Canine Epilepsy – What To Do When Your Dog Has A Seizure

Seizures are the main symptom of canine epilepsy. They are seen more frequently in dogs than in cats and other pets, and they can occur at any time in a dog’s life. Epilepsy is a medical condition where a dog loses voluntary control over his own body and becomes unconscious due to an altered state of electrical activity and the short-circuiting of nerve impulses in the central nervous system (CNS).

Causes for altered activity of the CNS are usually:

  • Injury or trauma to the brain
  • Low levels of blood sugar
  • Low levels of calcium
  • Kidney and liver disease
  • Brain tumors
  • Some poisons

In many cases it is not possible to find the actual cause of developing seizures, but they will be usually recurrent. This is called idiopathic epilepsy and even young puppies aged 6 months and older can have it as they may have inherited it.

Canine epileptic episodes usually look more scary than they actually are.

Your dog may fall over, start paddling with his legs, and vocalize. Some dogs foam at the mouth, lose consciousness, bite their tongue and lose control over their bowel movements and bladder.

Seizures usually last a few seconds to a few minutes. If your dog has seizures that last for longer than 5 minutes or occur repeatedly during a 24 hour period, you will need to bring him to your vet without delay.

It is always important to let a vet examine your dog the first time he has an epileptic seizure to find out if there is an underlying disease that needs to be treated.

If treatment with tablets is necessary you can be assured that there is effective medication available to treat canine epilepsy. Usually vets will prescribe phenobarbital tablets or potassium bromide and once an effective dosage is determined you will need to give the prescribed medication regularly to your dog in order to control seizures.

What should you do when your dog suffers a seizure?

1. Move your pet to a safe place – the best is on a plain floor where he can not fall off or bang into furniture or other obstacles. Keep him away from stairways.

2. Use a towel to pick your dog up and don’t reach into his mouth, otherwise you might get bitten.

3. Dim the light, stay calm and quiet and switch off any TV or radio. Any external stimulation, such as loud music or TV, bright light, touching and speaking to your dog can cause new seizures.

4. Keep your dog cool. If you have got an air conditioning or a fan you should switch them on. Pets having seizures tend to overheat quickly because their muscles burn a vast number of calories in a very short time.

5. Put some honey or molasses syrup onto your dog’s gums. Young puppies that didn’t eat enough or at the right time, or older pets that suffer from diabetes or weakness can develop low blood sugar levels and get seizures.

6. If you think your dog has suffered a head injury or trauma, try to move him only as much as necessary to bring him to the nearest veterinary hospital. A carrier box for small breeds or a stretcher or plain board for larger sized pets will help to keep head movement to a minimum.

7. If your dog suffers from prolonged seizures that last over 10 minutes or from repeated episodes and he is not regaining consciousness, then he has slipped into Status epilepticus, which is life threatening and is an emergency. To avoid fatal brain damage through overheating, put ice packs on the back of your dog’s neck, underneath the armpits and in the groin area in order to keep his body cool.

Understanding Stroke Types and Symptoms

This article is designed to help you understand the types and signs of stroke. It may help you detect stroke early to save a life.

There are two major types of stroke: ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Both have similar symptoms, and both are life-threatening.

Types of Stroke

Hemorrhagic stroke involves a blockage that actually causes a rupture (or bursting) of a blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood to the brain. This causes the blood to move into areas of the brain other than the blood vessel that was intended. This may in turn cause increased intracranial pressure (or added pressure to the brain).

Ischemic stroke is caused by a clot obstructing blood flow to the brain. If the clot stays in place, pressure continues to rise which may eventually cause a hemorrhagic stroke.

Ischemic stroke can be broken down into two different subcategories: thrombotic and embolic. The biggest difference of these two types is where it actually stops and blocks blood flow.

Embolic stroke is caused when an embolus (blood clot in a vessel)is pumped from the heart and travels to the brain and lodges in a small blood vessel, causing a blockage.

Thrombotic stroke is caused when one or more of the arteries of the brain are blocked with a thrombus (blood clot in an artery).

Also, there are diseases of the vessels that may produce a stroke. These are Large Vessel Thrombosis and Small Vessel Disease (also called Lacunar Infarction).

Large Vessel Thrombosis is caused by atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) followed by a rapid blood clot formation. This causes an interruption in blood flow to the large vessels.

Small Vessel Disease (or Lacunar Infarction) is caused when the blood flow is blocked to a very small arterial vessel. This is very closely linked to hypertension (high blood pressure).

One other stroke worth mentioning is the TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack). This is commonly called a “mini stroke”. This is caused by a temporary clot which temporarily disrupts (interrupts) blood flow to the brain. Although this type carries similar symptoms, they are usually temporary (lasting only a short time).

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of stroke can be remembered best with the acronym F.A.S.T. (Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time to call 911).

Facial drooping is usually shown on one side of the face. If you’re unsure if you see a facial drooping, have the person smile or stick out his/her tongue. If the smile seems to be more evident on one side or the tongue aims towards one side more than another, move to the next step.

Arm weakness is pretty self-explanatory. If the person shows weakness on one side, have them raise their arms to the same level with their eyes closed. With their eyes closed, they can’t see to correct the difference between arm levels. If there is an evident difference, move to the next step.

Speech Difficulty should be relatively easy to detect. Have the person repeat a simple sentence after you, such as “the birds are singing” or “the sky is pretty today”. If the speech is slurred or if they’re unable to repeat it in a way to understand it, move to the last step and call 911.

Other symptoms may include, but are not limited to, sudden severe headache without a known cause, sudden numbness in arms or legs, sudden confusion, sudden trouble walking around when they otherwise get around on their own, and sudden trouble seeing out of one or both eyes.

These symptoms are usually easy to spot, and you don’t actually have to follow all of these steps before calling 911. If you feel like a person may have had a stroke, call 911 anyway. A stroke is a life-threatening emergency and time is of the essence when trying to save a life..

Wasting time can result in death, but can also result in a lawsuit. If you are a health professional and don’t respond in a timely manner, resulting in permanent damage or death of a person, a family member of that person effected could file suit against you and the company in which you work.

The bottom line is a stroke is serious and should be treated as such. If you see someone experiencing these symptoms, don’t hesitate. You could save a life.

Dream Power For Teens

Teens are the first ones who must learn how to translate their dreams, so that they may become balanced and self-confident adults, without any psychological problems.

Besides being able to build a strong personality and stay forever far from all mental illnesses, thanks to the dream guidance, they will acquire a special power which surpasses the power of common people, who ignore too much about many things. This is the power of knowledge and wisdom.

If you are a teen and you want to learn more about the power of dreams, you can be sure that you have found accurate information about their meaning and all their power, which you’ll be able to verify by yourself if you follow my directions when trying to translate the meaning of your dreams.

The unconscious mind that produces your dreams is a doctor and a teacher who shows you everything in images that have certain meanings. You have to learn the dream language so that you may be able to translate the dream images into words with a specific meaning. This way you’ll understand the dream messages.

For example, you may see yourself flying in the air, and believe that this dream was very nice, because you felt free flying, etc. However, the specific meaning of this dream scene is that you are far from the objective reality, lost in your own fantasy world. This is not a good sign…

Now, let’s suppose that you were worried because you met a certain girl or boy who you liked very much but you don’t know anything about them, and you are thinking about them all the time. Then you start imagining how a relationship with them would be, and many things more. If you are imagining all that, but you see that you were flying in the air in a dream, you’ll already understand that you are far from reality.

You should not keep imagining how a relationship with this person would be, because this is something that is not possible. This notion may upset you, but at least you won’t spend all your energy in a lost game. The unconscious mind will show you the truth.

There are times where you’ll have good dreams, showing you positive aspects of your life, especially when your progress is increasing fast, because you are caring about the meaning of dreams.

Your dreams are treasures, and they will give you a new vision.

You’ll have the power to:

– Predict the future and correct what is wrong before things end up in a way that you dislike

– Learn everything that is happening with the person you love

– Protect your life and the lives of the people you love with the wisdom of the unconscious mind

– Keep your mental health and happiness for life

– Become a genius, developing your intelligence to its fullest

And much more…

This is a magical solution for young people. The dream power will save the new generation, and give new life to the whole of humanity.

The New Image Of The Human Being After Unpleasant Discoveries

Until today we were admiring our accomplishments and adoring our egos, without suspecting that we should in fact be ashamed of our idiocy.

Today we know that God created irrational animals that violently kill their prey in order to reflect our own behavior. He had to show us that we are absurd and evil demons by showing us that we are wild animals that can think. Our planet is an open mental health hospital, where we have many examples and lessons.

The fact that we can think is a tragedy because our thoughts are disorganized and dangerous.

God gave us a human conscience in order to put an end to this tragedy by organizing our thoughts and our behavior based on goodness, but we must obey His rules in order to eliminate our satanic primitive conscience and be transformed.

However, our conscience disagrees with God because we like to be evil.

Our new image as terrible sinners who have a satanic nature is unpleasant and frustrating, but now we can see how idiotic, absurd, and evil we are. This is a tragic and enlightening moment for humanity.

Now we can understand incomprehensible mysteries, and find explanations for all unexplained phenomena thanks to the accurate translation of the meaning of dreams according to Carl Jung’s method of dream interpretation, based on my simplifications and clarifications.

Now we have the chance to read God’s words in our dreams and understand our complex reality.

In order to stop suffering we must eliminate terror. Physical and mental diseases result from our indifference to the existence of terror.

Our world is an unfair living hell where only those who manage to make money have some protection. Poverty and injustice are killing the biggest part of the world population.

Mental illnesses result from the unfair world in combination with the absurdity everyone already inherits in their brain. These mental illnesses are destroying the human side of the human race.

We have a human side because God gave us a human conscience, but we have to preserve our conscience and increase its power by obeying God’s guidance. We have to respect His rules in order to find balance.

Otherwise, Satan will control our mind and our behavior.

Satan is our anti-conscience, which occupies the biggest part of our brain, and remains in a primitive condition. This idiotic and absurd conscience is self-destructive. Its existence is a tragedy.

We have to put an end to this tragedy by obeying the divine guidance in our dreams, and learning the real meaning of goodness. This is how we will develop our conscience and become true geniuses, instead of being idiotic demons.

The Hidden Causes And Misconception About Headaches

  1. Over-The-Counter Medication Treat The Cause Of Your Headache It's not right that drug companies are hiding from you that the headache relieving drugs they advertise do not actually target the real cause of your headaches. Here's the real deal … These pills cover up your headache by simply disabling your brain's ability to feel your headache. That's why your headache comes back when the pills wear off! If you tore your rotator cuff and just took pills so you did not have to feel the pain, the pain would come back when the pills wore off; in fact the pain might be worse. If these medications actually treated the root cause of your headache, then should not your headaches go away permanently? But they do not. Really, these headaches meds, cover up your symptoms. The ACTUAL cause of your headaches remains untreated and that's why you keep suffering.
  2. Headache Medication Can not Harm You One thing many headache sufferers do not know about the drugs they take is that these pills are not 100% safe. In fact, a lot of the side effects you may experience are far worse than the headaches you're trying to cover up for a measly four hours of relief. You see, the way these pills disable your ability to feel headaches is to disable a little hormone in your body that acts like a messenger to your brain. Of course, our bodies, being the highly tuned machines they are, have figured out how to use these hormones for more jobs than one. So if you disable the hormone from doing just one job, it will also not do all the other jobs in your body. This can lead to all sorts of problems. You can get something as minor as a rash, or you can have sudden liver failure or kidney problems. Even aspirin has been linked to causing unknowing users to suffer from deadly hemoragghic strokes. It gets worse … you see, the more often you take these medications, the more your risk will skyrocket! Also, medication seldom increases your body's ability to respond to stress appropriately, and it usually decreases your body's natural ability to fight disease!
  3. Stress Causes Headaches Yes, stress is a part of living, but it is not the cause of headaches. Have you ever heard of that saying, "only the strong survive" or "survival of the fittest"? It's how your body adapts to stress that determines if "stress" will affect your health or how you feel. So, in a minute, I will explain how you can quickly and easily increase your body's ability to adapt to stress.
  4. Headaches Go Away On Their Own Tony Robbins has a saying, "The definition of insanity is doing the same things and expecting different results." If you truly want to get rid of your headaches, then you're going to have to try something different; something natural, and hopefully drug free … and equally important, something that is proven to work. Obviously, you would not still be reading this report if you were not concerned about your headaches. So please, for your sake, do not drop the ball and not take action; because as you will in a moment discover, you will have a chance to end your headaches once-and-for-all.
  5. All Doctors Know How To Treat Headaches There 's a saying that goes something like this … "If You're A Hammer, All You See Is Nails" Hammers hit nails … MD's prescribe medication. Expecting a different approach from your medical doctor will only lead to disappointment. That's why I wrote this report – to help headache sufferers like you. Before we go any further, let me stress to you that there is a place for medication, but more importantly, the cause of the problem must be identified because the wrong diagnosis = wrong care. And, if your doctor's treatment fails, you'll probably get even stronger medications or, in an extreme case, your doctor will recommend surgery. Personally, I think there are times when surgery is the only option, but in terms of headaches, there are natural alternatives that many times, work a lot better without the risks associated with invasive treatments. In fact, if you really want great results without all the risk of drugs, does not it make sense to try a natural solution first?
  6. Your Problem Is Always Where Your Pain Is . Even though you may be feeling your headaches in your sinuses or on the top of your head, that does not necessarily mean that is where the cause of the problem is located. For instance, oftentimes people with a disc problem in their lower back get pain, numbness, or weakness in their legs, even if there's nothing physically wrong with their legs. One of the most common causes of headaches that do NOT originate in the head is called a "Cervicogenic" headache. "The Cervicogenic headache is a big word for a headache which has its origin in the area of ​​the neck. The source of pain is found in structures around the neck which have been damaged. These structures can include joints, ligaments, muscles, and cervical discs, all of which have complex nerve endings. When these structures are damaged, the nerve endings send pain signals up the pathway from the upper nerves of the neck to the brain. During this process, they intermingle with the nerve fibers of the trigeminal nerve . Since the trigeminal nerve is responsible for the perception of head pain, the patient therefore experiences the symptoms of a headache. " – Dr. Peter Rothbart, MD

You May Have A "Cervicogenic Headache" !

If you answer "Yes" to any of these SIX questions …

  1. "Has your neck ever experienced trauma?"
  2. "Have you ever been in a car accident?"
  3. "Have you ever played football or any other contact sports?"
  4. "Have you experienced many 'minor' injuries?"
  5. "Is your neck stiff or, at times, difficult to move?"
  6. "As a child, did you experience a fall off the swing, porch, down stairs, or any other 'minor' incident?"

If you answered "YES" to at least ONE of the following questions, your headache may be caused by a hidden problem in your neck but there's good news … it can be corrected !!!
Learn more and To correct neck problems before your pain gets worse, to go The : Www.arc4life.com .

Lace Closure

Many people are facing hair loss due to a number of factors such as general alopecia, stress, trichotillomania, alopecia totalis, chemotherapy or genetics. For most, if not all, it can be devastating if they are unaware of the hair replacement options available for a natural looking head of hair.

There are different stages of hair loss. Individuals experiencing it in the front core area of their head may result to a closure that covers the bald spot and blends in naturally with their own hair.

Just like lace wigs, lace closures can come in different types of hair, such as Indian Remy, Indian Virgin, Brazilian, Malaysian, Mongolian and of course Chinese. In addition, they can also be developed with different types of lace such as Swiss, French and Super Swiss. They can mimic all types of hair textures, from silky straight, to Afro curly, Spanish curls and even the African American texture known as yaki.

Although you can request a lace closure to be developed with all lace, thin skin or thin fabric placed around the perimeter for individuals that will use it as a top piece of their weft hair; the most common type base is the silk base top because of its impeccable ability to appear as though the hair is stemming from the root. It’s a seamless and the most common lace construction for individuals with experiencing hair loss that seek a natural appearance.

There are two ways to obtain a lace closure, which is by purchasing stock units in various sizes, such as a 4 inch by 4 inch or by requesting a custom made unit. Unlike full lace and lace front wigs, the closures are faster to develop given the fact that they are simply a hairpiece.

You can obtain and request different sizes that will cover the bald or balding area. However it’s recommended that you begin by measuring the area lengths where you would like to replace. Then you must determine the base you prefer. Obviously a silk base top closure is more costly than an all lace piece and a Remy unit is more affordable than a virgin hair. Lastly, just like full lace wigs, the thicker (hair density) the unit the more costly it will be.

Overall a lace closure is a prominent piece for individuals seeking to replace a balding area and not their entire head. It may be more affordable than a unit but also requires the same amount patience and delicacy when ordering, applying and removing.

Bulimia Causing Hair Loss

The issue of bulimia causing hair loss has not been explored much. Bulimia which is also known as bulimia nervosa, is an eating disorder in which people eat and then “purge” their food. A “binge” is caused when people eat much more food than they need or are accustomed to eat. A purge happens when people use unorthodox methods to get rid of the food or to burn off the excess calories. The methods of purging include vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting, exercising compulsively, and using diuretics and enemas.

Unlike the case with anorexia, where people look thin and sickly, people with bulimia usually look normal and maintain an average body weight. So it may be hard to tell pick out someone who is suffering from bulimia. Also, the binging and purging are usually done in private thus making it extremely rare to tell someone who is suffering from bulimia. Just like anorexics, bulimics also suffer from a low sense of self esteem. They also suffer from serious psychological issues and food is one way in which they seek their comfort.

Bulimia is actually a serious health problem and requires an immediate medical attention. The symptoms of bulimia include:

· Binge eating, vomiting, dizziness, headaches, hair loss laxative abuse.

· An obsession with calories and nutrition. A person who suffers from bulimia is likely to examine food labels every time, measure and weigh portions, and read diet books.

· Preoccupation with food: The person may eat very little or lie about eating even after cooking for others.

· Secretive food rituals: The person often refuses to eat when in public places. They prefer a private place where they can exercise their secretive eating habits such as binging and purging.

· Use of diet pills and laxatives. These people abuse water pills, take herbal appetite suppressants, prescription stimulants, and other drugs for weight loss.

· Throwing up after eating. The person frequently disappears after meals or may go to the bathroom. They may indeed run the water to dampen the sound of vomiting.

· Compulsive exercising. The person follows a punishing exercise regimen which is aimed at burning calories. The person will exercise even through forbidding conditions such as injuries, illness, and bad weather. The person works extremely hard especially after bingeing or eating something “bad.”

Is Bulimia causing hair loss? Now, you must be asking yourself so. Bulimia affects hair loss in that the person reduces the essential nutrients required for the growth of hair. Proteins aid in the building of cells as does iron. Vitamins and mineral salts are also important in the hair growth process.

Bulimia also leads to hair loss in that the person suffers from psychological stress. Stress reduces the amount of blood that goes to the hair follicles by constricting the blood vessels. As such the amount of mineral salts that are available to the hair follicles is reduced thereby reducing the amount of nutrients for hair growth.

Treatment of bulimia involves:

· Treating the psychological issues that cause the eating disorder.

· Reducing or eliminating behaviors or thoughts that lead to disordered eating and preventing their recurrence.

Once bulimia is eliminated, hair can begin growing back normally as the nutrients essential to the growth of hair will become available and hence halt any further hair loss. If the condition persists however, help can be sought from a doctor. At the heart of bulimia is a serious psychological flaw that must be dealt with in order for a person to begin regrowing their hair.

Sinus Infection Symptoms You Should Know

Many people are not familiar with the condition known as "sinus infection". This is because a mild sinus infection will usually go away on its own if one's immune system is not compromised. However, some people may predisposed to this condition due to certain factors. Some of these factors include:

1. Genetic factors. Our genetic makeup has a great influence on what kinds of food and environmental factors that will trigger an allergic reaction within the body.

2. Anatomy of our nose. People with a deviated septum has a greater chance of suffering from sinus infection as well as those with enlarged turbinates.

3. Accidents which resulted in changes to the structure of the nose.

What are the common causes of sinus infection ?

Most people who suffer from their very first sinus infection usually get it from an episode of the common cold or viral influenza. Nasal congestion is very much the culprit because it prevents proper ventilation and air-exchange within the clogged up sinuses and nasal passages.

This provides an ideal breeding ground for bacteria to proliferate leading to a sinus infection. Increased abnormal production of mucus is caused by inflammation of the mucosal lining brought upon by the above-mentioned illnesses.

The common cold causes congestion in the nasal passages and this inhibits the drainage of the sinuses. When we have the flu, our nasal passages are filled with mucus caused by the accumulation of white blood cells in the lining of the nose. Generally, a common flu stays for a maximum period of one week. After that we usually recover, but it leaves our sinuses inflamed.

So how do we tell the difference between a common cold, viral influenza and sinus infection since nasal congestion is a common symptom?

In order to gauge if you have a possible sinus infection, you need to be aware of the following:

Top 10 symptoms of sinus infection

1. Puffy eyes and a persistent low-grade headache in the forehead especially in the morning.

2. Pain or discomfort in the areas between and around the eyes which is especially worse in the morning.

3. Facial pain. Soreness usually felt in the areas of the bone structure below the eye sockets.

4. A chronic sore throat which often recurs.

5. Tooth ache in the upper jaw area, usually affecting the molars.

6. Persistent nasal congestion.

7. Eyes are sensitive to bright lights, especially in the morning.

8. Thick, opaque or yellowish / greenish nasal discharge, sometimes foul smelling.

9. Otitis Media (infection of the inner ear) .This is caused by eustachian tube dysfunction when sticky mucus finds their way into the tubes.

10. A persistent cough. This is caused by thick, nasal mucus continuously flowing down the back of the nasopharynx.

These are the top 10 most common sinus infection symptoms. It must be emphasized that early treatment for sinus infection is necessary if not imperative. This is so because if the mucosal lining within the sinuses is allowed to be continually inflamed, chronic sinus infection will take place and treatment at this stage may prove to be difficult even with today's modern drugs.

Chain Saws

Have you ever wondered how a chainsaw operates? A chainsaw is a handy mechanical saw run by a motor, usually in forestry activities like logging and tree thinning. Tree surgeons make use of this indispensable tool to fell trees and haul foliage and branches and in harvesting firewood. In chainsaw art, specially designed blades have been developed as tools.

Chainsaws are made of a small, two-stroke gasoline (petrol) internal combustion engine. Smaller versions often use electric motors. The blade or bar, a long metal frame made of sturdy alloy, along with the cutting chain complete the package.

This equipment normally requires two kinds of lubrication. Since it is similar to two-stroke engines, it is lubricated by fuel that contains from two to five percent oil dissolved in fuel. Since the mixture is highly flammable, to prevent accidents, a separate oil reservoir is used for the blade and chain's external lubrication. This is easily depleted since it tends to be separated from the chain by a centrifugal force. Failure to keep this reservoir filled and using an oil of incorrect viscosity commonly leads to damage in the chainsaw; the chain can disengage from the bar. The operator needs to stop once in a while to unplug the holes with oil dispensed to the chain.

Since the air filter normally clogs up with sawdust, this should be kept clean to ensure smooth operation. A lot of operators use oil to clean it up. Caution must be used, though, in making use of fuel with no oil added; otherwise the residual oil in the filter will clog it up even more.

Chainsaws can cause injuries, sometimes fatal. The most common accident involving chainsaw is called kickback; it occurs when a chain tooth near the bar tip cuts into wood without going through it. Thus, the chain can not move and the bar is pushed into an upward motion towards the operator, resulting in serious injuries and even death. Another dangerous situation occurs when a huge timber falls or shifts when a cut is almost done. The operator may be trapped, even crushed to death, since a tree is heavier than a car. Operators are also prone to vibration white finger, tinnitus, or industrial deafness. Thus, protective clothing and ear covers are normally worn and certification and proper training is needed before one is allowed to professionally operate a chainsaw.

NLP for Dealing With Problems With Handwriting

I worked with a man who used to write with his right hand, but one day suddenly wasn’t able to write the letters a and s and eventually anything with that hand. Even o became problematic! Then he learnt to write with his left hand and did so for years until one day the same happened as did with his right hand! Everything else in his life was OK except writing. He was a student and was pretty depressed about the uncertainty of his future etc…

So I advised him to:

1. Deal with his depression. Although it’s natural that he’d be depressed in such situation, no one learns anything while depressed. So I told him to acknowledge the depression, extract its positive intention for him, and turn the depression down a few notches which would open him to learning.

2. Since his handwriting problem was very context specific, I next asked him to carefully examine all the circumstances in his life at the time when his right hand had stopped writing. Had he developed the extreme reaction in response to something unfortunate, difficult, unpleasant, traumatic, or problematic at the time?

3. To examine his life in the same way around the time when his left hand stopped writing. Once he had this done, he could compare the two sets of circumstances. Was there a pattern? A recurring theme? Any similarities?

4. To deal with beliefs. No matter what the findings around his two reactions, those reactions were based on something the man believed at the time – and then reacted to.

People with problems with handwriting commonly believe that their hand/arm/brain have “stopped” working and that’s why they cannot write. Because we do what we believe in, there’s no wonder that these beliefs make people unable to write. Of course, if you break your arm, you can’t write. But you also believe that the arm is broken temporarily and will heal to normal. In this case – and many others revolving around handwriting – these beliefs are formed as a wall of protection against something. The brain gets overwhelmed and gets a power cut which will demonstrate itself in stopping function of the hand.

If you have experience with any such belief, treat it as that person’s best current thinking. In reality nothing is wrong with their hands/arms/brains – apart from their response. Responses and beliefs can be disproven and then changed to more useful ones.

Here are more practical steps I advised this man:

Letters a and s written in lower case are similar at a glance and from the distance. The letter e in lower case also fits into the group. If you wish to relearn writing any letters, take one letter at a time which is written somewhere and observe it. Keep looking at it and trace its shape with your eyes along its lines and curves exactly as you see it.

Once you have traced it with your eyes, try drawing it with your finger in the air.

Now draw it again – this time with your whole hand holding a pen on paper…

Another good exercise is to take a picture printed on paper, turn it upside down, and copy it line for line. At first this may seem impossible, but once you get into it, you’ll be surprised at how good you’ll be at it!

For more information about problems with handwriting contact me.

How Stuttering Can Make You a Better Speaker-Presenter

Believe it or not, people who have stuttered / stammered can become better than average speakers. You ask, "How is this possible?"

People with this type of speech impediment who are highly motivated to stop stuttering are prime candidates for becoming excellent speakers. There are a few key reasons I believe and have proven that this is true. First, here is a small list of contemporary famous people who either stutter or stuttered:

1. Samuel L. Jackson – Actor

2. Bruce Willis – Actor

3. James Earl Jones – Actor

4. Bill Withers – Songwriter and Singer

5. Bo Jackson – Football star

6. Senator, Now Vice President (USA) Joe Biden

7. Rowan Atkinson – British actor who plays Mr. Bean

Obviously, those people, despite their stutter have gone on to do incredible work, which has required them to master the art of speaking.

Second, people who stutter / stammer have a heightened awareness of speech and themselves. They are quick thinkers and capable of manipulating words to their benefit because they've had to, when they needed to communicate. A sharp mind is required to quickly pick and choose words and phrases, and anticipate situations when they were about to stutter. The beauty of this is, this same ability and skill can be transformed from avoiding stuttering to outstanding speech.

Finally, a person who stutters has the capability to learn how to control his or her breathing, rhythm, and tone, voice quality to a high degree because they tend to be very conscious of these factors as a stutterer.

They are also capable of creating and delivering great presentations without notes because they often do not like to read in public. Reading requires one to say certain words, in a certain order. If any of those words present a problem, the reader either has to struggle with the word or phrase, skip it or make up another word that works.

Friends, I personally used the above concept to teach myself how to create long and short, broad and very detailed presentations completely in my head. I could then deliver these presentations as if I had a detailed set of notes in front of me. Sometimes I would have only a few brief notes in outline format to refresh my memory, but I usually did not need them.

If you stutter or stammer you are sitting on a goldmine. You have the potential to become an excellent speaker, even a great speaker. You can be one of the best conversationalists around. Post why? It's simple; you have developed certain coping characteristics, abilities and skills that give you an extraordinary edge and speaking ability.

Effects of Smoking

There is a lot of talk about the health hazards of smoking. But for all the talk out there, it isn’t always easy to find details. So what exactly are the effects of smoking? And what causes them?

The effects of smoking vary dramatically, depending on whether a smoker prefers cigarettes or cigars.

Effects of Smoking Cigarettes

The effects of smoking cigarettes are the most well known effects of smoking, partly because cigarettes are the most popular form of tobacco, and partly because of the horrifying diseases that can result.

Effects of Smoking on the Lungs

Damage to the lungs is caused primarily by cigarette smoke. Cigar smoke is not supposed to be inhaled, and so should not reach the lungs. Cigarette smoke contains tar. That tar gets into the lungs and clogs the alveoli, the tiny pockets in the lungs that take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. This is what causes the immediate effects of difficulty in breathing and coughing. Over time, the tar can cause further damage to the lung tissue, causing cancer, emphysema, or other fatal illness.

Effects of Smoking on the Heart and Circulatory System

Damage to the heart is a secondary effect of smoking. This means that smoking does not damage the heart directly, but that another effect of smoking causes damage to the heart: specifically, the damage to the lungs. When the alveoli are blocked by tar, and oxygen can’t enter the blood freely, the heart needs to work harder to get enough oxygen throughout the body. It is very similar to the damage causes by high cholesterol, except that high cholesterol forms a physical barrier in the blood vessels, where the tar causes a block in the oxygen supply. Additionally, because the heart needs to work harder, the body’s blood pressure increases. As you can see, damaging effects of smoking are something like falling dominoes. Each bit of damage causes a new problem.

Effects of Smoking Cigars

Because cigar smokers don’t inhale the smoke, they are not in danger of lung cancer and heart disease that affects smokers of cigarettes. Instead, effects of smoking cigars are mostly strongly felt in the mouth and throat. The effects of smoking cigars aren’t as newsworthy as those of cigarettes, but they aren’t any nicer.

Effects of Smoking on the Mouth and Nose

The earliest effects of smoking on the mouth and nose are the destruction of the glands that taste and smell. The image of the cigar smoker relaxing at home with a port after dinner is flawed, because after several years of smoking, he won’t be able to tell a good port from a bad one. The long term effects of smoking include cancer of the mouth and gums. While not as publicized as lung cancer, and not necessarily as deadly (if caught early) cancer of the mouth and gums is nothing to be taken lightly. While losing teeth is an accepted risk of old age, losing whole sections of jaw or tongue or needing to breathe through a hole in the throat for the rest of your life is nothing that anyone wants to contemplate.

Effects of Smoking on the Throat

The delightfully scratchy voices of several classic jazz and blues singers can be directly attributed to their penchant for cigars. And what sounds great on an old recording, backed by a great sax, won’t sound quite so good coming out of your own throat. And even folks who don’t mind having their voice go scratchy will probably object to losing their voice all together. Cancer of the throat frequently results in loss of the voice box. The wonders of modern technology have allowed for mechanical replacements, so at least smokers are no longer mute for the rest of their lives. Unfortunately, those mechanical replacements tend to sound like a kids toy robot with laryngitis.

Obviously, there is a lot more to all of these effects of smoking, and others besides, than can easily be included here. Take the time to educate yourself beyond the media blurbs. You’ll be glad you did.

Hearing Devices – Opt For an Advanced One!

Amplification of sound is required by those with hearing impairment. If you have some one special at home who has hearing problems consider an hearing aid with advanced features. Do away with the conventional noisy devices, which react to some one who speaks loudly to you. These devices will start creating weird noise when some one speaks a little louder to you. It is quite annoying isn’t it? Opt for an advanced device!

Aging, accident, hereditary factors may contribute to your hearing problems. You can minimise the feedback sound by opting for a specialised device. The most advanced one will help you reduce this feedback noise such as television, radio, mike etc. Earlier with the conventional ones, you had to adjust the noise according to the sound in the environment. Now, it is carried out automatically by the device itself based on the noise surrounding the person wearing it.

At times, low level noise may also be irritating if a hearing device is used. An advanced device will let you reduce the noise through digital noise reduction. Another additional feature is to modulate speech. This device will help the user understand what is spoken by another person. It modulates the sound in a more comprehensive manner for the user.

Available are the fully digital programmable hearing aids which are suitable for the modern age. With Speech modulator, noise reduction features it is the most advanced one. Open ear device has a reduced occlusion effect and are attached to your ears from outside thus the sound signals that you receive are more natural.

How to Help the Homeless

Is there any ways that really help the homeless? Does handing the panhandler a dollar do any good? Are you looking for the quick help or do you want to help solve the solution? The biggest problem is the homeless are not a group of the same person so their problems are not the same so the same solution will not work for everybody.

First off the reason for their homelessness is not the same. Yes some are due to addictions – both alcohol and drugs. Others have psychological issues. And then the fastest growing segment is those running from spousal abuse. And some simply have out spent their income and ended up on the streets with the downward spiral that leads to loss of job and loss of everything else.

So you have 2 avenues to help – the long term solution and the short term fix. The long term solution includes finding them jobs and affordable housing. The long term solution also focuses on fixing the other issues – the addictions, the psychological and emotional help, career and family counseling. So the long term solutions help with economic means to get them off the streets and the mental issues to help them cope so they don’t end up back on the street.

But since most people only want a short quick answer we will now comment on the ways to help the homeless deal with their everyday issues. Though these solutions are vital to them surviving they do nothing to help get them off the Street – they help them deal with the street.

What do you do when you see someone holding up a sign, “Will Work for Food”? Do you roll down your window and give them money? Do you pretend you didn’t see them? Nobody likes to be confronted by the homeless – their needs often seem too overwhelming – but we all want to treat them fairly and justly.

Here are some simple guidelines to equip you to truly help the homeless people you meet:

First off please do not give money to the homeless. If you want to donate money give it to the shelter that takes care of them. Too often, well intended gifts are converted to drugs or alcohol – even when the “hard luck” stories they tell are true. If the person is hungry, buy them a sandwich and a beverage. Taking time to talk to a homeless person in a friendly, respectful manner can give them a wonderful sense of civility and dignity. And besides being just neighborly, it gives the person a weapon to fight the isolation, depression and paranoia that many homeless people face.

The homeless are as diverse as the colors of a rainbow. The person you meet may be battered women, an addicted veteran; someone who is lacking job skills…the list goes on. Please do not treat them ALL as addicts – the addicted old homeless man we all pictures is only 25% of the population. So try and treat them with respect – remember they are still people too as you deal with them help them to help themselves. Take them to the appropriate homeless shelter. Most shelters offer immediate food and shelter to the homelessness through their emergency shelters. Many offer long-term rehabilitation programs that deal with the root causes of homeless. Many also offer “tickets” that can be given to homeless people which can be exchanged at the shelter for a notorious meal, safe overnight lodging, and the option of participating in a rehab program. Exposure to the elements, dirt, occasional violence, and lack of purpose all drain years from a person’s life. God can use your prayers and the brutality and the futility of life of the street to bring many of the broken to Himself. So please pray for the homeless.

So you want to do little more. Their immediate needs are the basics – food, clothes, and shoes. So you can take food to the homeless shelters. Get with your local grocery store and ask if you can have the daily leftovers and date expired food. Take to the shelter. If you like set up a weekly trip and take them enough food every week – now you are making a big difference. Take along your kids. Another great way to help is to take your extra shoes, coats and clothes. Have a clothes drive in your neighborhood, Do it on a monthly basis – if you like – the homeless residents next month are most likely not the homeless residents who were there this month.

The homeless in America are growing at a rapid rate and we all need to pitch in and help. Listed below are some staggering facts in regard to the homeless numbers and their conditions:

1. Family Homelessness: A New Social Problem

Except during the Great Depression, women and children have never been on our nation’s streets in

significant numbers. During the 1980’s, cutbacks in benefits coupled with rapidly increasing rents and a dearth of low-income housing jeopardized the stability of all people with reduced or fixed incomes. At the same time, the number of female-headed households dramatically increased. As a result, the nation’s population of homeless families swelled from almost negligible numbers to nearly 40% of the overall homeless population today. The United States in unique among industrialized nations in that women and children comprise such a large percentage of our country’s homeless.

2. More Than One Million Homeless Children

Although counting the exact number of homeless children is difficult, a consensus is emerging among researchers. According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, 1.2 million children are homeless on any given night. Supporting this figure are estimates from the U.S. Department of Education that report almost 400,000 homeless children were served by the nation’s public schools last year. Since more than half of all homeless children are under the age of 6 and not yet in school, a minimum of 800,000 children can be presumed to be homeless. On the basis of these data, the National Center on Family Homelessness concludes that more than one million American children are homeless today.

3. Family Homelessness Will Increase

Looking beyond current numbers, The National Center on Family Homelessness (NCFH) predicts that

tight housing markets accompanied by decreasing availability of cash benefits as a result of welfare

reform will lead to an increase in family homelessness. To determine which states will have the biggest problem, NCFH created an index of seven risk factors for family homelessness. These factors were identified from epidemiological research conducted over the past ten years. The ranking of states is presented in the report.

Part II

1. Homelessness Makes Children Sick

Researchers from NCFH have isolated homelessness as a direct predictor of specific childhood illnesses.

Homeless children:

o Are in fair or poor health twice as often as other children and four times as often as children whose families earn more than $35,000 a year.

o Have higher rates of low birth weight and need special care right after birth four times as often as other children.

o Have very high rates of acute illness, with half suffering from two or more symptoms during a single month.

o Have twice as many ear infections, five times more diarrhea and stomach problems, and six times as many speech and stammering problems.

o Are four times more likely to be asthmatic.

o Go hungry at more than twice the rate of other children.

2. Homelessness Wounds Young Children

Every day, homeless children are confronted with stressful, often traumatic events.

o 74% of homeless children worry they will have no place to live.

o 58% worry they will have no place to sleep.

o 87% worry that something bad will happen to their family.

Within a single year:

o 97% of homeless children move, many up to three times.

o More than 30% are evicted from their housing.

o 22% are separated from their family to be put in foster care or sent to live with a relative.

o Almost 25% have witnessed acts of violence within their family.

The constant barrage of stressful and traumatic experiences has profound effects on the cognitive and emotional development of homeless children.

o Homeless babies show significantly slower development than other children do.

o More than one-fifth of homeless children between 3 and 6 years of age have emotional problems serious enough to require professional care.

o Homeless children between 6 and 17 years struggle with very high rates of mental health problems.

o Less than one-third of homeless children are receiving mental health treatment.

3. Homelessness Devastates Families

Families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population, now accounting for almost 40% of the nation’s homeless. More than 85% of homeless families are headed by single mothers, with the average homeless family comprised of a young mother and her two young children, most of whom are below the age of 6 years.

Homeless mothers have an average annual income of under $8000, living at 63% of the federal poverty level for a family of three.

o Only 21% of homeless mothers receive money from family, partners, or friends.

o 39% have been hospitalized for medical treatment.

o 22% have asthma, compared to 5% of other women under 45 years.

o 20% have anemia, compared to 2% of other women under 45 years.

o 40% report alcohol or drug dependency at some time in their lives.

Although 70% of fathers of homeless children are in touch with their children, most do not live with the family. The downward spiral into homelessness for a child is often accelerated if a father loses his job, becomes injured or ill, has a bout with alcohol or drugs, or is involved with the criminal justice system.

o 50% of fathers are unemployed.

o 43% have problems with drugs or alcohol.

o 31% have physical or mental health problems.

o 32% are in jail or on probation.

Homeless children are at particularly high risk for being placed in foster care; 12% of homeless children are placed in foster care compared to just over 1% of other children. The National Center on Family Homelessness has identified placement in foster care as one of only two childhood risk factors that predicts family homelessness during adulthood.

o 44% of homeless mothers lived outside of their homes at some point during their childhood; 20% of these women were placed in foster care.

o 70% of homeless mothers placed in foster care as children have had at least one of their own children in foster care.

The frequency of violence in the lives of homeless mothers is staggering.

o 63% have been violently abused by an intimate male partner.

o 27% have required medical treatment because of violence by an intimate male partner.

o 25% have been physically or sexually assaulted during adulthood by someone other than an intimate partner.

o 66% were violently abused by a childhood caretaker or other adult in the household before reaching 18.

o 43% were sexually molested as children.

When the violence from their childhood is combined with their experiences as adults, 92% of homeless

mothers have been severely physically or sexually assaulted; 88% have been violently abused by a family

member or intimate partner. These repeated acts of brutality result in unusually high rates of serious

emotional problems among homeless mothers.

o 36% have experienced Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; three times the rate of other women.

o 45% have had a major depressive disorder, twice the rate of other women.

o 31% have attempted suicide at least once, primarily during adolescence.

o 12% have been hospitalized for treatment of mental illness.

Among homeless children:

o 8% have been physically abused, twice the rate of other children.

o 8% have been sexually abused; three times the rate of other children.

o 35% have been the subject of a child protection investigation.

o 24% have witnessed acts of violence within their family.

o 15% have seen their father hit their mother.

o 11% have seen their mother abused by a male partner.

4. Homeless Children Struggle in School

Despite state and federal efforts to provide homeless children with improved access to public school, at least one-fifth of homeless children do not attend school.

Homelessness takes children far away from their own schools and classmates. For many homeless

children:

o There is no transportation from shelters to school.

o Improvised living arrangements are too short to make enrolling in a new school worthwhile.

o Lack of academic and medical records creates obstacles to registration.

o Daily demands of finding food and shelter push children’s educational needs aside.

Homeless children who manage to attend school face discouraging barriers to their academic success.

o Homeless children have four times the average rate of delayed development.

o Have more academic problems that other children.

o Are under served by special education.

o Are suspended twice as often as other children.

Among homeless children, there is twice the number of students with learning disabilities and three times

the number of students with emotional and behavioral problems.

Homeless children are twice as likely to repeat a grade.

o 21% of homeless children repeat a grade because of frequent absence from school, compared to 5% of other children.

o 14% repeat a grade because they have moved to a new school, compared to 5% of other children.

Within a single year:

o 40% of homeless children attend two different schools.

o 28% attend three or more different schools.

So they need your help. Start with the short term help – provide food and clothes or shoes, And as you get involved start thinking of ways to help with the long term needs. With the current economic conditions its only going to get worse, And more help will be needed, And when you picture the homeless please picture the homeless child and not the drunken, pan handling bum. That homeless child so desperately needs your help .

The Importance of Communication in the Workplace

Effective communication in the workplace is important to get things working effectively, tasks and assignments must be clear and the flow of information must be consistent. But it is also necessary to create a good working environment and to have good relationships between co-workers.

Communication however, can often be misunderstood, because we often communicate something different things with our body language than the words we are using. This can be something as simple as not looking away from the computer screen when talking to someone, or just say what needs to be done and not taking the time to ensure your point came across.

We are often unaware of these things so it is a good thing to get feedback from others, ask them if they got your point, it is important to remember that communication always go two ways.

If you want someone to do something, make sure they understand by asking them and give them the opportunity to ask questions back. If they can not put the assignment into their own words and just repeat what you said, there is a good chance they missed your point. Ask them to repeat it in their own words.

One statement could easily mean different things to different people, so making sure they understand what you want done is essential to get the desired results.

If you are the one who has been asked been asked to do something, and you do not completely understand the assignment. Tell your boss what you do not understand and get a dialogue going to filter out any misunderstandings.

This ensures you get the job right the first time around, and will not have to deal with doing extra work or being scolded for doing it wrong.