How-To – Refilling a Fountain Pen

The refilling of fountain pens can be done through different ways. In the USA alone, there were patents issued for Button, Click, Lever, Matchstick and coin types of refill. All of the above methods were applied to get to inject a little pressure and force or deflate the plate inside the pen to allow ink to flow through.

The best pens may need eyedropper fillers. There are also some self-filling pens which have a sac in them. It works by putting pressure on the sac and the pen automatically gets filled or emptied of ink.

The most recent method introduced is the use of cartridges or rather the international cartridges which are referred to that way because of the large volumes the European companies are able to use in the fountain pens.

The use of piston filler is another popular method. This method makes use of piston in the pens, which is driven up or down in a barrel of the pen by twisting a knob at the end of the pen. Nowadays most pens just use piston fillers or cartridges. This is because there are converters that have been introduced to convert the cartridge refill pen into a piston one.

The eyedropper type of filler ink pens are the ones with a maximum load of ink, where as the one with the least is the piston type. This is because the piston manages to occupy half of the space of the pen's barrel and leaving very little room for the ink. The only disadvantage of the eyedropper is that it tends to be a bit messy.

The international cartridge is mainly used in all sorts of pens all over the world, but some particular pens will only accept the cartridges of their kind. Then there are some pens which can not accommodate or take a converter. It then requires these pens to be filled using a using a syringe.

Of course getting the ink to use is not a problem as there are many types to choose from. Ink bottles come in all shapes and designs. The fountain pen users also like to keep some refills ready just in case they run out of ink.

Some particular users also love to refill their own cartridges by themselves even if it means messing around with ink.

Free Creative Writing Examples # 19 Read Book "For Honor"

. . . Aramis hurried to the bed and helped get Athos positioned completely upon it as Porthos left the room in search of lots of fresh bandages. Of course, first he decided to dispose of the bodies where no one would readily ask questions.

D'Artagnan filled a basin with water and hauled it over to the bed, placing it just out of Athos' reach and beside Laurel. Laurel lifted her bloodstained face. "Do either of you have a small, very sharp knife?"

"In my room," D'Artagnan replied, and he dashed out to get it before the woman had a chance to ask.

Athos grunted and struggled as Laurel and Aramis attempted to staunch the bleeding. "The ball's still in there, is not it?" Aramis said with an unearthly calm even as he tied a loose tourniquet and got up to light several tapers for them to better see by.

Laurel nodded tersely. An instant later, Porthos re-entered the room; his arms were laden with fresh linen, and he was carrying a bottle of cognac – the strongest he could procure – in each hand. It had taken him a while, but apparently he'd been successful Laurel noted as he dropped the linens at the bedside and pulled a cork out with his teeth and then proffered the bottle to Laurel. She snatched it with a word of thanks, diverting her attention to preparing to perform emergency surgery by scrubbing her hands in the water.

Athos thrashed again and his clouded, pain-filled eyes focused on Aramis and Porthos. "Is he dead?" Athos demanded in a weak voice.

"Yes, they're all dead, mon ami," Aramis assured him, his voice soothing, as D'Artagnan entered the room, knife in hand, and offered it to Laurel, who took it with a nod. "We are going to see to it that you are all right. We have seen you through worse wounds than this one. We are not about to lose you now."

"Athos," Laurel said softly as she poured another swig of the brandy on the cloth. "The ball is still in your shoulder, probably at the joint. We have to get it out. I do have some skills in treating wounds such as this. Will you trust me, or do you want us to send for a sawbones?" Athos' pain filled eyes met hers, and he told her that his life was in her hands.

"In that case, brace yourself. This is going to hurt." Laurel shifted her grasp on the knife. "Aramis, Porthos if you'd be so kind as to see that he does not thrash about," she commanded as she cleaned the wound with the brandy-soaked rag.

Athos winced as the alcohol stung and set the bloody injury on fire. He clenched his teeth together as she poured more cognac on the open wound and gently wiped away most of the blood. Laurel, seeing his distress, placed one of the cloths between his teeth to prevent him from biting through his tongue. The woman did have strange medical practices picked up from who knew where, but she seemed completely confident in what she was doing. She better be, because it hurt like the devil. A flinch immediately followed Athos' thought.

Laurel glanced around and her eyes latched on to the unopened bottle of cognac. D'Artagnan lifted it from the table and uncorked it as he was instructed. He brought the open bottle to the bed and Laurel said, "Give it to Aramis."

D'Artagnan did so immediately and backed away, going to the corridor to fend off and explain to the proprietor and other guests who had finally come to see what all the commotion was about. As he invented a plausible explanation for the situation, he was able to prevent the visitors from disturbing Athos and his friends, and he made sure that the bodies Porthos had moved were better disposed of.

"Aramis, help Athos drink the entire bottle. Let's see if we can dull the pain or maybe even knock him out before I do any cutting." If she had to resort to crude methods, crude it would be. That many would not find her methods so crude escaped her in the heat of the moment.

Moments dragged by as Aramis urged his friend to keep drinking until the bottle was drained, every last drop. He set the empty bottle aside and both uninjured musketeers prepared to hold Athos motionless.

Laurel lifted the cognac-soaked blade to the wound and made a deft, deep slice in the flesh of Athos' shoulder. Athos thrashed weakly, and the men held him down until finally he passed into merciful unconsciousness. With her arm, Laurel wiped sweat from her brow and made another careful incision next to the wound.

Suddenly the bleeding started again, and Porthos grabbed a fresh cloth and stanched the flow of blood while Laurel looked around for a forceps of some sort and laid them on the blood-stained bed-cloth. She paused right in the middle of making a third cut, and Aramis and Porthos both looked her straight in the eye. Long, palpably tense moments ticked by. "You can do it," they both encouraged her, and she bent her head and returned to the task at hand. There was no other option.

For one more moment her hand was poised above the wound and then the knife descended. One final, quick incision, and she set aside the sharp blade. Porthos lifted the makeshift forceps and handed them to her with a silent word of luck. She took them. "Try to keep the wound open so I can see as clearly as possible." Absorbed in her task, she bent her head so she could more easily see the open wound.

"Do you see it?" Aramis inquired.

She allowed the question to hover between them as she gently probed the wound for a sign of the ball and was finally rewarded by the hard touch of the lead ball against the makeshift forceps. No bone-chips, and the ball seemed whole. He was extraordinarily lucky. She sincerely hoped pulling this out did not cause more damage than Athos could survive, but she could see no other way than extracting it since leaving it in would more than likely kill him, slowly.

"Oui," Laurel finally replied. Taking a deep breath she grasped the ball firmly and pulled it out quickly.

She looked at her bloody hand and the equally bloody instrument and smiled in relief as she saw the ball was whole and it was entirely out. "I got it," she announced, and the other musketeers returned her relieved smile even as D'Artagnan approached with a needle and thread and offered them to the woman, "I thought that these might come in useful."

"Merci," she responded and used the last of the brandy on the needle and the open wound. While his three companions looked on, she carefully stitched together the flaps of skin and sealed the wound. Swiftly, she untied the tourniquet, hoping too much damage had not been caused by the desperate measure to stop the bleeding. When it was all over, she sank back on her heels and prepared to face Athos' friends. . . .

Food Allergy Alert: Even a Trace Can Kill

It happens-and probably more often than you might think. Indeed, every three minutes someone with a food allergy reaction ends up in an emergency room. That makes for more than 200,000 such visits every year.

And that's both a very big deal and a growing problem, though no one is sure why. Says the CDC, food allergies in children increased some 50% between 1997 and 2011. The result: now one in every 13 children, 18 and younger, is affected-or about two in every classroom. Indeed, peanut allergies alone have more than tripled.

Meanwhile, about 15% of children do not even know they have an issue until that first allergic response – often at school.

These eight culprits account for some 90% of all serious allergic reactions:

  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Crustacean shellfish
  • Wheat
  • Soy
  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts

Some can be outgrown, such as milk and eggs, but not so others, and the bad news is there's no cure. Reactions run the gamut from mild-as in itchiness-to anaphylaxis whose potentially life-threatening symptoms can include:

  • Swelling of throat, lips, and / or tongue
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Falling blood pressure
  • Shock
  • Unconsciousness

Truth be told, between 100 and 200 Americans actually die from food allergy-induced anaphylaxis each year.

The only treatment: an epinephrine auto-injector, otherwise known as an Epi-Pen. It delivers a measured dose of the drug and is often a life-saver. Timing is critical, however. Explains Sally Schoessler of the National Association to School Nurses, "You need a very quick response when it comes to administering epinephrine for anaphylaxis."

All this puts schools on the front lines, and you can be assured that they're doing their best to keep affected children safe. Steps being taken include sending letters to all parents, requesting nut- and peanut-free snacks being sent in, offering allergy-free tables in the cafeteria, and asking that children not share their bagged lunches and snacks.

At the same time – and since almost 90% of America's schools now have one or more children with a food allergy – the CDC has come up with a list of school guidelines:

  1. "Avoid using foods identified as allergens in class projects, parties, snacks, science experiments, and cooking exercises in allergic children's classrooms.
  2. Train staff to use injecting devices for the medication epinephrine (such as Epi-Pens) when students have severe allergic reactions-known as anaphylaxis.
  3. Make sure children with food allergies are not excluded from field trips, extracurricular activities, physical education, or recess.
  4. Consider designating food free-zones or allergen-safe zones.
  5. Use non-food incentives for prizes, gifts, and awards. "

And because the alarm has now been sounded, this year 16 states joined 11 others in enacting laws to make it easier for schools to stock epinephrine. Four of them-Maryland, Nebraska, Nevada, and Virginia-require schools to have it on hand at all times. The others allow schools to do so without a prescription for individual students and all "provide legal protection for staff members who administer it."

Elsewhere, as in Pennsylvania, legislation is pending, with fingers crossed that it passes soon. After all, it takes just one peanut …

How to Overcome Fear of Getting Cancer

Fear getting cancer? You're not alone. The fear of cancer is one of the most prominent long-term anxieties plaguing modern man. A UK non-profit survey has recently demonstrated that more than 15% of UK citizens consider the fear of cancer to be their greatest fear. In many individuals, this fear can result in such debilitating panic that it interferes with normal life. Has not cancer caused enough pain already, to those who have it and their grieving friends and relatives? It is a real tragedy that, in addition to the devastating effects of the disease itself, cancer must cause this second-order anxiety among people who do not even have it.

Cancer Anxiety Can Hurt Your Life

Many of those who live their lives dreading this terrible disease are embarrassed about their fearful state. These victims of phobia worry that their anxieties are not "legitimate," even though they cause them significant pain. After all, what's to be afraid of? Does not their "imaginary" suffering do disservice to actual victims of the disease?

However, cancer phobia is a serious problem in its own right. This kind of terror can seriously interfere with a sufferer's medical health. Those who fear cancer routinely refuse to see medical health professionals or clinics, out of irrational dread of "catching" the disease – or because they dread the prospect of being diagnosed! This, ironically, can prevent doctors from diagnosing malignant tumors in time to cure the patient, if they do get the disease.

Terror Destroys Compassion

Perhaps most harrowing of all, anxiety about the disease can destroy our compassion for its actual sufferers. Someone who is obsessed with the idea of ​​harboring a cancerous tumor in their body will avoid visiting a suffering victim of cancer – even if that victim is a family member or friend. Without being consciously aware of what they're doing, those who are afraid can reject family members or friends at exactly those moments when they most need help and support.

No Need To Fear Getting Cancer

Fortunately, there is good news for phobia sufferers: the fear of getting cancer is a psychological, rather than a physiological, phenomenon. This may seem obvious. What is not obvious is that the 20th and 21st centuries have brought about some powerful tools to resolve psychological problems. Although there's no real cure for cancer yet, there techniques that can bring about a cure for cancer phobia in many people.

Eradicate Your Terror With NLP

Most of these techniques involve a set of practices known as NLP, or neuro-linguistic programming. Developed in the 1970's, this powerful system combines computer programming, linguistics, and medical science. NLP techniques are related to hypnotherapy, in that both seek to teach people new behavior patterns by influencing the unconscious, rather than the conscious, mind. This is the most reliable way to eradicate irrational phobias, as these – as the very phrase, "irrational phobias," implies – are always grounded in the unconscious.

With the help of NLP and hypnotherapy, trained mental health professionals can stop sufferers' fears of cancer in their at their root: the unconscious mind. NLP and hypnotherapy techniques will let you experience the emotions that ordinarily lead to terror in a controlled environment – and then teach your mind to respond differently to those emotions. NLP and hypnotherapy can not cure cancer; but they can make sure you never have to irrationally fear getting cancer again.

Don’t Take Aspirin If You Have Tinnitus! Why Ibuprofen is Bad For Ringing Ears!

Aspirin and tinnitus do not mix well! If you are suffering from ringing noises in your ears, you have to be aware of the facts contained in this article.

Aspirin is constituted of a compound called acetylsalicylic acid, which is derived from salicylic acid. Maybe you have heard the tales of Native Americans utilizing willow bark tea to treat their ailing people. The reason for this is that alicylic acid is naturally found within the bark of willow trees.

Even way back then doctors, or witch doctors, were telling their patients to take aspirin (willow-bark tea) and go to bed.

Salicylic acid possesses ache-relieving abilities and anti-inflammatory abilities, and can thin your blood down. This makes it very efficient as a painkiller, if taken in the appropriate doses.

Well, aspirin seems like great stuff, so what’s the problem with aspirin and tinnitus?

Most people don’t realize that aspirin is mildly toxic, and that the overuse of aspirin could cause a variety of symptoms and problems. Also, most people have heard that too much aspirin can cause stomach ulcers. What a huge number of people are not conscious of is that there is a negative aspirin-tinnitus connection.

For individuals who suffer with tinnitus, using an excessive amount of aspirin as a painkiller and blood thinner can aggravate that buzzing and ringing within the ears and can cause injury to your ear. Though aspirin is a free-radical scavenger, its slightly toxic property not only relieves pain, but also can aggravate the symptoms of a current tinnitus condition.

It’s not unusual for the innocent use of aspirin for aches and pains or other purposes to create an actual problem for tinnitus sufferers. In case you suffer from ringing in your ears (tinnitus) I strongly recommend that you avoid utilizing aspiring for mild pain reduction and change to a non-salicylate, non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory pain reliever, like ibuprofen.

Our knowledge of tinnitus and its cures has come a long way over recent years. Some of the most useful info written on tinnitus has been written by those that have experienced this irritating problem and are sharing how they solved their tinnitus problem with other tinnitus suffers.

Improving Your Immune System to Fight HPV Symptoms

HPV also known as Human Papilloma Virus are more than 100 types. A little known fact about the HPV is that, the symptoms are treatable while the virus itself is not curable. Human Papilloma Virus is the known cause of Genital warts, Plantar warts, common hand warts, Flat warts and juvenile warts. In infected people, HPV symptoms might manifest themselves at an early stage or at a later date depending on the condition of your immunity at the time of the infection.

It is very important therefore to maintain a healthy lifestyle at all times in order to have a good immune system that will fight the virus in case it shows up unexpectedly. In other words your antibodies need to be alert and in good working order because the fight is internal. This could be an uphill task for anyone who could be having a weak immune system and fighting the HPV symptoms becomes an unattainable target.

HPV symptoms come in many forms like Pink, or flesh colored lesions, moisture of the affected area, itching of the affected areas or a burning sensation on the affected area. sometimes you will find single or multiple warts appearing, muscle pains, swollen glands, fever, backaches and headaches. Unfortunately not everybody will display this HPV signs and symptoms and one could be walking around with the virus unknowingly. When the HPV symptoms manifests itself in form of warts, again it does not mean there will be pain and discomfort definitely experienced.

Warts as a result of HPV vary in appearance and size. They may look similar to small parts of a cauliflower, or may be very tiny and difficult to see or large, raised lesions, Although HPV is not curable, one can opt for their removal or go for the prescribed medication. There are various ways that can be used to achieve your goal.

Over-the-counter medications are available too but not recommended for use without a doctors attention. This is because of their strong nature and dangerous to use in sensitive areas such as the genitals.

The better the immune system, the faster the healing process. As soon as you are diagonalized with the HPV symptoms start building on your immune system for precise results. Do not forget that this also depends on the overall health of your body.

Health Insurance Coverage For Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a paroxysmal condition of the brain affecting neurological systems and characterized by a susceptibility to recurrent sporadic seizures. Seizures are events associated with abnormal electrical discharges of neuron in the brain. In most patients, this condition does not affect intelligence, however some episodes can be life threatening. Epilepsy usually occurs in patients younger than age 20, and is believed to be present in an estimated 2% of the population. Most patients achieve and establish control of the disorder with strict adherence to prescribed treatment if insured by a health plan.

Typically, treatment for epilepsy is a combination of multiple therapeutic attempts and protocols systematically managed to either temporarily relieve the patient or terminate epileptic occurrences altogether. Treating epilepsy can be very difficult and expensive which is why being covered by health insurance is essential and necessary to accomplish the means successfully.

This article was created to assist patients diagnosed with epilepsy to obtain health insurance coverage in the individual private healthcare market without the endorsement of limitable riders or attached exclusions on the policy when placed and issued.

There are various methods in clinical practice for treating epilepsy including prescription medications, surgery, and cutting edge experimental procedures. The most commonly prescribed drugs are Phenytoin, Carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, Valproic Acid, and Primidone administered individually for generalized tonic-clonic seizures or complex partial seizures. Valproic Acid, Clonazepam, and Ethosuximide are commonly prescribed as adjunct therapy for partial seizures. Fosphenytoin is an Intravenous preparation that is also effective in treatment.

If drug therapy fails, treatment may include surgical removal of a demonstrated focal lesion to attempt in ending the seizure activity. Surgery is also performed when epilepsy results from an underlying problem, such as intracranial tumors, a brain abscess or cyst, and vascular abnormalities.

Vagal nerve stimulation may also be attempted. A pacemaker with a stimulator lead is placed on the vagus nerve. The nerve is stimulated for approximately 30 seconds every 5 minutes. This procedure is very useful in refractory epilepsy, decreasing seizure frequency and intensity. It has also diminished the need for more medication and increased the quality of life for some individuals.

Transcranial magnetic stimulators are currently under investigation and have been beneficial for some patients. By now it should be clear, insuring this condition is necessary because of the amount of healthcare needed to achieve the goal of treatment.

How The Health Insurance Underwriters View Epilepsy.

Health insurance underwriters are concerned primarily with the associated complications which can occur during the course of a seizure. This may include anoxia from airway occlusion by the tongue or swallowing vomit following traumatic injury. Such trauma could result from a fall at the onset of generalized tonic-clonic seizures such as rapid, jerking movements that frequently occur during or after an episode or from a sudden illicit movement sustained while the patient is confused and has an altered level of consciousness.

In any event, the hesitation to write a policy at reasonable standard rates if at all will be determined by the interrogative stage of screening. In the eyes of a health insurance underwriter it is unpredictability of an epileptic patient that causes concern, as such here are some tips in reference to the screening questions asked to make a proposed applicant appear predictable enough to issue a policy.

Questions Asked by Health Insurance Underwriters on Epilepsy and Tips on Answering Them.

(1) When was the applicant diagnosed with a seizure disorder?

Tip: It is important for underwriters to know how long ago the applicant was diagnosed with the disorder. As a general rule the farther back the better especially if it was diagnosed more than 10 years ago and is being controlled with prescribed medication.

(2) What type of seizure disorder does the applicant have?

Tip: Elaborating to health underwriters is crucial in this regard. Underwriters want to know if an applicant is predisposed to partial seizures, simple partial seizures, complex partial seizures, generalized seizures, mycolonic seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, or akinetic seizures. If status epilepticus is documented on file in claim history, with an incidence requiring hospitalization, a letter of medical clearance from the physician is going to be required.

(3) When was the applicant hospitalized for his or her last seizure?

Tip: The underwriting decision of seizure disorders is in part based on the applicants degree of clinical stability. Most health insurance companies within the individual private healthcare market are requiring last episodes to have taken place with a two year time interval from the date of service when hospitalized in order for consideration of medical clearance. If the last episode happened during the course of the last 24 months an application will have to be submitted to carriers who are more lenient in this regard.

(4) What medications is the applicant currently taking?

Tip: The majority of seizure disorders are treated with medications. In many cases, this involves more than one drug. Seizure control with tolerable side effects can be achieved in up to 80% of patients with only using one prescription, as a general rule the less medication the better a chance to get approved. Some patients may become seizure free without any medications indicating to the underwriter the disorder is not a lifelong condition. Consider weaning the dosage down prior to application submission or receiving the medication during consultation visits with the practitioner instead, this way it appears on record that medications are no longer being used.

(5) Is the applicant employed on a full time basis and in the currently has a valid driver license?

Tip: The severity of a seizure disorder can also be measured in terms of its impact on functional ability. An applicant who cannot work or obtain a drivers license presents serious underwriting concerns for individual coverage. On the other hand, an applicant who is employed full time and has an issued motor vehicle driver license will have an excellent underwriting outcome. The department of Motor Vehicles receives information regarding medical conditions from many sources including accident reports, police reports, and physician reports. In the event there is a revocation or suspension of licensing due to epilepsy ask the physician to provide a certification that the condition is treated and controlled and does not affect driving skills. Many times this simple procedure has overturned many previously denied or substandard rated underwriting decisions and have gotten policies issued with approval at affordable rates.

If you or someone you know is having a difficult time obtaining an approval for major medical health insurance or get an affordable rate because of epilepsy, please visit our website at and leave your contact information. One of our licensed agents will contact you to provide the solution guaranteed.

Motor Scooter Engine Types – Two Stroke Vs Four Stroke

If you’re looking to buy a new motor scooter there are a few things you should know about engine size and type that will save you a lot of headache later on. First of all there are two main types of engines: two stroke and four stroke. Depending on which kind you buy, a motor scooter can either be an enjoyable experience or a frustrating one. So it is important to choose the right kind of scooter. Another big factor in how well your experience with motor scooters will be is what size of engine you get. Too small can leave you wanting more and possibly not take you were you need to go, and too big can be too much for you to handle or overkill for where and how far you need to travel. In this article I will cover both factors so you can buy the perfect scooter for you.

The first thing you need to know is how engine size for scooters is measured. Gas engines on scooters are measured by “cc” or cubic centimeters which is the volume of a cube measuring 1×1×1 cm. 1 cc = 1 ml. So a 150cc scooter has 150 ml of air + fuel mixture intake in a cylinder bore. 50cc is the most common size and is relatively small compared to others but sizes can exceed 800cc, which is basically just a motorcycle at that point. Depending on what size you decide to go with, scooters can travel on the interstate just fine. The exception to that is the 50cc and really anything under 125cc. So make sure you pick a size that you are comfortable with that will take you where you need to go.

The next thing to consider when purchasing a scooter, and this is a big one, is what type of engine to choose. Some manufactures will give the option between a two or four stroke engine but really this is a non issue due to several reasons. First off, most manufactures have discontinued two stroke engines because of the problems with them. They are prone to braking down much more often then four stroke and they also have a shorter life span. In the winter months, two stroke scooters will often form a film over the carburetor that will make starting next to impossible unless it is warmed up. Also changing the oil on a two stroke is a very time consuming process vs the 10-20 minute job for a four stroke. On top of all these issues is the fact that they are less fuel efficient and pollute more. So really the choice is pretty clear and even at a big discount I wouldn’t take a two stroke engine if I had the choice.

Dealing With Anger in Children

I often get parents ringing me up to ask me how to deal with anger in their children. From my experience, Anger Management problems generally exist in children between the ages of 13-20 years. Usually there has been an anger outburst (e.g., one sibling threatening the other sibling with a knife) and the parents want to do something about it. This article will detail how you can address anger in your children and give you practical strategies and resources to access.

So Where Does Your Children’s Anger Come From?

Some children are just naturally angry. In Psychology terms it is referred to as the temperament of the child. From a very early age they will show their temperament. If you have any easy going baby, then great! But for a lot of parents, your child will have a difficult temperament, which you will have to manage.

Even for these difficult baby’s, they aren’t naturally angry and something or someone is usually causing them to be angry. This anger response may start with anxiety. For example, there may be problems at school (e.g., Bullying) or in their friendships, personal relationships etc. Anger problems occur when they are unable to deal with the different issues that occur in their lives and move on from them.

For children, talking about these issues with their parents is a really good way of finding solutions to these problems. However, often children feel that they are unable to talk with parents about these issues. And often these issues go unresolved. This is where the problem arises. The child is not addressing the issue (i.e., their anger) at the time and moving on with their life. Eventually the issue snowballs into a much larger issue than it needed to be in the first place.

Ways That Children Deal With Their Anger

(1) Alcohol – One of the most common ways that adolescent children have of dealing with their anger is through binge drinking. I like to refer to it as being a negative coping strategy because it doesn’t address the problem. All it does is treat the symptoms (i.e., feeling angry, feeling anxious and generally feeling down)

(2) Drugs – Very prevalent in teenagers. Probably causes the most problems at home. Common drugs that teenage try is weed. A lot of parents do not know how to address this topic with their children. A good way to start is to show them the link between drug use (in developing brains) and psychosis (e.g., Depression, Bi-Polar Disorder, Schizophrenia). A simple Google search will give you good research summaries that you can take to your children to discuss.

(3) Anti Social Behaviour – Sometimes children will start hanging out with “the wrong group of friends’. Often drug taking behaviour, binge drinking and ‘wagging school” behaviours will follow. Often these behaviours are done in direct reaction to authority and not really their own decision.

So What Can You Do?

The main thing that you need to do is to emphasise that all the decisions that your child is making is theirs. Sounds simple doesn’t it. What I find is that a lot of decisions that children make, when dealing with anger is not their own. Instead it is in reaction to other people. For example, parents, teachers, friends etc. They rebel in other words. They do the exact thing that they think everybody doesn’t want them to do.

In more practical terms, it is probably important that they go and speak with someone. For example, you may want to consult a psychologist or a tutor. To find a psychologist in your local area, please consult the Anger Management local website. The important thing is that they are able to talk with someone who they trust and who is able to keep a secret (what is said) and won’t gossip about their situation to anyone else. This is why talking with a psychologist is a very good idea.

It is also important for you to access materials on the web. Some good web-sites include:

(1) Beyond Blue

(2) Anger Management Forum

(3) American Psychological Association

The good news is that help in dealing with anger in your children is out there.

Signing off

Mark. K


Family Related Health Problems – Inherited Illness

Family related health problems fall into two categories: physical and mental illnesses or syndromes. There are several types of illnesses in both categories that are genetically inherited, often passed down strictly through either the maternal or paternal side of the family genealogy.

One example of a family related disease of a physical nature is that of breast cancer. Generally speaking when a mother experiences breast cancer her daughters should receive regular mammograms in response to their mothers condition. It is a recognized fact in the health community that cancer is indeed inherited through a genetic link.

Sometimes however cancer may skip a generation or even two. A cancer that a grandparent or great-grandparent suffered might not be expressed again until the arrival of grandchildren or great-grandchildren. Unfortunately, one drawback in this case is that early signs of cancer might go unnoticed since cancer in ones ancestors may eventually be forgotten and simply become a part of family history.

Another family related health problem is obesity. It is an undeniable fact that the majority of obese people hail from an obese family genealogy. A conflicting viewpoint is that lifestyle, rather than genetics plays a role in this condition, yet most researchers are undecided on this issue. To be sure lifestyle characteristics are learned from an early age and the sedentary family with poor eating habits is doing a disservice to their children. However, those families who lead a reasonable lifestyle yet continue to suffer weight problems may well express an inherited genetic tendency toward obesity.

Family related mental health problems are also genetically linked. Mood disorders such as Bipolar Disorder and psychoses such as Schizophrenia are typical examples of inherited mental illness. These illnesses too can often skip a generation or two within a family genealogy and therefore go unrecognized and untreated for several years.

Drug and alcohol addictions are yet another family related health problem. The argument again with this issue is whether or not there is an inherited propensity towards addiction or if such a condition is the result of the familial environment. Perhaps there is room for confusion about drug and alcohol addiction as a possible genetic problem since many families may have only one member who suffers from drug dependency. The argument surrounding this phenomenon then is whether or not it is possible that only one family member can inherit a drug or alcohol dependency while others do not.

Finally there is another category entirely of family related health problems. Is it possible to create such an unhappy and dysfunctional environment that family members may become physically and emotionally ill? It would seem that this is very possibly the case, particularly in families experiencing neglect and harsh abuse. In this instance the concept of family related health problems is very literal, as these unfortunate issues are brought about solely by the familial environment and not by an inherited condition.

Identifying the Causes of a Headache

To be honest, whenever I get a headache relief is about the only thing on my mind. I suspect we're all the same in this department, but that could be injurious to our long term health. Headaches can be caused by many things and some of them could be life altering. There are also some headaches that require more than an aspirin tablet to get rid of.

1) Allergies: Nasal allergies can cause headaches and a sore throat. This is due to increased amounts of secretions sent out in the hope that the invading allergen can be dealt with. There are three things you need to do to get rid of this type of head pain. First, find out what you're allergic to so you can avoid it. If avoiding it is not possible, you will need some sort of antihistamine. There are several good over the counter remedies, or you can try using lemon balm tea. Third, you may want to take an anti-inflammatory medication to reduce any swelling.

2) Eye Strain: In this age of computers, iPads and text messaging, our eyes are being abused. Many of us stare at a computer screen at work all day, then come home and stare at a television set. This can cause some serious pain. More importantly, it can also damage our eyes. If you get a headache at the end of the day, it's time to go see the eye doctor. Special glasses may help prevent the pain and protect your eyes.

While you're waiting for your new specs, limit how long you sit in front of a screen of any sort. If pain develops, you can place a cool cloth or slices of cucumber on your eyes to help them feel better. It would be wise to avoid using them for a while, too. It's kind of boring, but your vision is worth it.

3) Flu: One of the main symptoms of the flu is a killer headache. Add in the high fever, muscle aches and other joys of the disease and you will find yourself in misery. It is a good idea to see your doctor as soon as symptoms develop. There are medications that can shorten the duration and intensity of the virus. You may also want to take medication for the pain and fever plus something to help with the cough. Eucalyptus may be beneficial both for the head pain and any coughing.

4) Meningitis: This disease can attack anyone, but it most frequently is caught by infants, toddlers and young adults. This requires immediate emergency treatment in the hospital. It kills, and it kills fast. Look for bruising or black marks on the throat, severe head and back pain and a high fever. Your best bet is actually to get immunized against it.

5) Migraines: This can cause a great deal of misery, especially when triggers can not be avoided or one develops just before an important occasion. Medications are available for this problem, but you may want to find out all of your triggers. Most migraine sufferers have a sensitivity to tyramine, and amino acid found in many foods including aged cheeses. Ask your doctor to help you in this department.

6) Sinuses: Sinus infections cause pain above and below the eyes. You can usually see the actual shape of them most of the time, as they are swollen. I feel that I look like a Star Trek Klingon when one strikes.

You may need antibiotics to get over a sinus infection, but doctors are less likely to prescribe them immediately. Instead, they will suggest you take anti-inflammatory medications and drink lots of fluids. I would add garlic to that list, as it acts like a natural antibiotic.

7) Strokes: Like meningitis, this requires immediate medical intervention. Call 911. The symptoms, other than severe pain can include numbness or paralysis of one side of the body, difficulty speaking and a droopy appearance on one side of the face.

8) Tension: Allergies and tension are two very common causes. While pain relievers will help with the pain, I find a hot bath or shower to be almost as important. If someone is available to give a neck massage, that is also helpful in this area.

As you can see, headaches can be caused by a number of things, and popping an aspirin is not always the best answer. If you do not know the cause of your pain or if your symptoms include the more serious ones above, do not hesitate about seeing the doctor. Once you have a diagnosis, you can find a solution.

How to Regrow Hair Damaged by Hair Extensions

Hair weaves and extensions when worn frequently can cause thinning and other hair loss conditions such as traction alopecia. Depending on the method of attachment, the damage caused could be anything from moderate to severe.

Hair weaves based on the cornrow or track method when worn regularly can lead to traction alopecia because of how tight the cornrows are braided. The weight of the hair sewn on makes things worse and adds further strain to the hair roots, making them weaker and causing them to fall out before their natural growth phase is complete.

Hair weaves are also applied using a purpose made adhesive called bonding glue which is usually anti fungal to prevent infections like ring worm on the scalp while the weave is being worn. Bonding glue is not to be confused with the adhesives used to attach lace wigs. Hair bonding glue can be black or white and is of a much thinner consistency than the silicon based adhesives used for lace wigs. The primary ingredients in it are rubber latex and sodium polyacrylate.

When using bonding glue, the hair is parted in the position where the weft is to be attached, then the glue is applied to the hair weft before being pressed against the scalp in the desired position. An oil based remover is usually required to break the bond of the glue in order to remove it safely. The oil based remover should be applied and allowed to sit for at least 20 minutes before attempting to remove the hair weft.

Unfortunately, even when care is taken, the bonding glue sticks to the hair and can rip it out from the roots during removal. Regular use of bonding glues lead to thinning hair throughout the head and not just in the temporal region.

If the damage caused by weaves is ignored, and weaves continue to be worn, any Traction Alopecia or thinning suffered could become permanent. Permanent hair loss can be avoided by taking a break from the weaves and allowing the scalp time to recover.

A diet rich in protein, and supplements such as MSM, Vitamin C and Zinc will help the scalp produce new healthy cells, and biotin can also help in stretching the growth phase of the hair. It is very important to note that if the scalp isn’t allowed time to recover and weaves are still being worn, trying to treat the hair and restore it to its original condition will be futile.

The supplements mentioned earlier will help to ensure that the hair is receiving adequate nutrients internally, however the same needs to be done externally. If you have bald patches or the hair loss experienced is severe, then a topical treatment like minoxidil is recommended. Minoxidil is available in 2% and 5% concentrations, the 2% concentration aimed at women. However a common complaint about the 2% concentration is that it is pretty ineffective, therefore women chose to use the 5% concentration for better results.

Using the 5% version however has its disadvantages, it can lead to unwanted facial hair, which by the way disappears once treatment is discontinued. It is not such a heavy price to pay in order to restore your hair and most times confidence.

For people who would rather avoid minoxidil all together, the Eclipta Alba plant, called Bhringaraj or Bhringraj in Ayurveda has been scientifically proven to be more effective that the 2% version of minoxidil without the side effects.

Hair Loss Treatment – Hair Laser Therapy Explained

Hair Loss Treatment – Why Hair Laser Therapy Can Stop Hair Loss

An effective hair loss treatment has to address the underlying causes of hair loss to which it is being directed. While it is easy to believe that hair loss, especially in men, is just a natural occurrence due to genetic factors, modern research is showing that there are various factors at play.

These factors include hormones, nutrient deficiencies and excesses, side effects from medicines, stress, tight scalp and the latest theory targeting research into a minscule demodicid parasite.

Hormones play a role in hair loss by their effect upon hair follicles. Androgens & estrogens are the male and female hormones and correcting an imbalance can be an effective hair loss treatment. So why would hair laser therapy be an effective treatment and can it actually stop you losing hair? Let's look at DHT.

DHT-DiHydroTestosterone Testosterone combines with an enzyme (5a-reductase) to form DHT which, upon reaching the hair follicles cause them to shrink (due to affecting blood supply), thus producing finer hair. This is referred to as hair follicle miniaturization, the main process behind male pattern baldness. Drugs which decrease the levels of available 5a-reductase (and therefore DHT) are being used as a hair loss treatment but unfortunately can have undesirable side effects such as impotence, decreased libido, decreased ejaculate volume and in some cases, man boobs! Whilst there are a number of safer herbal preparations that can also reduce DHT, there is a perfectly safe and effective hair loss treatment known as hair laser therapy showing remarkable outcomes for both men & women.

Hair Laser Therapy In 1967 a researcher doing skin cancer experiments with laser light upon mice discovered that the shaven areas grew back fuller & thicker hair on laser treated mice than on the untreated control specimens. The accidental discovery spawned a new industry in treatment for those seeking a hair loss cure & it has since been shown that low power (5 milliwatts) lasers with a wavelength of 650 nanometres (in the red spectrum) is most effective. Advances in industry have enabled portable laser hair therapy devices to be available to anyone wishing to purchase one for their own home use.

How Lasers Stimulate Hair Growth There are two theories.

1. The coherent light energy of a laser is absorbed by the hair follicle and transfers energy into the follicle in a similar way that light helps a plant grow.

2. The light stimulates & improves the blood circulation around the hair follicle, flushing away the DHT; however it has been shown that even shaved areas (nothing to do with DHT) grow back thicker and fuller hair after laser treatment.

Interesting Fact The average hair shaft is only one tenth of a millimetre in diameter and the capillaries that nourish them are less than a tenth of that again! Whereas the skin follicle base may be as deep as 4mm on fleshy parts of the skin, the skull may have as little as 1mm of total skin thickness on the top of the head. Go on, feel for yourself! It is pretty obvious why the top of your head is the first place to lose hair. The pharmaceutical companies never seem to mention that.

Laser light can penetrate millimeters into the skin, a fact easily proven by observing the glow of a fingertip held over a laser. When faced with losing hair it is now easy to realize how fragile the supporting structure truly is.

Therefore, if you're in the unfortunate position of trying to stop losing hair and looking for a safe alternative, hair laser therapy should definitely be a part of your hair gain treatment strategy.

Considering the importance of increasing the blood supply to the hair follicles in any hair loss treatment, the purchase of a tested low dose laser device is a logical choice for any male or female trying to arrest the process of losing their hair and looking for the best tools available to provide a safe and natural, hair loss treatment.

Understanding Hearing Impairment

Hearing is one of the five senses that we humans are gifted with. Hearing impairment means partial or complete loss of ability to hear. Before we get into the types and causes of hearing loss, it is important to understand the anatomy of our ear. The ear has 3 mains parts, the outer ear, middle and the inner ear.

The outer ear constitutes the pinna (auricle) and ear canal. Then comes the middle ear, which constitutes of the tympanic membrane, the 3 ossicles (these are the 3 ear bones namely malleus, incus and stapes) and also the opening of the Eustachian tubes (connecting the middle ear to the pharynx). The last or the inner most is the inner ear which comprises of cochlea, vestibular system and auditory nerve. Hearing loss is of two basic types – Conductive and Sensorineural hearing impairment.

The conductive hearing impairment is usually improper conduction of sound waves from the outer ear to the middle ear. These can be treated medically and sometimes surgically. Some of the common causes for conductive loss of hearing are wax in the ear, Otitis media, URTI (Upper respiratory Tract infection like common cold) etc. any congenital anomaly in the external ear or middle ear.

Sensory neural hearing impairment refers to inner ear and to the auditory nerve. Exposure to loud sound or infectious diseases like meningitis, measles rubella, mumps etc cause this type of hearing loss. This condition is sometime caused due to conditions during pregnancy and childbirth too. Some common causes are premature birth, asphyxia during child birth, Jaundice, use of certain ototoxic antibiotic during pregnancy etc. Head injury or accident or trauma near the ear can also sometimes cause hearing deficiency.

Hearing is a basic necessity or a prerequisite for speech development. A child learns to speak by hearing language, sounds and correlating what he sees with what is heard. Deafness, whether partial or complete, affects the development of child and progress in school. Prevention of causative factors, early detection, and management of the symptoms, is effective to prevent further impairment. Effective care can be taken by immunizing children and pregnant women timely, avoiding exposure to loud sounds, and managing the impaired with hearing aids.

Ear Noises Leads to Tinnitus

Ear noises can be like the exposure of the ears to high pitch sounds as such noises can lead to symptoms like tinnitus. Tinnitus can cause temporary hearing or permanent hearing problems. These problems can be recognized by a ringing, buzzing, screaming, or hissing sound in the ears. Some noises can break the internal immune system of ears leading to temporary or permanent deafness if not cared for properly. There are many precautionary measures that can be taken to avoid this such as therapy for vitamin levels, blood pressure levels, stress, etc. because these problems can lead to noise problems in the ear. To overcome this problem, most of the treatments are undergone in order to maintain the performance of the ear accordingly.

To gain domination over ear noises, many medical institutions has conducted research and found the reason for its occurrence and solution for this disorder. Research has proven that if the bloody pressure is high, it creates inner stress in the mind too which ignores external sounds to some extent making a ringing sound inside ear. The vitamins provided to body should be maintained on a daily basis because a vitamin deficiency may also lead to problems like tinnitus. The ear immune system does not get the necessary vitamins to make a coating against external sounds. Such noise disorders can occur to any person with no age barriers, and this develops according to the person increasing in age. It is possible to overcome this problem by therapy, however, there are many physicians working on this problem to help maintain proper hearing.

Precautionary measures like avoiding loud noises and cleaning the ears everyday should be done when you sense ear noises. If you hear any ringing in your ears, the sooner you seek the help of an expert physician, the sooner you can fix the problem. Based on the noises, ear therapy is conducted for maintaining the immune system of ear. Some remedies like Calcarea Carbonica, Carbo Vegetabilis, and Chininum Sulphuricum are carried out in homeopathy which helps to ignore the ringing sensation in the ears. In cases of major problems, surgery is undergone. Allopathic treatments offer the desired medicine with some ear drops which helps to wash out the inner dust in ears and makes the ear flow easier. Medical prescriptions should be followed in your daily routine to avoid future problems of the same type.

Other than these problems, there are numerous other disorders related to the ears. The ear is regarded as a sense organ for hearing sound, and if that fails to function then you can no longer hear. For more information related to ear problems, you can also refer to an online service which helps you in creating awareness among these disorders. You can also consult the nearest ear physician in case something unfortunate happens with your ears. Cleanliness is a key part of being able to hear well. It is necessary to keep your ears clear of any dust particles or any foreign particle interfering.