Duodenal Ulcer Information

The symptoms of duodenal ulcers include heartburn, stomach pain relieved by eating or taking antacids, weight gain, and a burning sensation at the back of the throat. The patient is most likely to feel discomfort two to four hours after meals, or after having citrus juice, coffee, or aspirin. About fifty percent of patients with duodenal ulcers awake during the night with pain, usually between midnight and three a.m. If an ulcer is bleeding, the patient may have vomit containing bright red blood or digested blood that looks like brown coffee grounds and black, tarry bowel movements.

Stomach is called a gastric ulcer; of the duodenum, a duodenal ulcer; and of the esophagus, an esophageal ulcer. An ulcer occurs when the lining of these organs is corroded by the acidic digestive juices which are secreted by the stomach cells. Peptic ulcer disease is common, affecting millions of Americans yearly. The medical cost of treating peptic ulcer and its complications runs in the billions of dollars annually. Recent medical advances have increased our understanding of ulcer formation. Improved and expanded treatment options are now available.

A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). The word “peptic” refers to pepsin, a stomach enzyme that breaks down proteins. If a peptic ulcer is located in the stomach it is called a gastric ulcer. Small ulcers may not cause any symptoms. Large ulcers can cause serious bleeding. Most ulcers occur in the first layer of the inner lining. A hole that goes all the way through is called a perforation of the intestinal lining. A perforation is a medical emergency.

Duodenal ulcers usually occur in younger people, while gastric ulcers occur in older age groups. It is still not clear what, if any, role stress plays in the development of ulcers. Alcohol and diet are not felt to play a very important role in the formation of ulcers. Some ulcers are caused by an organism called Helicobacter pylori, some are due to medications, and a few are caused by stomach or intestinal cancer. Therefore, treatment and long-term outcome depends on the cause of the ulcer.

The understanding of the etiology of duodenal ulcer has changed dramatically in the latter part of the 20th century. Historically, duodenal ulcer was thought to be a disease related to diet and environmental stress alone. Subsequent studies revealed the importance of pepsin and acid secretion in the pathogenesis of duodenal ulcer. The most revolutionary change in the knowledge of duodenal ulcer was the discovery in 1982 that the bacterium H pylori was present in most patients.

The most common symptom of a duodenum is a gnawing or burning pain in the abdomen between the breastbone and navel. Duodenal ulcers typically cause symptoms 2 to 5 hours after meals, when the stomach is empty, and can be relieved by eating. Gastric ulcers, on the other hand, are classically made worse by eating. You may experience pain soon after meals, and food won’t improve symptoms. For each, the duration of pain can be from a few minutes to a few hours.

If a person does not receive treatment for ulcers, it could lead to a bleeding ulcer (the ulcer has eaten into blood vessels and the blood has seeped into the digestive tract), a perforated ulcer (the ulcer has eaten a hole in the wall of the stomach or duodenum and bacteria and partially digested food has spilled into the hole, causing inflammation) or a narrowing and obstruction of the intestinal opening preventing food from leaving the stomach and entering the small intestine.

Could Repairing your Leaky Guy Syndrome be the Key to your Good Health?

Leaky gut syndrome used to be only something you would hear about, amongst the “alternative” medicine community. But more and more, main stream medicine is finding out this may be the begining of many diseases we see today.
There is truth in the old saying, “Death begins in the intestines. ” Your intestines play an important role not only in your digestion, but in many biological functions. Your intestinal tract harbors many different types of bacteria. It is estimated that there is between 300-500 different types of beneficial bacteria in your digestive tract. When the balance between “good” and “bad” bacteria is lost, this is called dysbiosis. When dysbiosis is present, immune system functions become less efficient, yeast, or candida over growth may occur, inflammation in the intestinal tract may occur, as well as through out your body if the inflammation then leads to a hyper-permeable intestinal wall (leaky gut).
Research has implicated intestinal dysbiosis as contributing to vitamin B12 deficiency(pernicious anemia), irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune disorders, arthritis, colon and breast cancer, psoriasis, eczema, cystic acne, and chronic fatigue syndrome, high cholesterol, food allergies, and more!
Some of the causes of leaky gut syndrome may be,
Antibiotic use
Anti inflammatory drugs (yes even the NSAIDs.. especially the NSAIDs)
Processed foods
Lack of fiber in the diet
Hypochlorhydria (as you age the strength of your stomach acid declines, causing improper nutritional absorption as well as many other imbalances. Even people that suffer from acid reflux may actually have Hypochlorhydria)
It is not enough just to simply replenish your friendly bacteria, or, intestinal flora with a supplement. Once you have hit the stage of leaky gut, the intestinal walls need to be healed as well. The longer the problem is left untreated, the more severe the damage, and the more difficult it is to correct. Fortunately testing for this is simple, non invasive and inexpensive.
Whether I am seeing a patient for arthritis, yeast infections, weight gain, fibromyalgia, or high cholesterol, I run a metabolic test to determine how well their body is functioning. If your foundation is not strong, it is difficult to obtain lasting results, no matter how great the treatment, drug, diet, or therapy is. Most of us think we are functioning well, if we have no symptoms of disease, but symptoms are often a more advanced sign that an imbalance is in place. Symptoms may also seem unrelated to the imbalance, and then go untreated, hoping it will just “go away on its own.” It may go away, but, that does not mean the imbalance has resolved itself.
If you suffer from:
Food allergies (most of these are hidden but add to your inflammation)
Irritable bowel syndrome
Chronic intestinal inflammation
Yeast infections
Chronic fatigue
Gas, bloat, or flatulence
Use antacids
Use antibiotics
Use NSAID or anti inflammatory drugs
You may be at risk for leaky guy syndrome.
When tested, if you find signs of leaky gut syndrome, or Hypochlorhydria, or dysbiosis, you can work with your health care practitioner to correct the problem. The secret to a long life and good health is not in symptom management, it’s in keeping your body balanced, and working in optimal condition. To find out more about leaky gut syndrome, or metabolic testing, click here.
If you pay attention to your body, you can have more energy, lose weight, stay healthy, and live a longer, happier life. It all starts with small adjustments, and little steps.

Menstruation Disorders – Amenorrhea – Types Of Kidney Deficiency Causes of Amenorrhea In TCM Perspective

Amenorrhea is defined as a health condition of absence of period
1. Primary amenrrhea
Women who are at age 18, but for what ever reason have never menstruated or
2. Secondary amenrrhea is defined as period beginning at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles.

In traditional Chinese medicine TCM, kidney defieciency can be classified as
1. Kidney yang deficiency
In traditional Chinese medicine is defined as a organ in charge of storing kidney essence, will, determination, and power of memory, water distribution, bone marrow, spinal marrow, and brain marrow, graping qi and bladder as well as hearing , and 2 private parts. Imbalance of kidney sometime can be caused by kidney yang deficiency due to intake of raw and cold foods, rigid exercise, frequent ejaculation, etc., leading to dampness accumulation that can manifest to damp heat, leading to phlegm.

2. Kidney yin deficiency
Imbalance of Kidney is defined as a health condition of Kidney Qi Deficiency, Yin Deficiency, Yang Deficiency or Jing Deficiency.
Kidney, in traditional Chinese medicine is defined as a organ in charge of storing kidney essence (jing), will, determination, and power of memory, water distribution, bone marrow, spinal marrow, and brain marrow, graping qi and bladder as well as hearing , and 2 private parts.
Deficiency of kidney yin can distort the function of kidney in water distribution, growth, leading to damp- heat and moving fluid and qi upward.

3. Kidney qi deficiency
Deficiency of kidney qi can distort the function of kidney in water distribution, growth, leading to dampness accumulation in the lower part of the body, and under layer of the skin and hearing loss, sexual dysfunction, loss of sexual desire, etc.

4. Kidney Jing deficiency
In traditional Chinese medicine is defined as a organ in charge of storing kidney essence, will, determination, and power of memory, water distribution, bone marrow, spinal marrow, and brain marrow, graping qi and bladder as well as hearing , and 2 private parts. Kidney jing (essence) jing can be divided in to prenatal and postnatal jing. Aging is the natural process due to depletion of kidney jing, we can not change the prenatal jing, but we can supplement the pre with the postnatal jing by taking foods and herbs which can delay the depletion of jing and aging.

5. Bilateral kidney yin and yang deficiency
Since kidneys store the essence and govern reproduction, bilateral kidney yin and yang deficiency is defined as a health condition of kidney fails to generate fluid and move fluid a long the kidney channels due to insufficiency of kidney essence or kidney vacuous.

6. Kidney fells to grape and retain qi
If kidney fell to grape and retain qi, it will cause abnormally uncontrollable fluid movement, and the qi does not flow upward to the lung, leading to respiratory problems, water retention and fluid stasis in the lower part of the body.

7. Kidney Yang deficiency causes of water effusion
Water effusion is defined as a health condition of prolonged period of yang vacuity, as a result of kidney’s inability to move fluid upward in nourishing the upper part of the body, leading to abnormal yang phrase of menstrual cycle in women and increasing the risk of low sexual libido.

8. Kidney Yin deficiency causes of fire effulgence
Fire effulgence is defined as a health condition of yin vacuity as a result of yin deficiency over a prolonged period of time, as a result of loss of yin essence, leading to yin/yang imbalance and yin can not control yang, due to aging, frequency sexual activity, repeat masturbation, etc resulting in amenrrhea in women and sexual dysfunction in both.

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Choose Diagnosis for Colonic Polyps Based on Key Terms

To select the correct ICD-9 diagnosis code for a colonic polyp, gastroenterology coders need to know whether the polyp is benign or malignant. Often, however, the pathology report (PR) will not use either term. Instead a pathological description will be used that points to the usual behavior of the polyp, and coders need to be able to translate those descriptions into benign and malignant.

The PR contains the definitive determination of a colonic polyp’s behavior. To get the true picture of a polyp” you have to wait for the pathology report to come back ” says Roberta Classen CPC CPC-H MCS-P financial manager Charleston (S.C.) Gastroenterology Specialists and a member of the AAPC national advisory board. “Gastroenterologists may imply what type of polyp it is in an operative report but they usually defer to the pathology report before making a recommendation.”

Neoplasm Table Requires Information

Colonic polyps are growths of tissue that protrude from the bowel wall into the lumen. Some are neoplastic (from neoplasm) which means abnormal growth has occurred and there is potential for malignancy. Some are non-neoplastic which means that the growth consists of normal tissue with little or no potential for malignancy.

Coders should consult the neoplasm table in the ICD-9 Alphabetic Index to Diseases (Volume 2) when selecting a diagnosis code for a polyp. All diagnosis codes for neoplastic polyps will come from this table. Some of the diagnosis codes for non-neoplastic polyps will also come from this table. The neoplasms table requires the coder to have three pieces of information about the polyp to choose the correct code:

1. The part of the body. For malignant primary neoplastic polyps in the colon the specific site of the colon (traverse sigmoid ascending descending etc.) must be indicated. For all other behaviors the code descriptions make a general reference to the colon large intestine or digestive system.

2. The behavior of the polyp or its capacity to spread. Benign (noncancerous ) and malignant (cancerous) are two types of behavior. In addition a colonic polyp could be classified as uncertain (235.2) which means that it can’t be determined if the polyp is malignant and the behavior is unpredictable and needs further investigation. It could also be unspecified (239.0) which means that the exact nature of the polyp must be determined by lab tests.

3. Whether the malignancy is primary secondary or in situ. A primary malignant colonic polyp (153.0-154.0) is one where the colon is the original site of the cancer. A secondary malignant colonic polyp (197.5) is one where the cancer has metastasized from another site to the colon. An in situ malignant colonic polyp (230.3-230.4) is one where the cancer is confined to the colon.

It is sometimes difficult to determine the primary site of a cancer because it has already spread to neighboring tissue. Code 153.8 can be used for a “malignant neoplasm of contiguous or overlapping sites of colon whose point of origin cannot be determined ” the ICD-9 manual states.

Morphologies of Non-Neoplastic Polyps

PRs often use a phrase that describes the morphology or form of the polyp such as adenomatous or hyperplastic. Because most morphologies are associated with a specific behavior the coder only has to understand the relationship between a particular morphology and its usual behavior to determine benign or malignant.

Although non-neoplastic polyps do not usually turn cancerous they may cause gastrointestinal problems such as bleeding and obstruction. Morphological descriptions of non-neoplastic polyps found in gastroenterology are:

  • Hyperplastic These polyps are frequently found in the colon and are believed to have no cancerous potential. Although they are not neoplasms hyperplastic polyps in the colon are usually reported with 211.3.
  • Mucosal These are usually benign and should also be reported with 211.3 when found in the colon.
  • Inflammatory or pseudopolyps These are found in patients with inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis. Use 556.4 (Pseudopolyposis of colon) to report these polyps instead of a code from the neoplasm table.
  • Hamartomatous Also called Peutz-Jeghers polyps they should be reported with 759.6 (Other and unspecified congenital anomalies; other hamartoses not elsewhere classified) rather than a code from the neoplasms table.

    Morphologies of Neoplastic Polyps

    The following morphological terms are often used in PRs to describe neoplastic polyps in the colon:

  • Adenomatous polyps (APs) Gastroenterologists believe that most colorectal cancers arise from this type of polyp but not all adenomas develop into cancer. Because of the potential for malignancy most insurers will reimburse follow-up and surveillance procedures for patients who have adenomatous polyps. Patients with APs are usually designated as having a history of colonic polyps (V12.72) according to Rosario Ligresti MD director of endoscopic ultrasound at New York Medical College in Valhalla.

    When the pathological finding is referred to as an AP of the colon the behavior is benign and the diagnosis code will be 211.3. Instead of calling it an adenoma the PR may also use one of the three subcategories of adenomatous polyps to describe it. A tubular adenoma is a benign polyp. A villous adenoma of the colon is a carpet-like polyp that is usually uncertain (235.2). A tubulovillous adenoma is a combination of the tubular adenoma and villous adenoma and is usually benign.

    Occasionally a polyp will be a combination of hyperplastic and adenomatous. Sometimes referred to as a serrated adenoma this mixed polyp should be treated as if it were adenomatous. It’s also common for patients to have multiple polyps of different morphologies such as pseudopolyps and APs. If the polyps have different diagnoses one for each type of polyp should be reported.

  • Adenocarcinomas When an adenomatous polyp becomes cancerous it is called an adenocarcinoma and is malignant. Two histological subcategories of adenocarcinoma in gastroenterology are tubular adenocarcinoma and villous adenocarcinoma which are also malignant.
  • Familial polyposis Also known as adenomatous polyposis coli this is a genetic condition where the patient has over a hundred adenomatous polyps in the colon. Familial polyposis is benign. It is almost certain however that colon cancer will develop from this condition and when it has turned malignant it is generally referred to as adenocarcinoma in adenomatous polyposis coli.
  • Gastrinomas These are relatively rare neuroendocrine tumors and are generally referred to as a gastrinoma (benign) and a malignant gastrinoma.

The following polyps are neoplasms often found in the colon that rarely become malignant and should be reported with 211.3: lipomas osteomas and leiomyomas.

If the polyp is malignant the PR will also provide information on whether it is primary secondary or in situ. “The gastroenterologist won’t be able to tell you if it’s primary secondary or in situ ” says Sherry Straub manager of coding at Esse Health a multispecialty practice in St. Louis. “You have to look to the pathology report.”

If the pathological description is simply “adenocarcinoma ” the malignancy is primary. “Adenocarcinoma metastatic” indicates that the cancer has metastasized and that this is a secondary site. If the malignancy is in situ that phrase should be part of the pathological description.

Some PRs use “metastatic from” and “metastatic to.” If the carcinoma is described as “metastatic from” a site it is considered to be the primary site. If the description is “metastatic to” a site it is considered a secondary site. In the description “metastatic carcinoma of the colon to the lungs” for example the colon should be coded as the primary site and the lungs would be the secondary site.

Once the diagnosis code has been found in the neoplasm table verify it in the Tabular List (Volume 1) of the ICD-9 manual. Straub says “Sometimes you’ll go there and find that code is really not what you wanted.”

The code descriptions in the tabular list help identify which sites of the colon are covered by a code. A benign polyp in the rectosigmoid junction for example should be reported not as a benign polyp of the colon but as a benign polyp of the rectum (211.4) even though the rectosigmoid junction is often lumped together with the colon in other ICD-9 descriptions.

Benign If No Pathology Report

When it is necessary to file the medical claim before the PR arrives colonic polyps should be reported as 211.3. “A polyp is considered benign until the PR indicates otherwise ” Classen explains. “You don’t want to incorrectly label a patient with cancer. The patient’s future insurance coverage could be jeopardized by an incorrect cancer diagnosis.”

Coders should also not rely on the gastroenterologist’s description of the polyp in the operative report when selecting the diagnosis code. “No mention of ‘benign’ or ‘malignant’ should be in the endoscopic report since at the time of the endoscopy we are never 100 percent sure without the pathologist ” Ligresti says. “If a gastroenterologist sees a large fungating ulcerated mass in the colon he shouldn’t say it’s colon cancer because it doesn’t always have to be. Ischemic colitis can often mimic colon cancer.”

Causes of Uterine Fibroid and Symptoms of Uterine Fibroid

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during your childbearing years. Also called fibromyomas, leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren’t associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.

Uterine fibroids are the most common, non-cancerous tumors in women of childbearing age. The fibroids are made of muscle cells and other tissues that grow within and around the wall of the uterus.

Fibroids are muscular tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus (womb). Another medical term for fibroids is “leiomyoma” (leye-oh-meye-OH-muh) or just “myoma”. Fibroids are almost always benign (not cancerous). Fibroids can grow as a single tumor, or there can be many of them in the uterus.

Causes of Uterine Fibroid

Uterine fibroids develop from the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus (myometrium). A single cell reproduces repeatedly, eventually creating a pale, firm, rubbery mass distinct from neighboring tissue.

African-Americans are 2-3 times more likely to present with symptomatic uterine fibroids and typically will do so at a younger age than the rest of the population of women with uterine fibroids.

Average age range for fibroids to become symptomatic is 35-50.

Fibroids can be tiny and cause no problems, but they can also grow to weigh several pounds. They grow slowly. Some women with many fibroids may have an inherited tendency toward developing them.

Fibroids may also cause pain or a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the lower pelvic area (the area between the hip bones), the back or the legs. Some women have pain during sexual intercourse. Others have a constant feeling that they need to urinate.

Signs and symptoms of Uterine Fibroid

Subserosal fibroids. Fibroids that project to the outside of the uterus (subserosal fibroids) can sometimes press on your bladder, causing you to experience urinary symptoms. If fibroids bulge from the back of your uterus, they occasionally can press either on your rectum, causing constipation, or on your spinal nerves, causing backache.
Irregular or unpredictable bleeding

The most common complaints of women with fibroids are pressure symptoms and heavy periods. An enlarged womb will place pressure on the bladder giving increased urinary symptoms (eg. frequency), and can cause back ache, lower abdominal discomfort and pain on intercourse. Fibroids can cause very heavy periods, leading to iron-deficiency anaemia.

Treatment of Uterine Fibroid

Watchful waiting

If you’re like most women with uterine fibroids, you have no signs or symptoms. In your case, watchful waiting (expectant management) could be the best course. Fibroids aren’t cancerous. They rarely interfere with pregnancy. They usually grow slowly and tend to shrink after menopause when levels of reproductive hormones drop

Uterine artery embolization is a new procedure aimed at preventing the need for major surgery. The method stops the blood supply that makes fibroids grow. The long-term effects of this procedure are still unknown, and the safety of pregnancy after this procedure is questionable.

A laparotomic myomectomy (also known as an open or abdominal myomectomy) is the most invasive surgical procedure to remove fibroids. The physician makes an incision in the abdominal wall and removes the fibroid from the uterus. A particularly extensive laparotomic procedure may necessitate that any future births be conducted by Caesarean section.

What Are Complex Ovarian Cysts And How Do You Treat Them?

A complex ovarian cyst is a very rare condition but it can cause various complications and problems that are related to the ovary. It is not a very common condition but it can lead to serious complications in females who suffer from this. Many women also tend to suffer from emotional isolation because of this condition. But there are various ways to manage a complex cyst in the ovary, but you need to take various important points into consideration. But since complexities vary from one person to another, one needs to understand the particular case before following the specific guidelines.

What is complex cyst in the ovary?

The complex cyst is made up of solid and liquid components. These cysts can be fatal when they are left untreated. It can lead to really painful situations and an overall discomfort, the situation can aggravate based on how intense the situation is. Generally during a routine medical checkup, the presence of a complex ovarian cyst is determined, or sometimes the more serious ovarian cyst symptoms, namely a severe abdominal pain accompanied with discomfort leads to the discovery of the cyst. The treatment of the cyst depends on its type. There are basically, 3 types of complex cysts in the ovary.

(1) Dermoid cysts: These cysts occur from cells that make the eggs. This sometimes leads to the cyst looking like humans, i.e. with the presence of teeth, hair and even other tissues. Sometimes one might also find cysts that contain sweat glands. The presence of this kind of cyst can also make a woman stress and psychologically upset. This is not a cancerous growth but it can lead to lots of pain, more so when the cyst gets twisted.

(2) Endometrioma: They lead to endometrioma; this is actually a cyst that occurs on the outside of the uterus. It can proceed to various kinds of complications related to the ovaries, and thus it should be taken care of as soon as possible.

(3) Cystadenomas: These are basically made up mucus and liquid. They are usually very big and lead to a lot of pain. They also have a tendency of twisting on themselves and therefore lead to very painful situations and also cause lots of discomfort.

There also various other conditions that might lead to the occurrence of a complex cysts in the ovary. Hence, it is always required to understand the particular case in detail along with the complications involved in order to select the best treatment option.

What causes complex cysts in ovary:

What causes complex ovarian cysts and the less serious and less complex ovarian cysts are the same. It is yet to be determined the reason some females are affected by the complex cases, whereas some only have to suffer from the less serious and less complex cyst form which is also easier to treat. But various reasons like genetic predisposition, neglecting the cyst that is already there, obesity, weak immune system, ignorance, other medical problems in the body and also life style related causes and other health reasons can lead to the occurrence of complex ovarian cyst.

Treating complex cysts in the ovary

There is no standard treatment system for this painful condition. While in some cases surgery is the only solution and yet in some it can be managed by the help of drugs. In spite of these treatments sometimes the complicated cyst continues to exist, and this leads to unmanageable pain and other emotional and psychological problems along with physical discomfort. So, it is required to look beyond and search for a better approach towards the complex ovarian cyst. Conventional medicine also fails to deal with the small variations of the complex cysts. It happens because the conventional medicines only treat the symptoms, and not the real cause. This is why in spite of taking refuge in the most advanced measures; many women continue to face the recurrence of complex cysts in the ovary.

The holistic system is the most effective treatment when dealing with the complex ovarian cyst, because of its multidimensional and versatile approach. The holistic system helps more because instead of only focusing on the disease, it gives importance to the overall condition of the patient. Though in many cases surgery is the only solution but in most of the cases the holistic approach is able to treat the complicated ovarian cyst in a safe, simple and efficient manner.

4 Foods That Fight Thrush

You might be surprised to learn that there are some foods which can help you to combat thrush (yeast infection) naturally.  This is especially crucial for those of us that suffer from thrush because we have unwisely used pharmaceutical cures that don’t really give us a cure at all.  Here are four different types of foods that you can use to fight thrush in your body and to get it under control.

Yogurt – One of the most important foods that you can eat if you have a problem with thrush is yogurt.  You need to make sure that you aren’t simply eating the type of yogurt that is available at most grocery stores, which may actually have the opposite effect for you.  Yeast loves sugar and if you are eating or using yogurt with sugar in it, you are not going to be doing yourself any good.  Use natural yogurt or perhaps even make your own and eat it every day.  If you are suffering from thrush, you can also apply it directly to the area or perhaps dip a tampon in it and insert it for 20 minutes or so.  It will help to promote good bacteria growth in your body that will naturally combat thrush.

Apple Cider Vinegar – This is one of those foods that you can use on a regular basis in order to improve your health overall.  It should not be used topically in the case of thrush but you should be drinking about two tablespoons every day in a large glass of water.  Don’t try to take it directly, always mix it in water.  This will not only help you with thrush, it will help you to feel better overall.

Garlic – All-natural garlic patents should be used whenever you have a problem with thrush.  You should eat garlic every day but if you suffer from vaginal thrush, inserting a tab of garlic can provide you with some instant relief.

Water – Although it is not really a food, you should make sure that you are drinking eight to 10 glasses of pure water every day.  Dehydration is a major cause of thrush and you need to reverse the process in order to cure the problem from the inside out.

To find out more about how to cure thrush naturally click here.

Hepatitis C – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Hepatitis C is an infection which is passed on through blood. It even transfers due to partaking of spoons, tainted needles and sieves used to infuse street drugs.

Causes of Hepatitis C:

Passing on of Hepatitis C from the mother to the baby, there is a possibility of the infection been passed on from the mother who suffers from Hepatitis C to be passed on to the newborn, but in this case the chances are very few. Sharing of razors, toothbrushes and scissors: there are chances of hepatitis C being transferred by the sharing of these things and also unsterilized body piercing or tattooing equipment.

In case you have received any blood donated before the September of the year 1991 as the blood which was donated at that time was hepatitis C positive and people have been diagnosed by hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C can also be transmitted through bodily fluids. This is possible in case of sexual intercourse, the risk in this case is perpetual, in case you fear that either of you could be diagnosed by hepatitis C it is advisable to get it verified. There are chances of hepatitis C being positive in case you get punctured accidentally by a needle. Abroad blood transfusions are common, in case the equipment is not well sterilized well; there are chances of hepatitis C being transferred. But hepatitis C is not transmitted by coming in contact with people, like by kissing, sharing of utensils, hugging and from toilet seats.

Symptoms of Hepatitis C:

Commonly people are not affected by the disease initially. There are chances that symptoms like flu, pain in the joints, fatigue, appetite going down and also vomiting sensation may be experienced, all this after about a week of being infected. In about one out of five cases that are diagnosed with hepatitis C, the immune system would resolve the virus from the system in about six months.

However, in some cases of chronic hepatitis C, the virus is active for many years; and even then there are no indications for years together. Although there are no symptoms, the virus can be transmitted by them to others. In a few cases the liver of the sufferer is not affected and he or she is living a normal life. But in chronic cases, there is damage to the liver and the symptoms are, tiredness, loss of weight, liver pain, aching muscles, nausea and jaundice in which the skin and the white part of the eye turns yellow in color.

Treatments of Hepatitis C:

There is no vaccine made till date in order to help you stay against or even recover from hepatitis C. But there are treatments which help in clearing the virus. The treatment for hepatitis C is an amalgamation of two drugs, ribavirin and interferon. In case the treatment doesn’t clean up the virus, it at least slows down the damage and inflammation in the liver. The medications which are given for hepatitis C cause a lot of side effects.

Cirrhosis – a Major Liver Disease

Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease that ends up leaving the scar and damaging the liver tissues centric to body functions. Once damaged by Cirrhosis the cells and tissues in the liver are difficult to repair and when regenerated sustains a permanent scars and strands that creates problem in blood circulation process through liver.

Liver is an important functionary of body and is responsible for certain essential body functions such as blood portal circulation, Bilirubin Secretion and biochemical functions (drugs & toxins metabolization, blood clotting, Cholesterol, Blood pressure etc). And a slight dysfunctioning of liver mayaffect these functions and can lead to severe complications.

Cirrhosis can be identified with symptoms like fever, Vomiting, Restlessness, Sleeping disorders, Loss of appetite, unusual weight gain/loss, tender muscles and muscle pain etc.Some of the other major Cirrhosis symptoms that are indeed complications are Diseases like Diarrhea, Blood clotting problem, Hemorrhoids, Abdominal swelling and pain due to enlarge liver, Reaction to medications, drugs etc due to non-functioning biochemical action of liver, Jaundice rises due to Bilirubin secretion malfunctioning in liver and is identified by yellowing of skin and eyes, Low sex drive and impotence

Causes behind Cirrhosis are-

Hepatitis- One of the major causes of liver disorders and cirrhosis is chronic Hepatitis. It is indeed an inflammation on liver and it can be caused due to toxins and infections. Though there are many form of Hepatitis but major drastic forms are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.

Blood Circulation- Any congestion in the process of heart pumping blood to liver and back flow of blood through liver may result in swelling and inflammation of liver. Gradually the liver gets damage.

Bilirubin secretion- Bilirubin secretion is an important function of liver. Here liver carries bile’s to gall bladder and intestines through ducts. In case of any blockage and disorder in these ducts liver gets affected and inflamed. And this is known as Bilirubin Cirrhosis

Toxin and drugs effects- The toxins destroying the liver are one of the major causes in America. People in America are victim to Cirrhosis due to excess Alcohol intake. The excess drugs, toxins and alcohol intake may lessen the immune system of liver and destroy the liver cells resulting into Cirrhosis.

Livup capsules- Livup capsule is a complete supplement to all the liver problems and is very effective in counterchecking Cirrhosis. It makes your liver strong and gives it strength towards any toxic foreign substance. Livup Capsules constitutes the following herbs- Bhringraj (Eclipta prostata), Arjuna, Kasni, Sharpunkha (Tephrosia purpurea), Pitpada (Fumaria officinalis), Kakmachi (Solanum nigrum) and Punarnava (Boerhevia diffusa). Liveup capsules helps tremendously in Liver inflammation, oxidation and hepatitis arising out of infections etc.

Kidney Stone and a High Sugar Diet

Our kidneys are bean-shaped organs, each about the size of our fists. They are located near the middle of our back, just below the rib cage. The kidneys are sophisticated trash collectors. Every day, our kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to flush out about 2 quarts (fourth part of gallon, two pints) of waste products and extra water which together become urine that flows to our bladder through tubes called ureters. Our bladder stores urine until we feel urge to go to the bathroom.

The wastes in our blood come from the normal breakdown of active muscle and from the food we eat. Our bodies use the food for energy and self-repair. After our bodies have taken what they need from the food, waste is sent to the blood. If our kidneys do not remove these wastes, the wastes would build up in the blood and damage our bodies. In addition to removing wastes, our kidneys help control blood pressure. They also help to make red blood cells and keep our bones strong.

Many ions circulate in our bloodstream, some combinations of which can precipitate to form kidney stones. Kidney stones, or renal calculi, are solid concretions (crystal aggregations) of dissolved minerals in urine; calculi typically form inside the kidneys or ureters. The terms nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis refer to the presence of calculi in the kidneys and urinary tract, respectively. There are four major types of kidney stones:
1. The most common type of stone contains calcium that is a normal part of a rich diet. Calcium that is not used by the bones and muscles goes to the kidneys. In most people, the kidneys flush out the extra calcium with the rest of the urine but in some people it is accumulated in their kidneys. The calcium ions that stay behind in kidneys join anionic waste products such as oxalate and phosphate ions to form a stone.
2.  A struvite stone may form after an infection in the urinary system. These stones contain the mineral magnesium and the waste product ammonia.
3.  A uric acid stone may form when there is too much acid in the urine. Those of us, who have acquired tendency to form uric acid stones, should vow to cut back on the amount of meat they eat.
4. Cystine that is a sulfur-containing amino acid produced by digestion or acid hydrolysis of proteins, and sometimes found in the urine and kidneys, and readily reduced to two molecules of cysteine, can build up in the urine to form a stone. Though cystine stones are rare, the disease that causes cystine stones runs in families.

Kidney stones may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Some stones are even as big as golf balls. Stones may be smooth or jagged. They are usually yellow or brown. A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract. A small stone may pass out of the body without causing much discomfort. A larger stone may get stuck in a ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. Problems arise when stones block the flow of urine and cause great pain. Some stones can become large enough to be extremely painful and even life-threatening, requiring treatment by drugs, lasers, or surgical removal.

It has been discovered that kidney stones generally consist of insoluble calcium and magnesium compounds such as calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, magnesium ammonium phosphate, or a mixture of these. For calcium oxalate kidney stones, the following equilibrium applies:

CaC2O4(s)           Ca2+ (aq) +C2O42-(aq)

High intake of foods rich in calcium or oxalate can cause a rise in the urinary concentration of either ion or both, sufficient to shift the equilibrium to the left and cause the ionic product to become greater than the solubility product that is the product of concentrations of ions in a saturated solution of a highly soluble salt, each raised to the power of the coefficient in a balanced equation. The result is precipitation of calcium oxalate as a kidney stone. Thus, foods rich in calcium, such as milk, ice cream, and cheese etc., or high in oxalate ions, such as chocolate, spinach, and black tea, and likes, can trigger the onset of a kidney stone through the common ion effect (A common ion is an ion that is produced by more than one solute and the shift in an existing ionic equilibrium caused by the addition of common ions is called the common ion effect). Such foods are restricted in the diets of individuals prone to developing kidney stones. A high sugar diet may also create kidney stones because excessive sugar promotes excretion of calcium and magnesium ions, which increase the concentration of these ions while passing through the kidneys.

In order to avoid both the onset of kidney stone and formation of more stones one should drink more water. In fact we should try to drink 12 full glasses of water a day as drinking lots of water helps us flush out the substances that form stones in the kidneys. We can also drink ginger ale, lemon-lime sodas, and fruit juices. But water is the best. We should limit our coffee, tea, and cola to one or two cups a day because the caffeine may cause us lose fluid too quickly. Generally doctors ask patients to eat more of some foods and to cut back on other foods. For example, if one has a uric acid stone, the doctor may ask him/her to eat less meat, because meat breaks down to make uric acid. Besides, a doctor may give the patient some medicines to prevent formation/aggravation of calcium and uric acid stones.

Pregnancy and Puking: What Does Morning Sickness Feel Like?

Pregnancy and nausea together is as enjoyable as eating a chocolate bar with your head in the toilet. If you are lying in bed and clutching your whirling stomach as your head spins with dizziness and begs your body to do anything to make these unbearable feelings go away – you may be wondering, “what does morning sickness feel like?” It feels like you’re going to vomit.

Every pregnant woman has a unique complex and comprehensive composition of pregnancy hormones. One aggravation of pregnancy and nausea is that sometimes you may vomit, and other times the morning sickness may make you feel like you need to vomit, but you won’t. An 1993 issue of the British Journal of General Practice published a study that recorded hundreds of women with morning sickness when pregnant, and although some vomited and some didn’t, they all experienced nausea. Unfortunately, the majority of pregnant women in this study did experience a vomiting pregnancy. Pregnant women who share this roller-coaster state of mind – and stomach – share many similarities in their descriptions of what it feels like. But there are many differences in morning sickness feelings and experiences as well.

Many women, have frequent headaches that accompany the nausea and queasiness of morning sickness. Some are capable of working and handling morning sickness. For other pregnant mums, the feeling of can be debilitating enough to use up all of their sick days. The unannounced and intrusive nature of morning sickness can make a pregnant woman feel the need to get off a bus stop a few stops early, or have a permanent place for a barf bag in their BMW.

Women who are asked what does morning sickness feel like will often state that their changed sense of smell plays a heavy influence on their vomiting pregnancy. If you experience morning sickness, you may suddenly feel a thrust of nausea as the aroma of a particular food passes under your nose. Your feelings may make it mandatory that you immediately run for cover. Or, you may be lucky enough to take a deep breath and walk away to find your comforting food haven of pickles and ice-cream. The sensitivity to foods varies greatly between women and pregnancies. An aversion to one food during one pregnancy may be replaced with an aversion to a different food in the next pregnancy.

“What does morning sickness feel like” is a question every queasy new mum wants to know. Pregnancy and nausea pair the good and the bad, just as life pairs joy and sorrow. If you are experiencing morning sickness, just keep telling yourself that the feeling is only temporary. Knowing that recent medical studies are showing the benefits of pregnancy and nausea and morning sickness, can give you extra assurance that it’s worth putting up with.

When you can answer the question “what does morning sickness feel like” because of personal experience, remind yourself that the joy of your newborn baby will make any amount of morning sickness worthwhile. Just relax, eat crackers and smile.

Food Poisoning – Causes, Symptoms and Preventions

Food poisoning is a general term for health problems caused by eating contaminated food. Food may be contaminated by bacteria, viruses, toxins (poisons) from the environment, or toxins within the food itself. Symptoms of food poisoning usually include vomiting and diarrhea. Some toxins also affect the nervous system.

Foodborne illness results from eating food contaminated with bacteria (or their toxins) or other pathogens such as parasites or viruses. The illnesses range from upset stomach to more serious symptoms, including diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and dehydration.

Careless food handling during the trip from farm to table creates conditions for the growth of bacteria that make people sick. Vegetables that are eaten raw, such as lettuce, may be contaminated by bacteria in soil, water, and dust during washing and packing. Home canned and commercially canned food may be improperly processed at too low a temperature or for too short a time to kill the bacteria.

Symptoms Of Food Poisoning

Food poisoning is the term used to describe a sudden disorder caused by consuming food or drink that may taste normal but is contaminated with a poisonous organism. The diagnosis of food poisoning is easily made if a group of people all develop the same symptoms, usually vomiting and diarrhea, after they have consumed the same food or drink. The symptoms may start hours or days after consuming the food in question. Usually the symptoms are confined to the gastrointestinal tract. However, some food poisoning may cause more widespread symptoms. For example, the Clostridium Botulinum bacterium (Botulism) causes muscle weakness and paralysis, and Listeriosis may cause flu-like symptoms and lead to meningitis.

Food Poisoning Causes

More than 200 known diseases can be transmitted through food. Those are just the ones we know about. The CDC estimates unknown or undiscovered agents cause 81% of all food-borne illnesses and related hospitalizations. Many cases of food poisoning are not reported because people suffer mild symptoms and recover quickly. Also, doctors do not test for a cause in every suspected case because it does not change the treatment or the outcome.

The common Causes of Food Poisoning :

• Toxic agents include poisonous mushrooms, improperly prepared exotic foods (such as barracuda), or pesticides on fruits and vegetables.

• Fresh fruits and vegetables can be contaminated if they are washed or irrigated with water that is contaminated with animal manure or human sewage. Staph food poisoning and shigellosis are often spread through contaminated water.

Prevention of Food Poisoning

Wash hands with hot, soapy water before handling any food. Rewash hands after handling raw meat, poultry or eggs.
Wash produce before eating, including produce with inedible skins or rinds. Knives can drag microbes into the interior of melons.
Prevent cross-contamination of foods by using separate cutting boards for raw meat and cooked foods or produce. Sanitize plastic cutting boards in the dishwasher, and reserve wooden cutting boards for cooked foods.
The most common treatment for simple food poisoning is simply supportive care at home with clear liquids to stay hydrated, and after vomiting or diarrhea subside, the gradual return to eating beginning with a bland diet(such as rice, bread, potatoes and milk).

What is an Ulcer?

An ulcer is a sore on the lining of your digestive tract, which consists of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum (the first part of the intestines) and intestines. Ulcers cause a gnawing or burning pain in your stomach. However, most people who have stomach pain don’t have an ulcer. Your doctor may use tests to decide if your stomach pain is caused by
an ulcer.

What is a peptic ulcer?
A peptic ulcer is a hole in the gut lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. A peptic ulcer of the stomach is called a gastric ulcer; of the duodenum, a duodenal ulcer; and of the esophagus, an esophageal ulcer. An ulcer occurs when the lining of these organs is corroded by the acidic digestive juices which are secreted by the stomach cells.

Peptic ulcer disease is common, affecting millions of Americans yearly. The medical cost of treating peptic ulcer and its complications runs in the billions of dollars annually. Recent medical advances have increased our understanding of ulcer formation. Improved and expanded treatment options are now available.

Stomach ulcer:

The stomach ulcer and the ulcer of the duodenum (at the very bottom of the stomach structure – the first few inches of the beginning of the small intestine) are erosions of the tissue (mucosa) which lines (forms the inner surface of) the gastrointestinal tract. All parts of the body exposed to the environment – except the skin – have this protective lining. The mucosal tissue is primarily comprised of what are called epithelial cells, attached to what is called the basement membrane. The epithelial mucosal cells secrete
mucous – so now you know why this tissue is called mucosal tissue…

mucous is that really sticky stuff that no one really likes to talk about – but which is very protective –
helps prevent potentially harmful little critters from getting a “grip” and setting up shop in areas very close to our very important parts… Depending on where the mucosal tissue is, e.g., the respiratory, gastrointestinal, urinary, or genital tracts, or the eye, the amount of mucous and the various things secreted within this fluid, are a little
different. Since we are talking about stomach ulcers, we’ll focus on the gastric mucosa.


Some people with a peptic ulcer have no symptoms. However, many people have upper abdominal pain usually just below the breastbone (sternum). You may sometimes feel a pain in your back. The pain usually comes on an hour or two after eating and can be relieved by more food or antacid medicine. It may also wake you at night.
Other symptoms may include:
·    belching
·    heartburn
·    general discomfort in the abdomen
·    bloating or fullness after eating
·    feeling sick
·    vomiting

Causes and Risk Factors for Ulcers
At one time ulcers were believed to be the result of too much stomach acid. It is now known that the main factors that lead to ulcers are the bacteria H. pylori and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). These disturb the normal defense and repair processes of the mucosal linings, making them more vulnerable to attack from stomach acid.

Mouth ulcer
Also known as aphthous ulcers, mouth ulcers are painful, clearly defined, round, or oval sores which form in the mouth.

There are three main types of mouth ulcer which are outlined below.
·    Minor ulcer – these are the most common type of ulcer. They account for 80% of all mouth ulcers. They are small (2-8mm in diameter) and normally heal naturally within

10-14 days. A minor ulcer will not cause any scarring.

What Are The Causes Of Hyperacidity And Alternative Medicines For Curing It

Hyperacidity is a long term disease and if not cured early can destroy internal body organs. It made a life curse. Excessive gastric juice activity results in acidic or sour taste in the mouth.


Vayu: A variable digestion cannot always digest foods. When food is not digested, áma(toxic byproduct) develops. These undigested food toxins begin to ferment, causing burning sensations.

Pitta: Eating too many hot, spicy, sour, greasy foods and spices (e.g., onions, garlic, red peppers); incompatible foods, alcohol, and overeating. Other causes include eating too many sweets, such as cakes,which ferment and produce acid in the stomach.

Kapha: Weak digestion allows áma to develop when food is not digested. Thus, toxins ferment and cause burning sensations.

Symptoms: Heartburn, belching with sour taste or fluids, nausea, vomiting.


Vayu: Hingwastak, rock salt, lashunadi vati, draksha, along with antacids like shankh bhasma, Avipattikar churna, fennel, and praval pishti.

Pitta: Pitta-reducing foods and herbs, antacid foods like milk and ghee. Acidic and sour foods are avoided, including bananas (sour post-digestive taste), pickles, wine, and yogurt. Useful herbs include shatavari, licorice, Aloevera Juice, chirayata, and antacids like shankh bhasma  (conch shell ash) and avipattikar churna.

Kapha: Hingwastak,  rock salt,  lashunadi bati, draksha; and antacids like shankh bhasma (conch shell ash) and avipattikar churna.

Alternative Medicine – Avipattikar Choorna

Avipattikar Churna (Powder) removes excess Pitta (Fire) from your stomach & small intestine. Churna alleviates Hyper-acidity, Heart-burn & Indigestion. High Pitta (Fire) causes the problem of Acidity or Hyper-Acidity. To reduce High Pitta  in the abdomen, Avipattikar Churna is very benecial. For hyper-acidity & abdominal aches being a mild laxative it makes the stool soft, helping to check mild constipation & improve the appetite.

Gastritis – 3 Basic Tips to Avoid It

Are you suffering from gastritis? Well, this kind of disease condition has been a health problem all over the world. Regardless of age, various people are not exempted in experiencing such disease. When we suffer of some kind of health problem, such as gastritis, we tend to neglect it, and think that it is just the usual, normal, and common abdominal pain. You might overlook it, but ones the condition has gone overboard, your stomach has been used up, which may possibly lead you to a more serious complication.

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. It has various causes. One of the causes is the excessive intake of alcoholic beverages, and excessive intake of some non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, the very famous type of NSAID. Sometimes gastritis is also being caused from post operational surgery, from an abdominal surgery where trauma of the stomach lining may occur. That is why there are symptoms such as abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, bloating, fever and even nausea and vomiting.

But, can gastritis be prevented? Of course, any kind of disease condition or health issue can be prevented or can be avoided. Maybe this article may be of great help as it will uncover 3 tips to avoid such condition:

1. Avoid excessive intake of alcoholic drinks.

Excessive alcohol intake is one of the causes that can lead to the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. You can drink in moderation and only when occasion calls for it. There’s a difference between drinking occasionally and drinking excessively. So avoid drinking in excessive amounts because it increasingly irritates the stomach lining.

2. Avoid taking up non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs

A lot of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs need to be avoided, such as aspirin. Excessive use of such drug may irritate the stomach lining. When experiencing some pain, try taking up other over the counter drugs that relieve pain and at the same time does not cause much irritation as with aspirin.

3. Be stress-free

Being stress-free is very vital in all aspects. When you are under stress, it may cause a great damage and irritation to the stomach lining. Because when you are under stress, acids tend to increase in your stomach and it slows down the digestive process. So be stress-free. Avoid situations that lead you to have a stressful life.

Suffering from gastritis is not an easy health issue to handle. So if you have this, treat it right, and when you are already free from the disease, or if you are still free from this kind of disease condition, then remember the 3 tips to avoid experiencing it.