Interesting Facts About Peptic Ulcers

The peptic ulcer damages the lining of either the stomach or the duodenum.The symptoms of indigestion caused by peptic ulcers may harm a person by a severe pain.They can be treated with medicines, but without treatment serious complications may appear.There are two kinds of peptic ulcers: one is gastric and the other one is duodenal ulcer.The diameter of peptic ulcers is between 1-2cm,which seems with a mouth ulcers.

One to ten people at some point in their lives are affected by the duodenal ulcers, especially younger men.Stomach ulcers are more common. The peptic ulcer may be acute or chronic.One of acute ulcers may heal without any long term consequences. On the other hand chronic ulcers are deeper and they causes symptoms leaving a scar even they heal.The stomach contains acid which helps to protect the body from infection.The stomach and duodenum has its lining covered in mucus which protects it from acid.When the stomach produces excess acid an ulcer may appear.

There are some factors which leads to the apearance of the peptic ulcer like: infection with bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori; certain medicines like aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen and diclofenac;smoking and alcohol.In many cases the majority of people have abdominal pain, below the chest bone,but there are also people without symptoms.In the case of gastric ulcer a sharp pain may occur soon after eating, and the pain caused by the duodenal ulcer is relieved by eating or by drinking milk. Other unpleasant symptoms of the peptic ulcer are belching, general discomfort in the stomach,loss of appetite,nausea, vomiting, loss of weight.

Nowadays there are many tests that deals with the detection if there is any infection with H. pylori, needed in the diagnosis of the gastric or duodenal ulcers or even for stomach cancer.Through several methods we may see if a person has or has not peptic ulcer. One of these methods can be realized by breath or by blood test to observe the presence of H. pylori. Another method is the one with a given substance to swallow called barium, which appears white on X-rays.The X-rays may show the presence of an ulcer.The gastroscopy is another method which uses a tube called endoscop with a fibre-optic cable; the last one being passed through the mouth and into the stomach.

If any person accuse such kind of pains should immediately consult a doctor.

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The Dangers of Excessive Acid

If you constantly experience exhaustion, headaches and having frequent colds and flu, then that could be it – you have high acid levels in your body. But the ill effects of acidosis in the body don’t stop there; you might be surprised at the wide-ranging types of diseases you could get with dangerous levels of acid in your body.

Depression, hyperacidity, ulcer, skin dryness, acne and obesity are some of those linked to excessive acid levels in the body. Then there are those that are more serious such as joint diseases, osteoporosis, bronchitis, frequent infections and heart diseases.

Even if you begin to take medications for these illnesses, the symptoms may be masked, but they will still continue to affect your health as you are not attacking them from their roots. No matter what medications you take – pills, anti-inflammatory and the like – your body will only become more acidic because of these medications.

Alkaline Diet Approach

To get to the roots of these health problems, the body’s pH level must be brought back to normal. There are alkaline foods that can help replenish the depleted alkaline levels in the body while neutralizing excess amounts of acid. Through an alkaline diet, sufficient amounts of alkaline are re-introduced into the body, thus bringing back the pH level to predominantly alkaline.

So how do you incorporate an alkaline diet into your eating habits? First, you can start by cutting down your intake of processed foods. These type of foods contain chemicals that only increase the acidity of your body ones they’re digested. Second, steer clear of meat and meat products, dairies and alcohol. Third, load up on fresh fruits and vegetables, as they naturally are high in alkalinity.

Even acidic fruits like oranges and lemons become alkaline after they have been digested and absorbed by the body. As a general rule, 75% of your daily food consumption should consist of alkalizing foods. The more alkaline foods we provide our bodies with, the more efficient the neutralization of excess acids will be.

Tips on How to Overcome Gastritis

Gastritis is not a disease on its own but a symptom of abnormal digestion. It is characterized by inflammation or irritation of the lining of the stomach. It affects millions of people worldwide. It can be divided into 3 categories: (1) erosive and hemorrhagic gastritis (2) non erosive and nonspecific gastritis (3) specific gastritis indicative of a disorder.

Gastritis can be due to a number of causes including excessive alcohol consumption, prolonged use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, or bacterial infection. Commonly, the bacterium that causes the inflammation of gastritis is the same as that which causes most stomach ulcers. Sometimes gastritis can develop after major surgery, burns, traumatic injury.

Symptoms of gastritis include abdominal discomfort, pain, bloating or gas, irritation, headache, general malaise, nausea and sometimes vomiting. Aside the use of medications, there are ways to combat gastritis by selective food inclusions or eliminations.

Positive actions to overcome gastritis include the following:

1.       Limit or where possible eliminate your intake of simple sugar (sweet, fruit, and milk), flour, caffeine, alcohol, fatty foods, spicy foods and tomato products. These foods irritate the stomach lining, increase the production of stomach acid and weaken the sphincter at the end of the esophagus causing the extra acid to move up the esophagus.

2.       Coconut water is an excellent remedy for gastritis. It gives the stomach the necessary rest and provides vitamins and minerals.              

3.       Eating a light or soft diet provides a lot of assistance. Cessation of smoking and relaxation therapy can also help. Eating a diet high in fiber may not only cut your risk of developing gastritis and ulcers in half, but fiber-rich foods may also speed the healing of ulcers. Vegetables are particularly protective sources of fiber and seem to reduce the amount of inflammation in the lining of the stomach.

4.       Take a long term daily dose of Omega 3 Fish Oil 1000 mg to reduce and subsequently eliminate inflammation.

5.       A daily dose of a multi vitamins and minerals tablet to assist in digestive health.

Information on Hepatomegaly

Hepatomegaly (an enlarged liver) indicates potentially reversible primary or secondary liver disease. This sign may stem from diverse pathophysiologic mechanisms, including dilated hepatic sinusoids (in heart failure), persistently high venous pressure leading to liver congestion (in chronic constrictive pericarditis), dysfunction and engorgement of hepatocytes (in hepatitis), fatty infiltration of parenchymal cells causing fibrous tissue (in cirrhosis), distention of liver cells with glycogen (in diabetes), and infiltration of amyloid (in amyloidosis).

The lower edge of the liver normally comes just to the lower edge of the ribs (costal margin) on the right side. In its normal state, the edge of the liver is thin and firm, and it cannot be palpated (felt with the finger tips) below the edge of the costal margin. An enlarged liver usually causes no signs or symptoms. If the liver enlarges quickly, it may be tender to the touch.

Thirty-five patients were seen over a period of 50 years. The signs and symptoms of organ distress caused by hepatomegaly occurred in the lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract (GI), the inferior vena cava (IVC), and the liver. A scoring scale reflecting organ compromise was developed, the scores ranging from 0 (0 compromise) to 10 (all 5 systems showing evidence of impairment). Scores were derived for 32 of 35 patients; 13 were 4 weeks old or under (neonates) when first seen, and 19 were aged 1-12 months (infants).

A positron emission tomography scan showed intense abnormal uptake in the liver and less specific uptake in the inframammary and bone marrow areas. A bone marrow showed reactive features with negative cytogenetics, making a myeloproliferative disorder unlikely. Two percutaneous liver biopsies and a mini-laparotomy with wedge biopsy and portal node biopsy were performed. The liver biopsies excluded lymphoma but all showed necrotizing granulomas with infiltration of eosinophils.


Causes of hepatomegaly may include:
Alcohol use
Congestive heart failure
Glycogen storage disease
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)
Hepatitis A


Hepatomegaly can be cured. Treatment depends on the cause of hepatomegaly. For example, abstaining from alcohol treats hepatomegaly caused by alcohol abuse. In all cases, regardless of the cause, appropriate medication can be taken to treat the underlying cause. Thanks to growing trust in herbal treatments survival rates have improved over the years. Herbal formulations to treat various types of liver problems have proven to be safe and very effective without any side effects.

The lower edge of the liver normally comes just to the lower edge of the ribs (costal margin) on the right side. In its normal state, the edge of the liver is thin and firm, and it cannot be palpated (felt with the finger tips) below the edge of the costal margin. If the liver becomes enlarged enough that it can be palpated below the costal margin, the patient may have hepatomegaly. The diagnosis must be confirmed by an imaging study of the liver. The liver is involved in many bodily functions, and is affected by a variety of conditions, many of which result in hepatomegaly.

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Enlarged liver as a symptom. This list is incomplete and various other drugs or substances may cause your symptoms. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Swelling In Intestines

If you are suffering from indigestion and constipation, then Repeated constipation causes swelling in colon and large intestine which is called colitis. This is painful condition and results in cramps, hard or lose stools, fullness or gas in abdomen and general body weakness. You should avoid fast foods and reduces spices, alcohol, tea, coffee and fried foods.

Take light home made meals. Drink four to five liters of water daily. Increase fiber in meals by increasing vegetables and fruit salad intake. Apart from these simple home remedies take package for gastric troubles for complete relief from indigestion, loss of appetite, gas,pain abdomen, IBS, fullness in abdomen, nausea, vomiting and constipation. This package consists ayurvedic medicines having stimulating effect on whole digestive system.

A regular course of these medicnes help in increasing appetite, assists in easy digestion, absorption and evacuation. These medicines soothes whole GIT and restores peristaltic movements for regularizing digestion and stool habits. A regular course with slight change in eating habits will cure your intestinal swelling, infections and painful cramps in abdomen. Practice pranayams to get better results.

Constipation is very common in old age. No exercise and weakness in body results in dull peristaltic movements which in turn results in constipation and gas formation in abdomen. Problem of constipation generally turns chronic and causes abdominal pain, piles, loss of appetite and fullness in abdomen. We recommend you to take a complete course of constipation package for easy solution of constipation or kabja. Take these ayurvedic medicines regularly for best results.

These medicines help in increasing peristaltic movements, increases appetite, cure acidity and gas problem. The food easily passes through digestive system and no pain abdomen or gas formation occurs. Increase water intake. Take fiber rich diet. Fresh fruits and vegetable salads are best fiber foods. Go for morning walks and practice pranayms regularly for best results in the treatment of constipation

Causes Of Valvular Heart Disease

This article is written to remove some of the mystery regarding valvular heart disease. It is necessarily somewhat complex but it should be easier to understand than most medical information that you might receive.

Valvular heart disease or valve disease can even be present at birth (congenital) or it can develop at any period of time throughout a persons life span. There are times when the exact valvular heart disease caauses cannot be discovered. Valvular heart disease is broken down into congenital valve disease, bicuspid aortic valve disease, acquired valve disease and mitral valve prolapse (MVP).

When valve disease is present at birth, it is referred to as congenital valve disease. This type generally affects the pulmonic valve or the aortic valve. Sometimes the valves are simply not the correct size or else the leaflets have not formed properly.

Bicuspid aortic valve disease is congenital as well and in this case the bicuspid aortic valve has two cusps or leaflets instead of the three it is supposed to have. This can cause the valve to be stiff, leaky or both.

Acquired valve disease is any problem that happens as a result of once normal valves. Sometimes the makeup of valves change as a result of infections or diseases. Rheumatic fever causes the heart valve to become red and inflamed and the leaflets to cling together. This then leads to the heart valves becoming unnecessarily thickened, shortened, rigid and scarred. This can then lead to mitral regurgitation. Rheumatic fever often occurs as a result of a bacterial infection, one of the most common being strep throat. However the vast array of antibiotics that are available today have greatly reduced the incidence of this infection.

Another disease that can cause acquired valve disease is endocarditis. This disease happens when bacteria and germs make their way into the bloodstream and then begin to invade the valves of the heart. This attack causes growths to begin in the heart valves as well as holes to take place. This can then lead to scarring of the heart valves. Leaky valves end up being the result of all of this. Germs that cause endocarditis can come about as a result of surgery, IV drug use, dental surgery and/or serious types of infections. Anyone who suffers from valve disease (excluding those who have mitral valve prolapse) is at a terrible risk of getting endocarditis, which can be fatal if not treated immediately.

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is very widespread and affects on average one to two percent of the American population on an annual basis. This disorder causes the mitral valve leaflets to fall back into the left atrium while the heart is contracting. MVP also makes the valve tissues become strange in shape and they become stretchy and cause seepage. It is rare for MVP to bring on any symptoms at all with a patient and most of the time it does not necessitate any kind of special medical treatment.

The above diseases and disorders are the most common causes of MVP but there are other causes as well. A visit to the doctor and a variety of tests should help pinpoint the exact cause of valve disease if you are diagnosed with it. Other causes include coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy (or heart muscle disease), heart attack, hypertension, aortic aneurysms, connective tissue diseases, and sexually transmitted disease (the most common being syphilis). There are also less common reasons for valve disease such as tumors, radiation and an assortment of drug treatments.

Cardiac Care for Acute Patients

Heart is the most important organ of the human body as it pumps and purifies blood. As all the oxygen required by the body is dissolved in the blood and subsequently reaches to various organs of the body, proper functioning of the heart is very essential for healthy living. It is therefore important to know the appropriate cardiac care for acute patients.

The most point which should be borne in mind is that a healthy heart should be free from the cholesterol deposits. Extra fat or cholesterol is the enemy of heart as it impairs its normal functioning. One complete cardiac cycle starts from flow of blood which is triggered by one heart and is completed till the end of the next heart beat. In case of any abnormality, the duration of the heart beat could also alter or vary. Some of the typical heart diseases are cardiac infarction, blockage of valves etc. Since the heart diseases are always very dangerous and could even cost people their lives, it is imperative for everyone, particularly those at high risks to use some sort of a shield to protect their hearts form such problems. The best way to ward off any heart related problems is control over diet and use of well managed and routine lives.

Staying away from the very oily and fried food as far as possible could be a big stride towards attaining a healthy heart. Cardiac infarction is also caused due to extra deposit of fat or cholesterol in the body. Hence avoiding food high in calories or starch is also helpful for the heart patients. Better way is to take the precautions even before becoming a patient. But even if someone becomes a heart patient, he has to be cautious about the diet so as to avoid any mishap. A heart patient always has to be very cautious about his living style and diet and hence control is very essential in this regard.

People usually think that their life has come to stand still and they would not be able to enjoy it to the fullest when they are diagnosed with a heart disease like cardiac infarction or heart blockage, but they can have a healthy heart if they pay attention to their life style and diet. Intake of some additional health supplement alongside the right diet helps a great deal in this regard.

Heart Attack – How To Know If Someone Gets One?

Heart attack is no joke. Even if the patient received treatment late by a minute, he or she may die. Hence, the time in getting treatment is indeed important to heart attack patients and it is best to get treatment immediately. However, you may only realize that the patient is suffering the attack after seeing him gasping for air and grabbing his chest with his arms. It might be too late for you to notice that as the attack has already gone too far. Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms of a person getting heart attack.

How does heart attack feel? You have absolutely no idea on that until you actually feel it. That is why you should know the symptoms in order to prevent the attack. For your information, heart attack patients will feel pain on both the chest and most likely they will grab their chest. You may also observe that they are quite dizzy and they might just faint anytime. Call ambulance immediately if you encountered such circumstances.

Other than that, those who are suffering from heart attack will keep sweating and vomiting. These symptoms are quite common among them and remember ask them if they are feeling well. If they still feel uncomfortable after sweating and vomiting, seek medical attention promptly. Besides that, heart attack victims will experience pain on their neck, shoulder, jaw and arms. Most of these patients do not take these tiny symptoms serious as they thought it is just a minor pain. Always ask them to tell you if they feel such pain as it may lead to sudden heart attack.

Another symptom that you should keep an eye on is shortness of breath. Whenever someone is short of breath, he or she tends to breathe loudly gasping for air. You should be extra alert whenever you have heart attack patients around you. It is mainly because they cannot shout for help but to only walk to you. Some cannot even walk after having such symptoms.

Lastly, inconsistency in a victim’s heart beat is a sign of incoming heart attack. Once the beat runs out of its tempo, the patient will get excited and heart attack strikes. Therefore, it is a good practice to check the patient’s heart beat from time to time.

Heart Diseases Part Xiii – How to Prevent Heart Diseases With Herbs

As we discuss in other articles, we known that heart disease kills more than 2,000 Americans everyday. Approximately 60 million Americans have heart disease. There are many causes of heart disease. Anything that serves to damage the inner lining of blood vessels and impedes the Transportation of oxygen and nutrition to the heart can be defined as a risk of heart disease. Besides aspirin, foods, and diet there are some herbs which have proven record and have been used over thousands of years in the history of mankind that would help to lower the risk of heart diseases as follow:

1. Flax seeds
Flax seeds contain high amounts of alpha-linoenic acid that helps to lower high blood pressure and the risk of stroke. Eating too much flax seeds will cause gas to build up if you are not used to it.

2. Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo biloba helps to to make blood less sticky and prevents blood clotting and stroke. Unlike aspirin, Ginkgo biloba will not cause upset stomach and internal bleeding. Also, Ginkgo biloba can improve blood circulation. Be sure not to take Ginkgo seeds because they are toxic and can cause seizures.

3. Cayenne
Cayenne stimulates blood flow, and strengthens the heart’s metabolism. It also helps to improve blood circulation as well as the digestive and immune systems. Cayenne contains high amounts of beta-carotene, cobalt, essential fatty acids, niacin and zinc that helps circulatory stimulation, blood purification, detoxification and fatigue.

4. Mistletoe
Mistletoe can stimulate the heartbeat and increase cardiac output. It can help to relieve heart strain, stimulate circulation, and lower blood pressure. Do not overdose and eat mistletoe berriea, because it is toxic.

5. Hawthorn berry
Hawthorn berry contains high amount of flavonoids that help to provide direct nourishment to the heart as well as dilate the coronary arteries.

Bugleweeds help to alleviate heart palpitation and high blood pressure. Study shows that bugleweeds act chiefly on the blood vessels, and is especially useful in plethoric and inflammatory states, particularly internal inflammations, and cardiac diseases.

7 Motherwort
Motherwort can be used in secure cardiac electrical rhythm. Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking motherwort supplements.

8. Tansy
Tansy is used to help heart palpitations and also helps to improve blood circulation.
Remember that herbs help to lower high blood pressure and cholesterol levels will also help to prevent heart diseases and stroke.

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Tuberculosis treatment for sine, sysmptoms and Homeopathy remedy

Tuberculosis was almost non-existent in the developed world, but has been making a recent resurgence. When people with TB in their lungs or throat cough, laugh, sneeze, sing, or even talk, the germs that cause TB may be spread into the air. If another person breathes in these germs there is a chance that they will become infected with tuberculosis.  Repeated contact is usually required for infection.
A person with TB infection will have no symptoms. A person with TB disease may have any, all or none of the following symptoms:
1.No symptoms -in early phases; also if they only have latent TB infection
2.Early infection symptoms:
• Fever
•  Chills
•  Sweating
•  Night sweats
•  Flu-like symptoms
•  Gastrointestinal symptoms
•  Weight loss
•  No appetite
•  Weakness
•  Fatigue 

3.Symptoms of chronic lung infection (pulmonary tuberculosis ):
•  Persistent cough
•  Chest pain
•  Coughing up bloody sputum
•  Shortness of breath
•  Breathing difficulty
•  Recurring bouts of fever
•  Weight loss
•  Progressive shortness of breath
•  Urine discoloration
•  Cloudy urine
•  Reddish urine
Complications- The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Tuberculosis includes:
•  Pneumothorax
•  Pleural effusion
•  Miliary tuberculosis – multiple abscesses  in various body parts.
•  Spine TB
• Tuberculous meningitis
•  Kidney TB
•  Peritonitis
•  Pericarditis
•  Lymph node infection
•  Fallopian tube infection
•  Bowel infection
•  Addison’s disease
•  Death – high death rate of 40-60% if untreated.
1. Phosphorus [Phos]
Phosphorus is indicated in tuberculosis in tall, rapidly-growing young people. Phos has cough from tickling in throat; worse from cold air, reading, laughing, and talking, from going from warm room into cold air. Sweetish taste while coughing. Hard, dry, tight, racking cough. Congestion of lungs. Burning pains, heat and oppression of chest. Tightness across chest with great weight on chest. Sputum is rusty, blood-colored, or purulent.2. Arsenicum Iodatum [Ars Iod]
It seems probable that in Arsenic iod, we have a remedy most closely allied to manifestations of tuberculosis. In the early stages of tuberculosis, even though there is an afternoon rise in temperature, Ars jod is very effective. It will be indicated by a profound prostration, rapid, irritable pulse, recurring fever and sweats, emaciation; tendency to diarrhea. This remedy is indicated in tuberculosis patients in cases of emaciation with good appetite; in amenorrhœa, with anæmic palpitation and dyspnœa. Cough is dry with difficult expectoration.3. Bacillinum [Baci]
 Baci has been employed successfully in the treatment of tuberculosis; its good effects are seen in the change of the sputum, which becomes decreased and more aerated and less purulent. The patient expectorates less. On examination patient has bubbling rales and muco-purulent expectoration. This muco-purulent expectoration of TB patients is poly-bacillary; it is a mixture of diverse species and hence Bacillinum is truly indicated in cases of MDR TB (Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis). Often relieves congestion of the lungs, thus paving way for other remedies in Tuberculosis. 4. Tuberculinum [Tub]
Tub is of undoubted value in the treatment of tuberculosis. It is especially adapted to the light-complexioned, narrow-chest subjects who have Lax fiber, low recuperative powers, and very susceptible to changes in the weather. Patient is always tired; motion causes intense fatigue; there is aversion to work; wants constant changes. When symptoms are constantly changing and well-selected remedies fail to improve, and cold is taken from the slightest exposure. Expectoration is thick with easy and profuse discharge. There is also shortness of breath with sensation of suffocation, even with plenty of fresh air. Patient longs for cold air. There is hard, hacking cough, profuse sweating and loss of weight, rales all over chest. Deposits begin in apex of lung. 5. Stannum metallicum [Stannum met]
The chief action of Stannum met is centered upon the respiratory organs. Debility is very marked when Stannum is the remedy, especially the debility of chronic bronchial and pulmonary conditions, characterized by profuse muco-purulent discharges upon tuberculosis basis. Violent, dry cough in evening until midnight. Cough excited by laughing, singing, talking; worse lying on right side. During day, with copious green, sweetish, expectoration. Chest feels weak; can hardly talk. Respiration short, oppressive; stitches in left side when breathing and lying on same side.6. Allium Sativum [Allium Sativa]
Allium sativa is mainly adapted to fleshy subjects with digestive and respiratory affections. Pulmonary tuberculosis with constant rattling of mucus in bronchi. Cough in the morning after leaving bedroom, with mucous expectoration, which is tenacious and difficult to raise. Dilated bronchi with fetid expectoration and darting pain in chest.7. Calcarea fluorica [Calc fluor]
Indicated in advanced cases of tuberculosis where Induration is threatening of suppuration. Also indicated when fibrosis has taken place. Cough with expectoration of tiny lumps of yellow mucus with tickling sensation and irritation on lying down. Calc. Fluor removes fibroid deposits and restores normal structure.8. Gallicum Acidum [Gallic acid]
Gallic acid should always be remembered as a remedy in tuberculosis. There is pain in lungs with pulmonary hæmorrhage and excessive expectoration. There is much mucus in throat in the morning and dry at night.
9. Ammonium Carbonicum [Amm Carb]
Ammonium carb is indicated in cases of pulmonary tuberculosis wherein there is violent cough at night, especially at three or four in morning; with expectoration of bloody mucus; with asthmatic oppression of the chest and sometimes with stitches; as if from particles of dust in the throat; worse by ascending. Often there is much rattling as of large bubbles in the chest; chest feels faint, it is tiresome to breathe; when standing, sensation as if lungs were drawn down; many stitches in the chest, Sternum cracks on bending backward. Much oppression of breathing, worse on physical effort, and much worse still on entering a warm room. Bloody taste followed by cough and spitting bright red blood; with burning in the chest.

10. Kreosotum [Kreosote]
Kreosote is indicated in cough which is worse in evening, with efforts to vomit and pain in chest. Raw burning in chest; pains and oppression. Cough after influenza and with heavy pressure on sternum. After every cough, copious, purulent expectoration.

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Growing New Brain Cells – and Wiring Them Up

Not too long ago, scientists believed that adults couldn’t grow new neurons in their brain. However, work over the last several years has debunked this myth. We now know that adults continue to grow new neurons throughout life, a process called neurogenesis. Yes, new growth slows down after middle age but it continues. However, there are things you can do to help keep a higher rate of new brain cell birth, which we’ll get into in a minute.

Continuing to grow new brain cells can help in a couple of ways. First, cells are mostly born into a region called the hippocampus, which is crucial for learning and memory. Maintaining neurogenesis helps maintain memory function. Second, keeping those new neurons coming seems to help with depression. The hippocampus is also crucial for stress regulation and neurogenesis is a necessary part of the way anti-depressants work. So, new brain cell birth is important for cognitive and emotional functions. We have referred to these in the past as your IQ and your EQ.

It’s also been known for some time that exercise increase the rate of neurogenesis. Many studies show that lab animals who are allowed to exercise increase the rate of new neurons born into their hippocampus, relative to those animals that don’t get to exercise.

Although these studies are difficult to do in humans (for technical reasons) several studies suggest that the same thing is going on. In human trials that compare groups who exercise to control groups, the exercisers consistently show improved cognitive skills and increased function of specific brain areas, including the hippocampus.

A new study by Wu et al. published in the September 18th, 2008 edition of the Journal of Applied Physiology also shows that exercise may increase the connectivity of new neurons. It’s not enough to make new neurons. You also have to wire them up to other neurons to get them fully integrated into brain circuits so they can do their thing.

On average, every neuron in your brain makes about 10,000 connections. It’s no good if a neuron is just sitting there talking to itself. It must become part of a network to have real value. When you learn things, you actually increase the connectivity between neurons, and that’s what’s most important.

In fact, the number of connections in your brain is probably much more important than the number of brain cells when it comes to retaining cognitive function. The new study by Wu shows that exercise increases both. It increases the number of new neurons being born and the amount of branching that each new neuron forms.

Neurons are shaped kind of like trees. The more branches they have, the more connections they can make. In Wu’s study, exercise increased the number and length of branches on new neurons.

Finally, the most important part of the new study looked at how exercise affects the rate of new brain cell growth and amount of branching as we age. Essentially, the researchers confirmed that the rate of neurogenesis declines as we age and that exercising in early middle age has a large affect on boosting the rate of new brain cell birth. Exercising in older age also increases neurogenesis, although to a lesser degree.

However, here is the interesting part. In their experiments, the sedentary rats had about the same length of neuron branches in middle age and in old age. But the exercising rats had much longer branches. In fact, the old exercisers had longer neuron branches than the younger sedentary rats. This is great news since many studies show that branch length and connectivity may be a better indicator of cognitive health than the number of new neurons born.

We know that life-long learning is one way to promote more neuron branching and connectivity. Now this new study shows that exercising can also do this for older aged adult brains.

The bottom line: physical exercise is a great way to keep your brain fit.

Journal of Applied Physiology (2008) 105:1585-1594

Brain Tumors Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Brain tumors, also known as brain cancer, start within the substance of the brain, spinal cord or nerves. Some tumors which arise from the brain or spine coverings (meninges) are also considered primary brain tumors. Metastatic brain tumors have spread from cancer in other parts of the body, most frequently from the lungs, breast and colon.


Primary brain tumors arise from many types of brain tissue (for example, glial cells, astrocytes, and other brain cell types). Metastatic brain cancer is caused by the spread of cancer cells from a body organ to the brain. However, the causes for the change from normal cells to cancer cells in both metastatic and primary brain tumors are not fully understood. Data gathered by research scientists show that people with certain risk factors (situations or things associated with people that increase the probability of developing problems) are more likely to develop brain cancer.


Symptoms produced by brain tumors depend on their location, size, rate of growth and stage. Some nonmalignant brain tumors that grow slowly can become quite large before producing symptoms because there often is no swelling of the brain tissues. However, if because of their size or location, they cannot be easily removed, they can be as life threatening as malignant brain tumors.

Treatment for brain tumors depends on a number of factors including the type, location and size of the tumor as well as the patient’s age and general health. Treatment methods and schedules differ for children and adults.

Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Our doctors also are studying a vaccine for treating a recurrent cancer of the central nervous system that occurs primarily in the brain, known as glioma.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses beams of high-energy particles, such as X-rays, to kill tumor cells. Radiation therapy can come from a machine outside your body (external beam radiation), or, in very rare cases, radiation can be placed inside your body close to your brain tumor (brachytherapy).


Chemotherapy, the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, is sometimes used to treat brain tumors. The drugs may be given by mouth or by injection. Either way, the drugs enter the bloodstream and travel throughout the body. The drugs are usually given in cycles so that a recovery period follows each treatment period.

Chemotherapy may be given in an outpatient part of the hospital, at the doctor’s office, or at home. Rarely, the patient may need to stay in the hospital.

Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Asthma and Allergy

Pneumonia/ Bronchitis, Asthma/Allergy

Bronchitis is an infection/inflammation that can be viral, bacterial, mycoplasmic, rickettsiae, parasitic or allergic in origin that affects the big, main air carrying tube systems of the lungs.

Pneumonia is the infective, inflammatory or obstructive process of the filling with anything such as fluid of pus or mucus, bacteria, or pollen of the millions of tiny microscopic air baggies (sacs.) The sacs, alveoli, are located at the tips of these tapering small tubes of the respiratory tube system. These tubes are used to transport air and sacs are used for the diffusion of oxygen into the blood stream and the diffusion and transfer of carbon dioxide back into the sacs out of the bloodstream.

Asthma is an over sensitive airway disease. Asthma is a response of inflammation/swelling, muscular constriction of the air carrying bronchial tubes. This stops transfer of gases in the alveolar sacs into the bloodstream. Asthma is the closure of the inside opening of the tube from swelling and constriction bronchial tubes. Asthma is the closure of the inside opening of the tube from swelling and constriction of the muscle in the tube wall. Excessive, very thick mucus production from the inside lining of the tube causes partial occlusion with wheezing sounds or total occlusion of the breathing passage way systems of the lungs. Asthma is caused by inflammation. You must fix the chronic problem instead of treating the acute symptoms.

You can stay indoors and miss the sunshine and the tulips. However, in order to enjoy the world, you can take medications that are available to let you comfortably exist in the real world with pollen and food allergies. 

Allergy causes, development, and who can get them. Allergy profiles reveal many various types of seasonal allergies when and where they appear. Allergy can be sore throat, headache, fatigue, pneumonia and many other symptoms. A Mast Cell, Basophile and Eosinophil are the body’s natural responses to defend from the stimulus of allergen(s) or infection. These natural bodies produce chemical called histamine. When histamine is released it reacts like an acid to help fight infections and kill or defend the stimulus. Now in the 21st century with recent advantages with medical care you can do more of the things you need to do in your daily life. Enjoy living comfortable and mostly symptom free and ease of breathing.

Asthma is a 365-day serious and significantly increasing health problem. On flare up verses normal days, there is still more mucous production, constriction, and swelling of the bronchial tubes in the lungs that a normal person. You must learn what your triggers you asthma and how to avoid them. This is the best therapy. Prevention can involve anti-inflammatory medication and specific treatment of the problem and not just the apparent seen or felt symptoms. Eating oranges, fish, crab, shrimp, or exposure to grasses, and mold and animal dander can cause respiratory asthma/bronchitis symptoms.

A bronchodialator (inhaler) is a temporary medicine that works by relaxing the tubular muscle constriction and opens the air tubes or bronchioles. You feel better right now.  It does not get rid of the mucus in the lungs or the stimulus causing the constriction. It is for immediate relief only. This is a great medication when used correctly. Again, this is a temporary relief medication. This should not be a used as long-term treatment.  If you use your bronchodialator more than 10 times a day, it is a true sign of trouble. The Peak Flow Meter- this is your best at home indicator for you and your doctor to measure the air speed and flow from your lips. This tool is designed specifically to measure you’re respiratory/lung function. A spacer decreases the coordination necessary for medication delivery and effectiveness used for inhalers. It prevents the “wasting” of money and medicine at the back of your throat. It can avoid unnecessary side effects. The cold Freon effect often stops people inhaling the medicine; therefore, most of the medicine goes to the back of the throat. Eighty percent (80%) of the medication used from a regular inhaler are wasted.  A spacer increases the effectiveness and use of the medications and decreases costs by en times. Asthma is the excessive mucus, selling, mucus plugging and tightly constricted airways. More than fifty percent (50%) of people have poor inhaler technique and fifty percent (50%) regress in technique within one (1) month of starting the use of medications.

Corticosteriods that are used for asthma control are not the same as anabolic steroids used by athletes for abuse. Many months of steroids can cause weight gain, upset stomach, stomach ulcers, and the thinning of the bones. Too few steroids can cause hospitalization, death, and mood changes. Corticosteroid inhalers are the strongest daily prevention therapy. Steroids appropriately used are essential for exacerbations and must be carefully, consistently, and closely monitored by a physician.

Asthma is and excessive inflammation (over-reactive and over-sensitivity) of the lungs to something with the production thick mucus and mucus plugging. Specific anti-inflammatory medications are a treatment. If left untreated, this will lead to permanent lung function loss. If silently you lose 2% of your lung function a year for 10 years, you have lost approximately 1/3 of your lung function. Asthma anti-inflammatory choices are: inhaled corticosteroids, leukotreine blockers, cromolyn, and nedocromil among others. Side effects of these medications must be carefully and consistently balanced with view to permanent lung damage and disability. Routine checkups are essential. All allergy patients should be seen at least every 2-3 months and immediately if severe reaction or more than a minimal problem arises.

Triggers: There must be careful attention to triggers; infections sinus infections can and do often cause poor control of asthma. Cigarette smoke even passive/2nd hand smoke, dust mite feces (a typical mattress has more than 200,000 living dust mites!). Animal dander (keep pets out of the bedroom), pollen and mold (humidifiers can increase mold), cockroach parts and feces (when it dries it turns into a powder), aspirin and ibuprofen (10% of people with asthma are sensitive to aspirin and ibuprofen compounds), sulfates on food (preservatives for fruit, grapes, cherries, wine and beer), cold air and exercise. Each year, about 5,000 people die of asthma. The majority of these people did not have severe asthma.

Patients are very poor judges of their own wheezing, coughing, or shortness of breath. Patient’s monitoring daily their peak flow is essential. The elements of combination therapy, physician monitoring, and understanding are important to patient care, lung damage, and the quality of life.

Inhalers vs. Nebulizers: Inhalers- you exhale all the air in your lungs, use a spacer, inhale the medicine, hold your breath for 10 seconds, breath out, and repeat. The Nebulizer machine delivers therapy for five to ten minutes and is much more powerful (1000x) as an immediate rescue inhaler. Prevention of flu and pneumococcal vaccines are essential. Allergy testing and/or injections, antibiotics and antiviral are very important aids in the maintenance of these complex problems, potential complication and the quality of life.

John Drew Laurusonis

Doctors Medical Center 

Chest Pain Causes

Chest pains can therefore signal a life threatening situation and the causes can be anything from heart failure to lung problems. Getting help for a heart attack or lung injury could save your life. There are different types of chest pain, but not all of them are a symptom of heart attack. Indigestion pleurisy sore muscles, injured ribs, pinched nerves, angina and gall bladder or pancreas problems can also cause chest pain. A heart attack can cause chest discomfort, such as a feeling of heaviness, burning, crushing, squeezing; chest pain; or pressure in the middle of the chest area. It is said that each of us at one point of time have experienced pain in chest. Some times, it can be a harsh thorax pain.

Chest pain can seem to be heart pain when it is related to the digestive tract. When acid refluxes (flows back) into the esophagus, it can cause a burning sensation in the chest. This chest pain can be mistaken for heart pain – the reason it was named as it was, even though it has nothing to do with the heart. This is a distressing condition because of the immediate suspicion in the mind of the sufferer that they are, or are about to suffer a myocardial infarction (heart attack). When it is caused by stress, your chest pain is not serious. As you respond to unusual demands on your body, emotions, or mind, you may tighten the muscles of the chest. This causes chest pain. As chest pain whether or not a sharp pain is often feared as a heat attack. However, there still remain many other possible causes for chest pains. When some causes are serious and life threatening there are mildly inconvenient causes as well.

Fatty deposits can build up in the arteries that carry blood to the heart. This can reduce their width, and this in turn can cause a restriction of the blood flow to the heart, which is usually more noticeable after physical activity or exertion. Chest pain can be caused by heart attack, probably the most life-threatening condition. Other heart conditions can also cause chest pain, and should receive medical attention. A blood clot can lodge in a lung artery, blocking blood flow to the tissue of the lungs. This condition, a pulmonary embolism, is similar to pleurisy in that the localized chest pain is made worse by a cough or deep breath. Other lung conditions can also cause chest pain. These may include, sweating, dizziness and vomiting. Other symptoms may be pain in you jaw or left arm. You also may experience shortness of breath.

Besides these kinds of causes, chest hurt may also be related to psychiatric conditions and panic disorder. Muscle contractions in the chest wall are likely the cause of chest hurt from panic attacks. Anxiety attacks can cause chest pains because when one feels threatened, adrenaline is automatically released to prepare the body for flight. Adrenaline speeds up the heart and breathing rates and causes muscles to contract.

Causes, Signs and Symptoms of Chest Muscle Strain

Chest muscle strain is experienced by numerous people today.  Although it is easy to manage and endure mild strains, a severe one can be a big problem in the performance of daily tasks.  Mild strains may sometimes to lead to even worse complications if not addressed immediately, and may even require surgery. The discomfort that one feels whenever a chest muscle strain occurs can greatly affect the person’s efforts lifestyle and work. Knowing the basic facts about this problem will greatly help you in avoiding it and seeking the right treatments should this occurs.

Chest muscle strain occurs when the muscles in the chest, as well as the tendons are affected or stressed. A strain on the chest muscles can be identified in three types. A mild strain can be experienced when the muscles are slightly pulled without tearing of muscles or tendon fibers.  Mild strain is identified by the loss of strength due to the tearing of muscles or tendons on the chest. Finally, severe chest strain is caused by the rupturing of the muscle- tendon- rib attachment due to overuse of the muscles or direct injury; this requires surgery for treatment.


The primary cause of chest muscle strain is the overuse of muscles and tendons in the chest area. This can happen if the person carries very heavy objects, performing rigorous exercises beyond one’s limits, or stress.  Another factor that can prompt strain is a violent injury or a very strong force applied in the chest area.

Signs and Symptoms

Chest muscle strain is often characterized by a pain in the body’s chest area.  Pain is also felt whenever the person attempts to move or stretch the arms; especially in a pushing movement.  Muscles spasms and loss of strength is also a common sign of a chest muscle strain. In severe cases, the strain can cause swelling around the injured area. When you hear or feel a cracking sound when you press your fingers in your chest, this means that the muscles and tendons are torn.  Using x-ray can help better identify the chest strain .

Chest massage and hot or cold compress can be used to treat strain.However, medical attention is more advisable especially in a severe chest muscle strain.