Hyperpigmentation – Its Causes and Alternatives

Hyper pigmentation refers to skin that has turned darker than normal where the change that has occurred is unrelated to sun exposure. Hyper pigmentation is caused due to excessive production of melanin. Melanin is the pigment that is solely responsible for the color of the skin. Hyper pigmentation occurs due to the excessive secretion of melanocyte stimulating hormone that enhances the production of melanocytes. The melanocytes produce the pigment melanin. Hyper pigmentation affects the areas that are not exposed to light like the genital areas, armpits etc.

Hyper pigmentation may be caused by internal and external causes. Internal causes include hormonal imbalances such as pregnancy. An external cause for hyper pigmentation is sun exposure. Sots of brown may appear with sun exposure without the use of a sunblock.

There are a few types of hyperpigmentation that is based on the cause of the excess melanin and its appearance on the skin. These include melasma, age spots or liver spots, freckles, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. It is also related with a number of diseases such as Addison’s disease and other sources of adrenal insufficiency, in which the hormones induce melanin synthesis.

>Hyperpigmentation tretment

  • Hydroquinone – Hydroquinone is one of the best-established topical agents for reducing skin pigmentation. Its effectiveness, both alone and in combination with other treatments, has been documented in a large number of clinical studies. Hydroquinone treatment usually takes several weeks to produce results because even though the synthesis of new melanin is blocked quickly, the existing melanin takes a relatively long time to migrate out of the skin in the process of natural exfoliation.
  • Laser resurfacing – Normal laser skin resurfacing works by evaporating the first few layers of damaged skin to leave behind a fresh, evenly toned skin. Hydroquinone or mild chemical peels are often recommended before laser resurfacing for best results.
  • Intense pulsed light – IPL is a type laser that leaves no scares, can sometimes heals freckles or other mild sun spots without using peels or hydroquinone creams beforehand.
  • Hydroquinone creams – They bleach the skin by slowing down the production of melanin. Dark spots fade in a few weeks. They are usually used for hyper pigmentation which is not caused by hormonal changes.
  • Hydroxy Acid Peels – They increase cell renewal rate and correct hyper pigmentation marks. Alpha hydroxy acids are water soluble acids and can help remove hyperpigmentation.
  • Physician formula – These are more expensive skin pigmentation treatments but it is very effective.

Skin hyperpigmentation is not a life threatening condition. However, you should consult with your doctor to confirm that it is not melanoma, a form of skin cancer. In addition, you should see your doctor if you experience unexplained darkening or lightening or any skin sore or lesion that changes the color of the skin.

VLCC healthcare is a very famous aesthetic organization for hyper pigmentation treatment which includes treatments blemish treatment with AHA complex, Melanin pigment reduction with Arbutin, revitalization of skin.

Psoriasis, A Chronic Dry Skin Disease

With the change of our lifestyles, we are facing ourselves wrapped with multiple health problems and diseases that are often dangerous and sometimes life threatening.

These diseases are generally called as life style diseases, as they take shape from the regular habits of our lives overall.

However, some diseases are less harmful and can be cured easily if taken care from an early stage. Psoriasis is one of them. The disease mainly affects the skin on the whole and is generally caused by dry skin.

Therefore, the first step to prevent the attack of psoriasis is to keep the body well nourished with moisturizer. It will also be easy to tackle the possible intervention of the disease if the symptom is noticed earlier and treated promptly.

Psoriasis, as the researches and studies reveal, is mainly a disease that is found more in the western developed countries. The fast life style and lack of personal hygiene consciousness lead to the outbreak of this particular disease.

Psoriasis, apart from the physical uneasiness, often causes psychological troubles too. The symptoms are very apparent as mainly it attacks the skin from outside.

What is a little bit dangerous factor about psoriasis is that the disease is a genetically inherited disease and can be persistent if avoided for a long time.

The nagging disorder of the skin makes it itching most of the times, and at the same time the skin develops layers like scale making it reddish and often bleeding.

Mild psoriasis is less dangerous but the situation becomes graver when it attacks a large part of the body. the medical researches reveal several types of psoriasis, but two of them are most common to attack the skin.

While explaining the reasons of psoriasis, first I can say that it is a persistent disorder of skin that results from the imbalance of immune system. Generally, the excessiveness of the white blood cells strengthens the body against infection and diseases.

Psoriasis is highly inflammatory and burning. Apart from the fast and stressed life style, there are other causes too contributing to the outbreak of the diseases.

Sudden changes of weather, intake of some particular drugs and medicines have been the accelerator of psoriasis. Even high blood pressure and depression may be enough dangerous to cause the same.

It is utterly frustrating that there are few medicines that really cure psoriasis. In reality, the researches are at full speed as the disease is being so common presently.

Nevertheless, some therapies are there that sometimes are helpful in treating the disease effectively. Apart from the same, some topical treatments like cream, ointments are also available.

However, they are hardly sufficient to eradicate the disease from root and provide just temporal relief. A dermatological consultation, in this situation, is essential to undergo proper treatment.

In addition to this, moistening the body frequently is an absolute pre condition to prevent or minimize the impact of the disease overall.

It is still now true in case of psoriasis that, prevention is better than cure, so try to prevent it or otherwise the persistent disorder may cause you a great hazard once it attacks.

Eliminate Nail Fungal Infection

Nails protect your toes and finger tissues and they are mostly made of keratin. Nail fungal infection is a common condition caused by dermatophytes fungus. These fungus feed on the keratin of the nails resulting to infection and nail damage. It is important to know how to eliminate nail fungal infection to save your nails.

The symptoms of nail fungus are not only painful but also embarrassing. Nail discoloration, changes in shape, thickening, brittleness and the build up of smelly debris under the nails are some of the symptoms of fungal infection of the nails. If not treated, the infection may spread to other nails. You need to find a treatment that will eliminate nail fungal infection for good to stop the infection from spreading.

Bad practices and lack of personal hygiene can affect the occurrence of the infection. Fungus thrives in dirty, warm and moist environment. Wearing dirty socks and tight fitting shoes that encourage sweating are very conducive for fungus growth. To eliminate nail fungal infection, you have to practice good foot hygiene and keep your nails dry. You also need to avoid sharing personal items and walking barefooted on public showers and pools.

To eliminate nail fungal infection your doctor may recommend antifungal medicines. You just have to follow your doctor’s instructions and do not hesitate to discuss with your doctor the possible side effects of drugs. You have to know if antifungal medicines have harmful side effects.

Commercially available natural solution made from natural oils is another option to eliminate nail fungal infection.  The natural ingredients have antiseptic and antifungal properties that promote healthy nail growth. Discover the all natural alternative treatment to eliminate nail fungal infections. Stop fungal infection naturally without the side effects of drugs visit Get Rid of Nail Fungus.

For health and beauty natural remedies visit Great Discovery-Health and Beauty.

Food Allergy and Asthma

There have been a lot of studies about food allergy that involves patients having asthma. You can easily see the symptoms after a couple of hours after eating a certain kind of food. Asthma and eczema are associated with atopic patients with allergies in food.
Atopy has three manifestations including asthma. It is an allergy pattern unknown to most patients. It is usually associated with disorders such as hay fever and eczema. Food allergy causes delayed or immediate asthma patterns. The delayed pattern can bring about bronchitis and/or chronic asthma. The immediate reactions are life threatening, dramatic, and sudden that is a consequence of an anaphylactic reaction to food.

Asthma basic ideas, causes, treatment:

– asthma is considered an allergy unless proven otherwise
– allergies come from food sources and airborne
– solve asthma through diet revision and improved air quality

There are three basic choices for the treatment of asthma including removing the cause, treating the symptoms, and altering the patient to tolerate such causes.

Oftentimes, asthma is known as an allergy that’s airborne, and food allergy is greatly neglected. Most doctors overlook this fact and despite the improvements with drug therapies, asthma is a leading cause of death. Most of the skin tests conducted to patients with asthma are negative, and the symptoms don’t appear immediately. For some, it can take hours or even days.

How does this happen? If the person eats a type of food that he or she is allergic to, the food allergens are then incorporated into the bloodstream and it triggers the immune mediators’ release. These chemicals can cause different symptoms like bronchial muscle constriction; and this is an episode of an asthma attack. You will slowly feel the reduction of airflow in your bronchial tubes. You’re already having a noisy and prolonged expiration. This obstructive, inflammatory phase is an important mechanism associated with chronic asthma.

Patients with food allergy are usually given antibiotics over and over again because the infection and allergic symptoms are very similar. But the truth is antibiotics can actually increase your risk of advance allergic reactions. There have been reports about patients with long-standing deterioration after prolonged or repeated antibiotic use. This is one of the reasons why many asthmatic patients are quite hesitant to undergo medication.

Here’s good news to asthma sufferers, with a complete revision in your diet, you can remove the chronic symptoms. You must have a broad management plan that includes solving your food allergy, toxicity, airborne allergy, and providing appropriate medication when certain preventive efforts are unsuccessful.

There are specialized doctors that can help you with your diet plan. If your asthma is indeed caused by certain food allergies, your doctor can help you in identifying which foods you’re allergic to. Once the foods are identified, your doctor can now recommend a new diet plan that is designed to stay away from certain foods. This may take time and you need to visit your doctor periodically. But the results are quite effective according to come patients.

If you’re not that sure, you can do a valuable research online and check if the there are doctors in your place that can help you with your food allergy. You can also ask your friends and co-workers if they know a reputable doctor who can help you out.

Don’t start any treatment or diet without proper diagnosis and approval of your doctor to avoid any complications.

Amino Acids – a Hidden Solution to Stress

Evidence has been accumulating that amino acids have a remarkable affect on the body’s ability to deal with stress and with stress related illness. Many more illnesses are connected with stress than previously thought.

Amino acids are the building blocks that make up proteins, and proteins in turn make up the largest part of our body weight second to water. “Non-essential” amino acids can be produced by the body, and “essential” amino acids must come from an outside source such as food or supplementation. Both types of amino acids have indispensable functions within the body.

The two-dozen amino acids present in the human body are among the most potent healing substances ever discovered. Essential amino acids include: Lysine, Valine, Tryptophan, Leucine, Phenylalanine and Methionine. Some non-essential amino acids include Glutamine, Proline, Glycine and Arginine.

Research has shown that Lysine (essential) helps the body to absorb calcium more efficiently. Mild calcium deficiency can cause nerve sensitivity, muscle twitching, irritability, palpitations and insomnia. Signs of severe deficiency include abnormal heartbeat, muscle pains and cramps, numbness, stiffness and tingling of the hands and feet, and depression. Many of these symptoms are associated with the feelings of stress.

Eric R. Braverman, M.D. and Andrew Weil, M.D., both researchers and authors, have described the importance of amino acids and supplementing with these vital building blocks in relation to stress and the physical and emotional consequences of such stress.

For example: Tyrosine, because of its role in assisting the body in coping physiologically with stress and building the body’s natural store of adrenaline, is sometimes called the “stress amino acid”. Tyrosine helps generate thyroxin (form of thyroid hormone) and melanin (skin pigment), and with B6 works to enhance the function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland itself is vital to the proper functioning of metabolism.

Glutamine (GAM), glutamic acid (GA), and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are three closely related amino acids that are intricately involved in sustaining proper brain function, mental activity and a smooth connection between the brain and the central nervous system. GABA balances Glutamic Acid and puts on the brakes that keep the brain in check. It blocks stress and anxiety-related messages from reaching the motor centers of the brain. Of the three, GABA has the most therapeutic applications.

Phenylalanine (essential) works with vitamin B6 and helps the body generate Tyrosine (non-essential) which helps with depression. Depression is an emotion which is often connected with stress.

Tryptophan (essential) generates niacin and seratonin which both work to help with depression as well.

Virtually all conditions of stress require more amino acids, or links of protein because stress breaks down and uses the body’s store of proteins and hence amino acids. Thus, it is important to have plenty available from both diet and nutritional supplementation.

The body is a complex machine. The physiological roots of stress disorders can be mitigated (alleviated) by the proper supplementation of not only vitamins and minerals, but the hidden factor of amino acids. Make sure your body is getting enough absorbable amino acids to deal with your personal stress-filled environment and lifestyle.

Depression Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Medications, Treatment & Remedies

The general definition of depression is a psychological disorder that affects a person’s mood changes, physical functions and social interactions.

Depression is an illness in which factors such as genetics, chemical changes in the body and external events may play an important role. is a psychological condition that changes how you think and feel, and also affects your social behavior and sense of physical well-being.

Depression Symptoms : There are lots of reasons for a person to get depressed but you can easily identify the symptoms of depression and help the person to overcome it. Few symptoms are easily identifiable .The symptoms like Over weight or loss of weight, insomnia or excessive sleep can be the symptoms of depression.

Although it is often classed as ‘mental illness’, clinical depression often has as many physical symptoms as mental. The feelings or emotions that are depression symptoms actually begin to cause the physical effects. How this happens is a vital part of understanding depression and the symptoms that come with it.

Depression Causes : There is no single cause of depression. Early life experience, genetic predisposition, lifestyle factors, and certain personality traits all play a part in causing depression. Something that causes depression in one person may have no effect on another.

The causes of depression are many. Depression is a complex disease that can occur as a result of a multitude of factors. For some, depression occurs due to a loss of a loved one, a change in one’s life, or after being diagnosed with a serious medical disease. For others, depression just happened, possibly due to their family history.

Depression Remedies: Herbal remedies are used by many people suffering from anxiety or depression. It is therefore important to know whether they generate more good than harm. A systematic review of the published literature revealed trial data for Ginkgo biloba, Lavandula angustifolia, Hypericum perforatum, Valeriana officinalis, Crataegus oxyacantha, Eschscholzia californica, Matricaria recutita, Melissa officinalis, Passiflora incarnate and Piper methysticum.

Relaxation and meditation are also effective measures in the treatment of depression. The best method of relaxation is to practice shavasana or the dead pose. Meditation involves training the mind to remain fixed on a particular external or internal location. Mediation helps to create balance in the nervous system. One of the Effective Home Remedies for Depression.

Depression Treatment: Psychological treatment of depression (psychotherapy) assists the depressed individual in several ways. First, supportive counseling helps ease the pain of depression, and addresses the feelings of hopelessness that accompany depression.

Depression is not a disease, which you can leave untreated no matter what is the intensity of depression it needs treatment. As depression is a recurrent illness, it is suggested that successful short-term treatment be pooled with ongoing, maintenance therapy. A person suffering from depression can have chronic mental illness that requires medication and psychiatric therapy together.

Top 10 Common Phobias Of The World

Have you ever felt scared of a certain situation? Did you ever get a fright when you were in the presence of a certain object? If so, then you just may have a phobia. Most people who are affected by phobias will ignore the fact and just continue on with their lives. The thing is that it doesn’t matter if you have a strange phobia which you think no one will understand, whatever the phobia is, someone else is suffering from it too and the odds are that there are thousands and thousands of others affected by it. So if you have a specific phobia like the fear of dogs for instance or the fear of driving or if you just want some social phobia treatment then you should think about using subliminal Cds as a way of curing these phobias. Below, we list the main Top 10 phobias in this world today.

1. Acrophobia – Also known as the fear of heights is the top fear which affects humanity. It’s not too hard to see why the fear of heights affects most of us as this fear has protected us since childhood and so most of us bring this fear into adulthood subconsciously as a way to protect us.

2. Aerophobia – The fear of flying affects a huge proportion of the population but it affects more than others. Of all the fears and phobias this is one which most will want to avoid. The worst thing about this phobia is that when it strikes it can really affect a person’s life in a bad way. Most people who have this phobia avoid foreign travel and this can have a real negative impact on their lives.

3. Glossophobia – The fear of public speaking will affect most of us at some stage of our lives. We all have to do it at some stage, whether its a wedding speech or a business speech we will have to stand up in front of a large crowd and speak. These types of phobias can really affect our social lives and standing within a community.

4. Lygophobia – The fear of the dark affects most children but it can be carried from childhood into adulthood and surprisingly there are many adults who are still afraid of the dark.

5. Arachnophobia – Also known as the fear of spiders, it affects more women than men. As children we fear big spiders but some of us will bring this fear into adulthood where it can be more of a nuisance to deal with rather than a real problem. Its estimated that 50% of women are affected by this phobia while just 10% of men can say the same.

6. Ophidiophobia The fear of snakes is another common phobia which can affect many people. Although its not life changing unless you want to live in a snake infested jungle or desert its still one of those phobias which we’d be better off without.

7. Rejection – Having a fear of rejection is not rare, it affects us all in one way or another. At some stage this is one of those things which will pay us a visit. No one wants to be rejected and this phobia can affect some people to such an extent that they never get married.

8. Claustrophobia – The fear of confined spaces is another phobia which makes our top 10 list. The fear of confined spaces is quite a common phobia, you’ll know many people yourself who don’t like confined spaces. Some people can handle it while others have a real problem with confined spaces.

9. Kakorrhaphiophobia – The fear of failure is anther phobia which will affect many of us throughout our lives. Its one of those things which can in fact keep us back so its important to fix this phobia as soon as possible.

10. Agoraphobia – The fear of open spaces is another phobia which many people are affected by. Most think that someone who has it can’t go outside but this isn’t the case at all. Some who are affected by this phobia will have a problem with going out but most are affected by it in others areas of their lives.

Causes of Panic Attacks

The short and obvious answer: panic attacks are caused by high anxiety. But, what exactly is anxiety? Understanding how anxiety crops up will help you defeat panic attacks.

One of the biggest myths surrounding anxiety is that it is harmful and can lead to a number of various life-threatening conditions.

Definition of Anxiety

Anxiety is defined as a state of apprehension or fear resulting from the anticipation of a real or imagined threat, event, or situation. It is one of the most common human emotions experienced by people at some point in their lives.

However, most people who have never experienced a panic attack, or extreme anxiety, fail to realize the terrifying nature of the experience. Extreme dizziness, blurred vision, tingling and feelings of breathlessness—and that’s just the tip of the iceberg!

When these sensations occur and people do not understand why, they feel they have contracted an illness, or a serious mental condition. The threat of losing complete control seems very real and naturally very terrifying.

Fight/Flight Response: One of the root causes of panic attacks?

I am sure most of you have heard of the fight/flight response as an explanation for one of the root causes of panic attacks. Have you made the connection between this response and the unusual sensations you experience during and after a panic attack episode?

Anxiety is a response to a danger or threat. It is so named because all of its effects are aimed toward either fighting or fleeing from the danger. Thus, the sole purpose of anxiety is to protect the individual from harm. This may seem ironic given that you no doubt feel your anxiety is actually causing you great harm…perhaps the most significant of all the causes of panic attacks.

However, the anxiety that the fight/flight response created was vital in the daily survival of our ancient ancestors—when faced with some danger, an automatic response would take over that propelled them to take immediate action such as attack or run. Even in today’s hectic world, this is still a necessary mechanism. It comes in useful when you must respond to a real threat within a split second.

Anxiety is a built-in mechanism to protect us from danger. Interestingly, it is a mechanism that protects but does not harm—an important point that will be elaborated upon later.

The Physical Manifestations of a Panic Attack: Other pieces of the puzzle to understand the causes of panic attacks. Nervousness and Chemical Effects…

When confronted with danger, the brain sends signals to a section of the nervous system. It is this system that is responsible for gearing the body up for action and also calms the body down and restores equilibrium. To carry out these two vital functions, the autonomic nervous system has two subsections, the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.

Although I don’t want to become too “scientific,” having a basic understanding of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system will help you understand the causes of panic attacks.

The sympathetic nervous system is the one we tend to know all too much about because it primes our body for action, readies us for the “fight or flight” response, while the parasympathetic nervous system is the one we love dearly as it serves as our restoring system, which returns the body to its normal state.

When either of these systems is activated, they stimulate the whole body, which has an “all or nothing” effect. This explains why when a panic attack occurs, the individual often feels a number of different sensations throughout the body.

The sympathetic system is responsible for releasing the adrenaline from the adrenal glands on the kidneys. These are small glands located just above the kidneys. Less known, however, is that the adrenal glands also release adrenaline, which functions as the body’s chemical messengers to keep the activity going. When a panic attack begins, it does not switch off as easily as it is turned on. There is always a period of what would seem increased or continued anxiety, as these messengers travel throughout the body. Think of them as one of the physiological causes of panic attacks, if you will.

After a period of time, the parasympathetic nervous system gets called into action. Its role is to return the body to normal functioning once the perceived danger is gone. The parasympathetic system is the system we all know and love, because it returns us to a calm relaxed state.

When we engage in a coping strategy that we have learned, for example, a relaxation technique, we are in fact willing the parasympathetic nervous system into action. A good thing to remember is that this system will be brought into action at some stage whether we will it or not. The body cannot continue in an ever-increasing spiral of anxiety. It reaches a point where it simply must kick in, relaxing the body. This is one of the many built-in protection systems our bodies have for survival.

You can do your best with worrying thoughts, keeping the sympathetic nervous system going, but eventually it stops. In time, it becomes a little smarter than us, and realizes that there really is no danger. Our bodies are incredibly intelligent—modern science is always discovering amazing patterns of intelligence that run throughout the cells of our body. Our body seems to have infinite ways of dealing with the most complicated array of functions we take for granted. Rest assured that your body’s primary goal is to keep you alive and well.

Not so convinced?

Try holding your breath for as long as you can. No matter how strong your mental will is, it can never override the will of the body. This is good news—no matter how hard you try to convince yourself that you are gong to die from a panic attack, you won’t. Your body will override that fear and search for a state of balance. There has never been a reported incident of someone dying from a panic attack.

Remember this next time you have a panic attack; he causes of panic attacks cannot do you any physical harm. Your mind may make the sensations continue longer than the body intended, but eventually everything will return to a state of balance. In fact, balance (homeostasis) is what our body continually strives for.

The interference for your body is nothing more than the sensations of doing rigorous exercise. Our body is not alarmed by these symptoms. Why should it be? It knows its own capability. It’s our thinking minds that panic, which overreact and scream in sheer terror! We tend to fear the worst and exaggerate our own sensations. A quickened heart beat becomes a heart attack. An overactive mind seems like a close shave with schizophrenia. Is it our fault? Not really—we are simply diagnosing from poor information.

Cardiovascular Effects Activity in the sympathetic nervous system increases our heartbeat rate, speeds up the blood flow throughout the body, ensures all areas are well supplied with oxygen and that waste products are removed. This happens in order to prime the body for action.

A fascinating feature of the “fight or flight” mechanism is that blood (which is channelled from areas where it is currently not needed by a tightening of the blood vessels) is brought to areas where it is urgently needed.

For example, should there be a physical attack, blood drains from the skin, fingers, and toes so that less blood is lost, and is moved to “active areas” such as the thighs and biceps to help the body prepare for action.

This is why many feel numbness and tingling during a panic attack-often misinterpreted as some serious health risk-such as the precursor to a heart attack. Interestingly, most people who suffer from anxiety often feel they have heart problems. If you are really worried that such is the case with your situation, visit your doctor and have it checked out. At least then you can put your mind at rest.

Respiratory Effects

One of the scariest effects of a panic attack is the fear of suffocating or smothering. It is very common during a panic attack to feel tightness in the chest and throat. I’m sure everyone can relate to some fear of losing control of your breathing. From personal experience, anxiety grows from the fear that your breathing itself would cease and you would be unable to recover. Can a panic attack stop our breathing? No.

A panic attack is associated with an increase in the speed and depth of breathing. This has obvious importance for the defense of the body since the tissues need to get more oxygen to prepare for action. The feelings produced by this increase in breathing, however, can include breathlessness, hyperventilation, sensations of choking or smothering, and even pains or tightness in the chest. The real problem is that these sensations are alien to us, and they feel unnatural.

Having experienced extreme panic attacks myself, I remember that on many occasions, I would have this feeling that I couldn’t trust my body to do the breathing for me, so I would have to manually take over and tell myself when to breathe in and when to breathe out. Of course, this didn’t suit my body’s requirement of oxygen and so the sensations would intensify—along with the anxiety. It was only when I employed the technique I will describe for you later, did I let the body continue doing what it does best—running the whole show.

Importantly, a side-effect of increased breathing, (especially if no actual activity occurs) is that the blood supply to the head is actually decreased. While such a decrease is only a small amount and is not at all dangerous, it produces a variety of unpleasant but harmless symptoms that include dizziness, blurred vision, confusion, sense of unreality, and hot flushes.

Other Physical Effects of Panic Attacks:

Now that we’ve discussed some of the primary physiological causes of panic attacks, there are a number of other effects that are produced by the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, none of which are in any way harmful.

For example, the pupils widen to let in more light, which may result in blurred vision, or “seeing” stars, etc. There is a decrease in salivation, resulting in dry mouth. There is decreased activity in the digestive system, which often produces nausea, a heavy feeling in the stomach, and even constipation. Finally, many of the muscle groups tense up in preparation for “fight or flight” and this results in subjective feelings of tension, sometimes extending to actual aches and pains, as well as trembling and shaking.

Overall, the fight/flight response results in a general activation of the whole bodily metabolism. Thus, one often feels hot and flushed and, because this process takes a lot of energy, the person generally feels tired and drained.

Mental Manifestations: Are the causes of panic attacks all in my head? is a question many people wonder to themselves.

The goal of the fight/flight response is making the individual aware of the potential danger that may be present. Therefore, when activated, the mental priority is placed upon searching the surroundings for potential threats. In this state one is highly-strung, so to speak. It is very difficult to concentrate on any one activity, as the mind has been trained to seek all potential threats and not to give up until the threat has been identified. As soon as the panic hits, many people look for the quick and easiest exit from their current surroundings, such as by simply leaving the bank queue and walking outside. Sometimes the anxiety can heighten, if we perceive that leaving will cause some sort of social embarrassment.

If you have a panic attack while at the workplace but feel you must press on with whatever task it is you are doing, it is quite understandable that you would find it very hard to concentrate. It is quite common to become agitated and generally restless in such a situation. Many individuals I have worked with who have suffered from panic attacks over the years indicated that artificial light—such as that which comes from computer monitors and televisions screens—can can be one of the causes of panic attacks by triggering them or worsen a panic attack, particularly if the person is feeling tired or run down.

This is worth bearing in mind if you work for long periods of time on a computer. Regular break reminders should be set up on your computer to remind you to get up from the desk and get some fresh air when possible.

In other situations, when during a panic attack an outside threat cannot normally be found, the mind turns inwards and begins to contemplate the possible illness the body or mind could be suffering from. This ranges from thinking it might have been something you ate at lunch, to the possibility of an oncoming cardiac arrest.

The burning question is: Why is the fight/flight response activated during a panic attack even when there is apparently nothing to be frightened of?

Upon closer examination of the causes of panic attacks, it would appear that what we are afraid of are the sensations themselves—we are afraid of the body losing control. These unexpected physical symptoms create the fear or panic that something is terribly wrong. Why do you experience the physical symptoms of the fight/flight response if you are not frightened to begin with? There are many ways these symptoms can manifest themselves, not just through fear.

For example, it may be that you have become generally stressed for some reason in your life, and this stress results in an increase in the production of adrenaline and other chemicals, which from time to time, would produce symptoms….and which you perceive as the causes of panic attacks.

This increased adrenaline can be maintained chemically in the body, even after the stress has long gone. Another possibility is diet, which directly affects our level of stress. Excess caffeine, alcohol, or sugar is known for causing stress in the body, and is believed to be one of the contributing factors of the causes of panic attacks (Chapter 5 gives a full discussion on diet and its importance).

Unresolved emotions are often pointed to as possible trigger of panic attacks, but it is important to point out that eliminating panic attacks from your life does not necessarily mean analyzing your psyche and digging into your subconscious. The “One Move” technique will teach you to deal with the present moment and defuse the attack along with removing the underlying anxiety that sparks the initial anxiety.

Fatal Familial Insomnia – Causes And Effects

This is fundamentally a hereditary disease, passed on from parents to their offspring and so far is one of the most uncommon among the various types of sleeping disorders. It has been diagnosed only in 28 families in the world till now which possess the dominant gene for it, where the chances of it occurring among the offspring of the parent is of 50% and the chances of it being cured are nil. The disease is initially prevalent among people between the age group of 30 to 60 and runs through a cycle of 17 to 18 months. The disease consists of 4 stages – The first stage is where the levels of insomnia are increased leading to hyperventilation and panic attacks which also results in a range of phobias which lasts for about 4 months. The second stage is a more prolonged period of about 5 months where the sufferer experiences hallucinations and the panic attacks turn more conspicuous. The 3rd stage secures complete lack of sleep lasting for 3 months, followed by a considerable loss of weight and the final stage is the fourth stage where the patient is subjected to dementia and is irresponsive and mute for over a period of 6 months.

The disease is associated with Alzheimer’s where there is the similarity of slow and gradual memory loss. The only difference between both is the time span which is much shorter than that of a patient suffering from Alzheimer. The sufferer deals with the disease in a time span of just a year whereas an Alzheimer patient goes through the same process but for a prolonged number of years.

Sleeping pills are of no use and neither does non-medicinal therapy help to treat the illness in any way. Doctors have not yet figured a method of treatment nor have they found a reason as to why it is fatal. Medical science continue to research for means of eradicating the problem.

Perhaps, the reason as to why the disease is not given enough importance or recognized as regular insomnia is because it is so rare. Fatal Familial disorder has not been given sufficient attention or qualified for treatment as it occurs only in very few numbers of people and therefore is not eligible for procuring treatment compared to 60 million others who suffer from similar kind of insomnia but of a more common form. This uncommon type of disorder needs to be brought to notice to the medical world and emphasis should be laid upon the ways of finding treatment such as effectively testing the genetic back round of the affected families which would be helpful to track the disease through the generations and keep a certain kind of genetic record for the offsprings who displace the genes of their parents.

Medical science is sure to find a cure to aid the affected people with the many advancements cropping up in the field. Along with extensive research, doctors will finally be able to find a cure to help all those being deprived of a peaceful good night’s sleep.

Antifungal Nail Lacquer Effective For Treating Fungal Toenails

Onychomycosis is a nail infection caused by fungus. About 8% of the U.S. population is affected by nail fungus and the prevalence increases with age. The fungus causes the nail to thicken and discolor. Yellow-brown discoloration or white splotches can be common appearance. More severe infections cause the nail to change shape, curving in at the sides and distorting. The nail can become rough and crumbly. The fungus does not cause pain, but the thickness and shape can cause excess pressure and discomfort and at times lead to ingrown nails and bacterial infection. In diabetics, fungal toenails can lead to ulceration under the nail.

The most common pathogen causing onychomycosis is called a dermatophyte. Dermatophytes are fungus which live on the skin, hair and nails. “Derm” = skin and “phyte” = pathological growth. The toenails are affected more than fingernails because toenails grow more slowly, are enclosed in shoes, are frequently exposed to microtrauma and damp, moist environments. Fungus grow well in enclosed, damp environments which means that individuals with excess perspiration (hyperhidrosis) of their feet and athletes who must be in athletic shoes for long periods of time are more susceptible to developing foot and toenail fungus. Gyms, showers and public pools are common areas for fungus.

A combination of factors contribute to the development of a fungal infection in the nails. Simply coming into contact with fungus will not cause an infection. When the skin is moist, it causes loosening of the bonds and increases the chances of infection. Prolonged exposure to the fungus will also increase the chances of infection. Individuals who are in closed shoes which lack breathability for long periods and perspire due to exercise or warm weather are more likely to develop a foot or toenail fungus. Fungus are more likely to invade through small breaks in the skin around the nail. Runners who experience repetitive microtrauma at the toes from shoe pressure, or individuals wearing tight, narrow shoes or boots are at higher risk of infection. Dry or cracked skin around the nail or the existence of an ingrown nail, even if it’s mild, will increase the chances of a fungal infection. Once the nail is infected it becomes extremely difficult to treat.

There are many treatments for nail fungus and they range from natural therapies to prescription oral medications. Most topical treatments have not proven to be very effective in the past and many of the oral medications are too costly or associated with side effects. A new study in the Journal of Foot and Ankle surgery evaluated ciclopirox and debridements in patients with onychomycosis and found the combination to be effective (JFAS Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 294-308 May 2009).

The researchers evaluated 55 patients with 289 toenails with onychomycosis. The patients were randomly divided into two treatment groups, debridement only or debridement with daily ciclopirox (Penlac® ) application. The follow-up average about 10.5 months and results showed that the group treated with both ciclopirox and debridement had a 76% mycological cure rate, which was a statistically significant improvement over those in the debridement only group. Patients with hyperhidrosis (sweaty feet), lunula involvement, positive yeast culture or who smoked cigarettes had a lower rate of mycological cure.

This study was funded by Dermik Laboratories, manufacturers of Penlac® Nail Lacquer.

Fungisil Review

What is nail fungus?
Nail fungus, or otherwise known as onychomycosis, is a contagious infection of the nail bed and plate caused by several types of fungi, and sometimes yeast. Fungi are simple parasitic plant organisms that lack of chlorophyll and therefore do not require sunlight to grow. It can easily attach to the nail and thrive off keratin, nail’s protein substance.

Why is it tough to cure nail fungus?
Fingernail fungus can pose as a big problem especially when you work with the public. If you are bothered with fingernail fungus, you will need to take action immediately. Despite what you may have heard or read, home remedies are not effective. However, homeopathic remedies can be very effective and should be considered before taking any over-the-counter drugs or pharmaceuticals.

If your toenail fungus is minor, (for example, you just noticed symptoms a day ago) there is a low chance that vinegar may work. However, this is extremely unlikely. In order for the vinegar to even reach under your nails, you have to soak for hours, over a month-long period of time. And even then, the vinegar will only treat the outer extremities of your condition. Try as you might, the fungus can and will come back.

Slowly but surely, many people are beginning to move away from pharmaceuticals in favor or natural or homeopathic remedies and cures. Natural remedies have been scientifically proven to effectively treat many diseases and common ailments. Using chemicals may cause complications and natural treatments are generally considered as safer.

Toenail infection is one of the infections that is more effectively treated with a topical treatment. But there are essential oils can play a key role treating a stubborn infection. There are mainly two types of essential oils that have the penetrating power to eliminate the growth and spreading of the fungus. Those two essential oils include Tea Tree Oil and Oregano Oil.

Once you catch nail fungus infection, it gets worse in time. However, Fungisil is a valuable anti-fungus formula that penetrates deep inside the infected area and eliminates the fungi. It also corrects other typical symptoms including brittle and discolored nails. The ingredients present in the medicine are well known to help heal yellow colored nails.

Treating Nail Fungus – My experience:
I had nail fungus for about 6 years before I finally treated my nails. It was an interesting experience trying to treat it because I had tried a bunch of homeopathic remedies such as a white vinegar soak for my nails. I used a vinegar soak for 6 months and soaked my nails for 30 minutes white a day. This didn’t work to stop my nail fungus although through the duration I experienced a reduction in the nail fungus spreading but it never killed the existing fungus. I used Vick’s vapor cream which my pharmacist had recommended again I used 2 applications of this stuff a day for 2 months. No noticeable difference in my nails during this time. Quite disappointing.

Experience with Fungisil:
I had read about Fungisil online. It seemed like a solid treatment method because it contained all the necessary ingredients I’ve heard about to alleviate fungal infection. Before buying Fungisil I actually looked up the price of the ingredients to decide if I wanted to make it in my home but after looking up most of the stuff it actually would have been more expensive to buy the ingredients separately and make it. So I purchased a 4 months supply (3 bottles). At first I didn’t think it was working because after 3 months I noticed about the same effects as the white vinegar but then right after the 3rd month a new nail was growing in. I had to end up buying another bottle to continue treatment. But then after the 5th month I had no nail fungi. I was very happy with my results.

Here’s a few PROS:
Fungisil is just a topical solution with no controversial homeopathic components;
It’s affordable and fast-acting;
Good customer support.

And some CONS:
It’s relatively new in the market;
Minimal treatment is two weeks.

Fungisil is an over the counlter topical solution created to fight and eliminate the fungal infections of the finger and toe nails including regions under and around the nails.

Toenail fungal infection is caused by fungi called Dermatophytes, plants living on skin. The common kinds of Dermatophytes fungi that cause toenail fungal infection are Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton interdigitale. These are not the same fungi that cause athlete’s foot or jock itch. But there are some cases where in these toenail fungal infection causing fungi are responsible for skin irritations or infections on other parts of the body. Other instances of nail fungus infections are caused by moulds and Candida or parasitic yeasts.

Fungisil contains a proprietary formulation of natural oils, which promote formation of clear looking finger and toenails. Moreover it has no side-effects and is completely safe to use. The only drawback is that it takes time to work – Don’t expect quick results.

Signs and Treatments for Knee Sprains

The knee is the most commonly hurt joint in the body with most injuries involving the ligaments. A lot of sprains derive from physical activities especially soccer, football, basketball, and skiing. Knee traumas additionally take place in automobile accidents.

By description, a knee sprain is a trauma to a knee ligament. The sprain may differ in severeness from a minor stretch to a full tear of the tendon. A mild or grade 1 sprain basically elongates the ligament which results in Knee Pain and inflammation. A moderate or grade 2 sprain partly tears the soft tissue and is more debilitating. A severe or grade 3 sprain is a total rupture and often demands surgical repair.

Symptoms that you’ve got a knee sprain are Knee Pain, inflammation, redness, warmth or bruising around the knee, reduced mobility, inability to get up on the affected leg and tenderness from where the damaged ligament attaches to a bone tissue in the knee.

You can find three types of ligament injury that include trauma to the medial collateral ligament which is located at the center of the body, the anterior cruciate ligament lies deeply in the joint and the posterior cruciate ligament is on the core part of the knee ligament.

The medial collateral ligament is the ordinarily hurt however damage to the anterior collateral ligament is the most typical source of joint instability.

To eliminate the probability of spraining your knee. First you have to do warm-ups and stretching before exercise after that relax and stretch out after. Take a stop when you feel Knee Pain and perform exercise routines which helps strengthen the leg muscles. And wear the appropriate equipment for a specific form of sports.

Treating sprains will rely on the extent of damage. For mild and moderate injury you need to keep from putting any pressure or weight on your knee to put it briefly take a complete bed rest. Then apply ice or cold pack wrap on a clean towel to the knee for 15-20 minutes four times a day for two days. This enables reduce Knee Pain and inflammation. Make use of compression by wrapping your knee with an elastic bandage by doing this reduce the inflammation and give some support to the knee. Be careful not to ever wrap the bandage tightly simply because it will obstruct the blood flow resulting in necrosis. And additionally always keep the harmed knee raised higher than the level of your heart. Use this treatment just as much as possible for 24 hours or so. This helps drain fluid and decrease swelling. For severe sprains, you may need to do so for several days.

For severe sprain a leg cast may be use for approximately 3-4 weeks or simply according to the doctors advice. Therapy exercises will likely be the remedy to bring back flexibility, range of motion and strength of your knee. This will consist of leg extension, stationary bike to work the muscles and ligaments making the leg and knee in condition once again and leg curls to give your hamstring muscles that durability to control your knee and for rapid and smooth recuperation.

Tips to treat bone bruises

If you get a sudden fall or jerk, you might have bruises on your on your bone. If you have the bruises, you will find that these can damage your bone but this cannot fracture it. To see the bruises on your bone, you should do some procedures in a high-density MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). Another option is to undergo procedures in simple x-ray.

When you have bruises on your bone, you will need some times to get your bond back to normal. It depends on the severity of bruises on your bone. However, you should take care of your bone bruises with patience. The followings are some treatments that you should do when you have bone bruises.

Recognizing the symptoms is the first thing that you should do when you want to give the best treatment to your bone bruises. You will find that there are some symptoms that you can feel when you have bruises on your bones. You will feel severe swelling and pain if you have the bruises. Sometimes, in the affected area, you might find blackish-blue discoloration.

Consulting your doctor is the second thing that you should do. In this case, your doctor might advise you to get an x-ray or MRI to see what happens with your bones. Then you should ask your doctor to give the prescriptions for medication. Make sure that you follow the instruction so that you will be able to give the proper treatment to the bruises.

Rubbing the ice cubes will be the third thing that you should do to treat your bone bruises. You can do it for 5-10 minutes for three times a day. Make sure that you rub the ice in the correct affected area so that the bruises will lose faster.

Taking over-the-counter is the next thing that you should do. The painkiller contains acetaminophen and ibuprofen. You will find that acetaminophen and ibuprofen can reduce the pain that you feel. Then, you should be patient to wait the bruises heal. This might take few months to heal.

Pancreatic Cancer After Chronic Pancreatitis

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg returned to the Supreme Court bench three weeks after surgery for pancreatic cancer. Ginsburg, who is 75, was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the beginning of this February and surgeons removed a small tumor that had not spread. Experts say she has a good chance of recovery.

Most Americans wish Justice Ruth Ginsburg good health, but what came to peoples mind, especially people with chronic pancreatitis, when they read this news?  “Thanks God, it is not me”, “What can I do to avoid that?”

 People who have chronic pancreatitis are at a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer. On the contrary, improving the health of pancreas may help to prevent of developing pancreatic cancer.

The chain reaction: healthy pancreas, acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, can be really slow down by changing life style and using alternative medicine.

The pancreas is a gland located behind the stomach. It is surrounded by the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and duodenum (small intestine). The pancreas has two most important functions. One is to produce pancreatic juice needed to neutralize stomach acids and break down food. The second is to produce hormones, such as insulin, which controls the level of glucose in the blood.

Pancreatic cancer occurs when abnormal, cancerous cells grow in the tissues of the pancreas mainly in the ducts that carry pancreatic juices. About 80% of pancreatic cancers occur in the “head” of the pancreas. This is the area where the common bile duct merges the pancreatic duct that carries the pancreatic juice with digestive enzymes from pancreas to the duodenum. Blend secretion of bile and pancreatic juice goes trough the opening with a muscles valve.                

Spasm or blockage of this valve may cause back up of the pancreatic juice and increasing of pressure inside the pancreatic duct. Trapped inside the pancreas digestive enzymes start to digest their own pancreatic cells causing congestion, inflammation, pain, cysts and finally death of pancreatic tissue or pancreatic cancer.

The whole idea to help people with chronic pancreatitis is “open the gates”, get rid of the blockages in proper moving of the bile and pancreatic juice, remove back up of the pancreatic juice. What may help this way to lower risk of pancreatic cancer?

  • Acupuncture can open passages and valves, normalize the function of liver, gallbladder and pancreas. Acupuncture improves microcirculation and immunity, decreases pain and congestion.
  • Proper organic healing diet decreases inner toxicity and irritation of the pancreas.
  • Herbs have a long history of using in people with pancreatic problems.
  • Nutritional supplements can decrease oxidative stress, inflammation, pain.
  • Drinking healing mineral water preparing from the Karlovy Vary Thermal Spring Salt can decrease acidity, decrease congestion and pancreatic juice’s back up.
  • Regular exercises, chiropractic manipulations and point massage.
  • Avoid smoking, stop drinking alcohol by using Hypnosis, Acupuncture, etc.
  • Body Cleansing.
  • Restoration of friendly intestinal flora by using Colon Hydrotherapy and Probiotics.

Pancreatic cancer is easy to prevent than treat, especially in predisposal people. Of course, early detection of cancer is as important as ever.

The information on this article is presented for educational, informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a qualified licensed professional.

Female Infertility: Revealed

The disorder due to which a woman fails to conceive is known as Female infertility. There is a gamut of factors causing it:

• Age as a general factor: The downward spiral of female fertility begins from 27. At 35 she approaches toward infertility. And rate of success of becoming pregnant goes down from 3% to 5% post 30. At 50 menopause occurs and this puts a full stop to the dreams and aspirations of becoming a mother.

• Gene as a factor decides on the androgen insensitivity syndrome which gives birth to problems.

• Hypothalamic- pituitary factor is responsible for causing Hypothalamic Amenorrhea. This accounts for the lack of menstruation due to hormonal disbalance. This discrepancy happens due to discordance in the thyroid gland and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system. Since, these organs control the reproduction process, a problem in them ruins fertility in women.

• One of the ovarian factors like Polycystic ovary syndrome affects the production of FSH or follicle-stimulating hormone. Consequently, the production and development of egg or ovum faces with a deadlock causing infertility. Other disorders are Anovulation and Diminished Ovarian Reserve. Innately women have a definite egg or oocyte reserve, which depletes as age advances. Also, the condition of oocytes degenerates.

• Premature Menopause is another bane, which affects the follicles such that much ahead of menopause, the woman starts to show its signs, and subsequently female infertility occurs. Menopause again freezes the whole menstrual cycle. Failure of the eggs to get embedded and sterility looms large. This is called Luteal dysfunction or Luteal Phase Defect. Even Ovarian Cancer snatches away the capacity to be impregnated. Gonadal dysgenesis that occurs as Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism lowers down the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Lutenizing hormone (LH) resulting in the underdevelopment of ovaries producing matured eggs.

• Tubal or ectopic peritoneal factor – The formation of endometrial cells outside the womb, apart from being inside the uterine cavity, gives rise to Endometriosis. Female hormones affect these cells boith inside and outside the cavity. With time the condition worsens and the woman is doomed with infertility. In fact one of the common reasons of sterility is endometriosis. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, constituting bacterial infections, attacks the female pelvic zone comprising reproductive organs, appendix and part of the intestine. Serious disorders like the obstruction of the fallopian tubes also happen. Resultantly, eggs fail to reach out to the uterus. This state is termed as Salpingitis and renders a woman barren. Pelvic Tuberculosis is another heinous form of PID, which has a stark effect on the capacity to be pregnant.

• Factor affecting Uterine is equally pernicious. If you are suffering from Uterine Fibroids then the border area of uterine cavity or the submucosal uterine fibroid kick off continuous and abnormal bleeding during periods. This, in turn, can fasten the process of infertility or lead to miscarriage.

• Cervical Stenosis and Non-receptive cervical mucus are some of the cervical factors responsible for female infertility. Certain factors like the low production of cervical mucus or its inability to facilitate the movement of the sperms to enter uterus, cervical narrowing (Stenosis) deteriorate the condition. Cervical infections because of Sexually Transmitted Diseases like Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma hominis, Trichomonas, ureaplasma urealyticum cause sterility too. Even sperm allergy is a viable reason.

Female infertility is thus caused as a result of an array of factors. However, traditional medications fail to point out the actual reasons. Rather they end up with pocket-crunching and complex techniques like IVF and ICSI, which might not be fruitful. Trying out-of-the-box approaches like the holistic remedies look to hook the real causes and then apply effective treatment. Chinese medications, herbs, exercise, diet, acupuncture and changes in the lifestyle are some of the forms of holistic principles that cure infertility.