The Role of Healthy Cookware in Cooking Healthy Food

What makes your food healthy? The presence of life-sustaining nutrients like vitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates and so much more… but have you ever considered what role your cookware plays? Studies have found that popular metal and ceramic cookware not only affect the nutritional value of food but also make it toxic. Want to find out how? Keep reading…

The most commonly used materials for making cookware are stainless steel, aluminum, cast iron, and ceramic. While they are used widely, they are not the best choice. They are not only too harsh on nutrients but also leach chemicals into food while cooking. Food gets contaminated and causes health problems when consumed regularly.

When cooking is in progress, heat acts as a catalyst and metals like aluminum, iron, nickel, magnesium, molybdenum, lead & cadmium react with the oxygen molecules, the hydrogen molecules, and nutrients that are in the form of halogens, acids, and bases. These toxins get assimilated with food and are sent to both cells and organs in body. They not only weaken the immune system but also cause chronic health problems.

Also, while cooking in these metal or ceramic pots, the heat is too harsh and causes serious damage to the nutrients and cooks by dissolving them rather than preserving them intact. Additionally, water-soluble nutrients evaporate as steam.

The result — food contaminated with toxins and lacking in nutritional value. You can hardly imagine the serious damage done to your health when you keep consuming such food regularly for a long time. Worried? Let’s focus on the solution.

A Viable Alternative

The only viable alternative is a material that is not only 100% non-toxic but can also keep the nutritional value of food intact while cooking. Recently, clay has gathered some popularity as a healthier alternative. But few people are aware that in order to make cookware from clay through any mechanized process, it needs to be treated with chemicals. Like metal cookware, these leach toxins into food while cooking and defy the whole purpose of using clay.

Read about an easy and reliable home test to identify what is leaching from your cookware?

It is important that the clay used is 100% pure and free from any kind of chemicals. Tests have shown that food cooked in pure clay pots is free from toxins. But this is not the only benefit. Such pots generate a unique far-infrared heat that penetrates deep into food and is distributed evenly without damaging the nutrients.

Also, the steam can be managed well with an ergonomic design of pot and lid. It can uniquely allow steam to circulate inside and let food cook with its own steam pressure. With straight walls of the pot, if it’s made in concentric circles with an inner flute on the lid and a cool underside of a knob will allow for steam to rise, get condensed and drop right back into the pot. This does not allow the water-soluble nutrients to evaporate as steam. Unlike metal pots, the heat produced in pure clay pots is food-friendly. It cooks food gently by spreading out evenly to every grain of food.

All these features not only keep the food healthy but also retain the natural taste.

Gastric Ulcers And Their Symptoms

You are a sane individual; you have just been told you have an ulcer. Jumping for joy? I thought not! Ulcers are a painful introduction to one's life and will require huge changes in lifestyle to reduce the pain and alleviate the condition. Of course, this is only of any worth, if the patient knows that they have an ulcer, if he / she is unaware as to how to recognize the symptoms of a gastric ulcer then the condition will only get a lot worse.

Abdominal pain is usually the most common symptom that an ulcer may be present. The pain can last a long time, sometimes up to several hours, or it could only appear as a stabbing pain and disappear as quickly as it arrived. Being a gastric ulcer, meaning it is of the stomach, it is most likely to rear it's painful head during or just after eating.

The other symptom to watch for is the most alarming situation of internal bleeding. This bleeding will normally make itself identical in stools. This is not always the case however, and the ulcer could cause internal bleeding which goes un-noticed for a long period of time. Jerry Lewis learned that he had internal bleeding for a very long time going completely un-noticed. However, the painkillers he was taking had suppressed all other symptoms of his gastric ulcer, which I'm sure didnt help the situation!

If a patient starts to notice such symptoms, do not hesitate to seek medical attention, it is much better to seek advise and catch a condition early than it is to sit on it and it be too late. The longer a gastric ulcer is left to develop, the worse it will become and people can end up very poorly indeed. Once any symptoms occur, get them treated straight away and then you can carry on leading a perfectly healthy life.

All Types of Stomach Diseases Predicted in Astrology

The planetary positions in a horoscope will clearly indicate the nature of the disease one would suffer from, the time and the cause of physical suffering can be previously ascertained and an appropriate remedy can be made to minimize the malefic affects.

Factors Responsible For Stomach Ailments

· Sun: fever, bile, Sun causes physical disorders and those arising from Heat.

· Moon: stomach, fluidic and lymphatic systems, diabetes, anemia

· Mars: inflammatory, bile, gall bladder, boils, burns, tumors, causes inflammatory disorders.

· Jupiter: absorptive system, diabetes, jaundice, stomach problems, abscesses.

· Saturn: denotes chronic complaints, stomach problems, gastric problems, different forms of cancers, tumors

· Rahu [dragon head]: diseases of spleen, ulcer, diseases difficult to be diagnosed

· Ketu [dragon tail]: stomach troubles, pains, diseases from unknown causes, wounds

· Mercury: abdomen, bowels, bile

· Virgo / 6th house : intestinal and digestive organisms, abdominal diseases, solar plexus and bowels

· Scorpio / 8th house : excretory system and bladder

Different Combinations for Stomach Problems

Constipation and Flatulent dyspepsia [gastric problem]

· Sun, Moon and Mars in 6th, indicates gastric problems.

· Ascendant is Capricorn / Aquarius, waning Moon and a malefic placed in it.

· Waning Moon and a malefic placed in 6th / 8th

· Moon and a malefic posited in 6th and expected by a malefic

· Ascendant is aspected by Mars and Venus, and a malefic planet posited in 6th and being expected by a malefic planet gives the problem of chronic constipation

Dyspepsia and anorexia [impaired function of digestive system]

· 8th lord is weak, malefic planets posited in ascendant and 8th indications weak digestive system

· Mars in ascendant and 6th lord is weak

· Lords of 6th and 12th exchange their homes

Diarrhoea and Dysentery

· Jupiter in Virgo / 6th, being afflicted

· Venus in 7th with a malefic and expected by a malefic, causes dysentery and diarrhoea to the native

· Jupiter and Moon in 6th, in their period and sub period there may be chances of having the problems of diarrhoea and dysentery

Acidity

· Sun in 6th, aspected by a malefic and lord of 6th is with malefic chances of having acidity increases

· Sun in 8th, a malefic in 2nd and the Mars is weak gives the problem of acidity

· Lord of ascendant and mercury are posited in 6th

Peptic ulcer

· Mars in 7th with a malefic and aspected by a malefic gives the problem of peptic ulcers

· Moon is with a malefic being being placed in 6th, aspected by a malefic and Mars is placed in 7th native may suffer from peptic ulcer

Colitis

· 12th and 6th lords exchange each other houses, the native may suffer from colitis near stomach pain

Cancer of abdomen

· 5th house afflicted by Saturn and Rahu gives the problem of stomach cancer

· 6th / 8th / 12th lord, aspect by Saturn and Rahu give serious diseases like cancer in that part of body in which the lords are posited. Like 6th lord posited in 5th house aspect by Saturn and Rahu may give stomach cancer.

· Saturn and Mars posited in 6th, expected by the Sun / Rahu, having weak ascendant, the native may suffer from prolonged stomach problem may result in cancer

Ascitis [abdominal dropsy]

· Saturn in Cancer sign and Moon in Capricorn, gives the problem of stomach dropsy

Fistula and piles

· Jupiter is with the lord of 6th / 8th and placed in 7th / 8th house, gives the problem of fistula and piles

· Ascendant and Mars are in Virgo and associated / expected by Mercury the disease of fistula arises

· Lord of ascendant aspected by Mars, gives the problem of piles

· Saturn is placed in ascendant and Mars in 7th, the native may suffer from piles.

Vomiting

· Saturn / Jupiter being lord of 6th, placed in 4th, the native may have vomiting tendencies.

· Waning Moon and a malefic placed in 6th / 8th indicative vomiting tendencies

BY

GEETA JHA [SPIRITUAL HEALER]

INDIA

Cold Compress

This is a local application using a cloth which has been wrung out in cold water. The cloth should be folded into a broad strip and dipped in cold water or ice water. The compression is generally applied to the head, neck, chest, abdomen, and back.

The cold compress is an effective means of controlling inflammatory conditions of the liver, spleen, stomach, kidneys, intestines, lungs, brain, pelvic organs and so on. It is also advantageous in cases of fever and heart disease. The cold compress soothes dermities and inflammations of external portions of the eye. When the eyeball is affected, the cold compress should follow a short fomentation.

Healing compress

This is a cold compress covered in such a manner as to bring warmth. A heating compress consists of three or four folds of linen cloth wrung out in cold water which is then covered completely with dry flannel or blanket to prevent the circulation of air and help accumulation of body heat. It is sometimes applied for several hours. The duration of the application is determined by the amount and location of the surface involved, the nature and thickness of the coverage and the water temperature. After removing the compress, the area should be rubbed with a wet cloth and then dried with a towel.

A heating compress can be applied to the throat, chest, abdomen, and joints. A throat compress relie sore throat, hoarseness, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and laryngitis. An abdominal compress helps those suffering from gastritis, hyperacidity, indigestion, jaundice, constipation, diarrhoea, dysentery and other ailments related to the abdominal organs. The chest compress also known as chest pack, relieves cold, bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, fever, cough and so on, while the joints compress is helpful for inflamed joints, rheumatism, rheumatic fever and sprains.

What Is Bile Reflux

We are all familiar with the condition acid reflux Bile reflux is another condition that is not discussed as much, but is very similar and sometimes can be confused with acid reflux.

First, let me educate you a little bit about what bile is. Bile is a digestive fluid produced in the liver. Some of the components that make up bile are:

* Water

* Cholesterol

* Bile pigments

* Bile salts

Bile is placed in the gallbladder and while eating is discharged into the duodenum where the bile aids the process of digestion of fats.

Bile reflux is the result of bile that travels up from your small intestine into your stomach and esophagus BR is sometimes confused with acid reflux because a person can experience some of the same symptoms and bile (like GERD) irritates the lining of your esophagus, potentially increasing your risk of esophageal cancer.

One thing that makes bile reflux different from acid reflux is that it can not be treated with little lifestyle changes or diet. It has to be treated with prescribed medication or, in sever cases, with surgery.

Another thing that makes BR different is this condition irritates the stomach, which causes a gnawing or burning sensation in your upper abdomen.

Because acid reflux and BR are quite similar it can sometimes be a bit confusing to identify the symptoms. Here are a few symptoms that will help you to detect BR:

* Nausea

* Vomiting bile

* Hooterseness

* Unintentional weight loss

Some of the causes of this condition are a peptic ulcer and gallbladder removal. A peptic ulcer obstructs the pyloric valve. When this happens the valve does not open enough to allow your stomach to empty as quickly as it should.

As a result, foods and beverages will lead to increased gastric pressure that causes the refluxed bile and stomach acid to back up into your esophagus.

If you had your gallbladder removed then there's a good chance that your body produces more bile than those who have not had their gallbladders removed.

Diagnosing BR is a more difficult procedure than acid reflux, so it requires more exams. Your doctor will also check for damage to your esophagus and for any pre-cancerous changes. Here are some of the exams doctors use to diagnoseose BR:

* Ambulatory Acid Tests – These exams use an acid-measuring probe to identify when, and for how long, acid regurgitates into your esophagus. Ambulatory acid tests are negative in people with bile reflux.

* Endoscopy – In this test, your doctor places a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera (endoscope) down your throat. The endoscope can show ulcerations or infection in your stomach or esophagus and can reveal a peptic ulcer.

* Esophageal impedance – Rather than measuring acid, this test can measure whether gas or liquids reflux into the esophagus. It's helpful for people who have regurgitation of substances that are not acidic and there would not be detected by a pH probe.

If not properly treated there can be some serious complications to your health. BR and GERD can cause serious harm to the tissue in your esophagus. The combination of these two conditions can cause other problems like:

* Heartburn

* Esophageal narrowing

* Barrett's esophagus

* Esophageal cancer

* Gastritis

As I said before lifestyle changes can not control BR. One prescribed medication that is more used to treat BR is Ursodeoxycholic acid. This medication helps promote bile flow. UA will also help to reduce the constant symptoms and the severity of pain.

Even though proton pump inhibitors (or PPI's) are used to treat symptoms of acid reflux, the main reason for these type drugs is to reduce acid production, that may also help to reduce BR.

If taking medicine does not help or if there are pre-cancerous changes in your esophagus, then your next option is to try surgery. Diversion is a type of surgery that doctors use to treat BR.

Your doctor will make make a new connection for bile drain further down in your intestine, thereby diverting bile away from your stomach. This procedure is known as Roux-en-Y (roo-en-wi).

Because some types of operations are often more successful than others, it's always a good idea to discuss the pros and cons very carefully with your doctor.

Health Screening – A Revolutionizing Process to Prevent and Treat Any Disease Effectively

Health Screening – Prevention and Disease control.

The new "holistic health center" consist of different, completely holistic (entity body) oriented components: A) Fast, effective, pain-free and non-invasive diagnosis, B) Analyzing and immediate treatment of meridian blockages, C) Energy therapy for over 200 disease conditions including cancer, nerve- and bone related diseases, D) Health monitoring and effective prevention to avoid future disease manifestation.

A Holistic Health Center in the design of a mini-clinic will serve the urgent need of health screening and prevention. Health Screening is a new method for early non-invasive diagnosis, usually performed within a few minutes. It is based on the over 5,000 year old knowledge of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and is the first reliable Meridian Diagnostic in the world. Cost efficient and highly accurate – up 95%.

Meridian diagnostic is the core concept of efficient health analyzes. A computer based high tech measurement of the 12 main meridians and its correlated organs. It provides a complete energetically picture of a person displayed in an easy to read graphical format. The measuring points are (20) on the fingers and (20) on the toes. Overall biological energy levels, meridian balance, yin – yang, left – right, top – bottom organs, etc. is recorded and can be used for future therapy control (health screening).

Energy levels over 50% reflect health, vitality, less aging, high immune system activity. Energy levels under 50% reflect energy deficit, low immune system activity, disease condition, chronic diseases.

Therapy suggestions are displayed with exact treatment points. One of the major advantages of the Meridian Diagnostic is the advantage to discover unknown Meridian Blockages in the system. When one or more meridian blockages exists the patient becomes Therapy Resistant, which means no therapy will have a sufficient effect. With the BioGraph meridian diagnostic system we are able not only to discover blockages furthermore we can treat and "delete" those blockages immediately. The patient turns from therapy resistant into therapy receptive. The therapy effects are re-established.

The second component in the Holistic Health Center is the world leading and cost efficient "Pulsating Energy Resonance Therapy" (PERTH) acc. to Prof. Dr. Werner (Germany).

Four (4) complete professional therapy systems on a therapy bed will serve app. 32-50 people treatments per day. The capacity can be extended to 8 therapy systems and will serve more than 64 people treatments per day. The basic research of the PERTH therapy started in the early 1920's with Dr. Royal Rife (The end of all diseases), later research by over 200 Russian researcher for the space program MIR in Russia and since 1994 the research is finalized by a well known German researcher and medical professional Prof. Dr. Werner. In cooperation with leading German universities Werner developed the cancer and bone therapy programs with proven results in 1000's of medical and clinical studies.

The new PRTH P5 professional treatment system is easy to use, non-invasive, pain free and highly effective for prevention and disease treatment. The energy increase can be monitored with the Meridian Diagnosis immediately after a treatment session.

Particular meridians and related organisms are effected long time before a disease becomes a pathological issue. (green – normal, yellow – attention and red – signals treatment is necessary). For example most cancer patients have an energy level of only 25%, or energy deficit of 75%. This means the immune system is almost not functioning anymore. Fertile ground for cancer cell grow is established without major defense. Cancer can spread in the body. The reverse circumstance high energy levels – a powerful immune system, health and vitality and a non toxic environment does not allow cancer cell grow. Disease development of any kind becomes impossible. The Meridian Diagnosis and PERTH treatment combination will make those scenarios visible and immediate treatment plans can be developed. The treatment effect is tested and recorded on a patient by patient basis during the very first measurement – therapy – measurement sequence.

This reflects the most effective way to prevent any kind of disease long time before it would appear. In addition the treatment of existing diseases is not "blind" anymore and the patient-treatment response can be finalized through different therapy applicators. For example mat treatment for energy balancing and meridian harmonization, oxygen increase in the blood (65% after 10 minutes), immune system boost, better sleep and vitality etc. The treatment with the head applicator for the central nervous system, head, eye, ear, nose diseases and brain related diseases like Parkinson, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's etc. The intensive applicator for all joint related problems and to rebuild the cartilage, which is alone a phenomena and was completely impossible before. Finally a point applicator for any pain related circumstance. The PERTH therapy system is very easy to use, any therapist assistant can perform the treatment after a short introduction. As soon a therapy plan is in place patients for therapy or prevention can go in and out on their scheduled appointment without long waiting periods.

Indication:

– Degenerative bone and joint disease (hip arthritis, Bechterew's disease, Sudeck's disease)
– Arterial circulation disturbance (hardening of arteries in the leg as result of smoking, lower leg sores, stroke, heart attack)

– Asthma, allergies,

– Burnout syndrome

– Cancer, Leukemia

– Heart diseases

– Liver cirrhoses

– Eye diseases (cataract)

– Venous circulation disturbance (thrombosis, thrombophlebitis)

– Sport injuries, healing of wounds and bones, general regeneration of tissue

– Chronic turbal catarrh resistant to treatment, tympanic effusion, inflammation of the middle ear

– Stabilization of circulation

– High and low blood pressure

– Pulmonary emphysema

– Osteoporosis

– Radiant sickness

– Acute and chronic nasal cavity sicknesses

– Virus infections, allergies, migraine and asthma

– Tinnitus aurium (ear noises) and macular edema (retina damage)

– Stress, sleep and digestive problems

– Metabolic disturbances (normalization of fatty acid and pH values)

– Diabetes in the elderly

– Incontinence, bed wetting with children

– Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

– Climatic problems, potency problems

– Rheumatic disease with chronic pains

Indications are given in strict conformity with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Problems of the 10th review, accepted by the 43rd World Health Assembly.

NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES:

The sequel of nervous system inflammatory diseases (meningitis, encephalitis, myelites, encephalomyelitis), Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, migraine, headache, transitory cerebral ischaemic attacks, sleeplessness, disturbances of sleep-wake cycles, trigeminal neuralgia, facial nerve lesions, neuralgia, neuritis, phantom limb pain syndrome, mononeuropathies, polyneuropathies (including diabetic), infantile cerebral paralysis, hemiplegia, paraplegia, tetraplegia and other paralytic syndromes, vegetative nervous system disorders, vascular (neurocirculatory) dystonia, hydrocephalus, toxic and other encephalopathies, intracranial hypertension (increase of intracranial pressure), fatigue syndrome in recovery period.

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM DISEASES, NUTRITIVE AND METABOLIC DISORDERS:

Hypothyrosis, clinical manifestations of hyperthyrosis (thyro-toxicosis), diabetes mellitus, adrenal / ovarial / testicular dysfunction, local fat deposits, adiposis, bilirubin metabolism disorders, mucoviscidosis.

MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS:

Acute alcoholic inoxication, abstinent delirium (delirium tre-mens) and abstinent status without delirium, symptomatic treatment of chronic alcoholism, depressive disorders, neurotic, stress induced and somoformic disorders (tic, vegetative nervous system disorders, enuresis, logoneurosis, etc.) sleep-wake regimen destabilizations of inorganic etiology, absence or loss of sexual libido, insufficiency of sexual reaction (impotence of inorganic origin), orgasmic dysfunction, mental retardation.

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM DISEASES:

Essential (primary) arterial hypertension, hypertensive disease, arterial hypotony, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, pericarditis, endocarditis, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrest, paroxysmal tachycardia, intracerebra! hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, stroke, cerebral atherosclerosis, hypertensive encephalopathy, cardialgia (pains in the cardiac region), cerebrovas-cular diseases sequelae, diffuse atherosclerosis, Raynaud's syndrome, narrowing (obliteration) of arterioles, varicosis, lymphadenitis, lymphoid edema, lymphangitis.

RESPIRATORY ORGANS DISEASES:

Acute nasopharyngitis (nasal cold), vasomotoric and allergic rhinitis, acute pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis (angina), acute laryngitis and tracheitis, chronic rhinitis, nasopharyngitis and pharyngitis, chronic sinusitis, chronic diseases of amygdalae and adenoids, chronic laryngotracheitis, diseases of vocal cords and larynx, acute obstructive laryngitis (croup), and epiglottitis, acute respiratory infections, viral and bacterial pneumoniae (inflammations of the lungs), acute bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis, recurrent and chronic bronchitis (obstructive and non-obstructive), bronchial asthma, bronchoectasiae , pneumoconiosis (occupational pulmonary diseases), pleurites, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis.

DIGESTIVE ORGANS DISEASES:

Oral cavity diseases, pyrosis, esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux, esophageal ulcer, esophageal dyskinesia, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, acute and chronic gastritis and duodenitis of various origin, pylorospasm, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, acute and chronic gastroenteritis and colitis, irritated intestine syndrome with and without diarrhea, constipation, functional diarrhea, neu-rogenous excitability of the intestine, anal sphincter spasm, anal and rectal fissurae and fistulae, hemorrhoids, alcoholic liver disease, toxic liver lesion, acute and chronic hepatitis, hepatic fibro-sis and cirrhosis, cholelithiasis, acute and chronic cholecystitis, biliary tracts dyskinesia, acute and chronic pancreatitis, vomiting after surgical intervention on gastroenteric tract, postoperative intestinal obstruction (intestinal paresis), dysfunction after colosto-my and enterostomy, secondary disturbances of intestinal absorption, disturbance of alimentary behavior (overeating).

SKIN AND SUBCUTANEOUS FAT DISEASES:

Skin abscess, furunculi and carbunculi, panaris, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, neurodermitis, psoriasis, quincke's edema, burns (including sunburns), frostbite, focal alopecia (baldness), follicular cysts of the skin and subcutaneous fat, hyperhidrosis sweating), vitiligo, callosities, atrophic skin lesions (trophic ulcers), hypertrophic skin lesions (keloid cicatrices), erysipelas.

DISEASES OF BONES, MUSCLES AND CONNECTIVE TISSUE:

Infection, postinfection and reactive arthropathiae, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile arthritis, gout, polyarthrosis, osteoarthritis deformans, articular cartilage lesions, ligaments lesions, joints luxations and subluxations, hemarthrosis, exudate in the joint, pain in the joint, rigidity of the joints, osteophytes (spurs), lupus erythematosus, dermatopolymyositis, systemic sclerosis (including sclerodermia), systemic vasculites, scoliosis, osteo-chondrosis, torticollis, ankylosing spondylitis, spondylopathiae, spondylosis, inter-vertebral disks lesions, radiculopathiae, radiculitis, ischias, lumbago, backaches, myosites (muscles inflammation), synovites, tenosynovitis and bursites, ligaments and joints injuries, pain in the limbs, other unspecified diseases of joints and soft tissues, bones fractures, poor fractures consolidation (including age-related fracture of the neck of the femur), osteomyelitis, periostitis, periodontitis, parodontosis, parodon-titis.

DISEASES OF THE EYE AND ITS ADNEXA:

Hordeolum and chalazion, blepharitis, dacryocystitis, chronic inflammation of lacrimal ducts, acute and chronic conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, corneal scars and opacities, cataract, retinal breaks and detachment, diabetic retinopathy, open-angle glaucoma, optic neuritis, optic atrophy, squint, myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (including age-related), blindness and lowered vision, eye pain.

DISEASES OF THE EAR AND MASTOID PROCESS:

Acute and chronic external otitis, non-purulent of middle ear, perforation of the drum membrane, tympanosclerosis, neurosen-sory hypoacusis, ototoxic hypoacusis, pain in the ear.

UROGENITAL SYSTEM DISEASES:

Glomerulonephritis, acute and chronic nephritic syndrome, acute and chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis, acute and chronic pyelonephritis, reflux-uropathy, toxic nephropathy, hydronephrosis (without obstruction), urolithiasis, renal ischemia or infarction, acquired renal cyst, acute and chronic cystitis, neuromuscular dysfunction of the urinary bladder, urethritis, urinary tract infection without definite localization, enuresis; hyperplasia of the prostate, adenoma of the prostate, acute and chronic prostatitis, prostatocystitis, prostatic calculus, orchi-tis and epididimitis, balanopostitis, vascular disorders of male genital organs, certain forms of male sterility; mastopathia fibrocystica, mastitis, lactostasis, nipple cracks and fistulae; salpingitis and oophoritis, vulvovaginitis, incomplete vaginal prolapse, ovarian cysts, incorrectwomb positions, cervical erosis, myoma and fibromyoma, absence of menstruations, poor and rare menstruations, frequent, irregular menstruations, premenstrual syndrome, menstrual pain, early menopause, climacteric status, recurrent abortion, secondary female sterility.

PREGNANCY, CHILDBIRTH AND POSTNATAL PERIOD:

Arterial hypertension as complication of pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period, edema and proteinuria caused by pregnancy, nephropathy of pregnancy, excessive vomiting of the pregnant, hemorrhoids, diabetes mellitus, herpes of the pregnant, arterial hypotony syndrome in mother, preparation for childbirth, anesthesia during childbirth, hypothermia of unclear origin appearing after childbirth, changes of mammary gland and lactation.

CERTAIN CONDITIONS APPEARING IN PERINATAL PERIOD:

Lesions of fetus and newborn caused by mother's diseases and complications of pregnancy and childbirth, birth defects, intrau-terine hypoxia, respiratory disorders of fetus and newborn, non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage in fetus and newborn, neonatal jaundice, transitory neonatal endocrine disorders, digestive disorders in perinatal period, thermoregulation disorders and skin changes in fetus and newborn, regurgitation, vomiting, poor sucking and overfeeding, muscular tonus lesion in newborn.

SIGNS, SIGNS AND DEVIATIONS FROM NORM FOUND OUT DURING CLINICAL AND LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS:

Increased blood pressure without diagnosed hypertension, cough, stridor, wheezing respiration, hiccup, sneezing, pain in throat and chest, pain in stomach and pelvic region, nausea andomiting, pyrosis, meteorism, lesions of skin sensitivity, pain associated with urination, retention of urine, loss of consciousness and coma, nervousness, anxiety and excitation in association with failures and disorders, emotional shock and stress, speech and voice disorders (dysarthria, dyslexia, dysphonia), fever of unclear origin, headache, indisposition and fatigue, syncope and collapse, senility (without psychosis).

When Does a Leaking Heart Valve Mean Heart Valve Surgery?

A leaking heart valve fortunately, does not always mean valve surgery. And, heart valve surgery, if it becomes necessary, does not always have to mean that you'll need an open-heart surgery.

In fact, most people with a leaking valve disorder, are totally unaware of their valvular disease. Their mildly leaking valve condition goes undetected because it just never progresses to the point of needing treatment.

Symptoms which may indicate that your leaking heart valve also called valve regurgitation is worsening to the point of needing some form of treatment are: unexplained fatigue, shortness-of-breath especially when you exert yourself, heart palpitations, an awareness of your heart beat, fluttery or irregular heart beat, chest pain also referred to as angina, dizziness or false, and swollen ankles or feet.

The heart valves are made to move your blood through your heart in one direction. When there is valve leakage, the valve leaflets fail to close properly, and some of the blood is regurgitated backwards in the wrong direction.

In severe heart valve leakage or regurgitation, the heart has to work much harder to re-pump the blood back through your heart and into your body. This "over-work" causes enlargement of the heart.

If you begin to notice that your normal everyday activities are tiring you out, and you're experiencing one or more of the symptoms we've already mentioned, it may be time for you to visit your Doctor or cardiologist.

For example, do you notice that walking up your drive to the mail box is exhausting, or maybe just bending over to take clothes from the dryer causes chest pain, or do you experience breathlessness just from being outdoors the heat? These could all be signs of heart valve disease.

Your GP can listen to your heart with a stethoscope. Often, just listening to your heart can tell your Doctor if you have a heart murmur. Depending upon the severity of the murmur he or she hears, your GP may refer you to a cardiologist.

The cardiologist's diagnosis will probably include one or more of the following tests:

– an electrocardiogram (ECG), a test that measures the electrical activity of your heart to see how well it is working
– an echocardiogram, an ultrasound scan that produces a picture of the inside of your heart – a chest X-ray – a heart cath, a small tube (catheter) is threaded up to your heart through an artery – usually in your groin. A dye that shows up on X-rays is injected into your blood stream and X-rays are taken to produce an image of the blood flowing through your heart – a cardiac CT scan that uses X-rays to make a three-dimensional image of your heart.

If these tests show that you have a severely leaking heart valve, then, you will probably require some form of heart surgery. When possible, heart valve repair surgery is always preferable to valve replacement surgery because your heart tissue is being used to make the repair; however, if you need a valve replacement, the artificial and pig valves are overwhelmingly successful.

As of this writing, the only approved option for treating severely leaking heart valves is open-heart surgery with heart-lung bypass. But, if your problem is a leaking mitral valve, you just might be in luck, some 30 hospitals across North America are now participating in an FDA-approved clinical study of an experimental device for repairing a leaking mitral valve, which does NOT require open -heart surgery.

This is really exciting news! Amazingly, this minimally invasive procedure can repair a leaking mitral heart valve while the heart is still beating. In this FDA-approved clinical study, an experimental device and procedure use a catheter inserted into a vein in the groin.

Artery Disease – The Killer Among Us

What do our arteries do?

The human body is an incredible machine and the thing that keeps it all going is the heart. This organ is our pump and the blood pumped around our body by this pump is transported around via arteries and veins. Therefore, it is imperative that any disease to these arteries is prevented or treated as a matter of urgency.

Diseases that can affect the arteries

Any form of arterial disease is dangerous due to the death of organs by oxygen starvation. This can happen when there is a blockage in the artery.

The most common artery disease in the Western world is hardening of the arteries. It is most commonly caused by age but can also be affected by other factors as well, affecting the rate of progressive illness. Hardening of the arteries is called arteriosclerosis.

Another disease is atheroma which is a condition in which fatty deposits can be found on the walls of the treaties. This increases generally as the body ages.

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a naturally occurring ingredient of the blood and, if it leaks into the inside of the artery, it forms a fatty streak that is the beginning of the atheromatous process. As this streak grows, its surface may break down, triggering a clotting mechanism that causes a mixture of fibrous tissue and fatty tissue to form in the arterial wall. This is called an atheromatous plaque. When this continues to grow, it begins to block the blood filled space of the artery.

Occasionally, there are changes in the deep arterial wall where fibrous tissue forms on the wall side of the atheromatous plaque which then progresses to the stage where it is blocking the interior of the artery. Here, a blockage of the artery occurs. Even when there is a partial blockage, the flow of blood past the obstruction is hindered and the resulting clot may cause a total blockage known as a thrombosis.

There is also the possibility of an embolism which occurs when parts of an atheromatous plaque dislodge and travel towards a smaller artery which may then become blocked.

Atheroma is most likely to happen in parts of the arterial wall that are most prone to stress and movement such as sites where arms branch off into smaller arteries. The lining at these sites is subject to greater stretching which allows more cholesterol to invade the wall.

What happens if the artery is blocked?

Every organ in the body is a relatively area of ​​arterial disease because oxygen is supplied to them via the arteries. If atheoma disorders blood supply to any limb or organ, then it will certainly die. If this happens to tissue, it is known as infarction. If it happens to a limit, it is commonly known as gangrene.

For obvious reasons, the most severe problems from the effects of atheroma are those affecting the heart, the brain, the legs, and the aorta.

Heart attacks

Because the two coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart are under more stress than any other artery, this organ is particularly susceptible to atheoma or blockage of the arteries. When a coronary artery becomes blocked, it may be called a coronary thrombosis or a myocardial infarction. The myocardium is the heart muscle; thus, when it is deprived of blood, it dies and is called an infarction.

Another problem which affects the heart is when the atheroma is causing a partial blockage where there is only enough blood getting through to keep the heart supplied when it is at rest. When the body is active, it increases the need for blood in the heart and poor supply or no supply creates a starvation of oxygen. This creates pain in the heart and this pain is known as angina pectoris or just as angina. Often, the conditions known as angina and myocardial infarction are lumped together under the name of ischemic heart disease as they are both results of lack of oxygen. Ischemia means a lack of oxygen without total deprivation.

Strokes

In the brain, atherosclerosis can cause a stroke. Strokes may be minor or fatal and may happen because an artery has become blocked as a result of atheroma or embolism. It can also occur as a result of an artery leaking blood into the brain because of a weakness in the wall.

If the legs are affected, they become very painful, particularly during exercise. If the atheroma in the legs is severe, it may result in gangrene which may then require amputation of the leg as a consequence.

Two things can happen if the atheroma affects the aorta. The wall of the aorta may balloon out because of the weakening in the wall. This creates a swelling known as an aneurysm. Although most aneurysms are found in the abdomen, they may also be found in the chest. The aneurysm may continue to expand and then leak with disastrous results. The only treatment in this accident is surgery.

Risk factors

The two most well established risk factors for atheroma are high blood pressure and diabetes. There are also some genetic factors which appear to put people at higher risk. Cholesterol levels, if not suppress low, may also put you at a higher risk.

Prevention of artery disease

There are some things that a person can do to prevent the development of atheromatous conditions such as obtaining effective treatment for high blood pressure and diabetes. A doctor may also prescribe medication to lower cholesterol levels.

The other important thing to do to prevent or propone atheroma is to stop smoking, or never start smoking, as nicotine can counteract the positive effects of other measures. As well as lowering the chance of heart disease, general health will improve.

Pau D'Arco – Pau D Arco Effectively Treats Infections, Arthritis, Even Complications of AIDS

Although it has been used for centuries, its fame really began in the 1960s. Dr. Theodore Meyer learned about the use of pau d'arco (pronounced powdy arco) by natives of the tropical rain forest of the Amazon. They had used the inner bark of this hardwood tree as a medicine. Dr. Meyer followed their lead and claimed he successfully cured five advanced cases of leukemia with it. The herb suddenly rose to fame! A decade later however, the National Cancer Institute determined that the quantity needed of the cancer curing drug in the herb would have too many dangerous side effects. As a result, the "miracle drug" lost its place of prestige.

In spite of this negative report, pau d'arco has since been used successfully to treat such things as fevers, arthritis, infections, malaria, skin problems, cancers, and even complications of AIDS. Two reasons for the discrepancy between the research and reality are these.

First, the research isolated the chemical lapachol in the herb that they treated cured the cancer. Since then Researchers have isolated over 20 active chemicals in pau d'arco. Some feel it is a combination of some or all these together that makes it effective. Second, it has been shown that the use of the whole herb does not create the side effects that extracted lapachol causes.

Pau d'arco has effectively treated malaria, yeast infections, tuberculosis, strep, and dysentery. Taken in small dosages increases immune system activity and in large doses suppresses some immune responses such as inflammation. Its anti-inflammatory work have given pau d'arco promise as a treatment for arthritis, allergies, ulcers, skin problems, and other similar conditions. Add to that list diabetes, flu, lupus, parasites, and skin diseases, and it is easy to see why it was once toted as a 'wonder drug.'

This herb is available in health food stores in capsules, tinctures, and as dried bark. The recommended dosage is one to two capsules or one to two droppers of tissue taken one to four times per day, depending on the condition and patient.

Tea can be made from the bark by adding one tbsp of bark for every three cups of water. The tea should be boiled for twenty minutes or longer in a non-aluminum pot. One cup of tea can be taken three or four times daily for acute conditions. One-half cup three or four times daily is recommended for other conditions. This herb tea has a cool, bitter flavor.

Pregnant and nursing women should not use this herb until it is adequately researched. It has been shown to have blood-thinning actions in some people, and may cause anemia when used long term. Possible side effects from ingesting too much pau d'arco include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and stomach cramps. Another precaution consumers should heed is assuring that the product they purchase is produced by a reputable manufacturer. Some tested have very few active ingredients. The pau d'arco imported from Argentina is generally considered to be the highest quality bark.

Venture Funding – The Indian Growth Story!

Brimming with young energy, India presently is a fertile ground of opportunities for the businesses of all sizes. Whether it’s a start-up or a firm looking at growth and diversification, the Indian market is highly receptive to “ideas” right now. Market trends project eCommerce, logistics, IT, and the hospitality sectors as the game changers. As they become stronger, the demand for resources – human, capital, and liquid – is also increasing. The share of these sectors in increasing in the GDP and are currently offering improved employment opportunities. Deservingly enough, a convincing present and the promising 5-year economic outlooks are pulling in huge venture capital (VC) funding from within the India and outside. In 2014, the country with $4.6 billion in its booty is the third highest venture capital funding destination after the US ($58.9bn) and China ($8.9bn). (Source: The Times of India) Bangalore topped the national chart claiming over 50% ($2.6bn) of the total funding.

Besides facilitating the business scale, the cash inflow has also instilled confidence in the entrepreneurs to try out the untested & innovative concepts. This has also fuelled the quick and profitable business decision-making. As a result, new ideas are floating – startups, takeovers, buyouts, mergers & acquisitions, expansion, diversification – the business structures have inbuilt flexibility to adapt with the change. Accordingly, diverse funding & financing patterns are enforced when sealing the deals. While the Venture Capital funding is limited in terms of investment, returns, and management control, the Private Equity (PE) players get to steer the businesses to quite a degree. With a much higher investment bandwidth, they have a wider ownership stake and therefore, a pivotal role in the company’s strategic decision-making. Although, VCs sometimes find a profitable exit in India a challenge, the PE firms look at a patient 5 to 10-year projection and are often able to reap good yield. Another funding type, the angel investors can get involved, even at the seed money stage and aim mostly for multiplied returns quickly, usually within a 5-year term. Overall, just like any business deal, the VCs (in any format) too prefer to scout for newer ideas with a potential for returns.

Set up in 1993, the Indian Private Equity & Venture Capital Association (IVCA) aims to organize a venture capital and private equity industry in India to encourage entrepreneurship and business innovation. Since 2006, the association has witnessed growth, which accelerated in 2009. Needless to add, the tech and ecommerce funding sweeps the ‘propagating’ list. With Flipkart standing tall at a total of approx. $1200 million in August 2014, Snapdeal is second with around $233 million, surely a massive lag from its competitor. Quikr follows next with $90 million. Myntra, ANI Technologies, Hungama Digital Media, Freshdesk, iYogi, Jabong, BigTree, all fall in the $25-$50 funding band, in that order.

Brain tumor Cancer Types And Treatment Options

Brain cancer is a disease in which particular cells in the brain grow and form a mass that interferees with the general functioning of the brain like muscle control, sensation, memory and such other functions that help you control your body. Tumors that are made up of cancerous cells grow and spread to other parts of the brain. These are called malignant tumors. Those tumors that are non cancerous, do not spread and are basically localized. These are called benign tumors. Primary tumors are those that develop in the brain cells. Secondary tumors are those that develop in other parts of the body and then spread to the brain. These are also called as metastatic tumors.

Brain cancer grades

There are four different classifications of brain cancers:

Grade I – Benign tumors with a slow growth rate. Look like normal brain cells.

Grade II – Malignant tumors that look less normal than Grade I tumors.

Grade III – Malignant tumors that look very different from normal cells. They grow actively and look distinctly abnormal.

Grade IV – Malignant tumors with distinctly abnormal looking cells that grow and spread rapidly.

Brain tumor cancer treatment

Brain cancer treatment approach is customized as per individual diagnosis. The treatments depend on the cancer type, the location in the brain, the size of the tumor and the age and general health of the patient.

The treatment options for brain tumors are categorized as surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. As per individual diagnosis, a combination of any of the above mentioned methods is used.

With surgery, the tumor is cut away from normal tissues. This is an invasive approach to treat cancer. The other two methods are non invasive. Radiation therapy helps destroy the tumor with high energy radiation that is focused on the tumor to destroy the cells. It destroys the ability of the tumor to replicate and spread. Generally X – Rays or Gamma rays are used for this purpose. The radiation is highly focused and does not affect the healthy tissues surrounding the tumor.

In chemotherapy, certain drugs and medicines are used to destroy the tumor causing cells. There are many types of drugs used. These drugs are designed to fight different types of cancer cells. The entire procedure keeps the healthy cells safe from the effects of the drugs.

Some tumors are declared as inoperable because, surgically removing them can negatively affect other parts of the brain. The surgeon takes this call. However, it is very important to understand that one surgeon may declare a tumor inoperable, but another surgeon may be able to operate it. It's a good idea to take a few opinions before giving up.

Other treatment options may include heat treatments and immunotherapy. For all procedures stated, there are some side effects. With surgery, there could be swelling, a possible damage to healthy tissues or seizures. With chemotherapy, patients can experience nausea, vomiting, hair loss and low energy levels. Radiation therapy is known to have similar side effects as chemotherapy.

Pneumonia In Children – Learn About Symptoms And Treatment Plans

Pneumonia is a lung infection, either in one lung or in both. When both lungs are infected, it is called double pneumonia. If the infection is mild, the visit to your doctor may be avoided and your kid can continue his day-to-day activities normally, it is called walking pneumonia.

Lungs play an important role in the respiratory system of our body. The air that we breathe in, has oxygen which is Filtrated in the lungs. This filtered oxygen is then circulated around the body by blood that is passed by the alveoli from breathing tubes. Minute blood vessels or Capillaries are circumvented by little air sacs called alveoli. Typically, there are over 600 million alveoli in our human body. The air which is absorbed is added to the alveoli and the extracted oxygen is dissolved in our blood. It is the responsibility of the RBCs to circulate the oxygen to every part of the body. Oxygen is essential in the efficient working of the system and provide supply of oxygen may harm the organs and at times, it can be critical. This operation gets affected when the lungs are attacked by pneumonia.

Pneumonia affects the proper working of the lungs, since the infection creates fluid which blocks the alveoli. Successively the oxygen does not go deep into the lungs and very less oxygen is given to the blood. Respiration is affected and the shape worsens when both lungs are infected by pneumonia.

Persons of every age group, from children to old may be affected by pneumonia. A common myth among the people is that the person may catch pneumonia if they get wet often. But in reality, bacteria or virus infects the person. When a human infected with cold or flu faces worsening in their condition, then he may be affected by pneumonia. This occurs since the irritation induced by the cold or flu aids the pneumonia microbes to enter the lungs and spread the infection.

The bacteria or virus which induces pneumonia may cause hormones, and the severity depends upon the general health of the kid. If bacteria causes the infection, then the kid may fall ill very soon and will get fever with very high temperature along with chills. Pneumonia that is induced by virus grows very slowly and also takes a long time to cure. The kid may also suffer headache, chest pain, muscle pain, and or cough. The kid may suffer breathing difficulty, so he will breath faster, which may make him spit out floppy mucus. The kid might have to totally refrain from eating.

While given the appropriate treatment, the child may regain fully. The physicist will first analyze the breathing and heartbeat using the stethoscope. And the stethoscope also aids in examining the lungs, and the noise produced by the lungs serve in checking if it carries some fluids. Sounds characterized by bubbling or crackling indicate the attack of pneumonia. A chest X-ray might be taken too. The White uneven area indicates fluid buildup. By viewing the X-ray, the physician can determine whether the infection was stimulated by virus or bacteria. If it is stimulated by bacteria, then antibiotics may be prescribed. And when it is hard for the kid to accept the medicine or retain it inside, the kid will be shot with IV fluid. Whenever virus is the reason for the infection, antibiotic medicines will not work. Cough medicine along with fever reducers, may be supplied in such cases. The medications will be useless, if the kid does not take sufficient rest and excess liquids.

Injections may be taken to prevent the attack of pneumonia. The series of injections are called pneumococcal. Normal flu injections may also be useful, especially for children who have bronchial asthma or any other forms of lung infection. Sleep and rest also tones up the immune system. Regularly cleaning the hands can help in keeping harmful germs away.

5 Great Koozie Ideas

A koozie is a super way to keep your beer / drink cool, especially on warm days when you are outdoors enjoying the scenery. They are available in a variety of great personalized designs so you can have one made that fits your personality. Having a koozie does more than just keep your drinks cold. They serve as a way to hold onto slippery cans of drinks and to help you identify yours when many others have their drinks in the same area. Some koozies are even designed to work on very short bottles.

Koozies are fantastic party favors for all your guests to enjoy. If you are having a wedding reception considering getting koozies made that have your names and wedding date. Halloween is a common time when parties are held for children. You can get Koozie's with the children's name and even Halloween designs on them. Fourth of July and Birthdays are great koozie opportunities also. You can make personalized Koozies for both children and adults with fun sayings. You can have then say something like Bill Never Leaves Home Without His Koozie or Stacey's! Do not Touch! Many people take basic Koozies and customize them even further by gluing on their own pictures of fun moments.

Koozies make a great personalized gift for new parents or new grandparents. You can include the name and birthdate of the new addition. If you want you can even have a baby themed picture added to it. There is also the option of adding the baby's own picture. The happy parent can keep in their keepsake chest for many years. Many companies hold company picnics and Christmas parties to show their appreciation for their employees. Customized Koozies with the employee's names on them make a great gift for the evening. You can also offer them with the information for the business. What better way to have phone number and website address available.

Koozies are not very expensive so you can easily have several printed up with your company information. Give them away as part of proposals or even toss them to the crowd during a local parade or concert. This is a great method of advertising without having to spend too much money. It is also quite original and each time the Koozie gets used they will see your information. The internet is a great place to find someone to make your customized Koozies.

In most cases you will get a great discount if you buy a large number of them. It does take several weeks to get them completed so make sure you order them early. Koozies are not just keeping your drinks cold anymore they offer you a fun and personal way to share the fun with others. You can also protect your drink from the hands of someone else when there are so many different drinks in one area. There are also Koozies for bottles including basic sized water bottles and various size bottlenecks such as beer bottles.

All About Bronchitis

Bronchitis is a respiratory system disease that is mostly found in the cold seasons. This is mainly because bronchitis is caused by viruses that also give us the flu or the cold. Bronchitis can also be caused by a bacteria, but this is not a very common bronchitis case. The bronchial tubes have linings that get inflated when you develop bronchitis.
This makes it harder from air to travel to the lungs. In bronchitis, mucus is also produced, which is mainly formed in your airway. So as you can see, bronchitis is a disease that affects your ability to breathe properly.

There are two very well known types of bronchitis: the acute form of bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. In people who suffer from asthma, we can find another type of bronchitis, related to asthma. As this is not a very common case of bronchitis, we will speak less of it. The most common form of bronchitis, the acute one is a short illness. People usually get acute bronchitis after they have either either cold or the flu. The main characteristic of acute bronchitis is cough together with sputum, colored green.

Another acute bronchitis symptom is soreness in the center of your chest. Fever may also characterize acute bronchitis, but it is usually just a mild one. Shortness of breath can also be found in cases of acute bronchitis because of the narrowing of the airways.

The second type of bronchitis, the chronic bronchitis is a longer long lasting disease. It can last up to three years. Chronic bronchitis is also characterized by cough, but a much severe one, unlike in acute bronchitis. If you suffer from chronic bronchitis, problems breathing are also included in the list. Because of the gravity of chronic bronchitis, people who suffer from it may also have infections in their lungs. This as well will make breathing even much worse.

The most common way to get bronchitis is by contacting a virus. This travels into your bronchi, causing infection. Your body will then start to fight the virus that caused bronchitis. As a result, there will be more swelling and the quantity produced will be larger. The most known virus that causes bronchitis is the sams one that causes the cold. There are also cases when a bacteria is responsible for bronchitis, most likely after viral infections, such as a cold. If you are a smoker, you are more at risk of developing chronic bronchitis and you will also recover much slower after acute bronchitis.

Osteonecrosis of the Femur – Hip Resurfacing Surgery, Alternatives to Hip Replacement

Osteonecrosis is a condition due arising from a reduction of blood supply to bone. It affects most importantly the upper end of the femur. If left untreated it progresses to bony collapse and arthritis. The causes are many like alcohol abuse, steroid intake, Caisson's disease, Gaucher's disease.

The patient can experience sudden pain in the hips which radiates to the knee and can be confused for knee pain. Gait is painful. In early cases, x- rays are negative and MR scans are diagnostic. Treatment in the early stages is controversial and there are no clear guidelines.

Prolonged bed rest and crutch walking have not been shown to relate pain or halt progress of the disease.

Treatment in late cases

Core decompression does ameliorate symptoms. It is minimally invasive and does not involve a replacement. If it fails then a replacement is possible at a later date.

Treatment in late cases with advanced destruction

Treatment is by a total hip replacement if bony destruction is extensive. A partial or total surface hip replacement is done if destruction is restricted to the surface cartilage alone. Since it occurs in young individuals, a Surface Hip replacement is a better option as it preserves bony stock and a total hip replacement can still be done at a later date. Resurfacing of the hip is restricted to those cases of osteo necrosis where the amount of destruction is less than 30 percent of the head.

Where it exceeds thirty percent, a new type of hip prosthesis called the Proxima hip is available in Chennai.

This Proxima hip is an unforgettable metal on metal large diameter bearing. It has been performed for avascular necrosis and other conditions like ankylosing spondylitis, post traumatic arthritis following acetabular fraction.

Vascularised fiblar graft is done with the help of a microvascular surgeon.