Causes, Treatment and Prevention of Nose Bleed

Commonly known as nosebleed, Epistaxis is the incidence of bleeding from nose. Nosebleed is quite a common problem that people have to face often since the nasal part of the body is rich in blood vessels and is positioned vulnerably on the face. Even the slightest amount of trauma to the nose can cause Epistaxis.

The common nose bleed causes include:

Sharp blow to the face or particularly in the nasal area
Nose picking
Dry weather or chest cold or flu
High blood pressure
Nasal allergy
Intake of certain medicines
Use of alcohol or even drugs like cocaine
Anemia
Deficiency of vitamin C or K

HIV/AIDS, pregnancy, tumour etc also can be nosebleed causes sometimes

Treatment of nosebleed:

Between the thumb and index finger pinch all the soft parts of nose together
Hold the nose for 5 minutes minimum. Repeat this until the bleeding stops
Keep the head elevated to prevent blood running down the throat
Check to see if there is any foreign body inside the nose and remove it as necessary
Apply crushed ice in a washcloth to nose and cheek
Stay calm
Once the bleeding stops don’t pick or blow nose and for a while use mouth to breath instead of nose to avoid straining

Prevention of nosebleed:

To fight dryness, apply petroleum jelly or vitamin E oil around the nose area
Don’t do nose picking
Consult physician to check hypertension on anaemia and blood pressure
Keep natural based bio polymers handy to stop nosebleed

Though nosebleed is a pretty general problem and is not life threatening, but you should not ignore it at all. It can often be irritating and troubling. To make the problem easier, there are many remedies and treatment options available. There are specialized devices such as natural based bio-polymers that can be inserted into the nose without any discomfort to quickly stop the bleeding. Once inserted, these absorb the blood, promote healing and later, after the bleeding has stopped, allow easy removal.

Bronchitis Demystified – Simple Ways To Cure It

When you head to the doctor for a persistent cough and the inability to breathe well, he’ll do a physical examination. Upon completion, his diagnosis will likely be bronchitis. Yet, what is this strange upper respiratory illness?

All it is in the inflammation and swelling of bronchial tubes (airways). This is the pipe that connects directly into your lungs. It starts as an irritation. Next to it is the thick mucus that begins to form. The mucus blocks the air passages, hence the reason you are unable to breathe well.

This disease is diagnosed in two forms: acute and chronic.

In the acute form, the disease (illness) can last for a short time and is caused by a cold and most often triggered by viral infections. It is recognized by pain chest centered in the middle, with a cough that has green sputum. A fever is possible and slight breathing difficulties have been known to occur.

In its chronic form, it is identified by its mucus producing cough. It also lasts for a longer period compared with its acute counterpart. Those who suffer from this disease will also suffer in different degrees of breathing difficulties and can possibly get lung infections. This leads to even worse breathing conditions for the sufferer.

Sometimes chronic bronchitis is termed as “chronic obstructive lung disease” or “chronic obstructive airways disease.” This means that the problem is identified with the difficulty of air circulation in the lungs.

Is Bronchitis contagious?

Yet, with all this information is it possible to give bronchitis to someone else? The answer is yes! It is extremely contagious and is typically transmitted through coughing, sneezing and even touching things that an infected person touched.

Bronchitis itself is not contagious as it is just swelling of the bronchia. Yet, as the infection and mucus begins to form, it is contagious once it has gotten into the air.

How long does the contagiousness last?

Medical experts agree that its length depends on several factors which are the cause of the illness and the person’s bronchitis. It’s wise for those with this disease to consult an specialized physician to know if he is already infectious and how long it will last.

It’s possible, that if left untreated, the disease could turn into pneumonia. Both types of this disease can become contagious. Due to viral infections, even a seemingly healthy person can suffer from acute bronchitis attacks. Transmissions of the disease can be made through direct and indirect. It can still be evaded so long as the infected person is practicing good personal hygiene including washing their hands or using the hand sanitizers available.

The most preventative way a person won’t spread the disease is to cover there mouth when they sneeze or cough.

Asthma suffers can develop acute bronchitis though such a situation reduces the hazard of acute bronchitis being contagious. This is the effect when acute bronchitis is a side effect to another disease.

How to treat the illness

The best was to be rid of the disease is to cure it. Unfortunately, antibiotics are not an effective way to treat the disease. Mostly because of the virus factor.

Get lots of rest and drink plenty of water and take an over the counter medicine for the cough. These are all effective ways to treat the illness.

When a bacterial infection is found, doctors may then prescribe medicine to stave off an secondary infections that may come about.

For the asthma suffers, it is likely the doctor will prescribe an inhaler. These medicines will enlarge the constricted lung passages.

Shoulder Pain Treatments: Steroid Injections

Steroid injection represents a useful tool in the management of chronic shoulder pain. Ideally, steroids should be thought of as providing temporary relief. When injections are used appropriately, and in conjunction with physical therapy, they can serve as a sort of Band-Aid for the shoulder pain. In this way, steroids will give people a temporary period of time in which physical therapy can really start working. This is because steroids act as an effective anti-inflammatory, which will relieve the pain that is caused by normal use of the joint.

If a doctor deems steroid injections to be of use to the patient, they will typically use a lateral approach to inject the subchromial space, particularly with rotator cuff problems. At different times, the doctor may use an anterior approach or a posterior approach to actually put steroid into the shoulder joint. To conduct these straight injections would be less common though.

Steroids have multiple actions. As an anti-inflammatory agent they frequently will reduce pain in an area affected with inflammation. Also, and essentially a side effect is that, they will cause destruction of protein.

This means that steroid injections do include a risk of complication, and it is possible to get too many steroid injections into a shoulder. Where previously it was unknown as to the exact number of injections which equated this “too many”, recently, there has been research to suggest that if someone were to get more than 3 steroid injections into the shoulder, it could make the subsequent rotator cuff repair surgery more difficult.

When it comes to making a decision with regards to the use of steroid injections, one should realize the possible benefit of the drug when it is used appropriately. When used in conjunction with physical therapy, they can be a very effective tool in alleviating shoulder pain. Further, the doctor will perform the steroid injection under sterile conditions as to not introduce germs into the joint space, which further decreases the chance that a problem will arise. One should also consider the fact that steroids are actually created naturally in the body before the simple fear of the injection causes them to discard the treatment.

The steroids injected into the joint are generally safe and do not have the systemic side affects normally associated with steroid pills. For those concerned, steroid injections typically will not increase blood sugar levels to a significant degree.

However, possible side affects/adverse affects of shoulder steroid injection would include bleeding into the joint if the needle goes through a significant blood vessel, an infection, and skin ulcerations if too much is injected closely underneath the skin. Another side affect could be a “dent” that is formed where the steroid was injected. Additionally, there can be tendon rupture and overall weakening of the structure receiving the steroid.

TMJ Lockjaw – Facts On TMJ Dislocation

The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) allows you to open and close your mouth. Hence, you are able to speak, chew, bite in, grind and clench your teeth with the help of this joint. It is a very delicate joint located in the front part of the ears and connects the lower jaw to the skull.

In case of any tension or pressure created on the TMJ the individual can experience what is known as the TMJ disorder. This is accompanied with pain, inflammation, popping of the jaw out of the socket when the disc slips as well as TMJ lockjaw.

As well as this disk, it may involve the muscles, joints and ligaments of the jaw. So it is important to get some help for this right a way so that it does not get too bad.

With TMJ dislocation, one can suffer from the open lockjaw and/or the closed lockjaw. A lock jaw is exactly what the name suggests; your jaws are locked rendering you unable to move them until they have been unlocked. In case of open lock jaw the patient is sedated into relaxation so that the Dentist can move the open jaw up, forward or backward until the disc has settled on the socket and the ball is in place.

If it is a case of a closed lock jaw then the patient has to be completely asleep. Once this is achieved then the doctor can massage the triangular hollow beneath the earlobes and slowly increase the pressure on them. Hot compress is also a good idea in such a situation. Eventually the jaw can be pried open very gently.

Most people who suffer from this problem grind or clench their teeth both consciously or subconsciously.

Don’t Wait To Start Working On Your Jaw Problem

Again, I will stress that at the first signs of a problem with your jaw, it is good to start some therapies.

Acupressure on certain points around the jaw may be helpful. One can sometimes find acupressure books with these points listed.

To help reduce a spasm, you may find that moist heat applied to the jaw is helpful. Just apply a moist hot washcloth to the face and remoisten it when it gets cool. Try this for 10 minutes a few times a day and see what it will do for you.

Bone Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are a common occurrence particularly in sporting endeavours and in recruits in the armed services, with overuse of the lower limbs a common theme. The lower leg is the most frequently affected area but other parts, even the arms, can be affected. The tibia, fibula and metatarsals are the most obvious areas to suffer, with further up the lower limbs much less commonly occurring. Repetitive stresses to the bones of a level not sufficient to cause direct fracture are the underlying cause of this injury.

Increasing levels of pain reported in the part during activities or exercise is the typical pattern of presentation, with a recent upturn in the intensity or frequency of training often reported. Treatment is uncomplicated and involves reducing the levels of activity and in some cases by immobilisation. Most heal without problems but there are some fractures which are much more likely to suffer from non-union and for which surgical intervention may be required. With orthopaedic surgery and formal immobilisation these fractures will eventually heal.

A stress fracture is likely to occur when bone is stressed many times in a similar manner, mostly without any particular individual event occurring. As repetitive compression and tension stresses are applied to the bone it sustains micro-damage which is repaired continually by the bone remodelling process. If the bones sustain increased levels of microscopic injury they may not be able to repair themselves quickly enough by remodelling and strengthening, leading inevitably to fracture. Increased physical activity is a common factor in these injuries.

Factors which increase the likelihood of a fracture occurring are reducing the bone area across which the stresses are acting, increasing the absolute levels of force and making the application of such stresses more frequent. The cross-sectional area of the bone is the factor determining the results of force applied, a smaller area meaning a higher order of force is suffered by the bone. Or the force could be increased in itself. Typical examples of risky activities are jumping or running, with other risks being changes in the exercise surface and techniques used.

Additional factors could be risk factors such as reduced bone density, dietary changes, weakness or other mechanical factors as the other factors are all mostly presumed to be the key ones. Scientific research has indicated being female, having a low body weight, poor diet and many other factors may be important. Female runners are particularly at risk, with reduced caloric intake, disturbances in menstrual cycle and lower bone density presenting in such athletes and others who require a low body weight such as ballet dancers.

The most common onset for a stress fracture is low profile and without high pain levels, typically following repeated bearing of weight on a part of the foot or leg and without any incident. The pain will resolve when the patient takes their weight off the part and re-occur when they once again repeat the typical movement. Local palpation of the injured areas may show oedema and pain or tenderness but there may be a lapse of between 2 and 4 weeks before a fracture can show up on an x-ray. Earlier detection of fractures may be possible with bone scanning.

Stress fractures are mostly treated with conservative methods, the most effective and the most straightforward being to limit the aggravating functional activity responsible for a period of four to six weeks. If weight bearing causes significant pain then it can be restricted by using elbow crutches with a rigid walking boot, brace or below knee plaster cast. Studies have been done on wearing corrective orthoses in shoes and there is some evidence they can reduce the incidence of stress fractures, with some potential benefits from shock absorbing insoles

Stress fractures in most areas of the body heal without complications but in some cases healing can be delayed or not occur at all, so-called non-union. Delayed or non-union is more common in certain areas such as the bases of the second and fifth metatarsals in the feet. Routine review of these fractures is important to assess whether further immobilisation or internal fixation is needed.

Chronic Neck Pain

The neck (cervical spine) is composed of vertebrae which begin in the upper torso and end at the base of the skull. The bony vertebrae along with the ligaments (like thick rubber bands) provide stability to the spine. The muscles allow for support and motion.

What Causes Neck Pain?

Many patients seek orthopedic care for neck pain, because orthopedists are specifically trained in the workings of the musculoskeletal system, including the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of problems involving the muscles, bones, joints, ligaments and tendons. While some orthopedists confine their practices to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, most treat a wide variety of diseases, injuries and other conditions, including neck pain.

In some cases, neck pain is caused by emotional stress. Most patients are treated successfully with rest, medication, immobilization, physical / massage therapy, exercise, activity modifications or a combination of these methods.

Massage therapy can include Swedish or Shiatsu massage. If you do not have access to a Certified Massage Therapist you can learn to use a variety of massagers to help ease the tension and aches in your muscles caused by stress. Click here to learn more about the beneficial effects of massage.

Neck Pain Diagnosis and Treatment

Very few patients require surgery to relieve neck pain. For the vast majority of patients, a combination of rest, medication, physical and/or massage therapy will relieve neck pain.

How neck pain is treated depends on what the diagnosis reveals.

For example, if pain is caused by inflammation as a result of stretching muscles and ligaments beyond their limits (sports, yard work, etc), your doctor may prescribe rest. Should your neck pain stem from an injury caused by a severe jolt or other “impact” accident, you may be also receive a neck collar for a specified period of time, as well as medication to reduce inflammation.

If medication is prescribed to reduce pain, it should be used only as directed and should not be taken for extended periods of time. In addition, remember that if your orthopedist prescribes rest, it is vital that you follow instructions carefully.

When neck pain persists or is chronic, your orthopedist may recommend a rehabilitation program that includes an exercise program and various types of physical therapy to help you relieve your pain and prevent it from coming back.

In some extreme cases you may be referred to an orthopedist.

An orthopedist is a medical doctor with extensive training in the diagnosis and non-surgical and surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.

Surgery may be necessary to reduce pressure on the spinal cord or a nerve root when pain is caused by a herniated disk or bony narrowing of the spinal canal. Surgery may also be required following an injury, to stabilize the neck and minimize the possibility of paralysis such as when a fracture results in instability of the neck.

Determining the source of the pain is essential to recommend the right method of treatment and rehabilitation. Therefore a comprehensive examination is required to determine the cause of neck pain.

Your orthopedist will take a complete history of the difficulties you are having with your neck. He or she may ask you about other illnesses, any injury that occurred to your neck and any complaints you have associated with neck pain. Previous treatment for your neck condition will also be noted.

Next, your orthopedist will perform a physical examination. This examination may include evaluation of neck motion, neck tenderness, and the function of the nerves and muscles in your arms and legs.

X-ray studies often will be done to allow your orthopedist to look closely at the bones in your neck. These simple diagnostic techniques often help orthopedists to determine the cause of neck pain and to prescribe effective treatment.

Patients who require further evaluation may undergo one or more of the following examinations
:
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). This non X-ray study allows an evaluation of the spinal cord and nerve roots.

CT (computed tomography). This specialized X-ray study allows careful evaluation of the bone and spinal canal.

Myelogram (injection of a dye or contrast material into the spinal canal). This specific X-ray study also allows careful evaluation of the spinal canal and nerve roots.

EMG (electromyogram). This test evaluates nerve and muscle function.

Your orthopedist may supplement your evaluation with blood tests, and, if necessary, will consult with other medical specialists.

Cerebral Palsy

A combination of a sane mind with a disobedient body is the simple definition of Cerebral Palsy. People affected by this disease behave very slow and awkward. They get laughed at and ridiculed by kids. They have drooping lips and squinted eyes. They are normally dubbed as though they are dimwits. For all you know their intelligence maybe as good as any other normal person but because of the society, the fact that they are cerebral palsied might cause them a considerable amount of distress and they prefer isolation.

Some of the causes of cerebral palsy are the following

  • Before birth causes are due to premature birth of the baby, RH and genetic incompatibility and illness of the mother before the child birth.
  • During the birth of a baby when the mother faces a prolonged labor, when the cord gets entangled around the baby’s neck reducing the supply of oxygen and sufficient glucose affecting the growing brain of the baby.
  • After the birth of the baby if the baby might suffer from cerebral palsy as a result of epilepsy, jaundice or any other reasons.

The different types of Cerebral Palsy are the following:

1) Spastic: This is the most common type of Cerebral palsy. This is where the victim’s muscles are very tense and also contracted. Here the victim might make very weak movements or sometimes might have difficulty in moving at all

2) Athetoid: There is constant and uncontrollable movements of organs such as eyes, head and limbs.

3) Rigid: Here the victim is absolutely unable to move, as the muscles don’t let them.

4) Ataxic: Here the victim finds it very hard to balance, often resulting the victim to stumble or maybe even fall.

5) Tremor: Here this type of cerebral palsy affects co-ordination resulting in uncontrollable shaking.

6) Victims suffering from cerebral palsy might also have problems due to combination of speech, hearing, vision or trouble in learning.

Tick Paralysis Information

Tick paralysis is an unusual but spectacular disease from a medical standpoint. Tick paralysis is a loss of muscle function that results from a tick bite. The illness is caused by a neurotoxin produced in the tick’s salivary gland. Tick paralysis results from inoculation of a toxin from tick salivary glands during a blood meal. The resulting paralysis is ascending (starting in the lower body and moving up). Affected children develop an unsteady gait (ataxia) followed several days later by lower extremity weakness that gradually moves up to involve the upper limbs.The toxin causes symptoms within 2-7 days, beginning with weakness in both legs that progresses to paralysis. The paralysis ascends upward to trunk, arms, and head within hours and may lead to respiratory failure and death.

The disease can present as acute ataxia without muscle weakness. Hard- and soft-bodied female ticks are believed to make a poison that can cause paralysis in children. Ticks attach to the skin to feed on blood. It is during this feeding process that the toxin enters the bloodstream. The paralysis is ascending that means it starts in the lower body and moves up. It is similar to that seen in Guillain-Barre syndrome and opposite that seen in botulism and paralytic shellfish poisoning. Paralysis may cause loss of respiratory ability and ventilatory assistance may become necessary. Preventive measures include avoiding trails that are overgrown with bushy vegetation, wearing light-colored clothes and wearing long pants and closed-toe shoes. Removing the tick removes the source of the neurotoxin.

Tick Paralysis Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Avoiding trails that are overgrown with bushy vegetation.

2. Permethrin is more effective in preventing tick bites.

3. Removing the tick removes the source of the neurotoxin.

4. Use insect repellents and protective clothing when out in tick-infested areas.

5. Wearing light-colored clothes and wearing long pants and closed-toe shoes.

Kyphoplasty Surgery Abroad At Affordable Cost – Kyphoplasty Surgery

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Kyphoplasty Spine Surgery Abroad

Description of Kyphoplasty Surgery

During kyphoplasty surgery, a small incision is made in the back through which the doctor places a narrow tube. Using fluoroscopy to guide it to the correct position, the tube creates a path through the back into the fractured area through the pedicle of the involved vertebrae.

Using X-ray images, the doctor inserts a special balloon through the tube and into the vertebrae, then gently and carefully inflates it. As the balloon inflates, it elevates the fracture, returning the pieces to a more normal position.

The balloon is removed and the doctor uses specially designed instruments under low pressure to fill the cavity with a cement-like material called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). After being injected, the pasty material hardens quickly, stabilizing the bone…

Recovery from kyphoplasty

Pain relief will be immediate for some patients. In others, elimination or reduction of pain is reported within two days. At home, patients can return to their normal daily activities, although strenuous exertion, such as heavy lifting, should be avoided for at least six weeks…

Candidates for kyphoplasty

Kyphoplasty cannot correct an established deformity of the spine, and certain patients with osteoporosis are not candidates for this treatment. Patients experiencing painful symptoms or spinal deformities from recent osteoporotic compression fractures are likely candidates for kyphoplasty. The procedure should be completed within 8 weeks of when the fracture occurs for the highest probability of restoring height…

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Having the industry’s most elaborate and exclusive Patient Care and Clinical Coordination teams stationed at each partner hospital, we provide you the smoothest and seamless care ever imagined. With a ratio of one Patient Care Manager to five patients our patient care standards are unmatched across the sub continent.

Ultra X7 4-stroke

It is true that pocket bikes are not as fast as motorcycles – but then again they are not meant to be cruised around in on the road with life size vehicles. You need the power so that you can perform great tricks and use it to race against others and their pocket bikes.

The X7 4-Stroke is one of the more popular super pocket bikes on the market. This particular bike’s design was based on the X7 Bullet – which is also a very popular bike. In fact engineers only improved upon it – but did not feel the need to change many details. True to its name it is built with a 4-Stroke 110cc engine that adds even more power to it.

The bike also has a stronger and more fuller racing frame that gives it the ability to handle higher torque and more horsepower. This allows you to race at higher speeds without having to feel the power taking over the bike.

The engine has a high displacement that comes in handy with a bike that is so low in weight. Now drivers can easily ride alongside the more expensive super pocket bike models. It has a top speed of 55+ mph and is built with an automatic transmission and well balanced chassis.

It has also been built with a heavy duty drive train that allows the driver to handle sharp curves without wiping out and maximum durability and power output. Dual hydraulic disc brakes are equipped in the front and rear of the bike and help the driver to stop on a dime.

As with most bikes it also features dual head lights, turning signals, brake and tail lights, electric starter, a horn, full analog gauges, and a ZR motorcycle alternator.

Neuralgia Treatment

Neuralgia is a neurological disease, caused by inflammation, degeneration, compression, irritation or damage to a sensitive nerve. These processes are caused by internal factors (such as inflammatory processes, tumors, etc.) or external (viral infections, exposure to cold, etc.). It is manifested by stabbings of acute pain with calm intervals during which prevails a painful sensation and/or burnings. The episodes of pain stabbings may last from several seconds to several minutes, for several days or even for weeks. Depending on the affected nerve branch and on the innervated areas, there can be distinguished several forms:

  • trigeminal neuralgia or tic doulereux (the most frequent form of neuralgia; the pain is located on one side of the face, in the lips, toothgums, cheeks, upper eyelids and upper jaw; it is caused by damage to the trigeminal nerve)
  • glossopharyngeal neuralgia (similar to the trigeminal neuralgia; intense and paroxysmal pain; the pain iradiates from throat or ear to the posterior paryngeal or amygdalian wall, triggered by the inflammation of the tympanic branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve; there may be associated cardiac manifestations: bradycardia, hypotension, and syncopes)
  • postherpetic neuralgia (triggered by infection with zoster herpetic virus; it is caused by an incomplete healing of the affected nerve branch)
  • occipital neuralgia or Arnold neuralgia (constant pains and painful stabbings in the occipital area, originating from the back of the ear, with iradiation towards the scalp; triggered by local inflammatory process)
  • intercostal neuralgia (the pain is located in intercostal space)
  • sciatic neuralgia (it affects the sciatic nerve; the pains start from the lumbar area and they iradiate along one or both lower limbs; they become more acute at bending, sudden movements, elevation, coughing or sneezing)

Treatment

In the first stage of the treatment, we try to alleviate the neuralgic pains in order to help the patient put his activities back to normal. The therapies involved will stimulate the secretion of endorphine, a neurotransmitter with strong analgetic properties. The action of the endorphins in the body is similar to that of morphine or codeine. The alleviation of pain will relax the activity of the nervous system and will normalize the functions of the organs (the pain stabbings strain and influence the activity of all the organs in a negative way). The structure of the affected nerve branch is restored by means of certain herbs with regenerating, tonifying and revitalising action. The process that caused the alteration of the nerve branch is arrested; depending on the nature of this process, an appropiate treatment method will be established. Where the neuralgia occurs as an effect of other disease – as is the case of the neuralgias caused by the compression of the nerves by tumors – the triggering factors will be treated.

Sciatica: The Excruciating Pain of Pinched Nerves

Have you ever experienced such excruciating pain that standing up becomes a great difficulty?  Sometimes, sitting down makes the pain even worse. A lot of people may be doing something so simple and yet a certain body movement would cause them unbearable pain. You may be experiencing sciatica.

What is Sciatica?

Sciatica, or sciatic nerve pain, is a condition in which the sciatic nerves in the body become inflamed.  Sciatic nerves are found beginning at the lower spine and continue down the buttocks area, back of the legs, and into the feet. Symptoms of sciatica is characterized by a light tingling feeling or burning sensation to a full blown shooting pain that travels from the lower back, buttocks area, back of legs, and/or feet. More often than not, sciatic nerve pain affects only one side, although it could also be possible to run down both legs.

Sciatica could be a frightening experience especially if you do not realize what is happening. One may begin to feel like he/she will become crippled. However, most of the time sciatica can be treated effectively.

Causes of Sciatica
Sciatica may occur when the nerve in the lower spine become pinched, or if there is a slipped disk.  Arthritis or a sprained ligament will narrow the passageways of the nerves which may cause the nerve endings to become tender and inflamed.  Other causes of sciatica include an abscess, growth, or blood clot.  But these can be rare.

Treatment of Sciatica

Since sciatic nerve pain is caused by a combined pressure and inflammation on the nerve root, treatment is generally focused on relieving both of these factors through non-surgical treatments and/or surgical methods.  

Non-surgical sciatic nerve pain treatment may include one or a combination of medical treatments and alternative (non-medical) treatments. Most of the time, it includes some form of exercise and stretching.  

If you are experiencing sciatica, it is advised to stay off your feet for the first few days. One of the things you must avoid is to get up and down repeatedly as this will only cause the nerve to become more irritated. Though some quarters pose question on the benefits of bed rest, still it is advisable at least for the first few days.

It may feel soothing to soak in warm baths to ease the pain. However, do not use heating pads while the nerve is inflamed. Prolonged heat will draw the inflammation in and will keep the swelling high.  Rather, most healthcare professionals would advise the application of ice packs directly on the lower back area for 20 minutes at a time, every couple of hours. This may feel a little uncomfortable, but the cold packs will greatly help in reducing the swelling. Using mineral ice is also a good alternative in soothing the pain and offers a temporary sciatic relief.

Though some doctors may prescribe muscle relaxants for temporary relief of pain, caution is advised as to the side effects of these types of prescription drugs. Some medications can be addictive, or may give a false sense of feeling better.  

Massage therapy is considered to be a highly effective non-surgical treatment as it can keep your spine in better alignment for longer periods of time. As soon as your back begins to heal, your doctor may give you stretching and low impact exercises so that your muscles won’t stiffen too much. Be sure to engage in exercise only when your doctors approve it.  

Alternative treatments that you might find available and helpful are accupressure, accupuncture, herbal therapies, homeopathy, biofeedback, and guided imagery to name just a few.

Surgical methods to remove the portion of the disc that is irritating the nerve root are micro discectomy or lumbar laminectomy, and discectomy. Surgery helps relieve both the pressure and the inflammation especially if the sciatic nerve pain is severe and has not been relieved through medical treatments.

Neck Pain Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Neck Pain?

Our neck is subjected to stress, strain and minor injury on daily and ongoing basis. Over time this result in the degeneration of our cervical spine, causing neck pain. This occurs anywhere from the bottom of our head to the top of our shoulders and may radiate to our upper back and arms. This area basically supports all the load of our head. The pain restricts the movement of our head and neck. How quick our neck pain recovers and whether it will develop into chronic neck pain will depend on the overall condition of our cervical spine.

Older people are more prone to neck pain and in most cases the condition will disappear. Others will need to consult the doctor and receive appropriate treatment.

Structure of the Neck

Our neck consists of the cervical spine and the soft tissues that surround it. The soft tissues include nerves, ligaments, tendons, muscles and blood vessels.  The cervical spine is located just below our skull and ends just above our thoracic spine. Our cervical spine is made up of the first seven vertebrae in the spine, C1 through C7.

Symptoms of Neck Pain

  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion in your neck
  • Pain in your shoulders and arms
  • Inability to touch your chin to your chest
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness, tingling, tenderness, sharp piercing pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Lights hurt your eyes
  • Weakness in your legs

In serious cases, symptoms include fever, vomiting, severe headache, and you should seek emergency treatment.

Sometimes neck pain is accompanied by upper back and/or lower back pain due to inflammation of the spine. Acute neck pain may force the head to turn to one side, a condition known as torticollis.

How to Diagnose Neck Pain

To understand what causes your neck pain, the doctor would normally check your medical history follow by a thorough physical examination. This will provide a good basis for the doctor to assess the reasons for your neck pain. However to be sure of what are the actual causes of your neck pain, one or more of several diagnostic tests may have to be conducted, including:

  • X-rays
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • CAT Scan (Computer Assisted Tomography)
  • Myelography (a special x-ray sensitive contrast dye is injected to illuminate the spine, allowing identification of problems within the spine)
  • Electromyogram (EMG)
  • Bone Scan
  • Laboratory tests

Causes of Neck Pain

There are many causes of neck pain including daily activities requiring repeated use of the neck, injuries and diseases.

Neck pain caused by activities resulting in strained muscles, sprained ligament or inflammation of joints:

  • Improper sleeping posture including on a pillow that doesn’t support your head or on your stomach with neck twisted.
  • Maintaining a prolonged awkward working your computer, painting the ceiling or installing a light bulb
  • Tilting your head in a fixed position like talking on the phone or reading a book in bed
  • Laying on your sofa watching TV for hours
  • Carrying heavy loads on your shoulders or with hands
  • Hunching your upper body during long distance driving

Neck pain caused by injuries

Our neck is very vulnerable to injury because it is so flexible and bears the whole weight of our head. Injuries include:

  • Whiplash when the head is jerked forward and then backward in a car accident
  • Falling or tripping
  • Injuries related to sporting activities, especially those involving head and upper body
  • Knocks and blows to the face or head.

Neck pain caused by medical conditions including:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues)
  • Cervical spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal)
  • Meningitis (swelling of the brain lining and spinal cord)
  • Cancer (tumours in the spine)
  • Fibromyalgia (long-term, body-wide pain and tenderness in the joints, muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues)
  • Ruptured disk
  • Minor fractures to the spine from osteoporosis
  • Spondylosis (degenerative disorder of the spine)
  • Flu

When to Seek Treatment

Treatment and Prevention of Neck Pain

Treatment for neck pain generally falls into two main categories: conservative treatment (non-surgical) and surgical treatment. The objectives of the treatments are to relieve the pain and reduce the risk of injury again.

Non-Surgical Treatment for Your Neck Pain

 Medications

  • Muscle relaxants, tramadol (Ultram) or tricyclic antidepressant medications used for pain
  • Opioid analgesics
  • Injection of corticosteroid or numbing medications (lidocaine)  into the muscles in your neck

Some medications are very addictive. Take them exactly as prescribed and see your doctor if you feel unwell or have other side effects.

Physical Therapy

Your physiotherapist can design an exercise program to help you recover from your neck pain and also teach you ways to prevent further injury to your neck.

Cervical Pillow

A cervical pillow provides good support to your head and neck which helps to reduce stress to your spine.

Cervical Collar

A cervical collar provides support to your injured neck and limit motion while it is healing. It also helps keep your body in the normal alignment.

Epidural Steroid Injection (ESI)

This is normally used only when other non-surgical treatments fail to relieve your neck pain. In this process a small amount of cortisone, a strong anti-inflammatory medicine, is injected into the bony spinal canal.

Complementary and alternative treatments

Some of these treatments are helpful in relieving pain, restore neck mobility and improve quality of life.

  • Massage
  • Chiropractic and osteopathic treatments
  • Yoga helps improve flexibility, posture and breathing, decrease stress, and maintain health
  • Acupuncture
  • Heat or ice treatment
  • Take warm showers

Surgical Treatment

 Surgery is normally the last option and your doctor will recommend what works best for you.

 Discectomy

This procedure relieves the pressure on a nerve root by removing the herniated disc causing the pressure.

 Cervical Fusion

 This procedure joins selected bones in the neck with bones taken from other parts of your body. The bone graft between two or more vertebrae allows them to fuse and grow together.

 Posterior Fusion

 In this case the bone graft is placed on the back side of the vertebrae. This allows the vertebrae to grow together, creating a solid piece of bone out of the two vertebrae. This procedure is generally used only for fractures of the spine.

 Instrumented Cervical Fusion

 To improve fusion, metal plates, screws, and rods that hold the spine in place are introduced.  As the bones are tightly held and there is less motion, it will help the healing process.

 Laminectomy

This is a spine operationto remove the portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina. This procedure reduces the pressure on the spinal cord and the irritation and inflammation of the spinal nerves.

Corpectomy and Strut Graft

This is a procedure that involves removing part of the vertebral body as a way to decompress the spinal cord and nerves.

Surgeries associated with the spine are normally risky and may lead to complications. You should discuss with your medical professionals on the various options and consequences before deciding on which is the best option.

 Surgery is normally the last option and your doctor will recommend what works best for you.

 Prevention of neck pain

 Neck pain causes can be reduced by adopting good and new habits.

 Refrain from spending a lot of time in positions that stress and strain your neck. Among others things, these include sitting at a computer for extended periods.

Take short breaks in between work several times a day. Sleep on a firm pillow with good support for your neck. Do not sleep on your stomach in an awkward position. If you really have to read a book in bed make you keep your neck in a neutral position. Stop smoking because it decreases blood supply and slow down tissue repair and healing.

Develop a habit of exercising regularly as it is good for the long term health of your body. Best of all, unlike medication and surgery, it is virtually free.

Sore Throat Treatment – Know the Facts

A sore throat is often caused by an infection in the throat. The infection is usually caused by a virus or bacteria. Sore throats can also be caused by allergies and tobacco smoke. A sore throat can be a symptom of many different medical disorders.

A sore throat is a common and minor condition in which the back of the throat becomes irritated in most cases (90% of them) is cause by a virus, such as the one that causes colds and flu or the bacteria that cause strep infection. In cases of bacterial or viral infections most antibiotics are ineffective.

Treating bacterial infections – At one time, doctors automatically treated all sore throats with antibiotics, both to cure the infection and to prevent dangerous complications such as rheumatic fever. Now, doctors are much less likely to prescribe medication because the overuse of antibiotics has led to an increase in antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. What’s more, antibiotics such as penicillin do little to hasten recovery from strep throat or to reduce signs and symptoms, and they don’t prevent infections from recurring. Be sure your doctor performs a rapid strep test before prescribing any antibiotic for a sore throat.

Cinnamon is regarded as an effective remedy for a sore throat resulting from a cold. One teaspoon of coarsely powdered cinnamon, boiled in a glass of water with a pinch of pepper powder, and two teaspoons of honey can be taken as a medicine in the treatment of this condition. Two or three drops of cinnamon oil, mixed with a teaspoon of honey, also give immense relief.

Liquorice is a recognized home remedy for sore throat in all parts of India. A small piece of raw liquorice should he chewed or sucked for treating this condition. The healing property of the herb soothes inflammation quickly.

If your child has repeated infections of the tonsils (tonsillitis), a tonsillectomy may be considered. A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure where the tonsils are removed from the throat. See the ‘related articles’ section for more information about tonsillitis.

Surgical drainage of an abscess behind a tonsil (peritonsillar abscess) or between the spine and pharynx (retropharyngeal abscess) is required in rare cases. Tonsillectomy or surgical removal of the tonsils is occasionally indicated for tonsillitis that returns often (once a month).

Gargle with cayenne pepper and water mixture: 1/2 – 2 tsp. cayenne per glass of water, as strong as you can stand. Repeat as necessary, multiple times a day. Numbs and releives really bad sore throats.

Warm a cup of milk, add a teaspoon of turmeric powder and a teaspoon of sugar. Drink this 3 times a day.

Bacterial infection, especially from streptococcal bacteria (strep throat). Symptoms are much like those of a viral infection but may be more severe and long lasting. Often a bacterial infection is accompanied by headache, stomachache, and swollen glands in the neck. A strep infection is generally treated with antibiotics because permanent heart or kidney damage can result. Culturing the bacteria is the only way a doctor can determine the cause of the sore throat.

Tonsil Stones in Children: Causes and Best Treatment Options

Tonsil stones are made up of the secretions of salivary glands that are overactive, oral bacteria and white blood cells.  They most often occur in adults than in children.  Once they are formed in children they should be taken to a doctor to find the best remedy to remove them.  If the tonsil stones in children are not handled properly, they can lead to various infections and make the condition worse for them.  It is better not to opt for the surgical solution for treating tonsil stones in children as tonsils play a great role in the immunity of their body.

The main job of the tonsils present in the back side of the throat is to protect the body from any possible diseases or infection attacking the children.  They protect the intestines and lungs form the invasion of foreign substances or bodies.  When tonsillectomy or surgery is performed it leads to the removal of part of the ring of defenders called as “Waldeyer’s Ring” which is made up of tonsils, adenoids and other kinds of lymphoid tissues.

In children tonsils tend to be bigger in size and play a vital role in guarding the body of them as a person grows the tonsils tend to shrink and become smaller in size.  Hence it is very important to guard them.  Tonsil stones in children might not cause any discomforts when are smaller in size and might not even exhibit any symptoms.  But they become large they can cause various discomforts and might also exhibit various symptoms.

Some of the common symptoms associated with tonsil stones in children are chocking, coughing, hard to swallow foods, halitosis, throat discomfort and metallic taste. Children should be looked after carefully especially when they have tonsil stones in order to not make the situation even worse.  Parents should go through their dental or oral hygiene and should teach them to do it properly.  Even though tonsil stones are not very complicated, but in children they can create great discomforts and other complications like hard to swallow food and even drink liquids.

To overcome the problem in children, they should be taught to gargle using salt water, brush their teeth and floss them properly.  They should be encouraged to brush after they consume their meals and before going to bed.  Rinsing the mouth should be taught so that they spit the dislodged unwanted particles from the mouth and keep the mouth clean.  Parents should not judge the condition of the tonsil stones in children, but should consult a doctor to get proper treatment.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones
Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price.  The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time.  Hence, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It’s absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets. Follow a step-by-step program that will show you exactly how to get rid of your tonsil stones naturally and ensure they never come back! You can learn more about the program that promises a natural cure for tonsil stones from here