7 Rarest Skin Rashes and Their Treatment

1. Aquarium Allergy – An aquarium allergy is rare, and most people with pet allergies are advised to get an aquarium and pet fish to lower the risks of an allergy occurring. In some rare cases though, a skin rash will develop from exposure to fish and water in the aquarium. Treatment includes antihistamines and avoiding any aquariums to prevent a recurrence of the skin rash.

2. Argyria – This rare rash on the skin is caused by high levels of silver exposure, and the resulting rash makes the skin a bluish color. Sunlight will cause gum colored stains to appear as well, mainly on the forehead, nose, and hands. Treatment for this skin rash involves stopping the abnormal exposure to silver, because as long as the exposure remains the skin rashes will continue to appear.

3. Harlequin Itchthyosis – One of the rarest skin conditions is Harlequin Itchthyosis, and this condition is a birth defect and is visible when an affected infant is born. The disorder is caused by an abnormal gene, named ABCA12. Medications and intensive medical care right after birth has increased the survival rate of these infants substantially, but there is no cure and medications are usually needed for life.

4. Pemphigoid Gestitionis – This condition causes skin rashes to appears during the last two trimesters of pregnancy or after you have given birth to a child, and is extremely rare. Blisters and redness appear and the skin becomes very painful. The rash can leave permanent scarring, and there is no known treatment.

5. Solar Urticaria – Solar Urticaria takes a sun allergy up many levels. With this condition any exposure to ultraviolet radiation and possibly even visible forms of light will cause severe hives and welting. These skin rashes occur even on areas that were not exposed. Treatment can include the use of antihistamines and sunscreens, complete avoidance of any UV radiation, or a process known as photohardening where you are exposed to increasing amounts of this radiation to build up a tolerance.

6. Aquagenic Urticaria – With Aquagenic Urticaria hives and welting occur after any water exposure, no matter how small. In some cases the sweat released by the body contains enough water to cause a reaction. This rash is very rare, and treatment involves the use of capsaicin cream which is applied regularly to your skin.

7. Neutrophilic Dermatosis – Also called Sweets Syndrome, Neutrophilic Dermatosis is a disorder that includes skin rashes as one of the main symptoms, and is rare. The skin will have a response to an allergen that is very severe, and plaques may occur anywhere on the skin. Anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids are usually the treatment given for this condition.

Customer Service – Secrets to Gain Repeat Business

Keeping in touch with your existing customers is an important part of a successful business. Utilizing this technique is often overlooked and if you are not implementing it, you are losing money.

One of the keys to providing superior customer service is communication. If you do not already have a database of all of your existing customers, that is the first place you start.

After working for a property management company with over 500 clients, I was surprised to learn the boss never created a database. What a huge mistake!

You do not need a fancy program to stay in constant communication with your customers. If you do not have email addresses for your customers, but you do have physical mailing addresses, take advantage of providing excellent customer service by sending your customers a thank you note after they purchase your product or service. Microsoft Word and similar word processing programs have a feature that allows you to create a database with little knowledge of word processing programs. In MS Word, go to tools, then click on letters and mailings. This feature is easy to use and it is important for you to take the time to familiarize yourself with this or a similar mail merge program.

Most of your customers probably have an email address. That makes your desire to capitalize on repeat business easier. If you are using MS Outlook for your mail program, you can create a group to send out emails to a number of people at the same time. Take the time to learn how to use an email program that has the capability of sending out group emails.

Let’s take the email campaign one step further and talk about automated email services. If you are not already utilizing an automated email service, you need to seriously consider it. Why? Because you can create a list of your customers, write one email, and with a few clicks of the mouse, send an email to all of your customers. The beauty of an automated email program is an email can be automatically sent to your customers after they purchase your product or service. Are your competitors utilizing this automated feature? If not, you will stand apart from your competition. Another advantage of using an automated email program is when you have a new product or service ready to be released, you can send an email to your subscribers, offering them a discount if they purchase it early – before it is released to the public. There is a lot of money to be made from your existing customers. If you are not implementing a constant contact system, you are losing money.

Remember, make the customer feel special. Stay in touch and you will reap the rewards.

Essential Nutrients For Your Body

Vitamins are essential nutrients that your body needs in small amounts to work properly. They are natural substances found in plants and animals. Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble, meaning that they dissolve easily in water, or fat-soluble vitamins, which are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of lipids (fats). When you eat foods that contain fat-soluble vitamins, the vitamins are stored in the fat tissues in your body and in your liver.

Fat-soluble vitamins are found mainly in fatty foods such as animal fats (including butter and lard), vegetable oils, dairy foods, liver and oily fish. Those vitamins are happy to stay stored in your body for awhile – some stay for a few days, some for up to 6 months.

Water-soluble vitamins are found in fruit, vegetables and grains and are easily absorbed by your body. When water-soluble vitamins are taken in excess, they are readily excreted in the urine and not usually associated with toxicity. Both water and oil soluble vitamins are considered essential as the body needs them to function properly.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A helps you see in color, from the brightest yellow to the darkest purple. Vitamin A is very important for healthy eyes, especially for the formation of visual purple, which increases night vision. It also helps in the formation and maintenance of healthy teeth, bones, soft tissue, mucous membranes, and skin. Foods rich in vitamin A are:

• milk fortified with vitamin A

• liver (beef, pork, chicken, turkey, fish)

• orange fruits and vegetables (like cantaloupe, carrots, sweet potatoes)

• dark green leafy vegetables (like kale, collards, spinach)

• mango, apple, apricots, pumpkin

Vitamin B

Historically, the B vitamins were once thought to be a single vitamin, but they are eight water-soluble vitamins. Here’s the list: B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, folic acid, biotin, and pantothenic acid. The B vitamins are important in metabolic activity – this means that they help make energy and set it free when your body needs it. Foods rich in vitamin B are:

• whole grains, such as wheat and oats

• fish and seafood

• poultry and meats

• eggs

• dairy products, like milk and yogurt

• leafy green vegetables

• beans and peas

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) plays an important role in helping the body metabolize carbohydrates and fat to produce energy. It is essential for normal growth and development and helps to maintain proper functioning of the heart and the nervous and digestive systems. Thiamine is water-soluble and cannot be stored in the body; however, once absorbed, the vitamin is concentrated in muscle tissue. A severe deficiency of this leads to the deadly disease known as beriberi, which causes paralysis and then death. Thiamine deficiency also include Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, diseases also common with chronic alcoholism. Vitamin B1 is found in pulses, whole-wheat and other breads, pork, liver, milk, oysters and potatoes.

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 is very important to the body’s metabolism, in freeing energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins in our food. It is very common in milk, pulses, eggs, cheese, nuts, yeast, mushrooms, dark green leaves, liver and kidneys. Its lack of presence can cause dandruff, cracked lips, other skin disorders and an inflamed tongue. Vitamin B2 is not stored and must be replaced daily.

Vitamin B3

Niacin – Vitamin B3 is necessary for cell respiration it assists in releasing energy and metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, healthy skin, performance of the nervous system, and normal secretion of bile and stomach fluids. Vitamin B3 is not stored in the human body in significant amounts, so stores may only last a couple of weeks. Other functions of niacin include removing toxic chemicals from the body, and assisting in the production of steroid hormones made by the adrenal gland, such as sex hormones and stress-related hormones.

Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5, also called Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life. It is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Its name is derived from the Greek meaning “from everywhere” and small quantities of pantothenic acid are found in nearly every food, with high amounts in whole grain cereals, legumes, eggs, meat, and royal jelly.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is also known as pyridoxine. Vitamin B6 helps form red blood cells and maintains brain function, among other things. Vitamin B6 is very important to regulate mood and behavior, deficiency of Pyridoxine leads to irritation and anxiety, insomnia and nervousness. Vitamin B6 supplements helps women to get over with post menopause depression and anxiety.

Vitamin B9

Vitamin b9 (folic acid) is necessary for the production and maintenance of new cells. This is especially important during periods of rapid cell division and growth such as infancy and pregnancy. Both adults and children need folate to make normal red blood cells and prevent anemia. Deficiency of Vitamin B9 during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects. Food rich with vitamin B9 are spinach and turnip greens, dried beans and peas, fortified cereal products, sunflower seeds and certain other fruits and vegetables.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is important for the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system and for the formation of blood. It is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the body, especially affecting the DNA synthesis and regulation but also fatty acid synthesis and energy production. The best sources for vitamin B12 are naturally found only in foods of animal origin including meat (especially liver and shellfish) and milk products. Eggs are often mentioned as a good source; however they also contain a factor that blocks absorption. B12 deficiency is the cause of several forms of anemia and irreversible damage to the brain and nervous system.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, is an antioxidant that promotes healthy teeth and gums. This vitamin also helps your body resist infection and helps you heal. This means that even though you can’t always avoid getting sick, vitamin C makes it a little harder for your body to become infected with an illness. Foods rich in vitamin C are:

• citrus fruits, like oranges

• cantaloupe

• strawberries

• tomatoes

• broccoli

• cabbage

• kiwi fruit

• sweet red peppers

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is also known as the “sunshine vitamin,” since it is made by the body after being in the sun. It is a fat soluble vitamin and can be produced in the skin with exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D is known to strengthen bones because it helps the body absorb calcium. It’s also great for forming strong teeth. Vitamin D is found in

• milk fortified with vitamin D

• fish

• egg yolks

• liver

• fortified cereal

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant also known as tocopherol. This vitamin maintains a lot of your body’s tissues, like the ones in your eyes, skin, and liver. It protects your lungs from becoming damaged by polluted air. And it is important for the formation of red blood cells. Foods rich in vitamin E are: • whole grains, such as wheat and oats

• wheat germ

• leafy green vegetables

• sardines

• egg yolks

• nuts and seeds

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is not listed among the essential vitamins, but without it blood would not stick together (coagulate). Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin usually formed in the body by intestinal bacteria but also available from some plant and animal sources. Vitamin K deficiency has been reported in patients treated with antibiotics and placed on poor diets after surgery. Deficiency will result in hemorrhaging of wounds (an inability to stop bleeding). Foods rich in vitamin K are:

• leafy green vegetables

• dairy products, like milk and yogurt

• broccoli

• soybean oil

Supplements

Supplements can be an inexpensive way to make sure you get all the vitamins and minerals you need, even if you get most of them from the foods you eat. Generally speaking, you can buy vitamins and nutritional supplements in 2 forms: pills or liquid. They can be taken as an all in one product (called “Multi-Vitamins”) or in separate forms such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin E or Vitamin K. Dietary supplements, often containing vitamins, are used to ensure that adequate amounts of nutrients are obtained on a daily basis, if optimal amounts of the nutrients cannot be obtained through a varied diet.

In the United States, advertising for dietary supplements is required to include a disclaimer that the product is not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure disease, and that any health claims have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. In some cases, dietary supplements may have unwanted effects, especially if taken before surgery, with other dietary supplements or medicines, or if the person taking them has certain health conditions. Supplements should be taken only with some nutrition knowledge or the guidance of a nutritionist and dietitian.

Dietary supplements can lose potency over time, especially in hot and humid climates. Store all vitamin and mineral supplements safely in a dry, cool place out of sight and away from children. If your supplements have expired, discard them. You should read labels carefully before taking any nutritional supplements.

Deficiency

If a particular vitamin is missing from your diet you will suffer from a deficiency disease. You can develop health problems (deficiency disease) if you do not get enough of a particular vitamin. They are two types of deficiency: primary and secondary.

A primary deficiency occurs when an organism does not get enough of the vitamin in its food. A secondary deficiency may be due to an underlying disorder that prevents or limits the absorption or use of the vitamin, due to a “lifestyle factor”, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, or the use of medications that interfere with the absorption or use of the vitamin. For example, if you have absolutely no vitamin C you will end up with a deficiency disease called scurvy. Some of the other deficiency diseases are beriberi, pellagra, and rickets, anemia and night blindness.

Night blindness is an early symptom of a deficiency of vitamin A. The ancient Egyptians knew that feeding a patient liver would help cure night blindness, an illness now known to be caused by a vitamin A deficiency. Vitamin E deficiency may cause anemia, as a result of red blood cell destruction and neurological dysfunction, myopathies, and diminished erythrocyte life span. Vitamin K deficiency will result in hemorrhaging of wounds (an inability to stop bleeding).

Because human bodies do not store most vitamins, humans must consume them regularly to avoid deficiency. People who eat a varied diet are unlikely to develop a severe primary vitamin deficiency. Except in pregnancy, where supplementation of certain vitamins maybe recommended, there are no reports of normal persons eating a well-balanced diet developing vitamin deficiency diseases. The proper role of vitamin supplementation is in the treatment of deficiency in patients who have inadequate intake, disturbed absorption, or increased requirements because of an increased destruction or excretion.

Conclusion

All vitamins are beneficial to us in some manner or other. Vitamins are essential for healthy maintenance of the cells, tissues, and organs. Though vitamins are involved in converting food into energy, they supply no calories. Research and experience have shown that only 13 vitamins are known to be required for humans. Only tiny amounts of each of the 13 vitamins are needed to ensure metabolism, but these minimum amounts are absolutely essential. Because vitamins are needed only in small amounts, most people get more than enough from what they eat. Clinical research has shown that people who eat lots of fruits and vegetables are healthier in general and have lower chances of diabetes and cancer, but that hasn’t translated into the same effect for people taking vitamins without a healthy diet. Many people don’t receive all of the nutrients they need from their diet because they either can’t or don’t eat enough, or they can’t or don’t eat a variety of healthy foods. While taking vitamin supplements are not meant to replace a healthy diet, some individuals may need to take supplements because they are at risk for nutritional deficiencies. Used with knowledge, vitamins are enormously important for prevention and treatment of disease.

Elaboration of a Medical Assistant Job Description

For all aspiring Medical assistants and for those who wants to be certified, it is a must to know what are the things you will be doing for the rest of your career. This is why you should know everything about a Medical assistant job description.These medical workers are in charge to do administrative tasks as well as simple clinical procedures.

The most common duties that will be given to them would be to ensure that the patients are being accommodated and attended to properly. Of course we all know that they work directly with physicians. It is the assistant’s duty to keep everything organized inside the clinic. This means that the paper works, patient records and all other clerical jobs would be done by them. The duties they have to do don’t stop from clinic maintenance. They also have to be knowledgeable in performing simple patient data gathering such as vital sign recording, laboratory specimen collecting and prepare patients for laboratory or physical examination. Sometimes they would also need to perform laboratory tests that are simple in nature.

Other duties or task included in a Medical assistant job description are as follows; conduct routine lab tests, give shots and medication to patients, remove sutures and change wound dressings, instruct patients with their medication, filling out insurance forms, contact medical facilities to schedule patients for a lab test, manage different types of call handling, check office and laboratory supplies, sterilize and prepare equipment to be used by the physician. These duties are performed by medical assistants every time the need arise. Most of the time they just do administrative task but it still depends on the kind of clinic setup they are working for.

The bigger the clinic the larger scope of work will have to be performed. If they work in a medical centre or other health care institute then both clinical and administrative task will have to be done. A Medical assistant job description is very broad and it’s pretty obvious that a lot of work can be assigned to them. Since the Medical assistant job description contains multiple tasks that needs to be performed and done, more and more health care centers and hospitals prefer to hire this type of position because of their versatility to perform various tasks that can help health care providers and institutes run smoothly.

A Free Natural Medicine Which is also Your Strongest, Most Abundant, and Easiest to Use

We've all heard, have not we, that a 40-year-old was considered elderly in the past? With America's aging population, why would not we take advantage of reasons to count ourselves lucky to live beyond 40? After all, as little as 200 years ago the average life span in North America was 37 years. But the idea that anyone over 40 back then is a misinterpretation of statistical data. I'll explain why in a moment …

Natural medicine is a hot topic. There are more than enough websites, newsletters, and products offering solutions to your ailments to keep you busy for a year investigating them. The advent of the Internet has made it easier than ever to research and try alternative or adjunctive treatments. You no longer need to an entire afternoon waiting in a doctor's office to remedy many of your symptoms because reliable, reputable purveyors of proven natural medicines are all around you.

Luckily for you, you already possess the most powerful natural medicine on earth. You carry this medicine around in your own chemistry and its benefits are unparalleled. While I would never recommend that you discard traditional medicine (I am a medical doctor, for goodness sake!), I do know beyond a shadow of a doubt that maximizing the amazing, free natural medicine of humor can solve a wide array of medical and personal problems.

No other doctor in the world has the credentials I have to teach you about this particular application of the free natural medicine of humor. Having discovered the power of humor twenty-five years ago while working with a terminally-ill cancer patient, I have spent more than two decades researching, fine-tuning, and prescribing humor in an amazingly diverse array of personal and medical applications. You will soon discover that you can use the free natural medicine of humor to skyrocket your relationships, your career, your stress management, your weight loss, your mental health, your fitness program, your parenting, your sexual health and more, because humor is powerful, abundant, free, and always accessible to you.

After decades of research, I can teach you how to turn on humor's amazing power as easily as flicking on a light switch. From working as a performing comedian on the national Comedy Caravan tour to developing intimate, working relationships with great humor / practitioners like famous comedian Jerry Lewis, I have learned how you can infuse your personal and professional life with such an amazing level of resilience and energy that you will feel reborn – no matter how successful you are now!

In this article I will outline the three main reasons that the free natural medicine of humor is far superior to any other medicine, natural or otherwise.

Humor Is Powerful

Humor is a staggeringly powerful free natural medicine. This vibrant, endless resource packs a wallop in at least ten proven, documented areas of health and wellness. You will never find such a comprehensive list of benefits from any other medicine and keep in mind, with this medicine, you will experience no side effects, nor will you ever have to purchase refills – you'll only need to be reminded to use it .

I have researched and documented the following ten effects of using the free natural medicine of humor (if you'd like to read the research, contact me throughmy website). Can you imagine how much money the pharmaceutical companies would pay for the rights to a drug with these effects – and no side effects? The free natural medicine of humor:

Reduces your stress,

stimulates your immune system,

relieves your pain,

rests your brain,

stabilizes your mood,

decreases your anxiety,

enhances your communication,

inspires your creativity,

maintains your hope, and

bolsters your morale.

I have watched my patients use the free natural medicine of humor to:

Overcome fatal cancer diagnoses,

enhance the pleasure of their life by learning to paint and draw,

lose their depression,

form lasting relationships with mentors that open doors of employment and promotion,

get back to exercising regularly,

experience a very fulfilling sex life,

lose the spare tire around their midsection,

lower their blood pressure,

fall in love with their spouse all over again,

land their dream job,

bound out of bed with an energy and enthusiasm they thought was lost with childhood,

overcome shyness and attract positive social attention at parties,

and so much more!

Not using your humor to its fullest potential is like owning a Porsche that you only drive to the corner grocery once a week! Humor has so much more value than a recreational tool! And the good news for all of us is, no matter how well you are using your sense of humor for health, success, vitality, and wellness, you can always learn use it more effectively! The free natural medicine of humor is so powerful because it never runs out!

Humor Is Abundant And Free

Humor, as you will learn, is everywhere you look and as abundant as trees or water. We can never run out of humor, or use it up, because humor perpetuates itself as we engage it; when we look for humor, we find it and vice versa. In other words, when you use the natural medicine of humor you will not find that your reservoir of humor is merely quickly refilled, you will find that you always have more than you started with.

Humor is also always free; this natural medicine has no co-pays and no deductibles. Yes, it takes practice and some discipline to maximize its amazing power, but humor's natural medicine will remain at your beck and call, regardless of your financial circumstances. Unlike other things that are free, however, humor's value to your health, wellness, and success is incalculable.

How exciting it is to know that the most impactful medicine in the world is also the one most readily available and accessible to you. Once you are familiar with my Fun Commandments, which you can learn for free on my website, you are set for life – especially after I reveal the last reason that humor is far superior to any known medicine.

Humor Is An Attitude, Not An Action

The best part of using the free natural medicine of humor, for many people, is that you can do it whether or not you're a funny person capable of telling jokes and making others laugh. Do not worry if you're "not funny" or are not the "life of the party"; you do not need to be funny to use the natural medicine of humor because humor is an attitude, not an action.

As you internalize my Fun Commandments, you will see that the benefits come almost entirely from your own shifting paradigms and not your outward actions. You will encounter many situations where everyone else is (literally) "deathly serious" and jokes would be inappropriate, but you will still be infused with an amazing, private energy because you will be smiling on the inside! You may never become good at making other people laugh; yet you will be laughing with yourself everyday because your spirit has been transformed by the free natural medicine of humor.

I'm sure you're realizing the implications of humor as an attitude rather than an action. First, you are always in control of your attitudes; simply by intently focusing on my Fun Commandments you will find yourself brimming with opportunities to capitalize on humor's natural power. Second, although jokes and laughter are sometimes not appropriate, having a light attitude always is – regardless of your circumstances. After some practice you will be filled with energy, creativity, zest, and vitality during circumstances that would've ordinarily drained and defeated you!

My unique prescription, The Fun Factor, unlocks the free natural medicine of humor and is one prescription that refills itself daily, especially when you are receiving my newsletter, The Fun Times. The Fun Times has the largest circulation of any newsletter in its industry and serves as a strong weekly reminder to use humor's power throughout your personal and professional life.

By the way, two thousand years ago our average North American life span was only 23 years! But that can not mean that people who exceeded the average life span were considered old. The average life span is determined by the ages of all those who die, and that figure is drastically impacted by the rate of infant mortality.

Thus, as infant mortality rates have dropped (which they have steadily for hundreds of years), the average life span has increased. Most deaths, after all, have always clustered around two age groups: under one year of age and over 75 years of age.

Do not just increase the length of your life, increase the quality of it too! Start using my Fun Factor prescription to infuse your life with the free natural medicine of humor today!

Causes of Elbow Joint Pain

There can be a number of conditions and diseases which can cause pain to the elbow joint. Most people associate chronic joint pain with arthritis, but you should always consult your doctor to determine the cause of elbow joint pain. One of the more common causes is bursitis-a painful disease that affects many people each year. Trauma and overuse can leads to bursitis.

What Is Bursitis?

A bursa is a small sac filled with fluid. When functioning normally, the bursa releases fluid which lubricates the joints and allows them to glide smoothly. When the bursa is injured, the sac no longer releases the fluid and your joints begin to rub against each other, causing friction and pain.

Elbow Joint Pain

Although you can not feel it, the elbow bursa is located behind your elbow, over the pointed tip. Bursitis to the elbow is referred to as olecranon (oh-LEK-rah-non) bursitis. This is normally a result of repetitive movement or prolonged, excessive pressure to the area. People who perform repetitive activities, such as tennis players or construction workers, commonly develop this condition.

High Risk Factors

There are a number of medical conditions which place people at higher risk for bursitis:

* Diabetes
* Alcoholism
* Steroid therapy
* Trauma
* Uremia
* Skin disease

How to Treat Bursitis

There are several treatments for bursitis pain, ranging from rest to surgery. Treating physicians normally start with conservative therapy and move on to more aggressive treatment if necessary.

RICE Therapy: Rest, Ice, Compression , and Elevation is the most common treatment for bursitis pain. Depending on the severity of your elbow joint pain, this may or may not be successful.

Steroids: Your medical doctor can prescribe medications to reduce the pain and swelling. Corticosteroids, which can be injected directly into the affected site, are widely recommended because they attack the problem and relieve the symptoms more quickly.

Joint Therapy / Exercises: Your doctor may recommend physical therapy or a home exercise program to strengthen the muscles. They may offer a corticosteroid injection with therapy, which in many cases offers immediate relief.

Medications:

NSAIDs-Anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen may be helpful in relieving bursitis pain.

Antibiotics-In cases of infectious or septic bursitis, fluid is usually collected for lab analysis and antibiotics are required. Depending on the severity of your condition, intravenous antibiotics may be necessary.

Alternative Medicine-There are a number of all-natural supplements on the market, such as Celadrin, which are known to promote joint health and have seen excellent clinical results.

Invasive Treatments:

In some cases, the bursa fluid may have to be aspirated or removed with a needle and syringe. The fluid is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. In severe or repeated cases of bursitis, surgical drainage and removal of the infected bursa (bursectomy) may be required. In most cases, the joint functions normally after the procedure.

Once you know the causes of your chronic joint pain, the good news is that it can be treated. The first step is getting the proper diagnosis from your physician.

History of Honda Tadakatsu – Famous Samurai of Japan

Everybody loves samurais because of their mystique, fierce fighting skills and legends steeped in mystery. One of the famous samurai was Honda Tadakatsu who was also known as Honda Heihachiro. He was a Japanese general of the late Sengoko and early Edo period. He lived from 1548 to 1610 and was one of the Tokugawa Four Heavenly Kings.

Tadakatsu was born in the Mikawa province in Japan and was promoted many times for his service. His son Honda Tadatomo became daimyo of Otaki and his other son Tadamasa took over Kuwana after Tadakatsu retired. Even though Honda served years of loyal service, he became estranged from the Tokugawa shogunate as it moved from military to civilian political institution. Many other warriors had the same problem transitioning from the chaotic warfare life to a stable peaceful life of the Tokugawa shogunate.

Honda Tadakatsu was well respected in his time and was called the Samurai of Samurai by Oda Nobunaga, who was known not to praise his followers which made this high praise indeed. Toyotomi Hedeyoshi also stated that the best samurai were Honda Tadakatsu in the east and Tachibana Muneshige in the west. Honda was also respected because even though he fought in over sixty battles, he never suffered a significant wound. He was referred as The Warrior who surpassed Death itself for this reason.

Honda is regarded as one of Tokugawa leyasu’s finest generals. He earned distinction at the Battle of Anegawa and also served at the Battle of Mikatagahara which was the scene of Tokugawa’s greatest defeat. At that battle he commanded the left wing of the army facing troops under Naito Masatoyo one of the Takeda clan’s notable generals. Honda went on to exact vengeance at the Battle of Nagashino where he commanded musketeers as the combined Oda-Tokugawa forces annihilated Takeda Katsuyori’s army. This was in part to the skilled use of ranked muskets as one soldier would fire while another was reloading and yet another cleaning the barrel of the musket. This enabled the muskets to fire without stopping. It was the first time this effective battle tactic had been seen.

Honda Tadakatsu has quite a few legends surrounding him including the one that he never received a wound. His helmet was adorned with deer antlers which made it very conspicuous so the ability to battle without receiving wounds was legendary. His fighting prowess was incredible and so well known that his weapon of choice, a spear, was named as one of the Three Great Spears of Japan. The spear was named Tonbo-Giri, Dragonfly Cutter, due to a legend that the tip was so sharp that a dragonfly that landed on it was cut in two.

Review – 3 Steps to Recovery

3 Steps to Recovery: One Man's Triumph Over Alcohol and Drugs, Dan Farish, 2011, ISBN 9780983581109

This is the story of one person's journey from alcoholism to recovery and sobriety.

Dan was your average native of the Boston, MA area. Dad worked as a subway janitor, and seemed to come home angry every night. Taking it out on his family, Dad reached new levels in Mean, Rotten and Nasty. He was the person in the neighborhood who would loudly complain if the local kids were making too much noise, or if someone rode a loud mini-bike past the house. Mom was not much better. A number of times, she stuck her head in the oven, wanting to commit suicide. The rest of the time, she would take Dad's side against her children. Dan's older sister, who had no problem in standing up to Dad, packed a couple of suitcases, and practically ran out of the house the day she turned 18, never to look back.

During adolescence, Dan discovered the "joys" of alcohol and drugs. He would stay out all night nearly every night, drinking a case of beer daily. Soon, he was drinking all day, too. There were several smashed cars and run-ins with the law. Somehow, Dan graduated from high school, after which, he too left home. Marriage, and 2 children, soon followed. They moved to a small town in Tennessee, where they opened a pizza place. Their total lack of experience in running a restaurant was not important. For a couple of years, the place was thriving. Dan turned the restaurant into the local after-hours drinking establishment, which was not a good idea (he was still drinking heavily every day). He also upset the "wrong" people in town. After the restaurant failed, he decided to try again, in Atlanta. This time, Sue, his wife, wanted no part of the new restaurant. Still drinking heavily, this one failed pretty quickly. Dan finally realized that he had hit rock bottom, and agreed to rehab.

He thought very little of the 12 Steps in Alcoholics Anonymous, and of group therapy. His attitude must have showed, because he was named Most Likely To Fail by his counselors and the rest of his group. He was also kicked out of the program with only three days left to completion. After much soul-searching and sleepless nights, he reduced the 12 Steps to only 3 Steps, and held on to those very tightly. Is he stiil an alcoholic, or did he kick his addiction? Did his vital organs shut down from all the beer he was drinking? Can the 3 Steps also work for any other addiction?

This is a very inspirational story. Farish is also a really good writer, who does not sugarcoat anything. The 12 Steps will not work for everyone; perhaps the 3 Steps will work. Anyone affected by alcoholism would do very well to read this book. It is very much worth the time.

2-Stroke Cycles

The two-stroke cycle of and internal combustion engine iffers from the more common four stroke cycle by completing the same four processes (intake, compression, power, exhaust) in only two strokes of the piston rather than four. This is accomplished by using the space below the piston for air intake and compression, thus allowing the chamber above the piston to be used for just the power and exhaust strokes. This causes there to be a power stroke for every revolution of the crank, instead of every second revolution as in a four-stroke engine. For this reason, two-stroke engines provide high specific power, so they are valued for use in portable, lightweight applications. On the other hand, large two stroke diesels have been in use in industry (ie, locomotive engines) since the early twentieth century.

Power / exhaust: This stroke occurs immediately after the ignition of the charge. The piston is forced down. After a certain point, the top of the piston passes the exhaust port, and most of the pressurized exhaust gases escape. As the piston continues down, it compresses the air / fuel / oil mixture in the crankcase. Once the top of the piston passes the transfer port, the compressed charge enters the cylinder from the crankcase and any remaining exhaust is forced out.
Compression / intake: The air-fuel-oil mixture has entered the cylinder, and the piston begins to move up. This compresses the charge in the cylinder and draws a vacuum in the crankcase, pulling in more air, fuel, and oil from the carburetor. The compressed charge is ignited by the spark plug, and the cycle begins again.

In engines like the one described above, where some of the exhaust and intake charge are in the cylinder simultaneously the gasses are kept separate by careful timing and aiming of the transfer ports such that the fresh gas has minimal contact with the exiting exhaust which it is pushing ahead of itself.

Different two-stroke design types: Piston port (simple design), Reed valve (dirt bikes and ATVs), Disk rotary valve, Power valve systems (Yamaha, Suzuki and Honda systems). www.angry-motorcycles.blogspot.com [http://www.angry-motorcycles.blogspot.com]

Federal Disability Retirement – Knowledge is the Path to Success

Ultimately, Federal Disability Retirement is a benefit which must be fought for, and secured, in order to attain a level of financial security for one’s future. The questions which are asked when first confronted with a medical condition which has begun to interfere with – and which leads to one’s inability to perform one or more of the essential elements of one’s job – are varied and many. Where to go for the answers, whom to trust, and then to decide what knowledge is both accurate and useful, are the keys to a successful application for Federal Disability Retirement benefits for Federal and Postal employees under FERS and CSRS.

The Internet has flourished and expanded. Information on any subject is merely a Google search away. However, a distinction must always be made between information and knowledge. The vast amount of information on any subject does not necessarily result in knowledge about the subject. This dictum is true in the field of information and knowledge concerning Federal and Postal Disability Retirement.

At the outset, one must determine the type, extent, and severity of the medical condition. Thus, is the medical condition physical in nature, or psychiatric, or is there a combination of both physical and psychiatric medical conditions? If physical, do the medical conditions impact one’s ability to perform one or more of the essential elements of one’s job? Does the job itself – the Position Description – require physical demands which are impacted by the particular medical conditions? If psychiatric, have the proper treatments been engaged – have psychotropic medications been prescribed? Have psychotherapeutic interventions occurred?

Proper medical documentation is important to the foundation of compiling an effective Federal Disability Retirement application. Note the distinction between proper “medical treatment” and “medical documentation”. Such a distinction is not to be easily overlooked. For, while one’s treating doctor may be the best Orthopedic Specialist in the world, or a top-notch Neurosurgeon, if that same doctor is unwilling to formulate and take the time to write a thorough, proper medical narrative report, then such specialty of knowledge and expertise are ineffective in preparing and submitting a Federal Disability Retirement application.

A Federal Disability Retirement application is a paper submission. Thus, as part of compiling the Federal Disability Retirement application, the two most important components are: (1) Supporting medical documentation and (2) The Applicant’s Statement of Disability (Standard Form 3112A, both for FERS and CSRS employees). As a paper submission, with no clinical examinations by a doctor at the Office of Personnel Management (the Agency which reviews and decides on the approval or denial of all Federal Disability Retirement applications under FERS or CSRS, both for Federal employees and Postal employees), the description of the medical conditions, the impact of the medical conditions upon one’s inability to perform one or more of the essential elements of one’s job – all must be effectively conveyed in the medical narrative reports, as well as in the Applicant’s Statement of Disability. Thus, knowledge is the path to success, and such knowledge must be adequately and descriptively conveyed to the Office of Personnel Management.

Note the important distinctions between a Federal Disability Retirement application and applying for OWCP (Worker’s Comp) benefits. Worker’s Comp is not a retirement system; its purpose is to temporarily compensate an injured worker for the purpose of rehabilitation and eventual return to the workplace; causality of the injury can be an important issue; and the person who seeks compensation from Worker’s Comp may be subjected to examination by a doctor who is not your treating doctor – what is often termed as a “Second Opinion” or “Independent Medical Examination”, and further, by a “referee” or Third Opinion doctor. Also, one should not be surprised if OWCP sends a nurse to visit with you during your clinical meetings with your own treating doctor.

One question which is often asked is whether a particular kind or type of medical condition “qualifies” for Federal Disability Retirement benefits. OPM Disability Retirement is not so much concerned with an official diagnosis; rather, what is the greater focus in Federal Disability Retirement cases involves the underlying symptoms of the medical condition (or conditions), and their impact upon one’s ability to perform one or more of the essential elements of one’s job. Thus, some common physical conditions may include (but are not limited to): Cervical, Lumbar or Thoracic disabilities; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; Plantar Fasciitis; Migraine headaches; Systemic Lupus; various Cardiac problems; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Multiple Chemical Sensitivity; Parkinson’s Disease; Fibromyalgia; and many, many more medical conditions. Note that the importance of such medical conditions are not so much the “official” diagnosis; rather, what is important are the symptoms which then impact one’s physical inability to perform one or more of the essential elements of one’s job.

Similarly, in psychiatric medical conditions – from Major Depression, Anxiety, Panic attacks, Agoraphobia, Bipolar Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – to paranoia, ADD, ADHD, Schizophrenia, suicidal or homicidal ideations: the cognitive dysfunction, the inability to focus, concentrate, be able to perform cognitive-intensive work, or work which requires daily and sustained focus and attention, are the important focal emphasis of the medical conditions described and delineated.

Ultimately, it is the cumulative knowledge of multiple factors which will ensure the success of a Federal Disability Retirement application under FERS or CSRS submitted to the Office of Personnel Management. Knowledge is obtained through a combined synthesis of knowing the medical conditions, obtaining the proper medical narratives and documentation which will enhance the viability of one’s Statement of Disability, as described in Standard Form 3112A. As knowledge is the path to success, so proper knowledge of the medical issues, the legal tools, and the gathering of effective documentation will provide for greater success in getting an approval of a Federal Disability Retirement application.

Borderline Personality Disorder Test

Borderline Personality Disorder known as BPD is a type of mental illness which is considered to be quite serious. It is characterized by instability in behavior, moods, interpersonal relations and self-image. Family and work life, long term planning and awareness of one's individual identity is usually affected by this instability. People with BPD often find it difficult to regulate their emotions. Though this disorder is not as popular as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, it does affect 2 percent of the adult population, mainly young women. The rate of self-harm without having the intention of suicide is high in such cases. In some cases patients suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder also tend to commit suicide. Among patients hospitalized for psychiatric problems, patients with BPD make 20 percent. Over time many improve with help and are able to lead useful lives eventually.

While people suffering from bipolar disorder or depression tend to display continued state of mood for a longer period, people suffering from BPD may undergo severe outbreaks of anger, anxiety and depression lasting for a few hours or maximum a day. These may have associations with series of aggression which is impulsive, such as alcohol or drug abuse and injury to self. Lack of self esteem is also common amongst patients suffering from BPD. They may feel mistreated unfairly, empty, or even bored at times. These symptoms are most severe when people having Borderline Personality Disorder feel that they do not have social support and are isolated.

The social relationships of people having BPD have highly unstable patterns. There is a change in their attitude towards their friends, family and loved ones, from love and great admiration to dislike and intense anger. BPD often appears with other psychiatric problems such as bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, depression, substance abuse, and other disorders. BPD is caused by the abnormal functioning of the Lymbic area of ​​the brain controlling emotions. It may involve neurotransmitters such as dopamine, acetylcholine, serotonin, and norepinephrine.

A borderline personality disorder test is an evaluation used for diagnosing borderline personality disorder. A mental health professional administers the borderline personality disorder test. The test usually comprises of a series of questions or statements which the patient has to answer accordingly. If five or more symptoms are identified through the patient's answers then the diagnosis follow accordingly.

Some of the questions covered in the test are check for reactions to abandonment, relationship issues, instability, questions pertaining to self esteem and self image, questions that try to find out more about the self destructive behavior of the individual or patient, questions on suicidal thoughts and behavior, or self injurious behavior, questions pertaining to feelings, especially feelings of emptiness and difficulty in controlling emotions especially anger and ones revolving around paranoia and loss of reality.

There are a number of websites having border personality disorder test which can help you determine whether someone you care about may have the symptoms of BPD. Once you have administered the test you can then discuss the results with a mental health professional to help with diagnosis and treatment of BPD. The causes, symptoms, signs are generally covered by the borderline personality disorder test. Treatment along with the steps you can take by yourself to fight this condition should be recommended by qualified doctors only.

There have been improvements in the treatments for BPD in the past few years. Individual and group psychotherapy have produced positive results for many patients. A new treatment termed dialectical behavior therapy known as DBT, is a psychosocial treatment that is usually recommended for BPD and seems to be promising. Depending on the specific symptoms the patient has, medications may be prescribed.

Sample Hotel Reservation Letter – What to Include and Why

Just follow the steps in this sample hotel reservation letter structure and you should have no unexpected troubles.

Before you begin:

Hotel reservation letters can vary in style, But just make sure you give the reservation staff all the information they need to make sure there are no misunderstandings or disappointments on arrival.

Every specific piece of information should be in a separate paragraph. This makes for easier reading.

Keep it short and sweet (it’s not an essay), and don’t forget the following information:

1. Opening (example):

Dear Sir/Madam

My name is (your name) and I would like to book a (type of room) in your hotel for (number) nights.

2. Dates and times: (important)

I/We will be arriving on (date, including the day of the week) at approximately (time). Departure will be on (date, including the day of the week) at (time).

Notes: -State the date and approximate time of arrival and departure because it helps the staff know which guests will be arriving first to prepare the way for them, so waiting time for your room is kept to a minimum.

-It’s always a good idea to also include how many nights you will be staying in brackets. This is a good way for the reservation staff to double check the length of your stay as hotels count nights and not days when preparing your invoice.

-Remember, even if you arrive there at 2 o’clock in the morning, that night counts and you are seldom entitled to remain in your room after 12 o’clock noon on your departure date.

3. Number of people: (important)

How many adults? How many children? (always include children’s ages).

4. Room type(s) and preferred location(s):

Single, double, suite, ground floor, top floor, overlooking the sea, etc.

5. Board preferences: (important)

Self catering/bed & breakfast/half board/full board/all-inclusive

Note: make sure the hotel you are considering has the services you desire as not all hotels offer things like all-inclusive, and what you get for each type of service may vary from one hotel or country to another depending on their policies (find out before making your reservation to avoid disappointments).

6. Special needs/desires: (optional)

Some people may have health conditions which may require special attention (migraine sufferers would probably want a quiet room far away from any entertainment facilities, for example). Business men/women may need an internet connection in their rooms, while others may just have special preferences (overlooking the sea, rooms on upper floors, etc). These should be specified in your letter.

Note: Obviously the needs of those with medical conditions will be given more importance than other preferences if the hotel is fully booked, so don’t be surprised if you cannot get what you wanted unless you have the option and have paid for it specifically.

7. Facilities: (depending on the hotel)

If there are special facilities (sauna, jacuzzi, etc.) which need to be reserved before using them, you may wish to do so in advance to avoid waiting.

8. Contact information: (important)

Especially your phone number, cell phone and/or fax number.

*The main thing to remember is to include all the important information above and keep the hotel reservation letter short. The hotel staff prefer it that way and it helps to avoid confusion. You can even use bullet text to display the information.

"Ferret Hair Loss" – 5 Reasons Why My Ferret is Losing Hair

So many people love ferrets for their looks and cuddly features. However, taking good care of animals like ferrets is a huge obligation. Not only are you supposed to feed them, you have to make sure that their needs are met as well. As for these pet owners, problems such as ferret hair loss is a major concern, which is why we have to safeguard our pets through equipping ourselves with the right details.

First reason is seasonal molting. This may come as a surprise but the amount of light and its relative duration per 24-hour period is one of the causes of this problem. This is basically what others refer to as photoperiod. As you notice, it is during spring time when ferrets tend to lose their fluffy winter coat. And while this worries most ferret owners, you can somehow observe that ferrets will grow a new and sleeker coat.

Second, have you heard of the term 'tail alopecia'? This is a phenomenon said to be causing ferrets losing hair .. While this condition appears to be threatening, it is said that tail alopecia is most common in males and is not really harmful. This condition is often associated to features including bristly hair, blackheads and scaly skin. Ferret hair loss has long been a cause of panic, specifically to new ferret owners, but it is recommended to slow down and consult your veterinarian about it.

Third, another probable cause of ferrets hair loss is hormonal imbalance. In the medical world, it is aptly referred to as endocrine alopecia. Ferret hair loss caused by this condition, is characterized by definite patterns. First, you will notice how your ferret is losing hair at the base of its tail, followed by the hind part of its legs. This condition will likely persist until your ferret loses all its hair.

Fourth, prolonged heat periods are another reason behind ferret hair loss. This can actually be associated with hormonal imbalance, along with other types of diseases such as adrenal gland tumors.

Fifth reason has something to do with re growth of previously clipped or cut hair. This condition is often experienced by ferrets that have undergone medical treatment. This condition likewise varies depending on the health and susceptibility of recovering ferret.

Anti-Hair Loss Shampoo

Finding a quality anti-hair loss shampoo can mean the difference of having lush thick hair or balding and thinning areas on your scalp. While there are many hair growth products available the market, finding one that is effective in hair rejuvenation is imperative when trying to find a remedy that will work for you right now.

Scientist have always known that reversing the symptoms of loss of hair as soon as you notice thinning areas will result in the most positive hair growth results. Waiting can sometimes allow the body time to make the condition permanent.

A high-quality anti-hair loss shampoo generally is made free of surfactants. Generally most shampoos are manufactured containing surfactants which is the chemical used to make the shampoo lather. But a lathering shampoo has more of a psychological benefit than a hair cleaning one. Surfactants cause harsh friction that can damage the strand of hair. Most quality hair growth shampoos eliminate the surfactants as a way to keep your hair moist and thick.

Anti-hair loss shampoos used by both men and women are usually manufactured with essential oils. Many of these oils are plant derived, such as those from lavender, which are used to stimulate the scalp and increase the probability of hair growth from every follicle. Tea Tree Oil is also popular in many of the Anti-Hair Loss Shampoos.

Anti-hair loss shampoos formulated specifically for men should include the natural herb Saw Palmetto. This natural ingredients arrived from the Palmetto plant naturally inhibits the production of dihydrotestosterone, or DHT. It is this damaging hormone DHT that binds itself to the strand of hair and follicle to stop hair production.

By massaging this anti-hair loss shampoo directly on the scalp and into the follicles you can effectively strip away the concentrated levels of DHT locked deep inside the follicle. By using this high-quality shampoo as directed you can continually eliminate any DHT from forcing the inhibition of hair growth.

While there are many different causes of loss of hair men and women, hormonal imbalance ranks amongst the highest reason for thinning and balding hair. It is because of hormonal imbalances that excess testosterone combines with 5-alpha reductase to produce DHT (dihydrotestosterone).

By taking all-natural supplements formulated specifically to reduce loss of hair in men or women, along with using a high-quality anti-hair loss shampoo you can effectively diminish DHT levels and begin restoration on the balding and thinning areas of your scalp.

Dealing With Low Self-Esteem

What is self-esteem?

Self-esteem is the way we see ourselves compared to others or to a certain assumed standard. If our standard is too high, we may feel less worthy or less competent. It may be a life-long feature of our way of self-appraisal which we have learnt in early years. We tend to build our self-respect and our self-concept from early childhood though experiences associated with positive or negative emotions.

How we gain our self-esteem?

We build our concept about ourselves from our relationships with others. We see ourselves through the eyes of others. Early experiences are formative and leave a strong impact on how we perceive ourselves. Our success and our achievements are important in building our self-esteem but more important is how we recognise the value and merit of these achievements. It is also how we experience being loved by important figures in our life, in particular our parents. Those who have found unconditional love in their childhood are more likely to gain a positive self-image and self-respect. Living with a parent who is depressed, self-depreciating, self-effacing may leave a person with a distorted model of how a person should feel about himself. Parents who are punitive, harsh, disciplinary or asking for hard-to-achieve standard may leave the child with a permanent sense of failing to live to the expectation of his parental figures. A trauma in childhood either psychological or physical may leave a child or a young person with a sense of inadequacy and being different from his peers. Psychological trauma undermines self-image in persons who are subjected to abuse either physically or sexually and who live with a sense of guilt or ambivalence towards the abuser.

Why some people grow up with low self -esteem?

The parent

There are many different causes for ending up with low self-esteem. Sometimes the relationship with one's parent may be the cause. A depressed mother does not show enough attention or love and affection to her child. The parent may be uncaring, critical, harsh, abusive, difficult-to-please, cold or unaffectionate. The over-protective, anxious, self-depreciating parent may leave his impact on the child's belief about his ability to cope with life and a lasting sense of insecurity.

The trauma

Physical trauma, such as injury or burn which leave anatomical defect or disfigurement contributes to future poor self-image if it was not dealt with appropriately at an early stage. The attitude of others to such defect by bullying, mocking, remarks or sarcasm may add to the emotional injury. Other disabilities, physical or mental, including speech impediment (such as a stammer, or stuttering) can lower self-image and esteem. Physical, emotional abuse and sexual abuse are known causes of sense of inadequacy, guilt, anger, and low self-respect.

The poor achievement:

The child may be forced to face challenges which he is incapable to overcome and feels defeated and self-depreciating. Unrealistic expectation by parents may leave him with sense of failure. The person may evaluate his successes unfairly and unduly as poor performance.

What are the features of a healthy self -esteem?

  • Sense of Self-worth
  • The right for a good quality life, the right for the best available chances in life.
  • The belief of having good personal qualities, which are desirable by others
  • Belief in ability to do things as well as most other people
  • Feeling proud of oneself
  • Positive attitude toward myself
  • Feeling satisfied with self
  • Respect for myself
  • Feeling useful most of the times.

How to avoid feeling a low self esteem ?

Avoid self-criticism, self-blame and abusive rejection-ridden relationships which may have a hugely negative effect on your self-image. Arguments can really fuel your self doubt because you will exchange critical and hurtful words with the other person. Blame is thrown around as you argue. You may feel guilty afterwards and all these negative feelings can put a huge strain on you.

Rejection can make you believe there is something wrong with you or that you deserve to be rejected. Criticism is mutually damaging. Obviously, criticism from others will hurt you but when you criticize others you invite a negative response and possible guilt when you think about what you have said in the heat of the moment. Abusive relationships can destroy your self esteem because abuse hurts on so many levels. The scars can last for the rest of a victim's life.

How to improve your self-esteem:

1. Stop the inner critical voice.
2. Do not argue or be critical of others.
3. Do not generalise from a single or few incidents.
4. Do not make a mountain out of a molehill (be objective).
5. Challenge the past negative experiences.
6. Forgive yourself.
7. Challenge the illogical negative thoughts about yourself.

One way to boost your self-esteem is listing your positive aspects. You will discover that you have many things you should be proud of. Try to answer the following incomplete sentences about yourself:

1. I have good qualities such as …

2. I am proud of myself for …

3. I am self-satisfied for being …

4. I respect myself for …

5. I do not feel myself useless or a failure because …

Another variation would be listing 10 of your good qualities, 5 reasons why you would be proud of yourself, 5 reasons for being satisfied of yourself, 5 for respecting yourself, 5 success stories and 5 stories of being helpful and caring.