The Truth About Rottweilers

Three years ago I knew virtually nothing about Rottweilers; or more accurately I knew a number of things that weren’t true. For example, I pictured Rottweilers as very aggressive guard dogs that didn’t make good pets and weren’t “people” dogs. Then about three years ago while browsing the internet looking at dogs up for adoption, my daughter fell in love with “Jade”, a two-year old three-legged female Rottie at a shelter in Texas. A few weeks later we were on our way to Texas to adopt Jade — a move which would lead to a quick re-education on my part as to the truth about Rottweilers.

When we first met Jade my impression was of a large, lurching bear of a dog, tongue hanging out one side of her mouth and stub tail wagging furiously. She had lost her right front leg when she was hit by a car as a puppy; her owners paid to have her leg amputated but decided they no longer wanted her and dropped her off at the local animal shelter. Then an older couple adopted her to replace their dog who had died, but quickly decided Jade wasn’t the right dog for them. They ended up dropping her at another shelter — where we eventually found her.

Once we got back home with the newest member of our family a couple of things quickly became apparent. Rottweiler experts will tell you that you need to establish control over your Rottie early on or it will become very hard to manage. In Jade’s case establishing control was a real challenge. After spending half her life in a kennel, she had obviously decided that humans, although nice enough, weren’t to be trusted. It wasn’t that she was uncontrollable – it was more a case of Jade having developed a strong sense of independence. Getting her to do what you wanted took a certain amount of give and take.

I did learn several things about Rotties while we were working on getting more control over Jade. First of all, I did some reading and found out that Rottweilers were actually bred as herding dogs and were also used to pull small loads; only later on were they used as guard dogs. They are in fact “people” dogs and enjoy spending a lot of time with their humans. Rotties are strong, tough, loyal — and as subtle as a sledgehammer. By nature they tend to be loud (Jade has a snarl that could peel paint off a wall), suspicious of strangers (outside of the house at least), and patient (their ability to remain calm and not over-react to situations is one quality that makes them good guard dogs).

As mentioned, Rotties usually like to “hang out” with their humans, but it took several months for Jade to really warm up to us. She would spend most of her time alone in the bedroom and rarely got up and moved around except to go outside. She got so little exercise that she began to put on weight and, since it took a certain amount of effort for her to get up with only three legs, she even started to drag herself around at times rather than go to the trouble of heaving herself up on her feet. Eventually an improved diet of weight maintenance dog chow and green beans took most of the weight back off and a lab pup we rescued gave Jade someone to play with and got her to get up and moving.

Now, two years later, Jade is an integral part of our family and I’ve learned several more truths about Rotties:

  1. They say you need to brush your Rottweiler at least once a week to comb out the loose fur from their undercoat and that’s the absolute truth. Brushing Jade is a major operation — my wife usually spends 30 to 45 minutes brushing her and even uses an attachment on the vacuum cleaner to try to suck up all the loose fur (and by the way, Jade seems to enjoy being vacuumed).
  2. Rotties are also supposed to be sensitive to both hot and cold weather. Considering the thickness of her undercoat, Jade does have a problem with really hot weather. We only let her out for a short time during the day in the summer. As for not tolerating really cold weather, I’m not sure I entirely agree with that. I’ve seen Jade lie outside in the snow for several hours at a time and have to be coaxed back into the house.
  3. Another “truth” I’ve discovered about Rotties that you don’t read much about is the “gas” problem. Everyone I’ve talked to who has a Rottweiler seems to share this problem. You’ll be sitting there and suddenly your Rottie expels some gas. Within moments the room becomes enveloped in a haze of noxious gas. This room-clearing effect probably has something to do with improper diet, but none of the owners I know have found an answer for it yet.
  4. Experts caution you not to give your Rottie rawhide. Jade does get rawhide chips, but not large pieces. Besides which, Cole (our lab) generally steals them from her before Jade has a chance to consume much of the rawhide. Oddly enough though, Jade does have a passion for paper products; leave a Kleenix, paper towel or napkin within her reach and she’ll down it in one gulp.
  5. One thing I’ve found to be especially true is that you do need to be careful about strangers and other animals. Inside our house Jade is always happy to greet new people and even at the pet store she’s friendly enough to others. Outside our house though Jade becomes much more cautious and can be very aggressive toward strangers at times (although since Rotties consider a bull rush and chest bump as a proper greeting, sometimes it’s hard to tell hostility from enthusiasm). As for other animals, Jade gets along fine with our lab, our cats and our parrots, but you can never be quite sure how she’s going to react to a new animal.
  6. Finally, Rottweilers are surprisingly intelligent (the ninth-most intelligent dog breed according to a recent study). With their size, strength, and somewhat aggressive nature it’s easy to assume that they’re not too bright. Be aware though, inside that titanium steel skull is an active, problem-solving mind.

All in all, I’ve become very attached to our brute of a dog. Jade may drool, pass gas, shed and let out ear-splitting snarls, but she’s also a lovable, affectionate, sometimes clownish, sometimes sensitive, sometimes scheming, and always entertaining member of our family.

Road Accidents and First Aid

ROAD ACCIDENTS AND FIRST AID
Author – Dr.Jimmy.M.L.
1. Accident rate and ‘golden hour’
The major cause for death below fourty years of age in the world population is road traffic accidents. Hence it is called pandemic of twenty first century. The Indian R.T.A. rate is six percent of the total world rate, even though the total number of vehicles in Indian roads is one percent of the total world number. R.T.A. death rate in India is double that of the developed world.
The chart of deaths occurring after road traffic accidents can be grouped into three peaks. First peak of deaths occur immediately after the accidents. The major reason for death in this group is head injury. It is usually non preventable. The second peak of deaths occurs within first four hours after the accidents. This period is called `Golden hour’. The main cause of death in `Golden hour’ is blood loss. The third peak of deaths occurs three weeks after the accidents. This is due to multy organ failure. This has to be treated in the hospitals. If we can give correct first aid and shift the patient to the optimum hospital as early as possible; then we can reduce three fourths of R.T.A. deaths and can also improve the quality of life obtained after the treatment completion of accident victims.
2. ‘Control’ at the accident site
First of all, the care providers or volunteers should protect themselves from getting injured at the accident site. Then, off the `ignition’ of the involved vehicle. Abstain from carelessly throwing lighted cigarettes or other ignitable materials at the accidents site. Otherwise it may ignite the spilled fuel from the vehicle and produce major fire. The accident victims should be removed from the vehicle to a safer place by slowly removing the heavy objects fallen on their body instead of pulling them. If there are more volunteers at the accident site, then we should take their help also instead of doing everything by ourselves. We may send some volunteers to inform the police, ambulance, the hospital where we are going to carry the victims and relatives of the victims by phone.
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3. ‘Triage’ and order of the first aid
When many persons are involved in an accident, they are sorted by an expert and are given different colour cods according to the order of priority in which they are to be shifted to the hospitals. This is called ‘triage’. The victims who are to be shifted immediately to the hospital are given red, second priority victims are given yellow and the persons who may be shifted at a later time are given green color codes. Dead persons are given white and the persons who are very serious but will not survive even after shifting them to the hospital are given pink colour code. The first aid provided to the accident victims are conducted in the order of A, B, C or airway, breathing, circulation, bandage, splintage, and transport.
4. First aid for `breathing’
First step in the R.T.A. first aid is examination of the airway. The breathing is checked by placing fingers in front of the nostrils. If breath air flow is absent, examine the mouth and nose to check for any obstructing objects such as loose artificial dentures, mud etc. If the bones of the face are broken, place the `airway’ that makes a passage for the air from outside to enter in to the lungs. If the air is not entering the lungs after the airway is kept, pierce the trachea with five or six large bore injection needles to let the air in.
Next examine the breathing, by observing the chest movements or by using Stethoscope. If the victim is not breathing; give artificial respiration by `mouth to mouth’ breathing. This is given by making the victim lie on the floor and then extend the head of the victim and open the mouth by holding on the jaw. Keep a towel in front of the mouth of the victim. The provider takes deep breath and then exhales to the mouth of the victim by placing his mouth over the towel. This is repeated twelve times in a minute.
5. First aid for `circulation’
Next examine the `circulation’ or the functioning of the heart and blood vessels. Usually the heart function is assessed by palpating the `pulse’. Usually `radial pulse’ is palpated to assess the heart function. This is palpated by placing three fingers just below the front of the wrist, on the side of the thumb of the victim and the volunteers thumb on the back. Feel for the repeated elevations of the three fingers. 2
If the radial pulse is not available; look for carotid pulse. This is felt by placing the fingers of the provider in the upper part of the neck, just below the corner of the jaw. If this is also impalpable; then it can be concluded that heart is not beating sufficiently.
If the heart is not functioning sufficiently, artificially squeeze the heart from outside for sending the blood to entire body and this is called `cardiac massage’. For this; make the victim lie on a firm place and place the heel of the palm one above another on the lower part of sternum. Keeping the elbow and wrist straight, press the chest by giving force from the shoulder so as to press down the chest to one and half inches. This is repeated seventy two times in a minute. In children use one hand so as to press down the chest to one inch and in infants use two fingers so as to press down the chest to half an inch. Cardiac massage is continued till the functioning of the heart returns or up to half an hour. Once the heart starts functioning; Place the patient in the side position or in the `recovery’ position. If both the heart beating and respiration are absent; give the ‘cardiac massage’ and ‘mouth to mouth breathing’ in the ratio of 30:2 which means 30 ‘cardiac massages’ followed by two ‘mouth to mouth breathings’.
Next, search the body to identify bleeders. If the bleeding is occurring from the limbs, keep them elevated to reduce the blood flow. After that, give `pressure bandage’ by using pads and tie them with pressure. ‘Tourniquet’ or tying the limbs with rope may produce further damage to the limbs and hence must be avoided.
6. Rapid examination and fluid `shock’
Examine the head, eyes, nose, ears, chest, abdomen, pelvis and limbs to detect wounds, contusions etc. Ask the victim to move the toes, fingers and the limbs to check their movements or function. With the help of two volunteers keep the victim on the side position, identify the wounds on the back and check the tenderness behind the centre of neck and vertebral column. These examinations are to be done with in two minutes.
Fractures in the pelvic bones may produce oozing of blood to the abdominal cavity. This may cause death. Hence such a victim has to be shifted immediately to the hospital. A condition called `shock’ develops; when more than forty percent of the whole body blood is lost due to multiple bone fractures, deep wounds or pelvic bone fractures. The feeble pulse, cold and pale skin, fast and shallow breathing and loss of
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consciousness are the signs of the `shock’. In such a stage; the legs should be elevated to shift the blood to the vital body parts like brain. At the accident site; penetrating objects should not be removed from the body of the victim because it may cause death due to internal bleeding.
7. Bandage, splinting and transport
Cover the all the significant wounds by using pads and bandages. The abnormal movement in the chest and breathing difficulty due to fractures of many ribs can be reduced by strapping the chest with cloth. If the abdominal viscera went outside the abdomen due to wounds, relocate it to the abdominal cavity and cover the abdomen with clean cloths.
Use splints in the case of fractures to prevent further damage to the near by tissues, blood loss, pain and edema. The available materials like wooden bars, Umbrella etc. may be used as splints to immobilize the fractures by tying them around the fractured limbs. A square shaped cloth may be folded to form a `triangular sling’. This is used for immobilizing upper limb fractures. A fractured lower limb may be immobilized by tying it to the uninjured lower limb with the help of four cloths.
The possibilities for vertebral fractures are high, if there is tenderness behind the centre of the neck. If the neck moves in such a victim, spinal cord may be damaged by the fractured vertebral column to produce paralyses of the limbs. Hence in such persons, the neck should be immobilized using hard cervical collar. If there is tenderness on the back of the centre of chest or abdomen, the victim should be shifted to the ambulance by four persons like a `log of wood’ or without bending the victims body.
8. Matters related to the hospitals
The decision to shift to the respective hospital is made after considering the financial status of the victim and the type and seriousness of the injuries. If the treatment for the specific injuries of the victim are available, it is better to shift to the near by hospital. The head injuries patients are to be shifted to a hospital were C.T. Scan and Neurosurgeon is available. The amputated body parts should be placed in a clean plastic bag which is placed in another plastic bag containing ice cubes and the bag is tied safely. This should be carried within 6 hours to a hospital with micro
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vascular surgical facility. Victims with severe muscle or soft tissue loss are to be shifted to hospitals where facilities for plastic surgery are available. Hand injury victims may have tendon cuts which require suturing and hence they are to be shifted to hospitals having orthopaedic or plastic surgery departments.
In order to undergo anesthesia for major surgery, the patient has to abstain from taking food and drinks for six hours. The seriously injured victims should not be given food or drinks after the accident because they may require major surgery. After transporting the victim from the accident site; instead of forsaking the victims in the hospitals, intimate their relatives, give the doctor necessary information to write the police intimation and also if necessary arrange for blood transfusion.
9. Causes and solutions
Driving after consuming alcohol must be avoided because even with minor quantities of alcohol; decision making capacity, co-ordination, muscle strength, vision and hearing may be impaired. Drunken driving, sleepy driving, over speed, non use of seat belts or helmets, use of mobile phones during driving, carelessness and disobeying of traffic rules may cause R.T.A.s or make the injuries more grievous and hence must be avoided.
Those who drive the vehicles must rectify their health problems by undergoing time to time health check ups and treatments. Those who are in diseases like fever which causes tiredness, those with recurrent heart pain, fits and dizziness etc. and those who have taken medications that causes tiredness like that for allergy, should not drive vehicles. In the circumstance of increasing R.T.A.s and treatment expenses, every one must take R.T.A. health insurance. Well equipped first aid box in the vehicles and first aid training to all vehicle drivers and travelers can cause reduction of R.T.A. deaths and improve the quality of life obtained after the treatment completion of the injuries.
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About Eric Wandless Renton – Background, Family, Friends, and His Murder

Why are you writing about Eric Wandless Renton?

Eric was my uncle, and he was my mothers younger brother. He was viciously murdered 25 years ago, when I was just 16. I want to write something in his memory, as a tribute to him. Also, I want to explain about my families background circumstances that led to him being brought up in an orphanage – i.e. his mother died a few days after his birth, and his father, then a lay-preacher, turned to the drink because of the death of his wife. When he was murdered the newspapers have not got the time, or inclination to give these matters the explanations that they deserve, and recently, it was all brought up again in the local media. So it is time to elaborate on the events, and the family background.

What do you remember about the events of 25 years ago?

My uncle, Frank Hughes discovered Eric’s body. Frank was Eric’s brother in law, who had known Eric for decades. Frank got a phone call from an employee of Eric’s supermarket, saying Eric had not arrived for work. This prompted Frank to go to the bungalow with his wife Hilda (my mothers sister). Frank looked through the window first and told Hilda not to come inside. Hilda phoned my mother and initially told her that Eric had passed away. It was a few days later when my mother was told about the grim reality, which was met with numbness and disbelief. Obviously it was a massive shock to everyone. Eric was buried about a month later. Crime Watch publicised some of the items that the murderer stole from Eric’s home, and a member of the public recognised one of the items, a lamp that he had recently bought from the second hand shop, which led the police to catch the killer.

How do you and the family feel about the 25th anniversary of his murder?

I think it is very important for people to realise that whatever Eric’s death was nothing other than the act of a malicious and evil person who had a vicious plan in mind, to inflict on an easy target.

The killer was not provoked. How ridiculous is it if someone (anyone) was so called “provoked” to commit murder, then to start loading their victims TV, Microwave, lamp etc in the car as an after thought to a trauma. The killer had a dagger and a rolling pin in his bag. He stabbed hit Eric with the rolling pin an stabbed him seven times. That is the action of a cold, calculated, ruthless murderer: Malcolm Roberts. It is that action that got him caught – with the help and dedication of the police, Crime Watch, and the public.

What do you remember about the house in Charnock Richard?

It was a nice and tidy place, in a cul-de-sac. I remember his cabinet full of miniature cars, which were expensive collectors items. I can only remember sitting at the dining table, and after eating, we played chess there too.

What sort of person was Mr Wandless Renton?

He was a smart, intelligent man. My brother Michael said he was also “comical”. He was no threat to anybody, and probably couldn’t harm a fly if he tried. He was tall, thin and not at all athletic. His enthusiasm for chess inspired many others to play and compete. Like his father, and his sister Hilda, and her sons Martin and Graham, Eric was tall. Martin said Erik was a big spender. My sister thought he was a bit of a snob, but she did not she met Eric very few times. Also like his father, Erik suffered from chronic bronchitis.

A phrase comes to mind that sometimes “only the good die young”. I think that inspiring people to compete in any activity is commendable, and many people have commended Eric on his participation and contribution to the world of chess.

The many friends Eric made only goes to show what a likable person he was. It was more than just a loss to our family; he will be remembered and missed by many.

Eric had many friends. My mother told me that Eric used to go to Holland to play chess, not least with his friend the legendary Charles Aznavour, who sang “She”. I recently contacted Tom Rose, who was a very close friend of Eric’s. Tom Rose was the first person to win the Eric Wandless Renton memorial Trophy. This is what Tom Rose said about Eric:

“He [Eric] was one of my closest friends. I first met him when I was about 12 years old. Years later he would often call unexpectedly on my wife and I and share a meal.

“Eric was a role model in his enthusiasm, and in actually getting things done, rather than just talking about them or planning them. He did not just arrange for the Chorley tournament to take part (and assisted in getting the Blackpool tournament going) but also pestered people for sponsorship, and tirelessly solicited entries. He knew it was not enough to simply mail entry forms – so wherever he went he would approach players and persuade them to enter. As a result the Chorley tournament had a very large entry and a lot of sponsorship. After his death it fell off markedly.

A lot of people did not know the true Eric. They saw only the slightly eccentric character and his homosexuality (which incidentally was always discreet – and never brought up in the presence of his heterosexual friends. When you got to know him you would discover that he was one of the kindest and most generous souls you could ever hope to meet. Not a day goes by that I do not miss him and remember him with some sadness. His other close friends were Tony Hill (local businessman and owner of Hill’s bakery and retail outlets). Sadly his closest chess friends (Roy Waterhouse, Jack Wolstenholme) died some years ago.

Eric played several chess tournaments in Holland and had many friends amongst Dutch chess players. Some he invited to play at Chorley and arranged accommodation for them with his friends, so when we lived in Chorley we had Dutch visitors staying in our spare room at August bank-holiday time.

He met the great concert pianist Sviatoslav Richter through their mutual friend Roy Waterhouse (a keen amateur pianist) … when Richter played a concert in Manchester in the late 1960’s or early 1970’s.”

Why was Eric brought up in an orphanage? What do you remember about your uncle?

It is difficult to say the precise reason, but if you look at the events, the reason seems understandable in the circumstances. Doreen (my mother) was 15 months old and her sister Hilda was about 7 when Eric was born. Their mother, Evelyn, died a few days after giving birth to Eric, which effectively left the father James Luther Wandless, without his beloved wife, but with his two young girls and a new born baby. James Luther Wandless was a Methodist Lay Preacher, and the loss of his wife was too much for him to take. Up until then they never kept alcohol in their house. Loss of his wife was too much and he turned to drink and soon after joined the Army, and survived WW2. After the war James Wandless worked in the foundry at Ferrington, Leyland. He died when he was about 60. We do not know what conversations took place at the time about what was to happen to the children. Evelyn had a sister called Lillian, who was married to Arthur Noblet. They had a daughter called Edna, who still lives in Chorley. Edna’s parents boldly took on the two additional young girls, Doreen and Hilda at their home in Bootle, and effectively raised the three girls. A newborn baby (Eric) may well have been too much to take on, as they would indeed have their hands full with the three girls. Getting help from an orphanage must have been the logical approach, but they never lost contact with Eric. Eric was not abandoned. His father may have even known someone at the orphanage, which made him think that was the best option at the time, rather than trying to care for him by himself when he was devastated by the loss of his wife. We have a photo of Eric and Doreen, when he was just three and a half years old, and what a striking resemblance they have of each other. He looks in good health in all the photos. When the war started Edna and Hilda was old enough to be evacuated to Southport. My mum stayed with Auntie Lil and Uncle Arthur, taking cover in the Bomb shelter in their back yard. A bomb even landed in my mum’s bedroom on Litherland Road in Bootle. When she was five, they moved to Chorley and to begin with, lived in the cellar of a Dentist on Park Road (Teddy Tyrer).

After the war, my mother, Doreen used to go everywhere with her brother Eric when they were in their teens. Though they used to argue quite a bit when they were young, they were also best friends. Doreen used to stick up for Eric, because he was not an aggressive person. Eric said she, my mother, should have been a boy because she was so tough. So when Eric was older, he also stayed at Auntie Lils, and Uncle Arthurs in the summer holidays. Doreen also once stayed with Eric for a week – albeit in the girl’s dormitory – at an orphanage in Frodsham. So we are not aware of Eric complaining about any of his life in an orphanage. No doubt wartime was difficult for everyone, but he turned out to be an educated, well-spoken gentleman, with many intelligent friends.

My brothers, Michael and James Fowler helped Eric move from St Thomas Road to the bungalow in Charnock Richard. I remember visiting Eric once at his Bungalow. He made me a microwave meal and we had a game of chess in his kitchen. I was about 13 years old and had learned how to play not long before then. Eric taught my brother Michael to play chess, and he, and our cousin Martin Hughes used to keep Eric company on his insurance round in the Bacup area.

Eric’s, Doreen’s, and Hilda’s mother and father are buried together at the cemetery in Bootle. Hilda Renton adopted Eric at age 16, and his adopted mother is buried with Eric at Chorley cemetery.

Did you and the family know about your uncles sexuality?

Eric told his sisters a short while before the murder. It was never even thought of, raised, discussed or suggested or implied in any way to me or my brothers – sexuality was not a topic of discussion. My mother, and my cousin Martin and his wife Sandra remembers that Eric did have a girlfriend once, whose father owned many butchers shops near Frodsham, Cheshire. Coincidentally Frodsham is where the orphanage was. Martin and Sandra remembers visiting them at the girls fathers farm, so may be his sexuality was something that changed later in life.

Maybe Eric was not as successful as he would have liked to have been with the ladies in the UK – not an uncommon problem that can affect and change people. I know from personal experience that the ratios of single women to single men in the UK is heavily stacked against men, and I will be writing more articles about that shortly. However, what happens behind closed doors is nobodies business, as long as it is mutual.

Will you and the family be marking the anniversary?

We visited the cemetery, and met some relatives. It is not a date of celebration. In a way the family feel it is dragging up bad news. We all have good memories of Eric, and we know that many people thought a great deal about Eric, which is very important to us, and remembering those you have lost is the most important thing.

What has happened since the murder?

His estate was wound up soon after the murder. Eric was a businessman, and businesses require investment, as far as we know very little was left to anybody. Eric left some of his miniature cars to Tony Hill, of Hills bakery. Hilda and her husband Frank passed away in the last couple of years.

We were told that Malcolm Roberts was sentenced to 15 years for murder, so he is probably out – that can be of little consolation to anybody.

The 11th of January 09 marks 25 years since the loss of Eric Wandless Renton. Clearly a great man, from Chorley.

I’ve answered these questions in memory of my uncle: Eric Wandless Renton.

Doreen Bottomley (Previously Fowler and Wandless) may well be the last surviving Wandless in the bloodline. Doreens father, James Luther Wandless was born in Ireland. It is possible that James Luther Wandless had relatives in Cork, Ireland, who moved to America, but we have no documentation of this.

Boost Your Brainpower With Super Nutrition

Cloudy thinking, forgetful, illogical? ‘Brain foods’ can help!

We wall have days when our thinking is fuzzy, our logic defies reason, when we can’t for the life of us remember some name or fact that was so familiar just the day before. On days like those, you might want to trade in your grey matter for a new, improved model with rechargeable batteries and a software system that lets you discover the unknown secrets of the universe in one easy lesson.

Unfortunately, we have to make do with Mother Nature has given us. Luckily, that’s usually more than adequate. And with better nutrition, we can make better use of the brainpower we do have – and even stave off the mental deterioration we know as senility.

Oxygen Clears The Mind, Keep All Circuits Functioning!

IRON – POOR INTELLECT

“The brain needs large amount of oxygen to function effectively, and the only way it can get it is through iron packed red blood cells” says Don M. Tucker, associate professor of psychology at the University of Oregon.

Some studies show that children with iron – deficiency anemia have short attention spans and trouble learning new material. They also show the boosting iron intake reverses those problems.

Alertness And Memory Can Suffer With “Low But Normal” Iron Levels!

And Dr Tucker’s research shows that adults can suffer from related problems with alertness and memory when their iron levels are in the “low but normal” range.

In one study, for instance, the higher the blood iron levels, the greater the word fluency. (Volunteers were asked to come up with as many words as they could that begin with “Q” and end with “L”. In another, in adults over age 60, blood iron levels were one of the more important measures in determining whether or not the person has normal brainwave patterns.

“Getting enough oxygen to the brain is certainly part of its function, but we think iron also influences brain chemical and pathways,” Dr Tucker says. “We know no that iron is heavily concentrated in a part of the reticular activating system. This area of the brain turns the brain on, so to speak. It maintains alertness. So we can’t help but think that iron plays an important role in awareness and alertness.”

Sources of Iron: Liver, brain, kidney, meat, fish, oysters, shrimps, egg yolk, beans, cereals, lentils, leafy vegetables, drumstick leaves.

“B” SMART

The brain seems o have a special need for the B Vitamins. Memory loss, disorientation, hallucinations, lack of coordination, and personality changes can occur with B-complex deficiencies.

Short-Term Memory Is Sometimes Impaired In Alcoholic Who Develop Thiamine Deficiencies.

Alcoholics, for instance, who sometimes develop thiamine (B1) deficiencies, have problems with short-term memory. They may remember in detail that little café in Paris 20 year ago, but not what they had fur supper the previous night.

Thiamine may also keep the brain thinking straighter and younger. An orthopedic surgeon in England thinks that thiamine deficiency can cause confusion and that confusion can lead to stumbles and broken bones.

The surgeon, M. W. J. Older, had noticed that people who come to him for hip and thighbone surgery all experienced a dip in their thiamine levels as results of the stress of the operation. He also noticed that until the thiamine shortage passed, the patients suffered a bout of confusion.

Digging a little deeper, Dr Older found that patients who come in for elective hip surgery – planned in advance, that is – weren’t thiamine – deficient before the operation, and that their post surgical thiamine deficiency didn’t last so long. But the patients with emergency fractures, he discovered, were deficient before, during, and after their operations. That raised the possibility that preoperative thiamine-related confusion may even helped cause the emergencies.

“mental confusion in the elderly awaits further study, “Dr older notes, “but our data support the concept that thiamine deficiency may be a contributory factor to postoperative confusion. We suggest that the causation of fracture itself may be attributable to thiamine deficiency, with confusion precipitating the fall”.

The Most Promising Anti-Senility Nutrients?

But if there were a contest for the most promising anti-senility nutrients, the price might be awarded to vitamin B6 and copper. Two University of Texas nutritionists have reported (in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition), the remarkable news that a deficiency of B6 or copper in young rats causes some of the same kind of brain cell abnormalities as those seen in senile humans. The results implied that those two nutrients might prevent mental decline.

Science, of course, is never hat simple. But the evidence seems striking. The researches found, among other things, that in rats and humans, the dendrites – delicate, branching roots that carry electrical impulses from one brain cell to another – tend to shrivel up and die when deprived of B6 or cooper. Without the all important dendrites, brain circuitry breaks down.

Though the rats were fed a diet skimpier in the two nutrients than any human diet would be, the researches said that a mild deficiency of those nutrients over the years could have the same devastating effect. The Texas researches, Elizabeth Root and John Longenecker, recommended getting adequate of B6, copper and other nutrients into the diet as soon as possible for the sake of prevention.

For Best Results, Catch The Deficiencies Early!

“If you catch these changes early then you might prevent some of the neurological damage from occurring,” Dr Root says. “But it’s not just B6 and copper. People who have a poor diet in general are the most likely to get into trouble. We’re starting some more experiments on the possible effects of deficiencies in magnesium and foliate, two nutrients that also come up low in most diet surveys.”

Sources: B1 (thiamine: Unpolished rice, wheat, bajra and jowar.

B6: Egg yolk, liver, meat, fish, milk, whole grains, cabbage and other green vegetables.

Copper: liver, nuts, dried fruits, cereals, pulses, meat products, fruits, vegetables, oysters and fish.

Even Mild Deficiencies Of B12, C, Folate, And Riboflavin Can Impede Brain Function.

KEEPING A KEEN MIND

Actually, there’s evidence that physically healthy people over age 60 can be measurably keener of mind that their peers if they maintain sufficient dietary levels of vitamins B12, C, Foliate and riboflavin. Even milked virtually unnoticeable deficiencies of those nutrients can mean less than optimal brain function.

At the University of New Mexico, senility experts Jean Goodwin and her husband, James Goodwin, and other placed advertisements in newspaper and on TV and radio asking for volunteers for an experiment. Each volunteer had to be at least 60 years old, free of all serious diseases, and not on medication. After a screening process, Goodwin chose 260 men and women between the ages of 60 and 94 from various social and income levels.

All the volunteers gave a sample of their blood and filled out a three day food diary stating exactly that they ate during that period. Taken together, the blood test and diet survey showed the researchers almost exactly what each person’s levels of most vitamins and minerals were.

Memory And Problem-Solving Tests Administered To 260 People Yielded Definite Nutritional Links.

After the process, the volunteers underwent two mental performance tests. In the first one, a researcher read a one paragraph store to each person and asked hi to repeat it as quickly and accurately as possible. A half hour later the volunteers had to recite the paragraph from memory, with no cues. The second test measured each person’s ability to solve non-verbal problems and to think abstractly.

The researchers fed all the test scores and nutritional profiles into a computer and waited to see if good nutrition would correlate with quicker thinking. It turned out that the volunteers with the lowest B12 and C Levels scored worst on the memory test. Those with the lowest level of B12, C, Foliate and riboflavin did worst on the problem solving test.

“We showed that in population of healthy older people, those people who had a deficient intake and low blood levels of certain vitamins scored significantly worse on the test,” said Dr Jean Goodwin. “Our recommendation is that everyone maintain an adequate intake of those nutrients,”

Sources: B12: Milk, cheese, eggs, beef kidney, heart and liver, chicken liver. (Animal foods are the main source, and pure vegetarians who exclude even milk from their diet, run a risk of developing a deficiency)

Foliate: Vegetables, cereals, Meat and liver.

Riboflavin: Milk, meat, cereals and pulses.

Vitamin C: Green vegetables, fruits (especially guavas, oranges, sweet limes and lemons) and fresh crop potatoes.

THE PROMISE OF CHOLINE

Thiamine and B12 are also needed to produce and use one of the brain’s major chemical messengers, acetylcholine.

Choline: The Active Component Of “Brain Foods” Like Fish, Liver, And Eggs.

But the real star in acetylcholine production is another B vitamin, choline. Manu of the foods touted as “brain foods” – fish for instance, liver and eggs contain choline a substance researches are finding really can help preserve the brain’s ability to reason learn, and remember. Choline is the building block for a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine that sends messages between brain cells.

For instance, researchers at Ohio State University recently found that mice fed a diet heavy in choline rich lecithin had much better memory retention than mice on regular diets. They took much longer to go into back room in their cages where they had received a mild electric shock, meaning they hadn’t forgotten their unpleasant experience.

What’s more, their brain cells, examined under a microscope, showed fewer of the expected sighs of aging, says Ronald Mervis of Ohio state University’s brain Aging and neuronal Plasticity Research Group.

Sources: (Choline): fish, liver, eggs, heart, soyabeans, peanuts.

Can Lecithin Provide A Brain Boost?

Like fiber or fish oil, it’s slowly becoming a household word. You may have heard of it already lecithin.

What’s the big to do? Studies have suggested that lecithin may aid memory and even slow down or prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

But what is lecithin? Found naturally in soybean, eggs, butter, corn and milk, lecithin is used in medicines, food, even cosmetics as a wetting, emulsifying and penetrating agent. It’s the lecithin that keeps the fat and the cocoa from separating an in chocolate, for instance, and in keeps margarine from splattering when hot.

For years, lecithin has been sold in health food stores in the west as a treatment for everything, from heart disease to weight loss. In fact so many clans have been made that some proponents are worried about over kill.

Just how solid is the lecithin memory connection? Lecithin is precursor to choline, and scientists re excited about animal studies that suggest lecithin may slow down one part of the ageing process: the degeneration of brain cells, and therefore normal age-related memory loss., says Dr. Mervis, “Normally, as the brain ages, its cell membranes become more rigid with fatty deposits and lose their ability to take in and release brain chemicals and to merely messages.” This can cause memory loss and the confused thinking.

A Lecithin-Rich Diet Appears To Keep Nerve Channels Open.

But a lecithin rich diet seems to repress or delay this membrane hardening.

As part of the deterioration process, aging brain cells also tend to lose dendrite spines, the chemicals receptor areas that are vitally important is passing along information.

Having too few dendrite spines is like having a bad phone connection. Messages get distorted and lost. But lecithin fed older mice had the same number of dendrite spines as much younger mice.

“Despite the difference between mice and people there are, nevertheless, remarkable similarities in the structure of their never cells,” Says Dr Mervis. “I believe lecithin could help to repress or delay similar problems in people.”

Can Lecithin Boost Min Power In Normal, Healthy People?

In fact, in some studies, lecithin has shown some promise in boosting the mind power of normal, healthy persons.

“Our studies show that choline has a week modern memory enhancement effect” says Dr Mervis. “It’s not a robust effect, but it can be measured.”

On two separate days, they gave ten healthy volunteers, raging in age from 21 to 29, either a supplement of 10 gms of choline chloride or an identical appearing but worthless substitute. Then after an hour and a half, the people were given a memory test.

In a serial learning test, subjects had to memorize in proper order a sequence of ten unrelated words. The list was read to each person and repeated as often as necessary until perfect recall was achieved and could be repeated twice in a row.

“Choline significantly enhanced serial recall of unrelated words as measure by the number o trials required… ,” the researchers reported. “Furthermore, the enhancement was more pronounce in ‘slower’ subjects than in subjects who performed well.”

Indeed, Choline Enhanced Memory – Particularly In People Who Were Forgetful.

In other words, the people most in need of help had their memories prodded the most when they took choline. One individual who normally need six trial readings to master a ten-word list cut that to four after taking choline. Another dropped from seven to five attempts with choline supplement.

One person who normally required ten trials to aster a list of difficult words reduced to five (a 50 percent improvement!) after taking choline.

Long-Term Effects Of Choline Supplementation Are Still Unknown.

As promising as Dr Mervis’ results were, however, he as quick to point out that many questions still remains. For example, these test measured memory 90 minutes after a single dose of choline and the doses of choline given in these test were at lest the times as great as the 900 milligrams or less supplied by a typical diet. We still don’t know how long the effects last or whether they would continue over several weeks or months if extra choline were consumed daily.

And the trials involved only younger, healthy volunteers with a normal range of remembering ability.

Moreover, high doses of lecithin can cause gastrointestinal cramps, diarrhea or nausea in some people.

So, what can we say for sure about lecithin?

Basically, that we really need more solid evidence before promoting it as a super nutrient. Some great ideas turn out to be the truth. But the whole truth about lecithin is still to be learned.

Meanwhile there’s no harm in upping your intake of fish, soybeans and corn. You may just give your brain power a little boost.

Cerebral Palsy Case: Hire A Lawyer-cum-doctor For Better Results

An advocate who’s additionally a doctor handling your child’s cerebral palsy case is more beneficial than a lawyer alone.

There are many factors that cause cerebral palsy. Thorough case investigation can help determine what has most likely caused your child’s cerebral palsy. Medical negligence is one of the widely accepted grounds for a child’s cerebral palsy. If you want to find out whether your baby’s cerebral palsy is because of hospital mistakes during delivery process, your first step is to talk to a lawyer who is familiar with cerebral palsy cases.

A child born with cerebral palsy may usually have various disabilities including abnormal bodily movement, abnormal body postures, seizures, speech problem, learning, etc. depending on the type of cerebral palsy. Normally, symptoms that are associated with cerebral palsy are spasticity otherwise called as muscle weakness resulting in abnormal reflexes. This can abnormally affect the hip abductor muscles and can be dangerous resulting in falling of the cerebral palsied child.

A lawyer-cum-doctor can thoroughly study prenatal and delivery records and knows how to emphasize the case in accordance with the causes of cerebral palsy. Also, the lawyer-cum-doctor is familiar with medical and legal terminology which is very vital in dealing the cerebral palsy case.

Doctors recommend working with a medical team so they can evaluate the condition of your affected child and set goals for better results of cerebral palsy treatment. Similarly, to see better results of your cerebral palsy case, it is very important to hire a lawyer who’s also a doctor.

What Are the Benefits of Ride-On-Toys For Kids?

There are a lot of different toys for young children out nowadays. But when your little one is old enough to toddle about why not get them one of the many children’s ride-on-toys, you are sure to find one that will delight them and give them many years of pleasure.

There are many benefits to ride on toys, as not only will the child get a lot of enjoyment from using it, they will also without knowing it be improving heir sense of balance that will help them in many other tasks throughout their lives. It has also been proven that children who spend a lot of time playing with their ride on toys as they get older spend a lot more time in activities that will help them to gain and maintain fitness, which is good news especially when most of the young seem now to have shunned outdoors and keeping fit in favour of playing computer games.

No matter the toy, your child will be able to imagine that they are doing whatever their young minds will allow them, make believe and playing in this way is important and will help with their developmental skills. You will also find that children that have used ride on toys then find it easier as they grow older to learn to ride bikes, skateboard and roller skate, or roller blade, as well as other similar activities, this is because they need to be able to use their bodies and be able to distribute their body weight in such a way to make the ride-on toy move.

A lot of the ride on toys also have other activities incorporated, so that the child has many different options in ways of which to amuse themselves, another benefit to this is that they are able to develop their motor skills as well as strengthen different parts of their bodies to enable them with ease to partake in activities other children may struggle with. Many toys as you may have noticed are not made with the durability of those from when we were younger that were sometimes passed down to younger siblings, but due to safety regulations you can be sure that as long as they carry the safety mark suitable for your country they will be safe enough for use by more than one child and will be able to withstand the rough and tumble your child will put it through, and still be an excellent playtime toy for another child when the original owner has outgrown it.

Warming Up For BMX Racing and BMX Training

This month I want to touch on the importance of warming up. There seems to be a lack of understanding that warming up is burning energy, or “burning matches” as they say in cycling. The truth of the matter is that a warm up routine is to not only to get the body in a mode to be ready for optimum performance, but to also get your mind ready for the task at hand. The best results in training and racing result from several components and a good warm up is easily the number one limiting factor from great training and racing performances.

I was fortunate to spend some time observing and talking to track and field Olympic caliber athletes while they were warming up for their training at the Chula Vista training center. Although the actual workout was only going to be 6-8 sprints, they warmed up for 30 minutes and this was for less than 2 minutes of total of explosive work. The truth is, you want to be able to do the actual workout at full physiological and psychological capacity. When I have my athletes do sprints, the purpose is to program the physiological component with the psychological component so that several important things take place:

o Neurologically, the mind is telling the motor units of a muscle cluster to fire, the mind needs to tell the motor units clearly what they need to do without hesitation. Imagine two phone lines connected and opened up so they can communicate. The mind needs to be ready and without distraction to convey the message. A proper intense warm up with a mental focus and vision of what you want to do will help facilitate this.

o In order for the body to respond to the mental request of movement, this neural pathway needs to be activated to perform the correct movements and at full capacity. It’s crucial the motor units and muscles need to be turned on prior to the expected intense effort. Another words, if the muscles are cold, there will not only be a delay, there is also a possibility that the muscles won’t respond at full contraction.

o For BMX racing, a proper warm up will also facilitate Lactate Acid faster and recycle it with superb efficiency. If there is no warm up, the body will also not tolerate Lactate kindly. Be sure to do a long sprint to get the burn out of the way and to open up this component of the system as well. (Do this before practice, not before the first moto!)

When I was a young pro warming up for 20 minutes in the woods of say the South Park NBL National an hour before my practice, my team mates used to look at me like I was a freak. I remember them and the majority of the pros using practice as their warm up, yet never seemed to be ready for the first moto and thus, would never get going for the rest of the day. A good warm up sets the tone for your racing day!

A proper warm up will prevent an athlete from being neurologically confused when riding a new track as they might not adapt to the new dynamics of a track properly, making them second guess if they feel good about themselves riding this track. This could possibly mess with an athletes confidence, spending more time being uncertain before the first moto, when they need to be using this energy to be ready for everything when that gate drops.

Warm up routines vary for different demands, for both on and off the bike racing or training. It’s best to develop a well-rounded routine for a sprint workout and then apply that routine before practice at an event and or even before practice on a local night. There are 2 different types of energy systems that need to warm up: Aerobic and Anaerobic. Almost always an anaerobic “dynamic warm up” is more specific to BMX, Sprints and or Strength work. In BMX, every movement is a “dynamic demand”; therefore a dynamic warm up is in order. Typically this means sprints of all varieties, lengths and intensities. The duration could be from a minimum of 10 minutes to 20 minutes filled with sprints and maybe even some bunnyhops and coaster manuals. Of course this would be done with plenty of rest between efforts and not to sprint for 20 minutes consistently. Once this is done, then the workout and or track practice shall come. Again, you want to get on the track ready for the demands so you can program yourself to know the track as best as you can!

Off the bike training such as GYM work or plyometric training can usually benefit from a dynamic warm up consisting of a combination of both exercises or bike sprints. Exercises can consist of getting the body to not only achieving neural adaptation, but to also get full range of motion so there will be no surprises when you squat down or do a plyo jump. Same principle applies in terms of neural activation: Get the mind and body to respond cohesively together so you can get the most out of the exercise and training. A typically dynamic warm up will consist of exercises such as skipping rope, lunges, body squats, and light non-static stretching. A quick note on stretching: Forcing a muscle by stretching beyond what it’s capable at the time and or holding it longer than 20 seconds can also cause damage it in the form of micro tears. The end result will be a slight paralysis of the muscles from contracting at full capacity because those lightly torn muscle fibers simply won’t respond; there damaged. So stretch lightly if you need to stretch before activity.

Well there you have it, warming up and doing a dynamic one specifically for BMX racing and training will enable you to be ready and to get the most out of your session!

Known Cerebral Palsy

DEFINITIONS

Cerebral Palsy (CP, Big Brain Paralysis) is a condition characterized by poor muscle control, stiffness, disability and other neurological dysfunction.

CP is not a disease and not progressive (getting worse).
In infants and premature babies, part of the brain that controls muscle movement are particularly vulnerable to CP injury occurs in 1-2 from 1000 infants, but 10 times more often found in premature infants and more frequently found in very small infants.

CAUSES

Cerebral Palsy can be caused by a brain injury occurs when the baby is still in the womb, the birth place, newborn and children younger than 5 years. But not most the cause is unknown.

10-15% of cases occur due to birth injury and reduced blood flow to the brain before, during and immediately after birth. Premature infants are particularly vulnerable to CP, probably because the blood vessels to the brain has not developed comprehensively, and easy bleeding or because the oxygen can not flow in sufficient quantities to the brain.

  • Brain injury may be caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (often found in newborns), can cause kernikterus and brain damage.
  • Severe disease in the first year of baby’s life (eg encephalitis, meningitis, sepsis, trauma and severe dehydration)
  • Head injury due to subdural hematoma
  • Injury of blood vessels.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms usually appear before the 2-year-old child and in severe cases, can appear at 3-month-old child.

Symptoms vary, ranging from the irregularities that are not apparent until severe stiffness, which causes changes in the form of arms and legs so the child must use a wheelchair.

CP is divided into 4 groups:

1. Spastic type (50% of all cases of CP), the muscles become stiff and weak.

Rigidity is happening can be:

  • Kuadriplegia (both arms and both legs)
  • Diplegia (both legs)
  • Hemiplegia (arm and leg on one side of the body)

2. Type Deskinetik (Koreoatetoid, 20% of all cases of CP), muscular arms, legs and body spontaneously moves slowly, writhing and uncontrollable, but can also arise rough movements and twitching. Outburst causes worsening situation, the movement would disappear if the child slept

3. Type Ataxic, (10% of all cases of CP), consisting of tremors, unsteady steps with both legs far apart, interference coordination, and abnormal movements.

4. Mixed type (20% of all cases of CP), is a combination of 2 types above, which is often found is a combination of spastic and koreoatetoid type.

Other symptoms can also be found in the CP:

  • Below normal intelligence
  • Mental retardation
  • Seizures / epilepsy (especially in spastic type)
  • Sucking or eating disorders
  • Breathing irregular
  • The development of motor skills disorders (such as reaching for something, sit, roll over, crawl, walk)
  • Disturbance speaking (disartria)
  • Disturbance of vision
  • Hearing loss
  • Joint contractures
  • Movement is limited.

Diagnosis

In the examination will be found in delayed development of motor skills.

Infantile reflexes (eg sucking, and surprise) still exists even supposed to have disappeared.

Muscle tremors or stiffness was clearly visible, and children tend to fold his arms to the side, his legs moving like scissors or other abnormal movements.

  • Various laboratory tests can be done to rule out other causes: MRI of head showed structural abnormalities or congenital abnormalities
  • CT scan showed the head of structural abnormalities and congenital abnormalities
  • Check hearing (to determine the status of auditory function)
  • Check vision (to determine the status of visual function)
  • EEG
  • Muscle biopsy.

TREATMENT

CP is incurable and is a disorder that lasts a lifetime. But many things can be done to enable the child to live independently as possible.

Treatment usually depends on the symptoms and can include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Braces (buffer)
  • Glass eye
  • Hearing aids
  • Education and special schools
  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Drugs to relax the muscles (to reduce tremors and rigidity)
  • Occupational therapy
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Speech therapy to clarify speech and to help children overcome eating problems
  • Treatment (for severe cases).

If there is no physical disturbance and severe intelligence, many children with CP will grow normally and go to regular school. Another child requires extensive physical therapy, special education and always need help in living their daily activities.

In some cases, to free the joint contractures due to deteriorating muscle rigidity, may need surgery. Surgery is also necessary to install the feeding tubes and to control reflux gastroesofageal.

Prognosis

The prognosis usually depends on the type and severity of CP. More than 90% of children with CP survived to adulthood.

Water: Thirst Aid and First Aid

Water is never a part of any first aid kit, but perhaps it ought to be. In its various forms, from steam to solid ice, water can be used to prevent and relieve many minor maladies. These uses are fairly well known but in this age of modern, sophisticated medicine, this humble but effective potion has been almost forgotten. Here are some ways with water. Try it. Trust it.

Fever Control: When body temperature shoots high, it must be controlled quickly. Sponging the patient’s body all over with tepid (not cold) water can help bring down the fever. The water should be allowed to evaporate as much as possible, without wiping it off.

Sore Throat: Gargling is a relief measure for that tight sore throat that makes swallowing so painful. It does much to ease discomfort and control the infection. The formula: Half a teaspoon of salt in one glass of warm (not steaming) water. Gargle three or four times a day. It works!

Burns: The best first aid for burns is cool running water (not ice), applied immediately. Hold the burnt areas under a running tap – prompt cooling minimizes the damage to deeper tissues.

Constipation: If you are prone to constipation, try stepping up your water intake to at least 8 glasses a day. Keeping a glass of water by your side and sipping from it from time to time makes it easier to consume than trying to guzzle huge glassfuls at one go.

Diarrhea: Strangely enough, water – which relieves constipation, is equally a must for those with diarrhea. Much of the weakness associated with diarrhea comes from dehydration. A person week with diarrhea should be fed water, thirsty or not.

Dehydration! What is it?

To put it simply dehydration is drying out or losing moisture. Wet clothes become wearable through dehydration, grapes turn into raisins because of dehydration. But when applied to human being, dehydration takes on a rather grim meaning. If not controlled in time, it can even be fatal.

Dehydration occurs when a large amount of body water is lost, but not replenished. When the body’s water content falls below a safe level, resulting in mild dehydration which can progress to serve dehydration. Whether mild or severe, dehydration is dangerous and must be promptly corrected.

Risk of Dehydration: Anyone, who is losing more water than he is taking in, this could happen to people with diarrhea, severe vomiting, high fever with bouts of heavy sweating, or those who are losing excessive amounts of water through the urine, due to untreated diabetes and so on. Babies and children can go into dehydration rather quickly and so can old people.

How to recognize dehydration: Mild dehydration can set in even before a doctor sees the patient. As a safely measure, other family member should learn to watch for symptoms such as these; a dry mouth and tongue, cracked lips, reduced output of urine, skin which looks thin and lax, instead of moist and firm. A child crying without tears, or repeatedly licking the lips, may also be dehydrated.

How to Control Dehydration: Prevention is better than cure is definitely true of dehydration/ As soon as a person begins to suffer diarrhea or vomits more than three or four times, he should make sure that he takes in enough water or other fluids, even if he is not thirsty. A few sips now and then are easier to hold down than larger quantities.

A severely ill person may not indicate thirst or be alert enough to drink. Such person should be fed boiled, cooked water at rate of two or three spoonfuls at a time, every five or 10 minutes. Any light fluid is suitable, but milk is not recommended. A liter of boiled, cooked water with six teaspoons of sugar and half a teaspoon of salt is the formula recommended for oral re-hydration. Coconut water is also excellent.

Severe hydration however may not be controllable by oral re-hydration alone, especially when the patient is vomiting. In such case, a doctor’s help is needed and fast!

Dehydration is only the side effect of another illness, but sometimes it can prove deadlier than the illness itself. Luckily, it is a condition that can be easily prevented.

Urinary Tract Infections: if you are prone to these, always drink plenty of water especially I you feel an attack coming on, with symptoms of burning during urination and low backache. A very minor infection can literally get washed out with water.

Sprains: Hot water is no longer the recommended treatment for sprains. Ice is the correct first aid. Make an ice pack by trying a few cubes in a cloth and apply to the sprain. Prevents swelling, reduces pain.

Water Exercises: These are recommended for people who are handicapped or are too obese to exercise. Known as aqua aerobics, they are done in a shallow swimming pool. Water is 12 times more resistant than air. Walking through it strengthens muscles more than does walking on land.

You can also burn more calories in the water, if you really work at it. Walking at three miles per hour in mid thigh deep water uses 450 calories in an hour – almost twice as many as does land walking at the speed.

Water buoys you up, lets you move your limbs more freely and lightly than on dry land, gives you the exercise you need – without all that heavy going.

Aches and Pain Relief: water is a good carrier of temperature, so where heat and cold are needed, water can help. Heat relieves muscular or skeletal pain, the kind suffered by arthritics, or bad backs or aches due to injury or exercise. A warm water soak causes blood vessels to dilate. Blood flows away from swollen joints so that they are slightly de-sensitized, temporarily relieving soreness. Application of hot water bottles does help.

Congested Chests: Water is the best expectorant. Frequent sipping of warm water helps thin down phlegm, makes it easier to cough out.

Enema: Something which people hate to think of when in good health, but a great relief for those plagued by stubborn constipation! An enema involves introduction of water into the bowel to induce a bowel movement.

Nose Bleed: A cloth soaked in chilled water, or an ice pack, can help control a nose bleed. Old this cold compress into the ridge of the nose or back of neck till bleeding stops.

What They Didn’t Tell You in School Biology About the Spleen – Emperor of Organs

Recently we have all become victims of industrialisation. Everything about the way we are born, the way we live and the way we die has become mechanical. The food we eat is mechanically grown or manufactured in a lab. Pesticides and chemicals are everywhere, in our foods, in our air, in our body. They affect every organ which causes a breakdown in our digestive system, the liver cannot cope with the toxicity, the kidneys go into overload, and the spleen gives up because it can’t maintain the quality of the red blood cells any more.

Everything backs up in the colon and we have a pretty horrific scenario. Unfortunately, when the symptoms of this appear on the outside of the body deterioration is so far advanced that we are already into drastic measures.

So much of our “dis-ease” stems from our emotions or taking on our ancestral patterns. Our conception and birth highlight the wound we have incarnated to deal with.

First of all we need to look at the colon. Different parts of the colon reflect different organs in the body. If doctors knew this they would never cut out these vital parts. The problem is that they have no idea there is an alternative. Keeping our colon clean is so important so that our organs can stay healthy. Stage 1 of the healing process is therefore to take Natural Balance and Natural Cleanse.

The Spleen

The next stage is to heal the main digestive organs of the body. The primary organ for the whole digestive system is the Spleen, which governs the thyroid and determines metabolic function.

The Spleen is so much more than anyone can ever imagine. It is the Spleen that allows us to live as spiritual beings in a physical body. Because we all have weak spleens we have lost that understanding and try to live only in the physical. But here is the dilemma: without our spirituality we are lost; we feel abandoned and therefore we reject the spiritual. So many people now are on a spiritual quest, looking for what they know is there, but have no idea where to start. My suggestion is that we all start with healing the Spleen.

The more I work with the Spleen the more I see what a gift it is to our humanity. In a metaphorical sense it is as if each of us has been handed a precious gift to keep us safe while we are incarnated in a physical body. We forget that we have this gift and it loses its efficiency because we don’t take care of it.

Western doctors don’t really know what it is for. But the Spleen is what keeps us healthy in our body, it helps to eliminate all the germs, viruses, moulds, parasites and other contaminants we breathe in. It keeps us grounded, focused and in the present moment. It is about awareness and bonding and nurturing. It nourishes us.

It’s been abandoned and abused for so long that in our generation we almost all have weak spleens. There is the one remedy I have come across in my search to heal the Spleen: an ancient herbal remedy called Maestro. Even thinking about this product makes my heart sing, my consciousness soar, my feet feel the ground beneath me and my spirit reach up to connect with the Universe. Maestro embodies all of these things. It is the most beautiful herbal remedy on the planet and it is being offered to us at a time when humanity most needs it, when the planet most needs it and when our fragile future most needs it.

Doctors of Oriental Medicine will recommend a diet that supports the Spleen which is also good, but it will still take a long time. Acupuncture is also good. But Maestro helps us change our ways. It brings us into our bodies and helps us to listen to ourselves.

We stop eating what is not good for us and start to feed ourselves nourishing food. We start to love our body and nurture it. When we do that we can stop taking care of ourselves and start to take care of the planet instead. We can fulfil our purpose on this planet because we are not afraid of the consequences of being ourselves. Our Spleen will take care of us.

I hope this makes some sense to you. We have this amazing organ that can change our lives. It makes sense to me of all the work that I do at those deep levels; why we are afraid, why we hold on, why we feel abandoned and unsupported. I think when we get to understand our Spleen we know that God is with us. (Not that I’m religious, but it is a good word, God, the Divine, the Universe) We have not been abandoned and we are being taken care of.

Birth Trauma

In Chinese medicine the Spleen is the primary organ of digestion. The spleen helps us to adapt to our environment so it is a key organ from a very early age helping the foetus and newborn adapt to very new surroundings. If there is trauma around conception and birth the Spleen is compromised. It is the organ of nourishment and nurturing and ideally the first contact a baby has with its mother is to attach to her breast. If a baby is allowed to follow its own self-attachment process then true nourishment can take place for both the mother and the baby.

In most cases this is not allowed to happen as the baby is taken away from the mother to be washed and weighed and eventually placed on the breast by an outsider. The self-attachment process supplies the set of skills where a baby knows its needs are met – adaptation, nourishment, and support. These are the key functions of the Spleen. If our needs are not met on any level we develop cravings and addiction; these are also signs of a weak Spleen.

Mental Health

A strong digestive system derives nourishment from good food to support our body’s needs. The first step towards a strong digestion is strengthening and supporting the Spleen. A strong Spleen allows us to have clearer mental and thinking processes and in turn our thinking processes affect our digestive system.

A strong Spleen is also able to tolerate the levels of toxicity we encounter in our daily lives, and eliminate them. Numerous viruses, moulds, bacteria, and parasites which find their way into our organs, including the brain, because of weak spleens would simply be passed through if the Spleen was functioning optimally. Chinese medicine includes the pancreas with the spleen and considers that diabetes is the yin manifestation of schizophrenia. Whilst we feel that we can live with the highs and lows of diabetes, living with schizophrenia and the more aggressive highs and lows is less tolerable.

Emotional Health

Our Spleen suffers at an emotional level too and if there is little joy and happiness in our life this is likely to be an indication of a weak spleen. On an emotional level we must have our needs met, and adaptation, nourishment and support can be seen as being kinder to ourselves and supporting our needs for deeper levels of fulfilment. Also a Spleen likes to live in a grounded body as it is the Earth element in Oriental medicine. It is a very spiritual organ and without connectedness to Mother Earth it cannot find its spiritual expression.

The Ancient Herbal Remedies

I have included the above three “conditions” because many people consider them only on an emotional level or treat them medically with drugs or use alternatives such as vitamins and minerals, aromatherapy etc. They all have a very real physiology and are noticeably improved with the use of our herbs.

All the herbs balance and support each other and it is important to have a knowledgeable practitioner guiding you. Often these disorders are accompanied by chronic constipation which has severe depressing effect on the Spleen so a thorough understanding of the background and history of each person is essential so that individual doses can be prescribed. Maestro and Natural Restore support the body; Natural Balance and Natural Cleanse, clean out the body.

Natural Balance is the cleansing program. It loosens impacted faecal matter and helps to clear and tonify the colon. It also cleans out inherited metal from mother’s dental work and current metals from the cells as well as all sorts of unwanted organisms that are living in the impacted faecal matter. By cleansing the digestive organs, Natural Balance helps improve blood quality, as evidenced by live blood microscopy analysis.

Natural Cleanse kills off residues of “old” toxins including viruses, parasites, moulds, fungi, candida, yeasts. It has a broad spectrum application against parasites rather than simply working on a few. There are over a thousand different parasites and it is sometimes impossible to diagnose which particular one is the invader. With Natural Cleanse we don’t need to know and there are probably many varieties present at one time.

Maestro enhances the work of both Natural Balance and Natural Cleanse. Maestro is in the superherb category, (they all are but this is my personal favourite.) It strengthens all the digestive organs particularly the Spleen – the main organ of digestion – and squeezes toxic matter out of them. It brings up a lot of old issues that people think have cleared but may have simply moved out of the organ that was troubling them into another. So they think their liver problem has gone, but it has just quietly moved.

For instance, a person may start using Maestro and find their asthma returns after a 40 year absence – they need large doses of Natural Balance and Natural Cleanse to push it through and completely out of the body. People with chronic fatigue need Maestro because the Spleen is always implicated in CF. This is also the key organ for anyone who has nourishment issues or eating disorders, thyroid problems, ADD, or ADHD, metabolism etc. It is very beneficial for balancing hormones.

Natural Restore (available in UK during early 2007) repairs and rebuilds the system. We take it as a thick, delicious liquid which can be mixed with hot water and made into a revitalising, alkaline drink. It boosts the immune system and balances blood sugar levels. It contains honey, molasses and bee pollen amongst other key support herbs and appropriately nourishes the spleen.

Often those with nourishment issues on an emotional level find Natural Restore hard to take. They react against food which provides total “nourishment” because the body feels it does not deserve or does not allow itself to receive it. When we allow ourselves to “let go” (Natural Balance), we can then allow ourselves to “receive” (Natural Restore). (Chinese medicine – Metal Element – about how we value ourselves.)

Preparation

The entire herbal program is organic and made of the freshest herbs available. These herbs have been formulated in such a way that they benefit all body types. The Chinese categorize body types into Hot, Cold, Warm, and Damp. Hot and Warm people need cooling food and Cold people need warming food. Damp people need drying food. The manner in which this is achieved in the herbal preparations is to combine the herbs that help one body type with the antidote so that another body type will not suffer toxic effects. In this way the herbs suit everyone.

There is no-one who will not benefit from taking these herbs. We need to restore the health which we are intended to have and let go of the belief that we can tolerate ill-health. We do not need to go through this process alone. We are here to help you find your way.

Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery In India At Low Cost – Femoral Surgery

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 Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery In India

Overview

Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery

A hernia is when an internal part of the body, such as an organ, pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Usually, your muscles are strong and tight enough to keep your intestines and organs in place, but sometimes they aren’t, causing a hernia. 

A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pokes through into your groin or the top of your inner thigh. It pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall called the femoral canal…

Causes

A hernia occurs when abdominal contents, usually part of the small intestine, push through a weak point or tear in the thin muscular wall of the abdomen that holds the abdominal organs in place. In a femoral hernia, a bulge is usually present in the upper part of the thigh, just below the groin, where the femoral artery and vein pass. Femoral hernias tend to occur more often in women than in men…

Other triggers include : –

  • obesity
  • a smoker’s cough
  • constipation
  • carrying or pushing heavy loads…

Q. How does a hernia occur ?

Hernias can occur from a defect at birth or from gradual weakening of the tissue. The abdominal wall muscles surround the stomach, intestines, and other organs. There is an opening in the groin on each side called the femoral canal. This opening is beside the large (femoral) vein draining blood from the leg. The space of the femoral canal allows the vein to expand to drain the blood from the leg when you are exercising or walking…

Diagnosis

A femoral hernia is usually diagnosed during a physical examination. In many cases, the patient will consult the doctor because of pain in the groin area or the inside of the upper thigh. The pain or discomfort of a femoral hernia may come and go, increasing when the person coughs or strains…

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Having the industry’s most elaborate and exclusive Patient Care and Clinical Coordination teams stationed at each partner hospital, we provide you the smoothest and seamless care ever imagined. With a ratio of one Patient Care Manager to five patients our patient care standards are unmatched across the sub continent.

Diabetes: The Three Most Common Symptoms

Diabetes is present in 8% of people in the United States. 90-95% of the people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes.

Diagnosis of diabetes depends on laboratory documentation of an elevated fasting blood sugar >125 mg/dl, an elevated 2-hour blood sugar of 200 mg/dl or more 2-hours after a 75 gram oral glucose tolerance test, or a random blood sugar of 200 mg/dl or more with typical diabetes symptoms.

An HA1c of 6.5% or more may also be used as another method of diagnosis. The HA1c must be obtained from a laboratory (not one of the mail-order or pharmacy self-test kits).

Before diabetes is diagnosed, many people complain of symptoms which suggest elevated blood sugar levels.

Although symptoms typically appear when blood sugar levels are greater than 200 mg/dl, there is considerable variability.

Some people notice symptoms with sugar levels in the mid-100’s, while others may deny complaints even when sugar levels rise well above 200 mg/dl.

Lack of symptoms is especially common when sugar levels have been elevated for prolonged periods of time.

#1)Increased Urination

Increased frequency of urination is the most common reason that people seek medical attention for diabetes.

There is no threshold for diagnosis of increased urinary frequency. It is simply an increase from your baseline.

Increased urinary frequency may also be due to increased fluid intake, a urinary tract infection, or, less commonly an inability of your body to hold on to water.

The different causes of urinary frequency can often be diagnosed in your physician’s office by obtaining a careful history and providing a urine sample.

Once blood sugar levels return to normal, urinary frequency also quickly returns to normal.

If increased urinary frequency persists in the setting of normal blood sugar levels, alternative causes need to be considered.

#2)Changes in Vision

Visual changes are another reason people seek medical attention to rule out diabetes.

Changes may include complaints of “double vision”, difficulty reading printed materials or watching TV, or a significant change in prescription glasses.

Visual symptoms are due to sugar-induced changes in the shape of the lens of your eye.

Since similar complaints can be caused by eye problems not related to elevated sugars, evaluation by an ophthalmologist is critical.

Once sugar levels are normalized, visual complaints gradually resolve. Unlike urinary frequency, the return to normal vision may take several weeks.

#3)Numbness

Another common complaint associated with elevated blood sugars is numbness.

The numbness typically occurs in the feet, but may also involve the hands.

Characteristically, the numbness begins in the toes, then “spreads” to the feet. Numbness may later extend to the foot and mid-leg. The thigh is rarely involved.

Numbness is worse at rest (people often complain of symptoms at night when trying to go to sleep), and is almost always bilateral.

The numbness may be accompanied by severe, stabbing pains as well as extreme sensitivity to touch.

Although symptoms typically resolve soon after sugar levels have returned to normal, some people note continued complaints.

Since other nerve-related problems may cause numbness of the feet and hands, careful medical evaluation is needed. Other causes should be considered if the numbness or pain is associated with exercise, if the symptoms are one-sided, or if there is associated back pain.

Other symptoms of high blood sugar include unintentional weight loss, increased hunger, increased frequency of infections (especially vaginal yeast infections in women), slow healing of wounds and unexplained fatigue.

If you have any of these symptoms, contact your physician to schedule further evaluation.

Remember that there can be significant variability in the severity and duration of these symptoms.

Take an active role in the management of your health.

Make a difference in your life, starting today.

Treatments You Can Receive at Pain Management Clinics

When a person struggles with chronic pain, it can be difficult to function normally. They work to find relief from the pain in any way possible. One of the best places to turn for help is one of the pain management clinics in Edina, MN, where they can offer some of the following treatment options.

Epidural Steroid Injections

You may have heard of an epidural used by women giving labor. These injections are given in the spine to block pain to the lower half of the body, so labor isn’t as painful. The same idea is used with epidural steroid injections for people who are suffering from pain in their legs. It uses a corticosteroid and anti-inflammatory medicine around the spinal cord and nerve roots to manage the pain. The injection can relieve the pain, swelling, and inflammation that people feel in their legs.

Selective Nerve Root Blocks

Selective nerve root blocks are similar to epidurals. The biggest difference is that the root block covers only 1 or 2 spinal nerves. There are 2 types of nerve root blocks that are used. The first one is used for diagnosing pain. It can help medical providers determine where the pain is located so they can determine the best course of action to take to treat it. The other type is therapeutic and is used to treat irritations, pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the arms or legs. Many people who choose to get selective nerve root blocks experience painful pinched nerves, but receive relief through the treatment.  

Lumbar Discography

Lumbar discography is most commonly used prior to the patient undergoing a lumbar fusion. It helps to diagnose the back pain by applying pressure on each disc. Then the medical provider can locate the problem to determine the best way to proceed in order to treat it.

Spinal Cord Stimulation

Spinal cord stimulation utilizes electrodes on the pain to stimulate the muscles. This has proven to be a great way to treat individuals who suffer from chronic pain in their backs. The medical provider will start by inserting a temporary electrode into the skin. If it proves to be helpful, they can implant a permanent one under the skin that can be stimulated as needed. The medical provider will work with the patient to determine the pulse strength that is required to get the best results. It should be used 3 to 4 times a day for 1 to 2 hours each time.

Kyphoplasty

Kyhoplasty is a surgical procedure that can help treat pain associated with a spinal fracture. The procedure can stabilize one’s back and restore lost vertebral body height. The surgeon inserts a balloon under the skin and moves it into place along the vertebrae. The balloon is then inflated to help move the vertebrae back into place and stabilize the back. The balloon is then popped and the space is filled with polymethyl methacrylate, or PMMA, to keep the spine in place.

There are lots of other treatment options offered at pain management clinics in Edina, MN. A person should discuss their pain with a physician in order to determine the best methods to use.

Weight Loss – How I Went From 340 to 199 Pounds, Part 1

I spent two years losing over 140 pounds the old fashioned way: proper diet and exercise. No fads. No pills. No surgery. No crazy machines. I was 30 years old and 340 pounds. With a history of heart disease and obesity in my family, I decided it was time to shed the pounds.

Almost every day I get people I haven’t seen in years coming up to me saying “Wow! You look great!” and then the next question… “What have you been doing?” That’s why I wrote this article.

Disclaimer

Now, of course, as a general disclaimer, I have to say that the tips I’m sharing with you here are just from my own personal experience. I’m not a professional health expert – although over the past couple of years I’ve read dozens of books, and hundreds of articles on nutrition, exercise, and weight lifting. I’m not a doctor. You should, of course, seek your own doctor’s advice before starting any kind of a weight-loss or exercise plan. I firmly believe that with the right diet and proper exercise, almost anyone should be able to lose weight and get fit safely.

Tip 1. It’s All About Calories

First, the bad news. Weight gain and loss is directly tied to the amount of calories you eat versus the calories you expend through exercise. What’s a calorie?

A calorie is a unit of heat energy. Specifically, it’s the amount of heat energy required to raise 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. How this relates to your body is that when you eat food, the food molecules are broken down chemically and that energy is either used by your body to perform work (like building muscle, or constructing new cells) or is stored (as fat). If you take in more calories than you burn, you will start to get fat.

Now, in the world of calories, it takes 3500 calories to equal one pound of body weight. So, if you take in an extra 3500 calories in your diet this week without exercising, congratulations… you’ve just gained one pound (probably all body fat). The good news is that you can lose one pound of fat by either removing 3500 calories from your diet, or adding 3500 calories of exercise to your weekly schedule, or a combination of the two.

What’s 3500 calories? It’s actually not much if you’re eating the wrong kinds of food. You can consume 3500 calories in one meal if you eat two Double Whoppers (1010 calories each), a King Size order of french fries (590), a King Size onion rings (600), and a chocolate shake (440). Don’t laugh… this is what I used to eat for dinner if my family went to Burger King… or something similarly outrageous.

So the bottom line here is that if you want to lose weight, you have to create a calorie deficit. That means you have to burn off more calories than you eat. You had to eat more calories than you burned to get fat… now you have to reduce the calories to get lean. It’s that simple. In order to know how many calories you’re taking in and burning off, you need to write them down.

Tip 2. Eat Frequently Throughout the Day

Think of your body as a furnace. You want your furnace to burn fuel as efficiently as possible. In order for that to happen, you need to let it burn hot and steady throughout the day.

You need to stoke your fire often to keep it burning. Keep your metabolism running all day long by eating every 3 to 4 hours. My personal tip: I eat on hours evenly divisible by 3. That means breakfast at 9am (if I’m up that early), lunch at noon, a snack at 3pm, dinner at 6pm, a snack at 9pm, and if I’m still up another snack at midnight.

Now, I personally work late (I usually get most of my “real work” done between the hours of 10pm and 2am) but if you need to eat at different hours, that’s fine… Just take the total number of calories you’re going to eat throughout the day and divvy them up into 3-hour intervals. Keep that fire stoked! If you can’t take a break at work to eat every 3 hours, bring a protein bar with you.

If you skip breakfast, then you’re extremely hungry by the time lunch comes around. Skip lunch, and you’re more likely to gorge yourself at dinner. Why? Your body is saying, “Hey! I need food badly!” If you feed yourself often, throughout the day, your body doesn’t go into shock, and you won’t get those wild cravings and hunger pangs when it’s time to eat.

Tip 3. Start a Food & Exercise Journal

Don’t just dismiss this section. I did! The first couple of times I read about doing this in fitness and weight-loss books, I said to myself, “I don’t have the time to do this.” But you know what – it really works!

I cannot stress how important it is to write everything down that you eat. All you need is a little notebook. Make four columns: what you ate, how much of it you ate, how many calories were in it, and what time of the day you ate it. It’s that simple. Also write down any exercise or other activities that are more strenuous than just sitting around.

Taking the time to recognize what you’re eating is the first step to losing weight. A lot of people truly don’t realize how much crap they’re eating. When I first started doing this – and writing down everything I was eating – it really opened my eyes to the volumes of junk food I was eating before. I was a slave to cookies, chocolate, chicken wings, and pizza. When I first took the time to look up the fact that a chicken wing has 150 calories in it (yes, one wing), I was astounded. I used to eat 20 wings and 2 or 3 slices of pizza for dinner.

Now you can get yourself one of those little calorie counter booklets from your favorite book store. Sometimes you’ll even see them in the grocery store. They’re invaluable. Once you get to know the foods you eat on a regular basis, keeping track of what you eat is really quite simple. You will gain a better appreciation for what you’re putting in your body.

So please, please, please, take my advice and journal everything you eat. You do NOT have to do this for the rest of your life… just until you hit your goal weight. By that time, you’ll be able to keep a good mental track of what you’re eating, and you’ll be more aware of what you should eat, and how much exercise you should be getting every week.

Also, you do not have to obsess over every little calorie! Counting your calories can be as detailed as you like. If you want to track every last celery stick, by all means do so. However, you can just round your calories off to the nearest 10, or 20. Don’t worry whether or not something contains 24 or 26 calories. In the end, it doesn’t make that much of a difference… but whether something has 100 or 200 calories does.

The important thing… and I cannot stress this enough… is write everything down!

Tip 4. Eat The Right Amount of Calories

We’re not going to starve ourselves! In fact, proper weight loss is best accomplished by eating more frequently than you’re probably used to! Let me say that again: you’re going to eat more food than you are right now. You’re going to eat better food, more often, but at a lower calorie intake. If you’re like I used to be, you’re probably skipping breakfast. This means that when lunchtime comes around, you’re starving, so you probably overeat the wrong kinds of food (like pizza, wings, Chinese, etc.) for lunch – and I’ll bet it’s fast food or takeout. Then, you don’t eat anything again for six to eight hours, and pack in a monster dinner.

Now here’s what happens: your body isn’t getting any food first thing in the morning, so your metabolism isn’t getting started. Your “calorie-burning fire” doesn’t get started in the morning, so you’re not really burning as many calories as you should be. Also, your body is saying, “uh, oh – I’m not getting any food. I better hold on to whatever body fat I can because we’re starving!” This is bad. If you don’t eat enough food, often enough, your body will basically go into starvation mode and hang on to whatever body fat it can.

The key to unlocking your stored fat is to feed yourself enough good food so that your body doesn’t need to store any additional fat, while at the same time getting plenty of exercise and strength training to burn whatever fat you currently have and build muscle.

There are a bunch of factors that go into calculating metabolic rates and all that jazz, but you can use this chart as a basic measurement of how many calories you should be eating as part of your weight-loss diet. Notice it’s based on your current weight and your gender. Women need fewer calories then do men. Also, if you’re a smaller person, you need less energy than a larger person. Use this chart to determine how many calories you should be eating on a daily basis.

WOMEN

Under 130: 1000 Calories

130-150: 1200 Calories

151-200: 1400 Calories

201-250: 1600 Calories

251-300: 1800 Calories

301-350: 2000 Calories

351-400: 2200 Calories

MEN

Under 130: 1200 Calories

130-150: 1400 Calories

151-200: 1600 Calories

201-250: 1800 Calories

251-300: 2000 Calories

301-350: 2200 Calories

351-400: 2400 Calories

Now here’s something that’s vitally important… you want to make sure you get enough calories every day, otherwise your body will go into “starvation” mode. You want to make sure that you eat your meals at least four times a day to keep your metabolism running. If you don’t eat, your body will go into starvation mode. It will realize that it’s not getting enough food, and will hold on to body fat. It’s important to get enough calories spaced throughout the day to keep your fire stoked. Don’t think that by starving yourself you’re going to lose weight. It will be the wrong kind of weight. Remember, your body will eat it’s own muscle tissue first before burning fat if it doesn’t have enough protein.

Tip 5. Send Yourself to Boot Camp

Now, if you want to jump start your body on its way to fast weight loss, here’s what you’re going to do. Ignore the charts above, and drop yourself right down to a 1000-calorie-per-day diet immediately. In addition, make sure you get at least 15 minutes of walking (or some other easy, basic, extra exercise) in every day as well.

You will do this for exactly two weeks… no more… no less. Then, you will go back to eating the normal amount of calories as indicated on the chart above.

It’s not going to be easy. You won’t be able to eat any junk food for these first two weeks. You can, however, eat plenty of good foods – chicken, salads, whole grain breads, etc. It won’t be easy, but once you get through it, you’ll be able to add lots of calories back in to your diet, and feel more normal again… in fact, after eating only 1000 calories for two weeks, you’ll probably have a hard time bringing yourself back up to 2000 calories (or whatever you should be at).

Here’s why this works: dropping your calorie intake down to 1000 calories will shock your body into new eating habits. You will cleanse your body of toxins (like those monster grease burgers you’ve been eating) and get some good, healthy food in you. You will notice weight loss after the first couple of days, but you’ll be keeping your energy up by eating good foods at regular intervals. You can stop any cravings you’re having with water, or add some extra veggies in there – you can eat just about as much green vegetables as you want.

Tip 6. Don’t Think “Fat Free” Means “Calorie Free”

Everywhere you look, it seems that “low fat” foods abound. While there are certain low-fat or no-fat foods that we are going to eat, you don’t want to restrict yourself to a totally no-fat diet. There are certain fats that are good fats, and other that are bad fats. We’re going to want to eat good fats because they are necessary for proper health. Bad fats, however, will make you fat.

There are tons of fad “no-fat” diets out there that have promoted the whole “low-fat” mentality. What’s happened? People are still continuing to get fat eating “fat-free” foods. They eat fat-free cookies, fat-free chips, and fat-free dairy products, yet they keep getting fatter. Why? Many fat-free foods have nearly as many calories as their full-fat versions.

Now, you start eating “fat free” potato chips thinking to yourself that you can splurge… hey, why not? They’re “fat free.” Well, you still load on the calories with fat-free potato chips. It’s the calories that make you fat. In fact, when food manufacturers remove fat from their products, often times they replace the fat with sugar to improve the taste. Guess what… by adding sugar, they’re bringing the calorie count almost back up to where the full-fat product was.

We need fat. Fat forms lining of the cell membranes in almost every cell of our bodies. Your brain is composed primarily of fat. If you don’t eat enough of the right kinds of fat, your brain will not get the proper nutrition to function. Eating too little fat can also reduce your testosterone levels (equally important for women as for men).

Tip 7. Know Your Fats

Saturated Fats are bad for you. They are found mostly in beef, milk, cheese, deli meats, butter, and some tropical oils. Saturated fats increase your risk of coronary artery disease, diabetes, and obesity. Avoid or minimize saturated fat intake. Try to eat low-fat meats like chicken and turkey without the skin, and reduced-fat dairy products. If you’re eating red mean, get the lowest-fat, leanest meat you can.

Trans Fats are saturated fats that are extremely bad for you. You should completely eliminate all foods with trans fats in them from your diet. These types of unnatural fats are created during food manufacturing processes such as the hydrogenation of vegetable oil. They are usually found in pastries, buns, chips, doughnuts, shortening, and other such foods. If the label says “trans fat” put that product back on the shelf. If the ingredients of any product say “partially hydrogenated” anywhere on it – put it back. One example: margarine! It’s evil. It’s loaded with trans-fatty acids. Avoid it at all costs. Also avoid vegetable shortening, commercial pasties, deep-fried food, and most prepared snacks, mixes, and convenience foods.

Studies have shown that saturated and trans fats are actually addictive and make you want to eat more. They have also been linked to all kinds of health problems from cancer and heart disease to diabetes.

Unsaturated Fats, on the other hand, are generally good for you. These types of fats are usually found in nuts, seeds, fish, and grains. Mono-unsaturated fats, such as the types found in olive and canola oil, will actually protect your cardiovascular system from disease. These are the types of fats we’re going to load into our diet.

– Good fats: almonds, avocado, cashews, flax oil, olive oil, olives, peanut butter, peanuts, fresh fish (salmon, mackerel, tuna)

– Bad fats: butter, coconut, corn oil, cream cheese, half-and-half, lard, mayonnaise, shortening, sour cream

Keep in mind that you need fats in your diet, but even the good fats listed above have a good amount of calories in them – so take it easy! A tablespoon of olive oil, for example, as 100 calories. Almonds (which I love to snack on) have 6 calories a piece. Nuts are a great, healthy-fat snack – but just make sure to take a small handful not the whole bag!

Tip 8. Add Omega 3 Fatty Acids to Your Diet

Omega fats are unsaturated fats that are not only good for you, but they’re essential for your health. Your body cannot create these fats, so you must get them totally from your diet. Omega fats are helpful for many reasons, plus they are necessary for normal cell growth and development.

First, Omega fats are an excellent appetite suppressant. Part of the reason why people binge on “fat-free” foods is because fat is what makes your stomach “feel full.” If you aren’t eating any fat in your meal, your stomach never tells your brain that you’re full. Add a little good fat to your meal, and you’ll feel full with less food.

Eating Omega fats helps your body to unlock stored fat so that you can use it for energy. Omega fat balances your body’s ratio of insulin to glucagon. When you eat sugary foods, your body releases insulin to remove the excess sugar from your system. If you do this too often, the insulin will block the hormone glucagon – which is another hormone that functions to help your body burn fat. Too much sugar = too much insulin = not enough glucagon = little fat burning. Plus, you are at risk for diabetes. Omega fats help to balance this ratio.

Omega fats help to boost your body’s metabolic rate. This also helps you to burn more calories. Omega fats are the building blocks of your cells. Your cell membranes consist of Omega fats. Since they cannot be created by the body, you must get them from your diet.

A specific fat, Omega 3 Fatty Acid, is obtained from flax seeds or flax seed oil. This will be the primary fat that we’ll add to our meals. You can use it on salads and in breads, add it to soups and yogurt. Don’t cook with it, however, as the heat will change it’s chemical properties. You will also find good doses of Omega 3 in most seafood, green leavy vegetables, fatty fish (salmon, tuna, trout, mackerel), walnuts, olive, and canola oil.

Have fish for dinner at least twice a week – and I don’t mean your beer-battered, fried haddock that the local pub serves on Fridays. Pick a fish like salmon, tuna, or mackerel. Bake or grill them – don’t fry them. They have very high concentrations of Omega 3 fatty acids in them. Add flax oil to your salads instead of fatty dressings. Snack on walnuts or almonds instead of cookies and chocolate. You will feel full sooner, and you’ll be adding essential fatty acids to your diet to help burn calories!

Tip 9. Get Plenty of Protein

Proteins are the building blocks for your body. You need to eat lots of protein for your body to build, repair, and maintain your muscle and other lean tissues. If you don’t eat enough protein, your body will break down muscle tissue, which is bad, to maintain itself. As a result, your metabolism will slow, and you won’t burn body fat. Unlike fat or glucose, there’s nowhere in our bodies to store protein (aside from building muscle tissue) so you have to get a lot from your diet.

How much protein should you eat? Most people should eat about 0.4 to 0.8 grams of protein per pound of body weight. Therefore, if you weigh 200 pounds, you should be eating between 80 and 160 grams of protein per day. This isn’t hard to do. Eat two eggs for breakfast, and an 8-ounce serving of chicken for dinner, and you’re at 60 grams of protein right there.

What kinds of protein should you eat? I like fish, chicken (white meat), turkey (white meat), soy products, beans, legumes, and eggs (whites only – yokes have a lot of fat). Soy products are a great source of protein… once you get used to the taste. I have totally switched from regular milk to soy milk. It has all the calcium, much less of the saturated fat, and none of the cholesterol of normal milk (even skim milk!)

Eat fish twice a week, chicken twice a week, turkey once a week, a vegetarian meal once a week, and then on that seventh day, go ahead and splurge with the pork or beef… just take it easy. Just make sure you choose lean sirloin cuts. Trim off any fat. Beef has a lot of saturated fat in it (it’s marbled throughout the meat so you can’t just cut it off). Beef is the worst meat for you – as compared to the other popular meats.

– Good protein: beans (any kind), eggs (preferably whites – yolks have a lot of fat), chicken (white meat, no skin), turkey (white meat, no skin), salmon (preferably not farmed), tuna (packed in water, not oil), mahi mahi, any shellfish, any soy products.

– Bad protein: bacon, ham, hot dogs, beef, pork, lamb, veal.

In part 2 of this article, you’ll read about nine more tips to lose weight.

Sore Penis Cause: Dry Humping

While intercourse is the most desirable form of sex for many men, most men are happy to engage in an occasional bout of dry humping (even if it may result in a fairly sore penis at times). While this form of sex is perhaps more frequently engaged in during adolescence, many adult men have found themselves happily participating at various points. As with many forms of sex, the experience can be enhanced if a man is practicing appropriate penis care as well.

What is it?

Technically known as outercourse (or, more accurately, as a form of outercourse), dry humping involves the rubbing together of the crotches of two individuals while both are clothed, with the genitalia remaining covered as well. In some instances, dry humping can also refer to one person masturbating by simulating intercourse-like movements against the bed, couch or another object while remaining clothed.

Teen-age dream

As mentioned above, dry humping is often a favorite pastime of adolescents, especially those who are still virgins. Because there is no skin-to-skin contact involving the genitals, the risk of pregnancy or of spreading STIs through outercourse is almost zero. Due to this, dry humping allows teen-aged partners to experience a physical closeness, a simulation of intercourse and an orgasmic release while remaining virgins and running a very low risk of unintended consequences.

Drawbacks

While there are many good reasons to engage in outercourse, there are also some drawbacks to this form of entertainment. For example, for many men, once they have experienced the sensation of actual vaginal intercourse, there is little desire to engage in outercourse (except, perhaps as a form of foreplay leading to intercourse). Dry humping may be seen by these men as a poor substitute for “the real thing.”

Messiness may also be a factor. If dry humping is carried through to its desired result, the man will ejaculate while still clothed. The semen will accumulate in his underwear or trousers, which some men find uncomfortable. In addition, in many cases the semen will seep through the underwear onto the outer jeans or trousers, creating a wet spot that may be a source of embarrassment if it is seen by others. That wet spot may also develop into a stain, altering the appearance of the pants and possibly making them unusable for future wear.

Soreness

Beyond the untidiness associated with dry humping, it can often lead to a very sore penis – if an undeniably happy one. This only stands to reason: A man who frantically engages in outercourse is thrusting his penis back and forth against fabric rather than lubricated skin, often in a manic or uncontrolled state of lust. Even soft fabrics like cotton can cause chafing, irritation and rashes in this situation, not to mention a high degree of soreness once an orgasm has been achieved and a man can once again concentrate on something other than obtaining release.

Still, despite the threat of a sore penis and other drawbacks, even fully grown men may find themselves dry humping at various times. It may be a way to engage in some covert sex when exposure of the organ is too dangerous, and in such cases is quite welcomed.

For these instances – or just for those men who simply enjoy dry humping period – it’s important for a man to regularly employ a top-drawer penis health cream (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil). To combat the soreness and irritation that can accompany dry humping, a man should select a cream that contains a high-end emollient such as Shea butter in order to provide much-needed soothing relief. Vitamin C is another key ingredient for a quality cream; this vitamin makes strong contributions to collagen production and penile tissue firmness, which is desirable after aggressive dry humping. Finally, acetyl L-carnitine should be among the cream’s ingredients; dry humping can cause a loss of sensation, which this ingredient’s neuroprotective properties may address.