Communication in Healthcare Between Doctor and Patient

Doctor / patient communication in healthcare is the exchange of information between the two parties for evaluating a patient's health, diagnosing a health condition (s) and treating a health condition (s). The communication is bidirectional in that information is exchanged from doctor to patient and from patient to doctor. The communication can be direct or indirect, depending upon the health literacy, cognitive state and the communicative capacity of the patient.

The communication in healthcare that occurs from doctor to patient includes the exchange of information regarding test results, a recent diagnosis or diagnoses, prognosis and treatment instructions. Patient education to increase a patient's understanding of test results, a diagnosis or diagnoses, factors determining prognosis and treatment options is also a part of communication in healthcare between doctor and patient.

Communication in healthcare that flows verbally from patient to doctor is the subjective information which a patient provides in order to enable the doctor to perform an adequate health evaluation, make a diagnosis and / or provide appropriate treatment. Subjective information differs from objective information in that it is what the patient feels or perceives with the senses, as opposed to what can be observed or measured. Subjective information consists of symptoms and their relationship to time and factors that bring them on, make them worse, or make them better. Subjective information also includes a description of the symptomatology in relationship to time in terms of onset, duration and changes in severity or relationship to other measurable variables such as physical activity, weight gain or weather conditions.

Objective information is that which is observed and / or measured by a physician. It is obtained by means of a physical examination or diagnostic testing. Although it is not verbal communication in healthcare from patient to doctor, it is a form of communication in that it is what the patient's body tells the doctor. This nonverbal patient to doctor communication, in turn has a considerable impact on subsequent doctor to patient communication.

An indirect form of communication in healthcare is that between a doctor and a patient proxy because of the inability of the patient to effectively participate in the communication process. Insufficient health literacy is a common cause of the need for proxy communication in healthcare. Other reasons include cognitive deficits related to conditions such as dementia or mental illness, deafness, blindness and muteness.

Patient education is becoming an increasingly important component of communication in healthcare because of the changing healthcare climate which emphasizes patient engagement or getting patients more involved in their healthcare. The patient-education-information exchange can be between doctor and patient or between doctor's staff and patient. It can be verbal, written, or a combination of the two. With the increasing doctor shortage and the diminishing amount of time doctors can spend with patients, online information provided by a healthcare professional is an effective alternative form of communication which can achieve positive results of increasing health literacy and promoting quality improvement in healthcare.

Restore Your Smile with a Custom Cosmetic Dentistry Plan

When teeth are damaged or worn from age, accidents, diet or other factors, cosmetic dentistry patients have an array of options from which to choose a solution to restore their teeth's natural beauty. Consulting with a cosmetic dentist to determine which treatment options will work for you is the first step in getting your bright, full smile back.

In fact, the technology in cosmetic dentistry is now so advanced that many patients find their smiles looking even better than before, thanks to the use of veneers, dental implants, crowns and other treatments.

Some of these dental treatments, such as teeth whitening, produce immediate results and instant gratification. Others, like dental implants, are a longer process but can be expected to last for several years. Your options for treatment will depend on your cosmetic dentist's recommendations after a thorough evaluation of the tooth's damage, your anticipated result and your overall oral health.

The following are examples of the treatments available in cosmetic dentistry today:

Dental Fillings

Fillings are a great solution when teeth are cracked or decayed. When the tooth enamel is damaged or missing, patients may experience pain and sensitivity because the nerves inside the tooth are exposed. Once the decay is removed and the tooth prepared, the filling bonds to the tooth and acts as a layer of enamel to protect it from further damage.

The most commonly used filling material is amalgam, a silver material made of mercury and other metals. Amalgam still makes many people self-conscious as it is very visible inside the mouth, unless it is placed on the back of a tooth. It is for this reason that many patients now choose composite fillings, which closely match the natural colour of the natural tooth. Composite fillings last about half as long as amalgam and are more expensive, but to many cosmetic dentistry patients, it is worth it.

Dental Crowns

Also known as caps, crowns cover damaged teeth. Using the existing tooth as an anchor, the crown rests over top, hiding damage or decay and restoring the tooth's functionality. Most dentists perform this procedure over two visits. On the first, they will take an impression of the tooth and apply a temporary crown. Once the permanent crown is made, the temporary is removed and the permanent one cemented on.

However, many cosmetic dentists now use computer-aided design / manufacturing technology, or CAD. This allows them to create a 3-D picture of the tooth and manufacture a fitted crown right there in the office while you wait.

Dental Bridges

Bridges are an important tool in cosmetic dentistry. Used to replace a missing tooth, they help prevent further damage from shifting teeth, periodontal disease and decay in the surrounding healthy teeth. While many people feel that a missing tooth is unattractive, few realize that it could cause a speech impediment or alter the way that they bite.

Cosmetic dentists have several different techniques to choose from when using a dental bridge. They might choose a fixed or removable bridge, crowns or resin-bonded, depending on the condition of the surrounding teeth. They must be able to support the bridge; when front teeth are missing, the dentist is more likely to bond the bridge to the teeth instead of further damaging the surrounding teeth by preparing them for caps.

Teeth Whitening

Bright, white teeth are the hallmark of an attractive smile. However, many otherwise attractive people find that their teeth have become dull or stained over time. Smoking, medications and certain food and drinks can all contribute to tooth discolouration. Because so many people experience this problem, there are now unlimited options available for tooth whitening, from pastes to strips to solutions you paint on with a nail polish-type brush.

Even with all of these new options, cosmetic dentistry still holds the best solution. Cosmetic dentists have perfected the laser teeth whitening process to the extent that patients can now expect instant results with minimal pain or even time away from other activities. The results can be quite long lasting with proper care.

After examining your teeth and the extent of the discolouration, your cosmetic dentist will recommend either home treatments or in-office laser treatment. The home kits are also very effective, but require a certain amount of time each day to apply. In-office whitening takes only a few hours. A whitening gel is applied to the teeth and activated by a low-level laser. This technique works well for those who have found that home whitening products cause too much tooth or gum sensitivity.

Other Cosmetic Treatments for Smile Restoration

Your cosmetic dentist might also choose to use veneers, partial or full dentures, or implants to improve the appearance of your smile. A combination of these treatments may be just what you need. Working with your cosmetic dentist, you will be able to determine the cosmetic dentistry plan to best return your smile to its natural beauty.

What can you expect of your first visit to the cosmetic dentist's office? Cosmetic dentists are just like regular dentists in that their first priority is your overall oral health. However, they specialize in restoration and cosmetic treatments designed to improve the appearance of your smile.

Cosmetic dentists often use specialized technology to examine the teeth, present options and perform the restorative work. They may use computer imaging technology to show you what your smile should look like after the treatment. Others use before and after photos to record the full impact of the restorative work for the patient. Ask your cosmetic dentist if you can see before and after photos of their other work, as well.

Many cosmetic dentists use plaster study models to demonstrate what they plan to do to the teeth. After taking a mold of your teeth, the cosmetic dentist prepares a plaster version, which they can then trim and manipulate to show you just how they will do the work that needs to be done.

Others still use temporary dental bonding to give the patient the best idea of ​​what they can expect from the treatment. Using a temporary bond, they adhere composite materials to the teeth, allowing the patient an opportunity to see and feel the dental work before it is permanently applied. This is a very helpful option for those who are uncomfortable with dental procedures or those who just do not know what to expect.

How to Look Gorgeous and Become a Trend Setter With Navy Boots

Perfect for outdoor activities

If you are a person who loves outdoor activities such as trekking, cycling or hiking a sturdy shoe is essential. It should be comfortable as well. Athletes, sportsmen prefer navy boots due to the safety and shock resistance they offer and are widely used by men and women during outdoor activities. They are 100% waterproof, tough and hard. The rough skins and soles increase friction and thereby prevent sliding. These attribute makes them perfect for hiking, trekking and water activities. They are the apt shoes that not only protects your feet but also make you stylish as well.

Make it as a fashion accessory

Contrary to common belief that uniform boots are only meant to be worn by soldiers during combat training or at the time of actual warfare, army boots these days has become a fashion statement for the civilians. Both men and women prefer navy shoes owing to their comfort and macho design. They are an excellent alternative to your black shoes. You can wear this pair of chic shoes with most types of outfits. Teamed with matching attire and attitude, they look gorgeous and trend setter.

Any color attire will look awesome with navy shoes when you choose suitable accessories. Adding matching navy piece to even a black outfit can accent the color of your shoes more. Here are some tips for women when wearing navy boots:

• Navy boot can surely be an eye catcher when you wear the black outfits with a navy patent belt or any other piece. They are stylish, elegant and are hot favorites for vintage loving girls. You can choose to get navy boots with a bit of heel to further accentuate your glamor quotient.

• To get a stunning night look, the combination of attention grabbing metallic colors especially gold and mute navy color is an ideal pick. Even you can be bold to pair up navy shoes with eye-catching color.

• Red, orange, lime, fuchsia and yellow color attires with chunky accessories are awesome with navy boots. Solid shades like ivory, bluish pink paired up with these boots will give you more refined look. This combo works well.

• Besides making as a fashion statement, navy boots will be a great choice for office outfits as well. They go well with your classic white shirt with an appropriate midi skirt. Wearing them along with your power suit helps to score promotion as it offers a perfect office lady look.

Online stores are the best place to buy uniform or work shoes where you can find a wide variety of choices. Buy online and adorn your wardrobe with navy boots, you'll savor its versatile attributes.

Doctors Education And Career Information

In India we have a special respect, love and affection towards doctors. The rich culture and heritage may be one reason, why a doctor enjoys a special attention and respect in the society, irrespective of the specialty or the number of degrees to his credit, but being a doctor is not that easy, years of rigorous education and then practice take all the juice out of life.

Unlike other western countries, a doctor in India is too engaged with his patients, In the good olden days, people also choose this profession as a service to the society and dedicated their lives.

The medical education in India is quite different from the west, If one wishes to become a doctor in India, after the senior secondary examinations, one has to appear for the entrance examinations that opens up the gates of a medical college, where one undergoes MBBS degree course that is of five and a half year duration, along with one year compulsory residency. Once the individual completes his / her program, they can start practicing as doctor, they can work as duty doctors or resident doctor. Further one can appear for MD / MS program, which is a higher postgraduate degree in the respective specialty.

MD in Medicine
MD is awarded to those medical graduates who are holding the MBBS degree, and after three years of study and passing an examination, which includes both theory and practical, in a pre-clinical or clinical subject of a non-surgical nature. The original research element is not as prominent here, as this is primarily a clinical qualification resembling the professional doctorates of the USA.

MS in Surgery
Similarly in surgery, orthopedics and gynecology the equivalent degree is Master of Surgery (MS). DNB (Diplomate of the National Board) qualification is considered equivalent to the MD and MS qualifications, the difference in both the qualifications is that MD / MS is awarded by the Medical council whereas DNB is from the Diplomate of national board. That can be obtained by passing an exam conducted by national board of examinations after completing 3 years post MBBS training in hospitals recognized by the board.

DM in Medicine and MCh in Surgery
One can go for further specialization in medical or surgical fields, after the first postgraduate degree, which is either MD / MS or DNB. This requires three years of hard rigorous training and study and then passing an examination, both theory and practical, and the degree awarded is DM (Doctorate in Medicine, supers specialty doctor) eg DM in Cardiology, Neurology, Nephrology, Gastro-enterology etc. For surgical sub specialties the degree awarded is MCh, eg MCh (Cardiac Surgery), MCh (Neurosurgery) etc. The DM or MCh degrees are considered equivalent to the Fellowship training offered in the US and are considered as post-doctoral degrees in India, similar to the PhD in India. Once a doctor gains a specialized degree, He / She would further practice in a super specialty hospital.

DNB- Diplomate of National Board
The Diplomate of National board or DNB is the title provided by the National Board of Examinations. It is usually noted as DNB after the name of the individual who has been conferred it. The National Board of examinations is governed by the educational arm of the Health ministry of India. DNB degree was introduced by the Health Ministry in 1975 to provide bench mark standards for higher education in India and to meet global standards.

There are also several diploma and other short-term CME programs for doctor, programs that help them in skills development and knowledge up gradation to new international norms and guidelines.

Considering the population of India, the doctor patient ratio difference is much higher, though India is country where the maximum number of medical students graduate every year, brain drain is one of the major reasons why we have such huge difference in the doctor patient ratio. Doctors migrate to other developed in pursuance of better opportunities.

Slowly but steadily, India too is catching up to the international level and with emergence of many corporate hospital would help retain those highly qualified specialist doctor with in India.

Beauty School – Starting Your Own Salon Business

Starting your own salon business may be an endeavor you are excited about and eager to pursue. It is a very saturated business, depending on location, but can be very lucrative despite other competition. Even practicing nail technicians may consider opening up their own nail salon because they enjoy what they do and would like to make a profit off of it as well. The great thing about the nail industry is that training is readily available, opening a business is relatively inexpensive and you do not have to be a nail technician to start your own business. Here is helpful advice on becoming a nail salon owner.

With the right resources, your salon business has the potential to make at least 35,000 a year to start. Services your nail salon can service include massage, waxing, tanning, pedicures, nail art, manicures, acrylics, Gels, Wraps and Fiberglass nails.

Communication is also your key to success. It is important that both you and your employees meet customer needs and make them feel comfortable. If you are able to establish this bond, your clients will remain loyal to your salon. The more customers you have, the more profit you can make. An increase in clients will also allow you to expand your business, which means a larger working area, more service options and more employees skilled in those services. For more on customer communication, see Nail Salon Success.

Below is a basic idea of ​​key points to starting your own salon business. You will have to research each topic to figure out how you can use the key points to your advantage and how to achieve them.

o Create a business plan for your salon business
o Decide which services you want to initially offer at your salon
o Decide what type of salon you are interested in purchasing
o Ways to finance your salon
o Getting insurance and license requirements for your salon business
o Salon location
o Salon equipment
o Building a clientele
o Building staff
o The name of your salon

With these basics, you should have a general understanding about what opening a salon business involves. There are many beauty schools, cosmetology schools and community colleges that offer salon business training so you can gain knowledge and pursue your dream!

Physical Therapy for Headaches

If you have frequent headaches, there are a number of possible reasons for that. Many of those reasons can be addressed by physical therapy, thus reducing both the frequency and intensity of your headaches.

There are actually several different categories of headaches, and within each of those categories, several potential causes. The headache category physical therapists have had the most success in treating is that of tension headaches. Thus, during your first appointment, your headaches will be assessed in an effort to determine which category they fit into. Tension headaches are most commonly caused by stress, fatigue, or poor posture, though they are also sometimes caused by problems in the jaw or neck.

One of the ways your physical therapist will help you determine exactly what kind of headache you have is by asking you a series of questions. One of those questions is simply, “Where does it hurt?” Typically, a tension headache begins at the back of your head and spreads to its top. It can also be felt in your eyes. Specific positions, such as sitting at a desk, may make these types of headaches worse, and rest usually reduces their intensity. Of course, your therapist will also ask you whether or not you have experienced any injuries to your jaw, neck, or head.

One of the goals your therapist will have in treating your headaches is to improve the mobility of your neck. A technique known as manual therapy, in which the muscles at the back of your neck are stretched, is used in order to accomplish this. Another goal your therapist will have will be to improve your overall strength. This will help to further stabilize your upper back and neck, which in turn will improve your posture. As a result of your improved posture, it will be easier for you to stand or sit for longer periods of time without experiencing any additional pain.

Another goal will be to help you modify your work space. You can actually already do some of this. Using a headset instead of a regular phone is a great start if you aren’t doing that already. In addition, your computer screen should not be lower than the level of your eyes. You can check that right now. All of these tips will help you improve your posture which, as we mentioned, is a vitally important part of learning to manage your headaches.

If you or a loved one is suffering from Headaches, contact a physical therapist today.

A Healthy Diet For Weight Loss

It is difficult to choose a healthy diet for weight loss with all the other diet myths and temptations out there. Crash diets, slashing carbs, eating grapefruits and cabbage soup, drinking nothing but expensive juices, and of course, the age old method of starving yourself all will eventually fail. You will be left fatter and more upset.

Remember, you can not cheat or trick your body when it comes to losing weight. People do everything they can to try to trick their body to no avail, when if they just focused that same energy into a healthy diet for weight loss, they would lose the weight they so desperately want to lose.

In order to lose weight, you simply need to burn off more energy than you consume. Count your calories. It is not that hard when you actually try it for a day.

Count every thing you eat, drink, or put in your mouth in general. If you chew a piece of gum, count it. If you eat a piece of hard candy, count it. Definitely remember to count the calories in all of your drinks unless you are drinking water.

Remember, there are calories in every condiment you use. Ketchup, mustard, and mayo all have calories. The creamer you put in your coffee has calories. Look for places that you can do without these extra calories. You will probably be able to easily shave off 100-300 calories a day just using this one tip.

It is easy to figure out how many calories you need to eat to maintain a healthy diet for weight loss. To figure out how many calories you need to eat to maintain your same weight, you take what you weigh and multiply it by 15.

For example, Let’s pretend that you weigh 200 pounds and you want to weigh 180 pounds.

That means, if you weigh 200 pounds, you need to eat 3000 calories a day to maintain that weight. Now, take how much you want to weigh and multiply that by 15. In order to maintain a weight of 180 pounds, you need to eat 2700 calories a day.

Now that you have all that figured out, reduce your calories by 500 a day. In this case, that would mean you would be eating 2500 calories a day.

By following this method, you would lose a pound or two a week the healthy way until you reached 180 pounds. Then you could simply eat 2700 calories a day and you would maintain that weight.

If you reduce you calorie intake by more than 500, there is a good chance that your body will think you are starving, and your metabolism will slow down, and you will no longer be following a healthy diet for weight loss.

Another good idea is to try to eat several small meals a day rather than to eat the traditional three meals a day. It will be much easier for your body to be able to metabolize 6 meals around 400 or 500 calories each than to try to metabolize 3 meals of 900 calories each.

Fat Loss 4 Idiots – A Unique Weight Loss Plan That Really Works!

A lot of weight loss programs are being offered online these days. But only a few of them are effective. They do not work most probably because of the myths related to dieting. A weight loss plan should instruct a candidate on the correct food to be taken, the time interval of its consumption, and its most appropriate pattern of consumption. Manipulating fat burning hormones is the only effective method for losing weight in a safe and healthy way.

No! Do not lose heart! Don’t think that you can never achieve that enviable figure or body anymore. Here’s a ray of hope for you. A weight loss plan that really works, let’s say, in just eleven days!

You must have tried out a number of weight loss plans by now. If you still find yourself very fat and ugly, then there must be something wrong with all those plans. You must understand that till now many plans have been formulated, but sadly, not even a handful of them are effective. What can be the reason behind this? Is it impossible to conquer obesity? Certainly not! You simply need to identify facts and segregate them from myths.

Many plans are based on myths and that is the reason they do not work. For example, did you know that lack of exercising is not actually a big reason for you to get obese? A lot of weight loss programs stress on your taking long and painful exercising sessions in the gymnasium. A lot of people who are quite obese find it difficult to exercise. As a result this method proves to be ineffective for losing weight.

Weight loss pills are another ineffective remedy for losing weight. These days a weight loss plan normally consists of the consumption of one or two herbal pills in a day during the treatment. The pills are claimed to effectively reduce the weight in a short span of time. But they hardly work and, moreover, they are harmful for the consumer. Many people have contracted dangerous diseases, such as, stomach cancer etc., after consuming those pills.

The food that you eat, the intervals in which you eat, and the pattern of consumption play a very significant role in slimming down. A weight loss plan should consists of a schedule that lets you know what to eat, when to eat, and how much to eat. Did you know that for losing weight eating the right food is not enough? You should know when to eat what. Otherwise the body will not burn the food efficiently and you will not lose much weight. On the contrary these unused calories will get deposited as fat in your body. An effective weight loss plan consists of the correct pattern of eating food.

There are some popular weight loss programs such as those of Weight Watchers and Jenny Craig’s plans. But they offer to reduce weight at a slow pace. You can reduce only about two or three pounds per week. But these are hardly effective. An accelerated weight loss program from Fat Loss 4 Idiots, for example, is a more effective one. It is a highly efficient and fast fat-burning program that drives away all myths about dieting and put you on the right track. Their plan scientifically manipulates fat burning hormones. You will definitely find yourself losing significant weight in a short time by following their diet plans and other strengthening instructions.

First Aid Sign and Symptoms for A Stroke

A stroke is also called a Cerebral Vascular Accident. It is a condition that happens when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted long enough to cause damage. The blood flow may be interrupted due to a narrowed artery, a clot that blocks the artery or a rupture in the artery.

A stroke can cause permanent brain damage. Medication can significantly improve the outcome of a stroke when given during the first 3 hours of the onset of the signs and symptoms (the critical time frame during which the “clot busting” drugs can be the most effective).

Signs and Symptoms:

A sudden severe headache, especially when a blood vessel breaks in the brain (ruptured brain aneurism)

Confusion: The person becomes confused and may not remember their name or where they are


One side of the face may droop

Difficulty in speaking: Paralysis on one side of the face may make it difficult to speak or the blockage in the brain may be in the area that affects the speech. In this case it is possible they may not make any sense when they speak.

Loss of bladder and bowel control

Paralysis or weakness (usually on one side): The person may not be able to hold up an arm up or walk properly.

Change in the level of consciousness: The person may go from being alert and awake to confused, drowsy and possibly unconscious. This could happen quickly or it may take hours to occur.

Visual disturbances: The vision may become blurry, or the person could possibly lose their vision. There may be other visual disturbances also.

First Aid:

Stay calm and make sure the area is safe for you to enter.

Perform a primary survey. Check for a clear airway and if they are breathing adequately as well as a fast bleed check.

Activate Emergency Services.

Loosen tight clothing and monitor the airway.

Don’t give the person anything to eat or drink.

Protect the person. They may not be able to feel any pain in the affected areas or be able to move away from something that could harm them.

Prepare to do CPR if needed.

TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack):

Transient ischemic attacks are also referred to as mini or little strokes. This is a condition that may present itself with the same signs and symptoms as a stroke. The difference is that the signs and symptoms are temporary. They may last for minutes, or hours, but the person will go back to normal and regain use of the affected parts.

A problem occurs that when a person shows the signs and symptoms of a TIA and they go back to normal. People around them think they are OK and there shouldn’t be any concern. This is a mistake. Many people have had several TIAs before they had a stroke ending with permanent damage.

A TIA is an important warning sign and medical should be sought. TIAs can happen at home or at the workplace.

The Best Hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya

Nairobi apart from being the capital of Kenya is also the major center for economic and cultural activity for the country, as well as East Africa. As expected the Nairobi attracts a lot of tourists as the starting point for safaris and other travel throughout East Africa. Fortunately, the city has a large number of healthcare centers that provide medical services to the Kenyan population and the tourists visiting it. This article lists some of the best hospitals that can be trusted to serve you if you fall ill or have an accident in Nairobi.

The Nairobi Hospital is an up to date diagnostic and treatment center known throughout East Africa for its world class service to the public. The hospital was founded in 1954. It has an emergency center that delivers care on par with international standards. Other amenities at the hospital include highly a sophisticated diagnostic laboratory, a physical medicine center, ambulatory surgery and medical advisory services. The hospital runs a host of clinics throughout the week that cater to different medical needs. These include Family Health Clinic, Child Welfare Clinic, Clinic for the Elderly, Chemotherapy Center, Diabetes Clinic, Travel and Immunization Clinic, Breast Health Clinic and Chest Clinic. The Hospital is located on Argwings Kodhek Road, Nairobi.

The Kenyatta National Hospital at Nairobi was established in 1901 and called the Native Civil Hospital. It was renamed in honor of Jomo Kenyatta after the country gained independence from the British. Now it is the oldest and the largest hospital in the country. The hospital also serves as a National Referral and Teaching hospital.The hospital provides facilities for cancer treatment, physiotherapy, nutrition, public health, dentistry, dermatology, ophthalmology, pediatrics, obstetrics, orthopedics and surgery. The emergency department at the hospital offers services 24 hours a day.

The Aga Khan Health Services operates hospitals in various locations throughout Asia and Africa. This non-profit group dedicates itself to providing sophisticated and modern health services in developing countries. The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) in Nairobi is part of this group and established in 1958. The Accident and Emergency Center at the hospital is functional 24 hours and is equipped to handle heart problems and trauma, as well as cases of malaria and infectious diseases. Other facilities at the hospital include an intensive care unit, maternity services, ambulance services, diagnostic laboratory, Lamaze classes, ear, nose and throat surgery, general surgery, oncology, orthopedics, urology, ophthalmology and gynecology. AKUH provides consistent and advanced care to its patients.

Karen Hospital at Langata Road, Nairobi was founded by Dr. Dan and Betty Gikonyo in alliance with their two close friends. Karen Hospital aims to revolutionize the level of healthcare services available in Kenya and Africa. It is a fully equipped hospital that furnishes comprehensive quality services which include gastroenterology, neurology, pediatrics, internal medicine and a chest clinic. It also delivers an HIV/AIDS treatment program, along with dental services, diabetes care, physiotherapy and nutritional advice. The emergency department at the hospital is operational round the clock.

The Mater Hospital was initiated by the Sisters of Mercy from Ireland and is dedicated to providing outstanding healthcare to the less privileged in Kenya. Established in 1962, Mater Hospital has an emergency unit that is recognized to be amongst the best throughout East and Central Africa. It has units specializing in treatment of industrial accidents, gunshot wounds, disaster care, tropical diseases, poisons, and more. The hospital has a host of other facilities featuring ambulance services, a 24 hour laboratory, an intensive care unit and sophisticated operating rooms.

The Coptic Hospital at Nairobi belongs to the Coptic Orthodox Church and aims to provide high quality medical care at affordable prices. The treatment facilities found at the hospital include maternity services, pediatric care, a diagnostic laboratory, 24 hour casualty and ambulance services. It also has special TB and HIV programs, dental clinic and facilities for minor and major laparoscopic procedure.

Date Doctor Marketing

Just got done watching the movie Hitch starring my main man Will Smith.

Now, I'm a little too macho to admit that I was doing anything other than spending quality time with my wife, but I wanted to write a quick post to relay some marketing insights I picked up from a cursory, no-note taking viewing of a great romantic comedy. It's a couple years old, but if you have not seen it, you should give it a shot. (PS The protagonist, Hitch, tells his love interest's boss that he is a marketing consultant that dabbles in advertising and brand management.)

Here's 7 quick lessons we can take from the movie:

1) Hitch was an expert on human (specifically female) psychology and behavior. He knew why people acted certain ways, and what actions / words would elicit specific responses from other people. In marketing, we need to become experts on aspects of psychology to maximize the impact of our work.

2) Hitch studied each specific target. When a guy wanted to get with a particular woman, Hitch found out as much information as possible in order to help his client make a special connection.

3) Hitch tells the woman that one of his clients was courting, "It's not my job to deceive. I create opportunities." unfortunately, some businesses use deception in their marketing efforts. This is one of the reasons that people are naturally resistant to advertising (there are lots of reasons). Joel Bauer defines a salesperson as anyone who can convey to someone else the need to step into an opportunity. Marketing should present to an audience an opportunity to meet their needs, satisfy their desires, assuage their fears – to improve their lives. But do not deceive your potential customers.

4) Hitch also said that he helped women "get out of their own way" so that good guys could have a chance. If you have a valuable product, your marketing is part of the key to help people get out of their own way. If buying from you will really have a positive impact on your customer's life, shame on you for not overcoming their objections and their hesitation to step into a wonderful opportunity.

5) Hitch's business is all about helping people get something they really want. The foundation of his practice is one of the greatest needs that all people have: finding true love. There is also great demand for this. Your marketing should sell what people desperately want, and the bigger the demand for a product, the better your chances for success.

6) Hitch refused to work with a client that planned to use his services with the wrong intentions (Hitch helps people find love; the potential client wanted help getting the girl in bed with him). Lesson: you do not have to work with people who are going to misuse or abuse your product, service, or you. This is especially true for people in my field, like copywriters, consultants, and other independent contractors and freelancers. You can pick and choose which projects you want to work on. Do not waste your time with clients or projects that will drive you crazy.

7) Get a really sharp, memorable business card. Did see Hitch's? All black, heavy cardstock. Very eye-catching, even though the camera did not focus on it. Business cards are part of your marketing, too.

Do you see how there are lessons to be learned everywhere you look? Even in mushy chick-flicks!

Expand Your Comfort Zone and Increase Your Possibilities

Individuals with positive, well adjusted attitudes work at stretching their comfort zone. It can be your closest ally or your most bitter enemy. Your comfort zone can increase your chances of learning new attitudes and skills. It can also prevent you from learning any. Your comfort zone can help you increase your income. It can also cause a slump to take it away. It can make you action oriented. It can stop you from taking any action at all. Your comfort zone can create a rut. A rut is a grave with the ends knocked out. Your comfort zone is a powerful force. The good news is that it is you who controls your comfort zone. It’s time to take control.

There is a range of activities and behaviors in which you feel comfortable. It is an internal regulating system that at times, is necessary for survival. Think, for example of the last meeting room you were in at a hotel. In that hotel there is a heating and a cooling system, with a thermometer on the wall.

When the system was designed they created a comfort zone of a few degrees. This was created for an important reason. Without it the heating and cooling system would kick in every one tenth of one degree below or above the set temperature. The systems would fight each other and would be inefficient. So they build in dead space and say as long as the temperature remains within 4 degrees of the set temperature there is dead space and no system needs to operate. Gauges in the room check the temperature and based on electronic feedback adjust when necessary.

Your comfort zone is not controlled by electronic feedback but by bio-feedback. Bio feedback is a very powerful force. Over the years, I have illustrated the power of the comfort zone and bio feedback to thousands of audiences. The power of suggestion would make their hearts beat more quickly or cause their temperature to rise.

Do you remember those early days in school when you had to give your five minute presentation? Many would write out their speech and then spend countless hours memorizing the words. Then one day it was your turn to speak and bio-feedback took over. Bio-feedback would dry out your mouth making your tongue feel three feet thick and your body temperature rise. Then there’s that queasy feeling in your stomach as your heart began to race. You could almost hear your comfort zone yelling at you. “That’s not like you, it’s not like you to speak in public, come on back here to the comfort zone where it’s nice and cozy”. Your comfort zone and bio-feedback can be a powerful force.

Comfort zones are also controlled by peer pressure. Peer pressure can be overwhelming and make it difficult to go against the majority. I remember the first time I saw Oprah Winfrey on television. She had burst onto the scene and was obviously a talent. You may recall that in those days talk shows focused on bashing men and people generally whining about their situation in life. Oprah began doing the same type of show.

This proven formula had captured ratings and launched many careers. I remember seeing Oprah and thinking here we go again another show bashing men and focusing on whiners. When will someone focus on winners and not whiners I thought? As a result initially I wasn’t a huge fan of Oprah. I became a big fan when she expanded the comfort zone, went against the proven trend and began focusing her shows in a new and more positive direction. I think Oprah Winfrey is amazing.

Imagine the peer pressure and resistance she encountered when she boldly decided to take her television show in a new, more positive direction. Producers and sponsors must have freaked out when she wanted to pursue this new direction in unproven territory. It’s tough to go against the grain sometimes. Nevertheless she moved forward and as a result has had a positive impact on millions of people. More than her talent I admire her courage and perseverance. Yes Oprah Winfrey is amazing!

So what do you want to do? Do you want to be like the masses and stay in a rut? A rut is a grave with the ends knocked out. Do you want to live in the world of misery that’s always looking for company? I suspect that you don’t and that’s why you are here. The truth is sometimes you need to experience a little discomfort to get more comfortable. Learning a new skill, reading a different book, changing a routine, replacing a bad habit with a good one all take courage and persistence. Each day reflect on this question. Am I stretching my comfort zone? You will expand your comfort zone and increase your possibilities. I’ll see you in my next article.

The Benefits of Using the MicroFET 2 When Testing Hand Grip Strength

There are all sorts of reasons that hand strength might need to be measured. From athletes to job applicants to rehabilitation, testing hand grip strength may be necessary to perform optimally, qualify for a job and regain function. Handheld Dynamometers are tools which can be used for measuring maximum isometric strength of the hand and forearm muscles.

When it comes to measuring hand strength, accuracy is key. There are a lot of different hand dynamometers available on the market for measuring hand grip strength. Accuracy of results relies on the quality of the device and adherence to testing measures by the tester themselves. Since testers may change, it’s important to invest in a hand dynamometer that is reliably accurate. The MicroFET 2 Handheld Dynamometer is a device I highly recommend when you need to accurately measure hand grip strength.

The Best Features of the MicroFET 2 Handheld Dynamometer

1. Convenient to use: The MicroFET 2 can go wireless which is really important in our clinic.

2. Great design: It’s compact and ergonomic design is great for ease of use and storage.

3. Accurate Results: The MicroFET 2 comes with attachments that help isolate particular muscles increasing accurate test results.

4. Easy to Read: The new brightness control added to the LED display makes it easy to read

5. Great software: The users friendly clinical software makes it easy to collect, organize, and analyze patient muscle test readings.

There have been studies that show hand grip strength test results can sometimes be inaccurate due to a non-adherence to testing protocols. But whether trying to improve athletic performance, get a job or create and track a rehabilitation plan/progress, these inaccuracies can have a hugely negative impact. That’s why it’s so important to invest in a reliable device that can perform well and is easy to use across a diverse set of users.

The MicroFET 2 Handheld Dynamometer is one of the best out there and can be used in a variety of settings.

· Physical & Occupational Therapists

· Professional Sports Trainers

· Professional Service Industries: Police, Fire, Emergency

In a physical therapy setting, there is an hour to test and treat within a normal session. It’s vital to have tools that are not only easy to use, but that can record results for future reference. As a bonus best feature, the software included in the MicroFET 2 can analyze the results of patient tests and provide comparison statistics. In all the examples I referenced, accurate results are essential when testing for hand grip strength. The MicroFET 2 and its excellent features make it the go-to when there’s a need to test hand grip strength.

Omega-3 Supplements Boost Fertility

Diet and nutrition can contribute to a person's chances of conceiving, and studies show that omega-3 from fish oil pills can boost fertility in both men and women. Omega-3 supplements have been found to regulate hormone levels and create an ideal environment for a healthy pregnancy. Omega-3 fatty acids also have a positive effect on specific problems with male and female infertility.

Omega-3 for Female Fertility

The first condition required for female fertility is a healthy and regular menstrual cycle with minimal cramps and pre-menstrual syndrome. If a woman's menstrual cycle is too irregular, it will be difficult for her to predict her most fertile days and schedule intercourse around it. Women with irregular menstrual cycles are also likely to experience anovulation, a condition where the ovaries fail to release a mature egg. Women who take daily doses of omega-3 fatty acids have observed decreased menstrual clamps, less clots in their menstrual blood, and fewer PMS symptoms like depressions.

Aside from these benefits, research shows that omega-3 fatty acids can treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a form of infertility closely related to high insulin levels. Simply reducing insulin levels will not treat PCOS; studies show that an imbalance in eicosanoids also triggers this condition. Clinical studies on women with PCOS show that consuming omega-3 supplement with long-chain EPA increased their chances of getting pregnant and reduced the risk of miscarriage. They also had lower rates of premature births, which can cause a number of developmental problems in childhood.

Even if you do not have PCOS, consuming fish oil supplements is essential for pre-natal care. 60% of the human brain structure is made up of omega-3 fatty acids, and the mother's omega-3 stores are critical for the baby's brain development. The baby's need for long-chain DHA is greatest during the third trimester as this is when neurons and nerve cells are formed at a prodigious rate. Without an adequate supply of omega-3 fatty acids, the baby's brain can not keep up with the need for DHA, and he or she could be at risk for learning disorders and other developmental problems.

Omega-3 for Male Fertility

Omega-3 essential fatty acids are critical for a healthy prostate gland and sperm production. The anti-inflammatory capabilities of omega-3 fatty acids prevent a condition called prostatitis, or the swelling of the prostate. Daily doses of fish oil lower blood pressure and moderate the amount of blood that travels to the genitals and prostate. This lowers the risk of erectile dysfunction and promotes a healthy prostate. However, male fertility involves more than just healthy sperm production. For an egg to be fertilized, sperm needs to be strong, plentiful, mobile, and healthy.

Omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA make up part of the structure of all cell membranes in the body, including sperm cells. Research shows that men with low sperm viability and poor sperm motility have low levels of DHA in their sperm cells when compared to fertile men. Often, low DHA levels in sperm are related to unhealthy eating habits of infertile men. When the body has more cholesterol than omega-3 fatty acids, cholesterol makes up part of the sperm membrane's structure, preventing it from maturing properly. Not only are immature sperm cells unable to penetrate the egg, but they also create free radicals that cause the oxidation of healthier sperm cells. Fortunately, this situation can be reversed with daily consumption of omega-3 supplements.

Omega-3 fatty acids are critical to forming and sustaining life, and every fertility diet should make room for this importance substance. Make fish oil supplements a part of your pre-natal care and fertility plan.

Cold Sore Baby

Cold Sores are a very contagious viral infection caused by the Herpes Virus. Many people acquire the virus at a young age, when they are babies. It can be very painful and difficult when small children or babies have a cold sore outbreak. Babies may have a difficult time eating and swallowing their saliva due to a painful sore. Even breathing can irritate a cold sore. Cold sores tend to get quite noticeable on babies as they like to bite and lick their lips often which can causes the sore to swell more and open up. This can also make the sore spread all over their lips.

Many babies who carry the virus will experience an outbreak when they have a fever or are sick. This is where the name fever blister comes from. Many of the outbreaks occur at the same spot on the lip, as it is more susceptible. It is important to recognize the first stages of a cold sore, this way you can treat the sore early enough to either reduce the length of the outbreak, the severity of the outbreak or even stop the outbreak completely.

Unfortunately the herpes virus has no cure, however there are many natural remedies and pharmaceutical products that are very effective in preventing and treating an outbreak. The natural remedies are On very cheap and are On safer for your health Because they 're do not have any side effects. The pharmaceutical products also work very well, however they are very expensive, and can have side effects such as headaches, diarrhea, dizziness, heartburn, nausea, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite.