All About Upper Back and Neck Pain

Back pain is of various kinds. Upper back and neck pains are just few out of many. Many of us know that this can occur to anyone of us at any time. Neck and upper back pain is as painful and troublesome as lower back pain.

Usually injury or strains are the most common reasons for back problems that originate in the upper parts of our backs. Sometimes you can get a pinched nerve that causes upper back pain and one problem when that happens is headaches. Concentration, enthusiasm, and mood is affected by this type of pinched nerve.

Although upper back pain is not as common as lower back pain but it still affects many people. Let’s first discuss what the upper back is made of. The upper back is composted of the thoracic spine. The thoracic spine consists of 12 vertebrae. These vertebrae are connected with 9 of the 12 rib bones. The breast bone is perpendicular to the thoracic spine. Rib bones are also connected to the breast bone. The thoracic cage consists of the breastbone, ribs and the thoracic spine. Thoracic means “chest” All of the upper organs are protected by the chest cage.

Upper back pain is rare, but does happen. What you are going to learn are the causes, symptoms and treatment that will help you understand and relieve the pain.

The body is stabilized with the help of the thoracic spine and the thoracic spine also protects the organs. It is stronger than the lumber spine and the cervical spine. The cervical and lumber spines helps the body move and flex, where as the thoracic spine is present for stability and strength. This is one of the reasons that the injuries are in the cervical and the lumber spinal regions.

The two major causes of neck and upper back pain or thoracic spine pain are mysofascial pain and joint dysfunctional pain. Myofasical pain is a muscular irritation. This results from muscle strains, from sports and other activities, over and under use of the muscle, sudden movements like being thrown forward in a car accident. This primarily affects the large muscles that support the shoulder blades.

Joint Dysfunction is the malfunctioning of the pair of joints that connect each rib with the thoracic spine. The ribs are connected to the spine on either side by joints. Any kind of injury to one or even both joints can result in a loss of function and lots of pain.

Myofacial pain can be best treated by deep tissue massage, chiropractic manipulation of the spine (chiropractic back pain case studies), physical therapy for upper back pain and acupuncture or acupressure for upper back pain. One thing that needs to be done is exercise, stretching and strengthening the shoulder muscles. This is a main key in developing strength of the upper back.

Joint dysfunction can be treated by chiropractic manipulation (chiropractic back pain case studies of cure), exercise (aerobic), and medication to help relieve pain, steroid injections to target sites of pain.

A medical physician can also assist you in treating the cause of the upper back and neck pain as well as pain management. Other professionals such as physical therapist, orthopedic surgeons and chiropractic professional can also be lots of help.

What Are Sore Veins

Sore veins are disorders of the veins that can cause pain in the sufferer. The most common sore veins are varicose and spider veins, which, aside from being painful, can create a demarcation on the legs. A weakening in the vessel wall often causes varicose veins, which may appear as swollen, twisted clusters of blue or purple veins. Sometimes, thin red capillaries called spider veins surround these veins. Spider veins are a group of small blood vessels located close to the surface of the skin. Spider veins may also be called venous telengiectasias.

Both spider and varicose veins can occur on any part of the body, but they are most often presented on the pelvic area and lower extremities. The demarcation causes by these sore veins often appear because they are very close to the surface of the skin.

What are the symptoms of sore veins?

Many people with varicose or spider veins may not experience any pain, but are often concerned by how their legs look. Those who do experience discomfort from sore veins most often report swelling in the legs, muscle cramps, soreness, burning, throbbing and tingling, soreness behind the knee, itching of the veins, and discoloration of the skin, primarily around the ankles.

The condition most often occurs in women, who most often try to hide them with support panty hose especially designed for the disorder. Although not a sign of a serious condition, they appear to be mostly aggravated by long periods of standing. In women, symptoms can grow worse during menstruation or pregnancy. Varicose Veins increase with age and can affect 30-60% of the adult population.

What are the causes of Sore Veins?

Varicose and Spider veins often occur when healthy vein walls become weak and swell. This will cause the blood to back up and pool inside the vein. Varicose veins can also be attributed to an increased pressure in the leg veins or defective valves in the veins.

There are a number of factors that can bring about the development of sore veins, the most common factors being heredity, advancing age, jobs and activities where prolonged standing occurs, obesity, birth control pill use, hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy or menstruation, hormone replacement therapy, wearing tight clothing, injury to the veins, blood clots and certain disease of the liver.

Will Painwave X4000 help with Sore Veins?

Positively! The Painwave X4000 is a non-invasive, drug-free method of relief that can help anyone who suffers from the aches and pains associated with sore veins. The Painwave X4000 works in concert with the body’s own bioelectromagnetic ecosystem and has no side effects. To use it, simply wave the device gently over the surface of the skin in a small circular motion. After chronic, long-term use, the Painwave X4000 will promote improved circulation, cell activity and lymphatic movements. These enhancements are beneficial in the relief of pain and other discomforts. In many cases, this stimulation will greatly reduce or eliminate pain completely.

Note: the information on this page should not be used to perform a self-diagnosis. If you have sore veins, contact a practicing, certified physician for a full medical evaluation.

Things We Should Know About the Strep Throat and Sore Throat

It is important that people to know exactly the differences between sore throat, tonsillitis, and strep throat, to avoid confusions, and if they understand the differences between them, they will be able to know when to be concerned and seek medical care for their child, and when that is not necessary.

It is important to know that the tonsils are situated at the back and to the sides of the throat, they are red, oval clumps of tissue.
Tonsillitis is an inflammation that appears when the tonsils become sore and swollen. The tonsils intercept germs that enter through the nose and throat, and contain infection-fighting cells and antibodies that stop the spreading of the germs further into the body. It is known that there are many causes that can lead to tonsil inflammation.An infecting germ, called a virus usually is the most common cause of tonsillitis in infants and children. Because this is a viral infection, there are not needed antibiotics, and the infection will go away in 4-6 days. The child should be treated with lots of fluids, rest, and in order to reduce pain and fever, there should be taken medicines like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.Sore throat or tonsillitis can also have bacterial causes. The most frequently found bacteria is Streptococcus, also called strep. In this case, antibiotic treatment is needed. It is important to know that the antibiotic helps the infection-fighting immune system to get rid of the bacteria faster and more efficient.

The symptoms of strep throat can vary, depending of the age the child has. It was seen that infants experience a thick colorful nose drainage, and it is possible that a low-grade fever, and a decrease in appetite to appear too.Children aged 1-3 may experience trouble swallowing, poor appetite, swollen glands beneath the jaws and crankiness.In what concerns the older children, the strep throat can determine high fevers, very painful throats, pus which in many cases can be seen covering the tonsils, and often severe difficulty swallowing may appear. If this situation appears, the best solution is that the child to contact his doctor right away.

Making the difference between a tonsil infection cause by bacteria and a tonsil infection that has viral causes is very important in order to choose the right treatment.Parents should watch carefully at the child’s symptoms, and if the symptoms are severe, or they think the child is dealing with a strep throat, they must seek medical treatment at once.

For more resources on different strep throat subjects check out this link http://www.strep-throat-center.com. You can find great content regarding strep throat in adults, strep throat symptoms, home remedy for strep throat and many more strep throat related issues.

Osteochondritis Dissecans – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods

Osteochondritis dissecans is the most common cause of a loose body in the joint space in adolescent patients. In osteochondritis dissecans, a loose piece of bone and cartilage separates from the end of the bone because of a loss of blood supply. OCD is a form of osteochondrosis limited to the articular epiphysis. Articular epiphyses fail as a result of compression. Both trauma and ischemia probably are involved in the pathology. The knee is most commonly affected, although osteochondritis dissecans also can occur in other joints, including your elbow and ankle. OCD lesions involve both bone and cartilage. These lesions differ from acute traumatic osteochondral fractures; however, they may manifest in a similar fashion. A type of osteochondritis in which articular cartilage and associated bone becomes partially or totally detached to form joint loose bodies. Osteochondritis dissecans is the result of the isolated loss of blood flow to a portion of the talus bone. Usually this occurs in conjunction with a history of trauma. It is sometimes also known as an osteochondral fracture of the talus, chip fractureof the articular surface or a chondral fracture of the talus.

Some people with OCD eventually develop osteoarthritis. It has a complex etiology, and can be caused by genetic, hormonal, environmental and nutritional factors. Most people diagnosed with osteochondritis dissecans are teenagers and young adults. Osteochondritis dissecans may not cause any symptoms, or symptoms may begin suddenly, develop gradually, or come and go. Osteochondritis dissecans is being diagnosed more often in girls as they become more active in sports. Symptoms usually improve with protected immobilization of the joint. Early diagnosis and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans are important to minimize your risk of long-term disability. Possible causative factors for OCD include repetitive microtrauma, ischemia, genetic and endocrine factors, and anomalies of ossification. Osteochondritis dissecans can involve the bone and cartilage of virtually any joint. Usually, only a small portion of the affected cartilage is involved. The classification of osteochondritis dessicans is important because the prognosis (expected outcome) and treatment options are often linked to the severity of the osteochondritis dessicans. In animals, OCD is considered a developmental and metabolic disorder related to cartilage growth and endochondral ossification.

Causes of Osteochondritis dissecans

The common causes and risk factor’s of Osteochondritis dissecans include the following:

A slight blockage of a small artery or to an unrecognized injury or tiny fracture that damages the overlying cartilage.

Metabolic factors.

Growth disturbances.

An injury or trauma to the ankle.

Poor blood supply to the bone.

Genetic conditions (eg, multiple epiphyseal dysplasia).

Symptoms of Osteochondritis dissecans

Some sign and symptoms related to Osteochondritis dissecans are as follows:

Knee weakness.

A clicking sound when you move your joint.

Locking of the joint.

Swelling and tenderness of the skin over your joint.

Sharp knee pain.

Decreased joint movement.

Stiffness after resting.

Bulges along the joint surface.

Treatment of Osteochondritis dissecans

Here is list of the methods for treating Osteochondritis dissecans:

Arthroscopic surgery is a frequently used procedure to remove the loose cartilage and bone tissue from the joint.

Resting your joint.

Anti-inflammatory medication and bracing of the ankle during activity may also be required.

Adopting low-intensity physical therapy.

If the patient has loose bone or cartilage in the ankle by clinical examination or as seen on a CT or MRI, surgical intervention is required.

Cortisone is a corticosteroid that reduces inflammation and swelling.

Visco-supplementation is the process of injecting a gel-like substance into the joint. This substance lubricates the cartilage, reducing pain and improving flexibility.

List Of Foods For Diabetics To Eat – Effective List Of Foods A Diabetic Can Eat

Diabetic is one of the commonest metabolic disorder in the grown and growing countries. As it is a kind of disease which affects the glucose maintenance system in our blood, diet plays a major in it’s management.

As a diabetic, it is ultimately important for you to have a list of foods for diabetic to eat. There are some things that can work against your diabetes and make you extremely ill and there are some things that you should be including in your diet that you may not have been aware of. Because we know just how difficult it can be to determine what foods you should or should not eat, we have devised this article, complete with a list of foods for diabetic to eat to help you out.

Before we get into what you should eat, let’s have a look at some of the things you should not eat. You want to make sure you avoid or restrict your intake of carbohydrates, either simple or refined. This might include items such as corn syrup, honey, sweets, sugar, white bread, white rice, or items that contain fructose, glucose, or sucrose.

Diabetics should also avoid foods that are extremely high in fat or sodium. The less you have of either of these items, the better off you will be. It is also suggested that you limit your intake of alcohol. Drinking heavily could lead to a greater heart disease risk, as well as liver damage.

With that being said, here is a list of foods for diabetic to eat:

• Make sure you include starches – While white breads can be bad for your diabetes, you still want to make sure that you include plenty of starches in your diet. This should be vegetables, pasta, cereal, grains, and breads.

• Vegetables – Vegetables are important to any diet, diabetic or otherwise. These provide a great source of fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Particularly good vegetables for your diet include cabbage, spinach, broccoli, green beans, carrots, tomatoes, and peppers.

• Fruits also provide you with fiber, minerals, and vitamins. They are also a source for carbohydrates, but should be taken in moderation. Depending on your calorie count, you should include two to four servings of fruits such as apples, bananas, mango, fruit juice, oranges, raisins, and grapefruit each day.

• Milk is also a much needed source of critical elements that your body needs. Fat free sources of milk is good, such as yogurt or low fat milk.

• Meats, though necessary, should only be eaten in moderation. This includes meat substitutes as well. This category includes all red meats and poultry, as well as cheese, cottage cheese, tofu, peanut butter, eggs, and fish.

Knowing what you should and should not eat while dealing with your diabetes is the best way to get it under control, lose weight, and maintain a healthier lifestyle at the same time. We hope this list of foods for diabetic to eat has helped you on your journey to monitoring your diabetes.

Obesity: Common Causes & Alternatives

Obesity is one of the most common health problems in the Western world and amongst the higher income groups in India and other developing countries. It may be described as a bodily condition characterized by excessive deposition of fat in the adipose tissue. Obesity usually results from the intake of foods in excess of physiological needs.
Obesity can be found more in persons with a sedentary lifestyle who consume food more than the normal daily requirement. It can occur in both men and women at any age. In women, obesity is likely to occur at menopause and after pregnancy. A women usually gains excess weight during pregnancy. Part of this is an increase in the adipose tissue which serves as a store against the demands of lactation. Many women gain weight and retain part of this weight. Each succeeding child makes them relatively obese.

Obesity should be taken as a serious health issue as this extra accumulated fat puts a strain on the kidneys, liver and heart as well as the large weight bearing joints such as the knees, ankles and hips which ultimately shortens the span of life.

Overweight persons pose themselves to a risk of many diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, heart failure, gout, arthritis, coronary thrombosis and gall bladder and liver disorders.

The main cause of obesity is overeating that is the intake of calories beyond the energy requirement of the body. Some people may be in the habit of eating too much while others are habituated of consuming high calorie foods. These people fail to adjust their appetite to reduce energy requirement and as a result they gain weight continuously.

There has been an increasing awareness about the psychological aspects of obesity in the recent times. Persons who are generally lonely, bored, unloved or unhappy, those who are discontented with their families or financial or social standing usually tend to overeat as eating according to them is a solace and pleasure.

Many times disturbances of the pituitary or thyroid glands also lead to obesity. But glandular disorders account for very minute percentage of the total incidences of obesity. Such persons keep gaining weight due to a lower basal metabolism rate.

A proper planned course of dietetic treatment in conjunction with suitable exercise and other measures for promoting elimination is the only scientific way of dealing with obesity.

Proper emphasis should be placed on the selection of foods with the least number of calories which provide the maximum number of nutrients. Foods which should be avoided by the patient are high fat foods such as cheese, butter, ice-creams, chocolates, fried foods, fats, meats and gravies, high carbohydrate foods like cakes, cookies, candies, bread, potatoes, cereal products, legumes, syrup, honey, sugar and rich puddings; beverages such as alcoholic drinks and all fountain drinks.

The patient should also adopt all other natural methods of reducing weight along with dietetic treatment. Exercise forms a basic part of weight reduction programme.

Walking is the best and safest exercises to begin with and can be followed by swimming, running, jogging and other outdoor sports. It helps to utilize the calories stored in the body fat and tones up the muscles of the body, besides relieving tension.

Measures which bring on an excessive perspiration such as steam bath, sauna bath and heavy massage should be adopted by the patient which helps in reducing weight. Obese persons should also make every possible effort to avoid negative emotions such as anxiety, fear and insecurity and develop a right and positive attitude towards life.

Certain yogic asanas are also very beneficial. These asanas not only break up the fat deposits in the body and help slimming but also strengthen the flabby areas. Asanas such as halasana, shalabhasana, bhujangasana, dhanurasana, ardhmatsyendrasana, naukasana, paschimottasana, yogamudra, trikonasana and vajrasana are recommended. These asanas work on the glands, strengthen many weak areas, improve circulation and induce deep breathing which helps to burn off excess fat gradually. Yogic kriyas like jalneti and kunjal and pranayamas such as bhastrika and kapalabhati are also helpful in bringing the body weight back to normal.
Thus it can be concluded that obesity has become one of the burning health issues in recent times and necessary steps should be taken to control excessive weight gain by adopting proper, scientific and natural methods along with a change in lifestyle.

Treatment for Skin Rashes

Got a skin rash yeast infection? I bet you probably thought that these infections were limited to women’s nether regions, didn’t you? No worries, most people think that. Before looking for a treatment you need to figure out if your rash is indeed the result of a yeast infection.

Rashes can be really irritating and would not allow you to perform your works properly therefore it is really necessary to cure it at the earliest. Let us discuss some of the homemade and very efficient remedies for rashes. One of the best remedies to be relieved from the rashes is to apply olive oil gently in a slow and circular manner.

Treatment:

1.    Emu Oil has been used by the Australians for thousands of years for burns, cuts, and rashes. Its transdermal properties allow it to penetrate into the dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin “carrying” other active ingredients to help soothe and heal skin.

2.    Natural remedies are often the very best at healing the skin instead of using lots of different medication including prescribed creams. This remedies won’t cure shingles (you definitely need to go to your doctor if you suspect you have shingles) but will soothe the rash and provide temporarary pain relief and should help heal the rash quicker than using nothing at all.

3.    Some dermatologists also recommend a follow up of the overnight cream a week later. You will receive instructions about washing your linen, bed sheets and clothing worn within last week in very hot water and in a hot dryer. Staying calm is important as well as taking antihistamines so you can get a good night’s sleep. Everyone in the family should use the cream at same time.

4.    Homeopathy Apis, Graphites, Pulsatilla, Rhus tox., and Sulfur may be helpful. Herbal Medicine Marigold tea, calendula ointment, or aloe vera gel are all helpful. Aromatherapy Add 12 drops of fennel, geranium, or sandalwood to 2fl oz/60ml of carrier oil.

5.    Bathing in warm water is one of the better treatment options. Be sure that the water is not too hot, because this will irate the affected area. It’s best to use unscented soap. Afterwards pat the skin dry and apply moisturizer to the affected area. This will keep your skin hydrated.

6.    Natural treatments will feed the body and make it healthier as it heals. The body will be treated from the inside to relieve the problems on the outside. The skins natural balance will be restored and the digestion will improve.

7.    OATMEAL makes an effective itch-relieving scrub. Simply pour one cup of oatmeal into a cotton sock and secure with a rubber band to make a sponge. Then, use the sponge in a warm bath to clean and soothe the skin.

8.    Make sure you wash your hands thoroughly whenever you do touch the rash to avoid spreading it to other parts of the body or even another person. Keeping the area cool and dry will be easier if you avoid tight, synthetic fabrics and opt instead for loose, natural fibers like cotton that are breathable.

Can Abreva Treat Cold Sores?

Is there some sort of medication that can relieve a cold sore? You ask. So many remedies have been coming up and this only leaves you confused as to which one to believe in. However, Abreva has been approved by FDA and it is effective in healing this infection.

Abreva comes in two formats: an easy to use tube and a pump which is easy to apply. Abreva heals your cold sore faster because it gets deep into your body healing it from inside all the way to the outside.You should start applying it the minute you start having the cold sores symptoms. A tingling effect on your lip, an itchy or a burning sensation are some of the symptoms that a cold sore is on the way.

Abreva should not be shared among friends and relatives as this would be a sure way of spreading the Herpes Simplex virus type I that causes this very contagious infection. It should be applied a minimum of five times daily and not inside the mouth or eyes.

This very easy to use medication can be purchased from your nearest drug store. Abreva is known to work and it is a single application treatment if used correctly. It has some ingredients that helps protect the healthy cells in your body from the cold sore virus. This means then that the virus has a hectic time trying to infect the heathy cells. While all this is happening, your cold sore gets healed within no time.Always keep the infected area clean and wash or disinfect your hands every time you touch the cold sore.

Nail Psoriasis

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis (Ps) is a long-term (chronic) scaling disease of the skin, which affects 2% –
3% of the UK population. It appears as red, raised scaly patches known as plaques. Any part of the skin surface may be involved but the plaques most commonly appear on the elbows, knees and scalp. It can be itchy but is not usually painful. Nail changes are present in 50% of people and 10%-20% of people will develop psoriatic arthritis.

What happens?

Normally a skin cell matures in 21 – 28 days and during this time it travels to the surface, where it is lost in a constant invisible shedding of dead cells. In patches of psoriasis the turnover of skin cells is much faster, around 4 – 7 days, and this means that even live cells can reach the surface and accumulate with dead cells. The extent of psoriasis and how it affects an individual varies from person to person. Some may be mildly affected with a tiny patch hidden away on an elbow which does not bother them while others may have large visible areas of skin involved that significantly affect daily life and relationships. This process is the same wherever it occurs on the body. Psoriasis is not contagious.

Introduction

Psoriasis can affect both finger nails and the toe nails. The percentage of those with psoriasis who have nail involvement is thought to be 50%. In psoriatic arthritis this may rise to 80%. For some unknown reason the finger nails are more often involved than toe nails.

What is nail psoriasis?

The nails are part of the skin so it is perhaps not surprising that a skin disease such as psoriasis can affect the nails. No one knows why some people get nail involvement and others don’t.

Nails grow from the nail plate which is just under the cuticle. In people who develop psoriasis of the nails it is involvement of the nail plate that causes pitting and ridging of the nails. Onycholysis, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter haemorrhages are due to disease of the nail bed.

Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance

A principal source of information on psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

The nail itself is totally inert, being composed of modified, tightly packed dead skin cells, and therefore any treatment must be directed to the nail plate itself or the nail bed. The severity of nail involvement does not follow the severity of psoriasis elsewhere in the body. Rarely, the nails can be the only site of the body affected. More usually, if the nails are involved there will be areas of psoriasis elsewhere on the body. You can, however, develop severe nail changes with only minimal psoriasis elsewhere on the body.

What changes can occur?

A number of changes can occur in nail psoriasis, and these are the most common:

Pitting of the nails – the surface of the nail develops small pits looking rather like the surface of a thimble. The number of pits is variable from one to dozens.

Onycholysis – this is where the nail becomes detached from the underlying nail bed and a gap develops under the nail. When it starts there is a white or yellowish patch at the tip of the nail, and this then extends down to the cuticle. The gap between the nail and the nail bed can become colonised by particular bacteria, such as pseudomonas which can then produce a black pigment. The nail can become infected and discoloured and can cause considerable alarm when mistaken for melanoma under the nail.

Subungual hyperkeratosis – this is where you develop an accumulation of chalky material under the nail. The nail becomes raised up and can become tender, especially when the surface of the nail is pressed. This can become particularly troublesome on toe nails where the nail may be pressed by shoes, causing considerable discomfort.

Discolouration – This may be seen as unusual nail colouration, such as yellowbrown.

Onychomycosis – is a fungal infection that can cause thickening of the nails. This
could be present alongside nail psoriasis, and can be confused in diagnosis. If this is
present and diagnosed correctly it can be treated with systemic anti-fungal medication.

It is estimated that approximately 35% of people who have nail psoriasis involvement may also have a fungal infection that could cause or worsen their psoriasis. Therefore treating the fungus or the fungal infection may not have any affect on the clearance of nail psoriasis.

Some nail changes that are caused by using systemic retinoid medication which can help the skin but may result in formation of very thin nails which do not appear normal in appearance. These nail changes can take several months to grow out only after retinoids are stopped.

In addition to these changes you may get longitudinal ridging of the nails and reddish
marks under the nails called splinter haemorrhages due to tiny burst blood vessels
under the nails.

What can be done about it?

Nail psoriasis is perhaps the most difficult part of psoriasis to treat. In the past a large number of treatments have been tried, none of which have given particularly good results. These include:

Injections of steroids under the nail – these are extremely painful and generally do not work.

Removal of the nail – nails can be removed quite painlessly using a high concentration
of urea applied under polythene occlusion to the nail. The nail becomes rather jelly like and can be peeled off. Nails can also be surgically removed or removed by X-ray therapy. In general the nails tend to grow back abnormally.

The use of topical steroids rubbed into the cuticle – the nail plate is under the cuticle and by massaging steroid creams into the nail plate you can induce some improvement in nail psoriasis. This is not consistent however, and there is the risk that the cuticle can become thinned with thread veins over the surface.

Anecdotally a number of dermatologists noticed that psoriasis of the nails improved when patients were using vitamin D analogue preparations for psoriasis of their skin. This led to a more focused study of vitamin D analogue creams and ointments rubbed into the cuticle in the treatment of nail psoriasis. Experience from around the world has shown that this is an effective line of treatment and should be regarded as the first-line treatment of choice. The vitamin D analogue cream or ointment should be massaged into the cuticle for about five minutes twice a day. When onycholoysis is present, calcipotriol scalp solution can be dripped under the nail and massaged in, which is effective.

Remember that nails grow extremely slowly and what you are influencing is not the existing nail but new nail that is developing from the nail plate. It may, therefore take up to a year for finger nails, and two years for toe nails to grow out normally. So you must be patient with any treatment because of the slowness of growth, so any benefits from such treatments you apply may take up to a year or more to be seen.

Is there anything else I can do?

Nails on the hand in psoriasis can be painful and often restricts dexterity of the fingers. If the toe nails are affected attention and care from a chiropodist may be helpful and may be able to pare down the nail to remove the pressure from excess thickening of the nails to remove the pressure from the wearing of shoes thus reducing pain and improving mobility.

It can also be a cosmetic problem. The nails are distorted and this can be embarrassing. Nail varnish can be used to conceal some of the damage. Application of a good nail hardener or artificial nails if the nails are mostly intact can improve their appearance and also aids to protect them. Be careful to avoid sensitivities to glues with chemicals that may be used to apply artificial nails. It is always advisable to tell your manicurist about your psoriasis so that he/she can be extra careful.

Tips on general nail care

The basic strategy for both hands and feet should be to keep the nails short. Try to
trim them back to the point of firm attachment and gently file them down with an emery board.

Try to protect your nails from damage because this can worsen the problem. Consider wearing gloves to protect your nails whenever you are doing something that may damage your nails.

Rubbing moisturizers into the nail and cuticle or soaking them in emollient oils may
help.

If your nails are pitted but mainly intact, nail hardeners or artificial nails may improve their appearance. It is a sensible precaution to rule out the possibility of any sensitivity to glues and chemicals by first applying a small sample to the skin.

Toe nails can benefit by being soaked for at least 10 minutes in a bowl or bath of
warm water which softens the nails before gently filing the thickened part of the toe
nails with an emery board, and using good sharp scissors to trim off small pieces of the nails. You should cut straight across the toe nail, which helps it from becoming ingrown. It helps to always wear comfortable shoes, which gives room for the toes, avoiding any friction to the toe nails causing thickening to occur. It may be of benefit to consider when buying shoes to select a size up from your normal size.

Always consult a doctor or your healthcare provider.

This article has been prepared by the Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance and should
not be used as a replacement for advice from your doctor. You are strongly advised to
speak to your doctor or health care provider if you think you are affected by any
conditions or items mentioned in this article.

Men’s Toenail Care

A nail is a horn-like structure at the end of living being and human being’s finger or toe. A toe nail consists of parts including the nail plate, the nail bed, the cuticle, the nail folds, the lunula, and the matrix. Toenails require 12 to 18 months to regrow completely. Generally the cases are seen of toenail fungus infection rather than of fingernail fungus infection. A person if not maintaining the personal hygiene factor for his is body is prone to fungal infection in fingernails or toenails. But even a person should not forget that fingernails are never covered like of toenails. And so toenails skin is more sensitive and can catch the skin fungal infection very easily. That is why one needs to take extra care of toenails. Nails can dry out, just like skin. They can also peel, break and be infected.

The fungus under toe nail can put you into trouble. Just make it a habit to remove the wax or mucus from your toenail to keep your nails germ free. As the toenails in general case is always being covered by shoes or sandals so toenails tend to catch easily germs and dust particles. The infection of toe can be caused by wearing of dirty socks, tight footwear or if walking in an unclean milieu making your feet vulnerable to diseases or infection. Manicure and pedicure are health and cosmetic procedures to groom, trim, and paint the nails and manage calluses. They require various tools such as cuticle scissors, nail scissors, nail clippers, and nail files. And persons using these tools should not exchange or use tools of others.

Proper toenail cure can be done at the primary stage by following healthy and personal hygiene habit in your daily life. You can also use a good brand foot powder to keep your feet and toes dry even when you need to wear closed shoes. Avoid using tools like nail files of others which plays a vital role in spreading nail fungus. Using sterilized tools will take care of your personal hygiene and keep a check in transmitting any disease or infection. Even an ingrown toenail can be painful and lead to infection. So do take some precautionary measure in advance in order to get rid from pain and infection. Anatomically fingernails and toenails are made of a tough protein called keratin. A person’s diet should consist of proteins and vitamins rich diet. Drinking milk will increase the calcium cavity of a nail which in turn makes the nail stronger.

Thus, walking on the toenail care parameters will make your foot healthy and lively. Remedies for toenail infection lie in your hand. So never make it too late, as then your foot needs to suffer.

Allergies in Papillons

The papillons, also known as butterfly dogs get its distinct butterfly wing looking ears with fringed hair. They are delicate, quirky looking dogs with abundant, silky flowing coat. They do not have an undercoat and their hair is quite long. Although they are not as sensitive like other toy dogs, when it comes to allergies, papillons can still suffer from it and even cause it to their owners. Owners should always be on the look out for any allergic symptoms their pets may exhibit.

Symptoms that your papillon is having an allergic reaction could include excessive scratching, itching and licking of the ears, muzzle, paws or other parts of the body. Other symptoms could also include hair loss, recurring ear infections as well as changes in bowel movements. A pap experiencing an allergic reaction could also salivate and start licking his body, orange or red tinged hair is a sure sign of allergies in dogs. Difficulty breathing is a symptom mostly experienced by humans rather than dogs.

Allergies do not always begin from birth some papillons get them even well into maturity. Allergic reactions can come from food, parasites, insects, molds, pollen, changes in the weather, rage weed and fall seasons. Knowing what your dog is allergic to does not have to be a trial and error experience, just like with humans there is a test available to determine elements or food that dogs can be allergic to. Knowing is winning half the battle by helping papillons avoid such allergens. There are a few basic allergens that dogs can be susceptible to, these inlcude;

Flea and Bacterial Allergies – this is most common especially to hairy dogs. Dogs can suffer from extreme itching on the bite area, causing redness, hair loss and sometimes even sores. The flea is actually not as dangerous as its saliva which passes through your pet and causes the allergic reaction. Flea bites are harmful to both dogs and humans an can be addressed by proper grooming, cleaning and a medicated shampoo if necessary. Garlic added to the dogs food is known to repel fleas and other bugs. You can also spray vinegar water on the dogs’ outdoor living space to get rid of the bugs. Bacteria can also affect dogs, normally it would also cause severe itching and lesions, this could be a Staph infection; if this is the case immediate medical attention is needed for both dog and owner.

Inhalants – these are also called atopy or hypersensitivity allergens in the environment. Symptoms would include scratching, itching and salivating that cause orange or reddish fur, This would include those that can be inhaled, it may come as a surprise for new dog owners, but they can be allergic to pollen too. Other inhalants include cigarette smoke, molds, mildew, dust and dust mites. This is usually treated with antibiotics, shampoos and antihistamines. Hypersensitation or exposing your pet to the allergen little by little to get the papillons immune system going is often used as the last resort.

Food Allergies – this type of allergy is often easy to spot as it can have an immediate reaction. Food allergy can be differentiated from intolerance judging by the symptom. Intolerance often causes diarrhea or an upset stomach while allergies can show similar symptoms as atopy. Dogs can often be allergic to specific foods such as beef, dairy, eggs, chicken, lamb and fish.

With allergies, prevention is always better than the cure and it is important to know what your pap is allergic to. Although papillons are generally healthy dogs, they are fragile and severe allergic reactions can be fatal to them.

Celexa and Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that manifests itself as mood swings or mood cycling between depressed, manic, or normal moods. There are two types of bipolar disorder. The first type, sometimes called raging bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant mild mania, with periods of sever mania alternating with depression. Mixed episodes where the patient displays both manic and depressive symptoms at the same time can also occur with this type of bipolar disorder.

The second type, sometimes called rapid cycling bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant depression, with alternating periods of mania and severe depression that can often last a few hours or a few days before cycling to the next episode.

Depression symptoms include oversleeping, extreme sadness, feelings of worthlessness or despair, irritability, anger, and withdrawl. Manic symptoms include sleeplessness, increased energy levels, distractibility, racing thoughts, obsessive behaviors, and extreme happiness.

There are many treatment options for bipolar disorder. Most patients with bipolar disorder require a combination of medication and therapy or counseling for successful treatment of symptoms. However, minor cases of bipolar disorder may not require medication, but may require instead cognitive behavioral therapy. There are some cases, such as in patients with a history of drug abuse, where medication may be recommended but is not a viable treatment option. These cases typically also use cognitive behavioral therapy to assist patients in coping with their illness.

Celexa is an anti-depressant, commonly used with bipolar patients. Celexa, or citalopram, is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, or SSRI. This family of medications has the effect of balancing serotonin levels in the brain, which are thought to be responsible for mood stabilization.

Celexa is most successful as a treatment for unipolar depression and bipolar disorder type two patients. This is because it is an anti-depressant. Serotonin, the chemical in the brain that balances moods and particularly controls strong emotions, often presents imbalances in the form of depression. Celexa corrects these imbalances, giving the patient relief from depression.

Celexa is most successful as a treatment for bipolar disorder type one patients when used in combination with a mood stabilizer. As an anti-depressant, Celexa alone causes bipolar disorder type one patients to swing into a manic episode. Used in combination with a mood stabilizer or anti-psychotic, however, can allow for a balance of moods to take place, ending rapid or raging mood cycling.

Celexa has several possible minor side effects when used for treatment of bipolar disorder. Common side effects include drowsiness, cotton mouth, nausea, and trouble sleeping. Less common side effects include abdominal pain, anxiety, gas, headache, heartburn, increased sweating, pain in muscles or joints, increases or decreases in weight, weakness, and vomiting. If these side effects persist or become unbearable, you should contact your doctor.

Celexa can also have several possible major side effects when used for treatment of bipolar disorder. Common major side effects include a decrease in sexual desire or ability. Less common major side effects include agitation, confusion, blurred vision, fever, increase in urinal frequency, lack of emotion, decreased memory, skin rashes, and trouble breathing. If you experience any of these side effects you should contact your doctor immediately.

Friends, family and patients with bipolar disorder should keep in mind that even when using anti-depressants such as Celexa, suicide, suicide threats, and suicide attempts can still occur. Always be aware of the signs that can lead to suicide so that medical treatment can be found before an attempt is made.

Bipolar disorder should, in all cases, be treated with a combination of Celexa, or other medications, in conjunction with therapy or counseling. Bipolar disorder patients are encouraged to take active part in their treatment plans. Additionally bipolar patients should not attempt to self medicate or treat symptoms with medication alone. If you show symptoms of bipolar disorder, you should contact your doctor about Celexa and other treatment options.

Teen Depression

 Teen depression (or adolescent depression) is a surprisingly common mental health disorder. Although it mirrors the symptoms of major depressive episodes, teen depression is often less visible and may go unnoticed by parents and peers. However, it can have serious consequences, leading to negative outcomes like teenage pregnancy, substance abuse, school dropout and even suicide.

Depression among adolescents continues to increase each year. Factors that increase the likelihood of depression include chronic or long-term illness, a history of abuse or neglect, or some sort of recent trauma (like loss of a loved one). Teenage girls are more likely to become depressed than boys.

Symptoms of teenage depression are very similar to those experienced by adults. Loss of interest or reduced pleasure in activities, an irritable mood, changes in appetite, unintentional weight loss or weight gain, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much and difficulty concentrating and making decisions are all associated with teenage depression. Like adult depression, if any of these symptoms persist for longer than two weeks, you should seek medical assistance.

A health care provider will probably begin by ruling out any medical causes for the symptoms that have been observed. They may wish to also screen for substance abuse. Diagnosis of teenage depression would depend on the results of a thorough psychiatric screening and evaluation.

The teen years are usually a period of significant change. Self-identity is changing, sexuality is emerging, and many life-altering decisions are made. Adolescent depression often exists side-by-side with other mental health issues, like eating disorders, substance abuse, disruptive behavior and anxiety. If left untreated, adolescent depression can have tragic, irreversible consequences.

Treatment for teen depression is not quite as clear-cut as major depression in adults. Many of the most successful antidepressant medications for adults have not been as successful in treating teen depression. In fact, some antidepressants have been linked to increased chances of suicide in adolescents.

One of the most promising avenues of treatment for adolescents with depression is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The idea behind CBT is that teen depression results from a distorted view of reality. CBT helps teens change their view of themselves, the world, and their future.

Low moods are very common during the teenage years. Maintaining open communication with adolescents is the best way to help them negotiate these difficult years and has the best chance of preventing a major depressive episode.

A Look at Relationship Phobias

How can you cope your phobias and other connected fears while being in a relationship? It could be tough to be in a relationship and have to contract with your fears and other phobias.

One of the behavior to control your particular alarm is to find out what exactly is your dread. If you have conflict result out what that panic may be, then try to sermon to a professional who can help you guess out what the nightmare may be. Once you know what the panic is, then the next march is to find the behavior to covenant with that dread.

For order, one of the behavior to supervise your fear is to challenge your refusal opinion with certain statements and realistic view. When encountering opinion that made you’re nervous or anxious, challenge those thoughts by asking manually questions that will continue objectivity and universal meaning. For example, you’re afraid that if you do not get that job promotion then you will be jammed at your job evermore. This depresses you, however your idea in this spot is unrealistic. The truth of the matter is that there all are kinds of jobs existing and just because you don’t get this job promotion doesn’t mean that you will never get one. In addition, people change jobs all the time, and you forever have that option of available away if you are forlorn at your introduce spot. Changing your thinking can help you supervise your fears.

Sometimes, we may be nervous doing a certain charge that may be menacing. When this happens, visualize manually doing the brief you thought. For demand, you and your group have to play in the championship hockey match in front of a large group of people in the next the existence. Before the big day comes, think yourself live the willing in your awareness. Imagine that your live in front of the large viewers. By singing the game in your tend, you will be better equipped to execute for truthful when the time comes. Self Visualization is a great way to downgrade the fear and stress of a next condition.

When facing a recent or future errand that overwhelms you with a lot of anxiety, part the task into a sequence of lesser steps and then fulfill each of the slighter errands one at a time. Completing these smaller tasks will make the stress more manageable and increases your odds of success.

As a lay person, I attain it is not painless to overcome our phobias. Remember that sometimes our upsetting and fears can make the difficult even worse. Take effects in stride and try not focus too much on the tricky. In time, you will find the ways to overcome your phobia. If you have upset, confer to a professional who can give you additional insights on your position.

Anxiety Attack Symptoms

There are many people in the world who suffer from some form of anxiety and for these people these anxiety attacks may be mild or they could be very severe. While there are many ways of treating anxiety attacks, it’s first important to identify what your anxiety attack symptoms are.

There are the physical symptoms of anxiety attacks that manifest themselves in the form of headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, tingling, pale complexion, numbness, difficulty in breathing, and sensations of tightness in the chest, neck, shoulders and or hands. These reactions are the body’s fight-or-flight reaction which involves the hormones, muscles and the heart.

The behavioral anxiety attack symptoms include pacing, trembling, general restlessness, hyperventilation, pressured speech, wringing of the hands, and even finger tapping. Then the cognitive anxiety attack symptoms include recurrent or obsessive thoughts, feelings of doom, and morbid thoughts of death, confusion or the inability to concentrate.

The emotional anxiety attack symptoms can include feelings of tension or nervousness, feeling agitated, overwrought, and feelings of unreality, panic, or even terror. Then there are also the anxiety attack symptoms where the person’s brain puts up a defense mechanism against the anxiety attacks.

Feelings of depression can also occur because of this excessive stress that we need to cope with. While there are therapies and medications that can deal with full blown anxiety disorders, you might want to practice a few techniques for coping with anxiety and stress.

These psychological defenses include repressing anxious thoughts or ideas out of the conscious awareness. Another anxiety attack symptom is where the sufferer will transfer the source of their anxiety to an object or an event. Phobias are an example of this anxiety attack transference. Then there are the times that a person who suffers from anxiety attacks will rationalize their anxious feelings by claiming that ordinary people would feel the same way were they placed in the exact situation.

The other method that the brain will use as a defense against anxiety attacks manifests itself in the form of physical complaints and illnesses. In this case the anxiety attack symptoms involve recurrent headaches, an upset stomach, and muscle and joint pains.

Delusions are one other way of the brain trying to defend the sufferer from the anxiety attacks. For these anxiety attack symptoms the person can formulate conspiracy theories or other similar scenarios. This gives the person an emotional outlet for their feelings of anxiety.

It doesn’t really matter what form these symptoms show themselves in. What’s really important is once you identify that these are signs of anxiety attacks that you seek and receive help and treatment for this condition. By catching these anxiety attack symptoms early you have a chance to stop it progressing to a more severe condition like agoraphobia where you may become housebound due to your excessive anxiety attacks. So don’t delay if you feel that you suffer from anxiety attack symptoms, go see a qualified medical practitioner as soon as possible and get the proper help.