Best Way to Get Rid of Mice in Your Aviary

If you have an aviary, no doubt you have had problems with rodents and vermin in and around your aviary. At worst rats can kill your birds, or even scare them away from looking after their offspring.

You will be aware of their presence if you notice small mounds of sand and longish brown pelleted droppings. If you don’t take action at once, the problem will just get worse. The best way to do this is to call in pest control specialists, as poisoning them on your own is risky, not only to you and your family, but also to your birds.

Mice can quickly become a serious problem, as where there is food freely available, namely bird seed, they will breed and multiply rapidly. Did you know that a single pair can produce over a hundred off spring a year. If you have a lot of mice, they will destroy your aviary in no time, as they can get in-between the lining materials in the walls and nest there. They could also find a place in the floor to nest, and if this happens it will be very difficult to get rid of them with poisoning methods or traps, or your birds might be harmed.

A good option is to place a killer trap in the enclosure of your cage. This is where you come in, but where the birds can’t get to. The mice are usually able to move freely between the bars of the cage, and will be able to access the trap easily. Box traps that catch the mice alive are more effective, and they can catch well over a dozen mice within the course of one night. They also have no dangerous components, so you can use them around the aviary without harm coming to your birds.

It will take the mice a few days at first to become used to the trap. Place bait in it to entice them with the lid off for a few days until they are feeding regularly there. Then you can put the lid on and the mice will be able to enter, but not escape again after they have fed.

A cat is another option, but you will have to be careful here, as given half the chance they will also eat your birds. Before letting a cat into the aviary, remove all the birds. Make sure that the cat can’t get near enough to the birds to harm them. If the cat gets on the roof of the aviary, it could scare the cockatiels and other birds off their nests.

Heart Attack Description

Also known as acute myocardial infarction, heart attack is the leading cause of death worldwide. An average of 1.2 million Americans suffer from a heart attack annually and 40% of these people die. This condition is characterized by an interruption of the blood flow to a particular region in the heart. The interruption results to oxygen shortage which causes heart tissue damage and tissue death.

People with a history of stroke, atherosclerotic heart disease or angina and abnormal heart rhythm have a higher risk of experiencing a heart attack. The disease mostly affects men over 40 years old and women over 50 years old. There are also medical and scientific studies stating that women who use contraceptive pills have a higher risk of a heart attack than those who does not use them. A person’s lifestyle can also increase chances of a heart attack. Smoking, drinking, drug abuse, presence of high triglyceride levels in the food you eat, high LDL levels and low HDL levels are some of the risk factors you should learn to avoid. On the other hand, individuals diagnosed with diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and high stress levels are also considered to be at serious risk.

A person having a heart attack will experience chest pains, nausea, shortness of breath, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and anxiety. These symptoms are usually experienced by males while in females, symptoms include fatigue and weakness. There is evidence that at least 30% of all myocardial infarction incidents have no visible symptoms and are considered to be “silent” infarctions.

A person suffering from a heart attack requires immediate medical attention to prevent sustained heart damage Aside from receiving oxygen, glyceryl trinitrate and aspirin; persons having heart attacks will undergo a series of diagnostic test including an electrocardiogram, blood test and chest X-ray. These tests will determine levels of troponin or creatine kinase which are usually indicative of heart tissue damage. Treatment can involve thrombolytic therapy or percutaneous coronary intervention. For severe cases, a bypass surgery will be performed to unblock the affected coronary artery.

Heart attacks are usually triggered by intense exertion, both psychological and physical. Acute severe infections like pneumonia can also trigger heart attacks. A person at risk of having a heart attack usually has a clinical history of chest pains that lasts for more than 20 minutes. The person will also have changing ECG readings as well as fluctuating levels of serum cardiac biomarkers.

People who survived a heart attack can reduce risk of recurrence by monitoring blood pressure and implementing lifestyle changes. They would not be allowed to smoke, drink excessively and will be encouraged to exercise regularly, eat a well-balanced diet and take long-term medication. These medications include antiplatelet drug therapy (aspirin), beta blocker therapy (metoprolol), ACE inhibitor therapy, statin therapy, aldosterone antagonist agent eplerenone and omega-3 fatty acids.

Complications from a heat attack are very likely to occur immediately. These complications can include congestive heart failure, myocardial rupture, pericarditis, life-threatening arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock. This is the reason heart attacks can be so fatal, as the effects occur rather rapidly.

Automated External Defibrillators – The History and the Invention of AEDs

The discovery that someone’s heart can be restarted with the use of an electrical charge is one of modern medicine’s greatest developments. This idea began around 1888 when Mac William suggested that ventricular fibrillation could be a sudden death cause. In 1989, Batelli and Prevost made the discovery that large amounts of voltage provided to the heart could halt ventricular fibrillation within animals. Other studies completed in the nineteenth century by scientists furthered electricity’s effects on the heart.

An AED (automated external defibrillator) is a portable electronic device that is able to determine someone’s heart rhythm. It detects life threatening issues within the heart and has the ability to treat them with defibrillation. If necessary, an AED can provide electric shock to the heart to restore a normal heart rhythm. When someone suffers from a sudden cardiac arrest, the chances of him or her surviving is reduced to between 7 and 10 percent with each minute that passes without either CPR or defibrillation.

The first successful defibrillation on a human was reported in 1947 by Dr. Claude Beck. During one of his surgeries, he noticed his patient was experiencing ventricular fibrillation. He administered an alternating current of 60 Hz and stabilized the heartbeat. This particular patient of his lived; defibrillators were created.

An AED has a built-in computer that assesses a heart’s rhythm, determines if it needs defibrillation and then administers the needed level of shock. The user of the AED is guided through this process with either audible prompts, visual prompts or both. Automated external defibrillators are usually sold in kits that contain a power unit, paddle electrodes and accessories. Each part is made individually and then put together through an integrated process. Today, manufacturers of medical devices have created many defibrillators, external and internal, that are able to add years to the lives of many patients.

External defibrillators can be used at hospitals or emergency sites. The user begins by turning on the defibrillator and applying conductive gel on the patient’s chest or paddle electrodes. The level of energy is then decided upon and the instrument charges. The paddles are firmly placed on the chest with some pressure. Buttons found on the electrodes are pressed at the same time and electric shock is then delivered to the patient. After this procedure, the heartbeat is then monitored for a regular heartbeat. The entire process is then repeated if needed.

In 1954, the first closed-chest defibrillation was performed on a dog by William and Kouwenhoven Milnor. This process was studied by Paul Zoll in 1956 and he performed the first successful on a human. Qilliam Bennett Kouwenhoven, born in Brookly in 1886, was an electrical engineer and invented three defibrillator and also developed CPR techniques.

The AED (automated external defibrillator) was created in 1978. This particular device is made with sensors that are placed on the chest to decide is ventricular fibrillation is occurring. If it is detected, the device gives the proper instructions for providing an electrical shock. These automated devices have been able to reduce the training that is needed to use defibrillators and have also saved thousands of people’s lives.

Coronary Heart Disease – Read More About It

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also known for having alternative names such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and Arteriosclerotic heart disease. It is a condition wherein the plaque starts building up inside the coronary arteries which supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen. The process of plaque building up is called atherosclerosis. This plaque is made up of calcium, fat, cholesterol and other substances that are usually found in the blood. The plaque narrows down the arteries and reduces the blood flow in the heart muscles. Once the arteries become narrow, blood clotting can happen and this can block the flow of blood. Since the flow of blood and oxygen are blocked and may result to a heart attack, also known as angina. In the long term, coronary heart disease can lead to heart failure and arrhythmias. It is also the most common of all the heart diseases and it the number one cause of death for both men and women in the US. There are about 12 million Americans suffering from this condition.

What are the things that may increase a person’s risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)? Age is common risk factor for CHD for both men and women. Men increase the risk of experiencing this condition when they reach the age of forty while in women, as they get older and go through menopausal stages the risk of heart disease increases. In short, for both men and women, the risk of having this heart condition increases as they get older. Statistics show that people who die because of heart disease are sixty-five years old and older. Having chronic kidney disease can also be associated with coronary heart disease. Stress can also be a factor in increasing the risk of heart disease. Stress can be caused by problems in his personal life, health behaviors and socioeconomic status. Stress can lead a person to overeat and smoke which are some leading causes of heart conditions. Alcohol intake can also be a risk factor because it increases blood pressure which may result to heart failure or stroke.  

What does a person with coronary heart disease will experience? There is a long list of symptoms that someone with this disease can experience. Angina or angina pectoris can be felt. This is a symptom wherein chest pain, discomfort and tightness can occur due to the decreasing supply of oxygen and blood transported to the heart muscles. Shortness of breath can also be experienced because some body organs are not receiving the desired oxygen. Heart attack is a symptom that most people should be avoiding. Some of the possible symptoms of heart attack include chest pain, coughing, dizziness, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, sweating and restlessness. The person can also feel terrorized and awful. The best way to diagnose and measure the scope of coronary heart disease is through coronary angiography. So if a person start to experience some symptoms that clearly state that he has CHD, it is recommended to immediately see a doctor to confirm.

Five Quick, Easy and Healthy Microwave Fish Recipes

Fish are one of the best food stuffs you can eat. They contain great natural oils that are not only good for the brain but also for your skin. The fatty acids contained in Omega 3 can contribute to the health of the brain and retina. Eating fish twice a week can reduce the risk of Heart disease, Dementia, cholesterol, High blood pressure and children who eat fish regular have less of a tendency to become obese.

Here are five quick and easy fish recipes that can be prepared in minutes in you microwave oven. Why use your microwave? Because if you get right it really is the best way to cook fish.If cooked with the right covering the fish will steam naturally in its own juices.

1; Garlic Cod or Monkfish. Time seven minutes

Take a piece of monkfish or cod of about eight ounces and place it in a microwave safe dish and cover with a microwave safe covering. Cook on full power for about two and a half minutes. Remove the fish from the microwave and leave to stand for two minutes. Crush a couple of cloves of garlic and scatter over the fish add a knob of butter and cook on full power for another minute and a half and remove from the microwave. Squeeze some lime juice over the fish and black pepper leave to stand for another minute. Serve with a rocket salad. Stunningly tasty quick and easy to prepare and best of all extremely healthy.

2; Chili and Lime Tuna;

Take an eight ounce piece of Tuna and place it in a microwave dish and cover it with a microwave safe cover. Cook for two minutes and remove from the microwave. Leave to stand for a couple of minutes and drizzle with some chili oil. Cook for a further minute and leave to stand for another couple of minutes.

Check the fish to make sure that it is cooked. It is important though not to over cook tuna as it will be really dry and taste awful. Squeeze some lime over the Tuna and serve.

3;Red Snapper.

Take a Red Snapper fillet and put it in your microwave dish. Drizzle with a little olive oil and sprinkle a little Cajun seasoning. Cook for four minutes on full power. Season with salt and pepper and leave to stand for a couple of minutes. This is then ready to be served. One of the quickest and easiest ways to serve this great tasting fish.

4; Shrimp.

Take the heads off some shrimp and place you your microwave dish. Do not peel the shrimp. Cover and cook for two minutes. Leave to stand for a couple of minutes and serve with some lemon and cracked black pepper butter. The works best with bigger shrimp, But which ever ones you use the flavours are always amazing.

5; Italian style Cod;

Chop some tomatoes and basil into a bowl, add a couple of spoons of olive oil and toss the ingredients together. Take an eight ounce cod fillet and place it in a microwave dish. spoon the tomato and basil mixture over the fish. Cook on full power for four to five minutes. Remove the dish from the microwave and leave to stand for a couple of minutes. The fish will be infused with the basil and blends wonderfully with the tomato. Just serve with rice or pasta and enjoy another beautiful fish dish

What Are The Causes Of My Rib Pain

Rib pain is not always caused by a rib injury. There are also a number of illnesses that trigger rib discomfort, which means it can sometimes be difficult to determine the source of the problem. In this article, we’ll cover some that are obvious, but we’ll also endeavor to describe some rib pain causes that are not widely known to the general public.

Let’s look at rib injuries first.

Fractured (Broken) or Cracked Ribs – Very often, you don’t even need an x-ray to diagnose a cracked or broken rib (your doctor will undoubtedly order one nonetheless). The pain from this type of rib injury can be intense and very severe. Pain from a cracked is broken rib can be so intense that many people say it’s the worst pain they’ve ever felt. Rib fractures occur most often because of athletic competition, a fall or an auto accident. The simple act of drawing a breath becomes uncomfortable and possibly even painful. Any movement of the upper body will probably produce sharp pain. The injured area will probably also be sore and sensitive to touch.

Cartilage Injury – Cartilage is the tissue that connects your ribs to your sternum (breastbone). Cartilage is flexible but tough tissue that makes it easier for your chest to expand and contract when you breathe. It also makes it possible – up to a point – for your ribcage to absorb the shock of a blow. When you have cartilage damage, the pain feels similar to the pain of a cracked rib. Laughing and coughing will cause discomfort. Taking a deep breath will hurt, and an unexpected sneeze can be particularly unpleasant.

Soft Tissue Damage – Your chest and back include dozens of soft tissue formations that circumvent your ribcage: your ligaments, tendons and muscles. These can be stretched, strained or torn in any number of ways: you may try to lift, push or pull something that’s too heavy for you. An injury can also result from repeating the same motion for a long time (knwon as a “repetitive motion injury”) The resulting pain can easily be mistaken for rib pain or rib damage.

Conditions, disorders and diseases of the bones and joints may also cause rib pain. Some of the more common include the following.

Joint inflammation – Few of us are lucky enough to completely escape some form of joint inflammation or irritation as we get older. Anytime a joint near the ribcage becomes inflamed, it may seem like the pain is originating in the ribcage itself. There are two conditions that are especially common.

Osteoarthritis – There are many places in the body that can be affected by osteoarthritis, including the area where the ribs connect to the sternum and the spine.

Rheumatoid Arthritis – When you have this disease, your body’s immune system attacks itself. When this happens in joints and connections around the ribs, it causes pain in the ribs.

In addition to the injuries and disorders mentioned above, there are several other disorders that may cause rib pain. They include:

Pleurisy – Pleurisy is an infection of the lining between the lungs and the ribcage (known as the pleura). When this lining becomes inflamed, it causes pain which can sometimes be very intense. When you have pleurisy, simply inhaling and exhaling can hurt – and hurt a lot.

Pneumonia – Generalized rib pain and discomfort in the chest area is one of the symptoms of pneumonia. Anything that involves movement in the upper torso can be painful, especially laughing, coughing or sneezing.

Tuberculosis – Pain in the ribs is also a common indication of tuberculosis. Other symptoms include fatigue, fever and coughing.

A variety of cancers can produce discomfort and pain in the ribcage area (both in the front and back). Lung cancer and multiple myeloma are at the top of this list. Approximately 80 percent of myeloma patients report ribcage pain as one of their symptoms.

Patients suffering from mesothelioma or asbestosis are likely to complain of pain in the ribs, as is anyone who has a lung problem related to smoking or long term exposure to environmental pollutants.

Here’s a quick description of a number of other medical illnesses that have been known to trigger rib pain.

* Gallbladder problems like gallstones or a gallbladder attack.

* Spinal or other nerve-related injuries and disorders. The disease known as “shingles” is included in this category because it often starts with pain in the rib and torso area before progressing to a skin rash.

* Individuals who abuse steroids often experience rib pain after long term use.

* People who are under a great deal of stress are more prone to rib pain because they often take deep, heavy breaths. This type of breathing may strain the network of muscles around the ribs..

Lastly, there’s angina, which is a medical term for chest pain experienced by those with heart problems. Angina can easily be mistaken for rib pain.

It’s plain to see that there is a wide variety of possible causes for rib pain. Some can cause a lot of discomfort but pose no serious long term threat to your health. Others are very dangerous.

If your rib pain lasts for more than a few days, or seems to be growing in severity, it would be a good idea to discuss your symptoms with your doctor.

Sciatica and Cervical Spondylosis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Sciatica is the name given to the disease in which there is pain, tingling or numbness due to irritation of the nerve roots that form the sciatic nerve, which originates in the lower back and extends down into both the legs till the feet. Cervical Spondylosis is the name given to the disease in which there is pain, tingling or numbness due to irritation of the nerve roots that form the brachial nerve, which originates in the neck and extends down into both the arms till the hands.

Both diseases are discussed here together, since the causative factors, symptoms and the treatment required for both are very much similar, only the location of the pain is different. The pain of sciatica is in the lower back, radiating down to the leg and foot, whereas the pain of cervical spondylosis is in the neck and shoulder, radiating down to the arm and fingers. Sciatica pain has typically more of a dramatic onset, usually due to a ruptured or herniated disc which presses on the nerve roots and causes the pain. The pain can be severe enough to cause acute limitation of movement. This can happen in cervical spondylosis too, however, here it is more common to have a gradual onset of pain due to degeneration of the neck vertebrae.

In Ayurveda, sciatica is called as “Grudhraci” and cervical spondylosis is called as “Vishwachi”. Ayurvedic treatment of sciatica consists of the following procedures:

(i) “Snehan” ( use of local medicated lubricants)

(ii) “Swedan” (local fomentation)

(iii) “Basti” (Medicated enema)

(iv) “Anuloman” ( mild laxative treatment for prolonged periods)

(v) “Dahan” (local heat branding ) and

(vi) “Shaman” ( symptomatic oral treatment).

Vishgarbha oil in acute condition, and Mahanarayan oil ( containing mainly Asparagus racemosus) for chronic pain is used for local snehan procedure. Local fomentation can be done mainly in two ways. The first is “Naadi swedan” in which, a jet of medicated steam is directed at the back and affected leg, usually after the snehan procedure. A decoction of Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) is usually used for this procedure. The second procedure is called as “Awagah swedan”, in which the patient is made to recline in a tub filled with warm decoction of Nirgundi, Dashmool (Ten Roots) or ErandMool (Root of Ricinus communis).

Medicated enemas are given using Vishgarbha oil, Mahasahachar oil and Mahanarayan oil.

Castor oil and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) treated with castor oil are used for mild, prolonged laxative treatment.

Local heat branding is used by some physicians to reduce severe pain in the leg. The branding is usually done at the site of maximum tenderness in the lower back or buttock.

Oral medications include Mahavat Vidhwans, Vata Gajankush, Maharasnadi decoction, Triphala Guggulu, and Yograj Guggulu. Guggulu (Commiphora mukul) compounds and other herbal combinations are given for prolonged periods depending upon the symptoms and severity of pain.

Most patients respond well to these medicines and are usually cured in a period of 1- 3 months. For degeneration of the cartilage or bones, prolonged treatment may be required. Though rare, it is important to rule out other cause of sciatica, like tumor. If there is gross structural damage to the back-bone, this may have to be first treated surgically. Ayurvedic herbal medicines, given later, may help in recovery of nerve damage.

The same treatment applies to cervical spondylosis, except that enema and laxative treatment may not be helpful here, and the heat branding is done on the shoulder blade. Fomentation is done using the “naadi swedan” procedure. A specialized form of enema, called “Tikta-ksheer basti” is used in severe cervical spondylosis, and the repeated use of this enema gives results where other treatments have failed.

It is advisable to avoid cold (refrigerated) food products, as also foods which may cause abdominal bloating. It is also better to refrain from very vigorous and heavy work or exercise.

Hair Care Treatments With Natural Oils

It’s always a fun to take care of your skin and hairs particularly when you are trying your own recipes. For hair care you can try a number of easy and fast acting recipes to make them soft, shiny and easily manageable. In fact a hot oil treatment is the best treat you can give to your hairs. Natural oils for hair care have always been a popular approach to treat bad hairs and treat or prevent hair loss. People in every country and civilization have researched on their native oils to find the most suitable energizer and refresher for their hairs and scalp.

It is the gift of nature and the long and tiresome efforts of our ancestors that now we have a long list of natural oils that are being used throughout the world as basic tonic for hair care.These condition your hairs, nourish your scalp and stimulate the hair follicles. In this way a good hot oil treatment helps to promote hair growth and prevent further hair loss. Bald areas have often been massaged with oils with a thought to stimulate dormant follicles to promote new hair growth.

There are numerous natural oils that are frequently used as massage oils for skin and body throughout the world. The most popular ones are;

  • Jojoba oil
  • Olive oil
  • Almond oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Sesame oil
  • Mustard oil

These are the main carrier oils for hot oil treatments or simple scalp massage. Beside these there are many other natural oils that are used in combination with one or more of the above carrier oils to the beneficial effects. These include Castor oil to promote hair growth, Tara Mira oil (Eruca sativa seeds oil) to treat dandruff, head lice and other itchy scalp conditions and pumpkin seeds oil to give a cooling effect to scalp and brain. In addition to these massage oils, certain essential oils have been found very helpful to treat bad hairs and grow long hairs. In a study it was found that people using carrier oils mixed with some essential oils for hair massage showed a better hair growth than those using carrier oils alone. However it took a long period of seven months to get significant results.

You can select essential oils according to your hair type or any underlying scalp condition.For more guidelines to grow long hairs you can check Tips to grow long hair.

In most cultures, hair oils or tonics are traditionally massaged over scalp and hairs, while a better choice is to give your hairs a HOT OIL TREATMENT, in which the oil is warmed prior to application and head is later on wrapped with a hot towel to keep the whole system warm. Heat helps the oil to penetrate deeper and condition hairs in a better way. Later on hairs are shampooed in the usual manner.

New Zealand Dairy Industry

The dairy industry is New Zealand’s biggest export earner with earnings to the tune of $NZ 6.3 billion. NZ alone accounts for nearly 33% of world trade in dairy products in spite of restrictions and regulations of western countries. NZ is different from other countries with regard to dairy exports because it exports about 95% of its dairy production. Also, it accounts for 2% of the total world dairy production. NZ is also the world’s fifth largest cheese exporter with exports worth $1.4 billion in 2006.

Major export markets for dairy products are the United States, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Mexico and China. NZ dairy products are known all over the world for their natural taste, goodness and high quality. The products are safe and made under hygienic conditions that comply with the strictest standards.

The NZ dairy industry has achieved the feat of diversifying its products as well as its export markets. Dairy products include milk powder, butter and cheese, specialty foods such as ice cream, highly specialized ingredients like spray-dried milk proteins, protein hydrolysates and freeze-dried biologically active proteins. New trends in the dairy industry are functional foods such as low fat, high calcium and protein milk and biohealth products.  New Zealand is one of the leading countries in the manufacture and marketing of premium consumer dairy foods, nutritional ingredients and bio nutrients (dairy-based compounds that have pharmaceutical applications).

The dairy industry of NZ is one of the best examples of a vertically integrated, coordinated global supplier industry. The vertically integrated structure of the industry provides it with the strength to face many challenges in its environment.

New Zealand dairy companies are pioneers in the development of nutritional ingredients. The world’s first milk processing plant that produces complex lipids was established in New Zealand. This experience has proved valuable for NZ companies that hold 40% of the world market for the production of lactoferrin, a nutritional supplement. The companies are also at the forefront of discoveries of new applications or new ingredients such as bovine colostrum.

Investment in Research and Development has made NZ a leading supplier of bio nutrie and bio pharmaceuticals used for cell culture and fermentation.

Investment in the New Zealand dairy industry is a lucrative option because New Zealand can help food manufacturers create and profit from new growth opportunities. New Zealand has the volumes and exporting experience needed to develop new markets.

Key investment areas in the dairy industry are low cost farming systems (efficient milk transport, genetic improvement technologies), environmental and animal welfare standards, improved bio security and disease eradication.

The NZ dairy industry gained benefits worth over NZ$ 346 million in the year 2000 thanks to the agreement reached in the last Uruguay round of global trade negotiations. The industry has set a target of 50% increase in productivity and 35% growth in milk solids by 2015 as compared to 2005.

The dairy industry in New Zealand is thriving and will continue to do so in the future. Thus, investment in this ever growing sector of NZ’s economy is going to yield only profitable results.

Rosacea: When Damaged Blood Vessels Affect Facial Skin


Rosacea is a disorder of the blood vessels. It is a common skin disorder. Approximately 48 percent of the world population suffers from Rosacea. However, Rosacea is one of the most misunderstood states of the skin.


If you are having Rosacea, you are then in the august company of eminent persons. A few of the noted personalities suffering from Rosacea are JP Morgan, WC Fields, Cameron Diaz, Bill Clinton, Prince Harry of England, besides the late princess of Wales and mother of Prince Harry – Diana.


The common symptom of rosacea is transformation of the skin color into red. The body portions most affected by rosacea are the cheeks, nose and forehead. At times, such redness and flushing of skin can also spread to the ears, scalp, chest or the neck.

As Rosacea progresses, the reddish tinge can turn into a permanent condition. There can also be a marked visibility of the small blood vessels particularly at the skin surface, stinging or burning skin sensation, eyes turning gritty and reddish, and pus-filled or simple bumps that appear red. Among these severe symptoms are bulbous noses. The maiden rosacea symptoms are nagging redness which is often wrongly attributed to cleansing, exercising or temperature changes.


Many confuse rosacea with seborrheic dermatitis or/and acne vulgaris. Mentionably, rosacea can co-exist with acne vulgaris and seborrheic dermatitis.


It has been generally noticed that the people with fair skin are the most vulnerable section with reference to rosacea. Therefore, rosacea does have a hereditary strain. Those having a descent from the Celtic or the fair-skinned European stocks are genetically inclined to suffer from rosacea.

Notably, both the sexes can fall prey to rosacea. People of all ages can be affected by rosacea. It has also been noticed that people in the age group of 30-50 are easily affected by rosacea. Nonetheless, women in their middle ages are the most vulnerable section of the populace. The reason is, of course, menopause-abetted hot flushes. However, rosacea symptoms are more severe with reference to men.


There is no unanimity among the medical researchers as to the exact rosacea pathogenesis. Nonetheless, there is a concurrence in views insofar as to the cause of rosacea. Rosacea occurs when stimuli repeatedly dilate the blood vessels, and as a result of which the blood vessels get damaged. The damaged blood vessels dilate rather easily. Besides they either remain permanently dilated or stay dilated for a considerably long time. The consequence is redness of the affected portion and its flushing.


The papule or inflammatory pustule can be I the form of a boil, or a pimple, or an eruption for that matter. In rosacea (papulopustular), the mediators (inflammatory ones) as well as immune cells ooze out from the skin bed that is basically micro-vascular by nature. This, in turn, leads to the inflammatory pustule or papule.


Various conditions can also lead to rosacea. One thing is for sure: strenuous movements cause blushing and flushing. A few of the situations where such flushing or blushing can be formed are as follows: Stress, cold weather, acute sunburn, and extreme heat exposure especially from the sun. Rosacea can also be caused by sudden changes in temperatures while traveling, or in heated rooms especially in winter.


Certain food items that contain very high quantity of histamine have been identified as responsible for the eruption of rosacea symptoms in many people. Similarly, spicy food besides alcoholic substances can definitely trigger off rosacea.


Several topical irritants and medications may at times cause rosacea. Take for example several drugs people take to hide wrinkles or to deal with acnes. Among these chemicals those particularly responsible for causing rosacea are tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide, isotretinoin, microdermabrasion, and certain chemical peels.

Obviously, one should immediately stop the use of any such irritants the moment any rosacea symptoms appear.


The term ‘steroid induced rosacea’ points to such rosacea symptoms that are caused by steroids, particularly nasal and topical. Notably, these types of steroids are generally prescribed for patients suffering from seborrheic dermatitis.

First aid: In such circumstances, immediately consult the physician. Moreover, one should begin the medication discontinuing process over a period of time. Decrease the dosages slowly. Else there may be a flare up of the rosacea symptoms.


A considerable number of rosacea people have been found to possess the species of mites known as demodex. This is more so the case with those people who have rosacea from steroids. Mentionably, the presence of a large number of these demodex mites can only cause rosacea. But, they cannot by themselves cause the rosacea condition. The demodex mites will have tom act in conjunction with other factors to be able to trigger off the rosacea states.

Bacteria, especially the intestinal bacteria, can cause rosacea. These intestinal bacteria reside in our digestive highways. This is a neurological dysfunction. Such rosacea conditions can erupt after the intestinal bacteria activate the plasma kakllikrein-kinin system.


The kakllikrein-kinin system or the kinin-kallikrein system or just the kinin system is a not well delineated structure of blood proteins. The blood proteins have a major role to play in causing pain, coagulation, control of blood pressure and inflammation. Mentionably, the major mediators of the kinin system are bradykinin and kallidin. Both of them act on different cell types. Both are vasodilators


Researchers have identified four forms of rosacea. Each of these subtypes can have its typical symptoms. More importantly, one person can have more then one of the subtypes at the same time.


The four rosacea subtypes are Ocular rosacea, Phymatous rosacea, Papulopustular rosacea and Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea.


Ocular rosacea mainly affects the eyes. The Ocular rosacea symptoms are burning and itching besides sensations as if there are foreign bodies within the eyes. When anyone is affected by ocular rosacea, the eyes and the eyelids turn dry and red. Irritation of the eyes and the eyelids is also very common.


Phymatous rosacea affects the nose, ears, cheeks, forehead, chin and the eyes. Phymatous rosacea is also linked with the nose enlargement dysfunction called rhinophyma. Another disorder closely connected with phymatous rosacea is the visibility of small blood vessels near the skin surface. Other symptoms of phymatous rosacea are appearance of irregular surfaces on the skin and which may be also accompanied by nodularities. The skin can get thick as well.


Many confuse Papulopustular rosacea with acne. However, Papulopustular rosacea remain reddish while acne do not. The common Papulopustular rosacea symptoms are papules (red bumps) filled with pus. Such bumps are called pustules. Papulopustular rosacea papules with or without pustules generally dissolve within five days.

People having Papulopustular rosacea usually have permanent redness of their skin. This state is described medically as erythema. Another symptom of Papulopustular rosacea is they tend to flush or blush quite easily. Moreover, the patient can also have burning or itching sensations.


Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea causes the small blood vessels to appear rather prominently near the surface of the skin. This typical state is known as telangiectasias.


There are various treatments for rosacea people. The strategies vary depending on the acuteness and the rosacea subtype that a particular person may be suffering from. Hence, there can be different treatments for different persons suffering from the rosacea symptoms. Hence, the dermatologists opt for the sub-type-directed method to diagnose, analyze and treat rosacea.


Laser treatment in dermatology is variously known as Broad spectrum (Intense Pulsed Light), or Single wavelength (Vascular laser). Laser treatment is one of the most popular treatment methods of rosacea. In laser treatment, light is made to infiltrate the epidermis. The light hits the skin’s dermis layer. It targets the dermis capillaries.

The oxy-haemoglobin gets heated up after it absorbs the light. The process heats up the capillary walls till 70 degree centigrade. This heat destroys the capillary walls. The damaged walls are then absorbed by the body via its defence mechanism.


Focused thin beams of CO2 laser are manipulated to defocus or cut (as scalpels) the tissues. Then these tissues are vaporized. CO2 lasers are used to get rid of the excessive tissues formed by phymatous rosacea. In this method, our skin directly absorbs the CO2 lasers wavelength.


(i) Gentle skin cleansing regime

Always deal with the skin gently and lovingly. Go for only those cleansers that are non-irritating.

(ii) Shielding skin from sun

Never venture out in the sun-bated beach sans protection shields. Regularly use sunscreens. Choose such a sunscreen that consists of a physical blocker agent. Such active blockers are titanium dioxide or zinc oxide.

(iii) Trigger avoidance

It is important to maintain a diary of the foods and the climatic or other factors that generally lead to rosacea. In fact, The National Rosacea Society promotes this habit. This approach also goes a long way in identification and reduction of the triggers. Moreover, trigger avoidance is ideal to control the onset frequency of rosacea. But, all alone it cannot check rosacea. Nonetheless, the mild rosacea attacks can be effectively checked if a patient avoids the factors that triggered off the rosacea symptoms.

One can get flushing after consuming red wine or food items having high quantities of histamine. Then, go for antihistamines. Some common antihistamines are loratadine or cetirizine.

(iv) Eyelid hygiene

Eyelid hygiene is especially recommended for persons complaining of eyelid infections. Practice eyelid hygiene frequently. Here are some easy eyelid hygiene steps.

Gently scrub the eyelids daily;

You can use baby shampoo in a diluted form;

Or, you can also opt for any across-the-counter eyelid cleaner.

Apply the cleaner in warm compresses. But, mind you, never should it be hot.

Carry on the practice several times in a day.


(ii) Topical & Oral Antibiotics

To get instant relief from the rash, redness, inflammation, pustules and papules, you can go for topical and oral antibiotics. An effective topical antibiotic is metronidazole. Similarly, ideal oral antibiotics are the tetracycline antibiotics. Some examples of tetracycline antibiotics are minocycline, doxycycline, and tetracycline.

The oral antibiotics are rather effective in treating ocular rosacea symptoms. Isotretinoin is generally given to patients who complain of persistent pustules or papules. However, there are several side effects of isotretinoin. Therefore, isotretinoin is prescribed only in acute situations. It is also given to treat acute acne. Nevertheless, for patients suffering from phymatous and papulopustular rosacea, low dosages of isotretinoin have been delivering the goods.


The commonly used α-2 agonist is clonidine. It is helpful to deal with blushing and flushing. But it has side effects. One can feel drowsy or/and one’s blood pressure may also plummet. So, to neutralize this effect, one can use monoxidine as an alternative. Monoxidine has lesser side effects. But many do not find it as effective as clonidine.

Propanolol is an ideal beta blocker. It is akin to α-2 agonists. And, it has been found to be effective in dealing with recurrent social blushing rather than the general rosacea flushing. It is also ideal to tackle anxiety.

Coughing Acid Reflux – What it is and How to Treat It

If you experience persistent, dry coughing, coughing acid reflux is one possible cause of the problem.  This might come as a surprise to you, since you may not experience all of the typical symptoms of this disease, which include heartburn, regurgitation, hoarseness, sore throat, bad breath, and a sensation of having food stuck in the throat.  If you experience few or none of these symptoms, you might be wondering how it’s possible that your coughing could be related to acid reflux.  First, it might be helpful to understand the causes and mechanisms of this disease.

This disease occurs when food and stomach acid are regurgitated from the stomach back through the esophagus.  The esophagus is the tube that travels from your mouth to your stomach, and there is muscle where the esophagus meets the stomach called the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES.  The job of the LES is to serve as a one-way valve that lets food into the stomach, and then closes so that food can’t travel back into the esophagus.  Reflux happens when the LES isn’t doing its job.

There are many different factors that can cause the LES to malfunction.  Whether occasional or frequent, overeating can block the LES from closing completely.  Other conditions may cause the LES to open at the wrong time.  Smoking, excessive caffeine consumption, and certain medications can also contribute.  There is not always a clear, identifiable cause in people who suffer from this disease.

Coughing and reflux go hand in hand because stomach acid that is released from the stomach may travel back through the esophagus to the throat and larynx.  In some cases the esophagus might be able to deal with this acidic assault, while the throat and larynx cannot.  It is this acid irritation that can lead to a persistent cough.

In rare cases, stomach acid can also cause the development of another type of coughing.  Coughing acid reflux can cause stomach acid to move through the throat and into the lungs.  This can result in a dry, persistent acid reflux cough that is accompanied by respiratory disorders like pneumonia or bronchitis.  This can sometimes be mistaken for asthma, and may also exacerbate symptoms in people who have already been diagnosed with asthma.

The best way to avoid coughing acid reflux is prevention.  This can be achieved by avoiding overeating, and avoiding foods that commonly cause this disease.  Some foods to avoid are anything overly greasy, carbonated drinks, chocolate, tomato sauces, garlic and onions, spicy foods, and acidic foods like citrus fruits, for example.  In general, avoid any food that is considered a typical trigger for heartburn.

Eating frequent, small meals, as well as using loose-fitting clothing can also help relieve acid reflux coughing.  These strategies help prevent putting too much pressure on the LES that may cause it to fail to close completely. Reflux cough can also be controlled by using over the counter medications that work by either neutralizing stomach acid, or by decreasing production of stomach acid.

If dietary modification and over the counter medicines don’t work to alleviate your dry cough, you should see your doctor for a definitive diagnosis and long term treatment plan. Coughing acid reflux can be treated before developing into a more serious condition.

Colon Cancer – Is It Dangerous?

When a tumor forms up inside a rectum or a colon then it can either be a gentle tumor or a nasty tumor. These are the two kinds of tumors that are known to occur inside the large intestine.

One difficulty encountered with beningh tumors is that they are hardly detected in the first place. When they are not found over a long time they gradually transform into malignant tumor thus making it difficult to cure. Nonetheless it is treatable.

When a person is diagnosed of malignant tumor then it means he has got a tumor that affects the body at a very fast rate. This kind of tumor can easily lead to death of the patient. It is very important to consult a doctor for possible solutions.

When a patient is diagnosed with colon cancer; surgeons carry out an operation to take away the sections of the large intestines that are involved. After removing these parts, the doctor sews back the intestine. The large intestine is around four feet in length when a portion of it is removed there will be no problem you don’t need to worry.

Sometimes post colon cancer test can reveal that cancer has affected the linings of the large intestine. It can also reveal that the cancer as affect areas like the abdominal region, cells and organs in the body when this is the case it means another stage of cancer has been diagnosed, this is call stage three colon cancer.

The good news about the application of chemotherapy treatment for colon cancer is that it is continually being improved upon every year. Medical specialist on colon cancers are working on the best way to fight stage three colon cancer to a stand still.

Colon cancer has been described as a pandemic that affects people of all ages. This is true because you don’t have to be a specialist to know what causes colon cancer. The colon is the region in the stomach where waste is processed and the water needed by the body is used up there.

There is no way you can escape from colon cancer; when there is always huge quantities of animal fat in your meals, excessive white flower products and softened cheese. These kinds of foods normally stick to the intestinal lining and subsequently lead to the inflammation of the colon or the rectum.

Do you know that hypnosis therapy for colon cancer can help develop and encourage you to exercise regularly? It can also help to empower you to abide by the new dietary decision you have made. The process also serves to lighten and calm the feeling pilled up in the colon.

Do you know that aside from using the internet to look for treatment on colon cancer you can also use it to find a net work of people with whom you have things in common? The internet provides you with the opportunity to share your experience with people all over the world. There are online support groups on almost any type of cancer problems. Look for a forum dedicated to colon cancer sufferers you will get helpful information that should help you manage the disease.

Bonexcin Reviewed – How Effective is This Product?

As we add one more candle to that birthday cake each year, our bodies, which are nature’s most perfect creations are deteriorating from within, getting prone to newer invasions and conditions. Isn’t that how life is past fifty? Maybe even forty! Creaky joints and brittle bones? Welcome to Osteoporosis land, where bone turns to glass.

Osteoporosis is one of the most severe conditions in both men and women. It causes over 1.5 million fractures in the US each year (National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2004). And that, ladies and gentlemen is just the tip of the iceberg.

What makes Osteoporosis an extremely dangerous condition is that it shows no signs or symptoms unlike other ailments. It is a silent killer. And by the time one realizes or detects it, there is a hip fracture or a wrist fracture to show for it. A spine fracture in worse cases. There are numerous conditions which can lead to or contribute towards the onset of osteoporosis. Lowered estrogen levels, diets high in salt and sugar, Liver and kidney disorders, menopause and many more. Treatment involves dietary changes and supportive medications (supplements) which help restore the balance between bone loss and new bone formation.

While over the counter products for osteoporosis have been around for quite some time now, there are very few of them that can actually help restore bone density and aid in prevention of further bone loss. And that is the key in curbing osteoporosis.

Bonexcin is one of them, a completely natural supplement that incorporates minerals, trace elements and flavones that help the body to promote new bone cells and prevent bone loss due to osteoporosis. Developed by Vitaloix Labs, a leading nutraceutical company, Bonexcin has recently captured the fancy of a market that is flooded with new health supplements every passing day.

Is it just another passing fad? Another product with tall claims? Not really! Bonexcin actually works.

It is not a revolutionary breakthrough formula that is going to turn your bones into iron rods from day one. It is a simple yet highly effective combination of vital ingredients that are necessary for the body to maintain strong bones and prevent bone loss. When combined with a healthy diet and regular exercise, it can work wonders in combating and successfully reversing the symptoms of Osteoporosis.

The product is ideal for:

– Men and Women who have been diagnosed with Osteoporosis

– Pre and Post menopausal women

– People with Calcium deficiency

– Women who have had their ovaries removed

– Men and Women who are on prolonged medication which may lead to bone loss

Most doctors will tell you that prevention is always better than cure and that’s why Bonexcin is as good as it claims to be.

The Science Behind The Product

It is the combination of ingredients in Bonexcin which make it the most potent formulation to alleviate osteoporosis available in the market today.

1. Calcium combined with Vitamin D: Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body and yet, osteoporosis robs us of it. Extremely vital for healthy and strong bones, when Calcium is combined with Vitamin D, the combination is dynamite. It significantly reduces bone mineral density loss.

2. Ipriflavone: Is used in treating osteoporosis and Low bone density. It aids in osteogenesis (formation of new bones) and is used as an alternative for estrogen replacement therapy in post menopausal women.

3. Phosphorus: Phosphorus is a mineral that is extremely essential in maintaining healthy bones especially when combined with calcium supplements. The result is increased bone mass.

4. Zinc: Low Zinc serum levels in the body are one of the prime reasons of lower Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in both men and women. Zinc, when combined with copper, manganese, and calcium can greatly reduce bone loss in postmenopausal women.

5. Vitamin K: This also helps increase Bone Mass Density.

Bonexcin helps to tackle osteoporosis in the early stages and most people have reported signs of improvement with one to three months of daily usage. In a market that is saturated by health supplements, Bonexcin manages to stand out.

Scoliosis Braces for Children and Adults – What Are the Options?

When considering scoliosis braces as a treatment option for scoliosis, it is important to understand that the success or failure of bracing treatment often comes down to three things.

1) The correct type of brace is fitted for the type of scoliosis

2) The brace is fitted by a competent and accredited bracing provider

3) The patient wears the brace as recommended and is reviewed regularly

The aim of scoliosis bracing is to stabilise the curve, attempt to prevent further progression and ideally to make some correction to the curve. Correction is not always possible, and is more likely to occur in cases where the patient is in their teens or pre-teens while their spine is still growing. This is why the best outcomes for scoliosis cases occur when the scoliosis is detected and treated as early as possible. Adults with scoliosis can be successfully treated with bracing for pain and poor posture caused by the scoliosis. In cases where the adult spine is very flexible, it may be possible for a brace to make a small reduction, but as a general rule improvements in pain and posture are the main goals in treating adult scoliosis.

Two main types of scoliosis braces are available: flexible dynamic braces, such as the SpineCor scoliosis brace, and hard plastic braces, such as the Gomez TLSO.

SpineCor Scoliosis Brace

The SpineCor brace is a lightweight, flexible brace developed in Montreal, Canada by a team led by orthopaedic surgeons, Dr. Charles Rivard and Dr. Christine Colliard. The success of the SpineCor brace has been documented and researched since 1992 and some of the best supporting research on it was published in 2007 in the Journal Of Pediatric Orthopaedics [June 2007, P. 375-379]. There are only two papers published which dispute the efficacy of the SpineCor brace, however on close inspection the clinicians used in these studies were not certified to administer the brace and the authors were associated with a competing product, so the results are questionable and if anything prove the point that the brace needs to be fitted by a competent and accredited clinician.

The SpineCor brace is different to traditional hard plastic braces because it works on dynamic principles. Rather than trying to force and hold the spine in place, it works with the spine and muscles to gradually change their position over time. The key benefits of this approach are:

1) The SpineCor brace is more comfortable so patients wear it more often and are more compliant.

2) By allowing freedom of movement, the muscles do not weaken over time, as often occurs in hard braces

3) The spine can also move freely so it doesn’t become stiff over time

4) The SpineCor brace can be worn during exercise and recreational activities

5) The SpineCor brace is barely visible under clothing, which helps with self-image; especially in teens

6) The SpineCor brace can be used to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, some types of congenital scoliosis, and also adult scoliosis.

Gomez Asymmetrical TLSO (Thoraco-Lumbar Spinal Orthosis)

The Gomez Asymmetrical TLSO is a hard plastic brace invented by orthopaedic surgeon, Miguel Gomez. The brace is custom made for each patient using a 3-Dimensional assessment and computer assisted design and manufacture (CAD-CAM) system. Unlike some other hard plastic braces, the Gomez brace attempts to correct the spinal deformity in all 3 planes with a focus on overall spinal balance and stability. Most rigid TLSO systems rely on traditional plaster casting of the patient and x-ray. The use of CAD-CAM allows greater manipulation of the brace in all three planes prior to production. The Gomez Asymmetrical TLSO is mostly used for infantile, juvenile and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treatment, but in some cases it can be used in non-idiopathic cases such as congenital and neuromuscular curves. The Gomez brace can be used as a treatment in its on right, with physical therapy or as an initial treatment for larger curves with a view to switch to dynamic bracing when the curve is more manageable.

Which is the best Scoliosis Brace?

While there are many types of scoliosis braces on offer, the SpineCor scoliosis brace and the Gomez TLSO are both proven, effective treatment options for scoliosis bracing.

The only way of determining which brace is the best option for a patient is to have a thorough examination conducted by a clinician with expertise in these scoliosis bracing systems. A good examination will include a postural examination, assessment of spinal flexibility, and x-ray analysis. It is advisable to ensure that the clinician offers more than one type of brace as this will give the patient a greater variety of treatment options. It is also important to make sure the clinician is fully accredited to provide the brace.