Chronic Liver Disease – the Role of Glutathione

Glutathione is the body’s master antioxidant and protects the body from various diseases. It performs multiple functions to prevent the body from developing diseases and also helps to detoxify chemicals and drugs.

On the other hand, its reducing level increases the risks of toxicity and diseases. GSH along with the other cellular antioxidants, work synergistically to neutralize and scavenge oxygen and other free radical species. Thereby it prevents or diminishes “oxidative stress”.

Progression of liver diseases is contributed by deficiency of GSH and increase of free radical species. Therefore, glutathione has an important role to play in the cases of alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis, and particularly hepatitis C.

Various studies were conducted related to the role of antioxidants, particularly L-glutathione, in chronic liver diseases. There were reports on the levels of glutathione present in liver, blood and lymphocyte of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Few of these patients were infected by HIV too.

The liver is the major source of GSH levels in blood. It was found that GSH content in patients with hepatitis C was significantly reduced. This was interconnected with the severity of their liver disease and the ability of the hepatitis C virus to multiply. The GSH levels were found to be further more lowly in the cases of those who were HIV positive, compared to those with only hepatitis C. Patients addicted to drugs were the one’s to have the lowest GSH levels.

Studies suggested that increased levels of glutathione helps to improve the response to interferon treatment in the cases with hepatitis. It was confirmed that oxidative stress occurred in patients with chronic hepatitis and the studies also showed that the levels of free radicals was correlated with the activity of the hepatitis.

In another study conducted in Italy, improved glutathione levels with high intravenous doses in patients with fatty livers, secondary to alcoholic hepatitis or viral hepatitis (B or C), were marked to show improvement in liver tests, which lasted for several months, after the GSH treatment.

It was found that there was a presence of free radicals due to oxidation of lipids in patients with alcoholic liver disease. Therefore it was concluded that oxidant stress contributes to the deterioration of the liver disease.

Studies made it clear that:

* Oxygen and other toxic free radicals, resulting from oxidative stress, occurred in chronic liver disease, which contribute to liver damage in various common types of chronic hepatitis.
* Levels of antioxidants in blood and liver, mostly those of L-glutathione, are found to be lower in these patients compared to others.
* Thirdly, higher levels of L-glutathione have shown to improve liver cell damage as reflected by standard liver tests. In chronic hepatitis C, increase of glutathione not only impairs Virus C replication but also renders interferon anti-viral therapy to be more effective.

The studies suggested that the futures of therapy of chronic hepatitis C are likely to include measures to decrease oxidative stress and injury, and the use of multi drug combinations, including inhibitors of hepatitis C virus.

MaxGXL has been proven to raise glutathione levels by approximately 250-400% in humans as proven by tests in lymphocytes. MaxGXL provides the proper nutrients needed to promote the body’s own ability to manufacture and absorb glutathione.

Unfortunately Anxiety and Ringing Ears Are Often Very Much Related Conditions

Tinnitus, the symptom manifested by hearing a ringing sound in the ear, is also related to anxiety and stress. Many people have complained that with anxiety, ringing ears are often experienced. Worse, now that more and more people are stressed out from the financial crisis brought by the recent recession, tinnitus cases are likely to go up.

A neurophysiological model of tinnitus interconnects aggravators and triggers. Triggers are factors that directly turn on the tinnitus, like loud noises or experiencing a ringing sound after a concert. On the hand, there are aggravators, environmental and physiological factors that amplify tinnitus. In this area, stress, anxiety, and worry are major aggravators of tinnitus. Anxiety and ringing of ears is then a two way process, anxiety is able to trigger ringing ears, and the ringing of ears can make someone annoyed and can trigger anxiety itself. And when this loop goes on over and over again, anxiety and ringing of ears becomes more severe.

One must understand that the nerve cells in the inner ear are vibrating all the time. When we are exposed to sounds, the cells vibrate accordingly and process the signal to the brain, giving us the perception of a sound we are hearing. When exposed to loud sounds, these cells vibrate more than its average and may cause excessive signal gain to the brain. In turn, we hear the ringing or buzzing sound of something that is not real.

Anxiety and stress aggravate the cells of our body and often affect the auditory cells in our ears. Abnormal emotional behaviors amplify the vibrations of the auditory cells, and triggers tinnitus. Moreover, the annoyance brought by prolonged or loud ringing ears can cause more stress, therefore amplifying the whole process. With anxiety ringing ears becomes louder than usual.

When tinnitus is triggered or aggravated by anxiety, ringing ears can be treated with retraining therapy. Since tinnitus is amplified by an emotional disorder, management of emotions itself can decrease its effects. Tinnitus retraining therapy recognizes the sound of tinnitus, but focuses on how an individual can ignore the ringing so that it won’t be amplified further. Like most emotionally triggered pain, concentrating on other activities rather than thinking about the pain itself, actually does reduce or eradicate the pain itself. Same goes for anxiety ringing ears, one can forget about the ringing with diverted concentration. It may prove to be a hard process at start, but it works. One can learn how to reject psychologically anxiety and ringing ears and return to usual activities. Also, retraining therapy also tries to find instances in everyday life that may trigger anxiety and ringing of ears. Once identified, the method tries to find ways on how one can divert attention and eventually reprogram anxiety responses to reduce tinnitus occurrence and amplification.

What Exactly is Passing of Kidney Stones?

For a patient who is suffering from kidney stone, there is a treatment for passing of kidney stone. The constituents, location and the dimention of the kidney stones affects the spontaneous passage of stones. Kidney stones that are less than 4 mm in diameter and lie in the lower ureter region, have a 90% change of passing. In contrast, stones greater than 6 mm in diameter have only a 20% chance of passing spontaneously.

The Surgical Treatment contain following types of surgery for passing of kidney stones. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, which is called as ESWL. In this shock wave treatment, a particular machine is used by the doctor to send shock waves in a straight line to the kidney stone. So that waves helps to break the large stones into small pieces and then these small pieces flow and exerts from your urinary system of your body in the form of urine. Second method is percutaneous nephrolithotomy-lithotripsy; third, one is Endourology which is endoscopic removal or manipulation and Open surgery.

Medical study states that 95% of stones can be removed without an incision employing the first three surgical treatment procedures. The technique, risk, benefits, success and potential complication vary, thus I would advise you to discuss these with your urologist. ESWL is one of the most popular techniques today. It works by using shock waves to fragment your stone into small pieces (sand-like) that pass freely through the urinary tract. The urologist looks directly into the ureter during the endourologic procedures, and manipulates and retrieves the stone with small instruments. Both of these procedures are low risk, highly successful, and usually done as day surgery on an outpatient basis.

Passing of kidney stones does not form again in our urine. Without proper treatment, after a stone has passed, or surgically removed or disintegrated by ESWL, the rate of recurrence is approximately 50%. On the other hand, with proper surgical and medical treatment the recurrence rate can be reduced to 10% or less. However, in order to select proper medical management after treating urinary calculi it is imperative that the individual undergo a thorough medical evaluation of the urinary stone.

Urinary stone medical evaluations go through following stages of that patient. These stages are detailed medical history, physical examination, urine and blood test, kidney x-ray and ultrasound.

There is only possibility of kidney stones to wash out . These kidney stones can not be dissolved in our urine. Many types of of kidney stones are made up of calcium and hence they cannot be dissolved easily; however, stones caused by uric acid and cystine are easily dissolved.
There are various natural, home remedies, which are used as preventive measures for removing kidney stones. These remedies are drinking of 8 to 12 glasses of water per day. For preventing the kidney stone from formations, you have to develop a habit of taking plenty of fluid in the form of water and fruit juices. This is one of the helpful natural remedies for kidney stones. This utilization of water in acute level helps to break the stones for melting steadily with urine. A balanced diet which should be free from calcium supplement. A proper stone medication from doctor and close follow-up by your doctor.

Truck Drivers Are More Susceptible to Sleeping Disorders

Truck drivers have a demanding job that sometimes makes getting good quality sleep hard. Sleep disorders in truck drivers are very common. They have many of the risk factors associated with sleep disorders including driving long distances, alone, and often at night. Long monotonous roads combined with fatigue can be dangerous for the driver and everyone else on the road. The three groups that are at most risk for sleep disorders are drivers, shift workers, and teenagers.

Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome affect many drivers. Each can cause extreme fatigue and that is not a good combination with driving. Driving while drowsy can be very dangerous. Approximately seventy-one percent of truck accidents are caused by sleep apnea and they are six times more at risk for an accident. They can become tired, began to swerve, and eventually lose control of their vehicle. Driving a large commercial vehicle requires precision. Drivers must be alert at all times and have a quick reaction time if problems occur with the vehicle or on the road.

Sleep apnea is a very common disorder among truckers. This condition occurs when the airway between the nose and lungs becomes partially or completely blocked during sleep. A person experiencing this disorder will wake many times gasping for air and this prevents them from getting adequate sleep cycles. They will wake up still very fatigued and will not remember the episodes that occurred. Because of this, sleep apnea is often left untreated and can become a serious health risk for many people.

Restless leg syndrome results from the body not producing enough dopamine which affects reflexes. It can be caused by other medical conditions or be inherited. Things such as daytime tiredness, hypertension, depression, anxiety, attention deficit disorder, and substance abuse can be linked with this condition. Someone experiencing restless leg syndrome will have difficulty falling asleep due to a constant urge to move their legs or arms that gets worse at night and during sleep. The uncomfortable feeling can be temporarily relieved by moving around.

Demanding driving schedules and other existing sleep disorders can bring on insomnia. Psychological reasons include anxiety, depression, and obsessive compulsive disorder makes a person more susceptible to insomnia. Treatment may require medical intervention, behavioral therapy, and psychological therapy. Other disorders need to be treated in order to remove all causes and cure the condition.

If you are a driver who is experiencing sleep problems, it is time to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Fatigue due to a sleep disorder can cause you to drive drowsy, not be as alert, and have a much slower reaction time. These are not good qualities when driving any vehicle. Many trucking accidents are caused by sleep disorders and can be fatal to the driver as well as everyone around them. Even if you are just a little tired during the day, it doesn’t hurt to be evaluated for a sleeping disorder. Early diagnosis will prevent other illnesses and help ensure that you reach your destination and return home safely every time.

Salmonella Scare: Treating Emetophobia

Recently, salmonella outbreaks have been instilling fear in the hearts of US citizens. As recently as February, 2007, salmonella has been showing up in all sorts of foods—more than simply eggs and chicken. Peter Pan peanut butter, tomatoes, Cadbury Schweppes Chocolate, Hershey’s Chocolate, “Wild Kitty” Cat Food, Basil from the Majestic International Spice Corporation of Montebello in California, orange juice by Orchid Island Juice Company, soft cheese, raw milk, and almonds all have been found to contain traces of this deadly bacteria. Salmonella is no longer confined to raw foods such as eggs; it’s able to grow in many untreated foods, and outbreaks are still very dangerous.

Salmonella causes much vomiting—thus, people with emetophobia (a fear of vomiting) have a terrible time dealing with the salmonella bacteria. Because emetophobia is a very irrational fear of vomiting, those with the disorder will go to very extreme lengths in order to avoid vomiting, and some may also fear others vomiting, so it is difficult also for the emetophobic to deal with family members or friends who may have become sick with the salmonella of 2007.

Emetophobics will tend to exhibit very distinct symptoms—they have an extreme aversion to careers such as nursing that may involve seeing people vomiting; they fear being near children, babies, and people who are ill, because these three groups of people are the most likely to vomit at a sudden point in time (in fact, some emetophobics are not even able to interact properly with their own newborns or young children because they are afraid that the child will throw up); they will avoid social activities, because it’s possible that during social activities and parties, others will get drunk and, consequently vomit. Emetophobics often exhibit signs of “travel sickness”, a fear of traveling, especially to foreign countries where unfamiliar food may cause the emetophobic to vomit unexpectedly.

In general, the cause of emetophobia has been traced back to possible vomiting experiences in childhood times that were particularly traumatizing or horrifying, and so the emetophobic tries very hard to avoid this experience in the future. In addition, if the part punishes the child after the child vomits, it is far more likely for the child to eventually develop emetophobia than for the usual population. Sometimes, emetophobics fear vomiting because of the lack of control that being sick offers them—thus, in order to remain in control, emetophobics will try to avoid vomiting again, and this just perpetuates the cycle of emetophobia.

There are many different kinds of treatment for emetophobia, though there is no “best way”, nor is one method guaranteed to work all the time. Sometimes, the person with the phobia is desensitized to vomiting, shown pictures of people vomiting, vomit, and with sounds to go with it, in order to make the patient get used to vomiting. The images shown then become more and more extreme, as a result causing the emetophobic to become more and more afraid and anxious, but also desensitizing them to vomiting in general. Though this treatment doesn’t always work, it is fairly useful, and may help when emetophobics are facing crises such as the salmonella breakout of 2007.

Infectious Nail Fungus

For most people, worries about infectious nail fungus are not an everyday concern. With cases of fungal finger- and nail fungus (onychomycosis) on the rise, however, it’s good to have a general knowledge of the problem and the personal hygiene steps that anyone can take to avoid this type of persistent infection. What are these fungi and where do they come from? How infectious are they? And what, if anything, makes people more susceptible to them? In fact, some of these things are still not well understood, but we can at least begin to answer the questions.

What is infectious nail fungus and where does it come from? There are actually a number of different fungi involved in the process. Some are fungi naturally occurring in nature, in decaying organic material. They don’t normally infect living organisms but can do so in the right circumstances. Another group, called dermatophytes, includes fungi adapted for living on and consuming hair, skin, nails, hoofs, horns etc. These are the species we really need to know about if we want to avoid onychomycosis. Though they can be present in soil and other places in nature, they are usually passed more directly between people or between animals and people.

How infectious are they? Well, it’s true that some people can’t seem to avoid onychomycosis while others never have to deal with it. The basic answer is that these fungi get nutrients by breaking down keratin, a protein found in dead skin cells, hair, and nails, and therefore they need these materials for success. They will establish themselves in finger-and toenails whenever they get the chance. To ward off infectious nail fungus we need to make sure they don’t get the chance.

What makes some people more susceptible? Again, we’re not sure, but certain groups stand out as being more likely to contract infectious nail fungus. There may be a genetic connection: it seems to affect some families more than others. It becomes increasingly difficult to avoid onychomycosis as we grow older, presumably due to waning immunity. Certain occupations are at higher risk: those who often have damp feet and hands, people who work with soil of other organic material, people working in hot damp conditions. But these things don’t explain all cases.

To avoid onychomycosis, there are basic things we can all do. Keep hands and feet cool and dry, wash frequently and clean and dry carefully between the toes. Keep nails trimmed and do not share nail grooming equipment with others. Don’t wear other people’s shoes. Change socks daily. Avoid going barefoot in public places, particularly where the ground is damp, and see a medical professional at the first sign of infectious nail fungus.

Infectious Nail Fungus

For most people, worries about infectious nail fungus are not an everyday concern. With cases of fungal finger- and nail fungus (onychomycosis) on the rise, however, it’s good to have a general knowledge of the problem and the personal hygiene steps that anyone can take to avoid this type of persistent infection. What are these fungi and where do they come from? How infectious are they? And what, if anything, makes people more susceptible to them? In fact, some of these things are still not well understood, but we can at least begin to answer the questions.

What is infectious nail fungus and where does it come from? There are actually a number of different fungi involved in the process. Some are fungi naturally occurring in nature, in decaying organic material. They don’t normally infect living organisms but can do so in the right circumstances. Another group, called dermatophytes, includes fungi adapted for living on and consuming hair, skin, nails, hoofs, horns etc. These are the species we really need to know about if we want to avoid onychomycosis. Though they can be present in soil and other places in nature, they are usually passed more directly between people or between animals and people.

How infectious are they? Well, it’s true that some people can’t seem to avoid onychomycosis while others never have to deal with it. The basic answer is that these fungi get nutrients by breaking down keratin, a protein found in dead skin cells, hair, and nails, and therefore they need these materials for success. They will establish themselves in finger-and toenails whenever they get the chance. To ward off infectious nail fungus we need to make sure they don’t get the chance.

What makes some people more susceptible? Again, we’re not sure, but certain groups stand out as being more likely to contract infectious nail fungus. There may be a genetic connection: it seems to affect some families more than others. It becomes increasingly difficult to avoid onychomycosis as we grow older, presumably due to waning immunity. Certain occupations are at higher risk: those who often have damp feet and hands, people who work with soil of other organic material, people working in hot damp conditions. But these things don’t explain all cases.

To avoid onychomycosis, there are basic things we can all do. Keep hands and feet cool and dry, wash frequently and clean and dry carefully between the toes. Keep nails trimmed and do not share nail grooming equipment with others. Don’t wear other people’s shoes. Change socks daily. Avoid going barefoot in public places, particularly where the ground is damp, and see a medical professional at the first sign of infectious nail fungus.

Facts About Food Poisoning

Foodborne illness, or “food poisoning,” occurs when food contaminated with bacteria or other pathogens, such as parasites or viruses, is consumed. Poisonous chemicals, pesticides, and other harmful substances can also cause foodborne illness.  If you have developed a bad case of this illness as the result of another party’s negligence, then you may be able to recover damages for your suffering. Certain factors such as age and physical condition can make certain people more susceptible to food poisoning than others. Infants, pregnant women, the elderly and people with compromised immune systems are at greatest risk.

The main causes of food poisoning are eating unsanitary food, or drinking untreated or impure water. Sometimes it is due to traveling to the places that may not have clean drinking water. The basic reason for this disorder is contamination of the food particles. Eating contaminated food, drinks or solid food items, results in the individual allowing harmful bacteria and virus to sneak in the body and causing havoc. If you are a healthy person, with a strong immune system, then the food poisoning symptoms are likely to be violent, for a short period and you bounce back easily afterward.

Symptoms may develop as soon as 30 minutes after eating tainted food, but more commonly do not develop for several days or weeks. Symptoms of viral or parasitic food poisoning may not appear for several weeks, while some toxins in fish may take only a few minutes to cause symptoms. Tampering with some cooking routines could leave you exposed to this disease too. For example, while storing the meat items in your home, store red meat and poultry separately. Always wash your hands thoroughly before handling food.Make sure that you clean cutting boards thoroughly with warm soapy water before preparing food on them.

Symptoms of food poisoning typically arise several hours after the infected products have been ingested. Most cases will resolve themselves without outside treatment, but there are several tips that victims can follow to prevent matters from getting worse.  To avoid food poisoning you should choose to eat at reputable restaurants. If you are in an area that does not practice the same level of food safety as your home country you should practice extra caution. Typically food should be served hot or cold. Generally, for mild cases of food poisoning, the doctor will recommend for you to rest, drink fluids to prevent dehydration due to vomiting or diarrhea, and to follow a specific diet. It usually only takes about 1 to 5 days to recover from food poisoning.

Carefully wash your hands, do not drink unprocessed or impure food or water, Always cook meats properly and cook meats at high temperatures to kill germs.Food safety is an important part of a fun summer. Taking precautions will help you enjoy your meals and avoid serious consequences. Black tea is fermented during processing; green and white teas are not. The fermentation process changes the anti-oxidants in the tea from their natural, original state, into a slightly different compound.

How to Give an Erotic Massage: Massage Oils

Why massage oil?

A lot of people think grabbing some hand cream or body lotion would do just fine for a massage, or worse (shudder) doing a “dry” massage. If you want this erotic massage to actually reach the erotic point, you need real massage oil; something that will absorb a bit into the skin, soften it, but also allow you to keep smooth, steady movements with your massage.

You also want your massage oil to be something that you use only for erotic massage. You want to get to the point where you can take a whiff of the oil and have your body ready to rumble. You want to walk into the room the next day, catch the merest leftover scent of the massage oil, and smile at the memory of what you did in that room the night before. You want to put one small drop of that massage oil behind your ear, so that when you and your partner are out on the town, at a party or a business meeting, maybe in a restaurant, he’ll catch the scent as it wafts past him, and drive him insane until he can get you alone. Lubriderm cream is not going to do that for you!

But let’s back up a bit here, take a step back and look at the bigger picture.

A Brief History

Oils and aromatherapy have been around for a long time. Just look in the Bible. Remember when Mary Magdalene anointed Jesus’ feet? Not only was she applying essential oils, but was doing so through massage. Mary knew the power of massage. It’s a way to relax, relieve stress, show interest, and “rev the motor”, so to speak.

Oils have been around a lot longer than Biblical times, though. About 2700 years before the birth of Christ, the Chinese were using herbs and burning oils.

The Egyptians used oils in the mummification process, then eventually applied the same herbs and oils to everyday life. In fact, Cleopatra used the exotic and erotic Jasmine oil to distract Marc Antony during business meetings (Ladies, take note!).

In India, practitioners of ayurveda, a form of medical therapy, employed the use of aromatherapy and massage. Greeks used oils for aromatherapy, cosmetics, and medicine. Romans utilized the oils after baths, and the Aztec had a vast array of herbs and plants. In 980 AD, in the Far East, the art of distilling alcohol led to the development of more modern-day perfumes.

I believe it wouldn’t be too far-reaching to say that nearly every culture at one time or another took advantage of nature’s resources and used oils and massage.

How Do They Work?

Essential oils work in at several ways. First, and probably most obvious, is scent. The nose is an incredible organ. Ever notice how a fleeting aroma wafting across the street can take you back in time 20 years, to when you first encountered that smell? You can recall that instant in time in vivid detail; much more detail, in fact, than a photograph could bring back. Have you ever encountered a scent that reminded you of a particular person? Have you ever found yourself attracted to someone and not known why, only to find out later it was the scent he or she was wearing that aroused your interest? There are good reasons for that. The nose is directly hardwired to the brain.

When a scent is inhaled, the particles of the aroma are picked up by nerve endings at the back of the nose. The signal is then passed up to the brain, specifically to the limbic system.

The limbic system is home of the hypothalamus, which in turn houses the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, among other things, is responsible for hormone release. See where I’m going with this?

Nose – to – limbic system – to – hypothalamus – to – pituitary gland – to – hormone release

There are different neurochemicals that are triggered by smell and cause mood changes. The first one is familiar to just about everyone- endorphine. Endorphin is the body’s natural high. Endorphines are most commonly associated with pain control. Everyone has heard of the person who is shot and doesn’t know it, or the person who has broken a limb and feels no pain. Thank the great hormone endorphine for that! Endorphines are actually stronger than morphine, which is probably why the word breaks down as “endo”, which means “within”, and “phin”, which means “morphine”; literally the word means “the morphine within.”

But pain control isn’t the only job of endorphines. Elevated levels of this hormone is seen after exercise and sex, as well. It’s associated with feelings of invicibility, satisfaction, calmness, and attunement with the body.

The other neurochemical triggered by smell is serotonin. Serotonin is a calming hormone. It is associated with sleep, mood, locomotion, feeding, and anxiety.

Is it any wonder that aromatherapy is a great way to relax, calm, and entice?

So, now the nose has picked up on the scents of the oil and has triggered a mad rush of hormones through the body. That, you may say, is a temporary state. One could get used to the scent of the oil and it will have less impact, or over the course of an evening the effects of the hormones will dissipate. But there’s more. The oils are also absorbed in the fat cells, and when essential oils are used in massage, whether erotic or not, the medicinal components of the herbs are also availed. Combine that with the effects of the massage itself -stimulation of circulation and heat production, not to mention relaxation of tense muscles – and you have an excellent vehicle through which to completely spoil your partner with luxury.

Introduction to Essential Oils

I personally believe that massage using essential oils is one of the most erotic feelings in life. As I said before, the massage itself, along with the scents, is magical enough, but what I think really makes massage with essential oils so special is the care that is being shown by the masseuse.

When you partner takes the time to select, mix, and then apply oils to your body, he or she is telling you that you are worth the time. Your partner is telling you that you’re worth spoiling, worth pampering, and that he or she thinks you’re beautiful.

Psychologically, essential oils and massage do as much for the soul as the actually physical benefits, which are no small things.

The main focus of this composition is information on essential oils used for massage. Keep in mind that all these oils are used for other medicinal reasons and in other ways than massage. For our purposes, though, I will try to keep the information on massage oils, erotic and otherwise.

At the end of this report you’ll find a small guide to different oils, their basic scents, and their attributes in regards to massage, as well as good base oils to use in your mixture.

A Word of Caution

My favorite base oil is almond oil, but there are a surprisingly large number of people allergic to nuts. DO NOT USE ALMOND OIL WITH ANYONE WHO HAS A NUT ALLERGY! You want to send your partner into throes of passion, not the emergency room with anaphylactic shock.

When choosing the essential oils for your massage oil:

• Pick just a few; you don’t want a mishmash of aromas.

• Make sure the essential oils, as well as the base oil, are not only edible, but tastes good and are not harmful to mucous membrane.

• Be aware of the properties of the essential oils you use. Some may heat up, which can be a lot of fun, but might be a little intense for some people. Some are astringent, some can raise blood pressure, and some just taste horrible.

• This may sound like a “duh” statement, but find out what your partner likes. If your partner absolutely hates mints, then massage oil made with peppermint is not going to put him in the mood for love.


There are a few things to keep in mind when blending oils. First and foremost is many essential oils have medicinal properties and should be used with caution, especially during pregnancy.

After the list of oils and their attributes at the end of this narrative, there will be a list of oils to avoid during pregnancy, some of which may not be listed in the list of oil attributes.

The second thing to keep in mind is that oils should never be applied directly to the skin, unless you have been instructed to do so by an experienced aromatherapist. Base oil must always be used. You want to use about 5 to 6 drops of essential oil for every 10 mL of base oil you use. That comes out to about 15 or so drops of essential oil per liter of base oil.

Oils should be stored in a dark glass bottle – never plastic. You will usually find oils stored in amber-colored bottles or blue ones. Avoid rubber stoppers for your oil bottles. The oils can eat through the rubber.

And speaking of oils eating through rubber, latex condoms will degrade in the presence of oil. Again, your Jimmy hat will not be of any use if you use oils as a sexual lubricant, which is bound to happen during an erotic massage. There are condoms made from plastics that can withstand the presence of oil, so read labels before you buy! Okay, I’m going to reiterate, since I don’t want anyone blaming me if Junior is born 9 months from now: DO NOT USE LATEX CONDOMS WITH OIL LUBRICANTS, AS THE OIL CAN CAUSE THE CONDOM TO BREAK!

Moving on…..

Store the oils in a cool dry place. If stored correctly, the oils should last a year or so.

After mixing your oils, let your mixture sit for a day or so, or at least a few hours, and then go back and smell it again. You might find that the finished product smells a little different from when you first put it up. You can adjust your mixture accordingly. Play around with the oils, find a mixture that smells good to you and experiment with it. If you added 3 drops of sandalwood and 1 drop of chamomile one time, the next time you might want to try 2 drops of each, instead.

By the way, the combination of sandalwood and chamomile is an excellent relaxing oil mixture.

In general, men tend to enjoy spicy, woody smells, while women are known for favoring floral scents. A blend of both, then, would be an ideal massage oil that would please both partners in a heterosexual relationship. This, however, is a general statement. I’m a woman, and I prefer the spicy aromas over the floral ones, and I know some men who love the scent of some flowers. Regardless, for him/her relationships try a mixture of jasmine and sandalwood (both very erotic oils), or rose and frankincense.

Men like scents such as cinnamon, ginger, clove, nutmeg, and coriander. Women seem to lean towards aromas such as rose, jasmine, nerolis, and ylang-ylang. But, like I said before, this is a generality and the real fun comes from finding what you and your partner enjoy.

My all-time favorite massage oil is a combination of lavender oil, clove oil, cinnamon, peppermint, and rosemary oil, in a base of sweet almond oil. This blend not only smells awesome, but also produces just a touch of heat that can really drive you wild. It also tastes great!

You might want to try these other combinations:

– For relaxation try clary sage, lavender, and lemon. Chamomile is excellent for sleep, so try a mixture of chamomile and sandalwood, or chamomile and lavender to help you relax.

– Ginger and, believe it or not, black pepper, are great for sore, achy muscles.

– For an uplifting massage, try a blend of lemon, mint, and geranium. How about bergamot, peppermint, and lemon? Lavender, orange, and peppermint is a very cooling combination, as well, and gives a nice floral scent.

– For romance there are several mixtures you can try. Bergamot, sandalwood, and jasmine for one. The Kama Sutra recommends jasmine and grapefruit. Ylang-ylang, lavender, grapefruit, lemon, and neroli are also great together. If you’re really ambitious, go for a combination of rosewood, neroli, lavender, thyme, and cinnamon or clove.

– Trouble sleeping? Try lemon, marjoram, and vetiver.

Essential Oils

Please keep in mind that all these oils have many attributes, and this is by no means a complete list of essential oils. I’ve picked these oils for their relaxing, sensual, or refreshing qualities. An asterisk after an entry means that that particular essential oil is not recommended for use during pregnancy.

In general, it is a good idea to always consult with an herbalist, doctor, midwife, aromatherapist, or other healthcare practitioner before using any essential oil medicinally. There will be a more complete list of oils to avoid after this entry.

Essential oils that are underlined are particularly known for their sensual attributes. If you notice, most of the “aphrodisiac” essential oils have euphoric and calming effects. This makes sense, as a calm and content state of mind is essential for a good sensual encounter. Combine these erotic oils with those promoting muscle relaxation, and you have a massage partner that is calm, relaxed, and ready for more action.

– Bergamot – Citrus bergamia – This oil has the aroma of bergamot orange that is slightly floral. A very refreshing scent. It is also known as Oswego tea and bee balm. This oil is good for depression, tension, and stress.

– Bos-de-Rose – Aniba rosaeodora – A sweet, floral, woody scent that relieves stress, headache, and depression.

– Cedarwood* – Cedrus atlantica – You will find this a scent that is dry, woody, and sweet. It soothes and calms. Great for arthritis and stress.

– Chamomile* – Matricana chamomila – This oil has a fruity, herbal essence with a myriad of uses. Not only is it great for your hair, it is also wonderful for insomnia, anxiety, neuralgia, burns, pain of rheumatism, gout, sores, sprains, inflamed skin, strains, stress, and nerves, and gives a sense of peace and calm.

– Cinnamon* – Cinnamonum zelanicum – I’m sure everyone has smelled the comforting aroma of cinnamon in apple pie, but I bet you didn’t know it is a wonderful essential oil for exhaustion, stress, and rheumatism. Cinnamon may be a mucus membrane irritant, as are the other spices, so keep that in mind when making oils intended for erotic massage. You might want to use just a small amount in you blend.

– Citronella* – Cymbopogon nardus – This oil has a lovely citrus odor. I’m sure everyone is familiar with its insect-repellent attributes, but it’s also a great tonic for headache and fatigue.

– Clary Sage* – Salvia sclarea – This oil with a nutty fragrance helps fortify a debilitated nervous system. It is also a euphoric and has sensual properties. Some sources site clary sage as being a uterine stimulant, so this must be kept in mind in the case of pregnancy.

– Clove* – Eugenia caryophyllata – Clove is a wonderful analgesic; just ask anyone who’s used it for a toothache. It also has antiseptic properties and is excellent for arthritis pains, as well as sprains and strains. This oil may cause mucus membranes irritation, so again, be wary. In my own personal use of this essential oil, I’ve not found it to be irritating to mucus membranes, but everyone is different and perceives sensations differently.

– Cypress – Cupressus sempervirens – A woody aroma that helps with mental and emotional resolve, as well as rheumatism and varicose veins.

– Frankincense – Buswellia thurifera – This gift from the magi has a heady, spicy aroma. It encourages feelings of peace and wellbeing, calms, deepens breathing, and eases nerves and tension. I liked to use this oil or the resin itself when my children are fearful of boogey men and monsters. When I burn frankincense, I can feel it in my spine. The aroma evokes feelings of safety, and may even chase away evil spirits!

– Geranium* – Pelargonium graveolens – An essential oil with a floral scent. It’s good for depression and nerves; helps to relax. It also benefits the nervous system and women who suffer from PMS.

– Ginger – Zingiber officinale – Ginger has a spicy aroma that for me calms and soothes. My midwife uses ginger in boiling water during births to soothe the laboring mother. She also uses the ginger water to relax the skin. Ginger improves circulation; it’s great for cold hands and feet, so try it in a tub or footbath. It helps with muscle aches and pains, as well as arthritis.

– Grapefruit – Citrus paradisi – This oil, with an obvious citrus aroma, is used for depression and migraine, and as a tonic aid in drug withdrawal. It is a good choice if you’re looking for a refreshing scent.

– Hops – Humulus lupus – Hops is the ingredient in beer that acts as a sedative. Marijuana, which also causes sedation, is a relative of hops. Hops is an analgesic and helps neuralgia, nervous tension, bruising, and insomnia. It’s also a skin softener.

– Jasmine – Jasminum officinale – This oil has an erotic floral scent. This night-blooming flower eases anxiety and lethargy, while relaxing and calming.

– Juniper* – Juniperus communis – With an earthy, woody scent, juniper clears the emotions and relaxes. It’s also good for cellulitis and rheumatism.

– Lavender – Lavendula augustiform – This oil has a warm floral aroma. It is a relaxant, easing nervous tension, headaches, neuralgia, and muscle aches and pains from rheumatism, and gives a sense of tranquility. It also works wonders on burns, though I do not recommend using the undiluted oil on damaged skin, and before using any oil medicinally, it’s a good idea to check with an aromatherapist, herbalist, midwife, or naturopath.

– Lemon – Citrus limonum – A lemony aroma, of course, that refreshes and cools. It’s great for nerves, varicose veins, and high blood pressure. Anyone who has had a tall glass of ice water with a twist of lemon on a hot summer’s day or while feverish can attest to the cooling, soothing qualities of lemon.

– Lemongrass – Cymbopogon citratus – Citrus. Wonderful for muscle aches, headaches, and stress.

– Lime – Citrus aurantifolia – Another oil with a sweet citrus odor. Great for high blood pressure, rheumatism, depression, anxiety, insomnia, and varicose veins. It revitalizes, too.

– Mandarin – Citrus noblis – An oil with a fruity citrus essence that relieves stress and nervousness, as well as eases insomnia with its tranquilizing effects.

– Marjoram* – Origanum marjorana – This essential oil has a spicy, woody aroma that is helpful with bruises, PMS, anxiety, insomnia, muscle aches, circulation, neuralgia, rheumatism, sprains, and strains.

– Melissa – Melissa officinalis – Also known as lemon balm, it calms nerves and lifts spirits. Its sedative affect helps with depression and insomnia. It’s also good for eczema.

– Myrrh* – Commiphora myrrha – This aroma is woody and earthy, and has wonderful calming affects. It is also used as gargles and mouth rinses for those suffering from gingival problems, but this should be done only under the direction of any herbalist, and the oil never applied directly to the mucus membranes.

– Neroli – Citrus bigaradia – This oil has the essence of blossom of bitter orange. It eases depression, anxiety, and hysteria, as well as nervous tension. It promotes peace and encourages sleep, but is also known for its seductive qualities.

– Nutmeg* – Myristica fragrans – This woody, spicy oil works wonders for arthritis, aching muscles, neuralgia, rheumatism, and poor circulation.

– Orange – Citrus aurantium – Bitter orange, with its citrus aroma, is good for depression, anxiety, stress, dull skin, and muscle spasms.

– Palmarosa – Cymbopogon martini – This refreshing, floral aroma helps with exhaustion, skin infections, and dull skin.

– Patchouli – Pogostemon patchouli – With its musky odor, it lends itself as a sensual essential oil. It is also useful for skin inflammation, fatigue, mature skin, stress, and hair care.

– Peppermint – Mentha piperata – A cooling, refreshing minty aroma is the characteristic of this oil. It is also known for its benefits for inflammation, and migraine, and where it is applied it has an anesthetic affect that increases blood flow. Like the other mints, though, it may cause mucus membrane irritation.

– Rose – Rosa gallica officinalis – A light floral aroma helps to ease tension, depression, and anxiety. It is a “love oil” that is also an excellent tonic for the reproductive organs. Rose also aids in the treatment of eczema and mature skin.

– Rosemary* – Rosmarinus officinalis – This oil has an herbal, woody aroma. It, too, is a “love oil”, but also helps with headaches, fatigue, muscle aches, sprains, nerves, and rheumatism. This is one of the best oils for your hair.

– Rosewood – Aniba Rosaeodora – This floral scent promotes comfort and eases depression. It relaxes sore muscles. It is also known as lemongrass.

– Sandalwood – Santalum album – This wood-scented oil is known as a sexual stimulant. It helps the user to focus on the here and now, enjoying the moment rather than worrying about what could have been; enabling the user to fully enjoy his or her present situation and partner. It is also a sedative that helps with depression and PMS.

– Thyme* – Thymus vulgaris (as well as T. serpyllum and T. pulegioides) – This plant possesses a fresh, herbal aroma. It strengthens nerves, eases exhaustion and rheumatic pains, and soothes muscle aches and arthritis. – Ylang-ylang – Canagna odorata – This oil has an exotic, floral odor that eases stress, anxiety, and high blood pressure. It’s a general tonic that is also well known for its sensual properties.

Base oils

– Sweet Almond – This oil can be used 100%. This is my favorite oil to use as a base. It’s light in texture and color, and has the added benefit of helping with itching, dryness, soreness, and inflammation.

– Apricot Kernel – This oil, too, can be used undiluted. It’s good for sensitive skin and dry skin.

– Avocado – This oil should be used at only 10% (90% should be another oil, such as sweet almond). This base oil is rather heavy and leaves a waxy feel on the skin.

– Avocado Pear – Again, though this oil is good for dry skin, it should be used at 10% and mixed with another base oil.

– Borage Seed – Another 10% oil that should be mixed. It’s good for premature aging, stimulation and regeneration of skin, multiple sclerosis, menopause, heart disease, and eczema.

– Cocoa Butter – This needs to be warmed, as it is solid at room temperature, but it is excellent for dry skin.

– Corn Oil – This oil can be used 100% and is good for all skin types. It’s rather heavy, but also soothing.

– Hazelnut – This oil can be used undiluted and on all skin types. It is also an astringent.

– Jojoba – This base should be diluted to 10%. It’s a wonderful help in psoriasis, acne, and inflamed skin, but can be used on all skin types. It’s also good for the hair.

– Peanut Oil – Edgar Casey sang the wonders of this oil. He recommended it for all types of ailments. Peanut oil can be used undiluted and on all skin types, but be aware that it has a very strong aroma of peanuts and can feel quite heavy on the skin.

– Safflower – This can be used undiluted and for all skin types.

– Sesame Oil – This should be diluted to 10%, but is wonderful on all skin types. It is especially useful for psoriasis, eczema, and arthritis. It also has a strong aroma, though, so smell it before trying it. – Soya Bean – Another oil that can be used undiluted and on all skin types. – Sunflower oil – Again, another oil that can be used undiluted and on all skin types.

– Wheat germ – While good for psoriasis, prematurely aging skin, and eczema, as well as all skin types, it should be used at 10%.

Remember, use only 5 to 6 drops of essential oil per 10 mL of base oil. This is the total amount. You can combine oils, of course, but in total your essential oils should not exceed the 5 to 6 drops mentioned above.

Pregnancy and Essential Oils

Some essential oils may be uterine stimulants or have other effects that are contraindicated in pregnancy. While this list is pretty close to complete, there’s no way I can be sure I got everything down. In any case, when pregnant, it is always good to check with a midwife, herbalist, or aromatherapist before using any particular essential oil. While some oils are not advised during early pregnancy, some may actually be beneficial in the last trimester or during labor.

• Angelica

• Aniseed

• Basil

• Camphor

• Cedarwood

• Chamomile

• Cinnamon

• Citronella

• Clary sage

• Clove

• Cypress

• Fennel

• Geranium

• Hyssop

• Juniper

• Marjoram

• Myrrh

• Nutmeg

• Oregano

• Parsley

• Peppermint

• Rosemary*

• Sage

• Thyme

*Some sources site rosemary as being contraindicated in pregnancy, while others claim there is no reason it can’t be used. All I can say is to research the herb yourself, talk to some herbalists, and make your own decision.

Other Precautions

If allergic to nuts, avoid base oils that contain nuts, such as sweet almond oil, hazelnut oil, and peanut oil. This may seem an obvious thing to do, but there are some people that will assume because the oil is not being ingested, that it is safe. Unless you’ve had an anaphylactic reaction to nuts, you couldn’t possible understand the need to be extremely careful with these oils.

If you suffer from high blood pressure, avoid hyssop, rosemary, sage, and thyme. Licorice is also known to elevate the blood pressure, but it’s not often used as a massage oil!

Diabetics should avoid angelica.

For those of you who enjoy tanning beds or outdoor tanning, you should avoid bergamot, lemon, grapefruit, ginger, lime, orange, and the other citruses. These can make you hypersensitive to ultraviolet waves.

Oils to be avoided in general are:

• Bitter almond

• Boldo leaf

• Calamus

• Deadly nightshade

• Horseradish

• Jaborandi leaf

• Mugwort

• Mustard

• Pennyroyal

• Rue

• Sassafras

• Savin

• Southern wood

• Stinging nettle

• Tansy

• Thuja

• Wintergreen

• Wormwood

• Yellow camphor


In closing, I want to encourage you all to experiment with essential oils and erotic massage. The skin is the largest human organ; take full advantage of it!

As you experiment with more and more combinations, finding the ones that are right for you in each particular circumstance, you will not only find that you are pleasing you partner in much deeper ways, but you are also learning something about yourself. To honestly enjoying giving pleasure to your partner is what will make you a good lover, and a memorable one. When I think about my lover, it’s his hands that come to mind before anything else. Even as I type I can feel his hands on my neck, massaging the stress of computer work away!

Slow down, enjoy your senses, and enjoy each other.

“And in the end, the love you make is equal to the love you take.”

The Beatles

Overusing a Massage Chair

Many people will sit in a comfortable chair for several hours at a time to read a book, watch television or simply to relax. However, if you are sitting in a massage chair for this length of time it is very important that you not have the massage on that length of time. Almost all of the back and massage chair experts say that you should not use the massage programs in a massage chair for more than 15 minutes at a time and after you use the massage they say it is best to get up, move around, even go for a short walk to fully enjoy the benefits of the massage chair.

Massage chairs have crossed over the border from being just simple vibrating chairs to become full fledged therapeutic medical devices. Properly used they provide a very deep back massage that, if over used, can bruise, inflame and damage muscle and other body tissue. To put it simply, too much of a good thing becomes a bad thing in this case.

Most massage chairs have build in timers for the massage programs to prevent this kind of overuse. Make sure the chair you purchase has a timer or that you use some external timer to prevent running the massage for too long. Simply watching the clock may not be the best idea. Massage chairs are designed to be comfortable in addition to providing health benefits so it would not be uncommon to fall asleep in one with the massage turned on. A simple alarm clock nearby may be all that you need to remind you to turn the massage off but a built in timer to automatically turn the massage off is the best option.

This does not mean that you cannot sit in a massage chair for extended periods of time with the massage turned off. 20 or 30 years ago massage chairs were cushy novelty items that often were not correctly designed to provide healthy back support. The modern massage chair, however, in almost all cases is anatomically correct for good back health. Most conventional chairs in the world today do not provide support for all 3 curves in the back; lumbar for lower back, thoracic for middle back and cervical for upper back. Massage chairs, however, generally provide support for all areas of the human back. So not only is a massage chair great for massage but they are usually also the best posture chairs in households so feel free to use them for watching television, reading and almost all general purpose seating.

If you have back pain or back problems make sure you consult with your doctor or chiropractor before purchasing and using a massage chair. There are several different types of massage available in massage chairs; Shiatsu, Swedish massage and variations or a combination of the two and most chairs allow you to vary the intensity of the massage as well. Your doctor may recommend a certain brand or type of massage chair. So by all means, enjoy your massage chair to the fullest and sit in it whenever you want and for as long as you want but don’t use the massage programs for more than 15 minutes at a time.

Chair Massage and Stomach Ulcers

Controlling stress when you have a stomach ulcer is a necessary part of the recovery process and can be effectively managed with a chair massage.  A gastric or peptic ulcer is a painful condition caused by the inflammation and subsequent erosion of the stomach lining and can also occur in the intestinal tract.  It has long been seen as a condition affecting overly stressed professionals, but can affect both children and adults, regardless of occupation.  Chair massage is an important tool for keeping ulcer patients comfortable and on track for a full recovery.

If left undiagnosed or untreated, a stomach ulcer can cause a hole in the organ, leading to internal bleeding, hemorrhaging, and ultimately death.  Spicy foods and a stress-filled lifestyle have long been seen as the main causes for peptic ulcers.  However, medical research now credits the H. pylori bacterium as being the culprit in as many as 80% of all peptic ulcer cases.  The H. pylori bacterium can be found in more than 20% of the American population, and is normally a benign infection.  H. pylori dwells and multiplies in the protective mucus layer of the stomach and small intestine, sometimes causing inflammation that ultimately leads to an ulcer.  Treatment usually consists of a combination of antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors taken over the course of 1-2 weeks.  Therapeutic massage can encourage a more rapid and thorough healing of the affected areas through enhanced circulation, which aids in cell renewal and replenishment.

Other causes of peptic ulcers include excessive use of alcohol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.  These drugs affect the protective mucous layer of the stomach, allowing acid to eat away at the stomach lining.  NSAIDS also hamper the secretion of bicarbonates, which are our bodies’ natural acid reducers.  Blood circulation to the stomach is also restricted by the use of NSAIDS, which decreases the renewal and mending of damaged cells.  Corporate massage can relieve tension headaches brought on by work related stress and reduce the need for NSAIDS.

Although stress is no longer considered the leading cause of peptic ulcers, it is still considered a culprit and inhibits recovery.  High levels of stress cause overproduction of stomach acid, which is the protagonist in ulcer development.  Stress also hinders digestion, which can cause even more discomfort for those suffering from gastric ulcers.  Correspondingly, stress takes its toll on the body’s ability to heal itself, and those with ulcers must keep their stress levels in check. An Atlanta chair massage will aid the digestion process and help to maintain normal stomach acid levels.

Chair massage is one of the most immediate ways to reduce stress.  Massage releases tension and calms anxiety, which in turn, stems the production of acid in the stomach.  It is important to note that abdominal massage is contraindicated in patients with ulcers, due to an increased risk of hemorrhaging, and it is considered safer to concentrate the massage on reflex zones in order to benefit from the pain-reducing benefits. Chair massage increases circulation, which helps to repair damaged cells throughout the body, including the stomach and intestines.  Improved circulation from a chair massage also contributes to easier digestion, which reduces abdominal discomfort, common to those with peptic ulcers.

The Top 10 Digestive Parasites

Digestive parasites cause very unpleasant symptoms. My own experience of having H pylori and Blastocystis hominis was particularly unpleasant, with digestive issues & energy problems. In fact, they are the root cause of many chronic health problems. Unfortunately western medicine does not acknowledge parasites as a problem.

Parasites are easily passed from person to person or picked up in contaminated food and water or day care centres and municipal swimming pools. The following ten parasites are regularly seen in patients’ stool samples:

#1 Helicobacter pylori

H pylori is not really a parasite, it is a bacterium. It buries into the stomach and small intestine causing heartburn, reflux, gastritis, bad breath, bloating and other digestive symptoms. It is known to cause 80% of stomach ulcers and 90% of duodenal ulcers. It can also lead to stomach cancer and possibly heart disease.

#2 Blastocystis homins

‘Blasto’ can cause practically any digestive symptom and has been linked with arthritis and weight gain. It is the most common protozoan found in stool samples with at least 10% of the western population carrying the parasite.

#3 Cryptosporidium

‘Crypto’ is also a very common parasite. It is one of the classic diarrhoea-causing parasites and there have been significant outbreaks recently in Milwaukee, Sydney (Australia) and Daventry (UK). Long term Cryptosporidium infections can be very damaging as they lead to intestinal destruction and nutritional deficiencies.

#4 Giardia lamblia

Giardia can cause the same or similar symptoms as Cryptosporidium. Foul smelling, greasy stools, wind, bloating and diarrhoea are common. This parasite can cause long term symptoms such as chronic fatigue.

#5 Entamoeba histolytica

‘E. histo’ causes amoebic dysentery. It is a very nasty bug. Severe diarrhoea, fever and vomiting are often self -limiting, but the parasite has the ability to migrate out of the GI tract and invade the liver and other organs, where it causes abscesses. Chronic symptoms include mood problems, chronic fatigue, poor blood sugar control and liver dysfunction.

#6 Dientamoeba fragilis

D. fragilis is another diarrhoea-causing infection. Although it is not usually as severe as E. histo, it can cause a multitude of chronic symptoms.

#7 Strongyloides (threadworm)

I see threadworm quite regularly in client’s stool tests. Adults live in the upper part of the small intestine. Larvae get into the body through the skin then migrate to the lungs where they may cause respiratory symptoms such as coughing and mucus. The larvae are coughed up and enter the GI tract where they mature. Adult worms cause similar symptoms to H pylori and are often misdiagnosed as ulcer disease and GERD.

#8 Trichuris trichiura (whipworm)

Whipworm is relatively common and may cause similar symptoms to any of the parasites listed above, such as bloating, diarrhoea and constipation.

#9 Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)

Pinworm is usually thought of as a childhood infection, but it is also frequently seen in adults. It does not often cause significant symptoms, but rectal itching is common.

#10 Necator americanus (hookworm)

In my experience, hookworm infections can be very nasty. Although the worms are only very small, because they attach and hook to the intestinal wall, they can cause significant damage to digestion and cause a great deal of stress on the body.

If you have unexplained, chronic symptoms of any kind, suspect that parasites are playing a role, even if you do not have digestive symptoms. Click on the link below to discover how to get tested.

Reasons for Blood in Your Dog’s Urine or Stool

The reasons for blood in your dog’s urine or stool may not be a serious health concern. Is your dog outside quite a bit and does he or she have access to twigs, sharp objects of plastic or even garden tools that may have splintered causing injury to the lining of the intestinal track. This type of bleeding would likely last only a day or two. Did your dog eat an animal or have a wound somewhere else on his body that they may have licked, thus ingesting blood? Even rawhide treats can swell inside your dog’s stomach causing intestinal distress as it passed through the digestive system. Be aware rawhide cannot be digested at all.

Blood color also can give you an indication. Have you noticed if the blood was a bright red or was it dark red, almost black? Bright red blood is generally from the colon or rectum. Blood that becomes darker has been digested (higher in the intestinal track, or stomach) thus causing it to become discolored. Many times it is hard to tell if the blood is in the urine or feces, so collect a sample of both the feces and urine and take it to your veterinarian for testing.

Some reasons for blood in your dog’s urine or stool can include a minor problem like an allergy or a more serious health concern like cancer or dog bladder stones. The following list shows the broad range of causes of blood in the urine or stool.

–Straining because of constipation

–Food allergies which can lead to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also called Colitis or Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)


–Polyps which are not cancerous


–Bladder cancer and other diseases

–dog bladder stones

–Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Many times blood in your dog’s urine can be blamed on dog bladder stones or a UTI infection. Your veterinarian can run the correct tests to determine the cause of the blood, the treatment and how to prevent future problems. You can also take the steps necessary to prevent further dog bladder stones by using the correct diet that is prescribed along with supplements.

Supplements that help to maintain or improve your pets’ immune system can help fight off infections and delay future disease. If your dog does not have a strong immune system, and are prone to dog bladder stones and infections, they will be unable to avoid continued urinary problems; or for that matter other health issues like cancer.

Hypomagnesemia Treatment Information

Hypomagnesemia is a technical way of saying that the Magnesium level in the blood is too low. Magnesium (Mg) is the second-most abundant intracellular cation and, overall, the fourth-most abundant cation. Magnesium is one of many electrolytes in your body and normal levels of magnesium are important for the maintenance of heart and nervous system function. Forty percent of dietary magnesium is absorbed. Hypomagnesemia stimulates and hypermagnesemia inhibits this absorption. The kidneys regulate the serum magnesium. About 2400 mg of magnesium passes through the kidneys, of which 5% (120 mg) is excreted through urine.

Other causes of hypomagnesemia include certain drugs, including cisplatin, amphotericin b, or certain antibiotics may affect your kidneys. Renal (kidney) damage – losses of magnesium from the kidneys are a common cause of magnesium deficit.Some people may develop jerking movements or other abnormal involuntary movements. Muscle weakness, confusion, and decreased reflexes with severely low blood magnesium levels. Others may become tired, confused, or disoriented. Hallucinations may also occur. Hypomagnesemia affect both male and female. Treatment of hypomagnesemia depends on the degree of deficiency.

Oral replacement is appropriate for mild symptoms, while IV replacement is indicated for severe clinical effects. Oral Magnesium tablets is also recommeded. Oral replacement is appropriate for patients with mild symptoms. Magnesium can also be given as an injection. Magnesium intravenously helps in refractory arrhythmia, most notably torsade de pointes. Others are ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation. Drink 2 to 3 liters of fluid every 24 hours, unless you were told to restrict your fluid intake. There is no specific way to prevent this condition. However, adequate nutrition will help reduce the risk.

Hypomagnesemia Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Magnesium intravenously helps in refractory arrhythmia.

2. Adequate nutrition will help reduce the risk.

3. Sedation and anxiolytics may help in decreasing bronchoconstriction.

4. Intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) can be given this conditions.

5. Drink 2 to 3 liters of fluid every 24 hours.

Beware! Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst Complications That Should Never Be Ignored!

Just being told you have an ovarian cyst can be scary enough. You wonder if it will ever go away. You wonder what to do about the pain. Mostly, you may wonder what to watch out for. Could there be additional problem? The answer is, most women will be okay. However, there are a few symptoms of ovarian cyst complications that you should never ignore.

The first symptom is pain. While most women will feel nothing, some women will have pain with even a mild cyst. This is because the cyst is stretching the ovarian wall. When that happens, you do experience pain. Some women just feel an ache in their side, while others describe it as being as bad as labor. If you are experiencing pain, you need to watch out for a sudden increase in pain. This will feel almost like being stabbed. It may be so excruciating that you can barely walk or move. If your pain reaches that level, you need to go to the emergency room.

There are two potential complications that can cause that amount of pain. First, the cyst may burst. If that happens, you will need to be put on antibiotics to prevent infection. Also, the doctor will want to make sure that any bleeding stops on its own.

The second complication is much more severe. It’s called ovarian torsion, and it happens when the cyst gets large enough that it actually causes your ovary to twist on the fallopian tube. This will result in a more constant level of pain. It needs to be fixed surgically right away, or the ovary will die from lack of blood supply. Doctors can find out if this has happened by doing an ultrasound.

The second symptom is bleeding. If you start bleeding suddenly, along with pain, and it’s not time for your period, there’s a good chance your cyst has burst. You need to see your doctor to check it out.

Third, watch out for a fever, chills, or symptoms of shock. If the cyst bursts without you knowing it, you could get an infection. This can rapidly lead to a life threatening condition known as sepsis, where the bacteria enter your bloodstream. You will need to be treated right away. Go to the emergency room.

If you just have mild to moderate pain, you’ll want to continue to monitor your cyst. Try to control the pain through hot compresses and acetaminophen. Avoid sex and putting pressure on your lower abdomen. Most of the time, a cyst will clear up on it’s own without complications. However, you can help it dissolve faster with natural remedies.