Diabetes: African Americans Deadly Foe

This makes EFA’s an important part of your diet. Other sources of these fats are fish and nuts.

Flax Seed Oil is also known as Linseed Oil. FlaxSeed is a blue flowering plant that is grown on the Western Canadian Prairies for its oil rich seeds. FlaxSeed oil is highly recommended for the general well being, whole body nutrition and helps in restoring body’s natural balance of good and bad prostaglandins. The first time you see flax seeds you were probably, like “ok, they look like sesame seeds, who are you trying to fool?” They may look like sesame seeds, but boy do they pack in a lot of nutrition.

Another study has found that omega-3 fatty acids, and by extension, flaxseed, can reduce the risk of macular degeneration, which is an eye disease that destroys vision by damaging nerve cells in the eye.

Besides lignans, flaxseeds and their oil are also the best food sources of an essential fatty acid, alpha-linolenic acid. “Essential” means we must consume it, because our bodies cannot manufacture it.

Diabetes: African Americans Deadly Foe

Diabetes is having a devastating effect on the African American community. Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death in African Americans and their death rates are twenty seven percent higher than whites.

Over 2.8 million African Americans have diabetes and one third of them don’t know they have the disease. In addition, twenty five percent of African Americans between the ages of 65 – 74 have diabetes and one in four African American women, over the age of 55, have been diagnosed with the disease The cause of diabetes is a mystery, but researchers believe that both genetics and environmental factors play roles in who will develop the disease.


Researchers believe that African Americans and African Immigrants are predisposed to developing diabetes. Research suggests that African Americans and recent African immigrants have inherited a “thrifty gene” from their African ancestors.

This gene may have enabled Africans to use food energy more efficiently during cycles of feast and famine. Now, with fewer cycles of feast and famine, this gene may make weight control more difficult for African Americans and African Immigrants. This genetic predisposition, coupled with impaired glucose tolerance, is often associated with the genetic tendency toward high blood pressure. People with impaired glucose tolerance have higher than normal blood glucose levels and are at a higher risk for developing diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes, commonly know as “sugar diabetes”, is a condition that occurs when the body is unable to properly produce or use insulin. Insulin is needed by the body to process sugar, starches and other foods into energy. Diabetes is a chronic condition for which there is no known cure; diabetes is a serious disease and should not be ignored.

Diabetics often suffer from low glucose levels (sugar) in their blood. Low blood sugar levels can make you disorientated, dizzy, sweaty, hungry, have headaches, have sudden mood swings, have difficulty paying attention, or have tingling sensations around the mouth.

Types of Diabetes

Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose levels is higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type II diabetes. Pre-diabetes can cause damage to the heart and circulatory system, but pre-diabetes can often be controlled by controlling blood glucose levels. By controlling pre-diabetes you can often prevent or delay the onset of Type II diabetes.

Type I or juvenile-onset diabetes usually strikes people under the age of 20, but can strike at any age. Five to ten percent of African Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes are diagnosed with this type of the disease. Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body produces little or no insulin and this type of diabetes must be treated with daily insulin injections.

Type II or adult onset diabetes is responsible for ninety to ninety-five percent of diagnosed diabetes cases in African Americans. Type II results from a condition where the body fails to properly use insulin. According to the American Diabetes Association, “Type II is usually found in people over 45, who have diabetes in their family, who are overweight, who don’t exercise and who have cholesterol problems.” In the early stages it can often be controlled with lifestyle changes, but in the later stages diabetic pills or insulin injections are often needed.

There are also many ways of consuming the seeds. You can simply just chew them. You can grind the seeds to make a power.

As a source of fiber mucilage, oral flaxseed (not flaxseed oil) may possess laxative properties, although only one human trial has been conducted for this indication. Researchers found low incidences of breast cancer and colon cancer in populations that have high amounts of Lignan in their diet.

Flax Hull Lignans are very beneficial for many health conditions. Studies have shown that SDG or lignan (secoisolariciresinol diglycoside, but for simplicity this substance will be referred to as lignans)

The fiber in flaxseeds may also help against cholesterol, since it is soluble (similar to that in oats). Pregnancy related diabetes or gestational diabetes can occur in pregnant women. Gestational diabetes is often associated with high glucose blood levels or hyperglycemia. Gestational diabetes affects about four percent of all pregnant women. The disease usually goes away after delivery, but women who suffer from gestational diabetes are at a higher risk for developing diabetes later in life.

Symptoms of Diabetes

The most common symptoms of diabetes include:

excessive urination including frequent trips to the bathroom

increased thirst

increased appetite

blurred vision

unusual weight loss

increased fatigue


Complications from Diabetes

Diabetes can lead to many disabling and life threatening complications. Strokes, blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, and amputations are common complications that effect African Americans who have diabetes

Kidney Disease

“Diabetes is the second leading cause of end stage kidney disease in African Americans, accounting for about thirty percent of the new cases each year,” says the National Kidney Foundation of Illinois. Up to twenty-one percent of people who develop diabetes will develop kidney disease.


Diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations in the United States. More than sixty percent of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations in America occur among people with diabetes and African Americans are almost three times more likely to have a lower limb amputated due to diabetes than whites. According to Center for Disease Control (CDC), about 82,000 non-traumatic lower-limb amputations were performed among people with diabetes in 2001.


African Americans are twice as likely to suffer from diabetes related blindness. Diabetics can develop a condition called “Diabetic Retinopathy”, a disease affecting the blood vessels of the eye, which can lead to impaired vision and blindness. Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people from 20 – 74 years of age and up to 24,000 people loose their sight each year because of diabetes.

Heart Disease

People with diabetes are up to four times more likely to develop heart disease as people who don’t have diabetes. Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is more common in diabetics and can lead to increased risk of heart attacks, stroke, and poor circulation throughout the body.

Diabetes Risk Factors

You have a greater risk for developing diabetes if you have any of the following:


Family history of diabetes


Low physical activity

Age greater than 45 years

High blood pressure

High blood levels of triglycerides

HDL cholesterol of less than 35

Previous diabetes during pregnancy or baby weighing more than 9 pounds

Diabetes has had a devastating effect on the African American community; it is the fifth leading cause of death and second leading cause of end stage kidney disease in African Americans. African Americans suffer from complications from diabetes at a much higher rate than the rest of the population. African Americans are three times more likely to have a lower limb amputated because of diabetes and twice as likely to suffer from diabetes related blindness.

If you have any of the diabetes risk factors you should contact your physician and have a blood glucose test. Also discuss with your physician lifestyle changes you can take to lower your chances of developing diabetes.

Cardiovascular disease kills more Americans than the next 7 causes of death combined – including cancer – the AHA report states. In this Omega-3 benefits and facts section you will learn the basics about omega-3 essential fatty acids (EFA) from fish oils and their function in our bodies.

Why is Flaxseed called the miracle food? Find out at http://www.flaxseedfitness.com Flax seed oil is rich in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an essential fatty acid that appears to be very helpful for heart inflammatory bowel disease, disease, arthritis and a variety of other health conditions.

Where to Get Omeaga 3 and Omega 6 Oil?

Flax Seed muffins pregents Cancer? How to do take Flax Seed? Find Flax Seed Recipe today! Omega-3 for health! Whereas plant foods and vegetable oils lack EPA and DHA, some do contain varying amounts of the n-3 PUFA alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which has 18 carbon atoms and 3 double bonds. Omega 3 benefits are wide-ranging and proven by clinical studies. Understanding the best omega 3 sources means you can include more of these healthy foods in your daily meal planning.

Therapeutic Massage Helps Overcome Infertility

When my wife and I had our first baby, we were so elated we wanted another one. Unfortunately, after 4 months of trying to conceive, we were unsuccessful. Our tolerance for secondary infertility was very low; we immediately sought help from our obstetrician. She prescribed fertility pills for 6 months but with no results. We set on to find other alternative means.

We read about diet and cleaned up our act by eliminating processed food and junk food. We threw out our microwave oven. We eliminated all drugs and lotions. I ate raw oysters to increase my sperm count.

I made a call to all friends and relatives that we were in search of a therapeutic massage expert. Our nannie had an aunt who was a therapeutic massage expert and midwife who was reputed to have been the final ingredient that made many women pregnant. We sought her assistance, she had expertise in manually fixing uterus positions. Many infertility cases she says comes from the uterus being out of position. In our language, this expert is called a “hilot”.

The “hilot” visited us for 3 Wednesdays in December 2002. The first session was scheduled immediately the day after the last drop of menstruation had stopped. Each session lasted only 10 minutes, the 2nd session left my wife sore as the “hilot” manually manipulated her uterus. The “hilot” told us on the 2nd Wednesday that my wife would still bleed this December 2002, but that she would surely be pregnant by January 2003.

January 18, we were so excited and took a test kit. Negative. Pffft… so much for “hilot” we thought. My wife said she will just begin a work out program. I had to go back and get a new sperm analysis. Sperm analysis comes out 300 million per ml. Whoa! I should be able to get any girl pregnant at this count, the lab technician said. Wife calls on my cell phone on January 25, 2003 and declares… “I’m pregnant!”

The hilot was absolutely correct, she called it, we are believers now. In fact, our lifestyle change and the hilot’s caring was so good, my wife became unexpectedly pregnant again after just some 6 months after giving birth to our 2nd child. So we wound up with 2 additional children for our infertility fighting effort. We now have a total of 3 children.

How to Have Restful Sleep

It is generally recommended that we get six to eight hours restful sleep per night. Restful sleep means that you are able to drift off into sleep easily and sleep well through the night. If you need to go to the toilet in the night you are able to go back to sleep. When you wake in the morning you feel energetic and ready for the day. If you feel tired, lacking in energy or tense when you wake in the morning you haven’t had a restful sleep.

Restful sleep is one of the basic requirements for mental and physical well-being. There are many people who suffer from the lack of sleep and this can result in fatigue, mental dullness and weakened mental and physical health. Research studies have shown that if you wake at 3 am and do not get back to sleep them your immune system does not work as well for the next 24 hrs. We need our sleep to be at our best.

There are many factors that could keep you awake in the night. These factors can include: stress or worry, a body that is toxic, caffeine or alcohol (alcohol may send you off to sleep but it has a short term effect), pain, anxiety and depression, pregnancy and menopausal symptoms, food allergies and nutritional deficiencies, the lack of fresh air and physical exercise, an uncomfortable mattress and bedding or being too cold or hot, and various health problems, such as asthma or ear aches and so forth. However, for many people a small shift in behaviour can lead to a restful sleep each night. For these people a change in bedtime and evening habits can change the sleeping pattern and result in an energised awakening and a feeling of wellbeing.

What do you need to do to have a restful nights sleep?

The first thing to do is to make an assessment of what is keeping you from having a restful sleep. Do you have an underlying problem that needs attention? Is your body in need detoxification? Do you have nutritional deficiency? Is your mattress and bedding or you sleeping environment uncomfortable? You will need to make the necessary changes to these underlying problems. You will need to deal with the pain, the lack of fresh air and exercise and so forth. Consult a health practitioner if you suffer from any chronic health problems and a complementary health practitioner will be able to treat your health problems as well as any other problems contributing to your insomnia. However, there are also many other adjustments that you can make to help you have a good nights sleep.

Some of the things that you can do include:

  • Eat a variety of fresh foods including plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
  • Avoid sugars, chocolate, cola drinks, tea and coffee, all of which have toxins that affect the nervous system and prevent sleep.
  • Avoid alcohol and eating just before bed time. It is preferable to eat a light meal in the evening – preferably no later than seven at night so that you do not go to bed with a full stomach.
  • Take some exercise, preferably early in the day, this will also assist you with stress control and will help with sleeping. However, a leisurely walk after the evening meal can also assist with relaxation and aid in the digestion of the meal.
  • Stop smoking. If you do smoke Growerz.com can assist you through the process of quitting and becoming smoke free for good.
  • Minimize exciting or mentally intense activities after about 8.30 to 9 pm and do something that will enable you to take your mind off the worry of the day. Avoid reading dramatic novels or distressing reading material or television before bed.
  • Consider using a relaxation mediation before bed.
  • Aim to be in bed with the lights out by 10.30 pm. If you are not used to getting to bed this early then move your bed time by half an hour every week until you are adjusted to going to bed by 10.30 pm.
  • Take a warm (but not hot) bath about an hour before bedtime. This will allow for both relaxation and a ‘washing away’ of the worries of the day. Add a few drops of a calming essential oil such as lavender, sandalwood or vanilla to the bath water. This will add to the relaxation effect of the bath. While you are soaking in the bath have the lights turned down low or burn a candle and listen to some soothing music.
  • If your mind is still active try journaling for a few minutes before bed – so that you are ‘downloading’ some of your thoughts and concerns. This will reduce the need for you to keep going over them during the night – you have them written down and you can come back to them in the morning.
  • Once you are in bed close your eyes and focus on your body and wherever you feel tension, relax that area. Watch, with your mind, your slow breathing in and out until you fall asleep.
  • If you are still having trouble falling asleep, try putting something warn on your stomach and chest area. Use a warm water bottle and allow this to soothe you.
  • Supplements to help the liver and the rest of the body to detoxify include: vitamin B complex, digestive enzymes, selenium, zinc, magnesium, manganese, and the antioxidant vitamins. These are usually contained in a good multivitamin and mineral supplement. Biotin and folic acid, as well as amino acids are also very useful in assisting with sleep.
  • There are many herbs that will assist with the cleansing and the detoxification process. These herbs include dandelion root, milk thistle and gardenia fruit. Detoxifying the body is an important way of aiding the body to heal, to relax and to sleep.
  • Drink plenty of pure water to assist the body to detoxify (a toxic overload may be the cause of the insomnia).

Sleep is an important part of maintaining a healthy mind and body. Restful sleep allows the body to undertake its natural healing and restorative processes. There are many causes of poor sleep and these causes range from chronic pain and disease and a body that needs to be detoxified, to poor bedtime habits. There are many things that you can do to improve the quality of your sleep. You need to examine the underlying reasons for poor sleep and work on repairing these – so, for example, you may need to detoxify your body, deal with pain, improve your sleeping environment, change your bedtime habits or use a relaxation meditation. This article provides many suggestions for gaining restful sleep and therefore improving you mental and physical well-being.

Articles on Obesity – Types and Utilities

One of the chief causes why a majority of people are falling prey to cardio vascular illness can be traced to one single causative agent, called obesity. According to top articles on obesity and health journals, obesity is the chief cause behind dysfuctionality of the human body, making us more and more prone to various diseases. The threat that obesity brings along with it can be well understood, if we go through medical articles devoted to the topics of obesity. Genuine obesity articles lash the topics concerned with related fields of study making it not only an interesting read but also helps give us deeper insight into the true nature of the topics concerned.

Widespread awareness on obesity and ways in which to control the spread of the problems associated with obesity is of prime concern. Articles devoted solely to serve this purpose come in handy as they make us aware of the different problems that usually come as a part and parcel with obesity. Obesity articles can be chiefly categorized under four types.

· Ones which address the topics of obesity from a medical point of view, dealing in details more on the biological particularities of the subject and physiological irregularities that one might face with an obese framework.

· Articles that speak about obesity from a first person’s point of view, that is, from the perspective of survivors or fighters who themselves have suffered from obesity related ailments. These articles go on to narrate the survivor’s personal experience more vividly focusing on the individual issues more strongly than medical articles.

· The third type of articles on obesity are those which are more educative and are specially meant to address the younger generation, the target population, hooked on to a sedentary lifestyle as they consume the most amount of fast foods like cola, burger, hot dog and other processed foods. These fat collating foods may be tastier but in actuality they build up body cholesterol which may convert into internal body fat making a person obese and in turn more prone to cardio vascular diseases.

· The fourth type of obesity articles is strictly nonmedical ones. These are narratives or fictitious pieces where the chief characters are either obese or suffering from an ailment due to their uncontrolled obesity. These articles lash popular sentiments and emotions with obesity and inject a human touch to the story making the reader reflect on how strenuous their own lives can get if they do not open their eyes now and fight obesity with a vengeance.

Conclusion: Good articles on obesity are necessary to make us more aware about this growing health menace and help us realize how we can make ourselves prepared to fight back soon as we notice its earliest medical symptoms. Articles on obesity, hence, can also be considered as guidelines for survival which prevent deaths through their inspiring messages and brings a smile on the faces of millions of people worldwide who are suffering from obesity.

The Challenge in Diagnosing Chronic Appendicitis

Chronic appendicitis usually refers to a milder form of the illness. Chronic appendicitis is very rare and its symptoms are less pronounced, in some cases even undetectable.

Judging by its gravity and rate of development, appendicitis can be either chronic or acute. Acute appendicitis is very common and it is characterized through intense symptoms and fast rate of progression. Chronic appendicitis has a very low incidence in people and it is characterized through milder, almost unperceivable symptoms and a slow rate of progression. The general symptoms of appendicitis have an unspecific character. While acute appendicitis is considered to be difficult to detect, chronic appendicitis is almost impossible to detect relying only on the patients’ reports of symptoms. For instance, while patients with acute appendicitis experience abdominal pain, high fever and nausea, people with chronic appendicitis may only experience a generalized state of fatigue and illness. The only effective means of diagnosing chronic appendicitis are blood analysis, endoscopy and abdominal computerized tomography.

Appendicitis in general refers to obstruction of the vermiform appendix and internal bacterial infection. The appendix is a tubular extension of the large intestine and its function is thought to be related with the process of digestion. When the appendix is blocked by calculus and feces or it is squeezed by the lymph nodes (due to bacterial infection, the lymph nodes usually become swollen and press against the appendix), it swells and usually doesn’t receive enough blood. Bacteria grow inside the appendix, eventually causing its death. Acute appendicitis involves complete obstruction and fast deterioration of the appendix. Chronic appendicitis, however, involves a partial blockage of the appendix and a less serious form of bacterial infection. The symptoms of chronic appendicitis are milder and have a recidivating character. Chronic appendicitis evolves slowly and it may take months until the illness is finally discovered.

Although it takes a long time to progress, chronic appendicitis is considered to be a serious form of appendicitis. Due to fact that it can be detected after long periods of time, the bacterial infection may slowly spread to the internal organs. Considering the fact that chronic appendicitis is not manifested through pain, nausea or fever, the infection might progress undetected. Therefore, both acute and chronic appendicitis can lead to serious complications. Patients suspected of having either acute or chronic appendicitis need to go through detailed physical examinations and laboratory tests in order to find out their actual diagnose. If left untreated, both forms of appendicitis are considered to be life-threatening and in many cases special measures are required in revealing the presence of the illness.

Considering the fact that chronic appendicitis has no specific symptoms, its presence is very difficult to detect. However, its treatment doesn’t necessarily involve surgery, as in the case of acute appendicitis. If it is discovered in time, chronic appendicitis can be overcome with antibiotics. However, chronic appendicitis has a recidivating character and therefore ongoing treatment is required.

Amoxicillin Rashes: are You Reacting to Your Antibiotic

Children even a few months old as well as adults can get an amoxicillin rash. This may not be detected right away as the underlying cause since it can occur several days into the antibiotic and not initially.  It can also be confusing if you recently changed soaps, detergents or ate foods you don’t normally eat as allergic skin reactions can occur due to these reasons and not just from a drug allergy pimple rash.

If you are noticing any respiratory problems you should call your physician immediately and they may advise you to go to the emergency room. This is to be sure your throat won’t become constricted. A rash hives reaction means you should stay away from penicillin as well in the future as these are in same family. Don’t feel you have to avoid antibiotics totally as there are different classes of antibiotics that you will qualify for.

For relief of the itchiness of yours skin rash, take an oatmeal bath. This is important for your child’s comfort if they have a rash as scratching the skin can result in a bacterial infection. This creates a cycle where you may need an antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection. Benadryl or another anti-itch pill is helpful for relieving the itch during sleep so you can have a good night’s rest. This will help the body’s immune system strengthen. If you are only getting a few hours sleep a night you’ll have a weak system and increased stress as well. An amoxicllin rash means you need to discontinue the medication, but call your doctor to find out what should be substituted.

Even if you’ve taken amoxicillin in the past, it doesn’t mean you won’t get a rash now. Allergic reactions and drug rashes can occur despite success in past with a medication.

7 Medications Pediatricians Should Never Prescribe, But Still Do

Almost every visit to the pediatrician results in the prescription of one or more medications. As a parent, you’d like to trust that the medications your doctor prescribes for your child are selected based on careful reflection, and are not only effective, but safe. Unfortunately that’s not always the case. As a board-certified pediatrician of sixteen years I regret to confess that many of the treatments we provide are ineffective, while others can cause grave harm. Too often, we doctors stray from accepted standards of care as a matter of expediency, the result of habit, or to satisfy perceived parental expectations. Nowhere is this so apparent as when a pediatrician prescribes a medication that experts agree should never be used by primary care doctors.

A medication that is shunned by pediatricians typically possesses one or more of the following features: it is not safe; it is not effective; its use has been supplanted by newer, better choices; pediatricians do not have the expertise required to prescribe the drug. Using these criteria, let us examine 7 medications that your pediatrician should never prescribe under any circumstance.


Pediatricians commonly use this medication for the treatment of nausea and vomiting that often accompany viral intestinal infections. Unfortunately, it doesn’t work very well and it frequently produces drowsiness, dizziness and confusion: symptoms we’d like to avoid in a child whose mental status must be monitored as an indicator of dehydration. The intra-venous use of this medication has resulted in tragic events requiring the amputation of limbs due to the caustic nature of the drug, and is now prohibited in many hospitals. Fortunately, we have a much more effective medication at our disposal with a far better safety profile; which makes one wonder why some doctors still cling to Promethazine.

Cough suppressants:

The common cold is the most common ailment in childhood. It is natural to want to provide some relief to a child whose cough is keeping her from sleeping. Unfortunately, the cough medications we have at our disposal have not been shown to be effective in children and may cause unacceptable side-effects. Over the counter cough medicines almost universally include the active ingredient, Dextromethorphan (DM), whereas prescription versions may employ Codeine. Both these drugs are derivatives of opiates. Respiratory depression and behavioral problems have been observed in children taking these products, and in infants, overdoses have resulted in deaths.

In October 2007, the American Academy of Pediatrics proposed to the Food and Drug Administration that the following warning be included on the labeling of cough medications:

“This product has been shown to be ineffective in the treatment of cough and cold in children under six years of age. Serious adverse reactions, including but not limited to death have been reported with the use, misuse and abuse of this product.” Inexplicably, many pediatricians continue to routinely prescribe these medications even to infants.

Dexamethasone eye drops:

This is an example of a medication that can be extremely efficacious, but which pediatricians should not prescribe because they lack the requisite expertise to use it safely. Dexamethasone is a steroid that is utilized for its anti-inflammatory properties. These eye drops are a powerful tool for a variety of conditions but require a careful eye exam by an ophthalmologist prior to their use. If applied in the midst of some eye infections, Dexamethasone-containing drops can exacerbate the infection and lead to irreparable eye injury. This medication is best left to the eye specialists.

Nystatin with Triamcinolone Combination Cream:

Sometimes the sum of the parts is less than the individual parts. Nystatin is a useful topical antifungal, routinely used to treat diaper rashes that have an overgrowth of yeast. Triamcinolone is a potent steroid cream that is effective in treating a variety of inflammatory conditions of the skin, including eczema. The problem arises when these two medications are combined. Doctors, wanting to add some anti-inflammatory effect in the treatment of a yeast rash, or uncertain as to whether the rash is the result of a fungal infection or due to plain inflammation, mistakenly instruct parents to use this product in the diaper area. The potency of all steroid creams is multiplied when applied to skin that is occluded by dressings, plastic wraps, or diapers. When applied under cover of a diaper, Triamcinolone can lead to ulcerations of the skin, which often intensify as a well-meaning parent continues to apply ever more cream in a frantic but futile attempt to alleviate the worsening rash. Only thin applications of far weaker steroid creams might be applied to this extremely delicate area of the body, and only after the careful consideration of potential risks and benefits.


A few decades ago, Cefaclor was one of the only oral preparations of a family of antibiotics known as the Cephalosporins, which are commonly used to treat a variety of childhood infections. This particular medication, however, has a much higher rate of allergic reactions compared to other drugs in its class, including a particularly severe complication known as Serum Sickness-Like Reaction, in which children develop rash, fever, swollen, painful joints, and other troubling symptoms. Furthermore, many bacteria have become resistant to this drug. In a large study published in 2003, out of 19 antibiotics tested, Cefaclor was the least likely to kill the most common bacterium implicated in ear infections, sinus infections and pneumonia. Academic medical centers have stopped using this medication some 20 years ago, but some doctors in the community just can’t break the habit.

Albuterol Oral Syrup:

Albuterol by inhalation, either in an aerosol or inhaler form, remains the most important rescue medicine for the treatment of asthma attacks. When the medication is inhaled, it travels directly to receptors located on the walls of the respiratory airways, signaling muscle fibers to relax, thereby reducing bronchial constriction and improving the flow of air in and out of the lungs. The inhaled route maximizes the amount of medication delivered to its intended target and mitigates common side-effects, such as jitteriness and an accelerated heart rate, that are produced when the drug enters the bloodstream. When the oral formulation is used, the medication must first be absorbed from the intestinal tract into the circulation, by which it then travels throughout the body, with just a fraction of the ingested dose eventually finding its way onto the receptors of the airways. This is a highly ineffective delivery system that magnifies the side-effects while minimizing effectiveness. Albuterol oral syrup is often used not for asthma, but as a type of ersatz cough medicine; a practice that is a relic of the past.

Anti-Diarrhea Compounds:

Diarrhea is a common occurrence in childhood, most often the result of a viral gastroenteritis; what is commonly referred to as the “stomach flu”. At times, it can be the result of bacterial dysentery. The key to the treatment of this usually self-limited but bothersome condition is to provide hydration and nutrition. Guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention discourage the use of anti-diarrhea compounds due to their lack of efficacy and the potential for serious side-effects, including severe cramping, and temporary paralysis of the gut, which can lead to a concentration of bacteria and their toxins in the setting of dysentery. Unfortunately, many pediatricians are either unaware of, or choose to ignore these recommendations.

At its best, the practice of pediatrics incorporates scientific evidence, critical thinking, best practices, and accepted standards of care, while embracing humility and a deep compassion; ever cognizant of each child’s unique constitution and the cultural values of his family. Too often, we doctors fall far short of this objective, particularly when we are rushed, when we don’t take the time to listen patiently or examine carefully, or when we fall into the ruts of habit, not questioning what we think we know.

Sir William Osler, a renowned 19th century physician who practiced at a time where many of the treatments were ineffective and fraught with hazards, wrote, “One of the first duties of the physician is to educate the masses not to take medicine”: an admonition that retains a clear ring of truth even in the 21st century. All medications have potential side-effects and, particularly in children, a wise philosophy is to use the fewest medications with the most favorable safety profile for the least amount of time.

Many childhood illnesses are self-resolving conditions that doctors should manage by providing comfort to the child and by counseling parents, rather than blithely dispensing prescriptions designed to subdue symptoms without a conscientious attempt at identifying the true nature of the underlying condition. We doctors must do better. The best parents can do is to become informed consumers of health-care, and never hesitate to question their doctor.

Cough Remedy Tips – Quick Relief When You Need It

To treat cough, its underlying cause must be identified and correct medication must be administered. But this will take some time. When you are in a hurry and you have to give a speech or go to a job interview, all you want is a quick relief from cough. Although the results are temporary at best, quick reliefs should save you from dire situations. So to help you, here is a list of some quick cough remedies:

Saline Solution

Cough is often the result of bacterial infection on the throat. The presence of bacteria results in inflammation which in turn leads to itching. Your body will attempt to relieve the itch by coughing. Saline solution helps in this situation because salt has been known for years for its germicidal properties. For this to work more effectively, you have to gargle with saline solution for several seconds. You should also avoid swallowing and spitting for a while. This will expose your inflamed throat to the saline solution longer.

Medicated Menthol Candy

Medicated menthol candies such as Strepsils can easily be bought as an over-the-counter drug. Although not really designed to cure some underlying causes of cough, they can be used as quick relief. Regular menthol candies with extra strong menthol flavor can also provide temporary relief. In some conditions such as sore throat however, the sugars in regular candies can aggravate the situation.

Regular Mouthwash

Mouthwash can also be used to provide relief from sudden episodes of cough. The menthol content of most mouthwash products is good for an inflamed throat. Also, mouthwash products commonly contain antibacterial ingredients. This is good for disinfecting bacterial buildup in the throat area. A quick mouthwash gargle will provide instant relief from cough in most cases.

Lemon Drops

Fresh lemon drops straight to the throat is also a good way to provide quick relief from cough. The natural ingredients found in lemon juice can disinfect bacterial buildup on the throat. Also, the rich vitamin C content of lemon juice can remedy throat inflammation. Of course, you can also slowly sip down a glass of lemon juice for a more enjoyable way of treating cough. However, you should avoid using sugar. Use honey instead.

Vicks Rub

Vicks vapor rub and other similar menthol rub products can be rubbed on the chest, throat, nape, and back to provide instant relief from cough. You can also put some Vicks on your nostrils to relieve any blockage along the nasal tract. And although it sounds ridiculous, some people support that rubbing Vicks on the soles of your feet can help relieve cough.

Scotch and Honey

The alcohol content of scotch can act as a good germicide. Therefore, drinking scotch can provide relief to cough caused by bacterial infection. And you can double the effect by adding some honey. Honey is known for its many medicinal properties. Also, honey is good for relieving inflammation.

Water therapy

Sometimes, all it takes is water. Just drink lots of fluid to flush down irritants that caused the cough in the first place. You might also want to drink water in large gulps. This will wash down throat irritants better.

Home Remedies for Cold Sores That Actually Work

Cold sores are a type of facial lesion that is found either on the lips or else on the skin in the area immediately adjacent to the mouth. The herpes simplex virus causes cold sores. After a first breakout often during childhood, the virus may lay dormant for years, but it can come active at anytime. Triggers include fever, infection, stress, sun or windy weather. Cold sores are contagious so take care not to spread them by contact.

Home Remedies for Cold sores

Use Echinacea and goldenseal extract mixture. Echinacea is an immune system booster that can also prevent a cold sore outbreak. Take one dropper-full a day for no more than 3 days. Also put a few drops on a cotton ball and place on the affected area for a few minutes several times a day.

Lemon balm contains a high concentration of polyphenols and appears to minimize herpes outbreaks. It can be applied topically in cream form. Or brew as a tea lemon balm can be taken internally as it has antiviral qualities.

Dab on some lip balm with sun protection. If you have had an outbreak of cold sores in the past, you should wear a lip balm with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 at all times, but especially when you are outdoors in the sun, to prevent a cold sore, says Dr. Kakita. You can find lip balms with high SPFs in sporting goods stores and drugstores.

Avoid the foods that are acidic or very salty such as citrus fruit and potato chips as they can both aggravate cold sores as well as being painful on the lesion and make sure you eat red meat and dairy products which are high in lysine.

Because sun can cause cold sores, it is advisable to use a sunscreen, particularly a high protection cream designed specifically for the lips.

Creams containing lysine, or based on lemon balm or tea tree oil help moisturize the infected area as well as provide a protective layer and fight the virus.

A lot of the better home remedied for cold sores typically include taking vitamins and other supplements, as well as changing your overall diet. You can also use ice packs or try applying different juices or powders directly to the sore.

Actually, you’ll find that a lot of the silliest-sounding remedies work so much better than more traditional solutions. Not all of the ideas in this article are bizarre, but they’re definitely novel compared to the average product you’d buy at a local drug store or pharmacy.

Certain home remedies for cold sores can help reduce the risks. If you have developed sores around your mouth, you can purchase certain home remedies to treat the condition. Bag Balm is recommended by doctors to treat sores, reduce ear infections, and keep the genitals clean, and so on. The ointment is used to control chapping, superficial abrasions, and other conditions, you can buy the ointment at your local pharmacy. Ointments are just some of the home remedy products that you can use to treat cold sores. Choulmogra is an essential oil used to treat arthritic conditions, such as rheumatism. The oils has proven to help control eczema, certain skin disease, scrofula, sores, bruising, sprains, leprosy, and other medical conditions. The oil comes from India , yet the oils are used widely.

Natural Treatment for Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is a very common affection manifested by the inflammation of the lymphatic tissue in the throat right behind the tongue. The causes of tonsillitis may be either bacterial or viral, but it is not uncommon to have it started by aggressive fungi such as Candida Albicans. Sore throat, swallowing difficulty, temperature, running nose, headaches and nasal congestions are among the most frequent symptoms associated with this affection. Usually the traditional treatment involves the immediate administration of antibiotics; however, in the case of repeated tonsillitis crises, antibiotics no longer make a viable solution as they expose the body to other health risks. For such situations, there are all sorts of alternative solutions to be taken into consideration.

One of the most powerful natural antibiotics is propolis, a natural wax collected by bees from tree buds and used to seal the various open spaces of their hives. However recent research has shown that it has other properties too: for instance it keeps the parasites at the distance and disinfects anything that it is applied too. Propolis natural remedies are usually prepared in hydro-alcoholic solutions as it dissolves while also preserving all the active principles. Usually, a propolis tincture contains 30% concentrated propolis, which is highly enough to help you fight local infections. The best medical applicability was proved in the treatment of tonsillitis. It destroys bacteria and viruses, while at the same time it stimulates the immune system.

The best supplement form to use in the case of tonsillitis is propolis spray, which will pulverize the substance directly to the affected area. There are no side effects to its use and it works well in combination with other herbal remedies such as calendula tincture. The association of the two in the treatment of tonsillitis has been crowned with success for people of different ages. Propolis can be administered to children, particularly to those who have suffered from repeated viral infections; it is a means of fortifying the immune system, acting on a prophylactic basis as well.

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Lowering Blood Sugar – Naturally

Chances are you know someone, probably more than one person, who is affected by some form of diabetes. Or, perhaps, you are one of the 57 million Americans who are pre-diabetic right now. But did you know there’s an herb for that? Actually, there are several.

The National Diabetes Statistics, 2011estimates that diabetes affects 25.8 million people of all ages. There are 18.8 million diagnosed and 7 million undiagnosed, or 8.3 percent of the United States population. But what is more alarming than these statistics is the growing number of early onset diabetes in younger populations.

Further, they report that diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, non traumatic lower-limb amputations, and new cases of blindness among adults in the U.S. It is also a major cause of heart disease and stroke and it is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S.

The medical community follows standard medical practices and pharmaceutical treatments, including insulin to treat diabetes in the United States today. But there is a growing movement, as this disease becomes so much more intimate to us all, that is taking another look at possible natural alternatives that can help us control, prevent and possibly reverse the ravaging affects of diabetes.

The first two and the most obvious additions to a treatment plan are exercise and diet. A combination of an aerobic and a strength training program will do wonders to lower stress levels, decrease belly fat and stimulate your metabolism. And as we all know (we just have trouble following it) a diet high in fiber and low in fat and bad carbohydrates is our best prevention against blood sugar issues.

But beyond that, there are herbal extracts and tinctures that you can easily incorporate into your daily routine that could greatly enhance your quality life and heal damaged cells that have been affected by dangerous sugar levels.

Gurmar, also called Gymnema Sylvestre, Cinnamon and Blueberry Leaf are three herbs whose properties have shown great promise as a natural way to control and possibly eliminate blood sugar issues.

The herb, Gurmar has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for over 2000 years and is an indigenous plant in the tropical forests of India. It has been used to treat diabetes, digestion and urinary tract infections, as well as obesity and hypoglycemia. Known as the “Sugar Destroyer” this herb boosts the amount of insulin your body produces, reduces excessively high blood sugar levels, and allows your body to process sugar more efficiently.

Gumar herbal tincture is unique in that it actually helps block both the taste of sugar and its absorption in the body. It has been receiving more attention, recently, because of its ability to reduce and control blood sugar levels in diabetics. Because it can reduce blood sugar levels, it can be a very good weight management tool as well.

By stimulating the circulatory system, Gumar may help restore pancreatic function by removing sugar from the organ and increasing urine secretion. It is believed that it may help lower blood sugar levels in Type-2, adult onset diabetics by blocking efficacy of sugar in the system and reducing blood sugar levels after sugar consumption. There is also some evidence that Gumar may possibly regenerate or revitalize the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas, as well.

It is interesting to note that Gumar extract is without side effects, unless you are on pharmaceutical medications that perform a similar function and exerts its blood sugar-lowering effects only in cases of diabetes. When given to healthy volunteers, Gumar extract, does not produce any blood sugar lowering or hypoglycemic effects.

As with any new substances you may introduce into your body, anyone with diabetes should use Gumar only under the supervision of a physician and should never be used in place of insulin. Gumar can enhance the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin and hypoglycemic drugs and, consequently, blood glucose levels. Because of this, your blood glucose levels should always be monitored closely by your health care provider.

The second herb is Cinnamon. There is a growing interest in the use of Cinnamon and the potential benefits it may offer in the treatment of diabetes. Recent U.S.D.A. reports have demonstrated that extracts of Cinnamon may increase insulin activity, enhance the breakdown of glucose and improve blood sugar concentrations.

Type- 2 diabetes represents 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes and is the most chronically diagnosed form of diabetes. Daily Cinnamon consumption may actually lead to a dramatic reduction in blood sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides by as much as twenty percent in Type-2 diabetic patients who are not taking insulin. When you lower your blood sugar level and improve your insulin resistance weight loss will often follow. So, much like Gumar, Cinnamon can become a part of your weight loss program as well.

There are 4 types of diabetes. Two types are fully recognized and two are still being researched to fully understand the anomalies of each type.

Type 1 diabetes or juvenile-onset diabetes develops when the body’s immune system destroys the pancreatic beta cells. These are the only cells in the body that make the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose. If these cells are destroyed, the body can no longer deliver glucose to the cells through the bloodstream. The bloodstream fills with sugar and begins to damage the body.

Type- 2 diabetes, or once called, adult-onset diabetes, usually begins as insulin resistance when the cells are not using insulin properly. As the need for insulin rises, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce insulin.

Type 3 diabetes is brain based and has been linked to Alzheimer’s. This can type of diabetes can lead to a disruption brain synapses that make up memory and cognition. The brain becomes insulin resistance, the brain becomes inflamed and cognitive and memory blockages can occur.

Type 4 diabetes is hypoglycemia, or low blood glucose. When this type of diabetes occurs it is recognized by elevated insulin levels that lead to chronic persistent and often progressive pain, as well as a loss of sensation. As the symptoms worsen, patients develop digestive, cardiac, sexual and other severe complications. It can be and often is progressive.

For type-3 and type-4 diabetes, Blueberry Leaves extract may be helpful because of their anti-inflammatory properties. This herb has been shown to lower blood sugar when consumed on a daily basis. Blueberry Leaf can also stop damage to the blood vessels, which is sometimes associated with the symptoms of these types of diabetes. But more importantly, Blueberry Leaves can reduce inflammation and lower triglyceride levels in the blood.

The recent discovery that Blueberry Leaf extract reduces blood sugar levels by 26% and reduces plasma triglyceride by 39% indicates its usefulness in the treatment of diabetes. The herb contains a compound called Myrtillin which acts like insulin, though it is not as strong as insulin. And, it is far less toxic. A single dose of Blueberry Leaf can show continuous results for several weeks.

Blueberry and Blueberry Leaves are considered safe and have no documented drug interactions. However, coumarins in Blueberry may increase blood thinning activity and inhibit platelet activity. Because Blueberries and Blueberry Leaves are known to reduce glucose levels, diabetics should monitor their sugar levels closely. It is recommended that people who are having surgery stop using Blueberry Leaf at least 2 weeks before the procedure.

Properly managed blood sugar levels help ensure diabetics a healthy system and protect against many chronic health conditions such as, neuropathy and retinopathy. Overwhelmingly, diabetes is almost always avoidable, or at least controllable. Make good choices, educate yourself, and explore all of the possible resources that might improve your quality of life. 

Disclaimer: The information presented herein by New Way Herbs is intended for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Psoriasis: Low Temperatures Vs. Ultra Low Temperatures

Nowadays psoriasis still remains a riddle both to experienced dermatologists and to the psoriasis sufferers.

It’s believed that at the base of psoriasis, there lays a genetic predisposition. Some lucky person may live for her/his entire life without ever developing psoriasis. In the less lucky persons under the influence of a provoking factor, they will develop psoriasis.

What may serve as a provoking factor for psoriasis? It may be a stress, an intellectual over-strain, an infectious disease, bad diet etc…

Hypothermia may also become a provoking factor for psoriasis.

Hypothermia – the Low Temperatures.

What is hypothermia? Hypothermia is a prolonged lowering of the internal body temperature.

Hypothermia is a very dangerous condition, which may occur when a person is being subject to low air or water temperatures for a prolonged period of time. Hypothermia does not always occur in the winter. It may also occur in the spring, autumn, or even the summer. For example the body temperature of a child who has been swimming in cool water for a long time, may lower without him/her even noticing that.

The body temperature of a human is maintained through the so-called homeostasis — the mechanism which insures the stable internal environmental of our bodies. With hypothermia, the homeostatic systems will eventually fail to produce high enough heat levels in the body.

Hypothermia is very dangerous because it can lead to incapacitation, frost bite and even death in the worst scenario.

Even though hypothermia is not the most common trigger of psoriasis, it was known to trigger psoriasis in some cases.

Hypothermia is a threat for example for the survivors of a sinking ship. People in this case are subject to the cold waters until they are rescued. Water absorbs heat very quickly and therefore the body temperature of a person staying in cold water will start to drop very quickly.

In this case, hypothermia would also be connected with stress induced by fear. Such combination would especially be capable of provoking psoriasis in a genetically predisposed person.

Cryotherapy – the Ultra Low Temperatures.

Surprisingly, the ultra low temperatures are reported to be capable of treating psoriasis. Ultra low temperatures are used in the so-called Cryotherapy. Cryotherapy has practically nothing in common with hypothermia.

What is Cryotherapy? Cryotherapy is a treatment with the use of ultra low temperatures. Such low temperatures, as they use in Cryotherapy, cannot be achieved without special equipment. The usual temperature of the gas used in the Cryotherapy composes -150° Celsius.

The contact of the body surface with the ultra low temperatures with Cryotherapy composes only several minutes.

The skin temperature at the time of the Cryotherapy procedure lowers down to -2° Celsius. This provokes a potent stress on the skin and in the whole body. This type of stress is probably one of the only ones, capable of influencing psoriasis beneficially.

The irritating action of the Cryotherapy causes the mobilization of various impaired body functions, i.e. it may help to repair the skin affected by psoriasis. Cryotherapy is especially known to be effective for the treatment of the scalp psoriasis.

Explaining the "Hungerstat" – Read This Before Considering a Gastric Bypass

When I have an obese patient in their 300 pound state, many times they come to me for advice and to clear them for gastric bypass surgery. Some insurers require these patients to undergo 6 months worth of diet and psychological counseling before undergoing the surgery, some just require that they have a primary care doctor like me to look after them around the perioperative period (the time surrounding the surgery) because of all of the complications involved with a risky surgery. I am usually the person who says whether it is safe to move forward with surgery.

However with my obese patients I hate giving this clearance because I have seen so many of my patients end up with complications… including death. I had one patient die from sepsis after the surgery. One patient ended up going the opposite direction from obesity and became bulemic. One patient constantly gets transfusions due to iron deficiency anemia and yet another has b12 deficiency because the part of the stomach that absorbs vitamin b12 is blocked from absorbing now. And I have countless patients who lost weight… only to gain it back. For every successful patient after the gastric bypass, I have 8-9 other patients who have had major complications that will go on for the rest of their lives because of the permanent change made to their stomach.

But I am having less and less patients experiencing these issues, yet STILL having the weight loss similar to the gastric bypass. The reason is because of my new understanding of the “Hungerstat,” the thermostat for hunger in our bodies. I give my patients an alternative weight loss method that is free and does not require surgery and most of them have avoided bypass with this system of weight loss. Let me explain the hungerstat before I get to this diet.

The hungerstat is in all of us and is controllable. Our satiety levels can be forcefully changed by surgery and gastric bypass. That’s a given or else we wouldn’t give our most unhealthy patients such a dangerous option for treatment. However Alwin Lewis, M.D., M.P.H. and I have been using our bodies’ natural hungerstat control system to divert our patients away from gastric bypass to allow them to lose weight at the same rate WITHOUT SURGERY.

How do we do this? We use our bodies’ natural system for losing weight and maintaining health. When we were hunter-gatherers before the ice age, when famines or winters came along and food was scarce to hunt or gather, our bodies would get hungry… for 3 days. After 3 days, the hunger goes away because the body goes into catabolic mode: a mode that allows it to burn fat. When you eat 10 or less bites of food per day, this mode is automatically turned on after 3 days.

So to be specific, if you eat five bites twice a day, after 3 days of hunger, and tiredness, your body turns off the feeling of hunger and is satisfied with minimal food! The body becomes satisfied because it starts burning fat to keep you alive. It’s how we were designed. Your hunger thermostat, or hungerstat, tells the body to not feel hungry anymore.

Let’s look at kids in those poorer countries, in those commercials asking you to sponsor them for a few bucks a day. When you see them, they are sleeping. Even though they are malnourished, believe it or not, they are not feeling hunger. They look terrible, don’t get me wrong, to be in that situation. But nature was nice enough to design us to not feel that hunger after 3 days so we don’t have to suffer. Those kids are using their fat reserves to survive and their hungerstats are fully turned off.

So the amazing thing is if you eat five bites twice a day only, in 3 days you will feel absolutely no hunger. You will feel just like you had a gastric bypass.

However here is the second amazing thing. After 14 days of easily taking in only 5 bites twice a day, the stomach naturally shrinks down. In other words, after 14 days of eating only 5 bites twice a day, the stomach shrinks to a point where eating more than 5 bites makes you feel drastically full. Your thermostat for hunger goes down to a point where it feels satisfied with smaller amounts of food. Your portion sizes, from that point forward, are naturally controlled as if your stomach had gone through a gastric bypass. My patients that are on this diet end up having portion control for the rest of their lives because they have naturally controlled their hungerstat so they no longer feel the need to go to the buffet with a full plate for 3 visits, they no longer overeat, and they no longer have the capacity in their stomachs to overeat (unless they blow it all and eat huge amounts of food and overstretch their newly-shrunken stomach’s capacity).

If you’ve ever seen a friend after surgery, many a time their appetites just won’t allow them to eat more than a few bites off their plates. Hospitals constantly have people with full plates on the table even though the surgeon has given the person the OK to eat as much as they want. But many people just can’t get their appetites back up after a few days of not eating due to abdominal surgery or abdominal conditions. These people are having the same exact effects on their hungerstat. So the question is… is it really the gastric bypass helping people lose weight, or the post-surgical period creating a lower hungerstat?

So with a drastic portion reduction and only eating 5 bites twice a day, in 3 days you feel no hunger, and in 14 days you feel like you are satisfied after only 5 bites. Sounds like a person who has had a gastric bypass doesn’t it? But instead, you are using your body’s natural hungerstat to make the same exact changes.

After a gastric bypass, you end up eating 3 bites 3 times a day. When my patients come to me for pre-operative counseling, I put them on Dr. Alwin Lewis’s “Five bite diet” and they lose the same amount of weight, have the same effects on their hunger, and avoid the surgery altogether. While on this diet, they lose 1 pound a day. And best of all, the diet costs NOTHING. You save from the surgical costs, and the costs to your body as you avoid life-threatening surgery.

Many surgeons are starting to get mad at me because when they send these patients to me for pre-operative counseling, they rarely ever go back, because this diet has allowed them to lose 1 pound a day as if they had the bypass. They finally see weight loss success when they thought their only option was surgery. And they smile that they avoided such a heavy risk. And it’s all thanks to this new knowledge on the hungerstat.

New Bumps After Permethrin – Can Scabies Itching Worsen With Permethrin?

Are you getting new bumps after using Permethrin? Can scabies itching worsen from using this conventional scabies treatment?

For starters, getting infested with scabies is not a laughing matter and embarrassing for most of the individuals. The scabies mites crawl and burrow into your skin and lay their eggs. At first you won’t see any marks or rashes but when they appear, you can easily confuse them with other skin conditions like eczema, etc.

The most frustrating part is the extreme itching especially at night or after taking a hot shower. This is a result of your skin being irritated from their eggs and waste matter. Many people find it really frustrating to get a good amount of sleep because of the intense itching.

Permethrin is one of the most commonly prescribed treatments for scabies. It’s a synthetic chemical that has a very wide range of insecticidal activity. It works by attacking certain nerve endings of the scabies mites. This causes complex reactions to different organs which leads to the destruction of the nervous system and to the death of the scabies mites.

Your first irritation is due to your skin reacting to the mites and the waste they leave behind rather than just the burrowing areas. It’s believed that new bumps after Permethrin appear because the chemical aggravated the original rash and it’s really hard to tell the different irritations when your skin is in this state of infestation.

Scabies itching tends to feel a lot worse because the first application of Permethrin kills the mites that you didn’t know you had and hasn’t started to itch yet. Permethrin treats you in the first few days then suddenly the itch becomes so intense. You may think that you’ve been infected again but that’s not really the case.

Permethrin is one of the most common scabies treatments but unfortunately it also makes you more itchy and leaves you a stinging and burning feeling in your skin. Like I’ve mentioned, it’s a chemical and it’s made from a synthetic form of Pyrethrum which is a common ingredient found in insecticides!

Fungus Infection of the Scalp (tinea Capitis)

There are several types of fungal infections which can infect the scalp. One of these is the ringworm commonly referred to as Tinea capitis. Ringworm infection of the scalp is extremely common world wide. It is predominantly an infection of toddlers and young children. The infection is quite obvious because it presents with constant itching, redden scalp and patches of hair loss. Despite the alarming symptoms, ringworm of the scalp is not life threatening. The most difficult problem is the treatment. When it is not adequately treated, it can be easily transmitted to friends and family.

Symptoms: Most children who have a ring worm infection will have some symptoms, but on rare occasions they will not have any. Constant and intense itching around the scalp is the most obvious sign. Other features of the infection include loss of hair in circular patches. Often the skin is red and tender. The hair loss is quite significant. Even the hair that remains can be easily pulled out without any tension. In almost all cases, ringworm infections of the scalp tend to increase in size if it is not treated. A small patch will generally infect other areas of the scalp. Besides infection of other areas of the scalp, ringworms can easily be transmitted to others: person to person transmission is quite common. Other modes of transmission include sharing personal care items, bed linen pillows and combs. Sometimes pets acquire the infection and can transmit it to humans.

Risk factors

Ringworm is most common in children who attend day care and kindergarten. Outbreaks of ringworm infections are quite common in North America and difficult to control. Even inanimate objects like pencils, door handles, chairs and tables can transmit this fungus. The risk of ringworm infection is also increased if:

– one has poor hygiene

– lives in overcrowded conditions

– has problems with excessive sweating

– shares personal care items in a large family

Once a ringworm infection of the scalp is suspected, it is important to seek help from a health care professional. This fungus is quite hardy and is easily transmitted to others in the home.


The diagnosis of tinea capitis is relatively simple. In most cases the dermatologist will be able to make a diagnosis based on the history and physical examination. If there is any doubt about the diagnosis, scrapings of the skin or hair can be examine underneath a microscope. In rare cases, the hair and skin are sent for culture.

Fungus of the scalp is not serious but can have social and health implications. If not treated, the fungus can causes a severe infection known as kerion. Kerion is basically collection of pus underneath the scalp. When the fungus has reached the stage of a kerion, most people are left with permanent hair loss and even scars.


Once the diagnosis of tinea capitis is made, treatment of scalp infection includes a variety anti fungal medications. The most common medications are Griseofulvin and Terbinafine.

Griseofulvin is available as liquid and tablet whereas terbinafine is an oral capsule. These medications have to be taken for at least 4-6 weeks. Topical medications are not useful in the treatment of tinea capitis because they are not able to penetrate deep into the scalp and enter hair follicles. There is no shampoo or gel that is useful in the treatment of tinea capitis.

The medications work slowly and changes are gradual. In most cases, the pills must be taken for several weeks to notice a change in the condition of the scalp.


Tinea capitis is best prevented, but prevention of this infection is quite difficult. The fungus is very easily transmitted. The majority of people acquire the fungus long before they have any symptoms. The only way to prevent the fungus is with the following approach:

Maintain decent hygiene. Clean or shampoos the scalp regularly. Regularly wash your hands and teach your children the same principles.

Do not share personal care items, especially in school or in any type of social gathering.

Teach your child to keep his/her personal locker/desk clean at school. After any outdoor activity, the clothes should be changed and personal items should not be shared.

Examine your child’s scalp every now and then so that you can identify the infection at an early stage.

If you have pets, examine them and if they appear sick, take them to a veterinarian. If your pet is sick, do not touch the pet with bare hands.

If you suspect that your pet or child has an infection, buy selenium sulfide shampoo and use it regularly. If the infection appears to be getting worse, go to your health care worker or veterinarian.