Some of the Most Common Infectious Diseases

In today's world we are constantly faced with information about infectious diseases, infection control and disease prevention. We are all aware of the methods that we should apply to prevent the spread of infectious disease, such as washing of hands with antibacterial soap, using hand sanitizer, disinfectant spray and wipes as well as mouth covers. We are all aware of how to prevent infectious diseases, but we may not all be aware of what it is that we are avoiding. Lets look at the four of the most common infectious diseases in North America.

Chicken Pox (Varicella Zoster Virus)

Chicken Pox is generally considered being a children's illness, but the truth is that Chicken pox is that in recent years, chicken pox has become more prevalent in adults and teenagers. This disease can be transmitted via direct contact with an infected person. Infection can be prevented by avoiding contact with an infected individual during the virulent stag of infection. Common infectious disease prevention techniques are extremely effective in the prevention of Chicken Pox, and a vaccine is available which can help to prevent infection.

Strep Throat (Streptococcal Pharyngitis)

Strep Throat is a particularly common infectious disease which is indicative of swollen tonsils, Difficulty swallowing, Malaise, general discomfort, feeling ill, Fever, Fever Headache, Chills, Ear pain Hives, Bumps, bruises, inflammation, or swelling on the side of the neck. Infection occurs by direct contact with an infected person. Common prevention techniques are useful to a point, but the best prevention is to avoid all contact with the infected person until the fever period has ended.


Hepatitis is one of the most common infectious diseases in North America. Hepatitis comes in three main forms, all of which are caused by related viruses. The most common form of hepatitis is Hepatitis A, this is most often seen in its acute form, and usually lasts for less than six months from primary infection. Hepatitis A is also the main cause of liver disease worldwide, with Hepatitis C following closely behind. Treatments for Hepatitis are Dependent on the strain of virus that is the key acting virus of the infection. Prevention via common infectious diseases management techniques is highly effective. Infection depends on the particular virus of exposure.


Pneumonia is a disease that can affect either one or both of the lungs on a person. This results in the inflammation of the lungs, along with the lungs filling up with fluid. There are several causes that can be linked back to the catching of pneumonia. Some of the more common causes of this condition include breathing in of bacteria, fungi or a virus. When a person has pneumonia, there are several symptoms that are related to a person who has this type of infectious disease. These symptoms include a cough, accompanied with chest pain and difficulty in their breathing. Many people who develop pneumonia have to be hospitalized in order to effectively treat this condition. Many times however, this can be treated with antibiotics that your doctor will prescribe for you.

Health Insurance Over 50 And Under 65

If you are between the ages of 50 and 65 and you are going to be looking for health insurance or are looking for health insurance you need some help. This is a tough age (of course what age is not starting with the terrible twos) because you are at a prime age to start developing health problems. Statistically speaking and statistics is the only language insurance companies speak, the insurance company can predict they are going to spend more on 50-65 year old than a 20-45 year old. For that reason premiums are much higher for the older person.

But, we Baby Boomers are a smart group and where there is a will, there is a way. So let's look at some of the options:

If you currently have a job and are looking to retire or start your own business, you have a couple of avenues you can investigate. First you can inquire if your company will let you buy health insurance through the company plan. If your company will let you do this your employer (assuming we are talking early retirement) may subsidize part of your premiums. If not, you still get group rates which are a whole lot cheaper than individual rates. If you are married and your spouse is still working strongly consider adding yourself to his / her plan if that option is available to you.

The next option (if you currently have a job which provides health insurance) is COBRA or Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act. COBRA lets former employees and their dependents continue their employer's group coverage for up to 18 months. The best thing about COBRA is it is guaranteed. Your former employer's insurer can not turn you down even if you have a chronic medical condition. The worst thing about COBRA is the cost. Your employer generally covers 70% or more of your health insurance premium. With COBRA you have to pay the whole premium plus administrative costs. Industry surveys indicate based on an average premium (for 2007), a former employee would have to pay more than $ 373 a month for individual coverage and more than $ 1,008 a month for family coverage.

If you are not currently employed by a company who provides health insurance there are still choices for you. If you have pre-existing conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure you can receive coverage through a state high-risk health program designed to help those with medical conditions that prevent them from getting insurance. Again though like COBRA the premiums can be quite high.

You can also check out professional organizations you could join or are already affiliated with to see if they offer health insurance policies for members. Because these are group plans, the premiums may be less than what you would pay in the individual market.

Finally, there is the individual health insurance option. There has been some progress in terms of offerings of policies for the 50-65 year age group market mainly because insurers see this age group as a potential growth market. Many Baby Boomers are in good health and have higher income than younger people. Also insurance companies hope that retirees will still purchase their products, such as supplemental insurance, even after they're eligible for Medicare. Some of policies currently offered may have premiums as low as $ 200 per month for people who are in good health and willing to pay a high deductible. Many insurance advice columnists recommend combining a high deductible individual health insurance policy with a health savings account. HSA contributions are made with pretax dollars, and any money left over in the account at the end of the year is rolled over for future use. Withdrawals are not taxed if used for qualified medical expenses.

Urticaria Treatment Methods – 5 Effective, Little Known Urticaria Treatment Tips

If your anything like me then your probably still looking for an urticaria treatment that actually works. Perhaps urticaria is new to you or maybe like many of us you have had to endure chronic urticaria for some time, even years in many cases.

Finding a solution or urticaria remedy is by no means an easy task. Traditional urticaria treatments consist of simple over the counter antihistamine through to courses of steroids, all the way to the extreme end of the spectrum, I’m talking about immune suppressants here, in case you were wondering.

Traditional Urticaria Treatments For Acute Urticaria

But without exception these traditional urticaria treatments are not designed as an urticaria cure, what they actually do is address or mask your urticaria symptoms, these urticaria treatments are known as symptomatic. Of course there’s nothing wrong with using such medications, in fact I would go as far as to say that many of these traditional urticaria treatment methods are invaluable at certain periods, especially for rare acute episodes or perhaps to dissipate symptoms of a serious attack.

Not Just an Allergy

It is typically very hard to treat the actual cause of urticaria as the condition has always been associated with allergies, and, well we all seem to be allergic to different things. The good news is that in recent years research has taken a closer look at our condition. It is now apparent that chronic urticaria is actually an autoimmune disorder, so we could call most cases of chronic urticaria… Autoimmune urticaria.

Perhaps knowing you have an autoimmune condition instead of just a simple allergy scares some people, but it shouldn’t. Knowing where the problem begins can offer many of us real hope for an urticaria treatment to be developed. But for those of you who don’t really feel like waiting for the large drug companies to pull their fingers out, why not try a natural or alternative urticaria treatment.

The following uticaria treatment tips may offer you some much needed relief. I wouldn’t call any of them a permanent urticaria cure but they may help reduce or relive urticaria symptoms.

5 Urticaria Treatment Tips

#1. Sea Salt: Add around 6 grams of sea salt to an 8 ounce glass of warm water and drink. This urticaria treatment may make some people feel nauseous, in some cases it may actually make you vomit, but it can produce some good results & vomiting although extreme is actually better. The sea salt is good for flushing toxins and helps with digestive, gastric problems.

#2. Cornstarch & Baking soda: Add half a cup of each to your bath or reduce quantities and mix with water to apply the your urticarial wheals, hives etc. Socking in or applying this solution will normally reduce the inflammation and stop the irritation and itching sensation.

#3. Niacin: Niacin is something you can buy cheaply as a supplement and is best used as an urticaria treatment when your urticaria is starting, I.e. when you feel the urticarial wheals & hives start to form on your skin. Niacin can be found in vitamin B, but I have had my best results by using the supplement on it’s own.

Whenever I feel an attack of urticaria start to come on I take 100mg (1 capsule). I can’t say exactly how it works, but from what I have read the Niacin appears to burn up all excess histamine. I should also point out that your skin may feel like it’s on fire for about 15 minutes, this is normal and quickly passes, after which you should see your urticaria symptoms start to clear up, well that’s how it was for me anyway.

#4. Cayenne pepper: use Cayenne pepper in it’s natural form rather than as a capsule. Using cayenne pepper as an urticaria treatment can help reduce inflammation & urticaria symptoms.

#5. Vitamin D: Vitamin D2 worked wonders for me, you must be careful that you only use the d2 supplement, this is a synthetic version of what the sun provides, It can also help people with solar urticaria (in most cases). Personally to gain results and to utilise this supplement as an urticaria remedy I took it in high doses, this worked for me, however I will refrain from revealing the exact dose as it is above recommended daily guidelines. I’ve read so many good things about this method, it has even been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with success in many cases.

These are all natural ways to treat your urticaria, each one can be used as a simple and cheap urticaria treatment, however the best urticaria treatment has to be prevention. Treating urticaria at the root problem offers urticaria sufferers their best possible chance of permanent relief.

The Truth About Urticaria Treatments.. The Answer- Try This Urticaria Remedy When nothing Else Works:

Common Dell Inspiron 6000 Problems and Solutions

Your Dell computer is a piece of excellently engineered hardware for various computer and network tasks. Despite that, it may sometimes give you hard time by encountering common Dell computer problems. In that case, you need a handy Dell support guide that helps you easily fix these problems without taking tremendous amount of time. So, below is a set of instructions for you to help get rid of those problems.


Blank screen

Shut down your laptop. When done, connect it to an electricity outlet and reboot. When the laptop starts rebooting and you see the Dell Splash logo, immediately press the F12 key on the keyboard. When in the boot device list, select Diagnostics and hit the Enter key. The computer will go through a series of tests for hard drive, display, keyboard, and system board etc.

Answer any question that appears on the screen during the diagnosis. If it detects any error, the computer will stop and give a beep. Write down the error code and skip to the next test. Press the Y key on the keyboard to skip to another test. Jot down all the error codes and their descriptions and contact a Dell technical support or Dell computer support service.

If the Dell Diagnostic assessment goes successful, you will see this message Dell Diagnostic Utility Partition. Press any key to continue. Hit the Enter key to reach the utility and select a test type from the available types viz. Express, Extended, Custom, and Symptom Tree. After having chosen and run a test, write down the error codes and their descriptions if any appear during the testing. Follow the instructions to resolve an error. Otherwise, contact Dell product support.

When done, close the Test screen and the Dell Diagnostic utility also. Reboot your computer. When done, check there should be no blank screen if the problem was fixed during the test. If the problem persists, move on to the next step. Shut down the computer again. Take a screwdriver and open the battery case. If you are not sure how to remove your laptop’s battery, refer to your Dell computer setup documentation. When done, remove the battery properly and carefully without damaging its port. Now turn on the laptop without putting the battery back in.

It should come up fine. Go to the power settings of your laptop and change it to Never. Now put the battery back in, close the case, and tighten the screws using the screwdriver. Reboot your laptop once again. There should be no blank screen and you should see the normal display. In case the problem persists, contact Dell computer support.

Battery not charging

If the battery is not charging, your laptop will certainly not work. It is one of the commonest Dell computer problems. Check that the power AC adapter has the green light on. If it’s not on, check from two sides, one from the laptop side and the other from the power outlet. Check that the cord running from the laptop is connected properly and firmly to the socket of the power AC adapter. If it is, check whether the adapter is properly connected to the electricity outlet or not. If it is and still the light is not on, plug the adapter in other electricity outlet and check back. If the green light comes on, there is a problem with the previous electricity outlet.

If the light does not come on even in other electricity outlet(s), test its electric voltage. If there is no electric charge in the adapter, replace it. If things seem to be fine with the adapter, shut down the laptop and remove its battery (mentioned in the first step). Wait for some time. Turn and hold down the power button for 30 seconds. When done, plug the battery back in and reboot your laptop once again. In case the problem exists, contact Dell product support.

Internet connection not working

Verify that you have an active internet connection. If the connection is facing a temporary network glitch, wait for it to be fixed. You can check it by the light on the network connector. If you are using a modem, check the lights on it. If there is no light or the light is flashing, it indicates that there is no network communication. Contact your ISP (internet service provider) in case it is taking too long for the lights to come on and stay steady.

If the connection is there, check that the LAN (network) cable is properly connected to your computer and the LAN jack. If it is not, plug out the cable and reseat its both ends into the respective ports of the computer and the LAN jack. Check your LAN settings. If required, log back in. Check back, the connection should work fine. In case of any problem, contact your ISP. If it’s not an ISP-related problem, contact Dell technical support.

Uses and the Importance of Gynecology Instruments

There are many divisions within the field of medicine out of which one is known as gynecology. Every field of medicine makes use of instruments; sometimes there are instruments which are specific to the field whereas at times, there are instruments which are generally used in all fields of medicine. Gynecological instruments are the term given to those instruments which are specifically used in this field.

Since each instrument performs a specific purpose, it is used only when the procedure requires it. Some of the common gynecological instruments which are used are:

An ultrasound machine: an ultrasound machine is considered to be one of the most common and widely used gynecological instruments. This machine is used to make sure that the baby inside the womb of the mother is healthy and doing well. It is also used to check a woman’s reproductive system and to ensure that the cervix and other organs are working well. This gynecological instrument helps in determining whether the woman has any internal problems and if so, how they should be treated and followed up with.

Speculum: the speculum is another very important gynecological instrument. It is an instrument which is inserted into the body cavity and it is commonly known as a dioptra or a diopter. There are many speculums which can be used however the weighted speculum is the most common amongst the gynecological instruments. It is a tool which is placed inside the woman’s vagina during an exam to dilate it. It may also be used when the cervix is being examined by the gynecologist. This instrument helps in providing a good view of the area being examined so that the doctor can get a good visual. This instrument is usually made out of plastic so that it can be disposed once it has been used.

Vaginal forceps: these instruments are very similar to tongs in the way they look, however these forceps are very useful when surgeries are being performed. Forceps come in handy to grab a hold of anything inside the body/from the body which can then be removed or maneuvered according to the way the procedure requires. In obstetrics, the vaginal forceps are usually used to grab a hold of the baby’s head so that the delivery process becomes a bit easier. These instruments come in various lengths and each is used for different purposes.

A ventouse: this instrument works in the same way as a vacuum does. It is a machine which is used when the baby is being delivered as it assists the surgeon and the mother to an extent to help bring the baby out. This machine is particularly used when labor is not going as planned. Alternatives to the vacuum machine are conducting a caesarean section or using forceps.

These are only some of the gynecological instruments which may be used during the delivery process.

Epstein Barr Virus Treatment – Drugs and Medication

Most doctors will recommend rest and fluids for Epstein Barr virus treatment. In some cases, especially if there are complications, medical drugs may be prescribed.

Let’s have a look at the most commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of EBV.

Pain relievers

To relieve the pain of a sore throat, headache or muscle aches, pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen may be recommended.

Aspirin should never be used in Epstein Barr virus treatment, particularly in children under the age of 16 due to its association with Reye’s syndrome – a potentially fatal inflammation of the brain and liver.


Antibiotics are of no use in treating EBV, since these drugs only target bacteria not viruses. In fact using antibiotics like ampicillin or amoxicillin can result in the appearance of a pink or red measles-like skin rash on the body.

If a serious secondary bacterial infection like bronchitis or pneumonia develops then the use of antibiotics may be warranted. Replenishing the healthy gastrointestinal flora with probiotics is recommended after the course of antibiotics has been finished.


Antivirals like acyclovir have been used in studies with conflicting results. The current advice is that acyclovir should not be used in uncomplicated cases of EBV.


Corticosteroids may be prescribed when there are serious complications like swelling of the airways, hepatitis (liver inflammation), hemolytic anemia (red blood cell destruction), severe thrombocytopenia (decreased blood platelets) or nerve or heart problems. Corticosteroids are potentially life-saving but should not be used long term because of side effects like immune suppression.

There are natural alternatives to using drugs for Epstein Barr virus treatment. Boosting the immune system with vitamins, minerals, herbs, homeopathics, a healthy diet and stress management are effective treatment options without the side effects of conventional medication.

How to Stay on the Safe Side in Using Herbal Medicines

Herbal medicines are now being used as one of the methods for curing health-related problems in modern societies. In fact, herbal products from credible companies today are also manufacturing and distributing those that address other concerns, like cosmetics, weight loss, dietary supplements, and so on.

Despite the popularity of this alternative healing method, we can never deny the fact that we are often plagued with doubts when someone asks us to give it a try. Even if we are showered with testimonies about the benefits of using herbal medicines, we can never be too sure about it since your health is on the line when the risks are concerned.

If you want to determine if an herbal medicine is safe for you, then here are some quick tips that will help you answer this question without putting your body at risks.

Tip # 1: Consult Your Health Expert

Before you make use of herbal medicines for your health concerns, you might to consult an expert to determine if it’s beneficial to your body or not. In truth, assorted herbal products are being sold in markets today without the need of a prescription to purchase. Anyone can just buy if they need it. Even if these products promise tons of advantages to modern consumers, we can never deny the fact that it can become a problem when used without proper prescription or instructions.

By consulting an expert, we can be sure to avoid any complications and side-effects in using herbal medicines. Your doctors, physician, or even a licensed herbalist will be subjecting you to extensive physical examination, some laboratory tests, and a bit of inquiry to your medical history to determine the exact cause of your health problem. This will allow them to prescribe the right herbal product for your needs that will maximize treatment and reduce the possibility of risks.

Tip # 2: Quality Products Only

Even if you have the prescription from a medical expert in the use of herbal medicines, there is still a possibility of exposing yourself to risks if the product you purchased is not the real thing. Considering the popularity of this alternative treatment, we can never deny the fact that there are scammers and fraud who will be selling counterfeit herbal products to fool consumers into thinking that they are the real ones.

Such is the case; you might want to be wary of these illegitimate products in the market. You can ask your medical expert if they can refer you to a seller or a retail shop that sells quality herbal products for your needs. If not, then you might want to ensure that the product you purchased is from credible medical companies by checking out their labels.

Essential Vitamins and Minerals for Your Health

Making sure you get the proper vitamins and nutrients in your food can be a challenge. The food you eat is the best way to get your nutrients, yet it is not always practical in today's society. People do not always eat a balanced meal if they are on the go. Even if we are mindful of what we eat, there are times when we still need to supplement our diet with additional vitamins, minerals and nutrients. I highly recommend that most people take additional supplements to help make sure they are receiving their proper nutrients and to boost their immune system.

Vitamins, Minerals and other Essential nutrients are the building blocks of our cells. Proper body, brain and organ function relies on these important elements. Even though most of us do not completely understand how these elements function, we do know that they are important to our health. Let's break this down –

Regular Use of Vitamins and Minerals – I recommend a high quality daily multi-vitamin. This is insurance that you are getting at the minimum additional help. This is relatively inexpensive and easy to do. Take it in the morning after you eat breakfast. Some take two a day.

Seasonal Use of Vitamins – Most seasons require a boost in vitamins. For example – cold seasons need additional vitamin C and B. Dark seasons need additional Vitamin D. Boost your intake of these vitamins to help with these times and research what vitamins and minerals can help with allergies, colds, hot seasons, etc.

Use of Vitamins during Illness – The body can use additional supplements when it is fighting an illness. Certain vitamins and minerals aid in the process of healing and health.

Use of Vitamins during Injury – Equally, the body can use support during an injury. You are building up your body and healing, you need those additional supplements to help boost your system.

Strengthen the Immune System – Take supplements to help the body and brain strengthen itself. It's called preventative medicine and is a great strategy for health.

Cleanse & Detox – Vitamins and Minerals can help detox and cleanse the body. They help your body systems run smoothly, so they can do their natural job of eliminating toxins and waste. When the body is depleted of essential nutrients, it does not function as well.

A few favorite Vitamins & Minerals

Multiple Vitamins – Take a daily multiple vitamin ! This will provide you with a foundation for proper nutrition and will help keep you healthy.

Vitamin B – Take a Vitamin B complex . The Vitamin B category includes all the important Vitamin Bs' – B1 through B12 … this vitamin is essential. Vitamin B is essential for energy, for brain function, for cell growth, metabolism, healthy skin & muscle and for your overall health. I recommend taking an additional supplement daily, with extra doses during times of stress and fatigue.

Vitamin C – Vit C is an essential nutrient, has many benefits and is proven to help the body's immune system. Especially good for colds, allergies and illness, it is an important antioxidant. Take larger doses at the onset of a cold. Another vitamin that is recommended daily.

Vitamin D – We get most of our Vitamin D from food and the sun, yet many people can also be deficient of this important vitamin. Lack of Vitamin D can cause many issues, including depression, mood swings and fatigue. Many people need to boost their Vit D in Winter time, when it is darker.

Iron – Many people have iron deficiencies. It is one of most common know forms of nutritional deficiency and can cause anemia. Iron is essential for all your cells. You can get iron from many types of foods, but a supplement can be quite helpful.

Calcium – Get your calcium. Essential for cell and bone health as well as proper brain neurotransmitter functioning.

Magnesium – This mineral helps with many bodily functions, including production of energy and protein. It is essential to all living cells and enzymes.

Amino Acids – These building blocks are essential for brain and body function. We can get these from food, but sometimes a supplement can be helpful. Certain amino acids such as tryptophan and l-tyrosine help with depression, fatigue and mood changes. Essential amino acids can be very helpful for addiction issues and for weakened immune systems. They are essential for good brain function.

I am not listing all the essential and important vitamins and minerals, these are just a few that I think are essential for helping boost your system. There are others also … that is why I encourage taking a multiple vitamin and also to continue your research on what you may need.

Are you deficient? – If you are having health issues or are experiencing symptoms like depression or fatigue it can be very helpful to get a blood test on vitamin or mineral deficiency, this is very common and finding out this information can be very positive and life changing.

More information on Want Vitamins and Minerals? Please visit my Vitamins webpage , Which includes links to three great resource libraries where you can the find out additional info Download on all of the supplements.

Culture and Latino Patients

Communication runs deeper than the words that are exchanged between two people. Words are important for sure, but often times when we're working with patients of a different culture than our own, words alone are not sufficient to motivate a patient to make a lifestyle change, or to accept a suggested treatment plan. We must take cultural norms and values ​​into account when working with patients who do not share the same set of assumptions and values.

What cultural factors influence your success with a Latino patient, and how likely is it that your Latino patient does not share the same set of norms and values ​​as you? These are complicated questions to answer for several reasons. First and foremost we assume that it is possible to describe and understand unique individuals through generalizations. For example, the term "Latino" includes anyone who traces their origin to Latin America; lumping together the Mexican immigrant who has been in the country for 1 month and the Mexican American family who has been established here in Colorado for 3 generations (not to mention all of the other nationalities of Spanish-speaking immigrants that we see as patients). Other confounds that complicate our discussion are various levels of acculturation to North American norms and values, religious beliefs, gender roles, levels of education, etc. With this in mind, the general differences discussed below are just that. They are not rigid prescriptions that apply to every Latino patient, rather they are general descriptions that help you understand and help your Latino patients better.

Most authorities on the subject of Latino culture and medicine agree that there are anywhere from 5-10 significant cultural differences that affect the relationship between non-Latino providers and Latino patients. For a concise yet practical description of some of these important cultural factors consider reading "The Latino Patient: A Cultural Guide for Health Care Providers" by Nilda Chong, MD, 2002.

You may have noticed some differences in your Latino patients with respect to their family's involvement in the healthcare choices of an individual. This Latino cultural value termed Familismo often stands in contrast with the typical North American value of Individualism. As Dr. Glenn Flores from the Division of General Pediatrics at the Boston Medical Center observes:

"Familismo can be described as a collective loyalty to the extended family that outranks the needs of the individual. Important decisions are made ​​by the extended family, not the individual alone. The three basic dimensions of familismo are: (1) familial obligations (providing material and emotional support to family members), (2) support from the family (the perception that family members are reliable providers of help and support in solving problems), and (3) family as referents (decisions and behavior should be based on pleasing and consulting with family members). "

In his article "Culture and the patient-physician relationship: Achieving cultural competency in health care" (The Journal of Pediatrics. January 2000), Dr. Flores goes on to describe that if healthcare professionals fail to recognize familismo they run unnecessary risks. Latino patients who have this sense of family ties but who are treated medically based on values ​​of individualism are likely to be dissatisfied with care, not adhere to treatment plans, experience avoidable conflict with their providers and their families, and receive poor continuity of care. Your Spanish language skills could be impeccable, but if you fail to understand the powerful influences of cultural norms and values, you will still face many challenges on the road to effectively treating your Spanish speaking patients.

Natural Herbal Medicine – 100 Percent Homemade Remedies

You do not want to have to make a doctor's appointment every time you have a cold, sore throat, flu, or fever. The insurance co-pays and other costs associated with a medical visit can really add up. You could be overlooking a simple solution that you can supply yourself with at home. Alternative herbal medicines may be the answer for you.

Facts about Alternative Herbal Medicines

Nothing can be safer to use than herbal medicines. In fact, many physicians suggest them to their patients to aid in their recuperation. You can make herbal medicines yourself in your own kitchen or you can buy supplements from local health food stores.

Just like buying any other product, be sure to check herbal medicine labels carefully to see that they were produced by a known and reputable company. Unfortunately, like in any other market, there are unscrupulous companies out there that produce inferior products with no redeeming health benefits. If in doubt, you could mix your own supplements at home using ingredients that are 100% natural.

The Importance of Preparation

When making your own herbal supplements at home, it's imperative that you use fresh, clean ingredients. Do not use metal or stainless steel mixing bowls or spoons as they could impart chemicals into your preparation. Just like when baking your own homemade goodies, preparation and planning are important elements to preparing your own herbal remedies. Do not be afraid to mix up natural ingredients at home. You will find it both refreshing and cost-saving.

Anti-Oxidants – Garlic, Onion, and Pepper

Did you know that many of the common spices we keep in our kitchens contain antioxidants? Among the spices that produce wonderful antioxidant benefits are garlic, onion, and pepper. Why buy expensive drugs when these inexpensive natural ingredients will work wonders for your health? Instead of buying expensive diet supplements that claim to rid your body of toxins, just clean and chop up some of these all-natural foods and reap the health benefits.

You can add antioxidants to your diet by simply adding garlic, onion, or pepper to your prepared meals or by making a health drink out of them by boiling them, then straining them and drinking them hot or iced.

Ginseng: The Best Medicine

One of the most widely touted herbal medicines used today is Ginseng. This root has an extensive history of being used for medicinal purposes in Asia and is now quite popular in North America as well. Known as a panacea, Ginseng is used to reduce stress and help the body relax. It is also used to assist the body in disease recovery.

So many people today suffer from high cholesterol but do not want to take the prescribed drugs that could have adverse effects on their livers. Ginseng has been proven to lower cholesterol in patients with high blood pressure. Not only can Ginseng improve the body's resistance to colds, infections, and other common health problems, but it is also used to improve mental performance and physical stamina.

Detailed Understanding Of Surgical Operations

Family planning is something that every married couple dreams of, and is normally associated with an immeasurable and unexplainable joy. However, unplanned pregnancy is exactly contrary to the planning phase. There are a good number of things that a woman looks out for during the stage of unwanted pregnancy. However, the most common solution that strikes the mind of a woman is Abortion. Abortion is basically a process that terminates the pregnancy in a healthy manner and includes medical abortion as well as surgical abortion. Further in this article, I have discussed in-detail information of surgical operations.


There are mainly five types of surgical abortion that include aspiration, dilation and evacuation, dilation and curettage, dilation and extraction, and induction abortion. These surgical options are considered to be outpatient procedures and require a time period from a few hours to an overnight stay at the Abortion Clinic.

Time Frame

The type of operation performed for abortion mainly depends on the state of pregnancy of a woman. The suction aspiration is suitable for first 6 – 12 gestation weeks, dilation and curettage for 12-15 weeks, dilation and evacuation for 15-21 weeks, dilation and extraction for 21-23 weeks and induction abortions for a period of more than 23 weeks.


The surgical operations at Abortion Clinics are mainly performed with the help of vacuum device and a shaped instrument known as curette or a syringe. In the suction aspiration surgery, the canola (tube connected with the suction device) helps in outwards suction of the fetus as well as placenta from uterus. The procedure is same for dilation and curettage, but curette is mainly used for scraping the lining, placenta and fetus out of the uterus.

The dilation and evacuation process is considered to be a combination of suction aspiration, and the dilation and curettage procedures. It mainly includes usage of forceps for removing the larger parts of fetus and the lining of the uterus. The induction abortion is mainly done by inserting a medicine, which can be potassium chloride or salt water, for aborting the unwanted pregnancy. In the dilation and extraction process, the cervix of the women is dilated and all the contents of the women are removed with the help of a forceps.


The medical symptoms of surgical abortion mainly include a good number of side effects like cramping, sweating, nausea and regular feeling of faintness. Women may experience regular bleeding, blood clots and even infection. Women may also face some severe symptoms, mainly depending upon the type of operation performed. Some of severe symptoms include damage to the cervix and perforation of uterus.

Final Considerations

Having an abortion does not affect the future pregnancy of a woman and can be done legally depending upon the age and the health of the mother. Though Abortion Clinics deals in abortion, but you must understand that it is illegal in the eyes of law. Though it was legal during the early times, now it has been abolished by the law. Therefore, you ought to be carefully and think twice before getting the child aborted, as the joy of pregnancy is not in the luck of every woman.

Elder Care – Health Needs That Must Be Seen To

There are a lot of things to think about and do when taking care of an elder. Some of them may not seem as important as others, and may slip through the cracks. Here are seven symptoms that require medical attention.

1) Abdominal Pain: Many things can cause abdominal pain. Some are mild and some are severe. We just spent four hours in the middle of the night in the emergency room because our elder had severe abdominal pain. Her diagnosis was a hernia, and it could be life threatening. This is something that requires immediate medical attention.

2) Blood Pressure: Many elders have blood pressure issues. Sometimes it may be too high and others too low. Low blood pressure can lead to falls. High blood pressure can lead to strokes and heart disease. While it may not require the ER, it does require a doctor's attention.

3) Blood Sugar: If an elder is diabetic, blood sugar has to be checked frequently. If it gets too high or too low, steps must be taken immediately. If you can not get sugar levels straightened out, call the doctor or proceed to the ER.

4) Chest Pain: While you should not automatically think heart attack, it is a strong contender, especially if heart disease is a known issue. Other problems can cause chest pain, including serious lung problems. If you suspect a heart attack, or the person loses consciousness, call 911 immediately.

5) Confusion: Many forms of dementia can be the cause of confusion in an elder. Medications can do the same. Talk to the doctor about what to do if you see this symptom.

6) Jaundice: If your elder's skin, nails and / or the whites of the eye are yellow, this is jaundice. See the doctor as soon as possible.

7) Wounds: A wound in an elder can be a very serious problem. Many medical conditions make healing from a wound difficult. If your elder has a wound, keep an eye on it. If it does not heal properly, seek medical care. Also, make sure the elder follows through with the care program. Dementia patients have been known to remove dressings at inappropriate times.

Most of all, follow your instincts. If you sense that something is not right or notice something that gives concern, talk to the doctor. That instinct could save your elder's life.

SNIP/TUCK: Circumcision in the Philippines

In our country, circumcision is not done solely for medical purposes. Circumcision has been a part of our cultural norm; that every boy in his puberty years is expected to undergo. Pretty strange? Not so in our country. You see, circumcision has been a ritual, a rite of passage if you may, that boys have to go through during the said life stage. It is a cultural belief in the Philippines that the transition from boy to manhood is not thoroughly fulfilled without circumcision.

Failure to undergo this traditional Filipino custom will most likely result to mockery and ridicule from peers and relatives. Those who are not yet circumcised will be called supot (intact prepuce) and will be looked down by those who are done with the procedure. If one reaches high school uncircumcised, he will be considered weird and abnormal. Those that reach the early adult years uncircumcised are considered “old” for the procedure. If one does not have a deep understanding and knowledge of the Filipino culture, this would be considered a low form of bullying.


In the Philippines, there is a so-called circumcision season and these are the months of April-May, or the summer months. These months are when the kids are on a school break; so, after the circumcision, the kids can rest at home without having to miss school during the healing process. It is during the said months when “Operation Tuli” (mass circumcision) in different hospitals and health clinics are conducted. Hundreds of crying, screaming, and on-the-verge-of-fainting boys would line up to undergo this procedure.


Circumcision in the Philippines is done in two ways – the surgical circumcision and the traditional circumcision or “Pukpok” (vigorous blow or hammering).

Surgical Circumcision

The newer, more modern, and universally accepted method is the surgical circumcision. The surgical circumcision is favored by those who live in the urban areas where hospitals and clinics are more accessible. It is the circumcision of choice by urban folks who are more modernized and have been educated enough regarding this type of circumcision.

There are two techniques used for surgical circumcision – dorsal slit and sleeve techniques. The dorsal slit is the technique of choice for those with conditions such as phimosis (tight foreskin) and paraphimosis (un-retractable foreskin). The foreskin is pulled back over the glans before circumcision. A vertical cut down the center of the foreskin is made. The slit is made up to the base of the penis crown and the skin excised . Multiple stitching follows using absorbable sutures. Of course, all of these are done after the injection of a local anesthetic. This technique was the one used during those times when I assisted circumcisions.

The sleeve technique on the other hand presents a more aesthetically pleasing penis. Circular cuts are made on the penile shaft that reveals a gap. The remaining foreskin are then pulled together and stitched up.This technique is said to be more intricate than the dorsal slit technique. This method is suitable for older boys and adults.

Traditional Circumcision or “Pukpok”

This method has caused a bit of controversy over the years given the nature of the procedure itself. Many have argued that the traditional circumcision or “pukpok” is a form of genital mutilation and abuse. This method is done in the very rural areas of the country.

Boys would line up to go to the local “circumciser” for this traditional circumcision or “pukpok“. It is favored that this procedure be done near a river, lake, or sea because the boys will be asked to submerged half of their bodies (from waist down) in the water to soften the penile skin before going under the knife. They will also be asked to chew guava leaves to be used for later. The foreskin is placed on top of a piece of wood called “lukaw“. A razor (labaha) is then placed on top of the foreskin. The foreskin detaches after a few swift hammering. The boy will then be asked to spit the chewed guava leaves on the wound to control the bleeding.

I am not certain if this method is still being practiced up to this day although there have been reports that it still is.


It will make one taller: Most of those who get circumcised do grow taller and the reason for such is that those who get circumcised are the boys who are in their growth spurt years. These are boys in the 10-16 age brackets. They are in the stage where physical changes happen like rapid increase in height. Circumcision has nothing to do with that.

It will make a penis bigger: Circumcision is subtraction and not addition. Part of a penis is excised. It will actually do the opposite if not successfully done. So, no, there’s no solid fact that circumcision can make a penis bigger.

The uncircumcised will have a hard time getting someone pregnant: A lot of factors (sperm and structural abnormalities, genetic disorders, etc.) are involved in not getting someone pregnant except for being uncircumcised.


“Binata ka na!” (You’re now a man!), are the first words you’d normally hear once the procedure is over. After the healing is complete and the boy’s free from all physical pain that the procedure has brought him, he will then walk tall and with a smug like expression on his face for becoming a whole new man.

Be it a thousand years tradition or not, circumcision is a choice – unless it is medically indicated. It is a choice by the one getting circumcised and not merely what one’s culture dictates. The boys should be informed regarding the advantages and disadvantages of circumcision first. Those who choose not to go with it should never be mocked. Lastly, traditional circumcision or “pukpok” should be eradicated… completely! Not only is the practice not safe, unsterile, and brutal, it can hurt the boys psychologically as well.

Cancer symptoms

Cancer is a cell disease occurs due to the abnormal growth of cells. It means the uncontrolled cell division and the capacity of these cells to attack other tissues. It is also known as malignancy, which is a cancer tumor.

Cancer symptoms that may occur in specific types of cancers are persistent pain in bones, nausea, unusual bleeding, swelling in the breast, changed bladder habits, continual gruffness, swallowing problems and many others.

Each type of cancer has its own symptoms. If a person is suffering from bladder and kidney cancer, its main symptoms are frequent urination, blood in urine and pain while urinating. The main symptoms of breast cancer are swelling, burning or pain, reddishness and problems in nipples.

The symptoms of endometrial and cervical and uterine cancer are same. The major symptoms include: unusual discharge, heavy and painful menstrual periods. The person suffering from colon cancer has the following symptoms: stool with blood, change bowel habits, unrelenting diarrhea and constipation. The main symptoms of leukemia are decreasing weight, tiredness, recurring infections, nose bleeding and pain in bones and joints.

The symptoms of lung cancer are heaviness or chest pain, continual cough and blood in sputum. The symptoms of mouth and throat cancer includes ulcer in tongue or throat, which is not curable.

Prostate cancer weakens the flow of urine; the patient feels continuos pain in pelvis and upper thighs. Tumors below skin that never heals, skin moles are main causes of skin cancer. A person suffering from stomach cancer has the following symptoms: continuous fall in body weight, blood while vomiting and pain after eating.

The main causes of cancer are lack of fats and digestive enzymes, presence of poisons in food, air and water, too much intake of drugs, deficiency of minerals, vitamins specially vitamin C and B6, hormonal disparity, pathogens affecting the immune system.

Autistic Disorder

Autistic disorder is characterized by devastating impairments in a young child’s communication and language skills, disinterest in social interaction, and preference for repetitive, stereotyped behaviors. Although it is usually present in infancy, no physical indicators or hard neurological signs facilitate an accurate neurological diagnosis before the age of three. Early signs of autism include lack of eye contact, failure to cuddle with affection, and nonreciprocal smiling patterns. Children may not speak or may be unable to carry on a meaningful conversation, other than making requests to get their own needs fulfilled. Autistic children may engage in idiosyncratic verbalizations, especially echolalia or the repeating of recently heard or preferred idiosyncratic phrases without prosody or communicative intent. When left to themselves, autistic children frequently become absorbed into stereotyped actions, especially spinning objects, body rocking, and flapping their hands. They are repetitive specialists and can sustain attention on their preferred activities for hours but will actively resist changes in their routines or rituals.

Autistic disorder occurs at a rate of 2 to 5 cases per 10,000 individuals and is more likely to be present in males than in females at a ratio of 4 to 1. At this time there is no definitive test for autism. Amniocentesis has not yet identified any chromosomal or chemical predictor of autism. Diagnosis occurs on the basis of symptom profiles and elimination of competing diagnoses such as deafness or expressive language disorders. Neither is there full consensus in research and theory about the causes of autistic disorder.

Early infantile autism was first labeled by Kanner in 1943 from his clinical work with a sample of 11 children. The term autism had first been used by Eugen Bleuler in 1919 to describe the withdrawal from the outside world seen in adult schizophrenics. Early theory focused on whether autism should be viewed as a childhood version of schizophrenia. However, autism seems to follow a more uniform course than the pattern of remission and relapse in schizophrenia and is essentially marked by the absence of fantasy, play, and hallucinations, while schizophrenics complain of excessive and confusing internal images. In the psychoanalytic thought of Bettelheim, the disorder is caused by attachment trauma in infancy, the so-called refrigerator parents who cannot respond nurturantly to their children. However, research suggests that parents of autistic children are not significantly different from parents of any severely chronically ill child.

Although the causal mechanisms have not been isolated, it is believed that the disorder originates early in neonatal brain development. The developing brain sustains some damage, perhaps mediated by maternal illness, chemical toxins, viral agents, environmental pollutants, or genetic susceptibility that affects its continued growth. As a consequence the central nervous system substrata necessary for processing complex perceptual information, especially information critical for establishing social reciprocity, does not mature through infancy. Self-stimulation through kinesthetic actions seems to help the children regulate their arousal and soothe their perceptual processing disturbance so that they can feel calm.

Children do not outgrow autism or the concomitant mental retardation. Better prognosis is marked by the presence of language before the age of five, ability to benefit from observational learning (imitation), absence of severe symptoms such as self-injury and aggression, and ability to demonstrate intelligence with an intelligence quotient above 50. Most autistic persons are unable to manage rudimentary skills of daily living and require substantial supervision and care through their adult years. Treatment is more effective if it occurs as early as possible with a focus on language, functional communication, and motivational assessment. Medication may be useful for management of behavioral outbursts and mood disturbances but does not resolve the core symptoms of autistic disorder. The innovative technique of facilitated communication teaches autistic persons to use keyboards as language tools and has been useful for some autistic people. Intervention typically consists of efforts to teach adaptive skills, manage disruptive behavior, and communicate for self-advocacy purposes so that persons with autistic disorder can care for themselves in as independent a way as possible.