Get Rid of Stuffy Nose in 1 Minute (Breathing Exercise)

Stuffy nose, blocked nose, nasal congestion, runny nose – these are health challenges known to most people. In some cases, the problem can be so annoying that it interferes with all your life. Nasal sprays, topical products, and oral medication can provide some temporary relief and make your nose clear for a while, but they are expensive, have side effects (your body is not supposed to have this artificial chemicals inside), and addictive. There are dozens of medication products for clearing stuffy noses, but they’re not the best options. Oral medications and sprays don’t always work as effectively as promised and topical products that may work have an overwhelming odor that no one wants to have. How to get rid of a stuffy nose without drugs?

This breathing exercise for has very high success rate. It has been used by thousands of patients who practiced the Buteyko respiratory medical therapy to stop mouth breathing and improve body oxygen content by breathing correctly 24/7. It takes only about one minute to clear or stop a stuffy nose. Rarely, there are people, whose problem is so severe, that they require more breath work (usually some weeks) before they can enjoy nasal breathing. Try this breathing exercise to get rid of your stuffy nose fast.

Breathing exercise to get rid of a stuffy nose problem

This breathing exercise involves breath holding and nodding your head (up and down). It can be done while sitting or standing until the strong urge to breathe. After this maximum breath hold with head nodding start reduces breathing (or breathing much less than before). How? Make a short inhale using your diaphragm, and relax the diaphragm to exhale. Continue making these small inhalations and preserving your hunger for air for 1 minute. In 1 minute time, your stuffy nose gets clear.

It may seem silly and too simple to get rid of a stuffy nose, but it works. Few people may require repeating the technique 2-3 times, but most people get good results from the first attempt. How does it work? By holding your breath and breathing little later you boost your blood carbon dioxide level. This helps to dilate smooth tubular muscles of the airways and blood vessels, improves blood and oxygen supply to tissues and releases the spasm in the airways.

What happens next?

Once you have cleared the nose, it is important to breathe only through your nose and not through your mouth. As soon as you open your mouth (even partially), there are several abnormal biochemical processes that change all your body functions: you get less blood and oxygen supply for your body cells and less CO2 in the arterial blood and cells, your immune system gets suppressed, you generate more free radicals, your brain, digestion, hormonal profile and all other functions have abnormal changes.

How can you check that your breathing is heavy now? It is easy. If you count your stress-free breath holding time test result, you will find out that it is short. This test is also called “body oxygen test” since it reflects your body oxygen content. The test is done after your usual exhalation (no cheating here: exhale normally first) and there is another important requirement: no stress during and after the test. That means that the body oxygen test is done only until the first or initial desire to breathe (stress-free).

Permanent solution

When your nose is blocked or stuffy, your breathing is heavy and you will have less than 20 s for the body oxygen test. If you slow down your automatic breathing pattern (using breath work and lifestyle changes) so that your result will be above 20 s, your nose will be clear. Hence to get rid of a stuffy nose permanently is to get rid of your heavy breathing permanently, including night sleep, times of stress, after meals, and in all other situations. Exercise is good, if you breathe only through the nose during it. Then you generate more CO2 and your breath pattern will be light and easy later.

Rehabilitation of a Colles Fracture – Physiotherapy

Colles’ fractures, named after Abraham Colles who first described in 1814 the common fracture of the last inch of the radius and ulna near the wrist, is a very common consequence of a fall on the outstretched hand (FOOSH). Typical treatment is immobilisation in a plaster of Paris or similar material for five to six weeks to allow bony union, followed by a rehabilitation period of a month or more, a short period of which might involve a wrist brace for comfort during activity. Due to the functional importance of the hand, the period of immobilisation is kept to a minimum to prevent dysfunction of the hand and wrist.

Physiotherapy examination starts once the hand has been released from the Plaster of Paris, manually feeling the fracture site which should not be more than minimally uncomfortable, signifying the fracture is well on the way to healing. Hand colour should be normal, the hand should not be swollen much nor have severe muscle wasting. Wrist movements are often restricted in one or two planes but all the movements should not normally be reduced or not significantly. Pain may be present but again should not be severe or occur on all hand movements.

Two hourly range of motion exercises are the first treatment taught to the patient by the physiotherapist and in many cases the wrist movements improve sufficiently for this alone to be required. Elbow and shoulder movement should be reviewed to rule out restrictions before moving on to the rotatory forearm movements of pronation and supination which are important for normal hand use. Further movements assessed are flexion and extension of the wrist, fingers and thumb, along with thumb adduction and abduction. Wrist extension and forearm supination are the most commonly affected movements.

After the plaster comes off the wrist often feels vulnerable, partly because the plaster is seldom left on until the bone is entirely healed to prevent the onset of complications due to immobilisation. Physiotherapists may give the patient a futura type brace, a fabric brace with Velcro straps and a metal piece for the underside of the wrist to stiffen it. This is not meant to keep the wrist immobilised further but to support the wrist while the patient is performing functional activities and then to be removed for light activities and regular exercise performance.

If the ranges of motion do not improve as they should then the physiotherapist will consider using joint mobilisations to ease the movements. Accessory movements can be performed to the inferior radio-ulnar joint to help pronation and supination, and to the radiocarpal (wrist) and midcarpal joints, with the physiotherapist fixing one side of the joint as he or she moves the other side of the joint passively. This can be done gently or more vigorously at the end of range to push against the restrictions within the joint. Mobilisations can also be performed with the joint at the end of its available movement to give it the sliding and gliding movements it requires.

Strengthening the wrist occurs with a gradual increase in functional activities but joining a hand class can instruct the patient in practicing the large variety of small movements that the hand can perform and needs to strengthen for optimum hand function. Repetitive work at pieces of apparatus can strengthen and harden the hand to turning, twisting, pulling, grasping and fine work with the thumb and index finger. This can move on to work with weights or functional activities if the person needs to return to manual labour or another job requiring upper limb strength.

Urgent treatment is indicated if the hand is extremely painful, tightly swollen and has poor movements, before a pain syndrome develops. At this stage medical review is important to make sure there are no complications with the fracture such as poor healing or lack of healing. Analgesia and contrast baths can help with the pain, desensitisation with the hypersensitive areas which can develop and massage and exercise with the swelling. Patient education is vital so they know they have to work hard and through the pain to rehabilitate their hand.

Various Chiropractic Treatments For Muscle Atrophy

Muscle atrophy is also known as muscle wasting. It is when the mass of the muscle decreases due to several factors. Chiropractic care deals with nerve, muscle and bone disorders. It does not use any form of pharmaceutical medicine and invasive surgical procedures in treating physical and physiological disorders. Chiropractors in restoring and preserving health and body functions use conventional treatments.

Signs and symptoms of muscle atrophy may include pain, muscle weakness, restricted movements, and decrease muscle tone. Symptoms usually appear depending on the location where the problem occurs. For instance, if the atrophy is on the face, then there is facial weakness, decrease facial expression, speak difficulties, and difficulty swallowing. If the atrophy occurs in the extremities, then there will be weakness of the extremities and limited range of motion and movement.

There are many causes of muscle atrophy. These causes may consist of lack of exercise or movement of the affected body part, muscle injury or accident, diseases such as arthritis, alcohol associated myopathy, long-term use of corticosteroid, burns, congenital disorders, and spinal cord injury. Chiropractors base their therapeutic program on the location of the affected part.

Spinal manipulation is the most common method used by chiropractors in treating spinal misalignment or deformity. Muscle stiffness causes abnormal curvature of the spine by pulling the vertebrae. Chiropractors perform spinal manipulation through applying several mild and soft thrusts onto the spinal area. This is done in successive sessions with a chiropractor until the structure of the spinal column is reestablished.

Massage therapy is another chiropractic treatment used to treat muscle wasting. It helps to disentangle any twisted or distorted muscle fibers. Furthermore, it helps to relax the muscles to prevent continuous involuntary muscle contraction. Another method that chiropractors use is the dry needling therapy. Trigger points where the muscle or tissue is damaged cause pain. To relieve pain, these muscles and tissues are treated by inserting fine needles through the skin into the affected muscle or tissue.

Exercise is a very important chiropractic method of treating muscle atrophy. Exercise enhances muscle strength and joint mobility. With proper exercise and stretching technique, spasm and strain of muscles, ligaments and tendons are prevented. It also increases blood circulation needed for healing because blood carries nutrients and minerals needed for the muscle to heal.

Application of hot and cold is also necessary in treating muscle wasting. Cold compact reduces swelling and inflammation by inhibiting cell fluid from escaping. On the other hand, hot compress is applied to increase blood flow to the affected area essential for healing. Chiropractors also use electrotherapy to treat atrophy. It is done by applying controlled and small amount of electricity to inhibit involuntary muscle contraction and prevent muscle spasm that causes atrophy.

Chiropractic care has been used successfully in treating muscle atrophy. This is proven by various studies made by different researchers all over the world. The effectiveness and safety of suing chiropractic treatments have been established. Minor side effects such as tenderness on the treated area and mild pain have been noted to disappear 24 to 48 hours after each treatment.

How to Treat Cataracts and Relieve Foggy Vision Without Surgery Or Pain Using NAC Eye Drops

If you have noticed your vision blurring or problems with glare or night driving, you may be developing cataracts. But don’t fret, you may not need to undergo surgery – there is an alternative! NAC Eye Drops dissolve cataracts and relieve foggy vision without surgery or pain. NAC Eye Drops contain N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC) to naturally dissolve cataracts and improve general eye health.

How does a cataract happen?

The lens of the eye is comprised mostly of water and protein. In time and under certain circumstances, a “cloud” will form over an area of the eye due to some of the proteins clustering together. This is a cataract. Over time, the cataract may grow larger and denser, making your vision blurry or fuzzy, even affecting the way color is experienced.

Common vision symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Cloudy, blurry, foggy, or fuzzy vision.
  • Difficulty with glare or brightness.
  • Frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription.
  • Irritation when wearing contacts.
  • Increasing trouble with depth perception and visual acuity.
  • Double vision or a halo effect.
  • A change in the way colors are viewed.
  • Better near vision (farsighted people only).

What is N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC)?

L-Carnosine is a naturally occurring antioxidant and antiglycation agent (glycation is a result of a chemical reaction between blood sugars and proteins). NAC acts as a time release vehicle for the L-Carnosine, allowing the effect of absorption into both the aqueous (water) and lipid (fat) components of the eye. Carnosine-containing eye drops have demonstrated efficacy in treating a variety of other ophthalmic conditions, including corneal diseases, glaucoma, and increased intraocular pressure.

Unfortunately, the most common procedure used today to alleviate cataracts is surgery, not eye drops, which is why you may not have heard of this before. But, you really can avoid this invasive eye surgery by using this simple treatment. If you want to dissolve cataracts and relieve foggy vision without surgery or pain, try NAC Eye Drops.

I recommend NAC Eye Drops to all of my patients with cataracts or failing eye health. Personally, I have witnessed the dramatic effect of these drops through my grandfather. His eyesight was dimming, we assumed due to old age, but it wasn’t until the blue haze that we realized it was cataracts forming. After using the drops twice a day in both eyes in only about 2 weeks, the blue was gone and his vision appeared clear again. He continues to administer the drops daily as the proteins will continue to gather and bind to form cataracts, and the formula is good for general eye health as well.

What are the ingredients of a effective NAC eye drop solution?

  • N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC) – 1.0%
  • Glycerin (lubricant) – 1.0%
  • Hydroxypropylmethlcellulose Sodium (lubricant) – 0.15%
  • Sterile Water (ophthalmic grade isotonic solution, pH 6.3 to 6.5)
  • Buffered with Boric Acid, Citric Acid and Potassium Bicarbonate
  • And, as a preservative, Purified Benzyl Alcohol.

There is a lot of information available on case studies performed using NAC eye drops. If you still have your doubts, I recommend doing a little research yourself. If you’re ready to start using NAC Eye Drops to treat your cataracts and alleviate foggy eyes without surgery or pain, congratulations! You’ve made a wise choice. To your good (eye) health!

Dealing With Disability for Cerebral Palsy Kids

Regardless of the condition, among the most important people in the child’s life are his or her parents. But dealing with disability for kids with cerebral palsy requires more than just the traditional qualities naturally found in parents. There are always emotional burdens associated with raising a child with developmental and or physical disabilities and these could inevitably pose difficult challenges on the part of those raising a child with cerebral palsy.

When a parent first finds out about the disability of his or her child, it is only a natural reaction for them to undergo a process of grieving. There are at least five various stages of emotions that parents of children diagnosed with CP will eventually experience including shock, anguish, refutation and denial, anger and resentment, and finally, acceptance. Although these emotional stages are not universal since people have their own ways of dealing with things, the majority of them experience at least three of these stages. But professional intervention may be needed in order for parents to understand that it is not the child’s fault nor theirs that cerebral palsy manifested and the only best thing to do is to accept the condition and learn how to deal properly with the disability.

Although there are no permanent cures for cerebral palsy, the condition can be alleviated with the help of therapy and training as well as letting the child participate in special education programs so they can learn how to cope with their disabilities. This can help children with cerebral palsy to live a more comfortable and normal life and be given the opportunity to enjoy freedom like any ordinary children. For some cases of cerebral palsy, using assistive technology coupled with physical and behavioral therapy can help a lot in improving their condition as well as involving the child in speech and language pathology. Children with cerebral palsy are usually subjected to a complete and thorough physical therapy training program normally aimed on developing their muscle strengths and to assist them in learning how to manage and control their movements including learning basic functions like sitting, personal grooming, and sustaining their balance.

But the most important part of dealing with the disability of children with cerebral palsy is allowing them the chance to become independent. Parents can only assist their child as long as they are alive and it will not be long before the child has to learn how to do things for himself as they grow older. This is one of the reasons why experts recommend to only offer support when it is absolutely needed so they child can develop the skills required in performing even the simplest of daily tasks. Children with cerebral palsy are not mentally incapacitated and they are capable of thinking for themselves and experiencing emotions. They will certainly understand the importance of all the training and learning programs they are subjected to, so in turn, they will be able to gain independence and be able to cope with other normal children.

Glaucoma, Cataracts, Astigmatism, and All Eye Problems – Emotions Related to Poor Eyesight

It is said that the eyes are the windows of the soul. This statement could not be truer. Since the beginning of the use of lenses for poor eyesight, man has been wondering what causes poor eyesight.

There Is Nothing New Under The Sun

There is nothing new under the sun. Man has discovered and lost knowledge over the centuries. Dr. Wm. H. Bates M.D., Ophthalmologist discovered over 90 years ago the cause and cure of eye problems. He found in his research that stress in the mind interfered with the natural focusing muscles of the eye. He discovered that vision is psycho-somatic. When the mind is tense, the eyes are tense. He discovered that emotions played an important role in the cause of vision problems.

The Eyes Are Tools Of The Mind

The eyes are tools of the mind. Just as ulcers and heart attacks are caused by prolonged stress (psycho somatic illness), so is the vision affected by stress. These stresses are always accompanied by changes

Fear At The Root Of Eye Problems

Along with the physiological reasons Dr. Bates took it a little farther. He noticed that fear created mental strain and stress and affected the eyesight. What is fear? Fear is created when we experience a change from the norm such as people moving, changing schools, a divorce, a death, career changes or a difficult relationship. These changes create stress and an element of the unknown which evokes fear. This fear is usually repressed as a survival mechanism and never dealt with again.

Whether nearsighted, farsighted, or if you experience any other visual problems, all vision problems begin with the initial cause of fear or fear of anger. If you look back to the beginning of your visual problems you will probably find circumstances that evoked fear on some level. You may have been aware of it briefly but because of lack of opportunity to express it or the fear was too much to bear you quickly repressed it as a survival mechanism and never dealt with it again. Fear occurs at all ages from young to very old.

Eye Training And Healing

Using this Method of eye training is a very healing process. It deals with the cause and allows you to get in touch with repressed fear, anger, hurt and pain and allow healing physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually.

Sleeping With Wet Hair Can Cause Blindness and Other Absurdities

My grandmother has this funny and bizarre collection of health ideas that I do not know whether some of it is true – but I’m sure most of it are just local absurdities. Maybe it is because of information deficiency and the belief in albularyo or local quack doctor.

These health beliefs always remind me what it was like to grow up in the province, fascinated and horrified by the adult world. Right now, it is really reassuring that the things I used to believe weren’t so strange after all because I discovered that, somehow, most provinces across the Philippines, and even other countries, also have their own or same health legends. And the most common – sleeping with wet hair can cause blindness.

Then again, even communities in Metro Manila and other cities, especially urban poor communities, still believe on these health legends. Although city people have access to electricity and the mass media, much of their health information can be misleading inaccurate or distorted.

These beliefs are really amusing so I take time on finding little facts about it by doing a little research to satisfy my itchy curiosity. I’m not an expert in medicine and my notes are still subject to medical scrutiny.

Here are some of the popular health-beliefs in our town in Mindoro and my personal notes:

1. Sleeping with wet hair can cause blindness – In our province, it is said that if you sleep with wet hair, first you will be cross-eyed, then you will go blind. Meaning, if you happen to wake up in the middle of your sleep with your wet hair, you will only be crossed eyed – and you know what, you are considered lucky — because if you sleep longer you will be blind.

* My Notes: According to John C Hagan III, MD, an Ophthalmologist affiliated with the American Academy of Ophthalmology, that belief is totally untrue. There is no connection what-so-ever between wet hair and eye problems. Why would you want to sleep with wet hair anyway?

2. Urine of frogs causes warts or kulugo – Kokak Kokak! No way. I love playing with frogs when I was a kid, what I got are bruises from chasing them – not warts.

* My Notes: The cause of the typical wart is not a frog. It happens because the wart virus finds a body with a weak immune system.

3. Eating too much mangoes can cause bungang-araw or prickly heat rashes – I’m not really sure about this one. What I personally experience is that I got itchy lips and throat when I accidentally ate a portion of that pico mango fruit rind. Despite the fact that mango can be allergic to a few people, it is still a healthy fruit and I cannot help myself eating this fruit – especially those overripe big kinalabaw mangoes, hmm yummy.

* My Notes: Well, the problem is that mango tree sap, and the rind of the fruit, contains urushiol, the same chemical the poison ivy plant produces. Some people experience skin rashes especially in the lips upon contact with the sap or the skins of the fruit. Well, you can’t be that hungry that you want to eat even the mango skin – that’s reserved for the backyard pigs you know.

4. Eating grilled lizard can cure asthma – The usual practice is to grill a lizard until it turned to charcoal black, grind it then mix it to some juice or coffee so you can’t taste what a lizard really taste like. Others just add a whole lizard when cooking rice. Yaikks!

* My Notes: Some experts say that asthma can not be cured. Of course eating lizard is not based on a prescription or medical advice, but at least they believe in alternative medicine. We just really don’t know its medicinal effects though. In the meantime, I suggest we should require all lizards to have them labeled with “No approved therapeutic claims.” – until such time that a proper study was conducted. Any objections, Godzilla?

5. Washing hands after ironing clothes can cause pasma – Pasma refers to a folk illness unique to the Filipino culture with symptoms of hand tremors, sweaty palms, numbness and pains attributed to an interaction of “init” (heat) and “lamig” (cold).

A rather amusing variation on this belief is the idea that condoms cause “pasma” allegedly because the rubber aggravates the body’s heat. Ha ha ha, Maybe an impotent Catholic priest, who is fighting against contraceptives and the Reproductive Health (RH) Bill, started this rumor. LOL

* My Notes: Pasma is not described in medical textbooks, discussed in medical schools, or generally recognized by contemporary medical science.

6. A lady eating twin bananas will give birth to twins – Eating twin fruits like double almonds and bananas were thought to increase the likelihood of twins.

* My Notes: None – I don’t bother Googling this one, because obviously, this is ridiculous. Just consult your local manghihilot to explain this to you in detail or perhaps try visiting the psychic readers in Quiapo if you want more information.

7. Brushing hair 100 times before bedtime can make it softer and shiny – This is the old tale, which claims that brushing your hair a lot, 100 to 200 strokes a day, is good for the hair.

* My Notes: According to the basic hair care article posted in Mercury Drug Website, we have about 100,000 strands of hairs on our head. Each grows for two to six years. It’s normal to shed some 50 to 100 hair strands a day. When hair falls out, a new strand eventually replaces it.

* Their Advise: Don’t put strain on your hair strands by brushing too much or too vigorously. The story about brushing your hair 100 times a night is not true. Overbrushing the hair simply makes it brittle and may cause the scalp to produce excess oil.

8. Eating ants can improve singing – So finally, Celine Dion and Charice Pempemco’s secret is finally out. Sautéed ants are behind their angelic singing voice? Well, if it’s true, Willie Revillame and Paris Hilton should’ve done that two decades ago so that they wouldn’t have to be a trying hard singer.

* My Notes: Maybe an old lunatic singer, during one of her epileptic seizures, started sharing her secret about eating ants to improve her voice, her die-hard fans heard her – and from there, the legend goes. Z and Princess Bala will not love this.

9. Drinking seawater can cure cough/colds – In our province in Mindoro, whenever we got cough, my mother will let us have our sea swimming early in the morning and would encourage us to take a gulp of seawater to cure our cough. Of course seawater in our small town is really clear and clean unlike the yukkiiee toxic Manila Bay.

But wait, based on my fact finding spree, this one, which I thought was also an absurd belief is amazingly has some truth in it. Well at least I found out that not all beliefs in my list are just absurdities.

* My Notes: According to a Czech research [Efficacy of Isotonic Nasal Wash (Seawater) in the Treatment and Prevention of Rhinitis in Children], seawater spray cures kids colds. It may be that the salt water has a simple mechanical effect of clearing mucus, or it could be that trace elements in the water play some more significant role, though the exact reason why such a solution works is not known, said Dr. Ivo Slapak and colleagues at the Teaching Hospital of Brno in the Czech Republic.

I’m sure you also know of some health myths – like jumping on New Year’s eve to make you taller?

Clinical Analysis of Acute Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx may result from bacterial or viral infection or inhalation of irritant gases. Unaccustomed overuse of the voice leads to edema of the vocal cords. Laryngitis is characterized by hoarseness and loss of voice. Irritant nonproductive cough may be present. Treatment consists of rest to the voice, steam inhalations, avoidance of smoking, and administration of analgesics and antibodies. In many cases the condition is self-limiting with rest and analgesics.

Laryngeal paralysis
Paralysis of the vocal cords may be organic or functional. The abductors and the adductors and supplied by the recurrent laryngeal nerves which arise from the vagi. In organic paralysis the abductors, the tensors and the adductors are affected in order of sequence. The completely paralyzed vocal cord lies immobile midway between abduction and adduction (cadaveric position). Abductor paralysis is always organic in nature and it may be uni- or bilateral. On the other hand pure adductor paralysis is always bilateral and it is functional in nature. This is frequently seen in hysteria.

Causes of organic laryngeal paralysis
Involvement of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve is common in mediasternal tumors, aortic aneurysm and enlargement of the left atrium occurring in mitrial stenosis. One or other of the recurrent laryngeal nerves may be affected in the neck by enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes, goiter or other surgical causes. Paralysis of the vagus occurs in infective polyneuritis, diphtheria, fractures of the base of the skull or space occupying lesions in the posterior fossa. Vagal nuclei are affected in brainstem lesions. These include basilar artery insufficiency, bulbar poliomyelitis, motor neuron disease, syringobulbia and tumors.

Clinical features
Symptoms include hoarseness of voice, cough, alteration in the quality of the cough and dyspnea. Organic paralysis is accompanied by cough, whereas hysterical paralysis is not. In bilateral abductor paralysis, the cough is devoid of its explosive phase (“bovine cough”). In unilateral vocal cord paralysis, the hoarseness and loss of voice may disappear with time, since the opposite vocal cord crosses the midline and restores the vocal aperture. Laryngeal paralysis is confirmed by laryngoscopy.

Treatment
It is symptomatic. Bilateral abductor paralysis results in glottis obstruction and it is fatal if the airway is not established by tracheostomy or intubation. Persons with laryngeal paralysis should avoid swimming and diving, since they cannot hold breath and, therefore, they run the risk of drowning.

Laryngeal obstruction
Acute laryngeal obstruction may present as a fatal emergency unless relieved in time.
Causes
• Foreign bodies may get impacted in the larynx, eg, dentures, large chunks of meat of other foreign bodies, etc. Obstruction by bolus of food is more common in subjects intoxicated with alcohol. This is called “Café coronary”.
• Angioneurotic edema due to food, inhaled material or insect stings.
• Acute laryngitis and epiglottitis. This is especially common in infants. The organisms include H. Influenzae, pneumococcus or group A streptococcus. Irritant fumes like smoke, noxious chemicals or corrosives cause acute laryngeal edema.
• Chronic progressive obstruction occurs in carcinoma.

Clinical features
Stridor, aphonia and dysnea are the hallmarks of laryngeal obstruction. Acute obstruction in children leads to cyanosis and inspiratory indrawing of the trachea. The movement of a foreign body within the larynx may be palpable during respiratory efforts. When obstruction due to large bolus of food occurs at table, the victim becomes anxious, restless and cyanosed. He tries to cry, but the voice is lost. If the obstruction continues he falls unconscious and death may occur within minutes.

Diagnosis
Acute laryngeal obstruction should be suspected when an otherwise healthy individual suddenly becomes choked and cyanotic with loss of voice.

management
First aid consists of the removal of the foreign body manually or with a pair of tongs. The impacted foreign body can be dislodged by a sudden forcible thud on the chest with the head lowered.

Heimlich Manoeuvre
This effective method is to be learnt by all first aid teams. The patient is hugged from behind with the rescuer’s hands crossing each other over the patient’s epigastrium and the chest is compressed suddenly. This helps in dislodging the obstruction. If this fails, the airway should be made patent by tracheostomy or by inserting a few large-bore hypodermic needles in to the trachea. The patient is transported to hospital for further management. Further management of chronic obstruction depends upon the cause.

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Food For Eyes – 7 Secret Plants to Improve Vision Naturally

As you realized that our vision is the window of the world. This saying is merely to describe how important our eyes are.

Attention to all eye sufferers!

What are you going to do to improve your vision? I bet you will try any ways to heal your eye problems even by spending your money on a risky surgery. But, you can feel relief now as here I would like to share with you a natural food for eyes which can make you cure your eye problem naturally.

Here are the 7 secret plants to improve your vision naturally:

Avocado (Persea Americana Gaertn)

Part of the plant which we use is the fruit which is rich of Vitamin A, B1, and C. Avocado is good to overcome dry eyes and optical nerve disablement.

Direction: you can make an avocado juice or eat the fruit as you like.

Betel leaf (Chavica Auriculata Miq, Piper Betle Linn)

This leaf is good for eye inflammation and eye strain headache.

Direction: Boil some of betel leaves together with 3 glasses of water for 20 minutes or until the water become 1 glass. Drink it after the water becomes warm or cold.

Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia, Citrtus Medica Linn)

Lime is rich of Vitamin B1 and C which are good for blurry eyes and eye strain headache.

Direction: you can make a lime juice.

Papaya (Carica Papaya Linn)

Papaya is rich of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, beta carotene,

Papaya Fruit is good to cure myopia or farsightedness and eye strain headache.

Direction: you can make a papaya juice.

Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum Linn)

Tomato is rich of Vitamin A, B1, and C which are good for myopia or farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism.

Direction: you can make a papaya juice.

Carrot (Daucus Carota Linn)

Carrot is rich of Vitamin A, B1, and C which are good for myopia or farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism.

The root is also able to cure poor night vision and eye inflammation.

Direction: you can make a papaya juice.

Sesame Oil (Sesamum Indicum L.)

Sesame is rich of Vitamin A, B, and C which are good for eye strain headache, blurry eyes, and poor night vision.

Direction: you can drink 2 spoon of sesame oil daily or mix together with your juice.

The Physics Of Contact Lenses

Contact lenses are used for vision correction and are placed on the cornea of the eye. They do the same corrective function that conventional spectacles, or glasses, do. However, in comparison, they are very light in weight and are, for all purposes, invisible. Contact lenses help form the image on the retina of the eye by either converging or diverging the rays of light entering the eye.

Earlier contact lenses were made of glass, and were scleral lenses. Scleral lenses are large contact lenses that cover the complete sclera – the white outer coating – of the eye. These unwieldy lenses could only be worn for a short period at a time. With the development of PPMA – polymethyl methacrylate – in the 1930s, plastics were first used in contact lenses. These were in fact, hybrid scleral lenses, made with the combination of both, glass and plastic, in 1936.

By the 1950s, much smaller contact lenses were developed that covered only the cornea of the eye and not the whole eye.

Types of Vision Impairments

One of the major uses of contact lenses is to correct visual defects. The general impairments are Myopia, Hyperopia, Astigmatism, and Presbyopia.

  • Myopia – is a visual disability where the image of the object seen is formed in front of the retina. During this visual impairment, one can see objects that are near, and not the distant objects, which appear blurred. This defect is also known as nearsightedness. This is a very common impairment, with over 25 percent of the adults in the United States suffering from it. The defect can be corrected by the use of concave contact lenses.
  • Hyperopia – It is also known as Hypermetropia, and the image of the object is formed behind the retina. Far objects can be seen clearly, and the near objects appear to be blurred. Hyperopia is more commonly known as farsightedness, and more than 13 percent of the children in the United States, in the age group 5 to 17, suffer from it. The defect can be corrected by the use of convex contact lenses.
  • Astigmatism – This happens when the lens of the eye has more than one focal point, in different meridians. Astigmatic people cannot see in fine detail, and need cylindrical lenses to correct their impairment. Nearly 34 percent of American children in the age group 5 to 17 have this impairment.
  • Presbyopia – This is an impairment, which comes with age, generally after the age of 40. The impairment develops as the lens of the eye loses its elasticity. Bifocal contact lenses are used to correct this vision defect.

Lenses Used For Vision Correction

In the case of normal vision, the light from the object hits the cornea and focuses on the retina. Due to some refractive error, at times the light from the object does not focus on the retina, but either in front of it, or behind it. To correct this refractive error, contact lenses are used to focus on to the retina.

The type of contact lenses used depends on the type of vision impairment, and how much refractive error is involved. How much the lens bends the light to focus on the retina is measured in diopters (D).

Myopia occurs when the light is focused in front of the retina, as the eyeball is longer than normal. To correct this impairment, which is also known as nearsightedness, a concave lens is used. This lens is thinner at the center, and helps move the focus ahead, towards the retina.

To correct this vision impairment, the curvature in the concave contact lenses is determined by the measurement in diopters. The larger the number of diopters, larger is the vision defect. In myopia, the diopter number is preceded by a minus (-) sign, denoting that the focus is short of the retina.

In the case of hyperopia, the light is focused beyond the retina. Hyperopia is also known as farsightedness, as distant objects are seen clearly in this impairment. The eyeball is shorter than normal, and a convex lens is used to correct this vision defect. The contact lens used is thicker in the center, and helps move the focus back onto the retina.

In this case, too, the curvature required in the convex contact lenses is determined by the measurement in diopters. The diopter number is preceded by the plus (+) sign, denoting that the focus is beyond the retina.

The lenses used for the correction of myopia and hyperopia are categorized as spherical contact lenses.

When the cornea is irregularly shaped, the light from the object falling on the cornea focuses on more than one point. This distortion of the image is called astigmatism. Special lenses need to be designed, based on the individual’s distortion of image. These lenses are known as toric lenses.

Though toric lenses are made of the same materials as the spherical lenses, they are specifically designed to suit individual impairments. These lenses have different curvatures, thicker in some places, and thinner in others. These lenses are designed to correct astigmatism and myopia or hyperopia, if required.

For the correction of presbyopia, special bifocal lenses are required, as the person suffering from it requires both correction for nearsightedness and farsightedness. In such lenses, either the correction for near impairment is placed in the center of the lens, with the distant correction on the outside, or vice versa.

Types Of Contact Lenses

The initial lenses were rigid lenses that did not absorb water. This kept the oxygen from passing into the cornea of the eye, causing eye irritation and other discomforts.

Then came the soft contact lenses made from hydrogel, which allowed oxygen to pass through them to the cornea. These lenses came to be known as ‘breathable’ contact lenses. This made it possible for contact lenses to be worn comfortably and for longer periods. Today, there are:

Daily wear lenses, which are removed at night.

Extended wear lenses that can be worn for extended periods without removing.

Disposable lenses that can be discarded after a day, a week, or a few weeks.

In addition, there are color contacts, which are for cosmetic purpose.

Groin Hernia

Patients recovering from groin hernia must do not put the tissues under tension after a week of repairs, so they are advised not to drive for a month or two. From this point of view during a sudden impact or stop the postoperative pain could prolong reaction times.

In the major cities around the globe preclusion for driving can have socioeconomic consequences. The social and psychological recovery, beside the patients’ physical wellbeing improve the hernia repair.

Mechanical and chemical stimulation of large, myelinated nerve fibres (A-alpha fibres) or small, unmyelinated nerve fibres (C fibres) cause the pain that follows the repair of hernias in the groin. The pain can be caused by mechanical stimulation of somatic tissues when the tension is created on the fibroconnective tissue of the groin directly and indirectly.

Directly pain appears through mechanical stimulation of A-alfa and C fibres and indirectly through the release of chemical substances that further stimulate the C fibres. Hydrogen, potassium, bradykinin, serotonin, histamine, acetylcholine, proteolytic enzymes and prostaglandins are chemical substances. Stimulation by chemical substances of C fibres that innervate the hernia sac that is excised and ligated during the traditional repair cause visceral pain.

Undue tension on the suture line which leads to somatic pain through C and A-alfa nerve fibres is associated with forceful approximation of the fibroconnective tissues of the groin,the traditional method of hernia repair. Visceral pain resulted by the ligation of the hernia sac are caused by mechanical stimulation and ischaemic changes in the peritoneum that lead to the release of chemical substances. A layer of synthetic mesh are used in modern hernia repairs to avoid tissues under tension. These repairs because they eliminate the somatic component of the pain are associated with a reduction in postoperative pain and in the visceral component of the post-herniorrhaphy pain appear a reduction because the hernia sac is not ligated.

Because the healing of hernia take between six and eight weeks it’s better that patients do not drive in this time. The intra-abdominal pressure can increase because of the inertial force of an impact or sudden stop which can disrupt the suture line of the repair. Because the technique does not involve pulling together and suturing the edges of the defect hernia repairs which do not use tissue tension are not at risk for this. From the postoperative discomfort which is minimal and without narcotic analgesics the recovery period depends. The open repair without tension and laparoscopic repair are equally associated with decreased postoperative pain. From this point of view have been done comparisons between laparoscopic hernia repair and tissue approximation under tension and open repair carried out without tissue tension.

Different types of hernia repairs carried out without tissue tension can be associated with the reduction in postoperative pain and the risk of recurrence which can allow to patients to have normal daily activities, including driving. At one week or less after the surgery depending on their comfort and the narcotic analgesics used patients can drive. The pattern of convalescence after the surgery have been changed through modern techniques of hernia repair.

From different types of vehicles patients need different advises, but it is better for them that after the surgery to rest a month or two before driving.

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How To Cure Myopia – Sure Fire System To Curing Myopia Real Fast!

Have you been suffering from myopia? Are you frustrated with the fact that you always have to see objects without your glasses? Do you hate wearing your glasses? I know the way you feel. I’ve suffered from myopia as well and I can clearly tell that it can be really frustrating.

Wearing glasses never really improved my vision. It only deteriorated with time. The glasses just acted as a crutch for my impaired vision and I hated having them on. But as I was looking for a permanent fix, I came across a sure fire system to cure my myopia.

Here is the exact sure fire system to curing your myopia real fast…

Have a burning desire – Your mind is a wonderful thing. It exactly gives you what you want if you ask for it long enough. If you desire clear vision strongly enough, your mind will give it to you. Use affirmations to pass the thought of clear vision to your subconscious mind. Repeat this affirmation “I have perfect 20/20 vision” for a 100 times daily. Repeat this affirmation for the next 90 days or so. You’ll have had your vision back by then. You really need to become obsessed about improving your vision if you want to achieve clear vision.

Spend time without glasses – I know that it’s a little difficult for you to see without glasses. But it’s important that you train your mind to live without the crutch. It could be years since you’ve been wearing glasses. Now it’s time to get your eyes and your mind to get used to seeing without glasses. So make sure that you spend a lot of time during the day without wearing your glasses. Don’t do any risky activities like riding without the glasses. You can also get a reduced prescription if you’d like.

Relax your eyes more – The cause of myopia is tension in the eye. It’s up to you to relax your eyes and reduce the tension you have in them. To relax your eyes, you’ll have to get more sleep every night. Every night before you go to bed, place a wet cloth above your eyes. And just sleep. Your eyes will become more and more relaxed as a result of you doing this one simple trick. Getting more exercise will also help you see more clearly. Doing eye exercises will also help relax your eye and will make you see clearly over time.

List of Baltimore Apartments That Approve With a Broken Lease, Bad Credit or Felony

Baltimore, a port city on Chesapeake Bay, is the largest city in the state of Maryland. It’s major seaport status means that the city is a busy business hub for numerous multinational companies and financial entities. It therefore continues to attract many who come seeking better career opportunities. Baltimore apartments are therefore in hot demand all year round.

If you are looking to rent an apartment n Baltimore, you must be aware of the general rental requirements. Most apartments will conduct a credit check, rental check and most likely a criminal background check. This can mean denial for applicants who have prior issues. Are there apartments in Baltimore that either do not conduct checks on credit, or broken leases or background or which if they do, are willing to work with the applicant regardless? The answer is yes.

Apartments which are willing to work with applicants who have previous rental problems are called second chance apartments. This is not to mean that they do not abide by the general housing policies, but that they are more lenient than the regular apartments. Here are a few places where one can find such housing units:

  • Arlington
  • Dorchester
  • Grove Park
  • Howard Park
  • Downtown Arlington
  • Arcadia
  • West Baltimore
  • Wilson Park

This is not an exhaustive list. There are many different places which have housing complexes that are willing to grant problem applicants a second chance.

Important

The challenge in finding places to rent in Baltimore if you have tarnished credit or background such as a broken lease, is that such complexes do not readily advertise. This means that it can be a trial and error for the applicant who has to call or visit numerous apartments before being approved. This can be a frustrating and costly ordeal.

It is important also to note that even if you do land a second chance apartment interview, you must satisfy a few key requirements. For instance, even if the apartment is willing to overlook, say, credit issues, they most likely will want you to furnish proof of income. This means a job for at least the last six (6) months and an income that is at least three times the amount of the rent. The apartments will also insist that you not have any felonies involving drugs, violence or molestation of minors.

The AFO: Ankle-Foot Orthosis Made Simple

You might have come across the term AFO, short for Ankle-Foot Orthosis.  This may sound greek to you but for those who have special needs with their ankle and foot, AFO has become a by-word.  For the benefit of those who do not know about it, AFO are braces usually made of lightweight polypropylene-based plastic in an L-shaped, covering the ankle joint and part of the foot.

Ankle-Foot Orthoses are applied to control the position and movement of the ankle, correct any deformities and aid in weakness of ankle and foot and control the ankle and knee joints in direct manner.  These braces are being used to treat muscle dysfunction caused by stroke, injury in the spinal cord, muscular dystrophy, cerebral plasy, polio, multiple sclerosis and peripheral neuropathy.  Orthoses can give support to weak or unusable limbs and eventually reform them in their normal position.  And in the United States, AFOs are the commonly used orthoses.

We have identified major types of AFOs.  First, we have flexible AFOs that gives dorsiflexion assistance, however cannot stabilize the subtalar joint.  Next, we have the Anti-Talus AFOs that block dorsiflexion of ankle but cannot give proper stabilization for the subtalar joint.   We also have Rigid AFOs that block ankle movements and stabilize the subtalar joint and helps to control adduction and abduction of the forefoot.

Long ago, looking for a brace for Ankle Foot Orthosis has never been easier because you need to go to a specialist.  But now you can order right in the comfort of your home.  There are different stores online that offers different kinds of AFOs. You may visit our website: www.bracemasters.com and you can choose from wide array of AFOs right for your needs. Buy now and see the difference.

See your health care provider to see if an Arizona AFO as an appropriate approach for you to gain mobility, avoid pain and avoid surgery.

The SOLID AFO: Well shaped to the foot, flexible fit with full contact padding at key pressure points. Ball of foot toe-plate area is flexible and not bounded by sides that would impede toe roll over. The vertical10 degree forward pitch is perfect, especially for sneaker wearing. There is sufficient strapping and forward ankle envelopment to keep the foot shaped and positioned where intended. Remember, there are two main objectives. 1) Walking and 2) Shaping the foot against deformity. If the latter is important, then the enveloping fit, as seen here, is ideal.

The main problem with this orthosis, is that there are certain kids with postures that  simply cannot attain this ideal configuration. They need totally custom fit orthoses that, by application of filler material (applied outside the brace), the brace attains an outer contour that looks like this even though the ankle and foot, inside, do not. Thus we satisfy an inner anatomy shaping-holding need as well as the outer walking geometry.  We marry the concepts of orthosis making with prosthesis making.

The HINGED AFO:

Some children have mostly foot shaping needs. Hinges are fine, in that case. However, some have control only so far and not with every step. Rather than allow any degree of free forward movement, a back strap is used (see image) which lets the brace go so far and no further. This is a “control arc” concept. Allow some range which has demonstrated control (strength equal to the task and reaction speed), but no more.

The SPIRAL AFO:

Another way to allow “control arc” (limited arc) motion in ALL directions (not just forward) and even nudge in one particular direction, is the spiral AFO. Certain children almost demand these. Regardless of the medical biomechanical logic or physical needs, the athetoid patients, ataxic patients, and some dystonic patients fall apart when held stiffly. In these sensory dependent conditions, DAMPENING motion beyond an allowed minimum is better than complete limitation. The spiral fit allows flexibility, the carbon component, limits or encourages motion in one direction over another. Because these cases are so sensory needy, leaving the ball of the foot and toes uncovered is best (tactile reasons, not brace reasons). In fact, the strategy is to see how little covering can hold all the anatomical requirements and also to see how thin (for sensory reasons) the brace bottom can be without the brace falling apart. These orthoses work when others fail. Down side? They are beasts to make and worse to adjust. Those few brace makers who can make this brace, groan when they are asked to do so.

Combination Needs:

Some children have foot needs met by their AFOs, but that alone does not control a remaining problem, leg rotation. A twister cable (metal cable) or a side metal bar extending down from a metal or plastic pelvic piece can satisfy that. But a simple elastic strap, as shown on the right, attached by Velcro to a neoprene pelvic belt also does fine. Structurally, elastic control straps are like garters with an attitude. Parents can easily adjust the latter and use them intermittently as need requires. The elastics are soft, cheap, and easily modified. Strung as shown, they let go (pull wise) in sitting. If the straps are run deep to the underpants, then the kids can toilet without assistance.

So, for Blount’s disease, for example, we do not need to worry about control arcs, as the kids are totally normal in skills. We need to change shape, the leg angles AND twists. Twisting is easier when the joints are bent (e.g.: knee flexed). Alignment angles of the long bones are most efficiently steered when the limbs are straight (extended). Such braces allow full ranges to get at both postures (as the child moves). The same brace corrects different parts of the problem as the child moves into different positions.

There are two ways to identify the brace needy group. 1) The lazy way, let all those who will get better (physiologic bowing) get better and whoever is left must be the ones. Or, 2) actually look closely. Physiologic bow is usually minimal with actual bow shape minimal to zero, most being twist (torsion). The physiologic ones are improving with time. Blount’s disease has major high tibial angulation with a few other oddities, and twist as well. The big thing is that Blount’s kids are WORSENING (even at 18 months old, worsening is NOT physiologic). An x-ray taken with the knee pointed straight ahead (foot looks wrong when doing it correctly) will show that a line (weight bearing line) drawn on the x-ray from hip to ankle passes outside the knee – unsupported by bone. That lack of support may very well be what pinches and damages the inner growth plate at the knee to create Blount’s disease (or at least what makes it become a permanent growth defect, rather than a passing phase).

What does this have to do with AFOs? Well, the AFO may actually get in the way. These braces need special metallurgy for the reshaping and AFO components may overly stiffen the construct creating too high a focal pressure at the knee. See?

For more information about these products, please feel free to consult us at www.bracemasters.com. We would be glad to be of service to you.

Cosmetic History – Milestones of the Last Century

The discovery of the art of photography and of films, particularly, provided the impetus to a sudden growth in cosmetics. As watchers saw images of famous people with perfect complexion and strong sexual appeal, the standards of a woman’s beauty started to change. Cosmetics have become a means to beautify one’s physical appearance.

During the 1920s, cosmetic history increased quickly. Between the year 1927 and 1930, advertising expenses on the radio increased from $300,000 to $3.2 million. At first, a lot of feminine magazines declined advertisements on cosmetics. However, near the end of the 1920s, cosmetics had progressed and cosmetic advertising in magazines became one of the magazine industries’ largest revenue producing resources.

Here is a brief chronological overview of cosmetics from 1900 to 2010:

1900: Annie Turnbo, a black entrepreneur, starts selling hair conditioners, hair treatments as well as harmless hair straightening products, and hair growers door-to-door.

1904: From Lodz, Poland, Max Factors moves to the United States, and 4 years later to the state of Los Angeles, where he puts make-ups up for sale to movie celebrities that does not crack or cake.

1909: Eugene Schueller, a French chemist, creates the very first harmless commercial hair dye. In the year 1910, his company was named L’Oreal.

1905: Sarah McWilliams starts to sell hair growers from door to door. After being wed to Charles J. Walker, she became recognized as Madame C.J. Walker and integrated her business in Indianapolis in the year 1911.

1909: Cosmetologist Elizabeth Hubbard and Florence Graham open a shop on 5th Avenue in New York City. After some time, Florence Graham renames their shop Elizabeth Arden.

1914: Maybelline has been discovered by T.J. Williams. The cosmetics company of Maybelline specializes in mascaras.

1922: The bobby pin has been invented in order to control or deal with short or bobbed hair.

1932: Charles Lackman, a supplier for nail polish, and Joseph and Charles Revson, distributors for nail polish, discovered Revlon. Revlon is a cosmetics business that sells nail polish in a broad range of colors.

1932: A New York chemist named Lawrence Gelb brings home a hair dye product that goes through the hair shaft. He also starts a business named Clairol. In the year 1950, he commences Miss Clairol Hair Color bath, a one step hair coloring product.

1933: A fresh, new technique for enduring waves, making use of chemicals, which does not need machinery or electricity, is introduced.

1935: Pancake make up, initially developed in order to appear natural on dye film, was made by the famous Max Factor

1941: Aerosols are actually untested, paving the way for the hairspray.

1944: Benjamin Green, a pharmacist of Miami Beach, develops the sunscreen in order to shield soldiers’ skins in the South Pacific.

1958: Mascara wands come out, doing away with the need to apply mascara using a brush.

1961: Cover Girl cosmetics, one of the 1st brand names put up in grocery stores for sale and aimed to teens is started by Noxema.

1963: For the first time in the cosmetic history, Revlon offers its very first powdered blush-on.

The next four decades of cosmetic history can be summed up as follows:

The 1970’s: a softer look became fashionable with painted eyeliners and eyelashes taking a downturn in sales. White highlighters and soft eye shadows were popular.

The 1980’s: anti-aging, skin care, and beauty treatments (therapy) were the fashion trends that evolved and there was an emphasis on tanning and the link to cancer.

The 1990’s: Touch© by Yves St. Laurent was launched and became the item to have as part of one’s cosmetic regimen.

2000 to 2010: History will make this the decade for certified organic and/or natural cosmetics. A period in which safe, toxic-free products will be launched by many companies around the world, but the US will be left behind.

Regulations will develop globally to certify cosmetic products as being organic and/or natural, but through strong lobbyists in Washington, DC, the US Cosmetic Industry will fight legislation to remove toxic ingredients in cosmetics, claiming their products are perfectly safe. Ultimately, when cosmetic history is studied sometime in the future, it will show that the industry placed revenue and profits before the health benefits of consumers.

Certifying organizations, mostly in other countries, will emerge, and although they will each use different criteria, in the end, they will have provided the consumer with safe, toxic-free cosmetic products. The hope is that the $50 billion US Cosmetic Industry will be somehow encouraged to do the same.