Doing Nail Designs at Home

Nail designs are getting so trendy today. There are a lot of designs that women can choose from to adorn their beautiful nails and because of these designs, more and more women are getting into nail designing. Nowadays, for you to get the design that you want, you should go to a nail salon where a professional can provide you with the design that you want. However, this is not always the case especially if you have the skills at designing because you can definitely do it at your own home and at your own leisure.

Before you get too excited about designing your own nails at home, there are some important reminders that you should keep in mind first! What are they?

Right Tools

It is very essential that you have the right tools for nail designing. Here are they:

  • Sponge – this is very important especially if you want an ombre design. You can also use a brush but spongers are simple, more fun and easier and it can help you achieve that soft look that you're aiming for.
  • Nail art brushes – as much as possible, get the pre-bottled ones so your brushes do not dry out. a regular stripper brush will do. These brushes are perfect for doing lines. Keep in mind that there are also some people who make use of nail art pens, which works like a pen.
  • Dotters – these are not hard to find and they come in various shapes and sizes.

Now that you have the right tools to start your nail design at home, the next time that you should do is to know what kind of design you want. If you are not sure yet what to design your nails with, you can always do some research over the Internet or you can create your own! There are a lot of wonderful nail designs that you can find online.

The Process

You're ready to start designing your nails! But before you actually paint those beautiful nails of yours, make sure that your nails are very clean! This is very cruel because the design of your nails will surface more beautifully if your nails are clean. Once this is done and you're absolutely sure that you have cleaned your nails already, it's time that you start with your nail designs! Make sure that when you do this you're in a well-lit room and make sure that you put a cloth underneath so it will not smudge or ruin your table.

Are you ready to do some nail designs at home? You definitely can! Just keep on practicing and you'll be awesome at designing your nails. It will not be really easy at first, so do not expect a masterpiece right away. Once you get the hang of it, you can change your nail designs whenever you want and even invite some girlfriends over and do their nails. Now that will be such a great bonding experience that your friends would definitely appreciate. It's going to be lots of fun!

Ankle Sprains – A Physical Therapists Perspective

Introduction Sprained ankles are one of the leading causes of athletes to miss games during the season. Many times they are taped up & rushed back to the field without proper rehabilitation. More often than not, the ankle gets re-injured or worse, they end up with a knee, hip or low back injury. These injuries can be invented by providing the proper healing time and rehabilitation. The same promise holds true for non-athletes. I have worked with a number of patients that have had multiple ankle sprains that were never given the opportunity to fully rehabilitate. The most common complaint is that their ankle turns over at any time without warning. All it takes is a slight bend in the pavement and the ankle turns. This type of injury is frustrating and can become debilitating. This article discusses the different types of ankle sprains, what to do following a sprain, and what does rehabilitation of the ankle involve?

Brief Anatomy The ankle is made up of three primary bones. The tibia & fibula, which are the long bones of the lower leg and the talus which is a major bone of the foot. Together they make up the talocrural joint. The mobility of these bones allows the foot to flex and extend which is required for propulsion during walking. The other major joint of the ankle is formed by the lower portion of the talus and the upper portion of the calcaneus (heel bone). These two bones form what is called the subtalar joint, which allows for movement in and out (inversion / eversion). This inversion motion is the most common mechanism of injury. The ligaments are tissues that connect bone to bone. Their function is to provide stability to the joint. There are three main ligaments on the outside of the ankle called the lateral collateral ligaments . Their function is to prevent the ankle from inverting too far. The inside of the ankle is protected by the deltoid ligament, which functions to prevent excess eversion or turning out.

Mechanism of injury – The most typical ankle sprain is an inversion sprain. This occurs when the ankle turns inward and the bodies weight compresses the ankle brining the lateral malleolus close to the floor. This excessive movement places the lateral ligaments on strain, stretches the tendons crossing the joint and can also lead to some of the tarsal bones compressing on one another. The greater the inversion force results in a more severe ankle sprain or fraction. For the purposes of this article, I will only be covering ankle sprains, not fractures.

What is the difference between a strain and a strain? This is a common question. A sprain results from a stress placed upon a ligament. Remember a ligament connects one bone to another bone. A sprain is a partial or full tear in the ligament or at the junction of where the ligament attaches to the bone. A strain results from an excessive force or overload on a muscle leading to micro-tears in the muscle belly or tendon. A tendon is a tissue similar in strength to a ligament that connects a muscle to the bone. Both ligaments and tendons are non-contractile tissue. Only muscle has the ability to contract (shorten).

Grading an ankle sprain There are three different grades of an ankle sprain based on the severity of the injury.

Grade I (1st degree) – This is the most common type of sprain. The ligaments are overstretched but no visible tear has occurred. Microscopic tears have occurred that will heal if treated properly. Minimal swilling should occur and only minor ankle instability will be present.

Grade II (2nd degree) – This is a more severe injury and the ligament has sustained a partial tear. The ankle will typically be more swollen and ecchymosis (bruising) will usually occur. The ankle will be more unstable and painful compared to a grade I.

Grade III (3rd degree) – This is the most severe injury as the ligament has been completely torn. This is the most painful ankle sprain and will typically present as very hot and swollen with a lot of ecchymosis sometimes tracking halfway up the lower leg.

Immediate care following ankle sprain – Following a turned ankle, it is difficult to determine the severity based on a number of factors. Swelling may occur immediately making the injury seem worse than it actually is. If the ankle does not swell, this does not necessitate minimize the possibility of torn ligaments. Tenderness will usually be present on the outside of the ankle with an inversion sprain. It also may be difficult to stand on the injured foot. The safest advice would have to keep the shoe / sneaker tied tight to prevent the ankle from swelling. Keep the weight off the foot as much as possible. When the shoe is taken off, the leg should be elevated above the heart and an ice pack should be compressed against the ankle. This will help decrease both the pain and swelling. This technique is called RICE standing for Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. RICE is a good pneumonic for any injury to the extremities.

Should I go to the hospital? If you are having difficulty putting weight on the foot, if the swapping is severe, and the pain has not reduced after a few hours of using the RICE technique, a visit to the hospital is recommended. Prepare to wait in the emergency room for a while. Ankle sprains are not usually treated as a priority. The doctor will examine the ankle looking for joint and ligament instabilities. He / She may also order an X-ray to check for fractures. On occasion, an MRI will be ordered to assess ligament damage.

Physical Therapy / Rehabilitation It is common following an ankle sprain to be placed on crutches. More severe sprains are placed in a boot or air cast to help with ankle stability. There are four major categories of impairments that occur following an ankle sprain. These include 1. Ankle joint instability due to weakened ligamentous structures 2. Muscle weakness 3. Poor balance (proprioception) 4. Pain and swelling. Each of these impairments must be addressed for a successful rehabilitation. Physical therapists will utilize various massage techniques and modalities to reduce inflammation. Manual therapy techniques will be used to restore normal joint mechanisms and to retrain the proper muscle firing patterns necessary for stability. An effort is required to normalize your walking (gait) as quickly as possible to prevent compensations. Finally, a specific strengthening program that incorporates the entire lower extremity and core muscles is provided to improve overall strength, balance and coordination. Each ankle sprain is different from the next & everyone heals at a different rate. Typically, rehabilitation following an ankle sprain can be as short as two weeks (4 visits) up to eight weeks (20 visits). This does not take into account any other co-morbidities.

Conclusion Ankle sprains if managed properly through physical therapy and a conscious effort to comply with a home exercise program are usually rehabilitated very successfully with low chance of re-injury. However, if an ankle sprain is not fully rehabilitated, the chances of re-injury with more severe damage increase greatly.

Bumps and Bruises Are Inevitable With Toddlers

Your baby will go through many stages in life but perhaps one of the most challenging will be when they learn to stand and walk and this can be a time of many bumps and bruises. I have seen parents naturally barricade their infections in an effort to protect them from yet another bump.

My baby granddaughter started standing at 6 months and walking from one piece of furniture to another. She was lucky; she got up and down the very first time-so no major collisions. This is not true of all babies. Some will attempt many times and fall, even getting bumps or bruises before taking a step. It is a parent's inclining to protect their baby from any harm but I have learned this much-it is a rite of passage for your baby.

Just as we can not take those first steps for our baby, we can not stop them getting getting any bumps or bruises, much as we may wish to. I think the most we can do is provide a safe environment and guide our babies away from dangers.

My granddaughter McKenna went right from a quick crawl to a squat and was perfectly balanced immediately. Although I knew she would walk early, I was unprepared for how soon and how fast she could get around. Now, she has quite a few little bruises and a couple bumps, not to mention a small cut. Seems bumps and bruises are taking over my little baby.

I would suggest a few guidelines to make the transition from crawling to walking a bit less hazardous but no one can prevent all injuries-bumps and bruises will happen-regardless of how much we try to prevent them. As I mentioned in a past blog it is impossible to avoid all accidents but we can make our baby's environment a bit safer for them to learn and grow in.

Suggestions for Safety:

• Remove any coffee tables (they tend to have very sharp edges)
• Remove area rugs, these are major "trips" for new walkers (and some of us older walkers too)
• Have plenty of "pushable" items around to help your baby with their first steps (McKenna loves the wicker baskets and toy bins)
• Let them go barefoot as often as possible, their toes are what they use to balance themselves
• If and when they do need shoes, it is best to purchase a well made, sturdy shoe. McKenna toes in quite a bit so those 'pretty' shoes are not enough support for her feet.
• Help guide your baby by holding their hand and if they need, place their feet one in front of the other
• Be sure doorways thresholds are tight and secure (little toes can get caught and cut in them)
• Secure cabinets and wall units, these are potential dangers as toddlers often pull them over
• Keep a close watch on your new walker especially around wood or hard surfaces. Even when we think they can not possibly hurt their heads on one, they find a way.
• Try to keep them off of concrete or tar surfaces until they are steadier on their feet. Even when they are, trust me, they will fall and bump their head or breeze their legs, it just happens to most kids
• They have wonderful toys that help baby with their first steps-Little Tyke, Playskool and Vitech to name a few
• Keep oils like Lavender and Frankincense on hand-these oils work amazingly well in preventing scarring and help for bruising as well as healing cuts.

I repeat-Keep a close watch. Kids are adept at finding a way to get those bruises and bumps. I refer to them as boo boo magnets.

McKenna has hit her head 4 times in the last 24 hours. First she tried to climb in a dolly stroller and fell into the wood doorway. Then she went face forward from a squat on the neighbor's concrete. Next she hit her face on the wooden rung of our chair as she was chasing the cat under the table. And last, somehow she managed to cut the corner of her eye when she raised herself next to my desk shelf.

Why do I share all this? Because, she is right here, within a few feet of me and I still can not prevent the falls and the bumps and bruises that result. The only way to do that would be to put her in a plastic bubble and how restrictive and sad would that be for a growing toddler?

Bumps and bruises will happen. As a parent, all we can do is try and prevent as many as possible. Today, McKenna looks like I lost the war against bumps and bruises.

Early Pregnancy Back Pain

Normal and short-term phenomenon

Early pregnancy back pain is a normal phenomenon in this most beautiful period of a woman's life. Most of the expectant mothers witness some degree of back pain during the early phase of pregnancy and this pain generally subsides after about 20 weeks. Backache or spasm, which is reflected by stretching of muscles or burning pain in the left or the right side of the quadrant, is normally the result of the softening of the supporting ligaments and disks due to an increase in the progesterone hormone during the early stage . In some cases, urinary infection during pregnancy can also result in pain in the back among pregnant women. The extra weight of a pregnant women's body and the change in her center of gravity also results in backaches and pain.

Remedies For Pregnancy Back Pain

The most important and safe remedy for the treatment of early pregnancy back pain is exercising. This is primarily because certain medications for back related pain is contraindicated during early pregnancy. Walking, pelvic rocking, bridging (done by lying down on the floor, bending your knees and lifting your buttocks into air), mini-crunches (done by lying down on the floor), bending your knees and lifting your head on exhalation, are good exercises for relief from pack pain during early pregnancy. Pregnant women do these exercises on their own to treat back pain.

The right body posture and good body mechanics also play an important role in keeping one free of early pregnancy back pain. The right posture for prevention of back pain is standing straight and tall. However, the importance for correct postures is as essential in early pregnancy as before that. However, in late pregnancy, as the uterus becomes big, one tends to pull back her shoulders to offset the additional weight, which results in a back strain. You can reduce this pain during later stages in such a position by frequently changing your sitting position and avoiding standing for long periods.

Adequate rest and sleep are also essential for avoiding or eliminating early pregnancy back pain. You should take proper rest and avoid strenuous activities to avoid it during your pregnancy. You can also do normal yoga exercises to eliminate minor pain. However, if it persists you should consult your doctor and take proper medication for relief from back pain. In some cases of pain in the back, doctors may prescribe physiotherapy for relief. Massages and use of special mattresses are also effective for back pain relief during pregnancy.

Possible Reasons For Left Side And Breast Pain

Pain in the left side of the body can be a sign of inflammation in one of the organs located there. While we think about pain in one's breast of woman, the disease of breast cancer comes to mind, it does not choose the side it grows on. If pain is felt in the left side of the breast, it may be signify something else other than cancer.

The left side of the body has organs such as the lower end of the heart, the left lung, the stomach, part of the liver, the pancreas, the adrenal glands, spleen, parts of small and large intestines, left kidney and left side of reproductive organisms, which are the left ovary and the left fallopian tube with part of the uterus in women and left testicle in men.

Pain in the left side will never point to appendicitis unless a person has situs inversus totalis. It means that it could be inflammation of the stomach, left lung, spleen, left kidney, ovary or the left side of the intestines.

Lower end of the heart is located on the left side of our chest. The heart beats making a diastolic pressure pumping blood from the lowest part. This is the reason; heart beat is always sensed on the left breast. Acid reflux is one cause feeling pain in the left breast, it is most known as heartburn. It gives a painful burning sensation in the esophagus which is just below our breastbone. This burning sensation can rise up to the throat, neck or jaw. A major symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease is heartburn. Acid reflux is also identified as one of the causes of chronic cough and may even imitate asthma.

Pain in the left side of the body can be due to pancreatitis, stomach ulcer or ovulation pain. Pancreatitis is a common health problem having two types which are acute and chronic. In acute pancreatitis, the pain is sharp, short-lived and mostly severe. The pain can spread to the back or below the left shoulder blade. It is mainly caused by alcoholism, gallstones and gallbladder disease. On the other hand, chronic pancreatitis is a result of extended alcohol abuse.

Heartburn does not affect the heart in any way despite its name. This name is given because of the reason that the burning sensation is felt more intensely right where the heart should be. However, this pain is just referred from the actual location which is at the entrance to the stomach. Alternative treatments of heartburn do not require intake of drugs or restrictive diet but raising one's sleeping bed at a slight angle so that the head is raised slightly higher than the feet. This angle prevents gastric acid from rising into the esophagus and causing the pain.

Pain in the left side can also be a sign of stomach ulcer. The stomach may have a hole in the lining of or the duodenum. Usual common symptoms of peptic ulcer are severe burning pain and discomfort in the abdominal area, nausea, vomiting food or blood and belching. Gastric ulcer creates pain that is usually experienced shortly after meals, while in duodenal ulcer gives pain that is experienced between meals or when the stomach is empty. The pain decrees by taking antacids. Pain is generated from the ovulation of women when they do it once a month. This pain is called ovulation pain and it is a lower-abdominal pain. If pain increases then it is always better to go to the doctor and have a complete check-up.

What Are Food Allergies, Intolerances And Sensitivities?

Food allergies are due to IgE antibodies made for specific foods that an individual has for some reason developed because their body has misinterpreted the food (s) as a foreign invading protein. The presence of IgE antibody to the specific food a person is allergic to results in an immediate immune reaction of the body to the food when it is ateen. The IgE antibody binds its specific food protein and initiates reactions in the body that include the release of chemicals such as histamine that may result in symptoms of itching, waving, wheezing or difficult breathing, rash or hives, and if severe, shock resulting in death if not reversed. Vomiting and diarrhea may occur but are less common.

Testing for the presence of allergy to a food or foods can be done by blood test or skin testing or both. One of the most common blood tests is the RAST test that looks for the presence of the specific IgE antibodies to common food allergens and other foods based on a history suggesting that a particular food is suspect. Skin testing is done by injecting or applying extracts of the common and any suspect food (s) to pricked or scratched skin and looking for diagnostic "hive" like reactions at the site of the suspect food. The most common food allergens are peanut, cow's milk, wheat, corn, soy, shellfish, eggs, tree nuts, chocolate, pork, tomato, and citrus.

The terms food intolerance and sensitivity are commonly used interchangeably. They refer to a group of food reactions that occur that are not IgE antibody caused. In more general terms they refer to any adverse or unsuccessful reaction that occurs after a food is ateen.

Food reactions that are not allergic in cause may have a variety of causes. A particular food may not be tolerated because it is not digested adequately due to an enzyme deficiency. Lactase, the enzyme that digests milk sugar or lactose, is present on the surface of the intestine lining cells. Lactase deficiency can be inherited or acquired. It commonly occurs when the intestine lining is damaged. Because the lactase enzymes are on the outer most surface of the intestine they are more vulnerable to injury. For example, after intestinal flu or in untreated Celiac disease, lactose intolerance is common. Other sugar enzymes can be deficient or the intestine can be simply overwhelmed by too large a sugar load at one time. A classic example is "The Big Gulp" syndrome when someone drinks a huge cola beverage then experiences the "gut ache" from the tremendous amount of fructose. Large amounts can not be handled by the intestine and that results in bloating, urgency and terrible diarrhea.

Deficiency of digestive enzymes released into the intestine can result in poor digestion of foods. For example, when the pancreas gland is damaged (pancreatitis) chronically, usually from chronic alcohol abuse, or is congenitally underdeveloped or malfunctioning (eg cystic fibrosis). The pancreatic enzyme deficiency that occurs results in malabsorption, especially for fats, that cause symptoms of diarhea and weight loss. Abnormal bacterium types and levels in the gut, also known as dysbiosis, and abnormal excess levels of "bad" bacteria or presence of bacteria in upper small intestine where little or no bacteria normally occur (bacterial overgrowth) can interfere with digestion, absorption or cause fermentation of food resulting in symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea.

Some foods and food additives have a direct toxic effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Additives such as MSG and sulfites can cause symptoms, including flushing and diarrhea or the "Chinese restaurant" or "salad bar" syndromes.

All foods contain proteins known as lectins. Some of these proteins are highly resistant to digestion and are toxic to the human intestine especially if they are not pre-treated by soaking, cooking well, or removing toxic portions. For example, inadequately soaked and cooked kidney beans will cause a food poisoning like illness. There are several foods that have lectins that are poorly tolerated by many humans and are lethal to insects and pests. One researcher, Loren Cordain PhD., Author of the Paleo Diet, has published extensive research on how the human intestine is not "evolved" to tolerate many of the foods we now eat but did not eat in the ancient "hunter-gatherer" times resulting in many of the illness seen in modern societies and the rising epidemic of autoimmune diseases. Several of the "modern" foods that were not part of the ancient diet but institute much of our diet now have well recognized toxic or poorly tolerated proteins known as lectins. Examples include wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), casein (cow's milk protein), peanut agglutinin (PNA), soyabean agglutinin (SBA) and tomato lectin (TL) that have been shown in animal studies to be toxic to the human gut. There are a few published studies and little active research on the role of dietary lectins in health and disease.

When the reaction is an immune toxicity reaction to a food protein intestinal damage commonly results, frequently referred to as "leaky gut" because of the symptoms of malabsorption or the entry of toxic food proteins and / or bacterial products into the blood stream resulting in a variety of adverse health effects. This reaction may result in autoimmunity, the body attacking itself within the gut or distant organs or tissues. The reaction may be aided by abnormal bacteriological types and / or levels in the gut (dysbiosis). The symptoms commonly develop over time and flare in just hours to up to three days after eating the offending food and continue as the food is ateen.

Because the protein in the food is usually the cause and such proteins may be hidden in other foods, especially processed foods, and the toxicity is more of a delayed and cumulative immune reaction, it is very difficult for the person suffering from this to identify the specific food as the cause. For example gluten (the protein in wheat) and casein (the protein in cow's milk) are in many foods and toxic to many individuals. Over time people sensitive to such food proteins typically become more ill and may develop enough intestinal injury that blood tests for other types of antibodies, IgG and / or IgA, to the food or specific food proteins, may be detectable in the blood, stool or saliva.

Delayed immune response to proteins in the food (wheat, cow's milk) resulting in bowel injury, gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal symptoms and increased autoimmune conditions is most well recognized in Celiac disease. It is an autoimmune disease resulting from ingestion of gluten in wheat or products made from wheat flour (or gluten like proteins in barley and rye). It used to be considered a disease of children and rare, especially in the United States. However, blood test screening studies have documented that it is present in approximately 1 in 133 to 1 in100 people worldwide although most of those affected are undiagnosed and untreated. It is diagnosed by positive screening blood tests and confirmed by a characteristic abnormal small intestine on biopsy followed by relief of symptoms and return of the intestine to normal after a gluten-free diet. Untreated it is associated with higher rates of cancer especially lymphoma, osteoporosis, anemia, and other complications of malabsorption resulting in shorter life expectancy. It is treated with a life-long gluten free-diet. Lesser degrees of gluten intolerance or sensitivity may not be sufficient enough to cause abnormal or diagnostic blood tests and intestinal biopsies but result in symptoms that improve or resolve with a gluten-free diet and may be detected by elevated stool or saliva antibody tests.

Although injury to the intestine tissue may be seen visually as abnormal appearing tissue during endoscopic procedures such findings are non-specific for the cause. The tissue frequently appears normal and therefore many times is not sampled by biopsy, though under the microscope injury may be seen, though not specific for cause or food. If the physician is either not suspecting food intolerance or does not routinely biopsy normal appearing intestinal tissue looking for signs of food intolerance, the injury may not be discovered.

The immune based food intolerances are commonly associated with many symptoms that can be both gastrointestinal and outside the gut and may include bloating, gas, diarrhea (and sometimes constipation), abdominal pain, nausea, fatigue, headaches, joint and muscle pains, skin rashes , weight loss or gain, anemia or nutritional deficiencies, irritability, depression, mental fogginess, and nerve pain (neuropathy). These symptoms may be misdiagnosed or mislabeled as irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, reflux, ulcer, and fibromyalgia, etc. without another thought by patient or physician that food intolerance may be the cause and specific food elimination may be the cure. The common food allergens are also the most common causes of food intolerance reactions.

Typically, most physician are aware of common food allergy symptoms and how and when to test. However, several studies have confirmed most people's experience that the majority of primary care physicians are unaware of the common symptoms of Celiac disease, that blood tests exist for screening antibodies and the high risk genes, and that it is common and may be diagnosed in adults . This is why the diagnosis is delayed on average over 11 years in most adults, after many of them have irreversible complications such as osteoporosis, cancer, or another autoimmune disease. The awareness and acceptance of non-Celiac gluten sensitivity and other food protein intolerances in the medical community is even worse.

Therefore, food intolerance or sensitivity is commonly missed and untreated. Many patients are forced to self-diagnose by discovery of the link of their symptoms to specific foods serendipitously, often as a result of an elimination diet, recommendation of an alternative practitioner or friend / relative, or search for help on the internet or multiple doctors for help. Hopefully, by reading this article you now better understand food allergies and intolerances, why they are often missed and that they are a common cause of many symptoms, not just intestinal, that usually improve if not resolve once the offending food or foods are eliminated from your diet.

Reducing The Costs Of IVF Treatment By Using Natural Cycle IVF

Many couples do not realize that at least 50% of the cost of each cycle of IVF goes towards paying for medication, which, is a huge amount considering that an average cycle in the USA can cost $ 12,000. Reducing the costs of IVF treatment is possible in a number of ways, one of which is known as natural cycle IVF.

The drugs typically stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs, but natural cycle IVF uses no drugs, relying instead on the normal ovulation process. This cheaper process produced the first IVF baby and the lower costs means it is accessible to more couples. The procedure is ideal for women who produce healthy eggs without intervention and it means that the usual side effects from traditional IVF meds are avoided.

Natural cycle IVF works alongside a woman's body by monitoring hormone levels and measuring the follicle where the egg is produced. Although there is usually only one egg produced each month, some women will naturally produce more than one. On average, a woman will make three or four visits to the clinic each month whereas this can be multiplied several times for traditional IVF where drugs are given to stimulate egg production and this is the main reason why it helps in reducing the costs of IVF treatment .

When the egg is mature, it is retrieved and then the procedure is the same as conventional IVF. The egg is fertilized, incubated for 3-5 days and then placed into the uterus.

The main advantage to using this procedure is the cost saving element. However, there are other advantages. The whole IVF procedure is very stressful and high stress levels can have a negative effect on conception. Using natural cycle IVF means that the woman's body will be functioning normally and not having to deal with the effects of fertility drugs is less stressful.

Some doctors also believe that because there is a natural element to the process, the eggs are generally more healthy and robust, possibly making the whole procedure more effective.

In terms of costs, each cycle works out at around a quarter of the price of a conventional round of treatment, so you could have 4 cycles for the same cost as just one round of IVF. Some researchers report a pregnancy rate of 50% after 4 cycles so it is easy to see why this is an option for couples looking at reducing the costs of IVF treatment.

Breast Cyst During Menopause – Could It Be A Cancer?

Middle aged women between the ages of thirty five and fifty years of age, in other words, women who are near menopause seem to develop cysts around their breasts. To put it simply, a cyst is nothing but a sac, or a little lump, embedded within the breast tissue. When the lobule gets filled with a kind of fluid, such a lump gets formed. These may occur in women of all ages, but they are most frequently seen appearing in women between the age groups mentioned above.

In women belonging to such an age group, this cyst occurs particularly during the time when the woman's menstrual period is approaching. Therefore, it may not be a gradual development of the cyst, and may appear overnight all of a sudden. Especially in women who take the hormone Replacement Therapy or the HRT, they are most commonly prevalent.

However, it must not be misunderstood that all these cysts are fatal or cancer inducing. But it does lead to a blockade within the breast. A woman may have many cysts, and if at all any of these is developing into a cancer, they can be monitored on an ultrasound, and treated accordingly. Even the cysts that are not harmful can be removed. Many women prefer to get rid of them if they cause too much trouble and pain. Doing this is a simple process. It can by sucked out by merely inserting a needle.

Addressing the question of what exactly causes this cyst is a complicated process, for there is no one reason or a set of reasons that can be pinned down. In pre-menopausal women, such occurrences are more, especially if they are on the Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ORT). Also, there may be more successful development of cysts in a woman who already has one.

However, no matter how small, breast cyst during menopause must be detected so that one may know whether they are cancer inducing or not. For this, a detection process has to be followed. This can be done by one's own self if one knows what the symptoms of a breast cyst are.

First of all, as stated at the outset, cysts are sac like structures filled with a fluid. They may vary in size and are generally hard. This can be the cause of a lot of pain. Sizes of such lumps vary from the size of a pinhead to that of a walnut. Although larger cysts are easier to detect, the smaller ones must be brought to notice too. They can be easily identified since they move when touched.

Hepatitis B Causes and Prevention

What is Hepatitis B ?

Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease. Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world. In all over world about 350 million people are suffering from hepatitis B virus, of whom, more than 250,000 die from liver-related disease each year. The liver can become inflamed as a result of infection. Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the hepatitis B virus hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis stops right working of your liver and it also makes your liver swollen. Mostly people do not know that they are suffering from Hepatitis B because it does not have any special kind of symptoms. The common symptoms of Hepatitis B are vomiting, jaundice, dehydration, headache, dark yellow colored urine, yellowish eyes and skin, abdominal pain etc.

Causes of Hepatitis B:

Virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B

The hepatitis B virus is the main cause of Hepatitis B. virus can get transferred from one person to another. The hepatitis B virus is transmitted from one person to another via blood so this virus is also called blood-borne virus.

How hepatitis B virus gets transmitted in to the human body?

  • Living with the people who are suffering from Hepatitis B
  • Having sex with an infected person without using a condom
  • If you share the drug needles with any infected person
  • Men or women who have multiple sex partners, especially if they do not use a condom
  • By use of infected person’s toothbrush, razor, or anything else that could have blood on it.
  • If tattooing or body piercing tools are not being clean.
  • A person who go from dialysis and involve in kidney disease.
  • New born child get it for his infected mother.

Methods to Prevent Yourself for Hepatitis B:

Hepatitis B can be prevented either before or right after exposure to the virus. To prevent yourself from Hepatitis B, keep in mind those following point:

  • Use condom if your partner is infected by hepatitis B virus
  • Avoid the contact with blood and other body fluids with the infected persons
  • Do not reuse used needles.
  • Do cover all open cuts and sores.
  • Pregnant women’s should screen her for hepatitis B virus infection.
  • To prevent disease before exposure, hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants, all 11-12 years-old
  • The infected person must not share razors, toothbrushes, needles, or any other object that may have become polluted with blood.

Liver Detoxification – Help Improve Liver Disease and Cirrhosis

If you've woken up feeling like you've been hit by a train or a hangover sans the booze after what you believe is a full night of sleep then this could be symptoms of an unhealthy liver. Most people would shave off daily health nuances such as aches and pains, sluggishness, irritability, anxiety, skin problems, headaches, colds or an irregular bowel movement as just another hectic day. While this may be the case more often than not the real culprit is an unhealthy liver thought about by various factors.

Why is it important to keep the liver healthy? The liver is the body's natural detoxification mechanism. The liver a vital organ of the body has the job of making sure to filter and purify wastes and toxins that pass through it from the colon and kidneys via the bloodstream. An unhealthy liver will there before be incapable of doing its duty and will cause a domino effect of illness and disease with the rest of the organs in the body. If you've heard of multiple organ failure as the cause of death in some medical drama series you can bet that the first thing to fail is most likely the liver.

An individual's lifestyle can greatly affect the health of the liver. Take for example a person working as an events coordinator. This person's lifestyle then is more likely a combination of late nights, early mornings, alcohol from parties, smoke either firsthand or secondhand, fast foods for those times of meeting a deadline etc. This person could have started out as a healthy eater, with a regular exercise routine and 8 hours of sleep but due to the kind of work environment it is not impossible to replace the healthy habits with bad ones either intentionally or unintentionally.

Diet definitely plays a major role in maintaining a healthy body. Liver detox diets are not complex and mainly involve the consumption of raw whole foods or organic food products. The idea with this type of diet is to consume unprocessed food. Elimination of the usual health debilitating culprits such as tobacco, saturated fats, refined sugars, alcohol and the like are essential as well. Drinking 8 – 10 glasses of mineral or alkaline water a day is an easy method to ensure cleansing as well as re-hydration. Organic or herbal health food supplements provide essential additional nutrients. The best thing about supplements is they are effective, convenient and reliably priced. Available in health food shops in your typical pill or gel formulation. Powder supplements used to amp up juices, shakes and smoothies also make taking it more fun than conventional methods. What is integral about diets is finding one that suits a persons needs and is a fit with their lifestyle. There is no point in jumping into any kind of diet without analyzing if it is doable. Diets fail because it was not thoroughly thought of at first. Consulting with a physician, dietician or nutritionist will also help make sure that your body is capable of following the diet without suffering any ill effects.

Is There an Average Kidney Stone Size?

If you have a family history of kidney stones, chances are you are likely to get them yourself. It has been proven that kidney stones or renal stone disease are more commonly formed when there is a family history of them so if your father or mother has had them, it may be worth looking up the information just in case you get them yourself.

Questions such as what is the average kidney stone size, how long do they take to pass, how are they formed and many others are common ones that are asked, but with regards to the kidney stone size question, there is no actual real answer.

Kidney stones can vary massively in size dependent on how long they have been in the body, what kind of kidney stones that they are as well as many other contributing factors. There is no real answer to how big the average kidney stone size is.

Some kidney stones are as small as a grain of sand. These ones typically form and then pass through the body very easily and sometimes the patient may not even know they have these stones at all. These are very often familiarly referred to as "silent stones" and although these silent ones can sometimes be a bit larger in size, the general rule is, the smaller the kidney stone size, the less likely you are to feel it.

Of course there are exceptions to this rule. If a tiny kidney stone is in a very sensitive place then you are going to feel it and it is as simple as that. For example, if the kidney stone was stick in the urethra or any other important tubes within this area of ​​the body, chances are you are going to feel slight discomfort whereas a small kidney stone that is in the bladder is less likely to cause a problem .

A larger kidney stone size is going to cause something of a problem. These can be harder to pass through natural and may need medical intervention such as ESWL, (shock waves to break them down) or even surgery to have them removed if they are in a very sensitive position. The larger stones are also more likely to cause blockages which can then lead to discomfort when urinating and also an increased risk of urinary tract infections.

Although there is no definitive kidney stone size average, each person will react to them differently so a stone of 4mm diameter may hurt one person more than another. That is why it is important to visit a medical professional as soon as you see any of the symptoms associated with renal stone disease to remove them before they potentially get any bigger.

Resetting the Dodge PCM

Some jobs can easily be done at home. All you need is a bit of guidance. Resetting the powertrain control module (PCM) is one such task.

So what exactly is a PCM? A PCM is basically an ECU or electronic control unit which is commonly used in a motor vehicle. Most often the PCM is a combination of an engine control unit or an ECU and the transmission control unit. The PCM controls more than five operations in a truck or car.

Let’s take the case of the PCM in a Dodge Durango. You will find the PCM on the passenger side or the right side of the engine. This is the SUV’s circuit board computer and it has been made to tolerate extreme climate changes.

The various components in the transmission, engine, powertrain and other functional areas transfer information to the PCM. If a malfunction is detected, the error indicator on the instrument panel lights up.

The point in question here is whether there is a need to reset the Dodge PCM and when, if at all.

Here’s how you reset the Dodge PCM. Once the car’s hood is opened, you will see the battery inside. You will have to disconnect the battery’s black wired negative terminal. Put the ignition onto the crank/on status for half a minute and then turn the ignition back to the off mode. Connect the negative battery terminal. Close the hood and then start the vehicle and let it idle. Now check the status of the error light on the instrument panel.

There are other methods to reset the Dodge PCM. You have to scan and clear the error codes which acted as the trigger for the malfunction light. There are some special tools for this purpose such as the scan tool or code reader-eraser. These tools are not easily available.

In addition to this, after the battery has been disconnected and the PCM has been reset, the PCM will need time to relearn. This is what Dodge mechanics and technicians have been debating about.

Whether the PCM has been reset of if it has not; the PCM has to relearn. The time taken to reset and relearn vis a vis the time taken to replace the component and relearn is about the same. So the only time the PCM should be reset is when the component which set the error code jangling has been repaired or replaced. Otherwise the same component will trigger the malfunction indicator light on the dashboard.

If you need to replace the Dodge PCM computer for van, truck or car there are a number of online stores where you could pick up what you require. Make sure that your read the fine print before you sign on for a PCM or any other part for that matter. You can get yourself a top quality re-manufactured PCM computer at rates which are much better than what dealers offer. Most stores offer a lifetime warranty on these re-manufactured PCM computer. This way, you can replace and drive off.

5 Distinguishing Characteristics of Spanish Cuisine

There is little doubt that the world truly has a lot to offer when it comes to culinary goodness. Whether it may be in your home town or a totally different country, there will always be an abundance of really delectable food that will have you begging for more. One of the most sought-after cuisines these days is Spanish food. It is often labeled as the “people’s cuisine”, mainly for the reason that it possesses a down to earth goodness, and is also generally very easy to make. What makes it even more popular with a lot of folks is the fact that its ingredients can be obtained either regionally or locally.

One may notice that every region in Spain has its own unique brand of signature dishes. This is because of the fact that it was difficult to travel from one region to another until the late 20th century. The area is filled with mountains which run in different directions, making it somewhat of a challenge to cross over to another area. This caused people to concoct their own recipes for foods we know now recognize as Spanish cuisine. Even up to now, a lot of the recipes are still cooked very much the same way they were several hundreds of years ago, while there are some which have notable influences from other cultures, say American, as well. Despite all this, there is little question that the food in Spain will always be tasty and delicious. Below are some of the unique characteristics which best describe Spanish cuisine:

· Many of the dishes in Spain make use of olive oil. This is due to common knowledge in the region that olive oil can offer a lot of health benefits, even more so than vegetable or corn oil.

· For the most part, Spanish dishes are known for their Mediterranean roots. What this means is that there’s a good chance you’ll be getting dishes which are filled with seafood for ingredients. One fine example of this is Paella.

· Most people often mistake Spanish cuisine for Mexican. However, both of them could be further away from each other. One example of this is the fact that you’ll be expecting bread to be served with your dishes. If you order tortillas, you’ll be treated with an omelet instead.

· Generally speaking, Spanish cuisine mainly consists of tapas. The food prepared is usually for large groups of people, unlike other countries that serve for one person.

· Unlike other countries, Spanish food offers a lot of variations, especially from region to region. The northern regions of Spain often incorporate meat and chicken in their dishes, while the southern parts are all about shellfish and other types of seafood.

Tummy Ache? Remedies You Can Find in Your Own Kitchen

Stomach pain can come from a variety of sources and conditions. The good thing is, you do not have to spend much time, effort and money seeing the doctor. Several of the helpful remedies can actually be found right in your very own kitchen. Here is a list.

What to Eat

Indigestion, cramping and gassiness are common manifestations of inadequate nutrition. You may be surprised to know that all you need to do is eat to treat tummy ache. Skipping meals or not eating nutrient-rich foods can cause digestive juices to build up and your bowel to function abnormally resulting to stomach pains.

Eat foods rich in carbohydrates like rice, bread and pasta to fill up and quell digestive juices. Fruits and vegetables are also great examples of fibrous carbohydrates which help during digestion. Eat more bananas and green leafy vegetables. Consume more mild foods like dry toast, crackers and nuts to ease cramping.

Pomegranate seeds, oregano seeds, caraway seeds, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, ginger, yogurt, fruit juices, chamomile, peppermint, green tea and menthol are known to be very effective in reducing abdominal pain sensations. These substances also relieve stomach flu and hyperacidity. Try chewing betel leaves together with some rock salt crystals.

Medicinal charcoal is good for cases of food poisoning. Drink a lot of water to ensure that your system is constantly flushed of toxic wastes as well as enhancement circulation that supports gut motility. When drinking water, you may add a few drops of Pudin Hara or lemon. Doing this can relieve cramping and burning sensations.

The way you eat can also affect digestion. Make sure you chew your food well as well as the remedies for tummy ache. Give your body enough time to digest and absorb the substances.

What Not to Eat

Spicy, fried, fatty, oily and gassy foods are known to aggravate the symptoms. Temporarily limit take or completely stay away from chocolates, red meat, fried products and gassy sources like broccoli, cabbage, melon, watermelon, milk, potatoes and sweet potatoes. These can lead to abdominal bloating, gas attacks, diarrhea and increased pain sensations. For beverages, stick to natural fruit juices and water until the tummy ache subsides. Stay away from carbonated beverages, coffee and alcohol.

Be careful about antacids since these can cause various side effects if used for several days concurrently. Try using natural remedies and herbs first before trying commercial agents. Before you start stuffing yourself with different medicines and foods, take time to sit on a kitchen chair and relax. Breathe deeply, place your palm over your belly and set your mind away from the pain. Taking time to settle down and rest is actually one of the most tried and proven ways of eliminating tummy ache.

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Treatment For Yeast Infection

The following digestive aid is an excellent part of a comprehensive treatment for yeast infection.

Swedish bitters is an excellent remedy for improving digestive function for curing Candida. It contains a combination of aloe vera, myrrh, saffron, senna leaves, camphor, rhubarb roots, manna, theriac Venetian, carline thistle roots, and angelica roots. It is available in a liquid form, with or without alcohol.

Most people who suffer from fungal infections are best off using the alcohol-free form. It is also available in capsule form. The book The Family Herbal by Barbara and Peter Theiss has a chapter devoted to Swedish bitters. Most people know of the beneficial effects of Swedish bitters on digestion; few realize that this combination product has myriad other uses.

Swedish bitters can be safely taken on a long-term basis as a treatment for yeast infection, provided the user does not suffer from ulcer or hyperacidity problems.

This herbal digestive aid increases stomach acidity. If you have diarrhea, bitters may be detrimental because of its laxative effect. As its name suggests, it tastes bitter, but that’s just about the only complaint I’ve heard from patients about the product. For those who despise the taste, it is available in capsules.

Stomach acid is absolutely essential for digesting protein and for the absorption of vitamins and trace minerals. Most people who benefit from bitters have a problem with low stomach acid (hypochlorhydria). Some authorities claim that about half the population of North America is hypochlorhydric.

Treatment for yeast infection stomach acidifiers such as betaine and pepsin HCL, glutamic acid HCL, and Swedish bitters all help to increase stomach acidity. If taken for long periods of time there is no toxicity and no dependence develops. The stomach, in fact, will “learn” to secrete higher amounts of acid on its own, thanks to the supplement.

Low stomach acidity has been associated with a long list of maladies, including anemia; asthma; autoimmune diseases such as vitiligo; spider veins on the face; vitamin B12 deficiency; deficiencies in iron, copper, zinc, manganese, and calcium; food allergies; Candida syndrome; parasites; and other gastrointestinal conditions-the list goes on.

This is the reason for the many testimonials on the benefits of bitters on a wide range of conditions seemingly remote from the digestive system. By increasing stomach acidity you get physical root cause of your yeast infections.

This is an excellent source of digestive aids for an overall treatment for yeast infection.