Uses and Benefits of Bovine Serum Albumin

You have probably heard people talking about the “protein diet”. A lot of body builders, athletes and even celebrities adhere to this diet plan. So why is there all this hype for protein?

Protein makes up the structure of all creatures. It is a very crucial component to achieving our total health. It is the nutrient that repairs and helps tissues grow and develop. Proteins are also present in the cells of muscles, bones and even in the blood for nutrient-carrying and exchange functions. Aside from that, it also guards bodies against infections and disease-causing viruses. Next to water, proteins make the biggest part of the body mass. Meat, fish, eggs, dairy and dairy products, nuts, seeds and legumes are some good sources of protein. After ingestion, these proteins from the food are broken down until they reach their simplest form, the amino acid.

There are two kinds of amino acids: essential amino acids and non-essential amino acids. The essential amino acids are those supplied by food that the body cannot manufacture itself, and the non-essential acids which can be produced by an organism’s body. This article shall focus on the former kind.

Essential amino acids are found in the food we take and they cannot be made by the body systems naturally. Lack of this kind of amino acid can lead to medical conditions like muscle breakdown, lack of appetite and slowed muscle healing and growth. Due to lack of amino acid supply, the body will be forced to obtain the lacking amino acid from healthy muscles. Because of this phenomenon, malnutrition, retardation and even death may arise.

In the blood, the most plentiful supply of amino acid is serum albumin which carries the thyroid hormones, natural steroid and fatty acids to other body parts. There are two kinds of serum albumin: bovine serum albumin and human serum albumin. Now, based on the aforementioned functions, we probably know by now how human serum albumin is used by us, human beings. But did you know that we also use the serum from cows called bovine serum albumin (BSA)?

No, this kind of serum is not inside our bodies. Mostly, we use bovine serum albumin for laboratory experiments and science-related activities. The field that needs it most is biochemistry. ELISA or Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay is one process that depends on the serum. This process detects antibodies or antigens mixed in liquid or wet samples. The ELISA test assists in diagnosing whether a patient has HIV, malaria or tuberculosis. Through ELISA, diseases such as the Chagas disease which manifests itself initially as a simple infection and Johne’s disease, a disease in some animals with symptoms like wasting and diarrhea.

In immunohistochemistry, the serum is used to explore the behavior, life span and severity of a cancerous tumor.

Lastly, it is used to culture cells and study how to increase cell productivity and growth to promote over-all cell health. The serum is a very stable ingredient known for not affecting the validity of experiment results. It also prevents enzymes from sticking to laboratory materials like reaction tubes, pipet tips and other liquid-containing vessels.

One brand that sells BSA is Pre-Diluted Protein Assays Standards, diluted in 0.9% saline and 0.05 sodium azide, and is sold online.

The uses of bovine serum albumin are currently being explored further. Even though it is a by-product of the cow and cattle industry, the ingredient has proven its benefits for our own development.

Causes Of Severe Anxiety And Nervous Breakdown

Nervous Breakdown is termed as a severe or unbearable emotional disorder, that occurs very suddenly and the symptoms are depression. It is basically a mental illness when a person cannot think properly. This happens when a person undergoes a very stressful phase in his life.

Causes of mental breakdown
There are a number of causes of mental breakdown which includes chronic and unresolved grief, unemployment, academic problems, career failure, stress due to some reason such as post war trauma, a serious or chronic illness in the family, death in the family, fraud by a loved one, pregnancy etc. Mental illness is classified as breakdowns due to clinical depression, anxiety, bipolar, disorder, psychosis, dissociation, post traumatic stress, severe stress.

Anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorder includes several forms of abnormal, pathological anxiety, fears, phobias and certain nervous conditions that may be suddenly or gradually effect a person over a period of several years and which may prevent the person from leading a normal life and perform his daily routines.

Anxiety is actually a very unpleasant emotion state of one’s mind accompanied with physiological symptoms that leads to fatigue and tiredness. A correct and exact diagnosis will result in an effective treatment and better results. The anxiety disorders are chronic conditions that might be present earlier or might occur suddenly after a serious event in the person’s life. That aggravates when the person undergoes stress due to some reason.

A good diagnosis is essential for the initial cure of anxiety disorder. This has to be done by an interview along with possible medical conditions that cause the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety may be a due to hereditary in some. A person suffering from anxiety disorder normally at times has severe attacks such as headache, sweating and the palpitations increase which is accompanied- with hypertension.

Conditions of the person suffering from Anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorder is a common and a chronic disorder that affects men as well as women. Anxiety disorder is a long lasting problem. There is no specific reason for anxiety disorder or situation.

People suffering from this disorder fear for some unknown reason. They have a very difficult time in controlling their worries. Due to constant muscle tension and constant fear they might develop headaches, palpations in the heart, sleeping problems and dizziness. Due to the presence of these conditions in an anxiety disorder person, he/she has difficulty in coping with his day to day, normal activities.

Does Moon Really Influence Hair Growth? Truth Behind the Superstition

Once I was surfing through the web and found a very interesting article about all popular superstitions that deal with hair. One of them especially sparked my interest. The author said that, despite of common belief, in no way possible can moon influence hair growth, because it simply cannot be, and that all this is granny’s tales.

Well, of course, many of the scientists may lead you into long and dull calculations about how this influences that, and whether this influence is generally possible. But let’s look closer at this concept.

When I was at the high school, my teacher of physics showed us simple formula how one physical body influences other physical body. Of course, she was speaking about the planets and really huge bodies. But I can give you three reasons why this law is true for all existing physical bodies, no matter how small, tiny, or minuscule they are.

Reason 1: Everything in the World Is Interconnected

General science speaks that every part of the Universe is guided by some laws of existence, and that world is divided into parts that we see and that we cannot see. Moreover, every one of us knows that something small creates big.

In other words, all of us are made of particles that we can’t see, and the big world is made of small things in the same way.

Now let’s think about this: if everything is guided by laws, and big world and small one are interconnected, then this leads to a conclusion that we are connected to the world, too, and influenced by the general laws of its existence.

Reason one is proved.

Reason 2: Big Influences Small

Returning to my sweet teacher of physics, let’s look closer at the laws of the mutual influence.

Who said that we are not influenced by the planet, OR planets? For example, there are weather sensitive people, whose state of health depends on sunny or rainy weather and atmospheric pressure. People are small and the planet is huge, planet influences people, big influences small.

So, why does something that is generally and physically possible seem so impossible to the self-oriented humans?

Let’s assume reason two is proved, too.

Reason 3: Stars Are Not Simply Dots in the Sky

This reason is my final argument for those who know that world goes round, but are not likely to believe it.

There is an astronomy and astrology. Each of these sciences deals with stars. One predicts the future, second studies movements of the planets. First science is not regarded by some of us as a science at all, second uses so many gadgets and technical devices, that almost all of us believe it. Of course, tabloid horoscopes do not add faith in the truthfulness of the predictions.

But do you know that ancient Arabian people made long and complicated calculations that were written in separate huge books to get the right future forecast for the single person? These calculations usually took several weeks to finish; they required not only the exact date of your birth, but also exact day, hour, minute, even second of birth of your parents, some of the relatives, even strangers.

Moreover, they took into account positions of the planets, the Sun, the Moon, the Earth itself. And these positions were calculated in the same way as they are calculated now by modern scientists, who use fast computers and latest gadgets.

So, as you see, once astrology was rather exact, complicated and demanding science that was later abused and misled.

Now we read horoscopes just for fun, and don’t know their true history and nature. To say more, astronomy takes its origin from the astrology, because first star charts and observations were brought from Arabian countries.

But I won’t say that stars influence our future. What I really want to say is that stars influence our health and state of mood by the magnetic and physical interconnection with the Earth, which, in its turn, influences us directly.

So, even if you do not believe that stars influence you, they do influence every part of the world you live in, and these parts, in their turn, have a certain impact on you.

Reason three is proved.

When it comes to the growth or fading of the Moon and its influence on hair growth, the existence of such is explained by firm and solid law of nature.

The Moon and the Earth are bound by the mutual attraction. High and low tides of the Ocean exist because the Moon approaches and moves away from the Earth in a six-hour cycle. The growth-fading lunar cycle has eight stages, and this cycle influences the Earth in the same way as the six-hour cycle does.

Moreover, the Moon rotates around the Earth along oval orbit, so there are points when the Moon is closer to the Earth and when the Moon is further from the Earth. It all moves us into complicated eight-staged ellipse lunar cycle.

Lunar cycle leads to the minor changes in the atmospheric pressure and the power of the Earth gravity. In its turn this affects animal and human health and behavior. For example, doctors report an increase in epileptic seizures and bleeding ulcers at the time of the full moon.

Gravity is one of the Earth’s strongest forces, so you can’t ignore the Moon.

If we now think more about certain similarities between natural world and human organism, we will see that plants and herbs grow better or worse according to the lunar cycle. Moreover, it is a common practice when coffee traders view charts of the winter full moon to plan their coffee sales in Brazil. The connection between the full moon and plant growth is so well established that it affects investment patterns.

Hair growth is affected by the Moon in the same way, as anything else on the planet. When the gravity changes, state of your health changes, too. With the lower gravity, even if the change is so small that you don’t feel it, your hair grows slower. It happens in the beginning of the moon cycle and in its middle, on the full moon.

During the new moon and the old moon, the gravity is bigger, and the hair grows faster. Thus, the perfect time for visiting your stylist is on the 3-11th days of the moon cycle, as well as on17-24th days. Your hair will grow faster during these days.

Even if you do not believe all of the said, you can’t deny the influence of gravity on human organism. Thus, there really are certain connections and influences of the Moon on the hair growth.

There are only few reminding to those who expect miracles:

o Changes in Earth’s gravity are very small, so you should not expect fantastic results.

o If your stylist has a “heavy” hand and your hair does not grow back in two weeks after hair cut, you should not expect a miraculous hair growth, too.

o If your hair is in unhealthy condition, it will use any opportunity to revive itself first, and only then it will grow longer.

o My last reminding is that if you used to have short haircut, and now you’ve decided to grow your hair long, it will take time, does not matter when you cut your hair, and who cuts it. Our hair grows only up to 5-7 millimetres per month, and this is a proven scientific fact.

So, whether or not you believe that the Moon and hair growth are connected, you would agree that as long as you live on the planet, you will feel, consciously or subconsciously, all changes and influences made by our planet and its counterparts.

Glycolysis Pathway And Sequence Of Reactions Explained


Glycolysis is derived from the Greek words: Glycose=sweet or sugar and Lysis=splitting or dissolution. It is a pathway in all the living cells. The complete pathway was elucidated in the year 1940. This pathway is also known as Embden-Meyerhof pathway (E.M.pathway) in honour of the two biochemists who made major contribution to the process of Glycolysis.


Glycolysis is defined as the sequence of reactions converting glucose(or glycogen) to pyruvate or lactate with the production of ATP.


Conversion of glucose to pyruvate. Pyruvate is further processed for the generation of ATP. (ATP- Adenosine Tri- Phosphate, it is the energy currency of the cell. Splitting of one mole of ATP gives energy of 7.3 calories. This energy is used by the cell for various purposes).


Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.


1. It occurs in presence of oxygen as well as absence of oxygen.

a. Aerobic Glycolysis-

It occurs in the presence of oxygen.

End product is Pyruvate.

Energy produced- 8 ATP

b. Anaerobic Glycolysis-

It occurs in the absence of oxygen.

End product is Lactate.

Energy produced- 2 ATP.

2. It is a major pathway for ATP synthesis in tissues and cells lacking Mitochondria. Examples: RBC, Cornea, Lens.

3. Brain uses nearly two-thirds of the total blood glucose. Here, glycolysis plays a major role in energy production for the cells in the Brain.

4. Intermediates of glycolysis are used by the cell for the synthesis of amino Acid and Fat.


The pathway (sequence of reactions) are divided into 3 distinct phases:

Phase 1: Energy Investment Phase.

Phase 2: Splitting Phase.

Phase 3: Energy Generation Phase.

These three phases together constitute 10 reactions.






















DHAP (Dihydroxy Acetone Phosphate)

Reactions 1, 2, 3, 4 constitute energy Investment Phase

Reaction 5 constitutes Splitting Phase

Reaction 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 constitute Energy generation phase

(The names of the enzymes catalyzing the respective reactions are given on

the arrows)


1. PHOSPHORYLATION: Glucose is phosphorylated to glucose 6-phosphate by hexokinase or glucokinase (both are Iso-Enzymes). This is an irreversible reaction. ATP and Magnesium ion are needed for the reaction to proceed.

2. ISOMERISATION: Glucose 6-phosphate is isomerised to fructose 6-phosphate in the presence of enzyme phosphohexose isomerase and Magnesium ion.

3. PHOSPHORYLATION: Fructose 6-phosphate is phosphorylated to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate by phosphofructokinase enzyme. This is an irreversible and regulatory step of glycolysis.

4. CLEAVAGE: The six carbon fructose 1, 6- bisphosphate is split into glyceraldehyde 3- phosphate and dihydroxy acetone phosphate(DHAP). Both of them are 3 carbon compounds. Aldolase is the enzyme involved in the reaction.

5. ISOMERISATION: DHAP is isomerised to Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by enzyme Phosphotriose Isomerase. So, now there are 2 molecules of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate available.

6. OXIDATION: Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is oxidised to 1,3 bisphosphoglycerate by the enzyme glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase(G-3-P dehydrogenase). Here one molecule of NADH is generated from one molecule of NAD+. This NADH participates in Electron Transport Chain to produce ATP.

7. DEPHOSPHORYLATION: 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate is converted to 3-phosphoglycerate by the enzyme phosphoglycerate kinase. Here one molecule of phosphate from the substrate is lost. This phosphate is taken up by a molecule of ADP to produce one molecule of ATP. This is a SUBSTRATE LEVEL PHOSPHORYLATION. This is a rare example of a reversible kinase reaction. Magnesium ion is also required in this reaction.

8. ISOMERISATION: 3-phosphoglycerate is converted to 2-phosphoglycerate by the enzyme phosphoglycerate mutase. This is an isomerisation reaction.

9. DEHYDRATION: 2-phosphoglycerate is converted to Phosphoenol Pyruvate by removal of one molecule of Water by the action of the enzyme Enolase. For this reaction Magnesium ion or Manganese ion are needed. Phosphoenol Pyruvate is a high energy compound.

10. DEPHOSPHORYLATION: Phosphoenol Pyruvate is converted to Pyruvate by the removal of one molecule of Phosphate(Pi) which is taken up by one molecule of ADP to produce one molecule of ATP. This is also a SUBSTRATE LEVEL PHOSPHORYLATION. Pyruvate Kinase is the enzyme involved. The enzyme needs Potassium ion and either Magnesium ion or Manganese ion. The reaction is irreversible.


1. 1 molecule of NADH participates in ETC(Electron Transport Chain) to liberate 3 ATP. There are 2 NADH produced from 2 molecules of Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate so liberating 6 ATP.

2. 1 molecule of ATP is produced by Substrate Level Phosphorylation in reaction 7. Total 2 ATP are produced since there are 2 Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate molecules.

3. In reaction 10, again there is a Substrate Level Phosphorylation from Phosphoenol Pyruvate. As there are 2 Phosphoenol Pyruvate molecules produced from 2 molecules of Glyceraldehyde 3- Phosphate, 2 ATP are liberated.

4.In Energy investment phase 2 ATP are used. 1 ATP in reaction 1 and 1 ATP in reaction 3.

So, Net ATP Synthesis in glycolysis is 8 ATP

(2NADH = 6 ATP

Reaction 7 = 2 ATP

Reaction 10 = 2ATP

Total = 10 ATP

ATP used = 2 ATP (in energy investment phase)

Net Production= 10-2=8 ATP)



Here pyruvate is converted to lactate by lactate dehydrogenase. Here one NADH is converted to NAD. That means the NADH produced in reaction 6 is not used for ATP production. Hence here only 2 ATP are produced.

(2 NADH =0 ATP

Reaction 7=2 ATP

Reaction 10=2ATP

ATP Used = 2 ATP (in energy investment phase)

Net Production=4-2=2ATP)

FATE OF PYRUVATE: The Pyruvate produced as the end product of glycolysis undergoes oxidative decarboxylation and thereby forms Acetyl Co-A which is used in Citric Acid Cycle to generate ATP.


1. Iodoacetate and Arsenate inhibit the enzyme Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase of reaction 6.

2.Flouride inhibits Enolase of reaction 9.


1.Lactic Acidosis: Accumulation of Lactic acid is seen in its excess production due to anaerobic glycolysis, example: In skeletal muscle during strenuous exercise. Lactic acidosis may also be due to its decreased elimination. In Lactic Acidosis ATP production is reduced. Here the reason is lack of Oxygen supply. It may cause pain in muscles during severe exercise. Normal plasma lactic acid concentration- 4-15 mg/dl.

2.Oxygen Debt: It is the extra amount of Oxygen required to recover from anaerobic glycolysis.

3.Cancer and Glycolysis: During cancer there is excessive proliferation of cells. The excess number of cells show an increased uptake of glucose and thereby glycolysis. As the tumor grows in size there is increased demand of Oxygen by the tumor, which the blood vessels are unable to supply. So, Hypoxic conditions get established in the tumor. So, anaerobic glycolysis increases.

Later the tumor cells get accustomed to hypoxia by involvement of transcription factor named Hypoxia Inducible Transcription Factor(HIF). HIF increases the synthesis of glycolytic enzymes and glucose transporters.

However the tumors cannot survive for long under these hypoxic conditions. So, a method of treatment of cancer is to reduce the vascularisation to the tumor so that hypoxia prevails and the cancers can be eliminated.

4.Pasteur Effect: The inhibition of Glycolysis by Oxygen (aerobic condition) is known as Pasteur effect. It is due to inhibition of the enzyme Phosphofructokinase of reaction 3 by the effect of ATP produced in the presence of Oxygen via Glycolysis.

5.Crabtree Effect: The phenomenon of inhibition of Oxygen uptake by the addition of glucose to the tissues having high aerobic glycolysis. It is because when glucose is added to a tissue having high aerobic. Glycolysis more glycolysis occurs leading to production of more ATP. So, the need of Oxygen for producing ATP via Citric Acid Cycle is reduced and hence, Oxygen consumption is decreased.

Astrology of Anxiety Disorder

An anxiety disorder affects our feeling and behaviours and can be manifest as physical symptoms due to nervousness, fear, worry and apprehension of ours life. Phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety and post traumatic stress disorder are some kind of anxiety disorders.

The anxiety disorder may manifest as physical symptoms which can be mild or severe in nature. The symptoms are related to heart, lungs gastrointestinal and nervous systems and manifest as upset stomach, difficult breathing, shaking of body, diarrhoea and convulsions.

Astrological factors responsible for anxiety disorder:

Ascendant: indicates our physique, nature and strength in general.

4th house: denotes mental tendencies.

6th house: the house of diseases and disorders.

8th house: chronicle diseases, emergencies and hidden ailments.

3rd/9th house or signs: they are mental signs.

12th house: mental diseases.

Moon: stands for mind and mental structure.

Mercury: nervous system, logic and intelligence of a person.

Mars: related to head and all diseases related to head, sudden reaction, and aggressiveness.

Saturn: indicates obstruction and depression and melancholy nature, fear, stress and suffering.

Rahu/Ketu: sudden eruption and undignostic diseases.

Sign Aries: stands for head and brain

Signs Gemini/Virgo/Aquarius: rules over mind and mental structure.

Astrological combinations for anxiety disorder:


  • Moon placed in 6th/8th/12th house, debilited, heavily afflicted, in waning state or eclipsed indicates anxiety disorder of the native.
  • Lord of ascendant or Moon is weak in chart and having relation with 8th house responsible for anxiety.
  • Moon combined with a malefic and Rahu placed in 5th/8th/12 house indicates very high anxiety level of the native.
  • Lord of 8th house related with lord or house of ascendant indicate anxiety.
  • Lord of ascendant, Moon and Saturn are related by conjunction or aspect definitely indicates mental disorder.
  • Saturn as the lord of 8th house and related with lord/house of ascendant or the Moon gives grave consequences of anxiety disorders.
  • Weak Moon/Saturn related to ascendant/8th house gives complex anxiety disorder.
  • Moon combined with Rahu in ascendant indicates compulsive disorder syndrome.
  • Moon combined/aspect/influenced by Ketu indicates severe anxiety of the native.
  • Moon/Mercury afflicted by Saturn/Rahu indicates mental imbalances.
  • Weak moon/ascendant/4th house and a weak Jupiter placed in the chart can easily give mental disorder.

Other combinations for anxiety disorders:

  • Affliction to 3rd/9th house and signs Gemini/Virgo/Aquarius will give rise to mental disturbances.
  • Affliction to 5th house and Moon/Mercury may cause mental disorders.
  • Cancer is the sign of emotions and severe afflictions to this sign will also cause mental disorder.
  • When Mars afflicts the Sun/Mercury in Gemini/Virgo, the native will invariably suffer from anxiety disorder.
  • Placement of Rahu in trine and aspected by Saturn also causes mental disorders.
  • Conjunction of Saturn and Rahu gives severe anxiety disorders.
  • Anxiety and mental disorders seem commonest those native born under the signs of Cancer and Aries.
  • The native born in Gemini sign are restless and anxious which can lead difficulties in focusing mind and they may suffer from mental and nervous disorders.
  • In Sagittarius ascendant, Moon and Sun combined in ascendant/trine and Jupiter being posited in 3rd house indicates anxiety disorder.
  • Moon and Mercury posited in quadrant and also placed in malefic signs in Navamansa chart indicates obsessive compulsive disorder of the person.
  • Malefic planets in their operational major/sub period will act as a trigger to generate negative mental attitude/tendencies in life.




How Does Smoking Cigarettes Reduce Stress?

It is said that cigarettes help to reduce stress and help people relax, a fact smokers regularly produce when asked why they can’t quit smoking. “I can’t quit I’m too stressed out.” Is a common sentence uttered by many a smoker every day. And when in a tough, problematic, critical and anxious situation a smoker will more than likely ‘need’ a cigarette to calm his nerves.

And smokers also get several other benefits from smoking including increased concentration, an added energy ‘boost’ mental ‘strength’ to deal with tough situations, curing boredom and relaxation.

These aspects can be condensed into two main beneficial areas of smoking. Firstly that, smoking is calming and relaxing, and secondly, it helps smokers concentrate and think clearly.

So on the Calming and Relaxing side – cigarettes take the stress out of life (relaxation) and help relive tension and stress. The benefits of smoking are to help smokers calm down and reduce anxiety and stress. When you visualise or think of relaxing what comes to your mind? It’s usually a slumping of the shoulders effect, that aaaaaahhhhhhhhh… slip into your arm chair and letting go feeling – you are relaxing.

On the Strength and Boost side – smoking is uplifting, helps with concentration, keeps smokers on their toes and gives them mental strength. The other benefit of smoking is that it lifts smokers up a level – their senses are awakened. When you visualise or think of yourself concentrating and being uplifted what comes to mind? Generally it’s a head up, on our feet, eyes open, chest out, shoulders back and an alert state of mind and effect – it gives you that I’m ready, let’s do it and let’s go feeling.

So cigarettes can have two effects – at times cigarettes can make you feel more relaxed and calmer – a general feeling of tranquillity or peacefulness. AND cigarettes can make you feel more confident, more capable, better equipped to deal with tough situations and they can give you increased concentration – a general energetic and empowered feeling.

But how is it that this same product or substance can do both of these things? Two different things that are complete opposites?

Smokers have been told, and believe that cigarettes not only help to lower stress levels but they also help to keep you on your toes – two completely different effects. Relaxation is a suppressing feeling while concentration is an uplifting feeling.

How can the same substance or product make the body feel up and raring to go and also make it relaxed and increase inner tranquillity?

The truth is that cigarettes can’t make or help smokers do both, or either – it’s impossible. You’ve also been told that cigarettes can cure boredom, help you enjoy your coffee and tea and meals and also sex more.

But again, how can cigarettes do all of these things? Yes nicotine does have a stimulating effect, (as it releases dopamine, the body’s natural pleasure drug, into the brain) but how the hell does it make you feel up, down and everything in between?

Basically we have been told that cigarettes can pretty much do whatever you want them to, depending on the circumstances surrounding you while you smoke. So if you need some mental energy or strength – have a cigarette and if you want to relax and forget about your problems then you should have a cigarette too! How can the same cigarette make you feel how you want to feel, depending on your choosing?

The truth is that despite nicotine releasing dopamine into the brain, all the other substances in a cigarette actually put a huge strain on your brain and body – they make you feel more tense, more anxious, more stressed and more on edge. No matter how much you argue against this it’s the cold hard truth!

Look at the undeniable stressful effects of smoking on you and your body below.

1. When carbon monoxide and nicotine enter your body they reduce the amount and supply of oxygen to your brain. Without this oxygen (the fuel of the brain), your brain struggles to function properly, think clearly and concentrate.

It is a fact that nicotine and carbon monoxide reduce oxygen levels in a smoker’s body and it is also a fact that the body needs oxygen to concentrate, not even the doctors and scientists can deny that!

Essentially oxygen is the basis of all activity in the body – any effort the body makes (from thinking to running), is harder with less oxygen. The carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarettes prevent oxygen from reaching the brain and the other organs in the body – this simply cannot help you relax or concentrate. It’s impossible!

The nicotine may give you a little pick me up, but it and cigarettes simply cannot do all of the things that millions of smokers, just like you have been led to believe and continue telling yourself.

2. Nicotine is a vaso-constrictor – it shrinks your veins and arteries in size, meaning that your heart is forced to work harder to pump the same amount of blood around your body, but through a smaller space. Add to that, the fact that tar and the other chemicals in cigarettes are being deposited in your veins reducing blood flow even more.

The result is that your beats 35,000 times more per day than a non-smoker and your blood pressure is also ten to twenty points higher than it should be, under this added workload.

3. The effect that nicotine has on the insulin in your blood puts your body under constant stress. Every forty five minutes or so, when you smoke, the nicotine in your body blocks the release of insulin (this is the appetite suppressant effect).

Once this nicotine has worn off your insulin is re-released, and forty five minutes to an hour or two later you have another cigarette.

This stop start process puts a huge strain on your body – a non-smoker’s body will only reduce the flow of insulin when he really needs it – when he hasn’t eaten in a while. But smokers make their body’s stop-start this process twenty times more, or more a day than a non-smoker. This is an added stressful workload on your body.

4. The several thousand chemicals, poisons, toxins and carcinogens in a cigarette force the body into a state of shock.

When you inhale the smoke from a cigarette your body has to adapt to the presence of harmful chemicals. Each of which are deposited in your veins, lungs, heart, arteries and other organs in your body, then when you stop smoking for a few hours (e.g. at night) your body does it’s best to clear out the foreign substances.

You will also experience this process through a ‘smoker’s cough’ in the day and also in the morning, when yours body has had eight hours or so to start the cleansing process, and you cough up a lot of mucus.

Both of these attempts at cleaning out the toxins puts your body through a strenuous cleansing regime

process every time you stop smoking, every day of your smoking life. A non-smoker will only experience this cleansing process, as extensively as a smoker when he has a virus or infection or if they smoke a cigarette.

The truth is that smoking is only an ‘effective’ stress relief tool because you believe cigarettes and nicotine can help you. And that is the key – you believe.

It all comes back to what you think. Because you tell yourself that cigarettes calm you, you think they do. Because you tell yourself that they help you concentrate, you think they do (despite the fact that you are putting a huge strain on your system – your heart beats an extra 35,000 times per day due to the reduction in vein size making your blood pressure higher).

So even though cigarettes and nicotine are having a harmful and weakening effect on your body, which you have always known, you believe that they make you stronger and more capable of dealing with life. It is a clever trick that the tobacco companies have played on you!

They have shown you on films, on TV and in commercials that cigarettes help you concentrate, relive stress, beat problems, enjoy sex more and that they make men more manly and women more sexy.

You have to give them credit because it has worked and it is still working! But once you take a step back and look at the overall picture, you can see that advertising and your beliefs have led you to believe that you need cigarettes and nicotine, and that they bring you many benefits. When in fact that is all in your head!

But it can’t just be the placebo effect (believing that something will happen, makes it happen) that makes you concentrate and relax can it? The truth is no, but only to an extent.

So yes when you smoke you may feel slightly relaxed – this is down to the way you breathe when you smoke. Have you noticed any difference in the way you breathe when you smoke? Take a minute and put your fingers to your lips and pretend you are smoking, or better yet – light up a cigarette!

Have you noticed anything different in comparison to your normal breathing patterns? You should have noticed the two following patterns.

Firstly, your in-breath was much stronger when smoking. Try it again, inhale as if you were smoking a cigarette. This deeper in-breath sucks in a lot more air than normal breathing because you are sucking air in from the bottom of your stomach (your diaphragm). With this extra air also comes more oxygen – your brain and body’s fuel, up to 20% more oxygen in fact than when you breathe normally.

The second thing you should have noticed is the way you exhale. Your out-breath was also much stronger and deeper, when smoking. Try it again, breathe out deeply without cigarette smoke, do it several times.

How do you feel? You feel relaxed and calm don’t you! Exhaling feels good, especially when it is done strongly. Have you noticed that when you laugh and when you sigh you exhale and breathe out strongly? Breathing out has a calming and positive effect on the body. So even though the smoke puts a strain on your system, when you breathe out strongly you feel good.

So basically when you smoke you are just practicing deep breathing exercises. The deep breaths provide your body and organs with more oxygen, which helps you to relax and release stress to a degree. I say to a degree because that extra oxygen is not enough to compensate for the strain that the chemicals in a cigarette put on your body.

So smoking itself doesn’t actually reduce stress, or help you concentrate in any way – it’s the way you breathe that does that for you. Have you ever wondered why people tell you to take deep breaths when you feel a craving or withdrawal symptoms? It’s because the deep breathing mimics the way you breathe when you smoke.

Every time you have a cigarette you put your body under stress. Then your body tries to clean out the chemicals, which again makes you feel uncomfortable, and puts you under stress. And you do this every day going round and round in circles, no wonder you a re so stressed!

Then when your body realises it has extremely low blood sugar (no nicotine to block insulin which releases your sugar stores) you get pangs and cravings because your body needs sugar – it becomes stressed. You then have a cigarette to relieve that stress. Then after forty five minutes or so the process starts all over again! You are just going around in one huge destructive and pointless circle.

People say smoking reduces stress, when in fact – the stress is caused by the last cigarette – when nicotine and the chemicals enter your body you put it under a huge strain. Then when the nicotine leaves your body it becomes stressed – because there is no nicotine to release sugar into the blood.

Tobacco increases stress and then relieves it (artificially by playing with your blood sugar levels) when you smoke. So smoking is basically like hitting yourself over the head with a hammer because it feels really good when you stop!

A major reason why people say they can’t or won’t stop smoking is – they feel they would be giving up a very effective stress management technique. But once you stop smoking for a short period of time, you will become calmer, even under stress, than when you were a smoker.

Another smoking myths is that it ‘cures boredom.’ This argument is so pointless that it hardly merits much attention. Yes some people believe that it cures boredom, but so does banging your head against a wall and stabbing yourself with a fork. That doesn’t mean it’s either good for you, effective, productive or an adequate way to deal with the situation.

Again if you rely on cigarettes to cure boredom, all you are doing is telling yourself – ‘I am not good enough to deal with this situation on my own. My cigarettes will take care of it.’

If you smoke due to boredom, you need to pay particular attention to changing your habits so that you have adequate new methods to keep yourself entertained.

Smoking as a stress relief mechanism is just and excuse. Many smokers know this but continue to lie to themselves because it prevents them from admitting that they cannot stop smoking.

Finding new ways to deal with stress is essential if you are going to make your stop smoking attempt a success.

My Complete Step By Step Guide To Quitting Smoking explains how to beat the stresses of everyday life when you quit smoking and it shows you how to break any and all your associations to smoking, so you can become completely smoke free in 3-4 weeks.

Starting a Roofing Business – Quick Return on Investment!

Roofing installers are some of the hardest working people and they should be paid very well because of the risk associated with roofing. Some of the hazards would be from possibly falling off the roof or staging leading to possibly being paralyzed or worse even death. Now, don’t get me wrong most roofers that I know are very aware of these issues, and do take great precautions to prevent falling from the roof, but it does happen.

For taking these hazardous risk does pay a very nice wage or labor payment for installing roofing, homeowner’s do not want to worry about having their homes destroyed from water damage and will pay for a quality job. Ask yourself this question “Would you be willing to pay more money for a quality job”. Or would you want to keep repairing the roof, because it leaks from shoddy workmanship. If you’re like most people you would have chosen paying more money for quality products and professional installation.

Roofers are very quick on their feet, and have fast hands and usually are in very good shape. Picture this, climbing up and down from a roof that is 20′ feet up in the air, and bringing 80-100 pound bundles of shingles up the ladder all day. Basically, you get paid to work-out all day long and at a very good wage. I know some of our roofing sub-contractors can take in several thousands of dollars a week, and that’s every week during the summer months. Quality roofing sub-contractors will find the busiest roofing contractor in the area because there is always plenty of work. We have found if you work with, and help a new roofing crew get started or work with small roofing sub-contractors you can build a long term relationship that will last for years.

We do have some large roofing crews working for our company, and they do some of the highest quality roofing installations I have ever seen. These guys are great! I’m very proud of all the people we have working for the company. Now, let’s get back to the topic of starting a roofing business and return on investment. For the cost of an insurance binder for liability insurance, placing an ad in the local paper, or placing an on-line advertisement, you can find these free ad websites and build a free or low cost website.

Once you get the phone call, set up your appointment. You will have to go and meet with the homeowners, to discuss the project. Bring product samples for them to look at, and help them choose the color of roof. Pick up a check or the payment for materials, place the order for the materials, then call your sub-contractors and schedule the roof installation.

The return for you after 2 to 3 +/- hours of work, depending on how much you really want to develop your business, could return you a $5,000 or $6,000 profit from a $12,000 roofing job. After you pay for the materials, and pay your roofing installation labor. You can do this without a high school diploma, without going to college, and having any school loan payments. Now in some states you may need a contractor’s license for roofing (Test and Fee) A minimal investment.

What I heard from another guest speaker during a PRAC meeting for roofing contractors, is that a good roofing contractor can easily make as much money per year as any good doctor without having to go to school for 10 years, and having to pay an outrageous malpractice insurance policy, Don’t get me wrong, I do appreciate all the good work that doctors do, and the great service they provide for all of us.

I started back in the 1980’s without any money. I started buying tools and equipment from each job that I completed, always offering the best possible service, and asking for a reasonable amount of money so I could cover the cost of the materials and my overhead. After going through some tough times and overcoming some addiction problems, I decided to start over 10 years ago, and build my roofing business so I can live comfortably. I have to say, 10 years of anything can change your life, but I can honestly say I did not expect this. Remember I was “broke” just about homeless, and living at my grandmothers. Last year in 2008 we had our biggest year in-sales ever, over 3.8 million in sales in a recession. In the past 10 Years my company has generated over 22 Million Dollars in sales.

All about Insomnia Symptoms, Tips, Relief and Treatment

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder among all ages, especially among senior citizens. The patient should remember or write down all the insomnia symptoms he/she experiences and discuss with the physician to help in making a correct diagnosis. The most typical of all insomnia symptoms is difficulty in sleeping. Encounters with anxiety and/or depression are two main symptoms associated with insomnia. Insomnia symptoms include poor concentration and short memory. Insomniac people usually awake prematurely during sleep and have trouble falling asleep again. Insomniacs feel irritability without any obvious cause. It is especially experienced during the day. People suffering from insomnia frequently experience decreased alertness and mental sluggishness.

Insomnia symptoms may last for a little or longer time, depending on the type of insomnia. In case of Transient Insomnia, the symptoms last for a few nights. In Short-Term Insomnia, the symptoms stay for two to three weeks. If they last more than three weeks, the patient is suffering from Chronic Insomnia. Health experts also sometimes distinguish between primary and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is characterized by symptoms of difficulty in falling asleep, waking several times during sleep, and fatigue. These symptoms last for a month and has unknown cause. In secondary insomnia, there is a known underlying medical condition. Depression is major cause of secondary insomnia.

To diagnose the condition of sleeplessness as insomnia, the physician makes sure that the symptoms are not being caused by other sleep disorders or other disease or side effects of any medication. Along with the symptoms of insomnia, other disorders may be detected in the same patient; these include mania, depression, phobias, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Help for Insomnia

It is often possible to fight insomnia with simple home remedies; however, when the insomnia crosses two weeks and you start feeling groggy, disoriented, acutely irritated and totally lost, it is time you go for professional insomnia help.

The treatments available for insomnia are varied and very efficient. Reaching at the right diagnosis is quite problematic, which involves a battery of tests and long-drawn assessment studies. This is why people usually avoid asking for professional insomnia help unless it becomes too much to bear otherwise. Most of the times, the homemade cures will dramatically improve your condition; however, in case you still experience this problem, it could be an indication of some serious health problem which would necessitate a doctor’s opinion. You should always keep in mind that prevention is better than cure. A timely medical intervention may save your life.

Tips for Insomnia

Insomnia tips no 1 – Do not sleep or even take a cat nap (those 10-20 minutes forty winks), if you are prone to insomnia attacks. Maintain strict timings both for sleep and for your meals.

Insomnia tips no 2 – Eat your dinner at least four hours ahead of your bed time. For example, if you normally retire at 10:30 pm, have your dinner at 6:30 – 7:00 pm latest. Often insomnia is aggravated by digestive problems, and hence, it is best to avoid the problem altogether.

Insomnia tips no 3 – Avoid any drink that influences sleep, such as coffee in any form, alcohol, and even tea (unless it is medicated). In case you must have your regular cup of coffee, at least ensure that you take it before a minimum of four hours from your bedtime.

Insomnia tips no 4 – Introduce daily exercise in your routine. In case you are not too fond of physical exercise, you can simply take a walk for about 30 minutes daily; try to gradually increase it to one hour or so for best results.

Insomnia tips no 5 – If you find that you cannot sleep, do not fight it. Sleep usually comes after your body relaxes completely. The best thing to do is get up from the bed and do something that you enjoy (reading, listing to music, writing letters to dear ones, etc) aiming to relax your mind and body.

Treatment for Insomnia

Majority of people suffering from sleep disorders turn to pills and medications. This proves to be working at first, but gradually some problems arise that need serious consideration before one starts with a particular kind of sleeping pills or medication. These days, both over the counter medications and prescriptions pills are used for insomnia treatment.

Over the counter medications for insomnia are usually ineffective in log term insomnia treatment. First of all, they do not ensure the quality of sleep enjoyed by healthy people. They give about 5 % duration of deep sleep while in healthy sleep this duration is 10 % to 25 %. Secondly, over the counter drugs for insomnia mostly work by the action of antihistamines (anti-allergic chemicals) present in them. These include chemicals like diphenhydramine citrate, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and doxylamine succinate. While antihistamines do cast a sedating effect, they are not to be used by people with prostate problems, angina, heart problems, and urinary problems. Antihistamines can add to the intensity of these conditions. Finally, over the counter drugs have a number of side effects like: drowsiness and dizziness (that may remain for twenty four hours), memory lapses, dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, and urinary retention.

Various types of medications, collectively called hyptonics, are prescribed for insomnia treatment. Hypnotics generally fall in three categories: benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepines, and antidepressants. Most of the health experts agree on using insomnia medications for a short period only. In all cases of using over the counter drugs or prescribed medications, it is important that the patient educate him/herself well on the possible side effects.

High Blood Sugar Symptoms and Dangerous Blood Sugar Levels

Why is it critical to recognize high blood sugar symptoms and dangerous blood sugar levels? Have you ever thought why it is so? When a person is diagnosed with hyperglycemia; he must be in a position of distinguishing these signs before the situation gets worst. The diabetics and their caretakers must be vigilant and active in identifying these signs of diabetes; however most of the times the situation is overlooked.

Let us consider the example of the mom of a diabetic girl. She has never realized what is going deep inside the body of her daughter.

In a non diabetic person the insulin is produced by pancreas for lowering down the level of blood glucose and to bring it to the normal level. The blood glucose is released from the blood stream so that it can supply energy to the whole body. If the pancreas of the healthy body starts to malfunction, it produces inappropriate quantity of insulin. The glucose that is left over in the blood stream due to unavailability of glucose is toxic to the body. If it is not controlled timely it affects the body organs and the diabetic body starts to break down slowly.

It is critical for the diabetic body to monitor the level of blood glucose daily for the proper management of blood sugar level. The best method is to use a blood sugar level chart. The diabetic person must diagnose high blood glucose symptoms so that body can stay away from entering the shock state. The most commonly seen high blood glucose symptom is an urge to urinate frequently especially during the night, this also results in excessive thirsty feeling. It makes the mouth as well as the lips dry. Diabetics also start to sweat severely.

Glucose is essential for energizing the body. If the blood does not have the required amount of glucose then muscles as well as fats are broken down in the body as a result of compulsory mechanism. The body as a result feels fatigued as well as tired. One of the most dangerous blood sugar level symptoms is severe and sudden weight loss.

Excessive hunger, itchy and dry skin and blurriness in vision are other high blood sugar level symptoms. If for some reason these signs are left undetected then additional symptoms set in. These are confusion, difficulty in breathing, dizziness, ketoacidosis, diabetic coma and in extreme cases death as well.

Cure Toe Nail Fungus

Have you noticed an ugly discoloration of your toe nail?  Is your nail hard to cut or overly brittle?  Most likely you are suffering from toe nail fungus.  It is crucial that you do not ignore toe nail fungus and expect it to go away with time.  Treatment is necessary in order to eliminate a toe nail fungus.  If you are too embarrassed to go to the doctor, you can order Funginix online.

What causes toe nail fungus?

Toe nail fungus can be caused by many different types of microorganisms.  However, not only fungi causes toe nail fungus.  Molds and yeasts can also cause toe nail fungus. 

How is it spread?

Toe nail fungus is commonly spread by simply showering where someone with toe nail fungus has showered.  Another way of catching it is by swimming in the same pool as someone who has toe nail fungus.

What are the symptoms of toe nail fungus?

The symptoms of toe nail fungus usually begin with a yellow or white dot that may go unnoticed.  As the infection spreads, the nail begins to darken more.  Sometimes, the nails can even begin protruding or detaching from the toes or fingers.  Pain can sometimes also be associated with toe nail fungus.

Why should I use Funginix?

Funginix should be used to cure toe nail fungus, because it is one of the best fungal treatments to be found on the market and was developed by the Sisquoc Healthcare Corporation.  Many of the fungal treatment products available do not contain the key ingredients for curing toe nail fungus.

What ingredients are used in Funginix?

The ingredients in Funginix are undecylenic acid, tea tree leaf oil, lavendar oil, jasmine oil, rose hip flower oil, cocoa seed butter, clove flower oil, sweet almond oil, triethanolamine, phenoxyethanol, cetyl hydroxyethylcellulose, ethylhexyethylglycerin, oleth-10 phosphate, polysorbate 20, glycerin, acrylates copolymer, propylene glycol, beta-glucan, bearberry extract, propolis extract, vitamin E, aloe barbadensis juice, camphor, menthol, and water.

Research these ingredients and you will find proof that they are key for fighting off toe nail fungus.

Is Funginix a pill?

Funginix is a topical solution, meaning it is applied to the surface of the nail just like nail polish. Oral medication for treating toe nail fungus are not only more expensive, but dangerous.  They can cause damage to organs in the body, such as the bone marrow and liver.  Funginix is a safe product that does not cause unpleasant side effects and comes at a reasonable price.

In conclusion, if you are suffering from toe nail fungus or even suspect that you are, you must take action now.  Otherwise, you may end up needing surgery in the future.  Ignored toe nail fungus can eventually lead to an ingrown nail that requires surgery.  If you are too embarrassed to go to the doctor, then order Funginix today!  If you are wary about it being ineffective, just research the ingredients used.  You will find that these ingredients are the top ingredients for fighting off toe nail fungus.

Funginix is a topical solution that eliminates <a rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:ga(‘send’, ‘pageview’, ‘/outgoing/article_exit_link/5207090’);” href=””>toenail fungus </a>and fungal infections of finger and toe areas. Order Funginix now for healthy nails!

How Do Thermogenic Enhancers Work to Get Rid of Fat?


For centuries people have been concerned about being overweight. Today we just have to watch TV for a short while and we will be able to see the number of different exercise and weight loss programs that show on TV promoting weight loss and physical fitness.

You may ask why the significant increase in the numbers of these TV program, especially in America? With the rapid increase in the numbers of people becoming overweight or obese the American population has become or is becoming the most obese populated nation in the world, so it is only natural that its citizens are looking for ways and means to become health once again.

Entrepreneurs see this growing demand as a great opportunity to make money and have created a number of weight loss programs and exercise machine to meet the demand and to promote better health, some work well and others don’t. But, lets under that the ultimate objective of any entrepreneur is to make a profit. That is why it essential that we choose our approach to solving the problem of overweight wisely.

The use of a natural thermogenic enhancer is just one solutions and probably one of the best ways to solve your over weight problems.

What is a Thermogenic Enhancer or Thermogenic Fat Burner?

All dietary products that help you to eliminate excess body fat are recognized as fat burners. Fat burners increase the body’s metabolism. When you increase your metabolism, you also increase your body temperature. This increase in temperature requires fuel to sustain it, and your excess body fat is the fuel that it uses. Fat burning release the excess body fat in the body, so that it may be used as fuel.

Why choose one Thermogenic Enhancer over Another?

There are numerous types of thermogenic fat burners available, all working to boost the metabolism. Some of them use large concentration of caffeine, the excess use of it, may come with unwanted side effects, such as, anxiety, jittery nervousness and the inability to sleep well. Others use natural herbal ingredients to increase your metabolic rate. They do not have the unwanted side effects that are associated with caffeine based fat burners.

Benefits of Thermogenic Enhancers:

  • Effective in losing weight.
  • It stimulates the metabolism rate without the use of addict drugs such as caffeine.
  • It is 100% natural and safe for human consumption.
  • All of its ingredients have been meticulously select based on the research
  • It reduces your appetite for sugar.
  • It helps to stabilized and to control your appetite
  • It inhibits lipid and cholesterol synthesizing.
  • No harmful side effects, if used as suggested on the packaging.

Remember Thermogenic Enhancers are Fat Burners!

How Drawing Salve Puts Eczema In Its Place

Many people have walked into the alternative health store that my family owns with various skin conditions, not the least of them being eczema and psoriasis. These particular diseases are known for their stressful skin itching and irritation, and the difficulty in finding relief.

Typical medications include steroids and topical applications. Some of the biggest drawbacks to this type of treatment are the side effects, such as drowsiness, possible absorption of the steroids into the general system, and potential cancer risk. Certainly, serious side effects can sometimes be worse than the disease itself. One of the biggest problems that people have with eczema and psoriasis it the constant itching. The more they scratch, the more serious the condition becomes. The scratching can lead to raw sores, oozing, and severe pain. The drawing salve will cause the itching to stop right away and it also soothes the skin and begins the healing process.

We have found that using a common drawing salve provides excellent results with absolutely no side effects. The salve works well and is easy to apply directly onto the skin over the affected area. It may take several applications of the salve, as the person sees fit, in order to keep the salve on the skin long enough to give the salve time enough to be effective.

After several applications of the drawing salve, we have found a very noticeable relief from itching, soreness and the scaliness of the skin. The salve soothes the area, softens the skin and provides immediate relief, which is a very desirable and positive outcome. We have had many people report back to us who are overjoyed with wonderful results.

It is also very helpful to drink plenty of pure water per day, along with cutting sugar out of the diet as much as possible, and eating lots of green vegetables. It must be kept in mind that the disease of eczema did not manifest itself overnight, and any healing from the inside out will also have to take place over a period of time.

Since there is not really a “cure” for eczema, it can be a very frustrating disease to deal with. However just the relief from the itching is a major step, allowing the area to heal. We have seen many people a good outcome in just a few days from using the drawing salve. Over time, a continued use of the salve will provide a continual conditioning of the skin, preventing more serious outbreaks.

Information About Nail Fungus Cure

Antifungal lacquer. If you have a mild to moderate infection of nail fungus, your doctor may prefer to prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox (Penlac). You paint it onto your infected nails and surrounding skin once a day. After seven days, you wipe the piled-on layers clean with alcohol and begin fresh applications. Daily use of Penlac for about one year has been shown to help clear nail fungal infections, but researchers found that it cured the infections in less than 10 percent of people using it.

Prescription nail fungus treatments include Sporanox, Lamisil, Griseofulvin and Penlac. Unfortunately all of these treatments have limited effectiveness, and can have severe life threatening side effects. For this reason, many people choose to live with nail fungus rather than treat it.

Ozone is one of the most effective active ingredients used in our nail fungus treatment. This bio-oxidive is made up of 3 oxygen atoms, and we use it to flood the infected area with oxygen because ozone has exceptional anti–microbial characteristics.

Keep your nails cut straight across. If nails are hard to cut, soften by soaking in salt water (use 1 teaspoon per gallon of water and then dry well). Keep feet dry and well ventilated. Be careful with artificial nails and be selective about choosing your manicurist. Ask about how they sterilize their instruments. See a podiatrist or your health care provider if you see signs of fungus.

Toenail fungus often becomes a chronic condition and if it is not painful many people do not get treatment. People with chronic illness like diabetes should see a doctor if they notice changes in their nails as it may be and indication of more serious problems. If the nail becomes very thick and makes wearing shoes and walking painful you should see a doctor. The nail can be trimmed and filed down carefully, either at home or by a foot specialist (podiatrist).

We should keep cutting the nail back and clean the dead tissue from under the nail thoroughly. There may be little nail left. When the new nail grows, let it grow. We must continue the treatment until the nail is completely re-grown. Since toenails grow so slowly, the complete process will take a year or more. Lactobacilli taken internally is a beneficial bacteria needed to inhibit bad bacteria and fungus. The lack of sufficient friendly bacteria in the body can result in the growth of fungus under and around nails.

If the nail infection does not cause any of these problems, then doctors often discourage treatment because of the potential side effects, the need to monitor the blood throughout therapy and the high recurrence rate. Patients with liver or heart disease generally should not take these medications.

Onychomycosis of the finger nails can be treated by taking pills called griseofulvin. The pills must be taken for six months to one year and have side effects. These include headaches, nausea, and rare reversible liver damage. You can not drink alcohol if you are taking griseofulvin. A course of treatment costs approximately $350 and has a 50-70% chance of curing the condition.

Lemon Cure For Jock Itch

The discomfort that jock itch can bring one person is surely a nightmare for most. Try to imagine that you are in a public place facing a lot of people, suddenly, you feel intense itchiness in your groin or genital area. It will surely be embarrassing to scratch your groin area in front of so many people. Jock itch can really make your life so uncomfortable and this is because of the fungus called tinea curis. A lot of people have been affected by this infection and most of them are actually physically active all the time. If you are always active, you also sweat a lot and this can be very favorable for the fungi that cause the infection. But you have to remember that there are a lot of ways that you can treat this infection. One remedy that you can use is lemon. To apply it correctly, you must know some information first.


Jock itch is considered to be an infection. But you have to realize that the fungus that can cause it is naturally occurring in the body. If the environment gets too good for these fungi, they can grow fast and cause a full blown infection which is now called jock itch. Ring like rashes will surely appear on the affected areas like your genitals and your groin. Some dandruff-like flakes will also be seen.


There are conventional treatments that can be done to get rid of jock itch. Creams and ointments that contain anti fungal properties are commonly used to treat this infection. You can actually have them over the counter. Just make sure that you will read the instructions carefully for you to do the right thing only.


Various ways have been presented on how to cure this fungal infection and herbal remedies are some of the most popular. Lemon juice for instance is commonly used. The skin produces natural acids to combat any infection or disease as it is the first line of defense of the body. But if the infection breaks in, your skin loses the ability to produce the acids. This is why you may need to use lemon juice. Try to squeeze out 30 ml of lemon juice and add this to 2 cups of water. Put it inside the container with spray. Make sure that the solution is mixed well. This must be sprayed over the affected areas. One thing that you must remember is that you must not rinse it after. Just use a cloth and pat it to keep it dry.

Having a jock itch can mean a lot of discomfort too. Thus, you have to learn on how to do the best remedies that can help you relieve it. The tips will actually guide and help you do the right thing. Lemon juice can be used. To do it the right way, you just need to remember some tips so that you have a guide.

Top 5 Air Purifiers – Reduce Allergies, Stop Snoring, Remove Odor

I need “a breath of fresh air” we’ll often say. It’s more than just taking a break – that “clean air” rejuvenates our respiratory system. We yearn for the purity of crisp forest air. Air purifiers help you achieve this in your home and office.

Add to this that most of us spend as much as 90% of our time indoors. Every day we breathe in natural air borne pollutants such as tobacco smoke, pet dander, dust, mold, mildew and pollen. Add the chemical pollutants from common household cleaners, wallpaper, carpeting and your house could be toxic. Next thing your respiratory system is irritated, sinus or allergies aggravated and perhaps asthma attacks are triggered.

Here are the five most popular air purifiers. This will help you find a good purifier and cut through the marketing baloney

#1 IQAir HealthPro and the IQAir HealthPro Plus is one of the world’s most advanced air cleaners. It is the only residential air cleaner to use HyperHEPA technology that is used in modern medical laboratories. This means these purifiers remove more pollution than conventional air cleaners. Germany’s consumer foundation rated the IQAir HealthPro Plus the most effective for allergy sufferers. It’s expensive but then it covers double the area of most other air cleaners. Plus it has an excellent warranty of 5 years.

#2 Honeywell Enviracaire 50250 Air Purifier is a compact unit perfect for just one-room or apartment dwellers. It has an activated charcoal prefilter that reduces odors from tobacco smoke, cooking, nursery, pet and plant odors. However, it is rather loud so make sure you can live with the noise. Highly affordable but check out the filter replacement price.

#3 Whirlpool Whispure 450 Air Purifier won’t disturb your sleep. Its highly energy efficient using about the same wattage as a light bulb. Make sure you check its dimensions, as it’s a larger unit compared with other brands.

#4 Alen A350 Air Purifier has great performance and is affordable, Perfect for a single room or office. The color décor needs work in that the cover is a very obvious Outer Space Blue.

#5 Blueair 601 Air Purifier is large but not unsightly. It’s built from steel and its 10-year warranty inspires durability. Its on rollers so is easy to move around. It’s quiet and the filters are easy to change.