Obesity – A Global Epidemic and Overweight and Obesity Issues solved only @ Aastha Healthcare, mumbai, mulund, pune, india

About Obesity

Though we all use the terms “fat” and “obese” casually in conversation, there is a medical definition of the condition and yes, obesity is considered a health “condition.”

It is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered healthy. Measuring the exact amount of a person’s body fat is not easy. The most accurate measures are to weigh a person underwater or in a chamber that uses air displacement to measure body volume, or to use an X-ray test called Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry, also known as DEXA. These methods are not practical for the average person, and are done only in research centers with special equipment.

There are also other ways to determine if a person is obese, but experts believe that a person’s body mass index (BMI) is the most accurate measurement of body fat for children and adults. Adults with a BMI greater than 30 are considered obese. You will be surprised to know that nearly one-thirds of the world’s population is overweight. Rates of obesity are climbing. The percentage of children who are overweight has doubled in the last 20 years. The percentage of adolescents who are obese has tripled in the last 20 years. Morbid obesity is typically defined as being 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight or having a BMI of 40 or higher. Obesity becomes “morbid” when it significantly increases the risk of one or more obesity-related health conditions or serious diseases (also known as co-morbidities). According to the NIH Consensus Report, morbid obesity is a serious chronic disease, meaning that its symptoms build slowly over an extended period of time. Today 97 million Americans, more than one-third of the adult population, are overweight or obese. An estimated 5-10 million of those are considered morbidly obese.

Overweight and obesity

Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the “body mass index” (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat.

* An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight.
* An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.

It is important to remember that although BMI correlates with the amount of body fat, BMI does not directly measure body fat. As a result, some people, such as athletes, may have a BMI that identifies them as overweight even though they do not have excess body fat. Other methods of estimating body fat and body fat distribution include measurements of skin fold thickness and waist circumference, calculation of waist-to-hip circumference ratios, and techniques such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

The obesity epidemic covered on TV and in the newspapers did not occur overnight. Obesity and overweight are chronic conditions. Obesity has already reached epidemic proportions in the United States. One in three Americans is obese. Obesity is also increasing rapidly throughout the world, and the incidence of obesity has nearly doubled form 1991 to 1998. Overall there are a variety of factors that play a role in obesity. This makes it a complex health issue to address.

Causes of obesity

Overweight and obesity are a result of energy imbalance over a long period of time. The cause of energy imbalance for each individual may be due to a combination of several factors. Obesity occurs when a person consumes more calories from food than he or she burns. Our bodies need calories to sustain life and be physically active, but to maintain weight we need to balance the energy we eat with the energy we use. When a person eats more calories than he or she burns, the energy balance is tipped toward weight gain and obesity. This imbalance between calories-in and calories-out may differ from one person to another. If you look carefully at the energy balance scale ( given below), weight gain is a result of extra calorie consumption, decreased calories used (reduced physical activity) or both. Personal choices concerning calorie consumption and physical activity can lead to energy imbalance.

In most cases, obesity results from genetic, environmental and psychological factors. But sometimes certain illnesses can also lead to weight gain or obesity, e.g. endocrine disorders (such as hypothyroidism and Cushing’s syndrome) or neurological problems. In addition to this, certain drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants, can lead to either weight gain or increased appetite. Let us discuss these causes in details now:

Lifestyle Habits

Today, a changing environment has broadened food options and eating habits. Grocery stores stock their shelves with a greater selection of products. Pre-packaged foods, fast food restaurants, and soft drinks are also more accessible. While such foods are fast and convenient they also tend to be high in fat, sugar, and calories. Choosing many foods from these areas may contribute to an excessive calorie intake. This results in increased calorie consumption. If the body does not burn off the extra calories consumed from larger portions, fast food, or soft drinks, weight gain can occur.

Our bodies need calories for daily functions such as breathing, digestion, and daily activities. Weight gain occurs when calories consumed exceed this need. Physical activity plays a key role in energy balance because it uses up calories consumed. Despite all the benefits of being physically active, most of us are sedentary. Technology has created many time and labour saving products. Some examples include cars, elevators, washing machines, dishwashers, and televisions. Cars are used to run short distance errands instead of people walking or riding a bicycle. As a result, these recent lifestyle changes have reduced the overall amount of energy expended in our daily lives. According to the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, in 2000 more than 26% of adults reported no leisure time physical activity. The belief that physical activity is limited to exercise or sports, may keep people from being active. Another myth is that physical activity must be vigorous to achieve health benefits. Physical activity is any bodily movement that results in an expenditure of energy. But when we fail to do any physical activity, it just leads to calorie storage.

Environment

People may make decisions based on their environment or community. For example, a person may choose not to walk to the store or to work because of a lack of sidewalks. Communities, homes, and workplaces can all influence people’s health decisions. Because of this influence, it is important to create environments in these locations that make it easier to engage in physical activity and to eat a healthy diet.

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How to Treat Rashes

A chronic rash can have adverse effects on the mental and physical well-being of patients, particularly children. However, many of these rashes are readily treated once an appropriate diagnosis is made. See your primary physician or ask for a referral to an allergist or dermatologist if you have a rash that’s getting the best of you.

The diaper rash will be red, appear inflamed and will be in the genital area, the folds of the thighs and around the buttocks of your baby. The affected areas will need to be treated or it might grow into something worse such as a fungal infection or a bacterial one. Usually yeast infections start in babies that are on antibiotics since the bacteria that keeps the yeast infection in check are killed along with the bad bacteria.

Baking Soda

Take 1 tablespoon of baking soda and mix it with luke warm water. Bathe your baby in the water with the baking soda for 10 minutes. The baking soda neutralizes the acids that causes diaper rash.

Evening Primrose Oil, Sunflower Oil: These cold-pressed oils provide the essential fatty acids omega-3 (linolenic acid) and omega-6 (linoleic acid) as well as GLA (gamma-linolenic acid), important modulators of the inflammatory response. Help regulate epidermal proliferation and desquamation of the skin.

To treat a diaper rash, you can do many of the same things, but try to avoid vigorous rubbing of sore areas. A squirt bottle and then gently patting your infant dry can be less irritating. Next, after allowing him to completely dry, let him air out a little longer if possible, and put a generous amount of your favorite diaper rash cream or ointment to completely cover the rash.

Change the diapers regularly. A major cause of diaper rash is the prolonging of wet or soiled diapers. Urine and waste by themselves already do much to irritate your baby’s skin, but combined, they form a lethal tag-team of irritants. The urea in urine breaks down in the presence of urease, present in fecal matter, increasing the baby’s skin pH. The increase promotes fecal enzyme (like lipase and protease) activities that, in turn, increase the skin’s susceptibility to bile salts that act as irritants themselves. Be sure to change your baby’s diaper each and every time it gets soiled, even if is as often as two or more times every hour.

Make a paste out of petroleum jelly and cornstarch, coat babies bottom….
it works way better than store bought cremes. When going diaper-free isn’t feasible, the best way to avoid diaper rash or cure an existing outbreak is to make sure the baby is always clean and dry. Check the baby’s diaper often, and change it as soon as possible after it is soiled.

Rinsing

Sometimes you will have to rinse off urine and poop instead of wiping it away. Even with alcohol-free wipes or wet wash cloths, your baby’s diaper rash will continue to worsen. Rinsing off bodily fluids with water is a painless way of cleansing your baby’s bottom. You can use a sink hose, bathtub, shower, or even a bulb syringe filled with water.

Best Home Remedy for Cold Sores

Cold sores are commonly called fever blisters and may result from the herpes simplex virus. They are contagious yet many people mistake them for canker sores, which are non-contagious mouth ulcers. Usually, you will see cold sores on the skin that is adjacent to the mouth, on the lips. However, they can appear on the fingers, genitals, chin, or nostrils. The medical term for cold cores is recurrent herpes labialis.

Herpes simplex is one of the dreaded viruses because the symptoms and effects of infections are numerous with cold cores inside of the mouth just being one symptom. Not to mention the fact, that there is no cure for the infection and the only thing you can do is use the best home remedy for cold sores for temporary relief. Furthermore, the symptoms of cold sores can be confused with other conditions. However, if you are diagnoses with herpes simplex keep in mind that there are home remedies and cold sore treatments. Also, keep in mind that this condition is very contagious and it is easy to pass it on to someone else through direct contact.

Conventional Treatments

Conventional treatments for cold sores usually consist of treatments via ointments and topical applications, while antibiotics are given to control and prevent secondary bacterial infections. To avoid picking up and spreading the infection it is always suggested to use latex condoms. Herpes simplex can be life threatening to newborn babies or any individual who has a weak immune system.

Signs of Cold Sores

The main sign that you have a cold sore is a visual small, painful and fluid-filled red or brown blister on the skin. Sometimes the blisters burst or ooze. After one or two days, you will probably notice a tingling sensation. In addition, carriers of the virus experience fevers, irritability and headaches. You may even experience difficulties swallowing foods and liquids. Itching and swelling of your lips may occur too. Your lymph nodes may swell and small children may drool. Symptoms can last from seven to ten days.

Even though cold sores are commonly associated with one’s lips, they can appear on your chin, fingers, and nostrils. Sometimes they do appear in your gums or cheeks however, that could also be a canker sore.

Outbreak of the condition

Before the appearance of the fully-fledged cold sores a noticeable tingling sensation is likely to be detected in the region of the rash and this might give a slightly inflamed and raised look. Sensitivity in this area is known by the term prodrome and noticed 24 to 48 hours prior to the cold sores materializing in the mouth, lip, or similar unfortunate area on the body.

An outbreak of cold sores is likely to see a recovery and clear-up without any intervention (no need for cold sore or herpes treatments). But the best home remedy for cold sores is fast and effective at relieving the symptoms, and reducing the tell-tale signs of the skin eruption.

In certain situations it helps to seek the advice of the family doctor, including those relating to experiencing irritation to the eyes, very frequent outbreaks, cold sores lasting longer than the one or two weeks, or someone with a weakened or compromise immune system due to pre-existing health conditions.

To learn about more the home remedies for cold sores or related ailments, visit this link: Cold Sore Free Forever

What is Psoriasis, Psoriasis Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Psoriasis is a skin disorder than can occur at any age in both men and women. Most commonly, psoriasis first appears as thick, flaky patches of skin on the elbows, knees, or other parts of the body. The patches may be silver or red.

In some cases, psoriasis is so mild that people don’t know they have it. At the opposite extreme, severe psoriasis may cover large areas of the body. Psoriasis cannot be passed from one person to another, though it is more likely to occur in people whose family members have it.

The underlying psoriasis cause is unknown. However, it can be genetically inherited or passed from generation to generation. Most researchers agree that the immune system is somehow mistakenly triggered, which speeds up the growth cycle of skin cells. A normal skin cell matures and falls off the body’s surface in 28 to 30 days. But a psoriatic skin cell takes only three to four days to mature and move to the surface. Instead of falling off (shedding), the cells pile up and form the lesions. Possible triggers include: Stress, injury, illness, infection, steroids, and reaction to medications. Psoriasis is not an infection and it is not contagious.

Dry, red patches of skin are the most well-known symptoms of psoriasis. The skin replaces itself more quickly than normal, causing excess skin cells to pile up in thick layers. Roughly half of people with psoriasis also have irregular fingernail growth that results in pitting, crumbling, or discoloration of the nail. A smaller proportion of people also experience arthritis symptoms.

Because psoriasis is a chronic condition that can progress over time, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis and to understand the challenges and risks that accompany the disease.

There are a range of treatment options for psoriasis including topical (applied to the skin), systemic (taken internally) and phototherapy (ultraviolet light applied to the skin).

Effective treatment of all but mild to moderate forms of psoriasis usually includes a combination of treatment options and requires a prescription and medical guidance.

The treatment of psoriasis has improved greatly with the understanding of the role of the immune system in causing skin abnormalities. However, treatment of psoriasis has been limited by the side-effects of the medications used.

The most commonly used medications such as topical steroids, methotrexate, cyclosporine, and psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) can only be used for a limited time. After stopping these medications, symptoms generally return over a variable amount of time. Amevive is unique in that it was well-tolerated in clinical trials and induced a remission of symptoms for up to 1 year after the treatment was discontinued.

Types Of Fungal Skin Infection And Its Prevention

Fungi are the organisms that can cause infection in humans, and many of these infections involve the skin. A fungal skin infection is usually the result of the presence of some types of foreign fungus on the skin. These fungi grow best on those areas of the skin that are warm, dark, and moist. There are different types of fungal skin infections.

A common fungal infection that generally affects the skin of young people is Tinea versicolor. It mostly affects the chest, back, upper arms, and legs. It is caused by a fungus that lives in the skin of some adults. It doesn’t usually affect the face. This fungus produces spots that are either lighter than the skin or a reddish-brown.

Body ringworm (Tinea corporis) is a superficial fungal infection of the skin. It affects the arms, legs or chest. Scalp ringworm (Tinea capitis) is found on the head.

Jock itch (Tinea cruris) is a common fungal infection that affects more men than women. It is the infection of groin and upper thighs. It appears as a rash with elevated edges. It’s itchy and often feels like it is burning.

Athlete’s foot (Tinea pedis) is another common fungal infection experienced by up to 70% of the population at sometime in their life. It usually appears as red, cracked, and itchy skin between the toes. Sometimes it may be red, scaly bumps filled with pus on the bottoms and sides of the feet.

Skin inflammation on the face, caused by a fungal infection is known as fungal rash on face (Tinea faciei). In female, this infection might appear on any surface of the face. In men, these fungal skin rashes (Tinea barbae) appear in the bearded areas.

Beside these, Intertrigo is a yeast infection that occurs in skin folds.

Candida is a yeast, similar to a fungus. It mostly affects the skin around the nails or the soft, moist areas around body openings. Diaper rash in babies is one type of candidal infection. Older girls and women may develop another form of candidal infection in and around the channel. It causes the skin around the area to itch and may also be red and swollen.

There are some common ways to avoid fungal skin infection to occur:

1. Washing the feet everyday.

2. Drying the feet completely, especially between the toes.

3. Wearing sandals or shower shoes when walking around in locker rooms, public pools, and public showers.

4. Always wearing clean and dry socks.

5. Using a medicated powder on the feet to reduce perspiration.

6. Wearing clean, cotton underwear and loose fitting pants.

7. Keeping the groin area clean and dry.

8. Changing out swimsuits instead of lounging around in them.

9. Wash your face with gentle face wash or soap to make it oil free.

10. Wash your hand with antibacterial hand soap to keep them germ free.

Getting rid of a fungal infection is not that difficult. There are many homemade remedies for fungal infection:

1. Tea tree oil is effective in treating toe nail and finger nail fungus. Apply it twice a day with a cotton ball.

2. Another effective home remedy would be to soak a cotton ball in concentrated lime juice and rub it on the affected area.

3. Olive leafs can be used as an anti-bacterial for infections.

4. Take fresh garlic slices and put it in the shoes, wear it all day. This is the best way of curing athlete’s foot.

5. One of the best homemade yeast infection remedy is yogurt.

6. Garlic is another effective homemade yeast infection remedy that can be used both internally and externally.

7. One of the home remedy for jock itch is using antibacterial soap which help to combat the condition.

8. Anti fungal cream can be applied on the fungal rash in face.

Warning! Read This Before Taking Ambien For Your Insomnia

If you are like the millions of other Americans who suffer from sleeping troubles, you have no doubt done your research on how to treat it. You don’t want to toss and turn at night and act like a zombie at work the next day. And who can blame you? Sleeping problems can affect your every day life because you need sleep to help you function.

One type of treatment you may have considered for your insomnia is taking Ambien. Ambien is a powerful sedative that relaxes your muscles and also fixes the chemical imbalances in your brain that trigger insomnia. However, there are Ambien dangers that you must be aware of before starting on a regimen of Ambien drugs.

First of all, Ambien is only meant to be a short-term treatment to your insomnia. Most doctors recommend that you only take it for a week to a week and a half. This is because it is such a powerful drug. Because it is such a powerful drug, Ambien dangers are a part of the game.

One of the biggest Ambien dangers is its tendencies to become addictive. Patients who take Ambien for a long period of time should not try to stop taking it on their own. Quitting cold turkey can cause severe problems for the patient including a mental or physical breakdown. Instead, patients should work with their doctor to wean themselves off the drug.

Another set of Ambien dangers is the other side effects it can bring, including both mental and physical. The physical Ambien dangers include dizziness, drowsiness, irritability, dry mouth, stomachache and diarrhea.

The Mental Ambien dangers include depression, irritability, dizziness, nervousness, hallucinations and tremors. The mental dangers can be most troubling of all and should be monitored closely by your doctor.

Taking Ambien for your sleeping problems is a serious decision that should not be taken lightly. Visit with your doctor to determine if Ambien is the right course of action to treat your insomnia. He may think that it is the best course of action, or he may recommend a battery of other treatments to combat it.

Other treatments he could recommend include lifestyle changes, behavior therapy, hypnosis or diet and exercise treatments. These changes may prove to be more effective and can be sustained for longer than Ambien. Remember, Ambien can only be taken for the short term and is not a long term solution.

Most of all, keep the faith. There are Ambien dangers, but if you work with your doctor and find the best course of action for you, you will be able to treat your insomnia without letting the Ambien dangers effect your life.

In the end, it is worth it to treat your sleeping problems. You will be able to sleep well and in turn, everything else in your life will start going well. You will be more alert, happy and fun to be around. And who doesn’t want to be happy?

Depression – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It’s more than just a feeling of being “down in the dumps” or “blue” for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. Depression can occur for what seems like no reason at all or can be triggered by a traumatizing life event within a person’s life. The cause of depression still remains a mystery among the medicinal world, however many experts say genes may have an effect on the likelihood of depression within a family and a lack of the chemical serotonin in the brain may be linked to depression. Just like all other medical conditions depression has a series of symptoms that can be diagnosed and treated by a medical professional and can be defined as a never ending sad mood or affect as well as a loss of interest in life and life’s activities. Although a low mood or state of dejection that does not affect functioning is often colloquially referred to as depression , clinical depression is a clinical diagnosis and may be different from the everyday meaning of “being depressed.” Many people identify the feeling of being clinically depressed as “feeling sad for no reason”, or “having no motivation to do anything.” One suffering from depression may feel tired, sad, irritable, lazy, unmotivated, and apathetic. Clinical depression is generally acknowledged to be more serious than normal depressed feelings. It often leads to constant negative thinking and sometimes substance abuse . Extreme depression can culminate in its sufferers attempting or committing suicide . Without careful assessment, delirium can easily be confused with depression and a number of other psychiatric disorders because many of the signs and symptoms are conditions present in depression , as well as other mental illnesses including dementia and psychosis .

Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Sometimes this is because of a loss, or a change. The feeling of sadness, though, is appropriate and transitory. When such feelings persist and impair daily life, they may signal an underlying depressive illness. So it is the severity and duration of symptoms, plus the presence of other features, that help distinguish this normal sadness from a depressive disorder. Depression is more than just a mood disorder, it is a real illness that not only affects one’s mood and thoughts but also appetite, sleep patterns and one’s self esteem. It may also involve physical symptoms, such as stomach pains, headaches and rapid heartbeat. There are several different types of depression, so you will hear terms like major depression, endogenous depression, chronic depression, and so on. These terms tend to describe the predominant symptoms, their severity or their duration.

Causes of Depression

Depression may be triggered by stressful life events, other illnesses, certain drugs or medications, or inherited traits. Although causes of depression are not entirely understood, we know it is linked to an imbalance in brain chemistry. Once the imbalance is corrected, symptoms of depression generally improve. Some researchers feel that severe depressions are caused by a physical defect in the body, such as a biochemical imbalance in the brain or other factors. Other things that have been linked to depression have to do with a person’s lifestyle. Things such as; food allergies, prescription drugs, caffeine, alcohol, illicit drugs and even tobacco. If a person has some sort of health problem such as; cancer, aids, hepatitis, diabetes, hypoglycemia, chronic pain, hormonal (glandular) disorders such as those of the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands; malignancies, anemias or other blood problems, or even somethings like nutritional deficiencies, heredity and bad childhood experiences can cause depression.

Symptoms of Depression

1. Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping.

2. Change in weight.

3. Feelings of worthlessness.

4. Loss of identity.

5. Lack of concentration.

6. Feelings of anxiety.

Treatment of Depression

There are many treatments available for depression, including counselling and medicines, but the first step is always to get a physical and psychological assessment to find out whether you have a depressive illness. Anti-depressant medications are often used. There are different types and the doctor will recommend which is the right one under the particular circumstances.

Anxiety Disorder and Child Phobias: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Anxiety disorder child victims often develop severe phobias that stay with them through life.  It is not uncommon to see child anxiety disorders ignored by parents, thinking they are just being moody or going through a phase.  In actual fact, these anxiety disorders tend to get worse with age if left untreated.

Many people don’t know they suffer from an anxiety disorder until the symptoms send them to the hospital or make their lives miserable as adults.  Had someone just been on the lookout for the warning signs, they could have been treated at a young age and been taught to deal with the problems in a healthy way.

Fears vs. Phobias

Everyone has fears – in fact it’s part of our genetic makeup to have a certain level of fear.  Without this fear our ancestors would have walked up to bears, jumped off cliffs and tried to hold fire.  The difference between a fear and phobia is that the latter is excessive and irrational.  

Phobias are more than just a higher level of fear; they can impair a person from doing everyday things.  It’s one thing to be fearful that, say, you may be involved in a car accident, but to never leave the house because you think a car accident will kill you is a phobia.  If you notice these symptoms in your child, then you should seek medical advice.

Symptoms include panic attacks and the sufferer will often take extreme action to avoid the situation causing the fear and anxiety.  If your child’s teachers or peers mention such behavior, it’s important to take note.

Causes

Although no specific causes for phobias have been identified, it seems that they are affected by genetics, culture and life experiences.

A child who has an immediate family member suffering from a phobia is much more likely to suffer from a phobia than someone who has no family history of it.

Traumatic events experienced earlier in life may also trigger phobias.  I know someone who experienced an very turbulent and distressing plane journey as a child.  He now refuses to travel by plane.  The fear of flying (aerophobia) is actually a very common phobia, as is the fear of visiting a dentist (dentophobia) and the fear of spiders (arachnophobia).  

Treatment

Unlike other anxiety disorders the front line of attack on phobias is not drugs.  While drugs may help relieve the extreme fear and the physical symptoms that are associated with anxiety, phobias can be dealt with through therapy.

Most people do not seek treatment for their phobias.  They simply ignore and avoid the situations that cause the anxiety and go about their lives. If your child’s phobia is getting in the way of living a normal life, then you may want to talk to a Professional about cognitive-behavioural therapy.

During this process a trained professional will use what is called “systematic desensitization”.  This involves exposure to the thing your child is afraid of for short periods of time.  Afterwards, the therapist helps them understand their reactions and feelings and gives them tools to deal with the anxiety.  As they begin to get a hold of the fear,  the exposure is prolonged.

By catching this early, you can help your child avoid a serious anxiety disorder and live a fuller and more complete life.

Classification of Anxiety Disorders

Common stresses cause a lot of us to experience some level of anxiety. Anxiety has beneficial effects, by making us to put more effort and attention into those matters which have impact on our well-being. The effect of anxiety only becomes damaging when it begins to become the focus of a person’s everyday life. At this point, it potentially has the severity to be considered a clinical issue by mental health workers. The trouble for most is in perceiving when anxiety crosses the threshold from normal to overwhelming. This fact is borne out by the fact that the casual use of the word anxiety hides its complexity as a whole group of disorders as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Conditions range in degree of seriousness, from milder forms (e.g. generalized anxiety disorder or GAD), to more serious ones (e.g. obsessive compulsive disorder or OCD). Understanding the kind, origins and category of anxiety will send a person much nearer to a way of mitigating or eliminating intense anxiety.

Everyday stressors, including events such as switching jobs or quitting a career, are all causal factors of anxiety. Nervousness, jittery feelings, and extra attention to detail are responses to these events of normal intensity of anxiety. In contrast, those suffering from an anxiety disorder will experience much more intense versions of these feelings.  Tellingly, physical symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, shaking and sweating afflict people with anxiety disorders.

The DSM-IV lists a substantial number of conditions that are categorized under the inclusive definition “anxiety. For the purpose of conferring to sufferers some understanding into their disorder, and to show the complexity of the condition three anxiety-related diseases are noted here. With apparently little trigger the first condition, called “panic attack”, makes sufferers prone to unexpected onset of panic accompanied by profuse sweating and chest pains. Unlike “panic attacks”, the second example is the condition of OCD, which makes patients feel continuous, persistent fear which compels them to repeat motions in an attempt to dampen the fear. For the third example, “social anxiety disorder” makes people be unable to interact with other people in a normal setting, instead feeling fear and humiliation when among them. The possibility of being a target for ridicule is the reason for these fears.

Diagnosis and categorization of an anxiety disorder relies on visual examination, interview responses to questions, and a litany of symptoms correlated with the disorder. The mental health physician will ask about particular symptoms, such as bad dreams, problems sleeping, level and persistence of feelings of fear. The list of seemingly subjective criteria implies such a diagnosis is not an easy task. It is true while each symptom alone does not signal indisputable diagnosis of anxiety disorder, the total effect of several symptoms can convince the mental health worker the case of and kind of anxiety disorder.

The root causes of all these anxiety disorder is the ultimate question in the thoughts of many. As is true for many psychiatric disorders, the answer is unclear because of our limited understanding of the nature and biology of the brain. The three major beliefs for the root causes separate (and overlap) into three kinds : environmental, neurochemical, and genetic. The environmental hypothesis finds anxiety to be like diabetes: prompted by lifestyle and habits. Type II diabetes is speculated to be caused by adopting a lifestyle characterized by habits that lead to obesity. Insulin resistance and thus diabetes are believed to be a response of the body to the environs.  Similarly, permanently stressful situations can give rise to long term bodilly responses that morph into anxiety disorder.  Likewise, brain chemistry is thought to be the basic cause of anxiety disorders. Stress responses that inhibit “calm” signals, under tranquil circumstances, are released by brain cells. But the brain may be be slave to continuous stimulation and anxiety levels can blow out of control if the emission of this chemical become misregulated. Finally, some believe that anxiety disorders arise out of genetic makeup. Indeed, anxiety seems to run in sibling relationships, constituting the proof of the idea. The complexity of anxiety disorders suggest proper diagnosis can yield a difference in procuring the correct solution.

Insomnia – Cures for Insomnia

Insomnia is a common problem that may be temporary or chronic. As many as one in 10 Americans have chronic insomnia, and at least one in four has difficulty sleeping sometimes. But that doesn’t mean you have to just put up with sleepless nights. Some simple changes in your daily routine and habits may result in better sleep.

Insomnia can cause problems during the day, such as excessive sleepiness, fatigue, trouble thinking clearly or staying focused, or feeling depressed or irritable. It is not defined by the number of hours you sleep every night. Although the amount of sleep a person needs varies, most people need between 7 and 8 hours of sleep a night.

Most adults have experienced insomnia or sleeplessness at one time or another in their lives. An estimated 30-50% of the general population is affected by insomnia, and 10% have chronic insomnia. Insomnia affects all age groups. Among older adults, insomnia affects women more often than men. The incidence increases with age.

Not getting enough sleep is real curse, believe me I know. I’ve suffered from insomnia for many years now and have tried many assorted insomnia treatments with varying success. This website has been put together after years of sleep problems, with the aim of collecting together the information that has helped me with my long battle with insomnia.

Cures for Insomnia

Try a warm bath or hot shower before bedtime. Keep the bedroom temperature comfortable, not too hot or too cold. A heated blanket can be relaxing as well. Use cotton sheets with your favorite pillow(s).

Avoid stimulants such as caffeine or nicotine. It’s best to abstain from these altogether but if you can’t then try to avoid them before late afternoon/ early evening.

Do not allow yourself to take any naps during the day. While you may feel that power naps are refreshing your body throughout the day, they interrupt your nightly sleep cycle. They prevent your body from entering into the deeper sleep stages needed to refresh your body.

Participants in the study warm their hands and feet through relaxation techniques like visualization and deep breathing, which helps to draw the blood from the core of the body to the extremities.

Take from this what you will. It works for me whenever I need it, and it works for others too I understand. So if you simply need a bit of help getting to sleep, and you’d rather not resort to liquor or drugs or a depressing visit to the doctors, perhaps give this a try.

Honey is beneficial in the treatment of insomnia. It has a hypnotic action and induces a sound sleep. It should be taken with water, before going to bed, in doses of two teaspoons in a large cup of water. Babies generally fall asleep after taking honey.

Stress is something we can overcome with persistence. There are many ways of coping with stress and again, different things work for different people. We’ll look at lots of them in these pages.

Overweight people, or those with sinus problems, may have `sleep apnoea’, a term describing cessation of breath during the night, usually accompanied by heavy snoring. Consult your health practitioner, because there are cures and sleep apnoea prevents you from getting the levels of REM sleep we all need to function healthily.

Home Remedies For Ingrown Toenail – Get Rid Of This Condition

An ingrown toenail, medically known as onychocryptosis, is a fairly common foot condition that usually affects big toe. It is caused by the abnormal growth of toenail into the skin. The most frequent causes of an ingrown toenail are an injury to the toenail, wearing tight or improperly fitting shoes, and trimming toenails too short or in a curved way. The symptoms of this condition typically include pain, tenderness, redness around the toenail, swelling of the toe, and infection of the tissues that surround the toenail. It should be noted that if not treated properly, it can lead to a severe infection of the underlying bones. Complications can be more serious in people who have diabetes.

Most cases of it can be treated at home using some effective home remedies for ingrown toenail. However, people with diabetes or any other disease that affects blood circulation should seek medical advice to treat this condition. It is wise to start the treatment as soon as the symptoms of ingrown toenail appear. Wash your feet with soap and warm water at least two times a day. It is helpful to kill bacteria and prevent infection. Make sure to keep the foot always clean and dry. One of the most recommended natural cures for this condition is to soak your feet in warm salt water for about 15 to 20 minutes, three or four times daily.

Hydrogen peroxide is considered as a helpful home remedy. Damp a cotton ball with some hydrogen peroxide and use it to clean the affected toenail. You should do this three or four times a day. In order to stop the toenail from growing into the skin, gently lift the nail from the skin and put a cotton ball or dental floss between the toenail and skin. Use a bandage or tape to hold the cotton ball or dental floss in place. You should change it daily until the ingrown toenail is completely gone. It is also recommended to apply some antiseptic cream to before placing the cotton ball or dental floss under the toenail. Onion and lemon can also be used as home remedies for ingrown toenail. Apply a slice of onion on the affected toenail, cover it with a bandage, and allow it to remain there overnight.

A best way to separate the ingrown toenail from the skin is to place a thin slice of lemon in between the toenail and skin and secure it with a bandage or tape. Leave it there overnight. Massaging the area around the toenail with tea tree oil is also helpful to soften the skin and thereby remove the nail. After applying the tea tree oil, do not forget to place a tiny piece of cotton ball under the toenail to help it grow normally. One of the most important home remedies for ingrown toenail is to avoid using tight-fitting or high-heel shoes. Try to wear sandals, flip flops or open-toed shoes until your toenail is healed. It is also the best way to prevent future ingrown toenails.

Tips to Cure Nail Fungus Naturally

Treating nail fungal infections can be very frustrating because the infection has the tendency to keep coming back. Although there are medications to stop the infection, some people prefer natural remedies to get rid of the infections without the side effects of drugs. Antifungal medications can cause several side effects like skin rashes and liver damage. If you want to cure nail fungus naturally here are some tips:

Diet modification. Reduce sugar or refined carbohydrates in your diet because sugar feeds the fungus and it will make your condition worse. Probiotics (good bacteria) in your diet can help cure nail fungus naturally. Yogurt is a good source of probiotics. The acidophilus in yogurt fights bad bacteria causing fungal infections.

Immerse your nails in natural solution. Soaking your nails in warm water with apple cider vinegar for 10-15 minutes can be very beneficial if you want to cure nail fungus naturally. The properties of vinegar make it hard for the fungus to survive and grow. Some people also use Listerine mouthwash and 3% hydrogen peroxide.

Natural oils. Applying natural oils like tea tree oil, oregano oil and olive oil on the affected area 2-3 times a day will help stop the infection. These natural oils have antifungal properties that helps relieve the infection.

Practice good nail and foot habits. To cure nail fungus naturally, practice good nail hygiene, wear clean socks and keep your nails clean, short and dry. Avoid bad habits like sharing footwear, nail clippers and other personal items to avoid spread of infections. Avoid wearing shoes that promotes sweating like synthetic shoes.

Aside from the discomforts, it is really embarrassing to wear sandals and open-toed shoes if you have unsightly nail fungus. Discover more on how to cure nail fungus naturally visit Get Rid of Nail Fungus

For health and beauty natural remedies visit Great Discovery-Health and Beauty

How to Care for a Sprained Ankle

Most people suffer from a sprained ankle at some point during their lives. A sprain occurs when the ligaments connecting your ankle bones are stretched or torn. This can result in mild discomfort to extreme pain, depending on how seriously you are injured. Many sprains heal on their own as long as you know how to care for them properly. However, more serious sprains may require a doctor’s visit. Follow these steps to help your sprained ankle heal as quickly as possible.

Determine the Extent of the Injury

First, it’s important to determine how badly your ankle has been sprained. If you only feel mild discomfort, it’s usually safe to let your ankle heal on its own at home. However, if you feel intense pain in your injured ankle, you should visit a doctor for an exam. Your pain may be due to a small fracture, or your ligaments may have been too badly damaged to heal correctly on their own. Walk in clinics in Maple Lawn, MD, treat sprained and fractured ankles if your regular doctor is not able to see you right away.

Follow R.I.C.E.

If you do not believe that you are badly injured and do not go to a doctor right away, follow the R.I.C.E. guidelines for treating your sprained ankle.

  • Rest: Keep off your feet as much as possible. When you do have to move around, use crutches to keep your weight off your injured foot.
  • Ice: Apply an ice pack to the injured area to keep the swelling down and help relieve some of the pain. Mild sprains should take 2-3 days for the swelling to subside.
  • Compression: Wrapping your injured ankle helps stabilize it and prevents further injury. You should wrap it snugly, but not too tightly, or you may limit circulation to the injured area, which will slow the healing process. If you experience numbness, tingling, or swelling in the foot below the bandage, it’s probably wrapped too tightly.
  • Elevation: Prop your foot up over the level of your heart for at least a few hours each day to reduce swelling and bruising in your ankle.

Pain Relief

Over-the-counter medications can be used to help relieve some of the pain while you heal. Many pain medications also help combat swelling and inflammation. Be sure to read the instructions carefully and never combine pain medications without the approval of your doctor.

See a Doctor

If you don’t start to see improvement in your ankle after 2-3 days at home, it’s time to see a doctor. He will take an x-ray of the area to determine if there are any broken bones or torn ligaments that may need more extensive treatment. He can also prescribe you stronger medications for severe pain, if needed. And he can provide you with a stabilizing boot that will help protect your ankle as you heal.

Surgery

Surgery is rarely needed to treat a sprained ankle, but it is sometimes required in the most serious cases. If your injury includes a broken bone or a severe ligament tear, surgery may be necessary to make sure the injury heals correctly. Your doctor may also recommend surgery if you frequently sprain your ankle or if your ankle is still unstable after rest and rehabilitation.

Rehabilitate Your Ankle

Once your initial symptoms have subsided, it’s important that you rehabilitate your ankle slowly before putting too much strain on it. A sprained ankle will be weak and more likely to become reinjured until it has completely healed, which may take weeks or months. Walk in clinics in Maple Lawn, MD, can provide you with rehabilitation exercises to perform to help you gradually strengthen your ankle until it is back to normal.

Bruise – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

A bruise, also called a contusion or ecchymosis, is an injury to biological tissue in which the capillaries are damaged, allowing blood to seep into the surrounding tissue. It is usually caused by blunt impact. Bruises often induce pain but are not normally dangerous. Sometimes bruises can be serious, leading to other more life threatening forms of hematoma, or can be associated with serious injuries, including fractures and internal bleeding.

It can take months for a bruise to fade, but most last about two weeks. They start off a reddish color, and then turn bluish-purple and greenish-yellow before returning to normal. To reduce bruising, ice the injured area and elevate it above your heart. See your healthcare provider if you seem to bruise for no reason, or if the bruise appears to be infected.

Bruises are areas of discolored skin that occur when small blood vessels under the skin break and leak red blood cells into the soft tissues. The purplish discolorations are known as purpura.

Causes

Most bruises are not a cause for concern and will go away on their own. Home treatment may speed healing and relieve the swelling and soreness that often accompany bruises that are caused by injury. However, severe bruising, swelling, and pain that begin within 30 minutes of an injury may mean a more serious problem, such as a severe sprain or fracture.

Symptoms

Initially, a fresh bruise may actually be reddish. It will then turn blue or dark purple within a few hours, then yellow or green after a few days as it heals.

A bruise is commonly tender, and sometimes even painful for the first few days, but the pain usually goes away as the color fades.

Treatment

A bruise forms when a blow breaks small blood vessels near your skin’s surface, allowing a small amount of blood to leak out into the tissues under your skin. The trapped blood appears as a black-and-blue mark. Sometimes, there also are tiny red dots or red splotches.

Bruising results from the release of blood from the capillaries into the tissues under the skin. The characteristic bluish-black mark on the skin lightens in colour and eventually fades as the blood is absorbed by the tissues and carried away. Bruising usually occurs as a result of an injury, but can occasionally be spontaneous and an indication of an allergic reaction, or more serious disease.

Avoid taking the medications listed above that can contribute to bruising. If you have any questions about whether or not your medication can contribute to bruising, ask your health-care practitioner or pharmacist. Do not stop any prescription medications without first contacting your health-care practitioner.

Bruises and swellings are caused by bleeding under the skin. Again, bruises are best treated with cooling. To do this, follow the instructions given above for cooling treatment of sprains. If several bruises surround a large one, and you have not had any other accidents, consult your doctor to find out whether your blood is clotting as it should.

How you can Tell if you have Rheumatoid Arthritis

There are actually two major varieties of arthritis the osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis both involve pain such as Knee Pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. How do you know if you have osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis? What differentiates rheumatoid arthritis is the inflammation of the smooth, moist synovial membrane which lines the interior of the joint. The membrane gets inflamed, sore and swollen. The hands and feet are the most affected joints.

Another difference is the fact that rheumatoid arthritis scarcely develops in the hips or spine which is most common on osteoarthritis. Nonetheless, the neck or cervical spine can be involved. This can result in severe outcomes. Rheumatoid arthritis can be activated by a viral infection or stress. It’s an autoimmune disease which means that the body’s immune system seemingly and incorrectly attacks its own tissue. This is what leads to the inflammation or arthritis knee pain.

Attacks typically come on abruptly. You wake up one morning with pain and stiffness in the small joints of the hands and feet. It’s possible you’ll experience pins and needles sensations, tiredness and have a general feeling of being ill. There can even be a low grade fever. The initial signs and symptoms are often quite mild though. The early morning stiffness lessens during the day. However, within a few days severe symptoms can appear.

There are numerous self-help methods which are utilize to treat arthritis. However , there is no known prevention or treatment. However, the signal to pay your doctor a visit is once the pain and rigidity in the joints turn out to be so severe that may limit movement and interfere with normal activities. For the reason that disease gets worse, it makes agonizing pain which you cannot disregard. Furthermore, the joints become inflammed and deformed; the muscles may begin wasting away and red painless lumps known as rheumatoid modules may appear under the skin. You may even experience chest pain and difficulty in breathing.

Your self-help measures ought to include regular, moderate exercise, getting enough rest on a firm mattress and maintaining your weight at a healthy level. Considering that arthritis tends to restrict mobility, swimming can be advantageous especially if you can do so in a heated pool. Making use of heat to the joints can give a calming relief. Diabetics and persons with poor circulation need to stay away from utilizing heat.

If you at some point need the help of your doctor, he will most likely advise specific blood-tests, x-rays and examination of joint fluid for diagnosis. The results of these tests give the doctor a measure in which to determine the severity of the disease. Once you’ve been diagnosed with the disease, you’ll likely need constant care from your physician, yet individual cases do differ. Surgical procedure is an alternative for a small number of patients. Despite the fact that there is absolutely no cure; control is essential and accessible for most patients.