Peptic Ulcer Helicobacter Pylori – The Tissue Test

These require a tiny specimen of the stomach lining called a biopsy, which is taken during an endoscopy. The specimen is placed in a special solution (either liquid or gel), which changes color if Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) is present; this is called a urease test.

H. pylori organisms secret a protein chemical called urease, which converts urea (a substance present in the bloodstream and in urine produced by the breakdown of protein) to ammonia. The diagnostic solutions contain urea and an alkali indicator. If H. pylori is present within the biopsy, placed in the test solution then the urea is converted into ammonia, which causes the alkali indicator to change color, thus producing a positive test.

Depending on which test solution used, the result takes from a few minutes to 24 hours to become available. In addition to the urease test, the biopsy specimen can also be sent to the pathology department to be looked at under the microscope. Not only can the rnicroscopic H. pylori themselves be seen in this way but so can the associated microscopic stomach inflammation called gastritis.

The main advantage of these tests is that they are the most accurate available and confirm whether or not active H. pylori is present at the time of the test. In addition, while performing the endoscopy, the doctor can see if there is anv evidence of a peptic ulcer, suggesting that H. pylori should be eradicated.

The disadvantage of tissue testing is that it requires an endoscopy, but looking for H. pylori is rarely the only reason for doing such an investigation, so it makes sense to do a biopsy at the same time anyway. In common with some other H. pylori tests, the results can be incorrectly interpreted if you are taking a type of medication called a proton pump inhibitor (such as omeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole), which suppresses the bacterium without actually killing it.

Mitral Valve Collapse: Truth vs Fiction

"There is nothing to fear except the persistent refusal to find out the truth." – Dorothy Thompson

One of the chapters in my recent book, "Courageous Confrontations," describes my experience with a patient named Emma Jorgenson. Shortly after sitting down in my consultation room, she said, "I hope you can help me, Doctor.

"What seems to be bothering you, Emma?"

"Bothering me? My problems are not just bothering me, they're killing me. If I do not do something to help me, I'm going to die.

"What kind of symptoms are you having?"

Having a huge sigh, Emma shifted uncomfortably in her chair. "I do not know where to begin," she said. "Whenever I try to explain my symptoms to a doctor, he just rolls his eyes, and tells me it's nothing to worry about." Emma hunched over, and began to well up.

I reached for the box of tissues on my desk and handed them to Emma. "Let's figure out how we can help you." I said. "What was your first symptom?"

"One night, about three years ago, I woke up with a pounding sensation in my chest. Dr. Cahill, my family doctor who's also my gynecologist, and when I went in to see her the next day, she found a tumor in my tummy.

"What did she find?"

"A cyst on my ovary. It was nothing serious, but after the operation, the pounding and the dizziness became more frequent, so she sent me to a neurologist."

"Why a neurologist?"

"I'd read an article that said the three most common symptoms of brain tumors were headaches, nausea and dizziness, so I asked her to send me to a specialist. He did a bunch of scans and electrical tests, and said everything was okay He prescribed a tranquilizer, but I knew that was not going to solve my problem. "

"Did the tranquilizer help?"

"A little at first, but then my symptoms got worse. When the pounding started, in addition to becoming dizzy and nauseous, my hands would begin to tingle and become numb. around my mouth would lose all feeling, except for wired wired tensing sensation.

"An Ears, Nose and Throat doctor?"

She thought my dizziness might be due to an inner ear problem. Meanwhile, I still had not recovered from the ovary surgery, and my wounds were not healing right, so my gynecologist said that I could wait before having another operation. "

Emma's story made me wince. She had unwittingly fallen into the maze of modern medicine. Each specialist viewed her symptoms through the prism of his own specialty, ordered the inevitable battery of tests, and treated her with a pill or a procedure without having a diagnosis. Meditations are the fifth leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

"Why did she send you to me?"

"I told her I did not think I had an inner ear problem, and that it had to be some kind of a heart condition.

"Chest pain and shortness of breath? You did not say anything about that."

I explained that there are several causes for chest discomfort, and each has a telltale set of characteristics. For example, in patients with pleurisy, an inflammation of the lining of the lungs, pain occurs with deep breaths. With an inflammation of the sac around the heart, called pericarditis, the pain increases when a patient lies down, and improves when they sit up and lean forward. In patients with blocked coronary arteries, the discomfort occurs during physical activity, like walking or climbing stairs. A bulging or tear in the aorta, the main artery in the body, also has characteristic features.

All these possibilities and more needed to be carefully explored by delving into the nuances of Emma's chest pain, as well as her palpitations and shortness of breath. Emma's description of her chest pains did not conform to any of the common causes of chest discomfort, but it was important not to overlook other serious possibilities. In patients with pleuritis a rubbing sound can be heard with a stethoscope over the lungs during a deep inhalation. Pericarditis sounds like sandpaper being rubbed in synchrony with the heartbeat. Cardiac birth defects, diseases of the heart muscle, and valve abnormalities all provide telltale murmurs and other character clues on the physical exam.

Since Emma's rapid pulse, her blood pressure was normal and her lungs sounded clear. On the cardiac exam, her heart impulse was normal, but when I placed the stethoscope under her left breast, the diagnosis immediately became obvious.

When Emma's heart contracted, a series of loud clicking sounds were audible. My patient had mitral valve prolapse.

The heart is divided into two sides, each having four chambers. The upper two are called atria, and the lower two are the ventricles. The right atrium and ventricle receives oxygen-depleted blood from the body and sends it to the lungs where its oxygen content is replenished. The left atrium then receives the rejuvenated blood, passing it along to the left ventricle. The powerful left ventricular chamber then pumps its contents back to the body.

The atria and ventricles are separated from each other by valves. The tricuspid valve is located on the right side of the heart, while the mitral valve resides on the left. When the mitral valve opens, blood exits the left atrium, travels through the valve, and enters the left ventricle. As the left ventricle begins to contract, the valve closes, preventing blood from moving backwards into the left atrium.

The mitral valve consists of two leaflets, or flaps, each in the shape of a parachute. Normally, both leaflets close in unison, but in patients with mitral valve prolapse, either the valve leaflets are too large, the chords that attach them to the heart are too long, or the connective tissue in the structure are more elastic than normal. In any case, one or both of them balloons, or flops – prolapsing into the left atrium. The characteristic click heard when listening to the heart is caused by the sound of the valve leaflet prolapsing into the atrial chamber, much like a parachute in the wind.

Mitral valve prolapse is a relatively common condition, occurring in two and a half to five percent of people in the United States. It is particularly prevalent in pre-menopausal women between the ages of fourteen and forty. There has been a reasonable amount of speculation about how the valve abnormalities occur, but recent research has shown that there is a genetic predisposition for the syndrome. Between twenty and fifty percent of the relatives of mitral valve prolapse patients also have the syndrome.

Echocardiograms are a valuable means of evaluating patients with suspected mitral valve prolapse. The test confirms the diagnosis by demonstrating the prolapsing valve leaflets. In addition, the presence and severity of any blood leaking backwards across the valve from the ventricle to the atrium can also be detected. In Emma's case, I did not hear the telltale murmur suggesting the presence of a leak.

Patients with mitral valve prolapse often have symptoms that mimic serious illnesses like heart attacks and cardiac rhythm abnormalities, but in the vast majority of women, the condition is either dangerous or life threatening. Most of the close relatives of patients with mitral valve prolapse who demonstrate a floppy valve on echocardiography are completely free of symptoms.

The reason for the chest pains, palpitations, or shortness of breath that occurs in some patients with mitral valve prolapse has never been understood. For want of a more scientific explanation, it has been hypothesized that, their nervous systems are programmed to respond excessively to stress. For unknown reasons, they are triggered to react to unthreatening circumstances as though they were dangerous. This imbalance is called dysautonomia.

After putting my stethoscope in the pocket of my lab coat, I patted Emma gently on the shoulder. "I have wonderful news! Your symptoms are being caused by a benign condition called mitral valve prolapse." I assumed that Emma would be relieved. Instead, the diagnosis increased her anxiety to the point where she became a shut-in.

While the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse are divers and can be frighteningly severe, it is important to emphasize that for the overwhelming majority of individuals with the condition, it is either dangerous or life-threatening. Studies have found that increase levels of circulating adrenalin like substances account for the symptoms of chest pains, palpitations, shortness of breath, anxiety and panic attacks that plague people with the problem.

The outlook for the great majority of people with mitral prolapse is excellent. My experience has been that those with debilitating symptoms typically do feel better over time. They come to realize that their symptoms will not result in a heart attack or sudden death, and the symptoms themselves then become less incapacitating. As one of my patients said, "I just put the pains in my handbag and went about my business."

For most patients, the only treatment necessary is the use of prophylactic antibiotics before various types of surgery and dental work, but this is used only in those who have a leaking valve. Medication, particularly a group of drugs called "beta blockers" can be useful to control debilitating symptoms. Exercise, a healthy diet and relaxation techniques have all been useful in controlling symptoms.

And as for Emma, ​​she had a transformative experience that changed her life. No longer immobilized by fear, she developed a remarkable new equanimity and a new appreciation of life.

It also gave her a new life purpose. Emma became a patient care counselor and an invaluable member of our health care team, using her experience as a resource to counsel our fear-hidden patients.

What is Edema and Can Adjustable Beds Really Help?

There have been quite a few articles written about how an adjustable bed can assist with the symptoms of an affliction called edema. I have not seen, in any of these articles, any mention of exactly what edema is and how an adjustable bed can possibly help. Most articles I have researched on the subject only make a general and vague connection between the disease and the bed. This article is intended to clarify both shortcomings and shed a little light on a possible easing of someone's ailment.

Edema is the medical term used to describe an accumulation of fluid between cells in the soft tissue of the body. Edema can develop in any part of your body. The fundamental cause may be much more serious than the accumulation of fluids. Often times, edema is an early warning sign for a much more intense illness such as: Cirrhosis of the liver – Diabetes – Vena Cava Syndrome – Allergies – Infection – AIDS.

The symptoms of edema include redness, heat and tenderness in the affected area. There may be swelling and fluid in an individual arm, ankle, leg, abdomen or in your fingers. You may have puffiness in your face or around your eyes or notice that your shoes never seem to fit like they used to. If you notice any of these symptoms, consult your physician.

Swelling involves the enlargement of organs, skin, or other body structures. It is caused by excessive buildup of fluid in the tissues. This buildup can lead to a rapid increase in weight over a short period of time. This weight gain can occur within a few days to a few weeks. Swelling can occur through the body (generalized) or it may be limited to a specific part of the body (localized).

Localized swapping can include: Ankle, feet, and leg swelling – Swollen gums – Swollen glands – Facial swelling – Swelling in the abdomen – Scrotal swelling – Joint swelling – Breast enlargement. Slight edema of the lower legs is a common occurrence in the warm summer months, especially if a person has been standing or walking more than usual.

Generalized swelling, or massive edema (anasarca), is a common sign in severely ill people. Although slight edema may be difficult to detect, especially in an overweight person, massive edema is very obvious as sliding takes on absurd proportions. Edema can be an indication of a chronic and progressive medical illness.

Edema may be generally described in one of two ways: Pitting edema – When you press a finger against a swollen area for 5 seconds and then quickly remove it, an indentation is left that fills slowly. Nonpitting edema – When you press a finger against a swollen area for 5 seconds and then quickly remove it, no indentation is left in the skin.

Common Causes of edema include: Too much salt or sodium intake – Burns – Sunburn – Malnutrition – Too little albumin in the blood (hypoalbuminemia) – Pregnancy – Nephrotic syndrome – Chronic kidney disease – Heart failure – Thyroid disease – Liver failure from cirrhosis – Acute glomerulonephritis – Nephrotic syndrome – Certain Drugs (Androgenic and anabolic steroids, Antihypertensives, Corticosteroids such as prednisone (causes sodium retention), Estrogens, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Calcium channel blockers)

One of the main options recommended by medical experts for easing localized swapping and prevent skin breakdown from chronic edema, is the use of a pressure lowering mattress and to keep your limbs elevated above the level of your heart when you lie down. That is what an adjustable bed is specifically built to do. The link between an adjustable bed and edema is justified due to it's functionality.

You could try to prop pillows and other soft materials under yourself but with an electric adjustable bed you will be able to effortlessly position your body to attain an optimum comfort and swelling-reducing level. Just pick up your remote control unit and push the buttons! If you or a loved one sufferers from edema and are considering the purchase of an adjustable bed, I hope you find this article useful. An old Portuguese saying, roughly translated, says it all "Whomsoever has health, has it all!"

Magnesium: The Fourth Most Abundant Mineral In The Body

Magnesium is a magnificent mineral. It is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body and essential to good health for each and every one of us. Interestingly, approximately 50% of the magnesium stored in our body can be found in the bone. The other half is found inside of the cells of our body tissue and organs and only 1% is found in the blood. But, although the amount found in the blood is so small, the body works very hard to keep this small number constant.

Magnesium is a mineral found in all unprocessed foods. There is a high concentration in unmilled grain, dark leafy vegetables, fruit, nuts and legumes. Although there is an abundance in whole foods, because of the standard Western diet and potential malabsorption issues, many people can create a situation where they do not receive enough magnesium to support optimal health.

Large amounts can be lost during prolonged exercise, excessive sweating, chronic diarrhea, lactation in the use of some medications such as diuretics and digitalis. Individuals who have an overactive thyroid or low levels of potassium can also suffer from magnesium deficiency. And, side effects of low levels of magnesium will start before they get to dangerous levels.

And the bad news is that the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found that the diets of most adult men and women do not provide the recommended amounts of magnesium required for optimal health. This may be because most Americans do not eat unprocessed foods and magnesium is lost during processing.

Magnesium deficiencies are often overlooked because the symptoms are so varied in both the type of symptom and the severity. Researchers have linked magnesium deficiency to several different types of illnesses and can not be specific as to whether the elements came first or the deficiency came first.

Some researchers have also linked the following conditions with the magnesium deficiency for a variety of reasons: allergies and chemical sensitivities, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders, asthma, attention deficit disorder, diabetes and calcification of the soft tissue, including the heart valves. Researchers have also found that individuals who have the magnesium deficiency can also suffer from fibromyalgia, hearing loss, migraines, menstrual cramps, mitral valve prolapse, muscle cramps, nystagmus, osteoporosis and TMJ.

Many of these conditions have been helped by supplementation of magnesium. For instance, research has shown that nearly 50% of those who suffer from migraines are magnesium deficient and that with the supplementation they are no longer suffer from their headaches. Calcium and magnesium work together to create healthy bones and so while calcium supplementation is essential for those who want to prevent osteoporosis this calcium supplementation will not be adequately utilized unless it is coupled with magnesium, phosphorus and vitamin K2.

When magnesium deficiency gets low enough an individual will also exhibit loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and weakness. As the deficiency worsens these signs and symptoms will include neuromuscular problems such as numbness, tingling and muscle contractions or cramping.

According to the National Academy Of Sciences the recommended dietary allowance for magnesium is 420 mg per day for men and 320 mg per day for women. However, before adding the supplements your daily regimen it is important to discuss your options with your primary care physician. First and foremost it is important to recognize that any vitamin or mineral supplement will have more bioavailability if it is ingested in its natural form. This means that your body will ingest more and have more magnesium to use if it is taken in through your food and not from a chemical manufactured in a lab.

Another factor to consider is that there are some underlying medical conditions which make adding any mineral supplement to the daily regimen a challenge. For instance, those who have impaired kidney function must be especially careful because magnesium can accumulate and cause a very dangerous situation.

The best way to get extra amounts of magnesium in the diet is to eat a variety of whole grains, vegetables and legumes. Foods that are highest in magnesium include halibut, almonds, cashews, spinach and fortified cereals.

Current studies are ongoing to evaluate the role that magnesium plays in the regulation of blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Intake of magnesium through the diet does not pose a health risk to individuals, but pharmacological dosing can promote adverse side effects such as diarrhea and abdominal cramping.

Coronary Artery Disease – An Overview

Coronary Artery Disease, often abbreviated CAD, is the most common type of heart disease in adults. Therefore, it is very important to learn what CAD is, note the predisposing factors for CAD, as well as how to reduce your risk for developing CAD.

First, what are coronary arteries? Since the heart is itself a muscle, it needs oxygen to function like all your other muscles. Coronary arteries are the arteries that supply oxygenated blood to your heart muscle. When these arteries become diseased, it is known as coronary artery disease (CAD). In the US, the most common cause of cardiovascular disease is atherosclerosis. This term means an abnormal accumulation of fatty substances and fibrous tissues in the lining of arterial walls. The continued development of atherosclerosis causes an inflammatory response, brought on by injury to the artery. This injury may be caused by a variety of factors including smoking, hypertension, and other factors.

Atherosclerosis produces symptoms and complications based on the location and degree of blockage that is formed. A person experiences chest pain (angina pectoris) and shortness of breath when these arteries become severely blocked and the heart is deprived of blood flow and oxygen. When the heart is starved of oxygen for a prolonged period of time, a person may experience a heart attack, known as a myocardial infarction (MI), and even sudden cardiac death.

Risk factors for coronary artery disease include elevated blood lipid levels (hyperlipidemia), smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, family history, and age. Four modifiable risk factors (cholesterol, smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus) have been identified to decrease your risk for developing CAD.

Affordable Health Care in Kenya May Be Difficult to Find

The Republic of Kenya is a magnificent place to visit or live. With the Indian Ocean on the south-eastern side to Uganda on the west and Tanzania at the southern border, Kenya is located right on the equator so weather is temperate and stable during summer months or in winter. Encompassing 580,000 kilometers of land area with a population of some 41 million, Kenya represents 42 different cultures and nationalities. Health care is an important issue with HIV / AIDS being the foremost health problem to be faced. Malaria, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and respiratory tract infections are contributing factors to a high death rate each year, making health care a critical and vital issue to be deal with politically. The government has set up dispensaries around the country to help with inoculations and medical care for those who contract diseases and to help in the prevention of those diseases that can be stopped such as tuberculosis and pneumonia.

Finding affordable health care is vital to residents of Kenya

Compulsory membership in the national hospital insurance fund known as NHIF is available to salaried employees in Kenya while it is strictly voluntary for the self-employed. Currently the cost of this insurance is in the range of Ksh 160 up to a maximum of some Ksh 320 but a change in plans will soon see the cost to be based on a percentage of the employee's salary. Hospitals which are accredited and qualify require a payment of the bill's balance after a rebate has been paid. This rebate currently varies according to the status of that hospital, ranging from Ksh 400 to approximately Ksh 2,000 for a day's stay in hospital. This seems quite high but medical costs are soaring in Kenya just as they are around the globe.

Dispensaries and private clinics are there to help in times of need

The government dispensary along with private clinics can treat those who are in need of medical attention by providing services for our patients with simple ailments such as flu and the common cold virus. The clinical officers council registers medical practitioners, dentists, medical lab technicians, and others who deal with medical patients, insuring them to be fully qualified in their field. Typically these clinics handle people in areas of about 80,000 people or less and are staffed by one or more clinical officers, nurses, medical technicians, nutritionists, public health officers, pharmaceutical technologists, a health administration officer, and drivers, housekeepers, as well as a support staff. In addition there are sub district hospitals to handle smaller procedures such as C-sections, and minor surgery. Nursing homes are also available to provide care for those who can not handle their health issues on their own.

Corporate health insurance to meet needs of business

Insuring the employees of business enterprises in Kenya is a widespread and critical part of employing people in the country. Each professional institution, business club, and association must help their employees with good coverage and the best in medical treatment as can be provided. Choices in health care insurers are vast and good coverage is affordable for those who need it. Employers owe it to their workers to provide them with ample coverage.

Benefits of Argi + – An L'Arginine Supplement

Argi + is a supplement containing L'Arginine, an essential amino acid and a popular supplement within the sports industry. Essential amino acids are important to our health because they can not be naturally synthesized by the body and so must be found in your diet.

Within ARGI +, L-Arginine's power has been enhanced with the addition of: Pomegranate – has strong antioxidant properties Red Wine Extract – this helps maintain healthy cholesterol levels

One of L'Arginine's key roles is to be converted in the body into Nitric Oxide. Up until 1992 when Nitric Oxide was named the "Molecule of the Year", scientists has little idea that the body needs just tiny amounts of this gas to act as a cellular chemical messenger, relaying information from nerves to cells that control bodily functions and internal organs. L'Arginine also removes ammonia, produces creatine (which is a major component of muscles), and can help regulate blood glucose by converting into glucose or glycogen.

One of the main roles of the L'Arginine in ARGI + is that it causes blood vessels to relax.

Some of the advantages to increased blood flow are:

  • Increase in the body's immune function
  • Muscle growth
  • Improved cardiovascular health
  • Better metabolism of fat and glucose
  • Healthy blood pressure level
  • Improved Male sexual function

This means it has benefits in reducing blood pressure, erectile dysfunction, migraine and intermittent claudication, a condition that causes angina-type pain in the extremities due to poor blood flow.

ARGI + Ingredients:

  • Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid) – for the immune system, a healthy nervous system, concentration, sleep and healthy bones and skin.
  • Vitamin D3 (as cholecalciferol) – for the immune system, bones, a healthy nervous system and positive mood.
  • Vitamin K2 (as menaquinone) – for bone formation, blood clotting, healing and vitality.
  • Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine hydrochloride) – for the immune system, a healthy nervous system, brain, muscles, oxygen transport, protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Vitamin B9 – for new cells, brain, nerves and growth.
  • Vitamin B12 (as cyanocobalamin) – for a healthy nervous system, positive mood, brain, growth and oxygen transport.
  • Folate (as folic acid)
  • L-Arginine

Fruit Blend (including: grape skin extract, pomegranate extract, red wine extract, elderberry juice powder, raspberry juice powder, morello cherry juice powder, blackberry juice powder, blackcurrant juice powder and blueberry juice powder.)

There are also things people considering taking L'Arginine should be aware of.

  • Hypotension – As one of it's key roles is to relax muscles, there is a risk that blood pressure can drop too low, resulting in dizziness.
  • Digestive upsets – L'Arginine may increase stomach acid production, resulting in indigestion or the formation of stomach ulcers. Caution should be taken when combining with other drugs causing similar problems, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers.
  • High potassium levels – People with liver disease, kidney disease or taking potassium sparing diuretics, ACE inhibitor or ARB blood pressure tablets should only use L'Arginine under medical supervision.
  • Herpes – L'Arginine may exacerbate symptoms of genital, or oral herpes.
  • Pregnancy – L'Arginine has not been tested for safety during pregnancy so should be avoided.
  • Heart attacks – L'Arginine should not be used immediately following a heart attack.

Whilst there are obvious risks in taking L'Arginine for certain people, for the vast majority of the population the benefits far outweigh the risks. Argi + also has additional benefits over standard L'Arginine products with the addition of vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants to deliver optimum performance to most body systems.

Lung Cancer – Carcinoma

Lung carcinoma is the foremost cause of cancer-related death in the world. Approximately 85% of cases are related to cigarette smoking. Its symptoms can consist of cough, weight loss, hemoptysis, chest discomfort or pain, and, less commonly; however, a lot of patients present with metastatic disease with no any clinical symptoms.

The diagnosis is in general completed by chest x-ray or CT scan and confirmed by biopsy. Depending on the stage of the disease, treatment includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination.

With no treatment, small cell carcinoma of the lung has the most aggressive clinical course of any kind of pulmonary tumor, with median survival from diagnosis of simply 2 to 4 months. Small cell carcinoma, if compared with other cell types of lung cancer, has a greater tendency to be further spread by the time of diagnosis, but is much more responsive to chemotherapy and irradiation.

Non-small cell lung cancer is divided further into adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and also large cell carcinoma histologies. All of them share similar treatment approaches and prognoses but have different histologic and clinical characteristics.

Each kind of non-small cell lung cancer has different types of cancer cells. The cancer cells of every type develop and extend in different ways. They are named for the types of cells established in the cancer and how the cells look under a microscope:

* Squamous cell carcinoma: Cancer that starts in squamous cells, which are thin, flat cells that look like fish scales.

* Large cell carcinoma: Cancer that may start in a number of types of large cells.

* Adenocarcinoma: Cancer that starts in the cells that line the alveoli and make substances like mucus.

Other less common types of non-small cell lung cancer are: pleomorphic, salivary gland carcinoma, carcinoid tumor, and unclassified carcinoma.

Stylish Men's Coats For All Season

Whatever be the occasion you are prompting to attend or any type of season, there is always the appropriate men's coats that you can choose from. It comes from different styles, cuts, colors and sizes that would perfectly suit any types of season and occasions.

One classic type of men's coats is the windbreakers. These type of men's coats are wearable for all types of seasons. Windbreakers is made of fabric that could stand through time and it belongs to the category of light men's coats. During winter season, these type of men's coats could protect you from the chilling wind outside and at the same time warmth your body. And it could also be wear during summer since it is made of lightweight materials which is not hot for you to bear.

Another popular men's coat is the leather bomber. This type of mens coat is quite dimming but stylish at the same time. You can wear it through all types of weather except during chilly months. It is available in lined and unlined versions.

One classic style of mens coat are the trenches. It comes from different colors and styles that could fit to your taste and personality. Trenches can be made up of light and heavy materials wherein you can choose from. There are various designs of trenches like fringe, patches and the likes. It is also available in different colors such as red, blue and a lot more.

For those men who are partial to dress pants and button down shirts, a belter leather jacket could give them a professional look but at the same time looking stylish and trendy. This kind of outerwear could give the wearer a sense of casualness even if he is not wearing a casual dress. You can purchase these jacket in both lined and outlined versions.

Today there are a lot of men's coats available in different styles and designs that will fit for whatever season and occasions you're at. In cold months, you can choose men's coats with different range of thicknesses but still fashionable. Some types of men's coats are waterproof like the ski jackets that could protect your clothes and at the same time warmth your body.

Men's coats are considered to be a versatile type of clothing since you can wear it in different types of weather and can be paired with a number of accessories such as hats, gloves, boots and a lot more.

Nature Healing Method for Bronchitis

In acute cases of bronchitis, the patient should fast on orange juice and water till the acute symptoms subside. The procedure is to take the juice of an orange in a glass of warm water every two hours from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Thereafter, the patient should adopt an all-fruit diet for two or three days.

In case of chronic bronchitis, the patient can begin with an all-fruit diet for five to seven days, taking each day three meals of fresh juicy fruits. After the all-fruit diet, the patient should follow a well-balanced diet of seeds, nuts and grains, vegetables and fruits.

For drinks, unsweetened lemon water or cold or hot plain water may betaken.

The patient should avoid meats, sugar, tea, coffee, condiments, pickles, refined and processed foods, soft-drinks, candies, ice-cream and products made from sugar and white flour.

One of the most effective remedy for bronchitis is the use of turmeric powder. A teaspoonful of

this powder should be administered with a glass of milk two or three times daily. It acts best

when taken on an empty stomach.

Another effective remedy for bronchitis is a mixture of dried ginger powder, pepper and long

pepper taken in equal quantities three times a day. It may be licked with honey or infused with

one’s daily tea. The powder of these three ingredients have antipyretic qualities and are effective

in dealing with fever accompanied by bronchitis. They also tone up the metabolism of the


The onion has been used as a food remedy for centuries in bronchitis. It is said to possess

expectorant properties. It liquefies phelgm and prevents its further formation. One teaspoon of

raw onion juice, the first thing in the morning will be highly beneficial in such cases.

A simple hot poultice of linseed should be applied over the front and back of the chest. It will

greatly relieve pain. Poultices act by diluting the vessels of the surface and thereby reducing the

blood pressure. The heat of the poultics acts as a cardiac stimulant. A poultics should be applied

neatly and carefully and should be often renewed, so that it does not hamper respiration.

Turpentine may be rubbed over the chest with fomentation for the same object.

A hot Epsom-salts bath every night or every other night will be highly beneficial during the acute

stages of the attack. This bath is prepared by dissolving three lbs. of Epsom-salts to 60 litres of

water having a temperature of 100 o F. The patient should remain immersed in the bath for

about 20 minutes. In case of chronic bronchitis, this bath may be taken twice a week. Hot towels

wrung out and applied over the upper chest are also helpful. After applying three hot towels in

turn for two or three minutes each, one should always finish off with a cold towel. A cold pack

should also be applied to the upper chest several times daily in acute conditions. The procedure

is to wring out some linen material in cold water, wrap two or three times round the affected part

and cover it with some flannel. The pack can remain for about an hour at a time.

Fresh air and outdoor exercises are also essential to the treatment of bronchitis and the patient

should take a good walk everyday. He should also perform yogic kriyas such as jalneti and

vamandhouti and yogic asanas such as ekpaduttansana, yogamudra, bhujangasana,

shalabhasana, padmasana and shavasana. Simple pranayamas like kapalbhatti,

anuloma-viloma, ujjai and bhramari are also highly beneficial.

Surgery for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Surgery is a permanent choice and should only be used as a last resort. Make sure you have tried all the other alternatives before making this final move. Surgery for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, or TMJ, is rarely used for treatment because it does not guarantee a cure and could further damage the joint. Surgery may also decrease your jaw's range of movement as the jaw heals with scar tissue, which is harder and tighter than normal tissue. Surgery may become an option if you have tried everything and are still in constant, intense pain that is disabling your ability to eat or work and is disabling your every day life. The other time that surgery may help is if a specific, severe structural problem has been completely diagnosed.

Arthroscopy, arthrocentesis, and open-joint surgery are the three types of surgery for this disorder. What type to have depends on the type of problems or severity of the temporomandibular joint pain.

All the surgeries are done with general anesthesia. Make sure you do not have difficulties with using anesthesia. Also, make sure to check the qualifications of your surgeon and anesthesiologist ..

Arthroscopy – First general anesthesia is given. Then a small incision is made by the surgeon in front of the ear. This incision allows a tiny, thin instrument with a lens and a light to be inserted. This device is hooked to a video screen where the surgeon examines the temporomandibular joint and areas around it. Removal of inflamed tissue or realignment of a disc or condyle is done by what the surgeon can see. The condyle is the part of your jaw consisting of the "ball" portion of the "ball and socket."

This choice is considered less invasive than open-joint surgery. Arthroscopic surgery leaves less scarring, usually has less complications and a survivor recovery period. The cause of the TMJ may rule out this option for you and open-joint surgery may become necessary.

Open-joint Surgery – For this option a general anesthesia is given. The incision is larger than with arthroscopy as the entire area around the temporomandibular joint needs to be opened for a full view by the surgeon. The larger incision is also to allow better access. The type of open-joint surgery needed depends on what is wrong. It can be that there is extreme scarring or chips of bone in the joint that need to be adjusted. The surgeon may find a tumor that will need to be removed ,. The worst cases involve the deteriorating bony structures of the jaw and will need to be reconstructed. With the more intestinal problems and surgeries comes the longer healing times and chances of permanent scarring and nerve trauma.

Arthrocentesis – This is a minor procedure for sudden-onset problems when restricted jaw opening is diagnosed. It is performed under general anesthesia. This choice is for cases with no major history of temporomandibular joint disorders. The affected joints have a needle inserted and are washed out with sterile fluids. If necessary, insertion of another instrument to remove tissue adhesion or dislodge a stuck disc in the condyle is done at the same time. This is a common procedure for a painfully locked jaw and is successful in 94% of cases.

Four Main Misconceptions of Orthopedic Health

1. Using a computer for a long period of time increases the likelihood of neck injuries.

Computers and the internet are currently popular, and many young people use computers for long periods of time for purposes such as looking up information, writing reports, chatting, and even playing games. On the one hand, a prolonged sitting post creates undue stress and pressure on the lumbar spine. It also makes it unacceptable to back pain and soreness. On the other hand, an incorrect sitting postures leads to all kinds of neck problems, along with neck and shoulder pain as serious as chronic myofascitis in the upper back. Other potential problems include headaches and dizziness, along with neck and shoulder stiffness and soreness.

Compared with a standing posture, a sitting posture places even greater pressure on the spine. As a result, it is recommended to not sit for more than one hour at a time. It is also best to occasionally get up and move around. In addition, another incorrect posture is often a position when the head is leaving forward. This places too much pressure on the cervical spine and creates problems with cervical intervertebral discs, facet joints, and intervertebral foramina. In terms of soft tissue, it tends to cause problems with occipital tightness, neck muscle strain or spasm, and myofascitis of the shoulder and upper back. It has become more common in clinical situations to see that on young people's X-rays, there are already signs of degenerative disease. Regardless of young people themselves or their parents, they should all pay special attention to the seriousness of the problem.

2. One should apply an ice pack right after an ankle sprain.

Children's outdoor activities increase during the summer, and they do things such as play ball, swimming, outings, and mountain climbing. These types of activities make them susceptible to ankle injuries, so how to effectively deal with this problem? Ankle sprains require an immediate application of an ice pack for 10-15 minutes at a time every 1-2 hours. In addition, the injured leg should be elevated to avoid swelling. If you apply a hot compress immediately after an injury, it will make the swilling more serious! You should use an ice pack for 72 hours following the injury, then switch to a hot compress based on the situation. Rubbing the injured spot with the wrong type of ointment will also make it more likely that it will lead to a secondary injury.

Following an ankle sprain, you should go to a standard and professional hospital. Here, you should get an examination to determine the overall condition, such as whether there is a fraction, whether the ligaments have damage, or whether the joint is dislocated. You should also maintain treatment and an established and adoptible method, along with rehabilitative therapy that involves ultrasound and electrotherapy equipment. You should also consider muscle strength and proprioception training. These types of treatments are not only really sufficient as healing treatments, but can also prevent these injuries from reappearing in the future.

3. Neck and shoulder pain: an undesirable method of quickly turning the head or neck.

The cervical spine is a reliably small part of the vertebral body but has the highest degree of activity. Therefore, it is easily injured due to improper movements. Such a quick turning motion makes it more likely that the excess motion will cause muscle or ligament strain or intervertebral disc herniation. In addition, this motion also regularly creates excessive pressure in the cervical spine, which forms bone hyperplasia, also commonly known as bone spurs.

The correct action to stretch the neck should be at a slow speed. It should also follow a pattern of full mobility in all directions. You can stay in the terminal angle for 6-10 seconds, then return to the original location. As for muscle stretching and pulling, you can apply appropriate pressure based on the muscle alignment. However, it is not advised to shake your neck back and forth excessively or at the terminal angle. This will prevent it from becoming strained rather than serving as an effective exercise method.

4. Resting for 100 days following a fraction is not necessarily correct.

People generally believe that one must rest for 100 days following a fraction, and only after that time can they recover. This kind of saying reflects one perspective that recovery following a fracture or ligament injury requires a reliably long process. In fact, there have been many misunderstandings regarding this viewpoint. The amount of time required for healing following fractures and ligament injuries depends on various differences, including position, amount of injury, and treatment method. In addition, in some situations, the healing process requires new treatment interventions. This sort of treatment option is necessary since it would otherwise be difficult to fully recover from an injury if there is too long of a waiting period.

Wisdom Tooth Extractions

A wisdom tooth can be extracted (removed) by an oral surgeon or your family dentist. This can be done at the dental professional's facility and the surgery itself is usually done in a single visit, with aftercare being minimal in nature. If you are having all your wisdom teeth extracted or of you are at a high risk for complications (your dentist will determine that) then you may have your surgery performed at a hospital. If you do have prior infections, surgery will probably be delayed until the infection itself is cleared up. If this is the case, your doctor will have you take antibiotics to heal these complicating factors.

Your dentist will administrator local anesthetic before removing a wisdom tooth. If some or all of your wisdom teeth will be removed at the same time, a general anesthetic will be used to prevent pain in the entire body. This will cause you to sleep through the procedure. It is generally recommended that you do not eat or drink after midnight on the night before surgery, so that the anesthetic can be administrated properly.

During the procedure, your dentist will open up the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering it, to remove the wisdom tooth. You may need stitches, after the tooth is removed. In most cases, stitches dissolve over time. Some stitches do not dissolve; however, and will need to be removed after a few days but this technique is used less often. Cotton gauze pad is generally used to stop any bleeding from the surgery.

What to Expect After Surgery:

Recovery usually only requires a few days. Here are some tips that will help speed up your recovery:

• Take pain killers prescribed by your dentist only as needed.
• Change gauze pads as they become soaked with blood and bite GENTLY on them to absorb blood.
• Avoid lying flat, this may prolong bleeding. Try to prop your head up with pillows, if required.
• Avoid physical activity as this Promotes faster blood flow to the injured area.
• Soft foods are generally recommended to alleviate stress to the surgery site.
• Using a straw can loosen the blood clotting process so do not use a straw while recovering.
• Gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water multiple times a day to reduce swelling and treat pain. This is a generally recommended procedure after the first day.
• The sucking motion of smoking can loosen the clot and delay healing. Avoid this for 24 hours.

Why Wisdom Teeth Are Extracted:

• The teeth may be too large for the jaw bone that they are growing out of. As a result, your teeth may become affected, which means that they can not properly grow in a normal healthy fashion where they fully break through from under the gum line.
• A flap of gum tissue may grow over the teeth that only partially break through the gum line. Food and germs can then get trapped under this flap, which can be a cause of infection.
• One or more of the wisdom teeth can grow in the wrong angle which then creates crowding of the other, more-healthy teeth. Removal is necessary to preserve the healthy teeth.

In many cases, wisdom tooth extraction is a necessary procedure for healthy dental development. Regular dental check-ups and meetings with your dentist can determine whether you are a candidate for a wisdom tooth extraction. Your dentist will be able to recommend what is right for you.

Cerebral Palsy Symptoms – Clues to Identifying Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) impairs movement and coordination of the muscles. It is caused when there is damage done to the brain. Some children are born with this disability and there are others that develop the condition due to an injured suffering after delivery. It is not always evident that a newborn has it just because of the lack of mobility already in an infant. Symptoms are more noticeable as the child gets older. Symptoms are not always the same for each child and it also depends on the severity of the condition. Some types of cerebral palsy are:

  • Spastic: This type of cerebral palsy is the most seen in children and it can affect either one side of the body or affect the entire body. This type involves muscle spasms and their body is stiff making it hard to move the limbs.
  • Athetoid: Movements in this type are abnormal. They can be jerking, slow, not controlled movements.
  • Ataxic: This condition is not as common, the balance and coordination is off.
  • Mixed: This condition usually is made of symptoms of other cerebral palsy types.

Is Your Child Displaying CP Symptoms?

One main symptom of cerebral palsy is the delay in their development. As children grow they will reach certain milestones from a baby until early childhood. If you are not seeing some of the millions in your child then take them to see a physician.

Some factors that your child may have some developmental delays are:

  • After 2 months, the head movements are not controlled well
  • Can not sit on their own after 10 months
  • Can not crawl or stand after 1 year
  • One side of body drags
  • Does not walk after 2 years of age

These are not the only signs to be aware of, other signs are muscle stiffness or overly relaxed muscles. Muscle hurtment also will affect their posture. Parents should also be aware that hand preference of a child usually happens after 12 months. If you child is showing early signs of hand preference can be a sign of CP.

Associated Conditions, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Children with cerebral palsy symptoms also experience other conditions such as:

  • Seizures
  • Problem with breathing
  • Impairments with vision, speech, or hearing
  • They are mentally challenged

If there are signs that something is wrong with your child, you need to take them in to see a doctor immediately. Doctors will diagnose your child using MRIs, EEGs, CT scans and other related tests.

If your child is diagnosed with CP due to medical neglect you should contact a medical malpractice attorney right away. You may be able to recover some monetary losses from the injury. Call an experienced attorney to find out more.

Bell's Palsy Primer

What is Bell's palsy?

Bell's palsy is a form of facial paralysis with no known cause. It is generally considered a diagnosis of exclusion and is made when all other causes of facial paralysis have been ruled out. To be considered Bell's palsy, a facial paralysis should involve all the muscle groups on one side of the face, be sudden in onset, have the absence of signs of central nervous system disease, and have an absence of signs of ear or cerebellopontine angle disease . Care must be taken in the initial work of Bell's palsy to ensure that the facial paralysis is not caused by tumor, autoimmune disease, or other causes.

What causes Bell's palsy?

The exact cause of Bell's palsy is unknown. There are several proposed causes but none have been specifically proven.

How do you treat Bell's palsy?

There is no consensus on the treatment of Bell's palsy. Most doctors will consider a mixture of steroid treatment, antiviral treatment, and in the most severe cases surgery.

Patients who suffer from Bell's palsy or any type of facial paralysis have several obstacles to overcome. The first is drooling which can occur because of lack of motor control of the lips. The second and more important is ensuring that the eyes remain moist and do not dry out. With facial paralysis, the normal teething mechanism does not function properly and patients can suffer from dry eyes which can lead to corneal abrasions and problems with vision. To counter this, patients must regularly use eyedrops and sometimes under procedures to close the eyelids until function has returned.

What is the prognosis with Bell's palsy?

Fortunately, complete recovery is the rule after an episode of Bell's palsy. Approximately 80-90% of patients will recover completely. Of the remaining patient's most will recover some if not most of their facial nerve function without a significant complication.

What if I do not have return of function?

Although rare, persistent facial paralysis after Bell's palsy can be a debilitating problem. For patients with facial paralysis of any cause, not just Bell's palsy, there are several options for rehabilitation.

  • When analyzed, the brow can droop causing difficulty seeing. In order to counter this droop, a surgery can be performed which raises the brow and sets it in a new position. The procedure is similar to forehead lifts performed for cosmetic reasons.
  • Closing the eye completely can be a problem in patients with facial paralysis because of inability to control the orbicularis oculi muscle. By implanting a gold weight into the upper eyelid, the eyelid can be helped to close and thereby keep the eye from drying out.
  • Patients who have facial paralysis can have pull down of the lower eyelid and difficulty keeping the eye moist. In order to combat this problem, several procedures can be undertaken. First, if the lower eyelid is lax, a lower eyelid tightening procedure called a canthoplasty or canthopexy can be performed. Second, in order to take the weight off of the lower eyelid causing the pulldown, a midface lift can be performed to pull the cheek back into its normal position.
  • For patients who suffer from drooling because of difficulty moving their mouth and difficulty breathing through their nose because of collapse of their nose several procedures are available which can help. By taking tissue from the leg, using synthetic material, or using the masseter muscle, a connection can be made between the masseter or temporalis muscle which is not controlled by the facial nerve to the muscles surrounding the mouth and nose. In this way, by clenching the teeth, the muscle is folded tight and the patient can appear to smile and close the mouth. Although this takes some training, it can be a useful adjunct to other procedures for facial rehabilitation.

While this is not a complete list of possibilities, evaluation of a patient with persistent facial paralysis should be undertaken by a neurologist or head and neck surgery specialist.