Complex Diagnostic Tests and Procedures of Blood Analysis

The blood as a whole is very complex with different constituents. With the advancement of biotechnology, these constituents have been able to be discovered with very complex diagnostic tests and procedures. What are they?

1. Common blood analysis (RBC count, Hemoglobin level, color index, mean corpuscular Hemoglobin concentration), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), WBC count, platelet count).

2. Hematocrit

3. Coagulation tests (partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time, concentration of fibrinogen in plasma).

4. Bleeding time, clotting time (Lee-white, Burker).

5. Tourniquet test (capillary fragility)

6. Type and crossmatch

7. concentration serums iron-binding capacity (TIBC)

8. serum bilirubin levels, Coombs test.

9. Sickle turbidity, Hemoglobin electrophoresis

10. Determination of specific coagulation factors deficiency

11. Ultrasound investigation of spleen, liver, lymph nodes

12. Radiography

13. Biopsy of red marrow

Laboratory Blood tests

Type and cross-match

Blood typing determines the ABO and Rh blood groups of a blood sample. A cross-match tests for agglutination reactions between donor and recipient blood.

Complete Blood Count

The complete blood count consists of the following red blood cell count, hemoglobin measurement (grams of hemoglobin per 100 ml of blood), hematocrit measurement (% volume of erythrocytes), and white blood cell count.

White Blood cell differential count’

The white blood cell differential count determines the percentage of each type of leucocytes.

White Blood cell differential count

3 days old

• Leucocytes (30-33)x10^9/l

• Basophils 0.5%

• Eosinophils 1-4%

• Neutrophils

1. myelocytes (0)

2. juvenile (0-0.5)%

3. bands (3-5)%

4. segmented (54-62)%

• Lymphocytes 11-25%

• Monocytes 6-10%

5 day Old

• Leucocytes (30-33)x10^9/l

• Basophils 0.5%

• Eosinophils 1-4%

• Neutrophils

1. myelocytes (0)

2. juvenile (0-0.5)%

3. bands (3-5)%

4. segmented (39-42)%

• Lymphocytes (45%)

• Monocytes (6-10)%

3 year Old child

• Leucocytes 8×10^9/L

• Basophils 0.5%

• Eosinophils 3%

• Neutrophils

1. Juvenile 0.5%

2. bands 3%

3. segmented 24%

4. Myelocytes 0

• Lymphocytes 63%

• Monocytes 6%

5 year old child

• Leucocytes (4-9)x10^9

• Basophils 0.5%

• Eosinophils 1-4%

• Neutrophils

1. myelocytes 0

2. juvenile (0-0.5)%

3. bands (3-5)%

4. segmented (3-42)%

• Lymphocytes 45%

• Monocytes (6-10)%

12 year old child

• Leucocytes (4-9)x10^9/l

• Basophils 0.5%

• Eosinophils 1-4%

• Neutrophils

1. myelocytes 0

2. juvenile (0-0.5)%

3. bands (3-5)%

4. segmented (54-62)%

• Lymphocytes (25-33)%

• Monocytes (6-10)%

How did all these values come about? There are still normal indexes for Adult and discrepancies between the Caucasian as well as the blacks have also been discovered. SO complex, isn’t it?

What Causes Tinnitus? Causes of Ringing in the Ears

Ringing in the ears is very common after hearing a loud and powerful sound, but if the ringing sound persists even after the sound is gone, then it’s time to seek medical help. Loud noises are just some of the many causes of ringing in the ears.

Tinnitus is the medical term for the constant ringing noise that may be heard in one or both ears. The noise may emanate from the canals of the outer ear, middle ear or the structures of the inner ear, but sometimes the ringing may come from the brain itself.

Ringing is just one type of sound that may be described by patients who are suffering from tinnitus. Some may mention banging, clicking, hissing, buzzing and even roaring sounds. The intensity of the sound may vary from one person to another and the sound may be present from the time you wake up and disappear within the day while other patients who suffer from severe cases of tinnitus may experience it the entire day with episodes of increasing intensity when they are aggravated.

It is said that all people may suffer from tinnitus or ringing sounds within the ear at some point of their lives. Some may live with tinnitus every day of their lives and may not find it a bother while some need to find effective solutions to get rid of persistent ringing that may have affected their daily lives.

Ringing in the ears and with the latest in tinnitus treatment technology, people who have suffered from persistent and chronic tinnitus can seek help right away. Different treatments may depend on exactly where the ringing is originating from.

Ringing in the outer ear and middle ear may be due to impaction which is very common in children. Impaction of cerumen happens when a child does not want to clean his ears; very young children may have the habit of placing small objects in their ear which leads to impaction and tinnitus. Inner body sounds bounce from the ear to the obstruction creating loud clicking or banging sounds. Only a doctor can get rid of impaction inside the ear. DO NOT attempt to remove objects inside the ear since you may just push it further.

Ringing that originates from the middle ear to the inner ear may be due to an infection which is very common in upper respiratory infections. A cold, cough or the flu often comes with a degree of ringing in the ears because of the proximity of the mouth and the ear via the Eustachian tube. This tube is the entryway of viruses and bacteria that can infect the ears which causes persist ringing.

There are so many more treatments for ringing in the ears; persistent and aggravating tinnitus must be consulted right away to get the ideal treatment as soon as possible.

Treatments for colds and the flu are often symptomatic and often the illness just goes away on its own. Tinnitus caused by upper respiratory infections often disappears when the person recovers from the flu or cold.

Interesting Drug Abuse Facts

There are many types of drugs, illegal and prescription, which are getting over used and abused. These drugs can take a toll on the person who is abusing them. The drugs change the way the brain works and a person who uses drugs on a regular basis may never be able to completely recover or repair the damage done to the brain. That is why it is important to spread the word about the dangers of drug use and addiction in hopes of preventing teens and adolescents from trying them in the first place.

There are many reasons why people choose to take drugs in the first place and environment and social factors play a key role. People take drugs to escape from reality and feel good because they might have a hard time dealing with life the way it is. Some people may just use drugs to experiment and never use them again, while others enjoy the feeling so much they continue to use them at a dangerous pace.

The chemicals found in many of the drugs that people abuse are like the chemicals that we find in our brains. The receptors in our brains latch onto these chemicals and that is what makes a person feel good. When dopamine is released in the brain it causes the person to feel good and pleasure. However, if the person abuses the drug to release the dopamine, the brain will have a hard time producing the dopamine naturally without the drugs help. This is how the addiction starts and why the person feels like they need to continue taking the drug to feel good.

Using the drugs often will literally alter the structure of the brain and the way it functions. This is why it is imperative to stop the drug use before the damage is done and before the drug use becomes obsessive. When the drug use does become obsessive the pathways in which the neurons are transmitted change and this makes the person become dependent upon the drugs.

The best form of treatment is of course prevention, but some drug abusers have progressed enough where this is no longer an option. At some point when the person is willing and ready to quit, that person will have a long battle ahead of them.

There are many drug treatment facilities designed to help rehabilitate drug addicts specifically for the drugs they are abusing. For example, someone who is addicted to painkillers may have severe withdrawal symptoms and will require around-the-clock medical attention as a form of opiate addiction treatment. Others may simply need an outpatient program and a little counseling.

Acne Medicine from Mexico

Acne, and its cure, have always been, and will always be, the chief skin issue that many people the entire world over are. Nearly everyone has problems with acne at one point of time in their life or another. Mostly, acne issues begin in adolescence and often many believe that it diminishes with adolescence. However, this is a myth and the fact remains that acne dose exist well into adulthood and many individuals even in there thirties, forties and fifties suffer from acne. It affects anyone, of any race, and of any age, although the gravity of acne problems varies by a huge degree. The normal acne, the kind that most suffer from, should be tackled at first with over the counter products and simple good skin care. Many people suffer from acne, which these basics are no match for, and other options for acne treatment might be called for.

Many medications are available for acne and almost all areas of science have ventured into figuring out a proper cure for this most irritating skin issue. There are ayurvedic acne medicines, homeopathic acne medicines, allopathic acne medicines and herbal acne medicines as well. The effectiveness of these medicines varies to great extents.

Amongst all these, Mexican acne medicines are considered to be the ones with the most prolonging positive effects and most sought after medicines in the US and in many other parts of the world. A particular medical college in Mexico, a few years back, discovered the healing power of certain herbs as far as acne is concerned. These herbal medicines slowly gained fame and renown all over the United States because of all the testimonies of their success. Mexico has since then become a central place where a variety of acne medicines are produced including creams, ointments, oral medicines and the likes.

B Vitamins Play an Essential Role in Metabolism

B vitamins were once thought of as a single vitamin called Vitamin B. After much research, we discovered there are actually 8 distinct vitamins. Further research has also concluded that B vitamins are water soluble, which means that they are easily excreted out of the body and therefore must be consistently consumed through our diet. B Vitamins have often been the talk of supplementation over the years because of the essential role it plays in the metabolic process. B Vitamins are essential in functions such as increasing the rate of metabolism, maintaining healthy skin and muscle tone, enhancing immune and nervous system functions and promoting cell growth and division. Each B Vitamin has a specific function within the metabolic process.  

Vitamin B1 –  Vitamin B1 is also known as Thiamine. Thiamine is essential in healthy brain function and as well as metabolism of carbohydrates. Thiamine deficiencies can cause a disease called Beriberi, which is a disease of the nerve and heart. Symptoms of this disease is weight loss, emotionally unstable, weakness, pain in the arms and legs, impaired sensory perception, irregular heartbeat and in sever conditions death can occur. Thiamine can be found in a variety of foods, in low concentrations. Yeast and pork have the highest concentration of Thiamine but you can also find it in foods like whole grain cereals, wheat flour, oatmeal, flax, sunflower seeds, brown rice, kale, potatoes, oranges, liver and eggs.

Vitamin B2 – Vitamin B2 is also known as Riboflavin. Riboflavin is required for many cellular processes within the body including the metabolism of energy, fats, carbohydrates, proteins and ketone bodies. Riboflavin deficiencies can cause Ariboflavinosis, which is protein- energy malnutrition. Symptoms may include cracks in the hips, sensitivity to sunlight, and inflammation of the tongue.   Riboflavin can be found in a variety of foods like milk, cheese, leafy green vegetables, liver, kidneys, legumes, yeast, mushrooms, and almonds.    

Vitamin B3  – Vitamin B3 is also known as Niacin. Niacin is an essential nutrient that plays an role in metabolic process. Niacin is involved in both DNA repair, and the production of steroid hormones in the adrenal gland. Niacin deficiencies along with deficiencies in tryptophan are called Pellagra. Symptoms of Pellagra include aggression, inflammation of the skin, insomnia, mental confusion and diarrhea. Niacin can be found in a variety of foods such as salmon, avocados, broccoli, nuts, seeds, whole grains, carrots and mushrooms, and animal products such as steak, chicken and pork.  

Vitamin B5 – Vitamin B5 is also known as Pantothenic Acid. Pantothenic is an essential nutrient to sustain life. It plays a key role in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.   Deficiencies in Pantothenic can cause acne and in severe cases can cause Paresthesia, numbness of the skin.   Panthothenic Acid can be found in many foods, but whole grain cereals, legumes, meat, eggs, and royal jelly containing the highest amounts.  

Vitamin B6 – Vitamin B6 is also known as Pyridoxine.  Pyridoxine assists in the balancing of sodium and potassium as well as promoting red blood cell production. Pyridoxine has also been linked to cardiovascular health by decreasing the levels of Homocysteine , which has been linked to cardiovascular disease. Deficiencies in Pyridoxine may lead to anemia, high blood pressure, water retention, depression and dermatitis.   Pyridoxine can be found in various grains, green leafy vegetables, liver, eggs, and meat.   

Vitamin B7 – Vitamin B7 is also known as Biotin.   Biotin is a co-factor in the metabolism of fatty acids and leucine, and it plays a role in regulating the glucose levels in your blood.   Deficiency in adults usually does not cause any symptoms; however, in infants it can cause impaired growth and neurological disorders. Biotin can be found in a large variety of foods such as liver, legumes, soybeans, milk, in small amounts, but larger concentrations can be found in royal jelly and brewer’s yeast.  

   

Vitamin B9 – Vitamin b9 is also known as Folic Acid.  Folic Acid is essential for many biological functions such as playing a key role in the metabolism process to producing healthy red blood cells and preventing  Anemia to decreasing Homocysteine levels and cardiovascular disease.   Some research has also shown evidence that Folic Acid can slow the effects of age on the brain. Folic Acid is especially important during pregnancies as a deficiency in pregnant women can lead to birth defects, which is why supplementation during pregnancy is often recommended.   Folic Acid can be found in large quantities in leafy vegetables, beans, peas, sunflower seeds, liver and baker’s yeast.  

Vitamin B12 – Vitamin B12 is sometimes referred to as Cobalamin. Vitamin B12 have been a popular supplement in energy drinks because its vital role in the normal functioning of the nervous system and the brain. Along with Folic Acid, Vitamin B12 helps to produce healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B12 also plays a part in the metabolism of the cells in the body, including their regulation and synthesis, as well as the synthesis and energy production of fatty acids. Deficiency of Vitamin B12 can result in anemia, the inability of DNA to synthesize in red blood cell production, memory loss, increase chances of cardiovascular diseases and other cognitive defects. Because Vitamin B12 is only found in meat, eggs, milk and other animal products vegans must supplement their diet with Vitamin B12 or purchase plant based foods that have Vitamin B12 added to them.    

B Vitamins are the 2nd most important supplement you can take, besides a multi-vitamin for a healthy body. B Vitamins are an essential part of getting the most nutrients out of your diet and helping your body stay energized and healthy. It is very difficult to consume the optimum amounts of each B Vitamin individually so it is much easier and cheaper to take a B Vitamin complex. Even if you are not sure if you’re getting too much of a specific B Vitamin, you cannot overdose because it is easily excreted out of the body. Also with a complex you are using the synergistic effect of all the B Vitamins, which means better digestion and absorption of fats, proteins and carbs. B Vitamins should be taken after a meal but do not take it at the same meal you take your multi-vitamin.  

The Best Hospitals in Dongguan, China

Dongguan is located in the Pearl River Delta and is a major city in China. With four districts, this metropolis has become an international industrial and major economic center, attracting enormous foreign-direct investment. This city has a pleasant climate and is known for its long coastline and seafood varieties.

Taking a look at the city’s health care facilities, it is obvious that its enterprising spirit is not limited to industrial and economic development. Although the city has many well-equipped hospitals, only some major medical centers can provide services with English-speaking staff. The following is a description of two leading hospitals.

Dongguan City People’s Hospital (Red Hospital) located at 88 Tong sand in Wan Cheng Bei Yu, came into existence in 1888 as the Chinese Rhenish Church Lifeline Hospital and has witnessed several name changes before receiving its present name in 1988. Investors poured a large amount of capital for the hospital’s modernization. As a result, this medical center has become the largest integrated health care facility in the region. This-patient centered hospital is situated in a lovely area, embellished with beautiful gardens and immaculate lawns. It employs a large, competent staff; includes 1500 beds for inpatients and provides contemporary and holistic quality-health care in all medical specialties. Dongguan City People’s Hospital has achieved the prestigious three, A-level rating by the Health Ministry, as well as the provincial honors of Civilized Hospital Award and the Advanced Unit of Health Award.

Their outpatient department, established in 1930, is well organized and has special acupuncture, massage, and ECG treatment rooms. The surgery division has well-equipped units assisting many specialties. There are 15 advanced operating rooms featuring laminar flow and imported instruments, all manufactured by global companies. The center is particularly well known for various transplantations, advanced cardiac surgery, laparoscopy, arthroscopy and hysteroscopy. Its advanced emergency department features emergency surgery, observation room, pediatric unit, infusion area, various emergency tests, first aid services and state-of-the-art equipment. Managed by 50 experienced professionals, this department is available 24-hours a day. Other acclaimed departments utilizing advanced medical equipment, include ICU, radiology and ultrasound. Telephone: 22223412.

Global Doctor Dongguan Clinic is another preferred hospital for foreign dignitaries and visitors. This clinic resides at No. 30 IEO International Block in Dynatown. Established in 2005, and owned by Global Doctor, the acclaimed global health care and emergency assistance provider, this medical facility offers comprehensive medical service in all major specialties including family medicine, dentistry and acupuncture. It employs experienced, foreign doctors and English-speaking staff. Medical consultations are available in various languages like English, German, Spanish and Portuguese.

The center also offers round-the-clock medical advice, house call services, antenatal and postnatal care and also conducts many occupational health and annual medical programs. The Dongguan Clinic offers good surgical services in all major areas and provides pharmaceutical, laboratory and x-ray assistance. It offers excellent emergency services through the Global Doctor Beijing Response Center and offers referrals, medical evacuations and repatriation. This hospital also has associations with international insurance companies and is a member of the renowned International Assistance Group (IAG). Telelphone: 22030011.

The Origins of Alternative Medicine

The origins of alternative medicine, also known as holistic medicine, can be traced back thousands of years to the very roots of medicine. Many millennia ago, physicians or healers would assess the sick person’s emotional condition in addition to their physical symptoms before beginning treatment. The roots of alternative medicine deal with the symptoms of the “whole” person, not merely the physical signs of illness. This is radically different from traditional medicine today.

In medicine today, people demand to be cured immediately, and the demand for medicines and treatments that do so is very high. Most physicians today are trained to assess physical symptoms and base treatments on that, without much consideration of the person’s emotional or intellectual state.

Since its inception, this has survived the ages and stages of the field of medicine. Despite the prevalence of modern medical practices, there are still millions of people worldwide that take advantage of alternative treatments for ailments or well-being. Some of these alternative treatments include massage therapy, herbal remedies, and meditation. Massage is one of the most long-standing forms of alternative treatment, and it is highly popular today as a treatment for aches and pains, and as a means of stress release and relaxation. Most people probably don’t even think about massage as a type of alternative medicine.

Through the ages, every society has used their own forms of medicine and treatments. There is over 5000 years of history and many types of treatments that were used far and wide, and many traditional medical treatments can even find their roots in alternative medicine from long ago.

Long ago in Europe, medical issues were treated by one of two types of healers, the physicians or the folk healers. The folk healers appealed to the poorer factions of society, in that they used natural treatments that were more affordable and easier to come by. Folk healers were often highly respected in these underprivileged sections of society. Folk healers often incorporated philosophy and religious faith into their healing practices, which helped to strengthen a sick person’s mind and spirit, as well as his body.

Eventually, folk medicine evolved into the traditional medicine we are familiar with in today’s world. With each passing century, many great advances have been made in treatments and cures for various diseases and conditions.

Despite the dominance of traditional medicine in the world today, there is still a place for alternative medicine. It is alive and well, and used by many people around the world through massage therapy, acupuncture, aromatherapy, herbal remedies, meditation, and many other forms of alternative treatments. Many physicians now support many of these treatments, making them less alternative.

The origins of alternative medicine were very forward thinking. It has survived through the millennia because it has real validity, despite a great deal of ridicule through the ages. Though they do not have the immediate effect that many drugs and treatments of traditional medicine, they are a feasible option for a person to consider.

Basic Dental Equipment and Dental Instruments

If you’ve been making frequent visits to different dentists, you should notice that some equipment and instruments they use look strikingly the same. These dental equipment and instruments are essential for a dentist to complete his dental work. Though some of the equipment your local dentist uses may look old, they function just as well as newer ones. Look for these rudimentary dental equipment and instruments whenever you have the time to browse the treatment room.

Dental Chair

The dental chair is probably the most prominent piece of dental equipment in the treatment room. Dentists either purchase brand new or refurbished dental chairs when they start public practice. Regardless of condition, comfort, stability, and utility are the three key factors that sets a good dental chair from a bad one. The first dental chair was introduced in 1970 and has continued to evolve to suit different dental office aesthetics and to provide more utility, like the ability to purify running water, sport LCD displays, and improved spinal support designed specifically for elderly patients.

Saliva Ejector

You probably recognize a saliva ejector running because of the ambient noise it produces. The saliva ejector makes it easy to vacuum out intrusive saliva while performing an operation by way of the suction tubes. Don’t worry though, as a saliva ejector will not dry out your mouth, only the excess saliva produced by the body during awkward mouth positions is filtered out by the machine.

Examination Instruments

The dentists use examination instruments to peer into the mouth, look for the cause of the pain, and finally work on the damaged or infected tooth.

The mouth mirror is used to peer into hard-to-view areas of the mouth, like the back and gaps of cavities. The mouth mirror is also used by the dentist to thump a tooth to see if it draws pain.

The dental explorer has a hook that services a scraper for minor plaque and tartar buildup. It is also used to sensate the tooth and see if it produces any tingling sensation from the patient. The dental explorer’s primary purpose is to determine if there is any tooth decay building up on the tooth.

The periodontal probe is used to measure pocket depths in-between teeth. This probe is usually used on adult patients, since they are more prone to periodontitis. The probe is also used on patients who wear braces and Invisalign to see any improvements on their bite.

Dental Tweezers/College Tweezers

These pair of tweezers is usually used to hold and push cotton into different portions of the mouth to prevent saliva from gushing into the teeth.

Dental Excavator

Dental excavators come in different ends: a spoon, claw or disk-sized blade. They are used in removing tooth decay. The shapes correspond to different types of teeth.

Dental Drill

After pinpointing the cause of dental pain, and more often than not, a decayed molar, the dentist will need to excavate the tooth by using a dental drill. A dental can be attached to different removable tips/extensions (also called dental burs) and is capable of 400,000 rpm speeds, which is perfectly suited to penetrate the hard calcium surface of a tooth. A dental drill is primarily used in excavating a cavity prior to filling it with composite resin or amalgam.

Upon filling a tooth with composite resin or amalgam, repairing chipped teeth or for purely cosmetic reasons, the use of a dental bur is imperative to smoothen the surface of the tooth.

Dental Syringe

A dental syringe is a unique syringe specifically designed for injecting sufficient and controlled amounts of anesthesia into the gums. It is also used to withdraw liquids (particularly pus) from the gums.

Dental Anesthesia

Dental anesthesia is a specialized form of general anesthesia, whereby lacking the presence of nitrous oxide. Dental anesthesia is commonly called lidocaine by dentist. Its numbing effect usually lasts one two hours, depending on body mass and the nervous system’s tolerance to anesthetics.

Medic! Medic !: Helping the Wounded Live

On the battlefield a fallen soldier will often lay there near death, expecting death, when a comrade will stop and offer comfort and aid. Encouraging and strengthening his fallen comrade simply through comfort, the yell will follow, "Medic! Medic!" as help is sought that will bring the wounded soldier the medical attention that is needed. There are times when death will come too quickly or help will come too late. When the help comes in the right time, the medical attention will quite often save the life of the fallen comrade and life goes on.

As observance is given to happenings in society today, I am left with the sense that too often we pass by the wounded soldiers lying on the battlefield of life. Life can be a struggle for many people for a variety of reasons. It's easy to wipe our hands of responsibility, laying blame through our judgment, thinking 'you made your bed, now lie in it!' This scapegoat thinking dismisses the fact that people make the best choices possible with the information that is available to them. It dismisses the fact that not everyone has had the best opportunities available to them or the fullest access to their own personal power in making choices.

A young man, wet behind the ears, full of vim and vigor, races into the world to discover, to live, and to enjoy. The taste of freedom from the family structure – particularly from more controlling family environments – may lead to disastrous experiences as the 'I'll try anything once' is lived out and embraced. This attitude and expression of freedom is not wrong on its own, however, the less freedom of expression experienced while growing up through the formative years often leads the young to explore and taste many new experiences as they now assert and discover themselves in the wild world context.

Another individual's experience may be quite different. With limited life experience and much social conditioning through family and upbringing there may be rigid values ​​and beliefs that have been adopted that also leads to unhealthy life choices. Family dynamics have a powerful affect on the decision-making of impressionable young people. The loss of personal power in this context may see others in life taking advantage of them, and of them making decisions that they feel obliged to make. In every life scenario circumstances and past influences shape who we have become, as will our future experiences.

As life progresses one poor choice after another can easily accumulate through the learning process. Some learn more quickly than others and some become entangled in messy life situations that leave the victim bewildered and confused feeling powerless. Healthy people know that much more is possible and that healthier choices can lead someone out of the pit of despair. Healthy people may also forget to recognize just how important their social network is in supportive friends supporting their own life journey, positive life experiences, affirmations of who they are, etc. For someone whose life choices have isolated them from such positive influences, the battle for freedom becomes a serious battle against the dark forces in life. Anyone who has had a taste of emotional fallout in a family environment, work environment, health situation, or relationship failure, can recognize a small taste of what that experience might be like.

In our society today, we would all do well to show more compassion and understanding of the battle that individuals face in their lives. Even the people who seem to have it all together and the silver spoon in hand may have some enormous demons that they're fighting with secretly. The cry in my heart is brought on by the lack of compassion offered and the heap of judgment that leaves so many wounded on the battlefield waiting for death to overtake them. I encounter these people often and recognize the child within that is eager to please and wants to find a way out. I also see and hear the self-loathing and criticism that they have adopted after repeated mistakes are made and repeated abuse is heaped upon them by society.

Admitting my own discomfort, I am challenged to stay connected to such people. I do though, to the best of my ability. Can I impart a positive influence, affirming their worthiness, simply by offering compassion and understanding for the journey that led them to where they are? Am I offering myself as the comrade who is encouraging and supporting them to heal, calling out for the Medic myself as I hope the right help for them will come along? Or am I the Medic, applying first-aid and supporting them on the journey to healing and healthier choices. As a coach, I do see myself in a Medic role. As a man, I see myself as the comrade in the battle of life. I do not have all the answers. I do know that my presence does make a difference.

A comrade never leaves the fallen soldier until the medic arrives and the medic will not leave the wounded soldier there to die. In saying this, I draw our attention to the fact that our busy lives, our fears, or our own vulnerability often has us walking on by or rushing off far too soon. We prop up the wounded soul with our comfort and presence, lending a helping hand, a shoulder to lean on or cry on, and soon after run off to attend to our own lives, too afraid and uncomfortable to stay with this fallen individual. It is scary after all. Look how vulnerable the human being is, the emotional being, and the mental being. God forbid it could happen to me or you. The truth is, in my case, it already has happened.

I've made plenty of unhealthy life choices and managed to do well in spite of them. In turn, I've made other choices that seemed right, only to discover how badly they damaged me emotionally and mentally. I was married at the age of 19 to a woman 10 years my senior. Silly? Maybe, and I can also say that for a good many years that positive experiences and life circumstances made it a good lifesaver and life-saving relationships experience. I can also say that it ended in divorce 10 years later leading to the conclusion that it may have been an unhealthy choice. I certainly experienced a great deal of emotional pain through the ordeal.

I also had quit a fantastic career with a large corporation that had the potential for a comfortable living, ripe with all the fringe benefits, eventually resulting in a comfortable retirement package. This has been seen as courageous and stupid, depending upon the conversation and perspective. Which is it? Only time will tell. I recall the opinion I held as I lay in the hospital, near death, with a never-before experienced illness that had the potential of altering my life forever. At that moment, leaving that position and its' benefits seemed to have been a disastrous choice. The financial crisis it created added to that belief for a good long time. Many years later, these experiences show another perspective as an alternative that has resulted in a deeper awareness and relationship of self.

There have been many other choices made in my life that led to more pain and misery. They seemed the right choice at the time, given the perspective and unique way that I looked at the world. I know my family experiences have influenced some of these choices. I also know that my involvement with organized religion influenced my decisions during another period of my life. I'm very conscious of the fact that people rarely accept their responsibility for the influence they asserted in any of my decisions. That is mostly fair since ultimately the decision rests with me. All the same, we all have an impact on others lives through our presence, attitudes, beliefs, words, love, or hate. I'm simply saying that we can acknowledge that fact, have more compassion, and create safer relationships that support better choices and healing when bad choices are made.

We've all been guilty of giving out bad advice at one time or another. We can often catch ourselves telling someone, 'you should do …' when in reality it is only what we might do ourselves if we were in the same situation. I can admit that I've given out bad advice in the past, based upon my own experiences and assumptions that resulted in disaster for someone else. I've always been worried about that. This is where we need to stop though. It is not the advice that matters or that is needed. It is the company, the support, the conversation that offers questions that will lead someone to their own answers. This also leads to intimacy, something that many people crave, and yet are very afraid to embrace.

Intimacy is not a term reserved for sexual partners, spouses, or our best friend. Intimacy is what we all crave as a human being – to be known and to know, to love and be loved. We engage in relationships since we've been toddlers being curious of others and seeking this level of engagement. It's all of the negative experiences around judgement, ridicule, impatience, prejudice, abuse, control, manipulation, and more that have isolated us over time. We do open slowly when we meet people, and as the relationship and trust develops we open up. Even so, how many of us still have a dark secret that we have not shared with anyone? Fear of judgement prevails and keeps us separate and yet we are not separate at all.

The next time you consider ignoring someone who is in need of a helping hand in life; the next time you recognize judgement or an assumption creeping in as you dismiss someone; the next time you are about to say 'no' when someone asks for help, listen to this reminder as a voice calls out, "Medic! Medic!" Do not fix, just create an opportunity for something to happen that can change the energy that dominates this person's life. I'd also like to add that it is wise to let go of any attachment you have over results or expectations for how quick someone should get back on track. Getting out of the mess could easily equal the time spent getting into the mess. At the very least, your loving presence will improve the quality of that person's life.

Addendum, March 5th, 2008:

Get Up! Keep going!

Mother Teresa Reflects On World Peace

We all fathom how dearly Mother Teresa loved to spread love and compassion among all; therefore, very conspicuously, her advocacy for World Peace is no surprise.

Some of the most popular books on Mother Teresa quote her thoughts on the World Peace. She said, “What can you do to promote World Peace? Go home and love your family.”

Recognizing her life-long dedicated service to poor and destitute, she was honored with Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Mother affirmed the use of compassion and love over bombs and guns to overcome the World. She encouraged smiling at everyone and was noted saying, “Peace begins with a smile.” She taught people to smile five times a day at somebody they don’t want to smile at; to induce peace.

Mother wished to radiate the world with the peace of God. She wanted all men to extinguish hatred and their love for power which is the sole reason for the enmity and several atrocities across the world today. Mother regarded defending the poor and destitute in one’s own country with food, shelter and clothing makes the world a happier place rather than wasting money and efforts into defending border. The knowledge of poverty and suffering at home yields much greater satisfaction and peace.

In one of the books on Mother Teresa, she was quoted saying, “If we have no peace, it is because we have forgotten that we belong to each other.” Mother stressed that in the recent times, if we’re poor and hungry for peace, it is because we no longer belong to each other. We’ve forgotten the kinship between us all. We’re now oblivious of the fact that all mankind is our brothers and sisters. She said, “If everyone could see the image of God in his neighbor, do you think we would still need tanks and generals?”

Over the last two decades of her life, She fulfilled her mission of serving the poor and needy despite her various health problems. Until her very last illness she was active in traveling around the world to the different branches of “The Missionaries of Charity

Mother Teresa was a living saint who inspired immeasurable number of people all over the world and continues to do so even after her death in 1997.

Know more about The Missionaries of Charity form most popular books on Mother Teresa written by Mr. Navin B Chawla (a civil servant of India).

Medicinal Home Herb Garden

If you can grow a medicinal home herb garden, you can save a lot of money on remedies. You do not need a huge courtyard in order to cultivate your own herbs. Set up your own container herb garden at home, you need to plan out your container herb garden well, especially if you have restricted space at home. Herb garden articles or gardening magazines are excellent devices where you can pick up a lot of inspiration on how to design your container herb garden.

Medicinal herbs have been used for thousand of years and are famous for their effectiveness in a lot of illness. The natural herbs are very efficient in enhancing the immune system, accruing the body resistance to infections, healing the allergies, and raising and increasing the body stamina.

The Ebers Papyrus of about 1550 BC is amongst the most significant medical papyri of ancient Egypt. It is usually called Papyrus Ebers (from its original German name). It is one of the three oldest preserved documents of herbal medicine in the world.                                                                                

Other important source is the Edwin Smith papyrus (around 1600 BC), the scroll is 110 pages, which is around 66 feet long and contains about 700 remedies and formulas. One more significant medical papyrus is the Brugsch Papyrus (around 1300 BC).

Hippocrates regarded basil as advantageous to the heart and used it for treatment of constipation and at the same time as an anti-emetic (to prevent vomiting). Pliny suggested that vinegar aromatized with basil could help preventing fainting. Dioscurides discovered basil to be soothing for the stomach and abdomen and helpful as a diuretic and a galactagogue.

The first historical illustrative use of plants was found in cave paintings on the walls of the Lascaux caves in France. The herbal curative pictures were documented in the cave paintings and were radiocarbon dated to among 13,000 to 25,000 bc.

Antique cultures and herbalists regarded herbs as treasures, and a lot of so-called weeds are worth their weight in gold. Dandelion, the poppy, milk thistle, stinging nettle, comfrey, digitalis (foxglove), and many others, exhibit complete investigated and founded medicinal characteristics that have hardly any rival in the pharmaceutical industry.

A lot of people are veering to herbal remedies (medicinal herbs have no secondary effects) to keep away from the dangerous secondary effects of pharmaceutical drugs, when they drop victim to the deficient contemporary medicine, or as soon as they discover the medical industry doesn’t have therapy for their diseases. In the sphere of a study made from the application of pharmaceutical drugs, herbs, and vitamins, statistics were compared among the years 1981-1993. The study showed that only one person died as express consequence of taking vitamin supplements, notwithstanding, about 100,000 people died as a direct consequence of taking pharmaceuticals and unquestionably no dead occurred from the usage of herbal supplements.

The investigation was based on incidents where in all three products mentioned, patients followed their suggested dosages. Since the 1980’s, a lot of medical therapists began to combine herbal treatments with mainstream American health attention. In the sphere of many other countries, such as great Britain, France, India, and Germany, herbal remedies have been accessible at the neighborhood pharmacy for a lot of years, prescribed by pharmacists and therapists alike, and in certain cases, additional recurrently than pharmaceuticals.

A medicinal herb is usually a bush or other ligneous plant used for curative purposes. Herbalism or phytotherapy is the practice of traditional medicine that targets to heal illness in the body using herbs and the active constituents existing within them. This renaissance of importance in the sphere of herbs was channelized by diverse holistic healing systems.

An herbal infusion tea can be made with the stalk, foliage, and flowers of the plant. When using fresh medicinal herbs, water must be boiled over the stems and leaves for a few minutes. If you use dried herbs, pour boiling water over one teaspoon of dried herb. To make a tea with the roots, stems, or seeds of the plant, put one teaspoon of the dried herb per cup of tea into a kettle and add the water and boil for about fifteen minutes. You will gather the profit of these marvelous plants by being extra lusty and energetic.

Here you can find a few examples of common medicinal herbs that you can grow at home: Basil, Blackberry, Black Cohosh, Calendula, Cayenne, Chamomile, Cleavers, Comfrey, Cramp bark, Dandelion, Echinacea, Elder, Fennel, Ginger, Goldenseal, Gum weed, Marshmallow, Mugwort, Nettle, Peppermint, Pipsissewa, Plantain, St. John’s Wort, Scullcap, Valerian, Vitex, Willow Bark, Yarrow, Yellow Dock and much more.

A medicinal herb garden is recourse for herbalists, physician, and botanists of all levels. It is not, nevertheless, a source of therapeutic advice or a handbook to self-medication. Although medicinal herbs is a further natural way to heal your body and mind, than ingestion of pills, please consult a skilled health-care specialist in your city for guidance on using medicinal herbs.

Sarcoma Cancer Survival Rate

In the recent years, the medical field has been trying to come up with ways to increase the sarcoma cancer survival rate, but without much luck. As of today, the sarcoma cancer survival rate is still amongst the lowest in all cancer types and seemed to continually decline as more studies are conducted.

Sarcoma may equally develop on both adults and children and may start at any parts of the body. Most sarcomas arise from soft tissues and bones with 60% starting from our extremities, 30% on the middle body part like the abdomen, and 10% from the head and neck. Not many people acquire this cancer – Cancer.net reports that only 1% of all adult cancer cases are sarcoma. However, the disease is quite high in children at around 15%.

The most common type of sarcoma is soft-tissue sarcoma which arises from connective tissues in our body. This type of sarcoma is pretty common because it naturally occurs at any parts of the body.

A 5 year sarcoma cancer survival rate is the ratio between the number of patients with sarcoma who are still alive 5 years after being diagnosed to the number of those who did not make it. Regardless of the stage or type of sarcoma cancer, the sarcoma cancer survival rate is relatively 50-50 so 1 out of 2 patients live more than 5 years with adequate cure.

Some researchers argue with this result because there are types of sarcomas that are naturally more critical compared to the other types.

Eighty three percent of those patients who were diagnosed at the first stage of the cancer were able to survive until 5 years. Treatment at this stage usually includes surgery and a couple of chemotherapy sessions. Four out of five patients remain living because at this stage, the cancer is very easy to remove since it is still confined at one part of the body.

It's when the sarcoma begins spreading out of other tissues that the sarcoma survival rate may become quite lower. And at the final stage, only 1 out of 8 people survive the cancer and add 5 or more years in their lives.

The good thing is more than half of the patients with sarcoma are diagnosed at the first stages. Hopefully, this will increase more with the help of more advanced equipments and more medical missions to propagate awareness of sarcoma cancer not just in the US but also worldwide.

Disabled Friendly Features in Buildings

Most homes and public buildings today are not well equipped with disabled friendly features. By disabled friendly features, we are referring to equipments or devices that will help ease the mobility of the senior citizens or people with disability. Most of these devices provide lifting or movements across barriers such as slopes or steep staircases. For example, if your member who is disabled and on the wheelchair, they will definitely need a wheelchair ramp if they want to get up a flight of stairs. In the absence of a slope, equipments such as stairlifts can be useful.

To use a stairlift, the disabled user needs to alight from the wheelchair and be secured on the chair of the stairlift. It is advisable to have a trained assistant to operate the stairlift. Most public stairlifts are equipped with a button to call out to the security guards of the building who will arrive to help operate the stairlift. If the family member who is the caregiver has been trained before in using stairlift, they can also operate it themselves. Commercial stairlifts are available in the public buildings such as shopping centers and they do not cost a lot. It is a small price to pay to spruce up the image of the shopping mall as disabled-friendly. However, stairlifts may not be so affordable for common homes because of its high cost. After a few years, there is also the issue of maintenance to consider. If you are using stairlift for only a short while, then we suggest you to rent one. But if you are going to need the stairlift for permanent installation, it is better to wait for Stairlifts for Sale where prices can drop to a more acceptable level.

To buy stairlifts, you can approach any local dealers where you will be able to view a wide range of other assistive mobility equipments. They include the platform stairlifts, chairlifts, wheelchair elevators, new and used mobility scooters for sale. Most buyers will test the devices on-site before deciding whether to purchase them. Comfort and price are the top factors for consideration, if the buyer spends enough time researching and looking around, you can definitely get something of a value for money.

Audio Book Review – Freakonomics – Steven D. Levitt & Stephen J. Dubner

Audio Book Review: Freakonomics /Steven D. Levitt & Stephen J. Dubner

Steven D. Levitt is a University of Chicago economist who is more interested in economic choices and the psychology of decision-making, rather than dusty macroeconomic studies, stock market prediction or studies of inflation. In his own words, his main interests are cheating, corruption and crime. This is good, but academic studies are unlikely to make a good audio book, since technical material, especially mathematics is not well put across in the audio book domain.

Fortunately, his co-author Stephen Dubner (a journalist, who also reads this audio book), is a dab hand at presenting complex statistical economic data in straightforward, plain English. Hence the book is an addictive listen, and very well suited to the format. Its an unabridged, unaltered (as far as I could tell) 7 hour long reading of the original printed book, published by penguin.

He addresses questions as varied as whether Sumo wrestlers cheat (apparently they do), to more controversial questions such as whether legalizing abortion prevented a crime wave in the 1990s. The results are presented with a degree of certainty that probably is not appropriate to an academic text, but which makes the book a lot more interesting!

There are nine chapters, each of which follows a similar pattern. An attention-grabbing title question is posed which embodies or questions an issue of our time, and which likely has already received a fair amount of media discussion and attention. Even more likely, the received wisdom of the answer to the question, as framed by a slanted and self-censored media viewpoint, is completely inaccurate. This summary makes the book sound like a million other collection of journalistic articles, in which a fearless, maverick investigator brings you “the hidden truth behind x”. But hold on, it gets more interesting for two reasons: 1. The questions are sometimes unexpected (what do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common?) and interesting in themselves. 2. There is some hard scientific analysis backing up the suggested alternative viewpoint. The book seeks to show the actual behavior of human beings rather than the behavior prescribed by the moral framework we supposedly subscribe to. In many respects it succeeds, far more than you might have expected.

Its not easy to pin-point the exact reasons why the book is less satisfactory, but the review will briefly try to do so. Lets look at chapter 1 (on Schoolteachers and Sumo wrestlers). Some techniques for detecting cheating Chicago schoolteachers are discussed, based on various data-driven algorithms being applied to the answer sheets, tracking the same class year by year. (Cheating is here defined as a teacher changing the students answers after tests are handed in). Sure enough, the year a bonus incentive is announced for teachers, there is a spike in cheating. The statistical tests used to detect cheating look for suspicious patterns in student answers (eg getting lots of easy questions wrong, but hard ones right, many students giving the same wrong answer (because the teacher does not know the right answer), or rapidly swinging performance from year to year). Sport cheating is most often about cheating to lose, as this will allow manipulation of the results for purposes of betting. And indeed analysis of sumo wrestlers performance shows that they will often trade losses at times where its crucial to the winner, but less so for the loser (he has already qualified for the next stage of the tournament, for example). In closing the chapter Levitt makes the point, using data supplied by a man who sold bagels on the honor system, that “people are honest 87% of the time”, even with no one watching. So indeed not every one is crooked, but in fact the sumo wrestlers only cheated when it “didn’t matter”, in the sense that the ultimate contest result was unaffected. However, this was not the case for the Chicago schoolteachers, who clearly were undermining the entire system for their own gain. So the parallel is not exact in this case. The deeper point, which is perhaps critical to the books weaknesses, is that the cheaters were only detectable against a background of statistics gathered from people the majority of whom were not cheating. If one cannot make this assumption, then the entire dataset becomes meaningless. So the “most people are honest” assumption is required not just for public morality to make any sense, but also to have any hope of understanding the data!

The statistical weakness of the book is perhaps to not make this latter point clear enough. There are also problems with some of the domains chosen: some are “open”, but others are “closed”. For example the proportion of population of the united states having measles can be clearly and accurately estimated – this is a closed domain where all the facts (medical and demographic) are in, and probabilities can be confidently assessed. Other domains are open, that is incomplete in the sense that not enough data has been collected to confidently estimate probabilities. Probability of a crack dealer living with their mother is hard to measure without good data on total numbers of crack dealers, for example. The latter is a minor carp however. More serious question marks float over chapter 4, which links the drop in crime seen in the 1990s to the legalizing of abortion in the 1960s. Clearly crime is linked to demographics, but then share prices are clearly linked to broader economic performances. However, the link is not guaranteed in the case of an individual share! A drop in street crime might be as much about fashionability, and/or a criminal’s cost/reward analysis of a particular type of crime, as a sudden dearth of muggers or drug dealers. For all this, its a thought-provoking chapter whose thesis is well argued, and supported by considerable evidence. Very definitely worth a listen if you have some dead time on the way to work!

Full of fascinating snippets of information (Listerine mouthwash was originally sold as floor cleaner, and a cure for gonorrhea for example) and unexpected links (eg Estate Agents and the Ku Klux Klan), the book is at all times interesting even if some the conclusions are a little too pat. The author is clear to distinguish “causes” from “is associated with” early in the book, but later on “is strongly correlated with” is clearly rhetorically used to mean “is the cause of”, or the associated chapter would lack any bite. Its not clear that all other possibilities have been eliminated. None the less its a great book, both entertaining and challenging – a rare combination in an economics book!

As later chapters depend on points made in earlier chapters its best to work through from beginning to end, and not hop about.

Causes Of Cerebral Palsy

The most simple answer as to why a child is suffering from cerebral palsy is because they have suffered some form of damage to their brain. Normally such damage will have occurred before, during or after the child has been born. But in order to find out which kind of injury to the brain and the causes of cerebral palsy a doctor will need to carry out various medical and neurological tests on the child.

Unfortunately when medical professionals are investigating why the child has suffered a brain injury find it difficult to know what for sure had caused it. Because they are unable to discover what has caused the initial injury to the child’s brain they also find it difficult to have ways of preventing it in the first place. But in many cases where a child is suffering from cerebral palsy there are two injuries to their brain which can be the cause of them suffering from this particular condition.

The first is because the child’s brain has been unable to develop properly and is commonly referred to as developmental brain malformation. Unfortunately with this kind of injury to the brain there is very little chance available medically to help prevent such an injury occurring.

The other cause for a child to suffer brain damage whilst still in their mother’s womb or as they are being born or after they have been born is through a recognized injury. The kinds of injuries that fall in to this category are infections (such as meningitis), blood has been allowed to bleed into the brain or the child has not been provided with sufficient amounts of oxygen to their brain. Around 10 to 15% of all children who suffer from cerebral palsy will have been caused by such injuries.

Also a large proportion of the cases of cerebral palsy to be found in young children today have been caused through medical mistakes and could therefore have been easily prevented. Often a large number of children who have cerebral palsy will have suffered from some kind of brain damage when they were being delivered and therefore could easily have been prevented.

But just how bad a child’s cerebral palsy is will depend on how severe the damage to their brain was. For a baby who is born prematurely and suffers from an intraventricular haemorrhage (bleeding into the brain) will suffer from very extensive brain damage.

Above we have explained some of the causes of cerebral palsy in children today and on average around 6,000 new cases are presenting themselves in the USA each year. Currently the medical bill to cover the costs of caring for such children in the USA alone is running at around $20 billion a year. But the biggest question being asked by many parents today whose child suffers from cerebral palsy was if it could have been prevented or not?