Gallstones Treatment

The most often prescribed gallstones treatment is surgery .

However, due to the multiple complications following surgery and even continued pain unless the patient learns to eat carefully, natural treatments are becoming more desired.

What are gallstones? They are hard deposits that develop in the gallbladder. The are formed from cholesterol that stays too long in the gallbladder.

How do you know if you have gallstones? You probably would not be reading this if you had not experienced at least one of these symptoms …

  1. 1. Nausea and vomiting within two hours after eating a heavy, fatty meal.
  2. Gas and bloating.
  3. Sudden, severe pain in the stomach – often radiating to the back under the right shoulder blade. This is called a gallbladder attack. The pain may subside within a half hour or it may continue for hours, even days.

My mom experienced all those symptoms over fifty years ago.

The pain was so severe that she would pass out each time she had an attack. The doctor ordered x-rays which revealed that her gallbladder was full of stones. He recommended immediate surgery but she refused and opted for natural treatment instead. I am happy to tell you that she lived another 40 years with no more gallbladder attacks after that treatment.

Bile (or gall) is formed in the liver to help digest fat. It is stored in the small pear shaped organ just below the liver called the gallbladder until needed. Ideally the gallbladder releases bile to break down fatty foods into small enough particles to be used by the cells. The bile consists of water, salts and cholesterol.

When for any reason, the bile stays in the gallbladder too long, the water is absorbed and the cholesterol thickens and forms stones. Sometimes the duct becomes blocked by one of the stones or the thickened gall and causes a gallbladder attack. If you have experienced an attack, I urge you to get help right away.

Eight Ways Bad Belts Break Engines

When a high-pitched squeal or whine comes from the engine compartment of a car, one very frequent reason is a belt failure or pending failure. Take the car to a qualified mechanic as soon as possible for diagnostics and belt replacement. Broken belts cause damage to many areas of a car and this damage is far more expensive to fix than the cost to replace a worn-down belt.

  1. Engine and accessory belts power many engine parts, including the power steering, air conditioner compressor, alternator, power steering and more. A broken belt, especially on that affects a critical system, often leaves the car dead until repaired.
  1. Think about how long ago the car’s timing belt was changed. If it was over 100,000 miles ago, then have a good mechanic inspect the vehicle and decide if belts need to be changed.
  1. They are made over rubber with small teeth that grip the wheels it operates. As the rubber wears down, it begins to slip. The wheel turning it still moves, but the belt slips or does not move at all. This causes the loud squeal.
  1. The engine belt squeal is a warning sound that it is going bad. It still works, but it will deteriorate and fail quickly due to the excess friction and heat generated by the slipping.
  1. Engine belts that become too worn eventually snap, leaving drivers stranded. Quick fixes, like lubricants, are available. However, a temporary solution like conditioner is no substitute for qualified maintenance.
  1. Different vehicles use different belt systems. Some cars have a different one for each system while others have a serpentine type that runs multiple systems. The air conditioner belt is usually a separate one, so squeals might only be heard when the AC is engaged.
  1. When mechanics replace or tighten engine belts, they should care for every one in the car. Condition and wear are not the only causes of their problems. Often it may just be a matter of tightening them. Mechanics may change every one except the timing belt during a regular tune-up.
  1. During a tune-up, many items including engine belts and spark plugs are changed. Drivers who notice engine squeals should check the time since their last tune-up. It may be time for another one.

Knowing this, you will now know more ways to prevent a all types of them breaking and potentially breaking your engine. You will also know some warning signs a belt going bad.

Bugs in the Living Room

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the noun bug can be defined as an unexpected defect, fault, flaw, or imperfection. Going by that definition, common issues such as cars not accelerating properly beyond some speed, air conditioners making weird sound when the thermostat is set at certain temperature, word processing software crashing once in a while could all be attributed to bugs. However, we generally reserve the word bug and buggy for defects associated with software applications. It is not a common practice to call a defective automobile engine or a defective air conditioner as buggy.

Defects that do not consistently cause undesirable behavior are hard to detect and fix. Most of the software bugs belong to this category and identifying and fixing them could involve hours of tedious troubleshooting. They could be caused by inherent flaws in the program or due to external causes like the hardware configuration of the computer. If your car is acting up only on certain days, no car mechanic would ever think about looking at the weather data to correlate the engine behavior to the relative humidity in the air.

Errors caused by bugs manifest only under certain conditions. Novice users without the help of proper diagnostic tools will not be able to identify the cause of these problems. They would need the help of a software engineer, who would debug the program to identify the problem at hand. The term debug is slightly misleading. The debugging process by itself does not de-bug or kill the bug. It just helps the engineer to locate the bug. Similar to how x-ray, MRI or colonoscopy helps doctors identify issues and decide on a treatment, debugging helps an engineer identify the root cause of a defect in software. In the case of the bug in the word processing software, debugging might reveal that it was crashing because of a memory allocation bug that affects only large files. The designer of the software did not foresee anyone dealing with documents beyond certain size and created the software with that constraint. How a bag that is designed to hold only five pounds would break if you try to squeeze ten pounds inside, the word processing software would crash when it is told to handle documents that are larger than what it was designed to handle. However, unlike a bag, software can be designed to handle these edge conditions gracefully. For example, the software should display error message when an edge condition is reached and provide the users multiple options to recover from the condition. Even though the example might sound trivial, such software bugs are not uncommon and their ramifications could be large. For example, the root cause of the Y2K fiasco was programmers working around the space constraint by using two digits for date instead of four.

There’s generally a callous attitude toward software quality and software bugs are not given the importance they deserve. If you search the internet, you will see that every popular software will have bugs reported against them. With the advent of broadband internet access, most of the vendors rectify the bugs by automatically delivering the fixes to your computer. Software bugs are generally considered inconveniences; not life threatening. If a bug in the image processing software corrupted your honeymoon pictures or a bug in the email software caused delayed delivery of your son’s birthday invitation, they are not considered grave. Even transactional inconsistencies resulting from glitches in banking and financing software are not considered very critical because of the relatively straightforward recovery processes and FDIC assurance.

This is very contrary to other areas of our life where we take quality very seriously. If the quality of a movie does not meet our expectations, we reject it. We probably will never watch another movie by the same director again. If the technicians did unprofessional job by making the transitions between the scenes sloppy, or the sound recording horrible, the director or producer will not get a second chance to fix their “bugs” and release another version of the same movie again, like software companies do. If an architect constructs a building, he will not unveil it to the public unless and until it meets the design he had envisioned. In other words, lot of planning, thought and creativity goes into the making of these products. Ironically, creators of software do not seem to exhibit this level of passion and precision. They are created by individuals who only see the brick and the mortar not the cathedral that is being built.

With the proliferation of software in consumer electronics and other critical parts of our life, the importance of creating bugs free software cannot be stressed enough. With the healthcare reforms, software is becoming an integral part of patient care. Critical workflows like prescription, bed transfers, and lab orders are managed through software. Even minor defects in these software components could produce catastrophic results, including death.

Most of the software defects stem from inadequate testing and improper requirements engineering. While most of the software bugs are identified and fixed though multiple levels of iterative testing by the vendor before the software reach the market, it is nearly impossible to avoid bugs altogether because of the sheer volume of testing involved. Many times, the different software components of a product suite are created by groups that work in siloes without collaborating. If a product owner does not understand the requirements of market and the end users, these gaps in the requirements gathering is going to manifest as bugs in the software. Software programs are made of millions and billions of lines of code that contains several paths of execution. Each path follows different rules and not all these rules get evaluated all the time. For real life use cases, these rules could get very complex and testing all the different combinations becomes cumbersome without good test plans. For example, if a plan of care software determines the course of action based on data like cholesterol level, blood sugar, blood pressure, age, sex, race and prescription medication the person is currently taking, during quality control testing, test data should be created to meet all these different combinations. Acceptable range for the vitals could change and new medications come into the market all the time. Similarly, a claim processing software should be aware of the latest federal and state rules governing insurance policies. If the software is not keeping up with these changes and not getting tested continuously, it could cause unpredictable results and cause unrepairable damage to the users.

Most of the time, a centralized software module will have to integrate with diverse software units to get the necessary data to determine the outcome. Defects in any one of the components could affect the outcome. Traditionally, when you go to a doctor, he or she will check for any allergy reactions before writing a prescription. Once you take the prescription to the pharmacy, the pharmacist will also check for any drug interactions before dispatching the medication. If you are one of the well informed patients, you would probably call your doctor friends to get his or her advice also, before taking the medication. However, in today’s information technology driven world, most doctors don’t write paper prescription anymore; they rely on software. When the doctor submits a prescription, drug interaction checker software will check for any drug-drug and drug-food interactions and send the prescription to the pharmacy. The pharmacy will run similar drug interaction check on their side also before dispatching the drug to the patient. This looks like a very clean and sophisticated workflow; except that if the doctor’s office and the pharmacy used the same drug interaction checker software and the software failed to warn about a potential allergy reaction because of a bug. If the drug interaction checker software is available as a cloud based service, when you check for any interaction from your home computer for final confirmation, you might be using the same defect prone drug interaction checker software that your doctor’s office and pharmacy relied upon and you will be getting similar, invalid result. This is as good as your doctor, pharmacist and your friend all phoned the same expert to get the same (albeit wrong) opinion on the allergy reaction.

Until recently, computers were probably the only consumer devises that relied on software applications. If you did not use computers, you were pretty much isolated from software and software bugs. Unfortunately, that is not the case anymore. Software form integral part of most commonly used electronic items. Your automobiles, TV, cable box, cell phone, security system and even treadmill have software components. Unfortunately, the enriched user experiences provided by these software components come at a price. For example, it is not uncommon, when you are watching your favorite TV program, you are interrupted by annoying messages saying that the cable box will be rebooted because of a firmware update. When you sit down with your family for a pizza and movie night, the blue ray player might not play the disc because of missing software patches. Most of the time, these updates are required to fix software bugs.

Software bugs could also make the electronic devises vulnerable to hacking. The smart phones of today are much more powerful and store way more information than the computers few years ago. Today, you are basically carrying a computer in your pocket or purse. While the mobile apps have brought your medical, financial and other critical data to your fingertips, they add an important concern. Most of these apps are written by not so experienced programmers. Anyone could create and market applications though the app stores. There is no governance or certification process around this. If these apps expose the internals of your phone because of undocumented bugs, you are basically broadcasting your personal information to the rest of the world without your knowledge.

This is not to say that we should avoid software or be overly paranoid about software bugs and vulnerabilities. Remain an educated consumer and be aware of the bugs. Think twice before downloading and installing apps in your mobile devises. First ask the most important question – do you really need it? Do you really need an app that will let you decorate your dog pictures with bow ties on your phone? Check the credibility of the publisher of the app. Check the bug reports. Ask your cable provider to supply the list of bug fixes and enhancements with every firmware update. Get the name of the software your doctor’s office using and go online and check what kind of bugs they have. It is an open, uncontrolled and scary market. Government will intervene only when the catastrophe gets out of control. But as an educated consumer, make use of your rights to information and do not let the software bugs bite you.

Pro Solution Pills Versus ED Prescription Drugs

There is no doubting the fact that prescription drugs for erectile dysfunction have become a mainstay on the market. Everywhere we look and everywhere we go these sexual health products are sold to us, and Viagra and Cialis have become brand names that are just as notable as Heinz or Nike. Unfortunately while these two products are popular and effective in many ways, both of them require consultation with a doctor and a full prescription before you are able to purchase them.

As if erectile dysfunction is not embarrassing enough, these products force you to head into a clinic and have a one on one discussion about how you can not perform or engage in the sex that you desire. This is the embarrassing situation that you can completely avoid with a sexual health product such as Pro Solution Pills. Pro Solution Pills offer a number of the benefits that the bigger brand name prescription drugs do, yet requires no prescription or consultation at all. That means that you can not only avoid sharing all of your personal details, but that you can spend far more time on focusing on your pleasure and far less on seeking out treatment.

What might be even more impressive than that, when comparing pro solution pills and ED prescription drugs, is the fact that pro solution pills are all natural. While erectile dysfunction prescription drugs do have the ability to enhance your sexual prowess, there are a number of side effects and drawbacks that come with their regular dosages. This is not the case in any way with Pro Solution Pills as the herbal supplement has no side effects due to its natural ingredients. Factor that on top of the 100% money back guarantee that comes with any purchase of Pro Solution Pills and it becomes harder and harder to justify purchasing prescription erectile dysfunction drugs at all.

Convenience and safety aside, Pro Solution pills are also known for increasing the size, and duration of erections on top of warding off the effects of erectile dysfunction. As other prescription drugs purely hone in on the lack of erectile readiness, these all natural pills can also improve your overall size and give you more stamina in the bedroom. With a wide range of benefits, no side effects, and no awkward consultation needed at all, it is easy to see why so many men are avoiding prescription drugs and turning to the true solution, Pro Solution.

While these popular pills affect each person differently, they should start working to improve your love life within two weeks, however it can sometimes take up to 2 months to start to feel and notice the full effects. Either way the benefits of this herbal supplement are too large to ignore, and the product itself is far too simple to use and affordable to not take advantage of. So if you have been avoiding finding a treatment for erectile dysfunction due to embarrassment or the simple fact that you could not decide on a solution, then Pro Solution is just what you have been looking for.

Method of Giving Medicine to Dog

As in the case of a child, medicines need to be given the dog systematically.

• For pills or tablets, it is better to grind them and administer in a liquid form by mixing the powder in water or milk. One can even wrap the medicine in something pleasant to prevent him from spitting it out. Any tablet needs to be given right to the back of the dog’s mouth.

• For liquid medicines, the dogs should be brought into a sitting posture on its hind legs and the front legs should be straight. The master should stand over the dog with his legs apart and grip the back of the dog with his things and lift its mouth upward, opening it by holding the upper jaw with the left hand.

• Once the jaw is opened in this manner the liquid medicines should be given, preferably drop by drop or in smaller doses. It is advantageous to use the dropper while giving liquid medicines. you can gently pull out the corner of the dog lips making a convenient pouch in which the medicines can be poured.If the dog is being treated for skin or external infections,it is better to tie its jaw to avoid the medicine or lotion being licked off.Homeopathic medicines are not only effective but they are also easy to to give to the dog.These pills are small and they dissolve to mouth very fast.

• For skin diseases, a simple procedure can be followed. The medicines for skin diseases are normally in powder or liquid form.

Powered medicines can be proportionately mixed with water and then applied as if you are using a shampoo, i.e medicines should reach the roots of the hair. An important remember in both the cases is that the dog should not be allowed to lick its body for at least one hour after the application of medicines. Discourage the dog from licking its body by repeatedly saying ‘no’ whenever he tries to lick his body or loop a necktie or a bandage around his muzzle and make a knot under the jaw. This will prevent the dog from licking the medicines applied to the wound.

Vitamins for Gray Hair

Gray hair is a direct sign of aging and most older people would like to prevent this from happening. But like aging, graying hair is a natural, unstoppable process. Having gray hair is not so bad. You can still have healthy and beautiful hair despite the gray and one way of achieving that is by giving your gray hair vitamins.

How does hair become gray?

Each hair follicle contains pigment cells that produce the chemical called melanin that gives the hair its natural color. The hair’s light or dark color depends on the amount of melanin each hair contains. As we get older, the pigment cells in the hair follicles die gradually. Because of this, the production of melanin becomes weak, making its color to fade to silver, gray, or white.

Keeping gray hair away

Everyone’s hair will turn gray eventually, but there is nothing wrong with delaying the process. Hair vitamins for gray hair are now available commercially to stall the appearance of gray hair. For the hair to continue to produce melanin, it is helpful to give it a steady diet of Para-Aminobenzoic Acid (PABA). It is one of the many B-complex vitamins and is readily available both in capsule-form vitamin B-complex at your nearest drugstore. Pantothenic acid or Vitamin B-5 is another known vitamin for gray hair. It stimulates vitamin utilization and releases energy from food to for great hair and good skin. If partnered with folic acid, pantothenic acid helps restore the hair’s natural color so it fights premature gray hair.

Recently, researchers have come up with solutions to gray hair. According to cancer researchers, liposomes, substances that help deliver drugs into the body, can be utilized to deposit melanin inside the follicles. This means that if the hair naturally stops producing melanin, then melanin can be artificially deposited to the hair follicles. A leading cosmetics laboratory has also developed a precursor molecule for melanin called dihydroxyl-5.6-indole. This allows the natural process of hair pigmentation to take place naturally through a slow process of oxydization.

Child Surgery

Each year 4 million children undergo surgery and almost 8 million parents stress over the well being of their children through this dramatic period of their lives. All types of questions pop into a parent's mind, and the uncertainty can create a great deal of anxiety both for parents and child.
A study from Yale University by Dr. Zeev Kain showed children who were less anxious, have a much smoother course through the surgical process. They required less anesthesia for surgery, they had fewer side effects and needed less pain medication following surgery. This all translated into shorter hospital stays for these children. Families that are familiar and well oriented with the surgical process for their children, tend to have children who are less anxious and more cooperative through the course of care.

It is important to maintain regular visits with your child's pediatrician. This helps to ensure that the normal development of the child is monitored and abnormalities are detected earlier. Some abnormalities such as inguinal hernias are easier treated when they are small than when they are larger. The recovery time is also shorter when certain abnormalities are detected early. For this reason if an abnormality is detected and if you pediatrician refers your child to a surgeon or requests for tests to be performed to find out more about the abnormality, it is vital to make these appointments and to follow through with your physician's instructions promptly.

It is also vital for parents to familiarize themselves and their children in an age appropriate manner about what lies ahead. These days many physicians are extremely busy with their schedules, but have time, or have office staff and printed materials that can help with the process. There are a few books and many internet sources that can help enlighten your path. Please check the sources very carefully for reliability of the source. Many of these internet sources are commercially driven. Stay with sources that are objective and provide information without commercial bias. Stay away from sources that are not thorough in their medical background unless you are dealing with a support group. These sources again can vary in reliability and quality of information. Many large medical centers have FAQ sites.

Care for children has become specialized over the years because of the recognition that children's medical care needs are sometimes different than those of children. Children also become frightened easily and if we as adults are not able to make them feel more comfortable in the medical care environment, then their care can potentially become more challenging and even difficult. If children become more comfortable and able to accept the medical care we offer them, then they would be willing to cooperate more and our care for them becomes easier and their experience less traumatic. We need to do this in a very realistic, non threatening, and reasonable means that is age appropriate for the child. If you have a choice of taking your child to a specialist or a medical center that specializes in the care of children, then take advantage of this option. The more experienced a specialist or a center is with caring for children, more likely it is that the care will be customized for the needs of your child.

Occasionally there are many steps between a pediatrician's office and the actual surgery. There may be need for many tests, or consultations with healthcare professionals. A parent's role becomes crucial in maintaining appointments and sometimes coordinating information and services if care can encompass different sites for lab work, radiographic work ups (X-rays) and medical specialist consultations. Unless all of these services are performed under one roof, on occasion a parent may need to cart information, test results and consultation reports. In this day and age of electronics, it is less common for this scenario, but in certain regions of this country we still rely on paper to disperse and provide information. It may come to rest on a parent's shoulders the facilitation, and cooperation of information and care coordination between different medical specialists.

Once the surgical specialist has been consulted with and need for surgery is determined, then the preparation for surgery will begin. As healthcare providers we try not to subject children unnecessarily to tests. Certain surgical procedures may require to obtain blood levels if there is potential for blood loss, or blood chemistry levels if the surgery, medication administered or fluids provided intravenously during care impact these levels during or after surgery.

You will be given a package that will help with the registration process at the medical center. These packets can vary in content from being very simple in just obtaining medical information for the hospital, to pre surgical visit with a nurse or an anesthesiologist at the hospital, to an orientation tour of the medical center. Each surgical center is different in how they approach to the registration process. It would be beneficial for you and your child to familiarize yourself with the policies of the surgical center, even if you need to call and speak to an individual to clarify policy, hospital procedure in registration, or care, or to speak to an anesthesia care provider about the anesthetic implications of care for your child. If you are not scheduled to meet with the anesthesia care provider, it may be wise to call or meet in advance to obtain an understanding of what is expected. Whether your child will be pre-medicated prior to surgery, or if a parent is allowed to accompany a child to the operating room or an induction suite where the child would drift off to sleep. An anesthesiologist may be able to provide information that will help make the care of the child less stressful, and help reduce your anxiety.

You will also receive instructions for medications if your child needs them prior to surgery and dietary restrictions. Dietary restrictions can vary depending on the type of procedure. It is standard that a child be restricted from food and any pulp containing or non clear fluids for more than 6 to 8 hours. Most medical centers allow the consumption of water 2 to 4 hours prior to surgery. Please check with your surgeon and anesthesiologist regarding this restriction. Surgeons and anesthesiologists become very upset if this restriction is violated because it endangers the life of the child. Retained stomach contents can easily slip into the windpipe and create a life threatening complication.

On the day of the surgery provide yourself plenty of time to reach the surgical center. Should you be delayed, please call ahead so that the surgical center can make arrangements for your arrival and prevent additional delay or cancelation. Always bring with you extra change of clothes and towels. On occasion the surgery or the anesthesia may not agree with the child and he or she may become ill on the ride home if they are having outpatient surgery. After the registration, the child will be taken to the waiting area if he or she is having outpatient surgery. The child will change into a provided gown. If the anesthesiologist has requested pre-surgery medication, then the nurse may provide this at this time. It may make the child groggy, sleepy and sometimes silly. This helps with the cooperation. In some surgical centers one parent may be allowed to go to the operating room with the child. It is very important to follow all instructions, and to help maintain the integrity of the sterile environment of the surgical center. Once the child has began to drift off to sleep, you will be asked to step into the waiting area.

When the surgery is complete, the surgeon may meet with you to inform you how the surgery went and on occasion provide you with some instructions. In the recovery room the child may cry, this may not be due solely to pain. Children are often disoriented or frightened upon emergence from anesthesia. The children are medicated in the PACU with pain medication to help lessen the discomfort from pain when appropriate. If the child is an ambulatory patient, then he or she will be discharged with instructions once criteria for this discharge are met. The recovery varies from surgery to surgery and at times from child to child. If the child is discharged home it is important to provide the child with a safe environment with very little stimulation to help them rest. Children are often disoriented and their judgment impacted with anesthesia and pain medication. It is important to reduce the likelihood of the disruption of the wound and bleeding. You will be provided with instructions to watch for excess bleeding, swelling and even signs of infection over the next few days. If instructions are not clear do not hesitate to contact the surgeon or the hospital. If pain medications are provided, then it is important to follow all guidelines provide to you by your surgeon. The surgical process is very stressful any child and parent, but with the proper information the process can be a bit smoother both for parents and child.

Sports Medicine Colleges – Getting the Right Education to Launch Your Career

Staring your sports medicine career is going to require getting your sports medicine education underway. You will need to spend a little time researching and exploring your options for sports medicine colleges. You choice of college should be based on a few simple criteria, which include:

· Matching your career choice and college curriculum.

· Cost of the school.

· Location of the school

· School Reputation

Defining Your Career Choice is the Starting Point of the Search

One thing to be very cautious about when choosing a sports medicine college is to not lose sight of your personal goals and ambitions. You may have made a decision to become a Physical Therapist with a specialty in sports medicine and during your search you suddenly get distracted by all the other career choices and their potentially lower costs. Stick to your plans or you may discover you have headed into a career you will not enjoy.

The choices for certain specialties become limited very quickly. As an example, to pursue a sports medicine education to become a Sports Medicine Physician means you will be acquiring a four year Bachelor of Science degree, spending 4 years in medical school, 3 years in residency, and possibly more time in a fellowship to acquire acceptance into your specialized field. Since only a small percentage of schools are accredited medical schools your choices reduce rapidly. You must first qualify and be accepted into the college. Here are couple examples of top medical programs for Sports Physicians:

· Stanford University – The University offers one of the few fellowship programs in the nation for specializing in this field. The program offers access to their Human Performance Laboratory which explores sports medicine using cutting edge technology and works in partnership with the Stanford University athletic teams and departments.

· Ohio State University – Another fellowship program offered through a top medical university. The program offers many of the same advantages as Stanford.

It is important to note both of these programs require you have already finished college, medical school, and your residency. Sports Medicine Physicians are not created in medical school but in their continuing training after becoming a Doctor. These two programs make Stanford and Ohio State the two top sports medical universities in the nation.

Schools for Medicine – Other Career Areas

When you change your focus away from being a physician to selecting other careers within medicine your choice of schools expands rapidly. As an example, if you wanted to pursue a career as a massage therapist working with athletes you can find schools in many states including the following schools:

· Denver School of Massage Therapy

· Woodridge School of Massage Therapy in Chicago

· Omaha School of Massage and Healthcare at Herzing University

· Nevada School of Massage Therapy – Las Vegas, Nevada

· Arizona School of Massage Therapy

Is Sports Physical Therapy the Right Direction for Your Career?

Another educational pursuit is in becoming a Physical Therapist. This is one of the better paying careers in medicine. You can choose from one of the 212 accredited colleges. Of these 212 schools for sports medicines 203 offer doctorate degrees in Physical Therapy with the other 9 offering Masters Programs. Your requirements to become a Sports Physical Therapist are as follows:

· Complete a Bachelor Degree program. No specific degree is required but including courses on biology, anatomy, physiology, and other related sciences is highly recommended.

· Earn your graduate degree in Physical Therapy. The doctorate programs take approximately 3 years to complete, with masters programs averaging 2.5 years.

· Residency in Physical Therapy – An average 1500 hours of on the job work under the supervision of a licensed therapist is required.

· Pass Licensing Exam – This is administered on a state by state basis.

· Pass Exam to Become a Physical Therapy Specialist in Sports. This specialty designation is offered through the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties and requires you have practiced physical therapy for 2000 hours plus passed their exam. This is not required to work in sports medicine but does give you added credentials.

With the slight difference in time to receive a doctorate or masters it would be in your own best interest to pursue a doctorate degree. With over 200 schools offering specialties in Physical Therapy you will be able to find a school within your budget and in a location near you.

As can be seen by our three examples your choice of sports medicine degree colleges is highly dependent on the career path you select. Your starting point is choosing whether you wish to be a trainer, doctor, physical therapist, or other choose a different career. You can then quickly uncover the right sports medicine colleges for you.

Buzzing in Ears and Ear Infection

The issue of buzzing in ears and ear infection has been discussed in a number of sites across the web. This is because it is an issue that affects millions of people across the world. In addition to it being a wide spread illness it affects people differently and therefore has different cures.

For example some people have problems with ringing in the left ear, some in the right one and a handful associate it with thyroid.

In this "buzzing in ears and ear infection" article I will only focus on one thing ie possible effect during childhood. Just read this right to the end, as I am sure you will find it helpful in your quest to find a lasting solution to stop the humming or buzzing for good.

Chances are you had some ear problems when growing up and you were taken to the doctors for some check ups. Usually doctors insert some syringes in the ears to try and cure whatever problem there is at that particular time.

Now chances are that some damages were done during the process, which never really manifested until now. There could have been an ear infection that was not detected and developed into a serious problem, as you grew older. Essentially this could be the cause of the ringing of your ear.

Whatever the cause was, let me just say that there is a cure or remedy for humming in the ear. Let me just warn you that the web has many different solutions to this problem hence you need to tread with care as you evaluate your options.

What Does Zinc Do for the Body?

Zinc is a vital mineral needed by the body, and it is widely present in almost every cell in our system. This essential element makes our body function normally. If you are curious to know what does zinc do for the body, you would be amaze on how zinc function in our system.

There are multitudes of tasks that zinc does. Most importantly, it boosts the immune system by helping in the production of white blood cells, particularly the T-lymphocytes. As such, we do not get sick easily. Moreover, this mineral keeps the nervous system healthy, which is needed for emotional and mental balance. Zinc also promotes wound healing, growth and development, as well as in the formation of the brain, especially during childhood, adolescence, pregnancy and lactation. What is more, zinc is a known anti-oxidant that works well alongside vitamin E.

Fortunately, zinc can be found amongst several kinds of foods. Just by eating zinc enriched foods, you will meet the recommended daily requirement that your body needs. When it comes to food sources, oyster provides the highest zinc content with 16 milligrams in 6 medium size oysters. Beef, pork, and chicken also have high amount of this mineral. Other foods that are good sources are baked beans, cashews, yogurt, almonds, walnut, beans, chickpeas, and dairy products. Also, you can purchase several zinc fortified in the market. With that said, there is no reason why a person could be deficient in zinc.

The recommended daily amount of zinc differs across ages. For instance, babies need approximately 2 mg of zinc per day, while children 4 to 8 years of age must have 5 mg / day.

Meanwhile, men and women vary in their recommended daily allowance. For men, 11 mg / day is needed, as compared to women with a slightly lower requirement of 9 mg per day. However, pregnant women should have 13 mg of zinc daily, while lactating women require 14 mg / day.

Too much or less zinc may not be good for the body. Excess zinc results to toxicity. It interferes with the absorption of other elements like iron and copper. Abdominal cramps, severe headache, vomiting, and diarrhea are the signs of toxicity.

On the other side, too little zinc can cause deficiency. The symptoms are poor wound healing, lack of appetite, weight loss, skin rashes, just to name a few.

Furthermore, ingesting of grains, rhubarb, and spinach in excess can put you at risk of zinc deficiency. Factors such as stress, alcohol intake, certain drugs, and calcium supplements can result to deficiency too.

The Benefits of Blending Ginkgo and Gotu Kola

Each of these two world renowned herbs are often use together with enhanced effects as a powerful brain tonic. Ginkgo Biloba benefits include circulatory and memory augmentation which works perfectly alongside Gotu kola benefits as a brain booster and nervous system relaxer. Certain medicinal extracts are now available that combined the two healing properties of both these amazing herbs.

Benefits of Ginkgo and Gotu Kola Herbal Extracts:

Increases blood flow to the brain

Promotes longevity and anti-aging effects

Protects the brain against dangerous free radicals

Advances capillary utilization

Gives the brain the ability to handle stress more effectively

The uses Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) have been used as medicine since prehistoric times in India and in the science of Ayurveda. It was used both internally and externally in Indonesia, with its known effects to heal wounds and relieve leprosy.

Ginkgo Biloba can be traced back to ancient China and the traditions of using ginkgo to treat the brain and alleviate symptoms of coughs and allergies. Standardized extracts are still used widely today in medical establishments in France and Germany.

In China it is one of the reported “miracle elixirs of life”. Gotu kola extract holds the reputation as an herb that promotes longevity. This stems from the report of Chinese herbalist Li Ching Yun, who lived to be 256 years of age. Li Ching Yun’s longevity was supposedly a result of his regular use of an herbal mixture chiefly composed of Gotu kola.

The brain requires basically two things to provide energy: glucose and oxygen. A Ginkgo Biloba extract is extraordinary in its ability to prevent metabolic disturbances in the experimental models of insufficient blood supply to the brain. This is achieved by an enhanced utilization of oxygen and an increased cellular uptake of glucose, thus restoring energy production.

Gotu kola or is an herbaceous perennial plant native to Asian and Indonesia. This viney, creeping plant flourishes in and around water, although it grows best in damp, swampy areas. Gotu kola is often found growing along stone walls or other rocky, sunny areas at elevations of approximately 2,000 feet in regions of the world.

It is also beneficial to:


Wound healing

Mental function

Varicose veins


The primary active constituents of Gotu kola are known to be the triterpenoid compounds. Its extracts were incorporated into the Indian pharmacopeia, where it was recommended for treatment of various skin conditions such as lupus, varicose ulcers, eczema and psoriasis. It was also used to treat diarrhea, fever, amenorrhea, and diseases of the female urinary tract.

Why They Are Good For The Brain

A significant increase in the mental abilities in a number of case studies using Gotu kola benefits has been reported. It’s triterpenes have demonstrated mild tranquilizing, anti-stress and anti-anxiety action via enhancement of cholinergic mechanisms. Presumably this mechanism is responsible for the enhancement of mental function as well.

Ginkgo Biloba benefits the brain include membrane stabilization, free radical scavenging, and antioxidant advantages. It is a most effective inhibitor of lipid per-oxidation of cellular membranes. This results in the health enhancement of brain and nerve cells to function optimally.

Both Ginkgo Biloba extract and Gotu kola are well tolerated when taken orally. They work well together and seem to promote and increase the healing properties of one another.

Cholinergic Urticaria – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Is your cholinergic urticaria making you feel like you’re destroyed inside? feel like you can’t get the answers that you seek? this will change everything as soon as you start reading. Here you will get concrete information about cholinergic urticaria, including the symptoms, causes and possibly what you can do to get some relief.

What Is Cholinergic Urticaria?

This form of skin hives is fairly common out of all of the different forms of chronic urticaria. It’s been estimated that about 11% of chronic urticaria sufferers will have cholinergic urticaria. It’s main trigger is outside heat causing an internal rise in body temperature. Emotional stress is also a major contributor, but cholinergic urticaria is often times also known as exercise induced hives, because physical activities like yard work or hitting the gym can also bring it on.

However, you should also know that heat hives, or solar urticaria can be labeled sometimes as a classification of cholinergic urticaria. Essentially, anything that has to do with elevated temperatures is what triggers a person’s skin to break out into this unpleasant form of skin hives.

What shocks most hives patients isn’t always the fact that they have cholinergic urticaria, but the factors that can trigger it. Blushing, taking a shower consisting of hot water, and even eating spicy food can induce this form of hives. It is still widely believed that one of the largest causes of cholinergic urticaria in hives patients is stress. The good news is that there are plenty of ways and lots of knowledge on managing stress. The bad news is that cholinergic urticaria can also cause a lot of stress for the individual who suffers with it.

Studies have revealed some interesting findings. It’s believed that men are slightly more prone to this type of urticaria for some reason. It’s also be revealed that the medium age for those affected by this skin issue is 22, with studies ranging from 16 – 30 years of age.

On average, 7.5 years is the long term duration that it lasts, but it has also been known to last in some patients for as long as 30 years.

What Causes Cholinergic Urticaria?

Although heat hives at the core is caused by a rising in body temperature from a physical stimulus, in actual fact it’s the sweating that leads to the outbreak of wheals (raised, itchy patches of skin) on the body. These spots are typically about 2 – 3 millimeters in size, and most of the time will occur within 20 minutes of stimulus, although it can take a little longer sometimes.

Compared to other types of hives, these itchy patches of skin typically don’t last as long, with the longest duration being a few hours, but more often than not, only being present for about 30 minutes.

Cholinergic is the term which means “related to acetylcholine”, and acetylcholine is a chemical that originates as a neurotransmitter from the parasymphatic nervous system. When released this chemical can cause a hives reaction.

Although it’s widely known that a rise in body temperature, followed by sweating, then by the secretion of acetylcholine, and then by a histamine reaction is what causes cholinergic urticaria to occur, the true root cause is not understood, and more testing and research is required at the point in time.

Symptoms Of Cholinergic Urticaria

The symptoms are pretty straight forward. Small, pruritic (itchy) wheals that range in size between 1 – 3 mm, with the outside areas becoming flared.

The wheals can appear anywhere on the body, except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Understanding this description can help someone determine whether or not they have cholinergic urticaria.

There are other symptoms that are non skin related as well. Abdominal cramping along with diarrhea, headaches and even lightheadedness or fainting can occur.

Does Cholinergic Urticaria Treatment Exist?

Yes and no. There really is no believed treatment, but the antihistamine hydroxyzine seems to have a positive effect on this condition. The only set back is that it causes major drowsiness, which is hard to tolerate for most patients.

People who learn to live well alongside cholinergic urticaria tend to do so by having a game plan to stick with. They may take short, warm showers, exercise minimally throughout the day (rather than all at once), and avoid certain spicy foods in their diet.

Studies have shown that this form of hives can come on not as a shift in core body temperature or skin surface temperature, but a collection of the average body temperature.

The Different Types of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is a particularly difficult and severe type of cancer. It is caused when there is a problem with the cells which make bones. Every year in the United States, over two thousand people are diagnosed with this type of cancer, in the form of a bone tumor. These frequently occur in children and adolescents. They are less common in adults, especially as they get older, but they do occur. Metastatic bone cancer is more common in adults. This is a type of cancer which spreads to the bone from another cancer site.

There are several different types of bone cancer; there are six common ones, beginning with osteosarcoma. It is the most common type of malignant bone cancer. It occurs more often in males who are between the ages of ten and twenty five, though it does occur in adults older than twenty five as well. Typically, the bone tumors occur in the long bones of the arms and legs, around the knees and shoulders. This type of cancer has a high risk of spreading to the lungs. Its five year survival rate runs at approximately sixty five percent.

Ewing's sarcoma is a very aggressive type of bone cancer, typically occurring in children between the ages of four and fifteen. Again, it is more commonly seen in males. It rarely occurs in people over the age of thirty. It usually shows up in the midpoint of the long bones in the arms and legs. In the event that the cancer has not spread to the lungs or other parts of the body, its three year survival rate is approximately sixty five percent.

Chondrosarcoma is responsible for a quarter of all malignant tumors and is the second most common type of bone cancer. It occurs in cartilage cells and is incredibly unpredictable. The tumors can be either aggressive or slow in forming. In the case of the latter tumors, the survival rate is about ninety percent; for aggressive tumors, it has only a thirty percent five year survival rate.

Fibrosarcoma is a very rare type of bone cancer and occurs in adults between the ages of thirty five and fifty five. It generally shows up in the leg, behind the knee, and is more common in males. Chordoma is also very rare; the survival rate is not very often. It, too, is more common in males and typically occurs once the patient is over the age of thirty. There are also a number of benign bone tumors.

Bone cancer symptoms get worse over time. The most common symptom is pain. At first, it may occur more at night or when the patient is active. The signs of bone cancer may last for a few weeks, a few months, or even years. Sometimes, it is possible to feel the tumors, in the form of either a mass or a lump, generally right on the bone or in the tissue surrounding it.

Other bone cancer symptoms include fevers, chills, night sweats, and inexplicable weight loss. However, these signs are not very common unless the bone tumor has spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes there are no signs of bone cancer; sometimes there are no bone cancer symptoms. Frequently, it simply shows up in a routine check up; the same goes for metastatic bone cancer. Clearly, it is important to be diligent.

Handrails For the Disabled

Handrails can be produced in a wide variety of designs for the elderly and disabled people. There are many types of handrails, designed for various disabilities.

The ADA, American Disabilities Act, has formed certain boundaries to which public and other places must follow to fully support the people with disabilities. One of the major factors that must be considered is the design and the place of making handrails that includes hand bars. These handrails are not limited to only public places, but they are also developed in the private areas in order to meet ADA standards. The material of developing handrails must be powerful enough to handle the amount of stress caused by grabbing the bar. The handrails are usually made of steel and aluminium pipe, situated in public places. The handrails are 32 to 38 mm in diameter. The handrails situated in homes are made of nylon or PVC pipes. In Stair ways, wheel chair access is usually seen that is made for the disabled people. These rails are parallel to the ground.

A “D TURN”, rounded off section, is required at each end of the handrails. Grab bars are usually found in bathrooms to help the disabled. They are often seen in public restrooms, where toilet grab bars are established to aid the disable. Sometimes, these are installed in homes of the handicapped person. The bars help the handicapped person in lifting himself on and off the toilet seat. Grab bars are also installed in shower and tubs. The purpose of these bars is usually to help the injured person to be independent and to support himself in private places, where he might be reluctant to call anyone else for support.

Portable grab bars also available that might support the disabled in travelling. These handrails are made for those people who have mild injuries or disabilities. Shower seats include seats that could help the disabled while taking a shower. They often have a grab-bar nearby for support.

Unfortunately, in most countries, special attention is not given to support the handicapped people. In most situations, the elderly men and women with weak legs are unable to lift themselves up while using a standard latrine in hospitals, situated in rural areas. The use of handrails could help the disabled to walk in and out of the bathroom or lifting and sitting. Although it is important to follow the specified standards in establishing handrails, but if you do not have enough resources, you can simply use bamboo poles to assist in moving up and down.

There are some major barriers, seen in most countries like lack of sufficient spacing in different areas for disabled people, ramps, lack of chairs and toilets. This will not help the handicapped in performing their routine tasks and will eventually delay a lot of activities. They will be more dependent on others for support, and it might decrease their self confidence.

All About Cerebral Palsy


Cerebral Palsy is a term describing a condition where a trauma caused to the brain adversely affects the motor skills of a child. CEREBRAL refers to the BRAIN; and PALSY is “Lack of required muscle control”. Putting it together it is “Lack of muscle coordination caused by trauma to the Brain”.


It may be said that CP is a condition caused by injury to the brain or nerves during, before or shortly after the delivery of the child. It may be result of some injury or disease caused during the first three years of childhood.


CP may be classified into four categories:

o Spastic-. Caused due to muscle stiffness which makes reaching or walking difficult.

o Athetoid (or dyskinetic)- Caused due some lack of balance in walking and also muscle tics.

o Ataxic – This includes balance disorder and some difficulty in perception of depth.

o Mixed- Children with mixed CP have both the muscle stiffness of spastic cerebral palsy and lack of balance in movement of athetoid cerebral palsy.


o Delayed developmental milestones

o Persistence of infant like reflexes

o Abnormality of muscle tone

o Abnormality of movements

o Deformities of bone structure.

o Mental retardation

o Seizures

o Problems of speech


Brain damage any time in the first three years of life may cause acquired CP. Damages such as Brain infection (e.g. Meningitis) and Head injury(such as a fall),and other causes such as genetic disorder, blood clot etc..

CONGENITAL CP occurs at birth. Common Causes are infections during pregnancy, infantile jaundice, Rh incompatibility, shortage of oxygen in brain , trauma to head at the time of labor and delivery, and stroke .Babies with low birth weight have more chances of developing CP.


At present no cure for CP is available. But a proper and methodical treatment does help to improvement the condition and helps the child to attain his/ her potential. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, medicine, surgery, braces etc are some of the treatment and therapies that may help. An early and continuous treatment of CP may lessen the chances of other disabilities and problems that may be caused by the condition.


The actual cause of CP may not always be known.

Taking following precautions may help:

o Seek proper prenatal care

o Avoid cigarettes, alcohol, and unnecessary use of drugs during pregnancy

o Testing for measles immunity before pregnancy

o Routine vaccinations of baby

o Preventing head injuries