How to Treat a Sprained Toe

A good treatment regimen for recovering from a sprained toe may include:

1.    Rest.  This is perhaps the simplest treatment and the most difficult to commit to, but if a sprained toe is going to heal quickly, you must give your injured toe a break.  Take a few days off from your sport if possible.  Avoid other activities that require you to be on your feet for long periods of time.  
2.    I.C.E.  Most people have heard of the treatment regimen commonly referred to as I.C.E. (Ice, Compression, Elevation) because it works so well.  Especially in the first few days after your injury, apply all three steps of I.C.E. religiously.  

I:  Ice your toe for periods of 20 minutes up to five times a day.  (You can make your “ice packs” at home by wrapping ice cubes in a towel or paper towel.)  

C:  It can be difficult to apply the principle of “compression” to a toe, but you can try.  If your injured toe is your big toe, wrap the toe with a compression bandage and then wrap your forefoot.  If your other toes are injured, it may be helpful to wrap your forefoot but speak with your coach or doctor first.  Sometimes wrapping the toes can aggravate the injury.

E:  And finally, elevate your foot several times a day.  It is a good idea to sleep with a pillow or pile of folded blankets under your injured foot.  When elevating your toe, make sure you lift your foot above the level of your heart.  This will help to reduce swelling.  

3.    Wear shoes that protect your feet.  While recovering from a sprained toe, be sure to wear closed-toed shoes that protect your feet.  Nothing is worse than having a sprained toe stepped on by a clumsy passerby!  Make sure that your closed-toed shoes have a wide and deep toe boxes that will not pinch or cramp your toes.  Avoid shoes with heels, as high heels cause your feet to slide forward into the toe box, putting pressure on your toes.  Wear shoes with seamless interiors if possible.  If your toe is swollen, it may be more sensitive to friction or pressure on the inside of your shoe.  

4.    Toe exercises.  In order to regain full range of motion of your toes, it is important rehabilitate the muscles and ligaments with certain toe exercises.  Talk to your doctor, coach or athletic director about what kind of exercises would be helpful and about when to start them.  Common exercises include: flexing your toes, extending your toes and toe raises.

How to Get Rid of Bruise

You have to wait until the blood is reabsorbed, and that takes time. The capillaries must heal. You can put ice on it for the first 24 hours to reduce swelling, and them warm to help healing. 10 min. on 10 min off, for both cold and warm. Sorry, no way to get rid of it in 24 hours. If it is so important get one of those cover up make-ups.

If you want to know how to get rid of bruises, you may be in for a surprise. Bruises are caused by broken blood vessels on the surface of the skin. There is no way to get rid of a bruise quickly, because bruises are caused by the effect of breaking those blood vessels and remain long after the pain has faded away. Applying a cold compress is one way you might consider if you need to know how to get rid of bruises quickly, but a cold compress will benefit you only if you apply it immediately after the bump that causes the bruise happens.

First, wash the wound with cold water and soap, then put some ice on it . The soap and water is to prevent any infection you might get from peeled skin or cuts that often accompany a bump or fall. The ice serves two purposes: first, the cold helps to reduce the amount of swelling, and second, it constricts the capillaries near the surface of your skin–restricting blood flow and thus reducing the amount of blood that is released from those broken capillaries.

One of the best natural remedies for bruises is by taking apple cider vinegar mixed with water and then apply this mixture directly onto the bruise. The best way to mix this concoction is to take a bowl and put a cup of apple cider vinegar and a cup of water and then mix the ingredients for a moment. After the ingredients have been properly mixed, take a soft wash cloth and place the cloth onto your bruise. Once the wash cloth has dried, you will want to repeat the process several more times.

Apply ice as soon as possible. When you cool the blood vessels around the bruised area, less blood leaks into the surrounding tissue. Flexible gel-filled ice packs, specifically designed for injuries, are available from sports shops and athletes will usually keep a couple of them in the freezer. For most of us, a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel is perfectly adequate. Or soak a flannel in ice-cold water and lay it over the bruise for 10 minutes. Whatever chilling agent you use, remove it after 10 minutes and wait for 20 minutes or so before you re-apply it so you don’t overchill the skin underneath.

If the bruise doesn’t heal or lasts longer than 2-3 weeks, it may be time to see a doctor. A lot of people don’t realize until later in life that they have a blood clotting deficiency, either because they’ve managed to avoid severe injury, or because age is taking it’s toll on the body. Elderly people are particularly susceptible to extended or excessive bruising and the complications that can come from it, so it’s a good idea to keep a close eye on their bruises.

Some Common Problems Associated With Spinal Cord

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The spine is what determines how comfortably we walk, stand, sit or even rest. There are some problems associated with the spinal cord that cause a great deal of discomfort to the patient. Some of them are discussed below.

Cervical spondylosis

A common symptom is pain in the neck. It may be a natural consequence of aging for those above 50 years of age. Like the other parts of our body, bones in the neck also tend to progressively degenerate as we age. Cervical spondylosis may be a result of bony spurs besides problems with ligaments and discs. The spinal canal may tend to narrow leading to compression of the spinal cord which may pinch the nerves leading to the arms. Spinal cord compression can be a result of injuries as well. This may lead to pain ranging from mild discomfort to severe dysfunction.

Spinal cord damage

There are many ways in which the spinal cord can get damaged. It can get cut in an accident, compressed or get destroyed due to an infection. The spinal cord may also get damaged when its blood supply gets cut off, or it is affected by diseases like cervical spondylosis, spinal cord cysts or multiple sclerosis which tend to alter its nerve function.

Bony Dysfunction

Following spinal cord infection, joint as well as muscle contractures can occur rapidly which tends to complicate rehabilitation later on. Early stabilization of the spine fracture means early mobilization leading to fewer complications. Each complication increases the hospital stay as well as increasing the rehab stay.

Cardiovascular Disease

A major long-term risk of spinal cord injury is cardiovascular disease. People who are suffering from spinal cord injury tend to lead rather sedentary lives and are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Thus, careful assessment of cardiovascular function as well as the encouragement of exercise programs is a necessary long-term aspect of spinal cord injury management and care.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially severe complication of spinal cord injury. In fact, DVT in the lower leg is nearly universal during the early phase of rehabilitation. Thromboses in the thigh is of a great concern as there is a high risk of it becoming dislodged and passing through the vascular tree to the lungs, where a major obstruction of the arteries which lead to the lung can even be fatal.

Heterotopic Ossification (HO) and Cysts

Heterotopic ossification (HO) refers to the development of abnormal bone in non-skeletal tissue, mainly in the region of the hip and knee joints. It can occur in many spinal cord injured individuals and tends to develop within days following the injury or it may even take place after several months. Though there is usually no significant additional physical limitation, but in some patients, HO may lead to a major limitation of joint motion.

Symptoms include difficulty in the ability to perform activities of daily living, especially those activities which require bending at the hips. The other symptoms include increased spasticity, swelling of the entire leg, as well as elevated temperature.

These are but a few problems related to the dysfunction of the spinal cord itself and complications arising out of the dysfunction.

Pancreas can release more digestive enzymes

Unfortunately, most people have never heard about pancreas or about pancreatic, digestive enzymes, and are unaware of their importance in digestion, and maintaining health.

Many people know about the role of the pancreas in developing diabetes, but don’t realize that the pancreas and pancreatic enzymes are very important for breaking down food into an absorbable, usable form for the body.

Without proper digestion, good health is impossible. Even the healthy organic diet will be of little value if the pancreas cannot produce the right amount of high-quality digestive enzymes. 

No matter what we eat, we consume mostly proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Enzymes digest all of our food and break it into form of small particles to pass throughout the intestines’ wall into the blood. The consumption of vitamins and minerals also depends upon enzymes, and normal enzymes’ work often needs right amount of vitamins and minerals. Life could not exist without pancreatic enzymes, thus they are essential for life.

The digestive enzymes (such as amylase, lipase, and protease) are released from the pancreatic cells and flow into the pancreatic duct and then to the duodenum (beginning of the small intestine).

Amylase digests carbohydrates; lipase digests fats; and protease digests proteins. Pancreas secretes 1.2-1.5 liters of pancreatic juice daily with the large amounts of minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and bicarbonate, which protects the duodenum by neutralizing the acid that comes from the stomach.

Millions of Americans suffer from a variety of gastro-intestinal disorders including abdominal pain, stomach discomfort, cramps, gas, bloating, heartburn, cravings, malnutrition, alteration in bowel habits, foul-smelling stool, etc. Many of them have pancreatic insufficiency and don’t realize it.  Those suffering from this problem can eat a healthy diet, but the nutrients from the food will not be utilized by the body. Their organisms are literally starving. Without the proper amount of high quality digestive pancreatic enzymes people suffer from a deficiency of essential minerals, trace elements and vitamins. It is turn to serious disturbances in hormonal system too.

Millions of people are continually tired, develop chronic diseases, and age prematurely. In the worse case scenario, they develop pancreatic cancer. People suffer from a hidden pancreatic insufficiency and don’t know that a lack of the digestive enzymes can also increase inflammation, body’s pain and a lack of energy, hindering the body’s ability to heal the wounds and traumas.

The pancreas requires for its function three important things: proper regulation, normal structure and sufficient amount of building materials – nutrients.

1. The pancreas is regulated in two ways: by nervous system and digestive hormones.

Disorders of the nervous system, depression, stress and anxiety, some medications, bad diet and bad food combination,” eating on the go “and many other factors can cause spasms of the pancreatic duct, problems with manufacturing and releasing of digestive hormones (secretin and cholecystokinin).

Smoking, alcohol, drugs, Candida-yeast overgrowth and toxic, aggressive bile suppress the pancreatic cells and keep them from producing the needed amount of quality digestive enzymes.

2. The normal structure of pancreatic gland can be broken by many reasons including toxic substances, inflammation of the pancreas – pancreatitis, infection, parasites, fat deposits, trauma, surgery, cancer, etc.

Spasm or blockage of pancreatic duct by gallbladder’s stones may cause back-up of the pancreatic juices and an increase of pressure inside the pancreatic duct. Digestive enzymes trapped inside the pancreas begin to digest their own pancreatic cells causing congestion, inflammation, pain, cysts and finally the death of pancreatic tissue.

3. Sufficient amount of water, minerals, trace elements and bicarbonates has a crucial impact on quality and quantity of pancreatic digestive enzymes and alkalinity of pancreatic juice. The pancreatic enzymes work only when the pH of the duodenum is slightly on the alkaline side. The food coming from the stomach has been acidified, so the body must also provide enough alkalinity for the enzymes to work.

Many of these problems overlap with each other and can cause many things from hidden pancreatic insufficiency to a complete shut – down of the functions of this vital organ.

A lot of the books and articles about treatment of pancreatic insufficiency focus simply on taking digestive enzymes prepared from plants, funguses or animals as the nutritional supplementation.

There is, however, an additional treatment modality that promotes proper function of the peoples’ own pancreas, even in cases of severe pancreatic insufficiency.

European physicians send their patients with chronic pancreatic disorders to healing mineral spas or sanatoriums.

The most popular European mineral spa for pancreatic insufficiency is the Czech town of Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad). It has been a well-known international healing resort since the 1700s. Patients call the Karlovy Vary mineral water the “healing gift from the earth” or the “miracle mineral water.” People from all over the globe have traveled to Karlovy Vary and stay there for one to six months to drink the Karlovy Vary healing mineral water for various kinds of chronic gastro-intestinal, liver, and metabolic conditions.

From 1764 Karlovy Vary began to produce the salt from the evaporated thermal spring water which made it possible to distribute the Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt all over the world for treatment at home. Czech doctors believe that the water manufactured from the genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt had the same healing actions as at the spring.

Karlovy Vary healing mineral water is the world’s best-studied remedies. Hundreds of clinical texts have been published that document the positive effects of the water on both animals and humans. Most of them were published in Czech, German, Russian, therefore they are unknown by American medical professionals and public.

Researchers have concluded that this water may reduce the symptoms of pancreatic insufficiency by improving the function of the pancreas itself.  Clinical and experimental results found that the water:

  • Normalizes the produce and release of digestive hormones in the duodenum and naturally regulates the digestive process in the whole gastro-intestinal tract
  • Restores the deficiency of vital minerals and microelements such as magnesium, potassium, sodium, selenium, zinc, etc, and bicarbonates 
  • Promotes secretion and elimination of pancreatic juices 
  • Boosts the activity of pancreatic enzymes in the duodenum 
  • Normalizes the body’s and the pancreas’ acid-alkaline balance for the alkalinity of pancreatic juices 
  • Improves the digestion  
  • Diminish inflammation and swelling of the pancreas

The mineral content of Karlovy Vary mineral water manufactured from the genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt is approximately the same as the mineral content of human plasma. It’s very important that this mineral water, compared with other mineral waters, does not contain toxic heavy metals. Using Karlovy Vary mineral water for pancreatic insufficiency, one needs to follow particular instructions pertaining to temperature, amount of drinking water, frequency and time of consumption.

Despite its popularity among patients in Europe, this therapy is still mainly unknown in the United States. Healing action of Karlovy Vary mineral water manufactured from the genuine Karlovy Vary thermal spring salt makes it beneficial to many different health professionals: medical doctors, naturopathic physicians, chiropractors, acupuncturists, herbalists, nutritionists, colon hydro-therapists and millions of people with pancreatic insufficiency.

The information on this article is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a qualified licensed professional.

Why N-acetyl-cysteine can help dry eye

Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is inadequate lubrication of your cornea. This is due to decreased tear production or substandard quality of the tears, which results in abnormally fast or rapid destruction of the tear film.

The tear film normally has three constituents: a lipid (fat) outer layer secreted by the meibomian glands; an aqueous (water) middle layer secreted by the lacrimal glands; and an inner layer of mucous. A malfunction in any of these layers can cause dry eye syndrome.

Dry eye symptoms may also arise if you have underlying, but often undiagnosed, diseases such as blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids), Sjögren’s syndrome (which induces dryness in the mouth and eyes), and others.

N-Acetyl-cysteine (NAC)

N-acetyl-cysteine is of value mainly because it is produced from cysteine, a sulphur-containing amino acid. Sulphur gives cysteine numerous capabilities in binding with other compounds in the body. glutathione, a highly versatile antioxidant.

Cysteine, with its sulphur component, is the central amino acid in glutathione, along with two other amino acids. Glutathione benefits the body in many ways. This potent antioxidant helps repair the tissues of the body after a stroke, fights cancer, prevents sharp fluctuations in blood sugar, and protects arterial walls from damage.

Because it is the most easily absorbed form of cysteine, NAC has become the most common source of cysteine for therapeutic purposes. NAC can be obtained from foods containing proteins such as fish, eggs, dairy, meat, poultry, and soybeans.

You are more vulnerable to disease and other ailments when glutathione levels in your blood are depleted. Higher NAC intake will lead to higher glutathione production in the liver. The body needs NAC as a primary ingredient for making the un-oxidised form of glutathione – reduced glutathione (GSH), an endogenous antioxidant.

Due to its ability to support the increased production of glutathione, NAC helps to protect your eye against oxidation and the toxic waste materials that come with it. Glutathione is the main antioxidant used in the eye, and although all tissues in the body contain glutathione, its highest concentration (aside from the liver, where it is produced) is in the eyes. Many research studies have directly linked low levels of glutathione with all types of eye diseases, so adequate levels of glutathione are essential to eye health.

As a drug, NAC is used to unclog clumps of mucous in the body, such as in the lungs of patients with chronic emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, and pneumonia. The antioxidant action of NAC inhibits oxidation of lipids, which makes it easier for mucous to flow.

Its ability to break up mucous, making it less thick and free-flowing, makes NAC useful in treating lipid-associated health conditions in the eyes. Several studies have shown that treatment with NAC is able to produce better results than artificial tears in relieving the discomforts associated with blepharitis. Blepharitis symptoms were reduced as tear film quality improved with 100mg of NAC taken three times a day.

Many research reports have documented the beneficial effects of NAC on the autoimmune disease Sjögren’s syndrome which also affects the eyes. NAC’s fast-acting ability to thin out mucosal secretions unclogs the cellular passageways, allowing moisture to flow more freely. In several trials on people with the Sjögren’s syndrome, it was found that 200mg of NAC taken three times a day helped improve the dry eye symptoms associated with the disease.

Fertility Drugs Help Women Conceive Faster

Many couples who have had trouble trying to conceive because of fertility problems have turned to infertility treatments with great success. There are many options to choose from including tubal surgery, in vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination, and others. The most common infertility treatment, however, involves hormone regulation through fertility drugs. In fact, fertility drugs have become so effective that three out of every four couples eventually are able to perceive.

The most common drug, and usually the first choice, prescribed for a woman with ovulatory dysfunction is Clomid (i.e., clomiphene citrate). Clomid basically tricks the brain into thinking that the amount of estrogen in the bloodstream is too low. It causes the hypothalamus to release more of the hormone GnRH. This in turn causes the release of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH0 which work together to stimulate the ovary to produce estrogen and eggs.

If a woman is not ovulating or is ovulating irregularly, it may be due to their pituitary glands not producing enough FSH and LH at the right time in their menstrual cycle. If this is the case, she is a good candidate for Clomid. If irregular ovulation is the only fertility related problem that a woman has, she has a one out of two chance of becoming pregnant within 6 months with Clomid.

A second class of popular fertility drug are gonadotropins. They are similar in composition to the FSH and LH hormones. Normally, FSH and LH hormones are produced by the pituitary gland. If they are not, however, gonadrotropins are used to replace the FSH and LH hormones that would normally be produced by the pituitary gland. These drugs used to be produced from the urine of menopausal women. Nowadays, however, they are genetically engineered. These drugs are not taken orally but are given by injection either in the buttocks or just under the skin.

Lesser prescribed fertility drugs include:

Human Menopausal Conadrotropins (hMG) – A purified extract of LH and FSH derived from the urine of postmenopausal women. It is injected either subcutaneous or directly into the muscle.

Human Chorionic Conadotropin (hCG) –  this is a hormone that helps the ovaries produce progesterone and estrogen. Ovulation usually occurs within 36 hours after injection

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) – this hormone triggers the pituitary gland to make the LH and FSH hormones. It is expensive and less available in the U.S. than it used to be.

Progesterone supplement – these are given to women who’s body can’t produce enough progesterone on it’s own. It is usually taken orally, but can be taken by injection as well.

As science advances, more fertility drugs come into the market every year. It’s important to note that often these drugs are not usually used alone. They are often used in combination with some other fertility treatment. Also, in many cases the cause of the infertility is not with the woman. For example, the male’s sperm may be bad. In other cases, the cause of the infertility may be with the woman, but not related to hormones. In these cases hormone treatments will be useless.

Treatment Options for Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are soft, jelly-like overgrowths occurring in the lining of sinuses. They appear as grayish grape-like mass in the nasal cavity. Polyps in the nose and sinuses are rarely malignant. But large polyps can cause nasal blockage, making it hard to breathe. Even so, most nasal polyp problems can be helped.

Nasal polyps occur in around 1 in 200 people. Most of the time, the cause is never known. Some may be a result of swelling from a sinus infection. Other factors like asthma or aspirin sensitivity and allergies may also trigger polyps and make them grow faster. Also, the chance of reoccurrence is greater even after sinus operations.

Polyps block the nose, and in most cases there is a decrease in the sense of smell. Since much of our sense of taste is related to our sense of smell, patients with polyp may describe a loss of both taste and smell.

Nasal obstruction can also occur – the pathways where the sinuses drain into the nose can be blocked by polyp. This would cause the mucous to remain in the sinuses, causing congestion. It can also cause pressure over the forehead and face. When mucous is in the sinuses too long, there is a high risk of infection.

Although most people with nasal polyps have no symptoms and require no treatment, those who do experience symptoms have different treatment options.

If the polyps are a result of a sinus infection, they often will be treated as how sinusitis symptoms are treated. Aggressive medical treatment of sinus infection is helpful to treat polyp growths. Nose sprays are the most effective because they allow easy topical application of medication to the infected areas.

Other treatment options include:

  • Surgical removal – the polyp is extracted surgically from the affected area. Removing the polyps with surgery usually allows people to breathe easier through the nose. The surgery lasts approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour. The surgery can be done under general or local anaesthesia, and the polyps are removed using endoscopic surgery. Recovery from this type of surgery is anywhere from one to three weeks. However, there is a risk of re-growth in 50% of patients.
  • Cortisone or steroids – the polyp will shrink down temporarily and slow down polyp growth. Cortisone cannot be taken long term because of high risk of side effects.
  • Sinus Rinse or Nasal Lavage – Sinus rinses with warm water mixed with a small amount of salt can be very helpful to clear sinuses. This method can also be used as a preventive measure to discourage the polyps from growing back and should be used in combination with a nasal steroid.
  • Allergy desensitization injections- sometimes used in allergic patients with hay fever and polyps. While this often helps with hay fever and therefore reduces the fever’s negative effects on the polyps, there is no guarantee that the injections help shrink the polyps directly.
  • Although there is no real way to prevent or eliminate nasal polyps completely, therapy aimed at the cause can help.

Fibroids and Menopause – Do Uterine Fibroid Symptoms Disappear With Menopause?

One of the popular methods to treat fibroids is to do nothing about it. Doctors often recommend the wait and watch approach to women close to menopausal age. However contrary to popular conventional theory, in some women uterine fibroid symptoms get worse during or after menopause. Often fibroids and menopause can happen together.

Estrogen is mainly responsible for boosting the growth of fibroid tumors in uterus. During menopause the production of estrogen decreases by almost 50-60%. Logically if the body does not produce enough hormones to feed the uterine tumor, it should automatically start shrinking on its own.

However you will be surprised to know that irrespective of age, in many women during the post menopausal stage, the symptoms of fibroids start getting worse. In these women the uterine tumor grows despite the fall in levels of estrogen which occurs at menopause.

Why does this happen?

Substances which act exactly like estrogen are referred to Estrogen Mimickers. There are “good” estrogen mimickers and “bad” ones. The former are known as phytoestrogens and are usually found in vegetables. This type of mimicker ensures that the body maintains good level of estrogen balance at all times.

The “bad” estrogen also known as xenoestrogens refer to artificial chemicals. These chemicals are capable of disrupting the entire endocrine system and reproductive functions. They can cause several other health problems like breast cancer, fibroids and endometriosis.

Xenoestrogens are found commonly in household detergents and cosmetics. They are present in the hormones used to feed livestock which produces meat and milk. Pesticides used to grow fruits and vegetables contain this type of estrogen mimickers. It is also found in plastic containers which hold our food and water. Xenoestrogens cause fibroids to grow irrespective of whether estrogen is produced naturally by our bodies or not. Therefore fibroids continue to grow in women in the post menopausal phase too resulting in the uterine fibroid symptoms getting severe. This is also the reason for rise in number of women suffering from fibroids these days.

How to tackle this problem?

Do not be under the impression that fibroids and menopause do not mix. Start following simple natural remedies which can be easily made a part of your daily diet and routine. Go for organically grown foodstuff wherever possible. Avoid using cosmetics and detergents which contain harmful chemicals that may aggravate the growth of fibroid tumors in uterus. Try using glass or ceramic containers to store your food and water instead of plastic ones. It is easy to get rid of uterine fibroids symptoms if you follow some of these simple home remedies.

Do you want to get rid of Uterine Fibroids permanently? Do you know of a proven fibroids treatment that will start giving you relief within a few weeks of use? Although this may seem impossible it is 100% true. If you are serious about getting rid of fibroids naturally, discover the excellent insider secrets by clicking – Uterine Finroid Treatment

Cyst – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A cyst is a closed sac-like structure that is not a normal part of the tissue where it is found. Cysts are common and can occur anywhere in the body in people of any age. Cysts usually contain a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance. Cysts vary in size; they may be detectable only under a microscope or they can grow so large that they displace normal organs and tissues. The outer wall of a cyst is called the capsule.

What causes most ovarian cysts?

The most common types of ovarian cysts are called functional cysts, which result from a collection of fluid forming around a developing egg. Every woman who is ovulating will form a small amount of fluid around the developing egg each month. The combination of the egg, the special fluid-producing cells, and the fluid is called a follicle and is normally about the size of a pea. For unknown reasons, the cells that surround the egg occasionally form too much fluid, and this straw colored fluid expands the ovary from within. If the collection of fluid gets to be larger than a normal follicle, about three-quarters of an inch in diameter, a follicular cyst is said to be present. If fluid continues to be formed, the ovary is stretched as if a balloon was being filled up with water.

The most common is called a follicular cyst. This can develop if a follicle does not release an egg, or if the follicle does not shed its fluid after the egg is released. Instead, the follicle continues to fill with fluid and turns into a cyst. Follicular cysts can grow up to five or six centimetres wide. Usually only one cyst appears at a time, and it normally goes away without treatment after a few weeks.

Many cysts may be cutaneous, that is they are in the skin and appear as a small, semi hard ball which in time, tends to come to a yellowish head like a pimple. Their treatment is easy in these cases.

Frequent causes of ovarian cysts occur when luteinizing hormones surge and an egg is release. When the egg is released, estrogen and progesterone are created by the ruptured follicle to prepare for the hypothetical conception. When the egg is sealed off, fluid accumulates inside the follicle and becomes what is called a corpus luteum. The corpus luteum will then expand and at that point becomes a cyst.

Ovarian Cyst Signs & Symptoms

Certain symptoms will help to diagnose an ovarian cyst, though experiencing these ovarian cyst symptoms are not necessarily confirmation of the presence of an ovarian cyst. A symptom experienced by itself is not cause for immediate alarm, but medical attention should be sought quickly when a combination of two or more are recognized.

Menstrual irregularities, such as painful periods and abnormal bleeding may be an indication of ovarian cysts, especially if there is no prior history of irregularities. This could also mean a longer or shorter than usual menstrual period, an absent menstruation, or an irregular menstruation. Spotting or light bleeding can occur when symptoms of ovarian symptoms manifest. Unexplained weight gain may be another symptom of ovarian cysts.

Symptoms similar to those of pregnancy, like nausea, vomiting, and tenderness of the breasts, are common symptoms of ovarian cysts. It is worth mentioning that other symptoms can distinguish between pregnancy and ovarian cysts. Infertility, for example, is itself a common symptom of ovarian cysts.

Cysts Treatment

It is possible for cysts to disappear by themselves after one or two months without any external action. For pre-menopausal women, surgery would not be the first decision in terms of a remedy. Sometimes and because of the cyst, an ovary may even twist around inside a woman’s body, which then blocks the blood supply or can cause the cyst to rupture in the ovary. These are emergency medical instances that usually require immediate surgical operation. Because of this, if a cyst appears benign under a sonogram and does not cause discomfort to the patient then observation for about two months is the management technique. If after treatment the cyst is still present and is also causing serious pain to the sufferer, then surgery will be necessary.

Yeast Infection – Should You Avoid Swimming?

It is very common that people believe a number of fallacies, myths and urban legends just because of hearing some weird stuff from a friend who saw or heard something from another friend.

The chain goes on and on until it reaches a point that what started out to be false become accepted as truth. Let’s focus on the problem at hand, shall we? It has been said that swimming or getting wet with a yeast infection would aggravate your current condition.

Now, having yeast infection may result to having some restrictions but it does not mean you cannot enjoy some daily activities like exercising and in this case swimming. On the contrary, keeping your body fit by exercising may be more beneficial for treating your infection. As you exercise, body wastes are removed from your system. It also helps restore balance within the body.

One of the reasons behind yeast infection is that fact that there is a massive growth of Candida albicans in the body. Candida is a fungi that resembles yeast. It is a naturally occurring organism and finding it in our body, specifically in the digestive track and vulva area, should not be a reason to be extremely alarmed. It is the unusually growth of Candida that causes the imbalance of microorganism in the body resulting to a Candida infection.

So does swimming have anything to do with worsening the infection? According to some observations and studies, it does not. You can go swimming all you want, on cold water or hot warm water even. What concerns me is what comes after swimming your heart’s out.

The process of swimming itself does not but keeping yourself wet during long periods of time wearing damp or moist clothes can affect the infection. By wearing damp clothing over long periods of time, you are creating a very favorable environment for the growth of Candida. Just like all other fungi, Candida like dark and damp areas to grow.

Also one of the things that keeps circulating is the notion that yeast infection can be passed on to others swimming in the same pool. That is not true at all. If you’re swimming in a pool, the chemicals that keep the pool clean will keep the microorganisms from being passed on to others. So don’t worry yourself that much about swimming with yeast infection. Just be more concerned in keeping yourself dry after you’re done with your swim. That is the most important thing. The same goes with sweaty clothes if you’re accustomed to working out.

You can avoid yeast infection by not using perfumed soaps all the time. The strong components of the soap can irritate the vaginal area. Natural non-perfumed soaps would be the best choice.

Taking antibiotics might also cause some yeast problems. The antibiotics generally upset the balance between the fungi microorganisms and other organisms in the body. So to help maintain balance of microorganism in the body, you can start with a diet of plain yogurt. Avoid the sweetened stuff for the sugar content can also trigger the growth of the Candida fungi.

Another avoidance technique is wearing loose clothing instead of sticking with your slick, tight attire. The more loose the clothes, the better when it comes to yeast infection. Having too tight pants do not allow the skin in the affected area breathe. Furthermore, cotton would be the ideal choice of clothing material instead of nylon or any other material.

So getting wet while having a yeast infection definitely does not cause any further problems with the infection as long as you keep yourself dry afterwards and observe some hygiene conditions.

Diagnosing Yeast Infection in Women
The female human body is an organic machine made of nerve, muscle and bone. It can nurture babies for up to nine months. But, like all machines, it is prone to the occasional malfunction, such as, well, getting candidiasis – better known as a yeast infection, or in this case vaginal thrush. So how do you go about diagnosing yeast infection?

Not Quite Yeast, Actually…
To begin, vaginal thrush is not brought about by yeast. The infection is actually caused by a fungus called Candida albicans which has yeast-like properties. It grows naturally in warm, moist, dark regions of the body, like the mouth and the vagina. Its growth is kept checked by a kind of beneficial bacteria which also grows in the human body. The job of Candida albicans is to search for harmful bacteria and destroy them.

The problem starts when the good bacteria that monitor the growth of Candida albicans die, either because of antibiotics or a weak immune system. Once these bacteria die, Candida albicans grow rapidly and spread aggressively. Add to this the fact that all candida fungi can pass through muscle or organ walls in the body (it has been known to penetrate intestinal walls), and there you have it – an infection that irritates the vagina as well as the vulva.

Hepatitis B – Drug Pipeline Analysis and Market Forecasts to 2016

GlobalData’s report, “Hepatitis B – Drug Pipeline Analysis and Market Forecasts to 2016” is an essential source of information and analysis on the global hepatitis B market. The report identifies the key trends shaping and driving the global hepatitis B market. The report also provides insight on the prevalent competitive landscape and the emerging players expected to bring significant shift in the market positioning of the existing market leaders. Most importantly, the report provides valuable insight on the pipeline products within the global hepatitis B (Hep B)sector.

GlobalData’s analysis revealed that the market grew at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.9% since 2001 to reach $879m in 2009. Growth in the Hep B market will be driven by the increasing number of patients over the next few years. The current Hep B market is dominated by anti-viral therapies and this trend likely to continue, with no innovative molecules in the developmental pipeline. GlobalData’s analysis showed that the Hep B pipeline is weak in terms of the number of molecules. The pipeline molecules in the Hep B market primarily comprise of me-too molecules (five), and combination therapies (five), with efficacy and safety profiles similar to the present therapeutic options. The most promising molecules among them are combinations of entecavir plus adefovir and tenofovir plus emtricitabine.

This report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in house analysis by GlobalData’s team of industry experts.


The scope of the report includes:

  • Annualized global Hep B market revenues data from 2001 to 2009, forecast forward for seven years to 2016.
  • Geographies covered in this report include the US (United States), the UK (United Kingdom), Italy, Spain, Germany, France and Japan.
  • Pipeline analysis data providing an overview of different phases, mechanisms of action being developed and emerging trends. The key classes of mechanism of action are nucleoside/nucleotide anti-virals, glucocorticoids and Natural Killer Ts (NKTs).
  • Analysis of the current and future market competition in the global Hep B market. The key market players covered are Bristol-Myers Squibb and Gilead Science Inc.
  • Insightful reviews of the key industry drivers, restraints and challenges. Each trend is independently researched to provide a qualitative analysis of its implications.
  • Key topics covered include strategic competitor assessments, market characterization, unmet needs, and the implications for the future market associated with Hep B.

Reasons to buy

The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you to:

  • Develop and design your in-licensing and out-licensing strategies through review of pipeline products and technologies and by identifying companies with the most robust pipeline.
  • Develop business strategies by understanding the trends shaping and driving the global hepatitis B market.
  • Drive revenues by understanding key trends, innovative products and technologies, market segments and companies likely to impact the global hepatitis B market in future.
  • Formulate effective sales and marketing strategies by understanding the competitive landscape and by analyzing the performance of various competitors.
  • Identify emerging players with potentially strong product portfolio and create effective counter-strategies to gain competitive advantage.
  • Organize your sales and marketing efforts by identifying the market categories and segments that present maximum opportunities for consolidations, investments and strategic partnerships.
  • What’s the next big thing in the global hepatitis B market landscape? – Identify, understand and capitalize.

1 Table of contents 3

  • 1.1 List of Tables 5
  • 1.2 List of Figures 5

2 Hepatitis B: Market Characterization 6

  • 2.1 Overview 6
  • 2.2 Hepatitis B Market Size 6
  • 2.3 Hepatitis B Market Forecast and CAGR 6
  • 2.4 Drivers and Barriers for the Hep B Market 7
    • 2.4.1 Drivers of the Hepatitis B Market 7
    • 2.4.2 Barriers for the Hepatitis B Market 8
  • 2.5 Opportunity and Unmet Need 8
  • 2.6 Key Takeaway 10

3 Hepatitis B Market: Competitive Assessment 11

  • 3.1 Overview 11
  • 3.2 Strategic Competitor Assessment 11
  • 3.3 Product Profile for the Major Marketed Products in the Hepatitis B Market 12
    • 3.3.1 Baraclude (Entecavir) 12
    • 3.3.2 Viread (Tenofovir) 13
    • 3.3.3 Tyzeka (Telbivudine) 14
    • 3.3.4 Hepsera (Adefovir Dipivoxil) 15
    • 3.3.5 Epivir-HBV (lamivudine) 16
  • 3.4 Key Takeaway 17

4 Hepatitis B: Pipeline Assessment 18

  • 4.1 Overview 18
  • 4.2 Strategic Pipeline Assessment 18
    • 4.2.1 Technology Trends Analytic Framework 18
  • 4.3 Hepatitis B Therapeutics – Promising Drugs under Clinical Development 19
  • 4.4 Drugs under Clinical Development 19
    • 4.4.1 Entecavir plus Adefovir combination therapy 19
    • 4.4.2 Tenofovir plus Emtricitabine combination therapy 20
  • 4.5 Hepatitis B Therapeutics Market – Clinical Pipeline by Mechanism of Action 21
  • 4.6 Hepatitis B Pipeline – Pipeline by Clinical Phases of Development 21
    • 4.6.1 Hepatitis B Therapeutics – Phase III Clinical Pipeline 22
    • 4.6.2 Hepatitis B Therapeutics – Phase II Clinical Pipeline 22
    • 4.6.3 Hepatitis B Therapeutics – Phase I Clinical Pipeline 22
    • 4.6.4 Hepatitis B Therapeutics – Preclinical Pipeline 22
  • 4.7 Discontinued / Suspended Drugs for Hepatitis B 23
  • 4.8 Key Takeaway 23

5 Hepatitis B Market: Implications for Future Market Competition 24
6 Hepatitis B Market: Future Players in the Hepatitis B Market 25

  • 6.1 Introduction 25
  • 6.2 Bristol-Myers Squibb 25
    • 6.2.1 Overview 25
    • 6.2.2 Business Description 25
    • 6.2.3 Infectious Disease Portfolio 26
    • 6.2.4 Hepatitis B Product Portfolio 27
  • 6.3 Gilead Sciences, Inc. 27
    • 6.3.1 Overview 27
    • 6.3.2 Business Description 27
    • 6.3.3 Infectious Disease Portfolio 28
    • 6.3.4 Hepatitis B Product Portfolio 29

7 Hepatitis B Market: Appendix 30

  • 7.1 Definitions 30
  • 7.2 Abbreviations 30
  • 7.3 Research Methodology 30
    • 7.3.1 Coverage 31
    • 7.3.2 Secondary Research 31
    • 7.3.3 Forecasting 32
    • 7.3.4 Primary Research 35
    • 7.3.5 Expert Panels 35
  • 7.4 Contact Us 35
  • 7.5 Disclaimer 35
  • 7.6 Sources 36

Information on Cirrhosis and Causes

The liver, the largest organ in the body, is essential in keeping the body functioning properly. It removes or neutralizes poisons from the blood, produces immune agents to control infection, and removes germs and bacteria from the blood. It makes proteins that regulate blood clotting and produces bile to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. You cannot live without a functioning liver.

Cirrhosis is the liver’s response to repeated injury. The liver becomes filled with tough fibrous bands and the cells clump together to form nodules. Eventually the fibrosis and nodules cause the liver to shrink and become hard. Blood flow through the liver becomes disrupted, elevating the pressure in a part of the circulation known as the portal system. This elevation in blood pressure can cause secondary damage in the form of esophageal varicies , hemorrhoids, and distended veins around the umbilicus.

Cirrhosis is the result of chronic liver disease that causes scarring of the liver and liver dysfunction. This often has many complications, including accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels of the liver (portal hypertension), and confusion or a change in the level of consciousness (hepatic encephalopathy).

In cirrhosis of the liver, scar tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue, blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should. Cirrhosis is the twelfth leading cause of death by disease, killing about 26,000 people each year. Also, the cost of cirrhosis in terms of human suffering, hospital costs, and lost productivity is high.

The distortion of the normal liver structure by the scar tissue interferes with the flow of blood through the liver. It also handicaps the function of the liver which, through the loss of normal liver tissue, leads to failure of the liver to perform some of its critically important functions.

There may also be some abdominal pain and loss of weight. In the advanced stage, the patient develops a low grade fever. He has a foul breath, a jaundiced skin and distended veins in the abdomen. Reddish hairlike markings, resembling small spiders, may appear on the face, neck, arms, and trunk. The abdomen becomes bloated and swollen, the mind gets clouded, and there may be considerable bleeding from the stomach.

Cirrhosis can cause extremely dry skin and intense itching. The whites of the eyes and the skin may turn yellow (jaundice), and urine may be dark yellow or brown. Stools may be black or bloody. Sometimes the patient develops persistent high blood pressure due to the scarring (portal hypertension). This type of hypertension can be life threatening. It can cause veins to enlarge in the stomach and in the tube leading from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus).

Causes Resposible for Cirrhosis
Autoimmune Hepatitis. It occurs due to attacks on liver by body’s immune system. It leads to inflammation and damage of liver and results in cirrhosis.

Inherited diseases. Inherited diseases like Wilson’s disease, glycogen storage diseases, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and galactosemia interfere with the handling of proteins, enzymes, metals etc in the liver that could result in liver disorders. And such liver disorders may result in cirrhosis.

Renal Calculi (Kidney Stones) Treatment Center solved only in Aastha Health Care Hospital, Mumbai, mulund, pune, india

The urinary tract, or system, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located below the ribs toward the middle of the back. They remove extra water and wastes from the blood, converting it to urine. They also keep a stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood. The kidneys produce hormones that help build strong bones and help form red blood cells. Narrow tubes called ureter carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, an oval-shaped chamber in the lower abdomen. Like a balloon, the bladder’s elastic walls stretch and expand to store urine. They flatten together when urine is emptied through the urethra to outside the body.

One in every 20 people develops a kidney stone at some point in their life. A kidney stone is a hard mineral and crystalline material formed within the kidney or urinary tract.

Kidney stones are one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract. In the year 2000, patients made 2.7 million visits to health care providers and more than 600,000 patients went to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems. Men tend to be affected more frequently than women. The function of the kidneys (Renal) is to remove waste products and unwanted water from the blood, in the form of urine. If there is too much of certain waste products in the urine, these substances form crystals. Crystals can then combine to form stones.

A kidney stone is a hard mass developed from crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. Normally, urine contains chemicals that prevent or inhibit the crystals from forming. These inhibitors do not seem to work for everyone, however, so some people form stones. If the crystals remain tiny enough, they will travel through the urinary tract and pass out of the body in the urine without being noticed. However, when they pass down the ureter on their way to the bladder, pain usually occurs with anything but the smallest stone. If a stone gets stuck on its way down the ureter, pain usually occurs in the form of renal colic. The pain comes and goes in waves. Blood may be passed as well, due to the irritation of the lining of the ureter by the sharp-edged stone.

Kidney stones, one of the most painful of the urologic disorders, are not a product of modern life. Scientists have found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy.

Urolithiasis is the medical term used to describe stones occurring in the urinary tract. Other frequently used terms are urinary tract stone disease and nephrolithiasis. Doctors also use terms that describe the location of the stone in the urinary tract. For example, a ureteral stone (or ureterolithiasis)

is a kidney stone found in the ureter. To keep things simple, however, the term “kidney stones” is used throughout this fact sheet.

Types of stones include :

* Calcium stones are most common. They are two to three times more common in men, usually appearing at age 20 to 30. Recurrence is likely. The calcium may combine with other substances such as oxalate (the most common substance), phosphate, or carbonate to form the stone. Oxalate is present in certain foods. Diseases of the small intestine increase the tendency to form calcium oxalate stones.

* Uric acid stones are also more common in men. They are associated with gout or chemotherapy. Uric acid stones make up about 10% of all stones.

* Cystine stones may form in persons with cystinuria. It is a hereditary disorder affecting both men and women.

* Struvite stones are mainly found in women as a result of urinary tract infection. They can grow very large and may obstruct the kidney, ureter, or bladder.

What are the Symptoms?

Most calculi originate within the kidney and proceed distally, creating various degrees of urinary obstruction as they become lodged in narrow areas, including the ureteropelvic junction, pelvic brim, and ureterovesical junction. Location and quality of pain are related to position of the stone within the urinary tract. Severity of pain is related to the degree of obstruction, presence of ureteral spasm, and presence of any associated infection. So the symptomatic presentation of renal calculi has been described below:

* Flank pain or back pain, which may be :
o on one or both sides
o progressive
o severe
o colicky (spasm-like)
o may radiate or move to lower in flank, pelvis, groin, genitals
* Nausea, vomiting
* Painful urination
* Urinary frequency or urgency is increased (persistent urge to urinate)
* Blood in the urine
* Rarely, a patient reports positional urinary retention (obstruction precipitated by standing, relieved by recumbency), which is due to the ball-valve effect of a large stone located at the bladder outlet.
* Fever with chills

How is it Diagnosed?

An abdominal x-ray may show certain types of stones. An ultrasound test is usually able to confirm where the stone is lying, and the effect that it is having on the other structures. Sometimes, a special kidney x-ray (intravenous pylogram: IVP or intravenous urogram: IVU) needs to be done to show the position of the stone and to find out if there is any blockage. This is done by giving an injection into the arm vein. Several x-rays are taken over the next 2 hours. This shows the stones in the kidneys, ureter or bladder. It will also show whether any stone is producing a blockage. It is also important to find out the chemical structure of the stone which has been passed. Further tests can be done by analyzing a 24-hour urine sample. Exact amounts of calcium, oxalate, uric acid and cystine can be measured. A stone may not pass on its own. It may get stuck in the ureter. When the stones are too small, sometimes abdominal CT scan may be advised.

What are the Treatment options?

Sometimes kidney stones are “silent”. They are called so because they do not cause symptoms. Infact they are found on x rays taken during a general health exam. If they are small, these stones would likely pass out of the body unnoticed. But many a times there may be complications associated with it, e.g a ureteral stone might be associated with obstruction and upper UTI and this truly is a urologic emergency. So it is very important to consult a urologist. Let us see the treatments offered for renal calculi:

Ureteroscopic Stone Removal

Although some kidney stones in the ureters can be treated with ESWL (Read this technique below), ureteroscopy may be needed for mid- and lower-ureter stones. No incision is made in this procedure. Instead, the surgeon passes a small fiberoptic instrument called an ureteroscope through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. The surgeon then locates the stone and either removes it with a cage-like device or shatters it with a special instrument that produces a form of shock wave. A small tube or stent may be left in the ureter for a few days to help the lining of the ureter heal. Before fiber optics made ureteroscopy possible, physicians used a similar “blind basket” extraction method. But this outdated technique should not be used because it may damage the ureters.

FIGURE A: shows rigid scope which is inserted through the bladder to remove stones in the ureter. FIGURE B: shows flexible scope which is inserted through the bladder and ureter into the kidney to remove small stones in the kidney.

For more information on Renal Calculi (Kidney Stones) Treatment, kindly visit :


The Puke Effect

Today I like to educate you about a phenomenon most of us have experienced before. I became aware of the description through an investment newsletter I receive. In it Jeff Clark describes it. It’s called the Puke Effect.

Don’t be mistaken. It doesn’t only apply to investing. It applies to many things and in some cases has become a behavior.

Look at your team meetings:
Have you put meetings on your schedule that you feel are totally redundant or unnecessary, and only waste your time? Ask yourself how many of these meetings just get created because one person wants to impress another person in the hierarchy.

How often do you think it happens because nobody wanted to make a clear decision, so it was elected to have another meeting about a subject?

Here is how Jeff describes the Puke Effect:

“The cruise was going along just fine.”

Captain Bill was describing the worst sailing trip he had ever chartered. “We were about halfway to the island when one of the passengers started to get sick…”He didn’t quite make it all the way to the railing and he threw up on a bunch of the passengers who were sitting right there on the starboard side of the boat.”

Captain Bill then went on to describe how the passengers who had been puked upon started vomiting as well. Some of them managed to vomit over the side of the boat. But they were throwing up into the wind, and a good portion of “breakfast shrapnel” blew back into the boat, soaking the clothes, hair, and faces of anyone standing nearby.

“Pretty soon,” Bill continued, “everyone was puking. The stench was so bad, even my crew members were blowing chow.”

I first heard this story about 15 years ago, when I was learning to sail. I now recall it at the end of just about every quarter. On Wall Street, they call it “portfolio window dressing.” I call it the puke effect.

At the end of every quarter, portfolio managers dress up their accounts by purging stocks that haven’t performed well. After all, who wants to show shareholders they’ve been hanging on to the worst-performing stocks in the market? So, one by one, the portfolio managers jettison the equities overboard. As the selling pressure mounts and the losses deepen, more and more managers feel the need to purge. Eventually, even the most experienced money managers are throwing up stocks at bargain-basement prices. It happens every quarter.

Jeff Clark

If you are wondering how this applies to leadership, management, and success, think about this scenario:

You are in a discussion. Can you recall the times where a discussion about a topic got controversial? One person came up with a totally ridiculous idea, somebody made a flip remark, and then you get the Puke Effect into full swing and everybody begins purging ‘niceties’ about
ideas and individuals. It all ends in a shouting match, and if nobody stops it, it can lead to real harm, and hurt feelings.

What’s the cure for the Puke Effect?

It is rather simple:

You need honesty, confidence, and communication skills.

If you are confident to voice your opinion in a clear, non-threatening way, and communicate convincingly, you will avoid meetings that nobody needs. You will be able to make decisions when all aspects have been discussed. You will be in a role that keeps discussions from escalating into a Puke-Fest.

Best of all, you will be respected, maybe even adored, and people will want to work with you and seek your advice. One way of learning to have the required combination of confidence, honesty, and communication skill is coaching. You might want to try it for 3-6 months and see how much you can gain in a fairly short amount of time. This is especially recommended if you find yourself in a position of power and responsibility and recall events that qualify for the Puke Effect.

On a lighter note, I like to suggest watching the video (link below) and getting a clear perspective on where time has gone – in case you have days you ask yourself: “I did things all day long, but it appears as if nothing got done – other than that stupid meeting with the Puke- Fest in the middle. Where did all the time go?”

Food Poisoning – How to Prevent It

Food poisoning can happen all the time, especially if you are not the one in hand when preparing your food. Well, there is always no assurance for that. If you want to prepare your food, you should consider some of the important things. Here are some helpful ways to prevent food poisoning:

1. Consider your leftovers – It is very impossible to consume everything during meal times. For leftovers, you should always remember to place these leftovers in the refrigerator immediately. Do not store it somewhere like the kitchen, or so not allow leftovers to stay on the table overnight. Always separate different food sources to different containers. Aside from that, do not purely rely on reheating your food all the time because some bacteria grow overtime and it produces toxins that may be harmful already to be taken in. There are just some toxins present in food that are not destroyed through reheating or through fire.

2. Cook your foods sufficiently – It is important that you cook foods adequately or sufficiently. You make sure that you eat foods that are not half cooked or that are raw. Most people are fond of eating sea foods that are still raw. Sea foods that are usually eaten raw are fish, shells and all the rest. Well, this is not a good idea. You can easily acquire intense food poisoning through this. You make sure that you cook all your foods at a right temperature so that the blood and all bacteria that may be present will be killed or destroyed.

3. Prepare your food with utmost cleanliness – Cleanliness is also very important. You should consider preparing foods in the cleanest manner. You prepare foods with clean hands, clean fingernails and clean clothing. Bacteria mostly grow from your clothing and hands. You should also consider wearing a hair net so that it will not fall to the foods you prepare. Remember to avoid using your hands while mixing foods. Use clean utensils and keep your hands away from your nose and your mouth. You should also thoroughly clean all utensils, kitchen wares and knives used while preparing your food. Cleaning the equipment is more than important to maintain cleanliness and avoid food poisoning.

Food poisoning can be very difficult to control or prevent, but it is never impossible. You can always do something to prevent it from happening. It is very simple. Consider these helpful ways and you will definitely prevent food poisoning.