Fast Food and Obesity

Does fast food cause obesity? That depends on what you might call fast food. The simple answer is no, but the explanation of how fast food and obesity are interrelated may surprise you.

Before we begin, you might want to read a little about the history of childhood obesity in order to see how this correlation between fast food and obesity may prove true.

White Castle restaurant has been credited with creating the first “fast food” chain back in 1921. However, hamburgers weren’t even eaten regularly and were considered unclean and unsafe back then. (My how times have changed!)

At this same time, there was practically no mention of obesity in the US or elsewhere. People were overweight, but not to the extent that we are today. Since obesity was almost non-existent, an author in the Literary Digest in 1923 asked ““Are we going to become a physically lazy nation, and, through lack of exercise, a people of pendulous abdomens and small legs?”
Seems as though the 1920’s may have been a precursor to our hefty sizes today.

In the 1940’s, drive in restaurants were first established and began growing in popularity across the US. Obesity begins to rise, but very few statistics were kept. This was the age of our parents and grandparents. The World War II Era. The first McDonald’s had just opened toward the end of the decade. Now fast food was just beginning to take off.

Obesity in the 1950’s

Now we are beginning to see obesity in the news, and statisticians are keeping track of the health of our nation. We now have solid data from that bygone age and we can get real facts on how fat we are. Still, “Does fast food cause obesity” is being asked and answered in several different ways. You decide for yourself

In pre-1940, it is almost impossible to find data on the rate of obesity in America. However, in the 1950’s, we do have some pretty good data to work with.

So, does fast food cause obesity? Here is an article that gives vital information that may relate to that question.

According to the CDC, Americans had a 33% prevelance of being overweight, and a 9.7% prevelance of obesity. Also, there was no data showing that anyone was “severely obese” (BMI >40).

However, flash forward a decade, and we see obesity on the rise, and the number of fast food chains growing as well. McDonalds was franchising all over California and eventually outside of the state in the fifties. KFC got its start in 1952 in Salt Lake City. Burger King started in Miami in 1954. Pizza Hut opened its first door in 1958 in Wichita. So we begin to see a rise in fast food franchises in the 1950s. Of course they took a little time to catch on, but they were household names by the 1960s. Does fast food cause obesity? Keep reading to find out more…

Obesity in the 1960s and 1970s

In the 1960s, obesity went up about to about 11.3% of the nation. By the 1970s, obesity was well into the double digits at 14.4%. Also in the 1970s, Americans spent a total of $6 Billion on fast food! As you can see, fast food and obesity have a small correlation at this time.

Obesity in the last two decades

Flash forward to the 1980s when there was a 78% increase in the number of fast food stores during the decade. By the end of the 80s, there were almost 120,000 fast food restaurants in the US.

During that same time, obesity in the US rose to almost one quarter of the population (23%)! The number of overweight individuals surpassed the 50% mark and reached 56% of the population. Things are starting to look glum, aren’t they?

By the end of the 1990s, obesity finally rose to 30%! That is almost one in three people being considered obese. Not to mention the fact that two-thirds of the nation was considered overweight in 2000. At that same time, guess how much Americans spent on fast food? Well, obesity doubled since the 70s, think maybe spending doubled too? Try again! Drum roll please….

Americans spent $110 billion on fast food in 2000!

Disgusted? Me too! And, in 2006 it was expected to reach $142 Billion

Considering about one in three people are obese and we are spending more on fast food now than any other time in history, it sill begs the question, “Does fast food cause obesity?”

I would have to say that when coupled with our lack of physical activity and the horrendous nutritional value of most fast food, that yes, fast food is contributing to the rising tide of obesity in adults and children alike!

What do you think? Does fast food cause obesity? Please let us know and add a comment in the blog or tag this feed and comment there.

Pemf Technology! NASA Secret Now Exposed!

Most people recognize that oxygen, food, and water are extremely essential aspects of well-being. Interestingly, very few folks understand that Magnetic Resonance Stimulation, (sometimes referred to as “MRS” or PEMF with means “Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields”), is also crucial for every living thing on Earth. Actually NASA, (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and RKA, (the Russian Federal Space Agency), have been using MRS and PEMF Therapy to help prevent magnetic deficiency disorders in their space-traveling explorers for many years. And, since the earliest space missions, many studies have shown that living human tissue and cells absolutely need PEMF.

When these magnetic fields are so important to life as we know it, why haven’t you heard of PEMF or MRS as often as you have the need to drive 8 glasses of water a day? Great question. In the past, people didn’t really need to concern themselves with PEMF. The Earth supplied adequate amounts and people lived a lot differently than we do now. They were outdoors more often and always receiving sufficient quantities of MRS naturally.

Recently, however, modern life has changed the way humans interact with nature and people have altered the Earth’s ability to produce PEMF. People have realized the benefits of PEMF Therapy and have increasingly sought out answers.

In the past, man lived outside or in buildings made of natural materials, (such as huts and adobe homes). Humans also spent a lot of time outside farming crops and hunting. But now, many people spend large quantities of time inside metal and concrete buildings. They work in them, shop in them, and go home to sleep in them. Many people no longer need to farm or hunt

Additionally, the PEMF that our planet IS producing is actually about 50% weaker than it was in the 1700?s. The reasons for this decline are unclear but some scientists believe it is linked to other environmental issues.

Our modern lives also bombard us with unnatural, (aka “bad”) PEMF from PCs, laptops, notebooks, cellular telephones, TVs, mp3 players and other devices

and may spend as little as 10% of their time actually outdoors. In the past, people travelled by horseback or on camels or other animals – outside and in touch with nature. But today, we find ourselves increasingly stuck in cars and subway cars and other metal and plastic and man-made modes of transportation. People also wear shoes, often with rubber soles rather than walking around barefoot or in shoes made from natural materials. All of these things separate us from the Earth’s natural PEMF.

Our bodies are being assaulted on all sides and may be literally starving for PEMF. PEMF bed supplies users with all-natural, Earth based PEMF.

This device allows people to bask in a relaxing bath of natural PEMF which allows to recharge the body’s batteries by restoring a natural balance to the body. The PEMF has been shown to be able to increase energy, improve mental focus, reduce pain, reduce inflammation, and allow folks to sleep better at night. It has also been a successful way to help prevent certain illnesses and even helps to facilitate relaxation and enhance people’s mood.



Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy, PEMF. How does it work?

All living cells within the body possess potentials between the inner and outer membrane of the cell, which, under normal healthy circumstances, are fixed. Different cells, e.g. Muscle cells and Nerve cells, have different potentials of about -70 mV respectively. When cells are damaged, these potentials change such that the balance across the membrane changes, causing the attraction of positive sodium ions into the cell and negative trace elements and proteins out of the cell. The net result is that liquid is attracted into the interstitial area and swelling or oedema ensues. The application of pulsed magnetic fields has, through research findings, been shown to help the body to restore normal potentials at an accelerated rate, thus aiding the healing of most wounds and reducing swelling faster. The most effective frequencies found by researchers so far, are very low-frequency pulses of a 50Hz base. These, if gradually increased to 25 pulses per second for time periods of 600 seconds (10 minutes), condition the damaged tissue to aid the natural healing process.
Pain reduction is another area in which pulsed electromagnetic therapy has been shown to be very effective. Pain signals are transmitted along nerve cells to pre-synaptic terminals. At these terminals, channels in the cell alter due to a movement of ions. The membrane potential changes, causing the release of a chemical transmitter from a synaptic vesicle contained within the membrane. The pain signal is chemically transferred across the synaptic gap to chemical receptors on the post-synaptic nerve cell. This all happens in about 1/2000th of a second, as the synaptic gap is only 20 to 50 nm wide. As the pain signal, in chemical form, approaches the post-synaptic cell, the membrane changes and the signal is transferred. If we look at the voltages across the synaptic membrane then, under no pain conditions, the level is about -70 mV. When the pain signal approaches, the membrane potential increases to approximately +30 mV, allowing a sodium flow. This in turn triggers the synaptic vesicle to release the chemical transmitter and so transfer the pain signal across the synaptic gap or cleft. After the transmission, the voltage reduces back to its normal quiescent level until the next pain signal arrives.
The application of pulsed magnetism to painful sites causes the membrane to be lowered to a hyper-polarization level of about -90 mV. When a pain signal is detected, the voltage must now be raised to a relatively higher level in order to fire the synaptic vesicles. Since the average change of potential required to reach the trigger voltage of nearly +30 mV is +100 mV, the required change is too great and only +10 mV is attained. This voltage is generally too low to cause the synaptic vesicle to release the chemical transmitter and hence the pain signal is blocked. The most effective frequencies that have been observed from research in order to cause the above changes to membrane potentials, are a base frequency of around 100Hz and pulse rate settings of between 5 and 25Hz.
Lecture abstract Dr. D. Laycock, Ph.D. Med. Eng. MBES, MIPEM, B.Ed.

The wonderful magnetic pemf therapy has stunned health professionals a lot. The simple magnetic force which took more than a whole bunch of years for scientists to know is now recognized for its important advantages it gives to the human body. The magnetic force helps in reducing discomfort and ache and thereby, improves the general health. Because of the significance of magnetic discipline on the human physique the scientists have launched units that work on Pulsed Electro Magnetic Pressure or pemf therapy. These units help to enhance the move stage of the blood and it additionally scale back pain. One of the vital frequent problems that large number of individuals faces in their everyday life is that they feel discomfort after they have to sit down for a long time period. A PEMF therapy cushions or mats reduces stress and gives reduction instantly. The cushions or mats provide reduction from other kind of discomfort or physical stress as well. The health problems like indigestion, headaches and strained muscle mass, etc can all be treated with PEMF therapy. The PEMF therapy with its therapeutic effects relieves power pain. The cushion or mat has superior high quality of magnets inside it. These magnets are very secure and likewise very effective. Because the magnetic discipline is available in contact with the physique, a feeling of leisure is skilled and likewise the stress is minimized. Because the physique is relieved from the stress, a brand new vitality gets restored and thus, the physique is energized. The consumer of the PEMF therapy received t be capable of see these magnets but these are positioned in such a way that they offer maximum therapeutic value.

The PEMF therapy additionally helps to combat frequent health problems that most people experience in their regular lives like migraine headaches, menstrual ache, osteoarthritis, power back pains, and etc. A temporary reduction from these problems can be achieved by taking medication but PEMF therapy might result in other health problems. pemf therapy is a secure methodology to eliminate these various problems. There are no negative effects hooked up to these problems and likewise, there is no such thing as a chance of overdose. The PEMF therapy for round 10 to 20 minutes every day may cause drastic change in your health. The PEMF therapy has shown many seen positive affects to our physique like: Decreased ache Improved circulation Improved sleep Nerves regeneration Improves the wound heal capacity Enhanced immunity system of our physique Helps to strengthen bones Prompt reduction from fatigue Reduces stress levels Reduction from muscle pressure.
Anybody can make use of this. Youngsters, adults and previous can profit from PEMF therapy. The pregnant girls and other people with pace makers are suggested to seek the advice of a health care provider before using these. To have a greater idea of assorted PEMF therapy, you possibly can all the time undergo the reviews written by their users.


Diabetes mellitus: Blood sugar level in diabetes slowly reduce when treated with Pulsed Electromagnetic Field. The reduction in blood sugar level can be brought to a near normal or normal stage.

This reduction is mostly because of increased metabolism of glucose in the tissues and increase in the production of insulin in the pancreas and its utilization at the receptor level. gastrointestinal conditions in which PEMF Therapy is effective are GASTRITIS, PEPTIC ULCER, ULCERATIVE COLITIS, IRRITABLE COLON, HEMORRHOIDS etc.

Bronchial Asthma: In this condition the obstruction in the bronchioles are reduced gradually. Liquefies the sputum and facilitates to come out spontaneously. The anti-inflammatory action of PEMF helps in increasing the space inside the bronchitis and there by free air movement takes place. In those patients who have undergone this treatment the Forced Vital Capacity, Forced expiatory Volume and Peak expiatory Flow Rate of the lung has been found increased by 27% and 33% respectively. In case of PEFR the increase was 40%.

At the end of treatment there was no wheezing and dyspnea in almost all cases, other respiratory conditions in which this treatment is effective are COMMON COLD, TONSILLITIS, SINUSITIS, CH.BRONCHITIS, BRONCHIECTASIS etc.

Cardio Vascular Diseases: Let us see how PEMF can be used for the prevention of Heart Attack. In hypertensive people the blood cholesterol level is reduced. Centrally mediated vascular dilatation also helps in the reduction of blood pressure. Increases the circulation of blood in all the blood vessels. This helps to increase the supply of nutrition to all the tissues of the body and also prevents platelet aggregation. Some studies conducted in Russia shows that the thickening of the blood vessels can be reduced in atherosclerotic condition due to the disintegration of plaques. PEMF has a peculiar property of blocking the oxygen free radicals which are responsible for cadic cell damage. All this contribute to prevention of block in coronary arteries which supplies blood to heart, and there by prevents heart attack. Other vascular conditions in which PEMF is effective are PHLEBITIS, ENDARTERITIS, VARICOSE VEIN etc.

Bone and Joint Disorders: The metabolic errors in the connective tissue around the diseased joint is corrected. Hydrozyprolin, hezosamine, creatinine, uronic acid etc are found in increased amount in the urine of these patients. PEMF corrects the metabolic activity in the cells and there by reduction in these abnormal products in urine results. Along with reduction in pain and swelling of the joint, there is an increase in the mobility of the joint. SPEEDY FRACTURE HEALING is an important aspect to be mentioned. Union of the fractured bones takes place almost within half the time required for normal healing. This treatment is effective in OSTEO AND RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS, LOW BACK PAIN including disc displacement, OSTIOMYLITIS and ARTHRITIS of varying etiology.

Brain and Mind Disorders: Keeping the patient in a specific controlled PEMF, with the help of EEG, it has been found out that pre-eminent Alpha Waves are formed in the brain indicating enhanced brain electrical activity suggestive of clam, inward directed restful alertness.

PEMF send into the brain through the skull, by inductive cupping, will induce a current in the area and it stimulates the brain cells. The PEMF also enhance the higher brain functions such as better learning capacity, memory, creative thinking etc. So this is a possible modality of therapy for brain–mind disorders like DEPRESSION, AGGRESSION, ANXIETY, STRESS etc, and conditions like PARKINSONISM, EPILEPSY, MIGRAINE, STROKE, ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE, DEGENERATIVE CONDITIONS OF BRAIN etc.

In children CEREBRAL PALSY, MENTAL RETARDATION, HYPERACTIVITY, LEARNING DISABILITIES ETC can be improved to a better and higher degree of activity by stimulation of PEMF on the Central Nervous System.

Geneto Urinary Conditions: In females conditions like MENSTRUATION IRREGULARITIES, STERILITY, ENDOMETRITIS, ENDOMETRIOSIS etc and in males conditions like ORCHITIS, PROSTATITIS, OLIGOSPERMIA etc can be treated successfully with PEMF.

Skin Diseases and other Conditions: This treatment gives a better result in chronic ulcers and delayed wound healing than any other mode of treatment. In conditions of trauma and physical break down of athletes this therapy will give complete relief. For ECZEMA, NEURODERMATITIS BURNS and such other skin conditions this treatment is very useful.


One sentence answer is by increasing the efficiency of brain cells in synthesizing the neurochemicals required for the transmission of impulses or commands at the synaptic level and by improving the electrical activity of these cells. Brain is a neurochemicals complex. The efficiency of the brain or intellectual capacity of the brain depends upon the efficient performance of the brain cells and production of the chemicals that are called neurotransmitters.

Too much of dopamine can make you hyperactive, while too little it causes or results in uncoordinated movements of limbs (Parkinson’s). Less acetylcholine, a neurochemicals, in the brain is the reason for Dementia especially Alzheimer’s type. If the cells are stimulated repeatedly, after showing inhibition, they rebound and become more active than before. Since PEMF has the ability to stabilise the Genes and prevent the activity of oxygen free radicals formed in the cells, it helps to retard the aging process.

PEMF THERAPY IS VERY EFFECTIVE in almost all acute and chronic diseases. Along with medicines, PEMF therapy go a long way in reducing the duration of treatment and cost of medicines. Since it will reduce the blood cholesterol level, help in the disintegration of etheroma of arteries and increase circulation, this therapy can even be use for the prevention of heart attack.

Nasa Study (Summary)
NASA 4-year collaborative study on the efficacy of electromagnetic fields to stimulate growth and repair in mammalian tissues

CHIEF INVESTIGATOR:Thomas J. Goodwin, Ph.D. Lynden B Johnson Space Center

PURPOSE:This four year study used human donors “to define the most effective electromagnetic fields for enhancing growth and repair in mammalian tissues.”

To utilize “nerve tissue which has been refractory to efforts to stimulate growth or enhance its repair regardless of the energy used.” (all other tissues have demonstrated growth and repair stimulation with appropriate PEMF)

To define a PEMF technology that would “duplicate mature, three dimensional morphology between neuronal cells and feeder (glial) cells, which has not been previously accomplished.”

RESULTS:The PEMF used in the study “caused accelerated growth rate and better organized morphology over controls”, and resulted in “greater cell viability” (85% vs. 65%).

In the gene discovery array (chip technology that surveyed 10,000 human genes), the investigators found up-regulation of 150 genes associated with growth and cell restoration.

T. Goodwin (personal communication) ” PEMF shut down each dysregulatory gene we studied”.NASAs CONCLUSION:

“The up-regulation of these genes is in no manner marginal (1.7-8.4 logs) with gene sites for collagen production and growth the most actively stimulated.”

“We have clearly demonstrated the bioelectric/biochemical potentiation of nerve stimulation and restoration in humans as a documented reality”.

“The most effective electromagnetic field for repair of trauma was square wave with a rapid rate of change (dB/dt) which saw cell growth increased up to 4.0 times.”

They further noted that “slowly varying (millisecond pulse, sine wave) or non varying DC (CW lasers, magnets) had little to no effect.”

Final Recommendation: “One may use square wave EM fields with rapid rate of change for”:

> repairing traumatized tissues
> moderating some neurodegenerative diseases
> developing tissues for transplantation

*the first study to clarify technologies and efficacy parameters for tissue growth and restoration





Magnetism is one of the universe’s fundamental powers. It has been used medicinally in China for over 2,000 years. Our ability to produce and control electro-magnetic fields and to use them to diagnose and treat has expanded enormously with the advent of electricity and electro-magnetics.

PEMF Therapy is the application of electro-magnetic fields to treat and promote health. Although this emerging technology may be new to North America, it has been studied systematically throughout Eastern Europe and in the countries of the former Soviet Union for over 40 years and is a standard treatment for many conditions.

How important is PEMF Therapy? In 1992 Dr. Andrew Bassett, who helped pioneer the first FDA approved device using pulsed electro-magnetic fields, wrote, “In the decade to come bioelectro-magnetics will assume a therapeutic importance equal to, or greater than, that of pharmacology and surgery today. With proper interdisciplinary effort, significant inroads can be made in controlling the ravages of cancer, some forms of heart disease, arthritis, hormonal disorders, and neurological scourges such as Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis.”

Effects of Magnetic Pulse Therapy have been studied in:

Alzheimer’s Disease • Amyotropic Lateral Sclerosis • Arthritis • Asthma • Atherosclerosis • Bone Healing • Bronchitis • Burns • Cervical Osteoarthritis • Chronic Venous Insufficiency • Dental Problems • Depression • Diabetes • Elbow Pain • Endometriosis/Endometritis • Epilepsy • Eye Disorders • Facial Nerve Neuropathy/Paralysis • Fibromyalgia • Glaucoma • Gynecology • Headache • Hearing Loss • Heart Disease • Herpetic Stomatitis • Hypertension • Insomnia • Kidney Failure/Inflammation/Stones • Knee Pain • Laryngeal Inflammation • Leprosy • Limb Lengthening • Liver/ Hepatitis • Lupus Erythematosus • Lymphadenitis • Mandibular Osteomyelitis • Maxillofacial Disorders • Migraine • Multiple Sclerosis • Muscle Rehabilitation • Muscular Dystrophy • Neck Pain • Nerve Regeneration • Neuropathy • Optic Nerve Atrophy • Osteochondrosis • Osteoporosis • Pain • Pancreatitis • Parkinson’s Disease • Paroxysmal Dyskinesia • Pelvic Pain • Peptic – Duodenal Ulcer • Periodontitis • Pneumonia • Poisoning – Detoxification • Post-Mastectomy • Post-Polio Syndrome • Post-Herpetic Pain • Prostatitis • Pseudoarthrosis • Psoriasis • Rheumatoid Arthritis • Schizophrenia • Seasonal Affective Disorder • Shoulder Pain • Sinusitis • Sleep – Insomnia • Spinal Cord Injury • Stroke • Tendonitis • Tinnitus • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation • Trophic Ulcer • Tubal Pregnancy • Tuberculosis • Urinary Incontinence • Urinary Inflammation – Trauma • Uterine Myoma • Vasomotor Rhinitis • Vestibular Dysfunction • Whiplash • Wound Healing • Wrinkles.

Besides addressing specific conditions, many health promoting benefits have been reported, including increased energy and availability of oxygen, enhanced transport of ions (calcium, potassium, sodium) across cell membranes, improved circulation, enhanced sleep, pain relief and stress reduction. There is speculation that regular PEMF treatment may increase longevity and quality of life.

Magnetic fields pass through the body as if it were transparent which may account for many, far-reaching and systemic effects.

Reported effects include:

• Vasodilation
• Reduction of edema
• Reduced platelet adhesion
• Fibrinolysis
• Acceleration of enzyme reactions
• Enhanced calcium, sodium and other ion movement
• Muscle relaxation
• Stimulation of nitric oxide production
• Enhanced membrane function
• Enhanced sodium – potassium exchange
• Improved cellular energy
• Immunity changes
• Amino acid changes
• Reduced nerve cell firing
• Repair of soft tissue
• Free radical effects
• Anti-oxidant stimulation
• Brain Function Effects
• Stress Reduction
• Hormonal Changes
• Learning Changes
• Scar Modification
• Enhanced Metabolism
• Water Modification
• Electrolyte Changes
• Bone Healing
• Acceleration of Bone Formation
• Autonomic Nervous System Actions
• Enhanced Oxygenation
• Inflammation Reduction
• Sleep Improvement
• Changes in metabolism of medications
• Liver Function Changes
• Enhanced Wound Healing
• Improved Fertility
• Receptor Binding Changes

Constipation and Rashes

Our world stops when our children don’t feel well. Minor symptoms of a child illness we don’t waste a minute and head straight to a family physician. Two common illnesses – constipation and rashes – on kids are constantly usual on ages between 4-6 years old. To prevent them is easy if we know what it is, the diagnosis and the follow-up to impede it from coming back.


A rash is a change in skin affecting a change in color, appearance, or texture. A rash may be localized to one area of the body or affect all the skin. Rashes can be due to drug reaction, infection or an allergic reaction to the skin. Most rashes caused by viruses don’t harm your child and subsides over time without any treatment. However, some childhood rashes have serious or even life-threatening causes. And as a parent, you should be familiar with it. Rashes can take any forms and causes the skin to change color, become itchy, become warm, bumpy, dry, cracked or blistered, swell and may be painful — especially to children.

Common causes of rashes include anxiety, allergies, skin contact with an irritant, bacterial infections, fungal infections, reaction to vaccination, eczema or acne, sunbur, irritation, autoimmune disorders, lead poisoning, or pregnancy. For children, some rashes are associated symptoms of certain diseases so be cautious of its appearance. Such diseases with rash symptoms have three types: bacterial and viral rashes, life threatening rashes, and fungal and parasitic rashes.

Many childhood diseases have bacterial or viral causes and include a rash of some type. Continuing research on immune system, such diseases become less of a threath to your child’s health. Common bacterial and viral rashes are chickenpox, measles and rubella, scarlet fever, fifth disease, roseola infantum, impetigo and other enteroviruses.

Life-threatening rashes are uncommon. If your child obviously appears ill, you should go to your a hospital or clinic for rashes immediately. Life-threatening rashes include fever and petechiae, meningococcemia, rocky mountain spotted fever, lyme disease, Kawasaki disease, and toxic shock syndrome.

Children share many things and less likely to take hygiene precautions than adults, so always keep an eye on what your children holds or even put at their mouth. Pay attention to prolonged itching that hits your children. Scabies, ringworm, and athlete’s foot
are common fungal and parasitic rashes.

Rashes in the NewBorn — The most delicate age to take care of are newborn babies, and even they never get away with rashes. It is common to newborn babies to have diaper rashes, but there are other irritations like milia, cradle cap, erythema toxicum, infantile acne, prickly heat, candidal rash, and seborrheic dermatitis.

Some rashes are normal, but if it becomes chronic, directly go to a clinic for rashes and see a pediatric immediately.


Constipation is a condition of the digestive system where a person experiences hard feces that are difficult to egest. For children, it is extremely painful. Always be alerted on your child’s bowel movement. Signs that your child is constipated is evident with painful bowel movement, having less than 3 stools in a week, large and hard bowel movements, swollen belly, loss of appetite, blood mixed in with the stool, abdominal pain, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, urinary incontinence, frequent urination, bed-wetting, and reappearing urinary tract infections.

Constipation is caused by not eating enough fiber or drinking enough water, eating and drinking to many milk products, switching from breast milk to formula milk or cow’s milk, some illness and medications.

To prevent constipation, it is important to eat a balanced diet with fibers, drinking plenty of water and juice, avoid too much intake of dairy products, and encourage your child to take bathroom breaks.

Constipation is harmless and can be treated at home, but if it becomes chronic, you need medical attention from child pediatrics.


For more information on prevention and cure of constipation and rashes, and if you are from Michigan, you may visit this clinic for child constipation and rashes.

Natural Cold Sore Cure Using Bleach

Cold sore cures are many and you will find that the internet is full of information on it. However, there are high chances that other remedies suggested on the net will not work on you and you will end up spending more time and energy before searching a remedy that works.

What you need is a remedy that works and works fast irrespective of your skin type etc.

Surely you do not have the time to go looking for a remedy and trying everything which comes your way if you are planning to attend a party that very night.

Bleach is then the answer to your problems; use bleach and get rid of that pestering cold sore now.

I would highly recommend using bleach for curing cold sores and as a frequent sufferer of cold sores there is not one remedy that works like this.

However, that does not mean that you apply the bleach full on and in its raw stage. Never even try doing that because other than not curing your cold sore, it will burn through your skin leading to other skin problems.

There are certain procedures that you have to follow when you are using bleach cold sore cure.

At first, just when the itchiness starts, usually a premonition that you are going to have a cold sore, get a little bit of bleach in its full concentration. Also get boiled or distilled water, whichever is more available and take a Q-tip.

Now, dip this q-tip in the distilled or boiled water and then dip it in the bleach in its raw state. Now, you need to squeeze the Q-tip in a manner which will allow most of the liquid to run off leaving the tip just moist enough.

After all of this is done, rub the Q-tip along your cold sore and keep it there for some time.

Repeat this practise for three or four more times and you will get rid of your cold sore just like that. So, bleach is an effective cold sore cure.

Scalp Psoriasis

What is Scalp psoriasis?

As the term suggests, scalp psoriasis is psoriasis involving the scalp. It is common and approximately half of all people with psoriasis have it on their scalp. The reason it
deserves special mention is that it can be particularly difficult to treat and usually requires specifically formulated medicines.

Psoriasis in the scalp forms in the same way as in other parts of the body but the effect of the hair is to trap the scale and stop it being rubbed away as it is, for instance, with psoriasis on the elbow. The result is that the scale can quickly build up causing a thicker plaque which becomes more difficult to treat. This difficulty is compounded by the hair which also acts as a physical barrier obstructing the application of creams and ointments to the affected skin.

The net result can be stubborn thick scaly plaques which require specifically formulated scalp treatments.

What are the symptoms?

Scalp psoriasis causes redness and scaliness which may also involve the hairline, the
forehead, behind the ears and the back of the neck. It can range from very mild with
slight fine scaling to very severe crusted thick scaling covering the entire scalp which
can in some cases cause hair loss during the flare, but will normally grow back.
A correct diagnosis of scalp psoriasis is essential in treating the condition as there are
other skin disorders which may look similar such as seborrhoeic dermatitis. The
difference being that scalp psoriasis scales appear fine with a silvery colour, whilst
seborrhoeic dermatitis scales often are yellowish and greasy. One of the most
frustrating symptoms is the constant shower of scale on to your collar and shoulders.

What is the treatment?

It should be mentioned that children can get scalp psoriasis too. Treatments will be
much the same as used for adults. There are many treatment options that can help scalp psoriasis and they all need to be used regularly. Treatments can be time consuming and it is important to select one that fits in with your lifestyle. On rare occasions scalp psoriasis has been known to have spontaneous remissions but can also remain on the scalp for lengthy periods of time

Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance

A principal source of information on psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis too. Bear in mind however, that the treatments used should never be worse than the psoriasis itself. If this is the case consult your doctor for further advice or alternative treatment options.

It is also important to realise that good patient compliance and experimentation to find an effective treatment plan which may include treatments such as topical medications and ultra violet UV light can often be combined and rotated depending on psoriasis resistance to repeated medicinal use.

With all treatments it can take at least eight weeks until you get adequate control of the plaques. Once you have achieved this it is important to maintain any improvement, and this can usually be done with regular use of a tar shampoo.

Here is a list of topical treatments that you may find useful for scalp psoriasis:

Tar Products

Tar shampoos, gels, ointments and creams are commonly used to treat scalp psoriasis. They may be combined with other medications such as salicylic acid, to help remove scale, or coconut oil, to moisturise the skin. Tar is effective but it can stain clothing and jewellery and has a strong smell. As a result, some people dislike using it. The precise instructions for use will depend on the formulation of the product but tar products are usually massaged into the scalp, left in contact for a period of time, and then rinsed off. Clothes and bedding can be protected from staining by wearing a shower cap during the contact period.

Topical Steroids

These scalp products are usually formulated as liquids, gels, oils, foams, sprays or
shampoo. They range from mild to very strong potency. They should not be used for
long periods of time. Ideally, they should be used regularly for a few weeks to bring the psoriasis under control, and then gradually phased out, giving way to maintenance with a coal tar shampoo. Abrupt stopping of steroids can result in a rebound or worsening of psoriasis. It is not advisable to use steroid preparations on your face, other areas of sensitive skin such as under the breast and genitals and around the eyes, unless directed by your doctor. Most topical steroid medications are designed specifically for treating scalp psoriasis. These formulations are usually water and alcohol based which make them easier to wash out after treatment.

You can become resistant to some topical steroids used in the treatment of scalp
psoriasis. If this happens consult your doctor for alternative medications. It should also be noted that it can take several months before such topical steroid medications will work again for skin that has become resistant.

Vitamin D Analogues

Vitamin D analogues are available in water and oil – based scalp formulations. They are usually applied once or twice a day and left in contact with the scalp. They do not smell or stain clothing, and are relatively easy to use. They can be used to bring the scalp psoriasis under control and maintain that control. Such medications should be confined to the scalp region only as it can irritate unaffected skin particularly the face. It may be advisable if you think you are prone to sensitivities to test a small patch before applying it to the entire scalp. Avoid contact with the eyes.

Vitamin A Derivative (topical retinoids)

These can be applied as creams or gels for the treatment of psoriasis and can be used in the treatment of scalp psoriasis too. These medications may be less irritating for the people with dry or sensitive skin. To avoid the drying out of skin too much and to reduce irritation, applying a moisturiser 30 minutes before these are used may help. These medications can be used on the face but should never be applied around the eye region and treated skin should not be covered.

Antimicrobial Treatment

If bacterial or yeast infections are present scalp psoriasis can become worse. A crusting scalp together with scaling and/or lymph nodes in the neck are swollen, this may indicate to your doctor that antimicrobial treatment will be necessary as there is
infection present.

Mild scalp psoriasis can respond well to treatment with anti fungal shampoos that will
help to reduce the yeast infection. Anti fungal shampoos may have to be used once or twice a week thereafter to maintain results.

Other things affecting the scalp

These can include scalp acne, infestations, fungal infections and alopecia. Make sure you get a correct diagnosis before starting any treaments. your doctor or healthcare
provider will provide appropriate advice.

Ultra violet light

Successful outcome for using UV light treatments can be variable on the scalp because the hair blocks UV light from penetrating the scalp. It works best on shaved heads. Natural sunlight may also help again if your head is shaved or very thin. It is therefore not surprising that this is not a first line treatment.


Dithranol creams are effective in scalp psoriasis but like coal tar can be difficult to use.
Dithranol is usually applied to the scaly plaques and left in contact for up to 30 minutes before being rinsed out. It needs to be applied with great care as it can irritate and cause purple staining of blonde or red hair. Dithranol can burn non affected skin. Lipid stabilised Dithranol (Micanol), if used correctly, can reduce staining. It should also be noted that dithranol will stain clothing and baths, showers and wash basins. Extra attention is needed.

Medicated Shampoos

There are many coal tar and non coal tar medicated shampoos for treating scalp
psoriasis at your local chemist. For further advice ask your pharmacist who may be able to give you further guidance. You should also bear in mind that medicated shampoos are designed for the scalp not the hair so the use of a regular shampoo and conditioner after your scalp treatments will reduce the smell of any unpleasant medicated shampoo and leave your hair shiny and manageable.
Scalp psoriasis can get worse if it becomes infected with bacteria or yeasts and sometimes medicated shampoos with antifungal medicines can be useful in reducing the plaques.

The choice of which of these treatments is best for you is a personal one. It is a good idea to shop around and try different treatment options. In this way you can discover which one suits you best.

Some Useful Tips

Scalp psoriasis may progress down onto the forehead, neck and around the ears. These areas can be treated with the same products you use for your scalp only if indicated to use on such areas. Be careful about your face. Strong steroids should not be used on the face and dithranol can stain and burn facial skin. Avoid getting medication in the eyes.

A lot of product treatments will contain salicylic acid, known as a keratolytic. This
ingredient aims to loosen psoriasis scales so they can be washed away more easily. This ingredient will be contained in both OTC and prescription products mostly found in shampoos and soaps. It should be noted that treatment with high concentrations of this ingredient can cause irritation and used over large areas of skin the body may absorb it leading to the weakening of hair shafts, causing them to break and leading to temporary hair loss. Hair should return to normal after stopping the treatment. Such products may be easier to apply at night and the head covered with a shower cap to avoid messiness and more convenient as they can be time consuming at the beginning of the day before going to work.

Softening and loosening thick scale makes it easier for topical medications to penetrate plaques and clear them. Soaking the scalp in warm water can help loosen scales which can then be removed using a comb. But be gentle – do not break the skin. Round or fine tooth combs or brushes are generally used to remove psoriasis scales. Comb the scalp gently with a light circular motion holding the comb flat against the scalp. Loosen the scale gently then you can shampoo to flush the scale from the scalp and out of the hair. A hairdryer can be used to blow additional scales away from the scalp and the hair. Do not remove scales too fiercely as this can break the skin leading to infection. The Koebner response can occur to damaged psoriasis skin, this can also occur if you scratch or scrape your scalp roughly. If any treatments you use aggravate your psoriasis and scalp always consult your doctor. Care should be taken when removing the scales and applying topical medications so as to avoid the Koebner response.

Never use a shower cap or other occlusion method when using prescription scalp
medications unless specified by your doctor.

Scalp Itch – As mentioned refraining from scratching and picking of psoriatic scales will
reduce infection and the Koebner response. Over the counter medicated shampoos can help in alleviating itching. Please speak to your pharmacist about this.

Combination Medications – The treatment of psoriasis should be tailor made to each
person. A doctor may try various combinations of medications before finding what works for you. Good communication between you and your doctor and good compliance will ensure optimum results for you. Always be aware that when medications are combined they may activate adverse reactions. By being aware of this and consulting your doctor if you are unsure will reduce the likelihood of further discomforts.

Another alternative is to soften and loosen the scales is to use oils, lotions, creams or
ointments applied to a damp scalp providing they do not cause you irritation. To add to their effectiveness a hot towel placed around the head to act as an occlusion will also help loosen and soften the scales. The heating of olive oil and application to the scalp and wrapping your head in a towel for a long period of time may also help or to speed the process up applying the olive oil and then sitting under a hairdryer. Be careful not to burn the scalp with too much intensive heat.

If you are prone or suffer from dry hair conditioners and cream rinses may help to
minimise and moisturise the hair and scalp. There is no evidence to suggest the use of hair dyes, hair sprays or perms will affect your scalp, however please advise your hairdresser before embarking on any treatments so that they can apply patch tests to see if any of their products will irritate your scalp or psoriasis lesions. They may be able to use gentler products. If you have the need to use head lice shampoo preparations it is unlikely you will have a reaction but they can be irritating and great care should be taken not to get the solution into open cuts or lesions or extensively scratched skin.

Hair Matters

It can be highly embarrassing for you finding or going to a new hairdresser or barber. If they are reputable and understanding they should have a knowledge of conditions such as scalp psoriasis and therefore will be able to best advise you on styles, colourings and hair products. It is always worth making general enquiries of friends and relatives about local hairdressers or contacting the Hairdressers’ Council for further advice that may be useful. Some hairdressers are also happy to visit your home if you would prefer not to go to a salon.

When applying scalp products part the hair and hold it in place while you drip the oil or lotion directly onto your scalp. Repeat this process until the whole of the affected area has been treated.

Conditioners and cream rinses to help combat dry hair can be used after you have
completed using your medication.

Hair dyes and sprays do not usually irritate the scalp in scalp psoriasis. However, it may be sensible to test a cosmetic product on a small area of your scalp before committing to it.

This information has been prepared by the Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance and should not be used as a replacement for advice from your healthcare professionals. Always consult a doctor.

This article has been prepared by the Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance and should not be used as a replacement for advice from your doctor. You are strongly advised to speak to your doctor or health care provider if you think you are affected by any conditions or items mentioned in this article.

Fungal infections

Almost all fungal infections are caused by a type of parasitic fungi known as dermophytes that infect the skin, hair or nails. Fungi are microscopic organisms consisting of cells such as mould, mildews and yeast. They are saprophytes that absorb nutrients from the skin. Fungal infections are not uncommon and are mostly easy to treat.

Fungal infections of the skin are also known as ringworm and are of several types, including body ringworm (tinea corporis), jock itch (tinea cruris), athlete’s foot (tinea pedis), face ringworm (tinea faciei) and nail ringworm (tinea unguium).

How do Fungal Infections Spread?

Fungal infections dwell in warm, moist areas of the skin, such as in the underarms, in the groin and between fingers or toes. Most fungal infections spread quite easily, carried by various modes like towels, combs, pillows and pets. Contact of the infected area can also cause the fungal infection to spread.

What are the Symptoms of Fungal Infections?

The symptoms of some of the most common fungal infections are as follows:

  • Ringworm appears like a ring-shaped, pink or red rash, with a very clear center, and itches a little.
  • Jock itch looks like a red ring-shaped rash that appears around the groin area. It can be extremely itchy and painful.
  • Athlete’s foot appears between the toes, making the skin scaly and sore. The first sign is a rash. Athlete’s foot should be treated quickly because its makes the skin more prone to bacterial infection.
  • Nail ringworm causes the infected nail(s) to look thick and dull. Toenails are more susceptible to this infection than fingernails. The infected part of the nail may break off from the rest of the nail.
  • Scalp ringworm causes an itchy scalp and hair loss in the infected parts.

How to Treat Fungal Infections?

Proper diagnosis is very important for detecting fungal infections. This may be done by scraping a tiny piece of skin from the affected area to examine under a microscope. This will determine the type of fungus. Fungal infections can be treated by applying an antifungal cream on the affected area. Scalp ringworm can be treated with special shampoo. Jock itch infected persons should wear loose fitting clothes and avoid soap on the affected area. Antibiotics may be prescribed if the infection has advanced significantly before treatment begins. is a registered online pharmacy that has a wide range of health and beauty products. It offers a lowest price guarantee and services such as drug refill reminders. Counseling is available through mail or phone.

Latex Balloon Allergies

Latex allergies are becoming more of a problem and here are some balloon tips and ideas:

The allergies are caused by the powder in and outside of latex balloons.  This powder picks up the latex molecules and then spreads it around a room where it may be inhaled and possibly cause an individual who has a latex allergy to have a severe reaction.

Instead of using the plain rubber balloons for decorations, use the mylar (foil type) or plastic balloons or vinyl balls for table centerpiece, stage and room decorations.   Mylar and plastic balloons are made without latex, last weeks longer than regular rubber balloons and can be reused until the self-sealing valve fails.

To deflate a mylar or plastic balloon for recycling, remove any ribbons from the balloon; insert a common drinking straw into the valve until the air starts to come out.  Gently squeeze the balloon and let the air out till flat, remove the straw, fold the flat balloon and store till next use.  The mylar, plastic, polyurethane and vinyl balloons can be reused until the valve fails. 

The 4″ sized mylars in round, heart and star shape work well as water balloons, fill with a turkey baster and water, hand tie off like a regular balloon.  

The latex balloons are made of rubber; they will stretch from small to large size when they are blown up.  The latex balloon substitutes (latex balloon alternative) will not stretch and are simply flat or filled.

The mylar and plastic balloons will float with sizes 18″ and greater and take 0.5 cu ft of helium each to fill.  Never let any person inhale the gas.

Wash the mylar balloons with warm soap and water and they become clear!

Mylar balloons will conduct electricity.  Plastic balloons in 18” size, round and heart shapes will not conduct electricity.   Please use non conductive curling ribbon and never a metallic ribbon on any balloon.  Some schools and hospitals have started switching to non-latex balloon substitutes for latex sports balls, decorations, science experiments and crafts.  Mylar balloons can be washed with warm water and dish soap to remove the coloring.  End result will be a plastic clear balloon.  Mylar and plastic balloons are not biodegradable and are harmful to the environment.  Please do not release the balloons into the air!

Small vinyl balloons (less than 4 to 4.5 feet in size) will not float, however there are large polyurethane inflatable balloons in different shapes that can be used for outdoor events and do not contain latex.  The most common shapes in jumbo inflatable’s are hot air, blimp and round shapes.  Custom shapes can be made of just about anything.  They are refillable, come with a patch kit, last outdoors for about a year and can be custom imprinted.

Vinyl spherical shaped balloons are an excellent mold for paper Mache’ and plaster projects or even balloon toss.  They are just like beach ball material.  Sizes range from 5″ to 96″.  Vinyl balloons will not float at all.

For a great substitute for latex water balloons.  At your local supermarket, purchase a box of regular sandwich bags, not the zip lock, not the fold lock top, just cheap regular plastic bags.  Fill the corner of the bag with a fist full of water, spin the bag, tie off like a regular balloon, cut off the excess plastic.  They work great, readily available, cheap and fun.

For those parents who wish a school to consider using non latex balloons, please call your school nurse or principal. 

Balloon twisters, a nice non latex balloon for twisting is available at  It’s a roll of poly bags, 3”, cut off desired length, heat seal or tie off one end, fill with air, then heat seal or tie off the other end.  While not perfect, they do work pretty good.

Latex balloon substitutes that are now available are in the following materials:  Vinyl, Plastic, Polyurethane and Mylar balloons.   Medical suppliers such as Merck, Johnson and Johnson, BD,, sell medically certified non allergenic latex for use in hospitals, labs, operating rooms and research.  Ask for rubber bladders and bulbs that are certified to be non allergenic. Synthetic latex is not an allergen, natural latex made from rubber bush is Guayale.  Run an internet search on Yulex, techdevice or mrballoon

There are new laws being introduced and implemented into the legal system all the time on a state by state basis regarding balloons.  Schools, the work place, hospitals, etc. have recently changed their policies regarding latex balloons.  The Balloon Council in Washington DC has an excellent website that lists all new and pending laws regarding balloons by state.  Also the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America and the American Latex Allergy Association both offer a wide realm of information and help on this subject.   Run an internet search using the keyword: Non Latex Balloons.  Even the FAA and local cities have new laws regarding balloons.

This material is for information purposes only. The writer and publisher assume no legal responsibility for any use or misuse of the information

Natural Remedy for Treating Insomnia, Irritability and Low Confidence

Due to excess work load, men and women generally face problems of insomnia, irritability, lack of concentration and low confidence. These problems may affect their career growth as well as personal life so they must be carefully taken care of. This article discusses how aromatherapy can be helpful in treating insomnia, lack of concentration and low confidence. Just read this article and you will find a list of essential oils helpful in these conditions.

1. Irritability/lack of concentration – You can use any of the below oils in your bath. Or try using them for steam inhalation. You can also inhale them neat (particularly rosemary and neroli) for quick relief. Or use them in a burner or vaporizer.

These oils can help you in improving concentration:

• Camomile
• Lavender
• Marjoram
• Neroli
• Rose
• Vetivert
• Rosemary

2. Lack of confidence – You can inhale any of the below oils for a quick uplift. Or use them in your bath. You can also use them in a burner or vaporizer.

These oils can help you in treating low confidence:

• Rosemary
• Neroli
• Petigrain
• Jasmine

3. Insomnia – You can use 10 drops of any of the below oils in your bath and soak well.
Or for massage use 12 drops in 4 fl oz (100 ml) of carrier oil. You can also inhale the oil neat and sprinkle a few drops on your pillow.

Camomile is one of the most sedative oils and you could also try using in it a burner and drinking camomile tea before you go to bed.

These oils can help you in treating imsomnia:

• Camomile
• Sandalwood
• Ylang-ylang
• Patchouli
• Neroli
• Marjoram

Improve your life the natural way with aromatherapy and discover the magical healing properties of oils and essences to cure these common problems.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Read useful tips on Natural skin care to keep your skin soft, smooth and glowing. Know how Herbal remedies are helpful in promoting good health. Also know various Home remedies for common diseases.

Depression – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Depression is a complex of psychological and physical symptoms. Low mood level or sadness is often the most prominent symptom. The common property of these symptoms is a decreased activity level in parts of the brain.


Depression may give one or more of these symptoms:

-Low mood level or sadness.

-Lack of joy or interest in activities that were joyful before.


-Feel of guilt of something without any substantial reason to feel so.

-Inferiority thoughts.


-Slowness in the thought process.

-Slowness in interpreting sensorial stimuli.

-Slowness of digestion or other internal physical processes, and symptoms caused by this slowness, for example inflated stomach, constipation or difficulties by urination.

-Slow physical reactions.

Depression can be a mild disease that only causes some annoyance in the daily life, but can also get very serious and make a person totally unable to work and unable to participate in social life. By depression of some severity, there is also a greater risk of suicide.

Depression can occur in all age classes. In teenager’s lack of interest in school work, withdrawal from social life and difficult mood can be signs of depression.


By depression there is a decreased amount of neurotransmitters in parts of the central nervous system, mainly deficiency of serotonin, but also to some extend of noradrenalin, acetylcholine, dopamine or gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA), or the nerve cells do not react properly by stimulation from neurotransmitters. A neurotransmitter is a signal substance that transmits the nerve signal through the junctions between two nerve cells.

Serotonin and noradrenalin cause nerve cells to send impulses along to other nerve cells, and thus increase the activity in the brain. Deficiency of these substances causes slowness in parts of the brain, and that again causes the depressive symptoms.

The role of GABA is the opposite, namely to slow down some nerve impulses, mainly those causing anxiety and panic response. Lack of GABA causes higher anxiety and easier panic response. Yet, lack of this transmitter also seems to cause depressive symptoms. This is because a too high activity in some brain processes may slow down other processes.

There are many causes and subtypes of depression with different physiological mechanisms involved.


Depression is often divided into subtypes according to exhibited symptoms.

1. Mono-polar depression and dysthymic disorder  

By mono-polar depression there are pure depressive symptoms. Mild cases of mono-polar disorder that do not affect a person’s ability to work and to participate in social activities are often called dysthymic disorder.

2. Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disease) and cyclothymic disorder

In this condition there are periods with symptoms of depression – the depressive phase, alternating with periods of elevated mood level with increased mental and physical activity – the manic phase. In the manic phase, the affected person also sleeps poorly and has concentration difficulties. A mild form of this disease is called cyclothymic disorder.

3. Manic disorder

This condition is characterized by abnormally elevated mood, by unrealistic optimism, by lack of sleep and by hyperactive behaviour. Many psychiatrists think that this disorder is simply the same disease as bipolar disorder where the depressive face has not yet occurred.

4. Depression with mainly physical symptoms

Sometimes the physical symptoms of depression are alone or dominant, as for example: Digestive problems, constipation, difficulties with urination, slow response to sensorial stimuli or slow physical reactions.


Two or more factors can have an effect simultaneously to cause depression. Depression can be an independent disease, or a part of other disease. Depression is also divided into different subtypes according to cause.

1. Reactive depression

This disease is simply a result from psychological stress, physical struggle or mental straining without proper rest or sleep over a long time period. The straining will simply wear out the nervous system or deplete the organism from nutrient necessary for the nervous system to work properly.

2. Endogenous depression

When there has not been any period of stress, straining or lack of rest that can explain the condition, the condition is often called endogenous depression. Inheritance is thought to be a part of the cause.

3. Depression by physical disease

Depression or depressive symptoms may be a symptom of physical disease. This is perhaps the most common cause of depression.

Diseases often associated with depression are: Heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, hypertension or Cushing’s syndrome.

Mononucleosis or flu may trigger depression that continues after the infection has gone.

By lack of thyroid hormones, hypothyroidism, the metabolism in the whole body is slowed down, including the production of neurotransmitters in the brain. Therefore depression is an important symptom of hypothyroidism.

4. Depressive symptoms as a consequence of unsound lifestyle

A general unsound lifestyle with too less exercise, too high consunsume of alcohol, coffee or tea, too less of important nutrient and too much of sugar and fat may give depressive symptoms, as well as physical problems.

5. Postnatal depression

Women will often have a period of depression after pregnancy and birth of the baby Pregnancy and berth is physically and mentally exhausting, and may drain the body for nutrient. This in turn can cause depressive symptoms


6. Seasonal affective disorder

Depression can occur in cold and dark periods of the year and go away in warm and light periods. Light stimulates brain activity, and lack of light is a causative factor. 


Serious or prolonged depression is often treated with anti-depressive medication. Medicines used against depression generally increase the level of neurotransmitters like serotonin in the central nervous system, or they mimic the neurotransmitters.

The medications mostly used today increase the serotonin concentration by decreasing the removal of serotonin from the space around nerve cells. Examples of this medication type are: Fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), escitalopram (Lexapro, Celexa), sentraline (zoloft).

By bipolar disorder in the manic face, heavy tranquilizers (neuroleptica) are used to stop the manic symptoms. By bipolar disorder, lithium salts are sometimes used to stabilize the condition, and prevent new outbreak of depressive or manic faces.

Psychotherapy is sometimes used by depression, usually in combination with medication.

Sometimes serious depression is treated by applying electric shock through the head, electroconvulsive therapy. The shock induces epileptic eruption of nerve signals through the brain and this gives cramps throughout the body. The cramps are alleviated or stopped by applying anaesthesia before the electroshock. This form of treatment is controversial, since it can cause memory loss and is suspected of causing brain damage. The possibility of brain damage is however denied by most psychiatrists.

By seasonal depression, light therapy maybe useful.

Adjustment of lifestyle should always be considered by depression or depressive symptoms. Lifestyle measures can sometimes be enough to cure depressive symptoms before a serious depression develop. Lifestyle adjustments can be:

– To slow down a stressful life with too much work or activities.

– Enough rest and sleep.

– A good diet with enough of necessary nutrients.

– Some physical exercise.

– Meditation.

– Supplement of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, lecithin, amino acids and essential fatty acids.

– Stimulants like coffee or tea may help against depressive feelings in moderate amount. However, if you are a heavy user of these stimulants, you should cut down on your consumption.

There exist nutritional products in the marked to help against depressive symptoms. These contain ingredients that the brain uses as building blocks for neurotransmitters, for example amino acids and lecithin. They also often contain vitamins and minerals that the brain uses as tools to produce neurotransmitters, especially vitamin B6.

Supplements may further contain herbal extracts that trigger higher brain activity much like anti-depressive medications, but may have fewer side effects.

What is a Phobia?

Phobia comes from the Greek word for “fear”. It is a strong, persistent fear of situations, objects, activities, or persons. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive, unreasonable desire to avoid the feared subject. When the fear is beyond one’s control or if the fear is interfering with daily life then a diagnosis under one of the anxiety disorders can be made.

So, in essence, phobias are a type of anxiety disorder much along the lines of panic and fear. An American study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans suffer from phobias.

Broken down by age and gender, the study found that phobias were the most common mental illness among women in all age groups and the second most common illness among men older than 25.

Phobias affect people of all ages, from all walks of life, and in every part of the country. The American Psychiatric Institute for Research and Education (APIRE) has reported that in any given year, 7.8% of American adults have phobias. They are the most common psychiatric illness among women of all ages and are the second most common illness among men older than 25.

Phobias are among several anxiety disorders, which also include panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Such unrealistic or excessive fear of objects or situations is a psychological disorder that can makes life miserable for years.

Phobias should not be confused with fear. Fear is much less dramatic than a phobia. According to the dictionary, the word “fear” denotes a painful feeling of impending danger, evil; trouble etc…the feeling or condition of being afraid. While fear is a consequence of a phobia, it is not the definition of it. It is simply a symptom.

Phobia is also used in a non-medical sense for aversions of all sorts. These terms are usually constructed with suffix -phobia. A number of these terms describe negative attitudes or prejudices toward the named subject.

Some examples include homophobia (fear or dislike of homosexuals), xenophobia (fear or dislike of strangers), and even Christianophobia (fear or dislike of Christians).

It is possible for an individual to develop a phobia over virtually anything. The name of a phobia generally contains a Greek word for what the patient fears plus the suffix -phobia as we have said. Creating these terms can become a type of word game, however, few of these terms are found in medical literature.

Still, many people wear their phobic badges around their family and friends. They may be claustrophobic (afraid of closed in spaces), agoraphobic (afraid of wide open spaces or crowds), hydrophobic (afraid of water), or genophobic (afraid of sex). The list goes on and on.

It is not exaggerated to say that majority of people have an irrational fear of certain things or situations, without necessarily fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for a phobia (irrational fear may grow into a phobia when it starts interfering with the person’s usual activities). The most common simple (specific) phobias are those of the insects (arachnophobia in your case), mice, reptiles and other animals. These phobias usually begin in childhood and often disappear without treatment.

While technically we can call anything a phobia, the actual definition – you will remember – involves having an irrational fear of something that can cause no physical harm or trauma. For example, to have a fear of cotton balls (yes, some people do) would technically be classified as a true phobia since cotton balls cannot cause harm.

However, fearing lions or a hurricane does not classically qualify as a phobia because encounters with either do carry a possibility of harm or death. So what about the fear of spiders?

Technically called arachnophobia, the fear of spiders is real, but is it irrational? Perhaps. After all, we, as humans are slightly bigger than our arachnid neighbors, so can they cause us harm? Yes, but only if we are unaware of their presence. Well, unless it’s the spider in that episode of “Gilligan’s Island” that was the size of a hippopotamus.

At any rate, even though some spiders are poisonous, we still should not have fear of them. We can exterminate them and be on with our lives. For the arachnophobe, yes, that is easier said than done, but it is truth.

So, yes, fear of spiders does really qualify as a phobia.

When encountered with the phobic stimuli, people are overcome with a strong and immediate anxiety reaction (sweating, palpitations, paleness, breathing difficulty). Gradually, mere anticipation or imagery of the phobic stimulus comes to provoke anxiety symptoms and can lead to avoidance behavior and/or significant modification of one’s lifestyle.

It is at this point when the phobia becomes problematic and treatment should be explored.

It can be confusing to try and figure out why some people fear certain things.

Anxiety and Adjustment Disorders

Anxiety is the automatic body’s response to alleged risk. While anxiety disorders emanates from overwhelming perceived threats. We often worry and get tensed when responding to or anticipating a stressful situation. The optimistic side of anxiety is that it aid us to stay focused, motivated and spur us to conquer challenging jargons. However, when nervousness graduates to be constant and irresistible and becomes a setback in your daily performance it is referred as an anxiety disorder. The apparent symptoms of generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) are fatigue, nausea, muscle weakness and heart palpitations. This topic will carefully examine similarities and differences of anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders in references to a case study of an edgy electrician. The paper will be of great significance to learners who will be armed in dealing with anxiety disorders.

Adjustment disorder is caused by poignant and behavioral changes that alter sound functioning of a person due to stressful changes experienced in a paradigm shift of his/her life. The most common similarity between anxiety disorders and adjustment disorders are both victims encounter stress, worry, significant anxiety and loss of attentiveness. More so, both disorders can develop as a result of genetic influence commonly known as family history and both escalate due to stressful life and changes in occurrences (Casey, 2001). Although these disorders relates with some shared causes and symptoms they are essentially relatively different. Their largest variation exists in their symptoms, where adjustment disorder victims’ symptoms are portrayed in times of change or stress. While patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorders experience extreme worries and anxiety in an array of stuffs. In some instances a patient can have both disorders making generalized anxiety disorder severe due to adjustment and alteration of things. For example in this case study the electrician seems to be worrying much about his parent health and how his wife extrapolates him in regard to family affairs. This worries have be made worse by a feeling of disconnection from co-workers on his job and nervousness associated with it. His signs are a clear indication of presence of general anxiety and adjustment disorders. But further diagnosis need to be carried to determine if he suffers from adjustment disorder. We shall apply five-axis diagnostic system to effectively eradicate through classification of all disorders and illness he is experiencing (Casey, 2001).

Axis I- 293.84 Anxiety Disorder due to heart palpitations, dizziness and sweating palms

  • 308.3 Acute Stress Disorder

Axis II – deferred

Axis III – No signs requiring this diagnosis.

Axis IV – 309.24 Adjustment Disorder with Anxiety

  • V71.01 Adult Antisocial Behavior

Axis V – 30: Behavior is considerably influenced by delusions or hallucinations

The first one will be Axis I diagnosis that includes diagnosing clinical disorders, learning and developmental disorders. In our case we are going to diagnose generalized anxiety disorder while relying on clinical judgment. We shall assess longevity of excessiveness of anxiety and worry for a particular situation, inability to control the worries and if the symptoms are not part of another mental disorder. Since our patients experience irritability, concentration problem, fatigued and feeling restless this is a sure way of presence of GAD (Bronish, & Hecht, 1989). Our patient is affected by his family background as his parents’ health and wife relationship disturbs his mind frequently.

The second diagnosis that is Axis II diagnosis entails personality disorders and mental retardation. This is going to be deferred as it cannot be diagnosed simultaneously with Axis one diagnosis. Even though disorders associate with it are not present in this case. Hence, the need to go to Axis III diagnosis that is reserved for medical or physical conditions like Mitral Valve Prolapse and hyperthyroidism hence not applicable in our case as there is no any such signs. To determine if patient experiences legal problems, social issues, lack of an adequate support system and other psychosocial and environmental problems we are going to use Axis IV diagnosis. The factors present in our case are occupational problems articulated by his worries in regards to relationship between him and co-workers. This scenario calls for thorough axis IV diagnosis through elaborate subjective and objective process to determine whether this state is the epicenter of all the anxieties (Barlow, 2002).

To give a psychiatrist a complete diagnosis the axis V diagnosis must be carried out for vivid outlining of factors influencing anxiety and adjustment disorders. This popularly known as global assessment functioning that is an overall rating of patient’s performance in his daily occupational, social and activities operation. In electrician’s case, it is true to state that he has moderate difficulty in social occupational function as he confesses to have few social contacts. Also diagnosed is his unfounded worries influenced by delusions and hallucinations.

Ethnicity and background may affects diagnosis through lack of cooperation especially when the mater touches on confidentially family affairs. Some cultural beliefs prohibits one from exposing family history, hence, it becomes very difficult to deal with such a patient.

How To Prevent Insomnia Sleeping Disorder

For some, being unable to sleep at night is more than just an annoyance; if you regularly are sleep deprived due to insomnia, you may have insomnia sleeping disorder, a serious problem that can lead to health issues down the road as well as more immediate problems in your personal and professional life.

Insomnia sleeping disorder is not when you have a few nights you can not sleep for a little while that is transient insomnia, usually due to stress or illness. Even insomnia for a few months is not considered serious, particularly when you can identify the reason for your sleeping problems.

True insomnia sleeping disorder is diagnosed when you have long term problems falling asleep and staying asleep, to the point where you may hallucinate or micro sleep during the day.

In some cases, insomnia sleeping disorder is caused by an underlying mental illness; it is generally marked by some odd sleeping disorder such as severe nightmares, sleepwalking or other sleep behaviors, or talking in your sleep. In some of these the problem is mechanical in nature, a natural brain path disorder that does not allow all your bodily functions to be put into stasis when you go to sleep. In cases like this, treatment with prescription sleeping medications may be the only solution.

More often, insomnia sleeping disorder is caused by either stress in your life or by an underlying physical illness or disorder. Probably the most common cause of insomnia sleeping disorder is sleep apnea, a situation where you cease breathing when you sleep periodically and for as long as thirty seconds at a time.

With sleep apnea, you may think you have gotten your full eight hours of sleep, yet be groggy and tired the next morning; or you may wake frequently in the middle of the night for no apparent reason.

Underlying causes of sleep apnea include breathing disorders like asthma or emphysema, and obesity. If you snore a lot when you sleep, or if you find yourself struggling to breathe when you wake in the middle of the night, your doctor should test you for sleep apnea. It is a very treatable disease.

If instead your insomnia sleeping disorder is caused by stress, you need to look at your life and see what you can change. When you are so worried or stressed about things that you cannot sleep, you need to start simplifying, passing on duties, or finding ways to relieve financial stress.

Counseling is a good idea and if you try this, talk to your counselor about all your problems. He or she can probably recommend other professionals who can help with your life stresses: financial adviser for money problems, home care respite volunteers for elderly parents you are caring for, etc.

No matter what your insomnia sleeping disorder is coming from, you should address it as soon as possible. it may not seem so terrible to you, but insomnia and its effects can make your immune system weaker and less able to fight off illness, throw your body systems out of whack and allow pre-diabetes to develop into full blown, and kill you and other people if you micro sleep while driving. Repairing your sleep disorder now may save your life.

Ingrown Toenails – How to Treat & Prevent Them

An ingrown toenail is a curved shaped nail which grows into the skin at the edges. Mild curvature of the nail may not result in much pain, but severe curvature can cause redness, swelling, considerable pain and infection. The medical term for an ingrown nail is onychocryptosis. “Onych/o” means nail, “crypt” means hidden and “osis” means disease or condition. The roots of the word describe a hidden nail condition, which is what happens in severe ingrown nail infections. The nail curves in and grows into the skin edges.

The skin becomes inflamed and as the swollen skin covers the nail, the nail edges become hidden. The nail corners can break through the skin, causing an opening in the skin and potential for infection. The medical term for an infected ingrown nail is paronychia. “Par/a” has many meanings, but is defined as alongside of, beside or near, “onych/o” means nail and “emia” means presence of an infectious agent and is shortened to “ia” in paronychia.

The most common area for an ingrown toenail is at the great toenail. Ingrown toenails are common in children who play sports such as soccer or football, in adults who wear certain types of shoes or in individuals with fungal toenails. Many cases can be self-treated, but severe cases may require a procedure and/or antibiotics. Ingrown toenails can be a very serious problem for diabetics or individuals with poor circulation and at the first sign they should seek treatment immediately.

Causes: Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to developing ingrown toenails and the problem can start early in life. More common causes of ingrown toenails include inappropriate shoefit, trauma and improper nail cutting technique. Shoes which are too small can place pressure on the toes and cause the nail edges to curve in. This is more common with rigid, narrow shoes, such as dress shoes or soccer cleats. Shoes which are too large can also cause ingrown toenails.

This is more common with running shoes or hiking boots, when the individual is going up and down hills. The foot slides back and forth in the shoe and the repetitive trauma at the toes increases the pressure on the nail, increasing the chance for an ingrown toenail. Socks which are too tight can also cause ingrown toenails and this tends to be more common with thin dress socks and stockings. This has also been reported to occur with the use of the Strassburg Sock, a soft night splint worn while sleeping and used to treat plantar fasciitis.

Blunt injury or trauma can cause ingrown toenails. Catching the toe on a table leg or bed post can initially cause injury to the toenail. Dropping something on the toe, even of moderate weight, can cause inflammation to the skin surrounding the nail and as the nail grows, it grows into the inflamed skin, worsening the condition. Sports, such as soccer, increase the chance of ingrown toenails. This is more common at a younger age when children are learning the sport and more likely to kick the ball with their toe.

Nails should be cut straight across and cutting the nails too short, cutting down the sides of the nails or excessively rounding the edges can all cause ingrown toenails. Individuals with hyperhidrosis, excessive foot sweating, are at increased risk for ingrown toenails because the excess moisture weakens the skin and increases the chance for bacterial infection. Individuals with a fungal infection of the toenail (toenail fungus/onychomycosis) are at higher risk for developing ingrown nails. The fungus affects the nail bed and distorts the shape of the nail.

Signs and Symptoms: The early signs of an ingrown nail are tenderness along the nail edge, with or without swelling or redness. Many times individuals report dull, generalized pain at their toe when walking or in shoes. In some cases individuals only feel this pain at night, when the bed sheets and covers place pressure on the toe. This pain is reproduced when palpating the nail border. The skin edge may be hard or swollen. As the condition worsens, the skin edge becomes red, the area swells, becomes tender and very painful. There may be oozing, bleeding or pus and the drainage may show up on the socks. Moderate redness and swelling are signs of inflammation, but a significant amount of redness and swelling, pus or red streaks indicate infection.

Treatment: Treatment should be initiated at the first signs of an ingrown toenail to avoid worsening of the condition and possible infection. Soak the foot in warm water and epsom salts for 15-20 minutes three times a day. Wear open toed, or loose fitting shoes, avoid tight socks and decrease activity. The redness and tenderness should decrease within 2-3 days of foot soaking, but the soaking should be continued until all signs of inflammation have diminished. Don’t cut the nail on the edges or down the sides, this could further worsen the problem. If the redness worsens, if there is pus, excess drainage or streaking, see your healthcare provider immediately. If you are diabetic or have poor circulation, do not self-treat the condition.

If there are signs of infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics. In many cases, antibiotics can be avoided if the ingrown nail is addressed. A wedge resection of the nail can be performed. This involves your doctor using a specialized nail cutter to take out the wedge of nail growing into the skin. The procedure does not require anesthesia and works best when only the corner of the nail is growing into the skin. Soaks are recommended for 5-7 days following the wedge resection.

The second option is a nail avulsion. A nail avulsion is a partial or complete removal of the toenail. The toe is numbed with local anesthetic and the nail is freed from the surrounding skin and removed at the base. It is most common to remove only the section of nail which is causing the problem. The nail will always grow back in and depending on which toenail is removed, the nail can take up to 8 months to regrow. Warm water soaks with epsom salt twice a day for 5-7 days are recommended and typically a few days after the procedure, the toe is pain free. If the ingrown nail was due to trauma, poor shoe fit or poor cutting technique, when the nail regrows, it should grow in correctly and there should be no further problems or complications.

For individuals with recurrent ingrown toenails, a permanent nail procedure may be necessary. This procedure is called a matrixectomy and involves destroying or removing the root of the nail. A chemical matrixectomy is the most common procedure and this can be done in the office. The procedure is exactly the same as a nail avulsion, but a chemical (usually phenol or sodium hydroxide) is placed on the nail root to destroy it and prevent the nail, or side of the nail, from growing back. In some cases, surgical removal of the nail root may be necessary.

Prevention: The best treatment is prevention and this starts with proper care of your feet and toenails. Cut your nails straight across. Do not leave sharp edges at the corners, but do not excessively round the edges. Cut your nails regularly so they don’t become too long and hit the front of your shoes, but don’t cut your nails too short either. Make sure your shoes fit properly and avoid shoes which are too tight or too narrow. Avoid socks which are too tight and constricting. If you are diabetic or have poor circulation, see your podiatrist regularly.

Toenail Fungus–Cure It Or Live With It?

Nail fungus is most often  found in the toenails and is a nuisance infection which you can choose to ignore or to cure as you see fit. The fungus has no very serious health effects and as a consequence it is quite safe to simply ignore it if you can stand  having thick ugly and yellow looking toenails. The affected nails will be very thick and tough and can sometimes come completely off, after a time, to bare a new toenail which has grown below. This is the result of a fungus infection which is in place right under the nails and as a result is difficult to reach in order to treat it. Some prescription drugs are available through your doctor and these will cure it if you want to  try this. The manufacturers of these drugs do list certain side effects, which can occur in some users, so you should ask your doctor about this before being prescribed the drugs. If you would rather opt for something else there are a few alternative home treatments, which have been found to work fairly effectively.

Vicks Vaporub chest rub, the old standby cold medication can kill the toenail fungus. The only disadvantage is that  this treatment can take a long time. You will probably need to apply the Vicks Vaporub to your toenails once or twice per day for a number of months to get good results. The Vicks preparation smells of eucalyptus oil but you will not notice it since it is under your socks and shoes. This  treatment works  because the medication has some ingredients which are known  to be fungus fighters, although it is made for use  as a cold treatment.

One more remedy, which seems to work, is tea tree oil, which can be purchased at health food stores. It is necessary to dilute the tea tree oil before using it on  the nails, as it has been found in some cases, to cause  some skin irritation if used without dilution. A good recipe to use is to mix about 1/4 cup of cider vinegar in half a cup of boiled water and add roughly 20 drops of tea tree oil. If you want this to smell good you can just add some nicely scented essential oil such as clove oil or lavender oil. You should keep the mixture in a dark glass bottle, as strong light can cause decomposition. Shake  the mixture thoroughly before applying it to the nails and swab the  fungus infected toenails twice or thrice every day. This procedure also may take quite some time to do get the desired results, so you should  be ready to do this for a some months if needed.

Toe nail fungus also responds to application of zinc compounds. The old well known zinc ointment, which is still to be found in many drug stores, should be used on the  fungus infected toenails twice or thrice daily and should aid in curing the fungus infection. This treatment also necessitates application for a number of months to get results and seems not to work as well as tea tree oil treatment, for some cases. Consequently we would use the tea tree oil or Vicks Vaporub as our preferred treatment. What it boils down to is that you can suffer a little in silence with your rather ugly fungal  toenails or you may do something to get rid of the problem if you desire to.

What Are Sprains?

Sprains and strains are often lumped together and are among the most common of sports injuries. A sprain is an injury to a ligament, the thick, fibrous tissue that connects bones together. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon. Sprains and strains can both cause tremendous pain. Sprains most often occur in the back or the hamstring muscle, which is located in the back of the thigh. The people most at risk for sprains and strains are soccer, football and hockey players as well as boxers and wrestlers. Hand and arms sprains can happen in gymnastics, tennis, rowing, golf, and other sports that require extensive gripping. Elbow sprains sometimes occur in individuals who participate in racquet sports, throwing, and contact sports. These conditions can develop in anyone who performs strenuous or repetitive movements on a frequent basis however, not just athletes.

What Are the Symptoms of a Sprain?

Swelling, and bruising of the affected joint are the typical symptoms of a sprain. A significant ligament tear (Grade 3) causes an inability to use the affected joint and could lead to joint instability. Less serious injuries (Grade 1) may only cause pain with movement. A person with a mild sprain usually experiences minimal pain, swelling, and little or no loss of functional ability. Victims of a moderate sprain may have more difficulty putting weight on the affected joint and can experience some loss of function. Sometimes people feel a pop or tear when the sprain happens, alerting them to their condition.

What causes a Sprain?

A ligament that is overstretched is the cause of mild sprains. A moderate sprain is caused when the ligament stretches even further but does not break, and a severe sprain completely tears or ruptures a ligament. These sprains are graded according to the extent of the injury; for instance, Grade 1 and Grade 2 ankle sprains can usually be treated with ice or physical therapy and are considered mild to moderate. A grade 3-ankle sprain is considered severe and can cause a permanent disability. In such instances, an operation could be in order to correct damage from the sprain.

Will Painwave X4000 help with Sprains?

Yes! The fantastic Painwave X4000 is a non-invasive, drug-free method of relief and is absolutely ideal for the treatment of sprains. The good news is that, unlike many OTC painkillers, the Painwave X4000 works in conjunction with the body’s own bioelectromagnetic ecosystem. But it gets better! The Painwave X4000 has no side effects, and the unit is simply moved gently over the surface of the skin in a small circular motion. In the long run, with continued use, the Painwave X4000 stimulates improved circulation, cell activity and lymphatic movements. These embellishments are beneficial in the relief of pain and other discomforts. In many cases, this stimulation will greatly reduce or eliminate pain completely.

Note: The information on this page is not to be used to perform a self-diagnosis. If you think you have a sprain, contact your doctor’s office for X-rays and medical examinations.