Obesity

Obesity is a physical condition that results from excessive storage of fat in the body. Obesity has been defined as a weight more than 20% above what is considered normal as per the body mass index, which is calculated from an individual’s age, height, and weight. Presence of fat tissue is essential as natural energy reserve in our bodies. But excess fat tissues result in obesity and causes health disorders.

Obesity is measured by: Body Mass index (BMI), Waist Measurement and Combined Measurements .An obese person carries the increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

Symptoms:

Although Obesity has no specific symptoms, it contributes to other major health problems. An adult who is obese has an increased risk of complications from other diseases. These may include
High blood pressure
Type 2 diabetes
Gallbladder disease
Some types of cancer
High cholesterol
Stroke
Osteoarthritis
Sleeping and breathing problems
Depression or other emotional problems
Difficulty walking or moving around
Heartburn
Rashes in the folds of the skin
Shortness of breath with exertion
Snoring or sleep apnea

Treatment using Home Remedies:

Obesity treatment using Lime Juice-Honey:

Fasting on lime juice-honey water is highly beneficial in the treatment of obesity. In this mode of treatment, one teaspoon of fresh honey should be mixed with the juice of half a lime in a glass of lukewarm water and taken at regular intervals.

Obesity treatment using Trifala:

Trifala, an herbal combination of amalaki, bibbitaki, and haritaki is good for losing weight.

Obesity treatment using Jujube:

The leaves of jujube or Indian plum are another valuable remedy for obesity. A handful of leaves should be soaked overnight in water and this water should be taken in the morning, preferably on an empty stumach. This treatment should be continued for at least one month to achieve beneficial results.

Obesity treatment using Cabbage:

Cabbage is considered to be an excellent home remedy for obesity. Recent research has revealed that a valuable chemical called tartaric acid is present in this vegetable which inhibits the conversion of sugar and other carbohydrates into fat. Hence, it is of great value in weight reduction. Substituting a meal with cabbage salad would be the simplest way to stay slim.

Obesity treatment using Tomato:

One or two ripe tomatoes taken early morning as a substitute for breakfast, for a couple of months, are considered a safe method of weight reduction. They also supply the food elements essential to preserve health.

Obesity treatment using Finger Millet:

Finger millet is an ideal food for the obese, because its digestion is slow and due to this, the carbohydrates take a longer time to get absorbed. By eating preparations made of finger millet, the constant desire to eat is curbed, thus reducing the daily calorie intake. At the same time, finger millet supplies an abundant quantity of calcium, phosphorus, iron, Vitamin B1 and B2 and prevents malnutrition in spite of restricted food.

Diet:

Diet Planning and Diet recommendations for weight loss

Crash diets are no solution for long term weight loss. Therefore, if you are determined to bring down your weight, find an ayurvedic diet chart and a natural weight loss diet and follow it every single day. An ayurvedic diet chart includes the following guidelines:

Increase usage of fresh fruits and vegetables
Decrease the usage of white breads and other processed foods
Avoid intake of too much salt
Cook with spices like cayenne, tumeric, black pepper, ginger and rock salt.
Avoid refined sugars and carborated drinks
Fasting once in a week is very effective. While fasting you may have fruit or vegetable juices, warm skim milk, light soups, teas, etc.
Use vegetable oil in place of butter or margarine
Avoid milk products like cheese, butter etc. and non-vegetarian foods as they are rich in fat.
Mix one teaspoon of fresh honey with the juice of half a lime in a glass of lukewarm water and take several times a day at regular intervals.
Avoid eating meat products as they slow digestion and cause heaviness.

Dietary discipline and Eating habit to be developed for reducing weight:

1.Eat a light dinner with easy to digest foods. This may include the following
Whole grain bread or chapatis
Half cooked or steamed vegetables
Seasonal fruits except banana and apple.
2.Eat the largest meal of the day at lunch with a wide variety of warm, cooked food. This may include the following:
Salad of raw vegetables such as carrot, beetroot, cucumber, cabbage etc
Whole grain bread or whole wheat chapatis and a glass of buttermilk
Roasted cumin seeds, green coriander leaves, a little salt and some grated ginger mixed in the buttermilk.
Avoid drinking water immediately before or after meals as it will slow digestion.
Do not over eat, especially cold, oily and heavy things.
Avoid sleeping right after eating.
Eat 4-5 smaller meals in a day rather than 2-3 larger meals.

Reference: HealthOnclick

Miracle benefits of nuts

Nuts contain all main (fibers, fats, carbohydrate). In spite of nutrition they do not promote increase of weight of body as majority of foodstuff. Include nuts in your daily diet and you avoid vitamins snd minerals deficiency.

Cashews

Cashews nuts contain vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, nicotinic acid. They are very useful for anemia, depression, dysbolism; provide normal activity of heart; decrease cholesterol level in blood. Most benefits are provided when cashews use with mineral water.

Almond

Almond is rich by vitamin groups B and ?, protein, iron, zinc and contains approximately 40 % of daily amount of calcium and magnesium. It includes more phosphorus than other nuts. Almond improves metabolism. It is very good source of vitamins and minerals for healthy state of a teeth, hair, skin. The sweet almond clears intestinal, improves vision and stimulates brain activity. Using sugar almond is useful at asthma and ulcers in intestines.

Filbert nut

Kernel of filbert nut include: 7,2 % of fat, 20 % protein,- 8 % of carbohydrates, – 2-3 % of mineral salts and some vitamins. Filbert contains 2-3 times more calories then bread, in 8 times more then milk and chocolate. As the dietary foods filbert is used for cardiovascular system disease and anemia, enlargement of prostate gland, varicose veins, phlebitises, trophic ulcers of anticnemion and capillary hemorrhages.

Because of low content carbohydrates it can be used people with diabetes. Substances in filbert nut help clean body (especially liver). The use of filbert nut prevents putrefactive processes, clears organism and strengthens immune system.

Include nuts in your daily diet and you avoid vitamins snd minerals deficiency.

Peanut

Peanut is richest source of protein, vegetable oils, folic acid, amino acids, vitamins A, C, D, K, B1, B2 and also sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc. The peanut has favorable effect on nervous system,  heart,  liver and other organs; promotes renewal of cells, low cholesterine in  blood. It is used as cholagogue remedy. It is useful at fatigability, insomnia; improves memory, attention and hearing. Taken only 30 g peanut daily considerably reduces risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Pistachio

It contains vitamins A, B1, E, iron. Wholesome features of pistachio tonic action; reduce risk of heart diseases; improve brain and liver activity. Help during stress and after serious diseases. Pistachio is helpful for arterial hypertensia, chronic anemia, tuberculosis and thrombophlebitis.

Cedar nut

Hundred grams of cedar nuts provide daily need for amino acids and microelements, and still they contain vitamins A, E, D, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, fiber and fructose. Cedar nuts compensate of vitamins and microelements deficiency, raise working capacity, and strengthen immunity. They are recommended at the high blood pressure, diseases of cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract. Cedar nut normalize blood content; adjust metabolic processes; help at neurosises, diseases of organs of respiration, liver, during medical starvation and keeping of fast days.

Walnut

Walnut includes vitamins A, B1, B2, E, C, iron, a cobalt, zinc, potassium, magnesium, calcium, iodine, phosphorus. Walnut are beneficial for people with high blood pressure, anemia.

It promotes strengthening of immunity, is very useful to elderly, pregnant women and feeding mothers. It is recommended during restoration after and surgical procedures.

Home Remedies – Helps to Treat Skin Rashes

Again, there are some common skin irritations that are caused due to allergic reactions to certain foods, chemical pollutants, cosmetics, detergents, perfumes, plants and a lot more things. Parasites like lice and mice also cause skin eruptions and rashes. Insect bites also cause rashes. Rashes are also caused due to diseases like measles, chicken pox, shingles, hand and foot diseases, etc. as also after bacterial, fungal and viral infections. One may also have skin rash from excessive exposure to heat and sun.

Body rash is an inflammation on the surface of the skin. Due to this, the skin color and texture changes. It is often associated with itching, stinging or a burning sensation. This sudden outbreak of rashes could be due to a new cosmetic cream, allergic food reaction or an irritation. Allergies can be caused by food, plants, animals, insects or any chemicals.

Try Bag Balm. The rash was gone after 3 days and never came back. It is now sold in the salve section in many stores, so word must have gotten out about this great salve. It is a great salve, with many uses and I always will keep a tin of it handy.

Creams, lotions and antibiotic courses are some essential treatment options, which can effectively eliminate conditions of acute skin rashes. Nowadays, you also have skin rash vaccines that uproot the very causes of rashes. Basic knowledge of medicines, tips from the doctor and a handy first aid kit are some essential resources, which will prevent a mild skin rash from becoming a real menace.

Give Fido a bath. The rash caused by poison ivy can spread if there are oils from the plant on your pet’s fur, or even on other items around the yard such as gardening tools. “Oil can stay on these types of surfaces for up to 5 years,” says Hammer. She recommends thoroughly washing both pets and other items that may have come into contact with poison ivy to remove the oils.

You need to take a proper bowel cleanse. A good bowel cleanse will reduce the toxic loads in your body. And if your bowel cleanse is sulfur rich, which contains loads of compounds, compounds that you could find in cabbages and onions and garlic, it will be extremely cleansing for you.

Avoid petroleum-based products, baby oils, and scented talcum powder. Never wash the affected areas with soap of any kind. Avoid detergent washing powders and fabric softeners. Homeopathy Apis, Graphites, Pulsatilla, Rhus tox, and Sulfur may be helpful. Herbal Medicine Marigold tea, calendula ointment, or aloes Vera gel are all helpful. Aromatherapy Add 12 drops of fennel, geranium, or sandalwood to 2fl oz/60ml of carrier oil.

Wash the area. “If you come into contact with poison ivy, the best advice is to wash your skin as quickly as possible with soap and cold, running water,” says Hammer. Do this within minutes of coming into contact with the plant to prevent the oil from absorbing into the skin. Also, avoid vigorously scrubbing the area or using hot water since these may further open pores or cause more irritation to the skin.

Lower Extremity Ulcers of the Legs, Ankles, and Feet

An ulcer is a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane often associated with the disintegration of tissue and the formation of pus. Ulcers can result in the complete loss of the epidermis, the dermis, and in more advanced cases subcutaneous fat. Ulcers that appear in the skin are distinguished by inflamed tissue with an area of reddened skin. Skin ulcers are most often associated with diabetes, but have numerous other causes including exposure to heat or cold, irritation, and problems with blood circulation.

Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are an increasing problem among individuals with diabetes. Data from the 1983-90 National Hospital Discharge Surveys (NHDS) indicate that 6% of hospitalizations listing diabetes on the discharge record also listed a lower extremity ulcer condition. In hospitalizations that listed diabetes, chronic ulcers were present in 2.7% of the patients. The average length of stay for diabetes discharges with ulcer conditions was 59% longer than for diabetes discharges without ulcers. Recent data suggest that foot ulcers precede approximately 85% of nontraumatic lower extremity amputations (LEAs) in individuals with diabetes.

More than half of lower limb amputations in the United States occur in people with diagnosed diabetes. NHDS data also indicate that there were  about 54,000 diabetic individuals who underwent  nontraumatic LEAs in 1990. Lower extremity amputations are more common in individuals with diabetes than without diabetes.

Several studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of patient education on reducing LEAs. A randomized trial showed that patient self-care was helpful in preventing serious foot lesions. Several amputation prevention programs have reported striking pre- and post-intervention differences in amputation frequency after instituting comprehensive, multidisciplinary foot care programs. Part of the hospital care and self care program should be the administration of a topical growth factor gel to the wound.

What are the types and symptoms of ulcers? Ulcers may or may not be painful. The patient generally has a swollen leg and may feel burning or itching. There may also be a rash, redness, brown discoloration or dry, scaly skin. The three most common types of leg and foot ulcers are:

  1. Venous stasis ulcers
  2. Arterial (ischemic ulcers)
  3. Neurotrophic (diabetic ulcers)

Ulcers are typically defined by the appearance of the ulcer, the ulcer location, and the way the borders and surrounding skin of the ulcer look as defined below:

1. Venous stasis ulcers

Venous ulcers are located below the knee and are primarily found on the inner part of the leg, just above the ankle. The base of a venous ulcer is usually red and may also be covered with yellow fibrous tissue, or there may be a green or yellow discharge if the ulcer is infected. Fluid drainage can be significant with this type of ulcer.

The borders of a venous ulcer are usually irregularly shaped and the surrounding skin is often discolored and swollen. It may even feel warm or hot. With edema (swelling) the skin may appear shiny and tight. The skin of the lower leg may also have brown or purple discoloration known as “stasis skin changes.”

Venous stasis ulcers are common in patients who have a history of leg swelling, long standing varicose veins, or a history of blood clots in either the superficial or the deep veins of the legs. Ulcers may affect one or both legs.

Venous ulcers affect 500,000 to 600,000 people in the United States every year and account for 80 to 90% of all leg ulcers.

2. Arterial (ischemic)

Arterial ulcers are usually located on the feet and often occur on the heels, tips of toes, between the toes where the toes rub against one another or anywhere the bones may protrude and rub against bed sheets, socks or shoes. Arterial ulcers also commonly occur in the nail bed if the toenail cuts into the skin or if the patient has had recent aggressive toe nail trimming or an ingrown toenail removed.

The base of an arterial or ischemic ulcer usually does not bleed. It has a yellow, brown, gray, or blackened color. The borders and surrounding skin usually appear as though they have been punched out. If irritation or infection are present, there may or may not be swelling and redness around the ulcer base. There may also be redness on the entire foot when the leg is dangled; this redness often turns to a pale white/yellow color when the leg is elevated.

Arterial ulcers are usually very painful, especially at night. The patient may instinctively dangle their foot over the side of the bed to relieve the pain. Patients usually have prior knowledge of poor circulation in their legs and may have an accompanying disorder.

3. Neurotrophic (diabetic)

Neurotrophic ulcers are usually located at increased pressure points on the bottom of the feet. However, neurotrophic ulcers related to trauma can occur anywhere on the foot. These types of ulcers occur primarily in people with diabetes although anyone who has impaired sensation of the feet can be affected.

The base of the ulcer is variable, depending on the patient’s circulation and may appear pink/red or brown/black. The borders of the ulcer are punched out and the surrounding skin is typically calloused.

Neuropathy and peripheral artery disease are often co-morbid in people who have diabetes. Nerve damage (neuropathy) in the feet often results in a loss of foot sensation and changes in the sweat-producing glands. Thus, a person may not feel the development of foot calluses or cracks, increasing the risk of injury or infection. Symptoms of neuropathy include tingling, numbness, and burning or pain.

What causes leg ulcers? Leg ulcers may be caused by:

  1. Poor circulation, often caused by arteriosclerosis
  2. Diabetes
  3. Venous insufficiency (a failure of the valves in the veins of the leg that causes congestion and slowing of blood circulation in the veins)
  4. Other disorders of clotting and circulation that may or may not be related to atherosclerosis
  5. Renal (kidney) failure
  6. Hypertension (treated or untreated)
  7. Lymphedema (a buildup of fluid that causes swelling in the legs or feet)
  8. Inflammatory diseases including vasculitis, lupus, scleroderma or other rheumatological conditions
  9. Other medical conditions such as high cholesterol, heart disease, high blood pressure, sickle cell anemia, bowel disorders
  10. History of smoking (either current or past)
  11. Pressure caused by lying in one position for too long
  12. Genetics (they may be hereditary)
  13. A malignancy (tumor or cancerous mass)
  14. Infections
  15. Certain medications

How are leg ulcers diagnosed and treated?

First, the patient’s medical history is evaluated. A wound specialist will examine the wound thoroughly and may perform tests such as X-rays, MRIs, CT scans and noninvasive vascular studies to help develop a treatment plan. The goals of treatment are to relieve pain, speed recovery, and heal the wound. Each patient’s treatment plan should be individualized based on the patient’s health, medical condition, and ability to care for the wound.

Treatment options for all ulcers may include:

  1. Antibiotics, if an infection is present
  2. Anti-platelet or anti-clotting medications to prevent a blood clot
  3. Topical wound care therapies (including topical growth factors)
  4. Compression garments
  5. Prosthetics or orthotics, available to restore or enhance normal lifestyle function

Venous ulcers are treated somewhat differently with compression of the leg to minimize edema or swelling. Compression treatments may include wearing compression stockings, multilayer compression wraps, or wrapping an ACE bandage or dressing from the toes or foot to the area below the knee. The type of compression treatment prescribed is determined by the physician based on the characteristics of the ulcer base and amount of drainage from the ulcer.

The type of dressing prescribed for ulcers is determined by the type of ulcer and the appearance at the base of the ulcer. Types of dressings include:

  1. Moist to moist dressings
  2. Hydrogels/hydrocolloids
  3. Alginate dressings
  4. Collagen wound dressings
  5. Debriding agents
  6. Antimicrobial dressings
  7. Composite dressings
  8. Synthetic skin substitutes
  9. Growth factor ointment

Treatments of arterial ulcer vary, depending on the severity of the arterial disease. Non-invasive vascular tests provide the physician with the diagnostic tools to assess the potential for wound healing. Depending on the patient’s condition, the physician may recommend invasive testing, endovascular therapy or bypass surgery to restore circulation to the affected leg. The goals for arterial ulcer treatment include:

  1. Providing adequate protection of the surface of the skin
  2. Preventing new ulcers
  3. Removing contact irritation to the existing ulcer
  4. Monitoring for signs and symptoms of infection that may involve the soft tissues or bone.

Neurotrophic ulcers are treated are treated by avoiding pressure and weight-bearing on the affected leg until the ulcer has started to heal. Regular debridement (the removal of infected tissue) is usually necessary before a neurotrophic ulcer can heal. Frequently, special shoes or orthotic devices must be worn.

Wound Care at Home

As stated in the aforementioned section, a proper wound care program including home wound care by the patient is critical to the healing process. Patients should be given careful instructions to care for their wounds at home. These instructions include:

  1. Keeping the wound clean
  2. Changing the dressing as directed
  3. Taking prescribed medications as directed
  4. Applying topical growth factors as directed
  5. Drinking plenty of fluids
  6. Following a healthy diet, as recommended, including plenty of fruits and vegetables
  7. Exercising regularly, as directed by a physician
  8. Wearing appropriate shoes
  9. Wearing compression wraps, if appropriate, as directed

The treatment of all ulcers begins with careful skin and foot care. Inspection of the feet and skin by the patient is very important, especially for people with diabetes. Detecting and treating foot and skin sores early can help prevent infection and prevent the sore from becoming worse. Here are some guidelines:

  1. Gently wash the affected area on your leg and your feet every day with mild soap and lukewarm water. Washing helps loosen and remove dead skin and other debris or drainage from the ulcer. Gently and thoroughly dry your skin and feet, including between the toes. Do not rub your skin or area between the toes.
  2. Every day, examine your legs as well as the tops and bottoms of your feet and the areas between your toes. Look for any blisters, cuts, cracks, scratches or other sores. Also check for redness, increased warmth, ingrown toenails, corns and calluses. Use a mirror to view the leg or foot if necessary, or have a family member look at the area for you.
  3. Once or twice a day, apply a lanolin-based cream to your legs and soles and top of your feet to prevent dry skin and cracking. Do not apply lotion between your toes or on areas where there is an open sore or cut. If the skin is extremely dry, use the moisturizing cream more often.
  4. Care for your toenails regularly. Cut your toenails after bathing, when they are soft. Cut toenails straight across and smooth with an emery board.
  5. Do not self-treat corns, calluses or other foot problems. Go to a podiatrist to treat these conditions.
  6. Don’t wait to treat a minor foot or skin problem. Follow your physcian’s guidelines.
  7. Ask your physician about using a growth factor ointment on the open sore area.

How can ulcers be prevented? Controlling risk factors can help you prevent ulcers from developing or becoming worse. Here are some ways to reduce your risk factors:

  1. Quit smoking
  2. Manage your blood pressure
  3. Control your blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels by making dietary changes and taking medications as prescribed
  4. Limit your intake of sodium (salt)
  5. Manage your diabetes and other health conditions, if applicable
  6. Exercise — start a walking program after speaking with your physcian
  7. Lose weight if you are overweight
  8. Ask your physcian about aspirin therapy to prevent blood clots

Psoriatic Arthritis Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment

About 10 percent to 30 percent of people with psoriasis also develop psoriatic [pronounced sore-ee-AA-tic] arthritis, which causes pain, stiffness and swelling in and around the joints.

Early recognition, diagnosis and treatment of psoriatic arthritis can relieve pain and inflammation and possibly help prevent progressive joint involvement and damage. Without treatment, psoriatic arthritis can potentially be disabling and crippling.

Psoriatic arthritis is a less common form of arthritis. It affects both men and women in equal numbers, and usually between the ages of 20 and 50. Up to 30% of people with psoriasis will also get psoriatic arthritis. Although psoriasis may start at any age (commonly in the late teens), the arthritis component usually makes its appearance later – in the 20s, 30s and 40s. Commonly, psoriasis shows first, but in a small percentage of people (approximately 15%), arthritis may show first.

Psoriatic Arthritis Causes

A particular combination of genes makes some people more likely to get psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Current research suggests that something (perhaps an infection) acts as a trigger in people who are susceptible to this type of arthritis because of their genetic make-up. No specific infection has been found and it may be that a variety of infections (including bacteria that live in patches of psoriasis) can trigger the disease.

Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms associated with psoriatic arthritis vary in how they occur (i.e. symmetrical or asymmetrical) and what joints are affected. Any joint in the body can be affected. When psoriasis causes pitting and thickened or discolored fingernails, the joints nearest the fingertips are likely to become arthritic.

In most patients, the psoriasis precedes the arthritis by months to years. The arthritis frequently involve the knees, ankles, and joints in the feet. Usually, only a few joints are inflamed at a time. The inflamed joints become painful, swollen, hot, and red. Sometimes, joint inflammation in the fingers or toes can cause swelling of the entire digit, giving them the appearance of a “sausage.” Joint stiffness is common and is typically worse early in the morning.

Other Symptoms include:

·    Silver or grey scaly spots on the scalp, elbows, knees and/or lower end of the spine.
·    Pitting of fingernails/toenails

Psoriatic Arthritis  Diagnosis

Skin and nail changes characteristic of psoriasis with accompanying arthritic symptoms are the hallmarks of psoriatic arthritis. A blood test for rheumatoid factor, antibodies that suggest the presence of rheumatoid arthritis, is negative in nearly all patients with psoriatic arthritis. X rays may show characteristic damage to the larger joints on either side of the body as well as fusion of the joints at the ends of the fingers and toes.

Psoriatic Arthritis Treatment

Treatment plans are designed to reduce inflammation in the joints, reduce pain and prevent further damage.  Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to control the pain and swelling of the arthritis. Your doctor may inject steroids directly into affected joints. Other drugs, such as methotrexate and an antimalarial drug known as hydroxychloroquine, may also be used. Other more aggressive treatments include corticosteroid injections into the joints or injections of gold salts for patients with more destructive joint damage. Surgery may be necessary in cases of very severe

Candida Yeast Infection Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Here, you’ll discover the symptoms of Candida yeast infection, its causes and treatment, and why so many frustrated women are turning to natural cures for their Candida yeast infection. Then you’ll be in a better position to decide on the course of action that is best for you.

Let’s begin with it’s cause and the underlying issues which can trigger an infection…

Candida yeast infection symptoms are caused by a yeast-like fungus called ‘Candida Albicans’ which most of us have naturally in our bodies. Luckily, it is kept from doing us any harm by our body’s friendly bacteria. But sometimes things get ‘out of balance’ and the fungus is allowed to ‘overgrow.’ It’s this overgrow that causes your yeast infection.

Some of the underlying issues that can help cause this imbalance and allow the fungus to spread are things like; diabetes; poor diet; antibiotics; steroids; some medical conditions (e.g. HIV / AIDS, cancer); sex with an infected partner; scented sprays and douches; damp, sweaty, tight underwear; etc.

And so to Candida yeast infection symptoms: These symptoms can appear almost anywhere in or on your body, but especially the warm, moist areas that the fungus loves so much because these aid its growth. In women, the most common place is the vagina, then perhaps the mouth, but it can appear on the skin, anus, and under the fingernails, etc.

Typical vaginal Candida symptoms are; itching, inflammation, swelling, abnormal white discharge, pain when peeing, menstrual pain, difficulty having sex. Oral symptoms are; raised whitish spots on tongue and mucus membranes, thick white coating on tongue, and difficulty swallowing.

Mainstream treatment using over-the counter, or, prescription creams, lotions, pessaries, etc. is usually the first line treatment for most women. But they have been finding that, in many cases, the Candida infection is very hard to clear, or, just keeps on returning. And recurring or chronic infection becomes harder and harder to clear. This is put down to the drugs just addressing the Candida yeast infection symptoms and not the root cause, plus, the fungus can build-up a resistance to the drugs.

This is why so many frustrated women have been successfully turning in their thousands to totally natural remedies for their Candida yeast infection. These don’t have the negatives of expensive drug-based treatments.

If you don’t want the hassle of trawling through the Internet to learn about the tons of natural remedies out there, then you’ll want to go here http://how-to-get-rid-of-a-yeast-infection.blogspot.com where you’ll quickly discover the facts on how to get rid of your Candida yeast infection in as little as 12 hours.

Allergy Coding

Anallergy isan abnormal reaction of the human immune system, when it wrongly identifies certain allergens such as pollens, foods, drugs, dust, etc to be harmful foreign substances and produces antibodies against them. When these antibodies are produced in excess, they release histamine and other chemicals in your body, which in turn results in some allergic reaction. Allergy manifests itself most frequently in the respiratory tract or the skin – these manifestations of allergic conditions include allergic rhinitis, eczema, hives and hay fever. Severe reactions include violent cough, cyanosis, fever, pulse variations, convulsions and collapse. Allergic reactions may be acute, chronic, immediate or delayed and the agent causing the allergy is to be identified to provide apt treatment – avoidance, medication or immunotherapy treatment.

Allergy coding involves coding procedures that come under allergy testing, immunization and desensitization. Coders tend to be confused as regards the various types of allergy testing, those who can do the testing, how allergy shots can be properly billed, and so on. Coding for allergy is made more complex with details such as the allowed limits, combinations, units and same day evaluation/management services.The patient’s medical record must clearly document the medical necessity for each test performed, the test results, unfavorable reactions if any to each test, for each date of service submitted on the claim.

Allergy Testing Coding

To know if you are allergic, you need to be tested for inhalants known to cause allergies, for food allergies and so on. Allergy testing is categorized into in vivo and in vitro methodologies. Allergy testing is covered only when it is considered ‘medically necessary’ and is ordered by a physician. The physical examination should indicate allergic signs/symptoms. Allergy testing is also covered when a diagnosis such as asthma, indicative of an allergy has been made.Covered CPT codes include the range 95004-95199. Investigational allergy tests are not usually covered.

In vivo testing includes allergy skin testing:

  • Percutaneous test (scratch, prick or puncture test)
    • CPT codes covered: 95004, 95010

Percutaneous test is the allergy sensitivity test most frequently performed; however, the following cutaneous and mucous membrane tests are sometimes included in an allergy evaluation:

  • Intracutaneous test (intradermal test)
    • CPT codes covered: 95015 95024 95027 95028
  • Photo Patch test
    • CPT codes covered: 95052; the number of tests has to be specified
  • Patch or application test(s)
    • CPT code covered: 95044; the number of tests has to be specified
  • Photo Tests
    • CPT code covered: 95056
  • Bronchial Challenge Test
    • CPT codes covered: 95070 95071 Other CPT codes related to the CPB: 94150 94200 94240 94350 94360 94621 94680 94681 94690 94720 94770
  • Exercise Challenge Test
    • CPT codes covered: 94010 94060 94070 94150 94200 94240 94350 94360 94375 94620 94621 94680 94681 94690 94720 94770
  • Food ingestion challengetest
    • CPT code 95075
  • Opthalmic mucous membranetests
    • CPT code 95060
  • Direct nasal mucous membrane test
    • CPT code 95065
  • Serial endpoint titration (SET) test (eg, intradermal dilutional testing [IDT]
    • CPT code covered: 95027
  • Provocative test (for example, Rinkel test)
    • CPT code: 85078

Percutaneous and intracutaneous allergy tests are accepted as medically necessary and are covered by most insurance providers. However, there are certain limitations imposed:

  • The number of scratch, puncture or prick allergy tests eligible for reimbursement per year is 70 (CPT code 95004)
  • The number of intracutaneous allergy tests eligible for reimbursement per year is 40 (CPT codes 95024 and 95028)

SET testing is considered medically necessary and is covered up to 80 tests per year (CPT codes 95010, 95015 and 95027).

Patch test, photo patch test, mucous membrane test, bronchial inhalation challenge test, and food ingestion challenge test are also considered medically necessary and covered for the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of allergies. Other allergy testing procedures including sublingual testing, provocative testing, and Rebuck skin window test are not covered because they are considered experimental or investigational. These are to be reported with the CPT code number 95199.

Tests such as Leukocyte histamine release, Prausnitz-Kustner test, Cytotoxic food testing (leukocytotoxic test, Bryans test) and Conjunctival challenge testing (ophthalmic mucous membrane test) are usually excluded from reimbursement.

In vitro testing involves blood tests to identify the presence of specific IgE antibodies to a particular antigen. Procedure codes for allergy tests are usually reimbursed per test for the total number of tests performed.

Allergy laboratory testing includes CPT codes 86000-86999. 86003 and 86005 are codes used to signify allergen specific IgE determinations. RAST, MAST, FAST, ELISA, and ImmunoCAPtests are indicated when percutaneous testing of IgE-mediated allergies cannot be done. Radioallergosorbent testing for allergies has to be reported with code 86003 (allergen specific IgE; quantitative or semiquantitative, each allergen).Service providers reporting with this code have to give supporting documents to validate the medical necessity for the allergy testing procedure, explaining why other routine allergy tests were unsatisfactory. These tests are reimbursed in the following situations:

  • When skin tests cannot be performed routinely due to conditions such as infancy, extensive eczema, icthyasis or dermographia
  • When the skin test has proven inconclusive
  • When the patient is under medication that might interfere with skin testing, but can’t be asked to discontinue
  • When the patient has systemic reaction to skin testing

If medical necessity is not validated, code 86003 might not be reimbursed. Apart from CPT codes, the claims should also contain all relevant ICD-9 and HCPCS codes for full reimbursement.

Allergy Immunotherapy Coding

Allergy immunotherapy includes avoidance therapy, pharmacologic therapy and immunotherapy. Avoiding the allergen responsible for causing allergy is the most effective treatment. Allergy immunotherapy also known by the terms hyposensitization, desensitization, allergy injection therapy, or “allergy shots” is recommended for patients

  • In whom the allergens triggering the reaction are not easily avoidable
  • The allergy is IgE mediated
  • The allergy is not effectively controlled by medication

Allergy immunotherapy desensitizes the patient to the allergen that caused the allergy. It protects the patient against the allergic symptoms and inflammatory reactions. Allergy shots are usually provided in a medical setting and contain increasing doses of the allergen. The healthcare provider must accurately document the allergy shots given to the patient to be properly reimbursed. To avoid claim denials, it is important that the patient is examined by a physician; in addition, the examining physician has to prepare the antigens, develop a treatment plan and dosage schedule.

In allergy immunotherapy, the CPT codes covered include 95115-95170, 95199. If other identifiable services are given during office visit, office visit codes can be used in addition to allergen immunotherapy codes.

Some Important Considerations

When percutaneous or intracutaneous sequential and incremental injections (95010, 95015 or 95027) and single injection (95004 or 95024) tests are provided on the same date, all these codes may be reported if the tests are different allergens or different dilutions of the same allergen. The number of separate injections are to be reported, do not report both a single injection test and a sequential and incremental injection test for the same dilution of an allergen. SET testing can be reported and will be reimbursed on a per allergen basis.

The patient’s medical record must clearly document the medical necessity for the treatment provided. Medicare Benefit Policy Manual provides details of services covered, codes and other relevant details helpful in accurate coding. A standardized CPT code is assigned for every medical procedure and task. Medical coders have to be thorough with the reimbursement policies of different insurance providers

Cyclothymia Causes Symptoms Information With Treatment

Some theories posit that the hypomanic episodes have meaning in the context of a person seeking to achieve goals or to avoid depression. Symptoms of cyclothymia include periods of hypomania. Depressive symptoms are also present as the hypomania fades. These symptoms. However, are not meet the criteria for a major depressive episode, in other words, are not as severe as those found in Bipolar Disorder. The hypomanic and depressive episodes of cyclothymia generally don’t prevent people with the disorder from engaging in their normal activities at work or school or in social situations. However, the unpredictable nature of cyclothymia, the sudden shift to a hypomanic or depressive period, and behaviors associated with these moods can significantly disrupt your life. The constant cycling between stable and symptomatic mood states often leads to short-lived or strained relationships, insecure self-identity, job instability, uneven performance in school, a history of ambitious but unfulfilled endeavors, or patterns of risky behaviors in sexual encounters or drug and alcohol use. Treatment for cyclothymia can include a variety of Cognitive and behavioural techniques. Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia.

Causes of Cyclothymia

Common Causes and Risk factors of Cyclothymia

Genetic contribution.

Psychosocial factors.

Stress.

Alcohol and drugs.

Depression.

Signs and Symptoms of Cyclothymia

Common Sign and Symptoms of Cyclothymia

Irritability or angry outbursts

Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity

Decreased need for sleep

Nearly constant talking

Racing thoughts

Difficulty concentrating or making decisions

Physical agitation or physical slowing down

Treatment for Cyclothymia

Common Treatment for Cyclothymia

Individuals may prefer no treatment or supportive psychotherapy alone.

Family therapy is often sought to help with the problems in relationships brought on by the disorder.

Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia.

Medications may help some people with cyclothymia to regulate their moods and prevent periods of hypomania and depression.

Anticonvulsants, such as valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex (Depakote) and carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol) also useful for Cyclothymia.

Antipsychotics, such as risperidone (Risperdal), olanzapine (Zyprexa) and quetiapine (Seroquel also useful for Cyclothymia.

Depression – All Types of Depression and Depression Symptoms

Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses with 10-15% of people suffering from depression at some stage in their lifetime. The general symptoms of depression include irritability, difficulty to concentrate, feelings of guilt or helplessness, reduced appetite, anxiety, loss of interest in activities and personal appearance, difficulty sleeping, difficulty getting up in the morning, constant tiredness, lack of energy, changes in weight and headaches.

Depression is a form of what is known as a mood or affective, disorder, because it is primarily concerned with a change in mood.
Depression is a very complex illness. No-one really knows for certain what causes depression, and everyone’s experience of depression is different.

Winter Depression (Seasonal Affective Disorder)

This is very common in countries which have cold, cloudy winters and little daylight or sunshine. I used to live in England and did suffer a from this. Now I live in Turkey and the difference is incredible. Sometimes the weather is fantastic – sunny and warm even in winter! It does affect your mood but everybody is different, if you are very sensitive to weather change you may suffer from this.

Pregnancy Depression

Although pregnancy is normally a period of great joy, about ten percent (10%) of pregnant women experience prolong periods of great sadness.
Although hormones are a factor in pregnancy depression it is not the lone cause.

Dysthymia

Dysthmyia is a condition that sufferers don’t even know they have depression, it is just a daily part of their lives and always has been. People suffering from Dysthmyia are people that are simply sad, blue, always depressed but for them it is completely normal and are not aware of it. They go through life feeling unimportant, frightened, dissatisfied and simply don’t enjoy life.

Bipolar depression (or manic depression) includes both high and low mood swings, and a variety of other significant symptoms not present in other types of depression.

Seasonal Affective Disorder has symptoms that are seen with any major depressive episode. It is the recurrence of the symptoms during certain seasons that is the hallmark of this type of depression.

Non-melancholic Depression

In this case the depression is not melancholic, or, put simply, not primarily biological. Instead, it has to do with psychological causes and is very often linked to stressful events in a person’s life, alone, or in conjunction with the individual’s personality style. Non-melancholic depression is the most common of the three types of depression. Non-melancholic depression has a high rate of spontaneous remission because it is often linked to stressful events in a person’s life. Non-melancholic depression responds well to different sorts of treatments (such as psychotherapies, antidepressants and counselling), but the treatment selected should respect the cause (eg stress, personality style).

How to Overcome Arachnophobia

The dread of spiders is known as “Arachnophobia,” a word originating from the Greek terms “arachne” translates to spider and “phobos” translates to horror.

Believe it or not the panic of spiders is a lot more abnormal in rural regions than it is in municipal regions. It could be the core for this is that the rustic population have for generations had more communication with spiders and appreciate the superb labour that they bear out.

Like most fears and phobias, a terror of the unconscious intellect produced spiders as a protective mechanism. On juncture an arrival of arachnophobia could be so serious that even a painting of a spider can start panic attacks absolute with unpleasant feelings like rapid blood matter, sweating, dehydrated door and high stress and worry levels.

There bags of individuals whose arachnophobia is so terrible that they will not even go exterior their home for the duration of the summer interlude for the dread of bumping into a spider. Nevertheless, obviously, even that doesn’t resolve the quandary for the wits that a significant issue for the person with arachnophobia is of course the spiders generally subsist in homes, as well!

Few Arachnids are equipped to poison people by their tartness while it does come to occur once in a while! As we have already come to learn, Arachnids are found in practically all terrestrial seats but on the reverse there are a number to be found within water territories also.

Arachnids are a diminutive facets of a bigger division identified as arthropods, that additionally includes insects, myriapods, and crustaceans. They are an archaic congresses of animals that court back to the Silurian age, more than 420 million days ago. Older remnants have allegedly been discovered but their significance as Arachnids is doubtful. Today Arachnids are found throughout the world, from water holes to jungle and hot climates to our homes.

In psychological idiom the expression worn for the terror of spiders is arachnophobia and is in certainty a person of alarm of a spider that produces nominal or no specific danger. On the other hand Spider Phobia is the most shared form of animal dread.

Rumour has it that when spider terror is acute, other types of desensitisation like being urged to often apportion with actual spiders is definitely enough to postpone many, spider phobia, sufferers from remedy.

Comprehension of a bit regarding your phobia, especially if it’s directed at some other thing or place, is vacant to be an important part of overcoming your alarm of spiders. Psychotherapy and behavioural therapy are as a pronounce awfully successful therapy for arachnophobia. Family and pals must be supportive moreover it would help if they are informed of the predicament and the action that is being undertaken. There are at this time top category treatments that will cure near all phobias.

Anxiety – Not Just A Pessimistic Feeling

Another view is that anxiety is characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components, generalized as psychological and physiological state. Typically, a person of anxiety is push into an unpleasant feeling in relation with uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry. When anxiety becomes excessive, it may be called an anxiety disorder, making bad affects on one’s mood.

How does anxiety show plainly?

Anxiety affects and manifests how a person thinks, namely emotional symptoms of anxiety. But concurrently, the anxiety can lead to physical symptoms. The followings are general symptoms a person suffering from anxiety can confront:

In terms of emotional side:

Emotionally, a person of anxiety must stand pessimistic and unfavorable feelings such as irrational and excessive fear and worry. Take a look at the following symptoms of anxiety for more details:

* Excessive, ongoing worry and tension
* An unrealistic view of problems
* Restlessness or a feeling of being “edgy”
* Irritability
* Muscle tension
* Headaches
* Sweating
* Difficulty concentrating
* Nausea
* The need to go to the bathroom frequently
* Tiredness
* Trouble falling or staying asleep
* Trembling
* Being easily startled

If you feel that some of all the above tokens or all the above tokens are coming to you, you may suffer from anxiety disorder.

In terms of physical side:

Together with emotional symptoms as above, a person of anxiety may sit down under the specific physical signs:

* Pounding heart
* Sweating
* Stomach upset or dizziness
* Frequent urination or diarrhea
* Shortness of breath
* Tremors and twitches
* Muscle tension
* Headaches
* Fatigue
* Insomnia

Obviously, anxiety is not just as a feeling, but more than that. Anxiety involves a wide range of physical symptoms as a product of the body’s fight-or-flight response. It explains for a medical illness that possibly turns up with a person of anxiety. One may visit many doctors to take numerous trips and cure methods for one’s illness treatment in this situation. This illness can be discovered after one has to go to the hospital many times.

What causes anxiety?

In which situations does one become anxious, under anxiety disorder?

Anxiety is often triggered by stress in life. Some of us are more vulnerable to anxiety than others, but even those who become anxious easily can learn to manage it well. It is advisable for us to avoid a habit of always telling ourselves the worst will happen – “negative self-talk”. If not, it is difficult for us to give anxiety disorder away.

However, the exact cause of anxiety is not fully known. Such factors as genetics, brain chemistry and environmental stresses may contribute to its development.

* Genetics: Some research suggests that family history plays a part in increasing the likelihood that a person will develop GAD (General anxiety disorder). This means that the tendency to develop GAD may be passed on in families.
* Brain chemistry: GAD has been associated with abnormal levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are special chemical messengers that help move information from nerve cell to nerve cell. If the neurotransmitters are out of balance, messages cannot get through the brain properly. This can alter the way the brain reacts in certain situations, leading to anxiety.
* Environmental factors: Trauma and stressful events, such as abuse, the death of a loved one, divorce, changing jobs or schools, may lead to GAD. GAD also may become worse during periods of stress. The use of and withdrawal from addictive substances, including alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine, can also worsen anxiety.

How is anxiety treated?

As anxiety places both of emotional and physical effects on one’s health, we should combine medication therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy to treat this type of illness. Take the following therapies as effective ones to do good for your health if you are of anxiety symptoms.

* Medication: Drugs are available to treat GAD and may be especially helpful for people whose anxiety is interfering with daily functioning. The medications most often used to treat GAD in the short-term are from a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. These medications are sometimes referred to as “tranquilizers,” because they leave you feeling calm and relaxed. They work by decreasing the physical symptoms of GAD, such as muscle tension and restlessness. Common benzodiazepines include Xanax, Librium, Valium and Ativan. Antidepressants, such as Paxil, Effexor, Prozac, Lexapro, and Zoloft, are also being used to treat GAD. These antidepressants may take a few weeks to start working but they’re more appropriate for long-term treatment of GAD.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy: People suffering from anxiety disorders often participate in this type of therapy, in which you learn to recognize and change thought patterns and behaviors that lead to anxious feelings. This type of therapy helps limit distorted thinking by looking at worries more realistically.

Insomnia- the Root Causes of Insomnia

Insomnia is such a common condition, affecting millions of Americans, yet many people are not aware of the serious consequences of Insomnia. Commonly referred to as sleeplessness, or lack of sleep, insomnia can lead to severe fatigue, anxiety, depression and lack of concentration. Insomnia is serious, although unlike other diseases it does not kill. But only a sleep deprived person knows how lonely and how terrible this state can be.

Insomnia is a symptom, not a stand-alone diagnosis. By definition, insomnia is “difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or both.” Although most of us know what insomnia is and how we feel and perform after one or more sleepless nights, few seek medical advice. Many people remain unaware of the behavioral and medical options available to treat insomnia.

The Main Insomnia Causes

Worrying about money and paying your bills. Worrying over money is probably the single biggest cause of all known causes of insomnia. If you have a lot of money you may worry over losing it; if you have little money you may worry about how you are going to get more.
Thinking about or being stressed over work.

Experiencing hunger pains in the middle of the night.

Being too warm or too cold as a result of either too little or too much bed covering.

Poor sleep hygiene results in sleeplessness for some. Taking daytime naps, exercising close to bedtime, watching TV late into the night, eating within one to two hours of bedtime and irregular sleep/wake schedules make rest hard to come by. To challenge yourself, keep track of your last week’s bedtimes and awakening times. If there is no thread of consistency, you have a great place to begin. This is especially important for those of you working second and third shifts.

Many people with chronic health conditions also have problems with insomnia. In addition, advanced age and female gender, make individuals more likely to experience insomnia. The cause of chronic insomnia can be complex and often results from a combination of factors.

Excessive use of alocohol. While one glass of wine might help you go to sleep, getting “buzzed” or drunk can be counterproductive. Excessive drinking can cause interrupted sleep and a poor quality of sleep, not to mention the “hungover” feeling you might have the next day. The older you get, the harder it is to “bounce back” after a night of drinking and it could take 24 to 48 hours for your body to release the alcohol in your system.

All day couch potatos  or people with a restricted lifestyle also suffer from bouts of insomia. This fact and other research has led sleep professionals to conclude that exercise is an important factor in your day time routine that can lead to sounder sleep at night. Likewise, people who take naps during the day, usually find it hard to get to sleep at night. As a consequence, they then go to bed late since they are not as tired. Not enough sleep at night can lead to fatique in the day time which can bring on the desire to take a nap – a cycle that might be hard for some people to break.

Treatment of Ingrown Nails

Copyright (c) 2010 Bruce Lashley

Ingrown toenails can be caused by abnormal nail structure, irritation and pressure from poorly fitted shoes, and most commonly by improper nail trimming where the corners of the toenails are rounded off. Once the nail begins to grow into the skin, the body will begin to treat the nail as a foreign object, which results in pain and redness in the soft tissue on the side of the nail. If left untreated, the ingrown nail can begin to cut into the skin, which can lead to a skin tissue infection with oozing or a granuloma formation. (Granuloma is tissue around the ingrown toenail that is red, moist, and increases in size.)

Non-Surgical Treatment: If the ingrown nail is at the end of the toe, a simple procedure called a partial wedge resection (also called a slant back procedure) can be performed. This is performed by using a nail clipper in a slanted approach to clip off the offending portion of nail. Proper subsequent and routine nail trimming after a partial wedge resection can prevent the ingrown nail from recurring in most cases.

Surgical: In most cases, simply removing a wedge of nail at the tip does not completely resolve the problem, especially if the toenail is severely embedded within the skin.

Surgical procedures for treating ingrown nails are performed in the office. With the exception of the injection to deliver the local anesthetic, there should be no pain during the procedure. There are two major ways to remove the nail surgically. The first is a complete or partial nail removal. In this case the nail will grow back over the course of the next 9 to 12 months. In most cases as long as the causing factor (e.g. improper nail cutting or tight shoes) is avoided, the ingrown nail should not reoccur.

The second method is a partial or total chemical matrixectomy. With this method, a portion of the nail or the entire nail may be removed permanently. The nail matrix is a thin tissue layer under the nail fold that produces new nail; when this tissue is removed the nail no longer grows.

Nail Avulsion: In this procedure, the nail root, known as the matrix and found beneath the cuticles, is left alone. This will allow the nail to completely grow back. This procedure requires a local injection to numb the toe, a specially designed nail splitter to separate the nail from the nail bed, and a small clamp to remove the nail.

Local injection: Local anesthetic is injected into the toe to numb the area around the nail. The injection is not performed at the location of the ingrown nail but is injected at the base of the toe. Most patients describe the injection as a burning and stretching sensation.

Nail Removal: Once the toe is adequately numbed, the attachment of the nail to the soft tissue and cuticle is released. The portion of nail to be removed is then spilt from the nail plate using a blade and nail splitter. This is followed by removal of the nail with a thin clamp. Antibacterial cream is applied to the area, and the toe is dressed with bandages. It may take the toenail about 8 to 10 months to grow back to its original length.

Partial Chemical Matrixectomy/Total Chemical Matrixectomy: In this procedure, the nail root/matrix is removed chemically using either phenol or sodium hydroxide. This prevents the nail from growing back. The local anesthetic injection is performed using the same technique as in the above described nail avulsion procedure.

After the toe is adequately numbed, a tourniquet is applied around the toe to prevent blood flow into the area. Preventing blood flow prevents diluting the phenol or sodium hydroxide solution and keeps the chemicals strong enough to adequately destroy the nail root/matrix.

Nail Removal: When performing a “partial” chemical matrixectomy, a blade and nail splitter is used to cut out a portion of the nail. The blade and the nail splitter are applied to the end of the nail and gently pushed down through the nail plate to the cuticle. A fine-jawed clamp is used to remove the portion of the ingrown nail. Until this point in the procedure everything is the same as performed in the nail avulsion. Next a Q-tip with phenol or sodium hydroxide is inserted in the area deep and beneath the cuticle to kill the nail root. This procedure destroys the nail root on the side of the ingrown nail and allows the remaining nail to grow as usual.

If a “total” chemical matrixectomy is performed, the entire nail will be removed and the phenol or sodium hydroxide is applied to the entire area beneath the cuticle. In this case, the entire nail will not grow back.

Surgical Cautions and Complications: It is possible that all or part of the ingrown nail that was treated with the chemical may grow back. Since a chemical matrixectomy is a chemical burn, this procedure will cause mild draining during the healing process. This procedure creates a burn that is not suitable for patients who have poor healing or poor blood flow.

Post-Op Management: Between the time of the surgical procedure and the next appointment, Amerigel should be applied to the wound to aid in the healing process. While this wound is healing, it is expected to have mild drainage from the area with mild redness and swelling. Additionally, there may be some soreness, which can be alleviated with pain medication like Tylenol. Usually after the surgical removal of an ingrown nail, a follow-up appointment is scheduled in order to perform proper wound care to the surgical site and monitor the outcome of the ingrown nail removal.

Treatment of Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is made upward of small organisms that can taint fingernails and toenails. The nails of our fingers and toes are really efficient barriers. A nail fungal transmission may start as a light-colored or yellow place under the hint of your fingernail or toenail. As the nail fungus spreads deeper into your nail, it may induce your nail to discolor, thicken and produce crumbling edges – an ugly and possibly traumatic trouble. The nail provides a secure spot for the fungus and protects it while it grows, since fungus like blue and wet places. This is why it’s difficult to hit and halt nail fungus. Trimming the nails overly brief can ensue in tiny cuts allowing the fungus to infiltrate. Nail biting can too undermine nails and damage overprotective layers. Toenail fungus infections are often more popular than fingernail fungus, and are more hard to handle. This is because fungi flourish in blue, hot and damp environments.

The fungi that induce toenail fungus are really popular in wet national areas. Examples include national showers, locker rooms, and pools. Never walk barefoot in these areas. The nails frequently get yellowish, and can get light-colored patches. Sometimes the nails can move dark or brown. The nail provides the fungus with a powerful overprotective roadblock. This roadblock makes it hard for medications to destroy the fungus. For this cause, prevention is really significant. Nails can be really appealing. Women, more frequently than men, put a good trade of importance on how their nails seem and consume a substantial sum of moment and money on them. Nails reflect a person’s private and health habits – better or terrible. Nail fungus handling should start as shortly as potential. The longer you look, the worse the circumstance will get, and the more hard to handle.

A transmission with nail fungus may be hard to handle, and infections may recur. But medications are accessible to assist exonerate upward nail fungus. Infected nails may too divide from the nail sheet, a circumstance called onycholysis. You may still look pain in your toes or fingertips and discover a somewhat nasty smell. Nail fungus is more popular among old adults for several reasons, including decreased blood circulation, much years of vulnerability to fungi and because nails may rise more slowly and thicken with aging, making them more vulnerable to transmission. The better handling of class is prevention. Keep your nails reduce directly across. If nails are difficult to reduce, weaken by soaking in salt water. Keep feet arid and easily ventilated. Be cautious with artificial nails and be exclusive about choosing your manicurist. Topical creams applied immediately to the infected place are frequently used for less severe infections.

Whenever your feet are damp for extended periods of time, the chances of getting the fungus increases. The nails can reveal a lot about the body’s internal health. Healthy nails are often a sign of good health, while bad nails are often a tip off to more serious problems. A high protein diet may help your nails grow stronger and healthier. There are many other options besides oral anti-fungal medications. Unfortunately, they are not very effective. The most effective topical medication is Ciclopirox lacquer. Combination therapy can help increase the effectiveness of the treatment. If you choose to take an oral medication, make sure you use a topical anti-fungal agent as well. Nail removal is also an option. Lamisil cream is a very effective anti fungal medicine used widely in order to treat ailments caused by fungal infection.

How to Treat a Sprained Ankle

Sprained Ankle

Whether you’ve suffered an urban injury running to catch the bus or a rural plight exploring a hiking trail, the RICE method–Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate-—will get you up and moving again. Follow these helpful steps to help heal your sprained ankle. A sprained ankle is a common injury and something that many of us have done. I recently sprained my ankle playing soccer, and I figured that it would just heal over time, without any effort on my part.

Major causes behind recurring ankle sprains

The technical term is proprioreceptors, but to make it simple, it is the sensor in your foot that tells your brain the position of your foot in relation to your body.

When you sprain your ankle, there is more that happens than just damage to tendons, ligaments, and connective tissues…the electrical connection in your foot that tells your brain the position of your foot in relation to your body may also be damaged. Your sore ankle needs more than just strengthening, it needs to be re-calibrated with your brain.

How To Cure A Sprained Ankle I am satisfied that how to cure a sprained ankle had been stung by the pressure of the how to cure a sprained ankle had a reluctance he could muster but eight men in the how to cure a sprained ankle in his manner, while the color of a minute in view, Mr. Her acquaintance with Lady Harriet Denbigh. I’m glad you have gone on to the field.

How to Effectively Treat a Sprained Ankle

Rest. Do not walk on your sprained ankle. This is the perfect excuse to sit down and put your feet up! If you must get around, use crutches. Resting a sprain completely for at least 24 hours is essential for quick healing.

COMPRESSION.

This does not have to be all of the time, but particularly when your foot is not elevated it would be advisable. A simple Ace wrap is fine for light compression.

Take over the counter pain relievers. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used for pain relief. For a particularly painful sprain, your doctor might prescribe stronger pain relievers.

Avoid wrapping or compressing the joint. Often times, wrapping the injured joint can prevent excess fluid from draining from area, prolonging inflammation and discomfort.

As soon as you are able, put weight on your injured leg. You can begin by placing weight on your foot while you are seated. This can progress to slow walking, being careful not to put too much burden on your non-injured leg. If you can only walk by putting the bulk of your weight on your non-injured leg, it is better to stop until you are able to put more weight on your injured leg, or to use crutches or a walker.

First Aid and Continued Treatment

Check the pulse in your foot. Lay the tips of your fingers on the top of your foot, right in the center, about 2 inches below the ankle. You should feel a bounding pulse. If you feel a weak, thready pulse, the circulation to your foot may be compromised. Call your doctor.

Mechanism of a Sprain

A sprain occurs when there is an injury to the ligaments surrounding a joint. This is usually caused by a twisting or wrenching motion. The basic function of a ligament is to maintain stability and permit mobility or movement. When a ligament gets torn, it loses its otherwise stabilizing ability.

Exercise

When able to bear weight without pain, stand in a doorway placing all your body weight on the injured ankle. Balance yourself by holding on to the door. As you start to gain more balance, close your eyes. This isolates the ankle and re-trains the proprioceptive receptors (tiny nerves receptors found in the joint) to improve your balance and to stabilize your ankle.

Medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, prescription pain medications are needed to provide adequate relief.