Characteristics of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Cognitive Behavior Therapy, or CBT, is a form of psychotherapy that is effective for a wide variety of problems in a person’s life like depression, addictive behaviors, anxiety, relationship problems, bad eating, OCD, and bipolar disorder. CBC works by changing people’s thoughts and beliefs (Cognitive) and their dealings (behavior).

CBT includes a variety of approaches that include Rational Living Therapy (RLT), Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), Cognitive Therapy (CT), Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Behavioral Activation (BA), Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP), Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP), and Integrative Couple Therapy (ICT).

Despite this diversity, most Cognitive Behavior Therapies have the following characteristics:

1. CBT is base on this idea that cognition cause of emotional and behavioral responses.

Person’s way of thinking creates their feelings and behaviors, not outside things like events, situations and people. Therefor, if we can change our thoughts, consequently our feelings and behaviors will change.

2. CBT is Time-Limited.

A course may be from six to 20 sessions. It will depend on several factors like the type of problem, the features of client, therapist’s experience, and etc. but, in my opinion the client’s change thinking habits is the most important factor to end CBT sessions.

3. To learn coping skills

CBT has more skills for solving our problem. People don’t learn a skill just by reading and listening, learning and be master any skill requires hard practice. To learn good thinking and appropriate dealing with problems is like to learn swimming skill and surfing, when person learns them not only doesn’t fear of ocean and waves but enjoys them.

4. CBT is collaborative, structured, and goal-oriented.

CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client or group members. The role of therapist is listen, observe, teach, and motivate, and client’s role is to talk about her or his problems, learn, and practice. Sessions have a structure and every session has specific agenda. Therapist helps the client for achieving selected goals.

5. Doing homework in CBT.

Homework is recognized as a vital part in CBT. Learning CBT skills takes a long time. Homework is planned according to the type of problem and the client’s futures.

6. Individually or group session

CBT can be done a one-to-one therapy or with a group of people. Advantages of group cognitive behavior therapy can be include access to Social support, Increased Cost effectiveness, and increased motivation.

What’s Required in a Healthy Diet Menu?

For anyone, who has a health issue and is looking for alternative answers to lead a healthier life here you may find some tips to start with. This is why creating and following a healthy diet menu is critical to your success. The right information and gaining knowledge on the way will help you to select from the many foods available that are going to make you healthier over time. Creating a healthy diet menu, and as well creating a meal plan that you are able to sustain for an extended time. This means the food you are changing to must taste good for you otherwise you will not continue with this to get all the benefits, although over time your taste buds will change and adjust.

To follow the menu!

If you follow the proper dietary guidelines, this may also result in weight loss or to keep a more even weight. It will provide a finer body composition, and overall better health, if this is your goal. So, considering the food you are now eating, and considering the small changes that you have to make to your diet plan, this is the right step in creating a healthy diet menu. One of the first steps to take is cutting out as much of processed foods as possible. This will be a learning curve by itself, to fully understand which are processed foods, and what is not. To reduce processed food and lowering the intake of carbohydrates is a good way to start. Consider changing to whole grains as opposed to white, avoid anything cooked or baked with white flour. By eating a high protein diet: Poultry, lean meat, fish, eggs etc. Make sure eating healthy fats, as opposed to saturated fats, and fried foods. Many people are thinking that all fats are unhealthy, that is not correct; our body needs fat to survive and to help healing. Taking a natural liquid multi supplement could also be considered to give the body more quickly the right ingredients. Why a liquid supplement? The absorption in to the bloodstream is more direct and without any loss as opposed to capsules and pills. Although, a word of caution: When using supplements, it is important being vigilant in your research if you decide to use any of them.

Small changes!

These changes may seem simple, although many people will find and discover that they are not doing these things. Simply cutting back or changing certain foods, or making small changes, meals being cooked using olive oil instead of canola oil and butter opposed to margarine. This way you are transforming your eating style to a healthy diet menu. Changes are not always easy; keeping a certain standard is choosing foods that you enjoy, and making a meal plan you are able to follow through with. One of the most common reason people fail when trying to change to the extreme. This is why crash diets to lose weight fast always fail. The mind and body must have time to change to this type of lifestyle; this is not something you are only doing for a few weeks or months. By doing this a day at a time you will find it easier to sustain the changes.

Feeling better!

Regardless of the goals you have set in mind, by just changing to some of the things pointed out above will make all the difference. There are many great benefits in following a healthy diet menu; it’s the food that will make you a healthier person. From losing weight to seeing the cholesterol levels go down, and to feeling more energy every day. Each of these things is going to happen if you are willing to make the changes. It’s you who will get the benefits. Feeling better is the first sign: There are so many health issues that will improve over time and as well stopping many illnesses before they even start. Our body’s design is to live to 100 years plus; it’s mainly the practice of sloppy eating and a sedentary lifestyle that is shortening the live of many to reach that designed level by nature.

The main step to a wholesome life is the change into a healthy diet.

Top 10 Weight Loss Resorts

Many people struggle to lose weight while at home, particularly because routine and temptation can be difficult to deal with simultaneously. For this reason, there are a variety of weight loss resorts that are currently advertising their services to the public where individuals can leave home on a holiday and focus entirely on their weight loss goals.

The Hilton Head Health Weight Loss Spa

This resort is based in South Carolina and it consists of a 800 acre, gated resort that offers three day, as well as weeklong programs. Those looking for a lengthier stay can opt for the 9-month package which entitles them to 14 weeks at the resort and 24 weeks of coaching within their home.

The Cooper Aerobics Center

This resort is based in Texas is focuses on balancing stress, nutrition and weight in a six day program. The program entitles individuals to two training sessions, meals, fitness classes and a dining out experience. Before a person signs up for the program, they need to submit to a physical exam.

The Cal-a-Vie Health Spa

As one of the top weight loss resorts for 2013, the Cal-a-Vie Health Spa allows visitors to choose between 130 different fitness classes, cooking demonstrations, lectures, spa treatments and fresh meals each day. Customers can choose from three night, four night and seven night packages.

Canyon Ranch

Canyon Ranch is a resort that is situated in the Sonoran Desert, within Tucson. This resort has already been the recipient of a wide range of awards, including prizes for their cuisine, yoga classes, fitness programs and their hospitality. The two programs that are currently available through Canyon Ranch include the Life Enhancement and the weight loss programs.

The Biggest Loser Fitness Resorts

The Biggest Loser Fitness Resorts have been featured on television, and since then, their popularity has skyrocketed. When visiting this establishment, individuals can expect a very intense, as well as a group-oriented approach that lasts for 7 days. Guests are expected to start each day with a hike.

The Pritikin Longevity Center and Spa

Every day starts with a stretch, cooking class and lecture, and ends with a night out, or Tai Chi lesson within this resort. Set among 650 acres of ground and decorated with water features, gardens and fountains, the resort specializes in real world training to allow their guests to utilize what they learn at home.

The Green Mountain at Fox Run

This resort has been established specifically for women, and focuses on the body, mind and soul. The aim of the resort is not to focus on dieting, but rather to alter the thought patterns of their guests to promote health and well being.

Red Mountain Resort

This resort has been called the premier spa in the world back in 2012. It is situated on a rock cliff and boasts black lava gardens, as well as 24 suits and 82 rooms. The programs and personalized, allowing guests to choose from among them.

Miraval Resort

The Miraval resort focuses on self-discovery and promotes this through all its advertised classes and activities.

The Ranch at Live Oak Malibu

This resort offers a boot camp that lasts for a week and involves up to 10 hours of body and mind exercises each day.

Each resort has something unique to offer, making them some of the most promising in the world.

Cockatiel First Aid

Sometimes your pet cockatiel will get itself into a situation where quick action is required to prevent further injury or even death. Here are some basic first aid techniques and aids that you should keep should the situation arise for your cockatiel to need first aid.

It is a good idea to assemble a birds first aid kit to keep on hand for your cockatiel. Here is a list of things to include.

1. A heat lamp, heating pad or other heat source.

2. Some appropriate sized towels for catching and holding your cockatiel.

3. A note pad and pencil to make notes if required.

4. Cornstarch or styptic powder to stop bleeding.

5. Nail clippers, file and blunt nosed scissors.

6. Needle nosed pliers to pull blood feathers if need be.

7. Blunt nosed tweezers.

8. Disinfectant solution.

9. Eye irrigation solution.

10. Eyedropper and plastic syringes.

11. Penlight or small torch.

Keep all these supplies handy in one box together, and this will eliminate having to search for supplies when an emergency arises. This box should travel with your bird, whether it is to a bird show or the pet sitters.

If there happens to be a medical emergency, here are some steps to follow. Firstly keep as calm as possible. Next stop the bleeding. Keep the bird warm and avoid over handling it.

Once the above is accomplished, call your veterinarian for further instructions. Describe what happened to your pet in as much detail as possible. Listen carefully to the instructions given, write them down and then follow them. Finally transport your pet if need be to the vet as quickly and safely as you can.

Here are some examples of medical emergencies that may arise with your cockatiel. In all the cases, the cockatiel will need to be taken to the vet.

1. Injury to the Beak

If the birds injures its beak and it is bleeding or a portion of it has broken off, take it to the vet.

2. Animal bites

If another animal bites your pet cockatiel, take it to the vet, as infection can set in from the saliva on the other animals teeth. The internal organs will also need to be checked out, as they could be damaged with a vicious bite.

3. Bleeding

If a cockatiel loses more than 20 percent of its blood it will be in danger. For external bleeding apply direct pressure to the wound. Once the bleeding stops watch your cockatiel for signs of shock and to make sure the bleeding doesn’t start up again.

If a blood feather is broken by accident, the only way to stop the bleeding, would be to pull the feather out with flat nosed pliers.

A Bed Side Hospital Bed Table is an Investment

When confined to a hospital bed, making accommodations aid to make life easier and more manageable. There are many hospital bed accessories available on the market to aid in the daily activities of life. One of the most commonly purchased and used of these accessories is a hospital bed table.

A bed side hospital table has many uses that can help patients to maintain a normal life while also being able to do everyday activities. These include (but are not limited to):

– A dining area. Many patients are unable to leave their hospital beds, or are unable to leave their beds for anything more than using the restroom or to bathe. When it comes to dining, having a table for your hospital bed is very useful. The table’s height is adjustable, making it very easy for you to have the table over the bed so it sits comfortably over you, making dining easy. Having a hospital bed table with drawers may be of more use for you so you can store snacks, etc. for when you get hungry and are unable to make it to the kitchen on your own.

– A desk. It is difficult to get much done when you are stuck in one area. If you have bills to pay or letters to compose, a table proves to be quite useful. If you are out of work you will be able to get some items complete at home, remotely, from your bed. You can use it for a laptop stand as well as a place to keep your writing utensils and supplies.

– An entertainment area.
Having a table that is adjustable is also helpful when it comes to downtime. Watching television can get old when it’s all that you have to do. A bed side hospital table can give you a place to play cards, games, do artwork, work puzzles, etc. When you are finished with your activities, you can simple roll the table out of the way. It will be conveniently within arm’s length (and on wheels) so when you are ready to start again- you can do so easily.

What Can I do With the Table When I’m Not Injured Anymore?

Unlike most medical equipment, hospital bed equipment tables can be of great use even after your body is healed and you no longer have a need for a hospital bed. Because these tables are on wheels and the height is adjustable, you can use it in many settings for many different uses. Many people recycle their tables and use them as a laptop stand to complete work on. It doubles as a computer desk but is more compact and easier to tuck away. Just because your bed is gone, doesn’t mean you can’t use your bed side hospital table over your own bed. If you frequently read or write while lying in bed, a bed table may be of great use to you.

These tables has many uses, even if you have healed. If you decide that you no longer need your table, you can easily resell it online or you can donate it to a medical equipment facility.

Gastroenterology – How to Find an Expert in This Field

Most people have encountered digestive issues in the past such as irritable bowel syndrome, gallstones, or constipation. If you suffer from any kind of digestive problem, you should consult with a gastroenterologist. Keep the following tips in mind before you choose a doctor and get treated for your digestive problems.

Gastroenterology encompasses all disorders and ailments of the digestive system. Before you choose a doctor, however, you should make sure he or she offers the procedures or services you are looking for. For instance, some doctors offer cancer screening exams and some do not.

You should also choose a board-certified doctor who is experienced. The best gastroenterology experts use modern techniques and keep improving their services. They are always in the market for the latest equipment and they care about their customers. The best doctors make people feel comfortable and they work hard to make their customers’ experiences positive.

Experience and training should also play a part when you select a doctor. It is very important that you consider the doctor’s certifications, licenses, experience, and level of education. Specialists with many years of experience will do a better job answering your questions and they will ease your fears when it comes to deciding what kind of treatment you need.

You should educate yourself about the digestive system and why you might benefit from seeing a specialist. Speak with your doctor, friends, and family, and find out who they recommend. Search for a gastroenterology expert online and read the reviews. Find out what people have to say about the physicians in your area. Check the doctors’ business credentials and make appointments to meet with them in person. Otherwise, you can contact the doctors by phone to get answers to your questions.

You can also find a gastroenterology expert by contacting your local Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber of Commerce will have a list of specialists in your city and they may offer important information about the doctors’ reputations and reviews from other patients.

You should also keep in mind that the best specialists provide sterile environments for their patients. They make sure their patients are safe and they always follow infection control practices and other safety standards.

When you find a specialist that meets your needs, you should consider pricing. Find out if the doctor accepts your health insurance plan. If you do not have insurance, find out what his rates are. If you keep these points in mind, you will make informed decisions and choose the best doctor for your needs.

When you meet with a specialist, make sure you ask plenty of questions. If you are inquisitive, you will have a better experience. Ask questions about the doctor’s hours, approach, education, emergency call philosophies and such. Discuss your concerns and medical needs, and make sure the doctor’s answers meet your expectations.

If you have a problem with your digestive system, you should definitely see a specialist. A gastroenterologist can handle severe cases and help you prevent many serious diseases.

Article Marketing Attraction & Traffic Secrets Revealed

Ideas for article marketing that attract attention and generate traffic. If you've spent any time around the big social media, bookmarking sites or any of the content syndication sites you'll see certain types of content that seems to attract attention and generate traffic. What I've seen over time is a definite pattern that emerges. Headline and content based around the following seems to work very well;

  • 7 Ways to …
  • 3 Biggest mistakes followed by solutions.
  • Tips and tricks, again based around problems and then provide the solutions.
  • How to … education.
  • Myths debunked.
  • Secrets revealed.

Head lines need to be enticing you can incorporate the above in ways such as …

  • "5 Tips to Lower Cholesterol Without Exercise."
  • "3 Exercises to Get that 6 Pack in the next 30 Days Guaranteed."
  • "7 Easy Ways to Generate Traffic With Article Marketing."
  • "7 Easy Ways to Turn Leads into Paying Customers."
  • "Top 10 Ways to Increase Traffic With Article Marketing."
  • "10 Network Marketing Myths Debunked Once and For All."
  • "Article Marketing Attraction Secrets Revealed That Will Transform Your Business in 60 Days or Less"

You get the picture, once you get going it you'll find it easy to create more of your own.

This is something I tend to struggle with, try to limit your article to around 300-400 words, I certainly seem to find this easier with posts on a blog, which tend to be much more concise, if you hit around 600-800 try editing it you find that there are two articles in there, maybe problem / solution one and problem / solution two for example.

There is reasoning behind this it seems the 300-400 word articles get a better click through and response rate, there seems to be a general attention deficit among many people and they want solutions fast and they want solutions now.

You just have to go with what works and it seems that the shorter article wins out. If you think about it the longer the article the further away your bio box is with your all important link. It's all well and good to increase traffic with article marketing but you have to lead people through to your bio box and your all important links.

Another point worth mentioning is that in my opinion people generally on the internet are not there to be entertained they are, more often than not looking for a solution and if you can deliver it quickly or point them in the right direction without any fuss you ' ll both be happy, you'll get the traffic through you bio link and they'll get their solution.

EMR – Advantages of Electronic Medical Records

The health practice itself is definitely difficult and the last thing that you would want to do is to face endless amount of paperwork from your past and present patients. Handling a huge file of charts is a very daunting job that is why a doctor or any healthcare professional hires a secretary that can handle these documents. Today, thanks to the modern technology, there is no need for you to worry about filing huge numbers of paperwork into your patient's charts. With the use of electronic medical records, you can easily update the patient data and all other information regarding their health within your computer and save this important information at the same time.

You can save yourself from having hundreds of paper charts inside a cabinet and make your practice efficient over night. If you will think about the space that you can save within your office by storing all information and notes electronically, you will surely consider having this kind of technology. You can attend and serve more patients with ease and accuracy, and also eliminate loss of important data. With the help of electronic medical records, you will become more efficient with your work and all your files will be secured with a password protection. You can ensure confidentiality of files to your patients with the use of encryption. One single fire and it can burn your entire patient's paper-based files, but with the use of this new technology, you will have backups stored always ready for any emergency situations.

There is no need for you to worry about sloppy hand writing that could cause human errors on your paperwork or undecipherable instructions that may lead to delays in treatment. You no longer have to worry about mistakes at the pharmacy for an unreadable prescription. Electronic medical records can provide a standard format that can be transferred as well as easily understood by anybody. Pulling out old charts will be very easy with just a click of a mouse. Imagine how your life as a healthcare professional will change with the use of computerized charts. These records can help you to easily keep track to each patient's condition, so that, you can improve their healthcare effectively. You can further improve the quality control, easy resource management and surveillance of public health communicable diseases.

When you talk about saving, you can surely save a lot of time and space inside your clinic or any healthcare facilities. With the use of computerized information technology, you no longer have to face inpatient clients and long waits. You will also have happier staff, because they do not have to handle a lot of filing paperwork that they need to arrange every time there are patients returning. Healthcare is a very noble job and as a medical professional you should be rewarded. Electronic medical records are your reward to help you ease your work and save a lot of time. You can now have more time with your family at home.

The Truth About CoQ10 Benefits and Side Effects

It’s very easy to get sold all sorts of products online. It seems every internet article you read is more of an advertisement than some useful information on a product. This is particularly the case when it comes to dietary supplements.

Often, the articles are misleading, telling you all about the benefits, but not the side effects, of substances. If you are trying to find more about CoQ10 benefits or side effects, then this is the right, unbiased article for you.

What is CoQ10?

o CoQ10, or Coenzyme Q10, is a natural compound, present in every cell of a body.

o Although present in every cell, concentrations vary in different parts of the body, and people will have varying natural CoQ10 producing abilities.

o CoQ10 can be consumed as part of a daily diet. High concentrations can be found in fish and meat.

CoQ10 Benefits and deficiencies

CoQ10 contributes to a complex cellular chemical transfer inside the body, ensuring that our body is able to produce the energy we need to carry out our daily lives fighting fit and in good health. CoQ10 concentrations are highest in the heart, but large amounts are also used by other critical organs such as the liver.

CoQ10 has powerful antioxidant properties, helping to quickly deal with all imposing antigens that enter your body.

Because the chemical process involved with producing CoQ10 is extremely complex, many people suffer CoQ10 deficiencies. A deficiency of CoQ10 will be reflected by the condition of the heart and other major organs. Deficiency likelihood increases with age, as does the risk of many other ailments.

o CoQ10 benefits are best enjoyed by the young, looking to keep their bodies healthy. Include regular consumption and monitoring during early and ongoing adulthood to reduce the risk of a Coenzyme Q10 deficiency; and help keep more serious illnesses and diseases at bay, helping you live healthier for longer.

If you have any heart health concerns or issues, consider increasing the CoQ10 in your diet. Before taking any serious or long term diet changes or supplements, you should ALWAYS consider any potential side effects, and check for any health related warnings.

CoQ10 Side Effects

Any individual taking any substances (legal or otherwise), dietary supplements or herbal supplements that affect the body’s blood sugars MUST consult professional medical advice before making any changes. Coenzyme Q10 has been known to alter blood glucose levels in rare cases.

Obviously, anyone with diabetes or hypoglycaemia should consult with their health specialist (relating specifically to these conditions) before changing their diet to include increased CoQ10 consumption.

CoQ10 has also been known to cause lower blood pressure than usual in some patients. It is advised anyone with low blood pressure, or those taking blood pressure medication should consult medical advice before increasing CoQ10 intake.

If unrelated medication poses a possible side effect of low blood pressure, or if you are unsure whether you should increase your CoQ10 levels, go seek medical advice. It is far better to be safe, than sorry. You want something that’s going to work with you to improve your body, not contribute to its demise, so shop safely for any and all supplements.

High-Dose Vitamin D and the Decreased Incidence of Chronic Disease

It is well known that vitamin D deficiency is associated with osteoporosis, bone fracture, increased falls, muscle weakness, increased risk of certain cancers (particularly breast and colon, and possibly prostate), autoimmune diseases, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, schizophrenia, depression, asthma, lung dysfunction, influenza, kidney disease, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Even complications of pregnancy, preeclampsia (pregnancy-induced hypertension) and gestational diabetes, are associated with vitamin D deficiency. In infants, the vitamin’s insufficiency has also been linked to low birth weight (caused by low levels from the mother during pregancy) neonatal hypocalcemia (low blood calcium), poor postnatal growth, bone fragility, and increased incidence of autoimmune diseases and childhood asthma.

Prevention of Osteoporosis

The standard recommended dose of 400 IU/day of vitamin D was in general to help maintain “good health,” and to help reduce the risk of osteoporosis, falls, and hip fractures. Over the last 5 years, there has been an explosion of studies expanding our knowledge and indicating that higher doses have much more of an effect on overall health and on the prevention of various chronic diseases than just bone development and the prevention of osteoporosis. This was standard while I was practicing medicine to recommend calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D to women of menopausal age. However, I now recommend doses much higher than 400 IU/day.

Insulin Resistance

A common problem I saw in my medical practice, associated with aging and increased weight was insulin resistance, which often led to metabolic syndrome or full-blow Type 2 diabetes. To help reduce the risk of diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance I would encourage my patients to maintain a low-glycemic diet, exercise at least 4 times a week, and be on a broad spectrum nutritional supplementation program. Often this made the difference for people who took it seriously and made significant changes.

Insulin resistance begins with oxidation of insulin receptors. Anything that cause more oxidation, and therefore more inflammation, can lead to insulin resistance, and ultimatley Type 2 diabetes. Continued consumption of high-glycemic food (simple sugars and starches) will damage insulin receptors via inflammation/oxidation. With continued oxidation and inflammation of insulin receptors full-blown Type 2 diabetes develops. Lately, it has been discovered that vitamin D deficiency is a contributing cause to insulin resistance, giving further support to my recommending higher doses.

Although not all studies have been consistent and demonstrating a reversal of insulin resistance with vitamin D supplementation, the studies that have shown benefits in reversign insulin resistance have been the studies demonstrating blood serum 25-hydroxvitamin D (or 25-OH-D) concentrations that were at least in the range of 35 – 42 ng/ml. This may suggest that high doses may be needed to see a benefit in the prevention, and possible reversal of insulin resistance.

Decreased Risk of Breast and Colon Cancer Associated with Supplementation

As a former practicing board-certified Ob/Gyn, I had many patients who had a history of breast cancer, or a family history of breast cancer. Colon cancer was also a concern, as its incidence is second to breast cancer. A decreased risk of breast and colon cancer (and possibly prostate cancer) has been associated when blood serum levels of 25-hydroxvitamin D (25-OH-D) are 40 ng/ml or above. For most women, this would require a dailly dose near 4000 IU/day.

I had many patients using tamoxifen to treat or suppress the recurrence of breast cancer. However, tamoxifen has its own concerns (among them possible endometrial cancer). Interestingly, much like drugs that are used to treat breast cancer, such as tamoxifen, vitamin D enters breast cancer cells and triggers apoptosis; whicself-destruction, or “cellular death,” of cancer cells. Actually, several various antioxidants; e.g., turmeric extract, polyphenolic compounds; such as grape seed extract, cruciferous extract, resveratrol, green tea extract, and olive extract) all cause apoptosis, or cellular self-destruction. The benefit of apoptosis compared to chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy is that it causes cancer cell dealth without toxicity or destruction to normal cells.

Although the knowledge and use of antioxidants to kill cancer cells is as of yet limited, and thefore too early to be used to replace current toxic therapies for cancer, there is much promise for vitamins and other antioxidants in the near future. According to the research, I am a believer that antioxidants, and like substancs may help to prevent to the initiation of cancer, and therefore, along with a proper diet and lifestyle, everyone should be taking quaility supplements.

Specifc to this article, as I have searched to find out what dose of vitamin D women “should be” taking for preventative measures against breast, ovarian, and colon cancer, I have discovered that the studies have shown an association between women whose serum 25-OH-D levels of at least 52 ng/ml or higher and a 50% decreased incidence of breast cancer. Ovarian and colon cancers are similar in that there is a significant decreased incidence when 25-OH-D levels are above 50 ng/ml; and particular when they reach 80 ng/ml.

As I speak on the “Power of Nutritional Supplementation,” both in lectures and on my audio CD, I suggest that among other nutrients, when one considers there are so many potential health benefits to be obtained from nutritional supplementation of specific vitamins, let alone a full-range of quality supplements, with virtually no toxic effects, I have to ask why would anyone wait to supplement?

Reduced Risk of Heart Disease Associated with Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of both ischemic and non-ischemic heart disease. Supplementation also helps control blood pressure, it influences parathyroid hormone levels, influences the function of heart muscle, and plays a role in reduction of inflammation and calcification of blood vessels, thus helping to reduce atherosclerosis.

The risk for heart disease is particularly high when 25-OH-D blood levels are below 15 ng/ml. With 25-OH-D levels above 30 ng/ml cardiac benefits may possibly be significant. Obviously, more studies are needed to draw conclusions about this vitamin’s role in maintaining and/or reducing cardiovascular disease, but once again, I can only say that there is now enough evidence when taken as a whole, for everyone to consider supplementing with adequate doses of this all-important vitamin for any or “all” of the potential health benefits.

Reduced Risk of Influenza with Vitamin D

It is well established that vitamin D reduces the incidence of respiratory infections. Children who have been found to have the lowest 25-hydroxyvitamin D blood levels are 11 times more likely to develop respiratory infections. I have been asked about the safety and effectiveness of children supplementing with this vitamin. One can only look to clinical information. Children with recurrent respiratory infections have been given as high a dose as 60,000 IU of vitamin D3 (the active form) each week (for six weeks), and found to have not one such infection for the following 6 months!

Many people suffer and die from influenza, or the “flu.” They don’t die of the viral infection per se, as much as they die from the body’s over-reaction. The influenza virus causes an uncontrolled over-production of inflammatory cytokines. Interestingly, vitamin D turns down this process by “down regulating” the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha.

Actually, the pro-inflammatory cytokine process is the same inflammatory process that occurs in chronic disease, such as inflammation of arteries in atherosclerosis, inflammation in arthritis, damage to neurons, and inflammation and damage caused by cancer cells and by the aging process itself.

Think about the possibilities of reducing inflammation, by down regulating cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha, etc.) and thus reducing the incidence and progression of many chronic degenerative diseases, including heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, diabetes, respiratory infections, liver and kidney disease, and the aging process itself!

Regarding vitamin D (really a hormone) and the protection of respiratory infections and influenza, in addition to the down regulation of inflammatory cytokines, this unique hormone also up-regulates the expression of anti-microbial peptides in immune cells. Anti-microbial peptides damage the outer lipid membranes of influenza viruses, bacteria, and fungi allowing the white blood cells (macrophages) from the immune system to eliminate them from the body.

I suggest that adults and children supplement with much higher doses than what was has been traditionally recommended to reduce the incidence of respiratory infections and help support the immune system, particularly during winter months when exposure to sunlight is decreased.

Vitmain D May Help Reduce the Risk of Complications of Pregnancy

Maintaining health during pregnancy is a chief concern of mine because it is critical that women get proper cellular nutrition throughout their pregnancies. Optimal supplementation should take place before a woman even knows she’s pregnant. This is one reason why I recommend all women of child-bearing age be on a full-spectrum of quality nutritional supplements. Now, with recent information about the benefits of vitamin D during pregnancy, the amount of vitamin D in prenatal vitamins is quite inadequate,…at least in my opinion.

Vitamin D plays a key role for calcium metabolism during pregnancy and development in order to prevent infantile rickets and adult osteomalacia. During pregnancy, calcium demands rapidly increase, particularly in the third trimester. Because of this, vitamin D, which is required for calcium incorporation into the bones becomes crucial for proper skeletal growth and optimal maternal and fetal outcomes. Despite widespread use of prenatal vitamins containing what is thought to be “adequate” doses of vitamin D, there is still a vitamin D deficiency epidemic among pregnant and lactating women.

It is even more important that a pregnant woman have optimal vitamin D blood levels than a non-pregnant woman, as her baby’s health depends on it,…not only during fetal life, but during the next two decades of that baby’s life!

Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy and infancy are associated with maternal preeclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension, neonatal low birth weight and hypocalcemia, poor postnatal growth, bone fragility, and increased incidence of autoimmune diseases and asthma of the child.

During pregnancy a minimum blood level of vitamin D (25-hydroxyVitamin D) should be at least 32 ng/ml or greater; and optimally closer to 50 ng/ml. In order to achieve and maintain 25-hydroxvitamin D serum levels at 32 – 50 ng/ml, I suggest that pregnant and lactating women would possibly need to supplement with a dose between 2000 and 4000 IU/day of vitamin D3 per day, which is both safe and effective. Of course, this is beyond the level found in all prenatal vitamins.

Childhood Asthma Linked to Vitamin D Deficiency

The asthma epidemic may be explained in part by the vitamin D deficiency epidemic. There is a direct correlation between low serum vitamin D levels and higher risks for asthma exacerbations. Vitamin D plays a role in fetal lung growth and development. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that higher prenatal vitamin D intake has a protective role against wheezing illnesses in children. Vitamin D may protect against wheezing illnesses through its multiple immune effects as discussed above. In addition, vitamin D may play a therapeutic role among asthmatics from becoming steroid resistant.

Above I indicated that vitamin D plays an important role in reducing the risk of respiratory infections. In children, and adults for that matter, with asthma, supplementation with high dose vitamin D is of even more importance, as a respiratory infection can trigger attack.

Measuring Your Vitamin D Status

The question on most people’s mind is, “How much vitamin D is the right dose?” The best way to know one’s “correct” dose is to know your 25-hydroxyVitamin D blood level. This is the metabolically-active form of vitamin D, and is also known as calcidiol. It is abbreviated as 25-OH-D. In the past, “adequate” blood levels were set to prevent rickets and then osteoporosis. The myriad benefits and safety of vitamin D is coming to light.

Most laboratories have a normal reference range for 25-OH-D of 32 – 100 ng/ml. After studying what many of the experts in the field of vitamin D deficiency treatment have recommended, it varying widely, I am in line with suggesting that one’s “optimal” serum 25-OH-D level should be between 50 – 80 ng/ml.

What Dose of Vitamin D is Optimal?

The vitamin D dose required to attain a serum level range of 50 – 80 ng/ml will vary from person to person, mostly based upon body mass (weight) and sun exposure. Although this will vary considerably, a 150 lb person who supplements with 2000 IU of vitamin D per day may attain blood level range of 25-OH-D between 30 and 45 ng/ml, depending upon sun exposure. In my experience, it seems that this same person may need to take 4000 IU/day, or more, to attain optimal blood levels between 50 and 80 ng/ml.

Again, from my experience, and it this will vary widely. A person who weighs 225 lbs. may require a dose of 10,000 IU/day to maintain 25-hydroxyVitamin D blood serum levels between 50 and 80 ng/ml. A person’s true dose can only be determined by blood tests and titration (adjustments based upon the blood tests).

My suggestion would be to start with vitamin D at either 4000 to 6000 IU/day, depending upon your weight; or you may safely opt to take 10,000 IU/day, and then have your 25-OH-D blood level tested about 6 to 8 weeks later. Your optimal blood level target range for optimal health is 50 – 80 ng/ml. Therefore, once you know your blood level, you may adjust your daily vitamin D intake accordingly.

Are High Doses of Vitamin D Safe?

Is long-term “high dose” of vitamin D3 safe? There may be concern that high doses of vitamin D may elevate serum calcium levels and cause kidney stones in those at risk. There was a study in which vitamin D deficient patients received either a single oral, or a single intramuscular injection of 300,000 IU of vitamin D and followed for 12 weeks. During the 12 weeks not one person had elevated levels of serum calcium (or hypercalcemia).

This doesn’t mean that chronic super high doses of vitamin D will not raise blood calcium levels; however, there are no credible reports of vitamin D toxicity with chronic daily vitamin D3 supplementation up to 10,000 IU/day, including elevation of blood calcium. In fact, many vitamin D expert clinicians are routinely recommending doses well above 10,000 IU/day. Hypercalcemia (an elevated serum calcium level) is only observed with synthetic vitamin D analogues, such as calcitriol.

Since it is safe for most people to supplement with vitamin D with doses as high as 10,000 IU/day (and possibly higher) without concern, my recommendation of a starting dose between 4000 – 6000 IU/day is quite conservative.

Are there Contraindications for High-Dose Vitamin D?

Primary hyperparathyroidism is the main contraindication. Also, high dose vitamin D3 supplementation may cause elevation of serum calcium levels in patients with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, or lymphoma. Therefore, in such cases, patients dosing with levels above 2000 IU per day should do so only with caution AND under the care and direction of a physician.

One Last Word: Maintain Proper Ratios and Balance of Vitamins

Vitamin D3 is obviously safe. It has been underestimated as an important vitamin for many decades for maintaining optimal health at least, and possibly for reducing the risk of many chronic diseases if boosted to optimal blood levels. However, as will all vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, or any other nutrient, vitamin D should be taken in balance! All nutrients should be used to supplement a healthy diet, and used in conjunction with exercise and a healthy lifestyle.

Balance and proper ratios of nutrients are critical, as in the case of vitamin D with vitamin A. Vitamin A can neutralize the beneficial effects of vitamin D. In addition, many people are aware that high doses of vitamin A can be toxic to the liver and cause birth defects. However, most are not aware that vitamin A and vitamin D compete for each other’s function in the body. Supplementing with excess amounts of vitamin A can suppress the important cancer-fighting effects of vitamin D.

Most multivitamin preparations contain vit A. Vitamin A (or pre-formed vitamin A) is different from pro-vitamin A, or beta-carotene. Beta-carotene does not interfere with vitamin D. Nor is beta-carotene associated with birth defects or liver problems.

Therefore, in choosing a quality, broad spectrum supplement brand, it is my suggestion to choose one that provides beta-carotene (a.k.a. “pro-vitamin A”), not vitamin A. This is just one of many criteria in choosing a quality supplement brand. As it relates to this article, choose a supplement that provides a daily dose of vitamin D3 of at least 2000 IU/day,…and consider taking at least 4000 IU/day and having your blood tested to achieve the target range of 50 – 80 ng/ml.

We should never rely on one vitamin, juice, or magic potion to cure all our problems. However, we should not ignore the ever-emerging evidence and promise that science is uncovering of the benefits nature has to offer in helping us to maintain optimal health.

I am a major proponent of using a broad spectrum of high quality vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and essential fatty acids at proper doses and balance, along with healthy eating and proper lifestyle. I do not claim that all the answers are found in one vitamin or antioxidant, but many of the answers to optimal health are found in the synergistic action of the blend and balance of the fullest range of supplementation we are willing to incorporate into our lives.

How to Make a Thin Face Fuller With Fat Injections

The thin face, sometimes referred to as gaunt, can exist in both the young and old. It is seen more frequently as one ages with loss of fat in the cheeks and side of the face. But it can also occur as a normal makeup os some people’s facial architecture even when one is relatively young. (Abraham Lincoln is the most famous example from an historical perspective, actor Scott Glenn and others are more recent examples) Known medically as facial lipoatrophy, it can also occur from certain diseases and medications. (such as HIV) Fat replacement by injection is both a logical and a minimally invasive method for its treatment.

Fat grafting is becoming increasingly popular and is ideal for the gaunt face. Fat is harvested with a small liposuction cannula from a suitable donor site. The amount of fat needed does not usually make for a significant contour change in the donor site. So patient’s shouldn’t expect that they will be getting an equivalent liposuction result elsewhere. I usually use abdominal fat harvested from inside the belly button. There is no scientific evidence yet that supports one donor site over another in terms of being better fat that will last longer after transfer.

The fat is prepared by removing loose liquids and impurities by washing and then spinning it in a centrifuge. It is then placed into syringes and injected into the desired facial areas through either the corner of the mouth, a crease in front of the ear, or within the crease of the nasolabial fold. The fat is injected in multiple small tunnels in a criss-crossing pattern if possible. The injected fat is then massaged around until it is smooth with no obvious irregularities.

Injecting fat into the face is a bit of an art form. In the gaunt face, the area below the cheek bones and into the side of the face are the most common. But other areas can be done as well including below the eyes and around the base of the nose. The amount of injected fat is relatively small with less than 10cc in each side of the face. It can be surprising how even small volumes of fat can make a significant volumetric difference.

This procedure can comfortably be done under local anesthesia, with oral or IV sedation if desired. Whether it is done in the office or an OR suite depends on which provides the best sterility and has the required equipment for fat harvesting and preparation.

The unknown variable in this procedure for every patient is how much fat will survive. One should not expect that 100% fat survival will occur. But the lateral face and cheek area are currently thought to be the most favorable with studies reporting up to 70% retention. My experience is closer to 50% so some overfilling is always done. What one sees at three months after treatment can be expected to be retained long-term.

In older patients that may have some loose skin in the jowl or neck, it can be combined with a limited or tuck-up facelift for even better results. While the fat does add volume and can help fill some lax skin, improvement below the facial hollows must come from skin tightening. I have seen some reports which tout that the overlying skin improves after fat grafting, suggesting that the new fat somehow rejuvenates aging skin. Some claim that its is the effect of the transplanted stem cells. I doubt that there are such effects but the underlying volume fill does stretch out the overlying skin and can give the impression of smoother skin.

The Most Common Types of Seizures

There are many common types of seizures that are experienced by individuals that have epilepsy. Medical professionals typically categorize seizures by two unique types.

The first type is referred to as a generalized seizure. The second type is referred to as a partial seizure. In the seizures that are categorized as generalized, there is an increased level of electrical based activity occurring throughout the entire brain.

In those that are identified as partial, this electrical activity is limited to one section of the brain – typically, only a small portion. In this epilepsy guide, you will learn about the most common types of seizures that may be experienced by individuals.

Grand Mal Seizure

The Grand Mal seizure is also identified by medical professionals as the “Generalized Tonic-Clonic”. This is actually considered to be the most severe of all seizures based on the individual’s symptoms that experience it. Most individuals that experience this type of seizure will suffer from rigidity within the muscles.

Eventually, the person may lose consciousness. In nearly all cases related to this type of seizure, the individual will collapse. Individuals that suffer from this type of seizure will typically experience jerking and twitching of the body that is considered to be relatively violent.

The Absence Seizure

The absence seizure is considered to be the next most common type of seizure experienced by individuals. This results in a small lapse of consciousness. This typically lasts for less than a minute. In most cases, it is a matter of just seconds. The sufferer of this type of seizure will typically stop what they are doing and go into a sort of blank mode where they seem to stare off with absolutely no emotion.

Many individuals that experience this type of seizure actually do not realize that they are experiencing it. In most instances, the individual will complain that time has been lost, but nothing more.

The Atonic Seizure

The atonic seizure is another type of common seizure that many epileptic patients suffer from. This actually does not produce too many symptoms, but the symptoms that are experienced may easily result in complications that could result in a serious injury.

When patients experience this type of seizure, they will find that the tone within their muscles is lost. The most common areas of the body that experience this are the arms and the legs. When this occurs, the individual may actually fall. The fall may result in a serious injury.

Myoclonic Seizures

When an individual experiences this type of seizure, their body will start to jerk in a sporadic manner. This is not confined to just one side of the body. Both sides of the body are usually affected by this type of seizure. Many individuals describe the sensation that they get with this type of seizure as an “electrical” sensation.

Many may even describe it as “shocks”. In some cases, individuals that experience this type of seizure will experience bouts of violence. When this happens, the individual may throw things or drop things in an involuntary manner. While these are the most common types of seizures, those with epilepsy may suffer from many others including clonic seizures, and partial seizures.

Golf Stroke Mechanics – The Pre-Stroke

Golf stroke mechanics refers to the processes a golfer goes through when making judgments on how to make a play (swing). This consists of two parts, the pre-stroke and the actual stroke itself. During the pre-stroke the golfer decides on the stance to take, and which club to use.

Pre-Stroke Judgments

Which way to face – The golfer stands with their non dominant side facing the hole. Therefore, if they are right handed, they would face the objective (where they wish to hit the ball) with their left side, alternatively, if left handed, they would then face the objective with their right side.

The golfer's feet – How the golfer stands is dependent on the type of club that has been chosen. If they use a short irons, they position their feet slightly less than shoulder width apart, if a medium iron is used then the feet are placed shoulder width apart, and if a long iron is used then the feet are placed slightly wider than shoulder width apart.

Positioning of the ball – When using short irons, the ball is placed near the centre of the player's stance. When using middle and long irons the ball is placed forward of centre of the player's stance, and when using woods the ball is placed opposite the golfer's heel of the front foot.

Positioning of the golfer's weight – When using short irons, the golfer's weight is placed on the front foot. When using middle irons, the golfer's weight is shifted between both feet during the swing, and when using long irons and woods, the golfer's weight is distributed evenly between both feet.

The golfer's grip – There are three popular types of grip that are used by golfers: Interlocking grip, Vardon Overlap, and Ten finger. The Interlocking grip for right handed players, where the left hand grips the very end of the club, and the right hand grip just below the left, has the little finger of the left hand is intertwined with the index finger of the right hand, The thumb of the left hand is placed in the lifeline area of ​​the right hand. The Vardon Overlap grip, has the little finger of the right hand placed between the left hand's middle and index fingers. Same as with the Interlocking grip, the thumb of the left hand lies within the lifeline of the right hand. Finally, the Ten finger grip requires that the little finger of the right hand is positioned next to the left hand's index finger. The thumb is placed as per the Interlocking grip and the Vardon Overlap grip.

For left handed golfers just switch left for right and right for left in the above descriptions.

After pre-stroke? – That's the end of the pre -stroke judgments, the steps taken by the golfer during the actual stroke (swing) is discussed in another article.

Family Related Health Problems – Inherited Illness

Family related health problems fall into two categories: physical and mental illnesses or syndromes. There are several types of illnesses in both categories that are genetically inherited, often passed down strictly through either the maternal or paternal side of the family genealogy.

One example of a family related disease of a physical nature is that of breast cancer. Generally speaking when a mother experiences breast cancer her daughters should receive regular mammograms in response to their mothers condition. It is a recognized fact in the health community that cancer is indeed inherited through a genetic link.

Sometimes however cancer may skip a generation or even two. A cancer that a grandparent or great-grandparent suffered might not be expressed again until the arrival of grandchildren or great-grandchildren. Unfortunately, one drawback in this case is that early signs of cancer might go unnoticed since cancer in ones ancestors may eventually be forgotten and simply become a part of family history.

Another family related health problem is obesity. It is an undeniable fact that the majority of obese people hail from an obese family genealogy. A conflicting viewpoint is that lifestyle, rather than genetics plays a role in this condition, yet most researchers are undecided on this issue. To be sure lifestyle characteristics are learned from an early age and the sedentary family with poor eating habits is doing a disservice to their children. However, those families who lead a reasonable lifestyle yet continue to suffer weight problems may well express an inherited genetic tendency toward obesity.

Family related mental health problems are also genetically linked. Mood disorders such as Bipolar Disorder and psychoses such as Schizophrenia are typical examples of inherited mental illness. These illnesses too can often skip a generation or two within a family genealogy and therefore go unrecognized and untreated for several years.

Drug and alcohol addictions are yet another family related health problem. The argument again with this issue is whether or not there is an inherited propensity towards addiction or if such a condition is the result of the familial environment. Perhaps there is room for confusion about drug and alcohol addiction as a possible genetic problem since many families may have only one member who suffers from drug dependency. The argument surrounding this phenomenon then is whether or not it is possible that only one family member can inherit a drug or alcohol dependency while others do not.

Finally there is another category entirely of family related health problems. Is it possible to create such an unhappy and dysfunctional environment that family members may become physically and emotionally ill? It would seem that this is very possibly the case, particularly in families experiencing neglect and harsh abuse. In this instance the concept of family related health problems is very literal, as these unfortunate issues are brought about solely by the familial environment and not by an inherited condition.

Do Celebrities Use Toupees

A toupee is considered a hair replacement hairpiece similar to a lace closure but not as small and not as over bearing as a lace wig. They are commonly worn by men to cover a bald spot and celebrities for several reasons. Yes, celebrity men absolutely adore the new innovative naturally appearing toupees. In addition, it is also used for theatrical purposes on actors during a shoot for a TV show or a movie.

Before we begin, it's best to clarify the definition of a celebrity to understand the association. A celebrity is a person who is easily recognized in a society or culture. Being a celebrity is someone who receives media attention and shows an extroverted personality. However, there are various reasons for their popularity and how they became celebrities, whether it is through their profession, appearances in the media or it can be even by struck of luck. Therefore you may come to understand why many of the male celebrities have either grown to enjoy wearing the hairpiece or have chosen to, so that they can maintain that glamorous appearance in the public eye.

The new age toupees are unbelievably undetectable when applied and worn correctly. They seem to be the ideal resolution for men, especially celebrity men experiencing loss of self-esteem as a result of their hair loss condition. If you have any interest on how to spot their hair pieces on celebrities then simply remember these vital characteristics and you will. Those of which are a color mismatch, bad texture, and the appearance of the hairline. A color mismatch is when the color on the top does not match the bottom, which probably means that it is a toupee.

A poor hair texture that does not seem to be caused by over processing or damaged cuticles could be another sign of a hairpiece. Check the hairlines for signs of hair loss or receding hairline. As you age, your hairline gradually recedes, especially if you consistently change it or have it changed like actors would to successfully play their role. Therefore if their hairline seems to be consistent from their early years till now it's probably safe to say that they have had some sort of hair replacement therapy or they have a hairpiece on.

The bottom line is that you should not feel insecure with wearing a toupee because many individuals, especially celebrities use the unit for fashionable purposes and as a solution for their hair loss condition. Wearing a hairpiece now is as common as dying your hair.