Asbestos Infection Symptoms

The types of asbestos infection symptoms a person experiences usually depends on the developed asbestos-related diseases was. There are different types of conditions related to asbestos, asbestosis, the two are most often associated with asbestos and malignant mesothelioma. However chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has reached the epidemic proportion in the United States and it is a condition that the asbestos exposure has helped thousands of cases.

Symptoms typically include asbestosis following conditions:

• Breathing difficulties

• Chronic cough

• Chest pain

• Breathing difficulties

• Difficulty with exercise

Malignant mesothelioma usually develops in people over 65 years and is usually in the thoracic cavity, resulting in the pleura in 65 to 70 percent of cases. It can also affect the lining of the heart, pericardium, in exceptional cases.

The most common symptoms of a disease called mesothelioma include:

• Breathing difficulties

• Chest pain

• tightness in the chest

• A persistent cough

• Weight Loss

• Fatigue

The pleural effusion is also the joint development with mesothelioma. This condition is caused by excessive accumulation of fluid in the space between the lung and chest wall or diaphragm. You can be the cause of chest pain and reduced respiratory capacity.

Peritoneal mesothelioma is characterized by an abdominal swelling and pain. This symptoms can also result from the accumulation of fluid – in this case in the abdominal cavity. Thickened peritoneal tissue to an additional symptoms:

• Swelling

• Weight Loss

• Nausea

• Bowel obstruction

• Anemia

• Fever and / or night sweats

Now you understand the symptoms of asbestos infection. You should be careful before it infects you.

High Blood Sugar Levels and Diabetic Coma

Type 2 diabetes should not stop you from enjoying a healthy, active life. With good management you most definitely can keep your blood sugar levels under control. When a diabetic coma occurs it is a serious concern; it can be brought on when major physical stress occurs… stress such as surgery or even infection.

A diabetic coma usually comes on slowly… over a period of days or weeks and is a reaction to a dangerous combination of high blood sugar levels, insulin deficiency and excessive urination. This leads to serious dehydration. Undiagnosed diabetes combined with illness, as well as reactions to specific drugs can also be responsible for triggering this type of coma.

It is always important to be aware of warning signs of diabetic coma so that you can remain within reach of medical help should these appear… an untreated diabetic coma can be fatal.

One of the following may become the precipitating factor:

  • prolonged vomiting or diarrhea
  • blood sugar levels spiraling out of control
  • medications that are not compatible with the diabetic condition
  • kidney failure
  • severe trauma such as a heart attack
  • illness or infection

There are also several symptoms that could indicate an approaching problem. Not all will present in any given case, in fact, just one of these could be a serious warning. Call your health care provider immediately if you are ill and experience these symptoms:

  • excessive urination
  • extreme thirst
  • hunger
  • weakness and drowsiness
  • frequent headaches
  • restlessness sometimes accompanied by an altered mental state
  • an inability to speak, or
  • shallow rapid breathing

Call your health care immediately if your blood sugar level is higher than 600 mg/dL (33.3 mmol/L)… this is the threshold beyond which a diabetic coma may occur. Or make your way to the nearest emergency room… this is a life threatening complication.

Medical treatment involves hospitalization and replacement of fluid by intravenous therapy. Usually potassium is included and sometimes insulin.

The best way for a person with type 2 diabetes to avoid diabetic coma is to take notice of the warning signs and symptoms as soon as they appear. There is a good chance of preventing a diabetic coma from occurring by checking your blood sugar regularly, and when ill, increase this to once every four hours and generally practice preventative measures to control your blood sugar levels.

Muscle Weakness – How to Prevent This Menopause Symptom

Menopause and muscle weakness is an inescapable fact of every aging woman’s life and dealing with the accompanying symptoms is an achievable goal through proper health management. Menopause and the problems that come along with it is largely dependent upon a woman’s genetic make-up, but equally responsible is the way she has led her life.

Her lifestyle, family history and the amount of exercise, diet balance and emotional well being she has maintained, are all contributing factors that determine her possible menopausal issues.

Menopause and Muscle Weakness: Causes

The years after menopause can be happy and productive, if negative consequences, such as, muscular weakening, reduced bone density, irritability and joint pains are avoided through preventive measures. Muscular weakness is a common complaint of many women going through menopause and the likely causes are leading a sedentary lifestyle, smoking or poor nutrition before this change sets in.

Menopause and Muscle Weakness: How to Overcome

As it is possible to prevent bone loss through timely calcium intake and magnesium supplements, combined with weight-bearing moderate impact exercises and strength training with weights, it is also possible to counter muscular weakness. Including vitamin D in the diet and exposure to adequate sunlight with the right balance of a healthy diet and regular physical exercise are factors that contribute to your overall fitness levels.

These precautions would also help prevent the early onset of muscular problems. The downward spiral for women after menopause usually occurs when body stability and flexibility has been neglected through limited movements. This in turn, varies the sensory motor activity and brings down optimal muscular strength.

Menopause and Muscle Weakness: Muscular Mass

Menopausal muscular weakness occurs due to the loss of muscle mass that naturally happens as time goes by. Aging affects women sooner through muscular weakness, if they have not been exercising regularly or adequately and by the age of 70, women lose about 15% every decade. To combat this problem, it is very important that musculo-skeletal strength training is undertaken to help burn fat and stimulate bones. When this is done, minerals that keep them dense are retained and overall muscular and bone strength is maintained.

From the age of 30 onwards, there is a steady decline in muscle mass and women with no strength training lose between 5 and 7 pounds of muscle mass within 10 years. To be better equipped to bear up to the symptoms of menopause, it is essential for women to take up a properly designed strength-training program as this helps you to have more strength available per kilogram body weight. Your trained muscles remain stronger up to an advanced age and life after menopause can be as fulfilling as before.

Menopause and Muscle Weakness: Prevention

To prevent muscular weakness during menopause, women should go for strength training, and schedule it for two to three times per week using weights, combined with aerobic exercise. This helps in building muscle strength, which affects bone density, balance and endurance. A program for each muscle group that addresses muscular tone, strength and endurance is very important to circumvent menopause and muscular weakness related to it.

Flexibility, balance and coordination increases through regular strength-training, and gentle yoga, Pilates and other stretching activities once or twice weekly can offset the challenges of core musculature. Breathing and other cardio routines, combined with this simple program bring general well-being and better chances of good health later in life too.

How to Cheer Up a Depressed Bird

There will be those among you who find the prospect of trying to cheer up a depressed bird amusing. Go ahead – laugh. Just like babies, birds of any particular breed all look pretty much the same. Same feather style, same expression, same beaks, same claws, same teeth… To the untrained eye, that is. However, anyone who has spent years studying birds for a living, observing their every little emotion, knows that birds do indeed suffer from depression.

So, if a depressed bird is abandoned on your doorstep, how do you set about cheering it up? Once the bird realizes it’s been saddled with you for a companion, you have your work cut out. Forget antidepressants. Forget St. John’s Wort pills or tea bags. Before you get too deeply into the question of treatment, are you certain that the bird is depressed or have you made a misdiagnosis? What aroused your suspicions in the first place?

Depending upon the bird’s breed, of course, it may have been able to self-diagnose its problem. Parrots can be excellent at communicating their feelings, often in the most forceful terms. Budgerigars tend to be less specific about their emotions. “Pretty Joey”, and “Who’s a pretty boy, then?” are common sentiments in the budgie world. Somewhat less than helpful, it has to be said. If your foundling is one of the more talkative breeds, then as long as it’s capable of holding a sensible, mature conversation, it may be a good candidate for cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT.

CBT can be particularly helpful in cases of substance abuse or eating disorders. If your bird is showing a particular zeal for sunflower seeds or an unhealthy interest in cuttlefish, then CBT is definitely worth a try. The idea is that the bird should change the way it thinks about its problems and the way it acts in response to the world around it. You must explain to your bird that, although you may not be able to take away its problems, at least you can help it to change the way it thinks about them. Explain that you want to help it alter its thought patterns. Note carefully the bird’s reaction to your explanation.

Some birds develop a feeling of low self-esteem, leading to depression. This is sometimes brought on by acts of spitefulness or name-calling. Take the Bald Eagle. Whoever chose to adopt this blatantly non-politically correct name has a lot to answer for. That the national bird of the United States of America should be subjected to such verbal abuse is nothing short of scandalous. Is it any wonder then, that depression is fairly widespread among B*** Eagles?

Owls may be wise, but that very wisdom can be an intolerable burden that leads to severe depression. To put it bluntly, the owl never stops working. We tend to think that they only come out at night and sleep all day. Wrong. They do indeed grab a bite to eat at night and a quick forty winks, but for the biggest part of the day, they’re doing paperwork. Severe stress brought on by overwork such as this is a common enough cause of clinical depression, so the bird on your doorstep is as likely as not to be an owl.

A word of caution here. Technically, you are not really allowed to keep an owl (depending where you live, of course), so you must check with the authorities on the legality of your position. You could, of course claim that the owl has actually adopted you but again, check whether owls can adopt people.

Assuming then, that you’ve done suitable tests, and you’ve satisfied yourself that you really do have the problem of how to cheer up a depressed bird, how should you tackle it? Jokes might work in some cases, but you need to be sensitive to the bird’s feelings. No Chicken Jokes. Repeat, NO CHICKEN JOKES. They may raise a chuckle among Turkeys, but in general, it’s best to avoid them altogether.

If you’re thinking of sitting them down in front of a TV, it’s common knowledge that Robins have an aversion to “The Simpsons”. They’ll happily watch an entire series of “Friends”, but in general they’re pretty choosy. In the end, you may find that the bird is so depressed that nothing is going to cheer it up at this stage. Just give it lots of love and attention, lots of patience and understanding and, of course, plenty of rest and in due course, you should find it back to its old self. This treatment works with humans, too.

Boston Terriers and Separation Anxiety

Boston terriers have been known to develop behavior problems dealing with separation anxiety.

So what exactly is separation anxiety?

Separation Anxiety is an anxiety disorder characterized by a state of extreme panic induced from the dog’s separation or detachment from his owners.

So to put simply, when you leave the house, your BT launches into a state of nervous anxiety which escalates exceedingly quick.

Boston terriers are social animals and need plenty of companionship and social interaction to keep them happy and pleased. No Boston terrier likes to be left alone for prolonged amounts of time, but some handle it a lot worse than others.

The number 1 cause of separation anxiety for Boston terriers is neglect. If you are gone a lot more than you are there in your BT’s life, separation anxiety is pretty much unavoidable. Your Boston requires your companionship, affection, and care to be pleased and satisfied.

Symptoms of separation anxiety are pretty distinguishing. Your Boston terrier will generally determine when you are going to leave (he’ll hear your keys jingling, he’ll see you putting on your coat, etc) and will get very anxious. He might follow you from room to room, whining, shaking, and weeping. Some BTs even become aggressive trying to stop their owners from leaving.

Once you have left, the anxious behavior will quickly worsen and normally will peak within a half an hour. He might bark endlessly, scratch and dig at the windows and doors, chew inappropriate objects, and even urinate or defecate inside the house. In intense cases, he may even self-mutilate by licking or chewing his skin until it has become raw, or pulling out his fur.

Then when you return, he will be overly excited, and will bounce around you in a frenzy of delight for a drawn-out period of time (more than the usual thirty seconds of a pleased, well-balanced Boston terrier.)

This lengthy greeting is a source of some misinterpretation. Without understanding that such a greeting actually stands for the presence of a psychological disorder, a lot of owners actually encourage their Boston to get more and more worked up upon their return (by firing up their Boston’s excitement, encouraging him to bounce around, and so forth.)

Whenever you are doing this with your Boston, you should really stop. I know that it can be tempting and very easy to do, and it seems harmless – but in actuality, you are just supporting her belief that your return is the greatest moment of the day. So he is as happy as can be when you return, but when it’s time for you to leave again, his happiness at your presence is under threat, and he gets even more distressed when you leave.

Mud Therapy for Natural Constipation Remedy

Earth is one of five elements of nature, which comprises our body. When all the elements of nature are in harmony, the body and mind are hale and hearty and the body becomes disease free. Out of the five elements, mud represents the earth element. Mud therapy can be very highly helpful in getting rid of many diseases including constipation. This therapy was also used by Mahatma Gandhi to treat his constipation problem.

Mud therapy is largely used due to its many health benefits. The nature cure therapists apply mud therapy to treat many diseases in the body including wounds, boils, bruises and many other diseases. Usually mud therapy is used besides other therapies like hydrotherapy. Mud therapy uses clay and it is put on on various body parts. This therapy takes out or reduces the toxins since mud pack absorbs toxins from the body. Mud pack opens up the skin pores, increases the blood flow to the skin, and relieves the congestion and and decreases the body heat. In constipation also mud therapy has been found to be really effective.


1. Since soil keeps wetness for a long time, it cools down the body part when applied and kept for the period of the therapy.

2. In situation with constipation, mud therapy calms the belly and eliminates intestinal heat and relieves constipation.

3. Mud is low-cost and readily available. You can also buy it online.

How to do Mud Therapy

Mud therapy is a quite simple treatment and really efficacious. The clay employed for this should be unpolluted and taken from 3 to 4 ft. depth from the surface of the ground. Usually the soil in the vicinity of the water bodies which is black in color is suitable. There should be no contamination of stone pieces or chemical manures etc. in the mud. It would good if before using, mud is dried, powdered and sieved to get rid of small stones, grass particles and other wastes.

Mix the mud with water and knead it adding water in proper quantity so that the mud is neither too tight nor comprising too much of water. Stick the mud on patient’s entire belly region. The time of the mud pack application should be around 50 to 60 minutes and repeated for three days. Around one hour later take bath with preferably cold water and if it is too cold you can use warm water. Wrap a blanket after you take bath.

How it Works

Applying mud on the stomach soaks the heat and activates the bowel. It is effective in decreasing intestinal heat and stimulates bowel movement hence helping in elimination of stool. When applied to abdomen it provides relief in all forms of indigestion and other stomach illnesses.

Various other Benefits of Mud Therapy

1. Stomach pain, arthritis patients also benefits from mud therapy.

2. Application of the pack on the eyes is useful in cases of conjunctivitis, hemorrhages in the eyeball, itching, allergy, errors of refraction like short sight and long sight and particularly helpful in glaucoma where it helps to reduce eyeball tension.

3. Mud pack placed on head has been found to be effective in congestive headache and provides quick relief from the pain.

4. Many skin diseases are also cured and the skin gets a new glow.

Ovarian Cysts Natural Treatment – I Need Help With My Ovarian Cysts Now!

Do you know what the best ovarian cysts natural treatment is? You need a natural treatment that can get rid of your pain and keep the cysts from coming back in the future. Many women are looking to ovarian cysts natural treatment that they can do at home to stop their pain. Some women have a higher tolerance to pain than others, nut there are not many women that can say that the pain of a ruptured ovarian cysts does not bother them.

Having to live with an ovarian cysts can be painful and costly. There comes a time when you have to do something about it. The bad news is that traditional medicine requires surgery or drugs, these cannot guarantee a cure and they can be very expensive.

You can treat your cysts with doing little things like changes in your diet. You will never know how easy it can be until you give it a try. It can be hard to say what will work for everyone since every women is different, but there are not many things that will work right away as an ovarian cysts natural treatment.

You can relieve pressure on your lower abdomen as this is a good way to ease the pain of ovarian cysts. A few examples of this would be to try to wear loose clothing, start drinking more water, just take a few minutes out of your day to sit down and relax.

Stress can be one of the worst things for the body, and when you add stress with cysts it can be a nightmare for the body. Drinking a nice hot cup of herbal tea will help you too. A few good herbal teas are Ginseng, Chrysanthemum, and Ku Ding. You can also use a heating pad on your pelvic area to help with the pain and give you some comfort. An ovarian cysts natural treatment is the best way to cure your problem.

When I had my own problems with my cysts, I was desperate to find a natural cure and get rid of the terrible pain. You can free yourself from the pain and get a natural cure to help you feel better right now.

Flush The Fat – Three Steps For A Cellulite Detox

Don’t let one more ounce of fat get anywhere near your body. You can reverse the fat build process beginning today.

If you seeing lady lumps appearing in places you definitely don’t want them… You probably need to decongest your digestive system and detox your body after all the stress and low budget fast food you had been eating for lunch.

How do you know if you need a cellulite fat flushing purifying cleanse?

In order to experience a long-term lean body you must eat a perfectly balanced nutritious diet. One of the great advantages of achieving that lean body is high energy and mental clarity.

It is difficult sometimes to start a program so my suggestion is to jump in lips first. It’s looking at everything that passes through your lips into your mouth and down into your stomach for digestion.

Proper nutrition is the basis for boosting your metabolic system and the extra energy you will feel from the detoxifying effects of fresh juices, super foods, herb teas and healing broths.

Most weight loss diets have little nutrition to offer so they leave you feeling tired and lifeless. In the end, even if you lose weight, you feel so deprived that it starts ravenous cravings for foods that zap your energy and put the weight right back on. You end up feeling worse than when you started.

A cellulite fat flushing purifying cleanse is one of the best ways to jump-start your weight loss, which can lead to total healing and anti-aging. Dangerous fats such as saturated fats in processed meats and dairy foods, trans-fats like those found in many dairy foods, hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils found in margarine, shortening and many quick snack foods, and oxidized fats, like those in all fried foods, collect in the excess body fat you already have. They all make your fat worse and makes cellulite even more dimply!

Sugary foods and highly processed foods (like fast foods) are void of digestive enzymes that they end up collecting as excess fat, too. When your system is congested, your body tries to dump its metabolic wastes to get them out of the way and one of the places that receive this horrific metabolic waste is excess fat.

Is your body showing signs that it needs a cellulite fat flushing purifying cleanse?

Here are some questions you can ask yourself to find out….

First of all… what is Cellulite? Cellulite is a combination of fat, water and trapped wastes beneath the skin. It is concentrated areas of fat that appears dimpled when you squish it in your hands.

Is it collecting on your hips, thighs or tummy?

Are your upper arms flabby?

Is your waistline noticeably thicker this year than last year this time?

Does your face look jowl-y or puffy?

Have your wrists and ankles thickened?

Today is the day when you begin this process. No, not next week, or after your next final exam. There’s no better time to give your body a healthy, fresh start than right now! You can start lowering your weight this very day by eating clean, upping your liquids and thinking fresh.

Benefits of a Cleanse

Energy levels rise almost every day as your system becomes purified.

Your weight will drop consistently as you become more serious and committed.

Your digestion will noticeably improves as toxins are flushed and high-quality nutrients are more quickly absorbed. This helps to strengthen your immune system and boost your metabolism.

Elimination problems often associated with weight problems begin to clear up.

Circulation will noticeably improve, as will all cardiopulmonary performance.

Your heart becomes healthier as well as your other vital organs.

Quick Steps for a Cellulite Detox to Jump Start Your Weight Loss Program

Step 1 – DRINK

Drink plenty of bottled or filtered water!

Eight to twelve glasses of purified water each day. This can include herbal teas that do not have caffeine. Water can help an overeater get past weight loss plateaus; decreasing water intake causes increased fat deposits. Drink all liquids before eating, to suppress appetite and maintain a high metabolic rate. Make sure at least 50 percent of your diet is composed or fresh foods and fresh juices.

Step 2 – GO Keep it Moving!

Rev up your fiber intake. Fiber plays a major role in weight control and fat detoxification.

Fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains and legumes are great forms of fiber.

Stop the bad fats! Unhealthy fats make you gain weight… healthy fats like olive oil, flax seed oil and canola oil assist weight loss as long as they are used in moderation. The healthy oil is also good for digestion.

Step 3 – EAT

Eat Foods that are Alive, Fresh and Organic!

Here are some suggestions:

Green leafy vegetables. Eat them raw, put them into a broth, add them to your juices. Their chlorophyll helps remove environmental toxins (heavy metals, pesticides) and it is a great liver protector. Fresh food calories are relatively non-stimulating to glands and tend to stabilize weight. Add sea vegetables to your diet everyday.

Lemons. Fluids are vital. They help flush the body. Freshly squeezed lemonade is ideal. Its vitamin C – considered the detox vitamin – helps convert toxins into a water – soluble form that is easily flushed away.

Watercress. Add a cupful to your salads, soups, and whole grain and fat free sandwiches. This peppery green leaf has a diuretic effect that helps move things through your system. And watercress is rich in minerals too.

Garlic. Add it to everything – salads, sauces, spreads. In addition to the bulb’s cardio benefits, it activates liver enzymes that help filter out toxic debris.

Broccoli sprouts. Buy them at a health-food store. They pack 20 to 50 times more cancer-fighting, enzyme-stimulating activity into each bite than the grown-up vegetable.

Cabbage. There are two main types of detoxifying enzymes in the liver; this potent veggie helps activate both of them. Coleslaw, anyone?

Water based fruits. Melons, kiwi, oranges, grapefruits, apples and berries. They’re full of almost all full of fiber, vitamin C, fiber, nutritious fluids, and all kinds of antioxidants. Nothing tastes better and is more refreshing than fresh honeydew melon, fresh berries, or a juicy apple.

Green tea. This antioxidant-rich brew is one of the healthiest ways to get more fluids into your system. Bonus: It contains catechins, which speed up liver activity. I like the decaf because I can’t handle too much caffeine.

Psyllium. A plant that is rich in soluble fiber, like oat bran, but more versatile. It picks up toxins (cholesterol too) and helps clear them out. Stir powdered psyllium into juice to help cleanse your colon, or have psyllium-fortified Bran Buds for breakfast.

Sesame seeds. They’re credited with protecting liver cells from the damaging effects of alcohol and other chemicals. For a concentrated form, try tahini, the tasty sesame seed paste that’s a staple of Asian cooking.

Working out during a cellulite fat flushing purifying cleanse What Exercise Should I Undertake While Cleansing/ Detoxing?

As you can imagine, during a detox it is not a good idea to put your body under too much strain or stress through exercise. However, this does not mean that all exercise is forbidden during a detox (you don’t get out of it that easily!).

The detox process aims to give your body an opportunity to cleanse itself, flushing any toxins from your system and therefore you want to know which exercise can help with this process and is recommended while detoxing. Aerobic (fat burning) exercise is one of the primary exercises to focus on when detoxing. Aerobic exercise increases your heart-rate into your ‘fat burning zone’ (intensity of around 6-7 out of 10 rate of perceived exertion) and encourages deep, diaphragmatic breathing that helps flush your lymphatic system while you are burning fat.

While resistance training is fantastic for you, it’s better to not do heavy mass building workouts while you are in the first seven days of a good detox. This type of exercise (along with high intensity aerobic training (HIT) can be quite stressful on the body during a detox and can therefore inhibit the body’s ability to repair itself effectively. After the first seven days, you can go back to your heavy training.

Amelia, I recommend this type of focused programmed for seven days. Once you have kicked your body into purification, you can gradually add in more carbohydrates that are moderate to low glyemcic and natural.

If you like the way you feel and your body is responding well and your energy is high, keep going until you can achieve a modified version that will be easily maintained. This is one of the methods I used for several of my artists who had to look good fast in a bikini or less for a photo shoot.

I am so passionate about getting rid of cellulite that I made an entire program about it. I outline the foods, and celebrity secrets that cost many actresses thousands of dollars to find out. It’s called my Quick Start Energy Program [] and it contains my Special Cellulite Solution MP3 Audio that goes into specific detail about cellulite reduction!

I wish you well with your career and with your life. I strongly encourage you to design your perfect life. Don’t settle for anything less than the best of everything. Only accept the perfect job, only date perfect men and most of all make yourself happy before you even think about getting married. Make sure you marry someone who celebrates You and all that you are and all that you desire to be.

God Bless and make it the Best Week Ever!

Why Do Smokers Cough So Much?

Have you ever wondered why you cough? When you take a deep breath there are times when your throat will involuntarily shut itself off from air intake. That brief hesitation causes the muscles in your chest and lung to constrict. The resulting action is to cough.

Your body performs this service because it is convinced there is a reason for you to cough. This could be due to an illness such as a cold or flu or it could be the sign of foreign matter in your lungs, trachea or bronchial tubes.

Your body was designed to keep your air passages as clear as possible. Coughing is a direct response to that inner directive.

If you should find yourself in the hospital you will often be given a small handheld devise you will be asked to breathe into. These devices were created to induce coughing. Your health care professional realizes that when you stay in bed long enough phlegm can build up in your body, but isn’t eliminated because you are not in a position to exert any pressure on yourself so you don’t use your lungs efficiently. That’s why they work to force you to cough.

For those who smoke it can be easy to cough. In fact morning coughing is not only typical it is often routine. The term generally used for this scenario is “smoker’s cough”. An individual who has spent much of their life smoking may find they are prone to extended sessions of coughing in the morning. Generally phlegm expulsion is normal and may seem more abundant than it should.

Remember your body is designed to react to foreign matter in the lungs. Your body views the smoke and subsequent tar introduced to the lungs as foreign matter. Your body can produce additional phlegm to coat and protect, but eventually that has to be removed and your body’s cough mechanism will work overtime to remove it.

In normal circumstances the phlegm will bring up foreign matter for elimination. Smoker’s cough only seems to result in the production and elimination of phlegm without the elimination of tar and nicotine residue.

Sometimes when a long-term smoker laughs you can hear a rattling sound that indicates a significant buildup of phlegm.

One of the reasons it becomes harder for smokers to eliminate mucus has to do with a strange phenomenon that incapacitates a part of the coughing process. Inside your trachea there are small hair like protrusions called cilia. When responding to phlegm normally the cilia will move the phlegm upward where it can be eliminated. Smoking causes the cilia to either be paralized or, in a worse case scenario, destroyed. When the cilia can no longer function correctly the only recourse smokers have is to engage in regular and sometimes harsh bouts of coughing to eliminate what the normal body does easily.

Recent research seems to indicate that “smoker’s cough” can often lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Researchers now believe that the trouble smokers might experience with smoker’s cough is a strong indicator of COPD.

The study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine indicates, “The presence of chronic cough and phlegm is not an innocent symptom but is an early marker of airflow obstruction.”

It appears that smokers cough [] is not a passing symptom, but an indicator of a potentially greater threat to the health of the smoker.

In response to this study, Jorgen Vestbo, of Hvidovre University Hospital in Denmark and the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom, said “[The] lifetime risk of COPD in smokers is… probably about 35 to 50 percent.” (Source:

Smokers often respond to their coughing fits by self-medicating with cough suppressants. Many in the medical community strongly discourage suppressing a smoker’s cough. For the smoker this action remains the only reasonable mechanism for the removal of phlegm. To suppress the cough only contributes to declining health.

Should you quit smoking the cilia inside your trachea can regenerate. You should know that while they regrow and resume their role in your health care management you will likely continue to experience smoker’s cough. Once the cilia are fully functional the coughing symptoms should decline.

Chiropractic Treatments Prove Beneficial to Diabetic Patients

Many researchers believe that chiropractic adjustments can help reduce the seriousness or even cure many seemingly incurable diseases like diabetes. The well respected Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research published a study about the positive response in a patient with medically diagnosed adult onset diabetes. The chiropractor corrected spinal misalignments or vertebral subluxations which in turn corrected imbalances between the organs and the nervous system. Exercise guidance and nutritional advice were also part of the program. Remarkably, after just one month, the patient had normal blood glucose levels that remained stable over time. According to his medical doctor, insulin would not be required as long as this condition remained stable.

The outcome of chiropractic treatment on a diabetic patient can be quite amazing. The scientific literature has acknowledged that interference with the spinal nerves can be a major contributing factor of metabolic and endocrine disorders such as diabetes. In fact, spinal injury has been named as a primary cause of diabetes. When the nerves that supply the digestive organs are stressed in the thoracic area, the organs do not operate properly in the body. For example, the pancreas normally produces insulin to control blood sugar, but if the insulin is rendered ineffective, diabetes can result. The problem is usually found in the 5th to 10th thoracic vertebrae which are what the chiropractor would adjust during treatment. A properly working nervous system is essential to the well-being and proper functioning of the body.

Another case study was recently published in the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal, & Family Health. This study dealt with a four year old girl suffering from Insulin-Dependent Type I Diabetes. She was treated for vertebral subluxations in the thoracic and cervical regions of the spine. After 24 chiropractic visits over two months, the patient demonstrated a dramatic decrease in her A1C levels from 7.2 percent to 6.5 percent and the amount of insulin used on a daily basis went from 15 units to 11 units. Up to this point the scientific literature has stated that successful lowering of A1C levels below 7.0 percent was nonexistent. By optimizing neural connections in the body through chiropractic care, the systems of the body can work together for better health. Your nervous system will function better which lets the digestive and endocrine systems work better so that your body can fight disease more effectively. We have seen the positive impact that adjustments can have on patient suffering from other debilitating conditions such as mental illness, high blood pressure, migraines and many more at Integrative Physical Medicine and look forward to treating many more.

Cause and Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is an anxiety disorder that has been around since the beginning of mankind. Its symptoms were recognized and mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible. It is the result of being exposed to an event or events that are so severe and traumatizing that they basically overload the mind. If you are young under the age of 20 it can physically change the brain permanently.

PTSD symptoms are frequently chronic and can be delayed for many years before overcoming the victim. Symptoms include intrusive thoughts, racing thoughts, paranoia, agoraphobia, flashbacks, irritability, severe nightmares, night sweats, depression and other anxiety disorder.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder sometimes incorrectly referred to by the media as post traumatic syndrome, can be caused or triggered by witnessing or being involved any number trauma related events. These include combat, car accidents, domestic battery, rape, assault, industrial accidents, murder, imprisonment and personal injury. The response to these events is entirely personal. Events that have no effect on others or even events that you have witnessed previously may not have any effect on you in terms of PTSD.

The event that causes you to suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder may seem to pass without note or it can cause you to have a total breakdown immediately after the experience. Again this is normal as each of us responds differently to the trauma. Marines, soldiers, sailors, police officers, EMS, firemen and first responders who are under orders or carrying out their profession frequently show no immediate effect to a trauma event or series of events. Many of these people do what is commonly called “stuffing it” or ignoring it. The effects of stuffing their exposure frequently means the anxiety disorder will show up later, sometimes many years later.

Other Post Traumatic Stress Disorder suffers may have an immediate response to the event. They can be severely affected within hours or days. Hopefully there are mental health professionals available to provide treatment. It is understood that if you receive treatment relatively soon after a trauma event you have a much better ability overcome the symptoms of PTSD. Frequently just discussing the event shortly after it has occurred can go a long way to healing the wounds.

Individuals suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder frequently develop additional mental disorders as a result of their PTSD. These include depression, substance abuse, alcoholism, sleep disorders, suicide, agoraphobia, GAD and panic disorder. In addition physical medical problems also increase and can include cardiac, dental, intestinal, and digestive diseases. Some physicians feel it also increases the risk of cancer.

People who suffer from PTSD in the chronic delay form seem to suffer the most and tend have more trouble controlling the symptoms. Many combat veterans have come home thinking they have escaped the effects of what they endured only to find that PTSD symptoms show up years later.

Many of us have used various methods to control and hide the symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Some sufferers have used exercise, adrenalin rushes and work to control it. Others have used alcohol and drugs and still others have just gone and bunkered up and shut out the real world. Most of us have sleep problems, by that I mean we don’t sleep. For more than 20 years I lived on about 2 hours a night. Its really another way to control symptoms, if you do not sleep you do not dream.Combat Vets know that living with untreated PTSD is hell on earth. Dealing with it long after the effects symptoms have taken hold is certainly a trying ordeal as well. It has to be dealt with or you will not have a normal life and it can even significantly shorten your life. The choice is yours. Understand that the treatment and medications do not cure you but they lesson the control that the symptoms place on you.

As A mentor to combat vets and law enforcement officers who are dealing with PTSD and its symptoms, our job is to facilitate getting the people into treatment programs and then mentor them through the long process of getting control of their symptoms. This process can be further complicated by substance abuse or associated mental health problems. Mentoring is hard work but If combat vets and cops do not help each other then no one does. The process of getting control of PTSD symptoms can be a long and sometimes difficult endeavor.

If you think you have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or know someone who does, you can generally get assistance by contacting your county veterans service officer or Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Readjustment Center. The VA has a great deal of expertise in dealing with this disorder. Even if you are not a vet they frequently know what mental health resources are available to affectively treat PTSD. If your are in a Job that does not allow you to have PTSD like law enforcement, active duty military, fire fighters and other first responders, you must choose carefully who you work with. Trust is everything when it comes to dealing with and treating PTSD. Eventually you will have to make a decision as to staying in your profession. It is far better that you make that decision then to have someone else make it for you. I am not only a combat vet but I am an ex law enforcement officer and I know what it is like to suffer from PTSD.

Again the worse thing you can do is to try to ignore the problem until the symptoms become too severe for you to manage. Today is the best time to start dealing with your Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Life is a hell of a lot better when you have the help and the tools necessary to control the symptoms as opposed to them controlling you. It can and will get better if you work at it. Start looking for resources to help you now.

Grandma’s Proven Tips Reveal Her Self Help For Anxiety And Depression Secrets

Modern notions of success and achievement don’t always jibe with more traditional notions of community, balance, and personal wellbeing. The hustle and bustle of modern life often brings with it the symptoms and syndromes associated with high stress and anxiety – overeating, depression, chest pain, and a host of immune system related illnesses. Perhaps it’s time for you to consider the timeless wisdom of grandma’s advice regarding self help for anxiety and depression.

Grandma’s Tip #1: “Count To Ten Before You React” – Not stopping to consider your statements and actions before making them is responsible for untold amounts of largely unnecessary stress, anxiety, and depression. Before reacting to another’s slight, or thoughtless behavior, stop to consider the consequences of your possible reactions. You can choose a course that escalates and magnifies tensions, or you can choose to diffuse the tension by letting it pass. Reduce and manage the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression by, “Counting to ten before you react.”

Grandma’s Tip #2: “Stop To Smell The Roses” – Why are you rushing about so? Is the world really going to end if you take fifteen minutes for yourself? Make a habit of scheduling “mini stress vacations” right into your day. Whether it’s at your workplace desk, or even in the bathroom at home, be sure to schedule 2-3 breaks of between five and fifteen minutes everyday when you shut your eyes, clear your thoughts, and work on accomplishing absolutely nothing! Reduce and manage the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression by, “Stopping to smell the roses.”

Grandma’s Tip #3: “Sit Down and Eat Something” – While overeating and obesity are huge modern day problems associated with stress, anxiety, and depression, “grandma” wasn’t advocating unhealthy eating. The point of grandma’s advice was for you to sit down, forget about the business of living, enjoy some good conversation and company, and take in a little nourishment. Reduce and manage the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression by, “Sitting down to eat something.”

Grandma’s Tip #4: “A Place For Everything and Everything In Its Place” – One sure fire way to alleviate the effects of stress and anxiety is to get organized! Aside from the obvious time savings associated with knowing where things are and not having to search around for them, it is a surprisingly true fact that an organized personal environment stimulates feelings of confidence, peace of mind, and wellbeing. Reduce and manage stress symptoms and beat anxiety and depression by creating, “A place for everything, and putting everything in its place.”

Grandma’s Tip #5: “Go Tell xxxxxx You’re Sorry” – Grandma was smart in knowing that unresolved conflicts will normally only fester and get worse over time if not nipped in the bud before given the chance to grow. Don’t let your pride get in the way of good relationships. Take the high road by being the type of person who is quick to forgive others, and who is quick to make amends. Reduce and manage the symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression by, “Telling the other person that you’re sorry.”

Now, listen to grandma’s advice! By following her proven tips and techniques of self help for anxiety and depression you will be going a long way towards reducing the effects of modern day stresses and strains upon your life.

Chinese Stress Balls Are Simple and Effective Solution For Anxiety

Stress is one thing that is currently ruining many lives. You do not even have to look around you to know what stress means. The modern life hassles are plaguing the rich and the poor. Although different people have different circumstances, each person endures distress in one way or the other. The problem with stress is that it is the worst enemy of human health. Due to this constant worry, our bodies could suffer physically and emotionally. That is why avoidance of stress is important. You have several things you could do such as using Chinese stress balls. They work amazingly, especially if combined with other things.

For instance, you could try yoga and meditation classes. Of course, you could participate in games to reduce anxiety. In addition, you could call your friends over to your house to have a chat, or join them out for fun. The best thing with the balls is that you could use them for instant results. However, if you have to succeed in reducing your anxiety and stress with balls, you must learn to calm down. Even though they are miracle balls, according to Chinese people, they could fail if your thoughts are far.

As the name suggests, China people used these stress balls first. According to these people, the ball works miracles, explaining why they have used them for many years. They emerged since the fourteenth century, at a time when handcrafting industries were at the top. Have you seen these lovely balls? They are tiny just like your favorite gold ball. A few of them are made of metal such that when they clash, the balls produce a soft sound.

Perhaps this is one reason why they relieve stress. You will even find metallic Chinese stress balls with hollows. They are available in many different colors. Some colors tend to excite your eyes and they cause calmness. You will also find balls in different sizes and designs. All you have to do is picking the best product.

If the Chinese natives have used the balls effectively for years, you could also benefit from them because:

• They are very special tools that work to enhance muscle co-ordination and balance

• The balls improve circulation of blood

• The balls heal people who suffer from rheumatism or arthritis

• It has an instant effect once you squeeze the ball

These balls are the easiest to use because you simply have to squeeze using your palm. Then, you should rotate these stress balls clockwise or anti-clockwise. As mentioned earlier, when you collide the balls, they will produce a nice sound. This sound is a good stress alleviator.

Some of these amazing balls produce sweet rhythms for your ears. However, you have to learn the same technique the yoga participator use, which is concentration. Rolling the balls on your palms arouse the acupuncture spots in them. This provides healing effect in your whole body system because it lures positive forces to you. Buy and get into a habit of using these Chinese stress balls to fight stress.

Tumescent Laser Liposuction – Less Pain, Quicker Recovery

Most people, no matter how fit and healthy, have areas of extra fat on the body that they do not like. In men it is the waist area, and in women the tummy, hips and thighs. Many of us have often thought that it would be nice to have liposuction to remove the excess fat and start over again by watching our diet and exercising. However traditional old time liposuction is a traumatic surgical procedure which is painful and with a prolonged recovery. Worse, a large percentage of people who have old time liposuction end up with lumps bumps, divots and irregularities on the skin after liposuction.

I have been using tumescent laser liposuction with the new SlimLipo laser lipo technique for almost a year now and I am amazed at how much better the tumescent laser liposuction technique is than the old time non-laser liposuction method. My patients have smooth tight skin after laser liposuction, and their recovery after laser lipo is much easier and less painful.

The benefit of the new tumescent laser liposuction technique is that the laser melts the fat before it is removed, making fat removal much easier with laser lipo. The tumescent technique minimizes bleeding and discomfort. The laser also tightens the skin as the fat is melted. The result is more uniform fat removal, smooth skin, less bleeding and less pain after tumescent laser liposuction.

What Is Tumescent Laser Liposuction?

Tumescent laser liposuction is a new liposuction method that combines the use of tumescent solution with laser melting of fat before fat removal. Tumescent solution is a liquid that contains an anesthetic or numbing solution and a vasoconstrictor, a medication that helps control bleeding. The tumescent solution is injected beneath the skin, into the fat to be removed, before the laser liposuction or laser lipo is started.

The tumescent solution numbs the skin area for pain control which can last up to 24 hours. The solution also prevents bleeding which reduces post laser liposuction bruising and swelling, which speeds recovery.

The tumescent solution is injected under pressure, which swells or distends the fat and makes removal easier. The distention and hydration (adding water to) of the fat also improves the effectiveness and safety of the laser treatment to dissolve the fat.

The benefits of the tumescent laser liposuction technique are

  • Excellent pain control
  • Less bleeding and bruising
  • More effective fat removal
  • Less risk of skin irregularities after liposuction

How Is the Tumescent Laser Liposuction Treatment Done?

Tumescent laser liposuction may be done with you awake or asleep. Many areas can be treated with you awake using only the local anesthesia provided by the tumescent solution. However, the benefits of tumescence are so important that tumescent solution is also used when laser liposuction is done under general anesthesia, for control of bleeding, improved fat removal and for post operative pain management.

After your skin has been cleansed with a sterile anti-bacterial soap, the skin area to be liposuctioned is sterilely draped to prevent contamination. Tiny punctures are made in hidden areas of the skin, and a small needle inserted beneath the skin into the fat to be removed. The tumescent solution is then injected into the fat under pressure to swell the fat and deliver the anesthetic and vasoconstrictor (prevents bleeding) solution.

After a brief waiting period until your skin is numb and the tumescent fluid has taken effect, the laser fiber is inserted through the same puncture sites and the fat is melted with the laser. The fat is liquefied into a thin liquid which is much easier to remove than fat that is removed with traditional old time liposuction.

After the fat has been liquefied, a small tube called a cannula is inserted and the liquid fat removed by suction. Because the fat has been liquefied, much smaller cannulas can be used than with traditional non-laser liposuction. This fact results in a less traumatic procedure with tiny hidden scars, very different from old time liposuction.

The laser also tightens the skin as the fat is lased. The laser heats the fibers that attach your skin to your body, and causes these fibers to shorten which pulls the skin closer to the body. Microscopic studies have shown that many more fibers, called connective tissue, are left after laser liposuction than after non-laser liposuction. I believe that this fact helps explain the improved skin tightening and smooth skin after laser liposuction.

How Will I Feel After Surgery?

Because the new technique places numbing solution in the liposuction area, you will have very little discomfort immediately after and up to 12 hours after your procedure. In addition you will be given strong pain killers to manage any discomfort.

The second day you will feel discomfort in the treated areas, however in my experience, the level of discomfort is certainly much less than that experienced with traditional non-laser surgery. By day 3 most patients are very comfortable.

You will be wearing a supportive compression garment on the treated areas which adds additional support and comfort.

You will be up and around, able to eat, walk, use the bathroom and do normal daily activities the day after your procedure. I recommend that you not go to the gym or do vigorous physical activity for the first week to ten days because I want the healing process to be undisturbed during this time.

How Long Is the Recovery?

You will be active and walking from day one. However I will limit your vigorous exercise and weight lifting or aerobics for ten days.

Your garment will be changed to a light Spanks type garment after three to five days. If small sutures are used to close the small puncture sites they will be removed at day five.

When small areas like the chin or a minor tummy procedure are done, some people return to work the next day. I do not recommend returning to work the same day-I want you to be quiet and rest the first day.

Recovery to a more normal skin appearance can take ten days to two weeks for swelling and bruising, if any, to resolve.

Your skin appearance, skin tightening and result will continue to improve for three to six months as the skin gradually tightens over the areas where fat has been removed. The remarkable thing about the this new technique technique is that the skin is much smoother than after traditional old time suction lipectomy. I believe that the laser dissolving of the fat prior to removal results in a more uniform fat removal.

Which Laser is best?

I use the SlimLipo Aspire system made by Palomar Medical. I have chosen this laser because the SlimLipo uses the only laser wavelength which is specifically absorbed by fat. The SlimLipo uses a 924nm (nm=nanometers, one millionth of a meter and describes the wavelength of the laser color in the visible light spectrum, which for 924nm is yellow, the color of fat) laser wavelength.

The 924nm laser wavelength used in SlimLipo dissolves or releases three to five times as much fat during lasing as do the other commonly used wavelengths. The other wavelengths used by different machines target water, not fat, and are less efficient and less specific at fat dissolving.

The 924nm SlimLipo also works very well in hydrated fat, meaning that fat dissolving with the laser works very well after the tumescent fluid has been injected.

How Do I Find a Surgeon?

I am a board certified plastic surgeon, thus I am very prejudiced that you should have your procedure performed by a board certified plastic surgeon. My view is that if you are going to have surgery of any kind, you want a board certified surgeon who has been fully trained and is expert at taking care of a surgical patient. You want the safety of knowing that if something goes wrong, your doctor will have the skill, experience and training to take care of you.

Many dermatologists do liposuction. If you wish to have a dermatologist do your procedure, I recommend that you make certain that your dermatologist is board certified and has had a fellowship in dermatologic surgery.

I recommend that you visit the following sites to learn more about liposuction surgery and how to check out your doctors training, experience and board certification status:

American Board of Plastic Surgery

American Society of Plastic Surgeons

American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons

What Questions Should I Ask the Doctor?

Do not be intimidated by the white coat and afraid to ask the doctor important questions. You are an educated consumer, and a good doctor will welcome the fact that you are prepared and have done your reading. I prefer to have informed patients, they always do better after surgery. Plastic surgery is no place for snap decisions or impulse buying.

In my book Save Your Face, in Chapter ten, I give details on how to choose your doctor and what questions to ask. A brief summary of important questions are:

o Are you certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery?

o How often do you do this procedure?

o Do you think I am a good candidate for this procedure?

o Are you comfortable operating on me with my particular goals?

o Do you anticipate a good result-why?

o Can you show me before and after picture of patients that you have operated on?

o Can I speak to a patient who has had this surgery by you?

o What are the arrangements for an emergency during nights and weekends-are you available?

o Will my procedure be done in an approved operating room or outpatient facility under standard sterile and safety precautions? Are emergency services and monitoring available if needed?

Most importantly, trust your gut feelings during your visit with the doctor. Is the office clean and professional? Do the doctor and staff treat you in a respectful manner? Ask yourself will I be comfortable calling these people and depending on them if I have an emergency at night or on weekends? Will I be comfortable expressing my concerns or disappointment if I feel that way? If you detect any discomfort or uncertainty, you should consult another doctor.

This new laser procedure is a remarkable, revolutionary advance in liposuction and fat removal techniques. The benefits can be very significant. However, the results of liposuction, like any surgical procedure are very dependent upon the skill and expertise of your surgeon. Choose wisely and I expect that you will have a very happy result.

Top 3 Reasons Why You Suffer From Pain In The Back Of The Knee

Pain behind the knee is something many of us have or might experience if we play sports that involve bending at the knees, running, tennis, or any activity that puts strain on the area.

Here are some things you need to keep in mind if you ever experience such pain behind the knee:

1. Possible Arthritis

This is one of the most common causes of pain in the knee. In fact, if you are over the age of 65 one in two of you have arthritis with the knee been one of the most common joints involved.

The pain of arthritis is usually a dull tooth ache pain that is occasionally sharp with sudden movements. The pain is usually located over your joint line (where the tibia meets the femur) and in the front of the knee. Mild and sometimes severe swelling is associated with this pain. The pain is worse when you exit a chair or car. It is also worse with any prolonged walking or standing. The pain is usually better with rest, heat (sometimes ice), wrapping the knee and pain medication.

Occasionally the knee may catch on the rough uneven surfaces of your cartilage. Patients often complain of grinding in the knee, and occasional popping.

2. Minor Tear of the Cartilage Surface

Rather then a cyst or fluid build-up, the causes of the pain behind the knee might simply be slight micro tears in the cartilage. This can be treated with the same solutions at the end of this article. Tears, if minor, require no surgery and will heal on their own depending on the time allowed for healing and if the activity that aggravates it is avoided.

3. Baker’s Cyst The cyst usually occurs due to some other problem in your knee such as arthritis or even a tear of your meniscus. The swelling from this problem causes fluid to build up in your knee. This fluid pushes out the weakest point of your joint capsule surrounding your knee. This is usually to the back portion of your knee capsule, and a cyst forms. The cyst has a valve made out of your joint capsule tissue. This valve can sometimes become clogged and the fluid becomes trapped in the cyst. Thus, even when the injury has resolved, you still have the swelling in the back of your knee. This is associated with pain usually described as dull and aching. The pain is worse with prolonged walking or standing. It is sometimes improved with rest, elevation and taking pain medication.

Many people agree that when it comes to pain behind the knee, the best plan of action is Control, Avoid, and Rehabilitate.


Cryotheraphy which involves putting ice on the area for 5 minutes at a time. This will help reduce the pain. Do not continue to apply ice if a burning sensation is felt.

Heat from a heating pad for 10-20 minutes on a lower setting may help reduce pain. Alternative methods include creams that create a heating sensation like Icy-Hot or AST BioFreeze gel.

Bracing from a comfortable knee brace can provide some needed relief and stability to the area, reducing the pressure on the area and thus; reducing the pain. There are many knee braces available that can be worn during activity or at any time where the area becomes bothersome.


There’s nothing special about this old saying. Simply avoid the activities that aggravate the pain and participate in ones that seem to help it. Making a list of things NOT to do and a list of things TO DO will be helpful in determining what makes the pain worse. Avoid activities that continue to make the pain worse or no better. This is typical advice. Pain is a warning signal.


Talk to a Doctor and make a plan of action to rehabilitate the knee through controlled motions. Rehabilitation includes motivation to do the prescribed exercises. The correct exercises as prescribed and the proper equipment to keep the motions in controlled.

Pain behind the knee is very common in some many sports that you can suffer from this by doing almost anything from snowboarding to racquetball. By taking precautions in your sports and understanding what might cause this, will allow not only enjoyable sports activities, but a lifetime of activity.