Diabetes, The 6 Points That Will Explain It For You

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which patients present with absolute or relative insulin deficiency. It effects about 6% of western populations and is a major contributing factor for heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure and peripheral vascular disease. Diabetes mellitus is also the leading cause of new blindness.

1. Types of Diabetes
There are four forms of the disease, classified as: types 1 and 2, gestational and other specific types.

a. Type 1 Diabetes
In people with type 1 diabetes the pancreas is not producing insulin, so blood glucose levels are higher than normal. People with this form of diabetes require daily insulin therapy to survive. This form is further split into idiopathic diabetes and immune mediated diabetes.

Type 1 accounts for around 10% to 15% of all people with diabetes. It is one of the most serious and common chronic diseases of childhood, with about half of the people with this form of diabetes developing the disease before age 18. It is also known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes.

b. Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is marked by reduced levels of insulin (insulin deficiency) and/or the inability of the body to use insulin properly (insulin resistance). This form of the disease is most common among people aged 40 years and over and accounts for 85% to 90% of all people with diabetes. Most people with type 2 diabetes are obese.

c. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy in about 3% to 8% of females not previously diagnosed with diabetes. It is a temporary form of diabetes and usually disappears after the baby is born. However, it is a marker of much greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life. Screening tests for gestational diabetes are usually performed around the 24th-28th week of pregnancy.

d. Other Specific Diabetes Types
This includes people who have diabetes as a result of a genetic defect, or exposure to certain drugs or chemicals.

2. Causes of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is caused by resistance to, or deficient production of, the hormone insulin, which helps glucose move from the blood into the cells.

In type 1 immune mediated diabetes, pancreatic beta cell destruction results in failure to release insulin and ineffective transport of glucose. There is no known cause for idiopathic diabetes.

In type 2 diabetes, the beta cells release insulin but, receptors are insulin resistant and glucose transport is variable and inefficient. Some people may have conditions that can cause diabetes, such as Cushing’s syndrome, pancreatitis or liver disease.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include;

a. Obesity
b. History of Gestational diabetes
c. Lack of physical activity
d. Hypertension
e. Age 45+
f. Ethnic groupings other than anglo-saxon
g. Low HDL cholesterol levels
h. Impaired glucose tolerance
i. Family history

3. Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes include; dehydration, unexplained weight loss, excessive thirst, frequent need to urinate, fatigue, lethargy, severe irritation and itching, excessive hunger, blurred vision, skin and urinary infections and vaginitis.

4. Diagnosis
Diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance may be detected on routine blood tests as part of a general health check up or investigation for other symptoms or diseases. Diabetes tests check blood glucose levels.

Fasting blood glucose levels are classified as:
Normal: less than 100 mg/dl
Prediabetes: 100 to 125 mg/dl
Diabetes: greater than 125mg/dl

Because symptoms can be mild, diabetes is often detected when a person suffers a problem that is caused by diabetes, such as a heart attack, stroke, neuropathy, poor wound healing or a foot ulcer, certain eye problems, certain fungal infections, or delivering a baby with macrosomia or hypoglycemia.

5. Diabetes Treatment
Effective treatment endeavors to normalize blood glucose and reduce complications using insulin replacement, diet and exercise. For those with very mild diabetes, diet plus weight loss plus exercise may be enough to keep blood glucose within reasonable levels.

Dietary changes should focus on the ideas of weight loss and blood sugar regulation by keeping the blood sugar levels relatively stable throughout the day, avoiding big peaks or troughs.

The principal treatment of type 1 diabetes, even from its earliest stages, is replacement of insulin combined with careful monitoring of blood glucose levels using blood testing monitors.

Type 2 diabetes may require oral anti-diabetic drugs to stimulate body insulin production and increase insulin sensitivity. Various forms of natural supplements for diabetes treatment have also been postulated as effective.

People with unstable diabetes, or those requiring many injections a day, may benefit from an insulin pump which is worn on the body and delivers a continuous infusion of insulin via a needle implanted into the body.

Gestational diabetes is fully treatable but requires careful medical supervision throughout the pregnancy. Even though it may be transient, untreated gestational diabetes can damage the health of the fetus or the mother.

Treatment for all forms of diabetes need not significantly impair normal activities, if sufficient patient training, awareness, appropriate care, discipline in testing and dosing of insulin is taken

6. Complications
Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of adult kidney failure worldwide in the developed world. If undetected or poorly controlled, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney failure, lower limb amputation, heart attack, stroke and impotence.

Obesity – Types and Treatment

Obesity is when a person is carrying too much body fat for their height and sex. A person is considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) – weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared – of 30 or greater. Obesity can happen when you eat more calories than you burn off over a period of time. To most people, the term “obesity” means to be very overweight. Health professionals define “overweight” as an excess amount of body weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water. “Obesity” specifically refers to an excess amount of body fat.

Abdominal Obesity and Limb Obesity

Depending on where fat is stored on the body, obesity can be divided in to abdominal obesity and limb obesity. Abdominal obesity is when fat is mostly distributed over the abdomen and back, and limb obesity is when fat is concentrated around the thighs, arms, legs, and buttocks. Abdominal obesity occurs mainly in men; limb obesity occurs primarily in women.

Hereditary
Obesity tends to run in families, which could signify a genetic cause, or, simply a lifestyle cause. People within the same family tend to share similar diet and exercise habits.
ENVIRONMENTALLY INDUCED OBESITY
Environmental factors associated with obesity include recreational eating, cultural and family eating patterns, job environments that provide or encourage the use of calorie-dense foods, the social role of eating (e.g., dinner parties), and sedentary patterns of employment and recreation.

Constitutional Obesity

Obesity starts from infancy to adult. Usually they have family history of Obesity. They have very good appetite from half a year after birth and body fat cell number begins to increase. Their metabolism is slow and synthesis exceeds catabolism. There will be poor cure effect by limiting diet and strengthening exercise. They are not sensitive to insulin.

Treatment

Successful programs for weight loss reduction and maintenance should be started and followed under the care of a physician and/or a nutritionist. A weight-loss program may include:
• Exercise (the Surgeon General has called for 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week)
• A low-fat, high-complex carbohydrate, high fiber diet
• Behavior modification to change eating behavior
• Social support
• Medications
Diet Therapy
Lifestyle modifications such as increasing physical activity and decreasing calorie intake are recommended instead of “dieting.” Crash diets should definitely be avoided. The best approach to changing your diet is to talk to your doctor to find out what is best for you. Your doctor can provide you with dietary guidelines or refer you to a dietician for further help. Dietary guidelines will differ for each person depending on height, weight, concurrent health conditions, and desired amount of weight loss.
Potential Benefits of Medication Treatment
Over the short term, weight loss in obese individuals may reduce a number of health risks. Studies looking at the effects of weight-loss medication treatment on obesity-related health risks have found that some agents lower blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and triglycerides (fats) and decrease insulin resistance (the body’s inability to use blood sugar) over the short term. However, long-term studies are needed to determine if weight loss from weight-loss medications can improve health.

How Ant Farm Ants Feed and Forage

Feeding

The name harvester ant implies vegetarianism but this is not strictly true. They will eat pretty much anything that contains a bit of nutrition. They do eat seeds in abundance however, mainly from grasses. Several of the grass species actually seed themselves and grow on the ant-hill waste heap so food is just on the doorstep for the ants. They will also eat the seeds from numerous other plants as well as the nectar and pollen from their flowers.

Carnivory

A wide range of carnivorous behaviors is reported for harvester ants. These will include the process whereby the queen will feed unhatched eggs to her first brood. These are called trophic eggs and this behaviour is unique to this species. I am not aware of any examples of cannibalism among harvester ants so your ant farm should be a peaceful community. It is termites, the soft bodies, types that make up about 70% of the ants’ meat consumption. Other larger insects, such as grasshoppers and crickets form the remainder, often the ants will remove the soft tissue from the inside of the insect?s exoskeleton if they cannot move the entire insect to the nest.

Foraging behavior

The most common foraging strategy is individual foraging. In individual foraging, singleton workers will leave the ant nest to forage for food alone. This is thought to be the most primitive of the hunting strategies but also one that is likely to result in the highest rate of losses. A simgle ant is far more vulnerable to predation from other species than a whole group of ants would be. This leads us on to group foraging behavior which is quite extraordinary. Many species, including the Florida, western and red harvester exhibit this behaviour and this is one of the reasons for their success. Sometimes, columns of ants over 100 feet long and two inches in width can be seen and woe betide any small animals that stand in their way. When a group attack takes place the insect (it?s usually an insect) is cut up and taken back to the nest. Often different ants will assume different roles when dealing with prey, from attacking, to dismembering and even digging underneath large prey to make it easier to move. Although the armies of harvester ants on the move are a fearsome sight to many animals, it should be remembered that not all foraging trips are successful. They only come back with food about 60% of the time. So the ants in your ant farm ought to be eternally grateful that you are providing them with food without their having to move from their doorstep.

Rashes – Causes and Home Treatment

What is sun rash?

A rash is defined as a change in the skin’s appearance, which may involve alternations in texture (eg rough or smooth) and/or it’s colour. The skin may also become itchy, warmer, dry, cracked, blistered, lumpy or painful. Depending on where the rash is located, other symptoms you are experiencing, what you have been exposed to and any family history, there are many causes for a rash.

Most of us enjoy the sun, but some people’s skin can be very sensitive to the sun in spring and summer, especially those with pale skin and red hair. For them, exposure to sunlight results in a rash which may recur throughout the summer.

Rashes are generally caused by skin irritation, which can have many causes. A rash is generally a minor problem that may go away with home treatment. In some cases, a rash does not go away or the skin may become so irritated that medical care is needed.

Who is at most risk of getting sun rash?

It is commonly seen in children and young women and tends to be recurrent. Those who suffer from it get relief only during the winter. The condition usually disappears as they get older and reach their 40s or 50s.

Common Causes
A simple rash is called dermatitis, meaning inflammation of the skin. Contact dermatitis is caused by things your skin touches, such as:
·    Dyes and other chemicals in clothing
·    Chemicals in elastic, latex, and rubber products
·    Cosmetics, soaps, and detergents
·    Poison ivy, oak, or sumac
Seborrheic dermatitis is a rash that appears in patches of redness and scaling around the eyebrows, eyelids, mouth, nose, the trunk, and behind the ears. If it happens on your scalp, it is called dandruff in adults and cradle cap in infants.

What are the different types of common skin rashes?
Whether it is used by patients or doctors, the word “rash” does not have an exact meaning or refer to a specific disease or kind of disorder. It’s a general term that means an outbreak of bumps on the body that changes the way the skin looks and feels. Rashes can be localized to one area or else be widespread. The way people use this term, a rash can refer to many different skin conditions. Common categories of rash are
·    scaly patches of skin not caused by infection
·    scaly patches of skin produced by fungus or bacterial infection, and
·    red, itchy bumps or patches all over the body

DIAPER RASH
When your beautiful baby is born, her skin is often perfect in every way. It is softer and smoother than it will ever be again. You are dismayed when she wakes up and her bottom is red and irritated when you change her diaper. What happened! What did you do wrong? Absolutely nothing!
Ringworm

Another skin condition that’s commons this time of year is ringworm. Dr. Marshall says ringworm, despite what the name implies, is a fungal infection of the skin or scalp. It is not caused by a worm. Dr. Marshall explains it can be passed from one child to another or from an infected puppy or kitten. Ringworm of the skin usually causes a scaly, dry, round lesion with a clear center that can be itchy. In the scalp, it usually causes round scaly bald patches in your child’s hair.

Home treatment for minor rashes
Home treatment often can relieve discomfort and itching until a rash clears up. If you have come in contact with a substance that causes contact dermatitis (such as poison ivy, oak, or sumac), immediately wash the area with large amounts of water.

Cold Sore Blisters and Herpes Rash Due to Herpes Simplex Virus

Having cold sore blisters on your lip is a difficult problem, both socially and and physically. It is hard to eat as your sore can open and bleed . Even smiling can be rough due to fact that the sore can crack and delay the healing process. Socially, people want to hide out during a cold sore and this is not possible due to obligations of work, school and family life.

On top of this, some people will get a rash on their body called erythema multiforme minor which is generaly caused by the hsv virus . Ninetly percent of people with erythema multiforme minor have it caused by hsv 1 virus. The rash can be itchy and it may also recur. Fortunately , it doesn’t leave scars. Building your immune system up will help with preventing future recurrences of both cold sores and the herpes rash.

Because the virus is always with you once you get it, be careful to not share cups, toothbrushes or kiss others, especially during the flare ups when the virus is most contagious. Also don’t touch your sore and put in contact lenses afterwards without washing your hands thoroughly or using a santizing gel. There is a form of herpes called occular herpes which can spread to the eye and be dangerous.

Taking lysine , avoiding sunlight on your lip (unless you use spf) and improving the immune system is important. You can shorten the life of cold sores with antivirals that are natural as well as prescription antiviral medications. Be sure to take supplements if you feel you are getting a cold or are exposed to one as many people get a cold sore blister outbreak right when they get sick. Stress is a big factor too so pace yourself before taking tests or giving a presentation so you don’t get into feelings of panic as you approach the deadline. Fortunately, there are natural remedies for cold sores that will shorten their life and prevent further recurrences.

Causes of Psoriasis

Psoriasis (pronounced /s??ra??s?s/) (suh-RI-uh-sus) is a disease which affects the skin and joints. It commonly causes red scaly patches to appear on the skin. The scaly patches caused by psoriasis, called psoriatic plaques, are areas of inflammation and excessive skin production. Skin rapidly accumulates at these sites and takes a silvery-white appearance. Plaques frequently occur on the skin of the elbows and knees, but can affect any area including the scalp and genitals. Psoriasis is hypothesized to be immune-mediated[1][2] and is not contagious.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Pleurisy may develop when you have lung inflammation due to infections such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. It may also occur with rheumatic diseases, chest trauma, certain cancers, and asbestos-related disease.

Certain infections (upper respiratory infections like strep throat)

Various prescription drugs (lithium, propranolol, quinidine, and indomethacin)

Symptoms of Psoriasis

Chest pain when coughing,
Fever,
Rapid shallow breathing, and
Dscomfort when touching the affected area, even lightly.

If symptoms continue for more than a few days or you have breathing difficulties, you should see your GP.

You may also have other symptoms because of the disease or condition that is causing your pleurisy. For example, if it’s a common cold that is causing your pleurisy other symptoms could include headaches, a sore throat and coughing.

Sudden, sharp chest pain that gets worse when you breathe in deeply or cough
Shortness of breath

Psoriasis is most common on the knees, elbows and scalp, but can appear anywhere on the body.

Some people with psoriasis become withdrawn and don’t socialise or form relationships because of the way people react to the appearance of their skin.

Treatment of Psoriasis

There is no particular treatment for pleurisy because it is usually the result of an infection or other condition. However, ibuprofen or aspirin can ease the inflammation around the chest area and relieve pain and discomfort.

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) — These drugs, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, may relieve muscle and joint pain as well as arthritis.

Munomodulating Drugs — These drugs, such as Imuran, Cellcept, Methotrexate and Cytoxan, suppress the immune system. They may allow a reduction in the dose of corticosteroids.

Pleurisy Treatment with Violet Flowers

Violet tea is very good to treat pleurisy as it has more vitamin A than any known plant. Chop 1 tablespoon of violet leaves, flowers, and stems. Pour 1 cup boiling water over the herb and allow steeping, covered, 10 minutes. Strain and sweeten with sugar. Drink as often as desired. Violets are also a great relaxant and this will help to keep the patient calm.

The Aircast Cryo/Cuff combines focal compression with cold to provide optimal control of swelling, edema, hematoma, hemarthrosis, and rib pain pleurisy. Simplicity of design and ease of operation makes it ideal for the ER, post-op, training room and home. Key Benefits Anatomic cuff design for complete coverage Easy to apply and remove Detachable cooler Portable Controlled cold; no known risk of tissue damage Durable and economical. Sizes: One-size-fits-all (14A). Indications: Chronic / acute rib pain pleurisy, Post-op.

How to treat fungal infection naturally

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Fungal infection treatment requires very comprehensive treatments focusing on both internal and external symptoms. Indeed some individuals have had recurring fungal infections due to systemic fungus. Internal treatments include antibiotics, a dietary change and body cleansing. External treatment normally includes topical anti-fungal creams. However, let us look at some of the fungus natural treatment that one can use.

Garlic herb is considered a very strong antimicrobial agent. Garlic is a good fungus natural treatment as it isone of the richest sources of the Germanium. This element is a rich inducer of interferon and is effective in transforming the immune response. Another popular fungal infection treatment is undecylenic acid which is an organic unsaturated fatty acid produced from natural castor oil. The acid is obtained by cracking castor oil under pressure. Undecylenic acid is a well known natural fungicide.

Clove oil is another fungus natural treatment ingredient that is helpful in killing toenail fungus as it has antimicrobial and antifungal properties. The oil is obtained from the clove plant grown in several areas like India, Pakistan, and Indonesia. Other fungal infection treatment available for home remedies that help to battle the fungus, especially in cases of toenail fungi, and in some cases treatments which completely eliminate the same, include vinegar, Listerine, rubbing alcohol and hydrogen peroxide. All you need to do is to soak the affected nails in any of these solutions mixed with equal parts of warm water. Do this for 20 minutes twice a day until all the fungus goes away.

Melaleuca oil, commonly known as tea tree oil, is a very strong fungal infection treatment ingredient. It is obtained from Australia’s Melaleuca tree and has been safely and successfully used for many decades to treat wounds and skin conditions. However, it can be toxic if taken in certain amounts. There is a long list of products that range from skincare to dental products that utilize tea tree oil as a primary ingredient.

Fungal infections are usually not life threatening in otherwise healthy individuals. Nevertheless, a systemic fungal infection may be severe and serious for individuals with compromised immune systems. Good personal hygiene should therefore always be maintained. In the case of surface infections the skin should be kept clean and dry. Take care to avoid contact with other parts of the body. If someone in the household has an external fungal infection all the bed sheets, towels, floors, shower stalls, and other contact surfaces should always be washed in hot water and disinfected after use.

How does Fexofenadine (Generic Allegra) work?

How does Allegra work?
In simple terms, the allergic reaction that is hay fever is an effect of histamine imbalance in the body. It causes symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, itching, runny nose and watery eyes. Allegra brings down the levels of this naturally produced histamine to give relief from the allergic reaction.

Side Effects of Allegra
Being a medication for allergic effects, there are very few Allegra side effects experienced from this drug. Even these are generally mild and include an upset stomach, menstrual pain, cough, fever, earache and dizziness. If however, these become worrisome, you should seek alternatives from your doctor. When taken at the right dose, the chances of any sort of Allegra side effects are minimal. However, an overdose might result in dry mouth, drowsiness and other symptoms that may or may not be dangerous.

One major precaution to be taken during treatment with Allegra is to avoid alcohol as it can increase the level of histamine in the body and make this medicine ineffective.

Guidelines before Taking
Allegra’s use during pregnancy should only be done under medical supervision as there are no clear indications on how it might affect your unborn baby. While Allegra tablets can be administered to adults and children above the age of six years, for younger children, Allegra suspension should be prescribed. Allegra tablets should be taken with a full glass of water, with or without food. Also, avoid taking antacids at least 15 minutes before or after your Allegra dose as the antacid might affect absorption of the drug into the body.

What are the common dosages of Allegra?
Fexofenadine tablets are generally available in dosages of 120mg and 180mg. You should buy Fexofenadine drug according to the dosage prescribed by your doctor and take it by mouth twice daily.

Difference between brand Allegra and Generic Fexofenadine
Branded Allegra contains Fexofenadine, which is also the main ingredient in generic versions. So in terms of effectiveness, both medications are same. But since generics do not carry a brand name, they are cheaper in price and also more widely available. When you buy generic Allegra, you might also find that the tablets are of a different shape, size and colour.

Avoiding Anger and Irritability when Quitting Smoking

Increased irritability is one of the strangely accepted facts about quitting smoking. As nicotine is slowly removed from the bloodstream, you become irritable and unable to concentrate. Why?

The accepted scientific cause for irritability is that it’s a part of nicotine withdrawal, and has to be dealt with just like the rest of the symptoms of withdrawal. This isn’t exactly the case, however.

Virtually everybody who quits smoking begins to regret their decision a few days in, as their learned connection between daily activities and smoking cause them to have cravings for cigarettes. You become frustrated weighing the benefits of quitting versus the immediate gain of being able to concentrate instead of constantly thinking about smoking.

It’s all understandable, I went through the same thing the first few times I tried quitting smoking, unsuccessfully, I might add. Eventually, you give in to the cravings and go right back to smoking. Alternatively, you could stick to your guns and push through…and keep having the cravings for months. That doesn’t sound very fun at all.

The trick to quitting smoking and not having to look back is to convince your mind, from the beginning, that it doesn’t need cigarettes in order to function. Remember, non-smokers don’t feel the urge to light up when they’re stressed, why should you?

You feel the urge to smoke when, for example, you’re stressed because you’ve trained your mind to believe that smoking somehow eases your stress. Sure, it may take your mind off the fact that you’re stressed, but it doesn’t really solve anything.

Effects of Depression

Depression can be devastating to all areas of persons’ everyday life. It isn’t just a personal agony; its effects touch every segment of society and our economy if it is not recognized and treated. If left untreated, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or even years, causing needless pain and suffering, not only to the person who is depressed, but also to those who care about them.

Left untreated, depression will impact society as well as individuals. It leads to broken marriages, unemployment, hunger and homelessness. In work, depressed individuals are liable to be slow and less productive, to be indecisive and uncertain, and to make more mistakes. At home, depressed persons will lack interest in their family and will be unable to enjoy their company and shared activities, and to participate in family life. They will be unable to demonstrate affection for loved ones and uninterested in love-making. They will tend to avoid friends and social gatherings, and be unable to derive satisfaction from hobbies and leisure interests. Depression will not only hurt the depressed persons, but also their family and friends.

People who are depressed tend to view the world in an excessively pessimistic or hopeless light. There is no expectation that things will improve and often this dismal state of affairs is perceived as being their own responsibility. This pessimistic view is harmful for their future and the entire society.

We also can see many physical effects of depression. When an individual develops this condition the body will display the effects in various ways.

The vast majority of people who have depression suffer headaches. Frequent and constant headaches make depression much harder to deal with, because the depressive will already be trying to cope with various other symptoms.

Depression is commonly accompanied by sleep problems. Sufferers may find that they begin to sleep excessively, or they may not be able to get sufficient sleep. Without proper sleep pattern, they will feel constant tiredness and this can add to the negative emotions that they are already feeling. More important, during deep sleep, the bodies’ immune system is under repair. Lack of deep sleep is common amongst depression sufferers. Without this time to repair, our immune system is weakened, making us more susceptible to disease.

Another common physical effect of depression is feeling of fatigue. This symptom can make depression worse because the constant tiredness can make a person feel negative and downbeat.

Fear, Fobia

Fear is one of the greatest enemies which robs us of all our joy, contentment and peace. Fear is really anticipation of loss or harm to one’s sense of "I-ness" or ego. This loss or harm may be physical but more often it is psychological.

Our worries and fears about the future prevent us from experiencing the joy and happiness which exist here right now.

Anxiety, nervousness, worry and phobia are not exactly fears but they are similar to fear in nature.

Enlightened persons have proved after facing all sorts of situations that existence of fear is in mind only. It has no concrete existence anywhere other than your mind. Control of fear is basically control of your mind and imagination and removal of false beliefs anchored in the mind.

Attachment and dependence on external objects: When we feel the intense dependency on something we are inevitably afraid of losing it. What we feel that we must have, is what we fear losing. Rather than squarely facing the fact that everything in life is subject to change, we desperately try to hold on to objects and situations.

Feeling of separateness: Whatever we see as separate from ourselves, inevitably becomes a source of fear. This separation, this duality creates discomfort, disharmony and at times even a feeling of loneliness and isolation.

Disbelief in God and cosmic order: If we don’t believe that there is a ruler of the world who is running the world according to some cosmic order and divine laws, we are bound to be fearful. Such an attitude is bound to keep you in a state of constant insecurity and fear. With disbelief in God, you lose a firm base to hold onto in times of crises and adversities.

Feeling of self-inadequacy: Many people do not have confidence in their calibre and capability and consider themselves as worthless persons. They develop an inferiority complex and always remain self-conscious and shaky before others. The constant feeling of inadequacy lowers their confidence more and more and thus creates a vicious circle of increasing fear for them.

Know the things you fear: Lay your fears out before you, bring them into light and see them as they really are. They will disappear like a mist in front of the Sun.

Do the things you fear: To overcome the fear you will have to take the risk which you have been avoiding all through and finally do the very thing you are afraid of. And you have to continue to do this exercise till such time when the fear totally disappears. Do remember that avoiding fearsome situations is not the solution to remain free from the tyranny of fears.

Don’t identify yourself with the dangers: Observe your dangers from a distance like a spectator. See them coming to you and gradually passing away.

Don’t think constantly about the things you fear: If your thoughts are on something pleasant rather than your fears, you can’t be disturbed, no matter what the fear is. There are many more dangers in life than the ones you are fearing, so be rational about your fears.

What is Anxiety? Anxiety Disorders & Attacks

ANXIETY

The feeling of anxiety is common to all and we have all felt it many times in the course of our lives. But when anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it becomes a disorder.

Find out more on Anxiety Disorders and Panic Attacks

Nearly 40 million people above the age of 18 are affected by this disorder in a given year. Anxiety disorder may be caused by a mental condition, a physical condition, the effects of drugs, or from a combination of these.

Some of the common Types of Anxiety Disorders are:

I PANIC DISORDER

This condition is characterized by periods of intense fear or a psychological distress that lasts for about half an hour.

II GENERAL ANXIETY DISORDER (GAD)

This condition is characterized by excessive anxiety and worry, occurring more days than not for a period of at least 6 months, about a number of events or activities. Having this disorder means always anticipating disaster, often worrying excessively about health, money, family, or work. Sometimes, though, the source of the worry is hard to pinpoint.

III PHOBIC DISORDERS

These are persistent, unreasonable, intense fears (phobias) of situations, circumstances, or objects giving rise to anxiety and avoidance. Phobic disorders are classified as general (agoraphobia and social phobia) or specific.

A) Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia literally means “fear of the marketplace”. Therefore, people with agoraphobia are afraid of open or public places. In reality, most people with agoraphobia are actually afraid of having a panic attack in these settings, especially settings in which there will be no one to help in case of panic attack or an actual emergency.

B) Social Anxiety Disorder

The person suffering from this disorder has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations. The anxiety in this case arises out of the fear of being closely watched, judged or criticized by people around you.

C) Specific Phobias

A specific phobia is fear of and anxiety about a particular situation or object. Specific phobias are the most common anxiety disorders. Among the most frequent are fear of animals zoophobia), heights (Acrophobia) and thunderstorms (Astraphobia or Brontophobia).

i) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD is a type of disorder involving two elements: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are repetitive unwanted thoughts that make you feel anxious. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors and rituals that the patient feels compelled to perform as performing them temporarily reduces the anxiety.

ii) Separation Anxiety

This form of anxiety is a normal developmental stage experienced by a child when separated from the primary caregiver. It typically manifests itself as crying and distress when the child is away from a parent or from home.

ANXIETY MANAGEMENT & TREATMENT

At Home: In certain cases, it is possible to treat anxiety at home. However, these cases are limited to ones where the attack is of a short duration and where you know the reason for the attack. In such cases, stress can be relieved by practicing activities such as: Meditation, Watching TV, Deep breathing , Resting in a dark room etc.

Click here for information on Drug-free Treatment

Medical Treatment: When the nature of attacks is more serious in nature then the patient has to turn to medical treatment. Medical treatment depends on the cause of the anxiety.

There are cases when the cause cannot be identified. In such cases, the only way to treat is control of symptoms.

Medication does not cure anxiety disorders, but it helps to keep them under control while the person receives psychotherapy.

With proper treatment many people with anxiety disorders can lead normal, fulfilling lives.

Cathy M. Ross

Insomnia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment – Scott Gillespie

Insomnia is a chronic inability to get adequate sleep. If you are not able to sleep through the night, have extreme difficulty falling asleep, or get up several times during the night for various reasons on a regular basis, then chances are that you too suffer from insomnia. The numbers of sufferers around the world are staggering and no one really knows the reason for the growing number of people suffering with insomnia. If you suffer with this condition long enough you will find yourself entertaining quite a few day dreams about how to stop insomnia once and for all.

Many Things Cause Insomnia

Stress. This might be the number one factor to cause insomnia. Whether it’s worry about work, health, family or whether the kitchen light has been turned off, when the mind runs on and on, sleep can be very elusive. When this factor is deemed to cause insomnia, it can be a little difficult to sort through at first. When the issues are tackled, however, the insomnia can right itself.

Anxiety. Going beyond stress, anxiety can cause insomnia. In serious anxiety cases, the mind refuses to shut off. This makes sleep difficult at best to obtain. Treating the anxiety, if it is the blamed as the cause insomnia problem, can lessen the issue.

Lack of Sunlight – Sunlight regulates melatonin, a brain chemical that controls body temperature. Normal body temperature is related to good sleep. Without enough sunlight your body literally does not know when to shut down.

EMF Fields – Electromagnetic field energy from electronics, TVs, cell phones, computers and even you home’s electrical system can disrupt your sleep. I’ve had several clients who have cured their insomnia simply be moving all electronics out of their bedroom.

Sleep Apnea – Believe it or not, children can be affected by sleep apnea as well, which is when they stop breathing during their sleep. If you think that this could be the problem with your child, they may need to be evaluated medically to see if this is really the problem. If your child is constantly tired despite sleeping long hours, sleep apnea may well be the culprit.

Insomnia Symptoms

When a person does not fall asleep for a long time after going to bed (around 45 minutes) and tosses and turns, in spite of counting sheep, it is a symptom of insomnia. Pain – physical or mental – is the most obvious reason and the most common. The reason for failing to sleep could be that the mind is racing or hyperactive and aroused due to stress, anxiety or some traumatic experience.

Insomnia Treatment

Relaxation therapy, which uses specific techniques of yoga and different types of meditations are quite useful. Music and aromatherapy can also be used. The idea is to calm the hyperactive, racing mind and relax the muscles. Recondition therapy, in which the insomniac lies down on the bed only when he feels sleepy can also be effective. Other activities like reading, watching TV, or telephoning in bed are banned. If unable to fall asleep, the patient has to get up and engage in something else until he feels sleepy. Lying in bed is used as stimuli and conditions the patient to fall asleep. Sleep restriction therapy, involves allowing the person only a short time in bed.

Binaural Beats are popularly known as healing beats. Though there are some controversies regarding the degree of relief it can make, these binaural soundwaves are widely used in curing Insomnia. The treatment involves a special audio beat. When a patient listens to it, the brain begins to respond with the pulse. These waves help the patient to change his or her brainwaves naturally and the patient can choose to relax.

How to Treat Ingrown Toenails

To non-surgically treat ingrown toenails, follow the procedure below.

•    Start by soaking the foot regularly in warm water.  You will want to do this 3 to 4 times a day.  Be sure to dry the feet thoroughly after soaking.  

•    Wear shoes that do not cramp your toes.  Ingrown toenails often develop when the foot is crammed into a shoe with a toe box that is too short or too narrow.  Be especially wary of athletic shoes that pinch your feet.  Cramped quarters plus sweaty feet make the ingrown toenail more likely to become infected.  You may want to wear sandals or open-toed shoes until the toenail heals.

•    After soaking the feet for 2 to 3 days, attempt to gently lift the ingrown toenail out of the skin.  If the toenail won’t budge, or the situation is not improving, see a podiatrist who can take care of the toenail for you.

•    Some people recommend gently working dental floss or a small piece of cotton in between the toenail and the skin.  This will gradually ease the imbedded nail out of the skin.  You can leave the dental floss in for the day, but be sure to change it regularly to prevent infection!

•    Take over-the-counter pain medications if you need pain relief.  Clean and disinfect the nail regularly.  You may need to consult your podiatrist if you notice any signs of infection (redness, swelling, pus, etc.).

People with chronic ingrown toenails, or who notice that the skin surrounding the nail has become red, excessively swollen or sore to the touch, may need to have a podiatrist treat their condition surgically.  These surgical procedures vary and can include removing a portion of the nail, the entire nail, a portion of the underlying skin (the nail bed) or nearby infected tissue.  

•    Partial Removal of the Infected Toenail.  The doctor will simply trim and remove the ingrown part of your nail.  In order to prevent discomfort, she may first inject local anesthesia into the infected toe.

•    Removal of Nail and Tissue.  For people with chronic ingrown toenails, a portion of the nail bed tissue may need to be removed along with the toenail.  The doctor will normally remove the nail with clippers or small scissors, and the tissue with a laser or chemical solution.

•    Removal of the Full Toenail.  This procedure is usually avoided because it encourages the toenail to grow back deformed.

Recovery time is crucial for people who have had their ingrown toenails surgically removed.  The exposed nail bed may be extremely sore, and it can take 3 to 4 months before the nail grows back healthily.  Protective footwear is absolutely essential.  Look for shoes with good ventilation and ample room in the toe box so that your toes will not be pinched.

treatment for toenail fungus

Nail Fungus is a tough condition to have, not only it damages your nail, but it is also an embarrassing quandary that affects around 13% of people across America. We have to face it; once we have a nail fungus infection, we have to deal with it and pick up out how to cure nail fungus for righteous. There are different options out there for the treatment of nail fungus infections, from medicines to home remedies. The exhaust of them should not be taken lightly, and must follow a recommendation from a profitable doctor. Auto-medication can be very hazardous, even more so when we don’t know exactly the kind of infection we have. So, how to cure nail fungus? If we are going to spend pharmaceuticals, doctors recommend oral treatments such as Itraconazole, Fluconazole or Terminafine. These medicines back us growing a fresh nail, of course this current nail will be 100% healthy.

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Then we have to wait for this unique nail to fully grow. This treatment takes several months to complete, and it is not the only one. Actually all nail fungus treatments can rob up more than a year with the risk of the fungus to reappear. Topical medications can be old to complement oral medications. These creams will be applied directly to the skin. You can also apply anti fungal lacquer to the nail, once every seven days on your nail and surrounding skin. Another answers to “how to cure nail fungus” arrive in the execute of natural remedies. The rise of homeopathic medicine over the last decade, has made possible the exercise of famous oils. Tea Tree Oil and Pure oregano famous oil are very well-liked because of their properties. These oils are antiseptic, anti fungal and analgesic. Their application has to be daily and the duration of the treatment is long also. Remember that these are honest options. When you go to the doctor, you will accept a better diagnosis that will befriend you pick up the apt treatment for you. If you don’t like today’s medicine, now is easy to collect homeopathic medicine experts that also can wait on you.

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