How To Diagnose Chronic Bronchitis

The term "bronchitis" is derived from two Greek words "bronchos" and "itis," which means "windpipe" and "inflammation," respectively. True to its name, bronchitis is a respiratory disorder characterized by inflammation of the windpipe and the large and small bronchi due to bacterial or viral infection or factors such as environmental pollution or cigarette smoking.

Chronic bronchitis is the more lethal of the two types of bronchitis, that is, acute and chronic bronchitis. While acute bronchitis lasts for a short time and is chiefly caused by bacterial or viral infection, chronic bronchitis lasts much longer. It is also considered to be one of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a group of respiratory diseases commonly characterized by abnormal breathing patterns.

Recognizing Chronic Bronchitis

If the patient coughs and expels sputum for about three months in a year for two consecutive years, the patient may be suffering from chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is also characterized by excessive production of mucus, cough, and dysnea, or difficulties in breathing while exerting itself physically.

Chronic bronchitis is accompanied by abnormal signs in the lungs, edema of the feet, coronary failure, and a bluish tinge on the skin and around the lips. The symptoms disappear with the passage of time and are usually followed by the development of abnormal breathing patterns.

Dyspnea, characterized by labored breathing, interferes a lot with the sufferers' daily routine. It turns out that breathing takes up all of a person's energy. Subsequently, the patients loses a lot of weight because even the normal process of eating involves a major expenditure of energy.

Due to dyspnea, even the slightest exertion will be exhausting for the person. As chronic bronchitis progresses, patients experience difficulties in breathing even when they are taking rest. At this stage, patients become more susceptible to infections of all types and to respiratory insufficiencies, which pave the way for the terminal event of chronic bronchitis, acute respiratory failure.

These symptoms may be similar to the symptoms of other respiratory disorders, which is why patients must never try to diagnose the condition on their own. Consulting a doctor is of utmost importance. It is possible to mistake chronic bronchitis for other respiratory disorders such as asthma, sinusitis, tuberculosis, pulmonary emphysema, and so on.

Various Medical Tests to Diagnose Chronic Bronchitis

Physicians conduct a number of tests to facilitate correct diagnosis of a respiratory condition. Some of the tests and examinations are:

Pulmonary function tests are done to calculate the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen for carbon-di-oxide. In order to conduct pulmonary function tests, doctors use peak flow monitoring (PFM) and spirometry. Spirometry is a medical tool used to determine and understand the working of the lungs while PFM is used to determine the maximum speed with which a person can exhale or inhale. PFM also assesses the ways in which the malady can be controlled.

Pulse oximetry is a small apparatus that measures the oxygen content in the blood.

Chest x-rays are a common diagnostic tool to view pictures of the internal conditions of organs, tissues, and bones.

Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) is the name of a blood test to ascertain the capacity of the lungs to supply oxygen to the body and to eliminate carbon-di-oxide from it. In addition, it helps measure the acid content of the blood.

Computed Tomography or CT Scan is a medical technique that combines x-ray and computer technology to obtain a comprehensive image of different parts of the human body.

Chronic bronchitis usually lasts through life, and treatment is taken only to alleviate its distressing symptoms. In spite of this, the patient can live a comfortable, productive life by properly managing the symptoms of this disease. The disorder, though incurable, is controllable.

The Inner-Workings of Proform Elliptical Machines

If your purpose for exercising is weight loss, a weight bearing exercise should be considered. Otherwise, you would need to exercise four times as long doing non-weight bearing exercises like swimming and bicycling which are not as efficient for weight loss programs. It would also take about as long to receive the same benefit of running or using an elliptical machine.

A Proform Elliptical machine is perhaps the best type of equipment you can exercise on. An elliptical provides a more complete workout than running or exercising on a treadmill and it is more comfortable due to lesser stress on the joints.

Proform Elliptical machines are a combination of stair climbers and cross-country ski machines. Your feet are on pedals that allow for your feet to move in an oval shaped motion. It is this range of motion is what makes it better on the joints as compared to running on a treadmill. Your hands also have handle bars to be grasped that can move back and forth providing for an upper body workout. Adding to that, the machine also has varying resistances against the movement of your arms and legs for a more challenging workout.

Apart from the varying resistance, Proform Elliptical machines, whether designed for home use or for commercial health clubs, also allow you to change the incline on the legs. This is an ideal feature to have to be able to workout the different muscle groups in the legs. In addition, the direction of the leg movement can also be reversed to be able to work out a different set of muscles. In other words, it is easy to get a complete body workout just by changing some machine settings.

What truly makes elliptical machines pass a treadmill is that it provides a weight-bearing exercise that helps you lose weight but at the same time helps protect the bones and joints with the stress associated with running on a treadmill. It also burns the same amount of calories in the same amount of time but with less perceived work exertion.

Basically, Proform Elliptical machines can give you the body that you want without you having to exert so much effort and suffer through pain. The machine is easy to use, provides a lot of benefits and even protects against bone and joint injury, all while giving you a full body workout to lose weight and achieve the body that you want and need.

Treatment and Healing After a Joint Dislocation

Dislocations can happen to your shoulder, hip, knee, elbow, ankle, finger, thumb, or toe. If you suspect you have a dislocated joint, seek prompt medical attention. The orthopedic specialist will have to return the joint to its normal alignment.

What do I do if I think I have a dislocated joint?

It is difficult to distinguish a dislocated bone from a broken bone. If you suspect you have a dislocation or a broken bone, there are things you can do while you are waiting to see the doctor. While you are waiting for medical attention:

Do not move the joint. Sling or splint the affected area in its current position. Do not try to force the joint back into place. This could damage the bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels.

Ice the injured area. Apply ice to the injured joint to reduce swelling, control pain, decrease the buildup of fluid, and stop internal bleeding.

What causes a dislocation?

The most common cause among young people is sports injuries. Dislocations can occur during contact sporting activities, such as hockey or football. They can also occur with falls during sports, such as gymnastics, volleyball, downhill skiing, or snowboarding. Basketball and football players frequently dislocated the joints of the fingers or hands when striking the ball or during a fall. Also, any fall or hard blow to a joint can result in a dislocation, such as a motor vehicle accident.

What are the complications of a joint dislocation?

There are many serious complications with a dislocated joint. These include:

Nerve or blood vessel damage
Tearing of ligaments, tendons, and muscles
Development of arthritis
Susceptibility to re-injury

How is a dislocated joint treated?

Beside ordering X-rays and MRIs, the treatment of your dislocation may include:

Reduction – This is the process where the orthopedic specialist gently maneuvers the joint to put the bones back into proper position. You will be given an anesthetic or pain reliever prior to this procedure.

Immobilization – Once the doctor has your bones back in the right place, he will immobilize your joint with a sling or split for several weeks. This is done to allow the area to heal and protect it from further injury. How long you will wear the device will depend on the severity of your injury.

Pain Medication – After the doctor does the reduction, your pain will subside. However, if your pain continues, you may be prescribed a mild pain reliever or muscle relaxant.

Surgery – If there is damage to the nerves or blood vessels or if the doctor can not move your dislocated bones back into position, surgery may be necessary. The orthopedic specialist often recurs surgery if you have recurring dislocations.

Rehabilitation – Once your sling or splint is removed, you will begin a rehabilitation program to help restore your joint's strength and range of motion. Most dislocations take several months to heal.

What can I do to help heal my dislocated joint?

There are several things you can do to help encourage healing and ease discomfort. These include:

Use ice and heat. Applying ice to your injured joint helps reduce pain and inflammation. You can use a cold pack or a towel filled with ice cubes for 20 minutes at a time. Do this every couple of hours while you are awake. Also, hot packs or a heating pad helps relax sore, tight muscles. Limit heat applications to 15 minutes at a time and do these every couple of hours.

Rest the joint. You do not want to repeat the activity that caused the injury in the first place. Also, avoid painful movements of the injured joint.

Take a pain reliever. Use your pain medication as prescribed. The orthopedic specialist will suggest an anti-inflammatory agent, such as naproxen (Aleve) or ibuprofen (Motrin). Follow the label directions and stop using the drug when the pain improvements.

Maintain the range of motion in your joint. After a few days, do some very range of motion exercises approved by your doctor or physical therapist. This helps to restore strength to the joint and maintain range of motion.

What can I do to prevent future dislocations?

To prevent further or future dislocations:

Take precautions to avoid falls. Make sure your vision is good by getting your eyes checked. If you take medications that make you dizzy, avoid standing up too fast. Also, keep your home well-lit and remove tripping hazards from walkways.

Wear protective gear. If you play contact sports, wear devices that protect your joints.

Follow doctor's orders. While you are recovering, follow your doctor's orders. To avoid recurrence, do the recommended stability and strengthening exercises.

Recovery After a Bone Fracture

Question:
My 15-year-old son broke his collarbone five weeks ago. He was discharged from the fracture clinic this week and told he could run but not take part in any sport for eight weeks. He is a goalkeeper for a soccer team, and due for trails. Can you suggest anything to help the bone continue to strengthen, so that it will not break again when it returns to the pitch?

Answer:
Bones form the skeletal system, which has a range of vital functions. They support muscles. which are attached to them, and enable us to move and stay upright. The yellow marrow of the bone stores minerals and lipids (fats). Both red and white blood cells are produced within the cavity of many bones. Bony structures such as the
ribcage, skull, pelvic cradle and spinal column protect organs and some give leverage. Bone matrix (structure) consists of crystals of mineral salts such as calcium, phosphate and calcium carbonate, plus protein-based collagen fibers, which hold the minerals together. This makes bone strong, somewhat flexible and resistant to shattering.

Bones are involved in a constant dynamic process of degeneration and regeneration. The various cells include bone-making osteoblasts (which mature into osteocytes), and osteoblasts, which are involved in dissolving bone. As the bones break down, they release minerals which are transported in the blood to various sites -for example, calcium helps skeletal, heart and involuntary muscles to contract. Dissolved bone tissue is immediately replaced by new crystals derived from fresh blood coming into the bones via osteoblasts. Osteocytes provide enzymes that facilitate the ingoing turnover process.

Cuts, burns, bruises and fractures heal on their own, provided the blood supply to them is intact. The speed at which fractures recover also depends on the body's own healing power, which is dependent on general health. After a fraction, the outer layer or bone surface, which is reliably inactive under normal conditions, becomes alive and forms a collar of cartilage and bone around the break This closes off the internal pan of the fracture where, with the participation of osteoblasts, cartilage and spongy bone tissue are formed. These develop into new bone matrix which consolidates the fractured area. Over a period of time the repair is total, and the newly haled area is even stronger than the original bone.

Normal bone growth and maintenance can not take place without a constant supply of dietary calcium and phosphate salts. Other minerals such as magnesium, iron, fluoride and manganese are also required. Additionally, the hormone calcitrol, produced by the kidneys, is essential for normal calcium and phosphate ion absorption in the digestive tract. Calcitrol synthesis is dependent on vitamin D, which is either synthesized by the skin, when exposed to the sun, or absorbed from dietary sources. Vitamin C is also essential in bone repair, while vitamins A, K and B12 are necessary for synthesis of proteins in bones. Vegans and strict vegetarians are lacking in fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K), which are found in animal proteins, so their bones tend to heal poorly.

When you have a fraction, you must refrain from strenuous work. Excessive activity or stress drains your energy and the body's healing power suffers.

Here is my advice:
Nutrition
* Eat protein: eggs, fish, chicken and meat (preferably organic).
* Eat homemade chicken broth or marrowbone soup every other day for two months.
* For vegetarians, I suggest Dr Ali's Protein Powder (Integrated Medical Center,) one scoop twice daily for six months. Also, add one teaspoonful of ghee (clarified butter, available from Asian grocery shops) to hot rice or mashed potato.

Supplements
* Take Bone and Joint Formula, one tablet daily for four months (lMC).
* Take Coral Calcium: soak two saches in two liters of water and drink through the day for six months.
* Take Shilajit, one capsule daily for four months (lMC). This mineral, which is found in the higher Himalayas, contains calcium, zinc, magnesium, iron and other components: ideal or boosting both energy and bone healing.

Does Long Hair Fall Out More? I’ll Tell You My Theory Based on Experience

When your hair is shedding or falling out enough to cause alarm, most people search high and low to find the cause.  When a cure or relief doesn’t come quickly, it can be common to grasp at straws for something, anything, to make it easier to cope.  One common suggestion for making things better is changing your hair’s length.  I’m often asked questions like “does having long hair make it fall out more?;”  or “if I’m shedding, will it help to cut my hair shorter?”  I’ll answer these questions in the following article.

Is The Weight Of Long Hair A Factor In Making It Shed Or Fall Out More?: The theory behind cutting long hair that is shedding is that the weight of the hair makes it more apt to fall out.  I used to have the same theory and I did cut my hair from a length to down my back to a short, choppy cut.  For a while, I did notice some relief in the amounts of hair that I saw in my drain and on my floor and clothing.  However, I now firmly believe that the reason for this is that short hairs easily go down the drain, don’t wrap around the vacuum bar, and don’t stick up on your clothes.  In short, you just don’t notice them as much.

Also, when you look at say 5 long hairs in a pile and 5 short hairs in a pile, it’s likely you will think that the fallen long hairs represent 10 times more hair.  So, seeing long, spent hair in a pile can look awful scary and troublesome, even if it’s the same amount that you would lose if you had short hair.

Think about this for a second.  When your hair is healthy and you are shedding normal levels, does brushing your hair cause more to fall out?  Sure, a few more hairs come out during this process.  But this heavy manipulation is nothing to worry about.  If you had put your long hair into a ponytail when it was healthy, would you have given it a second thought?  No, because it’s not even on your radar then.  It’s only when we start noticing the excess loss that we begin to be very aware of how many are coming out and this is due to issues that are causing the shedding, not with the length of you hair.  

In my own case, once I came up with this theory, I started being more vigilant with collecting hairs after combing and taking inventory on my clothes.  And guess what? I was shedding just as much with the shorter do.  However, the length just made it much less noticeable.

The One Other Variable: I believe that there may be one other variable at play here.  Sometimes, folks with long hair do not need to wash it as much.  The longer strands do not get coated with natural oils nearly as quickly so while you may need to wash daily with a short cut, you can typically go for several days if your cut is longer.  I actually know some in the long hair community forums who wash their hair only once a week or so or who wash with conditioner only.

This practice can make for healthy hair for someone who has no shedding issues.  But if you are having hair loss, this practice can make it worse.  Why? You’re allowing sebum, DHT, and androgens to accumulate on your scalp.  Your risking hair follicle clogging followed by shedding.  And you’re allowing inflammation to build. I understand not wanting to over shampoo your hair, but you can use very gentle products that shouldn’t make the shedding worse.

Does Cutting Your Hair Shorter Help When You Are Shedding?:  It can for some. Mentally, it can feel good not to see long hairs everywhere.  But, I doubt it’s going to lessen or eliminate your shed in the long run.  And, you can feel very bare without the camouflage of longer hair.  But, long strands can get stringy and appear very skimpy.  I often advise folks to go for a blunt bob rather than a layered cut.  This will give you more volume but isn’t so short that it looks like you have nothing there or you can see through to your scalp.

What is going to really help you both in terms of coping and in terms of your appearance is to determine why you have having excess shedding or hair loss and to fix it.  Healthy hair deeply embedded into your scalp doesn’t fall out unless you pull it (hard) or unless it’s in the resting or shedding phase of it’s life.  And that goes for hair that is either short or long.  The key is to find out why it keeps going prematurely into the resting phase.

Mild Cerebral Palsy Signs – How Do You Know If Your Child Exhibits Cerebral Palsy Symptoms?

Cerebral palsy is a terrible disorder that is contracted by one in every five hundred children all over the world, however, it comes in many forms. There are many instances of mild cerebral palsy that are diagnosed, and unfortunately few cases of a more severe form of the disease. However, because it is more common and less distinguishable, the mild cerebral palsy signs must be identified and followed if you plan on getting any kind of treatment or assistance. Tracking these mild cerebral palsy signs is essential, and should be done even if your doctor does not need to agree to further testing at the beginning.

The most common sign of any form of this disease in infections is a difficulty in basic physical movements, such as sitting up, walking, or stiff movements while doing advanced athletics like walking or running. While all babies and toddlers are somewhat stiff, try to distinguish if it is because of lack of practice, or if your infant is significantly behind in their development. The first sign of possible problems is that a child develops slower than their peers.

Another common symptom of CP may occur if you notice that your child has severe difficulty in learning to speak. Slurred words, clipped sentence structure, or noises that are not part of normal speech being added to the middle of sentences may indicate that they are having difficulty forming words properly because of poor muscle tone in their jaw and mouth areas. This is what CP's primary method of attacking the body is, so watching for this is essential.

For older children, look at possible detachment from toys and social relationships. While this is normally considered a sign of possible autism or Asperger's, those are two very common problems that are often associated with this disease, and some doctors believe that cerebral palsy, particularly mild forms of the disease, may cause one or both of the others . More testing on this must be done, but it is known that more than half of all cerebral palsy patients suffer from at least one other learning disability or mental retardation.

While none of these mild cerebral palsy signs are a sure thing, a well-documented collection of dates and times when each symptom was recorded in your particular child may be the thing your doctor needs to start further testing, which is almost always covered by insurance . There is no cure for this disease, but there is a great deal of treatment that you can get simply by having these tests done, and the earlier you identify problems, the better off your children will be.

Did Bruce Lee Battle with Sleep Paralysis?

Anyone who has followed the amazing rags to riches story of Bruce Lee’s incredible journey from a poor and troubled childhood through to his meteoric rise to fame in the 60’s and 70’s martial arts action movies will be aware of the mysterious legend surrounding him of his battles with a demonic entity.

For those of you unfamiliar with the circumstances surrounding this I shall try to elaborate and pick through the many bizarre myths and wild stories that have been generated over the years since his untimely death in 1973.

It has been suggested by some that there was a curse upon the Lee family and that Bruce and his father both inherited it and that to hide Bruce from the demon his father adopted the Chinese custom of giving him a girls name Léi Saifung Pinyin: Li Xìfèng, which literally meant “small phoenix”. Many people believe that it was an evil spirit that was ultimately responsible for Lee’s death on the 20th July 1973.

Of course, all of this has been mythologized over the years not least by the 1993 film ‘Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story’ which was supposed to chart the actors rise to fame and eventual death. The film grossly exaggerates many elements of Lee’s life and towards the end depicts Lee in an actual martial arts battle with an armored samurai demon.

But is there any truth in fact to the story of Lees Demons? I believe so . . . but not in the way you would think and not in the literal sense of demonic haunting.

Sleep Paralysis is a phenomenon experienced by millions of people all over the world and sufferers typically report the same symptoms; they awaken to find themselves completely paralyzed from head to toe and often experience unpleasant symptoms such as vivid hallucinations of old hags or more commonly; dark shadowy figures.

In his 1996 book ‘Bruce Lee; Fighting Spirit’ Bruce Thomas includes a chapter called ‘The Shadow’ which includes statements made by Bruce’s family and friends telling of his battles with a black shadowy figure in his sleep which held him down – a typical symptom of Sleep Paralysis.

Compression Underwear For Hernias

What is compression underwear?

Compression underwear are undergarments that individuals wear for a variety of reasons. Many people wear them for added support and comfort during sports, a slimmer look, or medical recovery. These undergarments also help provide protection against sports-related injuries such as pulled hamstrings, inguinal hernias, and lower back injuries. Compression underwear for hernias aid in recovery after surgery which is one of the main medical reasons to wear them.

Why do men wear these undergarments?

Men that wear these type of undergarments typically use them for sports or injuries. Although these are not the only reasons, they are the most common reasons. A lot of men use the compression underwear for hernias, particularly after surgery. Another reason is it keeps undergarments and the male genitalia in place. This is especially important to men who are heavily involved in sports as a career or a hobby. Men may also wear them for cosmetic reasons. Everyone wants to look better in their clothes. For this very reason there are men who wear it to look and feel slimmer.

What are benefits to wearing compression underwear?

Benefits for wearing compression undergarments are numerous. It provides relief from hernia pain and continued support before and after hernia surgery. The binding material supports injured body parts like the lower back and hamstrings by pulling them in and relieving stress and tension in these areas. The material also keeps the muscles at a temperature that prevents muscle strain. Undergarments of this nature also provide protection against sweating and chafing between the thighs and other sensitive areas of the body. Although these are great benefits what is also important is the underwear look like normal underwear.

Wearing compression underwear also promotes good posture. It helps men and women look slimmer in their clothes and feel better about themselves. It holds everything in and gives the body a fit and sleeker appeal.

Are they made for men or women?

Compression undergarments are for women and men alike. Whether for men or women, compression undergarments provide a lot of support for the body. Each person has their own personal reasons for wearing them. It is beneficial for both sexes and although more commonly worn by women, there is absolutely no need for a man to feel less masculine.

Carpal Tunnel Stretch

What is a Carpal Tunnel?

This article will describe how to perform a carpal tunnel stretch to help alleviate the symptoms of carpal tunnel. I call it the fist stretch. First let's talk about what carpal tunnel syndrome actually is. There is an actual tunnel that goes through the wrist. This is a passageway that allows the nerves and tendons to pass through the wrist. There are eight carpal bones (wrist bones) that are shaped in a "C" or horseshoe. This makes up three of the four sides of the carpal tunnel. The fourth side is comprised of a wide and thick ligament that extends from each end of the horseshoe to form the roof of the tunnel. The width of the tunnel is about the size of an index finger. The contents of the tunnel includes the median nerve along with nine tendons.

What Causes My Symptoms?

Due to pressures including repetitive movements the eight carpal bones can lose their healthy alignment. When this occurs it causes pressure or pinching of the median nerve entrapping it between the bone and the thick ligament forming the roof. This will produce symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, and burning symptoms into the fingers of the hand. It may also cause decreed strength and a loss of grip strength in the hand. Performing this carpal tunnel Stretch will help alleviate these symptoms.

How to Get Relief

This carpal tunnel stretch (the fist stretch) is a good procedure to treat the carpal tunnel syndrome pain. The wrist should be placed in a neutral and relaxed position. Keeping it straight slowly close your hand into a full fist, bending all the knuckles, and you keep it relaxed. You're not squeezing the fist trying to perform a superman grip. You are opening and closing the fist in a relaxed manner. Now the most important aspect is that when you open the fist make sure you extend and stretch your fingers as far as you can. Visualize your fingers are cables that are being pulled tight stretching them out as far as you can. You want to hold the stretch for about 3-5 seconds. Perform the exercise for 10 repetitions and can be done multiple times through the day or when the wrist feels tight. This will stretch the webs of the fingers, tendons and ligaments in your hand. You should feel this stretch. This exercise will improve the circulation and increase the flexibility in your wrist relaxing the muscles.

Municipal Issues Discharged by Industrial Vacuum Trucks!

When researching about vacuum trucks, it is easy to imagine a vat-like machine with a hydraulically operated hose that is mounted on the front of the vehicle. It is a fascinating truck that is used to suction both wet and dry waste. For those living in an urban area, this probably brings up images of a vehicle that sweeps the streets, clean catch basins, pumps septic tanks, washes storm drains and tows sewer systems. By watching television, it is easy to see that this vehicle is also used in demanding industries such as oil refineries, cement plants, steel mills and power plants.

As shown above, vacuum trucks can serve a variety of purposes and whatever applications a business may need, it still remains that this equipment is best suited for dumping and transportation debris of all kinds, both liquid and dry.

Industrial Machines

Industrial vacuum trucks are pumping machines that can handle the toughest, most challenging jobs. They are responsible for the smooth operation of the facilities that service because they can be customized to be corrosion-resistant. Many that use this machine in the oil industry prefer to own stainless steel vehicles for oil field application because of the kind of chemicals and acids they remove. Water is very important during oil drilling operations so these vehicles are equipped with a high-capacity water pump to effectively assist in the drilling process. They can haul in water and pump out brine to allow oil field workers to efficiently continue the drilling process.

Municipal Machines

To help municipal governments maintain the cleanliness and orderliness of their cities, vacuum trucks perform demanding cleaning activities. Aside from the everyday trash produced by each household, there is litter that is scattered on the streets and blown about by the wind. To keep the city clean, municipal governments deploy several of these vehicles that offer versatile cleaning capacity. Municipal vacuum trucks come with attached hydro-jets that are used to pressure-wash catch basins, storm drains and sewer systems to provide the rapid removal of debris. In emergency situations, this vehicle can handle the most dangerous and challenging extracting jobs with ease and precision.

Line of Distinction

It is difficult to draw the line between industrial and municipal vacuum trucks as both of these powerful machines can perform the same functions. They have little variation away from the pumps that each use. Most industrial vehicles use positive displacement air pumps to create high suction pressure, whereas municipal trucks use centrifugal fan units to produce high airflow. Whatever features one may need, the bottom line is this versatile cleaning machine has the capacity to remove wet and dry substances and a combination of both toxic and non-toxic materials.

Due to modern technological advances that are unique and sophisticated in nature, vacuum trucks are widely known as powerful cleaning devices that have the capability to handle the toughest and most challenging jobs. They are designed to produce timely, efficient and effective extraction ability for both hazardous and non-hazardous materials in two different fields, municipal and industrial. So, there is no question that industrial vacuum trucks can solve municipal issues too!

How To Cure "Indigestion" By Prevention!

Millions of people worldwide are affected by this common stomach discomfort. Indigestion has a variety of presentation that can go from stomach acidity, nausea, belching, bloating and distention …. to a more threatening medical problems, such as peptic esophagitis, gallstones and stomach cancer.

The most common cause of gastrointestinal distress is heartburn, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The majority of people has experienced at least once in a lifetime a burning sensation in the middle of the chest. Often it's accompanied by a rush of highly acidic fluid into the back of the throat, leaving and unpleasant burning sensation there as well. Reflux occurs when the movement of food and digestive juices in the digestive tract causes stomach acid to back up in the esophagus.

Reflux may also arise from defects in the esophageal sphincter, which may be caused by a hiatal hernia. Other possible reflux triggers include …

Caffeine and nicotine. Known to trigger elevation of gastric acid and consequentially the development of indigestion.

Foods high in saturated fat. Fats are hard to digest, so it will stay in the stomach longer than carbohydrates and proteins.

Alcohol consumption. While it does not mention reflux directly, it can cause irritation, edema and an inflammatory response of the stomach lining.

Peptic ulcers. Scars tissue from duodenal or peptic ulcers in the past sometimes obstructs the passage of food to the stomach.

Diabetes Mellitus and infections by some virus. They interfere with stomach motility by several mechanisms, including direct injury to nerves leading to the stomach to encouragement of overgrowth of intestinal bacteria.

Untreated reflux can cause chronic inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis), a serious disorder marked by hoarseness, bleeding, pain, scarring, difficulty swallowing, nausea and frequent awakening at night.

Another Common Complaint

Non ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) is another common stomach medical condition of unknown origin. It is characterized by a gnawing stomach pain, nausea and vague acidity. This medical condition often can simulate the symptoms of those of a peptic ulcer, although the stomach does not present any abnormality.

Sometimes NUD is marked more by a feeling that the stomach is not emptying quickly enough, allowing food to linger too long, leading to fullness, swelling and gassiness. Usually the abdominal discomfort begin well before the person finish eating or they may present up to two hours later.

Preventive Approaches

While many of the over-the-counter antacids are often helpful in alleviating the symptoms, it is better to prevent the development of indigestion by taking the following prevention strategies.

Eat at least three well proportionate meals a day. Or better yet, eat several small light meals during the day every three hours. The worst thing you can do is to skip breakfast or lunch hoping to eat more in the evening. By following this simple strategy it will not only prevent most of the symptoms but it will keep you energized all day long, stimulate your body to break body fat and prevent you from craving junk food.

Lying down immediately after a meal is forbidden.

This position is an open invitation to acid reflux to wreck your entern night. So refrain yourself from eating late-night snacks and taking siestas during the day. If you must sleep immediately after eating, use several pillows under your head, insert a foam wedge under you mattress to keep you chest elevated.

Do as much as you can to prevent constipation. Aim to have at least two bowel movements a day; elimination of this condition alone will bring a whole array of health benefits not only to your stomach but to the rest of the organs in the body. Eat fiber-rich foods, drink plenty fluids, exercise regularly, avoid tight belts or girdles and lose weight.

Eliminate from your diet process, fry and highly spicy foods. The most troublemakers are curries, Szechuan dishes and chili powder. Especially if you have indigestion in the past with such foods.

Beyond self-help

If your stomach discomfort persists all these measures, seek professional help. These could signify a more serious medical condition than simple indigestion. To assist your doctor achieve an accurate diagnosis; prepare a detailed list of symptoms, sunset, duration, trigger factors and circumstances.

The Tonsils Disease

The Tonsillitis is the term used to refer to the inflated Tonsils. This is a viral or a bacteria infection. In most cases, if the condition is caused by a viral infection, it resolves itself without any need for treatment. However, one needs to get adequate rest, pain medications as well as more fluids.

The strep bacteria are the main cause of the Tonsillitis by bacterial infection. This condition is commonly accompanied by fever and the Tonsils appear swollen. In most cases, they appear to be covered by white infectious substances or generally have white spots on it. This can result in headaches as well as the swelling of the glands under the jaw.

The strep throat, which is infection, caused by bacterial infection, needs treatment using antibiotics. This should be done promptly as some can progress to a serious stage of scarlet fever or even rheumatic fever. This damages the heart and it should be avoided at all costs. Diagnosis should be taken to establish the main cause. This takes a few minutes in the doctor's office and can save one a lot. In case of sever condition or symptoms; it is highly advised that one seek medical attention to curb severity.

Some of the viral infections leading to Tonsillitis do not require medical attention and can heal with rest and fluid intake. However, there are certain viruses such as Mononucleosis. The infection is commonly associated with slight fevers, exhaustion and stomach aches. The condition requires medical attention. This is because it can lead to enlarged spleen or liver, which is fatal.

Borderline Personality Disorder: Is This What You Are Divorcing?

Narcissism has become a much talked about subject in divorce and custody. What one may think are Narcissistic Behaviors may actually be Borderline Personality characteristics. Here's what you need to know about Borderline Personalities.

Borderline Personalities are prone to extreme mood swings because they experience all emotions on an extreme level. They experience intention abandonment fears and demonstrative explosive or inappropriate anger when faced with separation or when there are changes in plans. People with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) may believe that the absence, real or perceived, implies that they are "bad." They suffer from an intolerance of being alone and a need to have other people with them. If they feel that they are abandoned, they will make frantic efforts to avoid it which may include impulsive actions such as self-mutilating or suicidal behaviors, uncontrolled rage, making false statements, spreading rumors, being vindictive and can become violent.

People with Borderline Personality Disorder may idealize potential caregivers or lovers at the first or second meeting, demand to spend a lot of time together, and share the most intimate details early in a relationship. However, they may switch quickly from idealizing other people to devaluing them, feeling that the other person does not care enough, does not give enough, is not "there" enough. These individuals can empathize with and nurture other people, but only with the expectation that the other person will "be there" in return to meet their own needs on demand.

People with BPD tend to have trouble seeing a clear picture of their identity and are unsure of what they value and enjoy which can cause people with BPD to experience feeling "empty" and "lost".

There are sudden and dramatic shifts in self-image, characterized by shifting goals, values ​​and voluntary aspirations. There may be sudden changes in opinions and plans about career, sexual identity, values ​​and types of friends. These individuals may suddenly change from the role of being needy or a "victim" to a righteous anvenger of past mistreatment. Although they usually have a self-image that is based on being bad or evil, individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder may at times have feelings that they do not exist at all. Such experiences usually occur in situations in which the individual shows a lack of a meaningful relationship, nurturing and support.

A person with this disorder will also often exhibit impulsive behaviors and have a major of the following symptoms:

Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment

A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation

Identity disturbance, such as a significant and persistent unstable self-image or sense of self

Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-destructive (eg, spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating)

Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior

Emotional instability such as intense irritability or anxiety that usually lasts a few hours and only rarely more than a few days

Chronic feelings of emptiness

Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (eg, frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical failures)

Transient, stress-related paranoid thoughts or severe disassociative symptoms

Knowing whether you are facing a person with Borderline Personality Disorder, Narcissistic Personality Disorder or visits of both is important when communicating your concerns to your attorney, judge or any other legal professional involved in your case. The better that you can accurately describe the characteristics of the person that you are dealing with, the easier it is for the professional involved to understand what you mean.

If you believe that you are divorcing a Narcissist or Borderline Personality, contact a professional in your area to help you.

Serious Compllications of Diabetes

People who have diabetes are subject to many health complications. If you have diabetes, it is important that you educate yourself concerning your condition, and that you become aware of the problems that may arise, as well as signs of those problems.

Heart disease and stroke are common worries. Among the people that have diabetes, 65% of diabetes related deaths are caused by heart disease or stroke. Women who have diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease, or have a stroke, than diabetic men.

Kidney disease is also more likely if you have diabetes. In fact, the number one cause of kidney disease is diabetes. Approximately 45,000 people are diagnosed with ESRD, or End Stage Renal Disease, each year.

Diabetes retinopathy is another major concern. Diabetes affects the blood vessels that feed the retina, causing blindness. High blood pressure is also common among those who have diabetes, affecting approximately 73% of diabetics at some point in their lives.

Problems with the nervous system can occur, which is caused by circulatory problems. These nerve problems can cause numbness in the arms, legs, hands, and feet. The circulatory problems also make foot care important for diabetics, and sometimes amputations become necessary if the feet are not properly cared for.

Dental diseases are another factor for diabetics. People who have diabetes are more likely to get periodontal disease than people who do not have diabetes.

If diabetes is not controlled, it can lead to ketoacidosis, which is a condition where there is not enough glucose in the bloodstream to be used for energy, forcing the body to burn its own fat for energy, at a high rate. Ketoacidosis can cause coma, and lead to death.

If diabetes is not controlled, problems will be experienced during pregnancy, often causing miscarriage within the first trimester. Birth defects are also more likely to occur.

Again, if you are diagnosed with diabetes, make sure that you discuss potential related health problems – and their symptoms – with your doctor. By being informed, you can usually catch problems early. Also, make sure that you work with your doctor to control your blood sugar levels, as this is the best way to avoid those other health problems.

Does Obesity Increase the Risk of Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer found in women. The major causes of breast cancer are obesity and overweight.
The effect of obesity on breast cancer risk is based on a woman's menopausal status. Before the end of menstrual cycle, obese women are less exposed to breast cancer than women of a medium weight. Anyways, after menopause, obese women have 1.5 times the risk of women of a healthy weight.
Obese women are also at high risk of dying from breast cancer after menopause compared with bony women. Scientists estimate that about 11,000 to 18,000 deaths per year from breast cancer in US women over age 50 might be avoided if women could maintain a body mass index under 25 through their adult lives (16).
It has been noticed that obesity augments the risk of breast cancer only among postmenopausal women who do not use menopausal hormones. However, there is no significant difference in breast cancer risk between obese women and women of a healthy weight if women belonging to both categories use menopausal hormones.

Obese women have higher amounts of estrogen in their body. Estrogen is mainly produced from the fatty tissues and more amount of fat in your body means you have higher chances of getting affected by breast cancer. Good nutrition, healthy living conditions and a fine environment may help girls to start puberty earlier in life and attain menopause later. Estrogen develops though out the fertility period. And better levels of estrogen in the body increases the risk of breast cancer in women. Before menopause, the primary source of estrogen is the ovaries. However, fat tissue also produces estrogen and, after the ovaries have stopped producing hormones, fat tissue comes to be the most important estrogen source. Estrogen levels in postmenopausal women are 50 to 100 percent higher among heavy compared to lean women. This makes the estrogen-sensitive tissues exposed to more estrogen stimulation in heavy women, which causes a more rapid growth of estrogen-responsive breast tumors.

Another factor related to the higher breast cancer death rates in heavy women is that breast cancer is more likely to be detected at a later stage in obese women than in lean women. This is because the detection of a breast tumor is more difficult in obese versus lean women.
There is some evidence that, among African American women, the risk associated with obesity may be absent or less than that of other populations. However, a recent report showed that African American women who have a high body mass index are more likely to have an advanced stage of breast cancer at diagnosis.

Weight gain during adulthood has been found to be the most consistent and strongest predictor of breast cancer risk in studies in which it has been examined.
The distribution of body fat may also affect breast cancer risk. Women with a large amount of abdominal fat have a greater breast cancer risk than those whose fat is distributed over the hips, buttocks, and lower extremities. Results from studies on the effect of abdominal fat are much less consistent than studies on weight gain or Body Mass Index.