it were an amoeba. They can also move like an inchworm by looping their top and attaching it, alternating between their top and their base. The third way they can move is to release themselves from their surface and float around hoping to find a better place to live.

Light

Hydras do not have eyes or similar specialized light sensitive organs. However, their bodies allow light to pass through them. Nerves appear to have some sensitivity to light, so it is not surprising that Hydras can sense light and dark.

Most species of Hydra avoid the light, but the ones with algae in them are attracted to the light. This is a logical thing to expect because Hydras with algae need the light for photosynthesis, while the texts without algae are more visible both to their prey and to their predators in well lighted areas. This suggests that there is a quite big advantage for the Hydra to be able to form a symbiotic association with algae.

Hydra Immortality

Of course living things can die. More than that, the animals and plants we are most familiar with will grow old and die of old age related things, this is known as senescence. This does not apply to all living things. A bacterium can divide into 2 near identical "daughter" cells. That is, both the new cells have equal right to be considered as the original. This has apparently been going on for however many years that bacteria have been in existence.

Apart from things like bacteria there are some animals which may not grow old in the same sense that most do. It can be difficult to prove this although it is often possible to disprove it.

Some studies suggest that hydra do not die from old age and in theory could live for ever. The life of an individual Hydra is a dangerous one and the average life is quite short. Although it might be difficult to prove, a very old Hydra could exist.

Brain

A brain is a concentration of nerves. In theory there is nothing to prevent an animal having more than one brain. In fact it appears that some types of dinosaur did have two brains.

Hydras do not have brains in this sense. Instead they have a nerve net distributed fairly even through their bodies. This works for their life style.

Reproduction

The most common way for Hydras to reproduce is asexually, with a new, genetically identical, individual budding off from the parent Hydra. Hydras can multiply very quickly under favorable conditions.

They can also reproduce sexually. Some types form resistant eggs so that the drying out of a pond will not necessarily get rid of all the Hydras.

Regeneration

If a Hydra were cut up, then as long as each piece had all three types of Hydras vegetative cell, it can grow into a complete animal.

Uterine fibroids: Are they Cancerous or Life Threatening?

WHAT ARE UTERINE FIBROIDS?

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors. In simple words uterine fibroids are non-cancerous muscle tumors. Uterine fibroids are not at all related to cancer.

UTERINE FIBROIDS LOCATION

Uterine cancers attack the main reproductive organ – the uterus. Uterine fibroids remain attached to the uterus wall. Uterine fibroids can also develop within the uterine wall. Uterine fibroids are also known as Myoma, Fibromyoma, and Leiomyoma.

UNDERSTANDING CELLS, TISSUES, ORGANS AND TUMORS

Cells are the basic units of our lives. New cells are born when the old ones die out. These new-born normal cells divide and grow to form tissues. Tissues of the same kind combine to form our organs.
Mentionably, our bodies need a constant refurbishment of such new cells. But at times this automatic process (of cells taking birth as some die) gets a jolt. During such crucial junctures, the tumors take control of certain parts of our bodies.
Therefore, tumors are mass of extra tissue cells. They appear as abnormal growth mass of the cells.

TUMORS: BENIGN & MALIGNANT

First and foremost, benign tumors are not cancerous and are not life threatening.
Second, malignant or cancerous tumors are life-threatening.
Third, benign tumors can be easily removed by the surgeon.
Fourth, the benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors do.
Fifth, benign tumors rarely reform once they are removed. But malignant tumors can return.

BENIGN CONDITIONS OF THE UTERUS

The benign conditions of the uterus are fibroids, Endometriosis and Endometrial hyperplasia.

Fibroids: The uterine fibroids are uncannily common. They grow in the uterine muscles. They occur mainly in women between their forties and fifties. Many fibroids may appear simultaniously. Fibroids never degenerate into cancer. The fibroids become smaller and disappear after a woman reaches menopause.
Here no treatment is required for fibroids. Fibroids can stay within the body without symptoms. However, fibroids can lead to frequent urination, excess vaginal discharge, and bleeding. Such complications appear if the uterine fibroids appear near any organs. Doctors advice is must for any patient suffering from such symptoms.
Mentionably, the patients suffering from uterine fibroids are asked to go for surgeries if the fibroids put pressure on the important organs. Surgeries are suggested if the uterine fibroids can be painful.

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is another benign state affecting the uterus. Mostly women in their forties and especially those who were never pregnant are affected by this benign tumor. Endometriosis develops when the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and spreads on to the organs nearby. Endometriosis can cause excessive bleeding from the vagina, painful menstrual periods, and infertility (ability to get pregnant). The fact is that Endometriosis can not be cancerous. Endometriosis is generally treated with surgery or hormones.

Endometrial hyperplasia: Endometrial hyperplasia takes place when cells increase in numbers in the uterine linings. It is another form of benign tumor. But, at times, endometrial hyperplasia can become cancerous. The symptoms of endometrial hyperplasia are bleeding in the post-menopause phase, bleeding between two successful menstruations and heavy periods. Women beyond 40 years of age are affected by endometrial hyperplasia. As preventive measures, the patients are advised to go for either progesterone (hormonal treatment) or hysterectomy (uterus removal). Periodical follow-up tests are also necessary after any of these procedures to obviate the possibility of this benign tumor turning cancerous.
As opposed to these three forms of benign tumors, the malignant tumors are cancerous. Here malignant tumors are dangerous and pose threats to life. Malignant tumors even penetrate into the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. These malignant tumors not only spread (metastasize) very fast to other organs but also permanently harm the vital organs.

UTERINE FIBROID SYMPTOMMS

The uterine fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumors and quite common. Uterine fibroids can leave diverse effects on the patients. The woman having uterine fibroids can feel long durations of pelvic pressure at times accompanied by pain. Uterine fibroids may also lead to infertility or miscarriage. Moreover, uterine fibroids can cause heavy menstruation (period).

WHEN DO UTERINE FIBROIDS DEVELOP?

One woman out of every four is susceptible to uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids appear between the post-puberty productivity stage and the pre-menopausal phase. The vulnerable age-group period is from 30 to 50 years. Notably, women below 20 years do not suffer from uterine fibroids.

THE BEST WAY TO TACKLE UTERINE FIBROIDS

Tackle the uterine fibroids in the easiest way: Do not take estrogen after menopause. The uterine fibroids will shrink by themselves.

THE MOST VULNERABLE SECTION

Studies have found that that the section most vulnerable to uterine fibroids are the African-American womenfolk.

DIAGNOSING UTERINE FIBROIDS

Any health care provider can diagnose uterine fibroids through a simple routine checkup. To confirm the presence of uterine fibroids, the patients may have to go for ultrasound test.

Cures For Ovarian Cysts That Work

Since most of the ovarian cysts are benign, least life-threatening and tend go away on their own, people are wary about taking them seriously. Also, in majority of cases, ‘ovarian cysts’ are nothing but functional cysts which develop at menstrual cycle’s end and get cleared up by themselves after the release of eggs in fallopian tubes. However, when ovarian cysts obstruct the supply of blood to the ovaries or are cancerous in nature, immediate medical attention in the form of surgery is the only option left before the patient. Surgical intervention is also required in removing certain types of cystadonema cysts that grow into large abdominal tumour, often weighing as much as 300 lbs or more. Chocolate cysts or endometrial cysts that are filled up with stale blood and are likely to rupture at any moment also require invasive surgery for protection and relief. But the burning question that remains unanswered concerns the effectiveness of surgery in curing the disease condition that is responsible for the cysts to occur or grow in size. It has been observed in most cases that cysts reappear even after their removal through surgical means.

Since prescription drugs also have very little or no effect on cysts, people often resort to alternative methods of treatment that include herbs, homeopathy, antioxidant supplements, etc as well as messy concoctions prepared from animal and plant extracts that are supposed to cure occurrence of ovarian cysts. Some even give up consuming red meat in the hope that this will eventually rid them of the evils of ovarian cysts. But alas, No conclusive evidence has yet been made available that such alternate medication can do any good in eliminating the cysts or halt the occurrence of cysts in the ovary.

Oral contraceptives as alternative therapy

However, women having family history of members reporting ovarian cysts are sometimes given oral contraceptives or ‘birth control pills’ as preventive measures in regard to ovarian cysts. Since these “pills” are nothing but condensed form of female hormones, estrogen and progesterone that exercise control over the female’s monthly cycle by preventing the ovaries from releasing the embryonic ‘egg’, the formation of ovarian cysts becomes remote. But then, the side effects of prolonged use of the “pill” can be perilous for many.

Cystectomy as alternative surgical method

Finding no other safe and effective means of getting rid of ovarian cysts, some prefer Cystectomy which was so long earmarked for treating bladder or gall bladder cancer. In fact, Cystectomy has been traditionally employed for removal of cyst-affected vital organs of the body but is now directed to removal of cysts from the ovary. This procedure is currently gaining popularity amongst many since it spares the ovary while removing the cysts. However, in the case of carcinoma of the ovary there is no other alternative but to remove the organ fully.

Holistic approach is the only way

Although most of the above methods are capable of eliminating the symptoms of discomfort, pain as well as other distressing physical conditions with short-term relief and a long-term rebounding effect, they can never cure the disease condition that prompts cysts to form in the ovary. As long as one consumes “pills” the cysts remain suppressed and the moment it is withdrawn, reappears again.

Experience, however, has taught humankind that a holistic approach towards controlling the ovarian cysts is the only cure left in its hands to deal with the stubborn ovarian cysts since it launches its attack at the base of the disease condition, going through all the stages till it is eliminated from the system for good. To cut a long story short, holistic approach includes regulation of the monthly periods, growth of healthy tissues within the reproductive system, intensification of fertility, diminishing the chances of miscarriage (which is vital in controlling ovarian cysts), removal of excess fat in the lower abdomen and elimination of chances for hysterectomy or ovarian surgery. All these is however, achieved through controlled diet, consumption of essential minerals, reduction in alcohol consumption and a healthy lifestyle.

Holistic approach has been planned, considering the fact that most of the chronic problems of female health, including polycystic ovary syndrome, and also ovarian cysts, are caused by a number of factors, and some of them are even environmental. Many of these factors are biochemical, nutritional, behavioural and also psychological. Knowing what the internal chemistry is and how it works is helpful because you can then make changes to get relief. Such alterations can even remote PCOS and ovarian cysts completely – that is if you go for holistic remedies.

Since holistic remedies treat the body as a whole and attempts to identify and treat all the contributing factors, ovarian cysts can be best resolved with this approach.

Get Rid of Thrush Naturally

If you want to get rid of thrush naturally this article will help you towards your goal. If you have a very tough problem to deal with you may need to try some other methods but this should help people dealing with various forms of thrush get rid of this problem naturally.

There are different places that you may get thrush. You may experience thrush problems orally, vaginally or even on the breasts if you are breastfeeding. Depending on the kind of thrush that you have you may need to get rid of thrush naturally in different ways. Let's look at these three different thrush areas and how they can be helped.

Oral Thrush

Making sure that you do not get oral thrush in the first place is of course always the best thing but if you are suffering with this problem you should quickly speak with your dentist or doctor to get tablets. There are different natural remedies that they may be able to offer.

You should wash your mouth out with salt water multiple times as well as brush your teeth, use mouthwash and floss. This helps fight against the thrush problems that you may be experiencing. There is no reason for you to have to keep fighting against these problems as long as you take good care of your oral health.

Breast Thrush

If you have been breastfeeding then you may be dealing with breast thrush. This is not at all uncommon so if you are frustrated with this problem just relax and get ready for the solution. Stress will not help anything and could cause problems with your milk production.

Most likely you will need an anti fungal supplement to help you get back on track. You should remember to rinse any bottles or pacifiers in equal parts of water and vinegar so that you will make sure not to pass the problem back and forth.

Vaginal Thrush

Putting yogurt into your vagina and on the places which are causing your problems will be helpful. Make sure to wash thoroughly and dry thoroughly after ever shower or bath. If you do not do this you will soon find that your vagina is a breeding grown for thrush and you will find it difficult to be without.

Conclusion

These things will greatly help you increase your ability to get rid of thrush naturally. Make sure to stick to a routine until you see the results that you want and contact a doctor if necessary.

Hepatitis – And Its Types

The simplest way to describe the hepatitis is to identify it as a disease in which liver is affected by some sort of virus or infection. Liver is the most critical organ in the human body and any infection in the liver can generate several other problems too like skin problems and stomach problems. This disease is however curable and there are many treatments available ranging from the infection to some advance treatments.

There are five basic types of hepatitis such as hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. hepatitis A is developed in the body due the intake of infected food and water. Specific virus known as HAV is responsible for this infection. Some other reasons for this disease to emerge are anal oral touching during intercourse. Hepatitis A is not an unremitting liver disease it can be cured, while the major affect of this type of hepatitis inflammation and swelling in the liver. Hepatitis B is caused by using the infected blood syringe or by the transfer of semen in human body. The major reason of spread of this disease is the use of shared needles during drug intake, sex without precautions and piercing with unsterilezed equipments. This is a transferable disease and can also be transferred to a new born baby during pregnancy. This type of hepatitis is caused by HBV virus.

Hepatitis C is also spread through contact with used syringes, razor sharing, piercing and tattooing tools, sex and blood transfer. However this is caused by HCV virus. This severe hepatic can cause liver swelling and can also lead to liver cancer if not treated at time. It is highly advised to check the blood for hepatitis C during blood donation. Most of us we have seen people who are drug addicted to sale blood in order to buy drugs. Hepatitis D is caused in the persons who are already suffering with hepatitis B. This is also transferred due due to contaminated needles. This of hepatitis is caused due to the HDV virus in the body. Hepatitis E is caused by HEV virus. It is most commonly caused by drinking infected water. However this hepatitis is not chronic. There may be other types of Hepatitis which are still to be discovered.

A Natural Cure For Liver Cirrhosis

First, we need to see what is liver cirrhosis and what are its causes.

This is an inflammatory condition in which your liver cells scar and harden, losing their function (mainly detoxing the body, acting as a metabolic powerhouse, and producing components of your blood). Furthermore, this constricts the passage of blood through the liver leading to even more cells dying.

Cirrhosis is mostly caused by alcohol, but other culprits include malnutrition, chronic inflammation, obesity and toxic substances.

Cirrhosis ever leads to liver failure. Because the liver detoxes your body, liver failure will lead to the death of several organs. Liver cells are also responsible for preventing excessive bleeding, which means that in failure you will bleed with the slightest bruise.

Cirrhosis starts as fatty liver disease. The symptoms are initially very discrete, with constipation, nausea, upset stomach and fatigue. At first there is weight gain but as fatty liver disease evolves into cirrhosis there is weight loss and the liver increases in size. There is vomiting and jaundice.

All this, however, is reversible.

A healthy diet consisting mainly of greens and fruit, combined with exercise are the first step. Avoid meat and milk (and dairy products). It is also required that you avoid alcohol and, preferably, tobacco and coffee.

As for supplements, milk thistle, turmeric, and ginger have all been proven to reverse not only fatty liver and cirrhosis but even liver cancer. There are a few combinations of these currently on the market, but you can also use each individually. Take them twice a day or as instructed by the manufacturer.

Acute Urinary Tract Infection Can Be Treated With a Proper Diagnosis

Urinary tract infection is a term that refers to the infection of the urinary tract by certain infectious organisms (ie, bacteria). Bacteriuria is basically the presence of bacterium in the urine, which may be symptomatic or asymptomatic.

Urinary tract infections are often classified as acute or chronic, hospital-acquired (nosocomial) or community-acquired, uncomplicated or complicated, upper (pyelonephritis) or lower (cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis), symptomatic or asymptomatic, and de novo or recurrent.

The spread of infection to the urinary tract is either through an upwards route, from the fecal reservoir through the urethra into the bladder or by direct extension from adjunct organisms through the lymphatic system; the latter is true in the case of severe bowel obstruction.

Acute urinary tract infection can be diagnosed by first collecting urine in a sterilized bottle through suprapubic aspiration, urethral catheterization, especially in females, or by voided urine (washing of the genital area before voiding is required to prevent contamination).

The urine sample taken is then screened for bacteriuria, pyuria, and hematuria. Dipstick tests and microscopic testing of the urine can be performed. The former may be informative but it less sensitive than the latter.

To test for the presence of acute urinary tract infection, bacteria from the urine samples are tested and cultured against various antibiotics.

This will help to determine the drug that works best against the bacteria. Antibiotics are the most common form of treatment. Besides urinalysis, radiologic tests are not often prescribed in routine assessment but this may be necessary in some more complicated cases.

Imaging may be required for the types of acute urinary tract infection that are linked with uretral strictures, urinary calculi, urinary tract tumors, ureteral reflux, and urinary tract diversions.

As a general treatment regimen for acute urinary tract infection, the patient is advised to consume lots of liquids; drinking water helps cleanse bacteria from the urinary tract.

As supplements, cranberry juice and vitamin C (ascorbic acid) may also help slow down the growth of some bacteria because it acidifies the urine.

Avoiding liquor, coffee, and spicy foods may also prove helpful. To manage pain, a heating pad and pain relief medication may be prescribed.

Acute urinary tract infection is most often medicated with anti-bacterial drugs. The type of antibacterial drug and duration of treatment are dependent on several things such as the severity of the infection or the type of organism causing the infection.

The sensitivity test is typically performed to select the most efficient drug for treatment of acute urinary tract infection.

Urinary tract infections sometimes recur. Through further study and research, scientists may, in the future, be able to prevent recurrence of urinary tract infection by developing a vaccine against it.

It was previously found from several studies in different areas of research that lack of immunoglobulins, a specific type of proteins that prevent infections, in women and children making them more prone to repeatedly acquire urinary tract infections.

The presence of enough and normal amounts or levels of immunoglobulins in the genital tracts and urinary tracts of children and women make them less likely to get urinary tract infections. Therefore, immunoglobulin treatment may be one solution that can be posted.

He Will not Commit – This is How to Change His Mind

Have you been dating a guy for quite a while now but it seems he will not commit to a relationship with you? Are you really in love with this guy and would like to do whatever it takes to have a serious relationship with him? Do you want to get him to commit without seeming like a psychopathic girlfriend? If you have known quite a few guys in your dating life, then you probably know that many of them balk at the thought of commitment. Simply put, a large portion of men is just not comfortable in monogamous relationships. If he will not commit and you feel like you are getting shortchanged, here are three things that you can do.

Find out why

The first thing that you should do is to find out why he does not want to make a commitment. This does not mean that you should interrogate him or or spy on him. Try to be more observant at first. For instance, maybe he's not making a commitment because he's already getting what he wants from you without the pressure of commitment. In this case, you are obviously the problem. Perhaps you are already giving him love, support, sex, care and commitment even though he's not giving back.

Be well-liked

Another thing that you can do if he will not commit is to score points with the people he loves and values, like family and friends. However, this does not mean that you should go get chummy with his relatives and pals. This will only turn him off. Instead, try to show him that you're a girl who can get along with the most important people in his life. Offer to help his mom in the kitchen, help his little sister with her homework and play that drinking game with his buddies.

Be firm

If you have done all you can do to show him you're the right one, and still he will not commit then do not feel sorry for yourself. You have done everything you could and he's the one who is too scared to give your relationship a try. Do not settle for second-best. Be assertive. Let him know that it's commitment you want and if he can not give it to you, then you're just going to have to find another guy who can.

7 Health Benefits Of Drinking Coffee

Did you know that coffee can actually do a lot more than simply give you a boost in the morning? There are actually a number of health benefits to drinking coffee regularly. So, before you make the switch to herbal tea, read on to learn more about what coffee can do for you and your body.

Reduced Gall Stones

The Harvard School of Public Health recently published a study indicating that drinking caffeinated coffee on a regular basis can dramatically decrease the incidence of gall bladder disease and gall stones in both women and men.

Reduced Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease

Two studies, one published in the European Journal of Neurology, have shown that individuals who drank about 2 cups of caffeinated coffee per day were less likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease than individuals who drank no coffee or a small to moderate amount.

Reduced Risk for Parkinson’s Disease

Studies have shown that the amount of coffee and caffeine consumed could be inversely related to an individual’s likelihood of contracting Parkinson’s disease. This means the more coffee you drink, the lower your chances are for developing the disease.

Antioxidants and Cancer-Fighting Properties

Coffee is a powerful source of antioxidants – agents that combat cancer-causing free radicals. Coffee is chock full of the compound methylpyridinium, which can’t be found in many other food items and not at the level available in coffee. You can get antioxidants from both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee as long as the beans are sufficiently roasted.

Increased Cognitive Ability

Studies have shown that regular coffee drinkers frequently score significantly higher on cognitive ability tests, spatial awareness exams, IQ tests, and short term memory studies.

The effects of coffee on an individual’s cognitive ability appeared to be more pronounced in elderly study participants and women.

Bowel Stimulation

Coffee is a stimulant and also a laxative. Some alternative practitioners even prescribe coffee enemas to stimulate the lower colon.

However, because coffee is also a diuretic, it can cause constipation in some individuals.

Reduced Risk for Gout

A large study of over 45,000 men that was conducted over a 12-year period showed the amount of coffee consumed was inversely related to their risk or likelihood of developing gout.

Remember, everything should be practiced in moderation, and health concerns should always be discussed with a medical professional. So, while a moderate amount of coffee has its benefit, an excessive amount can also cause problems. Heavy coffee drinking can lead to irritability, anxiety, sleep deprivation, cardiovascular problems and higher cholesterol levels.

What Causes a Stomach Ulcer?

A stomach ulcer is a very painful and potentially fatal affection. Stomach ulcers are in fact holes in the stomach lining, causing severe pain and internal bleeding. If untreated, the hole can pass through the stomach lining and allow its corrosive contents to escape into the surrounding tissue. For a long time it was thought that spicy food, stress and alcohol are the main factors leading to a stomach ulcers. However, along with the great progress in medicine and technology, today we know that contrary to popular belief, ulcer is not caused by spicy foods.

The treatment for an ulcer in the past century was not exactly rocket science: bed rest, a bland diet and antacids. However, these treatments mercifully reduced the discomfort, but the results were generally not permanent. Once the treatment stops, the pain returned. Recent research proved that spicy foods, stress and alcohol can worsen the symptoms of a stomach ulcer, but do not cause it.

Most stomach ulcers are actually caused by a bacterial infection in the stomach lining. And while bed rest, a bland diet and antacids may ease the symptoms, antibiotics cure ulcer by killing the bacterium within month or two of treatment.

The bacterium that causes ulcer is called Helio-bacter pylori, and the Australian researchers who discovered it in 1982 won the Noble Prize in Medicine for this. Before this discovery, it was thought impossible for a bacteria to survive the acid conditions of the human stomach. Still, not everyone with the bacteria develops ulcers, but only 10 to 15%. Scientists discovered that about half of the people in developed countries, and almost everyone in some parts of the world have the bacteria in their stomachs, however it is still unknown because some people develop these symptoms of infection and others do not. Appropriately, this infection with Helio bacter pylori starts in childhood and lasts for life.

Benefits of Kelp Supplements

Organic kelp supplements started to become popular in the United States since the nuclear disaster started. This is because kelp, a form of seaweed and one of the most common members of the brown algae family contains high levels of natural iodine. When the thyroid absorbs it, it helps prevent the thyroid from taking harmful levels of radioactive iodine present in the environment. Ever since then, many people, not only in America but all over the world store kelp supplements in their medicine cabinets due to the numerous health benefits that it offer. Eager to know the health benefits that you can get from organic kelp pills? Let me share to you some of them.

1. Kelp supplements are a natural source of iodine. As I have mentioned above, kelp helps protect the body against radiation poisoning. Iodine is also a vital element in regulating thyroid hormones and female hormones. This is why people with thyroid conditions can greatly benefit from this kind of supplement.

2. Regular intake of kelp supplements helps prevent estrogen related cancers. It has long been known that Japan has the lowest rates of ovarian, breast and endometrial cancer among all the countries in the world. Diets of Japanese women are rich in kelp since the low rate of estrogen related cancers. Studies have also shown that a kelp rich diet lowed serum estradiol levels in women.

3. Kelp supplements help maintain the body's PH balance. It contains sodium alginate which is very good in removing heavy metals in the body. It also contains alkali which is vital for the body's PH chemistry. As we all know, maintaining a good PH balance is vital to your health and well being. If your body does not maintain a good PH balance, it will not be able to function properly. You can get hyperacidity, ulcer, acid reflux and other PH imbalance related conditions.

4. Kelp supplements can help you lose weight. It can help stimulate your metabolism and control your appetite. By balancing your body's PH level – which kelp can help you achieve, you may also be able to lose those extra pounds.

5. Kelp supplements can help slow down the development of wrinkles. Unknown to many, kelp is being broadly used in skin care products as it has been proven to keep aging at bay. The seawater content of kelp is similar to the human plasma so taking kelp supplements regularly is really a good way for your skin to get all the nutritional benefits that it needs.

How to Fix Hormone Imbalance For Women's Health

There is a directly proportional relationship between hormone imbalance and women's health. As long as hormones are in appropriate levels, cells, tissues, organs and systems will function properly and the body will be able to combat stress, fight disease and recovery better. There are several natural methods to help attain optimum health by balancing hormones. Here's how.

Herbal Treatment

Chaste tree berry or vitex agnus castus, monk's pepper or hemp tree is considered by many as the most important herb in treating PMS or premenstrual syndrome. It is known for its positive effects on alleviating symptoms such as breast pain, painful menses and irregular menses. The herb primarily acts on the pituitary gland and hypothalamus in the brain. The fruit of the plant specifically has contents with dopamine-like activity that inhibits the release of prolactin theby increasing progesterone production during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Estrogen dominance can be avoided and treated.

Wild yams contain diosgenin which manufactures natural progesterone efficiently. The hormone is actually plant-derived but has exactly the same chemical properties as the ones naturally produced by the body. Estrogen dominance during the luteal phase is suggested to be the leading cause of PMS symptoms so taking adequate amounts of the herb can correct the problem.

Evening primrose oil or oenothera biennis comes from the seeds of the plant and is known for its essential fatty acid content. The important oils in the herb are gamma-linoleic acid or GLA and linoleic acid. The conversion of linoleic acid to GLA is generally impaired in most women exhibiting PMS symptoms. Evening primrose oil can improve levels of GLA to improve PMS.

More Methods

Other herbs that are known to alleviate menopausal syndrome include Dong Quai or Angelica sinensis which helps with cramps, weakness and irregular menses, licorice or Glycyrrhiza glabra which helps increase progesterone levels, Black Cohosh or Cimicifuga racemosa which exhibits estrogen-like activity, Kava Kava or Piper methysticum which relieves anxiety and stress and Valerian or Valeriana officinalis which helps improve sleep and rest.

Try alternative methods that relieve stress and boost hormone production such as aromatherapy, massage, therapeutic touch, acupuncture, acupressure, hypnotherapy, and mental imagery. Stay away from alcohol and tobacco since these can aggravate PMS symptoms. Eat more nutritious foods rich in vitamins and minerals especially iron to alleviate bleeding problems. Exercise regularly by doing mild to moderate cardiovascular activity at least three times per week. Sleep well each night and rest for at least 7 to 8 hours.

Menstrual Problems

There are three common menstrual disorders which are dysmenorrhea which is excess menstruation, menorrhea which is less menstruation and amenorrhea which is absent menstruation. Scanty menstruation may be caused by vitamin B, vitamin C or potassium deficiency. In some cases hyperacidity and flatulence may also cause the problem so women need to eat healthy and high-fiber diets to alleviate discomfort and pain. Primary amenorrhea can be related to genetic links while secondary amenorrhea is basically caused by stress or illness. Hydrotherapy, steam baths, acupressure and massage can alleviate the symptoms.

As for PMS, patients can try deep breathing exercises 2 to 3 times each day. To fix hormone imbalance for women's health, individuals need to consume more raw fruits and vegetables, fruit juices and soups. Supplementation specifically iron and calcium are also recommended. Women may also want to try naturopathic treatments which are proven to be safe, natural and reliable.

How Can H Pylori Cause Anxiety and Depression?

It is well known that H. pylori can cause digestive symptoms such as heartburn, reflux, bloating, nausea and vomiting. However, the knock on effects of bacterial and parasitic infections can be profound and may cause seemingly unrelated symptoms.

Research has clearly shown that H. pylori can cause vitamin B12 deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia.

Typically, in medical research other nutrients are not studied. However nutritionists who use advanced laboratory testing techniques commonly see deficiencies in vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6 when patients have digestive infections. It is also not uncommon to see amino acid and fatty acid insufficiencies.

If the body becomes nutritionally depleted as a result of H. pylori and other digestive infections, symptoms can develop elsewhere in the body.

For example, amino acids are required for the production of thyroid hormone and the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. B6 is required for the formation of dopamine. If these chemicals are low in the body, depression, anxiety and fatigue can easily set in.

Typically SSRI antidepressant drugs will be prescribed in these situations but the key to successful treatment is actually to ensure the gut is functioning properly. This means removing H. pylori, other infections and ensuring proper digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Convenient and inexpensive urine testing can be employed to evaluate nutritional status and short-term supplementation can be used to replenish specific nutrient levels.

It is known that H. pylori and other digestive infections cause inflammation in the digestive tract. H. pylori is well known as a major cause of gastritis.

Inflammation always requires an anti-inflammatory response. The body’s anti-inflammatory hormones are cortisol and cortisone. High levels of inflammation lead to higher than normal levels of cortisol. Because cortisol is a stimulatory hormone, high levels can lead to anxiety and panic.

An increased demand for cortisol also leads to a reduction in the sex hormones – progesterone, oestrogen and testosterone. Imbalances in these hormones can cause a multitude of symptoms, including depression, anxiety, irritability, fatigue, period pains, acne and more.

If the H. pylori is not dealt with and the inflammation continues, the cortisol levels will start to drop as the adrenal glands where it is made become fatigued. Low cortisol can also cause mood symptoms.

Doctors tend to overlook digestive infections as a cause of mood problems but the reality is that if a patient cannot absorb nutrients and has imbalanced hormones, mental and emotional symptoms are almost inevitable.

The Diversity of Lupus Symptoms

Lupus is a complex autoimmune disease that generates a wide variety of symptoms. The symptoms produced by lupus may range from mild to severe and generally occur in flares, unpredictably aggravating or ameliorating over time. Some of the common symptoms of lupus are: pronounced fatigue, pain and swelling of the joints, skin rashes and fever. At skin level, lupus often causes the occurrence of the "butterfly rash", which appears across the nose and cheeks. Although the butterfly rash is the most common rash characteristic to lupus, the disease can cause many different types of rashes located in various regions of the body: face and ears, scalp, neck, arms, shoulders, hands, chest and back.

The autoimmune disease can also produce symptoms such as chest pain, increased susceptibility to sunlight, alopecia (hair loss), anemia or leucopenia (decrease in the number of red blood cells, respectively white blood cells), and paleness or cyanosis of the fingers and toes (due to poor oxygenation of the body extemmities). Patients with lupus often suffer from headaches, vertigo (dizziness), decreased vision, poor concentration, psychological conditions (depression) and sometimes even seizures and faints. The progress of the disease is unpredictable and symptoms may come and go unexpectedly. Over time, patients with lupus may experience different sets of symptoms, occurring in flares and varying in intensity and duration.

When lupus affects the lymphatic system of the body, the most common symptoms of lupus are swelling and pain of the lymph nodes through the body. Most cases of lupus either affect the lymphatic system, the musculoskeletal system or the skin. When lupus affects the musculoskeletal system, the most common symptoms are muscular pain, fatigue, swelling and stiffness of the joints. When bound to the skin, lupus commonly generates emissions, inflammation and irritation of the skin.

Lupus often causes kidney effects such as nephritis (inflammation of the kidneys), interfering in the process of excretion and determining the accumulation of toxins inside the body. Lupus patients who also suffer from kidney impairments usually require strong medication treatments in order to prevent the occurrence of serious complications.

In many cases, lupus affects the circulatory system of the body, causing inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis), anemia or leucopenia (decrease in red and white blood cells). Lupus may also lead to the occurrence of thrombocytopenia, a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood, condition that interferees in the process of blood coagulation, increasing the risk of bleeding.

When lupus affects the central nervous system, the most common symptoms are dizziness, headaches, temporary memory loss (amnesia), decreased vision, or neuropsychological problems (depression, unpredictable behavioral changes). Some of these previously mentioned symptoms are not solely caused by lupus; often they occur as a result of emotional stress and prolonged lupus medication. The majority of these symptoms can be reversed by interrupting the treatment or reducing the dose of medication.

At pulmonary level, patients with lupus may suffer from pleuritis (inflammation of the interior lining of the chest), condition that causes pronounced discomfort and pain, especially when taking deep breaths. Patients with lupus are also very susceptible of developing pneumonia. At coronary level, patients with lupus may suffer from coronary vasculitis (inflammation of the arteries that deliver blood to the heart), myocarditis and endocarditis (inflammation of the heart itself) and pericarditis (inflammation of the heart protective membrane). If discovered in time, the implications of lupus at coronary level can be effectively reversed with medical treatment.

Swollen Ankle Causes

Swelling of the ankles is basically due to a buildup of fluids in the tissues surrounding that area. It can be attributed to many causes such as edema, where due to improper circulation, fluid is trapped between the cells.

It can be a side effect from certain medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure. Arthritis can cause swelling as can the condition known as gout, where uric acid accumulates around the ankle causing swelling and inflammation.

Those who are obese are more prone to suffer from swilling ankles. Also the use of certain medications especially specifically diuretics and laxatives tend to cause the ankles to swell up.

Rheumatoid arthritis can lead to swelling in the ankles. Senior citizens are more likely to have this condition as the cartilage in the joints starts to degenerate.

Blood clots will cause the ankles and feet to swell. These are known as vascular obstructions. And of course injuries to the area such as sprains and breaks will cause swelling.

If the liver is not functioning properly, then fluids and salts will start to accumulate in the feet. This may be due to cirrhosis of the liver.

For women, pregnancy can be a cause of swilling ankles. This condition is usually just a temporary condition, but if there is a lot of swelling, it could be a sign of toxemia or even pre-eclampsia.

It is important to seek professional medical advice if this is a recurring problem. This due to the fact that swelling of the ankles can be an early sign of more serious problems down the road such as kidney, heart, and liver complications. Through a complete physical examination and a range of other tests including kidney function tests, electrocardiograms, urine tests, blood tests and x-rays, a diagnosis can be made.

If you stand for long periods of time, especially on hard surfaces such as concrete, then you may have problems with your feet and swelling. Gel insoles and rubber mats may help something.

And of course proper footwear will have a great effect on your feet. For women especially who wear the latest designer shoes, in particular, high heels. The high heels offer no ankle support at all leading to a great deal of strain around that area and in effect cause it to swell.

There are a few things you can do to help yourself. You should always try to elevate your feet when sitting. Wear looser fitting clothing. Compression stockings will help stop some of the fluid buildup. Exercising, cutting down on salt intake and drinking enough water everyday will help in most cases.