Chronic Hepatitis

Persistent hepatitis is really a category of disorders characterized through the combination of liver cell necrosis and inflammation of varying intensity persisting for a lot more than 6 months. It may be due to viral infection; drugs and poisons; genetic, metabolic, or autoimmune elements; or unknown causes. The intensity ranges from an asymptomatic constant illness characterized only by laboratory test abnormalities to some extreme, gradually progressive fatigue culminating in cirrhosis, liver failure, and death.

Depending on scientific, laboratory, and biopsy findings, chronic hepatitis is best assessed with regard to (1) distribution and intensity of inflammation, (a couple of) degree of fibrosis, and (three) etiology, which has important prognostic implications. Patients may present with exhaustion, malaise, low-grade fever, anorexia, weight loss, slight intermittent jaundice, and mild hepatosplenomegaly.

Others are initially asymptomatic and present late within the course of the illness with problems of cirrhosis, such as variceal bleeding, coagulopathy, encephalopathy, jaundice, and ascites. In contrast to chronic persistent hepatitis, some patients with persistent active hepatitis, particularly those without having serologic proof of antecedent HBV infection, present with extrahepatic symptoms such as skin rash, diarrhea, arthritis, and various autoimmune problems.

Either type of chronic hepatitis can be triggered by infection with several hepatitis viruses (eg, hepatitis B with or without having hepatitis D superinfection and hepatitis C); a range of drugs and poisons (eg, ethanol, isoniazid, acetaminophen), frequently in amounts insufficient to cause symptomatic acute hepatitis; genetic and metabolic disorders (eg, 1-antiprotease [1-antitrypsin] deficiency, Wilson's disease); or immune-mediated injury of unfamiliar origin.

Much less than 5% of otherwise healthy adults with acute hepatitis B remain chronically infected with HBV; the risk is greater in those who are immunocompromised or of young age (eg, persistent infection developed in around 90% of neonates). Among those chronically infected, about two-thirds develop slow persistent hepatitis and one-third develop extreme persistent hepatitis (see later on discussion).

Superinfection with HDV of the patient with chronic HBV infection is associated with having a much higher rate of persistent hepatitis than is observed with isolated hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis D superinfection of individuals with hepatitis B can also be associated with having a high incidence of fulminant hepatic failure. Finally, 60-85% of people with acute post-transfusion or community-acquired hepatitis C develop chronic hepatitis.

Many cases of persistent hepatitis are thought to represent an immune-mediated attack about the liver occurring consequentially of certain hepatitis viruses or after prolonged exposure to particular medicines or noxious substances. In some, no mechanism may be recognized.

Proof that the disorder is immune mediated is that liver biopsies reveal inflammation (infiltration of lymphocytes) in characteristic regions of the liver architecture (eg, portal versus lobular). Furthermore, a variety of autoimmune problems occur with high frequency in patients with chronic hepatitis.

Postviral Chronic Hepatitis: Viral hepatitis may be the most common trigger of chronic liver illness within the United States. In approximately 5% of instances of HBV virus and 60-85% of hepatitis C infections, the immune response is adequate to clear the liver of virus, resulting in persistent infection.

The individual becomes a chronic carrier, intermittently producing the virus and hence remaining infectious to other people. Biochemically, these individuals are frequently found to have viral DNA integrated into their genomes inside a method that results in abnormal expression of particular viral proteins with or without having production of intact virus.

Viral antigens expressed on the hepatocyte cell surface are connected with class I HLA determinants, thus eliciting lymphocyte cytotoxicity and resulting in hepatitis. The severity of chronic hepatitis is largely dependent on the activity of viral replication and also the response through the host's immune program.

Persistent hepatitis B infection predisposes the patient to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma even within the absence of cirrhosis. It remains unclear regardless of whether hepatitis B infection is the initiator or simply a promoter within the procedure of tumorigenesis. In hepatitis C virus, hepatocellular carcinoma develops only within the setting of cirrhosis.

Alcoholic Persistent Hepatitis: Chronic liver disease in response to some poisons or poisons may represent triggering of an under genetic genetic predisposition to immune attack about the liver. In alcoholic hepatitis, suddenless, repeated episodes of acute injury ultimately cause necrosis, fibrosis, and regeneration, leading at some point to cirrhosis. As in other forms of liver disease, there's a reasonable variation in the extent of signs or symptoms before development of cirrhosis.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Illness: In light of increasing obesity within the United States, there may be a substantial increase within the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a form of persistent liver disease that is connected using the metabolic syndrome. NAFLD occurs in problems that cause predominately macrovesicular fat accumulation within the liver.

Conditions this kind of as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, and insulin resistance are concerned risk factors for improvement of NAFLD. An estimated 3-6% of the US population with an aggressive type of NAFLD generally known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is, in particular, at higher risk of progressive liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Idiopathic Chronic Hepatitis: Some individuals develop chronic hepatitis in the absence of evidence of precedent viral hepatitis or exposure to noxious agents. These individuals typically have serologic proof of disordered immunoregulation, identified as hyperglobulinemia and circulating autoantibodies.

Almost 75% of these patients are women, and numerous have other autoimmune problems. A genetic predisposition is strongly suggested. Most individuals with autoimmune hepatitis display histologic improvement in liver biopsies right after remedy with systemic corticosteroids.

The scientific response, however, can be variable. Primary biliary cirrhosis and autoimmune cholangitis signify cholestatic types of an autoimmune-mediated liver illness. All forms of chronic hepatitis share the typical histopathologic features of (1) inflammatory infiltration of hepatic portal areas with mononuclear cells, particularly lymphocytes and plasma tissue, and (2) necrosis of hepatocytes within the parenchyma or immediately adjunct to portal areas (periportal hepatitis, Egypt "piecemeal necrosis").

In slight chronic hepatitis, the overall architecture from the liver is preserved. Histologically, the liver reveals a characteristic lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltrate bound towards the portal triad without disruption from the limiting plate and no proof of energetic hepatocyte necrosis. There's small or no fibrosis, and what there's usually restricted to the portal region; there is no sign of cirrhosis.

A "cobblestone" look of liver tissue is observable, indicating regeneration of hepatocytes. In more severe cases of persistent hepatitis, the portal areas are enlarged and densely infiltrated by lymphocytes, histiocytes, and plasma cells.

There's necrosis of hepatocytes in the periphery of the lobule, with erosion from the limiting plate surrounding the portal triads (piecemeal necrosis; A lot more extreme situations also display proof of necrosis and fibrosis in between portal triads.

There's disruption of typical liver architecture by bands of scar tissue and inflammatory tissue that link portal areas to a single another and to central locations (bridging necrosis). These connective tissue bridges are evidence of remodeling of hepatic architecture, a crucial step in the development of cirrhosis.

Fibrosis may extend from the portal locations into the lobules, isolating hepatocytes into clusters and enveloping bile ducts. Regeneration of hepatocytes is observed with mitotic figures, multinucleated cells, rosette formation, and regenerative pseudolobules. Progression to cirrhosis is signified by extensive fibrosis, loss of zonal architecture, and regenerating nodules.

Some patients with slight chronic hepatitis are completely asymptomatic and identified only within the course of routine blood testing; other people have an insidious onset of nonspecific signs or symptoms such as anorexia, malaise, and exhaustion or hepatic symptoms this kind of as correct upper quadrant abdominal discomfort or pain.

Fatigue in chronic hepatitis may be related to a change in the hypothalamic-adrenal neuroendocrine axis thought about by altered endogenous opioidergic neurotransmission. Jaundice, if present, is usually mild. There may be slight tender hepatomegaly and occasional splenomegaly. Palmar erythema and spider telangiectases are observed in extreme instances.

Other extrahepatic manifestations are unusual. By definition, signs of cirrhosis and portal hypertension (eg, ascites, collateral circulation, and encephalopathy) are absent. Laboratory scientific studies display slight to moderate increases in serum aminotransferase, bilirubin, and globulin levels. Serum albumin and the prothrombin time are typical until late within the progress of liver disease.

The clinical manifestations of persistent hepatitis most likely reflect the role of a systemic genetic mechanism controlled immune disorder within the pathogenesis of severe disease. Acne, hirsutism, and amenorrhea may occur being a reflection from the hormonal effects of persistent liver disease. Laboratory scientific studies in patients with severe chronic hepatitis are invariably abnormal to various degrees.

Neverheless, these abnormalities do not correlate with scientific intensity. Thus, the serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and globulin levels may be typical and aminotransferase levels only mildly elevated at the same time that a liver biopsy reveals extreme chronic hepatitis.

Neverethal, an elevated prothrombin time generally reflects severe disease. The natural history and remedy of persistent hepatitis varies based on its cause. The complications of extreme chronic hepatitis are individuals of progress to cirrhosis: variceal bleeding, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypersplenism, and ascites. These are greatly due to portosysteming hunting instead of diminished hepatocyte reserve.

3 Tips For Your Kidney Stones Treatment

Kidney stones treatment will depend on the stones size and the patient's condition. Relief from pain and ridding the body of the stones is the goal of the treatment. Kidney stones treatment depends on the size, type, and undercoming cause. Usually, stones that are smaller than 4mm pass freely, while those larger than 5mm seldom pass naturally.

Blood in your urine. Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy. Blood tests show whenever the kidneys are failing to remove wastes. Urine tests can show how quickly body wastes are being r. Blood in the urine, however, does not always mean a person has a kidney stone. There may be other reasons for the blood, including kidney and bladder infections, trauma, or tumors.

Ureteroscopy may be used for mid- and lower ureter stones. No incision is made in this procedure, but general anesthetic is still required. Ureteroscopy is the best kidney stones treatment method. It proves to be successful for more than 95% of people. Ureteroscopy is most commonly employed for stones in the lower urinary tract. The surgeon places a slender rigid or flexible telescope through the ureter to the level of the stone, where it is then managed with extraction, fragmentation, or both.

Shock wave lithotripsy uses a spark gap or electromagnetic transducer to produce a shock wave for patients with renal calculi (kidney stones). Shock waves are transmitted to the patient either through a water bath, which the patient is placed in, or using a water-filled cushion that is placed against the skin. Ultrasound or fluoroscopy is used to locate the stone and focus the shock waves. Shock waves are used to break up the kidney stones to make them easier to pass. The most common way to use ESWL is to be partially submerged in a tub of water while the shock waves are used.

Uriflow is first non-prescription product that successfully alleviates kidney stone attacks by actually working on the stone itself. The longer a kidney stone remains in your urinary tracts the more damage and pain it can potentially cause to the sensitive kidney tissue. Uriflow has claimed that the process of elimination of kidney stones through uriflow treatment is a painless treatment and this should be highly thought by kidney stone patients from all over the world.

And then theres the natural cures for your kidney stone treatment, many people are turning to this type of treatment, giving them the same results but in a safer way.

Acid Reflux in Children – How to Get Rid of Acid Reflux in Children

Acid Reflux is common among children of varying age groups. It is the process of bringing up stomach contents into the esophagus. The food and gastric acid flow back up out of the stomach causing irritation and discomfort. The immature digestive system is one of the reasons for acid reflux in children. For children the food coming up may flow out of their mouth. As a result the child may vomit forcefully.

The more common symptoms for this disease in children include:

  • Pain, irritation and sudden crying during feeds in new born.
  • Frequent spitting up and vomiting large amounts of milk after eating.
  • Vomiting for more than one hour.
  • Inability to sleep soundly.
  • Poor weight loss and refusing to eat anything.
  • Inability to eat continuous hunger.

There are a few less common symptoms which include:

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Sore throat
  • Ear infection.
  • Excessive salivation
  • Frequent wet hiccup or burp.

Unfortunately the acid reflux in children goes undetected for a long time because they don know what is happening and when to express their difficulty. To get rid of this difficulty make children eat at least 2 hours before going to bed. It is always good to have a light meal which gets easily digested. It is good to advice children not to take carbonated soft drinks. Ask them to have plenty of water after having food and whenever they feel thirsty. Children's immunity system does not withstand the pain caused by heartburn. It is good to make children take smaller bites while eating. The next thing to be taken note of is the sleeping position of children. It is advisable to keep the head in a raised position rather than lying down flat. It is not good to sleep after having heavy meal.

It is always important to consult with family physician for proper diagnosis and treatment. The doctor may prescribe several treatments based on the severity of the case. Avoiding spicy, fatty and acidic foods is needed to cope up with acid reflux in children. Usually parents go for natural remedies as it is safe and there are no side effects. The most recommended cure for acid reflux is to take care of child's emotional needs. Soothing the child and taking care of them is the first and foremost step to reduce acid reflux in children. Proper positioning and feeding techniques will also bring relief. A variety of medications are also available to treat acid reflux. Thus the combination of natural remedy, regular exercise and healthy foods can reduce the impact of acid reflux in children.

Bad Food Matters

Who among us has not nibbled on Velveeta, grabbed a can of hash, scarfed down a baloney sandwich, or smuggled Spam into the pantry when no one was looking? A quick spin through the drive through, a nuked frozen entree, a bucket of fried chicken, or a sugary smoothie. Colored, candied breakfast cereals, fatty, salty luncheon meats, french fries, donuts, the assault is endless. And Americans keep coming back for more. After all, did not Elvis nosh on fried peanut butter and banana sandwiches? Fit for a king.

Bad foods fill a purpose for convenience, affordability and just plain hopeless cooks. Want pancakes? Fire up the microwave. Want muffins or donuts? Some shops even have drive-through windows. Coffee? Hey, we all know where we're headed for a tall mocha latte. Lunchtime. McDonald's here we come (burger, plastic cheese, large soda and fries, extra ketchup). Or worse, the company vending machines. Maybe they have those peanut butter cheese crackers. Dinner? Can not beat pizza or chicken. Eating in the car, albeit dangerous and messy, is justified when you can not wait to get home and roll out the forks and napkins.

Pseudo healthy food shops have exploded, the most popular form juice bars, where you can buy a smoothie loaded with fruit (and sugar), perhaps add just a little sherbet, and oh yeah, throw a dollop of protein powder in there. Hey, ma, I'm eating healthy. Whoops, ma is in line behind me.And then there's those Chinese food stops, fast in and fast out, with veggies and meats. Well, yes they're drowning in breading, cooking oil and MSG, but it's, well … you know the rest. Where would Americans be without their beloved pizza. Loaded with sodium, fat and white flour, better throw on a few veggies just to balance out that meal. And yes, extra pepperoni, please. It's pretty healthy, is not it? Tomato sauce is a vegetable.

Perhaps this is why trained and creative chefs have become such celebrities. How we love to watch them spin their magic, whipping up a delicious meal on their half hour show with wholesome ingredients picked fresh from their glorious, manicured gardens. Rounding it all off with a glass or two of fine wine. Takes history buffs back to those amazing and calorie-laden dinners we read about that once were served by third president Thomas Jefferson, a foodie of the nth degree. Of course, there was no convenience food back then, everything was grown fresh, and Tom had a French-trained chef slaving over a hot hearth. But for most of us who have our noses pressed against the windows of great homes occupied by celebrity chefs and their immaculate kitchens, we can only fantasize as we sit in front of the TV wolfing down our nuked dinner and a can of beer. Fish sticks for the kiddies.

Weekends are bad food heaven. Chips of all flavors, cheesy dips, soft drinks, beer, hot dogs, canned chili and lots of store-bought cookies and ice cream. No need to make dinner with all that snacking. But if you're still hungry, just dial-up the local pizza place that delivers. You deserve a treat, and you've eaten nuked dinners all week, so how about some freshly made food arriving in 30 minutes guaranteed. Maybe some buffalo chicken wings for extra protein. Then Sunday, let's do brunch with brown and serve sausages, frozen waffles and lots of syrup. Maybe some toast made with white bread and lots of jam. Yessiree, it's a feast for the eyes. Later a light dinner of sub shop sandwiches, lots of mayo. Salad, no problem, prepackaged lettuce drowning in high fat, sugary dressing (and maybe just a few croutons).

We often wonder if the celebrity chefs really cook like that all the time when no one is looking. Or do they draw the drapes, surreptitious boil up a box of mac and cheese, then collapse on the couch in their bath robes, dropping potato chip crumbs and washing it all down with a diet cola (or better yet, jug wine). We applaud them, we envy them, we want them for neighbors, but when all is said and done, we really think of them as entertainment ("do not try this at home"), and we know deep in our hearts, bad food matters. It's what's for dinner.

Ulcer Treatment

Treating an ulcer is usually made combining two different methods. One is a change in the lifestyle of the person suffering from ulcer. The other one is with the help of medication that can fight against ulcer.

The most common medicine for treating gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer are proton pumps, mucosal protective agents and drugs that block H2. If you also have an H pylori inffection, which is very common in ulcer, doctors will also use antibiotics together with those medications. There are cases when medication does not work for an ulcer. Surgery is the alternative.

The medications that are used in treating ulcer are H2 blockers, proton pump inhibitors and agents that protect the mucus. The first medication in treating an ulcer reduces the amount of your stomach acid. If you take a dose of this medicine before you go to sleep, the gastric ulcer can be cured in about two months and the duodenal ulcer faster, in almost one month. The second drug used to treat an ulcer has the role to stop the production of acid. It is more powerful than H2 blockers. It can cure a duodenal ulcer in almost two weeks. This medicine is also an alternative to ulcer patients who H2 treatment does not work. The last medicine used to treat ulcer is the protecting the mucous coat of the stomach from acid. Antibiotics are also used as an ulcer treatment, but only if you have a bacterial infection. The percent of recurrence of an ulcer is very big if antibacterial treatment is not used.

Nowadays, there are two types of therapy against an ulcer: the triple and dual therapy. The first ulcer therapy includes: metronidazole, four times every day, tetracycline, also four time each day and pepto-bysmol. This ulcer treatment lasts for two weeks. It has a rate of almost 90 percent efficiency in destroying the bacteria that caused the ulcer. This ulcer therapy is also very effective because it reduce the risk of ulcer recurrence. The second ulcer therapy means that only two medicines are taken: amoxcillin and prolosec. This ulcer therapy also lasts for two weeks, but it has only an 80 percent effectiveness.

If any of the ulcer treatments do not give good results, doctors can use surgery. For an ulcer, the most common of the surgeries are vagotomy, pyloroplasty and antrectomy. The last two of the ulcer surgeries may be performed together.

Anxiety in Children – Why Children Get Anxious

During the first day of school, there is a high probability that a developing child would experience a small amount of anxiety. As the child starts a new journey in his or her life, the child would develop a sense of independence, which can cause fear and anxiety. And when the child reached the adolescence stage, the child will encounter a new dilemma, finding his or her identity and sexuality.

Anxiety disorder is caused by a lot of factors and these factors can be summarized into 4 categories: genetics, environment or social factor, history, and psychological profile of the child. Once a child is affected by anxiety disorder, he or she will be sentenced to a lot of health disorders including mental, physical and psychological disorders.

A child usually develops an anxiety disorder after he or she is separated from his or her parents. The separation is sometimes too hard to bear for a young child due to fear of loneliness and strangers. As a result, the child becomes too clingy to his or her parents. The unwillingness to let go and to be separated can traumatize a child if his or her will not follow.

On the adolescent stage, children will become more self-conscious. They usually seek constant compliment from peers and parents to satisfy their own-doubt and worries. Their emotional symptoms are usually the results of social factors. More often, children would develop fear from the new road that they are taking and the idea that they need to build a social network.

Slowly, the anxiety will eat up the life of a child and starts dominating him or her. During this time, the child would cry and whine constantly without knowing why. The child will also lose focus and appetite. The child emotion at this point is too hard to control.

Once the child is hit with anxiety attack, the child would experience the sense of dying or insanity and also the child would think he or she is having a heart attack. Nightmares will come every night and then the child lacks sleep and experiences irritability. The child's stubbornness and anger will become intolerable.

After the anxiety attack, there is high probability that the child will make a barrier against his or her family and peers. Poor academic performance and loss interest will soon follow.

At this point, the anxiety already starting to affect the life and performance of the child and consultation is required. Consultation is necessary because anxiety has some similar symptoms to other disorders like attention deficient hyperacidity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Natural Remedies for Stress Relief

I feel tired even without doing any work!

Even I do not do any physical or strenuous work even then I feel extremely tired and low energy.

I have lost enthusiasm in doing any work and fall like sleeping every moment.

My legs shake when I walk

I do not like eating anything

I do not like working

General body weakness is felt all the time

All the time I am irritated without any reason

Feel darkness in front of my eyes.

I am having vertigo every moment and my heads spin round and round.

What has happened to me? Ask my patient

These are some of the very common complaints I come across in my clinic in routine. With such patients I deal by following ayurvedic line of treatment. In ayurveda this kind of symptoms are called "kalm" meaning getting fatigued without doing any work. This condition occurs in body when our digestive system fails to digest food properly thereby initiating production of a toxin known as ama.

Ama formation occurs when there is lack of proper digestion in body and body is unable to assimilate any of the digested material that is very essential for energy production in body. This toxin has effecting body also pollutes the little bit part of food that has been assimilated. This situation can also arise when jatharagni (can be compared to digestive juices) decrees, which results in lowering digestive power of our digestive system and if in this state we keep on ingesting food, will lead to formation of ama (toxin). This condition also arises when the vata, pitta and kapha dosha gets imbalanced leading to total disturbance in body.

In simple terminology we can say that ama formation occurs due to indigestion (ajeern as called in ayurveda).

Common symptoms of indigestion are heaviness in body, distension of abdomen, and loss of appetite, covered tongue, headache, mental and physical weakness, constipation, and flatulence, nausea, vertigo and hyperacidity.

Ayurveda visualize kalm as only symptoms not as a disease. Main line of treatment is that to detoxify the ama production that will help in recovering normal digestion hence will be able to digest the ama.

Advised life style during the kalm stage

· Avoid in take of heavy and greasy stuff

· Avoid alcohol

· Avoid sweets and chocolates

· Avoid non vegetarian food stuff

· Take only light and easily digestible food

· Morning and evening walk should be added in routine

· Drink plenty of water especially luke warm water

· Avoid cold stuff like ice creams, cold drinks etc.

Herbal supplements that will assist in relieving with kalm

Triphala: A famous ayurvedic formulation is highly recommended in abdominal disorders. An herbal combination of three most esteemed herb of ayurveda Amla, haritaki and baheda. These three herbs determine a stone in ayurvedic treatment. Triphala possess the properties that are helpful in secretion of digestive enzymes during digestion of food. More over triphala helps in maintaing proper peristaltic movement in our gastrointestinal tract, essential for proper digestion. Triphala being a tridosha normalizer helps in normalizing the aggravated doshas in the body that also may be the cause of indigestion in body. It also helps you in finding new energies and regain old strength, as it is a rasayan as mentioned in ayurvedic texts. Triphala also helps in fighting against the constipation that is also a symptom of indigestion. Know more about Triphala and Benefits

G Zyme capsule and syrup: a wonderful ayurvedic health supplement that is known for its effectiveness in indigestion and related problems. Created with the excellent research done by ayurvedic doctors and scholars, with great efficiency Due to presence of herbs like triphala, ginger, ajwain, jeera, hing, sajjikshar, long pepper, black pepper, piper longum, and mentha and white leadwort in G- Zyme capsule. G-Zyme syrup contains herbs that are indicated in indigestion like sunthi (dried ginger), chitrak, papita bheej, mustak, ajwain, vidang, and pudina. Due to these drug helps in depan and paachan, so detoxifies ama that has been produced in body. G-Zyme formulation helps in proper digestion and also helps in increasing digestive juices secretions and hence helps in maintaing normal digestion. Know more about Indigestion, Flatulence, Dyspepsia, Gastritis

Lasuna: commonly known, as garlic is another effective herb that finds its indication in indigestion. It helps in digestion of food by stimulating digestive glands important for digestion of food. It helps in getting away with flatulence problem by normalizing the digestion and detoxifying ama that has been formed in body. Besides these it helps in regularizing cholesterol level in blood.

I advice that all the herbal supplements mentioned above should be taken with Luke warm water for best results

For more information on Ayurvedic Natural Health Supplements, Herbal Remedies by Ayurveda, visit

Is It Safe To Eat Cinnamon If You Have Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) happens when the stomach content spills over to esophagus. Poor diet, lack of exercise, and stress can contribute to this disease. If left untreated, it can cause inflammation and scarring of the esophagus. One of the natural remedies to relieve the symptoms of acid reflux is cinnamon, one of the oldest spice in the world.

Cinnamon is safe to eat when you have acid reflux. It helps to get rid of heartburn by reducing the acidity in your stomach. This also prevents the risk of developing ulcers in the lower esophagus when the stomach acid flow back into the esophagus.

Cinnamon helps in digestion by stimulating the enzymes to break down the food faster. It also increases your metabolism. By taking it regularly, your digestive health improves. Ancient people often use it as a remedy for many kinds of stomach discomforts.

A study reveals that a teaspoon of cinnamon contains 28 milligrams of calcium. It also has one milligram each of iron, manganese, fiber, vitamins C, and K.

So, how do you take it internally? Here are five simple suggestions that you can prepare cinnamon for safe consumption.

  1. You can grind the cinnamon stick into powder. Sprinkle it over your buttered toasted bread. Chew the bread slowly and thoroughly to stimulate the production of the digestive juices in your mouth. Therefore, before swallowing, the process of digestion in the mouth already begins.
  2. Make your own honey and cinnamon beverage. Mix one teaspoon of honey with a pinch of cinnamon powder. Drink it regularly three or four minutes before meals. It helps your body to digest the food better.
  3. Add cinnamon bark oil into your cooking. It acts as a flavoring.
  4. You can use it to make tea. This is one of the popular herbal remedy for heartburn.
  5. Toast the cinnamon stick and nibble it.

Feel safe to eat cinnamon whenever you have acid reflux. Make it as a part of your daily diet. With the suggestions above, you can think of more ways to use cinnamon to prepare your meal. Imagine with just a half a teaspoon of cinnamon a day, you can be free from stomach problems, gas, and bloating. Not forgetting heartburn.

What You Should Know About Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Atrial Fibrillation is an emergency medical condition characterized by irregular and usually rapid heart rhythm. It primarily affects the atria, which are the 2 upper chambers of the heart. The arrhythmia (irregular rhythm) is caused by abnormal electrical impulses in the heart due to lack of coordination in atrial activity. As a result, Atrial Fibrillation often leads to more serious medical conditions such as Congestive Heart Failure and Stroke. The normal heart rate for adults is between 60-100 beats per minute. A person with Atrial Fibrillation is tachycardic (the heart rate is above the normal range) and could go as high as having 500-600 beats per minute.

Statistically, AFib is the most frequently diagnosed type of arrythmia. It affects an average of about 2 million in the United States alone although this type of arrhythmia is usually non-life threatening. The risk of suffering from this condition gradually increases with age since 8% of people above 80 have Atrial Fibrillation.

Atrial Fibrillation Classifications

1. Paroxysmal – Episodes usually last for less than 24 hours but could last up to a week.
2. Persistent – Episodes are more current and last for more than 7 days. Medical attention is needed to temporarily terminate the episode.
3. Permanent – There is constantly on-going, and long term Atrial Fibrillation.
4. Lone – Atrial Fibrillation in people with no cardiac or pulmonary structure abnormalities with only one diagnosed episode.

Clinical Manifestations are as follows, though it may differ from person to person:
* Asymptomatic
* Palpitations (most common)
* Light Headedness
* Exercise Intolerance
* Shortness of Breath
* Edema
* Weakness
* Fainting
* Easy Fatigability

During initial assessment, it is best to know which ones need immediate medical attention. Those who need urgent care are the ones who manifest Hypotension and Uncontrolled Angina. Less severe symptoms are the ones mentioned above.

In some cases, Afib occurs as a result of other underlying medical conditions not related to the heart. Some of these non-cardiac causes are Hyperthyroidism, Pulmonary Embolism and Pneumonia. But most of the time, this condition is caused by other heart-related diseases like Angina Pectoris, Hypertension, Rheumatic Fever, Pericarditis, and Coronary Artery Disease. Sometimes, Atrial Fibrillation may take place a few days or weeks post-heart surgery. Alcoholism can also contribute to gradually developing the condition.

Diagnostic tests are performed to confirm the presence of Atrial Fibrillation. Some of these are:
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
* Prothrombin Time (PT)
* Electrocardiogram (ECG) – The most definitive, characterized by the absence of P waves upon exam.
* 2D Echocardiography (2D Echo)
* Holter Monitor – 24-hour ECG monitoring.
* Cardiac Stress Test

When treating afib, the main objective is to prevent circulatory instability, then helping promote proper oxygenation. Cardioversion is the most common initial treatment. It is the process of converting an abnormally fast or irregular hearth rhythm to normal sinus rhythm. Cardioversion can either by synchronized or chemical. The former makes use of a therapeutic dose of electrical shock to the heart while the litter makes use of a pharmacologic regimen. Administration of anticoagulants like aspirin, heparin, and warfarin are also done. Intravenous Magnesium can also be given to significantly increase the chances of successful rate and rhythm control with rare side effects. Other drugs like beta blockers (metoprolol, propanolol), calcium channel blockers (amlodipine, nifedipine), and Cardiac Glycosides (digoxin) are also given to help control the heart rate – thus preventing complications caused by Atrial Fibrillation.

Symptoms of Lymphedema

Before taking into account the symptoms of lymphedema, it is essential to understand this health ailment that people experience. Lymphedema can be defined as the swinging of the limbs as a result of the non-functioning of the lymphatic system. A condition which is known as primary lymphedema may be inherited due to genetic factors and lineage of the individual. The other type of lymphedema is secondary lymphedema, where the patient may acquire the ailment as a result of an injury or obstruction to the smooth functioning of the lymphatic system.

Although lymphedema symptoms are seen mainly in the arms and legs, the ailment can influence any body part. The obvious sign of the disease is a swapping present in the area. The limit may feel heavy due to fluid accumulation. Lymph fluid may build up in the region of the head and neck; there may be skin discoloration or patches appearing on the affected limb. General first impression that the patient gets is a feeling of fullness in the limb. A cut or an injury to the limb treated for cancer could have been a trigger for the swelling. An airplane trip may also be the first instance to prompt a lymphedema attack. Symptoms of lymphedema that you would notice are a sudden tightness in the wrist or ankles, restricting movement. Sometimes, it could be difficult to fit into your clothes or a ring or bracelet you could wear easily is suddenly becoming tight.

Many times, lymphedema is a side-effect of breast cancer therapy. Women who undergo lymphectomy, mastectomy or the removal of lymph nodes in the armpit are prime candidates for the condition. In such cases, there is a change in the pathway of the lymph fluid, which is the reason for the condition. The symptoms may show up at any time after the operation and the condition may aggravate if not treated in time.

Recent studies state that controlled weight lifting may reduce the incidence of lymphedema for women who have had a mastectomy. Weight lifting may provide protective benefits to the affected arm by boosting the strength in that arm and improving circulation. Typically, an exercise schedule is a part of the lymphedema treatment therapy that is recommended by doctors.

Since treatment for cancer may lead to lymphedema, people who have been treated for cancer are at a high risk for contracting the condition. Here, such patients must be vigilant to note any symptoms of lymphedema. Treating the problem at the initial stage arrests the progress of the condition. If the symptoms are ignored, the ramifications can be severe and the damage may be irreversible. A nutritious diet with proper exercise plays an important role in maintaining the health of the lymphedema patient. A skin care routine is also essential. Lymphedema patients should protect themselves from any injury as much as possible to avoid the complications that may arise later. Even though there may not be a cure for lymphedema, it can be controlled with proper care and treatment.

Increasing Your Magnesium Levels Can Help Prevent Allergy and Asthma Attacks

Most people are deficient in magnesium due to the refining of foods- find out how increasing your daily intake of this important mineral can make a big difference to your overall heath and also prevent allergies and asthma attacks. Magnesium is a trace mineral that is required for not just building strong bones but for the proper functioning of our entire bodies.

"Magnesium is not limited to improving bone health. There are some three hundred bodily enzymes that require magnesium, which suggests that magnesium is vital for most cells and tissues of the body." – from American Chiropractic.

Studies show that insufficient magnesium levels not only can cause asthma and allergies, but also muscle cramps, muscle twitching, muscle weakness as well as muscle aches, TMJ disorders, depression, insomnia, osteoporosis, attention deficit disorder, fibromyalgia, diabetes, mitral valve prolapse , migraines, attention deficit disorder, noise sensitivity and nervousness among several other conditions.

Today's refined food simply does not contain enough magnesium and foods that do contain it lose it through the cooking process. Even if you are purposefully eating raw foods daily that are rich in magnesium, consuming coffee, alcohol, soda or soft drinks and salt will result in a loss of this mineral. Foods that contain magnesium are cereals, nuts, green vegetables, and dairy products. However, according to an article in The Lancet by Britton et al. Magnesium deficiency is surprisingly common. In one study 65% ​​of an intensive care population and 11% of an outpatient population suffered from magnesium deficiency. Magnesium is used pharmacologically in acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) angina, (chest pains) cardiac arrhythmias, (irregular heart beat) alcohol withdrawal, and pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy). It has been used to treat acute asthma and plus magnesium may also help prevent asthma symptoms.

Maintaining proper levels of magnesium in the body helps by relaxing airway smooth muscle and dilating bronchioles in the lungs. It also reduces histamine release and inflammation of the airways and lungs by stabilizing mast cells and T-lymphocytes. Studies like the one in The Lancet shown that increasing magnesium intake helped to reduce and even prevent allergy and asthma symptoms. Taking a good magnesium citrate supplement, which is easily absorbed is important. Recommended daily dosages vary from 500 mg to 1000 mg if you have a basic deficiency, but be aware that a dose of 1000 mg of magnesium will cause a loose stool. It is best not to take it after a meal since it neutralizes stomach acids, which would interfere with digestion. It is best to consult a naturopathic doctor or nutritionist for advice and testing to determine your individual needs. Trace mineral deficiencies can be determined through a tissue mineral analysis using a stand of your hair at a medical lab.

If you are looking for an effective drug-free alternative asthma treatment you should consider the Dramatic Asthma Relief Report, which is based on extensive medical research & proven clinical trials that will positively change your life.

Heart Diseases: Heart Attack – The Most Common Heart Disease

A heart attack is a sudden serious medical condition in which someone's heart stops working, causing them great pain. It is the most common of the heart diseases and occur when blood flow to the heart and part of it is blocked, often by a blood clot, which is a thick almost solid mass formed when blood dries.

This situation is usually caused by arteriosclerosis a disease in which arteries become hard, stopping the blood from flowing through them smoothly. Sometimes, the clot is called coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion, since is often caused by rupturing or teasing of plaque in an artery.

Muscle cells damaged and die, if blood supply is cut off for a long time, leading to disability or death depending on the extent of the damage to the muscle.

A heart attack it is also known as myocardial infarction, which can also occur when a coronary artery temporarily contracts or goes into spasm, reducing or cutting the blood flowing to the heart.

A heart attack presents on or about half of all coronary heart disease deaths and can be caused by nearly all types of heart illness.

There exist three main symptoms to know when a heart attack occurs. One is the pressure or pain in the center of the chest, reflecting more than a few minutes or going away and coming back. A second symptom is when pain spreads to the shoulders, neck or arms. A third symptom consists in a chest discomfort combined with light-headedness, fainting, sweating, nausea or shortness of breath.

Skin Cancer – The Four Stages of Melanoma

There are four stages of melanoma that classify the severity of this skin cancer. Each stage pertains to the thickness and the amount that the melanoma has spread. When the stage of melanoma has been diagnosed, it is then possible for the doctors to determine the best type of treatment. In this article, we will discuss what the different stages of melanoma signify. We will describe each of the four stages in further detail. Hopefully, after reading this article you will have a greater knowledge of the skin cancer disease known as melanoma and the four degrees associated with it.

Stage 1 of melanoma is thin and the epidermis usually appears scraped. This stage of skin cancer is subdivided into two other categories. These additional categories describe the thickness of the tumor. Stage 1a is less than 1.0 mm and has no ulceration. Stage 1b is less than 1.0 mm but has ulceration. It is also considered to be in stage 1b if it is 1.01 – 2.0 mm even if it does not involve ulceration. In this stage and stage 2 the melanoma has not yet spread to the lymph nodes.

Stage 2 is also subdivided into three more categories that signify the thickness and the existence or non-existence of ulceration. The tumor in stage 2a is 1.01 – 2.0 mm with ulceration or 2.01 – 4.0 mm without ulceration. Stage 3b has a tumor thickness of 2.01 with ulceration or a thickness of more than 4.0 without ulceration.

When this type of skin cancer advances to stage 3 a significant change occurs. At this stage, the melanoma tumor has spread to the lymph nodes. This is a much more serious stage of the disease because when healthy, the lymph nodes fight disease, cancer and some other infections.

Patients with stage 3 of this cancer have melanoma that has spread into lymph nodes near the primary tumor. This stage also involves in-transit metastasis that has skin or connective tissue that is more than 2 centimeters from the original tumor. However, at this point it has not spread past the regional lymph nodes.

In stage 4, the melanoma has spread to lymph nodes that are a distance from the original tumor or to internal organs. These organs are most often the lung, liver, brain, bone and then the gastrointestinal tract.

When diagnosed with skin cancer, it is important to consult with your doctor concerning the degree or stage of melanoma that you may have. A variety of diagnostic techniques will likely be used to determine the stage of your skin cancer. Most stage 1 and stage 2 melanomas should not cause too much worry because they can most often be cured through surgery. There is little need to worry about getting later stages of melanoma just because you once suffered through the early stages.

Different doctors may use different systems or scales to classify the stages of melanoma. The most commonly used are the TNM staging system and the Breslow scale. The most important things to remember are that melanomas with 0.76 mm or lower thickness are low risk, 0.76 – 1.5 mm involve medium risk and when the melanoma is more than 1.5 mm in thickness you are at a much higher risk. When you are diagnosed with melanoma it is important that you understand exactly what stages your doctor may be referring to and what treatments are available to you.

From Fat to Fit – How to Jump – Start Your Metabolism and Get Amazing Weight Loss Results!

It’s pretty amazing what we in America will do to lose weight. It’s also pretty interesting to me that with all the ways that we have to shed those unwanted pounds, that we as a Nation, are more overweight than ever before. That’s interesting indeed. There seems to be some sort of connection between the strategies that we use to lose weight and our ability to actually lose weight…and to actually keep it off. There are more diets plans and programs than we know what to do with, and more nutritional products and meal plans for promoting a slimmer you, but what about exercise? It’s becoming very apparent to me that even after all these years of research that clearly indicates that exercise is a critical component to successful and lasting weight loss, many in society are still looking for ways (and it seems like any way possible) to avoid it.

With all of the yo-yo diets and starvation diets, along with the other wacky nutritional programs designed to “blow-torch” your fat and take off the weight in literally no time, many people have began to adopt a “here and now” approach which has promoted impatience, frustration, and eventually failure. For many people, over time this approach to weight loss has produced a battered and bruised metabolism in desperate need of a makeover in order to begin functioning at a high level once again. With a metabolism in such a compromised state, it makes sense to give it all the help it can get. If you can relate to any of what I’ve just written, then I would enthusiastically commend a sound exercise routine as a possible solution to those who have resisted to this point. It may actually turn out to be your best solution for more effective weight loss than you’ve experienced with diet alone.

How Quick Weight Loss Programs Can Sabotage Your Weight Loss

The problem that I’ve found with the quick weight loss diets and the low-calorie “starvation” diets is that they do not promote safe weight loss. Typically, when pounds drop off much of it is water from lean muscle tissue, and very little of it is actually what you really want to come off…and that’s fat. Not only that, but in the process of losing all of this weight, we are also impacting our metabolism by not taking in the required amount of calories, and when this does not happen, our metabolism actually dips. That makes us less able to burn as many calories as we did prior to beginning the diet. I don’t know about you, but that’s NOT what I want happening when I’m trying to lose weight. So what happens, is the momentary elation that accompanies the weight loss, then the frustration as the pounds start to creep back until, eventually, we end up where we started (if not heavier).

Why Diet Alone May Not Provide the Weight Loss Results You Desire

As I mentioned earlier in this article, many people attempt weight loss through dietary modification lifestyle change without taking advantage of exercise as an effective tool in helping themselves reach their weight loss goal. Even when nutrition is sound, and the weight reduction plan is realistic, there is still a very important issue which many people either fail to realize or just flat out deny (most likely due to their disdain for exercise), and that is the matter of the daily calorie deficit that exercise can create beyond that of just diet alone. The typical exercise session can burn anywhere from 100 to 500 calories, and if you factor those calories with those not consumed through the daily diet, there could be a deficit far greater than through diet alone. If 250 calories were burned through exercise, and there was a reduction in calorie intake of 250 that same day, that makes for a total reduction of 500 calories for that day. When done for a full week, that would lead to a loss of one pound. That may not seem like much, but who wouldn’t want to lose 4 pounds in a month and have it stay off? This is not to mention the fact that the same formula could be applied every month thereafter. I hope you’re able to see the possibilities. Lastly, for those who might prefer the “no exercise” approach, consider that when exercise is a regular part of your program, you’ll be able to eat more and not have to worry as much about gaining weight. That sounds great to me. Sign me up!

How to Jump-Start Your Metabolism So You Can Experience More Effective Weight Loss

More effective weight loss typically results when quality nutrition and weight management strategies are combined with a sound exercise program. As a quick recommendation which I sincerely hope you follow, steer very clear of the quick weight loss diets. They are a recipe for disaster. As a way to do this, it’s important that you think of your weight loss as a process that will continue for as long as you are alive. Too many people want quick results, but fail to consider the long-term. That will surely lead to frustration, discouragement, and eventually, failure. As another very important recommendation, focus on improving your nutrition gradually…over time. Too many dieters have adopted the “Cold Turkey” approach to their nutrition which works maybe slightly better than quitting smoking cold turkey.

One most critical recommendation that I believe will be the absolute KEY to jump-starting your metabolism and producing more effective weight loss is to immediately incorporate regular exercise into your weekly routine. Does it need to be everyday? Absolutely not! You can see great results with just 2-3 days per week, and amazing results with more days per week. Make sure that your routine includes cardiovascular exercises such as walking, cycling, swimming, or other activities that you enjoy. As importantly, be sure that there is some form of resistance training in your routine. Exercises such as push-ups, pull-ups, circuit training, and calisthenics work wonders for jump-starting your metabolism and providing you the results that you’ve always dreamed of. Lastly, consistency is paramount. Nothing good happens with sporadic and lackluster effort. Be sure to give your best and you will reap the great reward of successful weight loss that lasts a lifetime.

By applying what you’ve learned in this article, you will not only understand how to jump-start your metabolism and experience the kind of resultsthat you’ve always dreamed of. You will also understand why diet alone may not provide the results you want with your efforts. Lastly, you will see more clearly why the quick weight loss diets and programs just will not cut it when used as strategies. It is my sincere hope that the recommendations that I provide in this article will provide you a foundation for amazing weight loss success.

Bronchitis – A Common Respiratory Condition

Bronchitis is encountered in all ages, especially in association with colds or flues. At persons with weak immune system and smokers chronic bronchitis and asthmatic bronchitis are the major complications. After bronchitis people are more susceptible to develop pneumonia.

Cases of bacteria caused by viruses recover without treatment in about 5-6 days. Viruses usually cause acute forms of bronchitis with intestinal symptoms than those of chronic cases. If the cause is bacteria antibiotics are required.

Chronic bronchitis needs permanent and intense treatment and care for a quick recovery; if not properly treated symptoms reappear and might even worsen. Chronic bronchitis must immediately be treated with ant biotherapy. Chronic cases of bronchitis appear usually in patients with weakened immune systems and in chronic smokers.

Primer symptoms of bronchitis are coughing, fever, excess mucus amounts, chest pains, headaches, discomfort, inflammation and wheezing. Fever mainly indicates a bacterial infection requiring antibiotic. Bronchitis can put major diagnose problems because its symptoms assemble other respiratory conditions like sinusitis, clod, flu or asthma. The absence of early treatment can lead to severe complications.

Physical and Para clinical examinations can rapidly establish the bronchitis diagnosis; laboratory analyzes and pulmonary testing show the most important signs of bronchial suffering. Although it is a very common medical condition, bronchitis is often misdiagnosed. It is one of the most frequent encountered diseases of the respiratory obstructive chronic diseases. A clinical exam of the patient can incline the doctor's opinion towards asthma, sinusitis or allergies. Supplemental Chest X-ray and respiration tests must be done in order to prescribe the right diagnosis and treatment.

In bronchitis of other causes than bacteria, the main curing method is to release the obstruction of the bronchial tubes. The cause of the obstruction is the inflammation of the respiratory tract, mucous membranes, organs and tissues. Due to the irritation and inflammation the bronchis increase the secretion of mucus for protection against damaging factors like dust or pollutants. The movements of the cills are diminished or stopped and secretions gather inside the bronchial tubes.

The collected mucus caused coughing, wheezing and difficult breathing. That is why the first administrated drugs are bronchodilators which help the reestablishment of the respiration. Bronchodilators are mostly used in asthma and chronic bronchitis.

To achieve a full and permanent healing of bronchitis it must be diagnosed and properly treated in time. If not appreciated, it will become chronic or develop major and dangerous complications. If you show any signs or symptoms like coughs, fever or difficult breathing, you must see a doctor immediately as you might suffer from bronchitis.