Diabetes in Dog, Canine Diabetes Symptoms, Diet, Treatment

Diabetes in dogs becomes a common phenomenon. Diabetes Mellitus or type 2 diabetes affects the dogs. Diabetes also affects obese dogs. The study reveals one in five hundred dogs show the sign of diabetes mellitus. Some dog breeds seem to be more risk prone towards diabetes. These dogs breed can be –

1. Keeshond
2. Poodles
3. Samoyed
4. Daschund
5. Alaskan malamute
6. Miniature schnauzer
7. Chow chow
8. Beagle
9. Doberman
10. Labrador retriever
11. Hungarian puli
12. Golden retriever
13. Miniature pinscher
14. Old English sheepdog
15. Springer spaniel
16. Schipperke
17. Finnish spitz
18. West Highland white terrier
19. Cairn terrier

Canine Diabetes

Canine diabetes include diabetes mellitus in comparable to people with diabetes, and diabetes insipidus. Both diabetes belong to endocrine diseases group. The body system that produces the hormone becomes defective causing canine diseases, diabetes. Kidney controls water resorption relating to antidiuretic hormone, vasopressin, lacking of this system, Diabetes Insipidus occurs. Diabetes mellitus is based on insulin deficiency. Hormones play the crucial role in sugar metabolism, and these features are common in two types mostly.

Canine diabetes is categorized in two branches. These are congenital type and acquired type. The congenital type is immature, comparing to type 1 diabetes and the acquired type is mature relating to type 2 diabetes. The canine diabetes mellitus requires insulin and it is comparable to type 2 in human being, terming as IDDM.

Symptoms

The symptoms of dog diabetes can be –
1. Lethargy
2. Excessive water consumption
3. Too much urination
4. Incomprehensible weight gain or loss

Lethargy is a common symptom of many dog diseases but always not for diabetes.
Diet

Some veterinarians like to formulate anti-diabetes diet for young dog. The same diet plan does not include all dogs with diabetes. Dogs suffering from some problems in pancreas had better leave high-fat foods. The canned foods are to be omitted from the diet plan and vet will take care of this dieting. Fiber-rich foods can help dogs digest and absorb carbohydrate better. Carbohydrate reduces the glucose content in the blood. Blood glucose level rises up after the each meal. Feed dogs high fiber foods; it can reduce the high blood glucose level.

Natural herbs and teas can be included in the diet plan of the dogs with diabetic. These can be –
1. Bejak
2. Vinegar
3. Karela
4. Cinnamon
5. Gurmar
6. Grapefruit
7. Herbal extracts

Treatment

Veterinarians prefer Vetsulin for canine diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Vetsulin is composed of 30% amorphous insulin and 70% crystalline insulin. The first thirty percent actively raises high in four hours after the injection, and lasts up to eight hours. The rest 70% acts slowly and raises high in eleven hours.

Glipizide is another option. It uses to control the blood sugar level. To use for animals FDA has not approved it yet. It contains sulfonylurea, an effective anti-diabetic agent. Based on mild cases and severe cases, the diabetes remedies will take place. In mild cases, simple diet moderation and necessary drugs can come, and in severe cases, insulin injections requires.

The Importance Of Optimism!

In our last article, high achievers were simply defined as having a predisposition towards perpetual action. To begin and see through what they resolved to do, no matter what.

This leads one to ponder the reasons why so few act. What separates the doers from the rest of the pack? Extensive research points to the reasons why winners keep winning.

Winners think optimistically, no matter what!

There is this law, the First Law of Thermodynamics that we must understand. Put simply, the law states that everything in our Universe tends towards chaos.

Businesses will fail, investments will make losses, relationships from time-to-time will prove challenging. I read somewhere recently that the average self-made millionaire goes close to or becomes bankrupt on average, 3.2 times. Isn’t that amazing?

Optimism allows us to move on, despite our setbacks, despite our bruises. There are no failures if we learn and decide to bounce back from such obstacles. Failures are only failures if we decide to remain defeated..

The word “optimism” gives us some more clues here. ‘Opt’ equates to choice. Each one of us has a choice, to see things pessimistically (glass half empty) or optimistically (half full).

In 480 BC, a brave band of 300 Spartans decided to defend democracy at the pass of Thermopylae against a force of 200,000 Persians. The Persian general, Hidarnes warned his Spartan counterpart Leonidas, that his army’s arrows would be so thick that they would block out the sunlight. Leonidas welcomed the dilemma, answering that his men would happily fight in the shade! The Spartans held the pass long enough to later thwart the Persian advance at Platea. Optimism.

Winners are winners because they have embraced failure. It’s not what happens to them that determines their rewards. It’s how they perceive events.

Martin Seligman, in his latest offering. “Learned Optimism” states that champions view negative events as being one off incidents, whereas losers think of them as being permanent and pervasive, here to stay. Losers allow setbacks to affect them long term, thus nullifying future attempts to move forward.

So what if you have made mistakes in the past. Hey, welcome to the species …Homo sapiens. We all fall on the side of error. Embrace life’s challenges and its associated setbacks. How else do you think you will grow? How else would you learn? Be grateful.

Key Questions:

The most important conversation you will ever have is that with YOURSELF. What are you saying to yourself? Ninety-five percent of what happens to you depends on it.

Even more importantly, what are you exposing your mind to? The incoming noises from people, media, the environment – what messages are they delivering? Are they negative or positive?

Get out off negative situations, negative people, and the negative news. Start feeding your mind with positive nutrients. Good books, programs, events, most importantly people. Eagles don’t fly with turkeys.

A Little-Known Secret on Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

What would you do if you were suddenly free from your pain, bleeding, abnormal weight gain and other ovarian cysts symptoms?

Drift back in time when you didn’t have to mind the little things such as going to the ladies’ room and doing your thing, or being around your friends and family, confident that they don’t have to worry about you. If there exists a possibility of getting back the body and the quality of life that you once had, would you go for it?

When it comes to the treatment of ovarian cysts, everybody knows that the first things that pop up in their minds are either surgery or hormonal treatment. And they’re not the only first, they’re also the last options you have – according to most of the doctors that you meet in your lifetime.

But did you know that 95.6% of all women who undergo treatment of ovarian cysts conventionally end up worse than when they started?

What you should be aware of is that ovarian cysts are a signal that something is wrong inside your body… and should be taken cared of first, before trying to deal with it from the outside. The medical community oftentimes has gotten this process backwards and (I know you’re well aware of this if it happened to you) focuses more on managing the symptoms instead of finding the root cause and seeking for a cure. Some people call it the “band-aid” approach. And most women are living with a lot of these “band-aids”, hoping that they get well soon, when you and I know better that one of two things will just happen: hormonal pills cannot prevent future cysts from developing and surgery may have an immediate (but equally painful) solution, but it will not help prevent future ones from recurring.

That’s why when it comes to the best treatment of ovarian cysts, one should never overlook the natural ways which prove to be safer and can be done from the security of your own home. Not to mention the fact that they cost less than a couple of “hello and good-bye” visits to your doctor!

Consider for example, drinking water and herbal teas more regularly than usual. The reason some women experience ovarian cysts is due to a dehydration issue. Increasing your vitamin and fiber intake – all simple adjustments if you look at it – can miraculously prevent future cysts from recurring. For your abdominal pain, you can try applying heat to the said area which can be done through a heating pad or by taking a warm bath.

There are other lifestyle changing habits that you should know about, which when done properly, can effectively shrink your cyst and as you may know, when you successfully treat the root cause, the chances of your cysts to come back are close, if not equivalent to zero.

Obesity and overweight in Children, Teens and Adults

Obesity and overweight are referred as the accumulation of excess fat content in the body. Obesity and overweight occurs when the body consumes more calories than it burns.

Body mass index is generally used by the medical practitioner to confirm the obesity and over weight in the body. Body mass index is a table form used to calculate the overweight and obesity in children, teens and adults. Body mass index plays the key role in defining the basal Metabolism rate . If your body system faces low metabolism rate, then your body faces problems in several process like digestion, regulation of blood and fat conversion. Due to this problems you body will be gaining more over weight and obesity.

Body mass index table is useful in calculating the measure of obesity and overweight for children, teenagers and adults. It is used as a rough guide by all the medical practitioners.

Defining over weight and obesity:

Overweight: If the BMI is equal to or greater than 25 kg/m2 then it is considered as overweight.

Severe obesity
: if the body mass index (BMI) is more than 40 kg/m2 then it is considered as severe obesity.

Morbid obesity
: If the BMI rate ranges between 40.0 kg/m2 to 49.9 kg/m2 then it is considered as morbid obesity.

Super obesity
: if the BMI rate is greater than 50 kg/m2 then it is considered as super obese.

Information about over weight and obesity: From the statistical records of WHO (world health organization), they are around 1.6 million teens were facing overweight and 400 million adults were facing obesity problem. And 20 million children around the age of 5 years were facing overweight problem. There will be increase in death rate by 50% in next ten years.

World health organization made an estimation factor, that is by 2015 there will be 700 million people in the world will be facing obesity problem and 2.3 billion teens will be facing overweight problem. These overweight and obesity problems are like an epidemicdisease in both developed/undeveloped nations.

Causes of overweight and obesity:

The modern life styles, fat food transitions, less physical activity jobs, technology in office and home and increase in use of transport are the factors driving overweight and obesity.

Common health consequences by over weight and obesity are:

• Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon and throat cancer.
• Osteoarthritis
• Heart disease
• Type-1,Type 2 diabetes
• Breathing difficulties (asthma).
• Fatty liver disease
• Gallbladder disease
• Chronic Venus insufficiency
• Deep vein thrombosis
• Arthritis
• Musculoskeletal disorders
.
Prevention of overweight and obesity: By following these steps overweight and obesity can be prevented in the early stages of the occurrence.

• Take less calories and burn more calories
• Take protein diet food
• Stop alcohols and drugs
• Maintain balance weight
• Perform physical exercise
• Avoid taking fat content foods
• Avoid beverages which contain high sugar kevels.
• Take calorie deficit foods like fruits and vegetables.

Obesity and overweight in children, teenagers and adults are measured by using the rough guide of body mass index table. A body mass index table defines the difference between overweight and obesity. Health risk problems caused by both overweight and obese are common in nature. Prevention of overweight and obesity is must and should in the early stage to lead a healthy life without any health problems.

Simple Home Remedies For Piles And How To Keep You Safe From Them

Today many individuals experience complications with piles but aren’t aware of the numerous options available to treat them in an effective and natural way. A short introduction into the various reasons for their formation may let us realize why home remedies for piles can help relief the symptoms.

Women, for instance, are commonly affected by piles because of the weight of the baby during pregnancy. Other possible causes can come from pressuring when having constipated bowel movements, being overweight or sitting for a long period of time. Sometimes, even a continual diarrhea might raise the risk of getting piles.

Piles are usually located outside the anus area (external) or within the anus canal (internal). Individuals aged 35 and over are more likely to get them and a statistical prognosis foretold that nearly half of the people aged 50 and over had them.

With that being said, it`s now time to take a view at the home remedies for piles. It is important to keep in mind that the following remedies to treat piles are not meant to be replaced with medical suggestions of a specialist.

Taking a fiber-rich diet.

A fiber-rich diet is a nice alternative to home remedies for piles. It ideally consists of whole grain (whole grain breads, pasta) and oat (oatmeal, oat cereals) products, fruits (with the nutrient rich skin of apples and pears), vegetables (beans, broccoli, carrots, avocados) and nuts. All these foods can contribute to our digestive health and decrease the changes of constipation.

Increase the stool routine.

It is recommended to visit the toilet as soon as the next bowel movement is due to take. This will ensure a clean and steady workflow inside our colon and minimize the possibility of getting a hard stool, one of the major causes that leads to piles due to pressuring. Straining sessions should be avoided as they could make the damage of existing piles even worse.

A method that works is to visit the toilet at the same time frame regularly. For example, set a specific time for the next toilet visit after taking lunch. This schedule is simple to follow and will program your digestive process accordingly.

Maintain a healthy weight.

Experts tend to say that being overweight might not only cause constipation, but also piles as a possible consequence. To possess an ideal body weight is important for many other health factors as well.

Our body needs lots of water.

Drinking plenty of plain water is beneficial not only to our digestive system, it also helps purify our body from harmful bacteria.

Be fit.

You should keep your body active by training, walking, engaging in regular sport activities etc..

Body fitness literally forces our digestive organs to work smoothly thus granting us a clean bowel movement.

By following these simple yet effective home remedies for piles, you can expect at least a relief in your pain area.

Dog Diarrhea – A Comprehensive Guide

If you’ve got a dog, then chances are, he or she has had diarrhea at some point. Not only is dog diarrhea an inconvenient mess, it is an indicator that something could be seriously wrong with your pet’s health.

Remember: diarrhea that worsens, becomes more frequent, lasts longer than 24 hours, or is accompanied by a fever or lethargic behavior is an indicator that your dog needs to be seen by a veterinarian right away. Do not wait to call the vet – it is much better to call and find out that your dog will be fine, than to wait and discover that you let the symptoms go untreated for too long.

Here are some common types of dog diarrhea, and some of the things that might be causing your puppy or dog to be suffering from diarrhea symptoms.

Yellowish or Greenish Color – This type of dog diarrhea is often very foul smelling, and can have a liquid consistency. It is often an indicator that something your dog has eaten has traveled rapidly through his system, and that the body is trying to eliminate it quickly. If your dog has a habit of eating garbage or has found something disgusting to chew on, like a dead animal, this could be what is causing diarrhea.

Yellowish With Mucous and Blood Streaks – Any time you see blood in your dog’s stools, you should be alarmed. This type of diarrhea can indicate a bacterial infection like Coccidia or Giardia. If it worsens quickly and is accompanied by vomiting, it could be Parvo. Get your dog to the vet right away to give him the best chance at survival.

Bloody, Foul Smelling Diarrhea – Very bloody dog diarrhea is usually an indicator of Parvovirus. By the time most dogs get to this stage they have less than twenty-four hours to live, unless emergency treatment is given immediately. Dogs with Parvo are lethargic, and are unable to keep anything down without vomiting. Bundle your dog up, and get him or her to the vet right away.

Black Tarry Diarrhea – Diarrhea that looks black or tarry probably contains digested blood from the dogs’ own digestive tract. This could be an indicator of a serious illness, and your vet will probably need to run a blood panel to determine what is wrong with your pet.

Foamy Diarrhea – Very light, foamy dog diarrhea can be an indicator of a bacterial infection, especially if it is yellowish or greenish in color. If your dog has no appetite, is vomiting or appears to be lethargic, and has watery or foamy stools, he or she could have an internal obstruction. Veterinarians remove things like chunks of rawhide chew, shreds of fabric, pieces of plastic from garbage or a toy that the dog has destroyed, and even objects like coins from dogs’ intestines every day. Many dogs, especially puppies, will ingest just about anything – so don’t be surprised if your vet wants to take x-rays to see whether there is an obstruction in cases like this.

Pale, Grey Colored Diarrhea – If your dog has very pale colored diarrhea on a regular basis, this could indicate that he or she has an internal illness. Pale dog diarrhea is often seen in dogs who are suffering from liver disease. The vet will probably conduct a blood panel to see what is causing the diarrhea, and will then prescribe a course of treatment.

Remember, parasites and bacteria can often be transmitted to humans and other pets via contact with contaminated surfaces. Talk to your vet about how to sanitize your pet’s area, and be sure to get rid of anything that has come into contact with diarrhea.

How To Deal With Chigger Bites

One of the most frustrating insect bite rash is that from chiggers. Once a chigger bites you, it causes itching that is very severe. After you’re bitten, you develop reddish bumpy rashes or pimples around the ankles, and waist. Treating chigger bites involves taking care of the itching. At night the itching can become extreme, so it is important to treat the symptoms of chigger bites before it becomes worst. Constant scratching at the rash site can cause a secondary skin infection to occur, adding another layer to your misery.

Often people treat these itchy sites with antihistamine creams and cortisone lotions. The rashes caused by the chigger bites themselves will go away without any extra treatment, but as stated before, it’s the itching that needs the most attention. Other than common anti-itch creams, aspirin dissolved in warm water and applied to the bumps can work as well. Some people use nail polish and others say that applying lice medications help. Once you have treated the itching, you need to take care of the chiggers. That means removing them from your lawn. Chiggers tend to produce in the summer and fall months. One of the best remedies for removing chiggers from your outdoor space is sulfur pellets. Chigger do not like the smell of these organic pellets, and the best thing is that there aren’t any harmful chemicals. Another treatment to consider for your yard is beneficial nematodes. These organisms attack and feed on the chigger larvae by entering its body. In about 48 hours the chigger larvae will die, and then the nematode will go to the next one.

While you are treating your yard area for the chiggers, it would be wise to avoid the area until you are sure the have been removed or killed. If the chigger bites and subsequent rash are more than you can bear, consult with your physician. Your doctor can diagnose the cause by looking at the rash. He or she can prescribe something stronger to treat chigger bites or medicine for any infection that may have occurred. Stay calm during the extreme itchiness and know that it will pass.

10 Utensils Common In Food Preparation In Africa

There are utensils in food preparation and in cooking that are unique to Africa. Here are a few!

1. Cooking Pot

In modern Africa, many families have switched to using cooking utensils made of metallic, ceramic and other materials, especially when using modern cooking fires such as electric or gas fires. However, the traditional earthenware cooking pot still remains a favourite for many.

The traditional cooking pot is made of clay, and then fired in a kiln. The processes involved in producing a cooking pot and a water pot are different, since a water pot only needs to keep water cool and not withstand the fire.

The traditional cooking pot is often used over an open fire, such as a wood fire, or at a hearth, or over a charcoal burner. The earthy smell of the cooking pot lends a unique flavour to the food. Fresh beans or meat simmered in a pot have quite a different flavour to when cooked in a metallic saucepan.

The insulatory qualities of the clay pot also slow down the cooking process, which further enhances the flavour of the food.

2. Mortar and Pestle

A mortar and pestle used to be standard equipment in many African households, and often still are. A mortar and pestle were used when pounding grain such as millet or sorghum to separate the chaff from the grain.

In western Africa, cooked yam or cocoyam is also pounded into foo-foo. In Uganda, roasted groundnuts are pounded into odii paste, while raw groundnuts are pounded into ebinyewa groundnut powder.

The Africa mortar and pestle are large for heavy duty pounding, differing from their counterpart common in western cooking, which is a small utensil for gently rubbing spices.

3. Mingling Stick

Most African kitchens have a mingling stick, or indeed a whole collection of them. They are made of wood, and come in all sizes and many different shapes. The most common is the wooden mingling stick with a flat head, used to stir food, but more often to mingle posho, ugali or kuon – maize meal or millet meal bread.

Every woman has a favourite mingling stick, which she claims produces the best results!

4. Gourd

In many communities, a gourd is a special and very handy utensil. A gourd is a climbing plant, which produces a long or round fruit. When this fruit matures and dries, it makes a very useful container. A ripe gourd is often brown or golden in colour. The woody inside is then hollowed out and cleaned.

The Kalenjin of western Kenya use their gourds to ferment milk in. And of course, every woman has her own favourite gourd.

When a gourd is cut lengthwise into two, one then has two calabashes, which are very useful for serving drinks. The clean, woody smell of drinking water in a calabash is quite unique. In northern Uganda,visitors were often served homemade beer in calabashes.

Several ethnic communities in Africa also use calabashes as musical instruments, including the Acoli of northern Uganda and communities in western Africa, such as in Mali.

6. Winnowing Tray

A winnowing tray – or several – is still a treasured utensil in many African homes. A winnowing tray is woven out of reeds, and is useful for sorting grain. After pounding or threshing, maize, millet, sorghum, rice, simsim and groundnuts are then winnowed in a tray to separate the grain from the chaff.

In some communities, special reed trays are also used to serve food for festive occasions.

7. Grinding Stone

In many communities, a grinding stone was the centre piece in the kitchen. Some homesteads had a grinding hut or house, where various grinding stones of various sizes were housed, for grinding millet, sorghum, or odii. Grinding stones have gradually been replaced by mills.

8. Knives

Like in any other cuisine, knives are important in African food preparation too. However, traditional knives differed from modern ones. In Uganda for example, a short, double-edged knife was popular for peeling matoke – cooking banana – and for scaling fish or skinning slaughtered animals.

9. Sieve

Every cuisine in the world uses sieves. Sieves in Africa are now mostly made of metal or plastic. Traditionally, they were woven out of soft reeds. They were used to sieve flour, or beer, before serving it.

10. Shards

In many homes, shards from broken pots and broken calabashes were valued utensils. In the Acoli culture for example, calabash shards were treasured for smoothing out millet bread before serving. Apparently, nothing did quite as well as a piece of broken calabash. And of course, every woman had her favourite shards!

Winnowing trays, mingling sticks, gourds, sieves, calabashes and cooking pots were and still often are included in the gifts a new bride receives to set up her household.

As new foods, and new methods of food preparation establish themselves on the continent, new utensils will also replace the old ones. Indeed, the new labour-saving devices are welcome everywhere.

However, one cannot always quite deny the charm of the traditional African cooking utensils.

Bloated Stomach After Heart Surgery – Healing Tips

Heart surgery is one of the more serious and involved types of surgery that you can undergo. While there is a variety of heart surgery procedures, all of them should be taken seriously – and all of them require some significant recovery and healing time.

Of course, there can be major complications after heart surgery, including stroke, heart attack, serious bleeding, skin graft failure, and loss of life. Fortunately, these complications are quite rare.

There also are a number of possible minor complications that you can experience after heart surgery, including: nausea, vomiting, minor infections, slight bleeding, scar formation, allergic skin reactions, numbness… and a bloated stomach. Bloated stomach problems could be caused by fluid build-up, excessive gas, constipation, or other conditions.

If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned major or minor complications after heart surgery, it is important that you consult with your doctor to ask him or her for treatment options.

Among the minor complications that you can experience after heart surgery, one of the most uncomfortable is having a bloated stomach. This condition can be accompanied by a distended stomach (that protrudes outward more than normal), accompanied with a general feeling of discomfort in the stomach area.

The following techniques can be tried to reduce the effects of a bloated stomach after heart surgery:

1. One of the causes of your problems could be constipation. If this is the cause of your bloating, try eating more high-fiber cereals, fruit and vegetables. And, be sure to drink 6-8 glasses of water each day.

2. Bloating is often caused by poor digestion. To improve your digestion, try eating more slowly. Chew your food thoroughly, and eat several small snacks or meals throughout the day.

3. Chewing gum can, believe it or not, contribute to improved bowel activity.

4. Try drinking warm tea a few times per day.

5. Consider using hot packs to relieve symptoms of gas and bloating.

6. Over-the-counter medicines like Maalox and Gas-X can help keep bloating to a minimum, while keeping your bowels moving.

7. If motility (movement of food through your digestion system) continues to be a concern, your doctor may decide to conduct a medication review to determine whether your medications may be playing a part in your bloating problems.

8. If the problems persist, a full gastro-intestinal (GI) evaluation may help your doctor to better evaluate this symptom.

9. In serious cases, your doctor may admit you to the hospital to have tubes inserted into your nose, stomach or rectum to relieve the pressure of excess gasses or fluids in the body.

10. Try taking an acidophilus supplement (found in many yogurts and some types of mil), as this will help restore the balance of the friendly bacteria in the bowel.

11. Finally, if your bloating is indeed caused by digestion problems, avoid the following foods: meats, dairy products, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, beans and legumes, cauliflower, onions, prunes, dark beer, red wine, carbonated drinks, sugar, and fried or fatty foods

Stomach discomfort and bloating after heart surgery could be caused by fluid build-up, gas or both. Check with your doctor for suggested remedies. And, try these suggested methods for reducing the symptoms and causes of bloated stomach after heart surgery.

Simple Tips to Get Rid of Cold Sores

Cold Sore is blisters which form around the lips caused by the herpes simplex virus type I. The herpes simplex virus usually is contracted through a sore or break in the skin in or around the mouth. Herpes simplex virus will be transmitted when they contact breaks in another person’s skin. Cold sore is an unpleasant condition caused by herpes simplex virus which cannot be cured and it remains in the body forever. Herpes virus hides in the nervous system and they can wait inside the nervous system for days, months, or even years.

Cold sore is quite different from canker sores, a condition people sometimes associate them with. Cold sore is a highly contagious disease especially in the lesion phase. You have to avoid kissing, sharing the same utensils, cups and through a common touch of the infected person.

You can get rid of a cold sore quickly with Abreva. You can avoid a full blown breakout by applying Abreva almost every hour as soon as you feel any tingling. Remember that you have to wash your hand before and after application.

Ice is the most common treatment for cold sore. You may send the virus back into hibernation. Ice the area two or three times a day for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. Ice available almost anywhere you might be when you feel a cold sore coming on.

Lysine supplements should only be taken in response to a recommendation by a medical
professional. Lysine, is an amino acid that comes by supplements or from the food you eat because our body does not produce it naturally. Foods that are high in lysine help conquer the recurrence of cold sores.

Get adequate amount of vitamins, and proteins. Intake of vitamin B complex and folic acid are particularly beneficial. Healthy diet can help to shield you from the viruses.
Infection can decrease along with the proper diet, exercise and adequate amount of sleep.

Stress Management – Medical Risks of Stress

What is Stress?

Stress may be defined as the three-way relationship between demands on people, our feelings about those demands and our ability to cope with them. Stress is most likely to occur in situations where:

1. Demands are high.

2. The amount of control we have is low.

3. There is limited support or help available for us.

Who is Affected Most by Stress?

Virtually all people experience stressful events or situations that overwhelm our natural coping mechanisms. And although some people are biologically prone to stress, many outside factors influence susceptibility as well.

Studies indicate that some people are more vulnerable to the effects of stress than others. Older adults; women in general, especially working mothers and pregnant women; less-educated people; divorced or widowed people; people experiencing financial strains such as long-term unemployment; people who are the targets of discrimination; uninsured and underinsured people; and people who simply live in cities all seem to be particularly susceptible to health-related stress problems.

People who are less emotionally stable or have high anxiety levels tend to experience certain events as more stressful than healthy people do. And the lack of an established network of family and friends predisposes us to stress-related health problems such as heart disease and infections. Caregivers, children and medical professionals are also frequently found to be at higher risk for stress-related disorders.

Job-related stress is particularly likely to be chronic because it is such a large part of life. Stress reduces a worker’s effectiveness by impairing concentration, causing sleeplessness and increasing the risk of illness, back problems, accidents and lost time. At its worst extremes, stress that places a burden on our hearts and circulation can often be fatal. The Japanese have a word for sudden death due to overwork: karoushi.

Medical Affects of Chronic Stress

The stress response of the body is like an airplane readying for take-off. Virtually all systems, such as the heart and blood vessels, the immune system, the lungs, the digestive system, the sensory organs, and the brain are modified to meet the perceived danger.

A stress-filled life really seems to raise the odds of heart disease and stroke down the road. Researchers have found that after middle-age, those who report chronic stress face a somewhat higher risk of fatal or non-fatal heart disease or stroke over the years. It is now believed that constant stress takes its toll on our arteries, causing chronically high levels of stress hormones and pushing people to maintain unhealthy habits like smoking.

Stressed-out men are twice as likely as their peers to die of a stroke. There are weaker such findings among women, which is likely due to the fairly low number of heart disease and stroke cases among women, rather than a resistance to the health effects of chronic stress. Women seem slightly more susceptible to the effects of stress than men.

Simply put, too much stress puts you at dire risk for health problems. Whether it comes from one event or the buildup of many small events, stress causes major physical alterations that often lead to health problems. Here is a list of some of these changes:

• Our heart rates increase, to move blood to our muscles and brains.

• Our blood pressures go up.

• Our breathing rates increase.

• Our digestion slows down.

• Our perspiration increases.

• We feel a rush of strength at first, but over time stress makes us feel weak.

These reactions helped our ancestors survive threats by preparing for either “fight or flight.” Today, our bodies still react the same way, but the events that cause stress do not require this ancient mechanism.

Stress can also greatly raise our risk of:

• Ulcers and digestive disorders

• Headaches

• Migraine headaches

• Backaches

• Depression

• Suicide

• High blood pressure

• Stroke

• Heart attack

• Alcohol and drug dependencies

• Allergies and skin diseases

• Cancer

• Asthma

• Depressed immune system

• More colds and infections

We have to learn ways to relieve stress, because when it goes on for very long or happens too often, it obviously can cause many serious health problems.

Infectious Diseases of Scalp and Hair

There are two main types of hair and scalp diseases: infectious and non-infectious. Infectious diseases are those that they can go contagiously from one man to another. The most common examples of them are: impetigo, head-lice, ringworm, scabies, warts and some more.

Severity of these infections and their danger to surrounding people may differ greatly. Therefore, it is of primary importance to note the symptoms, define the cause and begin the proper treatment as soon as possible. For this purpose, let’s have a look at some common infectious diseases of the scalp and hair.

Impetigo. This is a highly infectious disease that is most common among children. The cause of it is bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus/pyogenes) that enters through cut or injured head-skin. Impetigo is characterized by large moist blisters that gradually dry and form a yellow crust.

Scabies. Scabies is an ectoparasite skin infection that is caused by a small animal mite that can burrow through the scalp and lay eggs there. It is characterized by itchy rash and reddish spots and burrows on the scalp.

Warts. Warts are little raised lumps, which are typically found on hands and feet, but can occur on the head-skin as well. The cause of this infection is a human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread by direct contact with the infected person.

Ringworm. This one is also known as Tinea capitis. It is a highly infectious scalp disease that is characterized by pink patches that gradually develop into round areas with damaged hairs. The cause of this infection is the fungus that can be spread directly or indirectly through combs and brushes, clothes and towels.

Head-lice. This is very infectious disease caused by small wingless parasitic insects (head-lice) that spend their entire life on the scalp, lay eggs, reproduce and suck human blood. This infection is very common in children.

Folliculitis. Folliculitis is an infectious inflammation of hair follicles caused by bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) that enter the scalp through scratching or by direct contact with the infected person.

These are common infectious diseases and conditions of the scalp and hair. If you suspect that you may have one of these disorders, you must instantly seek medical advice from either a doctor

or a trichologist.

Psoriasis & Its Herbal Treatment

Psoriasis is a disease whose main symptom is gray or silvery flaky patches on the skin which are red and inflamed underneath. In the United States, it affects 2 to 2.6 percent of the population, or between 5.8 and 7.5 million people. Commonly affected areas include the scalp, elbows, knees, arms, stomach and back. Psoriasis is autoimmune in origin, and is not contagious. Around a quarter of people with psoriasis also suffer from psoriatic arthritis, which is similar to rheumatoid arthritis in its effects. Psoriasis was first given that name in complete differentiation from other skin conditions by the Austrian dermatologist Ferdinand von Hebra in 1841, although there are what are believed to be descriptions of the disease in sources going back to ancient Roman and possibly even biblical times.

Types of Psoriasis:

Plaque psoriasis
Skin lesions are red at the base and covered by silvery scales.

Also known as Classis Psoriasis or Psoriasis Vulgaris. The most common form of psoriasis, affecting about 80% of people with the disease. People with plaque psoriasis have raised, red, inflamed areas of skin-called plaques-often on the scalp, knees, elbows, chest, or back. These inflamed plaques of skin are covered by a silvery-white buildup called scale. It will often reoccur and its cause is not fully understood, although it is generally considered to be an autoimmune disease.

Pustular psoriasis
Blisters of noninfectious pus appear on the skin. Attacks of pustular psoriasis may be triggered by medications, infections, stress, or exposure to certain chemicals.

Guttate psoriasis
Small, teardrop shaped lesions appear on the trunk, limbs, and scalp. Guttate psoriasis is most often triggered by upper respiratory infections (for example, a sore throat caused by streptococcal bacteria).

The second most common form of psoriasis, characterized by small, pink or red drops on the skin. This type of psoriasis may cover a large portion of the body and is usually found on the chest, back, arms, or legs. It appears after a bacterial infection such as strep throat, especially in younger patients. Some cases go away without treatment in a few weeks, while many cases are more persistent and require treatment.

Psoriatic arthritis
Joint and connective tissue inflammation that produces symptoms of arthritis in patients who have or will develop psoriasis.

Inverse psoriasis (or “Flexural psoriasis”)
Smooth, red patches occur in the folds of the skin near the genitals, under the breasts, or in the armpits. The symptoms may be worsened by friction, sweating and/or the presence of yeast or fungal infections. It is called inverse psoriasis because it occurs in moist areas, areas that aren’t normally affected by classic psoriasis.

Erythrodermic psoriasis
Widespread reddening and exfoliation of the skin that may form the initial outbreak of psoriasis, but is more often the result of exacerbation of unstable plaque psoriasis, particularly under the triggering effect of: abrupt withdrawal of systemic treatment, use of systemic steroids or excessive use of high potency topical steroids corticosteroids (cortisone) or in a koebner response to a widespread allergic reaction or severe sunburn. This form of psoriasis can be genuinely dangerous, since the extreme inflammation and exfoliation interfere with the body’s ability to regulate temperature and perform other barrier functions.

Effect on the Quality of Life:

Individuals with psoriasis may experience significant physical discomfort and some disability. Itching and pain can interfere with basic functions, such as self-care, walking, and sleep. Plaques on hands and feet can prevent individuals from working at certain occupations, playing some sports, and caring for family members or a home. The frequency of medical care is costly and can interfere with an employment or school schedule. People with moderate to severe psoriasis may feel self-conscious about their appearance and have a poor self-image that stems from fear of public rejection and psychosexual concerns. Psychological distress can lead to significant depression and social isolation.

Causes:

Psoriasis is driven by the immune system, especially involving a type of white blood cell called a T cell. Normally, T cells help protect the body against infection and disease. T cells help create scabs over wounds. In the case of psoriasis, T cells are put into action by mistake and become so active that they trigger other immune responses, which lead to inflammation and to rapid turnover of skin cells. Most recently, the natural or innate immune system has been found to be highly implicated. Non-specific natural responses of the skin immune system, and virtually every subsystem of that, are activated in psoriasis. Epidermal cells up on the surface of the skin, forming itchy patches or plaques. The first outbreak of psoriasis is sometimes triggered by emotional or mental stress or physical skin injury, but heredity is a major factor as well. In about one-third of the cases, there is a family history of psoriasis. Researchers have studied a large number of families affected by psoriasis and identified genes linked to the disease. (Genes govern every bodily function and determine the inherited traits passed from parent to child.) People with psoriasis may notice that there are times when their skin worsens, then improves. Conditions that may cause flareups include infections, stress, and changes in climate that dry the skin. Also, certain medicines, including Lithium salt and beta blockers, which are prescribed for high blood pressure, may trigger an outbreak or worsen the disease. Other autoimmune diseases such as HIV/AIDS may significantly worsen the symptoms of psoriasis. Alcohol consumption and obesity may also worsen the condition.

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Export Processing Zones (EPZs) and Their Effects on the Growth of the "Globalization Project"

Allow me to begin this article by simply introducing some basic definitions. In general, the globalization project is referred to as the actions taken place by the government to participate in the world economy, usually through liberalization; giving out freedom of trade and cutting off custom restrictions. The process of expansion of international trade and financial flow, as well as flow of production factors for an economy such as foreign direct investments are the main acts under the globalization project in an economic sense. Some statistics available show that this global movement -the globalization project -has raised the living standards for many, benefitting people all across the world. But I would have to mention that at the same time, it also has promoted poverty across the globe (which will be discussed in this article as it continues). The globalization project has many aspects to itself which one in particular could be defined as the development of EPZs, the neoliberal economical approach towards the global market and adjustments plans such as the ones used at the time of debt crises.

Since the economic crisis in the west in the 1980s (will attend to this point as we continue with the rest of the article), export processing zones have become a very important part of neoliberalism development strategy, which once again falls under the globalization project. Entry to the global market appears to be a very tempting opportunity for many countries since it attracts foreign markets and raises the GDP, the income of the government through attraction of foreign currencies and the number of sales of the domestic goods on a greater scale. The improvements in sales of a country are relevant to the supply and demand figures for domestic products. The fact that the consumer demand rises when the market is expanded helps a country to increase its exports. EPZs are a well known method for the governments to gain easy access to the global market. Export processing zones are defined areas of a country that are designed to attract foreign investments accordingly; based what explained previously. The efforts start where government regulation, taxes and trade tariffs are lifted or are reduced. It is believed that through the entry in the world market, the economy of any country would benefit impressively without any losses, but when examined, globalization has some negative aspects towards the such nations. Such examples could be mentioned as: downgrading the social goals of the national development of a country and favouring the rich in order to help them earn more profit while the poor suffer even more. Thus, one could simply say that the acts of globalization promote poverty indirectly.

Practically, export processing zones (EPZs) are used as a strategy to promote economic development; therefore, EPZs are connected to the globalization subject through the elaboration of such developments. The goal of globalization is more varied that what it seems it would be. It could have been addressed to as the development of economy on the global scale, while the internals, national developments of a country are not much affected by the project. EPZs are helpful in order to achieve this goal and they allow countries reach out into the international market despite the negative aspect of employment and wages that EPZs might bring for the nations involved. The role of the state in labour-management relations and the type of workers employed in these export zones is another factor that could relate the growth of globalization project to EPZs. These roles are some critical variables which might affect the state’s capability to maximize the economic potential of EPZs, resulting in earning more money/profit. Then again the lack of regulations in these trade zones comes at a great cost to workers, affecting their rights, health issues and security, environmental standards of the workplace and social protections. Governments might increase their profits, but they may face some internal issues in the future instead. People at the EPZs are hired through short term contracts (example would be like three months contracts) which increases the amount of employee turnover is such regions. Companies in the EPZs also deny additional trainings for the workers. Not only this would increase the rage among the employees, but it would also create unrest; workers would more likely go on riots, especially since they want to obtain permanent jobs in comparison to a job that could let them off at any time. Ergo low-grade jobs are created at these countries. The solution to such a problem would be creating a production line. If manufacturing takes place, a need for high skilled employees and personnel would appear that demand higher wages. In this scenario, a multiplier effect on employment is taking place which expands the domestic market. This helps out such nations to develop much quicker and better, just like what the western nations did in order to achieve independency in their development stage/project.

The export processing zones/free trade zones tend to be an attraction for the capitalism ideology. They have minimal custom control and domestic taxes which help businesses benefit much more from their sales. Another attraction of EPZs is the negotiation option available to the employees. EPZs allow labour forces to organize themselves freely and bargain collectively, but mostly in the favour of the business though. Another factor would be that multinational firms involved in the globalization project benefit by collection of large sums of money earned as profit and are provided immense wealth through EPZs. EPZs encounter countless opportunities of trade with no limits that corporations could use for their benefits. As mentioned in “Development and Social Change” by Philip McMichael, EPZs mean more freedom for the business, but less freedom for people.

Sometimes EPZs are involved in exportation of resources and raw materials, a factor that makes the poor countries involved in the globalization project remain poor. Such nations are forced into exporting their commodities due to many factors which some of such reasons are argued about and are mentioned in this article as the audience follows on reading.

This ideology of neoliberalism uses a factor called debt. Many developing nations are in debt and poverty nowadays, partly due to the policies that some international institutions such as the World Bank or IMF have developed and spread around the globe. Debt is used by the rich nations around the globe to get in touch with the poor countries in order to gain access to their raw materials for cheaper prices. Basically debt management is being used by the wealthy nations as a tool to take away the poor nations independencies, and to make the unfortunate regions dependent on loans. When tariffs are in place, countries focus on the development of internal industries and they compete in order to increase their sales, but when in debt, tariffs and other controls are removed which results in increscent of cheaper exports (especially raw materials) and imports of finalized products from the other nations. When a country is in debt, it is forced to sell its products in mass amounts and for cheaper prices to be able to a pay certain portions of the loan payments as soon as possible. This strategy has affected the living standards of such nations for decades. An example of this trend would go back to the 1970s and 80s, during the “Lost decade”. The world experienced a debt crisis in which highly indebted countries, mostly developing Latin American nations were unable to repay their international debts. Mexico was the first to declare inability to pay off its debt, and the scandal spread to the rest of the world in a blink of an eye. To counter this, “structural adjustment ideology” (liberalization and privatization) was administered, run by IMF and the World Bank. Long-term commercial debts were involved in this situation which was accumulated in the public sector. The governments of such developing nations such as Mexico were not able to repay the money, so financial rescue operations were given priority to and became necessary. The crisis of 1980s was mostly caused by long-term loans that governments took from foreign forces/banks along with some official grants and loans that could have assisted out their nation’s private sector.

Also by the beginning of 1980s the world economy faced recession, and the inflation days were over. USA’s anti-inflation campaign was able to increase dollar’s interest rate in the 1979; therefore, debt service payments rose rapidly. Change in exchange rates was not the only reason behind the crisis though. As mentioned the world was facing a recession, so the demand for exports fell and lower terms of trade was faced. Highly in debt countries faced payment difficulties as the result and the crisis took place. Banks stopped lending out money and loans were terminated. That was where the World Bank and IMF started to financially rescue such nations from their debt problems. New lines of loans were introduced which later on led to the adjustment programs. The assumption was that the private sector would grow strong and would cover up for the debt payments if the role of the state was removed and industries were privatized. Instead such strategies led governments to drown further in debt. The crisis of 1980s was eventually solved though. One factor contributing in solving the dilemma was the discovery of Latin American niche products in the global capitalism. The other solution to the crisis was mostly reduction of the amount of debts owed, or simply cancellation of debts or rescheduling the payment dates by the World Bank.

When countries are highly in debt, they are forced to cut off the money supply on health and other services in order to pay off the debt. Such behaviour is not recommended since it has negative effect on the living standards of such nations. But on a second glance at the situation, the results of such actions seem to favour the western world, so not many people oppose against them. Prevention of such behaviour would cost the advanced countries their positions in the global market along with the other benefits which they may obtain such as enormous amounts of money they earn; therefore, such systematic strategies are still being used in the globalization project.

When countries are in debt, they have limited options to choose from. The IMF and the World Bank tend to provide financial assistance to the nations seeking it. Their debt management plan is to apply a neoliberalism economic ideology in order to retrieve the money loaned. They have come up with structural adjustment plans such as “liberalization” of the economy and resource extraction/export-oriented open markets. They have minimized the role of the state and the have encouraged privatization. The protectionism over domestic industries is revoked. In some cases even currencies are devalued. Even at times, EPZs are constructed and introduced which leads to deregulations, while the standards are reduced or removed. The impact of such conditions on the poor countries could keep them in debt forever, leaving them dependent on the developed countries. Such behaviour towards the poor nations leaves them with no options except for raising more money through more exports, even though they may not be ready to enter the global market yet. In this situation, when a country’s insecurity is high, they may apply for another loan after another. This leads us to observe price wars on a large-scale. The insecurity also leads the poor regions to sell off their resources for cheaper. In such a stage, inspection of the situation reveals that high numbers of exports are also done in order to keep the currencies stable and earn foreign exchange which would help to pay off the debts. The results of such actions leave the government facing such disasters such as social unrest, decrease in the labour value and even depreciation of capital flow. In the worst case, such nations’ economies collapse and the poor country remains poor, or even becomes poorer.

One of the effects of structural adjustment programs on the developing countries is the increase of their exports. Usually commodities and raw materials are exported by the poor nations in such situations. This would lead them to lose out in the global business market when they export such commodities (that are cheaper in comparison to finished goods which they’ll end up importing). Also these nations are effectively blocked or denied from industrial capital and real technology transfer; therefore, not only they lose their raw materials, they do not have the technology to make domestic products neither so they’ll end up importing rather expensive finished products from other nations (due to the added labour costs to make the product from those commodities that they, themselves have sold for cheap). In general, this leads in a low turnover of money for the nation and the country loses cash. The factors mentioned are some of the main reasons that differentiate between developed independent economies and poor dependent regions. The former winner of the Nobel prize for economics and a well-known professor at the Columbia University – USA, Joseph Stiglitz talks about the structural adjustment programs as the following: “the World Bank, at the time of frustration, hands every minister of any poor country the same four-step program described as the following:

1. Privatization. Some politicians are corrupted; therefore, they go ahead with some state sell-offs: “Rather than object to the sell-offs of state industries, they use the World Bank’s demands to silence local critics-happily flogged their electricity and water companies. ‘You could see their eyes widen’ at the prospect of 10% commissions paid to Swiss bank accounts for simply shaving a few billion off the sale price of national assets.”

2. Capital market liberalization. Stiglitz talks about the capital flows which may ruin economies as being “predictable,” and says that “when [the outflow of capital] happens, to seduce speculators into returning a nation’s own capital funds, the IMF demands these nations raise interest rates to 30%, 50% and 80%.”

3. Market-based pricing. “A fancy term for rising prices on food, water and cooking gas which leads, predictably, to Step-Three-and-a-Half: what Stiglitz calls, ‘The IMF riot.’ After such bloody riots, foreign corporations… can then pick off remaining assets, such as the odd mining concession or port, at fire sale prices.”

4. Free trade. “As in the nineteenth century, Europeans and Americans today are kicking down barriers to sales in Asia, Latin American and Africa while barricading our own markets against the Third World’s agriculture, under the guiding hands of IMF structural ‘assistance’. These adjustments have made Africa’s income drop by 23%.”

Seems like the well industrialized countries are forcing open markets on the poor nations, and these attempts are not helping the global market to develop much; instead the rich countries are gaining access to gather cheap raw materials while they are selling off cheap products for higher prices in the poorer regions, making up false promises of their aid and assistance in economic development for such areas instead.

This report indicates that some global institutions such as the World Bank encourage the growth of EPZs since it helps them dominate the countries that are in debt. Although EPZs eliminate the trade barriers and allow countries to exchange goods and money more freely in the global market, they also allow IMF, World Bank and such institutions to gain power on a larger scale. Such actions appear to be problematic. Especially since exports of the poor nations are increased in huge amounts while they do not tend to benefit the nations as they are intended to. These exportations must become cheaper because of all the loans and debts that the poor have gathered over time, to assist the nations to pay off their debts. As a part of structural adjustment programs, the poor regions are globalized against their will and are being used by the advanced nations for their needs. In the conclusion, this kind of scenario benefits the western world and that is why the governing institutions in the globalization project encourage the growth of such acts. They also tend to show their support for the expansion of globalization ideas such as creation of export zones.

Inoperable Heart Disease – Here Are 10 Tips to Find a Solution

If you or a loved one have been confronted with the notion that an inoperable heart condition is threatening your life, you’ll find this article helpful in organizing your thoughts. There are many heart conditions that can affect your heart: coronary blockages, heart valve clogging or leaking, a weak heart muscle, an aneurysm, a tumor or a congenital heart problem. If your doctors told you it is an inoperable condition, do not give up. A second opinion could make all the difference in restoring your quality of life. New minimally invasive techniques, redo operation approaches, intensive care protocols have revolutionized a surgeon’s ability to help even the sickest patients. A successful high risk open heart operation can restore great quality of life in an otherwise hopeless case.

The main issue is that different parts of the country and different hospitals and doctors might have a higher level of expertise in treating your condition with good and reliable results. It is very important not to panic. Take a deep breath and organize your thoughts. There are many reasons why a surgeon or a cardiologist would use the word “inoperable” or “too high risk”. Sometimes it relates to the actual technical difficulty of the operation. Sometimes it has to do with other medical problems (bad lungs, kidneys, liver) that can increase the risk of open heart surgery. At times it is just about a strong bias related to advanced age. Many octagenarians can be successfully operated on with the same excellent outcomes of much younger patients and should not be denied the option to live many more years of a good life just because of their age.

Here is what to do:

  1. Ask both your medical doctor AND the surgeon to explain why your case is inoperable and write down all the details of his/her answer.
  2. Obtain a copy of all your diagnostic study images (CAT scan, left heart catheterization, echocardiogram, EKG) along with their written reports.
  3. Obtain all hospital reports, pertinent blood test results, other consultant opinions.
  4. While you are collecting your information, call another heart surgeon for a second opinion and describe your condition and reasons why you were told you are inoperable.
  5. Ask your doctors to communicate with your second opinion. Do not be shy about it. It is perfectly fine to question decisions that affect your life so much. Your doctors will be glad to discuss your case with another surgeon.
  6. Set up an appointment to see your second opinion in person for a physical exam and a detailed discussion about your options.
  7. This is your time to discuss the balance between risk and benefit related to an open heart operation. Keep this in mind: very often a surgical risk is way better than waiting for a miserable and earlier end of your life if nothing is done about your heart condition.
  8. Get your family or close friends involved in the discussion to help you and support you in your quest and decision.
  9. If your new surgeon feels a surgical option can help you, it is your time to go for it if it makes sense to you.
  10. Never, never, never give up!!