Most common Types of Cancer – Larynx (Voice Box) Cancer

Larynx is also known as voice box, located between the pharynx and the trachea. Its function is to ensure the airways are open and when we breath and talk and closed when we swallow to ensure no food gets into the trachea.

Larynx Cancer or Laryngeal Cancer
Larynx cancer is also known as cancer of the larynx or laryngeal carcinoma and can develop in any part of the larynx. Most larynx cancers are squamous cell carcinomas as a result of uncontrolled multiplication of transformed malignant cells in the laryngeal epithelium originated in the glottis.

Symptoms of Larynx (Voice Box) Cancer
1. Hoarseness or other voice changes
Due to malignant cells have invaded the vocal cords.
2. A cough that doesn’t go away or stridor
Due to blocking of the airway
3. Breathing difficulties
Tumor has grown large enough to block off the air way
4. Ear pain
Tumor has pressed onto the nerve
5. A lump or mass in the neck or throat
Cancer gas invaded the nearby lymph nodes in the neck and throat.
6. Coughing up of blood
Breaking off of some malignant cells
7. Etc.

Causes and risk factors of Larynx (Voice Box) Cancer or Laryngeal Cancer
1. Smoking
The risk of larynx cancer is 30 time higher in smoker compared to never smoke people. it may be due to high levels of carcinogens accumulated in the surface of the larynx lining for the
prolonged period of time. Secondhand smoke is also considered as a cause of non smoker.

2. Alcohol
Risk of larynx cancer is twice in heavy drinking compared to non or moderate drinking. In a controlled case of study of Combined effect of tobacco and alcohol on laryngeal cancer risk, researchers found that both cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are independent risk factors for laryngeal cancer. Heavy consumption of alcohol and cigarettes determined a multiplicative risk increase, possibly suggesting biological synergy.

3. Aging
The risk of larynx cancer increases with age. Most cases of the cancer are detected usually detected in people between 50 and 75 years.

3. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
In GERD, the stomach acid backs up into the esophagus, causing a burning pain. It any be caused by prolonged period of acid damaging to the larynx. In some studies, researchers found that irritation from longstanding GERD increases the risk of larynx cancer.

4. Poor nutrition
Poor nutrition induces the risk of all kinds of diseases due to weakened immune system, including larynx cancer. Some researchers suggested that not getting enough vitamins might be a risk factor.

5. Human papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV infection of the larynx may increase the risk of laryngeal cancer. Although, infectious theory may be required further study, but prolonged period of larynx infection increases the risk of cancer found in some patients.

6. Race
Larynx cancer is developed twice as often among people of African descent than among Caucasians.

7. Gender
Men are at risk of larynx cancer than women. It may be due higher percentage of men are smokers and heavy drinkers.

9. Weakened immune system
People with weaken immune systems due to diseases or poor nutrition are at risk to develop laryngeal cancer.

10. Toxic exposure
Inhaling or exposed to wood dust, asbestos, or many types of chemicals that can increase the risk of larynx cancer.

11. Voice overused
Occupation required to use their voice most of the time can damage the vocal cord, leading to cancerous polyp.

12. Mouthwash used
A review of 200 patients with oral cancer researcher found that 10 of the 11 patients who did not smoke or drink alcohol frequently used mouthwash high in alcohol content, but further study showed that there is no link of mouth wash with high alcohol content and larynx cancer.

13. Etc.

Diagnosis and tests
Physical exam is always important and to be done by your doctor as if you are having some of above symptoms and your doctor suspect that there may be larynx problem to check any abnormality of the neck, thyroid, larynx, and lymph nodes, including swellings and lumps.
In fact, not all abnormalities are cancerous.
1. Indirect laryngoscopy
By using a small, long-handled mirror, your doctor will examine your throat for any abnormality, including your vocal cords through the a reflected image on a mirror.

2. Direct laryngoscopy
With the use of a either a hollow medical instrument or a fiberoptic cable called laryngoscope, inserted through your mouth or nose to check for any abnormality that may not see by the direct laryngoscopy by applying either local or general anesthesia.

3. Biopsy
Biopsy is a procedure of taking sample from susceptible area or tumor found by other tests by a small needle with local or general anesthesia. The sample will be examined by a pathologist under microscope to review the stage of the tumor.

4. CT scan (computerized tomography)
A CT scan generates a large series of two-dimensional X-ray images taken around a single axis of rotation, to create a three-dimensional picture of the inside of the body in details.The pictures are viewed by your doctor to see the extent of the tumors abnormalities, such as spreading of cancer to the nearby structure and lymph nodes. This test is helped to determine whether the abnormality is a cyst or a tumor. In some doctors, X ray may be also ordered together with the CT scan.

5. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging is one of many advanced technology used to visualize internal structures cross sectional imaging of your body used effectively in providing the better details of the metastasis of cancer in the larynx and surrounding areas.

6. Etc.

Stages and grade of larynx cancer
A. Grading of the tumor is depended on the nature of non invasive or invasive. Tumor which spread slowly is given a lower grade, while fast spreading tumor is given a highest grade.

B. Stage of the larynx cancer
1. Stage 0
Larynx cancer is classified as
Stage 0. if the cancerous cell have not penetrated in deeper tissue but remain in the surface of the lining.
2. Stage I
The cancerous are no longer in the surface but have invaded into deep the lining, but still completely inside the larynx.
a. Stage IA
The cancer is not ≤ 3 mm (1/8 inch) deep and ≤ 7 mm (1/4 inch) wide.
a.1. Stage IA1: The spreading is < 3mm(1/8 inch) deep and < 7mm (1/4 inch) wide.
a.2. Stage IA2: The invasion area is ≥ 3 mm but ≤ 5 mm (about 1/5 inch) deep and &less than 7 mm (about 1/4 inch) wide.

b. Stage IB: The cancer in this stage have invaded the connective tissue of the larynx, & less than 5mm (1/5 inch).
b.1. Stage IB1:
Cancer is 4 cm large (1 3/4 inches).
b.2. Stage IB2:
Cancer is ≥ 4 cm (1 3/4 inches) but & less than 5cm (1/5 inch)

3. Stage III
The cancer cells have spread to distant tissues, but is still within the larynx

4. Stage IV
The cancerous cells has spread to the tissues immediately surrounding the larynx

5. Stage V
Stage V is the most advance stage of renal cell carcinoma as cancer cells have spread to the distant parts of the body

A. How to prevent
1. Quit smoking
Smokers are 5 time more at risk to develop larynx cancer than non smokers.

2. Alcohol
Heaving drinking non only damage the liver but also twice at risk than non or moderate drinkers3. Avoid asbestos. The inhalation of asbestos fibers can cause serious illnesses, including larynx cancer. Although asbestos now have been banned in some countries and precarious is taken in some others. People in the underdeveloped world still at risk of asbestos using.

3. Nutrients and immune system
Make sure you are eating healthy to prevent poor nutritional and weakened immune system causes of larynx cancer.

4. Protect your sound
If you are in occupation required a lot of talking and singing, please take time to stop.

5. Etc.

B. Diet
Your are directed to my previous article of 100+ most healthier foods at
1. Fruits
In a study of nutrient-based dietary patterns and laryngeal cancer: evidence from an exploratory factor analysis, researchers suggested that diets rich in animal products and animal fats are directly related, and those rich in fruit and vegetables inversely related, to laryngeal cancer risk.

2. Freeze dried strawberry
In study of 36 participants consumed 60 grams of freeze dried strawberries daily for six months and completed a dietary diary chronicling their strawberry consumption. The results showed that 29 out of 36 participants experienced a decrease in histological grade of the precancerous lesions during the study.

3. Tomato
In study of Tomatoes, tomato-rich foods, lycopene and cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract, researchers stated that our study provides evidence of strong protective e€ect of tomatoes, tomato-rich foods and lycopene, and UADC.

4. Soy
In study of Flavonoids, Proanthocyanidins, and Cancer Risk: A Network of Case-Control Studies From Italy, researchers found that intakes of flavonoids, flavanones, and flavonols were found to be inversely related to oral and laryngeal cancers.

5. Cruciferous vegetables
Research found that cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and brussel sprout contain high amount of phytochemicals, sulforaphanem, indole-3-carbinol and diindolylmethane have shown inhibition of certain cancerous cells.

6. Etc.

C. Nutritional supplements
1. Antioxidants
Antioxidants are one the proven to be effective in prevent cancer cause of oxidation stress. You are directed to my previous article for in depth discussion.
You are directed to my previous article for in depth discussion. Visit

2. Antioxidants
In a case-control study of micro-nutrients and laryngeal cancer risk in Italy and Switzerland, researchers found that independently from smoking and alcohol consumption, the intake of several micro-nutrients, including selected antioxidants, is inversely related to laryngeal cancer

3. Vitamin A, C and zinc
Association of vitamin A, vitamin C and zinc with laryngeal cancer to assess the levels of vitamin A, vitamin C and zinc in laryngeal cancer patients and healthy controls, researchers found that serum vitamin A, zinc and plasma vitamin C levels were significantly lower in laryngeal cancer patients as compared to the controls.

4. Selenium
In study of laryngeal cancer and blood selenium levels researchers found that lower blood selenium levels in this latter group of laryngeal cancer patients may be a consequence of their disease rather than its cause.

5. Quercetin
In study of effects of quercetin on human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells, researchers found thatQuercetin could effectively inhibit the proliferation of Hep-2 cells and its mechanism is probably related to the apoptosis.

6. Etc.

A. Conventional medicine
Treatments in larynx cancer may result of the way you look, breathe, and talk, it is for your benefit that you should consider all the option treatments and expect what will happen after so shock and stress after a diagnosis of cancer can be prevented. You may also want to get second opinion from other expert. Please ask as many questions as you can your doctor will be happy to answer all your concerns before treatments. Removing the tumor, surrounding tissue and muscles may cause difficulty in neck movement. If a tracheostomy (surgery to create an artificial airway in the trachea) was performed, the stoma is usually permanent.
Larynx cancer usually treated with combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy depending to the stage and grade of the tumor.
1. Surgery
Depending to the stage and grade of the tumor. In this surgery, a tracheostomy tube, is needed keeps the new airway open and a new airway called stoma (opening on the chest made during surgery by your surgeon) to allow air to enter and leaves the trachea and lungs.
a. Total laryngectomy
Completely remove the larynx.
b. Partial laryngectomy
In this surgery, only parts of rlarynx is removed.
b.1. Supraglottic laryngectomy
In this surgery, only the top part of larynx is removed.
b.2. Cordectomy:
In this surgery, one or both vocal cords are removed.

c. Side effects
Surgery and anesthesia risks and complication
2. Radio therapy By using high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation, radiation therapy kills breast cancer cells and keep them from growing or regrowing. If the cancer is small in size, cancer can be cured. If the cancer is large, radiation therapy can be used to control local bad symptoms. Treatments are usually given 5 days a week for 4 to 8 weeks.
a. In general, radiotherapy is used for small tumors or patients who cannot have surgery.

b. In other case, if surgery can not be performed due to the stage of the tumor, radiotherapy can be used to shrink the tumor to make surgery possible

c. Side effects
c.1. Fatigue
c.2. Chest pain
c.3. Heart problem
c.4. Short of breath
c.5. Skin discoloration or pinkness, irritation
c.6. Etc.

3. Chemotherapy
a. Chemotherapy is most use to treat with advance stage of larynx cancer, as it has spread to a distant parts of the body by using drugs taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle of the patient to stop the growth of or to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used combination with radio therapy and surgery.
b. Side effects
b.1. Nausea
b.2. Vomiting
b.3. Hair loss
b.4. Fatigue
b.5. Anemia
b.6. Mouth sores taste and smell changes
b.7. Infection
b.8. Etc.

B. Traditional Chinese medicine
1. Chen Pi
Chen Pi is also known as Tangerine Peel. The acrid, bitter and warm herb has been used in TCM as antibiotic agent and to stimulate blood vessels, inhibit movements of digestive tract and f uterine muscles, improve digestion, etc. as it regulates stomach qi, invigorates spleen Qi, dries damp, transforms phlegm and prevents stagnation, etc. by enhancing the functions of lung and spleen channels. In vitro study Researcher found that Hesperidin in Chen pi inhibits anti oxidative effect in preventing oxidation cause of cell DNA althernation.

2. Niu Bang Zi
Niu Bang Zi is also known as great burdock fruit. The acrid, bitter and cold herb has been used in TCM as antibiotic, antipyretic, anti tumor agent and to lower blood sugar, get rid of toxins, etc. as it clears heat, disperses wind-heat, remove toxins, etc. by enhancing the functions of lung and stomach channels. In studies researchers found that have arctigenin, a chemical in Niu Bang Zi, does in fact slow tumor growth.

3. Jie Geng
Jie geng is also known as Platycodon Root. The acrid, bitter and neutral herb has been use in TCM as anti-inflammatory, anti ulcers agent and to inhibit cough, treat bronchitis, sore throat etc., as it stimulates the lung in dispersing and descending functions, transforms phlegm, etc., by enhancing the functions of the lung channels.
The Researchers found that Saponins in Jie Geng have been shown to very significantly augment the cytotoxicity of immunotoxins and other targeted toxins directed against human cancer cells.

4. Xia Ku Cao
Xia Ku Cao is also known as Common Selfheal Fruit-Spike. The acrid, bitter and cold herb has ben used in TCM as diuretic, antibiotic agent and to treat hypertension and arteriosclerosis, acute tonsillitis, amnesia, whoooing cough etc., as it disperses Liver-Fire and nodules, treat hypotension, etc. by enhancing the functions of liver and gallbladder channels.
Researchers found that cyasterone in Xia Ku Cao showed anti tumor activity.

5. Etc.

Speech therapies after surgery
If treatment involves total removal of the larynx, a tracheostomy (surgery to create an artificial airway in the trachea) is then performed to improve breathing, patient will have to learn how to speech again with the help of below speech therapies.

1. Esophageal Speech
Esophageal Speech is also known esophageal voice. It is type or method of speech production using the oscillation of the esophagus. In this method, learner takes air in through the mouth, traps it in the throat, then released in a controlled manner to create sound used to produce speech.

2. Artificial Larynx
An artificial larynx is a medical device was introduced in the 1940s, used to produce clearer speech by those who have lost their original voicebox as a result of larunx cancer. It is considered as one of more difficult method to master that requires training and practice.

3. Tracheoesophageal Puncture (TEP)
Tracheoesophageal Puncture (TEP), generally perform during the surgery of the removal of larynx, is a surgically created hole between the trachea (windpipe) and the esophagus with the help of a voice prosthesis is inserted into this puncture to keeps food out of the trachea but allows air into the esophagus for oesophageal speech. When speak, the person inhales air through a permanent breathing hole in the neck into the lungs with the cover of the stoma by a finger, air is directed from the tracheax into the esophagus to produce speech.

4. Etc.

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Tips To Beat Insomnia After Quitting Marijuana

Pot addiction is one of the hardest things to get over and any pot smoker will vouch for this as a fact. Although Pot is not known to cause physical addiction, it is definitely known to cause psychological addiction and one way or other psychological addiction is pretty hard to beat, after all desire is a very powerful emotion.

Cannabis withdrawal is made more difficult by the onset of withdrawal symptoms which can be quite troublesome in chronic smokers. Although there are many symptoms of cannabis withdrawal, I will discuss Insomnia in this article as this is one of the most important symptoms of cannabis withdrawal.

Insomnia is nearly universal as a symptom of cannabis withdrawal. Almost all individuals who are quitting pot experience some degree of insomnia. It is commonly seen in the first few days after quitting marijuana and can be very acute is some individuals.

Although people may not be able to sleep for days together initially, this condition will usually improve with time. As the THC stored in the body gets detoxified, the normal sleeping pattern should return. Although there is no specific time frame for this resolution two weeks can be assumed as a ballpark figure.

While no known treatments exist for treatment of insomnia due to marijuana withdrawal, some methods do help. Here are a few tips to get over the initial few days of insomnia:-

· If you are unable to sleep, do not lie in bed. Instead try to read a book or indulge in some physical activity. Watching TV is one is unable to sleep is definitely not advisable. Do something productive while you are trying to sleep.

· Do not sleep during the day. It is possible that you may feel very tired after a sleepless night and want to hit the bed bad, but this will disturb your body clock and prolong the period of insomnia. Therefore wait till night to sleep.

· Make your bedroom dark and silent. This will aid sleep. Also ensure that the temperature is neither too hot nor too cold. Avoid caffeinated drinks and hot baths before sleep.

· A glass of warm milk with some chocolate a hour before sleep can help induce sleep. So does honey.

· If you wake up early, do not lie in bed. Get up and get moving. You could possibly go running or hit the gym. This will pump endogenous cannabinoids in the body and induce sleep.

Insomnia will eventually go and you should be able to sleep as before in a few days time after quitting pot. The more important thing is not to relapse into smoking pot again due to these withdrawal symptoms. Following the above tips can help you beat insomnia.

The Real Cause of Canker Sores

If you are the one suffering from canker sores, then I don’t need to describe how painful and annoying that they are. You probably already know more about the pain than you’d like to know.

What you really want to know is why are you getting them and how you can get rid of them so that they don’t come back, right?

Well, get ready for the truth, because I’m not going to tell you that you ate too many oranges or that it runs in your family. In fact, if you have done much research on the causes of canker sores, you are probably more confused than ever. There is an abundance of conflicting reasons that don’t seem to shed much light on the matter.

For example, these painful ulcers usually occur between the ages of 10 and 20 although they can appear at any time in a persons life. Also, they are not contagious, however they can run in the family. Helpful right?

Most of the information out there blames external causes. By external I mean outside of the body, foods for example. Other outside causes can include stressful situations and apparently whether a relative gets them or not.

One vital piece of the puzzle is missing though. For the sake of illustrating the point, lets pretend that eating more than 10 oranges causes canker sores. So does that mean that EVERYBODY that eats 10 oranges will absolutely get one? No, some will and others won’t. Let’s say that extreme stress, such as a death in the family, causes canker sores. Does that mean that the entire family will all get canker sores? No, definitely not.

Why some people, then, and not others? What is the difference?

The only thing truly different is our mental and emotional state of mind. The way we feel and think is the real thing that makes us different from one another. Since we are all unique in our thoughts and feelings, we all interpret circumstances differently, thus we all react to the same stimulation differently. Some people may react to feeling anxious over the details with a canker sore. 

Notice that  I said anxious over the details in life or a specific situation. That is one of the most common emotions in a person suffering from canker sores. There are several other common emotions, such as:

  • Unresolved negativity
  • Overwork coupled with emotional stress
  • Blame
  • Holding back angry words

In fact, if you were to think back to a time when you had one of these little buggers, you’d probably discover that you were also going through one of these common emotions.

Its helpful to remember, however, that the emotion doesn’t automatically cause sores, but if you have a sore you will find the emotion behind it. Each emotion typically has several favorite symptoms, a canker sore is just one of several.

Now we are down to the cure.

Often, when you use a cream or just let them heal naturally, they will return. Sometimes right away, sometimes weeks or years later, sometimes they keep coming back for months one right after another.

The reason for this is that the root cause, the emotion is still there. Yes, as long as you still are holding in angry words, you are prone to continue with canker sores. However, if you were to release the emotion by replacing the angry words with something constructive that you can express out loud, you will be free from cankers.

The true cure is to release the emotion causing the problem. Actually, there are multiple benefits to releasing the root emotion. As you look back on the above list of emotions, I’m sure you’ll automatically see the benefits, not just physically but emotionally also.

There are many different tools out there designed to release negative emotions. Just choose your tool, and you’ll say good bye to canker sores forever.

Surgical treatment of uterine fibroids

Mainly used in surgical treatment of large uterine fibroids, the symptoms can cause significant secondary anemia, with poor results after conservative treatment.

First, myomectomy (treatment of uterine fibroids)

1. Abdominal myomectomy for 40 years of age, unmarried or fertility, although no growth requirements, but do not want a hysterectomy were asked to retain the uterus. The advantage is to retain the uterus does not affect ovarian function; to have the chance of pregnancy as required by birth; to maintain the integrity of the female endocrine axis. Recurrence rate of 25% to 35%, possibly due to a minor surgery when fibroids are missing, after growing up, patients with fibroids Furthermore, risk factors, occurrence of new fibroids, multiple myoma recurrence rate is higher than solitary fibroids.

2. Vaginal myomectomy for pedunculated generally submucosal fibroids, surgery is simple, safe, no need to cut the uterus.

Second, after abdominal hysterectomy

1. Hysterectomy: requirements for non-reproductive, uterine> 3 months of pregnancy uterine size, fibroids, but symptoms were not large, the bladder or rectum compression symptoms, conservative treatment failure or recurrence after myomectomy, fibroids fast-growing malignant can not be excluded. The advantage is a hysterectomy and cervix removal at the same time, can avoid the future occurrence of cervical stump cancer threat.

2. Subtotal hysterectomy: 40 years of age for voluntary retention of the cervix, patients generally need to win time to rescue critical, serious medical complications can not tolerate a long surgery, severe pelvic adhesion removal of the cervix have difficulty. The advantage is the small bladder and sexual function; simple operation, short time, less surgical injury and complications.

3. Fascial hysterectomy: retained subtotal hysterectomy on bladder and sexual function in the small advantages of eliminating the retention of cervical cancer occurring in the future the threat of cervical stump; reduce the hysterectomy surgical injury and concurrent disease.

Third, endoscopic surgery of uterine fibroids

1. Laparoscopic myomectomy can be done it can also be done in the microscope, hysterectomy, abdominal surgery indication and the same, the advantage of trauma and rapid recovery. However, the high cost of its requirements of high technology, hospitals are not yet popular at the grassroots level.

2. Hysteroscopy for submucous myoma, uterine intramural fibroids the uterine cavity, some sudden, cervical fibroids, the advantage is less invasive, it can keep the uterus, and rapid recovery.

In addition, the pregnancy with the incidence of uterine fibroids fibroids account for 0.5% of patients with 1%, accounting for 0.7% of pregnancy 7.2%, during pregnancy, does not require treatment if asymptomatic, regular inspection, if the occurrence of red degeneration of fibroids, subserosal leiomyoma torsion, can be treated conservatively, if conservative treatment fails, or incarcerated in the pelvic fibroids affect pregnancy to continue, or fibroids compress the adjacent organs, severe symptoms, surgical treatment should be.

Benefits of Spinal Bath and Foot Baths

There are several therapeutic hydrotherapic treatments and the two common among them are spinal bath and foot baths (cold foot bath and hot foot baths). In this article you will learn the methods and benefits of spinal bath and foot baths. Both these water baths have several health benefits and act as a natural healing process for many diseases.

Spinal Bath

Spinal bath is done in a special tub prepared for the very purpose. This bath is done in hot, cold or neutral temperatures. The patient is made to lie in tub which contains about two inches of water for about 10 to 15 minutes. This bath is used to soothe the spinal cord and indirectly influences the central nervous system.

Spinal bath is also beneficial in hypertension, irritation, excitement and in almost all disorders of the nervous system, including mental diseases as hysteria, epilepsy, insanity and insomnia. This must be done for about half an hour. When the nerves are depressed, the hot spinal bath is advised. It is useful in muscular back ache and pain due to vertebral disorders. It is beneficial in gastric disorders and sciatic pain where the patient gets pain along the sciatic nerve.

Cold Foot Bath

In cold foot bath, the patient’s feet are immersed in a tub or bucket containing water at 7º C to 12º C for about 5 minutes to 10 minutes. Friction is usually done during foot bath. Cold foot bath is not given in the conditions of inflammation of liver, kidneys and genitourinary organs.

Hot Foot Bath

In hot foot bath, the patient’s feet are immersed in a tub or bucket containing hot water for about 20 to 30 minutes. His body must be properly covered in order not to loose the heat. He needs shower bath after this treatment.

Hot foot bath makes the involuntary muscles of the body active especially uterus, bladder, intestines, abdominal and pelvic organs. It removes the sprains, contractions of the ankle joints, cerebral congestion and colds. It promotes menstruation.

Precautionary Measures

1. These hydrotherapic treatments must be done 3 hours before meals.

2. The thermometer must be used to record heat of water during the treatment.

3. Use clean and pure water for the treatment.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Copyright © Nick Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

Silent Treatment Creates a Very Lonely Marriage

What are the effects of using the silent treatment in a marriage?

We can understand them by looking at what the silent treatment (also know as “ostracism”) does to us emotionally.

Dr. Amen of Amen Clinics shares this with us: According to a Purdue University expert, ostracism can cause pain that often is deeper and lasts longer than a physical injury.

‘Being excluded or ostracized is an invisible form of bullying that doesn’t leave bruises, and therefore we often underestimate its impact,” said Kipling D. Williams, a professor of psychological sciences.

Being excluded by high school friends, office colleagues, or even spouses or family members can be excruciating. When a person is ostracized, the brain’s dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, which registers physical pain, also feels this social injury,” Williams said.

The process of ostracism includes three stages:

  1. The initial acts of being ignored or excluded
  2. Coping
  3. Resignation

Fundamental to human needs are the feelings of belonging.

Exclusion or ostracism is so painful because it threatens this need, and the core of our self esteem. ‘Again and again research has found that strong, harmful reactions are possible even when ostracized by a stranger or for a short amount of time,’ said Williams.”*

As you can see, the silent treatment is more than a silent message of “I don’t want to talk to you.” It’s a tool for deep psychological hurt, that sends the message to the receiver that they “don’t belong.” So, who would want to live with a spouse who is hurting their feelings and causing pain to their brain? Sending the message that the opposite spouse isn’t wanted or needed is always negative and always damaging.

In a passive aggressive marriage, the silent treatment is a common device that is used to control the victim. Women married to passive aggressive men can attest to the damaging feeling of not being wanted and not being loved in the relationship. Some say that it makes them feel as if they are married to “a brick wall,” “a petulant child,” or simply, “a stranger.” In other words, they feel they are living the marriage alone.

It is not just passive aggressive marriages that have to be careful. The fact that we learn to use the silent treatment in childhood could be the reason why so many marriages nowadays struggle to handle conflict in a healthy way. Our first reaction should not be to retreat into ourselves and “punish” the other person with a removal of our attention and love. Relationships falter when they are built on “punishing” each other when mistakes are made; it creates an environment of constant fear and instills an assumption that things “could end at any moment.”

So, what do we need to learn now?

Perhaps from the very beginning, the relationships skills that allow us to express ourselves, explain our needs as a legitimate demand, and be able to negotiate with the other person how they will be satisfied…Lacking those skills condemn us to a life where, unable to communicate directly with loved ones, we need to resort to power tactics like “teaching the other person a lesson by giving him/her the could shoulder.” This lack of communication skills only can lead to more unhappiness…because it replaces face to face dialogue with painful manipulation of the security and belonging feelings of the other.

We are married because we trust the other person as being able to understand, and improve their behavior according to our needs. If they know their sad impact, they will treat us better, is the assumption. And, just in case they can’t treat us as we need to be treated, we focus on what options are available for us…Should we stay or should we leave the relationship?

Here is where our self-esteem needs to be strong enough as to decide what is more nurturing and respectful of our life path, and be able to pay the price of separation is the pain received is larger than the nurturing.

Inflamed Sebaceous Cyst Management

Sebaceous cyst is a globular swelling seen in the skin; exuding thick, whitish, pasty and foul smelling material; which may come out itself or on squeezing the swelling. Many times a bluish mouth is seen over it called punctum.

Sebaceous Cyst

Sebaceous cyst is a cyst of oil secreting glands in the skin, whose mouth is blocked. The oily secretions, sebum being unable to come out accumulates and the swelling gradually grows in size over months. Sometimes it grows to very large in size. Many times a bacterium called Domodex Folliculorum can be isolated from the sebum.

It can be seen almost on every part of body; but commonly seen over scalp, back, chest wall and scrotum. Sometimes the thick material comes out gradually and hardens to give rise to a throne like projection called sebaceous horn. Sometimes the scalp sebaceous cysts are so infected, ulcerated and large that those confuse with infected skin tumour.

Sometimes it gets infected and inflammation spreads to the surrounding area of skin. That may give rise to fever and pain in otherwise painless swelling

Uncomplicated sebaceous cyst can be diagnosed very comfortably from the shape of the swelling, adherence to the skin, some fluctuation of the content and presence of punctum.

Sebaceous cyst can nicely be removed along with its wall called cyst wall, under local anaesthesia. The tricky aspect of the removal is not to leave any fragment of cyst wall inside the wound.

In case of inflammation, it becomes difficult to remove the cyst in Toto. Here as a first step the pus and the infected sebum is drained. If possible, attempt is made to remove the cyst wall, if not total, as much as possible. The wound is left open. Dressing is advised daily and attempt is made to remove the remaining portion of cyst wall. After the wound becomes healthy, without any trace of cyst wall, secondary closure is advised.

Alternatively, after the drainage of pus and sebum, the wound is allowed to heal; when the wound shrinks in size and inflammation subsides; surgery is undertaken to completely remove the cyst wall.

That possibly will prevent recurrence of the cyst.

Are There Any Other Names For Yeast Infection?

There are other names for a yeast infection. Some of these are “thrush”, Candida Albicans, Candidiasis, Candida yeast overgrowth and even Candida Tropicalis. Whatever name you know it by you should know that such infection is the most common infection of all.

In fact, 80% of adult women have suffered or will suffer from vaginal yeast infection, and a high number of adults and even children suffer from one or another variant of fugus infection, since it can develop in any moist, warm area of our body. There are several things you should know about it.

The most common name for yeast infection is Candida Albicans. This is a fungus that is usually present in a healthy body. It is part of a delicate balance, when an abnormal event such as a hormonal or chemical imbalance occurs, the yeast goes out of control producing an infection. Your doctor may call it with a different name.

Some of the symptoms of the infection are a smell of bread and cheese-like discard or liquid, as well as itching. When the fugus infection due to Candida Albican fungus happens in the vagina, it is called Vaginal Candidiasis or Monilial Vaginitis. Other parts of the body that may be affected by such infection is the mouth and oral cavity – gums, tongue and palate- certain areas of the skin and the digestive tract. Each of these are known under different names.

If you are suffering from vaginal candidiasis or yeast infection you should pay attention if you’re sexually active. Although is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, in some cases – 15%, more or less — male partners may show a rash on the penile area and it may even itch, after having sex with females suffering from the infection in their vagina. Vaginal candidiasis should be treated rightaway since it can be recurrent, even after treatment.

It is extremely important you seek professional help if you think you’re suffering from fugus infection. Your doctor (whatever other names for yeast infection she knows it by) will give you the proper treatment for it. Some advice: to fend off vaginal candidiasis dry your vaginal area carefully after bathing and wear comfortable, loose fitting cotton underwear. You should understand that prevention is always better than cure. Knowing how to prevent the occurrence of such infection is more important than finding cure when it takes place.

HACCP Terms of Reference – Top Tips

HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points) is a proactive approach to food safety that involves identifying points in the process of producing or manufacturing food that are critical to food safety. A key stage in the preparation of the HACCP documentation is the Terms of Reference document. To this day, many companies still don’t spend enough time or effort on this document and yet it is the very foundation of the HACCP system. This article will explain why this is important and discuss the key elements of creating a good terms of reference document.

The Terms of Reference document is actually the first document a HACCP team should compile for each product or product group to be subjected to HACCP Study. It should be compiled and agreed by the whole HACCP team as it outlines the foundation of the HACCP plan and many of its structures. This can affect decisions taken on food safety later on. Lets look at each area of the Terms of Reference document in a HACCP plan. The Terms of Reference should contain the following information:

1. Product / Process Details – this is a description of what we are going to be producing, manufacturing or preparing. It should, in effect, be a description of the process flow diagram in such a way that you could actually draw up a process flow diagram from it. This means that there should be sufficient detail to be able to draw the process flow boxes on paper and connect them up to form the process flow diagram. A good way to do this is to describe exactly how the product is made, what ingredients go into it, how ingredients and packaging are stored and processed. Ensure that this is described in sequence from start to finish. This section should also state what products or product groups are covered by this HACCP plan.

2. Scope of Hazards – here we outline the types and nature of the hazards that are to be assessed in the hazard analysis. For example; in a meat processing operation this will typically say ‘This HACCP plan is concerned with microbial, chemical and physical hazards. The main hazards that are likely to cause a problem are microbes such as E.Coli, coliforms and salmonella.’ You would then go on to describe the main ways in which these microbes can cause problems in the process. For example cross contamination, inadequate cooking or cooling.

3. Scope of Safety – this section is easy. This is simply a statement of where the food safety responsibilities (and therefore the process flow diagram) begin and end. It will typically read ‘Our Company’s food safety responsibility begins when we take delivery and sign for any raw material, ingredient, food product or packaging and ends when our customer takes delivery of our finished product.’

4. Product Specification – here we want to include the relevant details of what is in the product or its recipe. If we have a separate detailed product specification document then we can simply provide a reference to that document.

5. Intended Use – this is a very important part of the Terms of Reference document as it describes who the finished product is intended for consumption by. This section should mention any susceptible groups such as the elderly, infants, pregnant mothers or allergen sufferers. If there are any such susceptible consumers of the product then these must be take in to account during the risk assessment part of the hazard analysis. This section will remind the HACCP team of this.

6. HACCP Team – finally; the HACCP team itself for the product being studied must be documented. Here we need to outline the roles, responsibilities, training and experience of the HACCP team. For example, we will need a HACCP chairman or coordinator who will make final decisions in the event of disagreement and who will keep progress moving forward. We may also need a HACCP Secretary to take notes and minutes. We will definitely need people who can do the practical work of writing up and verifying process flows and then those who are responsible for day to day running of the system as well as training.

As you can see there is more to the Terms of Reference than meets the eye so it is important to get this document correct from the start. Errors and omissions at this stage of the HACCP plan represent the thin end of the wedge and can become major issues that affect food safety later in the HACCP documentation process.

Mouth Infection – Causes of Mouth Infection

A mouth infection can have several causes ranging from a minor problem to something very serious. It can involve the teeth, gums, cheeks, lips and tonsils. It’s rare that the tongue or the floor of the mouth becomes infected. When they do it’s usually from trauma. There can be pain, bad breath, difficulty chewing which can aggravate a TMJ problem or systemic disease. A tooth infection is when a tooth dies and is treated with tooth extraction or a root canal. Dental infections can originate from a tooth abscess and if not treated aggressively can become serious.

Many of us surely have experienced (and in fact, some are still experiencing) that itchy soaring inside our mouth with those small burning white/yellowish spots? Remember the days when you wanted to taste your favorite food but the thrush in your mouth gave you sensation as if there is a burning coal kept in your mouth, which you cannot spit out but have to bare the burns/pain.

Any infection that occurs in ones mouth. See free access online books about Mouth infection below. See detailed information below for a list of 4 causes of Mouth infection, including diseases and drug side effect causes.

If you’re a healthy adult with oral thrush, you may be able to control the infection by eating unsweetened yogurt or taking acidophilus capsules or liquid. Acidophilus is available in natural food stores and many drugstores. Some brands need to be refrigerated to maintain their potency. Yogurt and acidophilus don’t destroy the fungus, but they can help restore the normal bacterial flora in your body. If this isn’t effective, your doctor or dentist may prescribe an antifungal medication.

Causes of Mouth Infection

Small amounts of the candida fungus are present in the mouth, digestive tract, and skin of most healthy people and are normally kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. However, certain illnesses, stress, or medications can disturb the delicate balance, causing the fungus candida to grow out of control, causing infection.

The two most common forms of the virus are herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is most often associated with infections of the oral cavity, with 90 percent of the US population exposed to this virus. HSV-2 is most often associated with genital herpes infections, with 30 percent of the US population ages 25 to 45 exposed to this virus. However, research suggests that both types of HSV can infect both the mouth and the genitals.

Small amounts of fungus normally exist in your digestive tract and mouth and help your immune system. When, for different reasons, your body and immune system become out of balance, too much fungus can grow. This fungus is called Candida albicans and can grow beyond what the body can manage.

One common cause of mouth infections is an overgrowth of yeast. Like many forms of skin fungus, knowing yeast infection symptoms can help you identify and understand what is happening in your body.

Heredity plays a role in mouth health. The overall strength of teeth is generally passed on from parent to child. Other risk factors such as neglect and poor nutrition are controllable factors.

Long term mouth disease can lead to serious complications such as, chronic fatigue, blood infections, septic poisoning, and even death in rare cases. Complications from undiagnosed conjoining diseases are innumerable.

Increase Penis Exercise – Corpora Cavernosa Exercises

When people talk about increasing penis exercise they usually mean exercising the corpora cavernosa. The corpora cavernosa consists of 2 chambers that run the length of your penis. It is filled with soft, spongy tissue. These chambers are responsible for your erection. When you are aroused, penile muscles relax, allowing blood to rush in and fill these 2 chambers, creating an erection. It then goes without saying that the total length and thickness of your penis when it is erect is dependent on the maximum size of your corpora cavernosa when it fills with blood.

Working with the corpora cavernosa to increase penis size is not just done through exercises. You might be interested to note that there is a surgical procedure where the corpora cavernosa is removed and replaced with balloon implants that mimic the function of the corpora cavernosa. Instead of balloons that match the size of your corpora cavernosa, larger ones can be implanted into your penis, making it longer and bigger. This surgery however, is not recommended for cosmetic purposes and is primarily intended for men who suffer from impotence. When increasing penis size, doing exercises are still the safest options.

What makes the corpora cavernosa so special is that it is possible to encourage new cell growth in this area of your body. When you encourage new cells to grow, then you can make it bigger and longer. To encourage new cells to grow, you can do exercises that stimulate increased blood flow to the area.

One such exercise that you can do is called jelqing. This exercise makes use of your hands and is completely natural and safe. Here are the steps to this exercise:

1. Get yourself into a 40% to 50% erection.

2. Make a circle with your thumb and forefinger, and stretch out the middle finger, ring finger and the pinky. This should look like an OK sign.

3. Use mild lubrication if you wish. Place the OK sign at the base of your penis. Then, with a firm grip, gently move your hand towards the head of the penis. You should do this without sliding your hand over the skin of your penis.

4. Once you reach the maximum distance that your hand can move along the shaft without removing your grip, release it.

5. Initially do about 20 to 30 repetitions per session, gradually working up to 50 repetitions per session. You may alternate hands if you like.

Men who have tried this exercise have reported seeing results within a couple of weeks of doing this exercise. Anyone can do it, but those who have severe health problems or have Peyronie’s disease should avoid doing this exercise without consulting with their physicians first.

Nature’s Warning Signs

No one gets sick overnight. Usually, nature sends her warning signals every time there is a breach of any law. If the person ignores her signals, and continues with his present diets and habits, then nature has no other recourse but deprive the person of his normal functions.

For instance due to bad diet, unclean habits, and other stressful activities, less urination occurs. More toxins accumulate in the body. In the Ayurvedic medicine, the fire of the stomach becomes weak, so there is loss of appetite. The ingested food then cannot properly breakdown, resulting in constipation or loose bowel movement. This, in turn , affects the quantity of impure blood produced. when there is improper oxidation of blood, wastes are not eliminated.

An accumulation of carbon dioxide and toxins slows down the function of a particular organ, thereby reducing its vitality and increasing its fatigue. These accumulated wastes inhibit the flow and penetration of the internal energy and the recharging needed by that organ. This is how diseases flourish around the particular organ, later becoming reflected on the specific areas of the palms and soles.

Before looking for or getting some treatment or relief, we must first understand the language of the body. Body signals like belching indicates that the stomach is full. An ache or pain in the certain areas shows congestion of carbon dioxide, water, fire element, air. Runny nose or sneezing means the body is trying to throw out excess water.

Cough signals that the body is feeling cold or congestion has to be cleared up the throat and the chest.

Itching shows that a greater flow of blood is required around the affected part. Fever indicates the war inside the body, i.e., the white blood cells, our well trained soldiers, battling with germs or pathogenic bacteria.

Loss of appetite reveals that the congestion and constipation, or the body is busy fighting the disease. In such a case, only lukewarm water and fruit juices or buttermilk should be taken instead of further taxing the stomach with food. Pain in the heart or chest pains shows that the heart is longing for total rest. Try to have some bed-rest for 24 to 72 hours.

Understanding the language of the body and paying heed of its warning signals is more vital than just taking in medications to suppress the symptoms. In some cases, the sudden stoppage of fever has oftentimes resulted in some worst disease-even in paralysis.

To obtain a quick relief from the early warning signs of a sick body and to break the vicious cycle of diseases mentioned, health experts advise age-old methods to recharge our inner battery or to make the subtle internal energy or chi circulate properly. One method is pranayam or deep abdominal breathing, where the abdomen expands upon inhalation and contracts upon exhalation. Drink lukewarm water or an electrolyte drink like Gatorade.

Skip a meal or two. Reduce food intake and have more fruits and vegetables juices and buttermilk, thereby allowing the digestive system to rest. Sleep recharges the battery of our body. More valuable than medicine is a good sleep, especially when one feels tired, or when there is pain in more than two or three points in your palms and soles.

One of the vital points check is the solar plexus, or the nabhi chakra, which is located below the sternum.

According to the Ayurvedas, this is the controlling center for all the organs below the diaphragm. There are ways to also confirm if the solar plexus is in the proper condition. In the morning, on an empty stomach, when you lie down on a hard surface on your back, press your navel with your finger or thumb. Throbbing sensations like that of the heart is felt. That means that the system is alright.

Another way of checking the condition of the solar plexus is measuring the distance between the right nipple and the navel and the left nipple and the navel. If the distance is equal, then you have no problem, but if the center has shifted upwards or downwards, then you got a problem. Also, you can lie on your back, keeping yours arms straight on your sides. Keep the legs straight and the toes upright.

The two big toes must be level. If they are not, it indicates a disturbance in the solar plexus.

The center shifts upward or downward when excess weight is lifted, or when there is severe gas trouble. In such cases, the throbbing will not be noticed somewhere around the navel. The upward shifting of the solar plexus leads to constipation, and the downward shifting brings more motions every time there is a pressure. If a person has cancer of the colon, there is chronic constipation and it has been found out that the solar plexus has moved upwards. It is advisable to check the position of the solar plexus before starting a treatment. The solar plexus is like the mains springs of a watch. Unless it is set right, treatment may not give the desired result.

The Hepatitis C Virus (hcv)

The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a small (50 nm in size), enveloped, single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus in the family Flaviviridae. HCV mainly replicates within hepatocytes in the liver, although there is controversial evidence for replication in lymphocytes or monocytes. Circulating HCV particles bind to receptors on the surfaces of hepatocytes and subsequently enter the cells. Two putative HCV receptors are CD81 and human scavenger receptor class B1 (SR-BI). However, these receptors are found throughout the body. The identification of hepatocyte-specific cofactors that determine observed HCV liver tropism are currently under investigation.

HCV has a high rate of replication with approximately one trillion particles produced each day in an infected individual. Due to lack of proofreading by the HCV RNA polymerase, HCV also has an exceptionally high mutation rate, a factor that may help it elude the host’s immune response.

Early studies of viral loads in eleven asymptomatically infected viral carriers (blood donors in 1989, prior to implementation of blood bank screening for HCV, and from whom the donated blood units were rejected because of elevated alanine transaminase (ALT) liver enzyme levels) indicated that asymptomatic viral loads in blood plasma varied between 100/mL and 50,000,000/mL.

Although hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C have similar names (because they all cause liver inflammation), these are distinctly different viruses both genetically and clinically. Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection.

How to Tell the Difference Between Friendly and Friendship

Is Being Friendly A Requirement Of Friendship?

In today’s world of false impressions how can we tell who is a friend and who is just being friendly? Sometime it’s difficult to recognize the difference between someone who is sharing your life or someone who is enhancing it. There is a big gap between a person who is cordial and passing and a person who has become part of your life’s experience.

Friendly people are better accepted

Being friendly is an outward projection of an inner quality which wishes to keep the surrounding environment calm and enjoyable. Being friendly is also a plea for acceptance. When greeting a person, being friendly is in the hopes the other person will accept him/her and be friendly in return. It’s the old, “do as I do” standard.

Fear keeps people from being friendly

While most people want to behave in a friendly manner some may have a fear of approaching people. They may appear to be unfriendly while inside they really want to be sociable. I used to enjoy catching people on an elevator. Most look at their feet and keep silent but with very little effort I was able to get them looking up and talking. People want to be friendly but are afraid of offending or getting into a conflict with someone so they tend to keep silent and disconnected.

Even crabby people want to be friendly

Those people who appear to be crabby or don’t want to engage in conversation usually have an underlain reason for doing so. Some event in their lives, recent or distant, prevent them from showing their emotions and they draw inside for protection. They don’t realize distance is met with distance. If a person is unfriendly the people he/she comes into contact with will also be unfriendly.

Friendships go beyond being friendly

It’s true that a friendly person is a welcomed person but a smile in passing does not make a friendship. Friends are acquaintances like being a member of the same club, church school, etc. but most likely this type of contact will never develop into a friendship. The reason being, the common bond is in the membership not the heart. A friendship can develop through an association such as military or a project and carry on outside the boundaries of its creation. This type of friendship is usually a drawing together of the participants through pressures brought about from the common experience.

There are rules in every friendship

There are certain rules in the makeup of a friendship which are demanding and create a bonding familiarity. A friendship is like a marriage, people enter into it with all the emotions of a union. The term, “tell death do us part” applies in a true friendship. A bonding of souls, minds and character become the foundation for a true and everlasting friendship while being friendly is simply an act of pleasantness.

Sometimes friends can be unfriendly

Friendships are not necessarily friendly all the time because demands of honesty can challenge the exchange. In this context, a difference in perceptions and agreement can cause friction in the relationship which may challenge it but cannot fracture it beyond repair. Friendship endure and over time grow more intense with devotion.

It’s hard to be friendly in an unsociable world

While people must endure within a society that forces the pressures of demanding rules upon them, they can still find solace in the intimacy of a warm friendship. Friendships are like an old pair of shoes, “they get more comfortable and favorable over time”. When a person questions their own abilities and achievements, they can always turn to a friend for an honest appraisal.

Keep outside forces at bay.

If an outside force threatens to destroy the relationship step back and value the essence of the union. Remember how the friendship came about and why it has endured. Good friendships carry a proven track record for warding off dissidence because the parties involved trust and respect one another. Because of the commitment factor, conflict cannot be used to dominate or disrupt a friendship.

Never let a good friend down.

If you are fortunate enough to have true friends, cherish the experience for it is why we live. To experience a friendship is to realize our true nature, our essence and reason for being. It is within our relationship that our self emerges and becomes a model of self reality.

Happy Trails

Spiritual Fasting With Diabetes

There seems to be a new move of God in the Body of Christ and a growing hunger for a deeper and more powerful relationship with Christ. Even as I write this article, thousands of men and women across North America and around the world are turning to prayer and fasting as they seek God and His wisdom for their lives.

But can you fast if you have diabetes? That’s a question I am asked regularly on the Daniel Fast Blog that I started on WordPress in December 2007. The answer is a resounding, “Yes!” In fact, many have reported back to me that they were healed of their Type 2 diabetes as a result of changing their eating habits while on the Daniel Fast. The Daniel Fast is a partial fast, typically practiced for 21 consecutive days (you can learn more about the Daniel Fast by following the links at the end of this article).

I always encourage people with diabetes to contact their health professional before engaging in any fast. Depending on the severity of the infirmity, usually only slight adjustments must be made to the Daniel Fast Food List if any at all. The Daniel Fast is actually a very healthy way of eating and therefore almost always results in improved health for the individual, along with a deepened relationship with God.

I also stress to readers that fasting isn’t necessarily about the foods you eat or don’t eat. Rather, it’s about your heart and that you are engaging in a spiritual fast to draw closer to the Lord. God tests your heart, so if you need to eat extra protein or consume more calories for health issues, then you can still fast successfully.

On the other hand, if you hear yourself saying, “I just can’t give up coffee,” and then adjust the fast so you can still have your morning java…then that attitude in your heart won’t necessarily bring you successful fasting results.

Spiritual fasting is denying the body food for a spiritual purpose. It should never harm the body, but rather provide health to your body, your soul and your spirit.

If you have diabetes, I encourage you to learn more about the Daniel Fast by visiting the Daniel Fast Blog. There you will find just about everything you need for a successful spiritual fast that will increase your faith and bring you into a deeper and more abiding relationship with Christ.