Alcohol and Smoking Causes Heart Attack

Through associated with lung cancers and breathing problems, the most important threat factor of alcohol consumption and smoking is the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, mainly heart attacks and strokes. For many people, quitting smoking and keeping away from alcohol is the best thing they can do to improve their heart and artery health.

Cigarettes have injurious multiple poisons, especially addictive nicotine, hydrogen cyanides, tars, carbon monoxide along with thousands of varying chemical toxins and 43 deadly carcinogens that together increase the risk of peripheral vascular and coronary heart diseases. When compared to non-smokers, smokers have more than twice the risk of heart attack. In both men and women, smoking alone increases the risk of fatal and non-fatal heart attacks. It increases blood pressure and consequent heart problems as it decreases the amount of oxygen rich blood to heart that lead to coronary heart diseases. Smoking causes damage to the tissues and cells of our body and also decreases the production of high-density cholesterol known as good cholesterol that is needed for the body for normal heart functioning. Furthermore, cigarette smoking acts with other risk factors that significantly increase the risk for coronary heart disease.

Smoking can also lead to risks of blood clotting as well as building up of cholesterol fats in the arteries- thereby increasing blood pressure, damage of arteries and heart disorders. The risk of heart disease increases with prolonged use. Patients who smoke after bypass surgery have increased risk of recurrent strokes. Frequent exposure to cigarette smoke is also bad for heart and artery health. In addition to heart disease, tobacco use also increases the risk of stroke, bronchitis, emphysema, osteoporosis and cancers of the lung, kidney, bladder, pancreas, lip, cervix, mouth, larynx, tongue, esophagus and throat. When the person stops smoking, the risk of heart attack and other diseases decrease significantly. Quitting smoking all of a sudden is not an easy task, though numerous aids and medications are available.

Alcohol consumption is one of the main reasons behind immature death caused by cardiovascular diseases. Consumed in moderate amounts, alcohol can prevent heart attacks. However, heavy drinking leads to various malfunctioning of our body such as increase of LDL cholesterol and decrease of HDL cholesterol, decreases coronary blood flow, decreases estrogen hormone level, induces blood clotting and increases aggregation of platelets. Excessive amount of alcohol also leads to increased blood pressure and consequently increases the risk of a heart attack. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a cardiovascular disease caused by the toxic effects of alcohol on human heart wherein heart becomes enlarged and weakened. Heavy drinking gives rise to congestive heart failure, increased triglyceride level and stroke.

Alcoholism is characterized by an unsatisfying urge to go on with drinking. Though alcoholic people are aware of the ill effects of alcohol, they are often unable to quit the bad habit completely. Quitting of alcohol requires moral and mental support along with medical supervision and medications. There are also various health supplements available today that can help in removing the toxic effects caused by smoking and alcohol consumption in the body. Such heart support supplements consist of ingredients that not only protect heart from future disorders, but also nourish heart and artery health.

Signs and Symptoms of Heart Attack – Scott James

A lot is written about the so called common signs of Heart Attacks and what they are supposed to typically consist of but what is fact and what is fiction? Here we take a look at the basic issues surrounding Heart Attacks or Myocardial infarctions.

A Heart Attack is also known as a Myocardial Infarction or MI or AMI when referred to as an Acute Myocardial Infarction.These occur when the blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted causing some heart cells to die. This is most commonly due to occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery following the rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque.An unstable collection of white blood cells (especially macrophages and lipids (like cholesterol) collectively known as Athersclerotic plaque separate from the wall of an artery.The end result of all of this (called ischemia) which is a restriction in blood supply) has been known to cause damage or death of the heart muscle tissue known as Myocardium.

Though symptoms of a Heart Attack do differ there are certain classic symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, pain in the arm, back and neck, and a growing sense of anxiety (also known as impending doom). Women may experience fewer typical symptoms than men, most commonly shortness of breath, weakness, a feeling of indigestion, and fatigue.{Approximately one quarter of all myocardial infarctions are silent, without chest pain or other symptoms.|It does have to be remembered though that 25 percent of all Myocardial Infarctions occur in silence and without classic symptoms such as chest pain.A heart attack is a medical emergency, and people experiencing chest pain are advised to alert their emergency medical services, because prompt treatment can be crucial to survival. To be quite honest in situations like these, minutes and seconds do matter.

Heart attacks are the leading cause of death for both men and women all over the world.Important risk factors are previous cardiovascular disease (such as angina, a previous heart attack or stroke), older age (especially men over 40 and women over 50), tobacco smoking, diet and exercise.

As is also imagined there are considerably more factors that are actually taken into consideration such as additional medical conditions of which potential or actual diabetes is one, obesity, high blood pressure or hypertension and/or incidence of kidney disease

Included in amongst immediate treatment for a suspected or acute heart attack is increased oxygen, the introduction of aspirin and also a liquid form of nitroglycerin known as sublingual glyceryl trinitrate.Pain relief is also often given, classically morphine sulfate.

Inoperable Heart Disease – Here Are 10 Tips to Find a Solution

If you or a loved one have been confronted with the notion that an inoperable heart condition is threatening your life, you’ll find this article helpful in organizing your thoughts. There are many heart conditions that can affect your heart: coronary blockages, heart valve clogging or leaking, a weak heart muscle, an aneurysm, a tumor or a congenital heart problem. If your doctors told you it is an inoperable condition, do not give up. A second opinion could make all the difference in restoring your quality of life. New minimally invasive techniques, redo operation approaches, intensive care protocols have revolutionized a surgeon’s ability to help even the sickest patients. A successful high risk open heart operation can restore great quality of life in an otherwise hopeless case.

The main issue is that different parts of the country and different hospitals and doctors might have a higher level of expertise in treating your condition with good and reliable results. It is very important not to panic. Take a deep breath and organize your thoughts. There are many reasons why a surgeon or a cardiologist would use the word “inoperable” or “too high risk”. Sometimes it relates to the actual technical difficulty of the operation. Sometimes it has to do with other medical problems (bad lungs, kidneys, liver) that can increase the risk of open heart surgery. At times it is just about a strong bias related to advanced age. Many octagenarians can be successfully operated on with the same excellent outcomes of much younger patients and should not be denied the option to live many more years of a good life just because of their age.

Here is what to do:

  1. Ask both your medical doctor AND the surgeon to explain why your case is inoperable and write down all the details of his/her answer.
  2. Obtain a copy of all your diagnostic study images (CAT scan, left heart catheterization, echocardiogram, EKG) along with their written reports.
  3. Obtain all hospital reports, pertinent blood test results, other consultant opinions.
  4. While you are collecting your information, call another heart surgeon for a second opinion and describe your condition and reasons why you were told you are inoperable.
  5. Ask your doctors to communicate with your second opinion. Do not be shy about it. It is perfectly fine to question decisions that affect your life so much. Your doctors will be glad to discuss your case with another surgeon.
  6. Set up an appointment to see your second opinion in person for a physical exam and a detailed discussion about your options.
  7. This is your time to discuss the balance between risk and benefit related to an open heart operation. Keep this in mind: very often a surgical risk is way better than waiting for a miserable and earlier end of your life if nothing is done about your heart condition.
  8. Get your family or close friends involved in the discussion to help you and support you in your quest and decision.
  9. If your new surgeon feels a surgical option can help you, it is your time to go for it if it makes sense to you.
  10. Never, never, never give up!!

Vaccination Campaigns Do Not Always Have the Desired Result

The Pharmaceutical Drug companies continue to promote more vaccines but are all of these vaccinations safe. No matter how safe these vaccines are supposed to be there are always some people who suffer from adverse vaccination side effects. In many cases the vaccine actually causes the disease they were meant to protect against. Following are some examples of vaccine dangers.

1. Polio.

Rhesus monkey kidneys were used in the production of the Salk and Sabin Polio vaccinations which were distributed between 1954 and 1963. The monkey kidneys contained the simian virus SV-40 hence the vaccines were contaminated with the simian virus.

During the 1990’s various studies confirmed the presence of the Rhesus monkey simian virus in the tumours of many cancer victims. It seems that SV-40 can interfere with a cell’s ability to resist malignancy due to blocking a key protective protein — SV-40 can trigger cancer.

2. Measles.

In 1967, Ghana was declared measles free by the World Health Organisation after 96% of its population was vaccinated. In 1972, Ghana experienced one of its worst measles outbreaks with its highest ever mortality rate.

3. Tuberculosis.

According to the Lancet. In the 1970`s a tuberculosis vaccine trial in India involving 260,000 people revealed that more cases of TB occurred in the vaccinated than the unvaccinated.

4. Polio.

As reported in the Science Journal published in April 1977. Dr Jonas Salk, who developed the first polio vaccine, testified along with other scientists that mass inoculation against polio was the cause of most polio cases throughout the USA since 1961.

5. Swine flu.

The swine flu outbreak in the United States in 1976 resulted in five people getting the swine flu and one death. Forty-five million people were given the swine flu vaccination, of those, 4000 suffered serious physical harm and, according to a CBS television program broadcast in 1979, there were 300 deaths. The most common illness to develop because of the vaccine was Guillain-Barre Syndrome. It seems that the reason for the large number of adverse reactions was the fact that the vaccine, code named X53A, was not tested for safety.

6. Whooping cough.

According to the medical publisher BMJ Group. In 1979, Sweden abandoned the whooping cough vaccine due to its ineffectiveness. Out of 5,140 cases in 1978, it was found that eighty-four percent had been vaccinated three times.

7. DPT vaccine.

In the United States, the cost of a single DPT vaccine had risen from 11 cents in 1982 to $11.40 in 1987. The vaccine manufacturers were putting aside $8 per shot to cover legal costs and damages they were paying out to parents of brain damaged children and children who died after vaccination.

8. Polio.

An article published in the Lancet, in 1991, stated that in Oman between 1988 and 1989, a polio outbreak occurred amongst thousands of fully vaccinated children. The region with the highest number of polio cases had the highest vaccine coverage. The region with the lowest attack rate had the lowest vaccine coverage.

9. Measles.

In 1990, the Journal of the American Medical Association had an article on measles which stated — Although more than 95 percent of school-aged children in the US are vaccinated against measles, large measles outbreaks continue to occur in schools and most cases in this setting occur among previously vaccinated children.

10. Whooping cough.

According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine July 1994 issue. Eighty percent of children less than 5 years old with whooping cough had been fully vaccinated.

11. Polio.

The World Health Organisation has had to admit that the polio vaccination campaign in Nigeria is not going well. Some children, so far low numbers but increasing, are developing polio caused by the virus in the vaccine. It seems that the virus, though weakened, can mutate and cause paralysis. So far this year, 2009, there are over 120 cases, double last years total.

12. Cervical cancer.

The HPV vaccine Gardasil is still making the news with the latest figures for adverse reactions. As of August 2009, in the US, there have been 12,424 adverse reaction reports. 772 (6.2 percent) were serious and included 32 reports of death.

One reason why there have been so many instances of young girls been harmed by Gardasil, could be because the vaccine is the first genetically modified vaccine to be released for mass distribution.

Gardasil was licensed in June of 2006, by the Food and Drug Administration, for girls and young women between the ages of nine and twenty-six. There is still, as yet, no scientific evidence that the HPV vaccine will protect women from cervical cancer.

This is because the majority of women who develop cervical cancer do so over the age of 48. It could be 20 or 30 years before there is proof that the vaccine actually does, or does not, work.

The above are just some examples of campaigns where adults and children suffered vaccination side effects and in some campaigns death. There are more.

Cause Of Ischemic Heart Disease

What is Ischemic heart disease it is the proper medical term for reduced blood flow to the heart it is ultimately caused by hardened or blocked arteries, and it is the number one cause of death in most western countries.

From the time people are very young, as young as five years old, they can start developing tissue deposits, called plaque, in the lining of their arteries. For many people, these deposits never cause trouble. For others, the deposits can grow, harden, and eventually cause death. The growth of these tissues is called arteriosclerosis.

As these tissues grow, the arteries will enlarge some to try and accommodate blood flow. However, if the blob of plaque ruptures, the particles clog blood passages causing a heart attack or stroke, in the worst cases.

Please, Pass On The Fats

Scientists know what causes ischemic heart disease: a fatty diet, inaction, and smoking. While smoking is certainly not limited to rich countries, a fatty diet and inaction are luxuries of middle- and upper-class populations.

In Europe and the United States, calories are cheap and plentiful. For an hour’s wage, a person can buy a meal containing a pound of meat. However, in some countries, a pound of meat is a treat to be divided within one family once a month. No doctor recommends either extreme of poor or rich food, but rather, everyone needs a healthy, balanced, but lean diet to prevent ischemic heart disease.

However, some doctors have an idea about using peer pressure to make westerners make themselves healthier. Thirty years ago, few Americans wore seat belts. And many more smoked cigarettes than do now. Laws played a part in changing behavior, but in both of these cases, peer pressure really started the trend. And many scientists, nutritionists, and activists, worried about ischemic heart disease, are trying to repeat the trend for healthier diets.

And this power of healthy suggestion seems to be working on restaurants. Especially since 2004, fast food chains have started to offer healthier menu choices such as yogurt, salads, and fruit. Many restaurants now print some nutrition information on their menus and offer specifically heart smart recipes.

But the question is will people take advantage of healthier menus, city recreation departments, and fresh vegetables at the grocery store? So far, it does not seem so. Some scientists predict that 75% of all Americans will be overweight by 2008. Yet extra weight and the bad diet and inactivity that usually accompany it are causing an epidemic of ischemic heart disease.

Mezzanine Financing Overview: What It Is, Pros and Cons, and Common Situations

If you’re raising growth capital to expand your business, you may want to consider using mezzanine financing as part of your funding solution.

Mezzanine financing is a form of debt that can be a great tool to fund specific initiatives like plant expansions or launching new product lines, as well as other major strategic initiatives like buying out a business partner, making an acquisition, financing a shareholder dividend payment or completing a financial restructuring to reduce debt payments.

It is commonly used in combination with bank provided term loans, revolving lines of credit and equity financing, or it can be used as a substitute for bank debt and equity financing.

This type of capital is considered “junior” capital in terms of its payment priority to senior secured debt, but it is senior to the equity or common stock of the company. In a capital structure, it sits below the senior bank debt, but above the equity.

Pros:

  1. Mezzanine Financing Lenders are Cash Flow, Not Collateral Focused: These lenders usually lend based on a company’s cash flow, not collateral (assets), so they will often lend money when banks won’t if a company lacks tangible collateral, so long as the business has enough cash flow available to service the interest and principal payments.
  2. It’s a Cheaper Financing Option than Raising Equity: Pricing is less expensive than raising equity from equity investors like family offices, venture capital firms or private equity firms – meaning owners give up less, if any, additional equity to fund their growth.
  3. Flexible, Non-Amortizing Capital: There are no immediate principal payments – it is usually interest only capital with a balloon payment due upon maturity, which allows the borrower to take the cash that would have gone to making principal payments and reinvest it back into the business.
  4. Long-Term Capital: It typically has a maturity of five years or more, so it’s a long term financing option that won’t need to be paid back in the short term – it’s not usually used as a bridge loan.
  5. Current Owners Maintain Control: It does not require a change in ownership or control – existing owners and shareholders remain in control, a key difference between raising mezzanine financing and raising equity from a private equity firm.

Con’s

  1. More Expensive than Bank Debt: Since junior capital is often unsecured and subordinate to senior loans provided by banks, and is inherently a riskier loan, it is more expensive than bank debt
  2. Warrants May be Included: For taking greater risk than most secured lenders, mezzanine lenders will often seek to participate in the success of those they lend money to and may include warrants that allow them to increase their return if a borrower performs very well

When to Use It

Common situations include:

  • Funding rapid organic growth or new growth initiatives
  • Financing new acquisitions
  • Buying out a business partner or shareholder
  • Generational transfers: source of capital allowing a family member to provide liquidity to the current business owner
  • Shareholder liquidity: financing a dividend payment to the shareholders
  • Funding new leveraged buyouts and management buyouts.

Great Capital Option for Asset-Light or Service Businesses

Since mezzanine lenders tendency is to lend against the cash flow of a business, not the collateral, mezzanine financing is a great solution for funding service business, like logistics companies, staffing firms and software companies, although it can also be a great solution for manufacturers or distributors, which tend to have a lot of assets.

What These Lenders Look For

While no single business funding option is suited for every situation, here are a few attributes cash flow lenders look for when evaluating new businesses:

  • Limited customer concentration
  • Consistent or growing cash flow profile
  • High free cash flow margins: strong gross margins, low capital expenditure requirements
  • Strong management team
  • Low business cyclicality that might result in volatile cash flows from year to year
  • Plenty of cash flow to support interest and principal payments
  • An enterprise value of the company well in excess of the debt level

Non-Bank Growth Capital Option

As bank lenders face increasing regulation on tangible collateral coverage requirements and leveraged lending limits, the use of alternative financing will likely increase, particularly in the middle market, filling the capital void for business owners seeking funds to grow.

5 Different Ways of Fighting Cancer

When an individual is diagnosed with cancer, it is followed by some natural responses as depression and shock. But, after a while patient starts to look other remedial ways to cure the disease with the best available option. Here, we have given the detailed description of some the common cancer remedies:

1) Surgery:

Surgery is performed for some reasons. A few surgeries are minor, while others are major. The most widely recognized surgeries connected with tumor are as follows:

• Preventative

• Diagnostic

• Staging

• Curative

• Supportive

• Restorative

Surgery can be utilized to analyze, treat and even counteract the disease of cancer, relying upon the numerous circumstances in each analyzed instance of disease. Surgery frequently gives the best chance for conceivable cure, if the cancer hasn’t moved to different parts of the body.

2) Immuno treatment:

Immuno treatment is a treatment known for utilizing the body’s insusceptible framework as a part of request to fight malignancy. It empowers the safe framework to essentially battle its own particular fight utilizing man-made insusceptible framework proteins. Inside of the most recent 30 years or somewhere in the vicinity, immunotherapy has turned into a key a portion of treating numerous sorts of growth. New medications are at present being concentrated on, and will probably change how we treat tumor.

Immuno treatment medicines work in different ways. Some help the invulnerable framework while others prepare the resistant framework to assault just tumor cells. Immuno treatment works best for particular sorts of tumor over others. Taking into account the sort it will be utilized without anyone else or with different sorts of treatment.

3) Chemotherapy:

The basic objectives of chemotherapy are cure, control and concealment. Chemotherapy, regularly alluded to as “chemo” is the utilization of medications and prescription to treat tumors. Numerous individuals are startled by the thought of experiencing chemo, yet by knowing the better understanding of the treatment and how it works and after that they are quite satisfied with the treatment.

Surgery and certain radiation treatment, harm, evacuate and eradicate the growth of cells affected in a particular region of the body. When the tumor has started to affect the other parts of the body, chemo can discover it and execute it.

4) Targeted Therapy:

This treatment is quite new in medical science which uses cancer drugs to attack the effected cells in a more precise way. However, this type of treatment does not affect the healthy or unaffected cells of the body.

The medications utilized for targeted therapy have a tendency to be much like chemotherapy, they just don’t work precisely the same. They assault the tumor cells’ deepest parts that set them separated from sound, typical cells. The reactions of the targeted therapy are much less serious than chemotherapy.

5) Hyperthermia:

Hyperthermia utilizes the warmth to treat a malignancy, and is an age old technique. With new apparatuses and exact warmth conveyance hyperthermia can be utilized against a few types of malignancy. There are two very diverse ways that hyperthermia can be utilized:

1. Amazingly high temperatures are utilized to decimate a little gathering of cells, for instance a tumor. This is normally alluded to as warm removal or nearby hyperthermia.

2. The temperature of a specific segment of the body is raised a couple of degrees higher than typical. This guide other malignancy medications, for example, immuno treatment, radiation and chemotherapy. This is called provincial hyperthermia.

Elementary Information About Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by the Koch bacillus, also known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it primarily affects the lungs and it is contagious. Besides the lungs, TB can also affect lymph nodes, intestinal tract, kidneys, bones, and brain.

Tuberculosis is known to exist even before the year 2000BC, and writings from Egypt and Babylon mention it. Until the discovery of the antibiotic treatment and of the BCG vaccine, TB made a lot of victims during a global epidemic.

There are some germs belonging to the Mycobacterium family, referred to as atypical tuberculosis. Generally these organisms live among other germs in the body and do not cause any harm, but sometimes they can lead to an infection or even to the typical tuberculosis.

Healthy persons receive the infection if living or working in the same place with the infected person. By coughing, shouting or sneezing, the infected person spreads the germs into the air, and others inhale them. Shaking hands or touching clothes does not infect others.

Another form of tuberculosis is transmitted by drinking unpasteurized milk. The responsible bacterium for this form of TB infection is called Mycobacterium bovis. Years before, this bacterium was a major cause of TB in children, but now since most milk is pasteurized (a heating process that kills the bacteria) it does not cause TB any more.

When a person gets infected with TB, the germ enters the lungs and causes a local infection. The lymph nodes are connected to the lymphatic system and could get enlarged. Using the lymphatic system the infection could spread in all the body and affect all the organs. Sometimes the immune system stops the infection by creating a scar tissue all around the infected area, and so the infection becomes inactive. If at some time the immune system becomes weakened due to another infection or to cancer the TB germs could pass by the scar tissue and spread the infection in the body.

In preventing the infection with TB some countries vaccinate their children with the BCG vaccine.This is a vaccine prepared of a weakened Tb germ, and it is considered to be the most effective vaccine in preventing childhood cases of TB.

In treating TB, doctors use a combination of antibiotics because using only one drug could lead to the bacterial resistance to this drug. The drugs used nowadays are: isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol, in different combinations.

Generally if the treatment is followed all the way, a person can heal without problems, and reintegrate within the society in about 6 to 9 months.

So, if you want to find more about tuberculosis history or even about tuberculosis symptoms please click this link http://www.tuberculosis-center.com

Toxic Mold Symptoms: How A Dirty Home Can Make You Sick

Mold can grow anywhere in the home, so identifying symptoms of toxic mold exposure can help you determine if a dirty house is making you sick. Mycotoxins produced by black mold and other common molds can lead to upper respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia, and exacerbate symptoms in asthma sufferers. However, there are many more symptoms of toxic mold exposure that can tip you off to a mold problem.

Mold can thrive using almost any carbon-based substance for food, and needs a moist, temperate place in order to grow. These conditions are fulfilled in most households, and bathrooms, refrigerators, and areas near pipes or air conditioners are places where mold is most commonly found. Below, you will learn what are the common symptoms to look out for.

The most common short term exposure symptoms can include:

• Sneezing and stuffy nose
• Watery, red eyes
• Itchy, red skin, in the cases of mold allergies

Repeated exposure to mold, even if it is not constant, can create a host of new symptoms. These include:

• Frequent nosebleeds
• Constant headaches
• Feelings of fatigue
• Respiratory problems, including difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest, or frequent illnesses like pneumonia
• Increased asthma symptoms in asthmatics
• Gastrointestinal problems, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or a lack of appetite
• Glandular swelling, particularly in the glands located under the chin and under the armpit
• Neurological deficits, including memory loss

The Center for Disease Control notes that some people, either exposed to extreme amounts of mold or that have compromised immune systems, may show severe reactions to mold, including:

• Chronic respiratory illnesses, particularly including fever and difficulty breathing
• Fungal infections in the lungs
• Anxiety and possible emotional changes

Toxic mold exposure in humans occurs when there is an excessive level of mold spores, or Stachybotrys chartarum.

Keep in mind that while any mold problem that has reached the capacity to affect your health is large enough to be seen or smelled, some of the places mold can grow are not easily spotted. This means that you may not make an immediate connection between these symptoms and an infestation. If multiple members of the household (including pets) are coming down with one or more of these symptoms, it is possible that mold could be the culprit.

Remember that it’s good to be aware of the symptoms to look out for, but its better to solve the problem from its cause – eliminating the source of toxic molds from your hose.

What to Do If Your Baby Has a Cold

Common colds are, well as the name implies, very common in babies. Although they aren’t usually serious, they still cause a lot of discomforts to babies. And since babies’ immune system isn’t fully developed yet, a common cold can develop complications like chest infection. Since you can’t do much about curing colds before your baby is 3 months old, you just feel helpless. Every first time mother will tell you how tense they feel every time they see their babies show any sign of sniffles.

The most common symptoms of colds are runny nose, raised temperature above 38 degree and cough. Your baby may also have a blocked nose and may dribble a lot, so make sure you have enough spare dribble bibs available. Common colds can also cause muscle pain and headache. Your baby is not able to tell you this, but he may be restless and irritable.

Common colds are caused by a virus, so it is self-limiting. Therefore it will get better without treatment. There are over 200 viruses that can cause a common cold, so it is possible for your baby to battle one cold after the other. Children tend to get colds up to eight times a year while adults get it less. As women are likely to have more contact with children, they also tend to get more colds than men.

As colds don’t have a cure, all you can do is treat the symptoms. If your baby is over two months old, you can give him paracetamol to reduce the fever. If he’s less than two months old, you can use cold wet flannels to reduce his temperature. There is no cure for runny nose, but you need to make sure that you wipe your baby’s nose more often. If you find yourself trying to look for something handy to wipe your baby’s nose, try putting dribble bibs on him. Terry cloth dribble bibs may be too harsh on your baby’s skin, especially if you’re using it often, so try using muslin cloth fashioned as bandana bibs. Alternatively, you can buy bandana bibs with cotton front and fleece backing. They’re softer for your baby’s skin and these funky bibs also look cute.

Your baby may have difficulty sleeping if he has blocked nose, try rubbing vapour rub on his chest or put a small drop of Olbas oil on a piece of tissue and put it somewhere safe inside the room. You can also wet a towel and put it on the radiator in the room to make it more humid. This can help ease your baby’s breathing.

If your baby’s high temperature doesn’t subside after five days or you feel he’s getting worse, call your GP.

Bronchitis Signs – How To Identify Them For Early Diagnosis

All disorders are accompanied by characterisitc signs, including bronchitis, a respiratory disorder that affects the lives of a number of people in different parts of the world. The signs of bronchitis are often mistaken to be cold. However, physicians around the world can make an accurate diagnosis on the basis of the signs of bronchitis described by their patients as well as the findings of laboratory tests.

Bronchitis is of two types–acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis is a milder form that lasts for a few days. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is a severe, long-lasting condition that requires careful medical attention and treatment. Doctors can easily distinguish between the varieties on the basis of the different signs of bronchitis in the patient.

Signs of Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis bears a lot of resemblance to common cold. The symptoms include severe coughing, low-grade fever, fatigue, pain in the chest and throat, and wheezing.

The signs of chronic bronchitis includes persistent and productive cough, obstruction of the air passages with mucus, breathlessness, fever, chest pain, and several attacks of acute bronchitis. A chronic bronchitis patient suffers from cough especially during the winter. The cough decreases in intensity during the summer.

In many cases, the signs of bronchitis are similar to the signs of other disorders of the respiratory system such as chronic sinusitis. Some of the the common signs are soreness, tightness in the chest, wheezing, malaise, low-grade fever, congestion, chills, sore throat, and breathlessness.

Recognising the signs of bronchitis leads to the correct diagnosis of this condition. Then an appropriate treatment plan can be drawn up to keep this condition under control. If you neglect the signs of bronchitis, it will lead to complications such as chronic bronchitis or even asthmatic bronchitis.

Things to Do and Avoid

To normalize breathing patterns after you are cured of bronchitis, perform aerobic exercises on a regular basis. Bronchitis patients have to exercise a lot even if the exercises are as simple as taking a walk. In addition, you could also try cardio exercises in order to improve your breathing, strengthen your muscles, and achieve a state of calmness.

If you are suffering from bronchitis, acute or chronic, avoid eating dairy food because it encourages the excessive secretion of mucus, which in turn can worsen the infection. You indirectly help the bacteria to grow and multiply in your system when you eat dairy products.

Pepper, garlic, and chicken stock will help you deal with acute bronchitis. These items liquefy the phlegm and make it easier for patients to expel it from their system.

Eucalyptus soothes the irritation in the bronchi and improve respiration.

Warm compresses and hot baths clear the mucus and stabilize the breathing process.

If you are a smoker, quit smoking for good. Avoid smoke from other smokers because this constitutes passive smoking, which is more dangerous than active smoking.

Signs of bronchitis serve to warn the person about its arrival. As soon as you observe signs of bronchitis in your body, visit the doctor. If you detect and treat the disease in its early stages, you can prevent further complications. Take the help of an experienced and reputed medical practitioner.

Brain Tumor – Types With Their Treatments

The brain and spinal column make up the central nervous system (CNS), where all vital functions of the body are controlled. When tumors arise in the central nervous system, they are especially problematic because a persons thought processes and movements can be affected. These tumors can also be difficult to treat because the tissues surrounding a tumor that may be affected by surgery or radiation may play a vital role in functioning.

There are two main types of brain cancer. Primary brain cancer starts in the brain. Metastatic brain cancer starts somewhere else in the body and moves to the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.

Alternative treatments have not been shown to cure brain tumors and should never be substituted for conventional therapy. However, complementary therapies (used with, not instead of, standard treatments) can help some patients cope with the stress of their illness and side effects of their treatment.

Meningiomas grow from the meninges. They are usually benign. Because these tumors grow very slowly, the brain may be able to adjust to their presence; meningiomas often grow quite large before they cause symptoms. They occur most often in women between 30 and 50 years of age.

Treatment:

Surgery is the preferred treatment for accessible meningiomas and is more successful for these tumors than most tumor types. For those with minor symptoms or an inaccessible tumor, close observation may be the first course of action. If the entire tumor is not removed surgically, or if it recurs, additional treatment such as radiation may be used. Stereotactic radiation is often preferred to reduce damage to healthy tissue. The effectiveness of chemotherapy and hormone therapy is being investigated in clinical trials.

Malignant brain cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer in adults and is the second leading cause of cancer death in children. Many current ways of treating the disease fail to provide long-term management because they ineffectively target tumor cells and harm the health and vitality of normal brain cells.

Treatment:

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy consists of a series of drugs that interfere with the normal functioning of the rapidly dividing cells of the tumor. This prevents the tumor from growing. Most of these chemotherapy drugs are given in combination so that they are most effective. Research is being conducted to determine the best combination of chemotherapy drugs to combat brain tumors. Some chemotherapy drugs are injected directly into the bloodstream while others can be taken by pill, at home.

The KetoCal diet gets around this dilemma by essentially starving the brain tumor cells of the sugary molecules on which they rely for growth and survival. Because of its special composition, the diet deprives the tumor cells of the glucose they need; at the same time, the diet provides normal brain cells with ketones, a class of organic compounds they can metabolize effectively but the tumor cells cannot.

Complementary and Alternative Medicines:

Complementary medicine is thought of as treatments used in addition to the conventional therapies your doctor may prescribe, such as using tai chi or massage in addition to prescription medicine for anxiety.
Alternative medicine is generally thought of as being used instead of conventional methods. For example, this might mean seeing a homeopath or naturopath instead of your regular doctor.

Philosophy of Deconstructive Architecture

We often relate the Deconstructive Architecture with the works of world famous architects like Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb (l) au, Peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas, Bernard Tschumi, Daniel Libeskind. But before labeling an Architect as ‘Deconstructive’ let us understand the Philosophy behind –

The term Deconstructivist Architecture was first used in 1988 as the title of an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, curated by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley. Seven architects assembled beneath this ambiguous banner, they were – Peter Eisenman, Daniel Libeskind, Zaha Hadid, Frank Gehry, Koolhaas, Tschumi, and Coop Himmelb(I)au-and were unambiguously seen as “theoretical”. They were criticized by both proponents of various “postmodernisms” and conservative anti-intellectuals. Any idea that “Deconstructivism” was a movement with substance beyond this exhibition was rejected. Yet nearly twenty years later these so called theoretical architects have developed themselves as major practitioners on a global scale. Still theoretical in formal and programmatic stance, they are much more than theoretical in practice, since it is apparent in some of the most significant cultural commissions of the late twentieth century.

As is admitted by its practitioners, deconstruction aims to take form apart – to degrade connections, symmetries, and coherence. This is exactly the opposite of self-organization in complex systems, a process which builds internal networks via connectivity. Extra binding energy is required to hold components together. Natural morphogenesis unites matter, establishing multiple connections on different scales and increasing the system’s overall coherence; whereas deconstruction undoes all of this, mimicking the decay and disintegration of form. For this reason, deconstructivist buildings resemble the severe structural damage such as dislocation, internal tearing and melting suffered after a hurricane, earthquake, internal explosion, fire, or nuclear war!

“This is an architecture of disruption, dislocation, deflection, deviation and distortion, rather than of demolition, dismantling, decay, decomposition, or disintegration. It displays the structure instead of destroying it.”

The deviation from the structural order, threatening the former values of harmony, unity and stability, is therefore isolated from the structure, and can thus be considered as an adornment. The qualities of unity, harmony and balance arise from the geometry of purity and strict composition. The merging of such pure forms adhere compositional rules which do not allow one geometry/form to conflict with another and therefore the overall harmony is maintained. But form is no longer pure with Deconstructivism. It becomes adulterated by some variety of ‘alien’…

“The alien is an outgrowth of the very form that it violates; the form distorts yet does not destroy itself.”

The nature of the word proposes a reversal of construction, thus architecture which seems to take ‘knock down’ a structure, is being called Deconstructive. However Deconstruction is not the dismantling or disassembling of constructions! The imperfections, or ‘contamination’, do not result in the total collapse of structure. Deconstruction, as per Wigley, is a challenging of the values of harmony, coherence and balance. It suggests a new interpretation of structure; that the imperfections are inherent to the structure, and therefore can’t be removed. The flaws are structural!

A Deconstructive architect is therefore not one who dismantles buildings, but one who locates the inherent dilemmas within buildings!

Pneumonia Types And Characteristic Symptoms

Pneumonia is a condition of the respiratory system, it is an infectious disease and can affect one or both lungs of the patient. Two hundred years ago, pneumonia used to be a leading cause of death but now it can be treated easily with antibiotics, as the infection is caused by viruses and bacteria. Still, pneumonia may represent a danger for patients with the immune system affected or for old people.

The general symptoms of pneumonia are coughing, fever and chest pain. Other than that, the symptoms vary depending on the causes of the condition and on many other factors.

Viral pneumonia is caused by viruses’ infections and it represents more than half the cases of pneumonia in the world. This condition’s symptoms are:

* – Dry cough
* – Chest pain followed by headache and fever
* – A general state of weakness and tiredness

For the bacterial pneumonia the symptoms are:

* – High fever
* – Coldness accompanied by accelerated heart beat and shivers
* – Coughing eliminates a green liquid
* – The skin turns bluish

The people with a higher risk for encountering pneumonia are the children and the elder people. Old people usually encounter pneumonia caused by viruses or bacteria while people under the age of 40 are usually affected by mycoplasmal pneumonia. Although this last form of pneumonia is considered a mild form, it is highly contagious and it can generate complications if left untreated.

Mycoplasmal pneumonia shows symptoms like:

* – Sore throat
* – Dry cough
* – Fever
* – Painful articulations
* – General state of tiredness

In the cases of children infection, pneumonia can be quite disturbing generating an uncomfortable general state, fever, breathlessness and bluish skin.

When a person discovers more than 2 symptoms of pneumonia, he or she should immediately consult a doctor and get a treatment because this condition can aggravate and lead to serious complications. If it is discovered in its early stages, pneumonia can be easily treated at home with antibiotics, but in the advanced stages, hospitalization is required.

Elastic Composite, Reinforced Lightweight Concrete (ECRLC) – A Brief

. The mentioned “Elastic Composite, Reinforced Lightweight Concrete (E.C.R.L.C.)” is a type of “Resilient Composite Systems (R.C.S.)”.

– Resilient Composite Systems (RCS):

“Resilient Composite Systems” (RCS) are the compound materials, having some particular structural properties, in which, contrary to the basic geometrical assumption of the flexure theory in Solid Mechanics, the strain changes in the beam height during bending is typically “Non-linear”. The RCS could be counted as “The Methodically Reinforced Nonlinear Porous Materials”, also having the high specific modulus of resilience in flexure. (As well, Elastic Composite, Reinforced Lightweight Concrete; ECRLC is a type of RCS with the mentioned specifics.)

Generally, the Resilient Composite Systems comprise these components as the main, necessary elements:

1) Mesh (Lattice);

2) Fibers or strands;

3) Conjoined matrix, having the disseminated suitable pores and/or the disseminated appropriate lightweight aggregates beads or particles. [Here, the general term of “lightweight aggregate” has a broad meaning, also including the polymeric and non-polymeric beads or particles.]

The Resilient Composite Systems are made by creating the disseminated suitable hollow pores and/or by distributing the appropriate lightweight aggregates throughout the reinforced, fibered conjoined matrix so that; “the strain changes in the beam height during bending” is typically “non-linear”. Thereby, by applying the mentioned method to make the said particular composite systems, “considerably increasing the modulus of resilience and the bearing capacity in bending” together with “the significant decrease of the weight” and “the possibility removal of the beam fracture of primary compressive type” have been possible. Through making these particular integrated functioning systems, the stated paradoxical virtues have been concomitantly fulfilled in one functioning unit altogether.

Generally, in these integratedly functioning units, the amount and the manner of the mentioned components use in the organized system are so that; the mutual (reciprocal) interactions among the components finally lead to the “typically non-linear strain changes in the beam height during bending” (as the “basic functional character” of these systems with the specific testable criteria and indices) and the functional specifications fulfillment of the system.

In the RCS in general, the main strategy to raise the modulus of resilience in bending is “increasing the strain capability of the system in bending” within the elastic limit.

Here, the main tactic to realize the stated strategy is: “creating the suitable hollow pores and/or using the appropriate lightweight aggregates, all disseminated throughout the methodically reinforced conjoined matrix”, to provide the possibility for occurring of the expedient internal deformities in the matrix during the bending course, which could lead to the more appropriate distribution of the stresses and the strains throughout the system and the more strain capability of the beam in flexure. On the other hand, only creating the hollow pores and/or using the lightweight aggregates in the matrix, by itself, not only cannot lead to the mentioned goals, but also brings about weakening of the matrix and its fragility. Hence, concomitantly, the matrix should be well supported and strengthened. Here, this essentially ameliorating and strengthening the matrix are performed by giving attention to “the internal consistency of the matrix” and also via “employing the expedient reinforcements in two complementary levels”: 1) Using the fibers to the better distribution of the tensile stresses and strains in the matrix, and to increase the matrix endurance and the modulus of resilience in tension and bending; 2) Using the mesh or lattice to better distribution of the tensile stresses and strains in the system, and to increase the system endurance and the modulus of resilience in tension and bending.

In these systems, the presence of the mentioned hollow pores and/or lightweight aggregates disseminated throughout the conjoined matrix (which has been ameliorated through making “an integrated, reticular structure”) provides the possibility for occurring of the expedient internal deformities in the matrix during the bending course. By the way, this can lead to the less accumulation of the internal stresses in the certain points of the matrix during bending, the better absorption and control of the stresses, and providing the more strain capability of the beam especially within the elastic limit.

The occurrence of the remarked internal deformities in the said methodically reinforced matrix during the bending course also means; the occurrence of the deformities in the said hollow pores and/or lightweight aggregates well disseminated throughout the conjoined matrix, in two different forms. Indeed, we have the internal deformities in the fibered lightweight matrix of the system throughout the bending course, in two main different forms, leading to: A) The comparative increase of the thickness (height) of the in-compressing layers (particularly in the upper parts of the beam) and the conversion of some internal compressive stresses to the internal tensile stresses (on the axis perpendicular to the mentioned internal compressive tensions) in the in-compressing layers; B) The comparative decrease of the thickness (height) of the in-tension layers (particularly in the lower parts of the beam) and the conversion of some internal tensile stresses to the internal compressive stresses (on the axis perpendicular to the mentioned internal tensile tensions) in the in-tension layers.

In the under-bending sections of the “Resilient Composite Systems”, the deformities occurring in the “conjoined layers perpendicular to the applied load direction” during the bending course are so that; “the initially plane sections perpendicular to the beam axis” typically shift from “the plane status” to “the curve status” during the bending course. Thereby, the basic geometrical assumption of the flexure theory in Solid Mechanics (“linearly” being of the strain changes in the beam height during bending) and the respective trigonometric equations & equalities are mainly overshadowed in these systems.

In this way, through occurring of the remarked internal deformities in the strengthened matrix during the flexure course, the stresses are more distributed and absorbed, and the rate of increasing the internal stresses in the matrix (which could lead to the matrix plasticity and crash) are reduced. Indeed, in these systems, the mentioned internal deformities in the beam during the bending course cause the tendency of the so-called Neutral Axis of the beam to move downward. (This tendency to move downward is opposite to the tendency of the neutral axis of the beams made of the usual reinforced concrete to move upward during the bending course.) Hence, the more strain capability of the beam is provided.

Indeed, due to the manner of the mentioned internal changes (in two different forms) in the reinforced and conjoined lightweight matrix during the flexure course, we have “typically non-linear strain changes in the beam height during bending” so that; this non-linearly being is counted as the basic functional criterion (with its indices) of the Resilient Composite Systems.

– The “Elastic Composite, Reinforced Lightweight Concrete (ECRLC)” as a type of Resilient Composite Systems (RCS):

The mentioned “Elastic Composite, Reinforced Lightweight Concrete (E.C.R.L.C.)” is a type of the “Resilient Composite Systems (R.C.S.)”. The RSC (with the mentioned general structural properties and specific functional criteria) whose cement materials include the “C-S-H (Calcium Silicate hydrate) crystals” have been termed ECRLC. [For instance, the composition of “Portland cement and water”, “Portland cement and water and Pozzolanic materials”, and “lime and Pozzolanic materials” all are among the cement materials which comprise the C-S-H crystals.]

In view of the special pattern of the strain changes during the bending course in the particular Resilient Composite System called ECRLC, this system, as an integratedly functioning unit with the reticular arrangement and texture, has more strain capability (especially within the elastic limit), energy absorption capacity and bearing capacity in bending compared to the usual reinforced concrete beams.

Obviously, employing the said hollow pores and/or lightweight aggregates (such as the Polystyrene beads) in the matrix leads to the density decrease. [In this way, we can also get access to the so-called thermal insulation, lightweight materials according to the case.]

Thereby, through utilizing this applied structure, the possibility of solving some of the main problems in the lightweight concretes application, especially the strategic deadlock of brittlely and insecurely being of the fracture pattern in many of the usual reinforced lightweight concrete structures, is provided; reaching to the high bearing capacities in the bending elements (even with the low dimensions & weights) is to hand, and getting access to a simple and practical opportunity for “the qualitative development of the capabilities for using the lightweight concretes” is conceivable.

Here, it is worthy of mentioning that, if needed and “according to the case”, concomitantly using some auxiliary methods and accompanying elements (such as the supplementary reinforcements, connection strips, foam pieces, additionally reinforcing in different levels, etc) in proportion with these systems could be taken into consideration. However, in general, these supplementary elements are not necessary to count a system as the so-called Resilient Composite System (Resilient Compound System).

– Some Applications:

Considering the subjects and particulars mentioned for the RCS and the ECRLC (as a simple and practical technology), these systems can be efficiently employed as the “in-bending” and in-torsion elements, and also for making the elements that perform the act of shielding by absorbing the impacts, shocks, vibrations, and dynamic loads (in bending).

As well, in consideration of the properties as lightness, insulation, durability, work-ability and the high forming possibility of some components used in these systems (such as a special type of the lightweight concrete with the high strain capability), and regarding the possibility of employing the supplementary elements and auxiliary methods (according to the case), these systems and some of the used components, such as the mentioned special lightweight concrete, can be utilized in various cases.

For instance, they can be employed in: the construction of the slabs, roofs, floors and decks, bridges, shields and pieces against blast and expulsion, road side guards, walls & partitions, kinds of the Slab Tracks and Traverses (under the rails), and various structures and objects such as multi-floor parking garages, buildings & towers, marine structures & floaters, intervening structures, lightweight facade pieces, lumbers, cabinets, counters, pips & ducts, etc.

The said particulars of the RCS & ECRLC have the high importance also in constructing the high buildings & towers and especially in construction in the “seismic areas”. Lightness, the high modulus of resilience and capacities of energy absorption and reserving in bending, the secure fracture pattern, the appropriate behavior against the high impacts and vibrations, the suitable integrity, not benefitting from the high weight and separated materials with the discordant behavior, etc are among the specifics which are important in this regard.

In general, in many cases, “Lightweightly and Integratedly Constructing” can be counted as the pivotal and practical tactic to effectively increase the resistance & safety of the constructions against “earthquake” and lateral forces, in the large extent. (For example, employing some lightweight and insulating, “non-brittle”, reinforced sandwich panels or 3D-panels, “with the high modulus of resilience and appropriate behavior against the bending loads and impacts”, for construction could be considered in its turn… [It is worth remarking that; contrary to the ECRLC, the usual reinforced lightweight concretes, especially in the very low densities, are dramatically brittle; they do not have the appropriate behavior and resistance against the high bending loads and impacts.]

In the literature about the RCS & ECRLC, these systems and some related structures and components have been discussed, and some instances of the structure termed ECRLC with the related details and the results of some performed experiments have been presented.

Naturally, by more studies and practices on this new innovative system and the “Resilient Composite Systems” in general, these structures and their applications can be developed more.

[“Updated in Dec 2016”]