Can Dry Penis Skin Mean an STI?

Even men who take extra pains when it comes to proper penis care may find that they occasionally get dry penis skin. There can be numerous reasons for this unwelcome occurrence, and usually the cause is fairly harmless. Sometimes, however, dry penis skin can be a sign of a deeper problem – such as the presence of a sexually-transmitted infection, or STI for short.

Not always an STI

As mentioned, there can be numerous other reasons for dry penis skin other than an STI. So what are some of those other causes?

– Lack of lubrication. One of the most common causes of dry penis skin is sex (either partner-based or solo) without sufficient lubrication. Sexual activity by nature requires a certain amount of friction on the penis to provide the stimulation that results in ejaculation and orgasm. But if the penis is not properly lubricated, that friction can cause damage to the skin, including dryness and flakiness.

– Dermatitis. One of the most common skin ailments, dermatitis usually results in a red rash and generally dry skin, often to the point of flakiness. Contact dermatitis is the most common form of dermatitis on the penis; as the name suggests, it results when the comes into contact with an irritant. Most often this is a chemical in harsh soaps or detergents that gets on the skin through showering or washing clothes with a detergent that is simply too strong.

– Psoriasis. Another skin issue, but this one is typically caused by a faulty immune system. Psoriasis is often marked by a scaly rash that also dries out the sensitive.

As annoying or uncomfortable as the above causes of dry may be, they are relatively benign. This is not necessarily the case with dry caused by an STI.

Several STIs can be (but by no means always are) associated with the presence of dry. These include:

– Gonorrhea. Dry is one of the less common symptoms of gonorrhea, but may appear, especially near the tip of the penis, which may also become swollen.

– Syphilis. Men with syphilis often do develop dry, especially during the secondary stage. It may present itself as dry patches, sometimes scaly. Because symptoms of syphilis are often similar to symptoms of other issues, it’s important to be tested for the condition if a man thinks he may possibly have it.

– Herpes. When the herpes virus is at its peak, it may cause some dryness to occur on or around the penis.

What to do

Men who are sexually active need to take steps to prevent an STI, including wearing condoms during sexual activity with a partner. Sexually active men who believe they might have contracted an STI need to immediately seek medical attention. If a doctor diagnoses an STI, he will then prescribe a course of treatment that must be followed closely. Untreated or under-treated STIs can do serious damage to a person.

Treating an STI is crucial, but a man may also need to take steps to treat the symptom of dry penis skin. Whatever the cause, most forms of dry penis skin respond well to regular use of an exceptional penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Moisturizing is key, so select a crème that can do the job. Look for one that includes a combination of potent hydrators, such as natural Shea butter and vitamin E. Antioxidants are also useful when fighting dry skin, so select a crème that contains alpha lipoic acid, one of the most effective antioxidants around.

Graves Disease -causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Treatment of Graves Disease

First described by Sir Robert Graves in the early 19th century, Graves’ disease is one of the most common of all thyroid problems. It is also the leading cause of hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones.
Graves’ disease is a thyroid disorder characterized by goitre, exophthalmos, and hyperthyroidism. It is caused by an antibody-mediated auto-immune reaction as to form anti-TSH-Receptor antibody. However, the trigger for this reaction is still unknown. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the world, and the most common cause of general thyroid enlargement in developed countries

Graves’ Disease is a type of autoimmune disease that causes over-activity of the thyroid gland, causing hyperthyroidism. This over-activity is also sometimes called “toxic diffuse goiter.” The thyroid gland helps set the rate of metabolism, which is the rate at which the body uses energy. When the thyroid is too active, it makes more thyroid hormones than the body needs. High levels of thyroid hormones can cause side effects such as weight loss, rapid heart rate and nervousness.

Causes of Graves Disease
Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. The production of thyroid hormone is increased, causing a wide range of symptoms from anxiety and restlessness to insomnia and weight loss. In addition, the eyeballs may begin to stick out (exophthalmos), causing eye irritation and tearing.In Graves’ disease, your immune system mistakenly attacks your thyroid gland, but instead of destroying the gland, an antibody called thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) stimulates the thyroid to make excessive amounts of thyroid hormone.

Doctors aren’t sure what triggers this problem, but they do know that the immune system is involved. In Grave’s disease patients, they find antibodies specifically designed to stimulate the thyroid.It has a familial tendency. The disease is characterized by the formation of autoantibodies that bind to receptors in thyroid cell membranes and stimulate the gland to hyperfunction.

What are the symptoms of Graves Disease
Tremors (fine trembling of the hands and fingers)
Changes in menstrual patterns (usually lighter flow, less frequent periods)
The thyroid gland grows larger (goiter) as it produces more and more hormone. Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include weight loss, nervousness, irritability, sweating, dislike of hot weather, shakiness, and rapid pulse. About 50% of patients have red, watery, bulging eyes (the actor Marty Feldman had a severe case).

How is Graves’ disease treated?
Radioactive iodine (I-131), which destroys part or all of the thyroid gland and renders it incapable of overproducing thyroid hormone; or
Subtotal thyroidectomy, in which a surgeon removes most of the thyroid gland and renders it incapable of overproducing thyroid hormone.

Beta blockers. These medications, which include propranolol (Inderal), atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor) and nadolol (Corgard), often relieve hyperthyroid signs and symptoms, such as a rapid heart rate, nervousness and tremors. These medications aren’t a cure for Graves’ because your body will still produce too much thyroxine, but beta blockers block some of the action of the thyroid hormone. Beta blockers are often used in conjunction with other forms of treatment.Anithyroid Drugs (ATD’s) This is the route that I chose. The drugs inclue Methimazole, and PTU. I chose PTU. These medications stop the thyroid from overproducing hormones, it’s the excess of hormone that’s causing the thyrotoxicosis.

Advantages of Wooden Side Gates for Your Home

Side gates can either be made from fabricated steel or strong durable wood such as Oak, Siberian Larch or Scandinavian Oak. Wooden gates have become increasingly popular as they fit in seamlessly with most gardens and outside environments.

There are advantages to having wooden gates – and below we’ll have a look at those:

Wooden Gates Advantages:

a) Durability: Along with the woods above there are numerous other wood types which are extremely durable and can withstand a huge amount of damage and are especially beneficial where a lot of physical damage may occur.

b) Rot & Fungus Resistant: Whereas metal is extremely prone to rust, wood is naturally resistant to any kind of deterioration by, for example, rot or fungus. Life spans for wood like Siberian Larch can be over 150 years in outdoor environments.

c) Sustainability: For those people who are trying to be as self-sustainable as possible using wood is something that can be sustained by the proper growing of trees on your land (or nearby acreages). Trying to create your own metal fabricated gates would obviously be a lot costlier and difficult to organise!

d) Stability: Wooden side gates (the ones listed and similar specialty woods) are prone to minimal expansion when exposed to heat or moisture.

e) Aesthetically Pleasing: Wooden side gates can become a stunning feature in any home and provide a beautiful, natural segue from the front of the garden to the back garden. Wood can obviously be treated with a whole range of stains from extremely dark to light sandy brown. Another great advantage wood has overt its steel counterpart is that as it ages it becomes even more beautiful and in tune with the garden (this is of course depending on the care afforded to it by the homeowner).

Advantages of Side Gates:

a) Security: Gates provide great security from intruders and statistics show that homes with side gates are far less prone to burglaries where side passages are unsecured.

b) Safety: No home is complete without the sound of children and animals playing – but safety must come first – especially if your home is near a main road. Sid gates will prevent children and pets accessing the front of the home with ease and can the lock can be raised to prevent children accessing it.

c) House Value: Homes with side gates are deemed more valuable due to their increased security and aesthetic value – so if you are going to invest make sure you get quality ones as you will reap the rewards if and when selling your home.

Depression Therapy – The Most Suitable Treatment

Depression is one of the most common problems and diseases of the new age. And lots of people facing this problem and there so many ways and treatment one can do to try and treat their depression, but the not found the exact way that how to come out of this problem. The best solution of this problem is to seeking the help of psychologist who will better treat this problem. The fist step is which a psychologist takes the supportive counseling that will reduce the pain of depression which a person has during depression. It helps to talk about your problem and cause of tension and what is the thing that bothers you most. In this way therapist will try to get to the bottom and core of your depression and where form it comes. And what is the root cause of the problem and what are depression symptoms, after finding the exact problem, then dealt according to the problem. It is very important to find the depression symptoms and get the help of psychologist who start depression therapy that lower the level of your depression, then you feel better.

after visiting the therapist you will feel better because after the depression therapy you throws out lots of your emotion which you experiencing during the depression such hopeless, useless, unworthy, stupid, ugly and the rest. After the therapy you also get rid of the negative ideas, and impractical thoughts as well as the self destructive approach towards yourself all these feeling mounted during the depression and it remain long. Therapy will help a individual to identify the problem area and which of his problem need to be cure first and what are the minor ones, if the big problems are solved the minor will demolished it self. So it is very important to increase their self esteem level and encourage them to set the goals of their life and take care of yourself.

There is another which the therapy will address is one of the big problem areas. This will be treated with carefully and eliminated it if possible. If the cure and treatment of depression is not possible then taught them that how to tackle this issue with positive approach. Once the depression sets its roots, then it is not possible to come out of this problem without medication, which take a long time but after some time, it will set you on right track. The last thing which you want during depression is drugs, and mostly people take the anti depressant drugs which are not suitable for your body because these medicines compels you to be dependent on these drugs and in this way problem do not get solved, in fact it increased. These drugs numb your pains and you think that you are going well but it is not like that, because these drugs have their own side effects that if you want to get rid of them you feel as bad as when your depression started. 

Natural Antihistamines – A Better Solution For Allergies

Zantac is an antihistamine that is used to treat seasonal allergies. Also known as Ranitidine, it was originally used as an over-the-counter acid reflux medication. However studies have shown, that it’s also a great way of treating airborne allergies from pollen, to mold to hay fever.

How it works

Since it’s an antihistamine, it doesn’t treat the root cause of the allergies. Rather it treats the common allergy symptoms which include runny nose, itchy, watery eyes, headache, sneezing and stuffy head. When the body encounters something that it’s allergic to it attacks it which causes these symptoms. An antihistamine blocks the histamine the body produces, making the symptoms much more bearable.

Minor side effects

There are several common side effects that Zantac is known for. These include headaches, insomnia, vomiting, muscle pain, constipation and diarrhea. These can range from mild to severe. Beware of the severe ones.

Major side effects

In addition there are some major side effects that need to be taken into consideration. Among these are hallucinations, hair loss, confusion, irregular heartbeat, visual changes and brain bruising. While these are uncommon, you should stop taking Zantac if you experience any of these.

Is it right for you?

It’s important to consult your doctor before taking any medication. If you suffer from liver or kidney disease or have Porphyria you should not take Zantac at all.

While it’s not for everyone, Zantac is an effective treatment for all airborne seasonal allergies. Check with your doctor, who knows? Maybe it’s right for you.

How To Help Your Husband Deal With The Signs And Symptoms Of Male Menopause

The male menopause or andropause is a condition that all men will go through once they reach a certain age. It is something that everybody should know how to deal with, especially men and their spouse.

This condition is very similar to female’s menopause condition where there are also related symptoms. The cause of andropause or male menopause is the decline of hormones as they age.

If you think men are spared from menopause, you should think again. The andropause condition or the male menopause condition will eventually affect all men once they reach a certain age. This particular condition is associated with the decline of male hormone levels that occurs at certain age, usually when men reach late 40’s or early 50’s.

The main symptoms of andropause are erectile dysfunction or failure to achieve erection, mood changes, night sweats, constant fatigue or tiredness, and also irritability and depression. Some even said that when men are suffering from andropause, they become more motherly than fatherly. They tend to be focused more on family and friends rather than the natural focus of men on money, career, and power in the early life before the andropausal stage.

Surprisingly, the change isn’t always noticed by men who are going through the andropausal stage. The men’s spouses do notice it and have constantly said that their husbands are going through the menopause.

There will also be physical changes associated with andropause, such as loss of hair in the armpits and axilla, shirking of the testicles, lessening of muscle mass, and also decreased muscle strength.

This change is due to the loss of androgens in a man’s body. Androgen’s is known to be the basic ingredient that makes up masculinity and because of the loss of this ingredient, physical change occurs.

Andropause may cause depression in men and because of their irritability; it may also cause depression in their spouses. This is why it is important for women to know how to deal with andropause and teach their husbands to know how to deal with it too. Here are some ways women can teach their husbands to cope up with the inevitable changes that andropause can cause:

• The first thing a woman should teach her husband is to teach them how to love and reward themselves as well as love and reward others.

• Men are usually abusive when it comes to alcohol and smoking. Teach men not to abuse alcohol and also quit smoking at the same time. Tell them that it will lessen the signs and symptoms of andropause or male menopause and also, will be healthier for them.

• Lack of exercise is a known cause of early aging. This is why it is important to encourage men to exercise. This will prolong their youth and also slow down the physical changes that naturally occurs when people age.

• Eating right is also one of the best ways to combat andropause. Teach men to eat qualitatively and not quantitatively. Tell them that it is more important to eat the right kind of food instead of eating more of the wrong kinds of food.

• Andropause is inevitable and will eventually happen as men reach a certain age. Teach your husband to deal with it. Teach them to accept it in order to live life to the fullest. Tell them to seek out some hobby in order for them to take their mind off the condition.

These are some of the ways you can effectively help your husband when they are suffering from andropause. Always remember that this condition is unavoidable and it is relatively the same as menopause. The best thing you can do is accept it and enjoy it.

Inquiring Minds Want To Know Does Nlp Cure Phobias?

In this world, there is not one single person that can honestly say that they are not afraid of something. While a little bit of fear may be seen as something that is completely normal, a phobia is commonly referred to as a fear that inhibits your day to day activities. One question that many people have in regards to phobias is does nlp cure phobias? Well, the answer to your question is yes, but in order to understand how this practice can work for you, you need to posses a strong understanding of what this practice actually is.

NLP is a shorter version of the phrase known as neuro-lingustic programming. The approach allows a psychotherapist to emulate basic human behaviors and help aide others in engaging in a form of person growth and assisting with basic communication protocols.

NLP first began being used in the 1970s and it posses a set number of techniques which were taken directly from the behaviors of knowledgeable psychotherapists. The practice focuses in on three different areas of the human mind which include a humans language pattern, their thoughts and their perception on the world.

You could in a way say that NLP in many regards is the same thing as being in a state of hypnosis. NLP channels in on all basic human emotions in order to help people overcome things that may be bothering them. However, many people have qualms when it comes to properly describing NLP and what it truly is.

All of the basic NLP techniques have a basic set of tools that are provided so the therapist can assist the person seeking their attention with having a fulfilling life that is full and allows them to draw off of all of the teachings that they learned from another. NLP has been used as one of the main ways to treat people with excessive phobias how to overcome their fears.

If you have a phobia that seems to be inhibiting your life, trying NLP may be the best solution to your problem. It’s a quick and easy way, without spending hours with a shrink.

What is Endegenous Depression?

In most cases, a person who appears to suffer from a type of depression will often have a reason for it. In other words, the depression has been brought on or encouraged by an event, or something has happened to that individual, either in their youth or adulthood, that they have not been able to deal with. There are, however, cases where the individual does not seem to have a reason for their depression. They show all the symptoms of depression, but there just not seems to be any apparent cause for it. This is when the patient would probably be diagnosed with endogenous depression.

A person who suffers from endogenous depression will often exhibit similar symptoms as someone suffering from any other type of depression. The person could appear anxious, have a change in sleeping patterns, a change in eating habits, show fatigue, have low self-esteem and even sudden mood changes.

How is endogenous depression treated? Being as this type of depression does not appear to have any cause, it can be difficult to give treatment at first. Of course, consulting an online therapist about the condition would be recommended as they can are trained to help people work through their depression, regardless of the cause. If someone believes they are depressed, there is the option of consulting an online therapist through online therapy. This way, the person can ask questions and receive advice from the comfort of their own home online. Online counseling is a little new, but it is becoming more popular all the time and more people are choosing the counseling online option because it is within their comfort zone. Telephone counseling is another option and is about the same as what the online therapy offers. While both of these options are available and could offer some answers or useful advice, going in to see a therapist or counselor in person would probably benefit the person more. When an online therapist uses webcam therapy, they can talk to the patient, they can read a person’s actions and expressions to help them make a proper diagnosis. When an online counselor determines their patient is suffering from endogenous depression, they can decide on what type of therapy the patient will need in order to work through their depression. Sometimes it is medicinal with regular visits to the counselor, other times it could be the regular visits without the medicinal therapy. It depends on what the therapist thinks would be best for the patient and it also depends on how serious the depression is.

Like any other type of depression, endogenous depression is treatable. While treatments may not seem to work at first, they will over time. It is important for anyone who wishes to work through their depression to be open and honest with their therapist so that the therapist can have a clear understanding about what the patient needs. With the proper information, the therapist can be sure to choose the right medication and/or other treatments that would best work in the patient’s favor. Depression is not something to ignore or shy away from getting help for. If anyone thinks they might be suffering from depression, they need to consult a therapist so they can get the help they need.

Three Tips to Better Your Oral Presentation Skills

Getting up in front of an audience is one of the most frightening things for people to do. In fact, it is officially one of the biggest phobias that people possess. The funny thing about this phobia is that it isn’t necessary. Oral presentation skills are a matter of confidence, practice, and knowledge. This article will dive into three ways you can improve your oral presentation skills.

Confidence is a key ingredient to successful public speaking. You audience will be able to tell right from the beginning if you are confident or not. Your body language will silently tell your audience how confident you are. No matter how nervous you may be, appearing confident can overcome your nervousness with some simple gestures. Smile at your audience, stand with good posture, and work the stage as you give your presentation. These small gestures will exude confidence and your audience will certainly pick up on it, no matter how nervous you may be.

Before giving your presentation, you would be well advised to practice, practice, and practice some more. The idea is to become very familiar with the presentation that you are going to be giving so that you know it like the back of your hand. Your practice will also pay dividends when it comes to your confidence level. It’s easy to feel confident about something that you have done again and again.

The biggest key to improving your oral presentation skills is fully grasping what it is that your audience expects from you. Your audience expects one thing from you: value. It’s that simple. What you may not know is that in the eyes of your audience, you are an expert on the subject matter. You don’t have to know everything there is to know about your topic at all. To be an expert, you just have to know more than your audience does and share your knowledge with your audience. Once you fully grasp this concept and combine it with a bit of practice, it is only natural that your confidence will get an amazing boost and your speech will be well received.

These three tips will help to strengthen your oral presentation skills. Work on your confidence with your body language, practice your presentation, and provide your audience with the value they expect to get from you, the expert. You can screw up your presentation and still be perceived as an expert and superior speaker so long as you keep these tips in mind.

Death Anxiety Among the Elderly- the Impact of Children

Journal of Psychological Researches, 1998, Vol. 42, No. 1, P: 32-34


Death anxiety became a topic of psychological interest in the late 1950’s. From its inception “thanatology” has been a multidisciplinary field including contributions from all disciplines. The definition of death anxiety has been the most perplexing task for a researcher till today. In the opinion of earlier reviewers, such as Kastenbaum & Costa (1977) much confusion in the literature on death attitudes can be traced to the “careless interchange of ‘fear’ and ‘anxiety,’ each of which implies different approaches”, for e.g., if fear represents a more realistic reaction to a specific danger, anxiety refers to a more neurotic response that is out of proportion to any actual external hazard (Choron, 1974). Peterson (1980) concluded that the study of death and dying “is severely limited in terms of both methodology and on theory.

Death is reality in the lives of adults; in adolescence, it may still be regarded as a stranger, but by old age it has come to be viewed as frequent, unwelcome companion of life’s journey (Stillion, 1995). Lieberman and Tobin (1980) maintain that older people do not generally have the same reluctance to discuss death and may, openly resolve fears on mortality as they review their lives. They suggested that elderly may have simply accumulated enough unpleasant life events over the years to make dying seem less traumatic. Sinha (1971) indicates that “fear of death in the elderly is a result of psychological deterioration.”

Kogan & Wallach (1961) found that adults of all ages ranked death as the most aversive of a wide range of concepts, even though every one evaluated death negatively, the elderly persons rated it more positive than else. Mullins & Lopez (1982) show evidences that old (75+) may become more death anxious than young old (60-75). There is not yet enough evidence to provide a secure interpretation of older respondents’ lower death concern.

Elderly with sound emotional health, married and with more number of children received lower death anxiety scores (Baum & Boxley, 1984). Elders who perceived time as slow and those who lived in institutions tends to feel more anxious about death (Baum, 1983). Elderly with satisfactory family-ties and more life satisfaction received less death anxiety scores (Tate, 1982).


Review of literature on death anxiety leads to the conclusion that not much research has been done both in abroad and in India to study the role of children in the experience of death anxiety. Hence this study has been attempted to find out the influence of children in the experience of death anxiety among the elderly. It has already been proved that presence of more children results in lower death anxiety among the elderly (Baum & Boxley, 1984).



Sample comprised of 30 men and 30 women elderly ranging in age from 50 to 82 years (mean age= 63.1 years) forming a sample size of 60. The samples were selected from Coimbatore District (Manchester of South India) in Tamil Nadu. The participants were contacted individually by the researcher and data was collected by face-to-face interview.


The tools used in this study for data collection by the researcher were:

1. Personal Information Schedule: An “Information Schedule” was designed by the investigator to procure demographic and biographic information from the samples required for the study.

2. Leming’s fear of death scale (1979-80): This scale comprised of 26 statements with 6 possible response outcomes i.e., 1 as ‘Strongly Agree,” “Agree,” “tend to agree,” “tend to disagree,” and “Strongly disagree.” Each statement carries scores from 1 to 6 and the respondent is to circle the category which he/she feels suitable. All such scores are added to give the total score. The maximum score is 156 and minimum is 26.


Mean, standard deviation and “t” test were the statistics calculated.

Table I: Shows the influence of children in the experience of death anxiety among the elderly

Variable More Children

(n=24) No/less Children

(n=36) “t” p







Death Anxiety






Since no significant gender differences were found in the experience of death anxiety, the results are presented with data combined. The results summarized in Table I shows that the‘t’ value for 58 df is significant below .05 level of confidence which indicate that elderly with more children experience less death anxiety than elderly with less and no children, this is in accordance with prior findings (eg., Reinhardt and Fisher, 1988; Baum & Boxley, 1984; etc) which described the relationship with children as providing more stimulation, ego-support and utility in latter life.


Baum, S.K (1983). Older People’s anxiety about after life. Psychological Reports. Vol. 52 (3), 895-898.

Baum, S.K & Boxely, R.L (1984). Age denial: Death denial in the elderly: Death Education. Vol. 8(5-6), 419-423.

Choron, J (1984). Death and modern man. New York: Mac Millan.

Kastenbaum, R & Costa, P.T (1977). Psychological perspectives on death. Annual Review of Psychology, 28, 225-240.

Kogan, N & Wallach, M.A (1961). Age changes in values and attitudes. Journal of Gerontology, 16, 272-280.

Liberman, M.A & Tobbin, S.S (1983). The experience of oldage, stress, coping and survival. New York: Basic Books.

Mullins, L.C & Lopez, M.A (1982). Death anxiety among nursing home residents. A comparison of the young old-old. Death Education, 6, 75-86.

Peterson, J.A. (1980). “Social aspects of death & dying and mental health” in Birren, J.E and Sloane, R.B (Eds.). Handbook of mental health and aging. Engle Wood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

Reinhardt, J.P & Fisher, C.D (1988). Kinship versus friendship: social adaptation in married and widowed elderly women. Women and Health. Vol. 14(3-4), 191-211.

Sinha, S.N (1971). Lonely Old Man. Indian Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 3 & 4.

Stillion, J. (1995). Death in the lives of Adults: Responding to the Tolling of Bell. In Wass, H and Neimeyer, R (Eds.) Dying: Facing the facts, Washington, Taylor & Francis, 303-322.

Tate, L.A (1982). Life satisfaction and death anxiety in aged women. International Journal of Aging and Human Development. Vol. 15(4), 299-306.

Thorson, J. A & Powell, F.C (1988). Elements of death anxiety and meanings of death. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 696-701.

Natural Treatments for Anxiety

Many people suffering from anxiety welcome natural treatments for this debilitating mental disorder. Most common anti-anxiety medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have nasty adverse effects such as the so-called discontinuation syndrome, where withdrawal symptoms manifest themselves if you suddenly stop taking the medication. Recent studies have also shown that there is a possibly that SSRIs could be toxic to the nervous system if taken for too long of a term.

Luckily, plenty of natural cures for anxiety exist, none of which have near the harmful side effects as the commonly prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. When looking for natural herbs for anxiety, there are a few primary herbs to consider, each with its own anti-anxiety benefits. One of such herbs used in natural treatments for anxiety disorders is Melissa officinalis.

Melissa officinalis, commonly known as simply Melissa, has been used since medieval times as a general herb to improve overall well-being. The plant is found throughout the world and is currently used primarily for the treatment of anxiety and cold sores. Different properties of the leaves cure each of the different conditions, but the same parts of the plant are used in all Melissa supplements.

It is the antispasmodic properties of the Melissa natural supplement that make it one of the best natural treatments for anxiety. A Melissa supplement helps soothe nerves throughout the body, alleviating any discomfort associated with an anxiety attack. As one of the foremost natural cures for anxiety, Melissa works especially well to ease the common “butterflies in the stomach” feeling associated with anxiety.

Acting as an antispasmodic much like Melissa, Lavandula augustifolia has also been proven to be one of the most widely used herbs for anxiety throughout the world. Known as lavender, Lavandula augustifolia has been extensively studied in all corners of the globe to determine the extent of its anti-anxiety effects. In one of the most recent studies in Michigan, it was proven that even the scent from lavender was enough to relax and relieve depression in many study participants. Lavender fragrance is a staple of aromatherapy for relaxation.

There is another herb that has been used for more than a century and which has demonstrated remarkable abilities to ease nervousness and fight insomnia.

Doctor Reveals – Top 5 Sleep Killers and Why You Can’t Sleep at Night

There are a few things people take on a regular basis that can absolutely destroy their sleep cycles without them knowing it. And some of those substances might come as surprise to you because you may think they usually help you relax and fall asleep. But the opposite is true. Not only are those substances bad for your health in general, but they also are bad for your sleep.

Listen, if you want to improve your sleep dramatically and you are currently doing one or more of the things listed below, I urge you to stop doing them. And if you can’t stop, find some help. But it is absolutely critical that you get rid of those bad habits. So here is a list of what not to do, and why you shouldn’t do it.

1. Alcohol: Yes I know exactly what you are thinking and I can already here you. “But I have a glass of wine or two at night and it actually helps me sleep”. False, false and more false. Alcohol, after stimulating you, will make you sleepy, drowsy and might help you pass out faster, but you will remain in the first phases of sleep (light sleep), and never enter deep restorative sleep. Because of its sedating effect, people with sleep problems tend to drink at night. But even though you may think the results are positive because you were able to fall asleep faster, they are in fact rather negative, because alcohol will actually disturb your sleep cycles and phases. Plus alcohol should not be something you rely upon to fall asleep.

Here is another interesting fact: if you thought drinking earlier in the day would not affect your sleep well think again. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism ( “Alcoholic beverages are often consumed in the late afternoon (e.g., at “happy hour” or with dinner) without further consumption before bedtime. Studies Roehrs, T., and Roth, T. Alcohol-induced sleepiness and memory function. Alcohol Health Res World 19(2):130-135, 1995) show that a moderate dose of alcohol consumed as much as 6 hours before bedtime can increase wakefulness during the second half of sleep. By the time this effect occurs, the dose of alcohol consumed earlier has already been eliminated from the body, suggesting a relatively long-lasting change in the body’s mechanisms of sleep regulation” Landolt, H.-P., et al. Late-afternoon ethanol intake affects nocturnal sleep and the sleep EEG in middle-aged men. J Clin Psychopharmacol 16(6):428-436, 1996; Vitiello, M.V. Sleep, alcohol and alcohol abuse. Addict Biol (2):151-158, 1997.)

Another interesting fact about alcohol, is that it actually inhibits the secretion of a hormone called ADH (Anti Diuretic Hormone), which when in normal levels makes you retain the appropriate amount of water. But when you drink alcohol, this hormone stops being produced, and therefore your body looses more water than it should. This is called dehydration. So what does it mean for you? Well the more alcohol you drink, the more your body will dehydrate and this has 2 consequences:

1. When you are dehydrated, you can’t sleep well and wake up thirsty in the middle of the night.

2. You wake up in the middle of the night with the urge to urinate.

So here are 2 more ways alcohol disrupts your sleep. Knowing all this, we can come to the conclusion you will be better off without drinking alcohol at all. Does that sound too hard for you? Well you make the choice: the pleasure of booze or restful healthy deep restorative sleep.

2. Nicotine: Do you smoke? Do you find you need that last cigarette at night otherwise you just can’t relax from the busy day you had and won’t be able to fall asleep. Maybe as you are reading these words it’s late, you can’t sleep and you have a cigarette between your fingers. Well let me tell you something interesting: just as I said it with alcohol, you’d be better off without it. So put it out right now! Yes you heard me; that last cigarette of the day that is supposed to relax you, will in fact have just the opposite effect.

If you are under the impression the cigarettes you smoke actually help you relax, you have been fooled. Nicotine is a stimulant!

Nicotine stimulates your nervous system, and instead of helping you sleep, it is going to keep you awake and tossing and turning in bed. It has the same effect as drinking a cup of coffee.

Smokers will usually stay in a light sleep and spend less time in deep restorative sleep, and may not even enter deep sleep. Nicotine also reduces the amount of REM sleep. You should now be well aware of the health dangers this leads to. Nicotine withdrawal (the decrease of nicotine level in the body and the need to replenish it) usually tends to wake up the smoker 3 to 4 hours after falling asleep. Long-term chronic smokers may also develop respiratory problems and cough, which greatly interferes with sleep. I remember a man I had met some years ago, a chronic smoker; he had been smoking 1 pack and a half a day for many years. He would cough so much at night he wouldn’t sleep; he couldn’t lay down more than 10 minutes without coughing and also had trouble breathing. The scary part is he was only 45 years old. So if you are a smoker and would like to improve your sleep, you know what to do! I am not telling you to quit cold turkey; you could at least stop smoking 1 or 2 hours before going to sleep. I know to some of you this seems impossible; well would you rather remain with your sleep problem?

A last word on cigarette smoking: even with all this information available to you, if you decide to keep smoking, and can’t give up that last cigarette of the day, please make sure you do not smoke it in bed, or fall asleep with your cigarette lit in your hand. Every year many, many people are injured, and others die in fires caused by someone who fell asleep with a lit cigarette. Be responsible, and you may save lives.

3. Caffeine: If you didn’t know it yet, caffeine is, according to “the world’s most popular psychoactive drug”. It is widely used for its stimulating effect, to stay alert, and fight sleepiness. It is therefore absolutely logical caffeine should be avoided in all its forms as we get closer to the end of the day. But logic is not always followed. Have you ever found yourself drinking a caffeinated drink less than 6 hours before going to bed? Well if you have this bad habit, change it right away because it can take up to 6 hours for caffeine effects to wear off.

Here are some of the known effects of caffeine:

-Stimulates the central nervous system

-Increases alertness

-Increases heart rate

-Diuretic (makes you urinate more)

-Raises body temperature

Another little known fact is that caffeine is not just found in coffee. As a matter of fact it is contained in many other common foods and it also has different names such as:




And here is a list of the foods we can find caffeine in:


-Soft Drinks


-Energy drinks


-Some Diet Pills

Of course not all theses foods contain the same amount of caffeine. Chocolate for example has a low caffeine content. But did you know that a serving of soft drink contains 10 mg to 50 mg of caffeine, when an average serving of coffee contains 40 mg. You see soft drinks are as much of a stimulant as coffee is. Also know that “decaf” does contain caffeine, but in smaller amount. Odds are, you know you shouldn’t drink coffee at night and therefore you avoid it.

But are you avoiding soft drinks as well? If you are drinking a couple of cans of soda within 6 hours of going to bed, you are increasing the caffeine in your body, which in turn stimulates your nervous system, and will make it harder for you to either fall asleep, or stay asleep. You may toss and turn in bed with your eyes open for hours and wonder why you just can’t relax and go to sleep; the answer may lie in those cans of soda you had a few hours ago, or even the cup of coffee you had after dinner.

As a rule of thumb, if you have trouble sleeping at night, you should avoid all caffeine containing food within 6 hours of going to bed. You will dramatically increase your chances of going to sleep and staying asleep, you will find it is much easier to relax, turn your mind off and finally get the rest you need.

A side note on caffeine: Some people consider caffeine as a substitute for sleep. They will just disregard their lack of sleep and “compensate” with one cup of coffee after another to stay awake and alert. Knowing what you now know about the importance of sleep, I am sure you understand this is not something you should do. Your body will accumulate fatigue, will not be able to repair itself and will eventually breakdown (disease).

There is absolutely NO substitute for sleep. If you are not sleeping enough, drinking coffee, soda or taking caffeine pills to keep you awake and “functioning” is not a solution. It can become a vicious cycle, leading to addiction: someone does not sleep well at night, wakes up tired without energy and decides to drink coffee all day long to “stay awake”. Caffeine accumulates in the system and when the time to sleep comes, this person can’t relax and stays wired due to all the coffee drunk during the day. The next day, he wakes up tired again and starts the process over. If this is happening to you, your health could be in serious danger and I would recommend you find a way out of the addiction, and stop relying on coffee. You will be tired at first, maybe even completely exhausted, but your body isn’t a machine!

4. Sugar: Sugar is not technically a stimulant but its effects are similar. The intake of sugar will cause a raise in your body insulin level to metabolize it, leading to a surge of energy. Amongst other things sugar stimulates the release of dopamine, which can lead to hyperactivity. Knowing this, you will probably want to stay away from all high sugar content foods, especially refined white sugar. This means no sodas (again), ice cream, candy bars, cookies and many other things!

The average soda, for example, contains about 40 mg of refined sugar, which is equivalent to about 10 teaspoons of sugar. Not only does sugar interfere with sleep but it also leads to obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay. From now on, make a conscious effort to avoid refined white sugar, and yes you will have to change your habits, but there can’t be any results without change. You body will thank you for it.

5. Exercising at night: You must know that exercising at night or shortly before bedtime can have the opposite effect and keep you up. To prevent this sort of problem, you should always avoid exercising close to bedtime. As a rule, do not exercise 3 hours before going to bed. It is much better to exercise in the morning, and if you don’t have time, you could start waking up 30 minutes earlier.

As you become familiar with your sleep, understand your natural rhythms, and start getting good quality, deep restorative sleep, you will notice that waking up earlier is actually easy and gives you more energy. Take advantage of this extra time to exercise instead of ending the day with it.

So there you have it 5 sleep killers revealed to you. You know what to do!

Insomnia Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal as the word suggests refers to pulling back or retirement of a prevailing status and the after effects pertaining to such changed situations. Insomnia Withdrawals in a simpler way deals with the physical and mental stress observed by a person in the course of an unexpected and sudden hampering or shortage of a substance used by him for a long period. The causes supporting symptoms of withdrawals are numerous.

Insomnia withdrawals can only be rectified by following a very slow process. As such insomnia is a common symptom found among various addictive disorders few to be named as drugs, alcohol etc. Depression is commonly influenced by insomnia. Overcoming insomnia is not a difficult task but rather involves a long duration competing with a strategically planned routine which should be followed on a strict base.

Symptoms of insomnia withdrawals are very mild unlike any other withdrawals. They are usually not life threatening. One can start using sleeping pills as a part of overcoming sleeplessness but as they are not free from assuring no side effects these can be limited in its usages. Withdrawal commonly covers symptoms such as sweating, tremor, vomiting, anxiety, insomnia and joint pains. An insomniac would interface with major other problems such as aggression, diarrhea, dizziness, frequent headaches etc. A healthy body requires a completely healthy sleep.

One can be diagnosed with insomnia under any of the following conditions.

  • Inability to get sleep
  • Frequently waking up at night
  • Difficulty in going back to sleep
  • Waking up too early

 Common side effects of insomnia include being tiered during the day, being irritable, and problems concentrating. The causes can be further overviewed by classifying it into primary and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is nothing but factors relating to inability of a person in the attainment of sufficient sleep. Primary insomnia is primary in nature. It does not occur as an outcome of any other problem but it is a problem in itself. Primary insomnia is a common condition which is temporary and last only for one month approximately. The most original reasons for primary insomnia will include long tours, busy work schedules, emotional upset, stress etc. On the contrary secondary insomnia is the outcome of sleeplessness due to severe problems identified as the cause of medical condition. Depression is a frequently observed cause of secondary insomnia. Secondary insomnia should always be treated under the strict evaluation by a physician because secondary insomnia could further develop into any other chronic disorder which may be life threatening at times. Reasons for secondary insomnia would include Sleep Apnea (a kind of sleep disorder), alcohol, high dose of medications etc. Increased use of coffee, anxiety, and stress at work can be counted among the reasons of secondary insomnia.

Eucalyptus Honey – Everything You Need to Know About Eucalyptus Honey

Eucalyptus honey is a honey that is grown primarily in California. The eucalyptus tree came from Australia and was brought to California because it is such a fast growing tree. There are over 500 species of eucalyptus trees today and their flowers can very greatly in color. The flowers are pink, red, white and sometimes yellow. Because of the great variety in species and flower the name eucalyptus honey may not describe a specific flavor or texture of honey. There is no way to track which trees a bee pollinates.

Generally eucalyptus honey is regarded as having a slightly herbal flavor with a hint of menthol. It also has a butterscotch quality and is not as sweet as some other honey flavors. It can be a great honey to sweeten a herbal tea or a strong black tea. When you buy eucalyptus honey you want to make sure that there is a description of the flavor profile since it can be so broad.This honey is used for health purposes although no studies have proven its effectiveness. Many people have used eucalyptus honey for rheumatism, lumbago, sprains, stiff muscles, and general aches and pains. The honey is actually used topically and is rubbed into the skin in a circular pattern.

When ever you are buying honey you should always look for it to be raw. Raw honey is an totally unprocessed that is bottled without any heat added. This is the only way to ensure that the natural health benefits are not destroyed with excessive heat. When you go to your local grocer you will find honey that will not solidify and that is a sign that it has been heated. The other advantage to raw honey is that it has bee pollen, propolis and honey comb remnants in it each with their own nutritional advantages. These added materials are usually strained out of processed honey and sold separately or discarded because they can make it look cloudy.

Although it is not one of the most popular honeys around. There are several applications where the right honey for the job is eucalyptus honey.

What Is Motivation? A True Story to Illustrate the Meaning

What is motivation? It’s a question I have been asked so many times. I have been working in the field of motivation for 17 years now. It is not only my career it is my passion and something that I enjoy both educating and improving in others and also studying myself.

I feel driven to write this article due to what I see happening around me now on a daily basis. So many are suffering and feeling battered and bruised due to the incompetence and greed that now seems to govern our world. From self-serving politicians and the privileged few who seem to run our governments for personal gain to the large corporate machines that seem intent on fleecing every penny from us mere ‘common folk’ it can be hard just to keep yourself going.

In this series of articles I will endeavour to help you understand;

· What motivation is and the mechanics that drive our own motivation

· How we can ensure we are ‘Positively Motivated’

· How to overcome the barriers that can so often dampen and dilute our ‘positive’ motivation

I do this because I genuinely care, I do this because I know that your life, my life and everyone’s life can be so much more fulfilling and rewarding with only a few very simple little tweaks to the way we perceive ourselves and the world around us.

So ‘What is Motivation?’

Firstly ‘motivation’ is just a word, the dictionary definition is;



  • 1 a reason or reasons for doing something.
  • 2 desire to do something; enthusiasm.

The first definition ‘a reason to do something’ is the most accurate and concise definition. In all the years I have been working with individuals from a huge spectrum of backgrounds and professions it is so evident that we are always motivated. With every action and behaviour we give clues to our motives and what we are motivated by or to do. Even as you sit here now reading this you are motivated!

The point being that motivation is a constant, it drives everything we do and all of the results/outcomes we achieve. This is such an important point if you really want to understand motivation. So often people wrongly associate motivation with positive actions and positive results/outcomes however even when we are acting and behaving in a way that serves no tangible benefit to ourselves we are motivated to do so.

You see motivation is driven by our emotional state and how we perceive both ourselves and the world around us. Recently I have been working pro-bono with some long-term unemployed clients. My clients are genuinely intelligent, capable and competent individuals who have been caught in the centre of the economic storm that has engulfed nearly all of us in some way. One man in particular, I shall call him Adam for this article (an alias to protect his identity), is a good example of both positive and negative motivation.

Adam was a successful and driven professional. Until the end of 2009 he was a performing sales director in the printing industry. He played golf, had a nice company car, went on two holidays a year and lived a very comfortable life with his family. Then the business he had helped develop and grow got into financial trouble. They were performing and had a good client base and his sales team were performing well, however, the company had expanded in 2008 and borrowed the money from the bank to increase their production to meet demand. This debt eventually engulfed the business and the bank was unwilling to renegotiate their terms even considering the temporary difficult trading conditions. Sadly, and quite abruptly, in November 2009 the business was forced into insolvency. Adam lost his job.

I first met Adam just after he was made redundant. He came to an executive job club I had set up for one of my clients. My first impression of him was that he was hugely experienced, competent and very marketable. He was confident that he could find a new job quickly and looking at his C.V. I had to agree that he would be an excellent candidate for any business looking to improve their sales function. Adam was confident and positive and a joy to work with. He not only played an active role in the job club for himself but was excellent working with and advising some of the other members. Then one day he stopped coming. I heard nothing from Adam so assumed, understandably I am sure you will agree, that he had found another job.

I next encountered Adam in May 2011. To be honest I didn’t actually recognise him. He was a shadow of himself. He looked dishevelled, beaten up and brow beaten. His positive air and drive had deserted him and he now had an aura of cynicism that followed him into the room. We sat and talked and I saw such a difference from the person I first met just a few years before. Gone was his positive outlook and confidence. Gone was the smile and desire to help others and share his experiences. All of these positive attributes had been replaced with a bitterness that seemed to take over his whole being.

I share this story with you because it illustrates the good and bad of motivation. It shows how our perception of ourselves and the world around us directly impacts on our behaviours and our motivators that in turn impacts on the results we can, and do, achieve. You see Adam had stopped coming to the job club not because he had found a new job but because he had run out of time and money. The bank was trying to repossess his house and push him into bankruptcy. Adam stopped coming, as he later admitted, because he was ashamed of the situation he found himself in and genuinely believed that he could no longer be of assistance to the other members and the group as a whole (pride works in funny ways sometimes!).

The Adam of 2011 was, as I mentioned before, engulfed and overcome with bitterness. We sat and chatted for a couple of hours and I heard, sadly, what I here so often from those caught in similar situations. Adam unleashed a tirade of negative vitriol against what our society had become. He lambasted the banks and corporations for destroying the fabric and stability of our economy, he viciously attacked the government for their pandering to the banks and corporations whilst leaving the honest hard working individuals to suffer and lose their homes and their pride. He was, on face value, a changed man.

Now, I am not in any way criticising Adam. In fact I totally agree that we do live in an epoch where we, the people, play second fiddle to those in power as you will no doubt surmise from my opening gambit to this article. The problem was simple, what good was this doing for Adam? How was it serving him? And, most importantly for this article, how had it effected his motivation?

I asked Adam about his current job hunting activity. What was he doing to improve his situation? The answer I got is all too common in the present climate “Nothing, I gave that up months ago. I mean what’s the point! There are no jobs out there and definitely not for a 52 year old man like me. No-one wants a 52 year old working for them when they can have some young graduate at a much lower salary!”

NB: at this point I feel it important to point out that I encounter as many ‘young graduates’ who cannot find suitable work as I do people of Adam’s age. Age is definitely NOT a barrier unless YOU perceive it to be.

So, how does this illustrate what motivation is?

As I wrote earlier: ‘motivation is a reason for doing something’

Even if that ‘something’ is nothing! Adam, like so many, had allowed his situation and all of the negative/painful experiences to affect how he saw himself. His perception of himself had been muddied by the external influences and the reality of existing, and being directly caught up in, the most dramatic economic slump any of us have experienced in our lifetime. The impact of this had changed his motivation because it had changed his view of the world he lived in. Where prior to all of this happening he had looked out on the world and seen hope, opportunity and possibility he now only saw suffering, pain and anguish. Where before he was motivated to achieve and find solutions for both himself and his business now he was motivated to do nothing and to wallow. His actual driver for this change in motivation is extremely common (some of your reading this will see similarities in your own experiences) he, like all of us, was motivated to prove himself right!

Now, this is no different to when he was a performing sales director. He believed in himself and that he was a competent and high performing executive and his actions and behaviours enabled him to prove himself right by developing a successful career and sales team. However, with his change in how he now perceived himself, “a 52 year old man on the scrap heap of life” (NB: his words not mine) his actions and behaviours now followed again to prove himself right.

I worked with Adam for the next three weeks and he attended my course ‘Breaking your shell’. He started to realise what he was allowing to happen to himself and he started to take ownership of his own self-perception. Over those weeks he (the man I met in 2009) came back, he started to realise that actually he had a lot to offer any business, he was highly skilled and extremely capable. He could be a valuable asset to any business and he was both marketable and employable. He got a job after four weeks. Not because of our conversation, even though sometimes we all need a little subjective feedback to kick start our rehabilitation to what we truly are and can be, but because he remembered who he was. A good and capable man who finds solutions and delivers positive results and he went out and started to prove himself right.

So in conclusion the answer to ‘What is motivation?’ the answer is as simple as ‘the reason for doing something’. What I hope you get from reading this article is that it is up to you to decide what it is your do. My advice is simple, remember who you are, think about what you have done and can do and see yourself in the most positive way this will ensure you go on to prove yourself right.

I hope you find this article useful in some way.

Regards and good fortune,