Different Health Benefits of Jasmine Flower Tea

Jasmine flower tea is usually made of green tea and is flavored with aromatic jasmine flowers. The full bodied floral scent and its combination with the flowers make them very attractive to tea enthusiasts. The savory taste makes it very satisfying to the person’s palate. Jasmine teas are usually available in Chinese markets because it was the Chinese people who started the aromatic teas. When you visit some restaurants, you will find these jasmine teas being served hot.

Jasmine flowering tea has different varieties. The most common varieties are green tea and oolong tea. Oolong teas originated in China. They are flavorful and fragrant, and with a complex flavor. This tea is an herbal tea because it has the capacity to settle the stomach. They are perfect drinks after eating because it helps in the fast digestion of the food. This tea is a semi-fermented tea which crosses between green and black teas. The black tea’s flavor has the ability to overcome the jasmine, but it tends to be tannic. It can be consumed plain, but others have the alternative of adding sugar to enjoy a sweeter tea.

There are many health benefits that jasmine teas offer. These are:

• Jasmine is good for digestion. Most people encounter digestion problems that may lead to constipation and diarrhea. With the help of this amazing tea, one can say goodbye to these digestion issues.

• Jasmine tea is an excellent defense against certain cancer illnesses.

• Most green teas consist of polyphenols that are rich with antioxidants, and antiviral properties. This means it delays the process of aging, keeping a person look younger and vibrant.

• Jasmine flower tea reduces the risk of high blood pressure and cholesterol.

• It is an effective prevention for respiratory problems like heart attacks, arterial sclerosis and strokes.

• It helps maintain good intestine by blocking the growth of bad bacteria. It then produces good bacteria that are good for the body.

• Jasmine reduces the risk of blood clotting and aneurism.

• It boosts the immune system, making the body free from any ailments or diseases. It fights bacteria and viruses that could cause certain diseases.

• It prevents different types of allergies

• It protects the teeth from tooth decay and cavities. It provides proper oral care that our teeth needed.

• Jasmine tea is a wonderful anxiety and stress relief.

• Lastly, jasmine tea is an effective treatment for food poisoning like cholera, piccolo and dysentery.

Jasmine flower tea is an amazing tea that offers many health benefits to people. It is also an effective anti-depressant that helps people to calm and relax. This tea is useful for pregnant women to relieve them from nausea during their pregnancy. They can also utilize it to fight post-natal depression. It also relieves muscle and back pains, so they could be use for body massages to relax the body.

Tonsil Stones and Sore Throat – The Best Natural Remedies

Tonsil stones are also known as tonsil rocks and tonsilloliths.  They are mainly caused due to accumulation of mucous, bacteria that produces sulfur, saliva, food bits and dead skin cells which can get enclosed in the tonsil crypts.  When tonsil stones are squashed they give off bad smell similar to vomit or rotten eggs due to the presence of bacteria that produces sulfur.  The presence of tonsil stones are very commonly observed in adults than when compared to children and become a noticeable problem in their teens.  Good and daily oral or dental hygiene alone might not be enough to get rid of bad odour or tonsil stones.  But when a right type of diet and natural remedies are taken they can be removed easily and permanently.

Tonsil stones and sore throat are said to have a direct link with each other.  For many, sore throat can be a major symptom of tonsil stones and their presence.  Some of the other important symptoms of tonsil stones, sore throat and phlegm throat include pain in the throat region, chills and fever, affected throat region getting irritated, lymph glands swelling, swallowing difficulty, inflammation, mild and constant headache, nausea, presence of blood in phlegm and saliva, breathing problem, food swallowing inability, unable to properly open the mouth, hoarse voice, lumpiness in neck and so on.

Main causes of tonsil stones along with sore throat and plegm throat can be due to various reasons.  Allergies can be caused due to certain foods or changes in the environment, kissing a person or sharing drinks with sore throat, if near an affected person who coughs, sneezes or blows the nose, measles, sinus, excessive smoking and severe tonsillitis.

Person with sore throat and tonsil stones need to avoid certain food stuffs or items and need to take certain natural remedies to get cured completely like avoid eating chicken bone, fish, drinking alcohol, smoking, extreme cold or hot water and food, gargle with salt and warm water for a minimum of 4-5 times a day and avoid consuming too spicy foods.  It is recommended to include cayenne pepper and garlic in daily food, drinking chamomile tea by boiling their blossoms using water and should add honey instead of sugar for clearing throat mucus that has got stuck.  Liquid diet would be the most appropriate diet.  Apart from that the affected person can also consume more quantities of juices, soups and smoothies made from fresh vegetables.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones
Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price.  The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time.  Hence, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It’s absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets. Follow a step-by-step program that will show you exactly how to get rid of your tonsil stones naturally and ensure they never come back! You can learn more about the program that promises a natural cure for tonsil stones from here

Galangal Root As a Component of the Best Male Enhancement Pills

Considering that the Galangal root has been initially introduced in the lands of Europe around thousands of years ago, it is quite surprising that only a few people actually know about it. The Arab traders were the ones who first brought this back from the Southeast Asia, yet it want not until around 200 years ago when this has been botanically identified, with its real source discovered.

The galangal belongs to Ginger plants family even though it has flowers that resemble that of the orchid. Its rhizome looks like ginger but its color is darker and it is also more slender. The two rots and well as other Galangal species have the same scent and these are both used for different medicinal purposes. Hildegard of Bingen, the famous Medieval abbess, was also a big fan of the said herb and even recommended this for heart problems and fever. Also, galangal has been widely considered as a stimulant and aphrodisiac that can be used on both horses and human males, and as for the horses, this helps them to be spunkier.

Getting almost buried into an abyss of oblivion from the herb’s previous distinguished position, Galangal recently made a quiet come back, through the backdoor of Asian and Chinese eateries that are flooding the various corners of Europe for the past thirty years. So, these days, Galangal has become better known as a kind of spice instead of a medicinal herb.

Medicinal Uses

Similar with ginger, the most obvious uses of Galangal include as soothing and warming carminative stomach aid that helps in flatulence, nausea particularly from travel sickness, and indigestion. However galangal is way more potent than this. The herb is also said to be a powerful ulcer treatment, although there are sources stating otherwise, and this can also help fight the candida albicans. In the Middle Ages, Galangal had been known for curing heart complaints, although this has been considered as mere superstition. But in a new research, it was revealed that Galangal is extremely effective when it comes to inhibiting the aggregation of platelet, which, during wrong circumstances, might cause blood clotting that can block arteries which might lead to cases of heart attack. This is the reason why it will be a wiser idea to stay away from this herb if you are already taking medication for blood thinning.

Magical Uses

There are many magical uses that are being associated to Galangal. The ancient people believed that Galangal is very effective when it comes to nurturing the fire from within. This helps in burning away any wishy washy thought of a person’s day to day affairs that makes this an amazing concentration aid which can help a practitioner in focusing her or his intentions. This can also promote clarity of eyesight and assists in focusing visualizations. However, the most remarkable use of galangal is that this can be an outstanding aphrodisiac which makes it useful for tantric and sex magic rituals.

Due to these properties, many manufacturers have included the said herb in making their sexual enhancement pills. In case you have plans of searching for the best male enhancement pills to help you out in your sexual issues, it is important that you check if the product contains only the most potent natural ingredients. This way, you can be sure that you will have an effective and safe way of achieving your male enhancement goals.

It’s the Ingredients That Help DermaWound Heal Chronic, Hard-To-Heal Wounds

There are over 5 million people in the United States that suffer from chronic, hard-to-heal wounds. We feel that number is way too high. We would like to offer information on a product that has been healing many of these wounds. DermaWound heals pressure sores, diabetic leg or foot ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, ischaemic ulcers to surgical incisions/wound dehiscence, decubitus ulcers, sickle-cell ulcers and the list goes on…

DermaWound has been on the market for over 17 years helping people heal. The key to DermaWound’s success is the ingredients. They use a patented/proprietary, all natural formulation. We have listed each ingredient and then, more importantly, what each of those ingredients do to aid in the healing of long-standing chronic wounds.

Poly-Saccharide Blend– Sugars have multiple types of healing properties that have contributed to their use in wound care by many diverse cultures over the millennia. Sugars are bacteriostatic, fungistatic and anti-infective, so they do not promote the growth of bacteria or fungus. In addition, the sugars used in DermaWound have an osmotic pressure gradient to them that will pull edema and exudates out of a wound, decreasing any inflammation, while increasing blood flow. Our special poly-saccharide blend is also important in our 12-24 hour odor control guarantee.

Iodine USP– Iodine is anti: fungal, bacterial, viral & microbial. It is a very good broad spectrum anti-infective. To date: no known microbe, virus or fungus has developed a resistance against this time tested-tincture of old-Iodine.

Poly-Mineral Blend– Primarily calcium and magnesium with 73 trace minerals. These are utilized as an external source of nutritional building blocks for the metabolism of the recovering wound bed. We have found our blend to be especially important in ramping up cellular activity and growth.

Citric Acid– A natural preservative.

Dibasic Sodium Phosphate– A stabilizer

Glycerin– Smoothing agent.

Carrageenan– Increases adherence/tackiness of product to the wound surface.

Silica– Promotes wound healing. Absorbed by the body and used as fundamental building blocks in the formation of new tissues.

1-Octadecanol– An alcohol sugar – provides fundamental building blocks and energy for new tissue growth.

1-Hexadecanol – An alcohol sugar – provides fundamental building blocks and energy for new tissue growth.

Benzocaine USP – A topical anesthetic.

Purified Water– Provides a base to blend into a creamy consistency. Slightly alkaline – will contribute to wound healing.

No manufactured ingredients. All ingredients are 100% natural and ready to help your wounds heal.

Boost your Beta Cells with Ayurvedic Anti-Diabetic Herbs!

The silent killer Diabetes has been gifted to us by today’s hectic unhealthy life style. There are so many causative factors of diabetes of which ‘tensions in life’ is number one. It is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to make proper use of glucose resulting in hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and glycosuria (sugar in urine). Poorly managed diabetes can lead to a host of long-term complications like Heart attacks, Strokes, Blindness, Nerve damage, Impotence in men and Pruritus (Itching).

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is caused by the destruction or dysfunction of insulin-producing beta cells by the cells of the immune system. In Diabetes mellitus type 2, by contrast, beta cells decline gradually over time, and insulin resistance plays at least as large a role in the disease.

From pathogenesis point of view, Ayurveda has recognised five important components of DM viz: Dosha, Dusya, Srotas, Ama and Agni, all necessary factors to regulate beta cells function in the pancrease. The pathogenesis runs in a specific manner. (i) First, Sleshma -Dushti is the primary factor because of unhealthy life style. The Dushta (morbid) Shleshma circulates in the body. The Dhaus in the body are loose i.e. not compact and not properly metabolised. (ii) Th adipose tissue (Meda Dhatu) may be in excess, unbound and unutilized. (iii) The morbid Meda & Sleshma both, come in contact with Mamsa Dhatu (muscular tissue) and also with body fluids (Kleda) and vitiate them. (iv) If Mamsa is vitiated, skin lesions like dermatisis, acne, boils, fungal infections etc are produced. (v) If body fluid (Kleda) is vitiated, urinary frequency is increased and the Dhatus also flow out with urine. (vi) In the long run the nephrons and tubules (Mutravaha Srotas) are obstruted and diabetic kidney ailment (Nephritis) takes place.

Thus from Ayurvedic perspective we can understand that Diabetes is not mere high sugar level of blood and the disease is not only restricted to frequent urination. There is derangement in the fat (Meda) metabolism. We need to understand that fat is surplus and not properly metabolised. Also fluid balance in the body is disturbed.

Un-healthy life style is the real cause –

1] Diet increasing kapha dosha such as sugar, fats, potatoes, rice.
2] Lack of exercise.
3] Mental stress and strain.
4] Excessive sleep etc.

Common Symptoms –

1] Excessive urine formation & Frequent urination.
2] Burning of palms and soles.
3] Increased hunger
4] Excessive Thirst.
5] Weight Loss and Uexplained feeling of tiredness.
6] Blurry Vision
7] Wounds that take time to heal and lasting skin infections.

Diagnosis: – The American Diabetes Association (ADA), the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) have joined forces to recommend the use of the hemoglobin A1C assay for the diagnosis of diabetes. A1C has numerous advantages over plasma glucose measurement and it is a more stable chemical moiety…. It’s more convenient. The patient doesn’t need to fast, and measuring A1C is more convenient and easier for patients who will no longer be required to perform a fasting or oral glucose tolerance test…. And it is correlated tightly with the risk of developing retinopathy. The committee has determined that an A1C value of 6.5% or greater should be used for the diagnosis of diabetes.

Ayurvedic Treatment: There are two types of diabetic patients, the obese (Stula Pramehi) and the asthetic (Krish Pramehi). Purificative Panch Karma therapy is recommended for obese and strong diabetics. It aims at reducing the kapha aggrevating diet (i.e. carbohydrates diet) apart from decreasing the total quantity of diet. The idea is to cut the caloric over load.

The weak and thin patients should be given improved ayurvedic nourishment (Brimghana therapy). Barley (Yavagu) is important diet for diabetic patient. Fresh Amla juice (Emblica officinalis) taken with Curcuma longa (Haridra) gives good results. Sensible diet planning and regular Yogic support is the cornerstone of managing diabetes. Some ayurvedic herbs such as Tinospora cordiflia (Gulvel), Swertia chirayata, Jambhul (Eugenia jambolana), Gurmar (gymnema sylvestre), Bel (Aegle marmelos), Shilájit, Turmeric, Neem and Triphala are useful in the lond term management of Diabetes.

Gulbetic Forte is a promising ayurvedic supplement . It is natural blend of Tinospora cordifolia, Gymnema sylvestre, Swertia chirayata processed with Neem and Shilajit. It regulate beta cells nutrition and boost insulin production. It absorbs Kleda and digests abnormal fat (Meda) and also removes the toxins from Meda dhatu. Gulbetic is safe formula for weight conscious diabetic patients.

How to Reverse Sarcoidosis – It Starts With Oxidative Stress!

Sarcoidosis starts with S for stresssssssss… Sarcoidosis Treatment starts with A for Anitoxidant.

When Jack was diagnosed with lymphatic Sarcoidosis in 2004 we spent 3 yrs “treating” his symptoms and masking all the real root causes of the disease. He took prednisone at high doses for 2 1/2 yrs. gained weight, had the moon face, felt anxious all the time, ached everywhere, was constantly sick, suffered with vertigo and on and on.

Sarcoidosis was a new word in our vocab. Having no idea what it was I started researching. After 3 yrs of failed traditional medical treatment he was facing the possibility of open heart surgery and another risky surgery to remove a clump of lymph nodes under his chin that had swelled to the size of a tennis ball.

We chose NOT to continue traditional medical treatment and went for alternative remedies. Through tons of research I found several studies (on pubmed.gov search: oxidative stress sarcoidosis) suggesting that oxidative stress: Oxidative stress is an imbalance between oxidants (reactive oxygen and nitrogen species) and antioxidants that may affect lipids, DNA, carbohydrates and proteins.

In humans, oxidative stress is involved in many diseases (an estimated 60+). Examples include atherosclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, Alzheimer’s, bipolar disorder, sarcoidosis & chronic fatigue syndrome just to mention a few. This discovery started to make sense to me as I saw my husbands symptoms reversing through super saturated antioxidant nutrition.

1 Pubmed study reports: Enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), capable of reducing endogenous defense levels and enhancing inflammation, is suggested to play a role in sarcoidosis. Antioxidant supplementation might offer protection against such ROS-mediated damage.

An antioxidant is a molecule capable of inhibiting the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that transfers electrons from a substance to an oxidizing agent. Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions that damage cells. Antioxidants terminate these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions. They do this by being oxidized themselves, so antioxidants are often reducing agents such as thiols, ascorbic acid or polyphenols

Although oxidation reactions are crucial for life, they can also be damaging; hence, plants and animals maintain complex systems of multiple types of antioxidants, such as glutathione, as well as enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase, and various peroxidases. Low levels of antioxidants, or inhibition of the antioxidant enzymes, cause oxidative stress and may damage or kill cells.

OK, OK, OK… to put this in layman terms: oxidative stress is causing cellular damage & inflammation that leads to Sarcoidosis. Additional research stated that oxidative stress levels were significantly higher (with low levels of antioxidants) in patients with sarcoidosis compared to those of normal subjects which gives further evidence that supplementing with a broad spectrum antioxidant lowers this oxidative stress and in time may reverse damage done by Sarcoidosis.

I can say with certainty that Jack’s results have proven this scientific research to be true. Within 6 months of beginning a serious antioxidant, immune support & anti-inflammatory regimen ALL of his symptoms, including those his specialists said were “impossible” were gone!

If you are suffering with a seemingly unresolvable disease like Sarcoidosis I implore you to consider supplementing with efficacious antioxidant supplements high in actives, even if you are being medically treated at this time.

For the complete story, video & pictures click here

An All Natural Alternative To NSAIDS

Looking for an all natural alternative to NSAIDS for your pain relief? Consider hemp CBD supplements and topicals (applied to the skin). In June 2015, the FDA reviewed new safety information on prescription and OTC NSAIDS, and strengthened warning labels for non-aspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). The new safety information included observational studies, clinical trials, and other scientific publications. The warning labels were strengthened to reflect the new information such as:

– The risk of heart attack or stroke may increase with longer use of the NSAID.

– The risk increases with higher doses.

– As early as the first weeks of using an NSAID, the risk of heart attack or stroke can occur.

– There is an increased risk of heart failure with the use of NSAIDS.

An all natural alternative for pain relief, hemp CBD (cannabidiol), is a non-toxic, non-psychoactive, and beneficial compound found in cannabis. Research is showing empirical and subjective evidence of the benefits of cannabidiols (CBDs). NORML and ProjectCBD are two sources disclosing prior and recent publishings of empirical and subjective studies on the benefits and efficacy of CBDs. When it comes to aches and pains, as humans we all have our individual levels or thresholds of pain and discomfort. Subjective studies are showing that patients receiving large doses of CBDs are reporting relief of pain, discomfort, depression, and anxiety. Some patients report they’re experiencing relief at 10 mg of CBDs per dose, while others needed as much as 25, 50, or even 100 mg of CBD per dose to achieve relief. There is empirical evidence to support the subjective studies’ findings.

To clarify, cannabis is the genus of three species of plants, indica, sativa, and ruderalis. Cannabis sativa has two strains- hemp and cannabis sativa. Hemp is a strain of cannabis sativa that humans have cultivated and bred to have little to no THC (the psychoactive compound in cannabis), and has been used for food, fuel, medicine and fiber for thousands of years. Hemp and its compounds are legal in all 50 states and is why you can buy CBD-infused products in the United States. Cannabis sativa, however, is still illegal because of its high THC content. There is no difference in CBD from hemp vs CBD from cannabis sativa. Cannabis sativa is used for daytime because of its energizing and cerebral effects (like having a caffeine buzz) and will get you high due to the high amounts of THC, but hemp will not- because it has little to no THC. Indica dominant strains affects your physical body and is why some claim to get “couch lock”, you get so relaxed and high you can hardly move.

If you’re looking for a hemp CBD product online, you want to go with the CBD-infused products. These infused products differ from casual hemp based products in that the non-infused products only contain the natural levels of CBD found in hemp oils which is substantially less than infused products contain. On the label, the infused products will include the actual amount of CBDs used. For instance, Earth Milk infuses 100 mg of hemp CBDs into every 2 oz. jar of its arnica salve or healing cream and it’s label lists the amount of CBDs infused as 100 mg.

In the wake of the FDA’s latest bombshell revelations, it makes sense that many people are beginning to consider an alternative to NSAIDS and the potential heart-related side effects. Hemp CBD-infused products are great all natural alternatives for pain management and effective supplements to optimize your lifestyle.

Stress as Related to Diabetes and Hypertension. the Role of Antioxidants

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
Life styles of people have dramatically changed over the years and this has invariably increased the risk of diabetes and hypertension.

1.1 GENERAL PERSPECTIVE
The cause of most disease cannot be enumerated, but factors that enhance the effect of the disease can be typically analyzed. People from different backgrounds have different life styles that can either contribute positively or negatively to their health (Apochi, 2004) A big question is, “How do people manage stress”, and “How often do people eat fruits and vegetable” Stress basically increases the sugar level in blood; sugar are among the basic energy storage molecule in the body (Raven & Johnson 1996). Imperatively, how often do people go for medical check up? Is our environment conducive for living, and have we considered the environmental risk factors responsible for certain ailment like Diabetes and hypertension? Well, Drugs, hectic life style, food type, environmental condition, habits and more could be leading factor linked to high blood pressure, Diabetes and many other infections. Considering Diabetes and hypertension genetics cannot be disregarded as most of such ailment could be inherited (www.bhf.org.uk).
A simple questionnaire containing information that will aid a simple statistical analysis which will further “breed” an hypothesis on whether or what  causes Diabetes, hypertension, stress and effect of antioxidant on these issues. Antioxidants basically are found in fruits and vegetable they help in the reduction of oxidative stress, which may also be a link to both hypertension and Diabetes (Health Monitor, 2006).

Aim of this data collection
The data collection is to aid the processing and derivation of information leading to drawing out a hypothesis relating to lifestyle, feeding habit, as related to stress-linked hypertension and diabetes and or genetically inherited diabetes and hypertension plus the effective role of antioxidant or the principle of antioxidant in curbing such issues. Information regarding genetics as conflicted to causes of hypertension and diabetes will be compared to physical data collection and correlation of this data to brood an effective link/cause of both diabetes and hypertension amongst adult workers.
Facts were drawn from Victoria Island, Ikeja and Gbagada; Bankers, Traders, Doctors, Nurses, Insurance Company workers, Business men & women and more gave information on their life style as related to their health issues. A little bit controversial, people from both angles (Diabetic, hypertensive and non Diabetic and hypertensive) gave information similarly regarding their life style and living conditions. But, with the help of a statistical analysis we will be able to draw a conclusion and simple hypothesis on this issue.

1.2 HYPERTENSION
Experts know that many different factors are linked to high blood pressure, but experts do not still fully understand the exact cause.

Factors that are linked to high blood pressure include:
Aging
Drinking more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for men and more than one alcohol drink a day for women.
Eating a lot of sodium salt
Being over weight or obese
Having high cholesterol
Not exercising
Being under a lot of stress.
Eating Diets low in potassium, magnesium and calcium
Being insulin resistant.

On the generality of this, blood pressure is the measure of the force that the blood applies to the walls of the arteries as it flows through them. It is normal for blood pressure to increase when you exert yourself, or when you feel stressed or anxious. But if your blood pressure is consistently higher than normal at rest, this is high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Statistics has it that about 3 in 10 adults have high blood pressure in the UK. It is much more common in older people: 7 out of 10 people in their 70s have high blood pressure (www.bpassoc.org.uk). In Gbagada, Victoria Island and Ikeja we will find out the rate at which people have high blood pressure.

Blood is pumped normally around the body by the heart carrying oxygen and nutrients. As a result of the pumping action of the heart and the size and flexibility of the arteries that carry blood, the blood is under pressure. This blood pressure is an essential and normal part of the way the body work.

High blood pressure will develop if:
The walls of your layer arteries lose their elasticity and become rigid.
The small blood vessels become narrower (ww.bhf.org.uk)
It is important for people to do medical check-up on blood pressure regularly. It is very dangerous if it is not properly controlled. How can it be controlled if you don’t check it up to know your blood pressure status? However, blood pressure is measured with a monitor called Sphygmomanometer. This is a digital box attached to a tube with a cuff on the end. The cuff is placed around the upper arm and inflated to a certain level, then deflated slowly. A sensor in the cuff provides information about the blood pressure or a Doctor or Nurse will listen to the blood flow using a stethoscope. The result is expressed as two numbers such as 120/80 mm GH (“One Hundred and Twenty over Eighty Millimeters of Mercury”).The top figure is the systolic blood pressure: A measure of pressure when your heart muscle is contracting and pumping blood. This is the maximum pressure in your blood system. The bottom figure is the diastolic blood pressure, this is the pressure between the heart beats when the heart is resting and filling with blood. This is the minimum pressure in your blood system. If you suffer from diabetes is even more important that your blood pressure is lower than this- ideally less than 130/80mmh.

Types of High Blood Pressure
Primary hypertension and Secondary hypertension.
Primary Hypertension: More than 9 in 10 people with high blood pressure have what is called “Primary” or essential hypertension. This means that there is no single clear cause of it. Like I said previously the exact cause of high blood pressure is not fully understood. It is known that some factor to do with your life style can contribute (OLayinka, 2003).
Secondary Hypertension: Around 1 in 20 people with high blood pressure have “secondary hypertension”. This means your condition can be linked to a recognized cause-in fact, it may be a symptom of another underlying disease or factor such as:
Kidney disease
Endocrine disease
Narrowing of the aorta
Steroid medicines
The contraceptive pill
Pregnancy, which can cause pre-eclampsia.
You may also need some test to see if high blood pressure is having an effect on the rest of your body. These may include:
An analysis of urine (protein in your urine may be the first sign of kidney problem).
A blood test, to check your cholesterol and blood sugar levels as well as the condition of your kidneys.
An ECG (Electrocardiogram), which record the electrical changes happening in your heart.

Monitoring
24hrs Ambulatory monitoring. You may need 24-hours testing to measure your blood pressure over 24-hours.
Treatment
Slightly raised blood pressure may not be treated so aggressively, but regular monitory is important. If you have a very severe high blood pressure, you may need to go to hospital for treatment. But it is much more likely that you will be cared for by a Nurse. (www.bpassoc.org.uk, www.bhf.org.uk)

1.3 DIABETES
Diabetes mellitus occurs when the pancreas doesn’t make enough or any of the hormone insulin, or when the insulin produced doesn’t work effectively. In diabetes, this causes the level of glucose in the blood to be too high. Diabetes can also be viewed from this perspective: Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia (Dorman, 2004).
There are two main common forms of diabetes, these are the type one diabetes and type two diabetes, and these were initially called the insulin dependent diabetes and non insulin dependent diabetes respectively.
In Type 1 diabetes the cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed, causing a severe lack of insulin. This is thought to be the result of the body attacking and destroying its own cells in the pancreas – known as an autoimmune reaction. It’s not clear why this happens, but a number of explanations and possible triggers of this reaction have been proposed. These include:
Infection with a specific virus or bacteria;
Exposure to food-borne chemical toxins; and
Exposure as a very young infant to cow’s milk, where an as yet unidentified component of this triggers the autoimmune reaction in the body.
However, these are only hypotheses and are by no means proven causes. Type 2 diabetes is believed to develop when: The receptors on cells in the body that normally respond to the action of insulin fail to be stimulated by it – this is known as insulin resistance. In response to this more insulin may be produced, and this over-production exhausts the insulin-manufacturing cells in the pancreas; there is simply insufficient insulin available; and the insulin that is available may be abnormal and therefore doesn’t work properly.
The following risk factors increase the chances of someone developing Type 2 diabetes:

Increasing age;
Obesity; and
Physical inactivity.
Rarer causes of diabetes include:
Certain medicines;
Pregnancy (gestational diabetes); and
Any illness or disease that damages the pancreas and affects its ability to produce insulin e.g. pancreatitis.
What doesn’t cause diabetes?
On the cause of this research we will find out what may possibly not cause diabetes and what facilitates diabetes. Many scientists believe that eating sweets or wrong kind of food does not cause diabetes, but obesity instead. However according to our findings obesity is associated with people developing type two diabetes. Further more they also believe that stress does not cause diabetes, although it may be a trigger for the body turning on itself as in the case of Type 1 diabetes. It does, however, make the symptoms worse for those who already have diabetes.
Diabetes is not contagious. Someone with diabetes cannot pass it on to anyone else (Hicks, 2004).

What causes diabetes? It is believed that some drugs could lead to the cause of diabetes. Drugs such as steroids, Dilantin, and others may elevate the blood sugar through a variety of mechanisms. Certain other drugs, such as alloxan, streptozocin, and thiazide diuretics, are toxic to the beta cells of the pancreas and can cause diabetes. Certain syndromes (for example, Prader-Willi, Down’s, Progeria, and Turner’s) may result in a hyperglycemic state; if this state is prolonged, the result can be permanent diabetes. (Guthrie, 2003).
Diabetes resulting in an insulin-dependent state is classified as Type 1 diabetes. While Type 1 diabetes affects only between 5 to10 percent of the diabetic population, its effects on the body can be worse than other forms of diabetes. In the past, Type 1 has been known as juvenile or juvenile-onset diabetes (because it is usually diagnosed in those under thirty), brittle diabetes, unstable diabetes, and ketosis-prone diabetes. People in this classification more frequently exhibit the classic symptoms, usually with ketones present in blood and urine. A blood-sugar level of 800 mg/dl (44 mmol) or more, especially if ketones are not present, indicates a diagnosis of hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (a state in which the body is extremely dry (dehydrated), the chemicals in the body are concentrated, and the blood sugar is high). As stated before, diabetes is a syndrome or group of diseases (rather than one disease), leading to the prolonged hyperglycemic state. Type 1 is most associated with the killing of the beta cells, most likely by the body’s own immune system. Either the immune system cannot kill an infecting agent, which then kills the beta cells, or the immune system itself goes “wild,” attacking the body’s own tissue and destroying the beta cells. The cells of the islets of Langerhans are inflamed, resulting from an infectious-disease process (for example, mumps) or, more commonly, from an autoimmune (allergic to self) response.
The autoimmune process results in the circulation of antibodies that may either cause or be caused by beta-cell death. If it is found that the antibodies cause beta-cell destruction (the body fighting what it now considers foreign to itself), the body’s response to the Type 1 diabetes is much less severe (i.e., easier to control) with treatment. Until then, the outcome is a lack of available insulin. While the onset is said to be sudden, changes resulting in decreased insulin availability may have occurred over a longer period of time. In short, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is an inherited defect of the body’s immune system, resulting in destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.  (Guthrie and Guthrie, 2003).

1.4 STRESS RELATED DIABETES
Stress, both physical and mental, can send your blood sugar out of whack (Nelson, 2004).
It’s hard to dispute that most of us live life at breakneck speed. It’s the nature of a fast-paced society, where numerous family, social, and work obligations can easily overpower your precious time and resources. But for people with diabetes, both physical and emotional stress can take a greater toll on health (Nazario, 2004).
This is a simple biological phenomenon that when a person is undergoing stress, the persons blood sugar level rises. During stress hormones like epinephrine (A substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland. The name epinephrine was coined in 1898 by the American pharmacologist and physiologic chemist (biochemist) John Jacob Abel) and cortisol (the primary stress hormone. Cortisol is the major natural GLUCOCORTICOID (GC) in humans) becomes active as their major function amongst others is to raise blood sugar level which, helps to boost energy when needed. Emotional and physical trauma keeps these hormones working as they are designed to aid you when you are stressed. Logically they want to give you energy to fight the cause of such stress, but, the adverse effect becomes eminent. People who aren’t diabetic have compensatory mechanisms to keep blood sugar from swinging out of control. But in people with diabetes, those mechanisms are either lacking or blunted, so they can’t keep a lid on blood sugar, says (David, 2004). When blood sugar levels aren’t controlled well through diet and/or medication, you’re at higher risk for many health complications, including blindness, kidney problems, and nerve damage leading to foot numbness, which can lead to serious injury and hard-to-heal infections. Prolonged elevated blood sugar is also a predecessor to cardiovascular disease, which increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
In diabetes, because of either an absolute lack of insulin, such as type 1 diabetes, or a relative lack of insulin, such as type 2, there isn’t enough insulin to cope with these hormones, so blood sugar levels rise (Richard, 2004).
Anything upsetting like going through a breakup or being laid off is certainly emotionally draining. Being down with the flu or suffering from a urinary tract infection places physical stress on the body. It’s generally these longer-term stressors that tax your system and have much more effect on blood sugar levels. Since stress has virtually become a way of life, you may not even notice you’re frazzled. A lot of people will identify stressors such as an illness in the family (something large) but may not recognize the stress of the holidays or a hectic time at work (something smaller or shorter in duration).

1.5 STRESS RELATED HYPERTENSION.
Reducing stress can help lower blood pressure. Stress is a normal part of life. But too much stress can lead to emotional, psychological and even physical problems — including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, chest pains or irregular heart beats. When you are exposed to long periods of stress, your body gives warning signals that something is wrong. These physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral warning signs should not be ignored. They tell you that you need to slow down. If you continue to be stressed and you don’t give your body a break, you are likely to develop health problems. You could also worsen an existing illness. (Curtis, 2007)
If stress itself is a risk factor for heart disease, it could be because chronic stress exposes your body to unhealthy, persistently elevated levels of stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. Studies also link stress to changes in the way blood clots, which increases the risk of heart attack.
1.6 GENETICS AND DIABETES
type one diabetes: it is believed that diabetes is likely to be inherited amist the other possible links and cause. In families it is studied that first degree relatives have a higher risk of developing type one diabetes than unrelated individuals from the general population (approximately 6% vs <1%, respectively) (Dorman and Bunker, 2000). These data suggest that genetic factors are involved with the development of the disease. At present, there is evidence that more than 20 regions of the genome may be involved in genetic susceptibility to type one diabetes. However, none of the candidates identified have a greater influence on type one diabetes risk than that conferred by genes in the HLA region of chromosome 6. This region contains several hundred genes known to be involved in 4 immune response. Those most strongly associated with the disease are the HLA class II genes (i.e., HLA-DR, DQ, and DP). IDDM1. The HLA class II genes, also referred to as IDDM1, contribute approximately 40-50% of the heritable risk for T1D (Hirschhorn et al., 2003).
Type two diabetes: It has long been known that Type two diabetes is, in part, inherited. Family studies have revealed that first degree relatives of individuals with Type two diabetes are about 3 times more likely to develop the disease than individuals without a positive family history of the disease (Flores et al., 2003; Hansen 2003; Gloyn 2003). It has also been shown that concordance rates for monozygotic twins, which have ranged from 60-90%, are significantly higher than those for dizygotic twins. Thus, it is clear that Type two diabetes has a strong genetic component. One approach that is used to identify disease susceptibility genes is based on the identification of ca n d i d a t e   g e n e s   ( B a r r o s o   e t   a l . ,   2 0 0 3 ;   S t u m v o l l ,   2 0 0 4 ) .   C a n d i d a t e   g e n e s   a r e   s e l e c t e d   b e c a u s e   t h e y   a r e   t h o u g h t   t o   b e   i n v o l v e d   i n   p a n c r e a t i c   ²  c e l l   f u n c t i o n ,   i n s u l i n   a c t i o n   /   g l u c o s e   m e t a b o l i s m ,   o r   o t h e r   m e t a b o l i c   c o n d i t i o n s   t h a t   i n c r e a s e   T y p e   t w o   d i a b e t e s   r i sks (e.g., energy intake / expenditure, lipid metabolism). To date, more than 50 candidate genes for Type two diabetes have been studied in various populations worldwide.
However, results for essentially all candidate genes have been conflicting. Possible explanations for the divergent findings include small sample sizes, differences in Type two diabetes susceptibility across ethnic groups, variation in environmental exposures, and gene-environmental interactions. Because of current controversy, this review  w i l l   f o c u s   o n l y   o n   a   f e w   o f   t h e   m o s t   p r o m i s i n g   c a n d i d a t e   g e n e s .   T h e s e   i n c l u d e   P P A R ³,   A B C C 8 ,   K C N J 1 1 ,   a n d   C A L P N 1 0 .

 S e v e r a l   T y p e   t w o   d i a b e t e s   S u s c e p t i b i l i t y   G e n e s


R R   =   r e l a t i v e   r i s k
U P P A R ³  ( p e r o x i s o m e   p r o l i f e r a t o r s – a c t i v a t e d   r e c e p t o r – ³)   U .   T h i s   g e n e   h a s   b e e n   w i d e l y   s t u d i e d   b e c a u s e   i t   i s   i m p o r t a n t   i n   a d i p o c y t e   a n d   l i p i d   m e t a b o l i s m .   I n   a d d i t i o n ,   i t   i s   a   t a r g e t   f o r   t h e   h y p o g l y c e m i c   d r u g s   k n o w n   a s   t h i a z o l i d i n e d i o n e s .   O n e   f o r m   o f   t h e   P P A R ³  g e n e   ( P r o )   d e c r e a s e s   i n s u l i n   s e n s i t i v i t y   a n d   i n c r e a s e s   T y p e   t w o   d i a b e tes risks by several folds. Perhaps more importantly is that this variant is very common in most populations. Approximately 98% of Europeans carry at least one copy of the Pro allele. Thus, it likely contributes to a considerable proportion (~25%) of Type two diabetes that occurs, particularly among Caucasians.
Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young: An uncommon form of T2D (accounting for <5% of all T2D cases) that generally occurs before age 25 years is MODY. MODY is characterized by a slow onset of symptoms, the absence of obesity, no ketosis, and no evidence of beta cell autoimmunity. It is most often managed without the need for exogenous insulin. MODY displays an autosomal dominant pattern inheritance, generally spanning three generations (Stride and Hattersley, 2002).

1.7 GENETICS AND HYPERTENSION
Scientists at the University of Virginia and Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., have discovered three variants in a kidney gene that indicate the most common type of hypertension. Their findings, the result of “18-year” collaboration between the two schools, are allowing development of the first predictive medical test for high blood pressure, according to an article in the March 19 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
The researchers report that these gene variations, either by themselves or through interaction with variations of other genes, are associated with essential hypertension in several populations: Caucasian American, Ghanaian and Japanese. The presence of these gene variants, also called polymorphisms, can be determined by a simple genetic test used to assess an individual’s risk of developing high blood pressure (hypertension). The test is based on detection of inherited gene variations that encode for a protein called G protein coupled receptor kinase type 4 (GRK4). GRK4 variations are associated with an inability to eliminate sodium from the body. This discovery has led to a high quality test that should be suitable for screening a large number of patients based on a fluorescent molecular beacon assay, and will aid physicians in their diagnosis of genetic forms of hypertension, (Robin, 2002).
The genetic information disclosed by the new test will allow physicians to provide guidance to patients with a family history of hypertension who wish to know if they should modify their lifestyles to help prevent the debilitating consequences such as kidney failure, heart failure, stroke, blindness or high blood pressure, (Felder, 2002).
Essential hypertension – a type that classifies 50 percent of hypertension – affects 25 percent of the world’s adult population and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction and heart and kidney failure. Although scientists have believed this condition to be hereditary, determining the genetic cause of essential hypertension was previously difficult because blood pressure level results from a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
Patients with even a single GRK4 variation have a significant lifetime risk for developing hypertension, said Dr. Pedro A. Jose, professor of pediatrics and of physiology and biophysics at Georgetown University, and senior author of the journal article. We have now identified the genetic abnormalities that cause this error and so we have a better idea of the impact of these gene variations in the development of hypertension in three distinct racial groups.
Identification of this leading cause of hypertension should lead to improved medical treatments for the disease but, the belief of these scientists is it really true?

1.8 PRINCIPLES OF ANTIOXIDANT IN DIABETES AND HYPERTENSION

Very simply put, an antioxidant is something that prevents or slows down oxidization. This can be very beneficial to the health, for instance the cholesterol in our bodies is not necessarily harmful until it becomes oxidized, which then causes it to start clinging to our blood vessels which as you know can then lead to some serious health related heart problems. Antioxidants can help to prevent this and thus make a very positive contribution to your overall general state of health and physical well being (Gorman, 2003)
Have you had your lycopene today? If you ate a green salad with fresh chopped tomatoes, then you not only got a healthy dose of this powerful antioxidant, but you have also taken significant action toward lowering your blood pressure.
A recent double-blind study conducted in Israel has confirmed what hearth-healthy Italians have enjoyed for centuries – tomatoes (and tomato sauce) lower blood pressure and the risk of heart disease (Paran, 2007). Tomatoes are so effective at lowering blood pressure because they contain lycopene. This potent antioxidant is even the focus of some hybrid tomatoes processed by Tomatoes Company in Nigeria (Gino tomatoes).
Long-Term Antioxidant Intervention Improves Myocardial Microvascular Function in Experimental Hypertension (Martin, 2003). Hypertension increases oxidative stress, which can impair myocardial microvascular function and integrity. However, it is yet unclear whether long-term antioxidant intervention in early hypertension would preserve myocardial perfusion and vascular permeability responses to challenge. Pigs were studied after 12 weeks of renovascular hypertension without (n=8) or with daily supplementation of antioxidants (100 IU/kg vitamin E and 1 g vitamin C, n=6), and compared with normal controls (n=7). Myocardial perfusion and microvascular permeability were measured in vivo by electron beam computed tomography before and after 2 cardiac challenges (intravenous adenosine and dobutamine). Basal left ventricular muscle mass was also obtained. Mean arterial pressure was significantly increased in both groups of hypertensive animals (without and with antioxidants, 123±9 and 126±4 mm Hg, respectively, versus normal, 101±4 mm Hg; both P<0.05), but muscle mass was not different among the groups. The impaired myocardial perfusion response to adenosine observed in hypertensives (normal, +51±14%; P<0.05 versus baseline; hypertension, +14±15%; P=0.3 versus baseline) was preserved in hypertensive pigs that received antioxidants (+44±15%; P=0.01 compared with baseline). Long-term antioxidant intervention also preserved subendocardial microvascular permeability responses in hypertension. On the other hand, antioxidant intervention had little effect on the hypertension-induced myocardial vascular dysfunction observed in response to dobutamine. This study demonstrates that the impaired myocardial perfusion and permeability responses to increased cardiac demand in early hypertension are significantly improved by long-term antioxidant intervention. These results support the involvement of oxidative stress in myocardial vascular dysfunction in hypertension and suggest a role for antioxidant strategies to preserve the myocardial microvasculature. (Krier et al, 2003).
Most of the food that many people eat, such as fast food and other food sources high in processed carbohydrates sugars and fat, contain very low levels of antioxidants. As well as being low in antioxidants, these items actually increase your cholesterol level; this can lead to some serious health issues that pose serious health risk. (Heath monitor, 2006).

1.9 HYPOTHESES
H0: Stress is not linked with hypertension
H1: Stress is linked with hypertension
H0: Stress is not linked with diabetes
H1: Stress is linked with diabetes
H0: Antioxidant cannot curb hypertension
H1: Antioxidant can curb hypertension
H0: Antioxidant cannot curb diabetes
H1: Antioxidant can curb diabetes
H0: Hypertension is not hereditary
H1: Hypertension is hereditary
H0: Diabetes is not hereditary
H1: Diabetes is hereditary

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 MATERIALS

The major materials used were: a comprehensive questionnaire and data analysis software. These two materials are very effective in processing information for statistical analysis. Biological raw data can be mathematically analyzed, computed and intensely verified for effective result. Different people have different believes and tenets, but, such believes have to be reasonable hypothesis and proven.

2.1 REVIEW OF HYPOTHESIS
H0: Stress is not linked with hypertension
H1: Stress is linked with hypertension
H0: Stress is not linked with diabetes
H1: Stress is linked with diabetes
H0: Antioxidant cannot curb hypertension
H1: Antioxidant can curb hypertension
H0: Antioxidant cannot curb diabetes
H1: A    ntioxidant can curb diabetes
H0: Hypertension is not hereditary
H1: Hypertension is hereditary
H0: Diabetes is not hereditary
H1: Diabetes is hereditary

2.2 DATA COLLECTION (QUESTIONNAIRE)
Data are research facts that are based on respondents’ answers to questions. There are types of data like parametric and non parametric data; the former is in numerical values while the later is the type I am applying in this research which is nominal or ordinal like sex, age, nationality and more (Oludotun, 2007). Information are processed data while a questionnaire is a form of mechanism for obtaining information, data to be processed and opinions of people about certain issues. Questionnaires have a number of advantages and disadvantages when compared with other evaluation tools. The key strengths and weaknesses of questionnaires are summarized in bullet points below. In general, questionnaires are effective mechanisms for efficient collection of certain kinds of information. They are not, however, a comprehensive means of evaluation and should be used to support and supplement other procedures for evaluating and improving research hence an evaluating soft ware is also utilized in this research as indicated above.
2.3 ADVANTAGES OF QUESTIONNAIRES:
They permit respondents time to consider their responses carefully without interference from, for example, an interviewer.
Cost: It is possible to provide questionnaires to large numbers of people simultaneously.
Uniformity: Each respondent receives the identical set of questions. With closed-form questions, responses are standardized, which can assist in interpreting from large numbers of respondents.
Can address a large number of issues and questions of concern in a relatively efficient way, with the possibility of a high response rate.
Often, questionnaires are designed so that answers to questions are scored and scores summed to obtain an overall measure of the attitudes and opinions of the respondent.
They may be mailed to respondents although this approach may lower the response rate.
They permit anonymity. It is usually argued that anonymity increases the rate of response and may increase the likelihood that responses reflect genuinely held opinions.
The responses are gathered in a standardized way, so questionnaires are more objective, certainly more so than interviews.
Generally it is relatively quick to collect questions using a questionnaire.
Potential information can be collected from a large portion of a group. This potential is not often realized, as returns from questionnaires are usually low. However return rates can be dramatically improved if the questionnaire is delivered and responded to in time.

2.4 DISADVANTAGES OF QUESTIONNAIRES
Questionnaires, like many evaluation methods occur after the event, so participants may forget important issues.
Questionnaires are standardized so it is not possible to explain any points in the questions that participants might misinterpret. This could be partially solved by piloting the questions on a small group of people or at least friends and colleagues. It is advisable to do this anyway.
Open-ended questions can generate large amounts of data that can take a long time to process and analyze. One way of limiting this would be to limit the space available to students so their responses are concise or to sample the people and survey only a portion of them.
Respondents may answer superficially especially if the questionnaire takes a long time to complete.
People may not be willing to answer the questions. They might not wish to reveal the information or they might think that they will not benefit from responding perhaps even be open by giving their real opinion. People should be told why the information is being collected and how the results will be beneficial. They should be asked to reply honestly and told that if their response is negative this is just as useful as a more positive opinion.

2.5 LOCATION IN VIEW
The locations considered: Ikeja, Gbagada, Victoria Island. These areas are both industrial and residential areas. Majority of people in these areas have different life styles and different ways of attending to health issues.

2.6 CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE IN VIEW
People, who take taxies to work, some take private cars, public buses and even bikes. Many of them spend long time in traffic, and even spend long time at work.   
2.7 METHOD OF DATA PROCESSING

There are so many methods applied in investigation of statistical analysis among these are design and survey which are the two methods used. The software used in the analysis of the data collected from the questionnaire is the statistics package for social scientist (SPSS). Based on the fact that the data collected through the questionnaire are non-parametric, they are first analyzed into percentile, mean, mode and median. Furthermore a correlation is made between related information coined from the data in the questionnaire and chi square test into symmetric measure which shows Pearson’s ranking and spearman correlation to produce an efficient result to test if the null hypothesis is accepted or the alternative hypothesis is accepted.  
CHAPTER THREE

3.0 RESULT

The questionnaires were collected and analyzed using statistical package for social scientist (SPSS), these were tabulated as percentile, mean and modal information that was further correlated with cross-tabulation, chi square test and symmetric measure. The result shows that stress increases diabetes and hypertension. Antioxidants reduce the effect of diabetes and diabetes and hypertension are both hereditary.

3.1 SECTION A: BIO-DATA
The three locations (Gbagada, Victoria Island and Ikeja) were fused together in a tabular form depicting information in quantity (mode) and in percentage. The tables below are results from the fusion of data from Gbagada, Victoria Island and Ikeja based on some related question on the questionnaire.

Table 1: Age of Respondent

Table 1 shows 56.3% of workers fell in the lower category of age while 43.8% fell in the higher category of age; 18-25 and 26-33 respectively.

Table 2: Marital Status

In table 2, a large number of the respondents are single (94.9%) while the rest were either married or divorced.

Table 3: Nature of Job

Table 3 shows the kind of jobs the respondents do, there were more people on the white collar jobs.   

Table 4: Family History of Hypertension

Table 4 shows that many hypertensive people had traces of family members that were hypertensive.

Table 5: Family History of Diabetes

Table 5, 12% were found to be valid for diabetic traces in their families.


Table 6: Distance to Workplace shows 30.4 valid percent of people living very far from their workplaces.

Table 7: Conditions of the Roads

Table 7 verifies that 51.7% go to work on bad roads.

Table 8: Duration of time spent in Traffic Daily

Table 8, indicates that a higher percent of workers spend about 2hours in traffic.

Table 9: Transportation system to Workplace

Table 9 shows that 43.8 go to work on bike, 36.9 go to work in private cars, 1.1 use commercial buses.

3.3 Section C: Use of Fruits and Vegetables

Table 10: Respondents cook and eat vegetables outside those incorporated into food

In table 10, 62.5% against 29.5% respondents eat vegetables outside those incorporated into food.
Table 11: Respondents eat fruits often

Table 11 depicts that a high frequency of respondents eat fruits.
Correlation/cross-tabulation of parameters closely investigated hypothesis. Samples from the cross relationship showed 13 respondent who were hypertensive out of 35, they spend about 2hours in traffic while 10 out of 34 respondent who were hypertensive spend lesser time in traffic; that is to say stress aggravates diabetes.
For diabetes majority of people who spend more time at work did not respond well to treatment. The chi-square test gave 0.508 which is greater than 0.05 this accepts the alternative hypothesis. Results show that antioxidants curb both diabetes and hypertension, 54 respondents, 17 are hypertensive and eat enough vegetable, but 37 people of the 54 respondents are not hypertensive but eat enough vegetables. More respondent have family members that are both hypertensive and diabetic.

Table 12: Effect of stress on hypertensive patience

CASESCORRELATED QUESTIONSVALIDMISSINGTOTALNPERCENTNPERCENTNPERCENTTRAFFICADURATION OF TIME SPENT IN TRAFFIC DAILY* ARE YOU HYPERTENSIVE?6939.2%10760.8%176100%BDURATION OF TIME SPENT IN TRAFFIC DAILY* WHEN LAST DID YOU CHECK YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE?6335.8%11364.2%176100%CDURATION OF TIME SPENT IN TRAFFIC DAILY* KIND OF MEDICATION(S) USED?5631.8%12068.2%176100%DDURATION OF TIME SPENT IN TRAFFIC DAILY* ANY IMPROVEMENT?3821.6%13878.4%176100%WORKEDAILY TIME AT WORK* HYPERTENSIVE?6838.6%10861.4%176100%FDAILY TIME AT WORK* CHECK OF BLOOD PRESSURE?6436.4%11263.6%176100%GDAILY TIME AT WORK* KIND OF MEDICATION USED5631.8%12068.2%176100%HDAILY TIME AT WORK* ANY IMPROVEMENT?3821.6%13878.4%176100%

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 DISCUSSION

The level of stress back in the days of our fathers compared to the present life style was relatively small.
Physical and mental stress increase the blood sugar level which in turn increases the pressure the blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels. When the rate or speed of blood pumping from the heart around the body increases consistently then you are susceptible to high blood pressure (Olayinka, 2003). The primary hypertension is more common; about nine in ten people suffer from that primary hypertension. There is virtually no clear cause of that one.
The secondary hypertension is more critical with one person in twenty people suffering from it; its cause could be linked to other underlying diseases (www.bhf.org.uk). We have been able to show that People who spent 10hours at work could trigger or aggravate the incidence of high blood pressure. Unsatisfactory job conditions and long time in traffic also triggered the incidence of hypertension. We could show that about 2% of hypertensive people spent less than and equal to 30 minutes in traffic while about 3% of hypertensive people spent about 2hours in traffic. These facts prove that stress leads to high blood pressure.
A large percentage of people with essential hypertension have genetic abnormalities of their peripheral arteries (arterioles) — the small arteries that supply blood to the body’s tissues. This genetic abnormality makes the walls of the arteries stiff so there is greater resistance to the blood flowing through them. (www.medicinenet.com).
A higher number of those with high blood pressure had members of their family with high blood pressure (13 out of 21 respondents that are hypertensive have family members that are hypertensive from the result). Genetic factors may contribute to an estimated thirty percent of cases of essential hypertension (high blood pressure of unknown cause). In the United States, high blood pressure occurs more frequently among African Americans than among white or Asian Americans. Adult African American men are most at risk for developing hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The reason remains unknown, especially since non-American adult African men have very low occurrences of hypertension.  One of the relating factors to high blood pressure is sodium salt; this was sited previously. Some scientist believe that the black American adult suffering from high blood pressure can be linked to the time of the slave trade, when they were crossing the see they must have been affected by the high sea concentration of salt. This is just an assumption. (www.webmd.com).
Diabetes is mainly in two forms except for other minor but important types like MODY: maturity onset diabetes in youth and more (Dorman, 2004). The insulin dependent diabetes which is also called the type one diabetes is when all the cells responsible for the production of insulin has been totally destroyed by the body’s own immune system; the non-insulin dependent diabetes also called type two diabetes this is when the receptors responsible for the stimulation of the cells that produces insulin fails this is also called insulin resistance. In response to this excess insulin produced, over time the cell loses the ability to produce enough insulin to control the blood sugar. Cortisol and epinephrine are triggered to produce excess sugar for energy when a person encounters stress (health monitor, 2006). When there is not enough insulin to control the sugar level, diabetes is worsened (McElroy, 2007). It was clearly discovered that those undergoing certain stressful life style were diabetic with poor response to treatment which is another major connection between stress and diabetes (1.1% of those who spent hours in traffic do not respond to diabetic treatment against 0.44% of those who spent lesser time in traffic). Stress makes diabetes worse; even if you are doing everything you can to control your condition (Tennen, 2007).
At present, there is evidence that more than 20 regions of the genome may be involved in genetic susceptibility to type 1diabetes. The genes strongly associated with the disease are the HLA class II genes (i.e., HLA-DR, DQ, and DP). IDDM1. The HLA class II genes, also referred to as IDDM1, contribute approximately 40-50% of the heritable risk for T1D (Hirschhorn et al., 2003).
It was discovered that those that diagnosed their diabetes between the ages 0-20 had more family members with diabetes. It has long been known that “Type two diabetes” is, in part, inherited. Family studies have revealed that first degree relatives of individuals with “Type two diabetes” are about 3 times more likely to develop the disease than individuals without a positive family history of the disease (Flores et al., 2003; Hansen 2003; Gloyn 2003).
Antioxidants reduce hypertension as the rate of vegetable consumption increases. Out of 54 people 37 who consume a very high amount of vegetables reported not to be hypertensive anymore against the remaining 17 people. This simple indication shows that these vegetables help the body in the reduction of hypertensive risk.
Studies on oxidative stress, antioxidant treatment, and diabetic complications have shown that oxidative stress is increased and may accelerate the development of complications through the metabolism of excessive glucose and free fatty acids in diabetic and insulin-resistant states. However, the contribution of oxidative stress to diabetic complications may be tissue-specific, especially for micro-vascular disease that occurs only in diabetic patients but not in individuals with insulin resistance without diabetes, even though both groups suffer from oxidative stress. Although antioxidant treatments can show benefits in animal models of diabetes, negative evidence from large clinical trials suggests that new and more powerful antioxidants need to be studied to demonstrate whether antioxidants can be effective in treating complications. Furthermore, it appears that oxidative stress is only one factor contributing to diabetic complications; thus, antioxidant treatment would most likely be more effective if it were coupled with other treatments for diabetic complications (www.joslin.harvard.edu).
Those workers that indulge in adding extra vegetables to their meal and eating fruits regularly responded to diabetic treatment properly. This only indicates that since vegetables and fruits are good sources of antioxidant, it has positive effect on diabetic patients. Hence the alternative hypothesis is accepted that antioxidants help in curbing diabetes.

Conclusions
Finally we can confidently say that, “stress is related to hypertension, stress is related to diabetes, antioxidant can ameliorate the risk of developing hypertension and diabetes. Hypertension and diabetes are both hereditary these indications are possible because, haven tested the strength and direction of variables and observed the effect of one variable on the other; the alternative hypotheses were now accepted.

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Dahlquist, G., Frisk, G., Ivarsson, S.A. Indications that maternal coxsackie B Virus infection during pregnancy is a risk factor for childhood-onset IDDM. Diabetologia, (1995). 38: 1371-1373.
Evans, J.L, Goldfine, ID, Maddux BA, Grodsky GM. Are oxidative stress-activated signaling pathways mediators of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction? Diabetes (2003); 52: 1–8.
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Khoury, M.J., Yang, Q., Gwinn, M. An epidemiologic assessment of genomic profilling for measuring susceptibility to common diseases and targeting interventions. Genet Med, (2004). 6: 38-47.

Kim, S.H., Ma, X., Weremowicz, S. Identification of a locus for maturity-onse diabetes of the young on chromosome 8p23. diabetes, (2004)|. 53: 1375-1384.

Kolb, H., Pozzilli, P. Cow’s milk and type 1 diabetes: the gut immune system deserves attention. Immunol Today, (1999). 20: 108-110.

Kyvik, K.O., Nystrom, L., Gorus, F., Gorman, T. The epidemiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus is not the same in young adults as in children. Diabetologia, (2004). 47: 377-384.

Robin, A.F., Genetics and Hypertension. March 19 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). (2002)

Sinha, R., Fisch, G., Teague, B. Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance       among children and adolescents with marked obesity. N Engl J Med, (2002). 346: 802-810.

Sobngwi, E., Boudou, P., Mauvais-Jarvis, F., et al. Effect of a diabetic environment in utero on predisposition to type 2 diabetes. Lancet, (2003). 361: 1861-1865.

Stride, A., Hattersley, A.T. Different genes, different diabetes: lessons from maturity-onset diabetes of the young. Ann Med, (2002).

A Few Facts About Heart Murmurs

To begin with, what are heart murmurs? They can be described as unusual sounds heard while the heart beats. A stethoscope helps your doctor to hear them. To your knowledge, most murmurs are not dangerous or life-threatening. They often resolve on their own and even if they don’t and stick around, they will cause no serious health problem.

Stated simply, murmurs are caused by blood flow through a damaged heart valve. As a result, the efficiency of the heart to pump blood will be reduced, which if not treated properly, may even cause a congestive heart failure. When this happens your venous blood pressure will be increased causing swelling and edema in the lower part of your legs (Ankle Edema). Apart from that, the excess fluid that builds up may also induce breathing difficulty. This means that you will have restrictions in doing the things you normally love to do and your style of life will be affected.

Apart from the brain, the heart is undoubtedly the most important organ in our body. The main function of heart is to pump blood to all parts of the body so that all our organs and tissues can get sufficient amount of oxygen and nutrients which are required for optimum health.

When you first visit your doctor, the first thing he will do is listening to your lungs and heart using a stethoscope. He will listen to both normal and abnormal sounds such as a murmur. There may be various causes for such a heart murmur. They may be genetic in nature or may have occurred due to a serious defect in the heart present at birth. Apart from these, damages to a heart valve can also occur from a bacterial or viral infections, or due to poor lifestyle habits such as cigarette smoking or alcohol consumption.

Keep in mind that when taken alone, a cardiac murmur is not a disease but an indicator of a more serious underlying disease. To be exact, there are mainly 2 classes of heart murmurs. The first type is called an innocent heart murmur which rarely requires treatment. The second type is called an abnormal murmur. These types of murmurs occur usually due to some other serious heart conditions which require ongoing and immediate treatment.

if your doctor suspects an abnormal heart murmur, he will order a series of blood tests as well as ultrasound examination of the heart (Echocardiogram).

How to Lose Weight, Cure Obesity

Obesity

The U.S. Center for Disease Control has said that obesity is on the rise, with over 1/3 of Americans being obese. Americans today are fatter, more stressed out, and no more likely to get regular exercise than we were ten years ago. And yet, national surveys have shown that at any given time 25-50% of Americans are on some sort of diet (please see diet scams) and we spend more than 30 billion dollars each year on diet aids and remedies. It is estimated that 2/3 of people regain their lost weight within 3-5 years. Anyone who is over 20% over the normal weight for his/her age, sex, build, and height is considered obese. Perhaps more important is the percentage of fat in the body. For women, fat can account for as much as 25% of body weight, while 17% is a healthy percentage for men. Women’s bodies are designed to carry a higher proportion of fat tissue to ensure there is plenty of fuel for pregnancy and nursing, even if food is scarce.

The average human body has 30-40 million fat cells. Most of the extra calories we eat that we do not need for immediate energy is stored as fat. If we were still “hunter/gatherers” like our early ancestors, the fat would provide a needed food store for times when no food is readily available. But, in modern society, storing energy as fat is no longer necessary for most people. So, instead of being of being a valuable survival mechanism, the body’s ability to store fat has profound negative effects on the body. As fat accumulates, it crowds the already tight space occupied by internal organs. Obesity increases the body’s resistance to insulin and susceptibility to infection, and puts one at a much higher risk for developing coronary artery disease, diabetes, gallbladder disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease, stroke, and other serious health problems that can result in premature death. Complications of pregnancy and liver damage are also more common in overweight individuals.

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The most common causes of obesity are lack of exercise and a poor diet. Other factors that can lead to obesity: diabetes, glandular malfunctions, hypoglycemia, emotional stress, boredom, and a simple love of food. Ironically, poor nutrition may be a major factor in obesity. When a steady supply of vital nutrients are not absorbed, fat is not easily or adequately burned and can accumulate in the body. In addition, toxins, excess salts and acids your body cannot use are stored in the tissues and cause water retention. The best way to lose weight, and virtually the only way to maintain weight loss, is to adopt a healthier, more active, lifestyle, a lifestyle that includes a healthy diet and regular exercise. This will give you more energy and lower your risk of heart disease, stroke and cancer while allowing you to lose weight. According to the American Dietetic Association, “Scientific data suggests a positive relationship relationship between a vegetarian diet and reduced risk for obesity.” – Journal of the American Dietetic Association 97 (1997), p. 1317-1321

Recommendations:

  • We suggest a high quality whole food supplement, like VITAFORCE™ that is complete and made from whole foods. This provides organic whole food nutrients which will supply the body with a rich assortment of nutrients necessary to ease cravings and lose weight. For example, Vitamin C has been shown to help people significantly reduce weight. Nutritional Health, 4(1), 1985, p. 25-28
  • We also suggest Digestion Enhancement Enzymes which aids the in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients.
  • Do not worry so much about the number calories you consume as about eating the proper foods. Try to eat a minimum of 50% raw foods using vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, green beans, kale, lettuce, onions, radishes, spinach, and turnips.
  • Consume high quantities of the following fruits, apples, cantaloupe, grapefruit, strawberries, and watermelon. Eat more complex carbohydrates that also offer protein such as whole grains, legumes, tofu, lentils, plain baked potatoes (no toppings), sesame seeds, beans, brown rice.
  • Eat the following foods in moderation, bananas, cherries, corn, figs, grapes, green peas, pears, pineapple, sweet potatoes, and yams.
  • Drink plenty of fresh “live” juices. Juices are full of concentrated nutrients that are easily absorbed and have almost zero calories and fat. This is a great way to speed up the metabolism, because fresh juices are very rich in metabolic enzymes.
  • Drink 6-8 glasses of distilled water per day. It is common to confuse food cravings with dehydration. When you are hungry, try drinking a glass of water and wait ten minutes to see if the craving passes.
  • Consume small amounts of organic, cold-pressed Flaxseed oil; this provides essential fatty acids which are important in losing weight.
  • Try to eat 4-6 small meals per day. This will speed up the metabolism and avoid the excess storage of fat.
  • Drink wheatgrass to calm the appetite as this is a very nutritious fuel from a whole food that assists metabolic functions; kelp is also beneficial.
  • Be active; take a brisk walk every day before breakfast and/or dinner to burn off fat. Walk or ride a bicycle instead of driving whenever possible. Also, be sure to get regular aerobic exercise such as walking, running, bicycling or swimming and do stretching and flexibility exercises such as yoga. This is the best way to rid the body of fat and maintain muscle tone. Water aerobics are excellent for those that are overweight and who find running or walking difficult. A person who increases muscle will have a higher metabolic rate than a person of the same weight with a lower muscle to fat ratio, this is because it takes more calories to maintain muscle tissue than fat tissue.
  • Make your main meal lunch, not dinner and your last meal should be no later than 6 p.m.
  • Do the complete weight loss detox program to lose weight and achieve phenomenal health results.

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Things to Avoid:

  • Eliminate saturated fats from the diet. Never consume animal fat found in butter, cream, gravies, ice cream, mayonnaise, all meats (red meat/chicken/turkey/lamb etc…)and fish, milk, eggs, cheese, etc. Do not any fried, processed or junk foods.
  • Do not eat any white flour products, salt, or white rice.
  • Do not consume sweets such as soda, pastries, pies, cakes, donuts or candy. Omit all forms of refined sugar including white sugar, brown sugar, and corn syrup from the diet. Sugar triggers the release of insulin which then activates enzymes that promote the passage of fat from the blood stream into the fat cells. The American Cancer Society has found that people who regularly use artificial sweeteners, (Equal, Sweet ‘N Low, NutraSweet) tend to gain, not lose weight. These substances seem to increase the appetite and slow down the digestive process. Use organic barley malt sweetener instead of sugar, this is also beneficial for people with diabetes or hypoglycemia.
  • Do not consume alcohol in any form, including beer and wine. Alcohol inhibits the burning of fat from fat deposits.
  • Do not grocery shop on an empty stomach as you will be tempted to buy forbidden foods and will often buy more food than you need. Do not chew gum as it starts the digestive juices flowing and makes you hungry.
  • Completely avoid gimmicky snack foods that promise zero fat but are filled with chemicals, artificial sweeteners, and preservatives. Although these foods may seem to have no fat, the unnatural ingredients will disrupt body chemistry and hamper any attempts at weight loss.

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Has Modern Science and Medicine Done More Harm Than Good?

Modern science and medicine has brought many benefits to mankind. An ordinary man and woman can expect to live longer than it was ever possible. In our country itself, the life expectancy is well over sixty years, which is much higher than people in less developed areas.

Smallpox is non-existent according to the World Health Organization. This contrasts sharply with the situation just about forty years ago when smallpox was a deadly killer of hundreds and thousands of people every year.

Other diseases like tuberculosis, polio, leprosy and other once dreaded diseases are largely curable now. Medical care has improved by leaps and bounds. Many potent new drugs have been developed to combat the many diseases that man is suffer from. Even some cancers are curable now.

There are some diseases that are still very hard to treat, but at least there are more options available to the sufferers. Heart and other organ transplants are commonplace nowadays. So the chances of surviving a disease have increased. Except for AIDS, cancer and plain old age, men and women are much better off than their ancestors in terms of medical treatment.

However that is only one side of the story. In prolonging the lives of men and women, there are many unexpected problems surface.

With the reduction of the overall death rate, the population of the world will rise quickly. This will create problems in providing adequate housing and food for the rapidly ageing population. The demands on the Earth will increase many folds. Our resources will be diminished and the future generation will be hard-pressed to cope with the galloping world population.

People will live longer. They require more of everything. Can society cope? I am not saying we should simply let the aged and sick die so that we will have enough resources for the healthy. There are a lot of moral and ethical considerations in this sort of thing. Even now anyone who even condone euthanasia or mercy-killing will probably find a horde of moralists breathing down his neck.

So it comes down to this. Modern science and medicine has enabled more men and women to live longer. This has the effect of increasing the world population and especially the number of nonproductive older members of the human race. The apparent benefits that we have also bring along their unwanted problems. Modern science and medicine has brought enormous good for mankind. It has brought or is bringing a lot of harm too. Which is more, good or harm? There is really no clear answer now. Perhaps the future will reveal it.

Measuring Your Personal Growth

Introduction

It was one of the Sundays and as usual, many thoughts were passing through my head and suddenly my thought process got stuck at one point and made me to think and re-think as how one can or how one should measure his or her personal growth?

1) Your success in exams is measured by the marks that you score (your percentile).

2) Your success in business is measured by revenues and profits that you earn.

3) The versatility of your business is measured by your expansion plans, both in terms of geographical expansion as well as venture into new industries.

4) Experience is usually measured in number of years.

5) Your height, your weight, your age…everything can be measured.

So, how can you measure your “Personal Growth”?

Things that you do

To understand and measure your personal growth, lets first list out and understand various activities that we do in our life. Once we understand that, it will help us in setting the measuring parameters and/or selecting the measurement scale. There is no second doubt in my mind that when we talk about “Growth”, it needs to be objective and not subjective. It should be measured.

As an individual, whatever you do, can easily be classified into two parts:

1) Professional

2) Private

As a child or a teenager we do certain things which either help us in our profession (give directions to our professional life) or make our private life, more satisfactory.

1) Professional Life: Basic Education, Professional Education, Salaries (Wealth), Promotions (Role, Power to take Decisions, Span of Control etc), Training and Development (Workshops and Seminars), your popularity (and demand) and Professional Network.

2) Private Life: Relations with family (Parents, Siblings, Relatives) and friends, Marriage (Success, Happiness and longevity of your married life), House and other comforts, Health, Children (Birth, Growth, Grooming and Values of your children), Love, Care and SATISFACTION.

(Note: Care has been taken to include everything that an individual should have or like to have in this life. However, this list is inclusive and not exclusive.)

Let’s Analyze and Measure

Well, the “Professional Front” of your life can be measured by following factors:

1) Number of professional degrees that you have.

2) Institutes that you have studied in (To study in good institutes, you should not only be intelligent and knowledgeable but should also have enough money to take care of expenses of your studies).

3) In Case, you are a salaried employee then what is your salary and how much increments you get every year. In case, you have your own business, then your profits and wealth.

4) The Position and Designation that you hold. In short, it is your ability to take and influence decisions that matters.

5) Your demand and popularity in your profession and industry, is another criteria to measure “Professional Front” of your life.

All these factors are part of your “Personal Growth” and all are measurable.

Now, let’s calculate your “growth” in “Private Life”. It is not possible to be successful at “Professional Front” without “sacrificing” and making adjustments in your “Private Life”. However, what you have sacrificed and how you have set the balance in relations determines and measures your success in “Private Front”.

Following are the factors that can be measured and calculated:

1) Longevity and happiness of your married life

2) Amount you spent on your medicines

3) Value-system, education and success of your children (Believe it or not, but if your children are good citizens of your country; if they are doing well in academics; if they are successful in life…that reflects in your success).

4) It is not possible to keep everyone happy, one need to identify (in fact, choose) people that they want to keep happy and then go all out to ensure their happiness. Hence, your success is measured on the choices that you make your judgment and setting priorities.

Though, there can be a slight difference, but all these factors can be measured and evaluated. As I said earlier, to measure your growth, you need to have a base. Measuring growth, starts from past and ends with present. Your dreams and goals, starts from your present and ends, somewhere in your future.

Discussion Table – Brainstorming

I asked several people from different countries, age groups and of both genders as what do they actually understand by “Personal Growth” and how, they think that one should measure the personal growth. Due to space constraint, it is not possible for me to include all responses, but instead, I have taken a sample size.

According to Marc Aniballi (Managing Director, Crack Method, Canada), your criteria to measure your personal growth changes with time and entirely based on the phase of life, you are passing through.

A baby measures their growth in inches;

A youth measures their growth by their peers;

A young person measures their growth against their parents;

An adult measures their growth against the world around them;

A mature adult measures their growth against themselves;

An elder measures their growth against ideals;

Maria Sheila Riikonen (Business Intelligence Consultants, Finland), gave a philosophical touch to her answer and said that the path to personal and professional success is seldom smooth sailing, so it’s important to have a strong sense of self wherever the road leads you. I always like to recall my favorite mantra from American Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 – 1882) :

“To laugh often and much,

To win the respect of intelligent people and the affection of children,

To earn the appreciation of honest critics and endure the betrayal of false friends,

To appreciate beauty, to find the best in others,

To leave the world a bit better, whether by a healthy child, a garden patch, or a redeemed social condition,

To know even one life has breathed easier because you have lived.

This is to have succeeded.”

In the words of Mukund Toro (Director Engineering, Sasken, Bangalore, India), one cannot generalize parameters to measure personal growth and it all varies and differs from person to person and to an large extent, depends on the background of an individual. He said, “I find it difficult to answer your question. I think it depends upon the individual; Depends on his or her needs, aspirations, obligations and duties. I guess it depends upon what is central to your life. You could look at Steven Covey’s habit two (2) regarding what are the various centers of life. I have found myself struggling between various ways of defining success. Sometimes it is career, sometimes finances, sometimes doing something for others etc. To quote (not verbatim) Dr. E S Srinivas of XLRI, some questions may never have clear answers. What is important is to raise these questions.”

Dinky (Denise) Durso (Business Development, Manager, Alliant Credit Union, Greater Chicago Area), is also of the similar opinion and says that the criteria to measure personal growth, varies from individual to individual and is largely influced by the personal convictions, ideology and principles. He says, “While I can appreciate the basis for your question, I have difficulty aligning my beliefs and values within the confines of your question and answer terms. Growth and success does not have to be measured, even within the terms you put forward; years, total revenue or total wealth (income) during the year. Rather growth and success have more to do with immeasurable personal wealth – (ideals, convictions, ethics) and personal successes, such as independence, work/life balance, personal growth, and income (which is measurable from one year to another – but not true measure within ones experiences.)

I measure my growth with how engaged I am, how much support I receive from my manager/director, how successful I am within my business and personal relationships and goals, how much balance I have between my business and personal lives and how many relationships I have within all aspects of my life. I am sure I am missing something important within this answer; but the main point is ~ money or your bank accounts cannot measure your growth, satisfaction or success only your feelings, relationships and heart can measure your personal success.”

Jay Sison (General Manager, 1 & 1 Internet, Philippines) is of the opinion that in order to measure your “personal growth” one must clearly define his goals along with a time frame to achieve those goals. The views are expressed in the following manner, “The beauty of this question is that only the person alone can answer it and he/she can set the baseline and timeline. One just has to outline the desired goal that can be quantified objectively and subjectively. Once defined, then you can set out the timeline by which you want to accomplish and how aggressive one would like to accomplish. I would recommend short, medium and long term. So measurement is all up to the person’s standards. The keyword in your question is “personal”. “Growth” and “success” is relative to the person”.

In the words of Gary Sieling (Software Engineer at Thomson West, Rochester, New York Area), growth measurement differs from time-to-time and also based on the phases in life. A person is a complex entity and there are so many things (activities) that are involved in his life. One cannot measure those entire things with one measure scale. To measure everything, that is involved in an individual’s life, one need to use different scales. The thoughts are expressed as, “What I consider growth changes over time. Sometimes there are new things I want to learn or do, but sometimes you your perspectives totally change, e.g. after having a health crisis. You can set up metrics for those things – just not numeric measurements like you want. E.g. if you want to grow a relationship, you can say “I keep up with them at least once a quarter on average” or “I’d like to have a friend who I can talk to about personal issues.” Those are just goals, and as long as you are achieving goals you are growing. Be careful about using a single measurement- tracking your progress over time is generally informative, but if you use it as a decision-making tool, there are unintended consequences (e.g. sacrificing health or happiness for more income). Unhappiness and lack of freedom are indicators of needed growth”.

However, Bjorn Martinoff (Managing Consultant USA/Global at IL International human Capital Solutions, California), wants to make a clarification and says that there is a difference between growth and satisfaction of doing something. He continues, “Many people confuse/collapse growth with success or growth and the results of growth meaning income or reaching goals. Never, ever confuse these two as they are so different. I can reach goals without personal growth, i.e. I could win the lottery, however no growth is needed for this or I could run into an inheritance, not much luck needed there either. So Money can be excluded as a reliable measure of growth. Money however is often, not always, a result of growth. To me the measures of growth and success are the level of freedom and happiness I experience in my life”.

Conclusion

Everything that can be measured can also be managed. Based on what you want to measure, there are different scales of measurement. Your Bank Balance (Your Assets and Wealth), Time, Education Level, Future and success of your children, your position in the society and the way people perceive you (respect and admiration) that you have earned…these are some of the scales and criteria’s to measure your growth in “Personal” life.

If you want to “manage your life”; you should also know how to measure it.

Keep learning. Keep Growing. Keep smiling.

Do share your views.

With Love

Sanjeev Himachali

(BLOG: http://sanjeevhimachali.blogspot.com/ and http://sanjeevhimachali.multiply.com/)

(Email: sanjeev.himachali@gmail.com and ss_himachali@yahoo.com)

Natural Ways to Treat Red Rashes

A red rash creates discomfort and awkwardness socially. Tbe underlying causes of rashes can include bacterial infections, viruses, allergic responses, contact dermatitis, anxiety, fungus and other reasons. The appearance can be patches, red bumps or welts accompanied with mild to severe itching of the skin. Depending on the rash, you may get prescribed steroids or be able to use over the counter items such as calamine lotion, antihistamine creams or medicated moisturizers. There are also natural remedies that people turn to for skin rash problems. Be sure to determine the cause of the rash. If you

have a bacterial infection or fever, it’s important to find out if you need an antibiotic to treat the infection. Certain rashes are contagious and they need to be treated to avoid infecting others.

Herbs have been used in the east as well as by many cultures for centuries to treat various skin disorders as well as other health situations. The internal or external use of certain herbs can provide blessed relief from the discomfort of a rash. You can take herbal capsules, eat the herb raw, or take it as a tincture or a tea.  Stinging nettles are good for rashes caused by allergies, for example. Lemon balm, lavender, mullein, and licorice root are all good for helping with the discomfort, as well. You can also use soothing creams that have these herbs as main ingredients for instant relief. Always check with your physician before engaging with a natural method of healing to see if it is medically advised. Some people can have allergic reactions to different herbs or it may conflict with a medical condition.

You can use herbs in the form of poultices, as well. Fresh or dried herbs are appropriate for this method. Basically, you chop up a cup or so of the herb you think is best for your condition, then wet the mound with hot water. Spread the wet herb mash on a piece of clean cotton cloth and apply to the rash, herb side down. This can bring relief within a short amount of time. Lavender is a very good herb for a poultice, as is mullein. Leave the poultice on until you start to feel relief.

A compress also works well for annoying rashes. It’s similar to a poultice, except you soak a cloth in water that has been infused with a tincture or tea made from the herb of your choice. Then, wring out the cloth and apply it to your rash. Make sure the water you use is warm for best results. If you have any questions about other good herbs for your rash, you can find that information online or in herb books. There are literally dozens of herbs that have been used over the ages. Other natural approaches for rashes include using oils such as flax seed, olive oil and coconut oils on the skin or internally. Both the omega 3 and omega 6 groups are found to be an aid in skin healing.

Learn more about common Itchy Rashes and read about hives, pediatric rashes, and ways to Get Rid of Eczema .

Cannabis for Treating Pain in Pets

When pets develop cancerous tumors that eventually metastasize to other organs, veterinarians often prescribe tramadol for pain and a prognosis of a few months to live. But more pet owners complain that tramadol makes their pet sleep all the time and lethargic. Such was the case with Denise’s 12-year-old Labrador Retriever-mix, Miles, who suffered from a splenic tumor which metastasized to his liver and lungs. Denise didn’t like the affect tramadol caused in Miles. That was until Denise’s friend suggested she try a tincture made of marijuana sold from a medical marijuana dispensary as a pet medicine. Mile’s appetite returned and he stopped vomiting within an hour after being given the tincture and Denise believes this is not a coincidence. She also believes that if Miles was on the tramadol, he would be sleeping in bed, not eating or possible dead instead of running on the beach and being himself which he is now doing.

Miles had terminal cancer and would die soon, was the reasoning Denis turned to when she felt hesitant about giving Miles an unapproved drug. She further reasoned by saying people don’t overdose on marijuana and is used on humans suffering pain and nausea from cancer and cancer treatment. Denise never would have considered giving Miles marijuana had the tramadol worked and now she is a “true believer” in the therapeutic effects of marijuana and will recommend it to other who have pets suffering some aliments that would benefit. It is a matter of better quality of life for your pet, not getting your pet high.

Federal prohibition on medical marijuana has been a battle of contention since 1996 when a referendum, approved in California, allowing legal personal growing, possession and use of marijuana for patients who have a doctor’s recommendation. Since that time, 19 states and the District of Columbia have passed similar laws with Colorado and Washington state legalizing marijuana for recreational use in 2012. The federal government, however, isn’t on the same page. Federal law prohibits the use of marijuana in all forms and breaking that law leads one to face serious legal consequences. This includes the states where medical marijuana is legal. But public attitude is changing, showing that for the first time in 40 years, 52% of Americans favor legalizing marijuana while 77% said marijuana has legitimate medical uses. Keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration believes that marijuana is not safe nor effective for treating any human or animal disease. Since 1970, marijuana has been classified as a schedule I drug meaning that the federal Controlled Substances Act believes marijuana has no current acceptable medical use and has a high potential for abuse like heroin, LSD, and ecstasy which are also schedule I drugs, while cocaine, methamphetamine, and morphine are schedule II drugs. There are 60+ cannabinoids unique to marijuana and although it is not approved for any medical use, cannabinoid-based drugs such as Nabilone, used as an ant emetic and adjunct analgesic for neuropathic pain, as well as treatment of anorexia and weight loss in AIDS patients, are available in the United States by prescription. Because regulations are so high for clinical research on schedule I drugs, many physicians and health care organizations such as the American Medical Association, the American Public Health Association, and National Association for Public Health Policy are asking to reschedule marijuana so more research can be done that could create new cannabinoid-based medications.

An increasing number of pet owners are telling their veterinarians about having experimented with or given medical marijuana to their pets. Some veterinarians have had their own personal pets fall victim to illnesses that, after exhausting ever avenue of legal, conventional treatment, including steroids, only medical marijuana could relieve. They believe there is strong evidence to support the use of medical marijuana in veterinary patients as an adjunct treatment or alternative treatment for chronic pain, post-operative pain and palliative care. Veterinarians support the AMA’s position and believe that marijuana needs further investigation to determine if case reports are true or whether there is a placebo effect taking place and what are the risks involved. But pet owners are not waiting for science and are feeding marijuana to their pets to treat behavior-based disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, pain management, nausea, and appetite stimulate while cannabis oil is used topically to treat tumors. It is illegal for a veterinarian to recommend the schedule I drug to patience even in states where medical marijuana is sanctioned and physicians are exempt from prosecution by the state.

Although many veterinarians sympathize, they are hesitant to consider marijuana as a potential veterinary drug. For most veterinarians, the only experience they have had with pets and marijuana is treating the pet for ingesting toxic amounts of the drug. It is clear that pet owners are giving their companions marijuana with both good and bad effects. But the veterinary community does not want to address and talk about an area with real and potential impact on animal welfare. The predominant view is that marijuana is only a toxic plant. Veterinarians should not discount marijuana’s potential as an animal therapy just because it is a controlled substance or a plant as the same can be said about morphine, however, morphine’s pharmacological effects on humans and animals have been thoroughly researched and studied; medical marijuana has not, therefore, putting an animal at risk when giving it to them as a drug. Do not assume that marijuana affects animals and humans in the same way nor should the assumptions be made that since marijuana is a natural substance it isn’t harmful. Those in the veterinary profession can no longer sit ideally by as the rest of the country makes decisions on medical marijuana. There should be a well-designed controlled clinical trial on the use of medical marijuana as a pain killer in animals suffering from cancer as it affects both pets and people.

Cannabis is now a part of the fabric that makes up our society but the in the heated battle between the federal government keeping it a schedule I drug and the public’s desire to make it legal both medicinally and recreationally, it is bound to cause casualties. Is it a price you are willing to pay with your pet?

12 All Natural Aphrodisiacs For Women With Low Libido

‘Aphrodisiacs’ is a term used five thousand years back. This term has been derived from the myth of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love. She was known to have emerged from the sea on an oyster shell.

The foods consisting of aphrodisiacs are not new. These elements have been in existence from ancient Greek, Egyptian and Roman cultures. Some of the safer aphrodisiacs are the following:

a) Asparagus

b) Carrots

c) Bananas

Experts feel that any food shaped like sexual organ when eaten would enhance sexual desire. Here is a list of some of the most widely known and used aphrodisiac spices for women:

a) Celery:

These are widely popular across the globe as one of the most potent aphrodisiacs in their natural form. Cloves are good for the muscles and great blood liquefiers. It decreases the level of cholesterol and also combat aging of arteries. It is high in vitamins A, C, B and P. The Romans have defined his spice as the food for God Pluto who is the god of sex and hell.

b) Jasmine:

Jasmine flowers are cultivated all across the globe due to their mesmerizing scent. The Spanish widely use it to make perfume liqueurs. However, you need to be care when having jasmine as the seeds are highly poisonous.

c) Cayenne pepper:

This is high in vitamin C. This vitamin is vital for blood circulation.

d) Coriander:

The dried seeds of coriander are known to have a euphoric effect in women. This spice is usually soaked in wine.

e) Saffron:

Saffron is famous for its’ stimulating properties especially on the erogenous areas. Certain studies have proved that it behaves just like hormones. However, make sure you don’t over consume this spice.

f) Musk:

This is a brown colored substance derived from the gland of a small dose under its abdominal skin. This deer is a native of South-Eastern Asia. This spice is also known to be cure for several health problems such as pneumonia, whooping cough, epilepsy and typhoid fever. The gland is also known to have great aphrodisiac properties. Hence, it is used in making powder, perfumes and scents.

g) Thyme:

Thyme is a type of Nerve tonic with good aphrodisiac effects and also acts as a potent cleanser for the body.

h) Mustard:

This spice is known to stimulate the functions of sexual organs.

i) Ginger:

This spice is widely used in drinks. It tends to excite the senses and if taken in required doses can result in healthy hot flushes.

j) Horseradish:

The pulp of horseradish has great aphrodisiac properties.

k) Vanilla:

It has a huge aphorizing effect on the body and fight sexual asthenia. The spice also acts on the nervous system of the body, thereby triggering sexual stimulation.

l) Oregano:

It is an Italian spice and known to have stupendous aphrodisiac effect on the body when infused.

All the spices mentioned above are known to have good aphrodisiac effect. However, it is equally important to take these in limited quantities to avoid opposite or dangerous effects.